Quartz glass used for optics is a synthetically produced high-purity fused silica made by flame hydrolysis. The crystal-clear amorphous silicon dioxide material contains only silicon and oxygen and is virtually free of impurities. This unique quartz glass grade enables UV light transmission higher than 80% already at a wavelength of 185 nm.
The enormous operating temperature range and thermal load capacity of quartz glass are unparalleled. The pure silicon dioxide glass can operate permanently up to 1000 °C and is highly resistant to thermal shock. These outstanding thermal properties result from quartz glass's very low expansion coefficient.
As well, the chemical durability of this unique glass material is remarkable. It is particularly resistant to saline solutions, acids, and water. The chemical strength of quartz glass to bases surpasses almost all other glass materials.
Furthermore, its exceptional electrical performance makes quartz glass ideal for semiconductor technology. Since currents can only flow through mobile ionic impurities that are marginally present in the material, it has low conductivity and excellent electrical insulation resistance. These characteristics are essential for numerous electronics and semiconductor applications.
We fabricate custom optics for the UV, visible, and infrared wavelength range mainly from large blocks, the so-called boules, and we can select the raw glass for inclusions and bubbles if necessary. Moreover, an index homogeneity down to ≤ 0,5 ppm is available if this parameter represents a critical requirement.
The first step to producing an optic from a boule is cutting the required material from the glass block. After this process, the quartz glass is shaped, finely ground, and polished according to the requirements. In this way, our company fabricates UV-transparent substrate glasses, glass wafers, microscope slides, and many other quartz glass items daily.
To request a quotation for windows, substrates, or other parts made of optical grade quartz glass with individual dimensions, please select a thickness from the table or use the following button.
Specifications & Properties
Transmittance spectrum of synthetic
Fused Silica in the ultraviolet to infrared range
As high purity quartz glass is a block glass, there are no standard thicknesses. Consequently, the glass thickness needs to be specified and manufactured individually. To offer our customers good availability and the best possible service, we continually grind and polish the following glass thicknesses and tolerances. You can even order these within our 48-hour express service:
Please click on a glass thickness to start a request:
Glass Thickness (mm)
|Other thicknesses per request.|
|*The glass thicknesses marked with "✔" are available in 48-hour express service.|
- T > 80% at 185 nm
(UV-grade material = fused silica)
- nd = 1,4585
- 2,20 g/cm3
- 74 GPa (typical value)
- Homogeneity grades per inquiry
- Index homogeneity of the UV-grade materials down to ≤ 0,5 ppm is possible on demand
- Inclusion-class options on request
- Silicon dioxide (SiO2)
- up to 1000 °C
Average Coefficient of Thermal Expansion
- ≈ 0,57 × 10-6/K
- Softening point ≈ 1585 °C
- Annealing point ≈ 1042 °C
- Strain point ≈ 893 °C
- εr: 3,9 (500 MHz)
Fused Quartz Glass for Sight Glass Applications
Besides the quartz glass grades described before, we also process less sophisticated quartz glass materials used for high temperatures, requiring only sight glass functionality. Since the inner material quality and the deep-UV transparency are of secondary concern in those cases, the less expensive "Fused Quartz" is the best choice for fabricating such items.
Unlike fused silica, this glass is manufactured by melting natural quartz crystals. Hence, fused quartz is not nearly as pure as fused silica because it contains far more contaminants and can't offer fused silica material purity, homogeneity, and optical performance. Therefore, it is typically only suitable for less demanding applications. Nevertheless, fused quartz has an almost identical coefficient of expansion, a similar heat resistance, and nearly the same good thermal properties as the High-End glass. Besides, it also features virtually the same chemical strength as fused silica and still offers a better UV transparency than most other glasses. Furthermore, it has the same crystal clear appearance as optical grade quartz glass and is significantly more economical than the sophisticated quartz grade described on this website.
So, this type of material is the best choice for fabricating sight glasses for high temperatures, lamp housings, UV-lighting systems, transparent furnace panes, and other industrial glass parts. You can find further details, specifications, and properties of this glass type in our "Fused Quartz Glass" spec sheet.
Our company processes raw materials from many leading manufacturers in the quartz glass industry (Corning, Heraeus, Tosoh, SCHOTT, Saint-Gobain Quartz, Shin-Etsu, GE Quartz, and many others). We are pleased to share detailed properties and information about the glass qualities we supply on request.
All given details and specifications are mean reference values and are not guaranteed. Also, please consider the "Notes on technical specifications".
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Last update 05.08.2022