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TM 30-506 



WAR DEPARTMENT TECHNICAL MANUAL 



GERMAN 

MILITARY DICTIONARY 

GERMAN-ENGLISH 
ENGLISH-GERMAN 



Return to Army library 
Room 1A522, Pentagon 



WAR DEPARTMENT 



2 MAY 194+ 



WAR DEPARTMENT TECHNICAL MANUAL TM 30-506 

This Dictionary Supersedes TM 30-255, August 5, 1941 



GERMAN 

MILITARY DICTIONARY 

GERMAN— ENGLISH 
ENGLISH— GERMAN 



WAR DEPARTMENT 

WASHINGTON, D. C. 
-1 MAY 1944 



PROPERTY U. & 



War Department 
Washington 25, D. C, 20 May 1944 



TM 30-506, German Military Dictionary, is published for military 
personnel only, and is not to be republished in whole or in part 
without the consent of the War Department. 

[A. G. 300.7 (3 Mar 43)] 

By order of the Secretary of War : 

G. C. MARSHALL, 

Chief of Staff. 



Official : 

J. A. ULIO, 

Major Generalj 

The^Adjutant General. 

Distribution : 
X. 



(For explanation of symbols see FM 21-6.) 



property of U. 



FOREWORD 

THIS DICTIONARY has been intentionally limited in scope to 
military subject matter and directly related fields. It has been 
compiled primarily for use by American military personnel with at 
least a fair knowledge of German. 

As far as possible the editors have endeavored to furnish actual 
equivalents rather than literal translations from one language into 
the other. Thus, although the literal translation of Entwicklung 
would be "development," a study of the German operations manual 
reveals that Entwicklung follows Entfaltung ("development") and 
hence is the equivalent of "deployment." Translations have been 
provided (generally with a note of explanation) only where equiva- 
lents do not exist or could not be found. 

In the case of ranks, the corresponding United States rank accord- 
ing to function has been given, as listed in TM-E 30-451 (1 Sep- 
tember 1943). 

In the arrangement of terms the single-entry method has been 
used. A term like advance guard will be found only under advance 
and not under guard. 

Entries are arranged in straight alphabetical order, regardless 
of whether any given entry consists of one word or more, thus : 

direct current 
direction 
directional 
direction board 
direct observation 

The only exceptions to straight alphabetical order are a limited 
number of phrases which the reader would be unlikely to look for 
under the first word of the phrase. Thus, in Feuerstellung appears 
under Feuerstellung, not under in. 

Among various equivalents for a given term, synonyms are sepa- 
rated by commas, different meanings by semicolons. 

For definitions of many of the English terms used, see TM 20-205, 
Dictionary of United States Army Terms, 18 January 1944. 

iii 



CONTENTS 



PAGE 

Foreword iii 

Authorized Abbreviations vi 

Vocabularies : 

Part I — German-English 1 

Part II — English-German 220 

Appendix I — Numbers 432 

Appendix II — Weights and Measures 433 

Appendix III — German Military Abbreviations 435 



v 



AUTHORIZED ABBREVIATIONS* 



AA Antiaircraft 

AAA Antiaircraft Artillery 

AAF Army Air Forces 

Adrm Airdrome 

Adm Administrative 

Adv Gd Advance Guard 

Am Ammunition 

Ap Airplane 

Armd Armored 

Arty Artillery 

Ash Airship 

AT Antitank 

Avn Aviation 

AWS Aircraft Warning Service 

Btry Battery 

BC Battery Commander 

Bdg Bridge 

Bin Balloon 

Bn Battalion 

CA Coast Artillery 

Cal Caliber 

Cam Camouflage 

Cav Cavalry 

Civ Civil, Civilian 

Clo Clothing 

Cml Chemical 

Com Communication 

Comd Command 

Com Z Communications Zone 

CP Command Post 

Cpl Corporal 

CWS Chemical Warfare Service 

Div Division 

Elec Electrical 

Engr Engineers 

FA Field Artillery 

FR Flash Ranging 

Ft Fortification 

G Gun 

Ger German (no authorized source) 

GHQ General Headquarters 

Govt Government 

H Cav Horse Cavalry 

H-Dr Horse-drawn 

HE High Explosive 

Hq Headquarters 

Inf Infantry 

Inst Instrument 

Lt Lieutenant 

LM Land Mine 

Maj Major 

Math Mathematics (no authorized 
source) 



Mech Mechanics, Mechanical 

Mecz Mechanized -» 

Med Medical 

Met Meteorological 

MG Machine Gun 

Mil Military 

Mort Mortar 

MP Military Police 

MT Motor Transport 

Mtcl Motorcycle 

Mtr Motor 

Mtz Motorized 

Nav Naval 

NCO Noncommissioned Officer 

Obsn Observation 

Ord Ordnance 

Pers Personnel, Person 

Photo Photography 

Pon Ponton 

Prcht Parachute 

Pvt Private 

PW Prisoner of War 

PX Post Exchange 

QMC Quartermaster Corps 

R Rifle 

Rad Radio 

Ren Reconnaissance 

Regt Regiment 

RR Railroad 

SA Small Arms 

Sgt Sergeant 

Sig Signal 

Sig C Signal Corps 

SL Searchlight 

SR Sound Ranging 

Surv Surveying 

Tac Tactical, Tactics 

Tech Technical 

Tg Telegraph 

Tk Tank 

Tng Training 

T of Opns Theater of Operations 

Top Topographical 

Trans Transportation 

Tp Telephone 

Trac Tractor 

Trk Truck 

US United States 

USA United States Army 

Vet Veterinary 

Z of I Zone of the Interior 



* Based on AR 850-150, 1-2, 14 Aug 1943; and FM 21-30, Oct 1943. 



vi 



PART I 

GERMAN— ENGLISH 



Abbau 

Abbau m dismantling ( a structure, 

etc.); mining (ore). 
abbauen to dismantle (a structure, 

etc.); to mine (ore). 
abbefbrdern evacuate (PW, wounded, 

etc.). 

Abbildung / illustration, figure, dia- 
gram. 

abbinden to tie, lash (Tp wire). 
abblasen to release gas (CWS). 
abblenden dim (a light). 
"Abblenden!" "Out of action!" (AA 
SL). 

Abblendlicht n dim light (on auto 

headlight). 
abbrechen break off; cease; withdraw. 

das Lager abbrechen to break camp. 

das Gefecht abbrechen to withdraw 

from action. 
Abbrechen des Gefechts withdrawal 

from action, 
abbremsen to brake. 
Abbremsvorrichtung / arresting gear 

( aircraft carrier ) . 
abbriicken dismantle ( a, bridge). 
Abdachung/ slope (Top,). 
Abdeckplatte / cover plate (G). 
abdichten to seal, calk, pack. 
Abdichtung gegen Kampfgas gas- 
proofing (CWS). 
Abdichtungsring m sealing ring, 

washer. 

abdienen complete a period of service. 

Abdrift/ drift (Avn, Nav). 

Abdriftmesser m driftmeter (Ap). 

Abdriftplatz m landing area, jump 
area (Prcht troops). 

Abdriftvisier n driftmeter (Ap). 

abdrosseln to throttle (an engine). 

abdriicken to fire, i.e. pull (a trig- 
ger); press (a button). 

Abdriickvorrichtung / release mecha- 
nism (G). 



A Abfrageklinke 

Abendgesellschaftsanzug m special 
evening dress uniform. 

Abfahrt / departure, start; downhill 
run (skiing). 

Abfahrtzeit / time of departure, time 
of starting; time of descent (skiing). 

Abfallm waste; drop (Elec). 

abfallen to slope (Top). 

abfallendes Geliinde sloping terrain. 

abfangen pull out, level off, flatten 
out (Avn); intercept (Tac). 

Abfangradius m pull-out radius (in 
dive bombing). 

Abfangwalze / front roller, roller 
bumper (MT, Tk). 

Abfederung f spring system, suspen- 
sion (MT). 

abf ertigen to dispatch ( messages, ve- 
hicles, trains, etc.); to process for 
further disposition. 

Abfertigungsgebiiude n control tower 
(Adrm). 

abfeuern to fire. 

Abfeuerungseinrichtung / release 
mechanism (Mort). 

Abf euerungshebel m firing lever (G). 

Abfeuerungsverbindung / firing cir- 
cuit for machine gun ,or gun (Tk). 

Abfeuerungsvorrichtung / firing 
mechanism. 

Abfindung/ pay and/or reimburse- 
ment, financial settlement. 

Abflug m take-off ( Avn) ; going flight, 
departing flight, receding flight 
(AAA). 

Abfluggeschwindigkeit / take-off 
speed. 

Abflugleistung / ' take-off rating. 
Abfrageapparat m operator's tele- 
phone. 

Abfrageklinke f operator's answering 
jack. 



abfragen 



2 



abnehmen 



abfragen inquire as to party or line 

desired (Tp). 
abfiittern to feed (an animal). 
Abgangsfehler m jump, vertical jump 

(Arty). 

Abgangsfehlerwinkel to angle of 

jump, jump, vertical jump (Arty). 
Abgangsrichtung / line of departure 

(Ballistics). 
Abgangswinkel m quadrant angle of 

departure ( Ballistics ) . 
Abgase npl exhaust gases, waste 

gases. 

Abgasturbine / exhaust turbine (Ap). 
abgeflacht flattened, flat. 

abgeflachter Teil der Patrone me- 

plat (SA Am). 
abgekampft battle-weary, 
abgejagt winded, worn out. 
abgenutzt worn, worn out, worn 

away; eroded (G barrel). 
Abgeschobener to evacuee, 
abgesessen dismounted (Pers). 
abgesondert detached (unit, etc.). 
abgestellt parked, 
abgetragen worn (Clo). 
abgieBen to spray chemical warfare 

agents (Avn). 
Abgleitschienen fpl bullet-deflection 

rails (Tk). 
abgreifen to transfer map distances 

with compass or dividers, to plot (in 

this sense). 
Abgreifen der Entfernung measuring 

map range with dividers or compass. 
Abgrenzung / demarcation, delimita- 
tion. 

abhiingen take off (a pack); unhook 
(a trailer); hang up (Tp); overtake 
and leave behind (slang). 

abhauen to cut down; to "beat it" 
(slang). 

abheben lift up; pull up, take off 
(Avn). 

Abholkommando n party detailed to 
fetch anything; aircraft ferrying de- 
tachment. 

abhoren intercept, listen in, monitor 

(Rad, Tp). 
Abhiirgefahr / danger of interception 

(Tp, Rad). 
Abhbrstelle/ intercept station (Sig 

C); monitoring station (Rad). 
abkippen wing over ( Avn) ; withdraw 

from action (slang). 
abklemmen disconnect from binding 

post (Elec). 



abkommandieren to detach, to detail. 
Abkommen n deviation ; agreement, 

convention; point of aim (at instant 

of firing). 

das Abkommen melden to call the 
shot. 

abkommen deviate. 

Abkommpunkt m point of called shot, 

point of aim. 
Abkommrohr n subcaliber tube 

(G). 

AbkommschieGen n subcaliber firing, 

subcaliber practice. 
Abkriimmen n trigger squeeze, 
abkriimmen to squeeze (a trigger). 
Abladekommando n unloading detail, 
abladen unload, detruck, detrain. 
Ablage / dump. 

Ablagerungszaun m drift fence (a 
type of snow fence for winter opera- 
tions). 

AblaBschraube / drain plug. 

Ablaufm completion, termination; 
launching, starting. 

Ablaufbahn / runway ( Adrm) ; land- 
ing ramp (for seaplanes). 

Ablaufbergm hump, incline (RR). 

Ablaufposten m bridge-traffic control 
post. 

Ablauf ventil n relief valve (Hydrau- 
lics). 

ablauschen listen in, intercept (Rad). 

ablauten to ring off (Tp). 

ableiten divert (a stream, etc.). 

Ableitung/ derivation; derivative 
(Math); leakage (Elec). 

Ablenkung/ diversion (Tac); deflec- 
tion, refraction. 

Ablenkungsangriff to diversion, feint 
attack (Tac). 

Ablesemarke / index line, index 
mark. 

ablesen to read (instruments, etc.). 
Ablesfehler to index error. 
Ablesung / setting, reading, 
abliefern deliver. 
Ablosung/ relief (Tac). 
abliisen relieve, take over. 
Abmarsch to half-squad (Cav); 

departure, start, 
abmarschbereit ready to start. 
Abmarschf iihrer m half -squad leader 

(Cav). 

abmarschieren depart, start the 

march. 

abnehmen remove, take off; decrease; 
accept, take. 



Abnutzung 



3 



abspannen 



Abnutzung/ erosion, wear; wear and 

tear; attrition. 
Abnutzung des Rohres erosion of the 

bore. 

Abnutzungskampf m battle of attri- 
tion. 

Abort m toilet, latrine, 
abprallen to ricochet. 
Abpraller m ricochet. 
AbprallerschieBen n ricochet fire. 
Abprallwinkel m angle of ricochet, 
abprotzen uncouple, unlimber (Arty). 
Abregnenw aerial spraying (CWS). 
abreiBen to rip, tear off. 
AbreiBknopf m fuze-cord button 

(hand grenade). 
AbrelBschnur / rip cord (Prcht); 

fuze cord (hand grenade). 
AbreiBziinder m friction igniter, rip- 
cord igniter, 
abriebbestandig wear-resistant, 
abriegeln to block, interdict, box in, 

seal off (Tac); to bolt (a door, etc.). 
Abriegelungsfeuer n box barrage 

(Arty). 
Abriicken n departure, 
abrufen to ring off (Tp). 
abriisten disarm. 
Abriistung / disarmament, 
abrutschen to slip (Avn). 

sich seitlich abrutschen lassen to 
fall off (Avn). 
absacken to drop, pancake ( Avn) ; to 

founder, sink (slang). 
Absatteltrupp m unsaddling detail 

(Cav). 

Absatz m berm (Ft) ; heel ( of shoe) ; 

paragraph, 
abschatzen to estimate ( distance, 

etc.). 

Abscheren n shear (Mech). 
abschieben evacuate; expel, deport. 
Abschied m departure; discharge; 
resignation. 

ehrenvoller Abschied honorable dis- 
charge. 

abschieBen to down, to shoot down 
(an Ap); to disable, put out of action 
(aTkor vehicle ) ; to shoot ( a person) . 

abschirmen to blanket, screen, cover, 
protect, shield. 

Abschirmung / shielding, screening 
(Rad). 

abschlachten to massacre, slaughter, 
abschlagen repel; reject. 
Abschleppdienst m recovery service, 
towing service (MT). 



Abschleppen n towing. 
Abschleppgerat n towing equipment. 
Abschleppkommando n recovery 

party, wrecking section. 
Abschleppkraftwagen m wrecking 

truck. 

Abschleppzug m wrecker platoon, 
maintenance platoon (MT). 

AbschluBpIattchen n base cover (Am). 

abschmieren lubricate. 

abschneiden to cut off, isolate (Tac); 
to cut (wire, etc.). 

Abschnitt m sector, phase (Tac); 
area, section. 

Abschnittsgrenze / sector boundary. 

Abschnittsreserve / sector reserve. 

abschnittsweise by sectors; in phases. 

abschraubbar unscrewable, detach- 
able. 

abschreiten pace off (a distance). 
Abschrif t / copy. 

Abschub m evacuation (of PW, 
wounded, etc.); transportation to the 
rear (of salvage, supplies, etc.). 

Abschubstelle / evacuation station. 

AbschuB m discharge (of a gun); 
downed enemy airplane; disabled tank 
or vehicle. 

AbschuBentfernung / slant range to 
present position ( at instant of firing) 
(AAA). 

abschiissig steep (Top). 

AbschuBpunkt m present position 
(at instant of firing) (AAA). 

AbschuBrohr n projector (CWS, Sig). 

abschwachen reduce (Photo) ; weaken. 

Absetzbewegung / withdrawal, dis- 
engagement. 

absetzen, sich disengage, withdraw 
(Tac); increase distance between air- 
craft in flight. 

Absetzer m jumpmaster (Prcht 
troops). 

Absetzgelande n landing area (Prcht 
troops). 

Absicht / intent, intention. 

absitzen dismount (from H or ve- 
hicle); do time, serve, a sentence. 

absondern isolate (Med); divide, sep- 
arate; segregate (PW). 

Absonderung/ isolation (Med); divi- 
sion, separation; segregation (PW). 

Absonderungsabteilung / isolation 
quarters (Med). 

abspannen relieve strain on wire by 
tying (Tp); relieve tension, unhar- 
ness, uncock, relax. 



absperren 



4 



Abwurf behalter 



absperren close or block (a road, 
etc.); lock (a door, etc.); cut off, 
isolate (Tac). 

abspreizen to brace. 

abspringen bail out, jump (Avn). 

Absprungw jump (Prcht). 

Absprunghafen m jump-off base 
(Avn). 

Absprung mit verzogerter offnung 

delayed jump (Prcht). 

abspulen ' unreel, unwind. 

abspiilen rinse out, wash out. 

Abspuler in paying-out reel, axle of 
hand reel (Tp). 

Abspiiren n gas detection ( CWS). 

Abstand in distance ( from front to 
rear). See also Zeitabstand. 

Abstandslicht n marker light (MT). 

Abstandwerfen n pattern bombing. 

abstecken stake off (Engr, Surv) ;' 
plot (a course, etc.); trace, tape off 
( a mine field, etc.). 

Absteckpfahl m stake (Surv). 

absteifen to brace, stiffen. 

absteigender Ast descending branch 
( of trajectory). 

Abstellbahnhof m railroad yard. 

abstellen to park, stop; to turn off 
(an engine or motor). 

Abstellgleis n classification track, 
siding (RR). 

Abstellplatz m parking place, park- 
ing area, dispersal area (Adrm). 

abstimmen to tune (Rad). 

Abstimmkondensator m tuning con- 
denser (Rad). 

Abstimmscharfe / selectivity, sharp- 
ness of resonance (Rad). 

Abstimmskala / tuning dial (Rad). 

Abstimmspule / tunmg coil (Rad). 

abstreifen to patrol (a road, area, 
etc.). 

abstufen graduate (into degrees). 
Absturz m crash, plunge (Avn). 

zum Absturz bringen to down ( an 

Ap). 

absuchen to search, sweep. 
Abszisse / abscissa, X-coordinate. 
Abtastdose / pick-up unit ( record 
player). 

Abteilung/ battalion (Cav, Arty, 
Armd Comd) ; detachment, unit 
(Tac); department, section (Adm). 

"Abteilung, Halt !" "Squad ( company, 
detail, etc.), halt!" 

Abteilungsadjutant m battalion ad- 
jutant. 



Abteilungskommandeur m battalion 
commander. 

Abteilungsnachrichtenstaffel / bat- 
talion communication section. 

Abteilungsstab m battalion head- 
quarters. 

Abtransport m evacuation. 

abtransportieren evacuate. 

abtrennen cut off, separate, isolate, 
disconnect. 

"Abtreten!" "Dismissed!" (formal 
style, to an individual). Compare 
"Weggetreten!" 

abtreten lassen dismiss (an indi- 
vidual). 

Abtrift/ drift (Avn). 

Abtriftmesser m driftmeter (Avn). 

Abtriftvisier n See Abdrif tvisier. 

Abtrif twinkel m drift angle (Avn). 

abtrudeln go into a spin (Avn). 

AbwalzstoBel m tappet rod ( eccentric- 
cam type). 

abwarts downward, downhill. 

abwassern to drain (water). 

Abwehr/ defense, active defense; 
military security. 

Abwehrangelegenheiten fpl security 
matters. 

Abwehrdienst m counterintelligence. 

Abwehrerfolg m defensive success. 

Abwehrgeschiitz n antiaircraft gun. 

Abwehrkampf m defensive combat. 

AbwehrmaBnahme / defensive mea- 
sure; security measure. 

Abwehroffizier m security officer. 

Abwehrvorbereitung / defensive prep- 
aration, preparation of defensive 
measures. 

Abwehrwaff e / defensive arm ; de- 
fensive weapon. 

abwehrweise defensively. 

Abwehrzone / defensive zone. 

abweichen deviate. 

abweichende Anfangsgeschwindigkeit 
velocity error. 

Abweichung/ deviation, deflection, 
error. 

abweisen repel. 

Abweiserm fender; recoil guard (G * 
mount). 

abwerfen to drop, jettison (Avn). 
abwesend absent. 

Abwind m descending air current 
(Met). 

Abwurf m release (bombing). See 

also Wurf. 
Abwurf behalter m slip tank, belly 



Abwurfgerat 



5 



Aktionsradius 



tank ( Ap ) ; aerial delivery unit ( air- 
borne operations). 

Abwurfgerat n bomb-release mech- 
anism (Ap). 

Abwurf gondel / See Abwurf kiste. 

Abwurfhohe / bombing altitude, 
bomb-release altitude (Avn). 

Abwurfkiste / aerial delivery con- 
tainer (airborne operations). 

Abwurf meldung / drop message. 

Abwurfpatrone / message container 
(for drop message) (Avn). 

Abwurfschacht m bomb rack (Ap). 

Abwurfstelle / message-dropping 
ground; drop point (airborne sup- 
ply)- 

Abwurfvorrichtung / bomb-release 

mechanism (Ap). 
Abwurfzielgeriit n bomb sight (Ap). 
abwiirgen to stall (an. engine). 
"Abzahlen!" "Count off!" 
Abzeichenti badge, device, emblem, 

insignia; marking (Ap, Tk). 
abziehen pull (a trigger); withdraw 

(Tac); hone, whet, sharpen; make a 

print (Photo); subtract, deduct, draw 

off. 

Abzugm trigger (SA); withdrawal 
(Tac) ; contact print (Photo) ; deduc- 
tion ( of pay, etc.). 

Abzugsbugelm trigger guard (R). 

Abzugsfeder/ sear spring (R). 

Abzugsgabel / trigger-sear fork (R). 

Abzugsgewicht n trigger pull (SA). 

Abzugsgriff m lanyard handle (G). 

Abzugshebel m trigger lever (MG); 
firing lever (G). 

Abzugsschiene / trigger bar (AA 
gun). 

Abzugsschnur / lanyard (Ord). 

Abzugsstange / sear -(pistol). 

Abzugsstift m trigger pin (R). 

Abzugsstollen m sear, sear nose (R). 

Abzugsstiick« trigger piece, firing 
lever (G). 

Abzugsvorrichtung / trigger mech- 
anism ( SA ) ; firing mechanism (Ord) . 

Abzugswelle/ firing rod (AA gun). 

Abzweigung/ branch; junction line 
(RR). 

Achsantrieb m axle drive (MT). 
Achsdruckm axle load (MT). 
Achse/ axis; ordinate; axle; shaft. 
Achsel/ shoulder. See also Schulter. 
Achsenverschrankbarkeit / angle of 

axle swing (MT). 
Achsfeder/ axle spring. 



Achsfederung / axle suspension. 

Achslagerw axle bearing. 

Achsmutter/ axle nut. 

Achsschenkel m wheel spindle (MT). 

Achsschenkellenkung / steering- 
knuckle type of steering, Ackerman 
steering (MT). 

Acfisschwingschenkel m wheel spindle 
(G). 

Achssitzempi axle seats (for gun- 
ners). 

Achssturz m pivot inclination, king- 
pin inclination (MT). 

Achszapfen m kingpin, steering 
knuckle pivot (MT). 

Achszapfensturz m .pivot inclination, 
kingpin inclination (MT). 

Achterzelt n eight-man tent. 

Achtganggetriebe w eight-speed 
transmission (MT). 

"Achtung!" "Attention!", "Caution!", 
"Danger!", "Look out!" 

"Achtung! Prasentiert das, Gewehr!" 
"Present, Arms!" 

Adamsitm adamsite (CWS). 

Aderpresse / tourniquet. 

Adjutant m adjutant, aide, aide-de- 
camp, executive officer. 

Adjutantur/ Adjutant's Office (de- 
partment of the Oberkommando des 
Heeres serving as central clearing 
office for routine matters ; in no sense 
equivalent to US Adjutant General's 
Department); personnel group of 
general staff sections (in army, corps, 
and Div). 

Adler m eagle. 

Admiral m admiral. 

Afrikakampfer m veteran of the 
African Campaign. 

Aggregate unit, set; charging unit 
(Elec). 

Ago name of an aircraft manufactur- 
ing company. 

Akjam boat-type runner (placed un- 
der gun wheels for operations in deep 
snotv; also used as a swamp convey- 
ance for roounded, etc.). 

Akten fpl documents, records, papers, 
file. 

Aktenmaterial n official documents. 
Aktenschrank m filing cabinet. 
Aktionsbereich m See Fahrbereich, 

Flugbereich, etc. 
Aktionsradius m See Wirkungsbe- 

reich. 



aktiv 



6 



anfordern 



aktiv active; regular, 
aktive Truppe line troops, combat 
troops. 

akustische Ortung sound location, 
acoustic orientation (AAA), 

Alarm m alarm; air-raid warning. 

"Alarm aus!" "All clear!" 

alarmbereit on the alert. 

Alarmbereitschaft/ alert, stand-by. 

Alarmplatzm alarm station. 

AlarmschuBgerat n trip-wire alarm. 

Alkalipatrone / alkali cartridge ( oxy- 
gen breathing apparatus). 

Alleinflug m solo flight. 

allgemeines Aufgebot levee en masse. 

Allgemeines Heeresamt General 
Army Office (central section in rear 
echelon of Oberkommando des 
Heeres) (abbr. AHA). 

Allgemeines Luftamt General Air 
Office (section of Ger Air Ministry). 

Allgemeines Wehrmachtamt General 
Office of the Armed Forces ( central 
section in rear echelon of Oberkom- 
mando der Wehrmacht). 

allgemeingiiltige Anordnungen gen- 
eral orders. 

Allradantrieb m all-wheel 6xi\e(MT). 

Alp / mountain pasturage. 

Alter n age. 

Altersgrenze / age limit. 

Alterungsbestandigkeit / resistance 
to aging. 

alte Wache old guard. 

Altgummi n-m scrap rubber. 

Altmaterial n junk, scrap, waste. 

Altmetallti scrap metal. 

Alulegierung / See Aluminiumlegie- 
rung. 

Aluminiumlegierung / aluminum 
alloy. 

Amatol n amatol (Am). 
AmboB m anvil (Am). 
amboBformiger Kumulo-Nimbus in- 
cus (Met). 
AmboBschraube / threaded anvil 
. (Am). 

Ammoniumpikrat n ammonium pic- 
rate (Am). 

Ammonpulver n ammonal (Am). 

Ammonsalpeter-Sprengmittel n am- 
monium nitrate explosive. 

Amperemeter n ammeter. 

Amperezahl / amperage. 

Amphibienflugzeug n amphibian air- 
plane. 



Amphibienkampfwagen m amphibian 
tank. 

Amt n office, bureau; administrative 
function; telephone central, 
amtlich official. 

AmtsanschlieBer m telephone-ex- 
change connecting device ( connects 
field Tp with country-wide network). 

Amtswalter m administrator (Reich 
Labor Service). 

Amtszusatz m telephone-exchange 
auxiliary set ( connects field central 
loith country-wide network). 

Anaglypt n anaglyph (Surv). 

Analphabet in illiterate. 

Anblasrichtung / direction of air flow 
( Avn). 

Anderthalbdecker m sesquiplane. 

Anderungsgeschwindigkeit / remain- 
ing velocity (Ballistics). 

andrehen to crank, to turn over ( an 
engine). 

Andrehkurbel / crank (MT). 

Anerkennung / recognition, acknowl- 
edgment. 

Anerkennungsschreiben n commenda- 
tion. 

Anfahrtsgang m low gear (MT, Tk). 
Anfallm surprise attack, raid. 
Anfangsbuchstabe m initial, first let- 
ter. 

Anfangsdrall m initial twist (Ord). 

Anfangsgeschwindigkeit / initial ve- 
locity, muzzle velocity (Ballistics). 

Anfangsladung / initial charge. 

Anfangsstellung / initial position. 

Anfeuerung / combustible composi- 
tion (in a flare cartridge). 

Anfeuerungssatz m booster charge 
(Am). 

anfliegen to approach (a target) 
( Avn). 

Anflugm coming flight (AAA); ap- 
proach run (bombing) ; approach 
flight (Avn). 

Anfluggrundlinie / . principal course 
of approach (Inst landing). 

Anflugkurs m approaching course 
(Avn). 

Anflugrichtung / direction of ap- 
proach (Avn). 

Anflugsektorm on-course zone (Inst 
landing); approach zone (Adrm). 

Anflugwinkel m ap'proach angle, 
angle of approach (Avn). 

anfordern to requisition (Adm). 



Anforderung 



7 



Ankerwinde 



Anforderung / requisition. 

Anf orderungszeichen n requisition 

number. 
Anfiihrerm file leader. 
Angaben/pi data, statements. 
Angehoriger m member; relative. 

die nachsten Angehorigen next of 

kin. 

angelehnt supported by, in contact 
with, covered by (Tac). 

angelehnter Fliigel supported flank. 

"Angetreten!" "Fall in!" (at atten- 
tion). 

angliedern to attach, 
angreifen to attack. 
Angreifer m attacker, aggressor, 
angrenzend adjacent. 
Angriff m attack (Tac); charge 
(Cav). 

Angriff auf Stellungen attack of or- 
ganized positions. 
Angriff aus der Bewegung attack 

from march column. 
Angriff mit begrenztem Ziel limited 

attack, attack with limited objective. 
Angriffsabschnitt m attack sector, 

zone of action in attack. 
Angriffsart / form of attack, form of 

offensive action. 
Angriffsbefehl m attack order. 
Angriffsbeginn m time of attack. 
Angriffsbereitstelllung / assembly 

(area) for attack. 
Angriffsbreite / frontage in attack, 

attack frontage (Tac). 
Angriffsflug m air-attack flight, raid 

(Avn). 

Angriffsfliigel m attacking wing. 

Angriff sf orm / form of attack; at- 
tack formation. 

angriffsfreudig aggressive. 

Angriffsgefecht n offensive combat. 

Angriffsgelande n terrain of attack, 
attack zone. 

Angriffsgraben m assault trench. 

Angriffsgruppe / attack group, at- 
tack echelon. 

An griff shandlun g / offensive action. 

Angriffshohe / air-attack altitude, 
bombing altitude (Avn). 

angriffslustig aggressive. 

Angriffsplan m plan of attack. 

Angriffsrichtung / direction of at- 
tack. 

Angriffsstreifen m attack sector. 



Angriffstruppen fpl attack units, at- 
tack troops. 

Angriffsverlauf m progress of an at- 
tack. 

Angriffsversuch m attempted attack. 

Angriffswelle / attack wave, attack- 
ing echelon. 

Angriffsziel n objective (of attack). 
erstes Angriffsziel immediate objec- 
tive. 

Angriffszwischenziel n intermediate 
objective. 

Anhaltm guide, general principle. 

Anhaltspunkt m check point ( Gun- 
nery, Air Navigation, Surv) ; item in 
a check list (combat orders). 

Anhang m appendix (to a manual, 
etc.). 

Anhangelast / trailer load (MT). 

Anhangen n See Vermessung durch 
Anhangen. 

Anhanger m trailer (MT); tender 
(RR); tie-on tag. 

Anhangezettel m tie-on tag. 

Anhauf ung / accumulation, concen- 
tration, piling up. 

Anhohe / height, hill, rise. 

Anker m armature, rotor (Elec) ; an- 
chor (Nav). 

Ankerachse/ armature shaft (field 
TV). 

Ankerbalken m anchor stock. 
Ankerflunken m anchor fluke. 
Ankergrundm anchorage (Nav). 
Ankerlicht n anchor light. 
Ankerlichten n weighing anchor. 
Ankerlinief line of anchors (Bdg). 
Ankermine/ anchored mine, moored 
mine. 

Ankermast m mooring mast. 
Ankerpfahl m anchor stake (for a 

guy line). 
Ankerplattef anchor plate (part of 

a clockwork fuze). 
Ankerplatzm anchorage (Nav). 
Ankerrodel m anchor rack stick 

(Bdg). 

Ankerrute/ anchor shank. 
Ankerseil n guy line. 
Ankerstelle/ anchorage (Nav). 
Ankerstichm anchor hitch. 
Ankersucher m grapnel. 
Ankertaura anchor cable. 
Ankerturm m mooring tower. 
Ankerwelle / armature shaft (Elec). 
Ankerwicklung f armature winding. 
Ankerwinde / capstan. 



Anklage 



8 



AnschluBklemme 



Anklage/ charge, complaint, 
anklammern to cling tenaciously, to 
hold fast. 

ankleben to paste, adhere, stick, 
fasten with adhesive. 

Ankiindigung/ announcement, bulle- 
tin, notice. 

Ankiindigungskommando n prepara- 
tory command. 

Ankiindigungssignal n warning sig- 
nal. 

Ankunft / arrival. 

ankurbeln to crank. 

Anlage/ installation; annex, inclo- 
sure (in a manual). 

anlassen to start (an engine); to 
temper (steel). 

Anlasserm starter (Mtr). 

AnlaBknopf m starter button (Mtr). 

AnlaBmotor m starter motor (Mtr). 

AnlaBpatrone / cartridge for car- 
tridge starter (Mtr). 

AnlaBpistole / cartridge starter 
(Mtr). 

AnlaBschalter m starter switch 
(Mtr). 

Anlauf m take-off run (Avn). 
Anlaufstrecke / take-off distance 

(Avn). 
anliiuten to ring (Tp). 
anlegen to aim (R); to dock; to put 

ashore ; to construct. 
Anlegepunkt m aiming point. 
Anlegestelle / pier, wharf, 
anleuchten illuminate. 
Anmarsch m approach, approach 

march, advance (Too). 
Anmarschwegm approach, approach 

route. 

anniihernd approximate. 
Anniiherung / approach. 
Annaherungsformation/ approach 

march formation. 
Annaherungsmarsch m approach 

march (Tac). 
Annahme/ assumption; acceptance, 

reception. 

Annahmestelle / recruiting office ; re- 
ceiving office (letters, etc.). 

Anode/ plate, anode (Elec). 

Anodenbatterie / plate battery, "B" 
battery (Rad). 

Anodengleichspannung / direct plate 
voltage (Rad). 

Anodenkreis m plate circuit (Rad). 

Anodenriickkopplung / plate feedback 
coupling (Rad). 



Anodenverlustleistung / plate dissi- 
pation (Rad). 

Anorak m parka (Clo). 

Anordnung / order. 

anpassen adapt, blend (Cam). 

Anpeilen n taking of bearings, radio 
direction finding (Avn). 

anpirschen to creep up, to stalk. 

Anrecht n claim. 

Anregungsmittel n stimulant. 

anrichten to sight, sight in, align; to 
cause (damage, etc.). 

anrollen to roll along runway (on 
take-off run). 

Anruf m call, call-up (Rad, Tp) ; 
challenge. 

Anrufantwort / answer to call-up 
(Rad). 

Anruf klappe/ switchboard drop (Tp). 
Anrufsschauzeichen n incoming-call 

signal light (Tp). 
Anruf zeichen n call signal (Tp). 
Ansammlung/ concentration (Tac). 
Ansatzfliigel m stub wing (Ap). 
Ansaugetakt m intake stroke, suction 

stroke (Mtr). 
Ansaughub m intake stroke (Mtr). 
Ansaugkriimmer m air-intake horn 

(carburetor). 
Ansaugleitung / intake duct (Mtr, 

Ft). 

Ansaugrohrw intake pipe (Mtr). 
Ansaugung / suction, 
anschaffen procure, 
anschalten connect, switch on; tap 
( a wire). 

Anreicherung / concentration (CWS). 

Anschauungsmittel npl illustrative 
material, demonstration material 
(Tng aids). 

AnschieBen n harmonization (Ord). 

anschieBen to sight in. 

Anschlag m aiming or firing posi- 
tion with rifle or machine gun; stop 
(Ord). 

anschlagen to post (a notice, etc.). 

Anschlagsart / firing position ( of the 
soldier). 

Anschlagtafel / bulletin board. 

Anschlagwinkel m try square. 

anschlieBen join, close up, connect. 

AnschluB m liaison, support, contact 
(Tac); connection, junction, coup- 
ling. 

AnschluBbahnhof m junction (RR). 
AnschluBklemme / binding post 
(Elec). 



Anschlufiklinke 



9 



Anweisung 



AnschluBklinke / line jack, station- 
line jack (Tp). 

AnschluBmann m connecting file. 

AnschluBpunkt m connecting point 
(in axes of Sig Com). 

AnschluBschnur / connecting cord 
(Elee). 

AnschluBstecker m plug, connecting 
plug (Elee, Tp). 

AnschluBstiick n connecting piece, 
joint, coupling, union. 

AnschluBteil der Garbe margin of 
the sheaf of fire. 

Anschnallgurt m safety belt (A vn). 

Anschneidelinie / line of intersection. 

Anschneiden w intersection (Surv). 

anschneiden to intersect; determine 
a fix (air navigation) ; obtain a bear- 
ing (Rad, FR). 

Anschnitte mpl cross bearings. 

AnschuB m sighting shot. 

ansetzen launch, commit (Tac); ram 
(G). 

Ansetzer m rammer (G) . 
Ansichtsskizze / panoramic sketch 
(Top). 

Ansprache / designation (of a tar- 
get). 

Anspruch m claim. 

Anstalt/ institution, establishment, 

station, 
anstauen to dam up, flood. 
Anstauung / damming, flooding; 

flooded area, 
anstechen to tie, fasten, hitch. 
Ansteckblech n float plate (on a trail 

■spade). 

anstecken to attach, fasten, hitch; to 
infect. 

ansteckende Krankheit communicable 

disease, contagious disease. 
Ansteckung / infection. 
Anstellwinkel m angle of pitch, blade 

angle (propeller); angle of attack 

(Avn). 

Ansteuerungsfeuer n directional bea- 
con (Avn). 

anstreichen run weapon up and down 
side of tree, etc., (to find firing sup- 
port) ; to paint. 

Anstrich m paint. 

Anstromrichtung / direction of air 

flow (Avn). 
anstiirmen to assault, attack, charge, 
ansuchen to request. 
Ansumpfung/ inundation, inundated 

area. 



Antenne/ antenna, aerial. 

Antenne mit Rundwirkung omnidi- 
rectional antenna. 

AntennenanschluB m antenna bind- 
ing post. 

Antennen-AnschluBbuchse / See An- 
tennenbuchse. 

Antennenbuchse / antenna jack. 

Antennengebilderc antenna array, 
antenna structure, antenna system. 

Antennengerat n antenna outfit, an- 
tenna equipment. 

Antennenhaspel / antenna reel (Ap). 

Antennenkapazitat / antenna capaci- 
tance. 

Antennenkondensator m antenna con- 
denser. 

Antennenkopplung / antenna cou- 
pling. 

Antennenkreis m antenna circuit. 

Antennenleistung / antenna power. 

Antennenmast m antenna mast. 

Antennenspule / antenna tuning coil. 

Antennenstab m antenna rod. 

Antennenstellung / directional posi- 
tion of the antenna. 

Antennenstromanzeiger m antenna 
ammeter. 

Antennenwiderstand m antenna re- 
sistance. 

Antiflatterbock m antishimmy 
shackle (MT). 

Antragm request; recommendation, 
suggestion, proposal. 

antreiben to drive, impel, propel. 

antreten to fall in ; begin ( an assign- 
ment); assume (duties, etc.). 

"Antreten!" "Fall in !" (not at atten- . 
tion). 

Antriebm drive (Meek). 
Antriebsachse / driving axle (MT). 
Antriebsart/ type of drive (MT). 
Antriebskegelrad n bevel drive pinion 

( differential gear). 
Antriebsradw drive wheel (MT). 
Antriebsritzel m starter pinion ( on 

armature shaft of starter). ' 
Antriebswelle / drive shaft. 
Antriebszahnrad n drive gear (MT). 
A.N.-Verfahren n A.N. method (of 

instrument landing). 
anvisieren to sight at. 
AnwarmeschuB m warming-up shot. 
Anwarter m candidate ; cadet, 
anweisen to direct, instruct, allot. 
Anweisung / directive ; instructions ; 

allotment. 



anwerfen 



10 



Arsin 



anwerfen to crank (an engine). 
Anzapfleitung / power lead-in (Rad). 
Anzeiger m indicator, marker. 
Anzeigerschiene / indicator slide 
(MG). 

Anziehungskraft/ force of attrac- 
tion. 

anzielen to sight, to aim. 
Anzugm uniform; suit of clothes, 
anziinden to ignite, light. 
Aphongetriebe n constant-mesh 

transmission (MT). 
Apotheker m pharmacist. 
Apparattornister in instrument case 

(portable Rad). 
Apparatur/ chassis (Rad); fixtures 

(Tech). 

Appellm roll call; muster; inspec- 
tion. 

Aquadagm aquadag (lubricant). 

Arado name of an aircraft manufac- 
turing company. 

Araometer m -hydrometer. 

Arbeiten/pi works ('Ft,). 

Arbeitsanzug m fatigue uniform, 
work uniform. 

Arbeitsdienst m See Reichsarbeits- 
dienst. 

Arbeitsdienstpflicht / liability to la- 
bor service. 

Arbeitsf iihrer m captain ( Reich La- 
bor Service). 

Arbeitsgeschiitz n roving gun ( Arty). 

Arbeitshub m power stroke (Mtr). 

Arbeitskommando n fatigue detail. 

Arbeitslager n labor camp. 

Arbeitsmann m workman ( Reich La- 
bor Service). 

Arbeitsspiel n functioning, action 
(Mech). 

Arbeitstakt m power stroke (Mtr). 
Arbeitsurlaub m leave for purposes 

of war work, 
arbeitsverwendungsf ahig fit for labor 

duty only (abbr. a.v.). 

a.v. Heimat fit for labor duty in 

zone of interior only. 
Arktik/ smoke acid for use in ex- 
tremely cold weather (CWS). 
arktische Kaltluft polar air (Met). 
Armaturenbrett n instrument board, 

instrument panel. 
Armauflage / elbow rest ( trench or 

firing pit). 
Armband n See Armbinde. 
Armbanduhr / wrist watch. 
Armbinde / arm band, brassard. 



Armee/ army (a tactical unit, dis- 
tinguished from Heer, the Army). 

Armeebefehl m army field order. 

Armeebekleidungsamt n army cloth- 
ing depot. 

Armeebrief stelle / army postal sta- 
tion. 

Armeefeldlazarett n army surgical 
hospital. 

Armeegebiet n army area. 

Armeegruppe / task force usually 
comprising one army and miscella- 
neous units. 

Armeeintendant m army intendant 
( Adm official at army Hq in charge 
of rations, clothing, equipment, pay, 
etc.). 

Armeekartenlager n army map depot. 

Armeekorps n army corps. 

Armeekraftfahrpark m army motor 
transport park. 

Armeemunitionslager n army ammu- 
nition depot. 

Armeenachrichtenabteilung / army 
signal battalion. 

Armeenachrichtenregiment n army 
signal regiment. 

Armeenachschubf iihrer m commander 
of army services of supply (also 
known as Kommandeur der Armee- 
nachschubtruppen) . 

Armeeoberkommando n high com- 
mand of an army, army headquar- 
ters (abbr. OAK). 

Armeesanitatsabteilung / army medi- 
cal battalion. 

Armeeverpflegungsamt n office of 
army ration supply. 

Armeeverpflegungslager n army ra- 
tion-supply depot. 

Armel m sleeve (Clo). 

Armelaufschlag m cuff (Clo). 

Armelabzeichen n sleeve badge. 

Armelpatte / cuff patch. 

Armschiene/ splint (for arm frac- 
ture). 

Armzeichen n arm and hand signal, 
arm signal. 

Arrestant m person under arrest. 

Arrestanstalt / military prison. 

Arrestlokal n detention room, guard- 
house cell, guardhouse. 

Arreststrafe / confinement, sentence 
of confinement. 

Arrestraum im Lazarett detention 
ward. 

Arsin n arsine (CWS). 



Art 



11 



Atemsack 



Art / kind, manner, method, type. 

Art. B.-Stelle / See Artilleriebeobach- 
tungsstelle. 

Artillerie / artillery, 
leichte Artillerie light artillery, 
schwere Artillerie medium artillery, 
schwerste Artillerie heavy artillery. 

Artillerieabteilung / artillery bat- 
talion. 

Artillerieauf marsch m moving up to 

positions (Arty). 
Artilleriebekampfung / counterbat- 

tery fire. 

Artilleriebeobachter m artillery ob- 
server, spotter. 

Artilleriebeobachtungsabteilung / ob- 
servation battalion (Arty). 

Artilleriebeobachtungsstelle / artil- 
lery observation post. 

ArtilleriebeschuB m artillery fire. 

Artillerieeinschlag m shell hit, shell 
burst, point of impact (Arty). 

Artillerieflieger mpl artillery recon- 
naissance aviation. 

Artillerieflug m artillery mission 
(Avn). 

Artillerieflugzeug n artillery observa- 
tion airplane. 

Artillerief iihrer m division artillery 
commander (special staff Arty officer 
and Arty commander at Div Hq). 

Artilleriegliederung / organization of 
artillery. 

Artilleriegruppe / artillery group, ar- 
tillery groupment. 

Artilleriekolonne / ammunition sup- 
ply column (Arty). 

Artilleriekommandeur m corps artil- 
lery commander (in GHQ pool) ; divi- 
sion artillery commander (when 
GHQ artillery is attached). 
Hoherer Artilleriekommandeur spe- 
cial staff artillery officer (at army 
Hq). 

Artillerienachrichtenstelle / artillery 

intelligence center. 
Artillerienachrichtentrupp m artillery 

intelligence section. 
Artilleriepark m artillery equipment 

park. 

Artilleriepunkttafel / point-designa- 
tion crid. 

Artillerierechenschieber m graphical 
firing table. 

Artilleriespiihtrupp m artillery recon- 
naissance detail. 



Artilleriesperrfeuer n artillery bar- 
rage. 

Artilleriestaffel / artillery train. 
Artillerieunterstutzung / artillery 
support. 

Artillerieverbindungskommando n ar- 
tillery liaison command post, artil- 
lery liaison detachment. 

Artillerieverbindungsoffizier m artil- 
lery liaison officer. 

Artillerievermessung / artillery sur- 
vey. 

Artillerievermessungstrupp m artil- 
lery survey section. 

Artillerievorbereitung / artillery 
preparation. 

Artilleriezugmaschine / artillery 
prime mover. 

Artillerist m artilleryman. 

artilleristische Aufkliirung artillery 
reconnaissance. 

artilleristische PunktcmpZ artillery 
reference points. 

Arznei / drug, medicine, medicament. 

Arzneikasten m medicine chest. 

Arzneikiste / See Arzneikasten. 

Arzneimittel n medicine, medicament. 

Arzt m doctor, medical officer. 

Arztliche Akademie der Luftwaffe 
school of aviation medicine. 

arztliche Behandlung medical treat- 
ment, medical attendance. 

arztliche Untersuchung / medical 
examination, physical examination. 

Asbest m asbestos. 

Askulapstab m caduceus. 

Assistenzarzt m second lieutenant 
(Med). 

Astm branch; knot (in wood). 
Astro m celestial navigator ( Avn 
slang). 

astronomische Navigation celestial 
navigation (Avn). 

astronomischer MeBzug m astronom- 
ical survey platoon. 

Astverhau m dead abatis made of 
tree branches. 

Atemeinsatz m filter element ( gas 
mask). 

Atemgerat n oxygen apparatus 
(Avn). 

Atemmaske/ oxygen mask (Avn). 

Atemmundstiick n mouthpiece ( oxy- 
gen breathing apparatus). 

Atemsack m respirator bag (oxygen 
breathing apparatus). 



Atemschlauch 



12 



Auflaufstiick 



Atemschlauch m hose ( gas mask, oxy- 
gen breathing apparatus). 

Athylarsindichlorid n ethyldichlorar- 
sine, ED (CWS). 

Athyldichlorarsin n ethyldichlorar- 
sine, ED (CWS). (Ger abbr. Dick). 

Attacke / charge (Cav). 

Attrappe / dummy ( target, vehicle, 
etc.). 

atzender Kampfstoff vesicant, vesi- 
cant agent, blister agent, blister gas. 

Atzmittel n caustic. 

Atznatron n lye, caustic soda, sodium 
hydroxide. 

Aubo-Pahre f outboard-motor ferry 
( Aubo = AuBenbord). 

Aubomotorm outboard motor (Aubo 
= AuBenbord). 

Audion n grid-leak detector, detector, 
2nd detector (Rad). 

Aufbau m body (MT ) ; superstruc- 
ture, i.e. sponson and turret (Tk). 

Aufbauliif ter m ventilator (in Tk 
sponson or turret). 

Aufbewahrung / storage. 

aufbieten mobilize. 

aufblasen innate, blow up. 

Aufblitzen n flash (Arty fire). 

aufbrauchen to exhaust, use up. 

aufbrechen to depart, start. 

Aufbruchsort m departure point, 
starting point. 

Aufbruchszeit / departure time, 
starting time. 

aufbumsen collide, strike (slang). 

Aufenthaltspunkt m stop (RR, MT). 

auffangen to detect (Rad) ; intercept, 
catch; to absorb (recoil, etc.). 

Auffangstellung / prepared position 
in rear, rear position (in defense). 

Auffangvorrichtung/ buffer (G). 

auffinden to locate (a target). 

Auffiihrender in corporal of the guard. 

Aufgabe / mission, task, problem. 

aufgeben abandon, give up; register 
(baggage, etc.); send (a telegram, 
etc.). 

Aufgebot m See allgemeines Aufge- 
bot. 

aufgesessen mounted (Pers). 
Aufgleitfront / warm front (Met). 
Aufhakenn message pick-up (Avn). 
Auf hangeose / suspension lug (bomb ) . 
Aufhangung/ suspension (of bombs, 

etc.). 
aufhetzen incite. 



aufkliiren. reconnoiter, scout, observe, 
patrol. 

Auf klarer m scout, observer ; recon- 
naissance airplane. 

Aufkliirertatigkeit / reconnaissance 
activity, patrol activity. 

Aufklarung / reconnaissance (Tac). 

Auf klarungsabteilung / reconnais- 
sance battalion. 

Aufklarungsbreite / width of recon- 
naissance sector (in which Obsn Bn 
locates targets). 

Auf klarungsergebnis n results of re- 
connaissance. 

Aufklarungsflieger m aircraft 
observer ; reconnaissance aircraft. 

Aufklarungsflug m reconnaissance 
mission, reconnaissance flight (Avn). 

Aufklarungsflugzeug m reconnais- 
sance airplane. 

Aufklarungsgebiet n reconnaissance 
area. 

Aufklarungskorper mpl reconnais- 
sance elements. 

Aufklarungsmaterial n reconnais- 
sance information. 

Aufklarungsraum m reconnaissance 
area. 

Aufklarungsschwadron / reconnais- 
sance troop (Cav). 

Aufklarungsspahtrupp m reconnais- 
sance patrol. 

Aufklarungsstaffel / reconnaissance 
squadron (Avn). 

Aufklarungsstreifen m reconnais- 
sance sector. 

Aufklarungstiefe / reconnaissance 
depth (in which Obsn Bn locates tar- 
gets). 

Aufklarungstrupp m reconnaissance 
patrol. 

Aufklarungszug m scout car platoon; 
reconnaissance platoon. 

Aufladekommando n loading detail. 

Auf lademotor m supercharged en- 
gine (Avn). 

auf laden to boost, supercharge; to 
load. 

Aufladung / detonating charge 

(blasting cap) , 

Auf lageflache / bearing surface, con- 
tact surface. 

Auflagepunkt m center of tire impact 
(MT); point of support (Tech). 

Auf la germ pedestal, support (Bdg); 
hanger bar (harness). 

Auflaufstiick n knuckle lug (G). 



auflosen 



13 



Aufstellung 



auflosen disintegrate, disband, dis- 
solve, scatter, demobilize. 

Auf marsch m concentration or as- 
sembly of troops for action; strategic 
concentration; moving up to posi- 
tions (Arty). 

Aufmarschgebiet 11 concentration 
area (Tac). 

Aufmarschplan m plan for strategic 
concentration. 

Auf nahme / covering force ( reserve 
force covering withdrawal from, ac- 
tion) ; reception; photograph; taking 
up, establishment (of contact, etc.). 

Aufnahmefahigkeit / capacity (of 
roads, structures, etc.). 

Aufnahmehaken m pick-up hook (for 
message pick-up) (Ap). 

Aufnahmering m receiving ring ( A A 
gun). 

Aufnahmestellung / covering position 
(covering withdrawal from action). 

Aufnahmestreifen m tape (Tg prin- 
ter.) 

aufnehmen to record (sound, etc.); 

to receive, take up ; to photograph ; to 

survey; to establish (contact, etc.). 
aufpflanzen to fix bayonets, 
aufprotzen to couple, limber, place a 

gun in traveling position (Arty). 
Aufrauhbiirste / rotary sweeper 

(road construction). 
aufriiumen to clear away, mop up. 
aufrecht erect, upright. 
aufreiBen to rip, tear up. 
AufriB m design, sketch, vertical 

section. 

aufrollen to roll up (Tac); to coil 
( wire). 

aufriicken to move up, advance. 
Auf ruhr m riot. 

Auf riistung / plank scaffolding (on a 
Pon). 

Aufsatz m sight mount, telescope 
mount (in a loose sense, either the 
optical sight alone or the entire sight 
assembly) ; essay, composition. 

Aufsatzeinteilung / elevation gradu- 
ations (sight mount). 

Aufsatzentfernung / corrected range 
(Arty). 

Aufsatzerhohung / corrected eleva- 
tion (Arty). 

Aufsatzgehause n sight-mount hous- 
ing (G). 

Aufsatzstange / sight adjustment 
rod (G). 



Aufsatztrager m sight bracket, sight 

support (G). 
Aufsatztrieb m elevation mechanism 

(G). 

Aufsatztrommel / angle-of -elevation 
dial (G). 

Aufsatzwinkel m angle of elevation 
(Gunnery) ; superelevation (AAA), 

Aufsatzwinkeltrieb m angle-of -eleva- 
tion mechanism (G). 

Aufsatzzeiger m telescope mount ref- 
erence pointer (matches with Rohr- 
zeiger when gun is laid for elevation) . 

aufschablonieren to stencil on. 

aufschirren to harness. 

Aufschlagm impact, percussion; cuff 
(Clo). 

Aufschlaggelande n impact area. 
Aufschlaggeschwindigkeit / striking 
velocity. 

Aufschlagpunkt m point of impact, 
objective point. 

Aufschlagweite / burst interval. 

Aufschlagwinkel m angle of impact. 

Aufschlagziinder m impact fuze, per- 
cussion fuze. 

Aufschlagziinder mit Verzogerung 
delay fuze. 

Aufschlagziinder ohne Verzogerung 
nondelay fuze. 

Aufschreiber m recorder (A rty). 

Aufschrumpfen n heat shrinking 
(Ord). 

Aufschub m delay. 

Aufschiittung/ fill (Engr, Top). 

Aufsichtsturm m control tower 

( Adrm). 

aufsitzen to mount (a horse or ve- 
hicle). 

das Ziel aufsitzen lassen to hold be- 
low the target in aiming. 

Aufspulerm reel (Tp). 

Aufsteckschliissel m socket wrench. 

aufsteigen to ascend, mount, rise. 

aufsteigender Ast ascending branch 
(of trajectory). 

Aufstellbahnhof m make-up yard 
(RR). 

aufstellen to post (a sentry); to acti- 
vate or constitute (a unit); to em- 
place (a gun); to install (an engine, 
etc.); to mount (a gun); to place, to 
distribute (troops, etc.); to establish 
(an agency); to park (vehicles). 

Aufstellgleis n make-up track (RR). 

Aufstellung/ formation (of troops); 
initial organization (of a unit); es- 



Aufstellungsbefehl 



14 



Ausfertigung 



tablishment ( of an agency) ; disposi- 
tion (Tac). 

Aufstellungsbefehl m initial organi- 
zation order (to activate a unit). 

Auf stromvergaser m updraft carbu- 
retor. 

Auftakt m initial phase ( of an oper- 
ation). 

auftanken refuel. 

Auftragm mission, task (Tac). 

"Auftrag erledigt!" "Mission accom- 
plished!" 

Auftragserteilung / assignment of 

missions, assignment of tasks. 
Auftragskarte / flight diagram 

( aerial Photo). 
Auftreffen n impact. 
Auftreffgeschwindigkeit / striking 

velocity (of projectile). 
Auftreffpunkt m point of impact. 
Auftreffwinkel m angle of impact. 
Auftriebm buoyancy, lift (Avn). 
Auftriebsmittelpunkt m center of lift 

(Avn). 
Auftritt m fire step. 
Aufwindm anabatic wind, up-slope 

wind. 

Aufzeichnung / record, notation, 
sketch. 

Aufziehachse / winding stem (on 
blasting machine, watch, etc.). 

aufziehen to mount (Photo); pull up, 
lift, hoist; to mount (guard); to wind 
( a watch, etc.). 

Aufziehen der Wache guard mount. 

Aufziehleine/ static line (Prcht). 

Aufzugm elevator, hoist. 

Augenabstand m interpupillary dis- 
tance (Optics). 

Augenauf klarung / visual reconnais- 
sance. 

Augenblicksziel n fleeting target, 
transient target, fleeting objective. 

Augenblicksziinder m instantaneous 
fuze, nondelay fuze, quick fuze. 

Augenfenster n eyepiece (gas mask). 

"Augen gerade, aus!" "Ready, front!" 

"Augen, links!" "Eyes, left!" (strict- 
ly, "Die Augen, links!" to distinguish 
preparatory command from that in 
"Augen, rechts!"). 

Augenmuschel / eyeguard (Optics). 

'Augen, rechts!" "Eyes, right!" 

Augenreizstoff m lacrimator (CWS). 

Augenring m eyepiece frame of 

goggles (gas mask). 



Augenschlitz m viewing slit (tele- 
scopic sight). 

Augenverbindung / visual communi- 
cation. 

Ausatemventil n outlet valve (gas 

mask). 

Ausbaum construction; improvement 
(of a position) ; dismantling, remov- 
ing, dismounting (of a gun, etc.). 

ausbauen dismount ( Ord) ; improve 
(Ft); remove, dismantle. 

Ausbilder m instructor. 

Ausbildung/ training, drill. 

Ausbildungsanweisungen fpl training 
order. 

Ausbildungsgerat n training equip- 
ment, training instrument. 

Ausbildungslager n training camp. 

Ausbildungsplan m training schedule. 

Ausbildungsrichtlinien fpl training 
outlines, training regulations. 

Ausbildungsstab m training staff. 

Ausbildungsstufe / training phase. 

Ausbildungsvorschrift / training 
manual, drill regulations. 

Ausblickm objective lens (Optics); 
prospect, view. 

Ausblickprismengehause n objective- 
prism housing (BC telescope). 

Ausblickstutzen m objective-lens 
socket (Optics). 

Ausbootung / debarkation. 

Ausbrennung/ barrel erosion, ero- 
sion of the bore (Ord). 

Ausbruch der Feindseligkeiten out- 
break of hostilities. 

Ausbuchtung / salient. 

Ausdauer f endurance. 

Ausdehnung/ frontage (Tac); ex- 
pansion, extension, spreading. 

auseinandergehen diverge, separate. 

auseinandernehmen to strip, dis- 
assemble, dismantle, take apart. 

auseinanderziehen deploy, extend, 
spread out (Tac). 

ausfahren to extend, to lower (Ap 
landing gear, etc.) ; to ride out, drive 
out. 

Ausf ahrgleis n outgoing- track (RR). 

Ausfallm sortie (Tac); long lunge, 
long thrust (bayonet thrust); casual- 
ty ; failure, breakdown ( of an engine, 
etc.); gun out of battery (Arty). 

Ausfertigung/ drawing up, writing 
out (a report, etc.). 
in dreifacher Ausfertigung in tripli- 
cate. 



ausfragen 



15 



Auslosung 



ausfragen interrogate, question, 
ausf iihren accomplish, carry out, exe- 
cute. 

Ausfiihrung / execution, carrying 
out; design, model (Tech). 
in zweifacher Ausfiihrung in dupli- 
cate. 

Ausfiihrungskommando n command 
of execution ( drill). 

Ausgabe/ issue; edition. 

Ausgabestelle / point of issue, dis- 
tributing point. 

Ausgang m departure, outcome, exit, 
outlet, start. 

Ausgangslage / assault position 
(Tac); starting position, original po- 
sition. 

Ausgangslinie / line of departure, 
jump-off line. 

Ausgangsort m point of departure 
( air navigation). 

Ausgangspunkt m initial point, ori- 
gin, point of departure. 

Ausgangsspannung / output voltage. 

Ausgangsstellung / line of departure, 
jump-off position (Tac). 

Ausgangstransformator m output 
transformer (Rad). 

ausgeben to issue, distribute. 

ausgeglichen balanced, equalized, 
equilibrated. 

Ausgehanzugm dress uniform. 

ausgehoben drafted; silenced (slang). 

Ausgehobener m draftee. 

Ausgehverbot n curfew (Mil Govt). 

ausgemustert rejected as unfit. See 
Musterung, Ausmusterungsschein. 

AusgieBgerat n See Aus- und Ab- 
gieBgerat. 

Ausgleich m equalization, compensa- 
tion, equilibration, balancing. 

Ausgleichdiise / compensating jet 
(Mtr). 

ausgleichen to balance, compensate, 
equalize. 

Ausgleicher m compensator ( Ord, 
Mech); equilibrator (G). 

Ausgleicherarm m equilibrator an- 
chor (G). 

Ausgleichflache / balance tab, trim 
tab (Ap). 

Ausgleichgetriebe n differential gear. 

Ausgleichsperre / differential lock 
(MT). 

ausgliihen anneal. 

ausheben to conscript, draft. 

Aushebung/ draft, conscription. 



Aushilfe / expedient, substitute, aux- 
iliary. 

ausholen to lunge. 

ausklinken' to release (bombs, etc.). 

Auskolkung/ scour (in a river bed). 

Auskreuzung/ bracing, cross brac- 
\ng(Ap). 

auskundschaften to spy, to scout. 

Auskunft / information. 

Auskunftsstelle / information center, 
information office; control point. 

auskuppeln disengage the clutch. 

Ausladebahnhof m detraining point, 
railhead. 

Ausladeeinheit / unloading unit. 

Ausladegebiet n detrucking area. 

Ausladekommando n unloading detail. 

ausladen to unload, detruck, detrain, 
etc. 

Ausladeplatz m detrucking point. 

Auslader m stevedore. 

Ausladespitze / railhead, truckhead. 

Ausladestelle / detrucking point. 

Ausladeiibersicht / detraining or un- 
loading table. 

Ausland n foreign country, 
im Ausland abroad. 

Auslander m alien, foreigner, 
feindlicher Auslander enemy alien. 

AuslaBrohr n eduction tube (Cml 
cylinder). 

AuslaBventil n exhaust valve (Mtr): 

AuslaBventilkammer / exhaust port. 

Auslaufm outlet (for liquids, etc.). 

auslaufen to run out; to complete a 
run after landing; to put to sea. 

auslegen to pay out ( rope, wire, etc.) ; 
to explain, interpret; to expose, ex- 
tend; to lay out (money). 

Auslegerm pack rest (harness) ; 
outrigger (boats and floats) (AA 
gun); boom (of a crane or derrick). 

Auslegerbriicke / cantilever bridge. 

Auslegezeichen n ground panel (Sig 
C). 

Ausleseknopf m selector switch ( Ap 

armament control). 
Auslieferung / delivery; exposure 

(to danger, the elements, etc.). 
ausloschen extinguish, put out (a 

fire). 

Auslbseeinrichtung / release mecha- 
nism (bombing). 

Ausloseknopf m release button. 

Ausliisepunkt m bomb release point, 
release point. 

Auslosung/ release (of bombs, etc.). 



AusmaB 



16 



AuBenschieber 



AusmaB n dimension. 

ausmerzen eliminate, eradicate. 

Ausmusterungsschein m certificate of 
rejection (for those unfit for Mil ser- 
vice). 

Ausnahmegesprach n urgent call 
(TV). 

Ausnahmezustand m state of emer- 
gency. 

ausnutzen to exploit, to utilize fully. 
Auspuff m exhaust, exhaust system 
(Mtr). 

Auspuff gerausch n exhaust noise. 

Auspuff hub m exhaust stroke (Mtr). 

Auspuffkanalm exhaust duct (Mtr). 

Auspuff klappe / cutout (Mtr). 

Auspuffkriimmer m exhaust mani- 
fold (Mtr). 

Auspuffleitung / exhaust duct (Mtr). 

Auspuff takt m exhaust stroke (Mtr). 

Auspufftopfm muffler (Mtr). 

Auspuffwolke / exhaust smoke (Mtr). 

ausrauchern to smoke out; to fumi- 
gate. 

ausrichten to dress (drill); to per- 
form; to level, straighten, 
sich nach links ausrichten to dress 
left. 

Ausrichtung / orientation ; straight- 
ening, leveling. 

Ausrollenn landing run (Avn). 

ausrotten wipe out, crush, annihilate. 

ausriicken disengage (gears, etc.); 
depart, move up. 

Ausriistung / equipment, outfit, ac- 
cessories, accouterments. 

Ausriistungsgegenstand m item of 
equipment. 

Ausriistungsnachweisung / table of 
equipment. 

Ausrustungsstiick n accessory, piece 
of equipment. 

Aussage / statement. 

Ausschalen n stripping the forms 
(concrete construction). 

Ausschaltehebel m throwout lever 
(aiming circle). 

ausschalten disconnect, detach, cut 
out, eliminate, switch off, throw out; 
compensate for, correct ( an error, 
etc.) (Gunnery). 

Ausschalten der besonderen und Wit- 
terungseinfliisse ballistic correction, 
i.e. correction for interior and ex- 
terior ballistic factors. 

Ausschalten der Grundstufe calibra- 
tion correction, correction for velocity 



error (Gunnery). See also Grund- 
stufe. 

Ausschalten der Schnittbildversetzung 

halving adjustment ( coincidence 
range finder). 

Ausschalten der Temperatureinfliisse 
elasticity correction (Gunnery). 

Ausschalten des Schallverzuges acous- 
tic correction (sound locator). 

Ausschalten des Windes wind correc- 
tion (Gunnery). 

Ausschalter m switch; throwout 
(lever). 

ausscheiden to detach, to detail; to 
eliminate (impurities, etc.); to drop 
out, leave, separate. 

ausscheren to fall out of formation 
(Avn); to fall out of line (Nav). 

ausschiffen debark, disembark. 

Ausschiffung / debarkation, disem- 
barkation. 

ausschirren unharness. 

Ausschlagm decisive factor; rash 
(Med). 

ausschlaggebend decisive. 

ausschlieBen interdict; exclude. 

AusschlieBungsschein m certificate 
of exclusion from military service 
(for criminals, subversive elements, 
etc.). 

AusschuB m board, committee, com- 
mission. 

ausschwarmen deploy (Tac). 

ausschweben hold off (in landing) 
(Avn). 

ausschwingen die out, die down (os- 
cillations). 

AuBenantenne / outside antenna. 

AuBenaufhangung / external sus- 
pension ( of bombs). 

AuBenbackenbremse / external con- 
tracting brake (MT). 

AuBenbefestigungen fpl outworks 
(Ft). 

AuBenbordmotor m outboard motor. 

AuBengrenzlehre / snap gage. 

AuBenhafen m outer harbor. 

AuBenhaut / skin, skin cover, cover- 
ing (Ap). 

AuBenlandung / off-field landing 
(Avn). 

AuBenluftdruck m barometric pres- 
sure (Avn): 

AuBenluft-Thermometer n free-air 
thermometer (Ap). 

AuBenschieber m outer sleeve 
(sleeve-type engine). 



AuBenstelle 



17 



Axt 



AuBenstelle / outlying station or 
post. 

AuBenverspannung / external brac- 
ing (Ap). 

AuBenwache / exterior guard. 

AuBenwerke npl outworks (Ft). 

auBerballistisch pertaining to ex- 
terior ballistics. 

auBer Betrieb out of order, not 
working. 

auBer Dienst retired (abbr. a.D.). 
auBer Gefecht gesetzt put out of 
action. 

auBere Ballistik exterior ballistics. 

auBerplanmaBig exceeding author- 
ized-basic allowance or strength; not 
in accordance with plans; extraor- 
dinary. 

aussenden to dispatch, send out, 
transmit. 

Aussetzenw posting (of guards); 
cessation ( of rain, fire, etc.). 

Aussichtsturm m observation tower. 

aussondern to sort. 

ausspahen to spy, reconnoiter. 

Ausspahung / espionage, reconnais- 
sance, spying. 

aussparen to leave untouched, to by- 
pass. 

ausspringender Winkel salient. 

ausstatten equip. 

aussteigen bail out (Avn slang). 

AusstoBbiichse / smoke canister 
ejected from projectile on burst. 

AusstoBen n exhaust stroke (Mtr) ; 
expulsion. 

ausstoBen to expel, eliminate, 

cashier. 

Ausstrahlung / radiation. 

Austauschm exchange (PW, etc.). 

austauschbar interchangeable. 

Austauschschiff n exchange ship, car- 
tel ship (Nav). 

Austauschstoff m substitute material. 

austreten relieve oneself, attend to 
one's needs. 

Aus- und AbgieBgerat n gas-spray- 
ing apparatus (Ap, CWS). 

Auswanderungsmesser m lead com- 
puter (AA). 

Auswanderungsstrecke / linear travel 
of target, leg between present and 
future positions (AAA). 

auswartig foreign. 

auswechselbar interchangeable, re- 
movable. 



auswechselbares Seelenrohr remov- 
able liner (G). 

Ausweichbewegung / evading move- 
ment, withdrawing movement to new 
position (Tac). 

ausweichen evade, give way, with- 
draw, fall back (Tac). 

Ausweichflugplatz m dispersal land- 
ing field. 

Ausweichgleis n siding (RR). 

Ausweichhafen m alternate airport. 

Ausvveichstelle / bypass (Road); 
siding (RR). 

Ausweichstellung / alternate posi- 
tion. 

Ausweichyermittlung / alternate 
routing ( emergency Tp Com). 

Ausweichziel n alternate target, sec- 
ondary target (bombing). 

Ausweis m identification ( card, docu- 
ment, etc.); pass, permit. 

Ausweiskarte / identification card, 
pass, permit. 

Ausweispapier n identification papers. 

Auswerfer m ejector (Ord). 

Auswerfervorrichtung / ejector 
mechanism (Ord). 

Auswertelineal n computing slide rule 
(FR). 

auswerten evaluate, interpret, com- 
pute, plot (maps). 

Auswertestelle / computing station 
(SR). 

Auswertung/ evaluation, interpreta- 
tion. 

Auszeichnung / decoration, medal. 

ausziehen extract, draw out, pull out. 

Auszieher m extractor ( Ord). 

Ausziehgleis n lead track (RR). 

Auszugm extract, summary, depar- 
ture; extension (Tech). 

Autobahn/ automobile express high- 
way. 

Autofrettage / cold-drawing, auto- 
frettage (Ord). 

Autokartograph m stereoscopic plot- 
ting machine. 

Autokolonne / motor vehicle column, 
motor march column. 

automatische Kurssteuerung auto- 
matic pilot, mechanical pilot (Ap). 

Autoschleppstart m auto-tow take-off 
(glider). 

Axt / ax. 



Azetylen 



18 



Ballonreifen 



Azetylen n acetylene. 
Azetylensauerstoffbrenner m oxyacet- 

ylene torch. 
Azimutw azimuth. 



Azimutalprojektlon / azimuthal pro- 
jection. 

Azimutentfernungsmesser m depres- 
sion position finder. 



Bach m stream, brook, rivulet. 
Bachiibergang m stream crossing. 
Backbord n port side. 
Backbordmotor m port engine. 
Backe / cheek. 

Backenbremse / shoe brake (MT). 
Backenschiene / stock rail (RR). 
Backenstiick n cheek strap ( harness). 
Biickerei / bakery. 
Backereikompanie / bakery company. 
Bade wa gen m shower-bath truck. 
Bagger m excavator, dredge, power 
shovel. 

Bahn / path, road ; runway ; rail- 
road; orbit; course; trajectory. 

Bahnanlage / railroad installation. 

Bahndamm m railroad embankment. 

Bahnhof m railroad station ; trolley 
or bus station. 

Bahnhofsleistung / station capacity 
( number of trains loaded or unloaded 
per day). 

Bahnhofsoffizier m railroad station 
traffic officer. 

Bahnhofswachabteilung / railroad 
station guard detachment. 

Bahnkijrperm roadbed (RR). 

Bahnkrone / crown of roadbed 
(RR). 

Bahnplanum n subgrade (RR). 

Bahnsteigm platform (RR). 

Bahnsteigunterfiihrung / platform 
underpass (RR). 

Bahntransport m railroad transpor- 
tation. 

Bahniiberfuhrung / overpass (RR). 

Bahniibergang m railroad crossing. 

Bahnunterfiihrung / underpass (RR). 

Bahnverbindung / railroad line, rail- 
road communication. 

Bajonett n bayonet. See also Seiten- 
gewehr. 

Bajonettangriff m bayonet charge. 
Bajonettfechten n bayonet fighting. 
Bajonettgriff m bayonet grip. 
Bajonettkupplung / bayonet joint. 



B 

BajonettstoB m bayonet thrust. 

BajonettverschluB m bayonet lock, 
bayonet joint. 

Bake / beacon ; navigation guide, 
channel marker, landmark (Nav). 

Bakenempfang m radio-beacon recep- 
tion. 

Bakterienkrieg m bacteriological 
warfare. 

Baldachin m canopy ( center section 
of upper wing of biplane). 

Balken m balk, beam; girder; log. 

Balkenbahn/ timber road. 

BalkenfloB n timber raft. 

Balkensperre / timber road block, 
schwimmende Balkensperre floating 
boom. 

Balkenstapel m log crib, timber crib 
(Bdg). 

Balkenverhau m timber obstacle. 

Ballenm bulb (horse); heel (har- 
ness); bale. 

Ballistik / ballistics. 

ballistische Tageseinfliisse ballistic 
density and wind factors. 

Ballistit n ballistite (Am). 

Ballon m balloon. 

Ballonabweiser m anti-balloon device 
(Ap). ■ 

Ballonamme / supply balloon, nurse 
balloon. 

Ballonaufstiegplatzm balloon site. 

Ballonbatterie / observation balloon 
section (Arty). 

Ballonbeobachter m balloon observer. 

Ballonbeobachtung / balloon observa- 
tion. 

Ballonfiihrer m balloon pilot. 
Ballongurtm rigging band (captive 
Bin). 

Ballonhiille / envelope, gas bag, outer 

cover, balloon cover. 
Ballonkorb m balloon basket. 
Ballonmannschaft / balloon crew. 
Ballonnetz n balloon net. 
Ballonreifen m balloon tire. 



Ballonsperre 



19 



Bauchtreffer 



Ballonsperre/ balloon barrage. 
Ballonstoff m balloon fabric. 
Ballonvariometer n balloon stato- 
scope. 

Ballonventil n gas valve (Bin). 
Ballonwinde / balloon winch. 
Balta See ballistische Tageseinfliisse. 
Baltasekunden fpl ballistic density 

and wind factors in time-of-flight 

seconds. 

Baltasekunden- Verfahren n procedure 
in correcting for ballistic density and 
wind. 

Bananenstecker m banana plug. 
Band n band, cord, tape, strip, rib- 
bon. 

Bandbreite/ band width (Rad). 
Bandbremse / band brake (MT). 
Biindchenmikrophon n See Bandmi- 
krophon. 

Bandfeder/ flat coil spring (fuze). 

Bandgestell n harness (gas mask). 

Bandmikrophon n ribbon microphone. 

Bandsage / band saw. 

Bandspreizung / bandspread (Rad). 

Bank/ bench; lathe; bank; parapet, 
barbette. 

Bannware / contraband of war. 

Baracke / temporary barracks, semi- 
permanent cantonment building. 

Barackenlager n cantonment, camp 
having semipermanent buildings. 

Barbarabehelfsmeldung / hasty mete- 
orological message (Arty). 

Barbarameldung / meteorological 
message (Arty) (from Barbara, 
patron saint of Arty). 

Barbaristm artilleryman (slang). 
See also Barbarameldung. 

Barbarasondermeldung / special 
meteorological message (Arty). 

Barbette / barbette. 

Barbettelafette / barbette carriage, 
barbette mount (G). 

Bargeld n cash. 

barometrische Reglerdose control 

aneroid (Ap engine). 
barometrisches Gefalle pressure 

gradient (Met). 
Basis / base; horizontal base (Btry 

Surv). 

Basislinealn base-line arm (plotting 

protractor). 
Bataillon n battalion. 
Bataillonsabschnitt m battalion sector. 
Bataillons- Adjutant m battalion ex- 



ecutive officer, aide to battalion com- 
mander. 

Bataillonsfiihrer m battalion com- 
mander; acting battalion commander. 

Bataillonsgefechtsstand m battalion 
command post. 

Bataillonshornist m drum major 
(formerly called Tambourmajor). 

Bataillonskolonne / battalion train. 

Bataillons-Kommandeur m battalion 
commander. 

Bataillonsnachrichtenstaffel / bat- 
talion communication section. 

Bataillonsstab m battalion staff, bat- 
talion headquarters. 

Bataillonstf-mbourstock m baton. 

BataillonstroB m battalion train. 

Bataillonsverbandplatz m battalion 
aid station. 

Batterie / battery (Arty, Elee). 

Batteriebild n battery-location plot 
(SR). 

Batteriechef m battery commander. 
Batteriefront / battery front. 
Batterief iihrer m battery commander ; 

acting battery commander. 
Batteriekasten m battery box (Elee). 
Batteriekran m gun hoist, loading 

crane (Arty). 
Batterieoffizier m executive ( firing 

Btry). 

Batterieplan m firing chart (Arty). 
Batteriestand m See Batteriestellung. 
Batteriestellung / battery position 
(Arty). 

Batterietafel / battery manning table 
(Arty). 

Batterietrupp m battery detail, bat- 
tery headquarters detail, battery 
commander's detail (Arty). 

Batterieziindung / battery ignition 
(Mtr). 

Bauw construction, structure, type 
of construction. 

Bauart / type of construction. 

Bauausfiihrung / construction, struc- 
tural design. 

Baubataillon n construction bat- 
talion. 

Bauch m abdomen, belly. 
Bauchfreiheit / chassis clearance 

(MT). 

Bauchgurt m front cinch (pack 
saddle). 

Bauchlandung / belly landing (Avn).' 
Bauchtreffer m sidewise-striking 
projectile. 



THE ARMY LIBRARY 



Bauglied 



20 



Befestigungsanlage 



Bauglied n structural unit, section 
of a structure, structure element. 

Bauholz n lumber. 

Baukompanie / construction company 
(Mil). 

BaumaB n structural dimensions. 

Baumbeobachtungsstand m observa- 
tion post in a tree. 

Baumschiitze m sniper in a tree. 

Baumsperre / abatis, dead abatis. 

Baumstamm m tree trunk. 

Baumstammkuf e / log runner (log 
sled). 

Baumstumpfm tree stump. 

Baumuster n model, type (Ap, MT). 

Baumverhau m live abatis. 

Baumwollabf all m cotton waste, cot- 
ton linters. 

Baumwolle / cotton. 

Bausoldat m engineer soldier in con- 
struction unit. 

Baustab m construction staff. 

Baustange/ lance pole (Tp). 

Bautrupp m construction detail, con- 
struction squad. 

Bautruppen fpl construction troops. 

Bauunternehmer m contractor,builder. 

Bauweise / type of construction or 
structure, method of construction. 

Beamter m official, civil servant. See 
also Wehrmachtbeamter. 

Beanspruchung / load, stress, strain. 

beaufsichtigen supervise. 

Beauf tragter m representative. 

bebaute Felder cultivated fields. 

bebautes Gelande built-up area. 

Bedarf m requirements. 

bedeckt covered, overgrown; over- 
cast (Met). 

fast bedeckt broken (Met). 

Bedeckung/ coverage (Met); escort, 
convoy, cover (Tao). 

Bedeckungsabteilung / covering party, 
escort detachment. 

Bedeckungsmannschaft / escort per- 
sonnel. 

Bediener m controller (AA SL). 

Bedienung / gun squad ; service of 
the piece. 

Bedienungsanweisung / operating 
directions. 

Bedienungseinrichtung / control de- 
vice, operating device. 

Bedienungsentlastung / relief of 
strain on pilot (Avn). 

Bedienungsmannschaft f gun crew, 
gun squad. 



Bedienungsplatte / operating panel 
(Rad). 

Bedienungsschalter m operating 
switch (Elec). 

Bedienungsvorschrift / operating in- 
structions. 

bedingungslose Dbergabe uncondi- 
tional surrender. 

Bedrohung / threat. 

Beendigung der Luftgefahr "all 
clear." 

Beerdigung / burial. 

Befehl m order, command. 
"Zu Befehl!" "Yes, sir!" (in ac- 
knowledgment of an order). 

Bef ehlsausgabe / briefing, issuance 
of orders. 

Befehlsbefugnis / authority (Mil). 

Befehlsbereich m extent of com- 

mand. 

Befehlsbestatigung / confirmatory 
order. 

Befehlserteilung f issuance of orders. 
Befehlsgebaude n control tower 
( Adrm). 

Bef ehlsgebung f giving of commands. 

befehlsgemaB according to instruc- 
tions, as ordered. 

Befehlsgewalt / command, authority 
of command. 

Befehlsgruppe / command group. 

Befehlshaber m commander. 

Befehlshaber des Ersatzheeres See 
Chef der Heeresriistung und Befehls- 
haber des Ersatzheeres. 

Befehlsnetz n command net. 

Befehlspanzer m command tank. 

Befehlssprache f terminology of 

orders. 

Bef ehlsstand m command post, head- 
quarters. 

Befehlsstelle / control tower (Adrm) ; 

command post, headquarters. 
Befehlsiibermittlung / transmission 

of orders. 

Befehlsverhaltnisse npl chain of com- 
mand. 

Befehlswagen m command car, com- 
mand truck, commander's car, staff , 
car. 

Befehlsweg m chain of command, 
command channel. 

befestigt fortified; secured, tied, 
fastened. 

Befestigung / fortification. 

Befestigungsanlage/ fortified de- 
fense system. 



Befestigungsarbeiten 



21 



Bekleidungsentgiftung 



Befestigungsarbeiten fpl fortifica- 
tions, works. 

Befestigungswerk n permanent forti- 
fication, work. 

befeuern to mark or light with beacon 
lights (an airway or Adrm). 

befiirdern to forward (supplies, 

etc.); promote; transmit. 

Beforderung / advancement, promo- 
tion; transmission, forwarding, 
transportation. 

Beforderungsliste / promotion list. 

Beforderungsmittel n carrier, vehi- 
cle; means of transportation; means 
of transmission. 

Befragung/ questioning (of PW, 
etc.), 

Befugnis / authority, powers. 

begasen to gas (CWS). 

Begasung/ laying of gas obstacles, 
gassing (CWS). 

Begegnungsgefecht n meeting engage- 
ment. 

beglaubigen certify, authenticate, 
verify, confirm. 

beglaubigt authenticated, certified, 
notarized, verified, confirmed. 

Beglaubigung / authentication, cer- 
tification, confirmation, verification. 

Begleitartillerie / accompanying ar- 
tillery. 

Begleitbatterie / accompanying bat- 
tery. 

Begleiterm escort; assistant driver. 
Begleitf euer n accompanying fire. 
Begleitgeschiitz n accompanying gun. 
Begleitkommando n escort party, 

escort detachment, covering party. 
Begleitpanzer m accompanying tank. 
Begleitschiff n escort vessel. 
Begleitschutz m escort, fighter escort 

(Avn). 

Begleitzettel m emergency medical 
tag. 

Begleitzu^ m convoy. 
Begrabnis n burial, 
begrenztes Ziel limited objective. 
Begrenzungshebel m clamping lever 
(MG). 

Begrenzungsstift m traversing stop 
(MG). 

Behalterm gasoline tank; container. 
Behandlung / treatment. 
Beharrungsvermogen n inertia. 
Behelf m expedient, makeshift. 
Behelfsantenne / emergency antenna. 



Behelfsbriicke / emergency bridge, 
hasty bridge. 

BehelfsfloBsack m emergency pneu- 
matic boat. 

Behelfsgasschutz m emergency gas 
protection. 

Behelfslandebriicke f hasty landing 
stage. 

behelfsmaBig improvised, hasty, 
emergency, temporary, auxiliary, 
makeshift. 

Behelfsmaterial n emergency con- 
struction material. 

beherrschend commanding, dominat- 
ing. 

BehinderungsschieBen n interdiction 
fire. 

Behmlot n fathometer, echo depth 
sounder (Nav) ; Behm sound-ranging 
altimeter, sonic altimeter (Ap). 

Behorde / authority (Adm, Law). 

behordlich zugelassen authorized, of- 
ficially sanctioned. 

beibringen inflict (losses, etc.). 

Beiendew warp (of a rope). 

Beifahrerm rear rider, sidecar rider 
(Mtcl); assistant driver (MT). 

beifiigen add; attach, enclose. 

beiklappbar folding. 

Beil n ax. 

Beiladung/ igniting charge, igniter, 
booster charge (Am). 

Beilage / enclosure, supplement (in 
a manual, etc.). 

Beilpicke / pickax. 

Beinleder npl leather puttees, leather 
leggins. 

Beisitzer m law. member. 

BeiBzange / nippers. 

beitragen contribute to, cooperate. 

beitreiben to requisition (from civil- 
ians); to commandeer. 

Beitreibung/ requisitioning (from 
civilians). 

Beitreibungsschein m requisition re- 
ceipt (for civilian property). 

Beiwagen m sidecar (Mtcl). 

Beiwagenkrad n sidecar motorcycle. 

Beiwert m coefficient. 

Bekanntgabe / announcement. 

bekleiden to revet (Ft); to clothe; 
to hold (office). 

Bekleiduns/ revetment (Ft); cloth- 
ing. 

Bekleidungsentgiftung / clothing de- 
contamination. 



Bekleidungsnachweis 



22 



Bereitschaften 



Bekleidungsnachweis m clothing ac- 
count. 

Bekleidungssack m duffle bag, bar- 
rack(s) bag. 

Bekleidungsstiick n article of cloth- 
ing. 

Bekbstigungsgeld n garrison ration. 

Bekostigungsmittel npl ration sup- 
plies, subsistence supplies. 

Beladeplan m stowage chart ( for 
vehicle). 

Belagm planking (Bdg); reinforc- 
ing strap (harness). 

belagern besiege. 

Belagerung / siege. 

Belagerungszustand m state of siege. 

beliistigen to annoy, harass (Tac). 

Belastung/ load, maximum load 
(Engr); inductance (Bad). 
bleibende Belastung basic load 

(Ap). 

Belastungsfaktor m load coefficient. 

Belastungsprobe / load test. 

Belegm voucher, proof, evidence, 
document. 

belegen to cover (with fire), to fire 
on, to shell; to billet. 

Belegung/ coverage; shelling; bil- 
leting, quartering; condenser plate 
(Rad). 

Belegungsstarke / density of gas 

coverage (CWS). 
BelehrungsschieBen n instruction 

firing. 

Belehrungs- und VersuchsschieBen n 
special service practice (Arty). 

beleuchten illuminate, light. 

Beleuchtung / illumination. 

Beleuchtungsfenster n illuminating 
window (panoramic sight). 

Belichtung/ exposure (Photo). 

beliefern to deliver, to supply. 

Beliif tung / ventilation. 

Beliiftungsanlage / ventilation sys- 
tem. 

Bemannung / complement, crew, 
benachrichtigen inform. 
Benennung / nomenclature. 
Benzin n gasoline. 
Benzinbehalter m gasoline tank. 
Benzinkanister m gasoline container. 
Benzinmanometer w gasoline pres- 
sure gage. 
Benzinstandmesser m fuel gage. 
Benzol n benzol. 

Beobachter m observer ; air observer, 
navigator-observer. 



Beobachterabzeichen n observer 
badge (decoration). 

Beobachterf ernrohr n observer tele- 
scope. 

Beobachtersitz m observer's seat 
(Ap). 

beobachtetes SchieBen observed fire. 
Beobachtung/ observation; spotting 
(Arty). 

Beobachtung der Langenabweichung 

vertical spotting (Arty). 

Beobachtungsabteilung / observation 
battalion (Arty). 

Beobachtungsbereich m observation 
area (Arty). 

Beobachtungsfehler m personnel error. 

Beobachtungsfernrohr n observation 
telescope (BC telescope). 

Beobachtungskorb m observer's bas- 
ket (captive Bin). 

Beobachtungskuppel / cupola (Tk). 

Beobachtungsmine / controlled mine, 
observation mine (Nav). 

Beobachtungsnetz n observation post 
system (Arty). 

Beobachtungsoffizier m observation 
post officer (Arty). 

Beobachtungspatrone / explosive 
smoke-producing observation cart- 
ridge. 

Beobachtungsraum m " searching sec- 
tor (AAA); observation area. 

Beobachtungsrohr n trench periscope. 

Beobachtungsstand m See Beobach- 
tungsstelle. 

Beobachtungsstelle / observation 
post. 

Beobachtungsturm m cupola (Tk). 

Beobachtungs- und Wirkungsstreifen 
m sector of fire (SA firing). 

Beobachtungswagen in' observer's car. 

Beobachtungswinkel m aiming point 
offset (Arty). 

Beobachtung von seitlicher Beobach- 
tungsstelle flank spotting (Arty). 

Berater m adviser. 

berechnen calculate. 

Berechtigung / authorization; justi- 
fication. 

Bereich m area, district, zone; range, 
scope. 

Bereifung / tires, set of tires, 
bereit ready. 

Bereitschaft / alert, preparedness, 

readiness. 
Bereitschaften fpl alerted reserve 

troops or police. 



Bereitschaftsbaracke 



23 



Beschwerungsrohr 



Bereitschaftsbaracke / cantonment 
building for troops on the alert, alert 
hut. 

Bereitschaftsbataillon n reserve bat- 
talion. 

Bereitschaf tslazarett n mobile sur- 
gical unit. 

Bereitschaf tsmunition / ammunition 
at the gun, ammunition kept in rea- 
diness ( Arty). 

Bereitstellung / moving into assem- 
bly area or position; assembly posi- 
tion, position of readiness (Tac); 
making ready, preparation. 

Bereitstellungsbefehl m assembly 
order. 

BereitstellungspLatz m assembly po- 
sition, assembly point (Tac). 

Bereitstellungsraum m assembly area 
(Tac). 

Bergm hill, mountain (collective: 

Gebirge n). 
bergab downhill, 
bergauf uphill. 

Bergedienst m recovery service, sal- 
vage collecting service. 

Bergegrrat n recovery equipment, 
salvage collecting equipment. 

Bergekolonne / recovery column, sal- 
vage column. 

Bergekommando n collecting unit, 
salvage party, recovery party. 

Bergen n recovery, salvage. 

Bergenge / defile. 

Berger-Mischung / Berger-type smoke 
agent (mixture composed of two 
parts of zinc dust to three parts of 
hexachlorethane ) . 

Berghang m mountain slope, hillside. 

Bergjochw saddle (Top). 

Bergkammm crest (Top).. 

Bergmiitze / mountain cap, alpine 
cap. 

Bergrucken m ridge (Top). 
Bergschuhe mpl mountain boots, ski 
boots. 

Bergstriche mpl hachures. 

Bergung / rescue, salvage, recovery. 

Bergungskolonne / See Bergekolonne. 

Bergungsschiff n rescue vessel, sal- 
vage vessel. 

Bericht m report; communique, news 
dispatch. 

Berichter m correspondent, reporter, 
berichtigen collimate (Surv); cor- 
rect, rectify, adjust. 



Berichtigung / collimation (Surv); 
adjustment, correction, rectification. 

Berichtigungswalze / adjustment 
drum (range finder). 

beritten mounted ( on horse). 

berittene Artillerie horse artillery. 

Berme / berm (Ft). 

bersten to burst, explode. 

beriicksichtigen to consider, to allow 
for, take into consideration. 

Beriicksichtigung / consideration, al- 
lowance for, correction for. 

Beriihrung/ touch, contact. 

Beriihrungslinie / tangent. 

Beriihrungspunkt m point of contact. 

Beriihrungswarngerat n high-volt- 
age warning device. 

Beriihrungszeichen n touch signal 
(Tk). 

Beriihrungsziindung / contact fire 
(Nav). 

Besatzung / garrison, crew. 
Besatzungsheer n army of occupa- 
tion. 

Beschadigung / damage, injury. 

beschaffen procure. 

Beschaffung / procurement. 

bescheinigen certify, authenticate, 
receipt for. 

Bescheinigung / authentication, cer- 
tificate, receipt, voucher. 

beschieBen to shell, to fire at. 
der Lange nach beschieBen to en- 
filade. 

Beschlag m ferrule. 

beschlagen to shoe. 

Beschlagmeister m horseshoer (with 
rank of Tech Sgt). 

Beschlagnahme / confiscation, sei- 
zure. 

Beschlagschmied m horseshoer. 

Beschlagschmiedobergefreiter m 
horseshoer (with rank of Cpl). 

beschleunigen accelerate. 

Beschleuniger m accelerator. 

Beschleunigung / acceleration, 

Beschleunigungsmesser m accelero- 
meter (Ap). 

BeschuB m fire, shooting. 

BeschuBfestigkeit / resistance to 
fire, resistance to penetration (ar- 
mor). 

beschuBsicher bulletproof, 
beschiitzen protect. 
Beschwerde / complaint. 
Beschwerungsrohr n counterpoise, 
counterweight (G). 



Beschwerungsstiick 



24 



Betriebskompanie 



Beschwerungsstiickn. See Beschwe- 
■ rungsrohr. 

beseitigen reduce (a stoppage) 

(Ord); remove (an obstacle). 

Beselerstegm hasty trestle foot- 
bridge (named after General H. H. 
von Beseler: 1850-1921). 

besetzt busy (Tp); occupied, invaded. 

Besetztschauzeichen n "busy" signal 
light (Tp). 

Besetztzeichen n busy signal (Tp). 

Besetzung / occupation. 

Besetzungsarmee / army of occupa- 
tion. 

besichtigen inspect, review. 

Besichtigung / inspection, review. 

besiegen to defeat. 

Besitz m property. 

Besoldung / payment, pay, wages. 

Besoldungsdienstalter n seniority for 

computation of pay. 
Besoldungseinbehaltung / detention 

of pay. 

Besoldungswesen n pay and allow- 
ance administration. 

Besoldungszulage / additional pay. 

Besoldungszulage nach dem Dienst- 
alter longevity pay. 

besonder special. 

besondere Anordnungen administra- 
tive details in combat orders. 

besondere Dienstzweige special ser- 
vices. 

besondere Einfliisse interior ballistic 
factors. 

besondere und Witterungseinfliisse 
interior and exterior ballistic factors. 

besorgen procure. 

Besorgung / procurement. 

bespannt animal-drawn; covered with 
stressed skin (Ap). 

Bespannung / covering ( Ap skin or 
fabric); team of horses. 

Besprechung/ consultation, critique, 
discussion, conference. 

Bestallungsurkunde / certificate of 
appointment. 

Bestandm stock (supplies, equipment, 
etc.); inventory, supply, strength, 
balance, cash on hand. 

Bestandsbuch n stock book. 

Bestandsliste / inventory of supplies, 
equipment, etc.; property book. 

Bestandsnachweisung / stock inven- 
tory, stock report. 

Bestandteil m component. 

bestatigen confirm. 



Bestattung / burial. 

Bestattungskommando n burial detail. 

bestechen to bribe. 

Bestechung / bribery. 

Besteckm ship's position; set of in- 
struments or utensils; knife, fork 
and spoon (considered as unit of 
mess kit). 

Bestellnummer / requisition number. 

Bestellschein m requisition ticket 
(Adm). 

Bestellung / requisition (Adm). 
Bestimmung / regulation; decision; 

destination; determination. 
Bestraf ung / punishment, 
bestreichen to graze, sweep (with 

fire); to spread, cover, coat, 
bestreichendes Feuer grazing fire 

(Arty). 

bestrichener Raum beaten zone (fir- 
ing). 

bestrichener Raum der Kerngarbe 

effective beaten zone, 85% zone (MG 
fire). 

Bestiickung/ armament (Ap, Tk). 

betatigen actuate, bring into play, 
set going, put into operation. 

Betaubungsmittel n anesthetic. 

Beton m concrete. 

Betonbau m concrete construction. 

Betonbombe / concrete bomb. 

Betonbriicke / concrete bridge. 

Betonbunker m concrete bunker, con- 
crete pillbox. 

betoniert concrete, built of or rein- 
forced with concrete. 

Betonmischmaschine / concrete 
mixer. 

Betonschicht / layer of concrete, con- 
crete burster course. 

Betonsperre / concrete obstacle. 

Betonstarke / thickness of con- 
crete. 

Betonturmm concrete turret (Ft). 
j Betonunterstand m concrete shelter, 
, concrete dugout. 
Betrag m amount, sum. 
Betrauung/ charge, trust. 
Betriebm operation (Tp, Rad) ; 

traffic; action; factory. 

auBer Betrieb not in use, out of 

order, not running. 
Betriebsbuch n station log (Rad). 
Betriebsf unkspruch m routine radio 

message. 

Betriebskompanie / operating com- 
pany (Adrm, RR, Tp). 



Betriebsschalter 



25 



Biegemaschine 



Betriebsschalter m operating switch 
(Tp). 

Betriebssicherheit / reliability of 
operation, safety of operation. 

Betriebsstoff m fuel, gasoline, Diesel 
fuel. 

Betriebsstoffausgabestelle / gasoline 
and lubricants distributing point. 

ietriebsstoffkesselkraftwagen m gaso- 
line tank truck. 

Betriebsstoffkolonne / gasoline and 
lubricants supply column. 

Betriebsstoffversorgung/ gasoline 
and lubricants supply. 

Betriebsstoffverwaltungskompanie / 
gasoline and lubricants administra- 
tion company. 

Betriebsstoff zusatzmittel n dope (for 
Avn gasoline). 

Betriebsstrom m operating current. 

Betriebsstunde / hour of operation. 

Betriebsunterlagen fpl consolidated 
plan of telephone communication. 

Bettungf roadbed (RR); ground 
platform (RR gun); base (fixed G); 
foundation (G emplacement). 

Bettungsloch n gun platform excava- 
tion (RR gun). 

Beugung/ diffraction. 

beunruhigen to disturb, harass, cause 
uneasiness. 

Beunruhigung / harassment, uneasi- 
ness, disturbance, alarm. 

Beunruhigungsfeuer n harassing fire. 

beurlaubt on leave. 

Beurlaubteristand m reserve status. 
Offizier des Beurlaubtenstandes of- 
ficer commissioned for the duration 
(abbr. d.B.). 

beurteilen estimate, judge, evaluate, 
interpret. 

Beurteilung / estimate, appreciation, 
judgment. 

Beute/ booty, captured materiel, 
prize, pillage, loot. 

Beutebergungsabteilung / salvage 
detachment for captured materiel. 

Beutegeschiitz n captured gun. 

Beute-Kraf tfahrzeug n captured mo- 
tor vehicle. 

Beutel m bag, pouch. 

Beutesammelstelle / See Beutestelle. 

Beutestab m salvage staff for cap- 
tured enemy materiel. 

Beutestelle / salvage depot, salvage 
dump (for enemy materiel). 

Bevolkerung / population. 



bevollmachtigen to authorize, em- 
power. 

bevollmachtigter Transportoffizier 

chief transportation officer ( on an 
army staff). 

bewachen to guard. 

Bewachungsfahrzeugw patrol vessel, 
escort vessel (Nav). 

bewaffnet armed. 

Bewaffnung / armament. 

Bewahrung / proving of fitness, com- 
petence or durability. 

beweglich mobile, movable, ' moving, 
flexible, portable. 

bewegliches Geschiitz flexible gun. 

bewegliches Hindernis portable ob- 
stacle. 

bewegliches Maschinengewehr flex- 
ible machine gun. 

bewegliches Ziel moving target. 

Beweglichkeit / mobility, maneuver- 
ability. 

Bewegung / movement. 

Bewegungsbuch n record of transac- 
tions. 

Bewegungskontrolle / flight control 
/Avn). 

Bewegungskrieg m war of movement, 
mobile warfare. 

BewegungsgroBe / momentum. 

bewegungsunfahig incapable of mov- 
ing, immobilized; stuck, stalled 
(MT). 

Bewehrung/ cable armor (Tp) ; iron 
reinforcement ( concrete construc- 
tion). 

Beweismaterial n written evidence. 
Bewetterung/ mine ventilation, 
bewirken to cause, bring about, 
effect. 

bezeugen to certify, witness, 
beziehen to mount (guard); occupy 

(a position); collect (pay). 
Bezirk m district. 

Bezug m datum, reference, relation. 
Bezugsebene/ datum level, datum 

plane (Surv). 
Bezugsflache/ See Bezugsebene. 
Bezugslinie / datum line, reference 

line (Surv). 
Bezugspunkt m check point, datum 

point. 

Bezugsschein m ration card; requi- 
sition ticket, 
bez win gen to reduce, overcome ( Tac) . ' 
Biberwehrw beaver dam. 
Biegemaschine / bending machine. 



Biegung 



26 



Blinken 



Biegung/ bend, turn, flexure. 

Bildra picture, photograph. 

Bildaufklarung / photographic re- 
connaissance. 

Bildauswertung / interpretation of 
photographs. 

Bildberichter ra war photographer 
(in Ger propaganda company). 

Bilderkundung / photographic recon- 
naissance. 

Bildflieger m aerial photographer. 

Bildfunk ra radiophotography, radio- 
photo transmission. 

BildmeBwesen n photogrammetry. 

Bildoffizier ra photographer (officer). 

Bildplan ra controlled mosaic ( aerial 
Photo). 

Bildplanskizze / partially controlled 

mosaic (aerial Photo). 
Bildpunkt to picture point (aerial 

Photo). 

Bildreihe / strip mosaic (aerial 
Photo). 

Bildskizze / uncontrolled mosaic 

C aerial Photo). 
Bildwerf er m still projector (Photo). 
Binauralverfahren n binaural method 

(sound locator). 
Binde / bandage, 
binden contain (Tac); bind, tie. 
Binder m necktie (Clo). 
Bindereif en to rim (G-carriage 

wheel). 

BinnenwasserstraBe / inland water- 
way. 

Bittschrift / petition. 
Biwak n bivouac. 

Biwakskommandant ra bivouac com- 
mander (ranking officer at bivouac). 

Biwaksplatz to bivouac (site). 

blanker Draht bare wire (Tp). 

blanke Waffe "cold steel." 
blanke Waffen armes blanches, 

hand weapons. 

Blasangriff m cloud attack, cloud gas 
attack, gas-cylinder attack. 

Blase / blister. 

blasenziehend blistering, vesicant, 
blasenziehender Kampfstoff vesicant 

agent (CWS). 
Blasflasche / gas cylinder (CWS). 
Blaspistole / air gun, compressed-air 

cleaner (MT). 
Blasverfahren n gas-cylinder method 

(of gas release) (CWS). 
Blatt n leaf; blade; sheet; propeller 

blade. 



Blattchenpulver n flake powder (Am). 
Blattern fpl smallpox. 
Blattfeder/ leaf spring (MT). 
Blaukreuz n sternutators ( Ger. 

marking "Blue Cross") (CWS). 
Blaupause / blueprint. 
Blausaure / hydrocyanic acid, prus- 

sic acid (CWS). 
Blech n sheet metal; nonsense 

(slang). 

Blechbehalter ra metal container. 
Blechbeplankung / metal skin (Ap). 
Blechbiichse/ can; sheet-metal box 

or container. 
Blechgehause n sheet-metal case, 

sheet-metal housing. 
Blechkanister m metal container (for 

water, gasoline, etc.). 
Blechschmied m tinsmith. 
Blechtrommel / metal drum. 
Bleiw lead (metal). 
Bleichmittel n bleach. 
Bleimantel m lead jacket (Am); 

lead sheath (armored cable). 
Bleiplombe / lead seal. 
Bleisammler m lead-plate storage 

battery. 

Bleispritzer ra lead spatter, bullet 
spatter. 

Bleitetraathyl n tetraethyl lead. 
Blendabdeckung / shutter cover 
(Tk). 

Blende / gun mantlet, gun shield, 
shielded port (Tk); diaphragm 
(Photo); occulter (SL); shutter. 

blenden to blind, to dazzle; to cover 
or shield; to lay a smoke screen. 

Blendenhebel m shutter lever (SL). 

Blendkorperm frangible glass smoke 
grenade. 

Blendschutz-Scheibe / anti-glare 
windshield. 

BlendungsschieBen n smoke-screen- 
ing fire (Arty). 

Blickfeldn. field of view (Optics). 

Blindabwurf ra emergency release 
(bombing). 

Blindflug ra blind flying, instrument 
flying. 

Blindganger ra dud. 

blindgeladen blank, with inert filling. 

blindgeladene Granate blank shell. 

Blindkurbeln n blindfold operation of 
crankwheels (gun-laying exercise). 

Blindlandung / instrument landing. 

Blindwiderstand to reactance (Elec). 

Blinken n signal-lamp transmission. 



Blinkfeuer 



27 



Bodensicht 



Blinkfeuer n flashing light, blinker 
light (Avn). 

Blinkgerat n signal lamp, signal-lamp 
apparatus. 

Blinklampe / signal lamp. 

Blinkspruch to signal-lamp message. 

Blinkstelle / signal-lamp station. 

Blinksuchtrupp to signal-lamp spot- 
ting squad. 

Blinktornister to portable signal- 
lamp case. 

Blinktrupp m signal-lamp team. 

Blinkverbindung / signal-lamp com- 
munication. 

Blinkverfahren n lamp-signaling 
method. 

Blinkzeichen n flash signal (Sig 
lamp). 

Blitz to lightning, lightning flash. 

Blitzableiter m lightning arrester. 

Blitzbiindel n lightning-flash cluster 
(badge worn by Sig Pers). 

Blitzkrieg to lightning war, blitzkrieg. 

Blitzlichtbombe / photo flashbomb. 

Blitzschutzsicherung / lightning ar- 
rester. 

Blitzstrahlm lightning flash. 
Block to block; writing pad. 
Blockwart to block warden. 
BlumenkohlTO cauliflower; Oak Leaf 

Cluster (slang). 
Bluse / service coat, blouse. 
Blut n blood. 

Blutgruppe / blood group, blood type. 

Blutopfer n heavy losses, heavy 
casualties. 

Blutorden w medal awarded to par- 
ticipants in Munich riots of 1923. ■ 

Blutspender to blood donor. 

blutstillend styptic. 

Blutvergiftung / blood-poisoning. 

Bo / squall, gust. 

Bock m trestle, bent (Bdg); wagon- 
driver's seat. 

Bockbein n trestle leg (Bdg). 

Bockbriicke / trestle bridge. 

Bockschnellsteg to hasty trestle 
bridge. 

Bockschniirbund m square lashing 
(Bdg). 

Bocksprengwerk n lock-spar support 
(Bdg). 

Bockwagenm trestle carrier (MT). 

Boden m ground (Top); base (Am); 
floor; earth; bottom. 

Bodenabstandsziinder m base delay- 
action fuze (Am). 



Bodenabwehr / antiaircraft defense, 
antiaircraft artillery, ground de- 
fense. 

Bodenanlage / ground installation. 
Bodenanlage der Luftwaffe air-base 

service area. 
Bodenantenne / surface antenna. 
BodenaushubTO spoil (Engr, Ft). 
Bodenbedienung / ground crew 

(Avn). 

Bodenbewachsung / vegetation (Top). 

Boden-Bord air-ground (Sig Com). 

Bodenbrettra floor board (MT). 

Bodendienst m base services (Avn). 

Bodendruck to ground pressure, 
spezifischer Bodendruck ground 
pressure per unit area (MT, Tk). 

Bodenerhebung / elevation, rise ( Top). 

Bodenfalte / furrow, gully (Top). 

Bodenfreiheit / road clearance (MT). 

Bodenfunkdienst to ground radio ser- 
vice (Avn). 

Bodenfunkstelle / ground radio sta- 
tion. 

Eodengestaltung / configuration of 

ground, terrain features. 
Bodenhaf tung / road traction (MT). 
Bodenkammerladung / base charge 

(Am). 

Bodenkanzel / ball turret, belly tur- 
ret, ventral turret (Ap). 
Bodenkrepierer to dud. 
Bodenlader to supercharger with low 

blower ratio (Ap). 
Bodenlafette / ventral gun mount 

(Ap). 

Bodenleitung / surface line (Tp). 

Bodenluke / escape hatch in belly or 
floor (Ap, Tk). 

Bodennavigation / pilotage (Avn). 

Bodennebel to ground fog. 

Bodenorganisation / ground person- 
nel (Avn). 

Bodenpeilfunkstelle / radio direction- 
finder station (Avn). 

Bodenpeilstelle / See Bodenpeilfunk- 
stelle. 

Bodenpersonal n air base troops; 
ground crew, ground personnel, 
maintenance personnel, service per- 
sonnel (Avn). 

Bodenplatte/ base plate (Mort). 

Bodenpunkt to place mark (Surv). 

Bodenschwanz to tail (of a bomb). 

Bodensicht / ground visibility ( Avn). 
auf Bodensicht in sight of the 
ground. 



Bodenstelle 



28 



Bombenwurf 



Bodenstelle / ground station (Rad). 
Bodenstrahlung / ground radiation 
(Rad). 

Bodenstiick n floor plate, butt as- 
sembly (MG); breech, breech ring 
(G). 

Bodenstiicksperre / floor-plate lock 
(MG). 

Bodentreffbild n dispersion pattern, 

horizontal shot group. 
Bodentreffer m overended shot. 
Bodenverdichter m road grader and 

tamper. 

Bodenwanne/ bottom gondola (Ap). 

Bodenwelle/ ground wave (Rad). 

Bodenwellenempfangszone / ground- 
wave reception zone (Rad). 

Bodenwindm surface wind. 

Bodenziel n ground target. 

Bodenziinder m base detonating fuze. 

Boenkragen m arcus, scud roll (Met). 

Bogen m arc, arch; bend, curve; 
sheet ( of paper). 

Bogenbriicke / arched bridge. 

Bogenlampe / arc lamp. 

Bogenspitze/ ogive (Am). 

Bohle / plank. 

Bohlenbahn / plank road. 

bohren to drill, bore. 

Bohrerm bit, drill, auger. 

Bohrladung / borehole blasting 
charge. 

Bohrloch n borehole. 

Bohrpatrone / blasting cartridge. , 

Bohrung/ bore (Mech). 

Bohrwinde/ brace (a tool). 

Bbigkeit / turbulence (Met). 

Boje / buoy. 

Bola / See Bodenlafette. 

Bolinie / squall line. 

Bolzen m bolt, pin. 

Bombardierung / bombing, bombard- 
ment. 

Bombe / bomb. 

Bombe mit Verzugszeit time bomb. 
Bombenabwurf m bomb release. 
Bombenabwurf auf Flachenziel area 
bombing. 

Bombenabwurfgerat n bomb release 
controls. 

Bombenabwurfkurve / bomb trajec- 
tory. 

Bombenabwurfvorrichtung / bomb 
control mechanism, bomb release 
mechanism (Ap). 

Bombenabwurfwinkel in dropping 
angle (bombing). 



Bombenabwurfzielgerat n See Bom- 
benzielgeriit. 

Bombenabzughebel m bomb control, 
bomb rack control (Ap). 

Bombenangriff m bombing attack, 
bombing raid (Avn). 

Bombenauslosung / bomb release. 

Bombenauslosungsvorrichtung / bomb 
control mechanism, bomb release 
mechanism (Ap). 

Bombeneinschlag m bomb hit. 

Bombenfallkurve / bomb trajectory. 

Bombenfallzeit / time of fall (bomb- 
ing). 

Bombenfernrohr n telescopic bomb 
sight (Ap). 

bombenfesf bomb-resistant, bomb- 
proof. 

Bombenflieger mpl bombardment avi- 
ation. 

Bombenflugbahn / bomb trajectory. 

Bombenflugzeug n bombardment air- 
plane, bomber. 

Bombengeschwader n bomber wing. 
See also Geschwader. 

Bombenhebel m bomb release handle. 

Bombenhiille / bomb case. 

Bombenjager m "bomber destroyer" 
( airplane employed to combat bomb- 
ers by dropping bombs on them). 

Bombenkammer / bomb bay (Ap). 

Bombenklappe / bomb-bay doors, 
bomb doors (Ap). 

Bombenkopf m bomb nose. 

Bombenlast / bomb load. 

Bombenloch n bomb crater. 

Bombenmagazin n bomb bay (Ap). 

Bombenreihe / train of bombs, bomb 
train. 

Bombenrichtgerat n bomb sight. 

Bombenschacht m bomb rack (Ap). 

Bombenschiitze m bombardier. 

Bombenschiitzenstand m bombardier's 
position, bombardier's compartment. 

bombensicher bomb-resistant, bomb- 
proof, heavy shellproof . 

bombensichere Deckung bombproof 
shelter. 

Bombenteppich m practice-bombing 
panel. 

Bombentiefangriff m low-level bomb- 
ing attack (Avn). 

Bombentreff er m bomb hit. 

Bombenvisier n bomb sight (Ap). 

Bombenvolltreffer m direct bomb hit. 

Bombenwurf m bomb release, bomb- 
ing. 



Bombenvvurf 



29 



Brandmunition 



gezielter Bombenwurf precision 
bombing. 

Bombenwurfplatz m target area 

(bombing). 
Bombenzielapparat m See Bomben- 

zielgerat. 
Bombenzielgeriit n bomb sight. 
Boraben-Zubringewagen m bomb 

trailer. 

Bombenzunder m bomb fuze. 

Boot n boat; hull (of flying boat). 

Bootshaken m boathook. 

Bootsmann in boatswain (Nav). 

Bordaufklarer m shipboard reconnais- 
sance airplane. 

Bordbatterie / aircraft radio battery. 

Bordbesatzung / air crew. 

Bordbuch n log book (Ap). 

Borderkunder m shipboard reconnais- 
sance airplane. 

Bordflak/ shipboard antiaircraft ar- 
tillery. 

Bordfliegerstaffel / squadron of car- 
rier-based airplanes. 

Bordflugzeug n shipboard airplane. 

Bordf unker m radio operator (Avn). 

Bordgerat n intercommunication tele- 
phone (Ap, Tk). 

Bordgerate npl aircraft equipment; 
aircraft instruments. 

Bordlaf ette / gun mount on ship or 
airplane. 

Bordlandef ackel / landing flare ( Avn) . 
Bordmannschaf t / air crew. 
Bord-Maschinengewehr n aircraft 

machine gun. 
Bordmechaniker m flight engineer. 
Bordmonteur m aircraft mechanic; 

flight engineer (Avn). 
Bordmunition / aircraft ammunition. 
Bordnetz n aircraft wiring system 

(Elec). 

Bordpeiler m radio compass, direction 
finder, direction-finder operator (Ap). 

Bordschiitze m aerial gunner, gunner 
(Avn). 

Bordsprechanlage / intercommuniea- 
., tion system, interphone system ( Ap, 
Tk). 

Bordsprechgerat n intercommunica- 
tion telephone, interphone ( Ap, Tk). 

Bordtelephon n interphone (Ap, Tk). 

Bordverpflegung / flight ration 
(Avn). 

Bordverstandigung / interphone com- 
munication. 



Bordverstandigungsanlage / inter- 
communication system (Ap, Tk). 

Bordwaflfen fpl aircraft armament; 
tank armament. 

BordwaffenbeschuB m fire from air- 
craft weapons. 

Bordwandwagen m gondola car 

(RR). 

Bordwart m flight mechanic, flight 

engineer ( Avn). 
Bord zu Boden air-ground ( Sig Com) . 
Borsalbe/ boric acid ointment. 
Bbrsaure / boric acid. 
Borte / braid (Clo). 
Boschung / escarpment, scarp, slope. 
Boschung im Abtrag downward slope. 
Boschung in Auftrag upward slope. 
Boschungsanlage / batter (Ft). 
Boschungskante / military crest 

(Top). 

BoschungsfuB m foot of slope (Top). 
Boschungskrone / See Boschungs- 
kante. 

Boschungswinkel m, angle of slope, 
gradient angle, gradient (Top). 

Botschaft/ embassy; message. 

Bowdenzug in bowden control cable 
( control cable in flexible steel con- 
duit). 

Boxe / submarine pen ; aircraft revet- 
ment (colloquial). 

Boxermotor m opposed-piston engine. 

B.-Patrone / See Beobachtiuigspa- 
trone. 

Brakenstange / side rail (limber). 

Bramo / name of a type of aircraft 
engine (abbr. of Brandenburgische 
Motorenwerke) . 

Brand m fire ; gangrene. 

Brandbinde / absorbent gauze treated 
with bismuth for burns. 

Brandbombe / incendiary bomb. 

Brandbombenbiindel n cluster of in- 
cendiary bombs. 

Brander m fire raft. 

Brandflasche/ frangible grenade, in- 
cendiary bottle, "Molotov cocktail." 

BrandgeschoB n incendiary bullet, 
incendiary projectile. 

Brandgranate / incendiary shell. 

Brandhahn m distributor cock (of Ap 
fire extinguisher) . 

Brandmasse / incendiary composition. 

Brandmeister m fire marshal. 

Brandmittel n incendiary agent. 

Brandmunition/ incendiary ammuni- 
tion. 



Brandsatz 



30 



Brennstoffverbiauch 



Brandsatz m incendiary composition, 
incendiary filling (Am). 

Brandschott n fire wall (Ap). 

Brandschutzm fire prevention, fire 
protection. 

Brandspant m See Brandschott. 

Brandstoff m incendiary agent. 

Brand- und Asche-Taktik / scorched 
earth tactics. 

Brandwirkung / incendiary effect. 

Brandwunde / burn. 

Bratlingm soya-bean meat substi- 
tute. 

Bratlingspulver n soya-bean flour. 

brauchbar serviceable, usable; prac- 
ticable. 

Braunkohle / lignite. 

Braunsche RShre cathode-ray tube. 

Braunstein m manganese dioxide. 

Braunsteinbeutel m manganese 
dioxide compartment (of Elec cell). 

Brecheisen n See Brechstange. 

Brechreiz m nausea. 

Brechstange / crowbar, pinch-bar. 

Breite / width. 

Breitenausdehnung / extension in 

width (Tac). 
Breitenfeuer n distributed fire (R, 

MG); sweeping fire, traversing fire 

(MG). 

Breitenfeuer mit Tiefenfeuer tra- 
versing and searching fire (MG). 

Breitengliederung / distribution, for- 
mation, or organization in width 
(Tac). 

Breitengrad m degree of latitude. 

Breitenhohe / meridian altitude ( ce- 
lestial navigation) . 

Breitenkreis m parallel of latitude. 

Breitenstreuung / direction disper- 
sion, deflection dispersion (Ballis- 
tics). 

Breiten- und Tiefenfeuer n traversing 

and searching fire (MG). 
Breitenziel n linear target. 
Breitkeil m inverted wedge formation 

(Tac). 

Breitseite/ flank (Tac); broadside 
(Nav). 

Breitspur / wide gage (RR). 
Bremsarm m brake arm ( G-carriage 

wheel brake). 
Bremsausgleich m brake equalization ; 

brake equalizer. 
Bremsbacke / brake shoe. 
Bremsband n brake band. 
Bremsbelagm "brake lining. 



Bremsbockm brake carrier (G car- 
riage). 

Bremsbuchse / brake bushing ( recoil 

mechanism). 
Bremse / brake, buffer. 
Bremsfeder / brake release spring 

(MT). 

Bremsfliissigkeit / recoil oil (G) ; 

brake fluid (MT). 
Bremsfulihebel m brake pedal (MT). 
Bremsgestange n brake rod (MT). 
Bremsgitter n suppressor grid (Rad 
tube). 

Bremshebelm brake level (G, MT); 

locking lever (panoramic telescope). 
Bremsklappe / landing flap, wing 

flap (Ap). 
Bremsklaue/ brake shoe (G-carriage 

wheel). 

Bremsklotz m brake shoe; chock, 

wheel block. 
Bremskolbenm recoil piston (G). 
Bremsleistung / brake horsepower. 
Bremslicht n stop light (MT). 
Bremsscheibe / brake drum. 
Bremsspur / skid mark (MT). 
Bremsstrecke / stopping distance 

(MT) ; braking section ( Ap catapult). 
Bremstrager m anchor pin ( of brake 

shoes). 

Bremstritt m brake pedal. 
Bremstrommel / brake drum. 
Bremsvorrichtung / recoil mechanism 

(G); brake mechanism (MT). 
B remsweg m stopping distance (MT). 
Bremswirkung / braking effect. 
Bremszy Under m recoil cylinder (G) ; 

brake cylinder (MT). 
Brenndauer / burning rate, burning 

time (fuze). 
Brennebene / focal plane (Optics). 
Brennermotor m internal combustion 

engine. 

Brenngemisch n gasoline mixture. 
Brenngeschwindigkeit / burning 

rate, rate of burning (fuze). 
Brennlangenschieber m corrector 

(fuze). 

Brennpunkt m focus (Optics). » 
Brennstoff m gasoline, fuel, Diesel 
fuel. 

Brennstofflager n gasoline dump, 

fuel dump. 
Brennstofftankwagen m gasoline tank 

truck. 

Brennstoffverbrauch m gasoline con- 
sumption, fuel consumption. 



Brennstoffvorrat 



31 



Briinierung - 



Brennstoffvorrat m gasoline supply, 

fuel supply. 
Brennweitef focal distance (Optics). 
Brennziinder m powder-train fuze 

( shell) ; igniting fuze, time fuze 

(hand grenade). 
BrennziinderschuB m time fire (Arty). 
Bresche / breach. 
Brett n board, panel. 
Bretterbahn / boardwalk, duckboard 

( trench). 
Bretterbock m plank trestle. 
Bretterstapel m plank crib (Bdg). 
Brettertafel / plank floor (Bdg). 
Bretterteppich m plank flooring 

(rope Bdg). 
Brettstiickmine / duckboard mine, 

pressure-board mine. 
Brief marke/ postage stamp. 
Brieftaube / carrier pigeon, homing 

pigeon, messenger pigeon. 
Brieftaubenmeister m pigeoneer 

(Tech Sgt). 
Brieftaubenpfleger m pigeoneer. 
Brieftaubenschlag m pigeon loft. 
Brieftaubenstelle / See Brieftauben- 
schlag. 
Brigade / brigade. 
Brigadefiihrer m brigade commander. 

See also SS-Brigadefiihrer. 
Brigadekommando n brigade head- 
quarters. ' 
Brillenglassalbe / antidim compound 

(for gas mask). 
brisant high-explosive. 
Brisanz / brisance, explosive effect. 
Brisanzgranate / high-explosive shell. 
Brisanzschrapnell 11 high-explosive 

shrapnel. 

Brisanzsprengstoff m detonating ex- 
plosive. 

Brombenzylzyanid n brombenzylcya- 

nide (CWS). 
Bromzyan n cyanogen bromide 

(CWS). 

Brotbeutelm field bag, musette bag. 

Brotsatz m bread ration. 

Bruch m crack-up, crash ( Avn) ; 

fraction (Math); fracture, rupture. 
Bruchfestigkeit / breaking strength. 
Bruchgrenze / point of rupture 

(Meeh). 

Bruchlandung / crash landing ( Avn) . 
bruchsicher breakproof, shatterproof. 
Bruchstiick n fragment. 
Briicke / bridge. 



Briicke mit festen Stiitzen fixed 
bridge. 

Briicke mit schwimmenden Stiitzen 

floating bridge. 
Briickenachse / bridge center line. 
Briickenbahn / bridge roadway. 
Briickenbau m bridge construction ; 

bridge structure; bridging. 
Briickenbaubataillon n bridge con* 

struction battalion. 
Briickenbaugerat n bridge-building 

equipment. 
Briickenbelag m chess, planking 

(Bdg). 

Briickenbock m bridge trestle. 

Brtickenbogen m arch, span (Bdg). 

Briickendamm m approach embank- 
ment (Bdg). 

Briickenendwiderlager n abutment 
(Bdg). 

Briickenfahrbahn / See Briickenbahn. 
Briickenfahrzeug n bridge-carrying 
vehicle. 

Bruckengelr.nder n bridge railing. 

Briickengerat n bridge equipage, 

bridge equipment. 

Bruckenglied n bay, section (Bdg). 

Briickenkolonne / bridge column, 
ponton train, bridge train. 

Bruckenkommandant m bridge com- 
mander. 

Briickenkopf m bridgehead. 

Briickenkopflinie / bridgehead line. 

Briickenkopfstellung /' bridgehead 
position. 

Briickenlinie / bridge center line. 
Briickenoberbau m superstructure 
(Bdg). 

Briickenpanzerkampfwagen m bridge- 
carrying tank. 

Briickenpfeiler m pile (Bdg). 

Briickenschlag m bridge construction, 
bridging. 

Briickenskizze / bridge diagram. 

Briickenspitze / open end of bridge 
under construction. 

Bruckenstelle / bridge site. 

Briickenstrecke / bay (Bdg). 

Briickenstiitzweite / span of bridge. 

Briickentrupp m bridge-construction 
party. 

Briickeniiberbau m See Briickenober- 
bau. 

Briickenunterbau m foundation, sub- 
structure (Bdg). 
Briickenwiderlager n abutment ( Bdg). 
Briinierung / browning ( anti-rust 



Brunnen 



32 



Charakterisierung 



treatment or coating on R or G 
barrel). 
Brunnen m well. 

Brustblatt n breast-collar body ( pack 
saddle). 

Brustbohrer m hand drill. 

Brustfallschirm m chest pack para- 
chute. 

Brustfernsprecher m head and chest 
set (Tp). 

Brustschildm shield (G). 
Brustwehr / breastwork, parapet. 
Brustwehrkrone / fire crest (trench). 
Bruttotonnengehaltm gross tonnage 
(Nav). 

B.-Stelle/ See Beobachtungsstelle. 
B-Stoflfm bromaceton (CWS). 
Buchse / jack, socket (Rad); bush- 
ing. 

Bttchse/ box, can, canister; case; 

gas-mask carrier; filter canister. 
Biichsenfilter m canister filter (gas 

mask). 

Biichsenfleisch n canned meat. 
Buchsenkonserven fpl canned f ood> 

canned ration. 
Buchsringm bushing (G). 
Buchstabengruppe / code group 

(Sig C). 

Buchstabiertaf el / phonetic alphabet 

(Sig C). 
Bucht / inlet, creek, bay. 
Buchung / accounting. 
Bug m bow, front, nose ( Ap, Nav, 

Tk). 

Biigelm trigger guard; stirrup. 
Buggeschiitz n bow gun, front gun 
(Tk). 

Bugkanzel / forward gunner's com- 
partment, nose turret, nose compart- 
ment (Ap). 

Bugpanzerm front armor (Tk). 

Bugradfahrgestell n tricycle landing 
gear (Ap). 

Bugschiitze m nose gunner, bow gun- 
ner, front gunner (Ap, Tk). 



Bugstandm nose-gun station (Ap). 

Buhne / diversion dam (Engr). 

Bullauge n porthole. 

Bumslandung / pancake landing, 
rough landing (slang). 

Bunaw buna (rubber). 

Bunareifenm buna tire (MT). 

Bund m tie, lashing (Engr, Tp); 
league, alliance; bunch ( of keys, etc.). 

Biindel n bundle; cluster; package. 

Bundesgenosse m ally. 

Bunde und Knoten knots and ties. 

Bunker m concrete emplacement, con- 
crete shelter, pillbox, bunker, sub- 
marine pen. 

Bunkeranlagen fpl group of bunkers 
(Ft). 

Bunkerlinie / line of concrete em- 
placements and pillboxes. 

Bunkerstand m concrete emplacement. 

Bunkerstellung / position fortified 
with concrete emplacements and 
shelters. 

bunt varicolored, bright, dazzling; 
mixed, confused. 

bunt bemalt dazzle-painted (Cam). 

bunte Lappen colored cloth garnish, 
garlands (Cam). 

Buntfarbenanstrich m camouflage 
painting, dazzle painting. 

Buntkreuze npl colored cross mark- 
ings (to identify CWS munitions). 

BuntschieBen n simultaneous or al- 
ternate shelling with HE and Cml 
shells of different type. 

Burger m citizen. 

Biirgerkrieg m civil war. 

Bursche m orderly. 

Biirste / brush. 

Bussole / compass ; declinator ( aim- 
ing circle). 

Bussolengehause n compass case. 

Bussolenring m compass azimuth 
circle. 

Bussolenzug m compass traverse 

(Arty, Surv). 
Bz.-SchuB m See BrennziinderschuB. 



Calypsol n a cold-resistant grease. 
Ce-Stoflfm cyanogen bromide (CWS), 
Celsius centigrade. 
Cetenzahl / cetane rating (Diesel 
fuel). 



Charakter m honorary rank carrying 
specific seniority but not the pay; 
character, quality, peculiarity; quali- 
fication (Law). 

Charakterisierung/ conferment of 



Chausseewalze 



33 



Daten 



honorary rank as denned under Cha- 
rakter. 

Chausseewalze/ road roller. 
Chef m chief. 

Chef der Heeresriistung und Befehls- 
haber des Ersatzheeres Chief of 
Army Equipment and Commander of 
Replacement Training Army (Com- 
mander of rear echelon of Oberkom- 
mando des Heeres, in charge of all 
non-operational branches and whole 
basic Army structure) (abbr. Ch Rii 
uB dE). 

Chef der Luftwehr chief of adminis- 
trative and supply services of German 
Air Ministry. 

Chef der Schnellen Truppen Chief of 
Mobile Troops (branch of Oberkom- 
mando des Heeres). .See also 
Schnelle Truppen. 

Chef der Zivilverwaltung. chief of 
civil affairs section at an army head- 
quarters. 

Chef des Generalstab(e)s Chief of 
Staff. 

Chef des Heeres-Waffenamtes Chief 

of Ordnance. 
Chef des Transportwesens Chief of 

Transportation (Tac, BR). 
Chefveterinar m Chief of Veterinary 

Service. 

chemische Kampfstoffe chemical war- 
fare agents. 

chemischer Krieg chemical warfare. 

Chiffre / cipher. 

chiffrieren encipher. 

Chiffriermaschine / cipher device, 
converter (Sig C). 

Chiffrierung / encipherment. 

Chinin n quinine. 

Chirurg m surgeon. 

Chlorw .chlorine (CWS). 



Chloraminw chloramine-T (CWS). 

Chlorarsinkampfstoff m diphenyl- 
chlorarsine (CWS, abbr. Clark). 

Chlorat-Sprengmittel n chlorate ex- 
plosive. 

Chlorazetophenon n CN, chloraceto- 
phenone (CWS). 

Chlorazetophenon -Chlorpikrin-Losung 

/ chloracetophenone solution, CNS 
(CWS). 

Chlorcyan n cyanogen chloride 
(CWS). 

Chlorgasw chlorine (CWS). 

Chlorkalkw calcium chloride, chlor- 
ide of lime, chlorinated lime, calcium 
bleach (CWS). 

Chlorkohlenoxyd n carbonylchloride, 
phosgene (CWS). 

Chlornatron n sodium hypochlorite. 

Chlorpikrin n chlorpicrin (CWS). 

Chlorsulfonsaure / chlorsulfonic acid 
(CWS). 

Chlorvinyldichlorarsin n lewisite 
(CWS). 

Cholmschild m shield-shaped insignia 
awarded to troops besieged at Kholm- 
on-Lovat. 

Christie-Panzerkraftwagen m Christie 
tank. 

Chrom n chrome, chromium. 

Chronograph m chronograph. 

Chronometer n chronometer. 

Cirruswolke / cirrus cloud. 

Clark I diphenylchlorarsine (CWS). 

Clark II diphenylcyanarsme (CWS). 

Cletrac-Lenkgetriebe n Cleveland- 
tractor type of steering mechanism. 

Cyan-Chlorarsinkampfstoff in di- 
phenylcyanarsme (CWS). 

Cyan Clark See Cyan-Chlorarsin- 
kampfstoff. 



Dach n roof. 

Dachluke/ turret hatch (Tk). 
Dachpappe/ roofing paper, 
daktyloskopieren to fingerprint. 
Dammkorper m dam embankment. 
Dampfer m stabilizer (Ap) ; 

silencer, flash hider (Ord) ; damper 

(Tech). 



D 

Dampfmaschine / steam engine. 
Dampfrohrm steam tube (MG). 
Dampfung/ damping (Elec, Rad). 
Dampfungsflache / stabilizing surface 
(Ap). 

Dampfungsflosse / tail turf ace (Ap). 
Dampfwalze / steam roller. 
Daten npl data, 



Daube 



34 



dicht 



Daube / stave. 
Dauer / duration. 

Dauerabzug m trigger for full-auto- 
matic fire (MG). 

Dauerbefehl m standing order. 

Dauerfahrbetrieb m permanent fer- 
rying operations. 

Dauerfestigkeit / fatigue strength, 
endurance limit (Mech). 

Dauerfeuer n full-automatic fire, 
automatic fire (MG, R); continuous 
fire, sustained fire. 

Dauerfleisch n preserved meat. 

Dauerleistung / normal rating, con- 
tinuous output (Mtr) ; feat of endur- 
ance. 

Dauerleitung / permanent line (Tp). 

Dauermarsch m forced march. 

Dauerstorung / continuous interfer- 
ence (Rad). 

Dauerstrich m long dash (Tg). 

Dauertonw continuous note (Rad). 

Dauerunterkiinfte fpl permanent 
billets. 

Dauerwirkung / lasting effect, per- 
manent effect. 

Daumen m cam ; thumb. 

Daumenbreite / thumb width ( range 
estimation). 

Daumensprung m thumb jump 
(method of range estimation). 

Daumenwelle / camshaft. 

Dazwischensprechen n break-in pro- 
cedure (Rad). 

dechiffrieren decipher. 

Deckanruf m code call (Tp). 

Deckblatt n change sheet ( to be in- 
serted in a manual) . 

Decke / casing, shoe (of a tire ) ; ceil- 
ing (of a room); blanket, cover, 
tarpaulin. 

Deckel m cover. 

Deckelriegel m cover-plate latch 
(MG). 

Deckelsperre / cover-plate lock 
(MG). 

decken to cover, support (Tac). 
Deckengurt m surcingle (harness). 
Deckenlicht n dome light, tonneau 

light (MT). 
Deckenventilator m ceiling ventilator 

(MT). 

Decklandeflugzeug n deck-landing air- 
plane. 

Deckname rn. code name. 
Deckplatte / casing, cover plate. 



Deckung/ cover, shelter (Ft); mask 

(Gunnery) ; concealment (Tac). 
Deckungsfeuer n covering fire. 
Deckungsgraben in cover trench, slit 

trench, shelter trench. 
Deckungshohe / height of mask 

(Arty). 
Deckungsloch n foxhole. 
Deckungsspiegel m trench periscope. 
Deckungsstarke / strength of cover 

(Ft). 

Deckungstrupp m support party, cov- 
ering party, covering detachment. 

Deckungstruppe / covering force. 

Deckungswinkel m angle of site to 
mask (Ballistics). 

Deckungswinkelmesser m site-to-mask 
clinometer. 

Deckvermogen n effective coverage 
(of smoke screen). 

Deckwortm _ code word. 

Deckzeichen n code sign, code signal. 

defilieren to pass in review. 

Degen m sword. 

Degradation / demotion. 

degradieren to break, reduce in rank. 

Dehnung / lengthening, elongation ; 
strain (Mech). 

Deich m dike. 

Deichsel / limber pole, wagon shaft. 
Deichselbolzen m pole pin (limber). 
Deichselstiitze / pole prop (limber). 
dejustiert out of alinement. 
Dekade / 10-day pay period, 
demobilmachen demobilize. 
Demobilmachung / demobilization. 
Demolierung / demolition. 
Denkmal n monument. 
Desinfektionskammer / disinfecting 

chamber (Med). 
Desinfektionsmittel n disinfectant. 
Detektor m detector (Rad and 

Radar). 

Detonationsdruck m blast pressure. 

deuten interpret, explain, indicate. 

Deiitpatrone / indicator cartridge 
(for Ger grenade pistol). 

Deutsche Industrie-Norm German 
Industrial Standard (abbr. DIN). 

Deutscher GruB Nazi salute. 

Deutsches Kreuz German Cross ( dec- 
oration). 

Dezimetergerat n microwave radio set. 
Diatomitschicht / diatomite layer 

(gas filter) (CWS). 
dicht compact, dense, leakproof, 

thick. 



Dichte 



3; 



3 Divisionsbegleitkompanie 



Dichte / density; concentration 
(CWS). 

Dichtemesser to densimeter, aero- 
meter. 

dichten to calk, pack, seal. 
Dichtigkeit/ density; impermeabil- 
ity. 

Dichtigkeitsmesser to densimeter, 

aerometer; viscometer. 
Dichtlinie/ sealing band (gas mask). 
Dichtrahmen to sealing frame ( gas 

mask). 

Dichtringm binder ring (gas mask). 

Dichtung/ gasket; washer; insula- 
tion; packing. 

Dichtungsring m sealing ring, 
washer. 

Dick See Athyldichlorarsin. 

Dienst m duty, service, detail. 
auBer Dienst retired (abbr. a.D.). 

Dienstalter n seniority. 

Dienstaltersgrenze / age limit. 

Dienstaltester m senior officer. 

Dienstanweisung / service regula- 
tions, list of instructions. 

Dienstanzugm service uniform. 

Dienstausriistung / service equip- 
ment. 

Dienstbefehl m routine order. 

Dienst bei der Truppe service with 
troops, field' duty. 

Dienstbeschadigung / damage or in- 
jury occurring while in service. 

Dienstbesclieinigung / certificate of 
service. 

Diensteidw. oath of enlistment; oath 
of office. 

Diensteinteilung / duty roster. 

Dienstentlassung / discharge without 
honor, dismissal. 

dienstfahig fit for duty, fit for active 
service. 

dienstfrei off duty. 

Dienstgebrauch to service use, ser- 
vice tradition. 

nur fur den Dienstgebrauch re- 
stricted (manuals, etc.). 
Dienstgipfelhohe / service ceiling 
(Avn). 

Dienstgradm grade; rating (Nav). 
Dienstgradabzeichen n grade chevron. 
Dienstgradherabsetzung / demotion. 
Dienst grad mit Patent permanent 
rank. 

dienstlich authorized, official. 
Dienstpflicht / liability for service, 
obligation to serve. 



Dienstpflichtiger m one who is sub- 
ject to military service. 

Dienstplan m duty roster. 

Dienststelle / duty station, command 
headquarters, administrative center 
or office. 

Dienststellung / appointment. 

Dienststempel m official stamp. 

Dienstumschlag to official envelope. 

Dienstunfahiger to noneffective, one 
who is unfit for service. 

Dienstvorschrif t / service regulation ; 
service manual. 

Dienstweg m military channel ( Adm). 
auf dem Dienstweg through chan- 
nels. 

Dienstzweig to branch of the service. 
Dieselkraftstoff to Diesel fuel. 
Diesel-Lastwagen m Diesel truck. 
Dieselmotor to Diesel engine. 
Dieselschlepper to Diesel tractor, 
diesig hazy (Met). 
Diglykolnitrat-Blattchenpulver n di- 

glycolnitrate flake powder ( abbr. 

Digl. Bl. P.). 
DIN See Deutsche Industrie-Norm. 
Dina / See Divisionsnachrichtenabtei- 

lung. 

Dinafii to See Divisionsnachrichten- 
fiihrer. 

Diopter to diopter, alidade. 
Diopterf aden to diopter hair ( Optics) . 
Diopterlineal n alidade ruler ( aiming 
circle). 

Diopterschlitz to diopter slit ( Optics) . 
Diphenylaminchlorarsin n adamsite. 
Diphenylchlorarsin n diphenylchlor- 

arsine (CWS). 
Dipolantenne / dipole antenna. 
Disziplin / discipline. 
Disziplinarstrafe / punishment for 

breach of discipline. 
Disziplinarverfahren n disciplinary 

action. 
Division / division. 
Divisionsarzt to division surgeon 

( generally with rank of Oberstarzt, 

colonel). 

Divisionsbataillon n divisional bat- 
talion (provisional unit whose pri- 
mary mission is counterattack). 

Divisionsbefehl to division order, di- 
vision combat order. 

Divisionsbegleitkompanie / division 
escort company (for protection of 
Div Hq). 



Divisionsfeldlazarett 



36 



Drahtrohr 



Divisionsfeldlazarett n division sur- 
gical hospital. 

Divisionsgefechtsstand m division 
command post. 

Divisionsintendant m See Intendant. 

Divisionskommando z.b.V. special ad- 
ministrative division ( consists of 
Landesschiitzen Bus and GHQ troops 
in a Wehrkreis). 

Divisionsnachrichtenabteilung / divi- 
sion signal battalion. 

Divisionsnachschubfiihrer m chief of 
division supply services. 

Divisionsnachschubkolonne / division 
supply column. 

Divisionspanzerabwehrabteilung / di- 
vision antitank battalion. 

Divisionspferdelazarett n division 
veterinary clearing station. 

Divisionspferdepark m division re- 
mount depot. 

Divisionsstab m division headquarters 
or headquarters personnel.. 

Divisionsstammleitung / division 
trunk line (axis of Sig Com). 

Dixolw an antifreeze solution. 

Docht m wick. 

Dockanlagen fpl dock installations. 
Dolch m dagger. 
Dollbord n gunwale (rowboat). 
Dolmetscher m interpreter, trans- 
lator. 

Doppelanschnitt m two-station pilot- 
balloon spotting (Met). 

Doppelbereifung / double tires, dual 
tires (MT). 

Doppelbetriebsschaltung / composite 
connection (Tp). 

Doppeldecker m biplane. 

Doppelfernglas n field glass, binoc- 
ular. 

Doppelfernrohr n See Doppelfern- 
glas. 

Doppelfliigel m "double wing" (wing 
with double ailerons and flaps). 

Doppelglas n See Doppelfernglas. 

Doppellafette f two-barreled mount. 

doppelliiufig double-barreled. 

Doppelleitung / metallic circuit (Tp). 

Doppelposten m double sentry. 

Ooppelpropeller m coaxial contra- 
rotating propellers (Ap). 

Doppelreihe / column of twos, double 
file. 

"In Doppelreihe, angetreten!" "In 
column of twos, fall in!" 



DoppelringtrensengebiB n double- 
ring snaffle bit. 

Doppelringvisier n double ring sight. 

Doppelschieber m double slide (plot- 
ting protractor). 

Doppelschraubenrichtmaschine 
twin-screw elevating mechanism 
(G). 

Doppelschritt m stride (2 paces). 
Doppelseitensteuer n twin rudders 
(Ap). 

Doppelsprechen n phantoming (Tp). 
Doppelsprechschaltung / phantom 

circuit (Tp). 
Doppelsprengkabel n two-conductor 

firing wire (demolitions). 
Doppelstecker m two-way plug (Tp, 

Rad). 

Doppelsternmotor m double-row 

radial engine. 
Doppelsteuerung / dual controls 

(Ap). 

Doppelumfassung / double envelop- 
ment (Tac). 

Doppelverkehr m two-way communi- 
cation, two-way traffic. 

Doppelziinder m combination fuze. 

Dbrrfleisch n dehydrated meat. 

Dorrgemiise n dehydrated vege- 

tables. 

Dose / box, can. 

' Dosenbarometer n aneroid barom- 
eter. 

Dosenlibelle / box level. 
Drache(n) m kite. 
Drachenballon m kite balloon. 
Dragge / grapnel. 
Draht m wire. 

Drahtbund n wire-cable lashing. 

Drahteinzaunung / wire inclosure. 

Drahtgabel / wire pike (Tp con- 
struction). 

Drahtgeflecht n wire netting. 

Drahthindernis n protective wire, 
wire entanglement. 

Drahtigel m gooseberry (obstacle). 

Drahtleitung / wire line (Tp). 

Drahtmatte / wire mesh mat. 

Drahtnachrichtenmittel n means of 
wire communication. 

Drahtnachrichtennetz n wire net, 
wire system (Sig C). 

Drahtnetz n wire net, wire mesh. 

Drahtnetz zum Tarnen chicken wire 
( Cam). 

Drahtrohr n wire-wound gun barrel. 



Drahtrolle 



37 



Dreifachziinder 



Drahtrolle / wire roll, concertina, 

wire-roll entanglement. 
Drahtschere f wire cutters. 
Drahtschleife / wire winding, wire 

turn, wire loop (Elec). 
Drahtschlinge / wire snare, trip 

wire. 

Drantseil n wire cable. 
Dralitseilhindernis n cable block, 

wire-cable obstacle. 
Drahtspirale / spiral wire, helical 

wire. 

DrahtstraBe / metal mesh road, wire 

mesh road. 
Drahttelegraphie / wire telegraphy. 
Drahttelephonie / wire telephony. 
Drahtverbindung / wire circuit, wire 

communication, connecting wire, 1 

wire connection (Tg, Tp). 
Drahtverhau m wire entanglement. 
Drahtwalze / reinforced concertina 

roll. 

Drahtzange / pliers (for handling 
wire ) . 

Drahtzaun m double-apron entangle- 
ment, double-apron fence, wire 
fence. 

Drahlzug m .flexible steel cable (Ap). 
Drall m rifling, twist (Ord); spin 

(of a projectile). 
Drallabweichung / drift (due to spin 

of projectile) , 
Draliange / length of rifling (Ord). 
Drallwinkel m angle of twist 

(rifling). 

Drallwirkung / twist effect of slip- 
stream (Avn). 

Drallziige mpl grooves (rifling). 

Draufgangertum n audacity, daring. 

Drauflosfahrt / headlong movement 
(MT, Tk). 

Dreiibank / lathe. 

Drehbewegung / rotation (of pro- 
jectile). 

Drehbolzen m pivot pin. 

Dreher m lathe operator. 

Drehfliigelflugzeug n rotor airplane. 

Drehgestell n truck (RR car); turn- 
table. 

Drehgriff m control grip (Mtcl). 

Drehkolbenpumpe / port-control fuel- 
injection pump (Diesel engine). 

Drehkondensator m variable capaci- 
tor, variable condenser. 

Drehkranz m circular track (MG 
mount). 

Drehkuppel / revolving turret. 



Drehlichtscheinwerfer m revolving 
searchlight, revolving beacon light. 

Drehlichtsignal n revolving beacon. 

Drehmoment n torque. 

Drehpunkt m pivot, fulcrum. 

Drehrahmenantenne / rotating loop 
antenna. 

Drehring m racer (AA gun). 

Drehscheibenlafette / turntable gun 
carriage. 

Drehschemellenkung / fifth-wheel 
steering. 

Drehschieber m rotor-type valve 

(Mtr). 

Drehschwingung / torsional vibra- 
tion. 

Drehsinn m direction of rotation. 
Drehspule / moving coil (Elec). 
Drehspulinstrument n moving coil 

instrument (Elec). 
Drehstabfeder / torsion-rod spring 

(MT). 

Drehstrom m three-phase alterna- 
ting current. 

Drehturm m revolving turret. 

Drehzahl / number of revolutions, 
rpm. 

Drehzahlmesser m tachometer. 

Drehzahlregler m governor (Mtr). 

Drehzahlschwankung / rpm fluctua- 
tions (Mtr). 

Drehzapfen m pivot. 

Dreiachser m six-wheel vehicle. 

Dreibein n tripod. 

Dreibeinlafette / tripod mount. 

Dreibeinmast m tripod mast. 

Dreiblattverstellschraube / three- 
blade controllable propeller (Ap). 

Dreibock m tripod cable support. 

Dreieck n triangle. 

Dreieckbalkensperre / triangular 
timber obstacle. 

Dreieckrechner m computer (circular 
slide rule for air navigation). 

Dreiecksaufnahme / triangulation 
(Surv). 

Dreieckschaltung / delta connection 
(Elec). 

Dreieckzielen" n sighting-triangle 
aiming exercise (Gunnery) ; tri- 
angle exercise (R practice). 

Dreielektrodenrohre / triode tube. 

Dreiergemisch n triple mixture ( gas- 
oline 50%, benzol 40%, alcohol 
10%). 

Dreifachziinder m combination fuze 
(super quick, delay and time). 



Dreifliigelschraube 



38 



Ducht 



Dreifliigelschraube / three-bladed 

propeller (Ap). 
DreifuB m tripod. 

DreifuBaufsatzstiick n tripod exten- 
sion piece (MG). 

Dreiganggetriebe n three-speed 
transmission (MT). 

dreigliedrige Division triangular 
division. 

Dreipolriihre / triode tube (Rad). 

Dreipunktlandung / normal landing, 
three-point landing (Avn). 

Dreipunktschaltung / Hartley oscil- 
lator (Rad). 

Dreiradfahrgestell n tricycle land- 
ing gear (Ap). 

Dreireihenstandmotor m three-bank 
upright engine. 

Dreiwegehahn m three-way selector 
cock. 

Drillich m denim (also spelled 
Drilch) . 

Drillichanzug m fatigue uniform, 
work uniform. 

Drillstab m torsion rod (MT). 

dringend urgent. 

Dringlichkeitsliste / priority list. 

Dringlichkeitszeichen n urgent sig- 
nal (Sig Com). 

DRK-Helfer m German Red Cross 
attendant. 

DRK-Helferin f German Red Cross 
nurse apprentice. 

DRK-Schwester / German Red Cross 
nurse. 

DRK-Schwesternhelferin / German 
Red Cross junior nurse, nurse's aid. 

Drohung / threat. 

Drossel / throttle (Mtr). 

DrosselgrifF m throttle grip. 

Drosselhebel m throttle lever. 

Drosselklappe / throttle valve. 

Drosselklappenwelle / throttle shaft. 

Drosselrinne / jugular groove 
( horse). 

Drosselspule / choke coil (Elec). 
Drosselung / choking, throttling. 
Druck m pressure. 
Druckanderung / pressure change 
(Met). 

Druckausgleicher m pressure equal- 
izer. 

Druckbohienmine / pressure-plank 
minei 

Druckbrettmirie / pressure-board 

mine, 
drucken to print. 



driicken to press, push; to push con- 
trol stick or wheel forward (Ap). 

Driicker n thumb nut (sight); trig- 
ger. 

Druckgurt m compression chord 
(truss). 

Druckkabine / pressure cabin (Ap). 
Druckknopf m pushbutton; snap, 

snap fastener. 
Druckleitung / pressure line. 
Druckluft / compressed air. 
Druckluftbremse / air brake. 
Druckiufterzeuger m air compressor. 
Drucklufthammer m pneumatic 

hammer. 

Druckluft-Niethammer m pneumatic 
riveter. 

Druckluftramme / pneumatic pile 
driver. 

Druckmesser m pressure gage. 

Drucknase / trigger cam (R). 

Druckplatte / pressure plate 

(clutch). 

Druckpunkt in pressure point. 

Druckpunkt nehmen to take up the 
slack (of the trigger). 

Druckraum m surge chamber. 

Druckregler in pressure regulator. 

Druckschmierung / pressure lubrica- 
tion. 

Druckschraube / pusher propeller 
(Ap). 

Druckschrauber m pusher airplane. 
Druckseite / pressure side, pressure 

surface (Ap wing). 
Druckstelle / pressure point. 
Druckstempel m pressure plug 

(Arty). 

Druckstiick n contact piece on trig- 
ger (R). 

Drucktaster. m sending key. 

Druckumlaufschmierung / See 
Druckschmierung. 

Druckvorschrift / Field Regulations, 
Field Manual (abbr. Dv.). 

Druckzerstauber m pressure spray 
gun (CWS). 

Druckziinder m pressure firing de- 
vice, pressure igniter, push igniter 
(LM). 

Druckzylinder m master cylinder 

(hydraulic brake). 
Dschungel / jungle. 
D-Stoff m dimethylsulfate (CWS). 
Diibel m lug (G). 
Ducht / crosspiece, thwart (boat or 

Pon). 



Diicker 



39 



Ehrenparade 



Diicker m sluice pipe. 
Dulag See Durchgangslager. 
Dulagluft See Durchgangslager 

Luftwaffe. 
Dumdum-GeschoB n dumdum bullet. 
Dunkelheit / darkness. 
Dunkelkammer / darkroom. 
Dunnit n dunnite (Am). 
Dunst m haze, vapor. 
Durchbiegung / deflection (of a beam 

or girder). 
durchbrechen to break through, 

pierce. 

durchbrennen to burn out (Elec 

fuse). 

Durchbruch m break-through (Tac). 
"Durchdecken I" "Dress and Cover!" 
durchdrehen to pull (a propeller) 
through. 

Durchfuhrung / gland (Bin); carry- 
ing out, execution. 

Durchgabe / transmission ( of Rad 
messages, etc.). 

Durchgangsbahnhof m through sta- 
tion (RR). 

Durchgangsfernspruch m long-dis- 
tance telephone call. 

Durchgangslager n PW transit canjp 
(abbr. Dulag,). 

Durchgangslager Luftwaffe PW 
transit camp for Air Forces person- 
nel (abbr. DulagluftJ. 

durchgeben to transmit (Sig C). 

Durchgriff m reciprocal of amplifica- 
tion factor in percent (Rad). 

Durchhang m sag. 

Durchhiingen n droop (Mech). 

durchkriimmen to squeeze (the 

trigger). 

DurchlaB m culvert, passage, con- 
duit, opening. 

durchladen to load (a magazine or 
belt). 

Durchlauf gleis n through track (RR). 
durchlochern pierce. 
Durchmesser m diameter. 



Echolot n sonic altimeter, sound- 

ranging altimeter (Avn); fatho- 
meter, echo depth sounder (Nav). 

Eckplatte / gusset. 

Edelgas n rare gas. 

Edisonsammler m Edison storage 
battery. 



durchpausen to trace (a map, etc.). 
Durchpunkt m point at which tra- 
jectory intersects plane of aerial 
target perpendicular to line of sight- 
ing. 

durchsacken to drop, to do a power- 
stall, to sink, to pancake (Avn). 
Durchsackgeschwindigkeit / critical 

speed, stalling speed (Avn). 
durchsagen to pass the word along. 
Durchschlag m carbon copy (typed); 
drift pin. 

Durchschlager m punch, drift (tool). 
Durchschlagskraft / penetration, 

force of penetration (Am). 
durchschmelzen to burn out (Elec 
fuse). 

Durchschnitt m average, mean; cross 
section. 

Durchschnittsleistung / average per- 
formance. 
Durchschnittspanzerstarke / average 

thickness of armor (Tk). 
Durchschreibeblock m carbon-copy 
pad. 

Durchschrift / carbon copy 

( written). 
durchsichtig transparent. 
Durchstich n cut (Engr, RR). 
DurchstofS m penetration by assault. 
durchstoBen pierce, penetrate; fly 

through (a layer of clouds). 
durchsuchen to search. 
Durchtrittsoffnung / cutaway (for 

ejected cartridge cases). 
durchwaten to ford, 
durchziehen to pull out ( dive bomb- 
ing). 

Dusche / shower bath. 
Diise / injector, jet, nozzle; vent 
( rocket). 

Diisenkorrektor m mixture control. 
Dynamomaschine / dynamo, gener- 
ator. 

Dynastart m starter-generator. 

E 

Edler m knight, noble. 
Ehre / honor. 

Ehrenbezeigungen bei Beerdigung 
graveside service (Mil funeral). 
Ehrenbezeugung /' salute. 
Ehrengeleit n escort of honor. 
Ehrenparade / dress parade. 



Ehrenposten 



40 



Einflug 



Ehrenposten m guard of honor, 
Ehrenrang m honorary rank. 
Ehrenrat m court of honor. 
Ehrensalve / volley (at burials). 
Ehrensold m award. 
Ehremvache / guard of honor, honor 
guard. 

Ehrenwort n parole, word of honor. 
Ehrenzeichen n decoration, 
eichen calibrate. 
Eichenlaub n oak leaf cluster. 
Eichstrich m measuring line, gradu- 
ation. 

Eichung / calibration, adjustment. 
Eierhandgranate / egg-shaped hand 

grenade, "pineapple" hand grenade. 
Eigenfrequenz / natural frequency 

(Rad). 

Eigengeschwindigkeit / indicated air 
speed (Avn). 

Eigengewicht n empty weight. 

eigenmachtig on one's own author- 
ity, unauthorized. 

eigenmachtige Entfernung absence 
without leave. 

Eigenpeilung / direction finding by 
taking bearings from an aircraft on 
two or more radio stations. 

Eigenschaft / quality, characteristic, 
property. 

Eigenschatten in shadow on object 
(as distinguished from shadow cast 
by the object) (Cam). 

Eigenschwingung / natural oscilla- 
tion (Rad). 

Eigentum n property. 

■Eigenverstandigung / interphone 
(Ap); intravehicular communication 
(Tk). 

Eignungspriifung / aptitude test. 

Eihandgranate / See Eierhandgra- 
nate. 

Eimer m bucket. 

"Ein!" "Contact!" (Avn). 

Einankerumformer m dynamotor. 

Einatemventil n inlet valve (gas 
mask, oxygen breathing apparatics). 

Einbahnstrafle / one-way road or 
street. 

Einbahnverkehr m one-way traffic 
(MT). 

Einbaufahre / construction float 
(Big). 

Einbehaltung / detention (of pay, 

etc.). - ' 
Einbeinfahrgestell n landing gear 

with individual cantilever legs (Ap). 



einberufen to induct into the armed 
forces, to call to the colors, to order 
to report for active duty. See Ein- 
berufung. . 

Einbcruf ung / call to the colors ( cor- 
responds roughly to US induction, 
and is followed by Einstellung, as- 
signment to a unit). 

Einberufungsbefehl m order to re- 
port for active duty. 

Einberufungskarte / notice of induc- 
tion. 

Einberufungsort m induction station. 

Einblick m view into (enemy posi- 
tions, etc.); insight; eyepiece (Op- 
tics). 

Einblicklinse f eyepiece lens 

( Optics). 

Einblickrohr n eyepiece tube. 

Einblickstutzen m eyepiece mount. 

Einbruch m penetration (Tac). 

Einbruchsfeuer n assault fire. 

Einbruchsfront / frontage of penetra- 
tion (Tac); cold front (Met). 

Einbruchstelle / breach, point of 
penetration, point chosen for pene- 
tration (Tac). 

Einbuchtung / dent in the enemy's 
line, salient (Tac). 

Eindecker m monoplane. 

Eindeckung / cover (Ft). 

eindringen infiltrate, penetrate. 

Eindringungstiefe / depth of pene- 
tration or infiltration (Tac). 

Eineinhalbdecker m sesquiplane. 

Einerzelt n one-man shelter tent, 
pup tent. 

Einfachanschnitt m single-station 
pilou-balloon spotting (Met). 

Einfachleitung / ground-return cir- 
cuit (Tp). 

einffideln to thread (a needle); to 
join a march column, to get into line. 

einfahren to float bridge-sections into 
place; to break in (a horse, etc.); to 
harness; to drive in. 

Einfahrgleis n incoming track (RR). 

Einfalhvinkel m angle of incidence. 

einfetten to grease, lubricate. 

einfliegen to penetrate (air attack 
tactics); make a test flight. 

Einflieger m test pilot. 

Einfliegerei / aircraft-testing depart- 
ment. 

Einfluchten n marking out (in fixing 

the azimuth) (Surv). 
Einflug m penetration (air attack 



Einfluggenehmigung 



41 



einolen 



tactics); approach flight (Avn); ap- 
proach of a target (AWS). 

Einfluggenehmigung / traffic-control 
clearance (Avn). 

Einflugsmeldung / report of ap- 
proaching target (AWS). 

Einflugzeichen n "come in" signal 
(Inst landing). 

Einfliisse mpl See besondere und 
Witterungseinfliisse. 

einfiihren introduce, initiate, lead in. 

Einfuhrhafen m port of entry. 

Einfiihrungsdraht m lead-in (Rad). 

Einfiillstutzen m oil-filling plug (re- 
coil mechanism) ; filler neck ( of gaso- 
line or oil tank). 

eiagabeln to bracket (Arty). 

Eingabelung / bracket, bracketing. 

Eingang m entrance. 

Eingangswerte mpl initial data 

(AAA). 

Eingangszundung / priming charge, 
eingesehen exposed to observation 

(emplacement, trench, etc.). 
Eingitterrohre / single-grid tube, 

triode (Rad). 
eingleisig single-track, 
eingliedern assign; incorporate, 

make an organic part of; classify. 
Eingliederung / assignment; incor- 
poration, organic arrangement; 

classification, 
eingraben dig in, entrench; bury. 
Eingreifdivision / reserve division, 
eingreifen intervene, come to the aid 

of, take a hand in; to catch, mesh, 

engage. 

einhangen suspend (a bomb). 
Einheit / unit, element (Tac). 

kleinste taktische Einheit basic 

tactical unit. 
Einheitsfiihrer m commander of a 

unit. 

Einheitsgeschiitz m dual-purpose 
gun. 

Einheitsgewicht n specific gravity. 

Einheitsgranate / combination high- 
explosive and shrapnel shell. 

Einheitskanister m standard gasoline 
container, unit container. 

EinheitsmaB n unit of measurement. 

Einheitsmunition / fixed ammunition. 

Einheitsmunitionsziig m ammunition 
train carrying only one type and 
caliber of ammunition (RR). 



Einhcitsmutze / regulation field cap 
(replaces the Feldnriitze,). 

Einheitsprinzip n unit principle 

(Ger Mil doctrine providing maxi- 
mum independence and self-suffi- 
ciency for each unit). 

Einheitswaffe / dual-purpose weap- 
on. 

Einheitszeit / standard time. 

Einheitsziinder m combination fuze, 
standard fuze (Am). 

einholen overtake, collect, bring in; 
haul down. 

einigeln take up a position of all- 
around defense. 

einkesseln to encircle, trap, pocket. 

Einkesselung / encirclement. 

Einkipptrieb m leveling mechanism 
(Mort). 

Einkieidungsbeihilfe / clothing 
money allowance. 

Einkreisempfanger m receiver with 
one resonant circuit (Rad). 

Einkreisung / encirclement. 

Einkreisungsmanover n encircling 
maneuver. 

Einkreisungsschlacht / battle of en- 
circlement (Tac). 

Einkreisungsversuch m attempted 
encirclement. 

einkuppeln engage, thrown in (the 
clutch). 

einladen to load, entrain, entruck, 
etc. 

Einladeiibersicht / entraining table, 

entrucking table. 
EinlafS m inlet, intake. 
Einlafikanal m intake line (Mtr). 
Einlafiventil n intake valve (Mtr). 
Einlafiventilkammer / intake-valve 

chamber (Mtr). 
einlaufig single-barreled. 
Einiegerohr n liner, subcaliber tube 

(Ord). 

einleiten begin, introduce, initiate, 
commence. 

einleitendes Gefecht preliminary ac- 
tion or engagement. 

einmessen to survey (Arty). 

Einnahme / capture, occupation, 
seizure (of a locality); reception, ac- 
ceptance (of equipment, Ord, etc.); 
receipts (money, etc.). 

Einnahmeschein m receipt. 

einnebeln to blanket, to lay a smoke 
screen. 

einolen to oil, lubricate. 



einpeilen 



42 



Einstiegklappe 



einpeilen take a radio bearing. 

Einpolluftleiter in Marconi antenna, 
quarter-wave vertical antenna. 

einrasten engage; lock; ram home; 
snap shut; catch. 

einrichten adjust (fire, etc.); orient 
(a map); prepare, improve (a posi- 
tion); install; furnish, equip. 

Einrichten einer Karte orientation of 
a map. 

Einrichten einer Stellung prepara- 
tion or improvement of a position. 

Einrichtung / installation; organiza- 
tion, establishment; adjustment; ar- 
rangement; device; orientation. 

Einrumpfflugzeug n single-fuselage 
airplane. 

Einsatz m commitment, employment; 
mission; operation, action; effort; 
insertion; duty; sortie (Aim). 
bei besonderem Einsatz on active 
duty; during special commitment 
(in time of war or national emer- 
gency). 

Einsatzbereitschaft / aggressiveness, 
initiative, readiness for action. 

Einsatzbesprechung / orders confer- 
ence, "briefing" (Avn). 

einsatzfahig available for assign- 
ment, commitment or employment. 

Einsatz fliegen to fly a sortie (Avn). 

Einsatzhafen m home field (Avn). 

Einsatzhafenkommandantur / opera- 
tional airdrome command (sub-divi- 
sion of Lufthafenbereichkomman- 
dantur). 

Einsatzort m locality to be occupied, 
area where units are to be sent into 
action. 

Einsatzraum m operational area. 

Einsatztopf m filter-element contain- 
er (gas mask). 

Einschaltung / switching on, throw- 
ing into gear. 

einschanzen dig in, entrench. 

Einscheibenkupplung / single-plate 
clutch (MT). 

EinschieBen n adjustment fire, trial 
fire (Arty). 

EinschieBen mit hohen Sprengpunkten 
high-burst ranging. 

EinschieBen nach der Lange range 
adjustment. 

EinschieBpunkt m adjusting point 
(adjustment fire). 

Einschiefiziel n adjustment target 
(Arty). 



Einschiffung / embarkation. 

Einschlag m impact, strike (Arty); 
toe-in (MT). 

Einschlagsgarbe / sheaf of fire at 
point of impact, shot group, shot 
pattern (Arty). 

Einschlagsgruppe / shot group, shot 
pattern (of a volley). 

Einschleifen einer Leitung connect- 
ing a line into a telephone circuit. 

einschneiden to intersect, to take 
cross bearings. 

Einschneiden auf Richtungslinie 
point determination along an orient- 
ing line (Surv). 

Einschneiden nach drei Punkten 
three-point resection (Surv). 

Einschnitt m cut (Engr, RR). 

EinschuB m hit. 

einschwenken to pivot (Tac, drill). 

seitlich einschwenken to pivot to 

the left or right, to fan out (Tac). 
einsetzen to commit, employ, insert, 
einsickern infiltrate (Tac). 
Einsitzer m single-seater airplane, 
einspielen bring into play, throw in, 

engage, actuate. 
Einspielen der Libellen leveling, 

cross-leveling (Arty). 
Einsprache / mouthpiece (Tp). 
einspringender Winkel reentrant. 
Einspritzdiise / fuel injector, injec- 
tion nozzle (Mtr). 
Einspritzpumpe / injection pump. 
Einspruch to challenge. 
Einstecklauf m subcaliber tube. 
Einsteigluke / entrance hatch (Tk). 
Einsteigoffnung / manhole, 
einstellbare Luftschraube adjustable 

propeller (Ap). 
einstellen tune in (Rad) ; to dial 

(Tp); adjust, set (a fuze, etc.); 

cease (fire, etc.). 
Einstellhiilse / adjustable holder 

(panoramic telescope). 
Einstellmarke / index; adjustable 

marker. 

Einstellmutter / adjustment nut, 
regulating nut. 

Einstellring m adjusting ring (fuze). 

Einstellung / adjustment, setting; 
cessation. See also Einberufung. 

Einstellvorrichtung / adjustment de- 
vice, setting device. 

Einstellwinkel m angle of wing set- 
ting, angle of incidence. 

Einstiegklappe / hatch cover (Ap). 



Einstiegluke 



43 



eiserne Portion 



Einstiegluke f hatch (Ap). 
einstopseln plug in (Had, Tp). 
einstiirzen to qave in. 
einteilen graduate (into degrees, 

etc.); to divide, classify, separate 

into groups. 
Einteilung / classification; scale; 

graduation, division (into degrees 

or units). 
eintreffen arrive. 
Eintreffzeit / arrival time. 
Einweiser in guide. 
Einweisungskommando m party of 

guides. 

Einwohnerschaft / population, in- 
habitants. 

Einzaunung / enclosure, stockade, 
compound (PW). 

Einzelabfederung / independent sus- 
pension (of wheels). 

Einzelabwurf m individual release, 

single release (Bombing). 
•Einzelaufhangung / independent sus- 
pension (of wheels). 

Einzelausbildung / individual train- 
ing. 

Einzelbefehl m fragmentary order, 
extract order (Tac). 

Einzelfeuer n single-shot fire, semi- 
automatic fire (MG). 

Einzelhaft / solitary confinement. 

Einzelkrad n solo motorcycle. 

Einzellader m single loader, single- 
shot weapon. 

Einzelschnittverfahren n single-in- 
tersection method ( target location in 
FR). 

EinzelschuB m single shot, single 
round. 

Einzelschutz m individual protection. 
Einzelspriinge mpl bounds (method 

of advancing). 
Einzelwurf m individual release, 

single release (Bombing). 
Einzelziel n point target (Bombing). 
einziehbar retractable (landing gear, 

etc.). 

einziehen draw in, retract; withdraw 
(a sentry); conscript, draft (re- 
cruits); confiscate. 

Einziehfahrgestell n retractable 
landing gear (Ap). 

Eisansatz m accumulation of ice. 

Eisbrecher m ice apron (Bdg). 

Eisenbahn / railroad, railway. 

Eisenbahnanlage / railroad installa- 
tion. 



Eisenbahnaufmarsch m strategic 

concentration by rail. 
Eisenbahnbatterie / railway artillery 

battery. 

Eisenbahnbaubataillon n railway 
construction battalion. 

Eisenbahnbeforderung / transporta- 
tion by rail. 

Eisenbahnbetrieb m railway traffic; 
railway operation. 

Eisenbahnbetriebskompanie / rail- 
way operating company. 

Eisenbahnendpunkt m railway term- 
inal, railhead. 

Eisenbahnflak / railway antiaircraft 
gun; railway antiaircraft artillery. 

Eisenbahngeleise n railroad track. 

Eisenbahngeschutz n railway gun. 

Eisenbahnhaubitze / railway 
howitzer. 

Eisenbahnkesselwagen m tank car 
(RR). 

Eisenbahnklaue / spur track. 
Eisenbahnknotenpunkt m railway 

center, railway junction. 
Eisenbahnkiichenwagen m kitchen 

car (RR). 
Eisenbahnnachschublinie / railway 

supply line. 
Eisenbahnpanzerzug m armored 

train (RR). 
Eisenbahn-Pfeilerbaukompanie f 

railway pile-driving or pier-building 

company (Mil). 
Eisenbahnpioniere mpl railway en- 
gineer troops. 
Eisenbahnstelhverk n railway signal 

tower, switch control room. 
Eisenbahntankstelle / gasoline and 

lubricant railhead, bulk reduction 

point. 

Eisenbahntransportfolge / railway 
transportation timetable. 

Eisenbahntruppen fpl railway oper- 
ating troops. 

Eisenbahnwagen m railway car. 

Eisenbeton m reinforced concrete, 
ferro-concrete. 

Eisenblech n sheet iron. 

Eiseneinlage / iron reinforcement 
(in ferro-concrete). 

Eisenkern m iron core (Elec). 

Eisenwalze / iron roller (mine 

clearance). 

eiserne Portion emergency ration 
(for Pers). 



eiserne Ration 



44 



EntfernungsgerSt 



eiserne Ration emergency ration ( for 
animals). 

Eisernes Kreuz Iron Cross (decora- 
tion). 
Eisregen m sleet. 

Eissporn m ice spade (trail spade). 

Ekrasit n ecrasite (explosive). 

E-Latte / aiming stake, aiming post 
(E=Entfernung, range). 

Elektrizitatszahler m electric meter. 

Elektrode / electrode ; grounded elec- 
trode (spark plug). 

Elektrodenrohre / radio tube. 

Elektromechaniker m electrician. 

Elektron n electron ; trade name of 
a magnesium-aluminum alloy. 

Elektronbrandbombe / electron in- 
cendiary bomb. 

Elektrotechniker m electrical engi- 
neer. 

Element n cell, element (Elec). 
Elementbecher m cell container 
(Elec). 

Elementekiihler m cellular-type 

radiator (MT). 
Elementpriifer m battery tester 

(Elec). 
Ellbogen m elbow. 
E.MeBgerat n See Entfernungs- 

meftgerat. 
E.MeBmann m See EntfernungsmeB- 

mann. 

E.Messer m See Entfernungsmesser. 

Emfang m receipt, reception. 

Empf anger m indicator (follow-the- 
pointer mechanism of AA gun); in- 
dicator (fuze setter); receiver, re- 
ceiving set (Rad) ; data receiver, in- 
dicator-regulator (data transmission 
system of A A gun). 

Empfangsapparatur / receiver chas- 
sis, receiving equipment (Rad). 

Empfangsberechtigter m beneficiary. 

Empfangsbescheinigung / See Emp- 
fangsschein. 

Empfangsbestatigung f - acknowledg- 
ment of receipt (Sig C). 

Empfangslautstarke / volume of re- 
ception (Rad). 

Empfangsschaltung / receiver cir- 
cuit (Rad). 

Empfangsschein m receipt form. 

Empfangswelle / receiving frequency 
(Rad). 

Empfangszone / reception zone 

(Rad). 
empfindlich sensitive. 



empfindlicher Aufschlagzunder su- 

perquick impact fuze, 
empfindlicher Kopfziinder allways 
fuze. 

empfindlicher Ziinder superquick 
fuze. 

Endauflager n abutment (Bdg). 
Endbahnhof m railhead, terminal. 
Enddrall m terminal twist (Ord). 
Endgeschwindigkeit / terminal ve- 
locity. 

Endmontage / final assembly. 

Endverstarker m terminal repeater 
(Tp) ; final amplifier, power am- 
plifier (Rad). 

Endziel n final objective. 

Energieleitung / feeder cable (Elec). 

Energienachfuhr / additional supply 
of power (Elec). 

Energieverlust m power loss (Elec, 
Rad). 

Energievorrat m power supply. 

Enge / defile (Tac). 

Englander m Englishman; monkey 
wrench. 

EngpaB m bottleneck, defile. 

entbloBen uncover (Tac). 

Ente / duck; canard airplane. 

Enteiser m de-icer (Ap). 

Enteisungsanlage / de-icer system, 
ice-eliminating system (Ap). 

Enteisungsgerat n de-icer (Ap,). 

Enteisungmittel n anti-icer solution. 

Entenflugzeug n canard airplane. 

entfalten develop (a route column, 
etc.) ; unfold. 

entfalteter Anmarsch advance in de- 
veloped formation (Tac). 

Entfaltung / development (followed 
by Entwicklung, deployment). 

Entfaltung aus dem Marsch develop- 
ment from march column. 

Entfaltungszeit / parachute opening 
time. 

Entfernung / range, distance; re- 
moval; departure, 
mittlere Entfernung 

medium range (up to 800 m). 
nachste Entfernung 

close range- (up to 100 m). 
nahe Entfernung 

close range (up to WO m). 
weite Entfernung 

long range (beyond 800 m). 
Entfernungsermittlung / range de- 
termination. 
Entfernungsgerat n range finder. 



Entfernungslineal 



45 



Entseuchungsgerat 



Entfernungslineal n range ruler 
(Arty). 

Entfernungsmarke / range indicator 
(practice firing). 

EntfernungsmeBgerat n range-find- 
er, altimeter, height-finder (AAA). 

EntfernungsmeBmann m range-find- 
er operator; height-finder sergeant 
(AAA). 

EntfernungsmeBmann zur Seitenbe- 
obachtung lateral tracker (AAA). 

Entfernungsmesser m range-finder; 
range-finder operator; height-finder 
sergeant (AAA). 

Entfernungsschatzen n range esti- 
mation. 

Entfernungsteilung / range scale. 
Entfernungstrommel / range knob 
(G). 

Entfernungsunterschied m range 
difference. 

Entfernungsvorhalt m linear differ- 
ence between present slant range 
(at instant of range determination) 
and future slant range (AAA). 

Entfettung / degreasing. 

Entgasung / degassing. 

entgegenwirken counteract, act 

against, work against. 

Entgiftung / decontamination. 

Entgiftungsabteilung / decontamina- 
tion battalion. 

Entgiftungsdienst m decontamina- 
tion service. 

Entgiftungsgerat n decontamination 
apparatus. 

Entgiftungskompanie / decontamin- 
ation company. 

Entgiftungskraftwagen m decontam- 
ination truck. 

Entgiftungsmittel n decontamina- 
tion agent. 

Entgiftungspflug m decontamination 
plow. 

Entgiftungsplatz to decontamination 
point. 

Entgiftungsstoff m decontamination 
agent. 

Entgiftungstrommel / perforated de- 
contamination drum, 
fahrbare Entgiftungstrommel de- 
contamination cart. 

Entgiftungstrupp m decontamina- 
tion squad. 

entheben relieve (of a command, 
etc.). 

entkeimen sterilize. 



entkohlen decarbonize, 
entkupfern decopper. 
entladen unload, empty; discharge. 
Entladestab to unloading staff (har- 
bor). 

Entladung / to discharge (Am, 

Elec, etc.). 
EntladungsstoB' m discharge surge 

(Elec). 

entlassen to dismiss, discharge; re- 
lease; disband, demobilize. 

Entlassung / discharge; dismissal; 
release. 

Entlassung auf Ehrenwort release 

on parole, home parole. 
Entlassungsjahrgang m age class 

due for discharge. 
Entlassungsschein m certificate of 

discharge. 
Entlassungsstelle / demobilization 

center, discharge center, 
entlasten relieve (of pressure). 
Entlastung / relief (of pressure). 
Entlastungsangriff to relief attack 

(made to relieve enemy pressure 

elsewhere) . 
entlaufen to escape, 
entlausen delouse. 
Entlausungsanstalt / delousing sta- 
tion. 

entliiften ventilate; bleed (recoil 

mechanism). 
Entliifter m ventilator. 
Entliiftungsstutzen m breather 

(Mtr). 

Entmagnetisierung / de-gaussing. 
entrollen to unfurl or uncase ( a 
flag). 

Entsatz m relief (of a fortress, etc.). 

Entschadigung / compensation, re- 
imbursement, allowance, recoupment. 

entscharfen disarm (Am). 

Entscheidung / decision. 

Entscheidungsgefecht n decisive ac- 
tion, decisive battle (Tac). 

EntschluB m decision (Tac). 

EntschluBfassung / formulation of 
decision (s). 

EntschluBkraft / power of decision. 

entschliisseln decode, decryptograph. 

entsenden to dispatch, send off. 

entsetzen relieve (a fortress, etc.); 
be terrified; relieve (of a command). 

Entsetzung / relief (of a fortress, 
etc.). 

entseuchen disinfect. 
Entseuchungsgerat n disinfestor. 



Entseuchungsmittel 46 



Erganzungsbedarf 



Entseuchungsmittel n disinfecting 
agent. 

Entseuchungsschrank m disinfecting 
chamber. 

entsichern to disengage or release 
the safety (SA, R, etc.); to arm or 
activate (a mine, bomb, etc.). 

Entsicherungsfliigel m arming vane 
(bomb). 

entspannen to uncock; to relieve 
tension. 

Entstaubung / dust filtering (MT). 

Entstorkappe / ignition shield (over 
spark plug). 

Entstbrung / interference elimina- 
tion (Rad). 

enttarnen remove camouflage. 

entwaffnen disarm. 

Entwarnung / "all clear" signal. 

Entwasserungsgraben m drainage 
ditch. 

Entweichen n escape, evasion. 

Entwesung / sterilization. 

entwickeln deploy (Tac) ; develop 
(Photo); generate (smoke, etc.). 

Entwicklung / deployment (follows 
Entfaltung, development) ; develop- 
ment (Photo); generation (of 
smoke, etc.) . 

Entwurf m sketch, outline; plan, 
scheme. 

Entzerrer m balancing network 

(Rad, Tp). 

Entzerrung f rectification, restitu- 
tion (aerial Photo); correction, com- 
pensation ( of frequency response, 
Rad, Tp). 

Entzerrungsgerat n rectifying cam- 
era (aerial Photo). 

entziehen remove, withdraw, deprive, 
sich entziehen avoid, evade, disen- 
gage (Tac). 

entziffern decipher, decryptograph. 

Entzifferung / deciphering. 

entzurren unlock, unclamp. 

Episkop n reflecting projector, 

episcope. 

erbeuten to capture (materiel). 

ErdanschluB m ground connection 
(Elec). 

Erdarbeit / excavation work; earth- 
work (Ft). 

Erdartillerie f artillery used against 
ground targets (as distinguished 
from AAA). 

Erdaufklarung / ground reconnais- 
sance (Tac). 



Erdbeobachtung / ground observa- 
tion. 

Erdbeschufl m anti-aircraft fire (as 
seen from target). 

Erdbildmessung / phototopography. 

Erde / earth, soil; ground (Elec). 

Erdei See ErdeinschieBziel. 

ErdeinschieBziel n ground adjust- 
ment target (Gunnery). 

erden to ground (Elec). 

Erder m ground (Elec). 

Erdfernsprechverbindung / ground- 
return telephone circuit. 

Erdgegner in hostile ground force. 

Erdgleiche / ground level (Ft). 

Erdgrube / borrow pit. 

Erdhorer m geophone. 

Erdkabel n underground cable or 
wire (Tp). 

Erdkriimmungslineal n altitude-cor- 
rection ruler. 

Erdleitung / ground, ground lead 
(Elec). 

Erdleitungsdraht m ground wire 
(Elec). 

Erdleitungsrohr n ground pipe, un- 
derground pipe. 

Erdmine / land mine. 

Erdol n petroleum. 

Erdortung / pilotage (Air Naviga- 
tion). 

erdrosseln to throttle, strangle. 

Erdriickleitung / ground-return cir- 
cuit (Tp). 

ErdschluB m ground leak, ground 
short (Elec). 

Erdschwere / gravitation, gravity. 

Erdsporn m trail spade (G). 

Erdstecker m grounding rod (Elec). 

Erdtelegraphieverbindung / ground- 
return telegraph circuit. 

Erdtruppen fpl ground forces. 

Erdung / ground, grounding (Elec). 

Erdvergleichsziel n auxiliary ground 
target (Arty). 

Erdvermessung / topographic sur- 
vey. 

Erdwinde / winch (for Bin). 

Erdzielbeschuft m firing against 
ground targets (AAA). 

Erdzuleitung / ground lead (Elec). 

Erganzung / supplement, replace- 
ment ( s ) , reserve ( s ) ; completion, 
rounding out, bringing to full 
strength. 

Erganzungsbedarf m deficiency, 
shortage, replacement requirements. 



Erganzungsgruppe 



47 



Ersatztruppen 



Erganzungsgruppe / replacement 
training group (Air Force group 
composed of 2 or more Erganzungs- 
staffeln) . 

Erganzungsstaffel / See Ergan- 

zungsgruppe. 

Erganzungsstelle / replacement cen- 
ter. 

ergeben, sich to surrender, capitu- 
late. 

Ergebnis n result; score. 
Erhebungswinkel m quadrant angle 
(Surv). 

Erhohung / quadrant elevation 

( Gunnery). 
Erhohungsskala / elevation scale 

(G, MG). 

Erhohungswinkel m quadrant angle 

of elevation ( Gunnery ) . 
Erholungsurlaub m leave; arrest, 

imprisonment (slang). 
Erinnerungsmedaille / campaign 

medal. 

erkampfen to force (a crossing, 
etc.). 

Erkennungsmarke / identification 
tag, "dog tag." 

Erkennungsmunition / signal am- 
munition. 

Erkennungstuch n identification 
panel, ground panel. 

Erkennungswort n countersign, 
password. 

Erkennungszeichen n marking, in- 
signia, identification mark; recogni- 
tion signal. 

Erker m "bay window" type gun 
mount in front right sponson (Tk). 

Erkunder m scout; reconnaissance 
airplane. 

Erkundung / reconnaissance (Tac). 

Erkundungsfahrzeug n reconnais- 
sance vehicle, scout vehicle. 

Erkundungsorgan n reconnaissance 
element. 

ErkundungsvorstoB m scouting raid. 
Erlaubnis / permission. 
Erlaubnisschein m leave pass. 
Erledigung / accomplishment, com- 
pletion. 

ErmaBigung der Strafe remission of 

sentence, 
ermachtigen empower. 
Ermattungsstrategie / strategy of 

attrition. 
Ermessen n discretion. 
Ermiidung / fatigue, exhaustion. 



Ermiidungskampfstoff m harassing 

agent (CWS). 
Ermiidungsschiefien n harassing fire, 

gas-shell fire (Arty). 
ernannt See Ernennung. 
Ernennung / appointment to brevet 

rank. 

Ernstfall m emergency, 
erobern conquer ( territory or local- 
ity). 

Eroberung / conquest. 
Erreger m exciter (Rad). 
Erregerstrom m excitation current 
(Elec). 

Erregerwicklung / excitation wind- 
ing (Elec). 

Ersatz m replacement; substitute, 
synthetic material; spare part; com- 
pensation, damages. 

Ersatzbataillon n replacement train- 
ing battalion. 

Ersatzbatterie / spare battery 

(Elec). 

Ersatzbedienung / gun crew replace- 
ments, reserve gun crew. 

Ersatzdienststelle / recruiting cen- 
ter. 

Ersatzeinheit / replacement unit, 

replacement training unit. 
Ersatzfunkstelle / secondary radio 

station. 

Ersatzheer n replacement training 
Army. 

Ersatzkarte / provisional map, sub- 
stitute map. 

Ersatzmann m replacement. 

Ersatzmannschaften fpl replace- 
ments. 

Ersatzpferd n remount. 

Ersatzregiment n replacement train- 
ing regiment. 

Ersatzreifen m spare tire. 

Ersatzreserve / replacement re- 
serves. 

Ersatzreserve I reserves comprising 
untrained men under 35. 

Ersatzreserve II reserves comprising 
physically unfit, untrained men un- 
der 35. 

Ersatzreserveausbildung / training 
of replacement reserves. 

Ersatzschaltschema n equivalent cir- 
cuit (Elec). 

Ersatzteil n reserve unit (Tac); 
spare part. 

Ersatztruppen fpl replacements. 



Ersatzverpflegungsmagazin 48 



Fahnenjunker 



Ersatzverpflegungsmagazin n ration 
depot (Z of I). 

Ersatzwesen n recruiting and re- 
placement administration. 

Erschiefien der Tageseinfliisse ob- 
taining metro data by registration 
(FA). 

erschopfen to exhaust, wear out, use 
up. 

Erschiitterung / concussion, shock, 
erstarren become rigid or stiff; 

"freeze" in position. 
Erstausstattung / initial issue, 
erste Hilfe first aid. 
Erster Offizier first officer (Nav). 
ersticken asphyxiate, choke, stifle, 

suffocate. 

erstickender Kampfstoff lung irri- 
tant. 

Erststrom m primary current, 
erstiirmen to rush, take by assault- 
(Tac). 

Ertraglichkeitsgrenze / harassing 

concentration (CWS). 
Erwa-Meldung / stand-by message 

(preliminary to metro message) 

(Arty). 

Erwiderungsfeuer n retaliation fire, 
counterfire. 



erzwingen force (a crossing, etc.). 

Etappe / communications zone (su- 
perseded by riickwartiges Armeege- 
biet, but still frequently used). 

Etappenmarsch m administrative 
march. 

Etat m budget. 

Etatposten m budget item. 

Exerzierbombe / drill bomb, practice 
bomb. 

Exerzieren n drill, practice. 

Exerzierform / drill formation. 

Exerziergescho/5 n dummy projectile. 

Exerzierhalle / drill hall. 

Exerzierhaus n armory. 

Exerziermarsch m goose step. 

Exerziermunition / drill ammuni- 
tion, dummy ammunition. 

Exerzierordnung / drill formation; 
drill regulations. 

Exerzierpatrone / ' dummy cartridge. 

Exerzierplatz m drill ground, parade 
ground. 

Exerzierschritt m See Exerzier- 
marsch. 

Exerziervorschrift / drill regula- 
tions. 

Exzenterhiilse / eccentric sleeve 
(aiming circle). 



Fabrik / factory. 

Pach n field of competency, trade, 
profession; branch of knowledge; 
specialty; compartment, pigeonhole. 

Fachabteilungen fpl professional 
service units (Med). 

Facharbeiter m technician, skilled 
workman, specialist. 

Fachausdruck m technical term. 

Fachbearbeiter m staff officer or of- 
ficial in charge of some technical 
branch or administrative depart- 
ment. 

Fachberater m technical adviser. 
Fachermotor m fan-type engine, 

double-V engine. 
Facherturn m half-loop wing-over 

(Avn). 

Fachmann m specialist, expert. 
Fachsprache f technical terminology. 
Fachverstandiger m specialist, ex- 
pert. 



F 

Fachwerk n latticework, grillage; 
truss. 

Fachwerkbrucke / truss bridge. 
Fachwerktrager m truss (Bdg). 
Fackel / flare, torch. 
Faden m thread, filament; string; 

fathom (Nav); front-sight slit 

(aiming circle); hair (Optics). 
Fadenkreuz n cross hairs, cross 

wires (Optics). 
Fadenstiick n front-sight piece 

(aiming circle). 
Fahne / colors, flag, guidon. 
Fahnenband n battle honors. 
Fahneneid m oath of allegiance, oath 

of enlistment. 
Fahnenflucht / desertion. 
Fahnenfliichtiger w deserter. 
Fahnenjunker m officer candidate 

(from enlistment until promotion to 

Fahnrich) . 



Fahnenjunker-Gefreiter 



49 



Fallpunkt 



Fahnenjunker-Gefreiter m officer 
candidate (with grade of Gefreiter). 
Fahnenjunker-Unteroffizier m NCO 

officer candidate (with grade of 
Sgt). 

Fahnenkompanie / color guard com- 
pany. 

Fahnenmast m fixed flagpole. 
Fahnenposten m color sentinel. 
Fahnenschaft m flagpole. 
Fahnenstange / flagpole, pike. 
Fahnentrager m color bearer, 
guidon. 

Fahnentrupp m color guard. 
Fahnentuch n bunting. 
Fahnenwache / color guard, color 
sentinel. 

Fahnrich m officer candidate (grade 
above Fahnenjunker-Unteroffizier) . 

Fahrabteilung / supply-train bat- 
talion (H-Dr). ■ 

Fahrausweis m travel order, travel- 
ing permit. 

Fahrbahn / roadway. 

Fahrbahntrager m floor beam, road- 
way girder (Bdg). 

fahrbar passable (for vehicles); 
mobile; practicable; navigable. 

Fahrbefehl m transportation order 
(MT). 

Fahrbenzin n standard gasoline. 

Fahrbereich m operating range, 
traveling distance, cruising radius 
(MT, Tk). 

Fahrbetrieb m ferrying operations. 

Fahrbremse / wheel brake (G car- 
riage). 

Fahre / ferry. 

fahren to drive, travel, ride, 
fahrendes Ziel moving target (Tk, 
. vehicle). 

Fahrer m driver (MT, Tk, etc.); pri- 
vate (H-Dr Transport). 

Fahrerhaus n cab (Trk). 

Fahreroptik / driver's periscope 

(Tk). 

Fahrgast m passenger. 
Fahrgerat n propelling equipment 
(Engr). 

Fahrgestell n chassis (MT); landing 
gear, landing-gear frame (Ap). 

Fahrkarte / transportation ticket 
(RR, bus, etc.). 

Fahrkolonne / horse-drawn column. 

Fahrkostenentschadigung / travel 
allowance (reimbursement). 

Fahrkiiche / rolling kitchen. 



Fahrlassigkeit / negligence. 

Fahrleistung / traveling capacity 
(MT, Tk). 

Fahrplan m timetable, train sched- 
ule. 

Fahrprahm m tank landing craft. 

Fahrrad n bicycle. 

Fahrrinne / rut. 

Fahrseil n ferry cable. 

Fahrstelle / ferrying site, ferry em- 
barkation point. 

Fahrstellung / traveling position 
(Ord). 

Fahrt / ride, run; trip, journey; 
speed. 

Fahrtenschwimmer m qualified 
swimmer (on basis of time-endur- 
ance test). 

Fahrtliste / entraining table. 

Fahrtmesser m airspeed indicator. 

Fahrtrupp m boat crew (Engr). 

Fahrtruppen fpl transportation 
units (H-Dr). 

Fahrweg m dirt road. 

Fahrwerk n landing gear (Ap); 
running gear, chassis (MT) ; sus- 
pensions and tracks (Tk). 

Fahrwerkachse / landing-gear axle 
(Ap). 

Fahrwerkrahmen m chassis frame 
(MT). 

Fahrwerkstrebe / landing-gear strut 
(Ap). 

Fahrwiderstand m tractional resist- 
ance (MT). 

Fahrwind m air stream, airflow. 

Fahrzeug n vehicle; craft. 

Fahrzeuguberhang m overhang, 
angle of approach (MT). 

Fall m drop, fall; case, instance. 

Fallbahn / bomb trajectory. 

Fallbenzintank m gravity tank 

(MT). 

Fallbeschleunigung / downward ac- 
celeration (Ballistics). 

Fallbo / downdraft (Met). 

Fallblockverschlufi m drop-block 
type breechblock (G). 

Falle / trap, decoy; catch (MG). 

Fallenachse / catch pivot (MG). 

Fallgeschwindigkeit / velocity of fall 
(Ballistics). 

Fallgesetz n law of falling bodies. 

Fallhohe / drop, height of drop. 

Fallklappe / drop (Tp switchboard). 

Fallpunkt m level point, point of fall 
(Ballistics). 



Fallschirm 



5' 







Pederwolke 



Fallschirm m parachute. 
Fallschirmabsprung m parachute 
jump. 

Fallschirmabsprungturm m para- 
chute tower, controlled tower. 

Fallschirmbombe / parachute bomb. 

Fallschirmgerat n parachute equip- 
ment. 

Fallschirmgewehr n parachutist's 
automatic rifle. 

Fallschirmgurt m parachute har- 
ness. 

Fallschirmjager m parachutist. 

Fallschirmjager- Abteilung / para- 
chute detachment. 

Fallschirmjagerbataillon n para- 
chute battalion. 

Fallschirmlast / delivery unit (air- 
borne operations). 

Fallschirmleuchtbombe / aircraft 
parachute flare. 

Fallschirmleuchtkugel / parachute 
flare. 

Fallschirmleuchtpatrone / para- 
chute-flare cartridge (for Sig pistol). 

Fallschirmrakete / parachute rocket 
signal. 

Fallschirmsack m pack assembly, 

pack (Prcht). 
Fallschirmschiitze m parachutist 

rifleman. 

Fallschirmschiitzen-Abzeichen n par- 
achute badge (decoration) . 

Fallschirmspringer m parachutist. 

Fallschirmtruppen fpl parachute 
troops. 

Fallschirmturm m parachute tower. 
Fallstromvergaser m downdraft car- 
buretor. 

Falltafel / bomb trajectory table. 
Falltiir / trapdoor; escape hatch 
(Ap). 

Fallwind m katabatic wind (Met). 
Fallwinkel m angle of fall (Ballis- 
tics). 

Fallzeit / time of fall (Bombing). 
Faltboot n faltboat, collapsible boat 

with rubberized-cloth skin. 
Familienunterhalt m dependency 

benefits. 

Fangleine / shroud line (Prcht). 
Fangnetz n anti-submarine net. 
Fangschnur / aiguillette, fourragere. 
FangstoB m parry, 
farbenblind color blind. 
Farbentiichtigkeit / color vision, 
farblos colorless. 



Farb-Spritzanlage / spray painting 
unit. 

farbtonrichtig orthochromatic; 
Faschine / fascine. 
Faschinenbahn / fascine road. 
Faschinendamm m raised fascine 

road. 
Faser / fiber. 

Fassung / receptacle, socket (Elec); 

text or wording, version ; composure. 
Fassungsvermogen n volumetric 

capacity, 
faulnisbekampfend antiseptic. 
Faust / fist. 

Faustachse / Mercedes-type front 
axle (MT). 

Faustel n mallet. 

Fausthandschuh m mitten. 

Faustriemen m sword knot. 

Faustskizze / rough sketch. 

F-Boot n tank landing craft. 

Feder / pen; spring; feather. 

Federantrieb m spring action (clock- 
work fuze). 

Federaufhangung / spring suspen- 
sion (MT). 

Federausgleicher m spring equilibra- 
tor (G). 

Federbarometer n aneroid barom- 
eter. 

Federbein n shock-absorbing strut 
(Ap). 

Federbock m spring hanger (MT). 

Federbolzen m spring bolt (MT). 

Federbund n spring clip (MT). 

Federeinrichtung / spring mecha- 
nism (MG). 

Federgehange n spring suspension. 

Federhand / spring bracket (MT). 

Federkolben m breechblock endpiece 
(self-loading pistol). 

Federkopf m follower-spring stud 
(self-loading pistol). 

Federkraft / elasticity. 

Federlasche / shackle, spring shackle 
(MT). 

Federluftdruckmesser m aneroid ba- 
rometer. 

Federring m lockwasher. 

Federteller m valve-spring retainer 
(Mtr). 

Federung / suspension (MT). 
Federvorholer m spring counterre- 

coil mechanism, spring recuperator 

(G). 

Federwolke / cirrus cloud. 



Fehlbestand 



51 



Feldflasche 



Fehlbestand m shortage, discrepancy 

( supplies, etc.). 
Fehler in error; defect; miss. 
Fehlerdreieck n triangle of error 

(Surv). 
fehlerhaft defective. 
Fehlganger m miss. 
Fehlgriff m blunder. 
Fehlleistung / malfunction, 
fehlschlagen fail. 
FehlschuB m miss. 
Fehlstart m unsuccessful take-off 

( Avn). 

Fehlstelle / vacancy (Adm). 
Fehltreffer m near miss. 
Fehlweisung / deviation (Rad). 
Fehlzerspringer m low-order burst, 

low-order shell (Am). 
Fehlziindung / backfire (Mtr). 
Feigheit / cowardice. 
Feile / file (tool). 
Feind m enemy. 

Feindbeobachtung / observation of 

or by the enemy. 
Feindberiihrung / contact with the 

enemy. 

FeindbeschuB m enemy fire. 
Feindbesetzung / occupation by the 
enemy. 

Feinddruck m enemy pressure. 

Feindeinsicht / enemy observation. 

Feindeinwirkung / enemy action. 

Feindesland n enemy territory, hos- 
tile territory. 

Feindflug m raid, sortie, combat mis- 
sion (Avn). 

Feindffugausweis m special identifi- 
cation card carried on missions dur- 
ing which capture by enemy is likely 
(Avn). 

feindfrei clear of the enemy. 

Feindgelande n enemy terrain. 

Feindnachrichten fpl information 
about the enemy. 

Feindnahe / closeness to the enemy, 
nearness to the enemy. 

Feindraum m enemy zone. 

Feindseligkeiten fpl hostilities. 

Feindsicht / enemy observation. 

Feindtiitigkeit / enemy activity. 

Feindzusammensto/J m collision with 
the enemy. 

Feineinstellung / fine tuning (Rad); 
fine setting, precision adjustment. 

Feinhohenmesser m sensitive altime- 
ter (Ap). 



Feinkorn n fine sight (R aiming); 
fine grain (Photo). 

Feld n field (Top, Elec); land (ri- 
fling); bay (Ap). 
langes Feld chase of gun barrel. 

Feldanzug m field uniform. 

Feldarmee / field army. 

Feldausbildungsdivision / field train- 
ing division. 

Feldausriistung / field equipment. 

Feldausstattung / field equipment; 
ammunition reserve. 

Feldbackerei / field bakery. 

Feldbahn / narrow-gage field rail- 
way. 

Feldbauamt n airdrome maintenance 
office. 

Feldbefestigung / field fortification. 

Feldbischof m Chief of Chaplains. 

Feldbluse / service coat. 

feldbrauchbar serviceable for use in 
the field. 

Feldbrunnen m field well. 

Feldbiicherei / military field library. 

Felddauerlinie / permanent field-tele- 
phone line. 

Felddienst m field duty. 

felddienstfahig fit for active duty. 

Felddienstordnung / field service 
regulations. 

Felddienstiibung / field exercise. 

Feldeisenbahn / field railway. 

Feldeisenbahnbetriebsamt n field 
railway operations office. 

Feldeisenbahndirektion / field rail- 
way command station. 

Feldeisenbahner m field railway en- 
gineer. 

Feldeisenbahnmaschinenamt n field 

railway machinery office. 
Feldeisenbahnwerkstattenamt n field 

railway workshop office. 
Feldelement n field cell (Tp). 
Felder npl lands (Ord); fields (Top). 
Feldersatzbataillon n replacement 

training battalion (assigned to the 

field forces). 
Felderscheibe / target divided into 

squares. 

Felder und Ziige lands and grooves. 
Feldfernkabel n field trunk wire 
(Tp). 

Feldfernkabeltrupp m wire-laying 

team (Tp). 
Feldfernsprecher m field telephone; 

field telephone operator. 
Feldflasche / canteen (for water). 



Feldflughafen 



52 



Felsenklippe 



Feldflughafen m field airdrome. 
Feldflugplatz m advanced airfield. 
Feldfunksprecher m See Feldfunk- 

sprechgerat. 
Feldfunksprechgerat n field radio 

set. 

Feldgeistlicher m chaplain. 

Feldgendarm m military policeman. 

Feldgendarmerie / military police. 

Feldgendarmerievorschrift / mili- 
tary police regulations. 

Feldgerat n field equipment. 

Feldgericht n provost court, court- 
martial. 

Feldgeschiitz n field gun. 

Feldhandapparat m field handset 
(Tp). 

Feldhaubitze / field howitzer. 
Feldheer n field forces. 
Feldherrnkunst / strategy, general- 
ship. 

Feldinstandsetzung / line mainte- 
nance. 

Feldjustizamt n legal branch of 
army, corps and division general 
staffs (consists of civilian officials). 

Feldkabel n field wire (Tp). 

Feldkabelader / field-wire strand 
(Tp). 

Feldkabelbau m field-wire laying 
(Tp). 

Feldkabelleitung / field-wire line 
(Tp). 

Feldkanone / field gun. 

Feldkaplan m chaplain. 

Feldklappenschrank m portable 
switchboard. 

Feldkochherd m field range (cooker). 

FeldkochunteroflSzier m cook (NCO). 

Feldkommandantur / military ad- 
ministration headquarters (in Com 
Z and occupied countries). Compare 
Ortskommandantur, Stadtkomman- 
dantur. 

Feldkiiche / field kitchen, rolling 
kitchen. 

Feldlaboratorium n field laboratory 
(Med). 

Feldlager n bivouac, encampment. 
Feldlazarett n surgical hospital. 
Feldmarschall m Field Marshal 
(Ger). 

Feldmeister m first sergeant (Reich 

Labor Service). 
Feldmefikastchen n field testing set 

(Tp). 

Feldmiitze / garrison cap. 



Feldnachrichtenkommandantur / 

field signal command ( signal Hq for 
an area of occupied territory or in 
rear area of T of Opns). 
Feldpolizei / See Geheime Feldpo- 
lizei. 

Feldportion / field ration (for Pers). 
Feldpost / army postal service. 
Feldpostamt n army post office. 
Feldpostbeamter m army mail clerk 

(Civ official). 
Feldposteinheit / army postal unit. 
Feldposten m outguard sentinel. 
Feldpostwesen n army postal service. 
Feldprediger m chaplain. 
Feldpriifschrank m field testing box 

(Tp). 

Feldrain m uncultivated strip at 
edge of field. 

Feldration / field ration (for ani- 
mals). 

Feldschanze / field fortification, 
earthwork. 

Feldsicherungskastchen n field fuse 
box (Tp). 

Feldsonderbataillon n field disciplin- 
ary battalion. 

Feldstraflager n field disciplinary 
camp. 

Feldtrage / field litter (Med). 
Feldunterarzt m acting medical offi- 
cer. 

Feldverpflegung / field messing. 
Feldwache / outguard. 
Feldwagen m field wagon. 
Feldwebel m technical sergeant. 
Feldweg m cross-country dirt road. 
Feldwerkstatt / field workshop. 
Feldwerkstattzug m field workshop 
platoon. 

Feldwetterstelle / field weather sta- 
tion. 

Feldwetterwarte / See Feldwetter- 
stelle. 

Feldzeugbataillon 11 ordnance bat- 
talion. 

Feldzeugkommando n ordnance com- 
mand ( one in each Wehrkreis and 
some in occupied countries). 

Feldzeuglager n ordnance depot. 

Feldzeugstab m ordnance staff. 

Feldzug m campaign. 

Felge / felloe, rim. 

Felgenband n tire flap (MT). 

Fels m rock, cliff. 

Felsblock m boulder, rock. 

Felsenklippe / bluff (Top). 



Fenster 



53 



Fernsprechbetriebszug 



Fenster n sight peephole (AA 
sight); window. 

Fepo / See Geheime Feldpolizei. 

Ferdinand name of a heavily-ar- 
mored German self-propelled gun. 

Fernantrieb m rempte drive, remote 
control. 

Fernauf klarer m long-range recon- 
naissance airplane. 

Fernaufklarung / distant recon- 
naissance ; long-range reconnaissance 
(Avn). 

Fernaufklarungsflugboot n patrol 
bomber, long-range reconnaissance 
flying boat. 

Fernaufklarungsflugzeug n See Fern- 
aufklarer. 

Fernaufklarungsgruppe / . air force 
long-range reconnaissance group 
( attached to ground forces and com- 
posed of two or more F-Staffeln) . 

Fernaufklarungsstaffel / long-range 
reconnaissance squadron attached to 
army ground units (abbr. F-Staffel). 

Fernbesprechgerat n remote control 
unit (Rad). 

Fernbesprechung / remote control 
operation (Rad). 

Fernbild n telephoto. 

Fernbomber m long-range bomber. 

Ferndrucker m teletype, teletype- 
writer, telegraph printer. 

Fernempfang m long-distance recep- 
tion (Rad). 

Fernempfangszone / reception zone 
beyond the skip distance (Rad). 

Fernerkunder m See Fernaufklarer. 

Fernfahrtmesser m remote-reading 
airspeed indicator (Ap). 

ferngelenkt remote-controlled. 

Ferngeschiitz n See Fernkampfge- 
schiitz. 

Ferngesprach n telephone call, tele- 
phone conversation. 

ferngesteuert remote-controlled. 

Fernglas n binoculars, field glass. 

Fernhorer m receiver (Tp, Rad 
Tp). 

Fernkabel n trunk wire (Tp). 
Fernkampfartillerie / long-range ar- 
tillery. 

Fernkampfflugzeug n long-range 

bombardment airplane. 
Fernkampfgeschiitz n long-range 

gun. 

Fernkompafi m remote-reading com- 
pass (Ap). 



Fernkurs m correspondence course. 
Fernleitung / long-distance circuit, 

inter urban line (Tp). 
Fernlenkung / remote control. 
Fernlicht n bright . light ( on auto 

headlight) . 
Fernmefigerat n range finder. 
Fernmeldeanlage / communication 

station (Sig C). 
Fernmesser m range finder; range- 
finder operator, 
fernmiindlich by telephone. 
Fernrichten des Geschiitzes remote 

gun control (CA, Nav). 
Fernrohr n telescope; binoculars (in 

this sense, generally Doppelfern- 

rohr). 

Fernrohrarme mpl telescope tubes 
(BC telescope). 

Fernrohraufnahme / telephoto. 

Fernrohraufsatz m telescopic sight. 

fernrohrbesetzt equipped with tele- 
scopic sight (R). 

Fernrohrhals m telescope center sec- 
tion. 

Fernrohrhiilse / telescope housing. 

Fernrohrkopf m telescope head. 

Fernrohrkorper m telescope tube; 
body (of binoculars). 

Fernrohrlager n telescope seat. 

Fernrohrsteg m telescope support. 

Fernschreiber m teletype, teletype- 
writer, telegraph printer; teletype 
operator. 

Fernschreibkompanie / teletype com- 
pany, telegraph-printer company. 

Fernschreibleitung / teletype circuit. 

Fernschreibnetz n teletype net 

(Luftwaffe). 

Fernschreibwagen m teletype truck. 

Fernsehen n television. 

Fernsicht / visibility. 

FernsprechanschluB m telephone con- 
nection. 

Fernsprechbaukompanie / telephone- 
construction company. 

Fernsprechbautrupp m telephone- 
construction crew. 

Fernsprechbauwagen m telephone- 
construction truck. 

Fernsprechbetriebstrupp m tele- 
phone-operations team. 

Fernsprechbetriebswagen m tele- 
phone-operations truck. 

Fernsprechbetriebszug m telephone 
operating platoon. 



Fernsprechdoppelleitung 



54 



Festungskrieg 



Fernsprechdoppelleitung / metallic) 
telephone circuit. 

Fernsprecher m telephone; tele- 
phone operator. 

Fernsprechfahrzeug n telephone-op- 
erations vehicle. 

Fernsprechgerat n telephone equip- 
ment. 

Fernsprechkompanie / telephone- 
communications company. 

Fernsprechkraftwagen w telephone 
motor truck. 

Fernsprechleitung / telephone line. 

Fernsprechnetz n wire net (Tp). 

Fernsprechrelais n telephone relay. 

Fernsprechstelle / telephone station. 

Fernsprechtrupp m telephone sec- 
tion. 

Fernsprechverkehr m telephone traf- 
fic. 

Fernsprechvermittlung / telephone 
central, switching central. 

Fernsprechwagen m telephone 
wagon, telephone truck. 

Fernspruch m telephone transcrip- 
tion, telephone message. 

Fernsteuerung / remote control. 

Fernthermometer n water tempera- 
ture gage (MT). 

Ferntrauung / marriage by proxy 
(while on active duty). 

FerntroB m third echelon supply 
train (behind the MitteltroB). , 

Fernunterricht m instruction by cor- 
respondence. 

Ferse / heel (Anatomy). 

"Fertig!" "Ready!" (Arty). 

Fertigaufschlagziinder m ready- 
fixed percussion fuze (Am). 

Fertigerzeugnis n finished product. 

Fertigmontage / . final assembly 
(Tech). 

Fertigung / production, marmfac- 
' ture, construction. 
Fertigungshalle / factory shop. 
Fertigungsjahr n year of manufac- 
ture. 

Fertigziinder m ready-fixed fuze 
(Am). 

Fessel / pastern (horse). 

Fesselballon m captive balloon. 

Fesselgelenk n pastern joint (horse). 

Fesselkabel n ground cable, moor- 
ing cable (Bin). 

fesseln to contain, to fix, pin down 
(Tac) ; to chain, tie up. 



Fesselseil n ground cable, mooring 
cable (Bin). 

Fesseltau n See Fesselseil. 

Fesselung / pinning down, contain- 
ing (Tac). 

Fesselungsvorstqli w. containing at- 
tack, holding attack. 

fest firm, solid, steady; locked; 
fixed, stationary; fastened. 

Festantenne / fixed antenna. 

festfressen, sich to seize, freeze (pis- 
ton, etc.). 

festhalten to contain, hold, immobil- 
ize (Tac); to track (a target). 

Festhaltevorrichtuvvg / locking de- 
vice (MG). 

Festigkeitslehre / strength of mate- 
rials. 

Festigkeitsnachweis m stress analy- 
sis. 

Festklemmvorrichtung / clamping 

mechanism (MG tripod). 
Festland n mainland, continent, 
festlegen to refer (Gunnery) ; to 

fix; pinpoint, plot, determine; to 

sense, spot. 
Festlegepunkt m reference point. 
Festlegezahl / deflection reading, 

new reading (in referring the 

piece) (Gunnery). 
festmachen to make fast, secure, 

tie, moor. 
Festnahme / arrest, seizure. 
Festpunkt m control point, refer- 
ence point. 
Festpunktnetz n control-point net 

(Surv). 

festschieilen seat the base plate by 
firing (Mort). 

Festung / fortress, fort. 

Festungsartillerie / fortress artil- 
lery. 

Festungsartilleriekommandeur m 

fortress artillery commander. 
Festungsbaubataillon w fortress 

construction battalion. 
Festungsgraben m moat. 
Festungsgiirtel w cordon of forts. 
Festungshaft / confinement in a 

fortress. 

Festungsingenieur m civilian engi- 
neer in charge of fortifications. 

Festungsinspekteur m superintend- 
ent of fortress engineering service 
( superior of Festungspionierkom- 
mandeur). 

Festungskrieg m siege warfare. 



Festungsnachrichten- 



55 



Feuersteigeiung 



Festungsnachrichtenkommandantur / 

fortress signal command (attached 
to staff of Ft Engr units). 
Pestungspionier m fortress engi- 
neer. 

Festungspionierfeldwebel m techni- 
cal sergeant (Ft Engr). 

Festungspionierkommandeur m for- 
tress engineer brigade commander. 

Fett n grease. 

Fettpresse / grease gun. 

Fettiiberzug m grease coating. 

FeiJchtigkeit / humidity, moisture, 
dampness. 

Feuchtigkeitsgehalt m moisture con- 
tent, humidity (Mat). 

Feuchtigkeitsmesser m hygrometer. 

Feuchtigkeitsschreiber m hygro- 
graph (Met). 

Feuer n fire, 
unter Feuer nehmen to shell, to 
strafe. 

Feuerabriegelung / box barrage. 

Feuerabriegelung schieften to box in, 
to lay down a box barrage. 

Feuerart / method of fire. 

Feuerauftrag m fire mission (Arty). 

Feuerbefehl m fire order, fire com- 
mand. 

Feuerbegriffe mpl fire classification 
(Arty). 

Feuerbeobachtung / observation of 
fire (Gunnery). 

Feuerbereich m zone of fire. 

feuerbereit in firing position; un- 
coupled, unlimbered, ready for action 
(Arty). 

Feuerdampfer m flash hider. 

Feuerdichte / density of fire. 

Feuereinheit / fire unit (Arty). 

Feuereinheit der Artillerie basic tac- 
tical unit of the artillery. 

Feuer einstellen,,, to cease fire. 

Feuer eroffnen to open fire. 

Feuererbffnung / commencement of 
fire, opening of fire. 

feuerfest fireproof. 

Feuerformen fpl types of fire, 
forms of fire (Arty, MG). 

"Feuer frei!" "Fire!" 

Feuergarbe / sheaf of fire, cone of 
dispersion, cone of fire. 

feuergefahrlich inflammable. 

Feuergefecht n fire fight, fire duel. 

Feuergeschwindigkeit / rate of fire 
(MG). 

Feuerhohe / height of muzzle. 



Feuer in der oberen Winkelgruppe 

high-angle fire. 

Feuer in der unteren Winkelgruppe 
low-angle fire. 

Feuerkampf m fire fight, fire duel, 
weapons duel. 

Feuerkette / line of skirmishers. 

Feuerkommando n firing command 
(Arty). 

Feuerkraft / fire power. 

Feuer kreuzen to cross fire. 

Feuerleitgerat n fire-control equip- 
ment, ballistic director (Arty). 

Feuerleitung / fire direction, fire 
control. 

Feuerleitungsnetz n fire control net, 

fire direction net (Arty). 
Feuerleitungsplan m fire-control 

map (Arty). 
Feuerleitungsstand m fire-direction 

center. 

Feuerleitungsstelle / See Feuerlei- 
tungsstand. 

Feuerlinie / firing line. 

Feuerloscher m fire extinguisher. 

Feuerloschordnung / fire plan (fire 
prevention measure). 

Feuerbffnung / commencement of 
firing. 

Feuerpatsche / fire swatter (used in 

fire fighting). 
Feuerpause / cessation of fire 
■ (Arty). 

"Feuerpause!" "Cease firing!" 
Feuerplan m plan of fire (Tac). 
Feuerplattform / gun platform. 
Feuerregelung / fire control, conduct 
of fire. 

Feuerriegel m box barrage. 
Feuersaule / column of flames. 
Feuerschiff n lightship. 
Feuerschlag m sudden concentration 
(Arty). 

Feuerschutz m covering fire, protec- 
tive fire; fire support, coverage by 
supporting fire; artillery protection. 

Feuerschiitze m aerial gunner. 

Feuerschutzpolizei / fire protection 
police. 

feuersicher fireproof. 

Feuersignal n fire call. 

Feuersperre / barrage. 

Feuerspritze / fire engine. 

Feuerspucker m Spitfire (slang). 

Feuerstarke / density of fire. 

Feuersteigerung / increased rate of 
fire, intensification of fire. 



Feuerstellung 



56 



Flachtrudeln 



Feuerstellung / firing position, field 
emplacement, gun position, 
in Feuerstellung in abatage, in fir- 
ing position. 

verdeckte Feuerstellung position 

defilade. 
FeuerstoB m burst (MG). 
Feuerstrahl m jet of liquid fire; gun 

flash. 

Feuertaufe / baptism of fire. 

Feueriiberfall m sudden concentra- 
tion (Arty); surprise fire (Arty, 
MG). 

Feueriiberlegenheit / fire superior- 
ity. 

Feuer und Bewegung fire and move- 
ment, fire and maneuver. 

Feuerunterstiitzung / fire support. 

Feuervereinigung / concentration of 
fire (Arty). 

Feuervereinigungswinkel m deflec- 
tion difference (Btry firing). 

Feuerverlegen n shift of fire 

(Arty). 

Feuer verlegen to shift fire. 

Feuerverteilung / fire distribution 
(Arty, MG). 

Feuerverteilungswinkel m diver- 
gence difference (Btry firing). 

Feuervorbereitung / fire preparation 
(Tac). 

Feuervorhang m fire curtain, curtain 
of fire. 

Feuer vorverlegen to lift fire, to ad- 
vance fire (Arty). 

Feuerwaffe / firearm. 

Feuerwalze / rolling barrage. 

Feuerwand / fire curtain, curtain of 
fire. 

Feuerwehr / fire department. 
Feuerwerker m technical sergeant 
(Ord). 

Feuerwerkskorper m pyrotechnic 
composition (Am). 

Feuerwirkung / effect of fire (Gun- 
nery). 

Feuerzeug n cigarette lighter. 
Feuerzone / zone of fire. 
Feuerzucht / fire discipline. 
F-Haube / cowling (Ap). 
Fieber n fever. 

Fieseler-Storch m a German liaison 
airplane. 

Filmkammer / roll-film camera. 

Filmkassette / film cartridge, film- 
pack adapter (Photo). 

Filmstreifen m film strip. 



Filmvorfiihrapparat m motion-pic- 
ture projector. 

Filterbiichse / gas mask canister. 

Filtereinsatz m filter element (gas 
mask). 

Filtergehause n filter container (gas 
mask). 

Filterkolonne / water purification 
column. 

Filterwechsel m filter replacement 
( gas mask). 

Filz m felt. 

Filzstiefel m felt boot. 

Fingerabdruck m fingerprint. 

Finnenzelt n plywood shelter (win- 
ter operations). 

Finsternis / darkness. 

Firnis m varnish. 

Fischgratenhindernis n fishbone ob- 
stacle pattern. 

Fla / antiaircraft defense (original- 
ly abbr. of Flugabwehr; now used 
as independent word). Compare 
Flak. 

Flabataillon n antiaircraft bat- 
talion, 
flach flat. 

Flachbahngeschiitz n flat-trajectory 
gun. 

Flachbettfelge / flat-base rim (MT). 
Flache / wing (Ap); surface, area, 
flache Boschung gentle slope. 
Flachenausgleich m aerodynamic 

balance (Ap). 
Flachenbelastung / wing loading. 
Flachenbrand ra area conflagration 

(Bombing). 
Flachendrahthindernis n multiple- - 

belt entanglement. 
Flachenfeuer n area fire, zone fire. 
Flacheninhalt m area. 
Flachenmefiplan m plotting board 

(FR). 

Flachenschieflen n area fire, zone 
fire. 

flachentreue Projektion equal area 

proj ection ( mapping ) . 
FlSchenziel n area target. 
Flachfeuer n flat fire, flat trajectory 

fire. 

Flachfeuergeschiitz n flat-trajectory 
gun. 

FlachkeilverschluB m sliding square- 
wedge breechblock (G). 
Flachlasche / butt strap. 
Flachmeifiel ra flat chisel. 
Flachtrudeln n flat spin (Avn). 



Flachzange 



57 



Flankenbewegung 



Flachzange / flat- jawed pliers. 

Flackertaste / flicker-signal calling 
key (Tp). 

Fladdermine / land mine. 

Fla-Einheit / antiaircraft machine- 
gun unit. 

Flagge / flag. 

Flaggentruppen fpl units repre- 
sented by flags (in maneuvers) . 

Flaggentuch n bunting. 

Flaggoffizier m flag officer (Nav). 

Flaggschiff n flagship. 

Flak / antiaircraft gun, antiaircraft 
artillery (originally abbr. of Flug- 

• abwehrkanone ; now used as inde- 
pendent word). Compare Fla. 

Flakabteilung / antiaircraft artil- 
lery battalion. 

Flakabwehr / antiaircraft defense. 

Flakalarm m air warning for anti- 
aircraft artillery units. 

Flakartillerie / antiaircraft artil- 
lery. 

Flakbatterie / antiaircraft battery.- 
Flakbedienung / antiaircraft gun 
crew. 

Flakbrigade / antiaircraft brigade 
(sometimes known as Flakdivision). 

Flakdivision / antiaircraft artillery 
"division" (contains two to five 
Flakregimenter). See also Flak- 
brigade. 

Flakfeuer n antiaircraft fire. 

Flakgeschiitz n antiaircraft gun. 

Flakgranate / antiaircraft shell. 

Flakgruppe / antiaircraft artillery 
group (for the defense of an air dis- 
trict). 

Flakgiirtel m cordon of antiaircraft 
fire. 

Flakhelferin / antiaircraft artillery 
woman auxiliary. 

Flak-Kampfgruppe / antiaircraft 
combat group. 

Flakkommandeur m antiaircraft ar- 
tillery commander. 
Hoherer Flakkommandeur antiair- 
craft artillery commander of a 
Luftgau. 

Flakkommandogerat n antiaircraft 
director. 

Flakkorps n antiaircraft artillery 
corps (contains from two to four 
Flakdivisionen or two to three Flak- 
brigaden). 

Flakkreuzer m antiaircraft cruiser. 



Flakmaschinengewehr n antiaircraft 
machine gun. 

FlakmeBgerat n plane spotter and 
range finder (AAA). 

Flakmunition / ammunition for anti- 
aircraft weapons. 

Fla-Kompanie / antiaircraft com- 
pany. 

Flakregiment n antiaircraft regi- 
ment. 

Flakscheinwerfer m antiaircraft 
searchlight. 

FlakschieBen n antiaircraft fire. 

FlakschieRlehre / theory of antiair- 
craft fire. 

Flakschutz m antiaircraft-artillery 
protection. 

Flaksperre / antiaircraft barrage, 
curtain of antiaircraft fire. 

Flakstellung / antiaircraft gun em-, 
placement. 

Flaksturmabzeichen n antiaircraft- 
artillery assault badge (decoration). 

Flaktreffer m hit by antiaircraft 
fire, antiaircraft hit. 

Flaktruppe / antiaircraft artillery 
(as a branch of the Army). 

Flakuntergruppe / subdivision of a 
Flakgruppe. 

Flakvierling m four-barreled anti- 
aircraft gun. 

Flakvisier n antiaircraft gun ^ight. 

Fla-Maschinengewehr n antiaircraft 
machine gun. 

Fla-Maschinenkanone / automatic 
antiaircraft gun. 

Flammendampfer m flash hider 

(Ord). 

Flammenverzehrer m flame dampen- 
er exhaust stack (Ap). 

Flamm(en)ol n flame thrower fuel. 

Flammenstrahl m jet of liquid fire. 

Flammenwerfer m flame thrower. 

Fiammenwerfer-Fiillwagen m re- 
charging trailer for flame throwers. 

Flammenwerferpanzerwagen m 
flame-throwing tank. 

Flammenwerferschutzanzug m 
flame-thrower operator's protective 
clothing. 

Flandernzaun m double-apron en- 
tanglement, double-apron fence. 

Flanke / flank. 

Flankenangriff m flank attack. 

Flankenbewegung f flanking move- 
ment. 



Flankeneinbruch 



5. 



■8 



Fliegertauglichkeit 



Flankeneinbruch m flanking penetra- 
tion. 

Flankenfeuer n flanking fire, enfi- 
lade fire. 

Flankenmarsch m flanking march. 

Flankenschutz m flank protection. 

Flankensicherung / flank security. 

Flankenstellung / flanking position. 

flankieren to flank, outflank. 

Flankierungsdurchbruch m flanking 
break-through. 

Flansch m flange. 

Flaschenhals m bottleneck. 

Flaschenzug m block and tackle. 

Flata m flame-thrower tank (prob- 
ably abbr. of Flammenwerfertank). 

Flattermine / See Fladdermine. 

Flattern n shimmying (MT). 

Fla-Waffe / antiaircraft weapon. 

Flechtwerk n brush work, brushwood 
revetment. 

Fleckfleber n typhus. 

Fleischbeschau m meat inspection. 

Fleischer m butcher. 

Fleischhackmaschine / meat grinder. 

Fleischkonserve / canned meat. 

Flettner-Seitenruder n servo rudder 
(Ap). 

fliegen to fly. 

fliegendes Personal flying personnel. 
Flieger m private (Luftwaffe) ; pilot, 

flier; airplane (as seen from 

ground). 

Fliegeralarm m air alert warning, 
air raid warning. 

Fliegerabwehr / antiaircraft de- 

fense. 

Fliegerabzeichen n aviation badge. 
Fliegerangriff m air attack, air raid. 
Fliegerarzt m flight surgeon. 
Fliegerausbildungsregiment n air 

force preflight training regiment. 
Fliegerbenzin n aviation gasoline. 
Fliegerbluse / flight blouse, pilot's 

blouse. 

Fliegerbombe / aircraft bomb. 

Fliegerdeckung / cover from air ob- 
servation or attack. 

Fliegerdivision / airborne division, 
parachute division. 

Fliegerei / aviation. 

Fliegerfilz m grenades ejected from 
airplanes into the path of attacking 
fighters (slang). 

Fliegerformation / formation of air- 
planes. 



Fliegerfiihrer m air force command- 
er ( commander of a Luftflotte or 
of an area of air operations). 

Fliegergasbontbe / chemical bomb 
( Avn). 

Fliegergruppe / group (Avn). 
Fliegerhandkammer / aerial hand 
camera. 

Fliegerhaube / helmet (Avn), 
Fliegerheld m ace. 
Fliegerhilfe / aviation support. 
Fliegerhorizont m artificial horizon. 
Fliegerhorst m airdrome, air base 
airdrome. 

Fliegerhorstkommandant m air base 
commander. 

Fliegerhorstkompanie / airdrome 
protection company. 

Fliegerkammer / aircraft camera, 
aerial camera. 

Fliegerkarte / air map, flight map, 
pilot chart. 

Fliegerkorps n air force corps ( sub- 
ordinate operational command of a 
Luftflotte) . 

Fliegerkrafte fpl air forces. 

Fliegerkraftstoff m aviation fuel. 

Fliegerkrankheit / fliers' sickness 
( complex of disorders affecting fly- 
ing Pers; not to be confused with 
Hohenkrankheit) . 

Fliegerleuchtpistole / aircraft signal 
pistol. 

Fliegermarschbreite / dispersed for- 
mation in width (AA security) . 

Fliegermarschtiefe / dispersed for- 
mation in depth (AA security). 

Fliegermaske / camouflage net (AA 
defense). 

Fliegermiitze / pilot's garrison cap. 
Fliegeroffizier m flying officer. 
Fliegerschule / flying school. 
Fliegerschule fur technische Ausbil- 

dung ground school (Avn). 
Fliegerschulung / pilot training 

( Avn). 

Fliegerschutz m antiaircraft defense. 

Fliegerschutzanzug m flying suit. 

Fliegerschiitze m aerial gunner. 

Fliegerschutzgraben m slit trench 
(AA security). 

Fliegersirene / air raid siren. 

Fliegersoldat m enlisted man (Luft- 
waffe). 

Fliegertatigkeit / air activity. 
Fliegertauglichkeit / fitness for fly- 
ing. 



fliegertechnisches Personal 59 



Flugbetrieb 



fliegertechnisches Personal ground 
crew (Avn). 

Fliegertruppe / flying and mainten- 
ance personnel of the Luftwaffe. 

Fliegertuch n ground panel, marking 
panel. 

Fliegerunterstiitzung / aviation sup- 
port, air support. 

Fliegerverband m formation of air- 
planes, air task force. 

Fliegerverbindungsoffizier m air sup- 
port officer (air force liaison officer 
between Luftwaffe and Army; abbr. 
Flivo). 

Fliegervisier n antiaircraft sight. 

Fliegervisiereinrichtung / antiair- 
craft sight assembly, aircraft gun 
sights. 

Fliegerwaffenpersonal n aircraft 
armament personnel. 

Fliegerwarnung / aircraft warning, 
air raid alarm. 

Fliegerwetter n good flying weather; 
bad flying weather (ironic). 

Fliegerzeugnis n pilot's rating, 

pilot's certificate. 

Fliegerzulage / aviation pay, flight 
pay, flying pay. 

Fliehbacke / centrifugal arming de- 
vice (fuze). 

Fliehbackenfeder / spring of centri- 
fugal arming device (fuze). 

Fliehbolzen m centrifugal bolt 

(fuze). 

fliehen flee, escape. 

Fliehgewicht n flyweight ( engine 
governor). 

Fliehkraftantrieb m centrifugal ac- 
tion (fuze). 

Fliehkraftregler m centrifugal gov- 
ernor (Mtr). 

Fliehkraftziinder m centrifugal 
fuze. 

Fliefirichtung f direction of flow. 
Flinte / shotgun. 

Flivo m See Fliegerverbindungs- 
offizier. 

Flofi n float, raft. 

FloBbrucke / floating bridge. 

Flosse / fin (Ap). 

Flossenstummel m inboard stabiliz- 
ing float (seaplane). 

FloBsack m pneumatic float, pneuma- 
tic ponton, pneumatic boat. 

FloBsacksteg m pneumatic-boat foot- 
bridge. 

Flotille / flotilla. 



Flotte / fleet (Nav). See also Luft- 
flotte. 

Flottenchef m Commander-in-Chief 
of a fleet (Nav). See also Luftflot- 
tenchef. 

Flotteneinheit / naval unit. 

Flottenstiitzpunkt m naval base. 

flottmachen to free (stuck or stalled 
vehicle); to float (a grounded ves- 
sel). 

Flucht f flight, escape. 

fliichten flee, escape. 

ftiichtig hasty (Ft); nonpersistent 
(CWS); .fleeting; volatile. 

fliichtige Feldbefestigung hasty field 
fortification. 

fliichtiger Kampfstoff nonpersistent 
chemical agent. 

FlUchtigkeit / volatility (CWS). 

Fluchtlinie / directional traverse. 

Fliichtling m refugee. 

Fluchtstab m range pole (Surv). 

Fluchtversuch m attempt to escape. 

Flug m flight, flying. See also terms 
under Flieger and Luft. 

Flugabwehr / antiaircraft defense. 

Flugabwehrbezirk m air defense re- 
gion. 

Flugabwehrfiihrer m antiaircraft 

commander. 
Flugabwehrgeschiitz n antiaircraft 

gun. 

Flugabwehrkanone / antiaircraft 
gun (abbr. Flak). 

Flugabwehrmaschinengewehr n anti- 
aircraft machine gun. 

Flugabwehrmaschinenkanone / auto- 
matic antiaircraft gun. 

Flugabwehrmaschinenwaffen fpl 
automatic antiaircraft weapons. 

Fluganwarterkompanie / pool com- 
pany for pilot candidates (waiting 
for assignment to a pilot school). 

Flugbahn / trajectory. 

FIugbahnaufriB m See Flugbahnbild. 

Flugbahnbild n trajectory diagram. 

FlugbahngrundriB m See Flugbahn- 
bild. 

Flugbereich m range, maximum 

range (Ap). 
flugbereit "on the hangar line" 

(after servicing). 
Flugbereitschaft / ground readiness 

(Avn). 

Flugbesprechung / orders confer- 
ence, "briefing" (Avn). 
Flugbetrieb m airdrome traffic, air- 



Flugbetriebsstoffkolonne 60 



Flugmeldung 



drome activities, routine flying oper- 
ations. 

Flugbetriebsstoffkolonne / aviation 
gasoline, oil and lubricants column. 

Flugblatt n propaganda leaflet. 

Flugboot n flying boat. 

Flugbuch n flight log. 

Flugdauer / endurance, duration of 
flight (Avn). 

Flugdeck n landing deck, flight deck 
(aircraft carrier). 

Flugebene / slant plane determined 
by lines of present and future posi- 
tion (AA gunnery). 

Fliigel m wing (Ap, Tac); fin (Mort 
shell, R grenade, bomb); vane (Cml 
shell, bomb); propeller blade. 

Fliigelangriff m frontal attack direc- 
ted obliquely against one wing. 

Fliigelanordnung / wing setting (Ap). 

Fliigelblech n stabilizing fin (Mort 
Am). 

Fliigeleinstellwinkel m angle of wing 

setting (Ap). 
Fliigeleinteilung / classification of 

wing parts (Ap). 
Flugeleintrittskante / leading edge 

(Ap). 

Fliigelende n wing tip. 

Fliigelgeschutz n outside or end gun 
of a battery. 

Fliigelhaut / wing skin. 

Fliigelholm m wing spar. 

Fliigelinhalt m wing area. 

Fliigelkanone / wing-mounted can- 
non. 

Flugelkolben m pump vane. 

flugellastig wingheavy. 

Fliigelleuchtpatrone / wing-tip flare. 

Fliigelmann m flank man (drill). 

Fliigelmann am Drehpunkt fixed 
pivot, pivot man (drill). 

Flugel-Mittelstuck n wing center sec- 
tion (Ap). 

Fliigelmutter / wing nut. 

Fliigelnase / leading edge (Ap). 

Fliigelprofil n wing profile. 

Fliigelrippe / wing rib. 

Fliigelschaft m fin shaft (Mort shell). 

Fliigelschiene / wing rail (RR). 

Fliigelschnitt m wing section (Ap). 

Fliigelschraube / thumbscrew. 

Fliigelsehne / wing chord. 

Fliigelsignal n wing signal. 

Fliigelspannweite / wing span. 

Fliigelspitzenkurve / ninety-degree 

. turn (Avn). 



Fliigelstiel m interplane strut. 
Flugelstrebe / wing strut. 
Fliigelstreckung / aspect ratio. 
Fliigeltiefe / depth of wing profile. 
Fliigelverspannung / wing bracing. 
Fliigelverstrebung / wing strut sys- 
tem. 

Fliigelvorderkante / leading edge. 

fliigelweise in width, in line. 

fliigelweise Aufstellung disposition 
in width (Tac). 

Fliigelwurzel / wing root (Ap) 

Fliigelzelle / cell, cellule (Ap). 

Flugfigur / flight maneuver. 

Flugform / flight formation. 

Fluggast m airplane passenger. 

Fluggeriit n aircraft instruments. 

Fluggeschwindigkeit / flying speed. 

Fluggewicht. n gross weight (Ap). 

Flughafen m airport, airdrome. 

Flughafenbautrupp m airdrome con- 
struction detachment. 

Flughafengrenze / airdrome bound- 
ary. 

Flughbhe / altitude (Avn); ordin- 
ate of trajectory, vertical height 
(Ballistics). 

hochste Flughiihe absolute ceiling 
(Avn). 

Flughohe iiber dem Erdboden abso- 
lute altitude (Avn). 

flugklar airworthy, capable of flying; 
cleared for take-off. 

Fluglage / attitude, attitude of flight 
(Avn). 

Fluglehre / theory of flight. 
Fluglehrer m flight instructor. 
Flugleistung / flight performance 
(Ap). 

Fluglinie / flight line. 
Flugmeldedienst m aircraft warning 
service. 

Flugmeldekommando n information 

center (AWS, Z of I). 
Flugmeldenetz n aircraft warning 

net. 

Flugmeldeposten m antiaircraft 
lookout, air guard observer (AWS). 

Flugmelderose / orientation card 
(AWS); orientation clock (to indi- 
cate target's direction of approach) 
(AAA). 

Flugmeldezentrale / information 

center (AWS, T of Opns). 
Flugmeldung / flight report (Avn); 

report of approaching aircraft 

(AWS). 



Flugmotor 



61 



Flugzeugortung 



Flugmotor m aircraft engine. 
Flugneigungswinkel m angle of dive 

(AA gunnery). 
Flugordnung / flight formation. 
Flugpeildienst m airways navigation 

service. 

Flugplatz m airfield, airdrome. 

Flugplatzanlagen fpl airdrome in- 
stallations. 

Flugplatzbefeuerung / airdrome 
lighting. 

Flugplatzfeld n landing field. 

Flugplatzzone / " control zone 

(Adrm). 

Flugrichtung / direction of flight, 

course (Avn). 
Flugrichtungspfeil m path-of-flight 

pointer (reflector sight). 
Flugschiiler m pilot trainee. 
Flugsicherheit f flying safety (Avn). 
Flugsicherung / air-traffic safety 

control. 

Flugsicherungsbereich m air-traffic 
control area. 

Flugsicherungsdienst m air-traffic 
control service. 

Flugsicherungshauptstelle / air- 
traffic control station. 

Flugsicherungsschiff n air-traffic 
safety ship (vessel employed as 
radio aid for air navigation and in 
aircraft rescue service). 

Flugstrecke / airway, flight route, 
flight line, leg of a flight. 

Flugstreckenfeuer n airway beacon, 
course light. 

Flugstreckenkarte / strip map, air 
navigation map. 

Flugstiitzpunkt m air base. 

Flugtagebuch n flight log. 

flugtechnisch pertaining to aeronau- 
tical technology or technique of fly- 
ing. 

Flugtorpedoboot n torpedo-carrying 

flying boat, 
flugtiichtig airworthy, capable of 

flying. 

Flugwache / observation post (AWS, 
Z of I). 

Flugwachkommando n filter center 

(AWS, Z of I). 
Flugweg m airway, course, path of 

flight. 

Flugwegbestimmung / course de- 
termination (Air Navigation). 

Flugweite / range of flight, flying 
distance. 



Flugwesen n aviation. 

Flugwetter n (good) flying weather. 

Flugwetterdienst m aviation weather 

reporting service. 
Flugwetterwarte / aviation weather 

station. 

Flugwinkel m angle of approach 
(AAA). 

Flugwinkel im AbschuBpunkt angle 
of approach at instant of firing. 
(AAA). 

Flugwinkel im Meflpunkt angle of 
approach at instant of range de- 
termination. (AAA). 

Flugwinkel int Treffpunkt angle of 
approach at future position. (AAA). 

Flugwissenschaft / aeronautics. 

Flugzeit / flying time, endurance 
(Ap); time of flight (of projectile). 

Flugzeitkurve / time-of-flight curve 
(imaginary curve indicating different 
points of burst at constant time set- 
ting with varying elevation). 

Flugzeitsekunden fpl time of flight 
in seconds (Ballistics). 

Flugzeug n airplane, aircraft. 

Flugzeugabwehrscheinwerfer in an- 
tiaircraft searchlight. 

Flugzeugachse / axis of an aircraft. 

Flugzeugbaumuster n airplane 
model. 

Flugzeugbein n shock strut (Ap). 

Flugzeugbesatzung / air crew. 

Flugzeugbewaffnung / airplane 
armament. 

Flugzeug-Fliigelkanone / wing- 
mounted cannon (Ap). 

Flugzeugfiihrer m pilot, 
zweiter Flugzeugfiihrer co-pilot. 

Flugzeugfiihrerschein m pilot's certi- 
ficate. 

Flugzeugfiihrerschule / pilot school. 
Flugzeuggerippe n airframe. 
Flugzeuggeschwindigkeitslineal n 

airplane speed slide rule (AAA). 
Flugzeughalle / hangar. 
Flugzeugkanone / aircraft cannon, 

aircraft automatic gun. 
Flugzeugmechaniker m air mechanic. 
Flugzeugmetaller m metalsmith 

(Avn). 

Flugzeug-M.G.-Steuerung / impulse 
generator mechanism (Ap MG). 

Flugzeugmotor m aircraft engine. 

Flugzeugmutterschiff n seaplane 
tender. 

Flugzeugortung / air navigation. 



Flugzeugrumpf 



62 



Freizeichen 



Flugzeugrumpf m fuselage. 

Flugzeugriistpersonal n aircraft 
armorer-artificers. 

Flugzeugschlepp m airplane towing. 

Flugzeugschleuder / catapult (Avn). 

Flugzeugschleudersehiff n seaplane 
tender with catapult facilities. 

Flugzeug-Schwerolmotor m Diesel- 
type aircraft engine. 

Flugzeugsteuerung / airplane con- 
trols, flight control. 

Flugzeugtender m seaplane tender. 

Flugzeugtorpedo n aerial torpedo. 

Flugzeugtrager m aircraft carrier. 

Flugzeugwart m airplane mechanic. 

Flugzeug zu Flugzeug air-air (Sig 
Com). 

Flugziel n air target, air objective. 
FlugzielbeschuR m firing at air 
target. 

Flugzustand m attitude, attitude of 

flight (Avn). 
Fluoreszenzfarbe / luminous paint. 
Flufi m river. 

FluBbreitenmesser m river-width 
measuring instrument. 

FluBerkundung / river reconnais- 
sance. 

Fliissigkeit -/ liquid. 

Fliissigkeitsausgleicher m fluid 
equalizer (recoil mechanism). 

fliissigkeit sgekiihlt liquid-cooled. 

Fliissigkeitsgetriebe n fluid drive 
(MT). 

Fliissigkeitskiihlung / liquid cooling 
(Mtr). 

Fliissigkeitsriicklaufbremse / hy- 
draulic recoil brake (G). 

FliissigkeitsstoBdampfer m hydrau- 
lic shock absorber (MT). 

Fliissigkeitszerstauber m decontam- 
ination sprayer. 

FluBkabel n marine cable, under- 
water cable (Tp). 

FluBpolizei / river police. 

FluBubergang rn river crossing, ford. 

Flutlicht n floodlight. 

Folgeladung / induced-detonation 
charge. 

Folgezeiger m pointer, indicator 
( follow-the-pointer mechanism in 
data transmission system). 

Folgezeigerantrieb m follow-the- 
pointer drive (AAA). 

Folgezeigereinrichtung / follow-the- 
pointer mechanism (AAA). 

Folgezeigerempfanger m fuze indi- 



cator (follow-the-pointer-type fuze 
setter). 

Forderbahn / miners' tramway. 

Formel / formula. 

Formgebung / lofting (Ap). . 

Formular n form, blank. 

Formveranderung / evolution (Tac). 

Formwert m coefficient of form 

(Ballistics). 

Forstamt n forest service office. 

Forsterei / forest service station. 

Fortbewegung / propulsion, move- 
ment. 

Fortbildung / advanced training. 

Fortschritt m effective pitch (pro- 
peller) ; progress. 

Fracht / freight. 

Frachtbrief m bill of lading. 

Frachtdampfer m freighter. 

Frachtenbefbrderung / transporta- 
tion of freight. 

Frachter m freighter. 

Frachtflugzeug n cargo-transport 
plane. 

Fragebogen m questionnaire. 

"fraglich" "doubtful" (uncertain re- 
garding effect of a projectile). 

Friismaschine / milling machine. 

Fregattenkapitan m commander 
(Nav). 

Freibord m freeboard. 

Freigabe / clearance. 

Freihandnivellierinstrument n hand 
level (Surv). 

Freiheitsstrafe / sentence of confine- 
ment. 

Freiherr m baron. 

Freilassung / release (of prisoner). 

Freilassung auf Ehrenwort release 
on parole. 

Freilauf m freewheeling (MT). 

Freileitung / overhead line (Tp). 

Freischarler m guerrilla. 

Freischwimmer m qualified swimmer. 
See also Fahrtenschwimmer. 

Freischwimmertrupp m swimmer de- 
tail (for swimming horses across a 
stream). 

freitragend cantilever. 

Freiiibung / setting-up exercise. 

freiwillig voluntary, volunteer, 
sich freiwillig melden to volunteer, 
enlist, enroll. 

Freiwilliger m volunteer. 

Freiwilligenlegion / legion composed 
of non-German volunteers. 

Freizeichen n dial hum (Tp). 



Fremdpeilung 



63 



Fiihlungnahme 



Fremdpeilung / direction finding by 
means of bearings radioed to the 
aircraft by surface direction-finder 
stations. 

Frequenz / frequency. 

Frequenzangabe / frequency desig- 
nation (Rad). 

Frequenzband n frequency band 

(Rad). 

Frequenzbereich m frequency range 
(Rad). 

Frequenzeinstellung / tuning control 
(Rad). 

Frequenzkorrektur / calibration ad- 
justment (Rad). 

Frequenzmesser m frequency meter 
(Rad). 

Frequenzmodulation / frequency 

modulation (Rad). 
FreBbeutel m feed bag. 
Friede m peace. 
Friedensstarke / peace strength. 
Friedensstarkenachweisung / table 

of organization (peacetime). 
Friedensverhandlungen fpl peace 

negotiations. 
Friedhof m cemetery. 
Front / front (Mil, Met). 

innere Front home front. 
Frontabschnitt m front sector. 
Frontalangriff m frontal attack. 
Frontalfeuer n frontal fire. 
Frontantrieb m front-wheel drive 

(MT). 

Frontbogen m front arc, curved 

front line. 
Frontdienst m service at the front. 
Fronteinsatz m commitment to the 

front, employment at the front. 
Frontensegeln .n frontal soaring 

(glider). 

Frontflugspange / combat aviation 

clasp (decoration). 
Frontflugzeug n combat airplane. 
Frontkampfer m fighter at the 

front; combatant; veteran. 
Frontkampferkreuz n veterans cross 

( decoration awarded to all veterans 

of World War 1). 
Frontingenieur m engineer of the 

Todt Organization (Ft). 
Frontleitstelle / forward directing 

center for personnel in transit. 
Front : MG. n bow machine gun (Tk). 
Frontmitte / center of the front 

(Tac). 

Frontoffizier m line officer. 



Frontpanzer m front armor (Tk). 

Frontsammelstelle / front collecting 
point (for reception of trained re- 
placements and distribution to 
units). 

Frontsoldat m soldier at the front, 
combatant. 

Frontstalag n forward prisoner of 
war camp. See also Stalag. 

Fronturlaub m furlough from the 
combat zone. 

Frontverband m combat element 

(Tac); support force, formation of 
support aircraft (Avn). 

Frontvorsprung m salient (Tac). 

Frontzeitung / army newspaper in 
combat zone. 

Frontzulage / combat pay ( addi- 
tional pay for personnel in the com- 
bat zone). 

Frostgraupeln pi sleet. 

Frostschutzmittel n antifreeze solu- 
tion. 

Frostschutzsalbe / antifrostbite oint- 
ment. 

frostsicher nonfreezable, frost-re- 
sistant. 

Friihzerspringer m premature burst 
(Arty). 

Friihziindung / preignition (Mtr). 
F-Staffel / See Fernaufklarungs- 
staffel. 

F-Stoff m titanium tetrachloride (a 

smoke agent) (CWS). 
F.T.-Anlage / radio installation, 

radio equipment, radio set (Ap). 
F.T.-Gerat n radiotelegraph set, 

radio equipment, radio set (Ap). 
F.T.-Haube / helmet with built-in 
. headset and throat-type microphone. 
F.T.-Verbindung / radiotelegraph 

communication. 
Fuchsloch n niche (Ft) (Note: fox 

hole = Schiltzenloch). 
Fugasse / fougasse. 
Fiihlerlehre / thickness gage. 
Fiihlung / contact (Tac). 
Fuhlung aufnehmen to make contact 

(with friendly or enemy troops). 
FUhlunghalten n contact mission 

(Avn). 

Fiihlunghalter m airplane maintain- 
ing contact with enemy force (Avn, 
Nav). 

Fiihlungnahme / establishment of 
contact (Tac). 



fiihren 



64 



Funkbetrieb 



fiihren to lead, direct, manage; to 
drive; to guide; to pilot. 

Fiihrer m leader; commander, com- 
manding officer; chief; guide; 
driver; pilot. 

Fiihreranwarter m SS officer candi- 
date. 

Fiihrerbesprechung / conference. 

Fiihrer der Luft air liaison officer 
with the Navy. 

Fiihrereigenschaft / quality (-ies) of 
leadership. 

Fiihrerflugzeug n commander's air- 
plane, leading airplane, command 
airplane. 

Fiihrergehilfe m assistant chief of 
staff. 

Fiihrergondel / control car (Ash). 

Fiihrerhauptquartier n Hitler's head- 
quarters in the field. 

Fiihrerkanzel / pilot's cockpit, con- 
trol cabin (Ap). 

FiihrerkompaB m pilot's compass 
(Ap). 

Fiihrerkurs m officer training 

course. 

Fiihrerraum m control cabin, pilot's 
compartment, pilot's cockpit (Ap). 

Fiihrerschaft / leadership; group of 
leaders. 

Fiihrerschein m operator's permit, 
driver's permit (MT). 

Fiihrersitz m cockpit; pilot's seat; 
driver's seat. 

Fiihrerstab m command group. 

Fiihrerstand m control cabin, pilot's 
cockpit, pilot's compartment (Ap); 
tank commander's position. 

Fiihrerziigel in lead rein (harness). 

Fiihrung / command, conduct, lead- 
ership ; command post, headquarters ; 
guide (Mech). 

obere Fiihrung higher command' 
(Div and up). 

untere Fiihrung lower command 

(Regt and down). 
Fuhrungsabteilung / tactical group 

of general staff sections. 
Fiihrungsband n rotating band 

(Am). 

Fiihrungsflache f flank (G barrel). 
Fiihrungshulse / traversing slide 
(MG). 

Fiihrungskante / edge of land (G 
barrel). 

Fiihrungskette / squadron command- 
er's flight, leading flight (Avn). 



Fiihrungsklaue / assembly guide 
claw (G). 

Fiihrungskunst / art of leadership, 
art of command (Tac). 

Fiihrungsleiste / ribbed guide 

(breechblock). 

Fiihrungs-Nachrichtenregiment n 
signal regiment which provides com- 
munication down to Army Hq. 

Fiihrungsring in rotating band 

(Am). 

Fiihrungsrolle / guide roller (Tk). 
Fiihrungsschiene / guide rail ( G 
cradle). 

Fiihrungsstab m operations staff 

(Luftwaffe). 
Fiihrungsstiick n traversing arc 

(MG). 

Fiihrungsvermittlung / command 

telephone central. 
Fiihrungswulst m rear bourrelet 

(Am). 

Fiihrungszeichen n driving signal. 

Fiillansatz in appendix (Bin). 

Fiillelement n desiccated cell, "add- 
water" cell (Elec). 

Fiillfunkspruch m dummy radio mes- 
sage. 

Fiillpulver 02 n TNT. 
Fiillschraube / filler cap (MG). 
Fiilltrichter in filling funnel. 
Fiillung / filler (Am); filling 

(CWS). 
Fiillzapfen m filling plug. 
Fundamentring m base ring (Ord). 
Fiinfer-Schwarmwinkel m wedge 

formation of 5 airplanes. 
Fiinfte Kolonne fifth column. 
Funk m radio. 

Funkabkiirzung / procedure sign, 
code group, prosine, prosig. 

Funkanlage / radio installation. 

Funkaufklarung / radio intelligence. 

Funkauswertekraftwagen m radio- 
intelligence truck. 

Funkbake / radio beacon. 

Funkbefehl in radio command, radio 
order. 

Funkbereitschaft / radio alert. 
Funkbeschickung / radio compass 

calibration (Air Navigation). 
Funkbeschickungskurve / deviation 

curve (Rad). 
Funkbeschrankung / limited radio 

silence. 

Funkbetrieb m radio operations. 



Funkbetriebskraftwagen 65 



Funkiiberwachung 



Funkbetriebskraftwagen m radio 

operations truck. 
Funkbetriebsstelle / radio operations 

station. 

Funkdauerbereitschaft / continuous 

radio alert. 
Funkdienst m radio communication . 

service. 

Funkdoppelverkehr m simultaneous 

two-way radio traffic. 
Funke m spark. 

Funkeinsatz m employment of radio. 
Funkempfang m radio reception. 
Funkempfanger m radio receiver, 
funken to radio, send by radio. 
Funkenbildung / production of 

sparks (Elee). 
Funkenstrecke / spark gap. 
Funkentelegraphie / radioteleg- 

raphy. 

Funkentelephonie / radiotelephony. 
Funkentladung / spark discharge 
(Elec). 

Funkentstorer m static eliminator 
(Rad). 

Funker m radio operator ( with grade 
of private). 

Funkfeuer n radio beacon. 

Funkgefreiter m radio operator 

(with grade of Gefreiter). 

Funkgerat n radio set, radio equip- 
ment. 

Funkgeratkraftwagen m radio truck, 
radio-equipment truck. 

Funkgeratmechaniker m radio re- 
pairman. 

Funkhorchdienst m radio intercept 
service. 

Funkhorchkraftwagen m radio inter- 
cept truck. 

Funkhorchstelle / radio intercept 
station. 

Funkkiste / radio chest, radio case. 
Funkkompanie / radio company. 
Funkkraftwagen m radio car, radio 

truck, radio command truck. 
Funklinie / radio line, two-station 

net. 

Funkmast m antenna mast, mast- 
type antenna. 

Funkmastkraftwagen m radio an- 
tenna truck. 

Funkmeister m technical sergeant 
(Rad). 

Funkmeisterei / signal supply and 

radio maintenance shop. 
Funkmeldung / radio message. 



FunkmeBgerat n radar. 
FunkmeBturm m radar tower, radar 
station. 

Funknachrichten fpl radio messages, 
radio communications. 

Funknavigation / radio navigation 
(Avn). 

Funknetz n radio net. 

Funknetz fur den Verkehr Boden- 
Bord air-ground net (Rad). 

Funkpanzerkampfwagen m radio 
command tank. 

Funkpeiler m radio direction finder. 

Funkpeilgerat n radio direction- 
finding apparatus. 

Funkpeilung / radio direction find- 
ing. 

Funkquerverbindung / intercommun- 
ication channel (Rad). 

Funkrufzeichen n radio call signal. 

Funksender m radio transmitter. 

Funksendung / radio transmission. 

Funksignal n radio signal. 

Funkskizze / radio net diagram. 

Funksprechen n radio voice trans- 
mission, radiotelephone communica- 
tion, voice-radio communication. 

Funksprechgerat n radiotelephone. 

Funkspre'chiibermittlung / voice- 
radio communication. 

Funkspruch m radio message. 

Funkspruchkopf m heading on radio 
message. 

Funkspruchiibersicht / radio signal 
unit journal, number sheet. 

Funkspruchvermittlung / radio-mes- 
sage transmission, radio message re- 
lay (station). 

Funkspruchweg m radio channel, 
auf dem Funkspruchweg by radio, 
via radio. 

Funkstaffel / echelon of radio units; 
radio detachment. 

Funkstelle / radio station. 

Funkstille / radio silence. 

Funkstorung / radio interference, 
radio jamming. 

Funktafel / radio code table. 

Funktasten n keying (Rad). 

Funktauschung / radio deception. 

Funktechnik / radio engineering. 

Funktechniker m radio engineer. 

Funktrupp m radio section. 

Funkturm m radio tower. 

Funkiiberwachung f radio monitor- 
ing. 



Funkiibung 



66 



Gangspill 



Funkiibung / radio-communication 
exercise. 

Funkunteroffizier m radio operator 
(Sgt). 

Funkverbindung / radio communica- 
tion. 

Funkverbot n radio silence. 

Funkverkehr m radio traffic. 

Funkverkehrsabkiirzungen fpl brev- 
ity code, prosigs (Bad). 

Funkverkehrsart / type of radio-net 
traffic. 

Funkverkehrsform / method of radio 

communication. 
Funkwagen m radio car, truck, or 

wagon. 

Funkwart m radio technician. 
Funkwechselsprechen n alternate 

two-way radiophone communication. 
Funkwechselverkehr m alternate 

two-way radio traffic. 
Funkweg m radio channel. 

auf dem Funkweg by radio, via 

radio. 

Funkwelle / radio wave. 
Funkwerkstatt / radio maintenance 
shop. 

Funkwetterwarte / radio weather 
station. 

Funkzucht / radio discipline, 
furagieren to forage. 
Furagierleine / picket line (for 

horse). 

Furche f furrow; scour (river bed); 
groove; white line (hoof). 



Furier m quartermaster sergeant. 
Furnier n veneer. 
Fursorge / welfare. 
Furt / ford. 

Fusilier m private, infantry rifle- 
man. 

FuBbremshebel m brake pedal. 
Fulihebel m pedaTfOrd, MT). 
fufikrarik footsore. 
FuBlappen m foot rag, foot cloth; 

cabbage (slang). 
FuBlatscher m "foot-slogger," infan- 
tryman (slang). 
FuBlatte / sill (Bdg). 
FuBmelder m runner. 
FuBplatte / foot plate, float (AA 

gun outrigger). 
FuBpunkt m nadir point. 
FuBschalter m foot switch' (Elec) ; 

foot starter (MT). 
FuBschaltung / foot shifter (MT). 
FuBschlingenmine / foot snare mine. 
FuBstiitze / footrest. 
FuBteller m float, float plate, jack 

float (A A gun). 
Fuflweg m footpath. 
Futter n forage, fodder; lining 

(Clo); bushing, liner (Tech); chuck 

(of lathe, etc.). 
Futteral n case; scabbard; sheath. 
Futterholz n frame, shim (Engr). 
Futterration / forage ration. 
Futterrohr n removable liner (G). 
Futterstiick n bushing (breechblock). 



G 



Gabel / fork (utensil); bracket 

(Arty). 

eine Gabel bilden to bracket 

(Arty). 

Gabelachse / Elliot-type front axle 
(MT). 

Gabelbildung / bracketing method, 
bracket adjustment (Arty). 

Gabeldeichsel / pair of wagon shafts. 

Gabellafette / gun carriage with 
shafts. 

Gabelmotor m V-engine. 

gabeln to bracket ( Arty) . 

Gabelschiefien n bracket fire. 

Gabelschwanz m twin tail (Ap). 



Gabelstutze / bipod (MG). 
Gabelumschalter m hook switch 

(Tp). 

Gabelung / bracket (Arty). 

Gamaschen fpl leggins, puttees. 

Ganasche / jaw (horse). 

Gang m gear, speed, action, play, 
motion, travel (Mech) ; passage, 
gangway. 

Gangart / gait (horse). 

gangbar passable. 

Gangrolle / pivoted dial (speed- 
ometer). 

Gangschaltung / gearshift (MT). 
Gangspill m capstan. 



Gansemarsch 



67 



Gasraum 



Gansemarsch to Indian file, single 
file. 

"Ganze Abteilung, Kehrt!" "About 
Face!" (to a detail, squad, company, 
etc.). 

Ganzmetallflugzeug n all-metal air- 
plane. 

Garbe / sheaf of fire, cone of disper- 
sion, cone of fire. 
Garnison / garrison ( now Standort) . 
garnisonverwendungsfahig fit for 

limited service (i.e., in a garrison 
post, station or in Com Z) ( abbr. 
g-v.). 

Gasabblaseverfahren n gas-release 
method (CWS). 

Gasabdichtung / gas check (breech- 
block). 

Gasabwehr / gas defense. 
Gasabwehrdienst to chemical defense 
service. 

Gasabwehrmaftnahmen fpl tactical 
protection (CWS). 

Gasabwehrmittel n gas-defense 
equipment. 

Gasabwehrwaffe / gas-defense 
weapon. 

Gasalarm m gas alarm. 

Gasalarmsirene / gas-alarm siren. 

Gasalarmzeichen n gas-alarm signal. 

Gasangriff m gas attack. 

Gasanzeiger m gas detector kit. 

Gasanzug to gas-protection suit. 

Gasaufklarung / gas reconnaissance. 

Gasausbildung / gas-defense instruc- 
tion. 

Gasbehalter m gas container. 
Gasbekleidung / protective clothing 

(CWS). 
Gasbereitschaft / gas alert. 
Gasbeschuft m gas-shell fire (Arty). 
Gasbrand to gas gangrene. 
Gasbrille / gas goggles (CWS). 
Gasbrisanzgranate / high-explosive 

chemical shell, 
gasdicht gasproof, gastight. 
Gasdichte / gas' concentration. 
Gasdichtigkeit / impermeability to 

gas. 

Gasdisziplin / gas discipline. 
Gasdruck to blowback, gas pressure 
(Ord). 

Gasdrucklader to blowback-operated 
weapon. 

Gasdruckmeftgerat n pressure gage 
(Arty). 



Gasdruckpriifung / pressure test 
(Ord). 

Gasdiise / gas-cylinder nozzle. 
Gasentladungsrohre / gas tube 

(Rad). 

Gas-Erdmine / chemical mine, chem- 
ical land mine. 

Gaserkennungsdienst to gas-detect- 
ing service. 

Gasflasche / chemical cylinder, gas 
cylinder. 

Gasfufihebel m accelerator pedal 
(Mtr). 

Gasfulitritt to See Gasfufihebel. 
Gasgenerator to wood-gas generator 
(MT). 

GasgeschoB n chemical projectile, 
gasgeschiitzt gasproofed. 
Gasgewehrgranate / gas rifle gren- 
ade. 

Gasgranate / chemical shell, gas 
shell. 

Gashandgranate / gas hand grenade, 

chemical hand grenade. 
Gashandschuh to gas-protection 

glove. 

Gashandwerfer to chemical mortar. 

Gashebel to throttle lever (Ap); ac- 
celerator (Mtr). 

Gaskampf to chemical warfare. 

Gaskampfgerat n chemical warfare 
equipment. 

Gaskampfmittel npl chemical war- 
fare material. 

Gaskrieg to chemical warfare. 

GaslSufer to antigas runner (roll of 
impregnated paper on which to cross 
contaminated ground). 

Gasleitung / gas line, gas pipe. 

Gasmaske / gas mask. 

Gasmaskenkorper to body of gas 
mask. 

Gasmaskenpriifgerat n gas-mask 
testing apparatus. 

Gasmaskentragbiich.se / gas-mask 
carrier (canister type). 

Gasmaskenzubehor n gas-mask ac- 
cessories. 

Gasmorser to chemical mortar. 

Gasmunition / .chemical munitions. 

Gasoffizier to gas officer, chemical of- 
ficer. 

Gasol n gas oil, Diesel fuel. 
Gasplane / antigas paulin, protective 

awning (CWS). 
Gasraum to gas chamber (Bin, 

CWS). 



Gasraumprobe 



68 



Gebrauchsanweisung 



Gasraumprobe / gas-chamber test 
(CWS). 

Gasraumprufung / See Gasraum- 
probe. 

Gasschiefien n gas-shell fire (Arty). 
Gasschleuse / gas trap, air lock 
(CWS). 

Gasschutz m chemical defense. 
Gasschutzdecke / protective mat 
(CWS). 

Gasschutzfilm m chemical-defense 
training film. 

Gasschutzgerat n gas protective 
equipment. 

Gasschutzgeratepark m chemical de- 
fense equipment park. 

Gasschutzgeratwerkstatt / repair 
shop for gas protective equipment. 

Gasschutzsalbe / protective ointment 
(CWS). 

Gassschutziibungsmittel n- chemical 
defense training agent. 

Gasschutzunteroffizier m gas non- 
commissioned officer. 

Gasschutzvorhang m gas curtain, 
blanket door. 

Gasschutzvorrat m stock of chemical 
defense equipment. 

Gasschutzvorschrift / gas-defense 
regulations. 

Gasschwaden mpl gas fumes (CWS). 

Gasse / gap (in obstacle or mine 
field); alley, street. 

gassicher gasproof. 

Gassperre / gas barrier, contami- 
nated area. 

Gasspiiren n gas detection. 

Gasspurer m gas sentry. 

Gasspiirfahnchen n gassed-area 
marker. 

Gasspiirgerat n gas-detection appa- 
ratus. 

Gasspiirkraftwagen m gas-detection 
car. 

Gasspiirmittel npl gas-detection 
equipment. 

Gasspiirstoff m gas-detection agent. 

Gasspiirtrupp m gas-detection squad. 

Gasstiefel mpl gas-protection boots. 

Gastruppen fpl chemical troops. 

Gasiiberfall m surprise gas attack, 
surprise gas-shell fire. 

Gasumhang m gas-protection cloak. 

Gasvergifteter m gas casualty. 

Gasvergiftung / gas poisoning, con- 
tamination. 

Gasverluste mpl gas casualties. 



Gasvorhang m gas curtain. 
Gaswarnung / gas warning. 
Gaswerfen n chemical-projector 
fire. 

Gaswerfer m chemical projector. 

Gaswolke / gas cloud. 

Gaszelle / cell, cellule (Ash). 

Gaszucht / gas discipline. 

Gaze / gauze. 

geballt concentrated. 

geballte Ladung concentrated charge 
(consisting of several explosive 
blocks tied together). 

geben to give; transmit (Rad, Tg). 

Geber m sender, transmitter; data 
transmitter ( data transmission sys- 
tem) ; azimuth and elevation indi- 
cator (AA director). 

Gebiet n region; territory; zone. 

Gebirgsartillerie / mountain artil- 
lery, pack artillery. 

Gebirgsfahrkolonne / mountain sup- 
ply column (H-Dr). 

Gebirgsgeschiitz n mountain gun, 
pack gun. 

Gebirgshang m mountainside. 

Gebirgskanone / mountain gun. 

Gebirgsinfanteriegeschiitz n moun- 
tain infantry howitzer. 

Gebirgsjager m mountain infantry- . 
man. 

Gebirgsjager-Bataillon n mountain 
infantry battalion. 

Gebirgsjager-Regiment n mountain 
infantry regiment. 

Gebirgskampf m mountain combat. 

Gebirgskorps n mountain corps. 

Gebirgskorpskommando n mountain 
corps headquarters. 

Gebirgskrieg m mountain warfare. 

Gebirgsmiitze / mountain cap. 

GebirgspaB m mountain pass. 

Gebirgs-Pionier-Regiment n moun- 
tain engineer regiment. 

Gebirgstragerkompanie / mountain 
carrier company (on foot). 

Gebirgstruppen fpl 'mountain troops. 

Gebifi n bit (harness). . 

Geblase n blower, supercharger; 
ventilator. 

Geblasemotor m supercharged en- 
gine. 

Geblasewind m airflow. 
Gebrauch m use, custom. 
Gebrauchsanweisung / instructions 
for use, operating instructions. 



Gebrauchsflugzeug 



69 



gefechtsmafiig 



Gebrauchsflugzeug n general-pur- 
pose airplane. 

Gebrauchsladung / normal charge. 

Gebrauchsstufe f the sum of all in- 
terior ballistic factors. See also 
Grundstufe. 

Gebiihr / charge, rate, allowance, fee. 

Gebiihrnisse fpl allowances, rates. 

Geburtsjahrgang m age class. 

Geburtsurkunde / birth certificate. 

gedampft damped (Elec, Mech). 

gedeckt covered, concealed, defiladed, 
masked, sheltered. 

gedeckte Bahn shooting gallery. 

gedeckte Batterie masked battery. 

gedeckter Raum dead space, safety 
zone. 

gedeckte Stellung cover position. 

geeicht calibrated. 

geerdet grounded (Elec). 

Gefahr / danger. 

gefahrden endanger. 

gefahrlich dangerous. 

Gefahrpunkt m critical point (Tac). 

Gefalle n gradient (Met, Top). 

Gefallemesser m clinometer (Engr). 

gefallen fallen, dead, killed. 

im Felde gefallen killed in action. 
Gefangenenabschub m evacuation of 

prisoners. 

Gefangenenaussage / prisoner's 

statement. 
Gefangenenaustausch m exchange of 

prisoners. 
Gefangenenbewachungskommando n 

prisoner guard detachment. 
Gefangenenlager n prisoner-of-war 

camp. 

Gefangenensammelkommando' n 
prisoner-collecting detachment. 

Gefangenensammelstelle / prisoner 
collecting point. 

Gefangenenverhor n See Gefange- 
nenvernehmung. 

Gefangenenvernehmung / interroga- 
tion of prisoners. 

Gefangener m prisoner. 

Gefangennahme / capture. 

Gefangnis n prison. 

Gefangnisstrafe / sentence of con- 
finement to a prison. 

Gefecht n action, battle, combat, en- 
gagement, fight. See also terms un- 
der Kampf, Krieg. 

Gefechte unter besonderen Verhalt- 
nissen special operations. 



Gefecht im Gebirge mountain com- 
bat. 

Gefechtsabschnitt m combat sector, 
zone of action. 

Gefechtsaufgabe / combat task. 

Gefechtsaufklarung / battle recon- 
naissance, combat reconnaissance. 

Gefechtsauftrag m combat mission. 

Gefechtsausbildung / combat prac- 
tice, tactical training. 

Gefechtsbatterie / firing battery. 

Gefechtsbefehl m combat order. 

Gefechtsbefehlsstelle / command 
post. 

Gefechtsbereich m zone of action. 
Gefechtsbereitschaft / readiness for 
action. 

Gefechtsbericht m combat report. 

Gefechtsberiihrung / contact with 
the enemy. 

Gefechtsbreite / combat frontage. 

Gefechtseinheit / combat unit. 

Gefechtseinsatz m employment . in 
action, commitment to action. 

Gefechtsentwicklung / deployment 
for action (Tac). 

Gefechtsfahrzeug n combat vehicle. 

Gefechtsform / combat formation. 

Gefechtsgebiet n combat zone. 

Gefechtsgliederung / tactical group- 
ing. 

Gefechtsgruppe / combat unit; ar- 
mored support unit. 

Gefechtshandlung / operation, ac- 
tion, engagement, battle. 

Gefechtskarren m ammunition and 
weapons cart (H-Dr). 

Gefechtskarte f battle map. 

Gefechtskasten m medical supplies 
and equipment chest. 

gefechtsklar cleared for action 
(Nav). 

Gefechtskompanie / assault company 
(Prcht troops). 

Gefechtskopf m warhead (torpedo). 

Gefechtskraftwagen m combat car. 

Gefechtslage / combat situation. 

Gefechtslandeplatz m advance (d) 
landing field. 

Gefechtslarm m noise of battle. 

Gefechtslehre / tactics. 

Gefechtslinie / line of battle. 

Gefechtsluftaufklarung / combat air 
reconnaissance. 

gefechtsmaftig similar to actual com- 
bat or conditions in the field. 



gefechtsmafiiges SchieBen 



70 



Gegenstofi 



gefechtsmafiiges SchieBen combat 
practice firing. 

Gefechtsmeldung / combat message, 
combat report. 

Gefechtspause / lull in combat. 

Gefechtsraum m zone of action, com- 
bat area (Tac) ; fighting compart- 
ment, turret basket (Tk). 

Gefechtsscheibe / field target, aim- 
ing silhouette. 

Gefechtsschiefien n advanced combat 
practice firing. 

GefechtsschieBstand m field firing 
range (R). 

Gefechtsschlitten m combat sled. 

Gefechtsschreiber m clerk at a com- 
mand post. 

Gefechtsspahtrupp m combat patrol. 

Gefechtsstab m command group; 
tactical operations staff. 

Gefechtsstaffel / combat-train eche- 
lon. 

Gefechtsstand m command post (in 
combat); headquarters (Avn) ; gun 
position, gunner's station (Ap). 

Gefechtsstellung / action station. 

Gefechtsstreifen m combat sector, 
zone of action. 

Gefechtstatigkeit / combat activity. 

GefechtstroB m combat train; main- 
tenance section (Btry). 

Gefechtsiibung / combat practice. 

Gefechtsverlauf m progress of action 
(Tac). 

Gefechtsverwendung / employment 

in combat. 
Gefechtsvorposten m combat outpost. 
Gefechtswagen m ammunition and 

weapons wagon. 
Gefechtszeitangabe / chronology of 

battle. 

Gefechtszweck m objective of com- 
bat, purpose of an action. 

Gefecht um Engen combat at defiles. 

Gefolgschaft / collective term for 
subordinate officers and/or enlisted 
personnel. 

Gefreitenarmwinkel m acting cor- 
poral's chevron. 

Gefreitenwinkel m See Gefreiten- 
armwinkel. 

Gefreiter m acting corporal (grade 
between Pvt lcl and Cpl, strictly not 
NCO in Ger definition of term; 
translated as acting Cpl, lance Cpl, 
etc.). 

Gefrierschutz m antifreeze (MT). 



Gefrierschutzmittel n antifreeze so- 
lution (MT). 

Gegenangriff m counterattack (Tac). 

Gegenaufklarung / counterrecon- 
naissance. 

Gegenbefehl m counterorder. 
einen Gegenbefehl geben to coun- 
termand. 

Gegenboschung / counterslope. 

Gegend /' region, vicinity, neighbor- 
hood. 

Gegenfeuer n counterfire, retaliation 
fire. 

Gegenfunkstelle / called station 
(Bad). 

Gegengewicht n counterpoise (Rad) ; 

counterweight, counterbalance. 
Gegenhang m counterslope. 
Gegenkolbenmotor m opposed-piston 

engine. 

Gegenlaufgraben m counterapproach 
trench. 

gegenlaufige Luftschrauben contra- 
rotating propellers. 

Gegenlicht n "counter-light" (sun- 
light against the attacker, defender 
or observer). 

Gegenlosung / countersign. 

Gegenmarsch m countermarch. 

Gegenmafinahme / countermeasure. 

Gegenmine / countermine. 

Gegenmutter / lock nut. 

Gegenoffensive / counteroffensive. 

Gegenpropaganda / counterpropa- 
ganda. 

Gegenseil n stagger wire (biplane). 
gegenseitig two-way, mutual, recip- 
rocal. 

gegenseitige Sprechverbindung two- 
way telephone circuit. 

Gegensignal n answer signal. 

Gegensinn m counterclockwise direc- 
tion, opposite direction, 
im Gegensinn zum Uhrzeiger coun- 
terclockwise. 

Gegenspionage / counterespionage. 

Gegensprechen n duplex operation, 
two-way break-in communication 
(Rad); duplexing (Tp). 

Gegenstand m item, object, article. 

Gegenstelle / called station (Rad). 

Gegensteuern n trimming (with one 
or more engines inoperative) (Avn). 

Gegenstollen m countermine. 

GegenstoB m counterthrust, counter- 
attack (Tac). 



Gegentakt-Verstarker 



71 



Gelanderaum 



Gegentakt-Verstarker m push-pull 
amplifier (Rad). 

Gegenvorbereitungsfeuer n counter- 
preparation, counterpreparation fire. 

Gegenwehr / resistance (TacJ. 

Gegenwind m head wind. 

Gegenzeiger m pointer, indicator 
(follotv-the-pointer mechanism). 

Gegenzeigersinn m counterclockwise 
direction. 

Gegner m opponent. 

Gegnerpfeil m path-of-flight pointer 
(reflector sight). 

Gegnerpunkt m future position at 
moment of burst (AAA). 

gegossen cast (metals, armor, etc.). 

gegurtet belted (Am, etc.). 

Gehalt m concentration ( CWS) ; con- 
tent, volume. 

Gehause n case, casing, housing. 

geheim secret, confidential. 

Geheime Feldpolizei secret field po- 
lice ( special MP units attached to 
armies and Mil Adm of occupied 
countries; abbr. G.F.P.). 

geheimer Gegenstand classified mili- 
tary item, secret item. 

Geheime Staatspolizei secret state 
police (political police; abbr. Ge- 
stapo). 

Geheimhaltung / secrecy. 

Geheimnis n secret. 

Geheimschrift / cryptography. 

Geheimschriftanalyse / cryptanaly- 
sis. 

Geheimtext m cipher text. 

Geheimwort n cipher key. 

Gehilfe m aid, assistant. 

Gehilfe des Richtschiitzen assistant 

gunner (MG squad). 
Gehirnerschiitterung / concussion of 

the brain, 
gehoben raised, lifted, elevated; 

higher grade (of Wehrmachtbeam- 

ter). 

Gehorsam m obedience. 
Gehorsamsverweigerung / insubor- 
dination. 
Geisel / hostage. 

geladen loaded, armed, charged, acti- 
vated. 

geladener Draht live wire. 

Gelande n terrain, ground, country. 

Geliindeabschnitt m terrain sector, 

terrain compartment. 
Gelandeanpassung / adaptation to 



the terrain, blending with the ground 
( Cam). 

Gelandeaufnahme / terrain photo- 
survey. 

Gelandeausbildung / field training. 
Geliindeausnutzung / utilization of 
terrain. 

GeHindeaussehnitt m coverage ( aerial 
Photo). 

Gelandebedeckung / mask (Gun- 
nery). 

Gelandebesprechung / tactical ride, 
tactical walk. 

Gelandebeurteilung / terrain appre- 
ciation, estimate of terrain. 

Gelandedarstellung / terrain repre- 
sentation (Surv). 

Gelandeentgiftung / ground decon- 
tamination. 

Gelandeerkundung / terrain recon- 
naissance. 

gelandefahig capable of cross-coun- 
try travel (MT). 

Gelandefahren n cross-country driv- 
ing. 

Gelandefahrzeug n cross-country 
vehicle (MT). 

Gelandegang m auxiliary gear, un- 
derdrive (MT). 

gelandegangig capable of cross- 

country travel, having cross-country 
mobility (MT). 

Gelandegiingigkeit / cross-country 
traveling ability, cross-country mo- 
bility (MT). 

Gelandegegenstand m terrain fea- 
ture, landmark. 

Gelandegestaltung / configuration of 
terrain, terrain features. 

Gelandehindernis n natural obstacle, 
terrain obstacle. 

Gelandekampfstoff m ground-con- 
taminating agent, persistent agent 
(CWS). 

Gelandekette / traction band (MT). 

Gelandekraftfahrzeug n cross-coun- 
try motor vehicle. 

Gelandenachbildung /_ simulation of 
terrain. 

Gelandeneigung / slope. 

Gelandeorientierung / orientation by 
map, 

Gelandepunkt m terrain point, land- 
mark. 

Geliindern railing; handrail (Bdg). 
Gelanderaum m terrain area. 



Gelanderstiitze 



72 Generalquartiermeister 



Gelanderstiitze/ railing post; hand- 
rail post (Bdg). 

Gelandescheibe / landscape target 
(Tng). 

Gelandeschutz m defilade, natural 
protection. 

Gelandeskizze / military sketch. 

Gelandestreifen m terrain sector. 

Gelandeiibung / field exercise. 

Gelandevergiftung / terrain contami- 
nation (CWS). 

Gelandeverhaltnisse npl terrain con- 
ditions. 

Gelandevermessung / terrain survey. 

Gelandeverstiirkung / organization 
of the ground (Tac). 

Gelandewinkel m angle of site ( Gun- 
nery); angle of slope (Top), 
negativer Gelandewinkel angle of 
depression, negative angle of site. 

GelandewinkelJibelle / angle-of-site 
level. 

Gelandewinkelmesser m angle-of-site 

instrument, clinometer. 
GelandewinkelmeBvorrichtung / 

angle-of-site mechanism ( telescopic 

sight). 

Gelatitw a rock-blasting explosive, 
gelb yellow. 

Gelbkreuz n Yellow Cross ( Gar mark- 
ing for vesicants) (CWS). 

GelbkreuzbeschuB m chemical-shell 
fire (vesicant filler). 

Geldabfindung / money allowance, re- 
imbursement, cash settlement. 

Geldstrafe/ fine (Law). 

Geldwert der Verpflegungsersparnisse 
ration savings. 

Gelegenheitsziel n target of oppor- 
tunity. 

Geleisew track (RR). 

Geleit n escort, convoy. 

Geleitmannschaft / escort personnel. 

Geleitschiff n convoy vessel, escort 
vessel. 

Geleitschutz m convoy guard (Nav). 
Geleitzugut convoy (Nav). 
Gelenk n knuckle, joint, flexible 
coupling. 

Gelenkbinden fpl ankle wrap puttees. 
Gelenkbogenbriicke / hinged-arch 
bridge. 

Gelenkgehause it universal-joint 
housing (MT). 

Gelenkstiick n joint piece (MG tri- 
pod). 

Gelenkwelle / flexible drive shaft, 



drive shaft and universal joint, pro- 
peller shaft, 
geloste Flugordnung route formation 
(Avn). 

Gemeinerm private, common soldier 
or sailor (in disuse). 

Gemlschbildung / mixing, mixture 
formation (carburetor). 

gemischt mixed, combined. 

Gemischtbauweise / composite con- 
struction. 

gemischter Verband combined-arms 
unit. 

gemodelte Welle modulated wave, 
genau accurate, exact, precise; tight; 
close; strict. 

genaues EinschieBen precision ad- 
justment fire. 

Gendarm m rural policeman. 

Gendarmerie/ rural police. 

genehmigen authorize, approve. 

General m lieutenant general ; gen- 
eral; general officer (specifically, Lt 
Gen). Compare Generaloberst. 

Generaladmiral m admiral ( com- 
mander of a fleet). 

Generalarzt m brigadier general 
(Med). 

Generalarbeitsfiihrer m brigadier 
general (Reich Labor Service). 

Generalfeldmarschall m Field Mar- 
shal. 

Generalgouvernement n Government 
General (administrative region es- 
tablished in occupied territory; spe- 
cifically, in Central Poland in 1939,). 

Generalinspekteur fur die Panzerwaffe 
Inspector General of Armored Forces. 

Generalintendant m civilian official in 
administrative services ranking as 
brigadier general. 

Generalkommando n corps headquar- 
ters. 

Generalleutnant m major general. 

Generalluftzeugmeister m chief of 
air forces special supply and procure- 
ment service. 

Generalmajor m brigadier general. 

Generaloberst m general (full gen- 
eral). 

Generaloberstabsarzt w surgeon gen- 
eral (lieutenant general). 

Generaloberstabsveterinar m lieuten- 
ant general (Vet). 

Generalquartiermeister m general 
staff officer lb in charge of supply 



Generalstab 



73 Gesamtauswanderungszeit 



and administration at headquarters 

of field forces. 
Generalstab m general staff. 
Generalstab des Heeres General Staff 

of the Army. 
Generalstabsarzt m major general 

(Med). 

Generalstabschef m Chief of Staff. 
Generalstabskarte / strategic map 

(1:100,000). 
Generalstabskorps n General Staff 

Corps. 

Generalstabsoffizier m general staff 
officer. 

Generalstabsveterinar m major gen- 
eral (Vet). 

GeneralveterinSr m brigadier gen- 
eral (Vet). 

Generatoranhanger m wood-gas gen- 
erator trailer (MT); generator 
trailer (Elec). 

Genesung / convalescence. 

Genesungskompanie / convalescent 
company, rehabilitation company. 

Genesungsurlaub m sick leave. 

Genfer Abkommen Geneva Conven- 
tion. 

Genfer Rotes Kreuz Geneva Cross, 
genormt standardized, 
gebffnet open, extended, 
geoffnete Ordnung extended order, 
geographische Breite latitude, 
geographische Karte geographic 
map. 

geographische Koordinaten geo- 
graphic coordinates. 

geographische. Lange longitude. 

Geographisch-Nord to true north. 

GepSck n baggage, impedimenta. 

GepacktroB to baggage train. 

Gepackwagenm baggage car (BR). 

gepanzert armored. 

gepflastert paved. 

gerade straight. 

geradeaus straight ahead. 

Geradeausflug m horizontal flight, 
level flight ( Avn). 

Geradseitfelge / straight-side rim 
(MT). 

Gerat n nonexpendable supplies, 
materiel, ordnance, equipment; in- 
strument; apparatus. 

Geratart / type of equipment. 

Geratausstattung / allotment of 
equipment. 

Geratbrett n instrument panel. 



Geratedurchsicht / inspection of 
equipment or ordnance. 

Gerateeinheit / unit assemblage ( of 
equipment, etc.). 

Gerateentgif tung / decontamination 
of equipment. 

GerStelicht n instrument light. 

Gerateoffizier to ordnance staff offi- 
cer, ordnance officer, property officer. 

Gerateunteroffizier m ordnance ser- 
geant. 

GerSteverwalter to quartermaster 
sergeant. 

Geratewagen to See Geratwagen. 

Geriitinspizient to equipment inspec- 
tor. 

Geratklasse / class of equipment. 

Geratsammelstelle f ordnance collect- 
ing point. 

Geratsatz to unit of equipment. 

Geratstiick n piece of equipment, 
item of equipment. 

Geratwagen to equipment truck, 
equipment wagon. 

Gerausch n noise, sound. 

Gerauschtarnung / "noise camou- 
flage" (any noise-producing means 
intended to deceive enemy as to posi- 
tion of guns, advance of tanks, etc.). 

Gerbersche Anordnung Gerber design 
(a type of cantilever bridge). 

Gerbertrager m cantilever span ( two 
cantilever arms with suspended 
span). 

Gericht n court. 

gerichteter Empfang directional re- 
ception (Rad). 

Gerichtsherr to appointing authority 
(Law). 

Gerippe n skeleton, framework, out- 
line. 

Gerippeabteil n bay (Ap). 

Germanisches SS-Panzerkorps SS ar- 
mored corps composed of non-German 
volunteers from "Germanic" coun- 
tries. 

Geruch to odor. 

geruchlos odorless. 

Geriicht n rumor. 

Gerust n scaffold, frame. 

Gesamtausfall to total loss(es). 

Gesamtauswanderungsstrecke / linear 
travel of target from position at in- 
stant of range determination to 
future position (AA gunnery). 

Gesamtauswanderungszeit / dead time 
plus time of flight (AA gunnery). 



Gesamtbefehl 



74 



Geschiitzstand 



Gesamtbefehl m complete order (Tac). 

Gesamtdruck m total pressure. 

Gesamterhijhung / quadrant elevation 
(Gunnery). 

Gesamtkilometerzahler m total mile- 
age odometer (on speedometer). 

Gesamtkriegfiihrung/ grand strat- 
egy, general conduct of the war. 

Gesamtlage / total situation, over-all 
situation (Tac). 

Gesamtrohrerhohung / total eleva- 
tion (G). 

Gesamtseitenrichtung / total traverse, 
total deflection (G). 

Gesamtvorhaltewinkel m principal 
lateral deflection angle (AA gun- 
nery). 

Gesandtschaft / legation. 
Geschirr n harness; utensils. 
Geschirrtau n trace (harness). 
Geschlechtskrankheit / venereal 
disease. 

geschlossen closed, close; combined; 
compact. 

geschlossene Ordnung close order. 

geschlossener Bau close-order con- 
struction ( method of Tp line construc- 
tion by a single crew). 

geschlossenes Exerzieren close-order 
drill. 

geschliisselt encoded, secret, 
geschliisselter Funkspruch radio code 
message. 

GeschoB n projectile, bullet, shell. 

GeschoBabweichung / deviation, ab- 
solute deviation (Gunnery). 

GeschoBanlage / clearance space 
(R). 

GeschoBaufschlag m impact of pro- 
jectile, point of impact. 

GeschoBbahn / trajectory, ballistic 
curve. 

GeschoBbo f blast effect of antiair- 
craft shell. 

GeschoBboden m base of projectile. 

GeschoBdrall m spin of projectile. 

GeschoBdrehung / See GeschoBdrall. 

GeschoBdurchmesser m diameter of 
projectile. 

GeschoBeinschlag m impact of pro- 
jectile, point of impact. 

GeschoBflugzeit / time of flight of 
projectile. 

GeschoBform / shape of projectile. 

GeschoBfiihrung / seating of projec- 
tile. 



GeschoBgarbe / cone or sheaf of fire, 
cone of dispersion. 

GeschoBgewicht n weight of projec- 
tile. 

GeschoBheber m gun hoist. 
GeschoBhohlung / shell cavity (Am). 
GeschoBhiille / body of projectile 
(Am). 

GeschoBhiilse / cartridge case (Am). 

GeschoBkanal m bullet tube (gren- 
ade launcher). 

GeschoBkappe / cap of projectile. 

GeschoBkern m core of bullet. 

GeschoBknall m report produced by 
shell wave (SR). 

GeschoBkopf m head of projectile. 

GeschoBkran m gun hoist. 

GeschoBmantel m jacket of bullet. 

GeschoBmine / improvised antitank 
mine made of a high-explosive shell. 

GeschoBspitze / ogive of shell. 

GeschoBwagen m ammunition truck. 

GeschoBwirkung / effect of projec- 
tile. 

GeschoB-Zubringewagen m ammuni- 
tion truck (for carrying heavy pro- 
jectile to the piece). 

Geschiitz n gun (Arty piece). See 
Artillerie for classification as light, 
medium and heavy. 

Geschiitzart / type of gun (Arty). 

Geschutzbank / barbette. 

Geschiitzbedienung / gun crew; ser- 
vice of the piece. 

Geschiitzbettung / ground platform 
(RR gun). 

Geschiitzexerzieren n service of the 
piece drill. 

Geschiitzfuhrer m chief of section 
(FA). 

Geschiitzkompanie / howitzer com- 
pany (Inf). 

Geschiitzladung / propelling charge 
( Am). 

Geschiitzmannschaft / gun crew. 
Geschiitznullpunkt m position of gun 

(on firing charts and diagrams). 
Geschiitzort m See Geschiitznullpunkt. 
Geschiitzpark m ordnance park. 
Geschiitzplane / gun cover. 
Geschiitzrohr n gun barrel. 
Geschiitzschlepper m prime mover 

(Arty). 

Geschutzstaffel / gun section. 
Geschiitzstand m gun position, gun 

emplacement, position of the piece 

(Arty). 



Geschutzstellung 



7! 



'5 



Getriebehauptwelle 



Geschiitzstellung/ gun position, gun 
emplacement. 

geschiitzt protected. 

geschiitzter Behiilter self-sealing 
tank (Ap). 

GeschutzverschluB m breech mech- 
anism, breechblock (Ord). 

Geschiitzwagen m gun car (BR). 

geschiitzweises Feuer fire by piece at 
command (Arty). 

Geschiitzwinde / firing jack (G). 

Geschiitzzielfeuer n simulated fire 
representing an enemy gun target 
(Tng). 

Geschiitzzug m howitzer platoon 
(Inf). 

Geschwader n wing ( air force opera- 
tional unit consisting of about 100 
aircraft organized, into from 3 to 5 
Gruppen) ; squadron (Nav). 

Geschwaderflugform / wing flight for- 
mation. 

Geschwaderkeil m wing wedge for- 
mation (Avn). 

Geschwaderkolonne / wing column 
formation (Avn). 

Geschwaderkommodore m wing com- 
mander (Avn). 

geschweiBt welded. 

Geschwindigkeit/ speed, velocity; 
rate ( of fire). 

Geschwindigkeitsdreieck n triangle of 
velocities (Avn). 

Geschwindigkeitsmesser m speedom- 
eter (MT). 

Geschwindigkeitssteigerung / speed 
increase. 

Geschwindigkeitsverlust m loss of 

velocity (Ballistics). 
Geschwindigkeit zur Luft indicated 

airspeed. 

Gesellschaftsanzug m dress uniform 
for social occasions. 

Gesenk n die (for stamping or pun- 
ching). 

Gesetz n law, statute. 

Gesetze und Gebrauche des Land- 
krieges Laws and Customs of War 
on Land (Hague Convention, 1907). 

gesichert safe; secured. 

Gesichtsfeld n field of view (Optics). 

Gespann n team of horses. 

Gesprach n conversation ; telephone 
call. 

GesprachsschluB m completion of 
call (Tp). 



Gesprachsverbindung / call, connec- 
tion (Tp). 

gestaffelt echeloned, staggered. 

Gestalt / form, shape, figure, con- 
figuration. 

Gestalt der Flugbahn curve of the 
trajectory. 

Gestange n bars, poles, rods, linkage. 

Gestapo / See Geheime Staatspolizei. 

gestattet allowed, allowable, granted, 
permitted. 

gestattete Abweichung tolerance 
(Tech). 

Gesteinssprengmittel n rock-blasting 
explosive. 

Gestell n stand; mount; frame; 

block; trestle; carriage; gear. 

Gestellungsbefehl m induction order. 

Gestellungspflicht / obligation to ap- 
pear before draft board. 

gesteuert controlled, steered; syn- 
chronized. 

gesteuertes Maschinengewehr syn- 
chronized machine gun (Ap). 

Gestrauch w underbrush, shrub- 
bery. 

gestreckt elongated, extended; 

stretched; flat. 

gestreckte Flugbahn flat trajectory. 

gestreckte Ladung elongated charge. 
See also Reihenladung. 

gestrichenes Korn medium sight (R 
aiming). 

Gestruppm underbrush, brush. 

Gesuch n petition, request, applica- 
tion. 

Gesundheit / health. 
Gesundheitsappell m physical inspec- 
tion. 

Gesundheitsdienst m Sanitary Corps. 

Gesundheitsoffizier . m health officer. 

Gesundheitszustand m physical con- 
dition. 

Getrank n beverage. 

getrennt separate(d); cut off (Tp). 

getrennte Munition separate-loading 
ammunition. 

getrennter Bau extended-order con- 
struction (method of Tp line con- 
struction by two separate crews). 

Getriebe n gear, transmission (MT). 

Getriebebremse / transmission brake 
(MT). 

Getriebefett n transmission grease 
(MT). 

Getriebehauptwelle / transmission 
main shaft (MT). 



Getriebegehause 



76 



Gipfelentfernung 



Getriebegehause n transmission case 
(MT). 

Getriebewelle / transmission shaft 
(MT). 

Gewahrsam m custody. 

Gewaltmarsch m forced march. 

gewaltsam forceful, in force. 

gewaltsame Erkundung reconnais- 
sance in force. 

Gewehr n rifle. 

"Gewehr, ab!" ^ "Order, arms!" 

"Gewehr abnehmen!" "Unsling, 
arms!" 

Gewehrappell m rifle inspection. 

Gewehrauflage / fire crest (Ft). 

Gewehrfeuer n rifle fire. 

Gewehrf iihrer m machine-gun squad 
leader, gun leader (heavy MG). 

GewehrgeschoB n rifle bullet. 

Gewehrgranate / rifle grenade. 

Gewehrgranatenschiitze m rifle gren- 
adier. 

"Gewehr in die, Hand!" "Take, 
arms!" 

Gewehrkartusche / propelling cart- 
ridge for rifle grenade. 

Gewehrkolben m rifle butt. 

Gewehrkupplungsstiick n barrel-lock- 
ing stud (MG). 

Gewehrmieke / arms rack. 

Gewehrmiicke / See Gewehrmieke. 

Gewehrmunition /' rifle ammuni- 
tion. 

Gewehr-Panzergranate / armor- 
piercing rifle grenade. 

Gewehr-Propagandagranate / rifle 
propaganda grenade (scatters leaf- 
lets). 

Gewehrriemen m rifle sling. 

Gewehrschaft m rifle stock. 

GewehrschieBstand m rifle range. 

GewehrschuB m rifle shot. 

Gewehrschiitze m rifleman. 

Gewehrsprenggranate f high-explo- 
sive rifle grenade. 

Gewehrstock m cleaning rod (B). 

Gewehrstutze / arms rack. 

Gewehrtrager m rifleman; machine- 
gun carrier ( gunner No. 1); cradle 
(on MG sleigh mount or tripod). 

Gewehrtragevorrichtung / rifle scab- 
bard ( Cav). 

"Gewehr, iiber!" "Left shoulder, 
arms!" (with tightened sling ) ; "Sling 
arms!" (with loosened sling). 

Gewehriibung / rifle exercise ( calis- 
thenics). 



"Gewehr umhangen!" "Sling arms!" 

Gewehrzielfeuer n simulated fire rep- 
resenting enemy rifle or MG target 
(Tng). 

Gewehrzubehor n rifle accessories. 

gewerblich industrial. 

Gewicht n weight ; gravity. 

Gewichtsverteilung / weight distri- 
bution, balance. 

Gewinde n thread (Tech). 

Gewindebacken fpl die ( for cutting 
threads). 

Gewindegang m pitch ( of screw 
thread). 

Gewindeschablone / screw pitch gage. 
Gewitter n thunderstorm, 
gewitterdrohend ugly, threatening 

sky (Met). 
Gewitterfiug m frontal soaring 

(glider). 

Gewitterstbrung / atmospherics, 

static (Rad). 
gewohnliches Ferngesprach routine 

call (Tp). 
gewolbt convex, arched, vaulted, 
gewolbte Boschung convex slope. 
Gezeiten pi tide(s). ' x 
Gezeitentaf el / tide table, 
gezogen rifled (barrel); drawn, 

towed. 

gezogene Kurve climbing turn ( Avn). 
gezogenes Geschiitz rifled gun 

(Arty). 

gezogenes Ziel towed target. 
Gieren n yawing; trail-ferrying. 
Gierfahre/ trail ferry. 
Gierungsmesser m yawmeter (Ap). 
Gierwinkel m angle of yaw 

(Avn). 
GieBerei / foundry. 
Gift n poison, 
giftig poisonous, toxic. 
Gif tnebel m toxic smoke (CWS). 
Giftnebelkerze / gas candle, irritant 

gas candle (CWS). 
Giftnebelwolke / gas cloud. 
Giftrauch m irritant smoke 

(CWS). 

Giftrauchkerze / toxic-smoke candle, 

gas candle (CWS). 
Giftregen m aerial gas spray (CWS). 
Giftregenangriff m spray attack 

(CWS). 

Giftstoffm toxic agent (CWS). 
Gipf el m peak, summit. 
Gipfelentfernung / abscissa for max- 
imum ordinate ( of trajectory). 



Gipfelhohe 



77 



GleitstoBel 



Gipfelhohe / maximum ordinate ( of I 
trajectory) ; absolute ceiling (Avn). 

Gipfelhohe mit einem stehenden Motor 
emergency ceiling (Avn). 

Gipfelpunkt w summit (of trajec- 
tory, etc.). 

Gitterw grid (maps, Rad); trellis, 
lattice, grillage. 

Gitterantenne / parasol-type antenna. 

Gitterdrossel / grid resistor (Rad). 

Gittergleichrichter m grid rectifier 
(Rad). 

Gitterkondensator m grid condenser, 
grid capacitor (Rad). 

Gitterkreism grid circuit, grid reso- 
nant circuit (Rad). 

Gitterlinie f grid line. 

Gittermast to trellis mast. 

Gittemetzn coordinate map grid, 
grid system, military grid. 

Gitternetzkarte / gridded map. 

Gitternetzlinie / See Gitterlinie. 

Gitter-Nordw grid north. 

Gitterrichtung / grid base-line direc- 
tion (Gunnery). 

GitterschieBplan m fire-control grid 
(Gunnery). 

Gitterschwanz to open tail (Ap). 

Gitterspannung / grid voltage (Rad). 

Gittervorspannung / bias (Rad). 

Gitterwerte mpl grid coordinates, 
grid numbers (maps). 

Gitterwiderstand m grid resistance 
(Rad). 

Glasw glass; binoculars, field glass, 
glasartig glasslike, 
glasartige Vereisung clear ice, glaze 
(Avn). 

Glasbeobachtung / observation -with 

field glass or telescope. 
GlasgefaB n envelope (of Rad tube). 
GlasmaBstab to glass scale (Optics). 
glatt smooth, smooth-bore, 
glattes Geschiitz smooth-bore gun. 
gleichachsig coaxial, 
gleichbleibend uniform, constant, 
gleichbleibender Drall uniform twist 

(Ord). 

gleichformiger Drall See gleichblei- 
bender Drall. 

Gleichgewicht n balance, equilibrium. 

Gleichlauf m synchronism. 

Gleichlaufende / parallel line. 

Gleichlaufstellung / laying pieces re- 
ciprocally (Btry). 

Gleichlaufverfahren n reciprocal lay- 
ing (Btry). 



Gleichrichter m rectifier (Elec). 
Gleichrichterrohre / rectifier tube. 
Gleichrichtung / rectification (Rad). 
Gleichschritt to cadence; quick time. 
"Im Gleichschritt, marsch!" "For- 
ward, march!" (being at a halt). 
"Im Gleichschritt!" "Quick time, 
march!" (being in march in double 
time). 

gleichstellen synchronize ( watches) ; 

equalize. 
Gleichstromm direct current. 
Gleichung / equation, 
gleichzeitig simultaneous. 
Gleisw rail, track (RR). 
Gleisanlage / railroad yard. 
Gleisbalkenm. stringer (Bdg). 
Gleiskette/ caterpillar track. 
Gleiskettenantrieb m caterpillar drive. 
Gleiskettenf ahrzeug n track-laying 

vehicle. 

Gleiskettenschlepper m caterpillar 
tractor. 

Gleiskettenzugmaschine / caterpillar 

prime mover. 
Gleiskurve/ epi, curved spur track 

(RR gun). 
Gleitbahn/ slide (G cradle). 
Gleitbombe/ glider bomb (Avn). 
gleiten to glide. 
Gleiter m glider. 

Gleitf ahigkeit / gliding ability; slid- 
ing ability. 

Gleitflugra glide, gliding (Avn). 

Gleitflugwinkel to gliding angle 
(Avn). 

Gleitflugzeug n glider. 

Gleithebel to sliding lever (breech- 
block). 

GleithebelverschluB to sliding-lever 
breechblock. 

Gleitkufe/ landing ski (Ap). 

Gleitlager n plain bearing. 

Gleitmittel w lubricant. 

Gleitriegel to sliding bolt (breech- 
block). 

Gleitschiene / guide slide, guide rail 
(G cradle); track (of a catapult). 

Gleitschuh to gun slide. 

GleitschutzTO nonskid tread (MT). 

Gleitschutzkette / skid chain (MT). 

Gleitschutzmittel n nonskid device, 
traction aid (MT). 

Gleitsteinw cam plate (G). 

GleitstoBel m tappet rod (sliding- 
cam type). 



Gleitvorrichtung 



78 



Grenadier 



Gleitvorrichtung/ slide mechanism 
(MG). 

Gleitwand/ slide plate (MG). 

Gleitwinkel m gliding angle (Avn). 

Gliedw rank (in formation) ; limb; 
link; member; unit; penis. 

Gliederung / formation, organiza- 
tion; distribution; classification, ar- 
rangement; composition. 

Gliedersage / chain saw. 

Glimmer m mica. 

Glimmlampe / neon lamp. 

Gliihdraht m See Gliihfadeii. 

Gliihfaden m filament. 

Gliihkathode / hot cathode (Rad). 

Gliihkathodenrohre / vacuum tube, 
incandescent cathode tube (Rad). 

Gliihkerze / glow plug ( Diesel en- 
gine). 

Gliihkopf chen n hot-wire-bridge head 
(Elec igniting device). 

Gliihlampe/ incandescent lamp. 

Gliihrohrziindapparat m hot-tube ig- 
niter. 

Gliihzundapparat m blasting machine, 
exploder (Engr). 

Gliihziinder m electric igniter (blast- 
ing cap). 

Gliihziindstiick n electric detonator, 

electric igniter (Engr). 
Glysantin n an antifreeze solution 

(MT). 

Gnade / quarter, mercy; grace; par- 
don. 

Goerz-Visier n bomb sight manufac- 
tured by Goerz Company. 

Gondel/ gondola, nacelle (Ap). 

Goniometer re goniometer (Surv). 

Goniometrie / goniometry (Surv). 

Graben m trench ; ditch. 

Grabenbagger m trench excavator. 

Grabenbekleidung / trench revet- 
ment. 

Grabendurchfahrt / crossing of 
trenches or ditches (MT). 

Grabenkopf / saphead (Ft). 

Grabenkrieg m trench warfare. 

Grabenprofll n trench profile (Ft); 
ditch profile (Engr). 

Grabenrost m trench boards, board- 
walk. 

Grabensohle / trench bottom. 
Grabenspiegel m trench periscope. 
Grabenstellung / trench position. 
Grabenstufe / firing step. 
Grabenwehr / parapet. 



Graberoffizier m graves registration 
officer. 

Grabkreuz n grave marker. 
Grabtafel / grave marker. 
Gradabteilung / map square. 
Gradabzeichen n See Dienstgradab- • 
zeichen. 

Gradbogenm quadrant, scale (G). 

Gradeinteilung / graduation, scale. 

Gradfeld n map square. 

Gradnetz n map grid. 

Gradzahl / number of degrees, num- 
ber of graduations. 

Granatbuchse / antitank grenade 
rifle. 

Granate / shell (Am). 
Granatfiillung / shell filler (Am). 
Granathiilse / shell case. 
Granatloch n shell hole. 
Granatsignal n projector signal, star 
shell. 

Granatsplitter m shell splinter. 

Granattreffer m hit (shell fire). 

Granattrichter m shell crater. 

Granatwerfer m mortar ( Ord) ; gun- 
ner (Mort squad). 

GranatwerfergeschoB n mortar shell. 

Granatwerfer-Gruppe / mortar sec- 
tion. 

Granatwerfernest n mortar pit. 

Granatwerferstand m mortar em- 
placement. 

Granatwerfertrupp m mortar team. 

Granatwerferzug m mortar platoon. 

graphisch graphic; mapped, surveyed 
or plotted. 

graphischer Punkt topographical 
point ( on map). 

graphische SchuBtafel trajectory 
chart (not to be confused with US 
graphical firing table). 

Graphitschmiermittel n graphite lu- 
bricant. 

Grat m ridge ( especially a sharp, 
rocky ridge); scoring (in bore of 
gun). 

Grate / fishbone. 

Graupelschauer m snow-pellet 
shower, graupel shower (Met). 

Greifer m cleat, grouser (MT, 
Tk). 

Greifervorrichtung / traction device 
(MT). 

Greifzirkel m calipers, dividers. 

Grenadier m private, infantry rifle- 
man (historical term reintroduced). 
See also Panzergrenadier. 



Grenadierbataillon 



79 



Grundschwelle 



Grenadierbataillon n rifle battalion. 
Grenadierkompanie / rifle company. 
Grenadier-Panzerwagen m armored 

personnel carrier (MT). 
Grenadierregiment n rifle regiment, 

infantry regiment. 
Grenzbahnhof m frontier station 

(RR). 

Grenzbezirk m frontier district. 
Grenze / frontier, border; boundary; 
limit. 

Grenzfrequenz / cut-off frequency 
(Rad). 

Grenzgebiet n border area, frontier 
area. 

Grenzlehre / fixed gage, plug or snap 
gage. 

Grenzschicht / boundary layer (fluid 
mechanics) . 

Grenzschraube / setscrew. 

Grenzschutzm frontier guard; fron- 
tier protection. 

Grenzschutzabschnittskommando n 
frontier guard sector command 
(Regtl Hq). 

Grenzschutzunterabschnitt m frontier 
guard sub-sector (Bn Hq). 

Grenziiberschreitung / crossing a 
frontier. 

Grenzwache / frontier sentry, fron- 
tier guard. 

Grenzwacht / frontier guard. 

Grenzwachtdivision / frontier guard 
division. 

Grenzzwischenfall m border incident, 
frontier incident. 

Griff m grip; hold; handle; door- 
knob. 

Griffigkeit / grip, traction ( tires) ; 
traction, ground-gripping ability 
(Mt, Tk). 

Griffplatte/ holding plate (G sight). 
Griffrohrn tubular handle (trail 
spade). 
Griffschale/ stock (pistol). 
Griffstiickn grip (MG); receiver 
(pistol). 

grob approximate, rough, gross, 

coarse; bad, serious (mistake). 

Grobeinstellung / frequency selection 
(Rad); coarse setting (Optics). 

grobes EinschieBen approximate ad- 
justment fire. 

Grobfeile / coarse file. 

Grobsicherung / fuse (Elec). 

Grobstufenschalter m band switch 
(Rad). 



Grof m heavy flame thrower (on 
two-wheel carrier) (abbr. of grosser 
Flammenwerf er ) . 

Grosn main body (Tac). 

GroBadmiral m Admiral of the 
Fleet; Commander-in-Chief (opera- 
tional and/or administrative) (Nav). 

GroBangriff m large-scale attack, 
major attack, major offensive opera- 
tion. 

GroBe / quantity (Math); great- 
ness, magnitude, size. 

GroBeinsatz m major commitment, 
commitment of large forces, employ- 
ment of great numbers (Tac). 

GroBer Bar Big Dipper. 

GroBfertigung / mass production. 

GroBfunkstelle / high-power long- 
distance radio station. 

groBkalibrig large-caliber. 

GroBkampfschiff n capital ship. 

GroBkreis m great circle. 

GroBreihenfertigung / large-scale 
series production. 

GroBtgeschwindigkeit / maximum 
speed. 

GroBvernebelung / extensive smoke 

screen, large-area screening. 
Grube / pit. 

Grundausbildung / basic training. 

Grundbegriffe mpl fundamentals, 
basic concepts. 

Grundbuchse / base bushing ( coun- 
terrecoil mechanism). 

Grundgehalt n base pay. 

Grundgeschiitz n base piece, direct- 
ing gun. 

Grundgeschwindigkeit / ground speed 
(Avn). 

Grundlagen fpl data. 

Grundlinie/ base line. 

Grundmaschinengewehr n base ma- 
chine gun. 

Grundmine / ground mine, controlled 
mine, observation mine (Nav). 

Grundplatte / base plate. 

Grundrichtung / base-line direction 
(Gunnery). 

Grundrichtungslinie / base line ( Gun- 
nery). 

Grundrichtungspunkt m base point 

( Gunnery). 
Grundrichtungswinkel m base angle 

(Gunnery). 
GrundriBskizze / area sketch. 
Grundschwelle/ ground sill (Bdg). 



Grundstellung 



80 



Gyrorektor 



Grundstellung / position of attention, 
position of the soldier (drill). 

Grundstufe / a factor used for cor- 
rection of velocity error (expressed 
in units — Stufeneinheiten — each 
equal to % of 1 % of standard muzzle 
velocity). 

Grundwasser n subsoil water, under- 
ground water. 

Grundzahl / reference-point reading 
(Gunnery). 

Griinkreuz n green cross ( Ger mark- 
ing for lung irritants) (CWS). 

Gruppe/ group, groupment (Tac); 
rifle squad (Inf); section (Cav); 
volley ( Arty) ; group ( air force 
operational unit of 3 Staffeln, about 
27 aircraft). 

Gruppenfeuer n volley fire (Arty). 

Gruppenflugform / group formation 
(Avn). 

Gruppenf iihrer m squad leader ( Inf) ; 
section leader (Cav). See also 
SS-Gruppenf iihrer. 

Gruppenfiihrerabmarsch m section- 
leader half -squad (Cav). 

Gruppengefechtsstand m group com- 
mand post (Avn). 

Gruppengetriebe n auxiliary trans- 
mission (MT). 

Gruppenkeil m group wedge (Avn). 

Gruppenkolonne / group of squadron 
javelins (Avn). 

Gruppenkolonne a us geschlossenen 
Winkeln group column of squadron 
wedges. 

Gruppenkolonne links group of 
squadron javelins echeloned left. 

Gruppenkommandeur m commander 
of a Gruppe (Luftwaffe). 

Gruppenkommando n army group 
headquarters; air force headquar- 
ters of a Gruppe. 

Gruppenschaltung / series-parallel 
connection (Elec). 

GruppenschieBen n volley fire . 
(Arty). 

gruppenweise by squads; by sec- 
tions; by groups. 

Gruppenwinkel m group column of 
squadron V's (Avn). 

Gruppe zu Pferde mounted section 
(Cav). 

GruB m hand salute. 



GruBpflicht / obligation to salute. 

GruBweite / saluting distance. 

Guerillakampfer m guerrilla. 

Guerillakrieg m guerrilla warfare. 

Gulasch n beef stew. 

Gulaschkanone / field kitchen (slang). 

Gummim-M. rubber; gum. 

Gummierung / rubberizing, rubber 
coating; gumming. 

Gummifederung / rubber shock ab- 
sorber. 

Gummigleiskette / rubber track (Tk). 
Gummikabel n rubber-insulated wire 
(Tp). 

Gummikniippel m rubber truncheon, 
rubber club. 

Gummipolster n rubber block ( cater- 
pillar track). 

Gummirad « rubber-tired wheel. 

Gummistoff m rubberized material; 

giinstig favorable. 

Gurtm belt, strap, web (Clo) ; am- 
munition belt, feed belt (MG); chord 
(of a truss). 

Giirtel m belt, strap ; cordon ; zone. 

Giirtelfestung / fortress with an 
outer cordon of smaller forts. 

gurten to load an ammunition belt. 

Gurtforderer m belt conveyor. 

Gurtfiiller m belt-filling machine, 
belt-loading machine, link-loading 
machine. 

Gurfhebelm belt-feed guide (MG). 
Gurtladung / belt feed. 
Gurtschieber m belt-feed pawl (MG). 
Gurtstrippe/ rear cinch (pack- 

saddle). 

Gurttrommel / belt drum (MG). 
Gurtwerk n parachute harness. 
Gurtzuf iihrer m belt feed (MG). 
GuBeisen n cast iron. 
GuBgehause n cast-metal case or 

housing. 
GuBstahl m cast steel. 
Giiterbahnhof m freight station 

(BR). 

Giiterwagenm freight car (RR). 
Giiterzugm freight train (RR). 
Guttaperchapapier n gutta-percha 

paper, waterproof paper. 
G.W.-Stand m See Granatwerfer- 

stand. 

Gyrorektor m gyro flight indicator 
(Ap). 



Haager Abkommen 



81 



"Halt, wer da!" 



H 



Haager Abkommen Hague Conven- 
tion. 

Haarrohrw capillary tube. 

Hacke / hatchet, ax, pickax ; point 
of hock (horse). 

Hackmesser n machete ; meat cleaver. 

Hafen m harbor, port. 

Hafenanlage / port installation. 

Hafenarbeiter m longshoreman. 

Haf enbecken n harbor basin. 

Hafendamm m mole, jetty. 

Hafengebiet n harbor area. 

Hafenoffizier m port officer, port con- 
trol officer. 

Haf enschlepper m harbor tugboat. 

Hafenschutzw harbor defense. 

Hafenschutzboot n harbor defense 
boat. 

Hafeniiberwachung / port control. 

Haft / custody, arrest, detention, 
confinement. 

Haf t-Hohlladung / magnetic anti- 
tank hollow charge. 

Haftlokal n guardhouse, detention 
room. 

Haftpflock m steel picket or stake 
(B*g). 

Haftung / adhesion. 

Haftung am Erdboden stability, low 
center of gravity (of a vehicle). 

Hagelm hail (Met). 

Hahnm hammer (SA); cock; stop- 
cock, faucet. 

Hahnbolzen m trigger pin (MG). 

Hahngewehr n hammer gun ( as dis- 
tinguished from hahnloses Gewehr, 
hammerless gun), 

hahnlos hammerless (Or A). 

Hakenm hook; clasp; clamp; catch. 

Hakenkreuz n swastika. 

Hakenumschalter m hook switch 

(Tp). 

halbautomatisch semiautomatic. 

Halbbildentfernungsmesser m split- 
field coincidence range finder. 

Halbflachbettfelge / semiflat-base rim 
(MT). 

Halbflachfelge / See Halbflachbett- 
felge. 

halbfreitragend semicantilever. 
Halbholz n split post, split log. 
Halbinsel / peninsula. 
Halbkettenantrieb m half-track drive 
(MT). 



Halbkettenfahrzeug n half-track 
vehicle. 

Halbkettenkraftfahrzeug n half-track 
motor vehicle. 

Halbketten-Lastkraftwagen m half- 
track motor truck. 

"Halblinks schwenkt, Marsch!" "Col- 
umn half left, march!" 

Halbmesser m radius. 

"Halbrechts schwenkt, Marsch!" "Col- 
umn half right, march!" 

halbstarr semirigid. 

halbstarres Luftschiff semirigid air- 
ship. 

halbstocks half-mast, half-staff. 

Halbzelt n lean-to tent. 

Halbzugm section (of MG platoon). 

Halbzugfuhrer m section leader (MG 
section). 

Halfter/ halter (harness). 

Halfterkinnkette / halter chain (har- 
ness). 

Halfterriemen m halter strap, halter 

tie (harness). 
Half terstrick m picket line. 
Halftertasche / holster. 
Halle/ hangar; garage; shed; hall. 
Hallenvorplatz m apron (Adrm). 
Halsbinde/ neckband (Clo). 
Halshalfter/ neck halter (harness). 
Halshalfterriemen m neck-halter tie 

(harness). 
Halskerbe/ neck groove (horse). 
Halskoppel/ breast strap (harness). 
Halsriemen m neck strap (harness). 
Halt m halt. 

Halteleinenbund m maneuvering spi- 
der (Bin). 

halten to hold; to carry (AA SL); 
to aim. 

Halteplatzm halt area; stopping 
place; parking place; loading place. 

Haltepunkt m point of aim; stop 
(halting place). 

Halterung/ arms rack, ammunition 
rack. 

Haltestelle / halting place, stop. 
Haltetau n handling line ( Bin) ; guy 
line. 

Haltezeichen n stop signal (MT); 

block signal (BR). 
"Halt, wer da!" "Halt! Who is 

there?" 



Handanlasser 



82 



Hauptgefreiter 



Handanlasser m crank starter, hand 
starter (Mtr). 

Handapparat m handset (Rad, Tp). 

Handbeil n hatchet. 

Handbohrmaschine / hand drill. 

Handbremse/ hand brake, emer- 
gency brake. 

Handdrehmaschine / hand-crank gen- 
erator (Tp). 

Handelsmarine / merchant marine. 

Handelsschiff n merchantman (Nav). 

Handelsschiffsraum m merchant ton- 
nage (Nav). 

Handelssperre / embargo on com- 
merce. 

handelsiiblich commercial. 
Handfaustel n mallet. 
Handfesseln fpl handcuffs, manacles. 
Handfeuerloscher m hand fire extin- 
guisher. 

Handfeuerwaffen fpl small arms. 
Handgeld n See Kapitulantenhand- 
geld. 

Handgemenge n hand-to-hand fight- 
ing. 

Handgranate/ hand grenade. 
Handgranatenwurfstand m grenade 
court. 

Handgriff m grip, handle ; single 

manual operation. 
Handhabungstau n prolonge, drag 

rope (Arty). 
Handkammer / hand camera. 
Handkurbel / hand crank. 
Handleuchtzeichen n ground signal 

flare. 

HandlochJi hand hole (G carriage 
wheel). 

Handluf ter m hand-operated venti- 
lator. 

Handpferd off horse, led horse. 

Handrad n handwheel. 

Handradchen n micrometer-scale 
knob (angle-of-site Instr); small 
handwheel. 

Handrad zur Hohenrichtung elevat- 
ing handwheel (G). 

Handrad zur Seitenrichtung travers- 
ing handwheel (G). 

Handramme/ hand piledriver; maul. 

Handrauchzeichen n hand smoke sig- 
nal. 

Handschellen fpl handcuffs, manacles. 
Handschuh m glove. 
Handschutz m hand guard. 
Handstreich m surprise raid ; coup 
de main. 



Handstreutrommel / hand sprinkler 

(CWS). 
Handstiitze / pistol grip, 
handtatig hand-operated, manually 

operated, manual adj. 
Handwaffe / hand weapon, hand arm. 
Handwagen m handcart. 
Handwerfer m mortar. 
Hang m slope. 

Hangeantenne / trailing wire an- 
tenna (Ap). 

Hangebriicke / suspension bridge. 
| Hangeleine / suspension line (Prcht). 

Hangematte / hammock. 

Hangemine / hanging mine. 

Hangesaule/ king post. 

Hangeventil n inverted valve (Mtr). 

Hangewerkn erect truss (Bdg). 

Hangfaktor m slope factor (influence 
of slope of target surface on longi- 
tudinal dispersion) (Ballistics). 

Hangsegelnw ridge soaring (glider). 

Hangstellung / slope position (Tac). 

Hangwind m anabatic wind. 

Hangwinkel m gradient (Top). 

Hardyscheibe / flexible disk (MT). 

Harke / rake. 

Hartfutter n oats and grain. 
Hartgummi n ebonite. 
Haschee n hash. 

Haube / cap (Am); hood (Mtr); 

spinner (Ap propeller). 
Haubenverkleidung / engine cowling 

(Ap). 

Haubitze / howitzer (light and me- 
dium). , 

Haue / pickax. 

Haufenwolke / cumulus cloud. 

Hauptangriff m main attack, main 
effort. 

HauptanschluB m trunk station 
(Tp). 

Hauptauswanderungsstrecke / linear 
travel of target during time of flight 
(AA gunnery). 

Hauptbeobachtungsstelle / fire direc- 
tion center (Arty). 

Haupteinbruchsstelle / main point of 
penetration (Tac). 

Hauptfeldwebel m first sergeant. 

Hauptfunkstelle / net control station 
(Rad). 

Hauptgefreiter m a grade in the 
Luftwaffe between Obergefreiter 
(Cpl) and Unteroffizier (Sgt); sea- 
man, 1st class (highest rated 1st 



Hauptgestell 



83 Heeresbetriebsstofflager 



class seaman, with 4% years' seni- 
ority). 

Hauptgestell n headstall (harness). 

Hauptgetriebe n main transmission 
gear (MT). 

Hauptkampffeld n main defensive 
area, battle position. 

Hauptkampflinie / main line of re- 
sistance. 

Hauptladung / main charge (blast- 
ing cap). 

Hauptleute pi captains. 

Hauptmacht / main striking force. 

Hauptmann m captain. 

Hauptmasse / main body. 

Hauptquartier n headquarters. 

Hauptreinigung/ complete cleaning 
(R). 

HauptschluBmotor in series motor 
(Elec). 

HauptschluBschaltung / series con- 
nection (Elec). 

Hauptschnittverfahren n main- 
station intersection method (FR). 

Hauptsender m final amplifier, power 
amplifier (Bad). 

Hauptstelle / trunk station (Tp). 

Hauptsturmfiihrer m See SS-Haupt- 
sturmfuhrer. 

Haupttrager m longeron ( Ap) ; main 
beam or girder (Bdg). 

Haupttrupp m advance guard reserve 
(in Adv Gd of large unit); rear 
guard reserve (in rear Gd of large 
unit); advance guard support (in 
Adv Gd of smaller unit) ; rear guard 
support (in rear Gd of smaller unit). 

Hauptuhr / master watch. 

Hauptverbandplatz m clearing sta- 
tion (Med). 

Hauptvorgelege n main reduction 
gear (Tk). 

Hauptwache/ main guard. 

Hauptwachtmeister m first sergeant 
(Arty, Cav). 

Hauptwelle / mainshaf t. 

Hauptziindung / main ignition lead 
(blasting). 

Haushaltsjahr n fiscal year. 

Hauswart m house warden; janitor. 

Hauszelt n "house tent" (a 1 6-man 
tent constructed from shelter halves). 

Haut / skin. 

hail tat zend vesicant (CWS). 
Hautentgiftungsmittel n skin decon- 
tamination agent. 



Hautentgiftungssalbe / decontamina- 
tion ointment. 

Hautgift n blister agent, vesicant 
agent (CWS). 

Hautwirkung/ skin effect (Rad). 

Heavisideschicht / Heaviside layer. 

Hebebaum m crowbar, handspike, 
lever. 

Hebel m lever. 

heben elevate (a gun); raise, lift. 
Hebezeug n hoisting gear, hoist. 
Heckw stern (Nav, Ash); tail (Ap); 

rear (Tk). 
Heckantriebm rear drive (MT). 
Hecke / hedge. 
Heckenschiitze m sniper. 
Heckenspringen n hedge-hopping 

(Avn). 

Heckkanzel / tail turret (Ap). 
Heckmaschinengewehr n tail gun 
(Ap). 

Heckmotorwagen m rear-engine mo- 
tor car. 

Heckpanzer m rear armor (Tk). 

Heckschiitze m tail gunner (Ap). 

Heckstand/ tail-gun position (Ap). 

Heckwaffe / tail gun (Ap). 

Heer n Army ( the Army, as distin- 
guished from Armee, a tactical unit). 

Heeresakja / See Akja. 

Heeresamt n See Allgemeines 

Heeresamt. 

Heeresanstalt / Army establishment, 
organization, or institution. 

Heeresartillerie / GHQ artillery. 

Heeresarzt m chief representative of 
Army Medical Department at Ober- 
kommando des Heeres ( subordinate 
to Heeressanitatsinspekteur). 

Heeresatmer m service oxygen 

breathing apparatus ( automatically 
operated). 

Heeresbaudienst m Army construc- 
tion service. 

Heeresbeamter m civilian official' of 
the Army. 

Heeresbediirfnisse npl military neces- 
sities. 

Heeresbergf iihrer m Army mountain 
guide (mountaineer specialist). 

Heeresbericht m official Army com- 
munique. 

Heeresbestande mpl military stores. 
Heeresbetreuungsabteilung f Army 

welfare unit, Army morale unit. 
Heeresbetriebsstofflager n Army 



Heeresbildungsanstalt 84 



Helm 



gasoline and lubricant bulk storage 
plant. 

Heeresbildungsanstalt / military 
school. 

Heeresbiicherei / Army library. 

Heeresdruckvorschrif t / Army Man- 
ual (abbr. H. Dv.). 

Heereseinrichtung / Army establish- 
ment, organization, or institution. 

Heeresflak / Army antiaircraft artil- 
lery (as distinguished from AAA 
of the Luftwaffe). 

Heeresgerat n Army equipment (in 
its broadest sense; to be distin- 
guished from Heergerat). 

Heeresgruppe / group of armies. 

Heeresgruppenkommando n head- 
quarters of a group of armies. 

Heereshochgebirgsschule / Army 
training school for mountain war- 
fare. 

Heeresintendant m See Intendant. 
Heeresjustizbeamter m military law 
official. 

Heereskavallerie / GHQ cavalry. 
Heereskraftfahrparkm GHQ motor 

transport park. 
Heereskrankenschwester / Army 

nurse. 

Heereskiistenartillerie / Army coast 
artillery (as distinguished from the 
Marineartillerie). 

Heereslazarett n general hospital, 
Army hospital. 

Heeresleitung / GHQ, Army Com- 
mand. 

Heeresmunitionslager n Army am- 
munition-supply depot. 

Heeresnachrichtenregiment n GHQ 
signal regiment. 

Heeresnachschubfiihrer m GHQ chief 
of rear services. 

Heeresnachschubkolonne / GHQ sup- 
ply column. 

Heerespersonalamt n Army Person- 
nel Office (branch of the Oberkom- 
mando des Heeres) (abbr. HPA, 
PA). 

Heerespferdelazarett n GHQ veteri- 
nary hospital. 

Heerespsychologe m personnel con- 
sultant. 

Heeresreserve / GHQ reserve. 
Heeressanitatsabteilung / GHQ med- 
ical battalion. 
Heeres-Sanitatsinspekteur to surgeon 



general (with rank of Generalober- 
stabsarzt). 

Heeres-Sauerstoffschutzgerat n ser- 
vice oxygen breathing apparatus 
( manually operated ) . 

Heeresstandort m army post. 

Heeresstandortkasse / army post 
finance office. 

Heeresstandortverwaltung / army 
post administration. 

Heerestruppen fpl GHQ troops. 

Heeresversorgung / Army supply. 

Heeresverwaltung / Army adminis- 
tration, administrative services. 

Heeresverwaltungsamt n Army Ad- 
ministration Office (branch of the 
Oberkommando des Heeres) (abbr. 
HVA, VA). 

Heereswaffenamt n Army Ordnance 
Office (branch of the Oberkommando 
des Heeres) (abbr. HWaA). 

Heeres-Zeugamt n Army ordnance 
supply office or depot. 

Heergerat n Army transport equip- 
ment (includes transport accessories ; 
to be distinguished from Heeres- 
gerat) . 

Heimatgebiet n zone of the interior. 
Heimatflughafen m home base 
(Avn). 

Heimat-Pferdelazarett n veterinary 

general hospital (Z of I). 
Heimathorstm home base (Avn). 
Heimatstaat m country of origin 

(PW). 

Heimatwachbataillon n guard bat- 
talion (Z of 1). 

Heimsendung / repatriation. 

heifien to hoist (a flag). 

heiter bright, cheerful; scattered 
(Met). 

Heizbatterie / "A" battery, filament 

battery (Rad). 
Heizfaden m filament (Rad). 
Heizkanal to hot-air duct ( thermo 

anti-icer). 
Heizkreis m filament circuit (Rad). 
Heizol n fuel oil (for heating). 
Heizregler m variable filament 

resistor (Rad). 
Heizsammlerm filament battery 

(Rad). 

Heizstrom m filament current (Rad). 
Heldenfriedhof m military cemetery. 
Heldentat / heroic deed, exploit. 
Helm to helmet. 



Helmband 



85 



Hirnsiige 



Helmband n identification helmet 
band (Tng). 

Helmbezug m helmet cover. 

Helmiiberzug m See Helmbezug. 

hemmen to check (recoil, etc.); to 
jam (a gun, etc.); to obstruct, 
hinder, slow down; inhibit. 

Hemmung / stoppage ( Ord) ; obstruc- 
tion; inhibition. 

Beseitigen von Hemmungen imme- 
diate action (Ord). 

herabsetzen reduce (in rank). 

heranlocken to decoy, to lure. 

heranpirschen, sich to creep or stalk 
up to. 

herausmanovrieren to maneuver the 

enemy out of position. 
"Heraustreten !" "Fall out!" (to men 

in barracks) . 
Herbertgerat n Herbert bridge unit 

(similar to US Bailey-type bridge). 
Hereinlotsen n "piloting-in" by 

ground-air radio communication. 
Heringm tent pin. 
Hersteller m maker, manufacturer. 
Hertz n cycles per second ( Ger unit 

of frequency). 
Herzstuck n switch point (RR). 
Heulsignal n siren. 
Hexachlorathan n hexachlorethane 

(CWS). 

Hiebw. slash (bayonet); cut (saber, 
etc.). 

Hiebwaffe / slashing weapon. 

Hilfe/ help, aid, assistance. 

Hilf santenne / sensing antenna (Rad 

direction finder). 
Hilf sbeobachter m assistant observer 

( Avn). 

Hilfsfliigel m slat, auxiliary airfoil. 
Hilfskette/ auxiliary track (MT). 
Hilfskettenf ahrzeug n combination 

wheel-track vehicle. 
Hilfskreuzer m auxiliary cruiser. 
Hilfslafette / improvised mount 
J (MG). 

Hilfslandeplatz m auxiliary landing 
field. 

HilfsmaBstab m auxiliary scale 
(Inst). 

Hilfsmotor m auxiliary engine. 
Hilfsschirm m pilot parachute. 
Hilfstruppen fpl auxiliary troops. 

See also Hilfswilliger. 
Hilfswaffe / auxiliary arm. 
Hilfswilliger m auxiliary volunteer 

(East-European or PW volunteer for 



non-combat service with the German 
Army). 

Hilfsziel-n auxiliary target; refer- 
ence point. 

Himmelskugel / celestial sphere. 

Himmelsrichtung / point of the com- 
pass, cardinal point. 

Hindernis n obstacle, hurdle, obstruc- 
tion; accessory defense (Tac). 

Hindernisbahn / obstacle course. 

Hindernisfeuer n obstacle light, 

obstruction light (Avn). 

Hindernisschlagpfahl m driving- 
type obstacle picket (i.e., set up by 
driving into ground). 

flindernisschraubpfahl m screw-type 
obstacle picket (i.e., set up by 
screwing into ground). 

Hindernissprengtrupp m obstacle 
demolition squad. 

Hindernisstrecke / obstacle course. 

Hindernistrupp m obstacle construc- 
tion squad. 

hinhaltend delaying. 

hinhaltender Widerstand delaying 
action (in successive positions). 

hinhaltendes Gefecht delaying action. 

Hinterachsantrieb m rear-axle drive 
(MT). 

Hinterachsgehause n differential 
housing, differential case (MT). 

Hintereinanderschaltung / ' series con- 
nection (Elec). 

Hintergelenk n rear toggle joint 
( pistol). 

Hinterhalt m ambush, concealment; 
trap. 

Hinterhand f hindquarters (horse). 
Hinterhangm reverse slope. 
Hinterhangstellung / reverse-slope 
position. 

Hinterholm m rear outrigger (AA 
gun). 

Hinterkaffe / stern compartment 
(Pon). 

Hinterkante / trailing edge (Ap 
wing). 

Hinterradantrieb m rear-wheel drive 
(MT). 

Hintersielengeschirr n wheel harness. 
Hintersteven m sternpost. 
Hintersitiitze / trail (MG tripod). 
Hinterwagen m caisson. 
Hinterzeug n breeching (harness). 
Hinterzwiesel m cantle of saddle; 

rear of packsaddle arch. 
Hirnsage/ crosscut saw. 



hissen 



86 



Hiihenkrankheit 



hissen to hoist (a flag). 

Hitler- Jugend / Nazi party youth 
organization. 

hitzebestandig - heat-resistant. 

Hitzschlag m heatstroke. 

Hochachse/ vertical axis (Ap). 

Hochangriff m high-altitude bombing 
attack (Avn). 

Hochbau m overhead construction 
(Tp line). 

hochbrisant high-explosive. 

Hochdecker m high-wing mono- 
plane. 

Hochdruckgebiet n high-pressure 

area (Met). 
Hochdruckreifen m high-pressure 

tire (MT). 
Hochdruckschmierung / high-pressure 

lubrication. 
Hochebene / plateau. 
Hochelastikreifen m cushion tire 

(MT). 

hochempfindlich supersensitive. 

hochempiindlicher Aufschlagziinder 
supersensitive fuze (AA Am). 

Hochfrequenz / radio frequency, 

high frequency. 

Hochfrequenzdrossel / radio-fre- 
quency choke. 

Hochfrequenzstorungen fpl high-fre- 
quency interference (Rad). 

Hochfrequenzstufe / radio-frequency 
stage. 

Hochfrequenztransformator m radio 
frequency transformer. 

Hochf requenzverstarker m radio fre- 
quency amplifier. 

Hochgebirgsbataillon n high-moun- 
tain rifle battalion ( consists entirely 
of mountaineer specialists). 

hochgezogene Kehrkurve Immelmann 
turn. 

Hochleitung / overhead line. 
Hochofen m blast furnace. 
Hochseeschlepper m ocean-going tug- 
boat. 

Hochspannungsleitung / high-tension 
line, ' power transmission line 
(Elec). 

Hochstand m high lookout post. 
Hochstgasdruck m maximum gas 

pressure ( Ord). 
Hochstgeschwindigkeit / maximum 

speed. 

Hochstlast / maximum load. 
Hbchstleistung / maximum power, 
maximum performance. 



HochstschuBweite / extreme range, 
maximum range (Ord). 

Hochstwertverfahren n maximum in- 
tensity method (sound locator). 

Hochstzahl / maximum number. 

Hochwert m Y-coordinate number 
(map grid or coordinate scale). 

Hochziehen n steep climb, zoom 

(Ap). 

Hockerhindernisse npl "dragon's 

teeth" (AT obstacle). 
Hockloch n crouching foxhole. 
Hof m yard, courtyard ; farm. 
Hohe/ altitude, elevation, height; 

hill; rate, amount. 
Hoheitsabzeichen n nationality 

marking (Ap, Tk); national insignia, 

national emblem (Clo). 
Hoheitsgewasser npl territorial 

waters. 

Hoheitszeichen n See Hoheitsab- 
zeichen. 

Hohenabstand m vertical interval. 
Hohenabweichung / range deviation, 

vertical deviation (Gunnery). 
Hohenangabe / altitude indication, 

altitude reading. 
Hohenanderung / change of height 

(AA predictor). 
Hohenatmer m oxygen apparatus 

( Avn). 

Hohenbegrenzer m . elevating stop 
(Ord). 

Hohenbestimmung / determination 
' of altitude. 

Hohenbombenwurf m high-altitude 
bombing. 

Hohenebene / horizontal plane 
through path of target in horizontal 
flight (AA gunnery). 

HShenempfanger m elevation indi- 
cator, elevation indicator-regulator 
(AA gun). 

Hohenentferniingsmesser m height 
finder, altimeter (AAA). 

Hohenflosse/ stabilizer (Ap). 

Hohenflug m high-altitude flight 

(Avn). 

Hbhenflugzeug n sub-stratoplane. 
Hohengradbogen m elevating sector 
(G). 

Hbhenhebel m elevating gear lever 
(MG). 

Hohenkabine / pressure cabin 
(Ap). 

Hohenkrankheit / aeroembolism, 
bends (Avn). 



Hohenlader 



87 



Holzweg 



Hohenlader m supercharger with 

high blower ratio (Ap). 
HShenleitwerk n elevator assembly 

(Ap). 

Hohenlibelle / elevation level (MG 
sight). 

Hohenlinie / contour line. 
Hohenmesser m altimeter (Ap); 

height finder, altimeter (AAA). 
HohenmeBplan m elevation plotting 

board (Gunnery). 
Hohenmessung / hypsometry (Surv). 
Hbhenmischregelung / high-altitude 

mixture control (Ap). 
Hbhenmotor m supercharged engine 

(Ap). 

Hohenrichtfeld n elevation, total 

movement in elevation (Ord). 

Hbhenrichtfernrohr n elevation track- 
ing telescope (height finder). 

Hohenrichtkanonier m elevation 
setter. 

Hohenrichtmaschine / elevating 
mechanism (Ord). 

Hbhenrichtrad n elevating hand- 
wheel (G). 

Hohenrichtschraube / elevation screw 
(prismatic sight). 

Hohenrichttrieb m elevating drive, 
elevating mechanism (Ord). 

Hbhenrichtung / adjusted range; 
laying for elevation (Gunnery). 

Hohenrichtwelle / elevating shaft 
(G). 

Hohenrichtwerk n elevating mechan- 
ism ( Ord). 

Hbhenrichtzeiger m elevation indi- 
cator (Ord). 

Hbhenrippe / ridge (Top). 

Hohenriicken m ridge, crest of ridge. 

Hohenruderw elevator (Ap). 

Hohenruderhebel m elevator control 
lever (Ap). 

Hohenschicht / altitude bracket 

(Avn, Met). 

Hohenschichtlinie / contour line. 

Hbhenschreiber m barograph (Avn). 

Hbhenstaffelung / stepped-up forma- 
tion (Avn). 

Hohenstellung / position on domi- 
nant height. 

Hbhensteuer n elevator (Ap). 

Hbhensteuerung / elevator control 
(Ap). 

Hbhenstreuung / range dispersion on 
vertical target (Ballistics). 



Hbhenteilung / elevation scale ( G, 
MG). 

Hbhentemperatur / temperature at 
various altitudes (Met). 

Hbhentrieb m elevating worm ( sight 
mechanism). 

Hbhenunterschied in difference in al- 
titude between target and piece 
(Gunnery); elevation difference 
(Surv, Top); vertical interval, ver- 
tical offset. 

Hbhenvorhalt m See Hohenwinkelvor- 
halt. 

Hbhenwinkel m angular height, ver- 
tical visual angle (AA gunnery). 

Hbhenwinkel verbesserungsknopf m 
vertical correction knob (A A gun). 

Hbhenwinkelvorhalt m vertical lead, 
vertical deflection (AA gunnery). 

Hbherer . . . Offizier Senior. . .Officer 
(with mention of arm or service) (at 
Army Hq, e.g. Hoh. Kav. Offz., 
Senior Cav Officer at Army Hq). 

hohl hollow, concave, sunken. 

Hbhle / cave. 

HohlkopfgeschoB n hollow-charge 

projectile. 
Hohlladung / hollow charge. 
Hohlraumpanzerung / spaced armor 

(Tk). 

Hohlringladung / hollow ring charge. 

Hohlweg m sunken road. 

Holm m spar (Ap); stringer, spar 
(Bdg); outrigger (AA gun); trail 
(right or left trail of a split trail). 
die Holme spreizen to spread the 
trails. 

Holmzurrung / outrigger lock (G). 
Holzbunker m log bunker, timber 

shelter (Ft). 
Holzgasanlage / wood-gas generator. 
Holzgas-Lastkraftwagen m wood-gas 

motor truck. 
Holzgehause n wooden baffle, cabinet 

(Rad). 

Holzgeist m wood alcohol. 

Holzkohle / charcoal. 

Holzkohlen-Gasgenerator m wood- 
gas generator (MT). 

Holzmine / wooden box mine. 

Holzrost m wooden grating; trench 
flooring, catwalk, boardwalk 
( trench). 

Holz-Tankstelle / filling station for 

wood-gas motor vehicles. 
Holzverkleidung / wood revetment. 
Holzweg m dead-end loggers' road. 



Holzzwischenlage 



88 



Hyperbelpkin 



Holzzwischenlage / wood separator 
(storage battery). 

Horchauswertestelle / radio intelli- 
gence post. 

Horchdienst m intercept service 

(Rad, Tp). 

Horchempfang m stand-by operation 
(Rad). 

Horchempfanger m intercept- set 
(Rad). 

Horcherpriif- und tibungsgerat n 

binaural trainer, binaural training 

instrument. 
Horchgerat n sound locator, sound 

detector; intercept receiver. 
Horchkompanie / intercept company 

(Sig C). 

Horchortung/ sound location, sound 
ranging (AAA). 

Horchposten m listening sentry, 

listening post. 

Horchstelle/ listening post, inter- 
cept post. 

Horfrequenz / audio frequency. 

Hbrer m telephone receiver, head- 
phone. 

Horizontm horizon; artificial hori- 
zon (Ay). 

Horizontalebene / horizontal plane. 

Horizontalflug m horizontal flight, 
level flight (Avn). 

Horizontalgeschwindigkeit / ground 
speed (of target) (AA gunnery). 

Horizontiergriff m leveling jack 

handle (AA gun outrigger). 

Horizontierung / leveling jack (AA 
gun outrigger). 

Horizontierungsvorrichtung / level- 
ing device (AA gun mount). 

Hormuschel / earpiece (Tp). 

Horn n bugle, horn. 

Hornisse / hornet (name of Ger 
self-propelled AT gun). 

Hornist m bugler. 

HornsignalM bugle call; horn sig- 
nal (MT). 

Horsaalflugzeug n "flying class- 

room." 

Horsaalsummer m oscillator-amplifier 

(code practice). 
Horstm See Fliegerhorst. 
H-Staffel / tactical reconnaissance 

squadron attached to army ground 

units (Luftwaffe). 
Hubm stroke (Mtr). 



Hubhohe/ angle of axle displace- 
ment (MT). 

Hubraum m piston displacement 
(Mtr). 

Hubschrauber m helicopter. 
Hubvolumen n See Hubraum. 
Hufbeschlag m horseshoeing. 
Huf krone/ hoof coronet (horse). 
Hiigel m hill. 

Hiille / case, envelope, skin, cover, 
shell. 

Hiillenbahn/ panel (Bin). 

Hiilse/ hoop (Mort) ; gas-cylinder 
plug (MG); receiver (pistol, R); 
socket (G carriage) ; cartridge or 
shell case. 

Hiilsenauswurf m ejection of cart- 
ridge case. 

Hiilsenauszieher m extractor (Ord). 

Hiilsenboden m base of cartridge 
case. 

Hiilsenbriicke / receiver cover (R). 

Hulsenf anger m deflector bag ( A A 
gun, MG). 

Hiilsenhals m neck of cartridge. 

Hiilsenkartusche / semifixed cart- 
ridge. 

Hiilsenkasten m deflector box (A A 

gun, MG). 
Hiilsenkopf m front end of receiver 

(R). 

Hiilsenmantel m cartridge-case jacket. 

Hiilsenrand m cartridge-case rim. 

HiilsenreiBer m stoppage caused by 
broken cartridge case. 

Hiilsenzapfen m recoil lug (R). 

Hummel / bumblebee ( nickname for 
Ger self-propelled medium field how- 
itzer). 

Hundefiihrer m dog handler, dog 
guard. 

Hundef iihrerrotte / dog-handler 
party. 

Hiipflinie / short hop, short leg of 
flight (Avn). 

Hurde / brush hurdle. 

Hiitchenw blasting cap; cup (cart- 
ridge). 

Hiitte / hut, cottage; iron works; 

rolling mill. 
Hiittenlager n cantonment. 
Hydrozyansaure / hydrocyanic acid, 

prussic acid (CWS). 
Hyperbelplan m asymptote correction 

chart (SR). 



Igel 



89 



Instandsetzung 



Igelm hedgehog (AT obstacle); all- 
around defense (Tac). 

Igelit n a type of electric wire insu- 
lation. 

Igelstellung / "hedgehog" defense 
position, position of all-around de- 
fense. 

Hag n See Interniertenlager. 

impfen inoculate, vaccinate. 

Impfschein m vaccination certificate. 

Impfung / inoculation, vaccination. 

Impragniermittel n impregnite. 

Inaktive Offiziere inactive reserve. 

Inaugenscheinnahme / inspection. 

Inausgabegenehmigung / authorized 
permission to delete from stock rec- 
ord items issued. 

Inbesitznahme / occupation (Tac) ; 
act of taking possession. 

Indienststellung / commissioning ( of 
a vessel). 

Indizienbeweis m circumstantial 
evidence. 

indizierte Leistung indicated horse- 
power. 

Industrieanlagen fpl industrial in- 
stallations. 

Induktor m generator (Tp). 

Ineinklangbringen n harmonization. 

Infanterie / infantry. 

Infanteriebegleitgeschutz n infantry 
accompanying gun. 

Infanteriefliegerstaffel / air support 
squadron. See also Staffel. 

Infanterieflug m contact patrol 
(Avn). 

Infanteriegeschiitz n infantry gun, 
infantry howitzer. 

Infanteriegranate / shell fired by in- 
fantry gun or howitzer. 
. Infanteriekolonne / infantry supply 
column ( generally prefixed by 
leichte). 

Infanteriekommandeur m infantry 
commander (supervises training of 
Inf units under Div Commander). 

Infanterienachspitze / infantry rear 
point (march column). 

Infanteriepark m infantry equip- 
ment park. 

Inf anteriepionier m infantry pioneer. 

Infanteriepionierzug m pioneer pla- 
toon (Inf Regt). 



Infanterie-Reiterzug m mounted rifle 

platoon (Inf Regt). 
Infanteriespitze / infantry point 

(march column). 
Infanteriesturmabzeichen n infantry 

assault badge (decoration). 
Inf anterist m infantryman. 
Infinitesimalrechnung / calculus 

(Math). 

Influenz / electrostatic induction. 

Ingangsetzen n starting. 

Ingenieur m engineer ( a Civ official 

with nominal Mil rank serving in 

technical capacity generally in MT, 

Ft Engr, or Avn). 
Initialziinder m initiator (Am). 
Inklination/ dip (compass). 
Innenauskreuzung / interior bracing 

(Ap). 

Innenbackenbremse / internal ex- 
panding brake. 

Innendienst m interior duty, duty in 
barracks. 

Innengrenzlehre / plug gage. 

Innenhafen m inner harbor. 

Innenhiitchen n plug, inner cap 
(blasting cap). 

Innenraum m interior. 

Innenschieber m inner sleeve ( sleeve- 
valve engine). 

Innenverspannung / interior bracing 
(Ap). 

Innenwache / interior guard, 
innerballistisch pertaining to interior 

ballistics. 
Insel / island. 

Inspektion / inspectorate ( any of the 

sections devoted to various arms and 
services in the Allgemeines Heeres- 
.amt). 

Inspekteur m inspector ( chief of an 
inspectorate in the Allgemeines 
Heeresamt, as Waffeninspekteur 
[Ord];. 

Inspizient m inspector. 

Inspizierung / inspection. 

Installateur m plumber ; electrician. 

Installationsplan m wiring diagram; 
pipe layout. 

Instandhaltung / maintenance. 

Instandsetzung / repair, 
nach Bedarf durchgefiihrte Instand- 
setzung march maintenance, op- 
erating maintenance. 



Instandsetzungsabteilung 90 



Jagdverband 



regelmaBig durchgefiihrte Instand- 
setzung scheduled maintenance. 

Instandsetzungsabteilung / main- 
tenance unit. 

Instandsetzungsdienst m damage- 
clearance and repair service (Civ 
defense). 

Instandsetzungskraf twagen m main- 
tenance truck, repair truck. 

Instandsetzungsstaffel / maintenance 
echelon. 

Instandsetzungswerkstatte / repair 
shop. 

Instandsetzung und Unterhaltung re- 
pair and maintenance. 

Instanz / authority, court (Law). 

Instellungbringen n emplacing ( Arty ) . 

Instellunggehen n moving into posi- 
tion (Tac). 

Instrumentenbrett n instrument 
panel. 

Instrumentfehler m instrumental 
error. 

Intendant m civilian official in ad- 
ministrative services ( ranking as 
colonel). 

Tntendantur / general staff adminis- 
trative section (section IV of an 
army, corps, or Div general stag, 
dealing mostly with supply). 

fntendanturassessor m civilian offi- 
cial in administrative services 
(ranking as captain). 



Intendanturinspektor m civilian offi- 
cial in administrative services 
(ranking as 1st Lt). 

Intendanturrat m civilian official in 
administrative services (ranking as 
major). 

internieren to intern. 

Internierter m internee. 

Interniertenlager n internment camp. 

Invarol n a cold-resistant grease. 

Invertentfernungsmesser m inverted- 
image range finder. 

Irrung/ correction (Rad procedure). 

Isolator m insulator (Elec). 

Isolierband n friction tape (Elec). 

Isolierbecher m insulating case (cir- 
cuit tester). 

isolieren to insulate (Elec); isolate 
(Med). 

Isoliergerat n oxygen breathing 
apparatus. 

Isolierschutz m insulation (Elec). 

Isolierstoff m insulating material, in- 
sulator (Elec). 

Isolierstreifen m friction tape, insu- 
lating tape. 

Isolierung / isolation, absolute quar- 
antine. 

Istbestand m equipment on hand. 

Iststand m See Iststarke. 

Iststarke / actual strength, morning- 
report strength. 

Iststarkenachweisung / daily strength 
report. 



Jabo m See Jagdbomber. 
Jackenwiege / jacket cradle, ring 

cradle (G). 
Jafii m See Jagdfiihrer. 
Jagdabwehr / fighter defense (Avn). 
Jagdbomber m fighter bomber. 
Jagdeinsitzer m single-seater fighter 

( Avn). 

Jagdflieger m fighter pilot (Avn) 

(same word used in plural to denote 

fighter aviation). 
Jagdflieger-Erganzungsstaffel f 

fighter replacement squadron (Avn). 
Jagdflugm fighter patrol, fighter 

sweep (Avn). 
Jagdflugzeug n single-engine fighter 

airplane. 



Jagdfiihrer m commander of all 

fighter units of a Luftflotte. 
Jagdgesch wader n fighter wing ( Avn) . 

See also Geschwader. 
Jagdgruppe / fighter group (Avn). 

See also Gruppe. 
Jagdmehrsitzer m multi-seater 

fighter airplane. 
Jagdraum m patrol area for fighter 

aircraft. 

Jagdschutz m fighter escort (Avn). 
Jagdsperre / fighter screen (Avn). 
Jagdstafifel/ fighter squadron (Avn). 

See also Staffel. 
Jagdverband m fighter formation 

(Avn). 



Jagen 



91 



Kammerhulse 



Jagen n subarea of forest (for map- 
ping purposes) . 

Jager m rifleman (in a light Mtz Inf 
Div, Jagerdivision); private (in 
mountain Inf, Gebirgsjager) ; fighter 
airplane, pursuit airplane. 

Jagerbataillon n rifle battalion. See 
Jagerdivision. 

Jagerdivision / light infantry divi- 
sion (so-called "light division" some- 
what similar to Ger Mtz Inf Div). 

Jagerplatz m fighter airdrome. 

Jager-Regiment n rifle regiment. See 
Jagerdivision. 

Jagerschutzm fighter escort (Avn). 



Jahrgangm age class; year (of a 
publication, etc.). 
Jochm bent, trestle (Bdg); yoke. 
Jochleiste/ cheekbone (horse). 
Jochpfahlm pile of pile bent (Bdg). 
Jod n iodine. 

Jodessigester m ethyliodoacetate 
( CWS). 

Jodtinktur / tincture of iodine. 
Jolle/ yawl (Nav). 
Jugendherberge / youth hostel, 
justieren to adjust, to collimate 

(bore-sight alinement, etc.). 
Justiergerat n bore sight. 



Kabelw cable, wire (Tp). 

Kabelader / strand, conductor (of 
Tp wire). 

Kabelauffiihrungspunkt m wire lead- 
in point (Tp). 

Kabelgraben m wire trench (Tp). 

Kabelleitung / wire line (Tp). 

Kabelmantel m cable sheath (Elec, 
Tp). 

KabelmeBgerat n wire-testing in- 
strument (Tp). 

Kabelmesser n electrician's knife. 

Kabelschuh m loop-tip terminal . 
(Elec). 

Kabelseele / core conductor ( Tp 

wire). 

Kabelstecker m wire plug (Elec). 
Kabeltau n hawser. 
Kabeltrommel / reel (Tp). 
Kabelverbinder n connecting sleeve 

(Tp wire). 
Kabelverbindung / wire splice (Tp). 
Kabelwachs n cable wax, adhesive 

pitch (Tp). 
Kabine/ compartment, cockpit (Ap). 
Kader m cadre. 
Kadett m cadet. 

Kaffe / compartment, sponson (Pon) . 
Kahn m boat. 

Kahnf ahre / punt ferry, boat ferry. 

Kai m quay. 

Kajiite/ cabin (Nav). 

Kaliber n caliber. 

Kalibereinheit / unit load of single- 



K 



caliber ammunition ( approximately 
18-ton unit for one RR car). 

Kaliberlange / barrel length ex- 

pressed in calibers. 

Kaliberring m bore gage, breech bore 
gage. 

Kaliberzylinder m See Kaliberring. 

Kalipatrone / potassium cartridge 
(oxygen breathing apparatus). 

Kaliumpermanganat n potassium per- 
manganate. 

Kalk m lime. 

Kalkmilch / lime solution (CWS). 
kaltebestandig cold-resistant, 
kaltgereckt cold-worked. 
Kaltklebekitt m cold adhesive putty 

(for attaching demolition charges) 

(abbr. Kat). 
Kaltluftfront / cold front (Met). 
KaltmeiBel m cold chisel. 
Kaltrecken n cold-working process, 

autofrettage (Ord). 
Kameradschaftsheim n service club, 

canteen. 
Kammm crest, ridge; comb. 
Kammer/ bolt (R, pistol); camera; 

chamber; stockroom. 
Kammerbahn / bolt slide (R). 
Kammerfang m bolt catch (MG). 
Kammerfangstuck n bolt-catch piece 

(pistol). 

Kammergriff m bolt handle ("MG,). 
Kammerhulse / central tube, flash 
tube (shrapnel). 



Kammerhiilsenladung 



92 



Kampfwagenfalle 



Kammerhiilsenladung / flash-tube 

charge (shrapnel). 
Kammerhiilsenrohr n burster tube 

(Am). 

Kajnmerknopf m bolt knob (R). 
Kammerstengel m bolt handle (R). 
Kammerunteroffizier m supply ser- 
geant. 

Kammerwarze / bolt lug (R). 

Kammkissen n back pad (harness). 

Kammkissengurt m back-pad strap 
(harness). 

Kammlinie/ ridge line (Top). 

Kampf m battle, combat, fight. See 
also terms under Gefecht, Krieg. 

Kampfabschnitt m combat sector. 

Kampfabteil m fighting compart- 
ment, turret basket (Tk). 

Kampfauf gabe / combat task (Tac). 

Kampfauftrag m combat mission. 

Kampfeinheit / combat unit, tactical 
unit. 

kampfen to fight, 
kampfende Truppe combat element. 
Kampf erm fighter; abutment (of an 
arch). 

kampferprobt seasoned, battle-tried, 
having combat experience. 

Kampffahrzeug n combat vehicle. 

Kampffeldm field of combat. 

Kampfflieger m bomber pilot; any 
member of a combat crew (same 
word used in plural to denote bom- 
bardment aviation). 

Kampffliegerei / bombardment avia- 
tion. 

Kampffliegergruppe / bombardment 
group (Avn). See also Gruppe. 

Kampffliegerstaffel / bombardment 
squadron (Avn). See also Staff el. 

Kampffliegerverband m bombardment 
formation (Avn). 

Kampfflugzeug n bombardment air- 
plane. 

Kampffiihrung/ battle command, 
conduct of battle. 

Kampf gas n war gas (CWS). 

Kampfgebiet n combat zone, forward 
area, combat area. 

Kampfgelande n battle terrain. 

Kampfgemeinschaft / combat team. 

Kampf geschwader n bombardment 
wing (Avn). See also Geschwader. 

Kampfgeschwader z.b.V. special pur- 
pose transport wing ( airborne opera- 
tions). 



Kampfgruppe / bombardment group 
(Avn); . combat command (Armd 
Comd); combat team, task force. 

Kampfhandlung / engagement, ac- 
tion. 

Kampfkraft / fighting power. 
Kampflage / tactical situation. 
Kampfleistung / battle performance, 

combat performance. 
Kampflinie / line of battle. ■ 
Kampfmehrsitzer m multiseater 

bomber. 

Kampfmittel npl means of combat, 

arms and ammunition. 
Kampfnachricht / combat message 

(Rad). 

Kampfpistole / rifled Very pistol 
(for Sig and/or incendiary car- 
tridges). 

Kampfraum m combat zone, forward 

area, combat area. " 
Kampf ruf m password, slogan, battle 

cry. 

Kampfschule / bombardment school 
(Avn). 

Kampf staff el / combat echelon (Tac); 

bombardment squadron (Avn). See 

also Staffel. 
Kampfstellung / battle position. 
Kampfstoff m chemical warfare 

agent. 

Kampfstoffbelegung / gas coverage. 
KampstoffbeschuB m chemical-shell 
fire. 

Kampfstoffbombe / chemical bomb. 

Kampfstoffgehalt m gas concentra- 
tion (CWS). 

Kampfstoffgruppen fpl classification 
of chemical warfare agents. 

Kampfstoffriegel m chemical ob- 

stacle; chemical-shell box barrage. 

Kampfstoffschwaden mpl chemical 
fumes (CWS). 

Kampfstoffsperre / chemical obstacle, 
contaminated area (CWS). 

Kampfstoffverwendung / employment 
of chemical warfare agents. 

Kampfstoff zerstauber m chemical- 
spray apparatus. 

Kampftatigkeit / combat activity, 
active combat, action. 

Kampf truppe / combat element. 

Kampfverband m bomber formation 
(Avn); combined arms unit, combat 
team. 

Kampfwagen m tank, combat car. 
Kampfwagenfalle/ tank trap. 



Kampfwagengeschiitz 



93 



Kartensignatur 



Kampfwagengeschiitz n See Kampf- 

wagenkanone. 
Kampfwagenkanone / tank gun. 
Kampfwagennachbildung / tank 

silhouette, dummy tank. 
Kampfwagenscheibe / tank-silhouette 

target. 

Kampfwagenwerk n tank factory. 
Kampfwert m fighting qualities (of 
a unit). 

Kampfwunde/ battle injury, wound. 
Kampfziel n objective (Tac). 
Kampfzone / battle zone. 
Kampfzweck m tactical purpose, in- 
tention. 

Kandare/ curb bit (harness). 
Kandarenziigel m curb rein (har- 
ness). 

Kanone / gun, cannon. 
Kanonenboot n gunboat. 
Kanonenflugzeug n cannon-armed 
airplane. 

Kanonenjagdflieger m cannon-armed 
fighter airplane. 

Kanonenrohr n gun barrel. 

Kanonensalut m gun salute. 

Kanonenschlag m firecracker ( simu- 
lated fire). 

Kanonenschlag mit Knallerscheinung 
firecracker. 

Kanonenschlag mit Raucherscheinung 
smoke-puff charge. 

KanonenschuB m gun shot. 

Kanonenwagen m assault gun car. 

Kanonier m private ( Arty) ; can- 
noneer. 

Kante/ edge; ridge. 

Kantholz n squared timber. 

Kantine f canteen. 

Kanzel/ cockpit, turret (Ap); pill- 
box (Ft). 

vordere Kanzel nose turret (Ap). 
Kapn cape (point of land). 
Kapelle/ band (music); chapel. 
Kaperfahrt / naval raid against 

enemy merchant shipping, 
kapern to capture (a ship). 
Kapitanleutnant.m lieutenant (Nav). 
Kapitan zur See captain (Nav). 
Kapitulant m reenlisted man. 
Kapitulantenhandgeld n reenlistment 

bonus. 

Kapitulation / capitulation, surren- 
der; reenlistment. 

kapitulieren capitulate, surrender; 
reenlist. 

Kappagerat n predictor (AA). 



Kappe/ cap (of a projectile). 
Kapsel / detonator, blasting cap ; 

capsule. 
Kapuze f hood. 
Karabiner m carbine. 
Karabinertragevorrichtung / carbine 

scabbard carrier. 
Karbolsaure / carbolic acid, phenol. 
Kardangelenk n universal joint, 
kardanische Aufhangung compass 

gimbal. 

Kardanwelle / flexible drive shaft, 
propeller shaft. 

Karosserie/ body (MT). 

Kartatsche / canister (separate- 

loading Am). 

Karte / map, chart; card, ticket. 

Kartei / card file. 

Karteikarte / filing card. 

Kartenausschnitt m map section. 

Kartenbatterie / topographic section, 
mapping section. 

Kartenblatt n map sheet, zone map. 

Kartenblatt mit Gitter grid sheet. 

Kartenblattnummer / geographic in- 
dex number. 

Kartenbrett n map-mounting board, 
military sketching board. 

Kartendruckerei / map-printing 
office or plant. 

Kartenebene / horizontal plane 

through base of trajectory. 

Kartenentfernung / horizontal range, 
map range. 

Kartenentfernung zum AbschuBpunkt 
horizontal range to present position 
(instant of firing) (AAA). 

Kartenentfernung zum MeBpunkt 
horizontal range to present position 
(instant of range determination) 
(AAA). 

Kartenentfernung zum Treffpunkt 

horizontal range to future position 
(AAA). 

Kartenentfernung zum Wechselpunkt 
horizontal range to midpoint, mini- 
mum horizontal range (AAA). 

Kartenentwurf m map projection. 

Kartengitternetz n map- grid. 

Kartenkurs m map course (Navi- 
gation). 

Kartenlesen n map reading. 

KartenmaBstab m map scale. 

Kartenprojektion / map projection. 

Kartenraumm chartroom (Nav). 

Kartensignatur / conventional sign 
( on maps). 



Karten- 



94 



Keilwelle 



Karten- und Vermessungstruppen fpl 
topographic troops. 

Kartenunterlage / plane table. 

Kartenvervollstandigung / map com- 
pilation. 

Kartenwinkelmesser m map protrac- 
tor. 

Kartenzeichen n conventional sign 
( on maps). 

Kartenzeichner m cartographer. 

kartieren to map. 

Karton m cardboard. 

Kartothek/ card file. 

Kartuschbeutel m cartridge bag, 

powder bag (Am). 

Kartusche/ cartridge; cartridge 
case; powder bag; any container 
of the propelling charge (generally 
for separate-loading Am); cartridge 
pouch (Cav). 

Kartuschenwagen m ammunition ve- 
hicle for cartridge cases. 

Kartuschhiilse / cartridge case. 

Kartuschmunition / separate-loading 
ammunition. 

Kartuschraum m chamber (G). 

Kartuschvorlage / flash-reducing 
wad (Am). 

Kaseinleim m casein glue. 

Kasematte / casemate. 

Kasemattenlafette / casemate gun 
mount. 

Kaserne/ permanent barracks. 
Kasernenarrest m restriction to bar- 
racks. 

Kasernenhof m barracks yard, 
kaserniert quartered in barracks, 
kasernierungspflichtig obliged to 

live in barracks. 
Kasino n officers' mess, officers' club. 
Kasino-Ordonnanz / dining room 

orderly. 

Kasinovorstand m mess council. 
Kassenabteilimg / finance depart- 
ment. 

Kassenordnung / finance regulations. 

Kassenverwaltung / finance admin- 
istration. 

Kassenwesen n finance. 

Kasten m receiver (MG); magazine 
(R); tank, airplane (slang); box, 
case. 

Kastenboden m receiver floor plate 
(MG); magazine floor plate (R). 

Kastendeckel m receiver top (MG). 

Kastenlafette / box-trail gun car- 
riage. 



Kastenleitwerk n box tail unit (Ap). 
Kastenmagazin n box magazine. 
Kastenschliissel m transposition 

cipher (Sig C). 
Kastentrager m box girder. 
Kasten wand / side of receiver (MG). 
Kat m See Kaltklebekitt. 
Katapultflugzeug n catapult airplane. 
Kathodenstrahlrbhre / cathode-ray 
tube. 

Kausche / grommet ; thimble ( rig- 
ging, etc.). 

kaustisches Natron lye, caustic soda, 
sodium hydroxide. 

Kautschuk m rubber. 

Kavalierstart m climbing take-off 
(Avn). 

Kavallerie / cavalry. 

Kavallerist m cavalryman. 

K. -Blink n portable signal lamp. 

K-Briickengerat n portable bridge 
unit. 

Kegel m cone; conical peak (Top). 

Kegelfeder / volute spring. 

Kegelkupplung / cone clutch (MT). 

Kegelprojektion / conic projection. 

Kegelrad n bevel gear. 

Kegelrollenlager n conical roller 
bearing. 

Kegelzahnrad n bevel gear. 

Kehlriemenm throatlatch (harness). 

Kehlkopfmikrophon n throat-type 
microphone (Avn). 

Kehrbildentfernungsmesser m in- 
verted-image range finder. 

Kehrichtofen m incinerator. 

Kehrkurve/ turn (Avn). 

kehrtmachen to face about. 

Kehrtwendung / turn (Avn); about 
face (drill). 

Kehrtwendung links left-about 
(drill). 

Kehrwert m inverse value, recipro- 
cal value. 

Keilm breech wedge (G); wedge 
formation (Tac); wedge; key; cotter 
pin. 

Keillochn breech recess (G). 
Keillochflache / breech-recess surface 
(G). 

Keilnut / keyway. 

Keilriemen m V-type belt (Tech). 

Keil und Kessel breakthrough and 
encirclement. 

KeilverschluB m wedge-type breech- 
block. 

Keilwelle/ spline shaft (MT). 



Keim 



95 



Kiste 



Keim to germ. 
Keks ra-n biscuit. 

Kelle/ signaling disk; marking disk; 
trowel. 

Kellerwart in shelter warden ( Civ 
defense). 

Kennbuchstabe m identification letter. 
Kennfadenm tracer thread (Tp 
wire). 

Kennkarte / civilian identity card. 

Kennlicht n identification light, navi- 
gation light (Ap). 

Kennscheinwerfer m identification 
light (Ap). 

Kenntlichmachen n marking, identi- 
fication. 

Kennummer / identification number. 
Kennung / identification signal, 

marker beacon signal (Avn). 
Kennwort n password. 
Kennzeichen n identification mark. 
Kern to core. 

Kerngarbe / effective part of cone 
(Ballistics). 

KerngeschoB n armor-piercing bul- 
let. 

Kernladung / base section ( separate- 
loading Am). 

Kernrohr?i liner (G). 

KernschuBweite / point-blank 
range. 

Kerntruppen fpl crack troops, picked 
troops, elite troops. 

Kerze/ candle; spark plug. 

Kessel m pocket, encircled area 

(Tac); deep hollow (Top) ; meat can 
(mess kit); boiler; kettle. 

Kesselhaus n boiler house. 

Kesselschlacht / battle of encircle- 
ment. 

Kesselwagen m tank truck (MT). 

Kette/ chain; track (Tk); flight (S 
airplanes). 

Kettenabdeckung / track shield (Tk). 

Kettenbolzen m track pin (Tk track). 

Kettenfahrzeug n track-laying ve- 
hicle (MT). 

Kettenfiihrer m flight commander 
( Avn). 

Kettenglied n track shoe, track block 

(Tk); chain link. 
Kettenhund m rear outside airplane 

in a formation, "tail-end Charlie," 

"wing man." 
Kettenkeil m flight wedge (Avn). 

See Kette. 
Kettenkrad n half-track motorcycle. 



Kettenkraf trad n See Kettenkrad. 
Kettenkurbel / connector (MG). 
Kettenlaufrader npl bogie wheels 
(Tk). 

Kettenreihe / flight of airplanes 
echeloned left or right. See also 
Kette. 

Kettenspanner to track-connecting 
fixture, track-con lecting tool (for 
Tk track). 

Kettentriebrad n driving sprocket 
(Tk). 

Kettenwinde / chain winch. 
K.-Gerat n See Kraftfahrgerat. 
Kiel m keel. 

Kielflosse / keel fin ( of flying-boat 
hull or seaplane float). 

Kielwasser n wake (of a ship). 

Kiesgrube/ gravel pit. 

KiesstraBe / gravel road. 

Kilohertz n kilocycles per second 
(Ger unit of frequency) . 

Kilometerzahler m mileage indica- 
tor, odometer (MT). 

Kimme/ sight notch (MG, R, etc.). 

Kimmtiefe/ dip (Avn). 

Kinderzulage / dependency allowance 
for children. 

Kinnkette/ curb chain (harness). 

Kinnkettengrube / chin groove. 

Kinnriemenm chin strap (helmet). 

KinnstoBel m chin strap (harness). 

Kinnstiitze/ chin support (gas mask). 

Kinotheodolit to recording theodolite 
(practice firing). 

kippen to tip, tilt. 

Kippfrequenz / sweep frequency 
(Rad). 

Kippgerat n sweep generator (Rad). 
Kipphebelm rocker arm (Mtr). 
Kipplore / dump car (field RR). 
Kippneigung/ tipping gradient 

(MT). 

Kippregel / alidade (Surv). 

Kippschalter m toggle switch (Elec). 

Kippschnecke / elevating worm ( aim- 
ing circle, BC telescope). 

Kippschwingung / sawtooth oscilla- 
tion, relaxation oscillation (Rad). 

Kippvorrichtung / dumping mecha- 
nism (dump truck). 

Kippwagen to dump truck. 

Kirche / church. 

Kissen n cushion ; pad ( Clo, harness, 
etc.); gas-check pad (G) ; pillow. 

Kiste/ case, crate, chest, box; air- 
plane (slang). 



Kitt 



96 



Klippe 



Kitt m putty. 

Klage / complaint. 

Klammer / butt swivel (R); clip, 
paper clip; clamp, clasp; parenthe- 
sis. 

KlammerfuB m butt-swivel plate (R). 
Klapparm m extension arm ( A A 
sight). 

Klappblende/ drop cover (Ft). 
Klappbriicke / drawbridge, bascule 
bridge. 

Klappe/ drop (Tp switchboard) ; 
tailboard (Trk); flap (Ap); landing 
ramp (on landing craft). 

Klappenschrank m portable switch- 
board. 

Klappfliigel m folding wing (Ap). 

Klapphacke/ pick mattock. 

Klapplafette / extendable mount 

(Ap MG). 

Klappmesser n jackknif e. 

Klappscheibe / bobbing target ( prac- 
tice firing). 

Klappsporn m folding trail spade. 

Klappvisier n leaf sight. 

Klarinol n a cleaning fluid for op- 
tical glass. 

Klarscheibe / ahtidim eyeglass. 

Klarsichtsalbe / antidim compound. 

Klartextm text in clear (Sig C). 

Klartextfunken n transmitting in 
clear (Rod). 

Klaue/ dog (clutch); epi, curved 
spur track (RR gun); claw. 

Klauenbeil n claw hatchet. 

Klauenf utter n guide lining (G). 

Klauenkupplung / dog clutch (MT). 

Klauenringm guide ring (G). 

Klebefiugzeug n intruding airplane, 
intruder (one which trails an enemy 
plane back to its home base). 

Klebelackm dope (Ap). 

kleben to adhere, to stick to; to fol- 
low closely, to trail. 

Klebestreifen m adhesive tape. 

Klebezettel m paster, sticker 
(sticker-type baggage tag, etc.). 

Kleiderkarte / ration card for cloth- 
ing. 

Kleif m portable flame thrower 
(abbr. of kleiner Flammenwerfer). 

Kleinbahn / substandard-gage rail- 
way. 

Kleiner Bar Little Dipper. 
Kleiner Krieg guerrilla warfare, par- 
tisan warfare. 



Kleinfunkkraftwagen m small radio 
truck. 

Kleinf unktrupp m portable-radio sec- 
tion. 

Kleinfunkwagen m See Kleinfunk- 
kraftwagen. 

Kleinkaliberlauf m subcaliber tube 
(G); small-bore barrel (R). 

Kleinkalibermunition / subcaliber 
ammunition. 

KleinkaliberschieBen n subcaliber 
target practice (Arty); small-bore 
target practice (R). 

Kleinkraftrad n light motorcycle. 

Kleinkrieg m guerrilla warfare. 

Kleinluftschiff n blimp. 

Kleinmaschinensatz m portable gen- 
erating unit (Elec). 

Klein-Panzerkampfwagen m light 
tank. 

Kleinschiefiplatz m miniature range; 

subcaliber target range (Arty); 

smali-bore target range (R). 
Kleinsendegerat n portable radio 

transmitter. 
Klein vernebelung / limited-area 

smoke screen, local smoke screening. 
Kleister m adhesive paste. 
Klemme/ clip; clamp; terminal; 

binding post, 
klemmen to hold right or left (R 

aiming); to clamp, to jam, to become 

wedged, 

Klemmenspannung / voltage across 
terminals. 

Klemmhebel m clamping lever (MG). 

Klemmplatte / clamping plate (G 
barrel guide). 

Klemmring m clamping ring (gre- 
nade launcher). 

Klemmschraube / setscrew ; clamping 
screw (aiming circle). 

Klemmzange / clamp (blasting-cap 
fuze). 

Klempner m plumber. 

Klettereisen npl climbers', climbing 
irons. 

Kletterfahigkeit / vertical axle dis- 
placement (MT). 

Kletterschuhe mpl rock 7 climbing 
shoes (mountain operations). 

Klettersporn m gaff (of climbers). 

Kletterwalze / front rollev (MT). 

Klima n climate. 

Klimaanlage / air conditioning plant. 
Klinke/ pawl, catch; jack (Tp). 
Klippe/ bluff, cliff (Top). 



Klop 



97 



Kollektor 



Klop n See Chlorpikrin. 

Klopfen n detonation, knock, pinking 

(of an engine). 
Klopfer m telegraph sounder, 
klopffest antiknock. 
Klopffestigkeit / antiknock quality 

( engine fuel). 
Klotz m block, log. 
Kluppe/ stock (die holder). 
Knagge/ prop, wedge. 
Knall m report ( G) ; bang, crack, 

detonation. 
Knallbild n sound track ( on SR film). 
Knalldampfer to silencer (R, pistol, 

etc.). 

Knallerscheinung / sound effect (SR). 
Knallkbrper to firecracker ( simulated 
fire). 

KnallmeB- See SchallmeB-. 
Knallnetz n mine-exploding net, 
primacord net. 

Knallquecksilber n mercury fulminate. 

Knallziindschnur / detonating cord, 
primacord (Engr). 

Knebel to gag. 

Kneifzange / pincers. 

Knemeyer m computer ( circular 
slide rule used in air navigation). 

Knetlegierung / malleable alloy. 

Knick to break; crack; kink; knee 
(Rad). 

knicken to buckle. 

Knickfestigkeit / resistance to buck- 
ling. 

Knickfliigelm gull wing (Ap). 
Kniew knee; salient (Tac); stifle 

joint (horse); elbow, bend (of pipe, 

etc.). 

Kniegelenkn toggle joint (pistol). 

kniender Anschlag kneeling position 
(in firing). 

Kniepausche/ knee pad (harness). 

Knieschiitzer mpl knee pads (Prcht 
troops). 

Kniestellung / salient (Tac). 

Kniff?» knack; helpful hint, handy 
device; "shortcut," trick. 

Knochen to bone. 

Knochenbruch m fracture (Med). 

Knopf to button. 

Knorrbremse / Knorr air brake. 

Knoten m knot. 
Bunde und Knoten knots and ties. 

Knotenpunkt m intersection, junc- 
tion. 

Kniippel to control stick ( Ap) ; club, 
bludgeon; log, round timber. 



Kniippeldamm m corduroy road. 
Kniippelgriffm grip of control stick 
(Ap). 

Kniippelsteuerung / stick control 
(Ap). 

Kniippelweg m corduroy road. 

Kobona chocolate with caffeine 
(Prcht ration). 

Kochgeschirr n mess kit, mess gear. 

Kochgeschirrhiille / mess-kit cover. 

Kochloch n cooking pit. 

Kohle / carbon, coal; carbon brush, 
carbon rod (Elec). 

Kohlebiirste / carbon brush (Elec). 

Kohleklotz in carbon block ( micro- 
phone). 

Kohlenelektrode / carbon electrode. 

Kohlenkorner npl carbon granules 
(microphone). 

Kohlenmikrophon n carbon micro- 
phone. 

Kohlenoxyd n carbon monoxide. 
Kohlensaure/ carbon dioxide. 
Kohlenstoff m carbon. 
Kohlenstofftrager m carbon filler (in 

liquid-oxygen blasting charges). 
Kohlepapier n carbon paper. 
Kohleschicht / charcoal layer ( gas 

mask). 

Kohlestabw carbon rod (Elec). 
Kohle-Zink-Element n carbon-zinc 

cell (Elec). 
Kohle-Zinksammler m carbon-zinc 

battery. 

Koinzidenzentfernungsmesser m co- 
incidence range finder. 

Koje/ cabin (Nav). 

KokillenguB m chilled casting. 

Kolben m piston (Mech); butt 
(MG, R). 

Kolbenbolzen m piston pin (Mtr). 

Kolbenbolzenlager n piston-pin bush- 
ing (Mtr). 

Kolbenhals m small of the stock 
(R). 

Kolbenhieb m butt stroke. 

Kolbenhub to piston stroke (Mtr). 

Kolbenkappe / butt plate (R). 

Kolbenpistole / submachine gun con- 
sisting of automatic pistol with tel- 
escope or skeleton stock. 

Kolbenring m piston ring (Mtr). 

Kolbenstange / piston rod (Mtr). 

Kolkm scour (in river bottom). 

Kollektor m commutator, collector 
ring (Elec). 



Kollimationslinie 



98 



KompaBkurs 



Kollimationslinie / collimating mark 
(Optics). 

Kollodiumwolle / pyroxylin (Am). 
Kolonne / column; train (supply); 

javelin (Avn). 
Kolonnenbriicke / portable bridge. 
Kolonnenchef m column commander 

(MT). 

Kolonnengebiet n communications 
zone. 

Kolonnenspitze / head of column. 
Kolonnenstaffel / rear echelon train. 
Kolonnenverkehr m column traffic. 
Kolonne zu Einem column of files. 
Kolonne zu Zweien column of twos. 
Koluft m See Kommandeur der Luft- 
waffe. 

Kombination / flying suit, coverall. 

Kombiise / galley (Nav). 

Kommandant m commander ( of an 
Ap, Tk, ship, etc.) ; commanding offi- 
cer (of a post, garrison, or station). 

Kommandantur / commander's office, 
garrison headquarters. See also Feld- 
kommandantur, Ortskommandantur. 

Kommandeur m commander, com- 
manding officer (Bn and higher 
units, including entire arm or ser- 
vice) ; commandant (of a service 
school). 

Kommandeur der Luftwaffe air sup- 
port commander. 

Kommandeurpanzer m commander's 
tank. 

kommandieren to command; to de- 
tach, to detail. 

kommandierender General command- 
ing general (of a corps or service 
command). 

Kommandierrolle / duty roster. 

Kommando n • order, command; head- 
quarters (D.iv and larger units); de- 
tached duty or service; detached 
unit; party or detail. 

Kommandobehorde / command, com- 
mand agency, headquarters (Div and 
larger units). 

Kommandoflagge / command post 
flag (Bn or higher unit). 

Kommandof iihfer m commander of a 
detachment, leader of a party. 

Kommandogerat n data computer, 
ballistic director (AAA); command 
set (Rod). 

Kommandohilfsgerat n auxiliary fire 
director (AAA). 

Kommandopanzer m command tank. 



Kommandosache / confidential mili- 
tary document. 

Kommandospruch m radio message 
from commander's tank. 

Kommandostelle / command post, 
headquarters. 

Kommandotafel / range conversion 
table (Gunnery). 

Kommando- und Ladeverzugszeit dead 
time (Gunnery). 

Kommando- und Stabsschwadron 
headquarters troop (Cav). 

Kommandowagen m command car, 
command truck. 

Kommandowerte mpl fire-director 
data (AAA). 

"Kommando zuriick !" "As you were !" 

KommiB m military service, "the 
service" ( corresponds in many cases 
to the term "G.I." as used collo- 
quially). 

KommiBbrot n G.I. bread. 

KommiBstiefel m G.I. boot. 

Kommodore m wing commander 
( Avn). 

Kommodor und Lufttransportfiihrei* 

chief of air transport ( at Ger Air 
Ministry). 

Kompanie / company. 

Kompanieabschnitt m company sector. 

Kompaniebezirk m company area. 

Kompaniebreitkeil m company in- 
verted wedge formation. 

Kompaniechef m company com- 
mander. 

Kompaniefiihrer m officer in charge 
of company, temporary company 
commander. 

Kompaniegefechtsstand m company 
command post (in combat). 

Kompaniegelder npl company fund. 

Kompaniegrenze / company boundary. 

Kompaniekeil m company wedge for- 
mation. 

Kompanierevier n company area. 

Kompanieschreiber m company clerk. 

Kompanietrupp m company headquar- 
ters (personnel). 

Kompanietruppfiihrer m leader of 
company headquarters personnel. 

KompaB in compass. 

KompaBablenkung / compass error. 

KompaBausgleichung / compass 
compensation. 

KompaBkessel m compass bowl (Ap). 

KompaBkurs m compass heading, 
compass course (Avn), 



KompaBkurswinkel 



99 



kordieren 



KompaBkurswinkel m compass azi- 
muth. 

KompaBlenkung / compass deviation. 

KompaBmiBweisung / compass 
declination. 

KompaBpeilung / compass bearing. 

KompaBrose / compass rose, com- 
pass card. 

KompaBstrich m point of the com- 
pass. 

KompaBzahl f azimuth, compass 
reading, bearing. 

Komplizem accomplice (Law). 

Kompressionsraum m compression 
chamber (Mtr). 

Kompressor m compressor, super- 
charger. 

Kompressormotor m supercharged 
engine. 

Kondensationswarme / heat ol conden- 
sation (Met). 
Kondensator m condenser, capacitor 
. (Rad). 

Kondensatormikrophon n condenser 

microphone. 
Kondensstreifen m vapor trail (Avn). 
konisch conical, tapered, 
konisches Rohr tapered-bore barrel 

(G). 

Konstrukteur m technical designer. 
Konstruktion / design; construction; 

structure. 
Konstruktionsfehler m faulty design, 

structural defect. 
Konstruktionszeichner m designer, 

draftsman. 
Kontaktmesser n knife-switch prong 

(Elec). 

Kontaktmine/ contact mine (Nav). 
Kontaktstift m prong of jack (Elec). 
Kontaktstuck n contact, contact piece 
(Elec). 

Konteradmiral m rear admiral. 
Konterbande / contraband. 
Kontrollkarte / intercept board 

(AWS). 

Kontrollampe / pilot light (Ap, MT). 
Kontrolliste / check list. 
Konuskupplung / cone clutch (MT). 
konvergieren to converge. 
Konzentrationslager n concentration 
camp. 

konzentrisch concentric, converging. 
Koordinate / coordinate. 
Koordinatennetz n map grid, coordi- 
nate grid system. 



Koordinatenschieber mpl coordinate 
cards. 

Koordinatenverzeichnis n table of 
coordinates (Surv). 

Koordinationsausgangspunkt m point 
of origin of coordinates. 

Kopf m head ; heading (on a mes- 
sage); nose or point (of a shell). 

Kopfbahnhof m terminal; railhead. 

Kopfbander npl head straps ( gas 
mask). 

Kopfbanderung / head harness ( Gas 
mask). 

Kopfbedeckung / headgear, hat or 
helmet. 

Kopffernhorer m headphone, headset. 
Kopfgestell n headstall (harness). 
Kopfhaube / helmet (Avn). 
Kopfhorer m headphone, headset, 
kopflastig noseheavy (Ap). 
Kopf platte / head-strap cushion ( Gas 
mask). 

Kopframpe / end ramp (BR). 
Kopfschutzer m woolen cap, winter 
cap. 

Kopfstandm nose-over (Avn). 
Kopfstarke/ strength (of a unit). 
Kopfstiick n crownpiece (harness) ; 

head (MG). 
Kopfsturz m vertical dive, nose dive 

(Avn). 

Kopfteil n nose section of shell ( Am). 
Kopfteilung / graduation on head of 

panoramic telescope. 
Kopfwelle / shell wave, ballistic 

wave, bow wave (Ballistics). 
Kopfziinder m point-detonating fuze 

(Am); nose fuze (bomb). 
Koppel n belt. 

koppeln to determine a course or 
establish a fix by dead reckoning 
(Avn); to couple (Arty). 

Koppelnavigation / navigation by 
dead reckoning (Avn). 

Koppelort m fix, dead reckoning posi- 
tion (Air Navigation). 

KoppelschloB n belt buckle. 

Koppelzeit / time at which exact po- 
sition is ascertained by means of 
dead reckoning (Air Navigation). 

Kopplung/ coupling (Arty, Rad). 

Korb m basket ( Bin, etc.) ; cluster of 
bombs (slang). 

Korbring m concentration ring (Bin). 

Kordelmutter / knurled nut. 

Kordelung / knurl, knurling. 

kordieren to knurl. 



Kordit 



100 



Kraftquelle 



Kordit n cordite. 

Korkenzieher m spiral dive, "cork- 
screw dive" (Ap). 

Korn 11 front sight (R, pistol, etc.); 
muzzle sight (G); grain; bead; 
acorn. 

das Korn klemmen to hold right or 
left. 

geklemmtes Korn incorrectly cen- 
tered front sight. 

Kornchen n granule. 

Kornerw. center punch. 

Kornerf orm / granular form ( pow- 
der). 

KornfuB m front-sight base (R). 

Kornhalter m front-sight holder (R). 

Kornwarze/ front-sight stud (R). 

Korperschutzmittel n protective 
clothing (CWS). 

Korps n corps. 

Korpsbezirk in corps area. 

Korpsfuhrer m assistant band leader. 

Korpsgeist m esprit de corps, group 
spirit, group morale. 

Korpskommando n corps headquar- 
ters. 

Korpsnachschubfiihrer m chief of 
corps supply services. 

Korpsstab m corps headquarters staff. 

Korrekturluftdiise / air-adjustment 
jet (Mtr). 

Korrosionsbestandigkeit / resistance 
to corrosion. 

Korvettenkapitan m lieutenant com- 
mander (Nav). 

Kost / meal, food ; diet. 

Kot m mud, excrement, filth. 

Kote / fetlock. 

Kotfliigel m mudguard, fender. 
Kradrc motorcycle (abbr. of Kraft- 
rad). 

Kradfahrer m motorcyclist. 

Kradmantel m motorcyclist's overcoat. 

Kradmelder m motorcycle messenger. 

Kradmeldetrupp m motorcycle mes- 
senger detachment. 

Kradschiitze m motorcycle rifleman. 

Kradschiitzen-Bataillon n motorcycle 
battalion. 

Kradschiitzenschwadron / motorcycle 
troop. 

Kradschiitzensteg m floating wooden 
treadway bridge. 

Kradschiitzenzug m motorcycle pla- 
toon. 

Kradspaher m motorcycle scout. 



Kradspitze/ motorcycle point of ad- 
vance guard. 

Kraft durch Freude Strength 
Through Joy (Ger Civ morale and 
travel organization). 

Krafte/pi forces; power; strength. 

Krafteersparnis / economy of man- 
power, sparing of personnel. 

Krafteverteilung / distribution of 
forces, tactical grouping (Tac). 

Kraftezersplitterung / splitting up of 
forces, dissipation of forces (Tac). 

Kraftfahrabteilung / motor transport 
battalion. 

Kraftfahrausbildung / driver train- 
ing (MT). 

Kraftfahrerm driver; private (MT). 

Kraftfahr-Ersatzteil-Staffel / spare 
parts section (MT). 

Kraftfahrgerat n motor-transport 
equipment. 

Kraf tf ahrkampf truppen fpl armored 
troops. 

Kraftfahrkorps n See National- 

sozialistisches Kraftfahrkorps. 

Kraftfahrlehrstab m motor transport 
training staff. 

Kraftfahrpark m motor transport 
park (GHQ or Army); motor pool, 
vehicle park. 

Kraftfahrparkkompanie / motor 
transport company (component unit 
of a Kraftfahrpark). 

kraftfahrtechnisch pertaining to au- 
tomotive mechanics. 

Kraftfahrtransport m motor trans- 
port. 

Kraftfahrtruppen fpl motor trans- 
port troops. 

Kraftfahrversorgung/ motor trans- 
port supply. 

Kraftfahrwesen n motor transport 
service. 

Kraftfahrzeug n motor vehicle. 

Kraf tfahrzeugkolonne / motor con- 
voy, motor column. 

Kraftfahrzeugpark m motor vehicle 
park. 

Kraftfahrzeug-Verwertung / sorting 
and classification of motor vehicle 
salvage. 

Kraftfahrzeugzubehor n motor- 
vehicle accessories. 
Kraf tlinien fpl lines of force (Elec ). 
Kraftmoment n moment of force. 
Kraftomnibus m bus. 
Kraftquelle / power source. 



Kraftquellenwagen 



101 



Kragenlitze 



Kraftquellenwagen m horse-drawn 

generating unit. 
Kraf trad w motorcycle. For com- 
. pounds see under Krad. 
Kraftsage / power saw. 
Kraftschlepper m tractor, prime 

mover. 

Kraf tspeicher m closing spring cylin- 
der (AA gun); storage battery. 

Kraftstoff m fuel, gasoline. 

Kraftstoffabstellhahn m fuel shut-off 
valve (Mtr). 

Kraftstoffanlage / fuel system (Mtr). 

Kraf tstoffausgabestelle / gasoline 
distributing point. 

Kraftstoffbehalter m fuel tank, gaso- 
line tank. 

Kraftstoffdruckmesser m fuel pres- 
sure gage (Ap). 

Kraftstoffdiise / fuel "jet (Mtr). 

Kraftstoffgemisch n fuel mixture 
(Mtr). 

Kraf tstofflager n fuel dump. 
Kraftstoffleitung / fuel line (MT). 
Kraf tstoff-Luf tgemisch n fuel-air 

mixture (Mtr). 
KraftstoffmeBuhr / fuel gage (Mtr). 
Kraftstoff nachschub in fuel supply, 

gasoline supply. 
Kraftstoffnormverbrauch m normal 

fuel consumption (MT). 
Kraftstoffolmischung / gasoline-oil 

mixture. 

Kraftstofforderpumpe / fuel pump 
(Mtr). 

Kraftstofforderung / fuel feed (Mtr). 
Kraftstoffreiniger m fuel filter (Mtr). 
Kraftstoffsieb n See Kraftstoffrei- 
niger. 

Kraf tstoffstaffel / gasoline supply 
section (Tk Bn). 

Kraftstoffverbrauch m fuel consump- 
tion (MT). 

Kraftstoffverbrauchssatz m rate of 
fuel consumption (MT). 

Kraftstoffversorgung / gasoline sup- 
ply. 

Kraf tsoffvorratsmesser m fuel level 
gage (Ap). 

KraftstoffzufluB m fuel feed (Mtr). 

Kraftstoffzug m gasoline-supply 
train (RR). 

Kraf tiibertragung / power transmis- 
sion, power train (MT). 

Kraf tiibertragungsteile mpl power 
train (MT). 



Kraftverstarker m power amplifier 
(Rod). 

Kraftverstarker-Anlage / public- 
address system (Elec). 

Kraftwagen m automobile, motor ve- 
hicle ( occasionally used in sense of 
Lastkraftwagen, truck). 

Kraftwagenanhanger m trailer. 

Kraftwagenbegleiter m assistant 
driver (MT). 

Kraftwagenflak / mobile antiaircraft 
artillery. 

Kraftwagengeschiitz n See Kraft- 

wagenkanone. 
Kraftwagenkanone / gun mounted on 

motor carriage. 
Kraftwagenkanonenwagen m assault 

gun car, motor carriage for gun. 
Kraftwagenkolonne / motor transport 

column. 

groBe Kraftwagenkolonne heavy 
motor transport column ( capacity 
60 tons). 

kleine Kraftwagenkolonne light 
motor transport column ( capacity 
SO tons). 

Kraftwagenkolonne fiir Betriebsstoffe 

gasoline and lubricant supply col- 
umn. 

Kraftwagenkiichenkompanie / mobile 

kitchen company. 
Kraftwagenmarsch m motorized 

march. 

Kraftwagenpark m motor park. 

Kraftwagentransport m motor 
transport. 

Kraftwagentransportabteilung/ mo- 
tor transport battalion. 

Kraf twagentransportkolonne / motor 
transport column. 

Kraftwagenwerkstatt / motor vehicle 
repair shop. 

Kraftwagenwerkstattzug m motor 
maintenance repair shop platoon. 

Kraftwerk n power house, power sta- 
tion. 

Kraftzug m power traction (as of a 
prime mover). 

mit Kraftzug tractor-drawn, truck- 
drawn. 

Kraftzugartillerie / motorized artil- 
lery. 

Kraf tzuggeschiitz n motorized gun. 
Kraftzugmaschine / prime mover. 
Kragenm collar (Clo). 
Kragenlitze / collar badge (facing 
sewn on the Kragenpatte). 



Kragenpatte 



102 



Kresolwasser 



Kragenpatte/ collar patch (cloth 
backing for the Kragenlitze). 

Kragenspiegel m collar patch (Luft- 
waffe). 

Kragtrager m cantilever beam. 

Kragtragerbriicke / cantilever bridge. 

Krahennest m "crow's nest," gun- 
ner's compartment ( Ap upper tur- 
ret). 

Krampe/ staple (Tech). 

Kran m crane, hoist ; crane tractor 

(used as a power shovel). 
krangen to heel (Avn). 
Krangungsfehler m heeling error 

(Avn). 
krank sick, ill. 

sich krank melden to go on sick call, 

to report sick. 
Krankenabschub m evacuation of the 

sick. 

Kranken-Absonderung / medical iso- 
lation. 

Krankenabteilung / ward (Med). 
Kra'nkenabtransport m evacuation of 
the sick. 

Krankenbehandlimg / treatment of 
sick. 

Krankenblatt n clinical record. 
Krankenbuch n See Krankenmelde- 
buch. 

Kranken-Isolierung / medical isola- 
tion. 

Krankenkraftwagen in motor ambu- 
lance. 

Krankenkraftwagenzug m motor am- 
bulance platoon. 

Krankenmeldebuch n sick report book 
or folder. 

Krankenmeldung / daily sick report. 
Krankenrevier n infirmary, dispen- 
sary. 

Krankensammelpunkt m See Kran- 
kensammelstelle. 

Krankensammelstelle / collecting sta- 
tion (Med). 

Krankenschwester / nurse. 

Krankenstall m veterinary hospital. 

Krankenstube / infirmary, ward. 

Krankentrage m litter, stretcher. 

Krankentragenf ahrgerat n wheeled 
litter carrier (Med). 

Krankentrager m litter bearer (Med). 

Krankentransportabteilung / ambu- 
lance battalion. 

Krankenunterkunft / field hospital, 
feste Krankenunterkunft fixed hos- 
pital. 



Krankenurlaub m sick leave. 
Krankenwarter m ward attendant 
(Med). 

Kranz m circular track (MG mount) > 
Kratze / scraper, hoe. 
Kraxe / wood frame pack carrier. 
Kreis m circle; area; circuit. 
Kreisbogen m arc of a circle. 
Kreisbogenabsteckung / measuring or 

transferring an arc with dividers. 
Kreisel m gyroscope. 
Kreiselabfeuergerat n gyro control, 

gyro-stabilizer (Tk). 
KreiselkompaB m gyro compass. 
Kreiselkompressor m centrifugal 

compressor. 
Kreiselneigungsmesser m bank-and- 

turn indicator (Ap). 
Kreiselpumpe/ centrifugal pump. 
Kreiselsteuerzeiger m gyro indicator, 

gyroscopic turn indicator (Ap). 
Kreiselwendezeiger m gyro turn indi- 
cator, gyroscopic turn indicator 

(Ap). 

kreisen to circle, to maneuver in cir- 
cles. 

Kreisflugm circular course (Avn). 

Kreisfunkfeuer n fan-marker bea- 
con, omnidirectional beacon (Rad). 

Kreisfunktion / trigonometric func- 
tion* 

Kreiskimme / rear ring sight (MG). 

Kreiskommandantur / area head- 
quarters (Mil Govt). 

Kreiskorn n front ring sight (MG). 

KreiskornfuB m front ring sight 
base (MG). 

Kreiskornhalter m front ring sight 
support (MG). 

Kreiskornrahmen m front ring sight 
frame (MG). 

Kreislauf m cycle. 

Kreisleitung / series circuit ( demo- 
litions). 

KreisprozeB m cycle. 

Kreisverkehr m "circular" radio traf- 
fic (radio-net traffic in which sta- 
tions communicate directly with each 
other on a common frequency with 
different call signs and without a net 
control station). 

Kreisvisier n ring sight (Ord). 

krepieren to explode, burst; to die. 

Kresolseifenlosung / cresol soap solu- 
tion. 

Kresolwasser n cresol solution. 



Kreuz 



103 



Kriegsstammrolle 



Kreuz n cross; crosspiece (of univer- 
sal joint). 

Kreuzbundn shear lashing (for 

diagonal timbers). 

Kreuzen n traffic crossing. 

kreuzen to cross; to cruise (Nav). 

Kreuzer m cruiser. 

Kreuzfeuer n cross fire. 

Kreuzgelenk n universal joint. 

Kreuzhacke / double-bitted pickax. 

Kreuzlafette / outrigger-type gun 
mount. 

Kreuzleinen fpl cross line (reins). 

Kreuzlochschraube / cross-hole screw. 

Kreuzmuffe / cross pipe fitting, four- 
way pipe joint. 

Kreuzpeilung / determining a fix, tak- 
ing cross bearings (Air Navigation). 

Kreuzschraube / trigger-guard screw 
(R). 

Kreuzteil n rear of receiver well (R ) . 
Kreuzung / intersection. 
Kreuzungsbahnhof m crossing station 
(RR). 

Kreuzverhor n cross-examination. 

kriechen to creep or crawl. 

Kriechgraben m crawl trench, shal- 
low communication trench. 

Krieg m war. See also terms under 
Gefecht, Kampf. 

kriegfiihrend belligerent. 

kriegfiihrende Macht belligerent 
power. 

Kriegfiihrung / warfare. 

Kriegsakademie / war college. 

Kriegsartikel mpl Articles of War 
C now replaced by brief summary of 
military ideals and obligations called 
Pflichten des deutschen Soldaten). 

Kriegsausgangm outcome of war. 

Kriegsausriistungsnachweisung / 
table of basic allowances (wartime). 

Kriegsband n battle honors. 

Kriegsbeorderung / See Kriegsbeord- 
nung. 

Kriegsbeordnung / mobilization order 
for reservists. 

Kriegsbericht m war communique, 
war news report. 

Kriegsberichter m accredited corre- 
spondent (in a Ger propaganda Co). 

kriegsbeschadigt disabled on active 
duty. 

Kriegsbeteiligung / participation in 
war. 

Kriegsbrauch m customs of war. 
Kriegsbriicke / military bridge. 



Kriegsbriickengerat n military bridge 
equipment. 

Kriegsdauer / duration of war. 
auf Kriegsdauer for the duration 
(abbr. a.K.). 

Kriegsdenkmiinze / campaign medal. 

Kriegsdienstverweigerer m consci- 
entious objector. 

Kriegserfordernisse fpl military re- 
quirements in wartime. 

Kriegserklarung / declaration of war. 

Kriegsflagge / ensign. 

KriegsfuB m war footing. 

Kriegsgebiet n theater of operations. 

Kriegsgebrauch m customs of war. 

Kriegsgefangenenbau- und Arbeits- 
bataillon PW construction and labor 
battalion (for guarding PWs work- 
ing in Germany or rear areas). 

Kriegsgefangeneneinsatz m employ- 
ment of prisoners of war. 

Kriegsgefangenensammelstelle / pris- 
oner-of-war collecting point. 

Kriegsgefangener m prisoner of war. 

Kriegsgerat n war materiel. 

Kriegsgericht n court-martial. 

Kriegsgerichtsrat m judge advocate. 

Kriegsgerichtsrechtsprechung / mili- 
tary justice. 

Kriegsgerichtsverfahren n court- 
martial proceedings. 

Kriegsgliederung / order of battle. 

Kriegskasse/ field safe; war chest. 

Kriegskonterbande / contraband of 
war. 

Kriegskunst / art of war. 

Kriegslazarett n base hospital. 

Kriegslist / stratagem, ruse (Tac). 

Kriegsmarine / navy. 

Kriegsmarsch m tactical march. 

kriegsmaBig warlike, similar to ac- 
tual conditions in the field. 

Kriegsneurose / war neurosis. 

Kriegsoffizier-Bewerber m applicant 
for wartime commission. 

Kriegsrangliste / army directory. 

Kriegsrason / military necessity. 

Kriegsrecht n military law. 

Kriegssanitatsordnung / medical field 
regulations or manual. 

Kriegsschauplatz m theater of war. 

Kriegsschiff n warship. 

Kriegsschule / officer candidate school. 

Kriegsspiel n war game, map maneu- 
ver. 

Kriegsstammrolle / personnel roster 
(wartime). 



Kriegsstand 



104 



Kuppelstange 



Kriegsstand m See Kriegsstarke. 
Kriegsstarke / war strength (of a 

unit, etc.). 
Kriegsstarkenachweisung / table of 

organization ( wartime ) . 
Kriegstagebuch n war diary; journal, 

daybook. 

Kriegsverdienstkreuz n War Service 
Cross (decoration). 

Kriegsverrat in war treason. 

Kriegsverrater m war traitor. 

kriegsverwendungsfahig fit for active 
service (abbr. k.v.). 

Kriegswerft / navy yard. 

kriegswichtig of military importance. 

Kriegswissenschaft / military science. 

Kriegszahnarzt m dental surgeon. 

Kriegszustand to state of war. 

Kriminalpolizei / criminal investiga- 
tion police. 

Krimscliild m Crimea Shield ( deco- 
ration on upper left sleeve, worn by 
all veterans of the battle in the 
Crimea). 

Kripo / See Kriminalpolizei. 

K.-Rolle / plain-wire concertina 

(abbr. of Klaviersaitendraht-Rolle). 

Kronenmutter / castellated hut. 

Krbpfung / right-angle bend ; throw 
(of a, crankshaft). 

Kriimmer m elbow pipe ; manifold. 

Kriimmung/ bend; turn; camber; 
curvature. 

Kruppe/ croup (horse). 

K-Stoffm diphosgene (CWS). 

Kiibel to bucket; jeep. 

Kiibelsitzer m See Kiibelwagen. 

Kiibelsitzwagen m See Kiibelwagen. 

Kiibelwagen m command car, jeep. 

Kubikzahl/ cube (Math). 

Kiiche / kitchen. 

Kiichendienst m kitchen police, KP; 

mess orderly, mess attendant. 
Kuchenunteroffizier m mess sergeant. 
Kufe / sled runner; skid. 
Kugel/ bullet; ball; sphere. 
Kugelblende / mantlet of flexible ball 

mount, ball mount (Tk). 
Kugelfang m target butt, range butt, 
kugelfest bulletproof. 
Kugelfiillung / ball filler (shrapnel). 
Kugelgelenk n ball-and-socket joint. 
Kugellafette / ball mount (MG). 
Kugellager m ball bearing. 
Kugelpfanne / ball socket (Mort). 
kugelsicher bulletproof. 
Kiihlanlage/ cooling system (Mtr). 



Kiihlerm radiator (Mtr). 
Kiihler-EinfiillverschluB m radiator 

cap (MT). 
Kiihlerklappe / louver (Mt, Tk). 
Kiihlerschutzhaube / radiator guard' 

(MT). 

KuhlerverschluS m radiator cap 
(MT). 

Kiihlfliissigkeit / cooling liquid (Mtr). 
Kuhlmantel to water jacket (Mtr, 
MG). 

Kiihlmittel n coolant (Mtr). 

Kiihlrippe/ cooling fin (Mtr). 

Kiihlstoff to coolant. 

Kiihlung/ cooling system (Mtr). 

Kiihlwagen m refrigerator truck, 
refrigerator car. 

Kiihhvassermantel w water jacket. 

Kulissenschaltung / gate-type gear 
shift. 

Rumpel m buddy. 

■Kumuluswolke / cumulus cloud. 

Kundschafter m spy. 

Kunstflug to stunt flying. 

Kunstflugfigur / stunt-flying maneu- 
ver. 

Kunstleder n artificial leather, 
kiinstliche Antenne artificial antenna 
(Rad). 

kiinstliche Atmung artificial respi- 
ration. 

kiinstliche Liiftung artificial ventila- 
tion. 

kiinstlicher Gummi synthetic rubber. 

kiinstlicher Horizont absolute in- 
clinometer, gyro horizon indicator, 
artificial horizon (Ap Inst). 

kiinstlicher Nebel screening smoke 
(CWS). 

kiinstliches Hindernis artificial ob- 
stacle. 

kiinstliche Spur artificial scent (for 
army dogs). 

Kunstschaltung / superposed connec- 
tion (Tp). 

Kunstseide / rayon. 

Kunststoff to synthetic plastic. 

Kupfer n copper. 

Kupferdraht m copper wire. 

Kupf erkapsel / copper shell ( detona- 
tor cap). 

Kuppe / knoll, knob, rounded hilltop. 
Kuppel / cupola. 

Kuppellafette / cupola mount (Ap). 
Kuppelstange / tie rod ( split-trail 
carriage). 



Kupplung 



105 



Kiistenlafette 



Kupplung/ clutch (MT); coupling 
(Mech); recoil connection (pistol). 

Kupplungsfeder / clutch spring (MT). 

KuppliingsfuBhebel m clutch pedal 
(MT). 

Kupplimgsgehause n clutch housing 
(MT). 

Kupplungshebel m clutch lever (MT) ; 

recoil-spring lever (pistol). 
Kupplungskasten m junction box, 

gun junction box, control box (AA 

director). 

Kupplungskegel m clutch cone (MT). 
Kupplungskopf m coupling head 
C trailer). 

Kupplungspedal n clutch pedal (MT). 
Kupplungsscheibe / clutch plate 

(MT). 

Kupplungsstange / recoil-spring lever 

bar (pistol). 
Kupplungstritt m clutch pedal (MT ). 
Kupplungswelle / clutch shaft (MT). 
Kurbel / crank. 

Kurbelarm m crank arm ( of crank- 
shaft). 

Kurbeldynamo / hand-crank gen- 
erator. 

Kurbelgehause n crankcase (Mtr). 

Kurbelgriff m crank handle. 

Kurbelinduktor m hand-crank gen- 
erator (Tp). 

Kurbelkropfung / crankshaft throw. 

Kurbellager n crankshaft bearing, 
pillow block. 

Kurbelrad n crankwheel (G). 

Kurbelstange / connecting rod ( Mtr) . 

Kurbeltrieb m crank mechanism. 

Kurbeltriebwerk n crankshaft assem- 
bly (Mtr). 

Kurbeliibung / crankwheel operation 
exercise (gun laying). 

Kurbelwelle / crankshaft (Mtr). 

Kurbelzapfen m crank pin (Mtr). 

Kurier m courier, special messenger. 

Kurierflugzeugn liaison airplane. 

Kurierpost / courier mail. 

Kurier-Staffel / special communica- 
tion squadon (Luftwaffe). See also 
Staffel. 

Kurs m course, heading. 

Kursgleiche / rhumb line ( Air Navi- 

. gation). 

Kurskreisel m directional gyro. 
Kursscheibe / bearing plate (Avn). 
Kursstabilitat / directional stability 
(Ap). 



Kurssteuerung / piloting, navigat- 
ing, pilot control. 

automatische Kurssteuerung auto- 
matic pilot, mechanical pilot (Ap). 

Kursverbesserung / off-course cor- 
rection (Air Navigation). 

Kursvisier n bomb sight (Ap). 

Kurswechsel in change of course, 
change of direction (Avn). 

Kurswinkel m azimuth of target 

(AAA). 

Kurszeiger m navigator's compass 
(Ap). 

Kurve / curve, turn. 
Kurvenblatt n graph. 
Kurvenflug m curvilinear flight 

(Avn). 

Kurvengleitflug m spiral (Avn). 
Kurvenkampf m turning combat, 

dogfight (Avn). 
Kurvenmesser m map measurer 

(Inst). 

Kurvenscheibe / cam plate (Ord) ; 

curvilinear target (Tng). 
Kurvenvisier n tangent sight (SA). 
Kurzleistung / military rating ( of 

an Ap engine). 
KurzschluB m short circuit, short 

(Elec). 

KurzschluBankermotor m squirrel- 
cage motor. 

KurzschuB m short (Gunnery). 

Kurzsignalw code group. 

Kurzwelle/ short wave (Rad). 

Kurzwellensender m short-wave 
transmitter. 

Kiiste/ coast, shore. 

Kiistenartillerie f coast artillery. 

Kustenaufklarer m coast reconnais- 
sance airplane. 

Kiistenaufklarung / coast reconnais- 
sance. 

Kiistenbatterie / coast battery, shore 
battery. 

Kiistenflak / coast antiaircraft gun, 
coast antiaircraft artillery- 

Kiistenfliegergruppe / coast recon- 
naissance and naval support group 
(Avn). See also Gruppe. 

Kiistengebiet n coastal area. 

Kiistengeschiitz n coast artillery 
gun. 

Kiistengewasser npl coastal zone, 

coastal waters. 
Kiistenlafette / coast artillery gun 

mount. 



Kustenstaffel 



106 



Ladezeit 



Kiistenstaffel / coastal squadron 

(Avn). See also Staffel. 
Kiistenstation / coast guard station. 
Kiistenverteidigung / coast defense. 
Kiistenvorfeld n coastal zone. 
Kiistenwache / coast guard, coast 

guard station. 
Kiistenwacht/ coast patrol. 



Kiistenwehr/ coast defense, coast 
defense troops. 

Kutonnase/ cable cutter on leading 
edge of wing (an anti-barrage-bal- 
loon device). 

Kuvi n See Kursvisier. 

KWK.-Stand m fixed emplacement 
made of tank gun turret. 



Lack m lacquer, varnish. 
Ladebaum m boom, derrick, crane. 
Ladebriicke / loading ramp (on 
trailer). 

Ladedruck m manifold pressure 

(Mtr). 

Ladedruckmesser m manifold pres- 
sure gage (Ap engine). 

Ladedruckregler m manifold pres- 
sure control (Ap engine). 

Ladeeinheit / load unit, unit load. 

Ladefahigkeit / load' capacity; 

serviceable condition of ammunition. 

Ladegewicht n load capacity, weight 
of -load. 

Ladegleis n loading siding (RR). 

Ladegurt in cartridge belt. 

Ladehemmung / stoppage in loading 
mechanism (Ord). 

Ladekanonier m gun loader, loader, 
assistant gunner, cannoneer No. 1. 

Ladeklappe / breechblock. 

Ladekran m gun hoist. 

Ladelaufrad n impeller (super- 

charger). 

Ladeleitrad n diffuser (super- 

charger). 

Ladeloch n loading recess (G). 

Ladeluftkiihler m intercooler (Ap 
supercharger ) . 

Ladeluke / loading hatch (Ap). 

Lademaschine / battery charger 

(Elec). 

Lademaschinensatz m battery 

charging unit (Elec). 
Lademulde / loading tray (G). 
laden to load (R, G, etc.). 
"Laden und sichern!" "Load and 

lock!" 

Ladeplatz m pier, wharf, quay. 



L 

Lader m stevedore, loader, super- 
charger (Mtr). 

Laderampe / loading ramp. 

Laderaum in chamber, powder cham- 
ber (G); hold (Nav). 

Laderaumverlangerung / advance of 
forcing cone (G). 

Ladergetriebe n supercharger drive. 

Ladeschale / loading tray (G). 

Ladeschiitze m assistant gunner, 
loader (Tk). 

Ladesitz m loader's seat (G). 

Ladespannung / charging voltage 
(battery charger). 

Ladestelle / loading point, entrain- 
ing or entrucking point; battery- 
charging station. 

Ladestock m rammer. 

LadestSrung / stoppage in loading 
mechanism (Ord). 

LadestraBe / delivery roadway (RR 
freight station). 

Ladestreifen m cartridge clip, am- 
munition clip. 

Ladetatigkeit / loading operations 
(service of the piece). 

Ladetisch m loading tray (G). 

Ladetrommel / cartridge drum. 

Ladetrupp m loading detail. 

Ladeverzug ra loading lag ( Gun- 
nery). 

Ladeverzugszeit / loading lag, load- 
ing time (Gunnery). 

Ladevorgang ra loading action 

( semi- or full-automatic weapons). 

Ladevorrichtung / breech mechan- 
ism, loading device (Ord); feeding 
device (SA). 

Ladezeit / loading time, entrucking 
time, entraining time; charging time 
(Elec battery). 



Ladung 



107 Landegeschwindigkeit 



Ladung/ cargo, load; charge. 
Ladungsbiichse / blasting-charge 

container (generally of galvanized 

metal). 

Ladungsgefafi n blasting-charge 

container. 
Ladungskasten m blasting-charge 

box. 

Ladungsraum m See Laderaum. 

Ladungsverhaltnis n loading ratio 
(ratio between weight of charge 
and weight of projectile). 

Ladungswerfer m spigot mortar. 

Lafette / gun carriage, gun mount. 

Lafettenachse / gun-carriage axle. 

Lafettenart / type of gun carriage 
or mount. 

Lafettenaufsatzstiick n adapter, tri- 
pod extension piece (MG). 

Lafettendreieck n triangular base 
(AA gun). 

Lafettenfahrzeug n trailer mount 
(Arty). 

Lafettenholm m gun-mount outrig- 
ger; gun-trail crosspiece. 

Lafettenkasten m trail box (G). 

Lafettenkranz m circular track 

mount (Ap, Tk). 

Lafettenkreuz n outriggers (AA 
gun). 

Lafettenschwanz m trail (G). 
Lafettensporn m trail spade (G). 
Lafettenstiitze / firing base (G-). 
Lafettentisch m gun-carriage bed. 
Lafettenwand / gun-carriage side 
plate. 

Lage / situation (Tac); position, 
site; salvo (pieces fire in succes- 
sion); layer, stratum (Met). 

Lagebericht m situation report. 

Lagebeurteilung / estimate of the 
situation (Tac). 

Lagenfeuer n salvo fire (pieces fire 
in succession). 

Lagenkarte / situation map (Tac). 

Lagenmeldung / situation report. 

Lager n camp; depot, dump; bear- 
ing, support. 

das Lager abbrechen to strike 
camp. 

das Lager aufschlagen to pitch 
camp. 

Lagerbestand m stock, stockage. 
Lagerbock m support (for piston 

rod of counterrecoil mechanism); 

pillow block. 



Lagergehause n housing or case en- 
closing a bearing or bushing. 

Lagergeld n pay (PW). 

Lagergerust n storage-closet rack. 

Lagerhaus n warehouse. 

Lagerkommandant m prison camp 
or internment camp commander. 

Lageileitung / camp authorities 
(PW). 

Lagermetall n bearing metal. 
Lagern n storage. 
Lagerort m camp site. 
Lagerplatz m storage place; camp 
site. 

Lagerraum m storeroom. 

Lagerschale / bushing. 

Lagerschuppen m storage shed. 

Lagerstelle / camp site. 

Lagerung / storage, stowage. 

Lagerzapfen m journal ( crank- 

shaft); pivot pin (trail spade); 
trunnion (aiming circle). 

lahmen paralyze, immobilize, neu- 
tralize (Tac). 

lahmlegen neutralize (an attack). 

Lahmlegung / neutralization (Tac). 

Lahmungsschieften n harassing fire 
(with Cml shell). 

Lamelle / disk; leaf; plate; shim; 
cooling fin. 

Lamellenkupplung / multiple-disk 
clutch (MT). 

Lamellenschlu/5 m armature short 
(Elec). 

Lampenfassung / lamp socket (Elec). 
Lampengehause n lamp case (Sig 
lamp). 

Landankertau n shore anchor line 
(Pon Bdg). 

Landbatterie / land-based antiair- 
craft battery (as distinguished from 
ship-based battery). 

Landbord m shoreward side. 

Landbriicke / landing stage (Engr). 

Landebahn / landing strip, runway. 

Landebahnfeuer n contact light 

(Adrm). 

Landedeck n landing deck, flight 

deck (aircraft carrier). 
Landefackel / wing-tip flare (Ap). 
Landefeuer n landing light (Ap). 
Landefunkfeuer n runway localizing- 

beacon (Had). 
Landegeschwindigkeit / landing 

speed (Ap). 



Landeklappe 



108 



Langsstabilitat 



Landeklappe / landing flap (Ap). 
Landekopf m beachhead. 
Landekreuz n landing T (Avn). 
Landelicht n landing light (Ap). 
Landemannschaft / ground crew 
(Bin). 

Landeplatz m landing area, landing 
field (Avn). 

Landesaufnahme / topographic 
survey, geodetic survey. 

landeseigener Verband "native" unit 
(composed of inhabitants of Ger- 
man-occupied country who fight, on 
their own soil, as auxiliaries of 
German Army). 

Landesschiitzeneinheit / regional de- 
fense unit (such as Landesschiitzen- 
division, -regiment, -bataillon, and 
-kompanie; mainly for guard duty 
in Com Z and Z of I). 

Landesteg m landing ramp (Nav). 

Landesverrat m treason. 

Landesverteidigung / home defense. 

Landetrupp m landing and saddling 
detail (at stream crossing) (Cav). 

Landezeichen n landing signal. 

Landezone / landing zone (Adrm). 

Landfahnverk n wheel-type landing 
gear (Ap). 

Landfahrzeug n land vehicle; shore- 
ward ponton (Bdg). 

Landkrieg m war on land, land war- 
fare. 

Landkriegsordnung / Rules of Land 
Warfare. 

Landmeile/ statute mile (1.609 km). 

Landmine / land mine. 

Landser m doughboy. 

LandstralSe / road, highway. 

Landsturm m territorial reserve, re- 
placement reserves (age over 45). 
Landsturm I trained reserves (age 
over 45). 

Landsturm II untrained reserves 

(age over 45). 
Landtruppen fpl ground troops. 
Landung / landing. 
Landung mit Seitenwind cross-wind 

landing. 

Landungsabteilung / beach party or 

detachment. 
Landungsboot n landing barge, 

landing boat. 
Landungsfahrzeug n landing craft. 
Landungsklappe / landing ramp ( of 

a landing craft or ship). 



Landungsplatz m landing area. 

Landungsrauchzeichen n landing 
smoke signal (Avn). 

Landungstrupp m landing party. 

Landungsunternehmung / landing 
operation. 

Landverankerung / guy-line anchor- 
age (Pon). 

Landwehr / reserves (age group 35- 
45). 

Landwehr I trained reserves (35- 
45). 

Landwehr II untrained reserves 
(35-45). 

Landwehroffizier m reserve officer. 

See Landwehr. 
Langbasis / horizontal base (Arty, 

Surv). 

Langbasisanlage / base end station. 

Langbasisverfahren n horizontal 
base method, long base method 
( Gunnery). 

Lange / length, 
der Lange nach beschiefien to en- 
filade. 

Langenabweichung / longitudinal 
deviation, range deviation (Gun- 
nery). 

Festlegen der Langenabweichung 

range sensing, range spotting (Arty 
Obsn). 

Langengrad m degree of longitude. 
Langenkreis m circle of longitude. 
Langenmessung / linear measure- 
ment. 

Langenstreuung / range dispersion 
on horizontal target (Ballistics). 

Langenverbesserung / range cor- 
rection (Gunnery). 

Langenverhaltnis n aspect ratio 

(Ap). 

Lange iiber alles over-all length. 

Langsachse / longitudinal axis. 

Langsamflug m stalling flight (Ap). 

Langsbestreichung / enfilade fire. 

Langsfeld n chase of gun barrel. 

Langsfeuer n enfilade fire. 

Langslibelle / longitudinal level 
( sighting mechanism ) . 

Langsneigungsmesser m pitch in- 
dicator, fore-and-aft inclinometer 
(Ap). 

Langsschnitt m longitudinal section. 
Langsseitgehen n pulling alongside. 
Langsstabilitat / longitudinal stabil- 
ity (Ap). 



Langstrager 



109 



Lebensmittel 



Langstrager m stringer, balk 

(Bdg); longitudinal outrigger (A A 
gun); longeron (Ap); long channel 
bar of chassis frame (MT). 

Langstreckenbomber m long-range 
bomber. 

Langstreckenjager m long-range 
fighter airplane. 

Langstrecken-Seeflugzeug n long- 
range seaplane. 

Langszapfen m axle pivot pin (split 
trail carriage). 

Langwellen fpl long waves (Rad). 

Langwellenpeiler m long-wave 
direction finder (Rad). 

Lasche / butt strap (Engr). 

Last / load. 

Lastanhanger m truck trailer (MT). 
Lastensegelflugzeug n See Lasten- 
segler. 

Lastensegler m troop-carrying 
glider, cargo-carrying glider. • 

Lastfallschirm m cargo parachute. 

Lastflugzeug n cargo transport air- 
plane. 

Lastigkeitsregelung / trimming 
(Ap). 

Lastigkeitswaage / balance indi- 
cator (Ap). 

Lastkraftwagen m truck, cargo 

truck. 

Lastwagenschlepper m truck-tractor. 

Latte / batten, lath, board; propel- 
ler (Ap); stadia rod (Surv). 

Lattenfiihrung / pitch control (pro- 
peller). 

Lattenpunkt m place mark (Surv). 
Lattenrost m boardwalk, duckboard 
( trench). 

Laubwald m deciduous forest, de- 
ciduous wood. 

Lauerstellung / ambush gun em- 
placement, ambush. 

Lauf m barrel (MG, R) ; run, course. 

Laufbahn / career (as an officer, 
specialist, etc.); runway (Adrm). 

Laufbahnabzeichen n specialist's 
insignia or badge. 

Laufbriicke / gangplank. 

Laufdecke / tire casing (MT). 

lauf end running; current; contin- 
uous; serial. 

laufende Nummer serial number. 

Laufer m runner, messenger. 

Laufflache / tread (of a tire); slid- 
ing surface (of a sled runner); 



bearing surface, friction surface. 
Laufgraben m approach trench, 

communication trench. 
Laufinneres n bore (SA). 
Lauf mantel m jacket (MG). 
Laufmundstiick n breech piece (R). 
Lauf rad n landing wheel (Ap); 

bogie wheel (Tk); impeller (of 

pump, etc.). 
Lauf ring m race (ball bearing). 
Laufrolle / bogie wheel (Tk). 
Laufschritt m double time. 

"Im Laufschritt, Marsch! Marsch!" 

"Double time, march!" 
Laufseele / bore (SA). 
Laufseelenpriifer m barrel reflector 

(SA). 

Laufsitzring m barrel-locking ring 

(MG) 
Laufweite / caliber. 
Laufwerk n tracks and suspensions 

(Tk) ; running gear (of a vehicle). 
Laufwerkpanzerung / track shield, 

armored skirting (Tk). 
Lauschdienst m intercept service 

(Sig C). 

Lauschempfanger m intercept re- 
ceiver (Sig C). 

Lauschgerat n intercept set (Rad). 

Lauschstelle / intercept station (Sig' 
C). 

Lauschzange / wire-tapping clamp. 

Lauthorknopf m handset switch, 
amplifier knob (Tp). 

Lautsprecher m loudspeaker (Rad). 

Lautsprechertrichter m horn, cone, 
trumpet (of loud speaker). 

Lautsprechertruhe / baffle, speaker 
cabinet (Rad). 

Lautstarke / signal strength, vol- 
ume, readability (Rad) ; sound in- 
tensity (sound locator). 

Lautstarkenregler m volume control 
(Rad). 

Lautverstarker m volume amplifier 
(Rad). 

Lazarett n hospital. 

Lazarettaufnahme / hospitalization. 

Lazarettbehandlung / hospital treat- 
ment, hospitalization. 

Lazarettflagge / flag of protection. 

Lazarettschifif n hospital ship. 

Lazarettzug m hospital train. 

Lebensdauer / accuracy life (G). 

Lebensmittel npl subsistence sup- 
plies. 



Lebensmittelkarte 



110 



Leitradachse 



Lebensmittelkarte / food ration 
card. 

Lederfett n dubbin. 
Lederring m See Lederscheibe. 
Lederscheibe / leather washer. 
Ledertasche / leather case, leather 
bag. 

Leere / vacuum. 

Leergang m backlash, lost motion; 

neutral gear (Mtr). 
Leergewicht n empty weight. 
Leergut n empties (Am). 
Leerlauf m idling, neutral, idling 

speed (Mtr). 
Leerlaufdiise / idler jet (Mtr). 
Leermaterial n train of empties 

(RR). 

Leerschraube / drain plug. 

Legierung / alloy. 

Legionsschiitze m non-German rifle- 
man in the Wehrmacht. 

Lehmgrube / clay pit. 

Lehrbataillon n instruction battalion 
(used for demonstrations, etc.). 

Lehre / doctrine, theory; gage. 

Lehrfilm m training film. 

Lehrflugwesen n training aviation. 

Lehrgang in course of instruction. 

Lehrgangsleiter m instructor. 

Lehrgruppe / instruction group 

(Avn). 

Lehrregiment n instruction regiment 
(used for demonstrations, etc.). 

Lehrtruppe / instruction unit. 

Leibgarde / bodyguard. 

Leibgurt m belt (Clo). 

Leibgurt mit Schulterriemen Sam 
Browne belt. 

Leibriemen m garrison belt (Clo). 

Leibstandarte / See SS-Leibstan- 
darte. 

Leibwache / bodyguard. 

Leiche / corpse; carcass. 

leichte Division motorized division, 
"light division." 

Leichtkrankenkriegslazarett n base 
hospital for minor cases ( Com Z). 

Leichtkrankenschiff n hospital ship 
for minor cases. 

Leichtkrankenzug m hospital train 
for minor cases. 

Leichtkranker m ambulatory case, 
minor case (sick, not wounded). 

Leichtol n light fuel ( as distinguish- 
ed from Diesel fuel). 

Leichtverwundetensammelplat.z m 



collecting station for walking 
wounded. 

Leichtverwundeter m minor cas- 
ualty. 

Leinenbund n rope lashing. 
Leinol n linseed oil. 
Leinwand / linen; cloth; projection 
screen. 

Leiste / strip; edge; fillet; batten. 
Leistenbruch m hernia. 
Leistengegend / groin. 
Leistung / output, performance, 

capacity; power (Rad). 
Leistungsbelastung / power loading 

(Ap). 

Leistungsfahigkeit / efficiency, ca- 
pacity. 

Leistungsgewicht n weight per 

horsepower. 
Leistungsregler m power control 

(Rad). 

Leistungsrbhre / power amplifier 
tube. 

Leistungssegelflugzeug n perform- 
ance-type glider (Avn). 

Leistungssteigerung / increase of 
efficiency (Mtr). 

Leistungsstufe / power amplifier, 
final amplifier (of a Rad transmit- 
ter). 

Leistungswahlhebel 171 output selec- 
tor lever (Ap engine). 

leiten conduct, lead, direct, manage. 

Leitender m director (maneuvers). 

Leitender Arzt ward officer (Med). 

Leitender Ingenieur chief engineer 
(a Civ official in the Armed Forces). 

Leitender Offizier executive officer. 

Leiter m leader, director; conductor 
(Elec). 

Leiter / ladder. 

Leiterschleife / armature turn 

(Elec). 

Leitfahigkeit / conductivity (Elec). 
Leitfeuer n cord fuze, safety fuze. 
Leitfeuerziindmittel n cord fuze de- 
tonator. 

Leitfeuerziindung / cord fuze de- 
tonation. 

Leitfunkstelle / net control station 
(Rad). 

Leitkante / leading edge (Ap wing). 
Leitrad n idler, idler wheel (Tk); 

diffuser (supercharger). 
Leitradachse / idler wheel shaft 

(Tk). 



Leitstand 



111 



Leuchtkompafl 



Leitstand m fire-direction center 

(Arty); command post. 
Leitstelle / net control station 

(Rad). 

Leitstrahl m localizer beam (Inst 
landing ) . 

Leitstrahlverfahren n localizer-beam 

method (Inst landing). 
Leitung / line (Tp); command; 

direction; control; management. 
Leitungsbau m line construction 

(fp). 

Leitungsgehilfe m director's aide 
( maneuvers). 

Leitungskapazitat / capacity of a 
line, traffic capacity of a line (Elec, 
Tp, Tg). 

Leitungsmast m telephone pole. 

Leitungsmaterial n conducting ma- 
terial, electric wire. 

Leitungsmittel n line wire (Tp). 

Leitungsnetz n wire net, circuit, 
wiring system, wire-communication 
net. 

Leitungsoffizier m assistant director 

( maneuvers) . 
Leitungsplan m wiring diagram. 
Leitungspriifer m galvanometer 

(Engr); circuit tester (Elec). 
Leitungsskizze / circuit diagram 

(Tp). 

Leitungssondertruppen fpl special 

troops of director headquarters 

( maneuvers). 
Leitungsstab m directing staff 

( maneuvers ) . 
Leitungssystem n wiring system 

(Elec). 

Leitungstruppen fpl troops assigned 
to director headquarters (maneu- 
vers). 

Leitungs- und Schiedsrichterdienst m 
directing and umpiring service 
( maneuvers). 

Leitungswiderstand m line resist- 
ance (Elec). 

Leitverkehr m control-station traffic 
(Rad). 

Leitwand / baffle. 

LeitwellverschluB m sliding-wedge- 
• type breechblock (G). 

Leitwerk n empennage, tail as- 

sembly, tail unit (Ap). 

Leitwert m conductance (Elec). 

Leitzaun m guide fence (a type of 
snow fence). 



Lenden fpl loins (horse). 
Lenkballon m dirigible 
Lenkbremse / steering brake (Tk). 
Lenkeinrichtung / steering mechan- 
ism. 

Lenkeinschlag m maximum angle of 

turn (steering wheels). 
Lenker m steering arm (of a gun 

wheel). 

Lenkgehause n steering-gear hous- 
ing (MT). 

Lenkgestange n tie rods (MT). 

Lenkgetriebe n steering mechanism 
( track-laying vehicles ) . 

Lenkhebel m steering-knuckle gear- 
rod arm (MT); steering lever 
(track-laying vehicle). 

Lenkkniippel m steering lever 

( track-laying vehicle ) . 

Lenkluftschiff n dirigible. 

Lenkrad n steering wheel (MT). 

Lenksaule / steering column (MT). 

Lenkschnecke / steering worm 
(MT). 

Lenkschraube / cylindrical cam on 

steering column (MT). 
Lenkschubstange / steering gear 

connecting rod (MT). 
Lenksegment n steering- worm sector 

(MT). 

Lenkstange / tie rod (MT); handle 

bar (Mtcl). 
Lenkstock m See Lenkstockhebel. 
Lenkstockhebel m steering arm 

(MT). 

LenkstoBfang m steering shock sus- 
pension (MT). 

Lenkung / steering, steering system 
(MT). 

Lettenhaue / mattock hoe (Engr). 
leuchtbereit ready for action (SL). 
Leuchtblatt n luminous dial. 
Leuchtboje / light buoy. 
Leuchtbombe / aircraft parachute 
flare. 

Leuchtdauer / burning time (of a 

ground Sig, etc.). 
Leuchtfallschirm m parachute flare 

(Avn). 

Leuchtfarbe / luminous paint. 
Leuchtfeuer n beacon light (Avn). 
LeuchtgeschofJ n See Leuchtgranate. 
Leuchtgranate / star shell (Am). 
Leuchtgranatwerfer m pyrotechnic 

projector. 
LeuchtkompaB m luminous compass. 



Leuchtkreuze 



112 



Lieferant 



Leuchtkreuze npl reticle image (re- 
flector sight). 

Leuchtkugel / ground signal, Very 
signal light. 

Leuchtmittel n pyrotechnic device. 

Leuchtmunition f pyrotechnics; 
tracer ammunition. 

Leuchtpatrone / signal case; signal 
cartridge; cartridge-type ground 
signal. 

Leuchtpfad m flare path (Avn). 

Leuchtpistole / pyrotechnic pistol, 
signal pistol, Very pistol. 

Leuchtrakete / signal rocket. 

Leuchtraketengestell n pyrotechnic 
projector (for Sig rockets). 

Leuchtrohre / fluorescent tube. 

Leuchtsatz m pyrotechnic composi- 
tion, flare composition, illuminant 
charge; tracer composition. 

Leuchtschiff n lightship, 

Leuchtspur / tracer trajectory. 

LeuchtspurgeschoB n tracer bullet, 
tracer. 

Leuchtspurgranate / tracer shell 
(Am). 

Leuchtspurmunition / tracer am- 
munition. 

Leuchtspursatz m tracer composition 
(Am). 

Leuchtstern m star (signal). 
Leuchttonne / light buoy. 
Leuchtturm m lighthouse. 
Leuchtvisier n luminous sight. 
Leuchtzeichen n ground signal, light 
signal. 

Leuchtzifferblatt n luminous dial 
(Inst). 

Leukoplast n court plaster. 

Leute fpl personnel. 

Leutnant' m second lieutenant ; 
lieutenant (specifically, 2nd Lt). 

Leutnant der Flieger second lieu- 
tenant (Luftwaffe). 

Leutnant zur See ensign (Nav). 

Lewisit 11 Lewisite (CWS). 

Libelle / level (Inst); clinometer 
( Arty, Surv). 

die Libelle einspielen to center the 
bubble in a level. 

Libelleneinstellung / level setting, 
level adjustment. 

Libellengehause n level housing 

(panoramic telescope). 

Libellenquadrant m gunner's quad- 
rant (with spirit level). 



Libellentafel / angle-of-site table 

( Gunnery). 
Lichtanlasser m generator-starter 

(MT). 

"Licht auf!" "In action!" (AA SL). 

Lichtbild n photograph. 

Lichtbildaufnahme / See Lichtbild. 

Lichtbildauswertung / interpretation 
of photographs. 

lichtbilden to photograph, 
i Lichtbildentzerrung / rectification of 
aerial photographs. 

Lichtbilderkundung / photographic 
reconnaissance. 

Lichtbildmaschinengewehr n ma- 
chine-gun camera. 

Lichtbildmessung / phototopography. 

Lichtbild-MG n camera gun (Avn). 

Lichtbildner m photographer. 

Lichtbildpause / photographic over- 
lay. 

Lichtbildwesen n photography. 
LichtbogenschweiBung / arc weld- 
ing. 

Lichtkegel m beam of light, cone of 
light. 

Lichtmaschine / generator (MT). 
Lichtmeftbatterie / flash ranging 

section (Obsn Bn). 
LichtmeBdienst m flash ranging 

service. 

Lichtmessen n flash ranging. 
LichtmeBstelle / flash ranging sta- 
tion. 

LichtmeBtrupp m flash ranging team. 

Lichtnetz n lighting system. 

Lichtpause / photostatic reproduc- 
tion; photocopy; blueprint. 

Lichtrufanlage / light-signal call 
system (in hospitals, etc.). 

Lichtschallmessen n sound and flash 
ranging. 

Lichtschalter ra light switch. 

Lichtsprechgerat n modulated light- 
ray communication set. 

Lichtspruch m signal-lamp message. 

Lichtspur- See Leuchtspur-. 

Lichtstarke / luminous intensity, in- 
tensity of light. 

Lichtung / forest clearing. 

lidern to pack, seal, obturate. 

Liderung / gas check, obturator (G). 

Liderungskopf m mushroom head 
( of obturator). 

Liderungspolster n gas-check pad. 

Lieferant m supplier, contractor. 



Lieferdienst 



113 



Luftabwehr 



Lieferdienst m ferrying service 

(Avn). 

Lieferschein m shipping ticket. 
Lieferung / lot, shipment, 
liegend prone, lying; berthed. 
Liegeplatz in berth (in port). 
Linealvisier n linear sight ( Ger AA 
gun). 

lineares System linear speed method 
(AA Gunnery). 

Linie / line, rank. 
"In Linie zu einem Gliede, ange- 
treten!" "In single rank, fall in!" 

Linie B-Stelle-Ziel OP-target line. 

Linie Geschiitz-Ziel gun-target line. 

Linienaufstellung / line formation. 

Linienbo / line squall. 

Linienkarte / line route map (Tp). 

Linienverkehr m "line" traffic ( two- 
station Rad Com on one or two fre- 
quencies). 

Linie zu einem Glied single rank 
(Inf); line (Cav). 

links left, to the left, on the left. 

Linkskurve / left turn (MT); left 
bank (Avn). 

linkslaufend counterclockwise. 

Linksdrall m left-hand twist (rif- 
ling). 

linksgangig counterclockwise; left- 
hand (threads, etc.). 

Linksgewinde n left-hand thread 
(MT). 

linkslaufend counterclockwise. 
"Links schwenkt, Marsch!" "Column 

left, march!" 
"Links, urn!" "Left, face!" (being at 

a halt); "By the left flank, march!" 

(given in marching). 
Linkswendung / left face. 
Linse/ lens. 

List / cunning, ruse, trick; strata- 
gem (Tac). 

Litze / stranded wire (Elec) ; color- 
ed facing on collar (Clo). 

Litzenspiegel m two narrow colored 
strips on collar (Clo). 

Livens-Handwerfer m Livens projec- 
tor (CWS). 

LM.G.-Abmarsch m light MG half 
squad (Cav). 

l.M.G.-Trupp m light machine-gun 
team (of Ger R squad). 

Ln.-Helferin / See Luftnachrichten- 
Helferin. 

Ln.-Zugfiihrer m See Luftnachrich- 
ten-Zugfiihrer. 



Locken n call to quarters. 
Liiffelbagger in power shovel. 
Lohnung / base pay. 
Lokomotivbahnhof m engine yard 
(RR). 

Lokomotivschuppen m engine house, 
roundhouse (RR). 

Looping in loop (Avn). 

Losantin n .a German decontaminat- 
ing agent ( calcium hypochlorite pre- 
paration in powder or in tablet 
form). 

Losantinbrei m calcium hypochlorite 
slurry (CWS). 

loschen to unload (a ship); to ex- 
tinguish (a fire); to slake (lime). 

Loschfliissigkeit / extinguisher 
fluid. 

Loschgerat n fire extinguisher. 

Loschmeister m sergeant fireman 
(Luftwaffe official ranking as Mas- 
ter Sgt). 

Loschplatz in pier, wharf. 

Loschtrupp m fire-fighting crew. 

lose loose, unlocked. 

loslosen, sich disengage (Tac). 

Loslosung / disengagement (Tac). 

Lost n mustard gas. 

Losung / password. 

Losung / solution; mixture. 

Losungsmittel n solvent. 

Losungswort n password, counter- 
sign. 

Lot n plumb bob, sounding lead; 

solder, 
loten to solder. 
Lotfe n See Lofternrohr. 
Lotfernrohr n bomb sight. 
Lotkolben m soldering iron. 
Lbtlampe / blowtorch. 
Lotmetall m solder, 
lotrecht perpendicular. 
Lotrechte / perpendicular (line). 
Lotschnur / plumb line. 
Lotse m pilot (Nav). 
Lotsenflagge / Union Jack (Nav). 
Lbtzinn n solder. 

Loxodrome / rhumb line (Naviga- 
tion) . 

L'Spur / See Leuchtspur. 
Liicke / gap. 

Luft / air (in compounds: Air 
Forces, airborne, aircraft, aviation, 
etc.). See also terms under Flieger, 
Flug. 

LuftabfluBklappen fpl cowling flaps. 
Luftabwehr / active air defense. 



Luf tab wehrdienst 



114 



Luftkarte 



Luftabwehrdienst m air defense 
service. 

Luftabwehrstelle / air defense post. 

Luftabwehrwaffe / antiaircraft 
weapon. 

Luftalarm m air-raid alarm. 

Luftamt n See Allgemeines Luftamt. 

Luftangriff m air attack, air raid. 

Luftangriffsziel n air objective. 

Luftanreicherung / concentration of 
gas in the air ( CWS ) . 

Luftaufklarung / air reconnaissance. 

Luftaufklarungsraum m air recon- 
naissance area. 

Luftaufsichtsdienst in flight control 
service ( a branch of the Ger Air 
Ministry). 

Luftausgleicher m pneumatic equili- 
brator (G). 

Luftbauamt n Air Ministry con- 
struction office. 

Luftbehalter w compressed-air tank 
(Engr, MT); air chamber (counter- 
recoil mechanism, vehicle brake). 

Luftbehalter des Vorholers recupe- 
rator cylinder (G). 

Luftbeobachtung / air observation. 

Luftbild n aerial photograph. 

Luftbildauswertung / interpretation 
of aerial photographs. 

Luftbildentzerrung / rectification of 
aerial photographs. 

Luftbildgerat n aircraft camera. 

Luftbildkammer / aerial camera, 
aircraft camera. 

Luf tbildkarte / aerial mosaic ; photo- 
graphic map. 

Luftbildplan m photomap. 

Luftbildreihe / photographic strip. 

Luftbildwesen n aerial photography. 

luftdicht airtight. 

Luftdichte / air density. 

Luftdienstzulage / aviation pay, fly- 
ing pay. 

Luf tdraht m antenna wire, overhead 
antenna. 

Luftdruck m air pressure (Mech) ; 
atmospheric pressure (Met); blast 
(effect of explosion). 

Luftdruckbremse / air brake. 

Luftdruck-Fettpresse / grease gun. 

Luftdruckgradient m pressure gra- 
dient (Met). 

Luftdruckmesser m barometer. 

Luftdrucktur / blast baffle (Ft). 

Luftdruckwirkung / blast effect. 

Luftdiise / air jet (Mtr). 



LufteinschieBziel n high-burst ad- 
justment target (Arty). 

liiften to air, to ventilate. 

Liifter m ventilator, fan, blower. 

Lufterkundung / air reconnaissance. 

Luftfahrt / aeronautics, aviation. 

Luftfahrthindernis n airway ob- 
struction. 

Luftfahrtmedizin / aviation med- 
icine. 

Luftfahrtministerium n See Reichs- 
luftahrtministerium. 

Luftfahrwesen n aeronautics. 

Luftfahrzeug n aircraft. 

Luftfelddivision /' air forces field 
division (fighting as ground force 
with Army). 

Luftfilter m air filter. 

Luftflasche / compressed-air cylin- 
der, oxygen flask. 

Luftflotte / air force (a territorial 
and tactical command of the Luft- 
waffe). 

Luftflottenchef m air force com- 
mander. See also Luftflotte. 

Luftgau m air force administrative 
command (administrative area of a 
Luftflotte). 

Luftgaukommado n air force admin- 
istrative command headquarters. See 
also Luftgau, Luftflotte. 

Luftgegner m hostile aircraft. 

luftgekiihlt air-cooled. 

Luftgeschwader n See Geschwader. 

Luftgewicht n density of the air. 
ballistisches Luftgewicht ballistic 
density. 

Lufthafenbereichkommandantur / 

airdrome regional command (sub- 
division of a Luftgau). 
Luftherrschaft / air supremacy, 
mastery of the air, control of the 
air. 

Lufthoheit / air sovereignty. 
Luftinfanterie / airborne infantry. 
Luftkabel n overhead wire (Tp). 
Luftkampf m air fighting, air at- 
tack. 

Luftkampf geschwader n bombard- 
ment wing. See also Geschwader. 

Luftkampfstoff m volatile chemical 
agent (as distinguished from Gelan- 
dekampfstoff, ground contaminating 
agent). 

Luftkampfiibung / air fighting or 

air attack exercise. 
Luftkarte / air map. 



Luf tklappenventil 



115 Luftschutzordnungsdienst 



Luftklappenventil n choke valve 
( carburetor). 

Luftkraft / aerodynamic force. 

Luftkreis m air force service area. 

Luftkreiskommando n air force serv- 
ice area headquarters. 

Luftkrieg m air war, air warfare. 

Luftkriegfiihrung / air warfare. 

Luftkriegsschule / officer candidate 
school (Luftwaffe). 

Luftkiihlung / air cooling. 

Luftlager n PW camp for air forces 
personnel. 

Luftlandegeschwader n glider wing 
(strictly, a wing of transport air- 
planes for towing gliders). 

Luftlandekette / glider flight (air- 
borne operations). See also Luft- 
landegeschwader. 

Luftlandestaffel / glider squadron 
(airborne operations) . See also Luft- 
landegeschwader. 

Luftlandetruppen fpl air landing 
troops. 

Luftleere / vacuum. 

Luftleiter in antenna. 

Luftloch n air pocket (Avn). ' 

Luftmacht / air power. 

Luftmarsch m "air march" (flight 
of airborne troops from departure 
Adrm to destination). 

Luftmeer n atmosphere. 

Luf tmeldequadrat n grid square ( for 
reporting locations in air recon- 
naissance). 

Luftmine / aerial mine. 

Luftnachrichten fpl signal communi- 
cation (Luftwaffe). 

Luftnachrichtenabteilung / signal 
battalion (Luftwaffe). 

Luftnachrichtenhelferin / woman 
signal auxiliary (Luftwaffe). 

Luftnachrichtenkompanie / signal 
company (Luftwaffe). 

Luftnachrichtenstelle / signal center 
of an airdrome. 

Luftnachrichtentruppe / signal com- 
munication troops (Luftwaffe). 

Luftnavigation / air navigation. 

Luftoffensive / air offensive. 

Luftparade / aerial review, aerial 
pass in review. 

L'uftpersonalamt n See Luftwaffen- 
personalamt. 

Luftpresser m air compressor. 

Luftraum m air area; air space; 
sky. 



Luftreibung / air friction. 

Luftreifen m pneumatic tire. 

Luftreiniger m air filter. 

Luftsack m wind sock, wind sleeve, 
wind cone (Avn); towed-sleeve 
target (AAA practice); ballonet 
(Bin). 

Luftsackmaul n air scoop (Bin). 
Luftsackventil n ballonet valve 
(Bin). 

Luftsaule / column of air (Met). 
Luftscheibe / antiaircraft practice 
target. 

Luftschicht /' atmospheric layer 

(Met). 
Luftschiff n airship. 
Luftschlacht / air battle. 
Luftschlauch m inner tube (MT). 
Luftschlitz m louver (Tk). 
Luftschraube / propeller (Ap). See 

also Propeller. 
Luftschraubenblatt n propeller blade 

(Ap). 

Luftschraubendrehzahl / propeller 
rpm. 

Luftschraubenebene / plane of pro- 
peller rotation (Ap). 

Luftschraubenfliigel m propeller 
blade (Ap). 

Luftschraubenhaube / propeller 
spinner (Ap). 

Luftschraubenkreis m propeller-disk 
area (Ap). 

Luftschraubensteigungsmesser m pro- 
peller pitch indicator. 

Luftschraubenstrahl m slipstream. 

Luftschraubennabenstiick n propel- 
ler boss (Ap). 

Luftschraubenverstellgerat n pitch- 
control mechanism (propeller). 

Luftschutz m air raid protection, 
passive air defense (Civ defense). 

Luftschutzabschnitt m civilian de- 
fense sector (air raid protection). 

Luftschutzbezirk m civilian defense 
district ( air raid protection) . 

Luftschutzbrandspritze / stirrup 
pump. 

Luftschutzbund m See Reichsluft- 
schutzbund. 

Luftschutzkeller m air raid shelter. 

Luftschutzleiter m chief of air de- 
fense (in a local defense council). 

Luftschutzmalinahmen fpl air raid 
precautionary measures. 

Luftschutzordnungsdienst m civilian 



Luf tschutzpolizei 



116 Luftwaffenverwaltungsamt 



defense police service ( air raid pro- 
tection). 

Luftschutzpolizei / civilian defense 
police (air raid protection). 

Luftschutzraum m air raid shelter. 

Luftschutzrevier n civilian defense 
zone (air raid protection). 

Luftschutzsanitatsdienst m civilian 
defense medical service (air raid 
protection). 

Luftschutzsirene / air raid siren. 

Luftschutztruppen fpl civilian de- 
fense troops (air raid protection). 

Luftschutzturm m air raid tower. 

Luftschutziibung / air raid drill, 
practice alert. 

Luftschutzveterinardienst m civilian 
defense veterinary service (air raid 
protection). 

Luftschutzwarndienst m aircraft 
warning service (Civ defense). 

Luftschutzwarnstelle / district warn- 
ing center (AWS). 

Luftschutzwarnzentrale / control 
center (AWS). 

Luftschutzwart m air raid warden. 

Luftschutzzentrale / See Luftschutz- 
warnzentrale. 

Luftsog m vacuum (resulting from 
explosion). 

Luftspaher m ground observer 

(AWS); antiaircraft scout or look- 
out, air sentinel, air guard. 

Luftspah- und Warndienst m air- 
craft scout and warning service. 

Luftsperre / antiaircraft defenses 
(balloon barrage, fighter patrol, 
etc.). 

Luftsperrgebiet n prohibited zone, 
airspace reservation (Avn). 

Luftsperrtruppen fpl barrage bal- 
loon troops. 

Luftsprengpunkt m point of air 

burst (Arty). 

Luftstorungen fpl atmospheric dis- 
turbances. 

Luftstofi m blast, concussion of air 
(resulting from an explosion). 

Luftstreitkrafte fpl air forces. 

Luftstrom m air current. 

Luftstromgerat n airplane chemical 
spray apparatus. 

Luftstiitzpunkt m air base. 

lufttanken to refuel in flight. 

Lufttorpedo n aerial torpedo. 

Lufttransport m air transport. 

Lufttreffbild n air-burst pattern. 



Lufttuchtigkeit / airworthiness. 

Lufttiichtigkeitsschein m airworth- 
iness certificate. 

Luftiiberlegenheit / air superiority. 

Luftung / ventilation. 

Liiftungsrohr n ventilation shaft 
(Tk). 

Luftverankerung / overhead cable 
anchorage (Pon Bdg). 

Luftverdichter m air compressor. 

Luftvergleichsziel n high-burst aux- 
iliary target (Arty). 

Luftverkehrslinie / civil airway. 

Luftversorgung / supply by air. 

Luftverteidigung / air defense, anti- 
aircraft defense; air defense system. 

Luftverteidigungsgebiet n special 
air defense command in vital areas. 

Luftvorholer m pneumatic recup- 
erator (G). 

Luftwache / ground observer 

(AWS); air sentinel, air guard. 

Luftwaffe / German Air Forces. 

Luftwaffenbautruppe / aviation con- 
struction engineers. 

Luftwaffenbetriebskompanie / air- 
drome maintenance and service unit. 

Luftwaffen-Druckvorschrift / air 
forces manual (abbr. L.Dv.). 

Luftwaffen-Felddivision / air forces 
field division (fighting as ground 
force with the Army). 

Luftwaffenflak / air forces antiair- 
craft artillery (as distinguished 
from Army antiaircraft artillery). 

Luftwaffengruppenkommando n air 
force headquarters of a Gruppe. 

Luf twaff enhelf er m air forces order- 
ly ( messenger or clerk of premili- 
tary age). 

Luftwaffenhelferin / air forces wo- 
man auxiliary. 

Luftwaffen-Jager-Regiment n air 
forces rifle regiment. 

Luftwaffenkommando n air forces 
headquarters. 

Luftwaff enpersonalamt n Air Forces 
Personnel Office (a branch of the 
Ger Air Ministry). 

Luftwaffenschiitzenregiment n air 
forces rifle regiment. 

Luftwaffen-Sturm-Bataillon n Air 
Forces assault battalion (air-land- 
ing troops). 

Luftwaffenverordnungsblatt n Air 
Forces Regulations (a publication). 

Luftwaffenverwaltungsamt n Air 



Luftwichte 



117 



Marinestation 



Forces Administration Office (a 
branch of the Ger Air Ministry). 

Luftwichte / specific gravity of air. 

Luftwiderstand m air resistance 
(Ballistics, MT, etc.); drag (Avn). 

Luftzielapparat m azimuth instru- 
ment. 

Luger 08 / German standard mili- 
tary pistol. 



Luke / door, hatch (Ap, Tk). 
Lukendeckel m hatch cover (Tk). 
Lungengift n See Lungenreizstoff. 
Lungenreizstoff in lung irritant 

(CWS). 

Lunte / slow match (fuze lighter). 
Luv / weather side. 
Luvwinkel m crab, angle of crab, 
drift angle (Air Navigation) . 



M 



Maat m petty officer, third class 
(Nav). ' 

Macht / power; country. 

Maderfelge / quick-detachable rim 
(with side ring) (MT). 

Magazin n storage depot; magazine. 

Magazinfeuer n automatic fire. 

Magazingehause n magazine hous- 
ing (pistol). 

Magazinhaltehebel in magazine 
catch lever (MG). 

Magazinhalter m magazine holder 
(MG); magazine catch (pistol). 

Magazinlager n magazine rack 

(Ord). 

Magnesiumthermit n thermit filler 

( incendiary bomb ) . 
Magnetapparat m magneto (Mtr). 
Magnetisch-Nord m compass north, 

magnetic north. 
Magnetkompafi m magnetic compass. 
Magnetmine / magnetic mine. 
Magnetspule / solenoid (Elec). 
Magnetziindapparat m magneto. 
Magnetziindung / magneto ignition. 
Magnus-Effekt m Magnus effect (of 

air rotation caused by projectile 

spin). 

Major m major. 
Mangan n manganese. 
Mannchen n whipstall (Avn). 
Manneszucht / military discipline. 
Mannschaft / crew, team, party, 

squad, "outfit." See also Mann- 

schaften. 

Mannschaften fpl enlisted personnel 
(up to and including Obergefreiter, 
Cpl). 

Mannschaftsentgiftungskraftwagen m 
decontamination truck for personnel. 
Marnschaftsstube / squad room. 



Mannschaftswagen m personnel car- 
rier (MT). 

Manover n maneuver. 

Manoverkartusche / blank cartridge. 

Manovrierfahigkeit / maneuver- 
ability. 

Manovrierventil n maneuvering 

valve (Bin). 
Mantel in overcoat (Clo); jacket 

(MG, Am); casing (of a tire). 
Mantelboden m jacket base (MG). 
Mantelkopf m jacket end cap (MG). 
Mantelringrohr n built-up barrel 

(G); jacketed barrel (MG). 
Marine / navy. 

Marineakademie / naval academy. 
Marineartillerie / naval coast artil- 
lery. 

Marineartillerieabteilung / naval 
coast artillery battalion. 

Marineartilleriemaat m petty officer, 
third class, in naval coast artillery. 

Marineattachc m naval attache. 

Marinebaubataillon n naval con- 
struction battalion. 

Marine-Flak / naval antiaircraft ar- 
tillery. 

Marineflieger m naval aviator, naval 
pilot. 

Marineflugwesen n naval aviation. 

Marinelager n See Marlag. 

Marineministerium n Admiralty of 
the German Navy. 

Marke / mark, index mark, reading 
on range drum (Arty); label; 
brand; stamp. 

Markenplatte / index plate ( on aim- 
ing circle or telescopic sight). 

Markenring m index ring (MG teles- 
copic sight). 

Marinestation / naval base. 



MarinestoBtrupp 



118 Maschinengewehrstand 



MarinestoBtrupp m naval landing 
party. 

Marinewaffenamt n Bureau of Ord- 
nance (Nav). 

Marinewerft / navy yard. 

Markenstiick n line-up stud (on top 
gun carriage). 

Marketenderei / post exchange. 

Marketenderware / sales article ( sold 
at PX). 

Markscheidegerat n mine-surveying 
set (Engr). 

Marlag n prisoner-of-war camp for 
sailors (abbr. of Marinelager). 

Marschabstand m distance between 
march units. 

Marschallstab m baton. 

Marschbataillon n personnel replace- 
ment transfer battalion ( conducting 
replacements from Wehrkreis to T 
of Opns). 

Marschbef ehl m march order ; official 
travel order. 

Marschbereitschaft / march read- 
iness. 

Marschbreite / width of march col- 
umn. 

Marschdecke / blanket. 

marschfahig capable of walking, fit 
for marching. 

marschfahige Verwundete walking 
wounded, ambulant cases. 

Marschfahigkeit / marching ability. 

Marschfolge / order of march. 

Marschfiihlung / maintenance of 
contact on the march. 

Marschfiihrer m control officer 

(inarch column). 

Marschgepack n full pack. 

Marschgeschwindigkeit / cruising 
speed (Ap) ; rate of march. 

Marschgliederung / march forma- 
tion, organization of march. 

Marschgruppe / march group, march 
section, march unit. 

Marschhalt m march halt. 

Marschieren ohne Tritt route march, 
route step. 

Marschkolonne / march column, 
route column. 

Marschkompanie / trained replace- 
ment company. 

MarschkompaB m prismatic compass. 

Marschkontrollstelle / control point. 

Marschlange / road space (march 
column). 



Marschleistung / march capacity, 

march performance. 
Marschlinie / line of march. 
"Marsch! Marsch!" "Double time, 

march!"; "On the double!" 
Marschordnung / column of threes 

(Inf drill); close order march for- 
mation; line of march. 

"In Marschordnung, angetreten!" 

"In column of threes, fall in!" 
"Marschordnung!" "March order!" 

(Arty). 
Marschpause / march halt. 
Marschrast / march rest. 
Marschsicherung / security on the 

march. 

Marschskizze / strip map (MT). 
Marschstockung / road jam. 
MarschstraBe / march route. 
Marschstrecke / march route, stretch 

or leg of a march. 
Marschtafel /* march table. 
Marschtiefe / road space (march 

column). 

Marschiibersicht / march schedule. 
Marschvorposten m march outpost. 
Marschweg m route of march. 
Marschzeit / time of march, time 
distance. 

Marschziel n march objective, march 
destination. 

Marschzucht / march discipline. 

Maschendraht m woven wire, wire 
netting, wire mesh. 

Maschendrahtzaun m woven-wire 
fence, woven-wire obstacle. 

Maschine / motor, engine; machine; 
airplane (colloquial). 

Maschinenflak / antiaircraft auto- 
matic weapons. 

Maschinengewehr n machine gun. 
See also terms under MG. 

Maschinengewehrangriff m strafing 
assault, strafing attack (Avn). 

Maschinengewehr-Bedienung / ma- 
chine-gun crew. 

Maschinengewehrgarbe / sheaf of 
fire (MG). 

Maschinengewehrgruppe / machine- 
gun section. 

Maschinengewehr-Halbzug m ma- 
chine-gun squad. 

Maschinengewehrschlitten m ma- 
chine-gun sleigh mount. 

Maschinengewehrschiitze m machine 
gunner. 

Maschinengewehrstand m machine- 



Maschinengewehrsteuerung 119 



Mehrlochduse 



gun emplacement; machine gunner's 
station (Ap). 

Maschinengewehrsteuerung / syn- 
chronization (Ap MG's). 

Maschinengewehrtrupp m light MG 
team (of Inf squad). 

Maschinengewehrzug m MG platoon. 

Maschinenkanone / automatic can- 
non (Ap); automatic gun. 

Maschinenkarabiner m automatic 
rifle. 

Maschinenpistole / submachine gun. 

Maschinensatz m generating unit, 
power unit. 

Maschinenschlosser m mechanic. 

Maschinenschreiber m typist. 

Maschinemvaffe / automatic weapon. 

Maschinist m machinist (Nav). 

Maske / mask, screen, camouflage 
net, flat-top, overhead screen ( Cam) ; 
gas mask; oxygen mask. 

Maskenbrille / special type of eye- 
glasses for wear under gas mask. 

Maskenkorper m facepiece (gas 
mask). 

Maskenspanner m face form ( to pre- 
vent gas-mask distortion). 
MaB n measure (of quantity, etc.). 
Masse / mass. 

Massenabwurf m salvo release 

(Bombing). 

Massenausgleich m counterbalance, 
counterweight (Ap). 

MassenbeschuIJ m concentrated fire. 

Masseneinsatz m commitment of ma- 
jor forces, employment of major 
forces (Tac). 

TMassenfertigung / mass production. 

Massentaktik / grand tactics. 

Massenwirkung / mass effect (Tac). 

massieren to mass, concentrate; to 
massage. 

Massierung / mass, massing, line of 
masses (Tac). 

Maflnahme / measure; step; enact- 
ment. 

Mafistab m scale; proportion. 
maBstabgerecht according to scale. 
Mast m mast. 
Mastwurf m clove hitch. 
Materialfehler m defect of material. 
Materialsammelstelle / salvage 
dump. 

Materialschlacht / battle of materiel. 
Materialwirkung / effect of fire 

against material objects (Gunnery). 
Matrose m apprentice seaman ; sailor. 



Matrosengefreiter m seaman, second 
class. 

Matrosenhaupgefreiter m seaman, 
first class (highest rated, with 4% 
years seniority). 

Matrosenobergefreiter m seaman, 
first class. 

Mattanstrich m lusterless paint. 

Mattscheibe / ground-glass plate. 

Mauer / stone, brick or concrete 
wall. 

Maultier n mule. 

Maultierkolonne f mule train. 

Maximaleffekt m maximum inten- 
sity (sound locator). . 

M.-Blink n portable signal lamp 
(abbr. of mittleres Blinkgerat). 

Mechaniker m mechanic. 

mechanischer Ziinder mechanical 
fuze. 

mechanisierter Verband mechanized 
unit. 

mechanisiertes Fahrzeug armored 
combat vehicle. 

Mechanisierung / mechanization. 

Medaille / medal. 

Meer n ocean, sea. 

Meereskiiste / seacoast. 

Meeresspiegel m sea level. 

Mehrachsantrieb m multi-axle drive. 

Mehrachser m multi-axle vehicle. 

Mehrbestand m surplus stock (i.e. 
above authorized basic allowance) . 

Mehrdecker m multiplane (Ap). 

mehrfach multiple; multiplex; com- 
bination. 

Mehrfachbetrieb m multiplex opera- 
tion (Tp). 

Mehrfach-Reihenbildkammer / mul- 
tiple lens camera (aerial Photo). 

Mehrfachsprechen n multiplex tele- 
phony. 

Mehrfachziinder m combination fuze 
(Am). 

Mehrgitterrohre / multiple-grid tube, 
multielement tube (Rad). 

mehrgleisig multiple-tracked (RR). 

Mehrlader m magazine-fed rifle or 
carbine, clip-fed rifle or carbine. 

Mehrladevorrichtung / magazine 
feeding device (R). 

mehrlaufige Fla-Waffe multiple-bar- 
rel antiaircraft weapon. 

Mehrlauflafette / multiple-gun 
mount. 

Mehrlochduse / multiple-hole nozzle 
(Mtr). 



mehrmotorig 



120 



Messing 



mehrmotorig multiple-engine. 

Mehrscheibenkupplung / multiple- 
disk clutch. 

Mehrsitzer m multiseater airplane. 

Mehrzweckfahrzeug n general-pur- 
pose vehicle. 

Mehrzweckflugzeug n general-pur- 
pose airplane. 

Mehrzweckgeschiitz n multipurpose 
gun. 

Meilenstein m milestone. 
MeiBel m chisel. 

Meldeabwurf m message dropping. 
Meldeabwurfhiille / drop-message 
bag. 

Meldeabwurfstelle / message-drop- 
ping ground. 

Meldeblatt n message blank. 

Meldeblock m message pad. 

Meldebuch n field message book. 

Meldebiichse / message container 
(for dropping messages). 

Meldedienst m message communica- 
tion service. 

Meldefahrer m mounted messenger 
(MT); dispatch rider, dispatch 
driver. 

Meldefahrzeug n messenger vehicle. 

Meldeformular n message blank. 

Meldeganger m runner, messenger. 

Meldehund in messenger dog. 

Meldehundfiihrer m messenger-dog 
handler, messenger-dog guard. 

Meldehundtrupp m dog-handler team 
(for messenger dogs). 

Meldekapsel / message-dropping 
container. 

Meldekarte / message blank. 

Meldekopf m wire head (line con- 
struction); advance message center. 

Meldelauf m message run (messen- 
ger dog). 

Meldelaufer m runner, messenger. 

melden to report, 
sich melden to report (to present 
oneself); to register with the 
police; to volunteer, 
sich krank melden to report sick, 
to go on sick call. 

sich freiwillig melden to volunteer, 
enlist, enroll. 
Meldepatrone / ground signal car- 
tridge. 

Meldepflicht / obligation to report 
to, or register with, the police. 

Meldequadrat n grid square (for re- 
porting locations). 



Melder m messenger. 
Melderakete / message-carrying 
rocket. 

Meldereiter m mounted messenger. 

Melderose / orientation card 

(AWS) ; orientation clock (to indi- 
cate target's direction of approach) 
(AAA). 

Meldesammelstelle / message center. 
Meldestelle / control point (march 

column) ; local reporting office. 
Meldetasche / dispatch case. 
Meldeweg m message channel. 
Meldung / message, report, dispatch. 
Membran / diaphragm. 
Membranmaske / diaphragm gas 

mask. 

Membranpumpe / diaphragm pump. 
mengenmaBig quantitative; volume- 
tric. 

Meridiankonvergenz / gisement, grid 
declination (Surv). 

Merkblatt n supplement (to a manu- 
al) ; instructional pamphlet or book- 
let. 

Merkzettel m data card, memo. 

MeBband n surveyor's tape. 

Meflbatterie/ survey battery (Arty). 

MeBbecher m dispenser, graduate. 

MeBbildpaare npl stereoscopic com- 
plements (Photo Surv). 

MeBbildverf ahren n phototopography. 

MeBbriicke / measuring bridge 

circuit, Wheatstone bridge (Elec). 

Mefidreieck n plotting protractor 
(Arty). 

MeBdreieckverfahren n plotting-pro- 
tractor method ( protractor compen- 
sates for position offset and deter- 
mines firing range on basis of 
range-finder and aiming-circle 
data). 

MeBei n pressure gage (Arty). 

Mefieinheit / unit of measurement. 

MeBentfernung / slant range to 
present position ( at instant of range 
determination) (AA gunnery). 

Messerflug m steep-bank flight. 

Messerschalter m knife switch 

(Elec). 

Meflflug m test flight (Avn). 
MeBgerat n range-finder; survey 

equipment or instrument. 
MeBhohe / altitude of target at 

instant of range determination (AA 

gunnery). 
Messing n brass. 



MeBkammer 



121 Militarstrafgesetzbuch 



MeBkammer / topographic-survey 
camera. 

Melikartusche / test cartridge ; charge 
temperature cartridge (Arty). 

Mefikette / surveyor's chain. 

Meliknopf m measuring knob ( range 
finder). 

MeBkreis m protractor arc (plotting 
■protractor) ; azimuth circle (BC 
telescope). 

Mefilatte / stadia rod (Surv). 

MeBleitung / measuring circuit (SR, 
FR). 

MeBmann m range-finder operator. 
MeBmarke / measuring mark ( range 
finder). 

MeBpatrone / bore gage (SA). 

MeBpunkt m present position of 
target (at instant of range determi- 
nation) (AA gunnery). 

MeBspiegel m reference mirror 

(river-width measuring Inst). 

MeBstab m stadia rod (Surv). 

MeBstand m base end station 

(AAA). 

MeBstelle / ranging station (SR, 
FR). 

MeBtisch m plane table (Surv). 
MeBtischblatt n plane table sheet. 
MeBtrupp m survey team, flash or 

sound ranging team (Arty). 
MeBwalze / measuring knob (height 

finder). 

MeBzentrale / flash central station, 

sound central station (FR, SR). 
MetallgefaB n metal container. 
Metallgliedergurt m metallic-link 

ammunition belt (MG). 
Metallgliederkette / metallic-link 

belt (MG). 
Metallsage / hacksaw. 
Meteorograph m aerometeorograph, 

aerograph, meteorograph (Avn, 

Met). 

Meteorologe m meteorologist. 
Meterspur /' one-meter track gage 
(RR). 

Methyldichlorarsin n methyldichlor- 
arsine (CWS). 

Meuterei / mutiny. 

M.-Flak / automatic antiaircraft 
gun (abbr. of Flugabwehrmaschinen- 
kanone) . 

MG.-DreifuB m tripod (MG). 

MG.-Gerat n machine-gun materiel. 

MG.-Gurt m machine-gun ammuni- 
tion belt. 



MG.-Mann m machine gunner. 
MG.-Richtaufsatz m machine-gun 
sight. 

MG.-Richtkreis m machine-gun aim- 
ing circle. 

MG.-Staffel / heavy machine-gun 
section (Cav). 

MG.-Trager m machine-gun carrier. 

MG.-Wagen m machine-gun cart 
(H-Dr). 

MG.-Warze f blister (Ap). 

MG.-Zieleinrichtung / machine-gun 
sighting mechanism. 

MG.-Zielfernrohr n machine-gun 
telescopic sight. 

MG.-Zwilling m twin machine gun. 

Mikrometerschraube / micrometer, 
micrometer calipers. 

Milag n See Militarlager. 

Milchglas n frosted glass. 

Militar n military, military forces, 
soldiery. See also terms under 
Heer, Wehrmacht. 

Militararztliche Akademie army me- 
dical school. 

Militarattachc m military attache. 

MilitarausschuB m military commis- 
sion. 

Militarbefehlshaber m military com- 
mander in occupied territory. 

Militarbehorde / military authorities. 

Militarbevollmachtigter m military 
plenipotentiary. 

Militarbezirk m military district. 

Militarfriedhof m military cemetery. 

Militargefangnis n military prison. 

Militargericht n military court, mili- 
tary tribunal. 

Militargerichtsbarkeit / military 
jurisdiction. 

militarische Besetzung military oc- 
cupation. 

militarische Formen military cour- 
tesy. 

militarischer Auftrag military mis- 
sion. 

militarischer Schriftverkehr military 
correspondence. 

militarisch raumen demilitarize. 

Militarkommission / military com- 
mission. 

Militarlager n prisoner of war camp 

(abbr. Milag). 
Militarluftfahrt / military aviation. 
Militarpfarrer m chaplain. 
Militarstrafgesetzbuch n military 

penal code. 



Militarverwaltung 



122 



Mitteneindruck 



Militarverwaltung / military ad- 
ministration; military government. 

Militarverwaltungsbezirk m military 
subdistrict. 

Miliz / militia. 

Mindestnutzbreite / minimum useful 

width of roadway. 
Mine / mine. 

Minenabweiser m paravane (Nav). 

Minenanker mit Tiefensteller auto- 
matic anchor (Nav). 

Minenanlage / demolition installa- 
tion (in a Bdg, etc.); mine system 
(mine warfare). 

Minenboje / mine buoy. 

Minenbombe / aerial mine. 

Minenfahrzeug n mine layer, mine 
planter (Nav). 

Minenfeld n mine field. 

Minenflugzeug n mine-laying air- 
plane. 

Minengang m mine gallery. 
MinengefaG n mine case ( container). 
Minenhund m miner's tramcar 

(Engr); remote-controlled explosive- 
laden tank, "robot tank." 
Minenkammer / demolition chamber 

(Bdg, mine). 
Minenkampf m military mining, mine 

warfare. 
Minenkratze / grub hoe. 
Minenkrieg m military mining, mine 

warfare. 
Minenlegen n mine laying. 
Minenleger m mine layer, mine 

planter (Nav). 
Minenlegermotorboot n mine yawl 

(Nav). 

Minenlegerpanzerkampf wagen m 

mine-laying tank. 
Minenraumboot m mine sweeper 

(Nav). 

Minenraumer m mine sweeper 

(Nav). 

Minenraumpanzer m mine-clearance 
tank. 

Minenraumung / mine sweeping; 

mine clearance. 
Minenrohr n borehole. 
Minenschacht m mine shaft. 
Minenschleppen n mine dragging 

(Nav). 

Minensperre / mine field, mine ob- 
stacle; submarine mine field (Nav); 
mine defense (Tac). 

JVIinenstollen m gallery, tunnel, 



Minensuchboot n mine sweeper 

(Nav). 

Minensucher m mine sweeper (Nav). 
Minensuchgerat n mine detector. 
Minensuchstab m mine-probing rod. 
Minensuchtrupp m mine-locating 
detail. 

Minentonne / mine buoy. 

Minentrichter m mine crater. 

minenverseuchtes Gebiet mined area, 
mine-infested area. 

Minenwirkung / mining effect (Am). 

Minierdienst m mining service ( tun- 
neling). 

Miniergerat n mining tools. 

Miniergut n spoil (mining). 

Mifibilligung / disapproval. 

miBlingen fail. 

mifiweisender Kurs magnetic head- 
• ing, magnetic course (Air Naviga- 
tion). 

mifiweisender Kurswinkel magnetic 
azimuth (Air Navigation). 

Mifiweisung / magnetic declination, 
magnetic variation, declination con- 
stant, compass declination. 

Mithoreinrichtung / sidetone circuit 
(Rad, Tp). 

mithbren to listen in, to monitor 
(Rad, Tp). 

Mithorstelle / intercept station. 

Mitklingen n resonance (Rad). 

Mitkoppeln n determining of course 
or fix by dead reckoning (Avn). 

Mitlesen n interception (of visual 
signals). 

Mitnehmer m translating lever 

(sight mechanism); lathe dog; 
catch; lifter; cam; lug. 

Mitschuldiger m accomplice. 

mitteilen inform. 

Mitteilung / communication, mes- 
sage, information. 

Mittelbalken m center balk (Bdg). 

Mitteldecker m midwing monoplane. 

Mittelhand / barrel (horse). 

Mittelpferde npl swing team. 

Mittelpfropfen m tompion (G). 

Mittelrohrrahmen m tubular-center 
chassis (MT). 

Mittelspiegel m a colored center 
strip between the halves of the 
Kragenlitze (Clo). 

Mitteltrofi m second echelon supply 
train (behind the Gef echtstrofi ) . 

Mitteneindruck m binaural balance 
(sound locating). 



mittlere Flugbahn 



123 



Mundpfropfen 



mittlere Flugbahn mean trajectory. 

mittlerer Fehler average error, 

mean error. 

mittlerer Panzerkampfwagen me- 
dium tank. 

mittlerer Sprengpunkt center of 
burst. 

mittlerer Treffpunkt center of im- 
pact, center of dispersion. 

mittlere Sonnenzeit mean solar time. 

Mitwirkung / cooperation. 

mobil mobilized. 

mobil machen to mobilize. 

Mobilmachung / mobilization. 

Mobilmachungsbestimmungen fpl mo- 
bilization regulations. 

Mobilmachungsplan m mobilization 
plan. 

Modell n model, type, pattern. 

Modelling / modulation (Rad, Tp). 

modulierte Welle modulated wave. 

Moment m moment, instant. 

Moment n factor, element. 

Momentstrom m instantaneous cur- 
rent (Elec). 

Montage / assembly, erection, 

mounting, installation. 

Montagehalle / assembly shop. 

Montageluke / inspection hatch 
(Tk). 

Montageplatte / chassis panel 

(Rad). 

Montagewerk n assembly plant. 
Monteur m mechanic, assembler, 
montieren to assemble, make up, 

erect, mount. 
Montierhebel m tire tool. 
Moor n bog, marsh, moor. 
Morast m bog. 

Morgenkost / breakfast, morning 
meal. 

Morsealphabet n Morse code. 
Morsen n transmitting by Morse 
code. 

Morser m howitzer ( caliber 210 mm 
and larger). 

Morsespruch m telegraph message. 

Morsetaste / telegraph key. 

Morsezeichen n Morse code charac- 
ter. 

Motor in engine, motor. 
Motorblock m cylinder block (Mtr). 
Motorbremse / engine brake (MT). 
Motordrehmoment n engine torque. 
Motordrehzahl / engine rpm. 
Motoren-Instandsetzung / engine re- 
pair. 



Motorenkiihlung / engine cooling. 

Motorenliiftung f engine ventilation, 
engine louvers (Tk). 

Motorenraum m engine compart- 
ment (Tk). 

Motorgleiter m powered glider. 

Motorgondel / engine nacelle (Ap). 

Motorhaube / engine cowling (Ap); 
hood (MT). 

motorisiert motorized; mechanized; 

. mobile. 

motorisierte Kavallerie mechanized 
cavalry. 

Motorpanne / engine failure. 

Motorponton m ponton with out- 
board motor. 

Motorrad n See Kraftrad. 

Motorregler m engine governor. 

Motorsage / power saw. 

Motorschaden m engine damage, 
engine trouble. 

Motorschlitten m motor sled, aero- 
sled. 

Motorschnellboot n motor torpedo 

boat, PT boat. 
Motorsegler m powered glider. 
Motorstorung / engine trouble. 
Motortorpedoboot n motor torpedo 

boat, PT boat. 
Motorverkleidung / engine cowling 

(Ap). 

Motorverschalung / See Motorver- 
kleidung. 

Motorwelle f engine crankshaft. 

m.Pak / medium antitank gun. 

M.Patrone / ground signal cartridge 
(abbr. of Meldepatrone) . 

Mlicken n flinching (SA firing). 

Mudigkeit / fatigue. 

Mudrasteg m a type of portable 
hasty footbridge. 

Muffe / threaded sleeve (for pipe 
connections). 

Miihle / mill. 

Mulde f pit, hole ; depression, hollow. 
Muldenlinie / centerline of depres- 
sion (Top). 
miindlich oral. 

Mundloch n adapter opening (Am). 
Mundlochfries m muzzle bell, muzzle 

swell (G). 
Mundlochgewinde n adapter thread 

(Am). 

Mundlochschraube / adapter plug 
(Am). 

Mundpfropfen m tompion (G). 



Mundschicht 



124 



Musikkorps 



Mundschicht / chemical layer (gas 
mask). 

Mundstiick n mouthpiece (harness) . 
Miindung / muzzle ( Ord) ; mouth, 

outlet (of a river): 
Miindungsarbeit / kinetic energy at 

the muzzle. 
Miindungsbremse / muzzle brake 

(G). ■ . 
Miindungsdeckel m muzzle cover. 
Miindungsenergie / kinetic energy at 

the muzzle. 
Miindungsfeuer n muzzle flash. 
Miindungsfeuerdampfer m flash 

hider. 

Miindungsgasdruck m muzzle gas 
pressure. 

Miindungsgeschwindigkeit / muzzle 
velocity. 

Miindungskappe / tompion, muzzle 

cover (G). 
Miindungsknall m report produced 

by gun or muzzle wave (SR). 
Miindungspfropfen m tompion (G). 
Mundungsrauch m muzzle-blast 

smoke. 

Miindungsschoner m muzzle cover 
(R). 

Miindungswaagerechte / base of the 

trajectory- 
Miindungswucht / kinetic energy at 

the muzzle. 
Munition / ammunition. 
Munitionieren n loading (Ap weap-, 

ons). 

Munitionsart / grade of ammunition. 

Munitionsaufzug m shell hoist. 

Munitionsausgabestelle / ammuni- 
tion distributing point. 

Munitionsausstattung / issue of am- 
munition. 

Munitionsbestand m stock of ammu- 
nition. 

Munitionseinsatz m commitment or 
employment of ammunition. 

Munitionsersatz m resupply of am- 
munition. 

Munitionsfahrzeug n ammunition 

carrier (vehicle). 
Munitionskammer / ammunition 

sponson (Tk) ; ammunition storage 

chamber, magazine. 
Munitionskarren m loading barrow; 

ammunition carrier (H-Dr). 
Munitionskasten m ammunition box. 
Munitionskoionne / ammunition 

train, ammunition column. 



Munitionslager n ammunition dump, 

ammunition depot. 
Munitionslager in GeschiitznShe ready 

magazine (Arty). 
Munitionsloch n ammunition pit. 
Munitionsmangel m ammunition 

shortage. 

Munitionsnachschub m ammunition 
supply. 

Munitionsnische / ammunition niche, 
hasty ammunition shelter (Ft). 

Munitionsschlepper m ammunition 
prime mover (MT). 

Munitionsschuppen m ammunition 
storage shed. 

Munitionsschiitze m ammunition 
bearer, ammunition carrier. 

Munitionsstaffel / ammunition sec- 
tion ( of firing Btry, Tk Bn, etc.). 

Munitions-Staffelfiihrer m ammuni- 
tion supply officer. 

Munitionsstapelplatz m ammunition 
dump. 

Munitionstrager m ammunition 
bearer, ammunition carrier. 

Munitionstrommel / ammunition 
drum. 

Munitionstrupp m ammunition detail. 

Munitionsumschlagstelle / ammuni- 
tion supply point. 

Munitionsunteroffizier m chief of 
ammunition (NCO, Arty). 

Munitionsverbrauch m expenditure 
of ammunition. 

Munitions vergeudung / waste of am- 
munition. 

Munitionsverteilungsstelle / ammu- 
nition distributing point. 

Munitionsvenvaltung / ammunition 
administrative office (Div and up). 

Munitionsverwaltungskompanie / am- 
munition administration company. 

Munitionswagen m caisson, ammuni- 
tion wagon, ammunition trailer, am- 
munition carrier (H-Dr). 

Munitionswesen n ammunition sup- 
ply service. 

Munitionszug m ammunition train 
(RR). 

Munitionszugmaschine / ammunition 
prime mover (MT). 

miirbe softened up, worn out, de- 
moralized. 

M- u. R.-Patronen fpl signal and 
smoke cartridges (abbr. of Melde- 
und Rauchpatronen). 

Musikkorps n military band. 



Musikmeister 



125 Nachrichtenquerverbindung 



Musikmeister m bandmaster (2nd 
Lt). 

Muster n model, type, pattern. 

Musterung / registration for the 
draft (includes physical examina- 
tion and tentative classification). 

Musterungsbezirk to draft subdis- 
trict (subdivision of Wehrmeldebe- 
zirk). 

Musterungsstab to registration staff 
(for the draft). 



Mutter / nut (Tech). 
Mutterkompafi to master compass 

(Avn). 
Muttermal n birthmark. 
Mutterrohr n gun tube designed to 

receive a liner. 
Mutterschiff n tender (Nav). 
Mutterschliissel m wrench. 
Mutteruhr / master watch. 
Miitze / cap, hat. 
Miitzenkordel / hat cord. 



Nabe / hub. 

Nachbar m adjacent unit (Tac) ; 
neighbor. 

Nachbartruppen fpl adjacent troops. 
Nachbildung / mock-up, model, 

dummy. 

nachbrennen to hang fire (Am). 

Nachbrenner m hangfire (Am). 

Nachdrangen n direct pressure in 
pursuit (Tac). 

Nachhinken n hysteresis (Mech). 

Nachhut / rear guard. 

Nachlassigkeit / negligence. 

Nachlauf m positive caster (MT). 

"Nach links, richt Euch!" "Dress 
left, dress!" 

Nachpriifung / verification. 

Nachricht / information, intelligence, 
news, message. 

Nachrichten fpl information, intel- 
ligence, signal communication. 

Nachrichtenabteilung / signal bat- 
talion. 

Nachrichtenachse / axis of signal 
communication. 

Nachrichtenaufklarung / signal in- 
telligence. 

Nachrichtenbeschaffung / procure- 
ment of information, intelligence. 

Nachrichtenbeurteilung / evaluation 
of information. 

Nachrichtenblatt n bulletin ( publica- 
tion). 

Nachrichtendienst m military intel- 
ligence service, intelligence service; 
news service (Rad). 

Nachrichteneinsatz m commitment 
or employment of signal units. 



N 

Nachrichtenfahrzeug n signal ve- 
hicle. 

Nachrichtenf iihrer to signal officer of 
a Fliegerkorps (in Comd of a 
Luftnachrichtenregiment) . 
Hoherer Nachrichtenfuhrer signal 
officer at a Luftflotte headquarters. 
Nachrichtengeriit n signal equip- 
ment, signal supplies. 
Nachrichtengeratkarren m signal- 
equipment cart. 
Nachrichtengeratpark m signal-sup- 
ply dump. 
Nachrichtenhelferin / signal-com- 
munication woman auxiliary. 
Nachriehtenkolonne / signal-supply 
column. 

Nachrichtenkompanie / signal com- 
pany. 

Nachrichtenkopf m wire head, ad- 
vance message center. 
Nachrichtenkraftfahrzeug n signal 

motor vehicle. 
Nachrichtenmaid / woman signal 

auxiliary of the SS. 
Nachrichtenmann m signal commu- 
nication man. 
Nachrichtenmittel n means of signal 

communication. 
Nachrichtennetz n communication 
net. 

Nachrichtenoffizier m signal officer, 
communication officer, intelligence 
officer. 

Nachrichtenpark m signal-supply 
depot. 

.Nachrichtenquerverbindung / liaison 
j communication. 



Nachrichtensammelstelle 126 



Nachtjagdgeschwader 



Nachrichtensammelstelle / signal 

intelligence center. 
Nachrichtenstaffel / communication 

section (Bn, Btry, etc.). 
Nachrichtenstelle / message center, 

signal center. 
Nachrichtentrupp m communication 

detail. 

Nachrichtentruppe / Signal Corps. 

Nachrichtentruppen fpl signal troops. 

Nachrichteniibermittlung / transmis- 
sion of communications. 

Nachrichtenverband m signal unit. 

Nachrichtenverbindung / signal com- 
munication. 

Nachrichtenverkehr m signal com- 
munication traffic. 

Nachrichtenwagen m signal wagon, 
signal truck. 

Nachrichtenwege mpl signal com- 
munication channels. 

Nachrichtenwerkstattkraftwagen m 
signal repair truck. 

Nachrichtenwesen n signal commu- 
nications. 

Nachrichtenzentrale / signal center, 
message center. 

Nachrichtenzug m signal communi- 
cation platoon. 

Nachsatteln n readjustment of 

saddle. 

Nachschub m supply. 

Nachschubabwurf m dropping of 
supplies from aircraft. 

Nachschubausgabestelle / supply 
point. 

Nachschubbataillon n supply bat- 
talion. 

Nachschubboot n supply boat. 

Nachschubdienst m supply service. 

Nachschubdienststelle / supply serv- 
ice headquarters, office of supply 
services. 

Nachschubfahrzeug n supply vehicle. 
Nachschubfiihrer m chief of supply 

services (Div, corps, army). 
Nachschubgeleit n supply convoy 

(Nav). 

Nachschubgut n supply, supplies. 

Nachschubkolonne / supply column, 
supply train. 

Nachschubkolonnenabteilung / sup- 
ply column battalion. 

Nachschubkompanie / supply comp- 
pany. 

Nachschublage / supply situation. 



Nachschublager n supply depot, sup- 
ply dump. 

Nachschublinie / supply line. 

Nachschubmittel n means of supply 
movement. , 

Nachschuboffizier m supply officer. 

Nachschub-Panzerkampfwagen m ar- 
mored supply and maintenance ve- 
hicle. 

Nachschubpark m supply dump, sup- 
ply depot. 

Nachschubsammelgebiet n railhead 
service area. 

Nachschubstab z.b.V. special supply 
staff. 

NachschubstraBe / supply route, line 
of supply, line of communication. 

Nachschubstiitzpuhkt m supply base. 

Nachschubtrupp m supply party, 
supply detail. 

Nachschubtruppen fpl supply troops, 
supply units. 

Nachschububung / supply service ex- 
ercise. 

Nachschubumschlagstelle / supply 
point. 

Nachschubverkehr m supply traffic, 
movement of supplies. 

Nachschubverteilungsstelle / supply 
distributing point. 

Nachschubweg m supply road, sup- 
ply route. 

Nachschubwesen n supply services. 

Nachschubzug m supply train (RR). 

Nachsicherung / additional security 
(Tac). 

Nachspitze / rear point (march 
column). 

Nachspitzenkompanie / rear party 
(in rear guard of large unit). 

nachstellen to readjust; to pursue. 

Nachstrom m slipstream (Avn). 

Nachtangriff m night attack, night 
raid. 

nachtanken refuel. 
Nachtaufklarung / night reconnais- 
sance. 

Nachtbefeuerung / night beacon 
lighting (along a flight route or air- 
way); lighting facilities for landing 
at night (Adrm). 

Nachtgefecht n night combat. 

Nachtglas n night glasses. 

Nachtjagd / night fighting, pursuit 
operations at night (Avn). 

Nachtjagdgeschwader n wing of 

night fighters (Avn). 



Nachtjagdgruppe 



127 



Narvikschild 



Nachtjagdgruppe / night fighter 

group (Avn). 
Nachtjagdschule / night fighter 

school (Avn). 
Nachtjager m night fighter (Avn). 
Nachtjagergeschwader n wing of 

night fighters (Avn). 
Nachtkampfflugzeug n night bomber. 
Nachtluftkampf m night fighting 

( Avn). 

Nachtmarsch m night march. 

nachtraglich supplementary. 

Nachtrupp m rear guard support 
(in rear guard of large unit); rear 
party (in rear guard of smaller 
unit). 

NachtschieBen n night firing. 
Nachtunternehmung / night opera- 
tion. 

Nachurlaub m extension of leave. 

Nachweis m proof, evidence; inven- 
tory; list; record. 

Nachweisung / list, account, record; 
strength report, stock report. 

Nachziigler m straggler. 

Nachziindung / retarded ignition. 

Nackenband- n neck strap (gas 
mask). 

Nackenriemen m neck strap 
(harness). 

Nadel / needle; firing pin (fuze). 

Nadelabweichung / magnetic decli- 
nation. 

Nadellager n needle bearing (MT). 
Nadelschwankungen fpl oscillations 

of compass needle. 
Nadelstiick n firing pin support 

(fuze). 

Nadelverfahren n compass method 
(of laying guns). 

Nadelwald m coniferous forest, coni- 
ferous wood.* 

Nadelwehr n needle dam (Engr). 

Nadelzahl / magnetic azimuth, azi- 
muth reading. 

Nafii m See Nachrichtenfiihrer. 

Nahabwehr / close defense. 

Nahaufklarer m close reconnaissance 
airplane. 

Nahaufklarerstaffel / close recon- 
naissance squadron (Avn). 

Nahaufklarung / local reconnais- 
sance, close reconnaissance. 

Nahaufklarungsflugzeug n close-re- 
connaissance airplane, observation 
airplane. 



Nahaufklarungsgruppe / close recon- 
naissance airplane group (attached 
to ground forces). 

Nahbeobachtung / local observation. 

Naherkunder m close reconnaissance 
airplane, observation airplane. 

nahern to approach, close in. 

Nahkampf m close combat. 

Nahkampfartillerie / close support 
artillery. 

Nahkampfer m close-combat fighter. 
Nahkampffliegerverband m formation 

of close support airplanes. 
Nahkampffiihrer m commander of a 

Nahkampf gruppe (Luftwaffe). 
Nahkampfgruppe / close support 

airplane group (attached to ground 

forces). 

Nahkampfmittel n close-combat mu- 
nitions or weapons. 

Nahkampfspange / close combat 
clasp (decoration). 

Nahkampfwaffe / close combat 
weapon. 

Nahkampfweite / close range, close- 
combat range. 

NahkompaB m direct-reading com- 
pass. 

Nah-Packgefafi n unit container (as 
distinguished from a bulk con- 
tainer). 

nahren to feed; to reinforce. 

Nahrung / nourishment, food. 

Nahsicherung / close-in security, 
close-in protection. 

Naht / seam; boundary between 
units (Tac). 

Nahtkompanie / contact company 
( occupying a boundary position be- 
tween two units). 

Nahtreffer m near miss. 

Nahtstelle / boundary position (be- 
tween units). 

Nahunterstiitzung / close support. 

Nahverkehr m local traffic, short- 
range traffic. 

Nahverteidigung / close defense. 

Nahwerfer m short-range flame 
thrower. 

Nahzeug n sewing kit. 

Nalfagtafel / chart showing chem- 
ical warfare agents and their pro- 
perties (Tng). 

Narbe / scar. 

Narvikschild m Narvik Shield (em- 
blem on upper left sleeve, worn by 



Nase 



128 



Nebelwurfgranate 



all participants in reconquest of 

Narvik, 1940). 
Nase / nose; stud; cap; lug. 
Nasenklammer / nose clamp (gas 

mask). 

Nasenleiste / leading edge (Ap 
wing,). 

Nasenrachenreizstoff m nose and 
throat irritant, sternutato.r (CWS). 

Nasenriemen in noseband (harness). 

Nasen- und Rachenreizstoff m See 
NasenrachenreizstofT. 

NaBbrandpulver n black powder. 

Nationale n personal data (birth, oc- 
cupation, etc.). 

Nationalsozialistisches Fliegerkorps 
Nazi party aviation corps (abbr. 
N.S.F.K.). 
• Nationalsozialistisches Kraftfahrkorps 
Nazi party motor corps (abbr. 
N.S.K.K.). 

Natrium n sodium. 

Natriumhypochlorit n sodium hypo- 
chlorite. 

Natriumkarbonat n washing soda. 
Natriumsulfid n sodium sulfide. 
Natriumsulflt n sodium sulfite. 
Natur / nature. 

in Natur in kind (rations, Clo, 

etc.). 

Naturalleistungsgesetz n requisition 
law. 

Naturalverpflegung / rations in kind. 

Naturgummi m See Naturkautsch.uk. 

Nafjurkautschuk m natural rubber. 

natiirliche Deckung accidental cover. 

Naturschutzgebiet n national park. 

Nautiker in navigator. 

Navigationsfunkfeuer n radio mark- 
er beacon (Air Navigation). 

Navigationskarte / navigation chart 
or map. 

Nebel m smoke (CWS); fog, mist, 

haze, vapor. 
Nebelabblaseit n release of smoke 

(CWS). 

Nebelabblasgerat n smoke-filled 

chemical cylinder (CWS). 
Nebelabteilung / smoke-producing 

unit (CWS). 
Nebelausdehnung / smoke coverage. 
Nebelbombe / smoke bomb. 
Nebeldecke / smoke blanket, smoke 

screen. 

Nebeleinsatz m employment of 

smoke. 



Nebelentwicklung / generation of 
smoke. 

Nebelgebiet n fog area (Met). 
Nebelgerat n chemical tank, smoke 

tank (for Cml spraying). 
Nebelgeschofi n smoke projectile. 
Nebelgewehrgranata / smoke rifle 

grenade. 

Nebelgranate / smoke shell (Am). 
Nebelhandgranate / smoke hand 
grenade. 

Nebelkasten in box-type smoke con- 
tainer (CWS). 

Nebelkerze / smoke candle. 

Nebelkraftwagen in smoke equipment 
truck. 

Nebelmittel n smoke agent, smoke 
equipment. 

Nebelmunition / smoke munitions. 

Nebelpanzerkampfwagen in smoke- 
screen tank. 

Nebelpatrone / smoke cartridge. 

Nebelsaure / FS solution, sulfur 
trioxide-chlorsulfonic acid solution 
(CWS). 

NebelschieBen n smoke-shell firing 
(Arty). 

Nebelschleier m smoke screen. 

Nebelstbff m smoke agent, screening 
agent (CWS). 

Nebeltopf in smoke pot (CWS). 

Nebeltornister m pack smoke ap- 
paratus (CWS). 

Nebeltrommel / drum-type smoke 
container (CWS). 

Nebeltrupp m smoke party. 

Nebeltruppen fpl chemical troops, 
smoke-generator units. 

Nebeliibung / smoke-screening ex- 
ercise. 

Nebelwalze / creeping barrage of 
smoke-shell fire (Arty); progressive 
smoke screening. 

Nebehvand / smoke curtain, smoke 
screen. 

Nebelvverfer m chemical projector 
(smoke shell); smoke-shell mortar; 
rocket launcher, rocket mortar. 
(Note: Nebelwerfer 41 is a six-tube 
rocket launcher for HE rockets). 

Nebelwerferabteilung / smoke bat- 
talion, chemical battalion. 

Nebelwerferregiment n smoke regi- 
ment, chemical regiment. 

Nebel wolke / smoke cloud (CWS). 

Nebelwurfgranate / mortar smoke 
shell. 



Nebelzerstauber 



129 



niederkampfen 



Nebelzerstauber m smoke spray 
(smoke-filled Cml cylinder with 
spray nozzle). 

Nebelzone / smoke-screened area. 

Nebelziindmittel n smoke-container 
firing device. 

Nebenabschnitt m adjacent sector. 

Nebenabsicht / secondary objective. 

Nebenangriff m holding attack, sec- 
ondary attack, secondary effort 
(Tae). 

Nebenanschluli m local station, ex- 
tension (Tp). 

NebenanschluBleitung / local-circuit 
line, extension line (Tp). 

Nebeneinanderschaltung / parallel 
connection (Elec). 

Nebenfarbe / secondary service color 
( as distinguished from the basic 
service color, Waffenfarbe). 

Nebengerausche npl ambient noise 
(sound locating). 

Nebengleis n side track, siding 

(RR). 

Nebenkolonne / adjacent column, 

secondary column. 
Nebenlager n branch camp (PW). 
Nebenluft / secondary air (Mtr). 
Nebenmann m man on the left or 

right (Drill). 
Nebenoperationen fpl secondary 

operations (Tac). 
NebenschluR m shunt (Elec). 
Nebenschlufimotor m shunt motor 

(Elec). 

Nebenstachel m front sight (AT 
gun). 

Nebenstelle / local station (Tp). 
Nebenstrafie / side street, side road; 

secondary road, auxiliary road. 
Nebenstromkreis m shunt circuit 

(Elec). 
Nebsttreffer m near miss, 
nehmen to take. 

aus der Flanke nehmen to attack 

on the flank. 

unter Feuer nehmen to shell, to 
fire on. 

Nehmestaat m ■ detaining power 
(PW). 

nehmestaatliche Behorde detaining 

authority (PW). 
Neigung / inclination, slope. 
Neigungsmesser m clinometer 

(Surv, Gunnery); flight indicator, 

inclinometer (Ap). 
Neigungswinkel m angle of slope. 



Nennhohe / rated altitude. 

Nennleistung / rated horsepower. 

Nest n nest; emplacement; position 
consisting of a group of foxholes 
with shallow connecting trenches. 

Netz n net, network; grid; wiring 
system; power system. 

Netzanschlufigerat n power-line 
operated radio set (as distinguished 
from battery-operated or local 
power-supply set); power-supply 
unit, power pack (Rad). 

Netzleger in net-laying vessel. 

Netzsperre / net obstacle, net-de- 
fense obstacle (coastal defense). 

Netztransformator m power trans- 
former (Rad). 

Netzverkehr m "net" traffic (in- 
cludes several radio stations com- 
municating at will on the frequency 
of their called stations). 

Neuaufstellang / reorganization, 
new organization; reorganized or 
newly activated unit. 

Neubearbeitung / revision. 

neu einrichten re-lay ( Gunnery ) ; re- 
adjust. 

Neugrad m l/400th of a circle 

( equals 16 artillery mils, as distin- 
guished from Grad, degree, l/360th 
of a circle). 

Neugradteilung / centesimal gradua- 
tion. See Neugrad. 

neutrale Nachrichtenverbiinde neu- 
tral communication units (maneu- 
vers). 

neutrale Truppen neutral troops 
( maneuvers). 

neutrale Zone taxiway (Adrm). 

neutralisieren to neutralize. 

Neutralitat / neutrality. 

nichtbrisanter Sprengstoff low ex- 
plosive. 

Nichtkampfer m noncombatant. 
Nickelsammler m nickel-alkaline cell 
(Elec). 

Niederdruckreifen m low-pressure 
tire (MT). 

Niedcrfrequenz / low frequency, 

audio-frequency (Rad). 

Niederfrequenzverstiirker to audio- 
frequency amplifier (Rad). 

niederhalten to neutralize, immobil- 
ize, hold down. 

Niederhaltungsschiefien n neutrali- 
zation fire (Arty). 

niederkampfen reduce, overpower, 



Niederkampfung 



130 NSKK.-Transportregiment 



put out of action (Tac); to silence 
( enemy fire). 

Niederkampfung / reduction, des- 
truction, putting out of action 
(Tac); covering with destruction 
fire (Arty). 

Niederlage / defeat, reverse. 

niedermachen kill, slaughter. 

niedermetzeln to massacre, slaugh- 
ter. 

Niederschlage mpl precipitation 
(Met). 

Niederspannung / low voltage 

(Elec). 

Niederung / low country, depression, 
low ground. 

Niedrigantenne / low antenna. 

Niemandsland n no man's land. 

Nieseln n drizzle (Met). 

Niesgas n sneeze gas (CWS). 

Niet m riveted joint, riveted as- 
sembly, riveted seam. 

Niete / rivet. 

nieten to rivet. 

Niethammer m riveter (tool). 

Nietung / riveting. 

Nippel / nipple (Tech). 

Nitrierung / nitration (Am). 

Nitroglyzerin n nitroglycerin. 

Nitroglyzerin-Blattchenpulver n ni- 
troglycerin flake powder. 

nitroglyzerinhaltiges Nitrozellulose- 
pulver double base powder (Am). 

Nitroglyzerinpulver n nitroglycerin 
powder. 

Nitrozellulose / nitrocellulose, pyro- 
cellulose. 

Nitrozellulose-Blattchenpulver n ni- 
trocellulose flake powder. 

Nitrozellulosepulver n blank fire 
powder, E.C. powder, E.C. smokeless 
powder, E.C. blank fire (SA Am). 

Nivellementspunkt m bench mark. 

Nivellierinstrument n surveyor's 
level. 

Nivellierlibelle / sighting level 

(plane table). 
Nocken m cam (also spelled die 

Nocke). 
Nttckenwelle / camshaft. 
Nonius m vernier. 
Norden m north. 
Norm / standard (Tech). 
Normalbelastung / normal load, 

standard load. 
Normalfluglage / level flight (Avn). 



Normalkette / standard caterpillar 
track. 

Normalnull / mean sea level (abbr. 
NN). 

Normalraupe / standard caterpillar 
track. 

Normalspur / standard gage (RB). 
Normalstellung / zero position 

(Arty). 

Normalvisier stellen to zero a gun 

sight, 
normen standardize. 
Normteil m standard part. 
Normung / standardization. 
Not / emergency. 

Notabwurf m emergency salvo re- 
lease (Bombing). 

Notbeleuchtung / emergency illumi- 
nation. 

Notbremse / emergency brake. 

Notfall m emergency. 

Notfeuer n barrage, normal barrage 

(now called Sperrfeuer). 
Nothilfe / See Technische Nothilfe. 
notigen compel. 

Notlandehafen m emergency landing 
field. 

notlanden make an emergency land- 
ing, make a forced landing (Avn). 

Notlandeplatz m emergency landing 
field. 

Notlandung / emergency landing, 
forced landing (Avn). 

Notleitung / emergency line (Tp). 

Notpiste / emergency trail or path. 

Notruf m emergency call (Tp). 

Notsender m emergency radio trans- 
mitter (floatable rescue set). 

Notsignal n distress signal, SOS. 

Notverbandpackchen n first-aid 
packet, first-aid dressing. 

Notverbandtasche, / first-aid pouch. 

Notvisier n direct-fire sight (Ord). 

notwassern to make an emergency 
landing on water, to "ditch" (an 
Ap). 

Notwasserung / emergency landing 
on water, "ditching" (Avn). 

Notwehr / self-defense. 

Notwurf m emergency salvo release 
(Bombing). 

Notzeichen n distress signal, SOS. 

Notzug m emergency release handle 
(Ap). 

NSKK.-Mann m private in the Nazi 

party motor corps. 
NSKK.-Transportregiment n trans- 



Null 



131 



Oberkanonier 



portation regiment of the Nazi party 

motor corps. 
Null / zero. 

auf Null stellen to zero (an Inst, 

scale, etc.). 
Nullpunkt m zero, freezing point; 

zero point, aiming point, directing 

point, point of origin (Arty, Surv). 
Nullstellung / zero position ( of an 

Inst, scale, etc.); neutral position, 

zeroing. 
Nullzeit / zero hour. 
Nummer / number. 
Nummerscheibe / dial (Tp). 
Nummerscheibenkastchen n dial box 

(field Tp), 



Nurfliigelflugzeug n all-wing air- 
plane, "flying wing." 

Niistern fpl nostrils. 

Nute / groove, slot, keyway (also 
spelled der Nut). 

Nutzarbeit / useful work, brake 
horsepower. 

Nutzfahrzeug n commercial vehicle 
(MT). 

Nutzfrequenz f desired frequency 
(Bad). 

Nutzlast / useful load, pay load. 
Nutzleistung / net horsepower. 
Nutzwiderstand m useful resistance 
(Elec). 



OB-Betrieb to local-battery operation 
(Tp) (abbr of Ortsbattsriebetrieb). 

Oberarbeitsfiihrer m major (Reich 
Labor Service). 

Oberarzt m first lieutenant (Med). 

Oberbau m permanent way, top of 
roadbed (RR). 

Oberbaustab to superior construc- 
tion staff (equivalent in status to a 
brigade staff). 

Oberbefehl to high command (func- 
tion). 

Oberbefehlshaber to. commander in 
chief, commander. See also Oberster 
Befehlshaber. 

Oberbefehlshaber des Heeres Com- 
mander-in-Chief of the Army. 

Oberbefehlshaber einer Gruppe army 
group commander. 

Oberbeschlagmeister to horseshoer 
(master Sgt). 

Oberbrieftaubenmeister to pigeoneer 
(master Sgt). 

obere Fiihrung higher command 
(Div and up); higher command 
echelon. 

Oberfahnrich m master sergeant 

( officer candidate ) . 
Oberfahnrich der Flieger aviation 

cadet (with rank of master Sgt). 
Oberfahrer to private first class (H- 

Dr T). 



o 

Oberfeldarzt to lieutenant colonel 

(Med). 

Oberfeldkommandantur / military 
government area headquarters 
(under commander of army group, 
in a T of Opns; under general com- 
manding officer in charge of Mil 
Adm, in occupied territories). 

Oberfeldmeister m master sergeant 
(Reich Labor Service). 

Oberfeldveterinar m lieutenant 
colonel (Vet). 

Oberfeldwebel to master sergeant. 

Oberfeldzeugstab to higher ordnance 
staff. 

Oberfeuerwerker m master sergeant 
(Ord). 

Oberflache / surface (outside or top). 
Oberfunker m radioman (Pvt 1st 
class). 

Oberfunkmeister m radioman (mas- 
ter Sgt). 

Obergef reiter to corporal. 

Obergeneralarbeitsfiihrer m major 
general (Reich Labor Service). 

Obergrenadier to private first class 
(Inf). 

Obergurt in top chord ("truss,); sur- 
cingle (harness). 

Oberjager to private first class 
(mountain Inf). 

Oberkanonier to private first class 
(Arty). 



Oberkommandieiender 



132 



Offizierskasino 



Oberkommandierender m commander- 
in-chief. See Oberster Befehlshaber. 

Oberkommando n high command 
(agency and function). 

Oberkommando der Kriegsmarine 
High Command of the Navy (abbr. 
OKM). 

Oberkommando der Luftwaffe High 
Command of the Air Forces (abbr. 
OKL). 

Oberkommando der Wehrmacht High 

Command of the Armed Forces 

(abbr. OKW). 
Oberkommando des Heeres Army 

High Command (abbr. OKH). 
Oberkraftfahrer m private first class 

(MT). 

Oberlafette / top carriage (G). 

Oberleutnant m first lieutenant. 

Oberleutnant zur See lieutenant 
junior grade (Nav). 

Oberpanzergrenadier m armored in- 
fantry rifleman (Pvt 1st class). 

Oberpionier in private first class 
(Engr). 

Oberquartiermeister m Deputy 
Chief of the General Staff (at Ober- 
kommando des Heeres; known as 
Oberquartiermeister I, Operations; 
Oberquartiermeister II, Training; 
Oberquartiermeister III, Organiza- 
tion; Oberquartiermeister IV, Intel- 
ligence; Oberquartiermeister V, His- 
torical); general staff officer at Hq 
of an army (in charge of supply 
and Adm). 

Oberreiter m private first class 
(Cav). 

Oberring m upper band (R). 
Oberringfeder / upper-band spring 
(R). 

Oberschenkel m thigh. 

Oberschiedsrichter ra assistant 
director (maneuvers). 

Oberschild m upper shield (G). 

Oberschirrmeister m master ser- 
geant ( maintenance ) . 

Oberschiitze m private first class 
(Inf rifleman). 

Oberschwester / chief nurse. 

Oberschwingungsfrequenz / har- 
monic frequency (Rad). 

Oberst m colonel. 

Oberstabsarzt m major (Med). 

Oberstabsveteriniir m major (Vet). 

Oberstarbeitsfiihrer m colonel (Reich 
Labor Service). 



Oberstarzt m colonel (Med). 
Oberster Befehlshaber der Wehrmacht 

Commander-in-Chief of the Armed 
Forces. 

oberster Schiedsrichter director 

( maneuvers) . 
Oberstfeldmeister m lieutenant 

(Reich Labor Service). 
Oberstintendant m civilian official in 

administrative services ranking as 

colonel. 

Oberstleutnant m lieutenant colonel, 
oberstrom upstream. 
Oberstveterinar m colonel (Vet). 
Obertruppfiihrer m sergeant (Reich 

Labor Service). 
Oberveterinar m first lieutenant 

(Vet). 

Obervormann m chief foreman 

(Reich Labor Service) 

Oberwachtmeister m master ser- 
geant (Arty, Cav). 

Oberzahlmeister in paymaster of- 
ficial (Wehrmachtbeamter ranking 
as 1st Lt). See also Zahlmeister. 

Objektschutz m air defense of fixed 
installations. 

OB- System n local-battery system 
(Tp) (abbr. for Ortsbatterie- 
system). 

Ofen m heater, oven, stove. 

Ofenrohr n stovepipe; "bazooka" 
( slang term for Raketenpanzer- 
biichse, rocket launcher). 

offen exposed (Tac); in clear (Sig 
Com); open, frank. 

offene Flanke open flank (Tac). 

offener Fliigel exposed wing (Tac). 

offener Funkspruch radio message in 
clear. 

offene Stellung exposed position 
(Tac). 

Offensive / offensive (Tac). 
offensive Verteidigung offensive de- 
fense. 
Offizier m officer. 

Offizierbewerber m officer aspirant. 
Offizier des Beurlaubtenstandes re- 
serve officer. 
^ Offizierheim n officers' mess, officers' 
club. 

Offizierlaufbahn / officer's career. 
Offizierledigenheim n bachelor of- 
ficers' quarters. 
Offiziersanwarter m officer candidate. 
Offiziersbursche m officer's orderly. 
Offizierskasino n officers' mess. 



Offizierslager 



133 



Ordonnanz 



Offizierslager n permanent camp for 
officer prisoners of war (abbr. 
Of lag). 

Offiziersnachwuchs m new crop of 
officers. 

Offizierspahtrupp m officer recon- 
naissance patrol. 

Offizierspatent n commission. 

Offizier vom Biwakdienst bivouac 
security officer. 

Offizier vom Dienst duty officer, of- 
ficer on duty. 

Offizier vom Ortsdienst officer of the 
guard. 

Offizier vom Tagesdienst officer of 
the day. 

OfFnerhebel m operating level, oper- 
ating handle (G). 

offnung / aperture, port, opening. 

Oflag n See Offizierslager. 

Ohnehaltflug m nonstop flight (Avn). 

"Ohne Tritt, Marsch!" "Route step, 
march !" 

Ohrverschluflwatte / cotton for ear 
plugs. 

Oktamvert m octane rating. 
Oktanzahl / octane number. 
Okular n eyepiece. 
OKW.-Bericht m official communique 

of the Oberkommando der Wehr- 

macht. 
51 n oil. 

OlablaB m oil drain. 
Olbehalter m oil tank, 
olbestandig oil-resistant, 
olbohrloch n oil well. 
Olbombe / oil bomb, 
olbiichse / oilcan, 
oldicht oiltight. 

Oldruckbremse / hydraulic brake. 
Oleinfiill-Verschraubung / oil filler 

plug (Mtr). 
olfederstrebe / oleo strut (Ap). 
olivgriin olive drab. 
Olkanister m oil container (Ap, 

MT). 

Olkohle / carbon (Mtr). 

Ollager n oil-storage depot. 

Olmanometer n oil pressure gage. 

Olmelibecher m graduated oil dis- 
penser (MT). 

Olschlitzring m grooved piston ring 
(Mtr). 

olstand m oil level. 

olstandanzeiger m oil level gage 
(MT). 



Olstandschraube / oil level plug 
(Mtr). 

Olstandskontrolle / oil level check, 

oil level indicator (Mtr). 
Olthermometer n oil temperature 

gage, 
oltropfer m oiler. 
Oliiberlauf m oil overflow (Mtr). 
Olwanne / oil pan (Mtr). 
Operation / operation (Tac, Med). 
Operationsbasis / base of operations 

(Tac). 

Operationsbefehl m operations order. 

Operationsgeblet n zone of operations, 
theater of operations. 

Operationskarte / operations map. 

Operationslinie / line of operations. 

Operationsplan m operations plan. 

Operationsraum m zone of opera- 
tions, theater of operations. 

operativ operational, strategic. 

operative Aufklarung strategic re- 
connaissance. 

operative Luftaufklarung strategic 
air reconnaissance. 

operatives Ziel strategic objective. 

operative Unterstiitzung indirect 
support (Avn, Tac). 

Opfer n victim. 

Oppanol n a synthetic substance re- 
sistant to mustard gas and Lewisite 
(CWS). 

Optik / optics; lens system, optical 
system or instruments; telescopic 
sight (G); periscope (Tk). 

optische Peilung pilotage (Avn). 

optisches Zielgerat optical sight 
(Ord). 

O-Punkt m aiming point (Gunnery). 
See also Nullpunkt. 

Orden m medal, decoration, order. 

Ordensband n ribbon (of a decora- 
tion). 

Ordensschnalle / bar (decoration). 

kleine Ordensschnalle • miniature 

( decoration). 
Ordensspange / bar (decoration). 
Ordinate / ordinate, Y-coordinate. 
Ordnung / order, rule. 
Ordnungsdienst m provost service, 

military police service. 
Ordnungsgleis n make-up track 

(RR). 

Ordnungspolizei / uniformed regular 

police. 
Ordonnanz / orderly. 



Ordonnanzoffizier 



134 



Pak 



Ordonnanzoffizier to special-missions 

staff officer. 
Organisationsstab m organizational 

Staff. 

Organisation Todt Todt Organiza- 
tion (Engr and Ft construction). 

Orientierung / orientation. 

Orientierungslinie / orienting line 
(Surv). 

Orientierungspunkt m control point 
(Surv). 

Orkan m hurricane, tropical cyclone. 
Orpo / See Ordnungspolizei. 
Orsatapparat m Orsat gas-analysis 

apparatus (CWS). 
Ort m locality, place; locus (Math). 

See also Standort. 
Ortbalken m exterior stringer (on a 

fixed bridge); exterior balk (on a 

floating bridge), 
orten locate; orient;' take bearings. 
Orter m navigator (Avn). 
OrterkompaB m navigator's compass 

(Avn). 
ortlich local. 

Ortsbatterie / local battery (Tp). 
Ortsbatterie-Betrieb m local-battery 

operation (Tp). 
Ortsbesprechung / local operation 

(Rad). 

Ortsbestimmung / orientation, posi- 
tion determination. 

Ortsbiwak n billets, close billets. 

Ortschaft / village, town, inhabited 
locality. 

Ortscheit n doubletree (limber). 

Ortseindruck m sensation of direc- 
tion (sound locator). 

Ortsempfang m local reception 
(Rad). 

ortsfest fixed, permanent (Arty, 
Ft). 

ortsfeste Flak fixed antiaircraft 
guns or artillery. 



ortsfeste Kiistenartillerie fixed sea- 
coast artillery. 

ortsfeste Lafette stationary gun 
mount (G). 

Ortsgefecht n See Ortskampf. 

Ortskampf m combat in towns. 

Ortskommandant m commander of a 
garrison, post, or station ; town com- 
mander (Mil Govt). 

Ortskommandantur / garrison, post, 
or station headquarters; town head- 
quarters (Mil Govt) (Ortskomman- 
dantur I, in large and medium-sized 
cities; Ortskommandantur II, in 
small cities, towns, and villages). 

Ortskrankenlazarett n billet hospital. 
(Med). 

Ortskrankenstube / billet dispensary, 
ortskundig familiar with a locality 
or area. 

Ortsmifiweisung / magnetic declina- 
tion. 

Ortsnetz n local net (Tp). 

Ortsquartier n See Ortsunterkunft. 

Ortssender m local station (Rad). 

Ortsunterkunft / billets. 

Ortsvorstand m local authorities, 
town authorities. 

Ortung / position finding, orienta- 
tion, taking of bearings. 

Ortungsanforderung / request for a 
bearing (Avn, Rad). 

Ortungsleuchtzeichen n ground posi- 
tion signal (ground-air Com). 

6se / lug; ring; lunette; eye (Tech). 

Ost m east (also spelled Osten). 

Ostlegion / legion composed of non- 
German volunteers and prisoners of 
war from East-European countries. 

Ostmedaille / Eastern Campaign 
Medal (decoration). 

Ostsee / Baltic Sea. 

Otter / paravane. 



Packgefafi n bulk container. 
Packriemen m pack strap (harness ). 
Packsattel m pack saddle (harness). 
Packstrick m pack rope (harness) 
Packtasche / saddlebag. 



P 



Packung / packing (Mech). 
Paddelboot n collapsible paddling 
boat. 

Pak / antitank gun, antitank artil- 
lery (abbr. of Panzerabwehrkanone). 



Pakethulle 



135 Panzergrenadier-Division 



Pakethiille / wrapping. 

Pak-Flak / antitank-antiaircraft 

gun, dual-purpose gun. 
Pakgeschiitz n antitank gun. 
Pakgeschiitz auf Selbstfahrlafette 

self-propelled antitank gun, tank 

destroyer. 
Pakstellung / antitank gun position, 

antitank gun emplacement. 
Pak-Zug m antitank platoon. 
Panne / breakdown ; engine failure ; 

blowout. 

Panoramakammer / panoramic ca- 
mera (Avn). 

Pantograph m pantograph (Surv). 

Panzer m armor; tank. 

Panzerabteilung / armored battalion. 

Panzerabwehr / antitank defense, 
antimechanized defense (in com- 
pounds, now superseded by Panzer- 
jager-). 

Panzerabwehr gewehr n ^. antitank 
rifle (now called Panzerbuchse). 

Panzerabwehrgeschiitz n antitank 
gun. 

Panzerabwehrgraben m antitank 
ditch. 

Panzerabwehrkanone / ' antitank gun 
(now called Panzerjagerkanone). 

Panzerabwehrmine / antitank mine. 

Panzerabwehrmittel npl means of 
antitank defense. 

Panzerabwehrrakete / antitank 
rocket. 

Panzerangriff m armored attack, 
tank attack. 

Panzera'rtillerie / armored division 
artillery, armored artillery. 

Panzeraufbau m tank hull and tur- 
ret; armored body of a vehicle. 

Panzeraufklarungsabteilung / ar- 
mored reconnaissance battalion. 

Panzerbataillon n armored battalion. 

Panzerbefehlswagen m armored 
command car. 

Panzerbekampfung / antitank com- 
bat. 

Panzerbeobachtungsturm m armor- 
ed observation turret. 

Panzerbesatzung / tank crew, ar- 
mored vehicle crew. 

PanzerbeschuB m firing at tanks; 
test firing at armor plate. 

PanzerbeschuBtaf el / firing table for 
antitank gun. 

Panzerblech n armor plate. 



Panzerblende / tank shutter; tank 
gun shield, mantlet. 

Panzerbombe / antitank bomb, ar- 
mor-piercing bomb, heavy-case bomb. 

panzerbrechend armor-piercing. 

Panzerbrigade / armored brigade, 
tank brigade. 

Panzerbuchse / antitank rifle. 

Panzerdeckungsloch n foxhole (for 
AT protection) , 

Panzerdivision / armored division. 

Panzerdrehturm m revolving armor- 
ed turret (Ft); revolving tank tur- 
ret (Tk). 

panzerdurchschlagend armor-pierc- 
ing (Am). 

Panzerdurchschlagsleistung / armor- 
piercing capacity, penetration (Am). 

Panzereinsatz m commitment of ar- 
mored units. 

Panzererkennungsdienst m tank 
identification service. 

Panzerfahrer m tank driver. 

Panzerfahrschule / armored vehicle 
operators' school. 

Panzerfahrzeug n armored vehicle. 

Panzerfahrzeugfalle / tank trap. 

Panzerfahrzeuggraben m antitank 
ditch. 

Panzerfalle / tank trap. 

Panzerfiihrer m tank commander 
(NCO); armored- vehicle command- 
er; armored-unit commander. 

Panzerf unker m tank radio operator. 

Panzerfunktrupp m armored radio 
section. 

Panzerfunkwagen m armored radio 
car or truck. 

Panzer geschofi n armor-piercing 
projectile. 

panzergeschutzt armor-protected. 

Panzerglas n bulletproof glass. 

Panzergraben m antitank ditch. 

Panzergranate / armor -piercing 

shell, armor-piercing rifle grenade. 

Panzergranate-Patrone / armor- 
piercing shell (fixed Am). 

Panzergrenadier m armored in- 
fantry rifleman, private in armored 
infantry regiment. 

Panzergrenadier-Bataillon n armor- 
ed infantry battalion. 

Panzergrenadier-Brigade f armored 
infantry brigade. 

Panzergrenadier-Division / motorized 
division. See also SS-Panzergre- 
nadier-Division. 



Panzergrenadier- 



136 



PanzerstoB 



Panzergrenadier-Ersatzregiment n 

armored infantry replacement regi- 
ment. 

Panzergrenadier-Personenkraftwagen 

armored personnel carrier. 

Panzergrenadier-Regiment n motor- 
ized infantry regiment (of a Panzer- 
division). 

Panzergruppe / armored group. 

Panzergiirtel m arcnor belt. 

Panzerhindernis n antitank obstacle. 

Panzerinstandsetzungsabteilung / 
tank repair battalion. 

Panzerjager m member of antitank 
■unit. 

Panzerjagerabteilung / antitank 
battalion. 

Panzerjagergeschiitz n antitank gun. 

Panzerjagerkanone / See Panzer- 
jagergeschiitz. 

Panzerjagerkompanie / antitank 
company. 

Panzer jagerregiment n antitank re- 
giment. 

Panzerjagerzug m antitank platoon. 

Panzerkabel n armored cable (Elec). 

Panzerkampfabzeichen n See Panzer- 
kampfwagenabzeichen. 

Panzerkampfwagen m tank. 

Panzerkampfwagenabzeichen n Tank 
Badge (decoration awarded to mem- 
bers of armored units after partici- 
pation in three separate combat 
actions). 

Panzerkampfwagenhindernis » tank 
obstacle. 

Panzerkanone / tank gun. 

Panzerkasten m tank hull. 

Panzerkastenoberteil n sponson, up- 
per hull (Tk). 

Panzerkette / tank track. 

Panzer-Kommandant m tank com- 
mander. 

Panzerkompanie / tank company. 
Panzerkopf m armor-piercing cap 
(Am). 

Panzer korper m hull (Tk). 

Panzerkorps n armored corps. 

Panzerkorpskommando n armored 
corps headquarters. 

Panzerkrafte fpl armored forces, ar- 
mored units. 

Panzerkraftfahrzeug n armored 
vehicle. 

Panzerkraftwagen m armored car. 
Panzerkrieg m armored warfare. 



) Panzerkuppel / tank cupola, armor- 
ed cupola (Ft). 

Panzer-Lehr-Regiment n armored 
demonstration regiment. 

Panzermine / antitank mine. 

Panzermunition / armor-piercing 
ammunition; tank ammunition. 

Panzernachrichtenabteilung / armor- 
ed signal battalion. 

Panzer-Obergrenadier m private 
first class (Armd Inf Begt). 

Panzeroberschiitze m private first 
class (in Armd unit). 

Panzeroffizier m armored officer. 

Panzerpionier m armored engineer. 

Panzer-Pionier-Bataillon n armored 
engineer battalion. 

Panzerplatte / armor plate. 

Panzerregiment n armored regiment. 

Panzerrichttafel / tank-silhouette 
aiming target. 

Panzerscharte / peephole, direct vi- 
sion slit (Tk). 

Panzerschild m armor-plate shield 
(G). 

Panzerschott n armor bulkhead (Tk). 

Panzerschutz m armor protection 
(Ft, Tk); antitank defense. 

Panzerschiitze m private in an arm- 
ored unit; tank gunner. 

panzersicher secure against mechan- 
ized attack. 

Panzersonderfahrzeug n special-pur- 
pose armored vehicle. 

Panzerspahfahrzeug n armored re- 
connaissance vehicle. 

Panzerspahkompanie / armored re- 
connaissance company. 

Panzerspah-Schwadron / mechanized 
cavalry reconnaissance troop. 

Panzerspahtrupp m armored recon- 
naissance car section. 

Panzerspahwagen m armored re- 
connaissance car, armored scout car. 

Panzersperre / antitank obstacle. 

Panzersperrgraben m antitank ditch. 

Panzersperrmauer / antitank wall 
obstacle. 

Panzerspitze / armored point (Adv 
Gd). 

PanzersprenggeschoB n -annor-pierc- 

ing projectile. 
Panzersprenggranate / arraor-pierc- 

ing shell. 

Panzerstarke f thickness of armor 
(Tk). 

PanzerstoB m armored thrust (Tac). 



Panzersturmabzeichen 



137 



Patronenlager 



Panzersturmabzeichen n Armored 
Assault Badge (decoration). 

Panzertransportwagen m armored 
personnel carrier. 

Panzertruppe / Armored Command. 

Panzertruppen fpl armored troops, 
armored forces. 

Panzerturm m tank turret; armored 
turret (Ft). 

Panzerung / armor, armor plating. 

Panzerunterstiitzung / armored sup- 
port (Tac). 

Panzerverband m armored forma- 
tion, armored force unit, combined- 
arms armored force. 

Panzerverbande der Heerestruppen 
GHQ reserve tank groups. 

Panzervernichtungsabzeichen n dec- 
oration awarded for close-combat de- 
struction of at least one enemy tank. 

Panzer-Verschwindeturm m disap- 
pearing armored turret (Ft). 

Panzerwaffe / Armored Command. 

Panzerwagen m armored car, combat 
car, tank. 

Panzerwagenfalle / tank trap. 

Panzerwagengraben m- tank ditch. 

Panzerwanne / tank hull. 

Panzerwarndienst in antimechanized 
warning system. 

Panzerwarnung / tank warning, 
antimechanized warning. 

Panzerwart, m armored maintenance 
man. 

Panzerwerk n steel and concrete for- 
tification. 

Panzerwerkstattkompanie / armored 
force repair shop company. 

Panzer weste / body armor (Avn). 

Panzerzug m armored train (RR); 
tank platoon. 

Papierstreifenverfahren n paper- 
strip method (aerial Photo). 

Pappe / cardboard ( also called Papp- 
deckel m). 

Parabel-Fachwerktrager m curved- 
chord truss. 

Parabellum n a type of self-loading 
pistol. 

Parade / parade, review. 

Paradeanzug m full-dress uniform. 

Parademarsch in march in review, 
pass in review. 

Paradeplatz m parade ground. 

Parallaxe / parallax, azimuth dif- 
ference. 



Parallaxwinkel m angle of parallax, 
azimuth difference. 

ParalJel-Fachwerktrager m parallel- 
chord truss. 

Parallelogrammgestange n parallelo- 
gram linkage system ( AA sight). 

Parallelschaltung / parallel connec- 
tion (Elec). 

Pardon m quarter, mercy, clemency. 

parieren to parry. 

Parierstange / bayonet guard. 

Park m park, depot. 

parken to park. 

Parklicht n parking light (auto 
headlight), 

Parlamenl.ar m parlementaire, bear- 
er of a flag of truce. 

Parlamentarilagge / flag of truce. 

Parole f password. 

Parteien fpl opposing sides (man- 
euvers), 

Parteifiihrer m commander of one of 
the opposing forces in maneuvers. 

Paspel f piping or edging on uni- 
form. 

PaB to pass (Top); passport. 
PaBgenauigkeit / accuracy of fit 

(Tech). 

Passierschein m permit, pass, safe- 
conduct, military passport. 

PaUstiiclcB adapter (Ord). 

Passung / fit (Tech), 

Patent n officer's commission ; patent 
(Tech). 

patentierter Offizier commissioned 
officer. 

Patrone / cartridge ( Am) ; round of 
fixed ammunition (Arty). 

Patronenauswerfer m ejector. 

Patronenauszieher in extractor. 

Patroneneinlage f breech recess (B). 

Patronenfiihriingsleisten fpl cart- 
ridge guides (MG). 

Patronengurt m cartridge belt 
(MG); bandoleer. 

Patronenhalter m cartridge holder 
(MG). 

Patronenhebel m cartridge lever 
(MG). 

Patronenhiilse t cartridge case. 
Patronenkasten m cartridge box, 

ammunition box. 
Patronenkorb m shell basket (for 

fixed Am). 
Patronenlager n cartridge chamber 

(G, R). 



Patronenmunition 



138 



Pfahlsperre 



Patronenmunition / fixed ammuni- 
tion. 

Patronenrahmen m clip (R, AA 
gun). 

Patronenraum m propelling-charge 
chamber (Mort shell). 

Patronenschacht m feed funnel (fix- 
ed aircraft MG). 

Patronenstreifen in cartridge clip. 

Patronenstiitzfeder / cartridge-sup- 
port spring (MG). 

Patronentasche / ammunition pocket, 
ammunition pouch. 

Patronentrager m cartridge carrier 
(MG). 

Patronentragerhebel m belt-feed 

lever (MG). 
Patronenzufiihrung / cartridge feed 

(SA). 

Patrouillenflug m patrol, patrolling 
(Avn). 

Patte / collar patch, cuff patch. 
Pause / pause ; tracing. 
Pauspapier n tracing paper. 
Pech n pitch. 

Pegel m water-level gage (for ri- 
vers, lakes, etc.). 

Peilanlage / direction-finder station 
(Air Navigation). 

Peilantenne / direction-finding an- 
tenna. 

Peilapparat m azimuth instrument. 

Peilaufsatz m pelorus (Avn). 

Peilberichtigungskurve / deviation 
curve (Rad). 

PeilempfSnger m radio compass, di- 
rection finder (Air Navigation). 

Peilen n direction finding (Rad). 

peilen to take a bearing (Nav, Rad, 
Avn). 

Peilflugleiter m chief of direction- 
finder station (Avn). 

Peilfunkempfanger m radio compass, 
direction finder (Air Navigation). 

Peilfunkgerat n radio direction find- 
er. 

Peilfunkstelle / radio direction find- 
er station (Avn). 

Peilgerat n azimuth instrument 

(Surv); direction-finder equipment 
or set (Rad, Avn). 

Peilkompafi m navigator's compass 
(Avn). 

Peilkraftwagen m radio direction- 
finding truck. 

Peilleitstelle / radio direction-finder 
control station. 



Peillinie / line of bearing, bearing 
line (Air Navigation). 

Peillot n sounding lead (Nav). 

Peilnebenstelle / auxiliary direction- 
finder station (Air Navigation). 

Peilrahmen m directional loop an- 
tenna (Rad). 

Peilscheibe / azimuth instrument. 

Peilsender m directional transmitter. 

Peilstelle / radio direction-finder 
station. 

Peilstrahl.m beam (Rad). 

Peilung / bearing, direction finding, 
optische Peilung pilotage (Avn). 

Peilzeichen n direction-finder signal 
(Avn). 

pelzgefiittert fur-lined. 

Pelzkombination / fur-lined flying 
suit. 

Pendel n pendulum. 

Pendelfrequenz / quenching fre- 
quency (Rad). 

Pendelfrequenzempfanger m super- 
regenerative receiver. 

pendeln oscillate; swerve. 

Pendelverkehr m shuttle traffic. 

Perchlorameisensauremethylester m 
diphosgene (CWS). 

Perlkorn n bead sight (R). 

Personal n personnel. 

Personalabteilung / personnel sec- 
tion. 

Personalamt n See Heerespersonal- 
amt. 

Personalausweis m identification 
papers, certificate of identification. 

Personaldaten npl personal data 
(birth, occupation, etc.). 

Personalveranderung / change of 
personnel. 

Personenbahnhof m passenger sta- 
tion (RR). 

Personenfahre / passenger ferry. 

Personenkraftfahrzeug n personnel 
carrier, passenger vehicle (MT). 

Personenkraftwagen m personnel 
carrier, passenger car (MT). 

perspektivische Projection geometric 
projection, perspective projection. 

Perstoff m diphosgene (CWS). 

Petroleum n kei'osene. 

Pfad m path, trail. 

Pfahl m picket, stake; pile; post. 

Pfahlhindernis n See Pfahlsperre. 

Pfahljoch n pile bent (Bdg). 

Pfahljochbriicke / pile-bent bridge. 

Pfahlsperre / post obstacle (AT). 



Pfeife 



139 Pioniersprengmittel 



Pfeife / whistle, pipe. 
Pfeifpatrone / whistling pyrotechnic 

signal cartridge (used as gas 

alarm). 

Pfeifsignal n whistle signal. 
Pfeiler m pier (Bdg); column, pillar 
(Engr). 

Pfeilform / sweepback (Ap wing); 

arrow or wedge formation. 
Pferd n horse, 
pferdebespannt horse-drawn. 
Pferdeersatz m remounts. 
Pferdefahrzeug n horse-drawn 

vehicle. 

Pferdehalter m horseholder (Cav, 
Arty). 

Pferdekrankenkraftwagen m veteri- 
nary motor ambulance. 

Pferdekrankensammelplatz m vet- 
erinary collecting station. 

Pferdelazarett n veterinary hospital. 

Pferdepark m remount depot. 

PferdestSrke / metric horsepower 
(abbr. PS) (1 PS = 0.986 HP; 1 HP 
= 1.014 PS). 

Pferdetransportkolonne / horse- 
drawn transport column. 

Pferdeverbandplatz m veterinary 
aid station. 

Pferdezug m draft (horse traction). 

Pferdezweigpark m branch remount 
depot. 

Pfiff m whistle (sound). 

Pfiffikus n phenyldichlorarsine 
(CWS). 

Pflegeschwester f nurse. 

Pflichl / duty, obligation. 

Pflichten des deutschen Soldaten See 
Kriegsartikel. 

Pflock m stake, peg, pin, picket. 

Pflugbagger m tractor plow; bull- 
dozer. 

Pfropfen m plug, stopper, wad. 

Phasenverschiebung / phase shift, 
phase displacement, phase difference 
(Elec, Rad). 

Phenyldichlorarsin n phenyldichlor- 
arsine. 

Phon n decibel. 

Phosgen n carbonylchloride, phos- 
gene (CWS). 

Phosphor m phosphorus. 

Phosphorfliegerbombe / phosphorus 
bomb. 

Phosphorgeschofi n phosphorus bul- 
let, incendiary bullet. 



Phosphorhandgranate / phosphorus 
grenade. 

Photogrammetrie / photogrammetry. 
Photograph in photographer. 
Photographie f photography, 
photographische Kartenaufnahme 

photographic mapping. 
Photokopie / photostat, 
photokopieren to photostat. 
Phototopographie / phototopography. 
Photozelle / photo-electric cell. 
Pickettpfahl m picket, stake. 
Pier m pier. 

Pi-Kampfmittel npl engineer combat 

equipment. 
Pikrinsaure / trinitrophenol, picric 

acid. 

Pille / pill, pellet, primer. 
Pilotballon m pilot balloon, trial bal- 
loon. 

Pilotballonaufstieggerat n pibal 
equipment (Met). 

Pilz m mushroom head of obturator. 

Pinsel in paint brush. 

Pionier m engineer soldier, private 
in engineer unit. 

Pionieraufklarung / engineer recon- 
naissance. 

Pionier-Ausbau-Bataillon n engineer 
construction-improvement battalion. 

Pionierbataillon n engineer battalion. 

Pionierdienst m engineer service. 

Pionier-Erkundungstrupp m engineer 
reconnaissance squad. 

Pionierfahrzeug n engineer vehicle. 

Pionierfiihrer m special staff en- 
gineer officer and engineer com- 
mander (at Div Hq). 

Pioniergerat n engineer equipment. 

Pioniergeriitepark m engineer equip- 
ment depot. 

Pionier-Kampfmittel npl engineer 
combat equipment. 

Pionierkolonne / engineer equipment 
column. 

Pionierlandungskompanie / engineer 
landing company. 

Pioniermaschinenzug m engineer 
machine platoon. 

Pionieroffizier m engineer officer. 

Pionierpanzerkampfwagen m en- 
gineer tank. 

Pionierpark m engineer park, en- 
gineer depot. 

Pionierschule / engineer school. 

Pioniersprengmittel npl engineer ex- 
plosives. 



Pionier-Sturmabzeichen 



140 



Plombe 



Pionier-Sturmabzeichen n Engineer 
Assault Badge (decoration) . 

Pioniersturmzug m engineer assault 
platoon. 

Pioniertruppe / Corps of Engineers. 
Pioniertruppen fpl engineer troops. 
Pionierverband m engineer unit. 
Pioniervermessungsgeriit n engineer 

surveying instrument or equipment. 
Pionierwerkzeug n engineer tool. 
Pionierwerkzeugtasche / engineer 

tool bag. 
Pionierzug m engineer platoon. 
Pionierzwischenpark m engineer 

dump. 

Piste / trail, path, beaten track. 

Pistole / pistol. 

Pistolengriff m pistol grip. 

Pistoleniiffnung / pistol port (Tk). 

Pistolentasche / pistol holster. 

Pi.-Sturmabzeichen n See Pionier- 
Sturmabzeichen. 

Pitotrohr n pitot tube. 

Pivotgeschiitz n swivel gun, pedestal- 
mounted gun. 

Pivotlafette / pivot-type mount 
(MG); turntable carriage (G). 

Pivotlager n trunnion bearing (G). 

Pi.-Zug in See Pionierzug. 

PK.-Filmberichter m propaganda- 
company moving-picture cameraman. 

P.K.-Kriegsberichter m propaganda- 
company war correspondent. 

Plan m plan, chart, diagram, scheme. 

Plane / tarpaulin. 

Planfeuer n concentrated antiair- 
craft fire within the critical zone. 

Planfeuertafel / lead chart (AA fir- 
ing). 

Planf euerwiirf el m critical zone ( A A 
firing). 

Planier-Uaupenschlepper m bull- 
dozer, angledozer, tractor with 
angledozer. 

Planimeter n planimeter (Surv). 

Plankelei / skirmish. 

Planladung / computed charge ( de- 
molitions). 

planmaliig in accordance with table 
of organization or basic allowance; 
according to plan; systematic, de- 
liberate, thorough. 

planmafiige Peldbefestigung delib- 
erate field fortification. 

planmaliiger Nachschub automatic 
supply. 



Planpause / overlay, traced map or 

firing chart. 
Planquadrat n grid square. 
Planrichten n laying by survey 

(Arty). . 
PlanschieBen n map fire, unobserved 

fire (Gunnery). 
Plansektor m map-protractor set 

(Arty, Surv). 
Planspiel n map exercise (Tng). 
Planstarke / authorized strength, 

table of organization strength. 
Planstelle / place authorized by 

table of organization. 

freie Planstelle vacancy. 
Planiibergang m level crossing 

(RR). 

Planiibung / map maneuver, map ex- 
ercise (Tng). 

Planunterlage / plane table (Arty, 
Surv). 

Planzeichnen n plotting (Surv). 

Planzeiger m coordinate scale 

(Arty, Surv). 

plastische Liderung plastic-pad ob- 
turator (G). 

Platte / plate (Tech); phonograph 
record. 

Platteneinsatz m storage-battery cell 
(Elec). 

Plattenkondensator m parallel plate 

condenser (Rad). 
Plattenpulver n flake powder (Am). 
Plattensatz m storage-battery cell 

(Elec). 

Plattenventil n poppet valve (Mtr). 

Plattform / platform (Arty, etc.). 

Plattformwagen m flatcar (RR). 

PlattfiiBe mpl flat feet. 

Platz m airdrome, airfield, landing 
field (Avn); aid station (Med, Vet); 
place, square (in^a city or town); 
site; locality; station; space; room. 

platzen to burst; to blow out (tire). 

Platzfeuer n airdrome light. 

Platzfeuerwehr / airdrome fire-fight- 
ing unit. 

Platzgrenze / airdrome boundary. 

Platzmembrane / bursting dia- 

phragm (message container). 

Platzpatrone / blank cartridge. 

Platzrunde / circle flown over air- 
drome. 

Platzwechsel m change of station. 
Pleuelstange / connecting rod, pis- 
ton rod (Mtr). 
Plombe / lead seal. 



Plunderer 



141 



Piojektion 



Plunderer to marauder, plunderer, 
pliindern to plunder. 
Pliinderung / plundering, pillage, 
looting. 

Pneumassivreifen m cushion tire. 

Polarstern m North Star. 

polieren to polish, to buff (Tech). 

Polizei / police. 

Polizist to policeman. 

Polklemme / battery-terminal bind- 
ing post (Elec). 

Polschuh m pole piece (magnet). 

Polster n pad (Clo, harness, etc.); 
track block (Tk) ; pillow, cushion. 

Polvvechsler m pole changer (Tp). 

Polygonzug m closed traverse 
(Surv). 

Ponton m ponton. 

Pontonbriicke / ponton bridge. 

Pontonfahre / ponton ferry. 

Pontonier m pontoneer. 

Pontonoberkante / gunwale (Pon). 

Pontonstrecke / ponton bay. 

Pontonwagen m ponton carrier 
(MT). 

Porontoofen m a small liquid-fuel 
stove. 

Portepee n sword knot (worn by Ger 
officers and higher-bracket NCO's). 

Portepeeunteroffizier to noncommis- 
sioned officer (from Feldwebel up). 

Portion / ration; dose (Med). 
eiserrie Portion emergency ration. 

Portionenausgabe / distribution of 
rations. 

Portionssatz m scale of rations, ra- 
tion quantity. 

Positionslicht n position light, run- 
ning light (Ap). 

Post / mail. 

Postaufnahmegerat n mail pick-up 
device (Ap). 

Posten m sentry ; post ; duty station ; 
item (in a list) ; lot ( of goods). 

Postenanweisungen fpl guard orders, 
allgenieine Postenanweisungen 
general orders (guard duty). 
besondere Postenanweisungen spe- 
cial orders (guard duty). 

Postenkette / line of sentries. 

Postleitungen fpl civil communica- 
tion lines. 

Postpriifungsstelle / postal censor's 
office. 

Postiiberwachungsstelle / See Post- 
priifungsstelle. 
Potenz / power (Math). 



potenzieren raise (to a power) 

(Math). 

Prahm m barge, lighter (Engr, Nav). 

Prallhaltevorrichtung / ballonet bal- 
loon ( airship ) . 

Prallschuf) m ricochet. 

Prallwand / baffle. 

Prazisionsschiefien n precision fire. 

Preis m price; rate; prize. 

Preisiibung / qualification course. 

Prellschufl m ricochet. 

Presseoffisier m public relations of- 
ficer. 

Prefifutter n compressed forage. 

Preliluft / compressed air. 

Preliluftanlasser m air starter, com- 
pressed-air starter (Mtr). 

PreBluftflasche / compressed-air 
flask. 

PreBlufthammer m pneumatic ham- 
mer. 

PreBluft-Niethammer m pneumatic 
riveter. 

Prefiluftzylinder m compressed-air 

cylinder. 
Preflstoff m plastic. 
Pr.Geschofl n See Phosphorgeschofl. 
Primarkreis to primary circuit 

(Rad). 

Primiirwicklung / primary winding 
(Elec). 

Prise / prize. 

Prisenrecht w angary. 

Prismenkreuz n an engineer survey- 
ing instrument. 

Pritsche / wooden-board bed. 

Probe / test, trial. 

Probeflug m test flight. 

Probelauf m test run (Mtr). 

ProbeschieBen n test firing. 

Profil n profile, cross section; tread 
(of a tire). 

Profildicke / profile thickness (Ap 
wing). 

Profilhinterkante / trailing edge ( Ap 
wing profile). 

profiliert streamlined, faired. 

Profilierung / fairing (Ap); recap- 
ping (tires); streamlining. 

Profilsehne / wing chord (Ap). 

Profiltiefe / depth of profile (Ap 
wing). 

Profilvorderkante / leading edge 

(Ap wing profile). 
Projektion auf die Horizontalebene 

horizontal projection. 



Projektion 



142 



Quarantine 



Projektion auf die Senkrechtebene 

vertical projection. 

Propaganda / propaganda, publicity. 

Propagandakompanie / propaganda 
company (for front-line reporting; 
composed of writers and camera- 
men). 

Propeller m propeller. See also 

Luftschraube. 
Propellerblatt n propeller blade 

(Ap). 

Propellerhaube / propeller spinner. 
Propellerkreis m plane of propeller 

rotation, propeller-disk area (Ap). 
Propellernabe / propeller hub (Ap). 
Propellersteigung / propeller pitch. 
Propellerwind m slipstream (Avn). 
Protzarm m limber drawbar (Arty). 
Protze / limber (Arty). 
Protzgestell n limber frame (Arty). 
Protzhaken m limber pintle. 
Protzkasten m limber ammunition 

chest (Arty). 
Protzose / lunette (G). 
Prozentsatz m percentage, 
priifen to check, inspect, test, verify. 
Priifgerat n testing apparatus. 
Priifgestell n testing stand. 
Priifknopf m testing button (field 

Tp). 

Priif rohrchen n detector tube (in 

CWS detector kit). 
Priif stand m testing block (Avn, 

MT). 

Priif taste / testing key (field Tp). 
Priifung / test, testing, verification. 
PriifungsschieBen n verification fire. 
Puffer m buffer (Ord). 
Puffergehause n buffer housing (MG). 
Pufferlagern buffer support (G 

cradle). 

Pulk m boat-type runner ( placed 
under gun wheels for operations in 
deep snow); formation (Avn slang). 



Pulver n powder. 

Pulverbrennziindung / powder-train 
ignition (fuze). 

Pulverbundel n powder bag (Am). 

Pulverhaus n powder magazine. 

Pulverkammer / powder chamber. 

Pulverkorn n powder grain (Am). 

Pulverladung / powder charge ( Am). 

Pulverraum m powder chamber. 

Pulverriickstande mpl powder foul- 
ing (G). 

Pulversatz m powder train, powder 
pellet (fuze). 

Pulversprengstoff m low explosive. 

Pulvertemperaturmessung f measure- 
ment of powder temperature. 

Pulverthermometer n powder ther- 
mometer (Am). 

Pulvertreibladung / propellent charge. 

Pulverzerstauber m decontaminating- 
powder sprayer (CWS). 

Pumpenkiihlung / forced-circulation 
.cooling (Mtr). 

Punktm point, place; dot (Tg). 

Punktbestimmung / point designa- 
tion, point location. 

Punktfeuerw point fire, fixed fire 
(MG). 

Punktplan m range card ( Gunnery) . 
PunktschieBen n See Punktfeuer. 
PunktschweiBung / spot welding. 
Punkttafel / point-designation grid 
(Arty). 

Punktzieln point target (Gunnery). 
Pupinspule/ loading coil (Tp). 
Puppe / dummy ( for bayonet Tng, 
etc.). 

putzen to clean, polish, shine. 
Putzlappen m cleaning rag. 
Putzwolle / cotton waste. 
Pz.Kw.-Nachbildung / tank silhouette 
(practice firing). 



Q-Gruppef Q signal (Rad). 
Quadrant m quadrant. 
Quadrantenflache / quadrant plate 
(G). 

Quadrantenvisier n leaf -type quad- 
rant sight (R, MG). 



Q 

Quadrat n square, grid square. 
Quadratwurzel / square root. 
Qualifikationsbericht m qualification 
card. 

Qualm m dense smoke. 
Quarantane/ quarantine (Med). 



Quartier 



143 



Raderraupenfahrzeug 



Quartier n quarters, billets. 
Quartierarrest m restriction to 

quarters. 

Quartiermacher m quartering officer, 
billeting officer. 

Quartiermacherkommando n quarter- 
ing party, billeting party. 

Quartiermachertrupp m quartering 
detail, billeting detail. 

Quartiermeister m corps or division 
quartermaster (general staff officer 
"lb" in charge of supply and Adm 
at corps or Div Hq). 

Quartiermeisterabteilung / supply 
group of staff sections ( comprises 
Quartiermeister and Intendantur). 

Quartier und Verpflegung quarters 
and subsistence. 

Quartier- und Verpflegungsvergiitung 
/ quarters and subsistence allow- 
ance (reimbursement). 

Quartier- und VerpflegungszuschuB 
m quarters and subsistence allow- 
ance. 

Quartiervergiitung / quarters allow- 
ance. 

quarzgesteuerter Sender crystal- 
controlled transmitter (Rad). 

Quarzkristall n quartz crystal (Rad). 

Quarzsteuerung / crystal control 
(Rad). 

Quast m tassel. 

Qu-BIende/ See Querschnittblende. 
Quecksilber n mercury. 
Quelle / source, spring, well, 
quer across, obliquely. 
Querachse/ lateral axis (Ap). 
Queraxt / adze. 
Querbeiln See Queraxt. 



Querdeckung/ traverse (Ft). 

querfahrendes Ziel target moving 

• parallel to front (ground target). 

Querfahrt / movement parallel to 
front (ground target). 

querfeldein cross-country. 

Querlibelle / cross level ( Surv, Arty). 

Querrinne / open culvert (road). 

Querruderw aileron (Ap). 

Querruderhebel m aileron horn ( Ap). 

Quersage/ crosscut saw. 

Querschlager m ricochet. 

Querschnitt m cross section. 

Querschnittbelastung / ballistic co- 
efficient. 

Querschnittblende / transverse 

shutter (signal lamp). 
Querstabilitat / lateral stability 

(Ap). 

Querstreuung / See Breitenstreuung. 

Quertrager m transverse beam, tran- 
som, transverse support (Bdg). 

Querverbindung / intervehicular 
communication; local circuit; cross 
bar, transverse bracing. 

Querverkehr m internet traffic (Rad). 

Querverstrebung / cross bracing 

(Bdg). 

Querwallm traverse f Ft,), 
quetschen to crush, bruise, squeeze, 
pinch. 

Quetschkondensator m trimmer con- 
denser (Rad). 

Quetschladung / camouflet. 

Quetschmine / See Quetschladung. 

Quetschung/ contusion (Med). 

quietschen to screech (brakes); to 
squeal (Rad). 



Rache / revenge. 
Rachen m throat. 

Rachenreizstoff m See Nasen- und 

Rachenreizstoff. 
Rad n wheel ; bicycle. 
Radachse / axle. 

Radauflagepunkt m center of tire 
contact (MT). 
Raddruckm wheel load (MT). 
Raderantrieb m wheel drive (MT). 



R 

Raderbahre/ wheeled litter carrier. 

Raderfahrzeug n wheeled vehicle. 

Rader-Gleiskettenantrieb m combina- 
tion wheel-track drive, convertible 
wheel-track drive. 

Raderkettenfahrzeug n combination 
wheel-track vehicle, convertible 
wheel-track vehicle. 

Raderraupenfahrzeug n See Rader- 
kettenfahrzeug. 



Raderwerk 



144 



Rauchladung 



Raderwerk n tracks and suspensions 
(Tk). 

Radfahrabteilung / bicycle battalion„ 
Radfahrkompanie / bicycle company. 
Radfahrschwadron / bicycle troop. 
Radfahrwerk n wheel-type landing 

gear (Ap). 
Radfahrzug m bicycle platoon. 
Radfliigelflugzeug n cyclogiro (Avn). 
Radgiirtel in caterpillar band (G). 
Radiergummi m rubber eraser. 
Radiosonde / radiosonde, radio 

meteorograph (Mot). 
Radizierung / extraction of roots. 
Radkappe / hub cap. 
Radkorperm disk spider (wheel). 
Radlafette / wheeled gun carriage. 
Radlandung / two-point landing 

(Avn). 

Radlenker m guard ra.i\ (RR switch). 
Radnabe / hub. 

Radreifen m tire (of a wheel). 
Radschlepper m wheeled tractor. 
Radsporn m tail wheel (Ap). 
Radstand m wheelbase; alinement of 
wheels. 

Radstandlibelle / cross level (G). 

Radstandtrieb m cross-leveling mech- 
anism ( G sight). 

Radsteuerung/ wheel control (as 
distinguished from stick control) 
(Ap). 

Radsturz m camber (MT). 
Radzugmaschine / wheeled tractor. 
Rahmen m frame. 

Rahmenantenne / loop antenna 

(Rad). 

Rahmenheer n enlisted cadre. 
Rahmenlafette / frame-type gun 

carriage. 

Rahmenspannturm m frame cabane 
(Ap). 

Rahmeniibung / command-post exer- 
cise (staff Tng). 
Rakete / rocket. 

Raketenantrieb m rocket propulsion. 

Raketenbombe / rocket bomb (Avn). 

Raketen-Panzerbiichse / antitank 
rocket launcher. 

Raketenstart m rocket-assisted take- 
off (Avn). 

Raketenwurfmaschine / rocket 
launcher, rocket projector. 

Rammbarm drop hammer of a pile 
driver. 

Rammbuhne / pile-driver staging. 
Ramme / pile driver. 



rammen to ram (Nav); to drive (a 
pile). 

Rammfahre/ pile-driver raft. 
Rammgeriist n pile-driver frame. 
Rampe / ramp. 

Rampengerat n ramp equipment. 

Rampenmine / ramp mine ( impro- 
vised mine under an inclined board). 

Rampensperre/ sawhorse ramp 

obstacle. 

Rampenwagen m ramp carrier (MT). 
Rand m edge, border, margin, rim ; 

perimeter (Tac). 
Randbemerkungen fpl marginal data. 
Randdiisenziinder m rimvent fuze 

(Am). 

Randel m knurled nut or knob, 

micrometer knob, 
riindeln to knurl. 

Randfeuer n boundary light (Adrm). 

Randstellungen fpl - perimeter posi- 
tions (Tac). 

Rang m rank, status. 

Rangabzeichen n insignia of rank. 

Rangaltester m senior officer. 

Rangdienstalter n age-in-grade, 
seniority. 

Rangierbahnhof m railroad yard. 

Rangliste des Heeres army register. 

Rasanz der Flugbahn flatness of 

trajectory. 

rasch quick. 

Raspel / rasp. 

Rast/ rest (march column); click, 

detent (Tech). 
Rastgruppe / rest group (march 

rest). 

Rasthebelm bolt lock (MG). 
Rastplatz m resting place ( march 

rest). 
Rate / rate. 
Ration / forage ration. 

eiserne Ration emergency forage 

ration. / 
Rationssatz m scale of forage rations. 
Rauch m smoke. 

Rauchentwickler m ■ smoke generator. 
Rauchentwicklung / generation of 
smoke. 

Raucherscheinung / smoke effect 

(flash ranging). 
Rauchgerat n smoke equipment ( Ap). 
Rauchgranate / smoke shell (Am). 
Rauchkerze / smoke candle (CWS). 
Rauchkorper m smoke filler (Am); 

smoke-puff charge (simulated fire). 
Rauchladung/ smoke charge (Am). 



Rauchmeldepatrone 



145 



regeln 



Rauchmeldepatrone / smoke-cartridge 
message container (for dropped mes- 
sages) (Avn). 

Rauchofen m smoke generator 

( Adrm). 

Rauchpatrone / smoke signal cart- 
ridge. 

Rauchsatz m pyrotechnic composi- 
tion (smoke signal); smoke compo- 
sition; smoke pellet (Am). 

rauchschwach smokeless, semi- 

smokeless. 

rauchschwaches Pulver smokeless 
powder. 

Rauchschwimmer m floating smoke 
pot. 

Rauchsignalpatrone / smoke signal 
cartridge. 

rauchstark generating much smoke. 

Rauchvorhang m smoke curtain, 

smoke screen. 

Rauchwolke / smoke cloud. 

Rauhreifm frost (Met). 

Raum m space ; room, chamber ; 

sector; area, zone, region. 

Raumbildw. stereoscopic picture. 

Raumbildentfernungsmesser m stereo- 
scopic range finder. 

Raumboot n mine sweeper. 

raumen to clear mines; to clear out; 
to evacuate (a position). 

Raumgehalt m See Rauminhalt. 

Rauminhalt m volume, cubic capacity. 

Raumladung / space charge ( radio 
tube). 

Raumloffel m miner's spoon (Engr 
tool). 

RaummeBbild n stereogram (Photo 

survey). 
Riiumotter / paravane. 
Raumstrahlung / free-space radiation 

(Rad). 

Uaumwelle / sky wave (Rad). 
Raupe / caterpillar ; caterpillar 

track; plaited shoulder strap. 
Raupenantrieb m caterpillar drive 

(MT). 

Raupenf ahrzeug n track-laying- 
vehicle. 

Raupenkette / caterpillar track. 
Raupenkrad n See Kettenkrad. 
Raupenschlepper m caterpillar 

tractor. 
R-Boot n See Raumboot. 
Rechen m rake. 
Rechengerat n computer. 
Rechenschieber m slide rule. 



Reehenschieber zur Entfernungser- 
mittlung logarithmic range scale 
(Arty). 

Rechenstelle / post of computing sec- 
tion (firing battery). 

Rechenzettel m firing-data form 

(Arty). 

rechnen to count, compute. 

Rechner m computer, plotter 

( person). 

Rechnung/ account, bill; computa- 
tion. 

Rechnungsf iihrer m accountant and 
pay noncommissioned officer. 

Rechnungslegung / accountability. 

Rechnungswesen n accounting. 

Recht n law, jurisprudence. 

Rechteck n rectangle. 

Rechtsabteilung / legal branch, legal 
section. 

Rechtsdrall m right-hand twist 

(rifling). 

rechtsgiingig clockwise; right-hand 

( threads, etc.). 
Rechtsgewinde n right-hand thread. 
Rechtskurve/ right bank (Avn). 
rcchtslaufend clockwise. 
"Rechts schwenkt, marsch!" "Column 

right, march!" (followed by "Gerade, 

aus!"). 

Rechtsstellung / legal status. 

"Rechts, um!" "Right, face!"; "By 
the right flank, march!" (given in 
marching). 

Rechtswert m X-coordinate ( on co- 
ordinate scale in map reading). 

rechtweisender Kurs true course 
(Air Navigation). 

rechtweisender Windkurs true head- 
ing (Air Navigation). 

rechtwinklig rectangular. 

ReduktionsmaBstab m engineer's 
scale. 

Reduziergetriebe n reduction gear. 

Reede / roadstead. 

Reflexglas n transparent reflector 

(reflector sight). 
Reflexvisierw reflector sight (Ap, 

A A gun). 
Regel / rule. 

Regellast / standard maximum load 

(Big). 
regellose Flucht rout. 
regelmaBig regular. 
regelmaBiger Fehler systematic 

error, determinate error, 
regeln to direct, control, regulate. 



regelrecht 



146 



Reihenbild 



regelrecht standard, according to 

regulations. 
RegelrShre / variable n tube, 

supercontrol tube (Rad). 
Regelspur / standard gage (BR). 
Regelstange/ regulator (G recoil 

brake). 

Regelvorrichtung / governing device 

(Mtr). 
Regen to rain. 
Regendecke / tarpaulin, 
regenerierter Altgummi reclaimed 

rubber. 

Regengebietw precipitation area 
(Met). 

RegenguB to shower (Met). 
Regenklappe f rain flap ( on haver- 
sack). 

Regenmantel to raincoat. 
Regenmesser m rain gage (Met). 
Regenschauer m shower (Met). 
Regen wolke/ rain cloud (Met). 
Regierung / government. 
Regiment n regiment. 
Regimentsabschnitt n regimental 
sector. 

Regimentsadjutant m aide to regi- 
mental commander, regimental exec- 
utive. 

Regimentsarzt m regimental sur- 
geon. 

Regimentsbefehl to regimental order. 

Regimentsgefechtsstand w regimen- 
tal command post. 

Regimentskommandeur to regimen- 
tal commander. 

Regimentsnachrichtenzug to regimen- 
tal communication platoon. 

Regimentsstab m regimental head- 
quarters, regimental staff. 

RegimentstroB to regimental train. 

Registrier-Chronograph to chrono- 
graph. 

Regler to governor ; automatic con- 
trol; automatic corrector. 

Reglerdose/ control aneroid (Ap 
engine). 

Reglergabel / governor arms (Mtr). 

Reglergestange n plunger ( engine 
governor). 

Reglerschalter to combination volt- 
age regulator, current regulator and 
cut-out relay (Mtr). 

Reglerteilung / correction scale on 
gun sight. 

Reglerventil n regulating valve, check 
valve. 



Reglerwinkel m principal vertical 
deflection angle (A A gunnery). 

Regulierhebel to throttle lever ( car- 
buretor). 

regungslos erstarren freeze in posi- 
tion. 

Reibahle / reamer. 
Reibflache/ head (of SA cartridge). 
Reibung / friction, galling, rubbing. 
Reibungswiderstand to f rictional 

resistance. 
Reibziindschraube / friction primer. 
Reichsarbeitsdienst to Reich Labor 

Service. 

Reichsarbeitsfiihrer to lieutenant 
general (Reich Labor Service). 

Reichsautobahn / Reich automobile 
express highway. 

Reichsflagge / German national flag. 

Reichsfiihrer SS Reich Leader of SS 
troops. 

Reichskokarde / national rosette 
(worn on field and mountain cap). 

Reichskriegerbund m Veterans Asso- 
ciation of the Reich. 

Reichskriegsflagge / German national 
ensign (Nav). 

Reichsluftfahrtministerium n German 
Air Ministry. 

Reichsluftfahrtverwaltung / German 
Civil Aeronautics Administration. 

Reichsluftschutzbund / German 
national air defense organization. 

Reichsmeldedienst to German air- 
craft warning- service. 

ReichsstraBe / national highway of 
the Reich. 

Reichweite / range, maximum range. 

Reif to rime ice, frost. 

Reifen m tire. 

Reifenerneuerung / recapping, re- 
treading. 

Reifenheber to tire tool. 

Reifen-Luftdruckpriifer m tire pres- 
sure gage. 

Reifenpanne / puncture, blowout. 

Reihe / file, single file (Inf); column 
of troopers (H Cav) ; ladder (six 
observed rounds) (Arty); train of 
bombs. 

"In Reihe, angetreten!" "In single 
file, fall in!" 
Reihenabwurf to train release, train 
bombing. 

Reihenbild n aerial mosaic, strip 
mosaic. 



Reihenbildkammer 



147 



Repatriierung 



Reihenbildkammer / aerial mapping 
camera. 

Reihenbildner m See Reihenbildkam- 
mer. 

Reihenfeuer n ladder fire (Gunnery). 
Reihenkammer / See Reihenbildkam- 
mer. 

Reihenladung / elongated charge, 
in Rohr gefiillte Reihenladung ban- 
galore torpedo. 

Reihenmotor m in-line engine. 

Reihenschaltung / series connection 
(Elec). 

ReihenschieBen n ladder fire (Gun- 
nery). 

Reihenstandmotor m in-line upright 
engine. 

Reihenwurfm train release, train 
bombing. 

Reinigungsbiirste / bore brush, clean- 
ing brush ( Ord). 

Reinigungsdocht m cleaning patch 
(R). 

Reinigungslappen m cleaning rag. 
Reisegeld n travel allowance. 
Reisegeschwindigkeit / cruising speed 
(Ap). 

Reisekostenvergiitung / See Reise- 

vergiitung. 
Reisemarsch m administrative march. 
Reisevergiitung / travel allowance, 

mileage allowance (reimbursement). 
Reiseverordnung / mileage table. 
Reiseverpflegung / travel ration. 
Reisigbiindeln fascine. 
ReiBbahn / rip panel (Bin). 
ReiBbrett n drawing board. 
reiBen to rip. 

ReiBleine / rip cord (Prcht, Bin); 

static line (Prcht). 
ReiBnadel / scriber. 
ReiBnagel m thumbtack. 
ReiBschnur / quick release cord 

(Prcht). 

ReiBverschluB m zipper, slide fast- 
ener. 

ReiBzeug n drawing instruments, 
drawing set. 

reitende Artillerie horse artillery. 

Reiter m private (Cav); cavalry- 
man, trooper. 

spanischer Reiter cheval-de-frise, 

knife rest (Ft). 
Reiteraufklarungsabteilung / cavalry 

reconnaissance detachment (H Cav). 
Reiterbrigade / cavalry brigade (H 

Cav). 



Reiterei / cavalry. 
Reitergruppe / cavalry section (H 
Cav). 

Reiternachspitze / cavalry rear point, 
rear guard cavalry detachment. 

Reiterregiment n cavalry regiment 
(H Cav). 

Reiterreihe / column of troopers ( H 
Cav). 

Reiterrudelw flock (H Cav). 
Reiterschwadron / cavalry troop (H 
Cav). 

Reiterspahtrupp m cavalry recon- 
naissance squad, cavalry patrol (H 
Cav). 

Reiterspitze / cavalry point, advance 
guard cavalry detachment. 

Reiterzugm rifle platoon (H Cav 
Regt) ; mounted platoon (Inf Begt). 

Reithalfter/ cavesson (harness). 

Reithosen fpl breeches. 

Reitpferdw mount, riding horse. 

Reitstiefel mpl riding boots. 

reizender Kampfstoff irritant agent 
(lacrimator or nose and throat irri- 
tant). 

ReizgeschoB n irritant gas projec- 
tile. 

Reizkerze / irritant candle (CWS). 

Reizkorper m CN capsule, lacrima- 
tor (CWS). 

Reizpatrone / tear-gas cartridge 
(for gas chamber test). 

Reizstoff m irritant, harassing 
agent (CWS). 

Reiztopf m irritant gas candle. 

Reizwiirfel m irritant capsule, CN 
capsule (CWS). 

Rekrut m recruit. 

Rekrutendepot n recruit depot. 

rekrutieren to recruit. 

Relaisn relay (Elec). 

Relativgeschwindigkeit / indicated 
air speed (Avn). 

Relativhohenmesser m sonic alti- 
meter (Ap). 

Reliefkarte / relief map. 

Remonteamt n remount depot. 

Remonteaufkaufskommission / re- 
mount purchasing board. 

Remonteinspektion / Remount Divi- 
sion. 

Remontekommission / See Remonte- 
aufkaufskommission. 
Remontewesen n remount service. 
Repatriierung / repatriation. 



Repetitions-Theodolit 



148 



Richtmaschine 



Repetitions-Theodolit m repeating 
theodolite (Surv). 

Repressalien fpl reprisals. 

requirieren commandeer. 

Reserve/ reserve (Reserve I, inac- 
tive reserve of fully trained men 
under 35; Reserve II, inactive re- 
serve of partly trained men under 
35). 

Reservedivision / reserve division 
(Tng unit in occupied countries). 

Reserveeingreiftrupp m reserve de- 
tachment (held in readiness for tac- 
tical commitment). 

Reservelazarett n general hospital. 

Reserveoffizier m reserve officer. 

Res'erveoffizieranwiirter m reserve 
officer candidate. 

Reserveoffizier-Bewerber m reserve 
officer applicant. 

Reserveziindung / auxiliary ignition 
lead (blasting) . 

Resonanzkreis m resonant circuit 
(Rad). 

Restfiugweite / straight-line distance 
between point of burst and theoreti- 
cal point of impact (Ballistics). 

Rettungsboje / life buoy. 

Rettungsdienst m life-saving service, 
rescue service. 

Rettungsfahrzeug n lifeboat. 

Rettungsgerat n life-saving equip- 
ment. 

Rettungsgiirtel m life belt. 

Rettungsleine / life line. 

Rettungsmannschaft / rescue party. 

Rettungsring m life preserver. 

Rettungsschwimmer m qualified 
swimmer (holder of life-saver's cer- 
tificate). 

Rettungsstange / boat hook ( for res- 
cue work). 

Rettungstrupp m rescue squad 

(CWS). 

Revier n infirmary; forest range; 

precinct, district. 
Revierkranker m infirmary case, dis- ' 

pensary case. 
Revierstunde / sick call. 
Revolver m revolver. 
Revolvergurt m revolver belt. 
Revolver mit Wiederspannabzug 

double-action revolver. 
Reynoldszahl / Reynolds number 

( A erodynamics ) . 
Richtantenne / directional antenna 

(Rad). 



Richtaufsatz m sight mount, tele- 
scope mount. 

Richtaufsatztragcr m sight mount 
bracket. 

Richtausbildung / training in sight- 
ing and aiming. 

Richtbaum m trail handspike (G). 

Richtbefehl m aiming order. 

Richtbogen m clinometer ( Surv, 

Gunnery). 

Richtempf anger m radio compass, 
direction finder (Air Navigation). 

Richtempfangsanlage/ direction- 
finder station (Air Navigation). 

Richtempfangsantenne / directional 
receiving antenna (Rad). 

richten to lay, to aim, to point ( a 
gun). 

Richter m judge. 

"Richt Euch!" "Dress right, dress!" 

Richtfeld n field of fire; extent of 
traverse and elevation. 

Richtfernrohr n telescopic sight. 

Richtfunkfeuer / radio range beacon. 

Richtgehause n elevating-gear hous- 
ing (MG). 

Richtgelenkw elevating link (MG). 

Richtgerat n laying mechanism, 
sight equipment (G); direction-find- 
ing equipment (Rad). 

Richtglas n collimating sight. 

Richthebel m elevating arm (MG). 

Richthebelwelle / elevating-arm shaft 
(MG). 

Richthohe/ elevation (Gunnery). 
Richtkar.onier m gunner ( Arty) ; gun 
pointer. 

Richtkommando n aiming order. 

Richtkreis m aiming circle (Arty); 
azimuth circle (Surv). 

Richtkreis-Bussole / • declinator (aim- 
ing circle). 

Richtkreiseinteilung / mil graduation 
(aiming circle). 

Richtkreisunteroffizier m instrument 
NCO in charge of aiming circle 
(Arty). 

Richtlampe/ aiming light, aiming 
post light. 

Rkhtlatte / aiming stake, aiming 
post (Arty); base stake (Surv). 

Richtlehre/ theory of gun pointing. 

Richtlehrer m instructor in gunnery. 

Richtlinien fpl guiding principles, 
directions. 

Richtmaschine/ elevating and tra- 
versing mechanism (G). 



Richtmittel 



149 



Rodelkeil 



Richtmittel n sighting device; laying 
device. 

Richtposten im, road sign post. 
Richtpunkt m aiming point ( Gun- 
nery). 

Richtpunktverf ahren n aiming-point 
and deflection method (Gunnery). 

Richtpunktzahl / aiming-point azi^ 
muth reading. 

Richtsaule / control column ( for syn- 
chronizing sound locator and search- 
light). 

Riclitscheibe / aiming target. 
Richtschiitze m gunner (MG,' Mort, 

Tk, AT); gun pointer. 
Richtsitzm gunner's seat, layer's 

seat (G). 

Richtstange / alinement stake ( Bdg, 
Engr). 

Richtstelle / aiming-circle station 
(MG platoon). 

'Richtstock m aiming post. 

Richtstrahl m radio beam. 

Richtstrichm center line (on inside 
of march-compass cover). 

Richtiibung / aiming practice, aiming 
exercise ( Gunnery). 

Richtiibungsgerat n practice sight. 

Richtung/ direction; pointing or 
laying (of a gun). 

Richtungsangabe / indication of di- 
rection. 

Richtungsbestimmung / determining 

of direction, orientation. 
Richtungsgleis n classification track 

(RR). 

Richtungshorer m sound locator 

(AAA). 

Richtungslinie / orienting line (Gun- 
nery, Surv). 

Richtungspunkt m orienting point 
(Surv). 

RichtungsschieBen n adjustment fire 
for direction (Gunnery). 

Richtungsschild n road sign. 

Richtungsschiisse mpl adjustment 
shots for direction (Gunnery). 

Richtungsstabilitat / directional sta- 
bility (Ap). 

Richtungswinkel m firing angle. 

Richtverfahren n method of laying 
( Gunnery ) . 

Richtvorrichtung / elevating and 

traversing mechanism. 

Richtwirkung / directional effect 
(Rad). 



Richtzahnbogen m elevating rack, 

elevating arc ( G). 
Riechprobe / sniffing test (CWS). 
Riechprobenkasten m gas-identifica- 
tion set, sniff set (CWS). 
Riechspur / artificial scent. 
Riechtopf m irritant-gas generator, 

CN generator (CWS). 
Riechwiirf el m chemical capsule ( to 

simulate gas-shell fire). 
Riegel m bolt; bar; crossbar; sliding 

bolt; switch line, oblique defense 

line (Tae, Ft). 
Riegelbolzen m retaining bolt (Ord). 
Riegelhebel m locking lever (G). 
Riegelstellung / switch position (Ft, 

Tac). 

Riemen m strap; sling; Belt. 
Riemenantrieb m belt drive. 
Riemenbiigel m sling swivel (R). 
Riemenscheibe / pulley. 
Riemenschieber m gun-sling keeper 
(R). 

Riesenluftreifen m giant tire, over- 
size tire (MT). 

Rille / cannelure (Am); groove. 

Ringen n combat, struggle, wres- 
tling. 

Ringf allschirm m parachute skirt. 

Ringpulver n annular powder (Am). 

Ringrohrn built-up barrel (G). 

Ringtrichterrichtungshorer m trum- 
pet-type sound locator (AAA). 

Ringubertrager m repeating coil (Tg, 
Tp). 

Ringverkleidung / engine ring cowl- 
ing (Ap). 
Ringvisier n ring sight, 
rinnen to leak. 

Rippe/ rib; cooling fin (air-cooled 
engine). 

Rippenflache / fin surface ( air- 

cooled engine). 

RiB m rip, tear; split; rupture; 
laceration ; sectional drawing. 

RiBwunde / lacerated wound. 

Ritterm knight, noble. 

Ritterkreuz n Knight's Cross ( deco- 
ration). 

Rittmeister m captain ( Cav, H-Dr 
T). 

RUzel m pinion, 
robben to crawl. 

Rodelbalken w siderail, curb rail, 

guard rail (Bdg). 
Rodelbund m siderail lashing (Bdg). 
Rodelkeil to siderail wedge (Bdg)- 



Rodeln 



150 



Riickbeforderung 



Rodeln n siderail lashing (Bdg). 
Rodelung / siderails, guard rails, 

siderail lashing (Bdg). 
Rodelzange/ siderail clamp (Bdg). 
Rodung/ logged-off area, cleared 

woodland. 
Rohol n crude oil. 
Rohr n tube, gun barrel; pipe. 
Rohrabnutzung / erosion of the bore. 
Rohransatz m barrel extension. 
Rohrbremse/ recoil brake (G). 
Rohrbuch n gun book. 
Rohre/ tube (Rad). 
Rohrenheizung / filament heating 

(Rad). 

Rohrenkennlinie / characteristic 
curve, tube characteristic (Rad). 

Rohrenlafette / tubular mount. 

Rohrenlibelle / tubular spirit level. 

Rohrenmast m tubular mast. 

Rohrenpriifgerat n tube tester, tube 
checker (Inst, Rad). 

Rohrenpulver n perforated powder 
(Am). 

Rbhrensockel m tube base, tube socket 
(Rad). 

Rbhrenspannungsmesser m vacuum- 
tube voltmeter. 

Rohrensummer m electronic audio 
oscillator (Rad). 

Rohrerhohung / quadrant elevation. 

Rohrfestigkeit / strength of barrel 
(Ord). 

Rohrhalter m barrel bracket (G). 
Rohrinneres n bore (G). 
Rohrklaue/ barrel guide (G). 
Rohrkrepierer m barrel burst. 
Rohrlange/ length of barrel (G). 
Rohrleitung / pipe line. 
Rohrmantelm jacket (G). 
Rohrmiindung/ muzzle (G). 
Rohrrahmenm tubular chassis frame 
(MT). 

Rohrriicklauf m barrel recoil (G). 

Rohrschlitten m sleigh (G); gun- 
barrel sled (for carrying barrel of 
dismantled mountain gun in deep 
snow). 

Rohrschreiber m practice aiming 
device consisting of pencil mounted 
on gun barrel and chart on which 
pencil tracks movement of target. 

Rohrseele/ bore (G). 

rohrsicherer Ziinder bore-safe fuze. 

Rohrsicherheit des Zunders bore 
safety of fuze.- 



Rohrstiitze / tubular support ( A A 

gun outrigger). 
Rohrwagen m cannon transport 

wagon, gun-barrel trailer. 
Rohrwandbeobachtungsgerat n barrel 

reflector (G). 
Rohrwechsel m change of barrel 

(Ord). 

Rohrweite/ caliber (G). 
Rohrwiege/ cradle (G). 
Rohrzange / Stillson wrench, pipe 
wrench. 

Rohrzeiger m gun barrel reference 
pointer (matches with Aufsatzzeiger 
when gun is laid for elevation) . 

Rohrzerspringer m barrel burst. 

Rollbahn/ taxiway (Adrm); track 
(of road). 

Rollbockm bogie trailer (Arty). 

Rolle / roll (Avn, Tech); roller, pul- 
ley; wire roll. 

gesteuerte Rolle slow roll (Avn). 
rollen to taxi (Avn); to roll along, 
to roll forward (Tks, vehicles, 
etc.). 

in rollendem Einsatz in waves (Tac). 
rollendes Material rolling stock ( RR ) . 
Rollenlager n roller bearing (Mech). 
RoIlenstoBel m roller-type valve 

lifter (Mtr). 
Rollenwagen m bogie suspensions 

(Tk). 

Rollfeld n landing field, cleared zone 

(Adrm). 
RollstraBe / taxiway (Adrm). 
Rollwerkw landing gear (Ap). 
Rollw iderstand m vehicle resistance 

(MT); rolling friction (Mech). 
Rontgenbild n X-ray photograph. 
Rontgenstrahlen mpl X-rays. 
Rost m rust ; grate ; grill ; trench 

board, 
rostig rusty. 
Rotes Kreuz Red Cross. 
Rotfilterempfangsgerat n red-filter 

receiving attachment (signal lamp). 
Rotfiltergerat n red-filter set (BC 

telescope). 
Rotte / two-ship element ( formation 

of two airplanes) ; a number of men 

in file. 

R-Patrone / See Rauchpatrone. 
Riickbau m reconstruction ; disman- 
tling. 

Riickbeforderung / evacuation ( of 
wounded, etc.). 



Riickblick 



151 



Riickwartsgang 



Riickblick m backsight (Surv) ; rear 
glance, rear view, retrospect. 

Riickblickspiegel m rear-view mir- 
ror. 

Riickdruck m reaction pressure 

(rocket). 

Riickenm rear (Tac); ridge (Top); 
back. 

RiickenangrifF m attack against the 
rear; attack from the rear. 

Riickendeckung / rear covering force, 
rear cover (Tac); parados (Ft). 

Riickenf allschirm tn back-pack para- 
chute. 

Riickenfeuer n enemy fire from the 
rear. 

Riickenflug m inverted flight, upside- 
down flight. , 

Riickengepack n pack. 

Riickenkissen n crupper pad (har- 
ness). 

Riickenlehne / back rest (Ap, MT). 
RUckenlinie/ ridge line (Top). 
Riickenriemen m leadup strap (har- 
ness). 

Riickenringm back rest (AA MG). 
Riickentrage / pack reel (for Tp 
wire). 

Riickenwehr/ parados (Ft). 
Ruckenwind m tail wind. 
Riickfahrlaterne / backing light 
(MT). 

Riickflug m return flight, homing 
flight (Avn). 

Riickfrage / check-back, tracer. 

Riickgrat n backbone. 

Riickhalt m support (Tac). 

Riickholer in connecting arm between 
firing lever and sear (light Inf 
howitzer). 

Riickkehr / return. 

Riickkopplung / feedback, regenera- 
tion (Rad). 

Riicklauf m recoil. 

Riicklaufbremse f recoil brake (G). 

Riicklaufeinrichtung / recoil mecha- 
nism (G). 

riickliiufig retrograde, reverse. 

Riicklauffeder / recoil spring, buffer 
spring. 

Riicklauf messer m recoil marker ( G). 

Riicklaufschieber m recoil marker 
slide (G). 

Riicklauf welle / reverse idler gear 
shaft (MT). 

Ruckleitungf return (Elec, Tp); re- 
turn line (hydraulics). 



Riicklichtw taillight (MT). 

Riickmarsch m retrograde march, 
retirement (Tac). 

Riickmarschbewegung / retrograde 
movement. 

RuckmarschstraBe / line of retire- 
ment (Tac). 

Riickmeldung / reply. 

Rucksack m knapsack, rucksack. 

Ruckschlag m blowback ( Ord) ; back 
pressure (Mtr) ; reverse (Tac). 

Riickschlagventil n check valve, one- 
way valve. 

Riickstando mpi fouling (Ord) ; car- 
bon (Mtr); residue. 

RiickstoB m recoil, kick (Ord) ; re- 
action (Mech). 

RUckstoBhiilse / recoil booster sleeve 
(MG). 

RiickstoBIader m recoil-operated 
weapon. 

RiickstoBmotor m jet-propulsion en- 
gine (Ap). 

RiiekstoBverstarker m recoil booster 
(MG). 

RiickstoBwirkung / recoil effect. 
Riickstrahler m reflector. 
Riicktrift/ trail (bomb trajectory). 
Riicktriftwinkel m trail angle (bomb 

trajectory). 
riickwartig rear, rearward, behind 

the lines. 

riickwartige Dienste rear services, 
supply services. 

riickwartige Einrichtungen rear in- 
stallations. 

riickwartiges Armeegebiet communi- 
cations zone. 

riickwartiges Gebiet rear area, rear 
zone, communications zone. 

riickwartiges Heeresgebiet communi- 
cations zone of a group of armies. 

riickwartiges Lazarett base hospital. 

riickwartiges Nachschublager base 
depot. 

riickwartige Stellung rear position, 
reserve battle position, rear battle 
position. 

Riickwartseinschneiden n resection 
(Surv). 

Riickwartsfahrer m rear driver ( of 
a vehicle with double-end control). 

Ruckwartsfahrt / reverse movement 
(MT). 

Riickwartsgang m reverse, reverse 
gear, reverse speed (MT). 



Riickwartslenkung 



152 



Sackgasse 



Riickwartslenkung / rear steering, 
system (of a vehicle with double-end 
control). 

Riickwartsstaffelung / negative stag- 
ger (Ap wings); echelon formation 
in depth. 

Riickweg to withdrawal route (Tac) ; 
return, way back. 

riickwirkend retroactive. 

Riickzug m retreat, retirement, with- 
drawal (Tac). 

Riickzugslinie / line of retirement, 
line of retreat (Tac). 

RiickzugsstraBe / withdrawal route, 
route of retreat. 

Rudelw See Schiitzenrudel, Reiter- 
rudel. 

Ruder n oar; elevator or rudder ( Ap). 

Ruderboot n rowboat. 

Ruderfahrzeug n oar-propelled craft. 

Rudersteven m stern post ( assault 
boat, ferry, or barge). 

Ruf m call;, ring (Tp) ; reputation. 

Rufbatterie / a battery whose obser- 
vation post is within calling distance 
of the battalion observation post. 

ruf en to call; to ring (Tp). 

Rufname to first name. 

Rufstromm signaling current, ring- 
ing current (Tp). 

Rufzeichen n call sign, call signal 
(Bad); calling signal (Tp). 

Ruhe / rest, silence, quiet. 

Ruhegehalt n pension. 

Ruhelager n rest camp. 

Ruhestand to retirement, 
im Ruhestand retired (abbr. i.R.). 

Ruhestellung / "at ease* position. 

Ruhr / dysentery. 

Ruhrast / half cock (SA). 

"Riihrt, euch!" "At ease!" 

Rumpfm trunk, torso; fuselage 

(Ap); hull (of flying boat). 

Rumpfbugm nose (Ap). 



! Rumpfendew tail (Ap). 
Rumpfgerust n fuselage framework 
(Ap). 

Rumpfhaut/ fuselage skin (Ap). 
Rumpfholm to longeron (Ap). 
Rumpfkanzel / cockpit (Ap). 
Ruir.pfklappe / bomb doors (Ap). 
Rumpflangsachse / longitudinal axis 

of fuselage. 
Rumpflangsleiste / longeron (Ap). 
Rumpfmontage / fuselage assembly 

(Ap). 

Rumpfspantm bulkhead (Ap). 
Rumpfnase / nose (Ap). 
Rumpfspitze / nose (Ap). 
Rumpfverband to cadre. 
Rundbild n panoramic photograph 
(Surv). 

Rundblickfernrohr n panoramic tele- 
scope, panoramic sight. 

Runde / tour, round, circle, curve. 

Runderneuerung / retreading (MT). 

Rundflugm. local flight (Avn). 

Rundfunkm radio broadcast; broad- 
casting. 

Rundf unkempfang to radio broadcast 
reception. 

Rundfunksender to radio broadcast- 
ing station. 

Rundholz n round timber, spar. 

RundkeilverschluB m cylindrical 
wedge-type breechblock (G). 

Rundschreiben n circular. 

Rundzelt n circular tent. 

Rungenwagen to flatcar with side 
racks (RR). 

Riistgewicht n structural weight 
(plus equipment) (Ap). 

Rustung / armament. 

rutschen to slip, slide, skid; to side- 
slip (Avn). 

Ruttelerscheinungen fpl flutter (Ap). 

R-Wagen m See Rungenwagen. 



SA / See Sturmabteilungen. 

Sabel to saber, sword. 

Sachbearbeiter to technical staff offi- 
cer; individual in charge of a special 
administrative department or field 
of subject matcer. 



s 

Sachnummer / item number. 
Sachschaden to material damage, 

damage to property. 
Sack m bag, sack, 
sacken to sag, settle, sink. 
Sackgasse / dead-end street or road. 



Sackleinen 



153 



Sappenkopf 



Sackleinen n burlap, osnaburg. 

Saft m juice; electric current (slang). 

Sage / saw. 

Sagewerk n sawmill. 

Salpeter m saltpeter. 

Salpetersaure / nitric acid. 

Salut m gun salute. 

Salve / salvo ( pieces fire simul- 

taneously) (Arty); volley (fired by 
riflemen). 

Salvengeschiitz n automatic gun. 

Salz n salt. 

Salzkartusche f flash-reducing wad 
(Am). 

Salzsaure/ hydrochloric acid. 
Salzvorladung / flash-reducing wad. 
Salzvorlage / See Salzvorladung. 
SA-ftlann m storm trooper. 
Sammelgesprach n conference call 
(Tp). 

Sammelkommando n recovery party, 

salvage collecting party. 
Sammelkompanie / salvage collecting 

company. 

Sammelmeldung / general message 
(Rad). 

sammeln to salvage, to collect, to 
gather. 

Sammelort m assembly place, ren- 
dezvous. 

Sammelplatz m collecting point; as- 
sembly point, rallying point, ren- 
dezvous (Tac); collecting station 
(Med). 

Sammelpunkt m See Sammelplatz. 
Sammelrufzeichen n collective call 

sign, general call sign (Rad). 
Sammelschutz m collective protection 

(CWS). 

Sammelstelle / assembly point. 
Sammeltatigkeit / collecting; salvage 

collecting. 
Sammehvesen n salvage service. 
Sammelzugm salvage platoon. 
Sammler m See Sammlerbatterie. 
Sammlerbatterie / storage battery. 
Sammlerhaube / battery cover 

(Elec). 

Sammlerkasten m battery box 
(Elec). 

Santleis n "ice concrete" ( a frozen 
mixture of sand, gravel and water). 

Sandgrube / sand pit. 

Sandkasten m sand table (Tng). 

Sandkastenspiel n sand table exer- 
cise. 

Sandsack m sandbag. 



Sandschutzbrille / sand goggles. 

Sanierung / sanitation, introduction 
of sanitary measures. 

Sanierungsmittel n prophylactic. 

Sanitatsabteilung / medical battalion. 

Sanitatsausriistung / medical equip- 
ment. 

Sanitatsdiens'., m medical service. 
Sanitatseinrichtung / medical instal- 
lation. 

Sanitatsfahrzeug n ambulance. 

Sanitatsfeldwebel m technical ser- 
geant (Med). 

Sanitiitsflugbereitschaft / airplane 
ambulance unit. 

Sanitatsflugzeug n airplane ambu- 
lance. 

Sanitatsgefreiter m acting corporal 
(Med). See also Gefreiter. 

Sanitatsgerat n medical equipment. 

Sanitatshelferin / medical woman 
auxiliary. 

Sanitatshund m first-aid dog. 

Sanitatskasten m medicine chest, sur- 
gical chest. 

Sanitatskolonne / ambulance column. 

Sanitatskompanie / medical company. 

Sanitatskorps n Medical Corps. 

Sanitatsmaterialpark m medical sup- 
ply depot. 

Sanitatsoberfeldwebel m master ser- 
geant (Med). 

Sanitatsobergefreiter m corporal 
(Med). 

Sanitatsobersoldat m private first 

class (Med). 
Sanitatsoffizier m medical officer. 
Sanitatsoffizier (Z) m dental officer 

(Z is abbr. of Zahnarzt). 
Sanitatsordnung / regulations gov- 
erning organization and operation 

of Medical Corps. 
Sanitatspark m medical depot. 
Sanitatspersonal n medical corps 

personnel. 
Sanitatssoldat m private (Med). 
Sanitatsstaffel / medical unit ( of 

Div Med Bn). 
SanitatstroB m medical train. 
Sanitatstruppe / medical corps. 
Sanitatstasche / pouch kit. 
Sanitatstruppen fpl medical troops. 
Sanitiitsunteroffizier m sergeant 

(Med). 

Sanitatswesen n medical service. 
Sappe / sap (Ft). 
Sappenkopf m saphead (Ft). 



Sarg 



154 



Schallplatte 



Sarg m coffin. 

Sattel m saddle (harness, Top). 
Sattelbaum m saddletree (harness). 
Sattelbefehl m field order. 
Sattelbekleidung / saddle covering. 
Sattelgurt m girth (of a saddle). 
Sattelholz w short wooden plate or 

sill placed on top of a column so as 

to increase its bearing surface. 
Sattelkissen n saddle pad. 
Sattelpferd n near horse. 
Sattelschlepper m semitrailer (MT). 
Sattelsitz m seat (of a saddle). 
Satteltasche / skirt (saddle). 
Satteltracht / saddle cover ( pack 

saddle). 
Sattigung / saturation. 
Satzm sentence, axiom; rate, scale;. 

set, unit ; composition, pellet ( Am, 

CWS); jump, bound. 
Satzring m time train ring ( time 

fuze). 

Satzstiickw powder pellet (time 

fuze). 

saubern to clean; clear up; clean out; 
mop up (Tac). 

Sauberungstrupp m mopping-up de- 
tachment. 

Sauberungsunternehmen n mopping- 
up operation. 

Sauerstoff m oxygen. 

SauerstoffazetylenschweiBung / oxy- 
acetylene welding. 

Sauerstofflasche / oxygen cylinder. 

Sauerstoff gerat n oxygen apparatus. 

Sauerstoff-Wiederbeleber m pulmotor. 

Saughub m intake stroke, suction 
stroke (Mtr). 

Saugleitung / intake duct (Mtr). 

Saugluft/ inflow (Aim). 

Sangrohrw intake manifold (Mtr). 

Saugseite / suction surface ( Ap 
wing). 

Saugsteinbehalter m silicic acid gel 
container (gas-detection apparatus). 

Saule / column, pile. 

Saumpf ad m path ( for pack ani- 
mals); mountain trail. 

Sauna Finnish steam bath. 

Saure / acid. 

Sauremesser m hydrometer. 

S-Bekostigungsmittel npl army post 
subsistence supplies (abbr. for 
Standort-Bekostigungsmittel) . 

S-Boot n See Schnellboot. 

Schaber m scraper. 

Schablone / stencil, templet. 



schablonieren to stencil. 

Schacht m shaft ( mining ) ; bomb 
rack; conduit (Elec). 

Schachtel / box. 

Schadel m skull. 

Schaden m damage. 

Schadenbekampfung / damage con- 
trol. 

Schadenersatz m indemnity. 

schadlich injurious, harmful, destruc- 
tive, pernicious, dangerous; preju- 
dicial, disadvantageous. 

schadlicher Widerstand parasite drag 
(Avn). 

Schadlichkeitsgrenze / point of in- 
tolerable concentration (CWS). 

Schaft m stock (R); forearm (auto- 
matic R); leg (of a jackboot); 
rod, stem, handle, shank, shaft, 
stick. 

Schaftpflegemittel n stock preserva- 
tive (R). 

Schakel m clevis, shackle. 

Schalenbauweise / monocoque con- 
struction (Ap). 

SchalenkreuzwindmesseV m cup ane- 
mometer (Met). 

Schall m sound. 

Schallaufnahmegeriit n oscillograph 
(sound ranging). 

Schallblechw diaphragm (Tp). 

Schalldampfer m muffler (MT); 

silencer (Ord). 

schalldicht soundproof. 

Schalldose/ pick-up unit (phono- 
graph). 

Schallgeschwindigkeit / velocity of 
sound. 

SchallmeBaufnahmegerat n oscillo- 
graph ( sound ranging ) . 

SchallmeBbatterie / sound-ranging 
battery (Arty). 

SchallmeBfilm m oscillogram ( film) 
(sound ranging). 

SchallmeBstelle / sound-ranging sta- 
tion (Arty). 

SchallmeBstellentrupp m sound unit 
(sound ranging). 

SchallmeBsystem n sound-ranging 
net (Arty). 

Schallmessung / sound ranging. 

Schallmikrophon n sound-ranging 
microphone. 

Schallmittel n sound-communication 
device. 

Schallortung / sound location (AAA). 
Schallplatte / phonograph record. 



Schallplatten-Abtastdose 155 



Scheingefecht 



Schallplatten-Abtastdose / phono- 
graph pick-up unit, pick-up. 

Schallverzug m sound lag (AAA). 

Schallwelle / sound wave. 

Schalmesser n drawknife. 

Schaltbrett n control panel, dash- 
board, instrument panel. 

Schaltbrettlaterne / instrument light. 

Schaltdom m gearshift-lever housing. 

schalten to shift (MT); to switch 
(Elec). 

Schalterm switch (Elec). 

Schaltgabel/ shifter fork (MT). 

Schaltgetriebe n gearshift transmis- 
sion (MT). 

Schalthebel m gearshift lever (MT) ; 
throwout lever (panoramic tele- 
scope). 

Schaltkastchen n portable switch- 
board. (Tp); switchbox (Elec). 

Schaltkasten m switchbox (Elec); 
combination switch box (MT). 

Schaltklaue / dog clutch member 
(constant-mesh transmission) (MT). 

Schaltmuffe/ gearshift collar (MT). 

Schaltplan m circuit diagram. 

Schaltschema n See Schaltplan. 

Schaltskizze f See Schaltplan. 

Schaltstange / shift rail (MT). 

Schaltstiick n throwout ( sight-mount 
housing). 

Schalttafel / control board, control 
panel, instrument panel. 

Schalttischm switchboard (Tp). 

Schaltung/ connection (Elec); cir- 
cuit (Rad, Tp, Tg); gearshift (MT). 

Schaltvorrichtung / switching device 
(Elec). 

Schalung/ casing; form (concrete 
construction); revetment. 

Schandeckn gunwale (Pon). 

Schanzarbeiten fpl entrenchments, 
spadework (field Ft). 

Schanze/ earthwork (Ft). 

schanzen dig, dig in, entrench. 

Schanzkorb m gabion (Ft). 

Schanzzeugw entrenching tool(s). 

scharf armed, live, primed (Am); 
activated (LM); sharp. 

Scharfe / sharpness. 

scharfe Munition live ammunition. 

scharfe Panzermine activated anti- 
tank mine. 

scharfe Patrone live cartridge, ball 
cartridge (Am). 

scharfgeladene Granate live shell 
(Am). 



scharf machen to arm (Am); to ac- 
tivate (a mine). 

Scharfschiitze m sharpshooter, sniper, 
marksman. 

Scharfschiitzengewehr n sharpshoot- 
er's rifle. 

Scharfschiitzennest n sniper's post. 

scharf stellen to arm (Am); to ac- 
tivate (LM). 

Scharmutzel n skirmish. 

Scharnier n hinge. 

Scharte / port (Tk); loophole, em- 
brasure (Ft). 

Schartenblende / firing-port shutter 
(Tk); gun shelter (Ft). 

Schartenschild m ' shield with sight- 
ing ports (G); gun shelter (Ft). 

Schartensprengtrupp m pillbox demo- 
lition party. 

Schatten m shadow. 

SchattenriB m silhouette. 

Schattenwirkung / shadow effect 
( Cam). 

schatzen to estimate. 

Schatzung / estimation, estimate. 

Schaufel / shovel. 

Schauflug m demonstration flight 
(Avn). 

Schauloch n inspection hole. 

Schauzeichen n visual signal. 

Scheibe / disk, plate (Tech); prac- 
tice target; pane (of glass); com- 
pass card. 

Scheibenkupplung / plate clutch 

(MT). 

Scheibenrahmen m target frame. 

Scheibenrose / compass card. 

Scheibenstand m target butt. 

Scheibentreffbild n vertical shot 

group (Ballistics). 

Scheibenwischer m windshield wiper. 

Scheibenzuganlage / range unit with 
moving targets (Tng). 

Scheide f scabbard, sheath. 

Scheider m separator ( storage bat- 
tery). 

Schein <m card, ticket, certificate ; 

illusion, deceptive appearance; light, 

blaze, flash, halo. 
Scheinangriff m feint attack, feint, 

demonstration (Tac). 
Scheinanlage / dummy installation, 

dummy works. 
Scheinflughafen m dummy airport. 
Scheingas n fake gas. 
Scheingefecht n mock combat, sham 

battle; feint, demonstration (Tac). 



Scheingraben 



156 



Schiefigestell 



Scheingraben m dummy trench (Ft). 
Scheinleitwert m admittance (Elec). 
Scheinmine / dummy mine. 
Scheinplatz m dummy airfield. 
Scheinsperre / dummy obstacle (Ft). 
Scheinstellung / dummy site, dummy 
position. 

Scheinvergif tung / fake contamina- 
tion (CWS). 

Scheinverneblung / deceptive smoke 
screen. 

Scheinwerfer m headlight ; search- 
light, spotlight, projector, 
fiihrender Scheinwerfer carry light 
(AAA). 

Scheimverferabteilung / searchlight 
battalion (AAA). 

Scheinvverferrichtungsweiser m con- 
trol station (AA SL). 

Scheinwerferstellung / searchlight 
station (AAA). 

Scheinwiderstand m impedance (Elec). 

Scheitelm ' apex, summit, vertex, 
zenith. 

Scheitelbogen m azimuth (Surv). 

Scheitelkreis m See Scheitelbogen. 

Scheitelpunkt m apex, vertex, zenith. 

Scheitelwert m peak value (Elec). 

Scheitelwinkel m vertical angle, 

opposite angle. 

scheitern to be shipwrecked, run 
aground; fail, miscarry, be frus- 
trated. 

SchellbandM hoop (G). 

Schelle/ clamping collar (Mort). 

Schenkel m leg, thigh ; side (of an 
angle); leg (of a tripod, etc.). 

Scherbalken m ponton balk. 

Scherdrahtw shear wire (fuze). 

Schere / scissors, shears. 

Scherenfernrohr n battery comman- 
der's telescope. 

Scherfestigkeit / shearing strength. 

Scherspannung / shear stress. 

Scherwinkel m angle of yaw (Avn). 

Scheune / barn, 

Schi m ski. 

Schibataillon n ski battalion. 
Schicht / course, layer, stratum; 

sheet, coating, film; working shift. 
Schichtlinie / contour line. 
Schichtwolke / stratocumulus cloud. 
Schiebedach n sliding roof (Ap). 
schieben to push, slide, shove; to 

drift (Avn slang). 



Schieber m rear sight slide (R); 
keeper (R sling); slide; sleeve 
(sleeve-type engine); slide rule. 

Schiebermotor m sleeve-type engine. 

Schieberwiderstand m rheostat. 

Schiebeschnalle / slide buckle. 

Schiebewindm cross wind (Avn). 

Schieblehre/ vernier calipers. 

Schiedsrichter n umpire (maneuvers). 
oberster Schiedsrichter director. 

Schiedsrichteranweisung / instruc- 
tions to umpires (maneuvers). 

Schiedsrichtergehilfe m umpire's 
aide. 

Schiedsrichterstab m umpire staff. 

schief oblique; biased; crooked; 
sloping, inclined. 

schief er Radstand cant (Arty); mis- 
alignment of wheels (MT). 

Schief laufende / rhumb line (Naviga- 
tion). 

Schienbein n shin. 

Schiene / rail ; surgical splint. 

Schienensperre / steel rail anti- 

mechanized obstacle. 

SchieBaufgabe / fire problem (Arty 
Tng). 

SchieBauftrag m fire mission (Arty). 
SchieBausbildung / training in fir- 
ing. 

SchieBausbildungshilfe / marksman- 
ship training aid. 

SchieBbahn / practice range. 

SchieBbaumwolle / guncotton. 

SchieBbecher m grenade launcher 
(R). 

SchieBbedarf m ammunition require- 
ments. 

SchieBbehelf m fire-control aid (Gun- 
nery). 

SchieBbremse / gun-wheel brake. 

SchieBbuch n score book. 

SchieBen mit Entfernungskomman- 
dos fire by command for range. 

SchieBen mit hohen Sprengpunkten 
air-burst registration fire. 

SchieBen mit Karte map fire (Gun- 
nery). 

SchieBen ohne Beobachtung unob- 
served fire ( Gunnery). 

SchieBen wahrend der Bewegung 
assault fire (automatic weapons). 

SrhieBfertigkeit / marksmanship. 

SchieBgerat n firing equipment, 
practice-firing device (Gunnery). 

SchieBgestell n firing stand (MG). 



SchieGgrundlagen 



157 



Schlagbolzenspitze 



SchieBgrundlagen fpl firing data 
(Gunnery). 

SchieBhilfsmittel npl means of fire 
control (Gunnery). 

SchieBkladde / battery emplacement 
book. ' 

SchieBklotz m -wheel chock (Arty). 

SchieBlehre / ballistics. 

SchieBlehrer m gunnery instructor. 

SchieBlineal n straightedge (SR cor- 
rection chart). 

SchieBliste / battery chart. 

SchieBplan m fire-control map (Gun- 
nery). 

SchieBplatz in artillery range. 
SchieBpulver n gunpowder. 
SchieBscharte / loophole, embrasure. 
SchieBstand m range, target range. 
SchieBstock m projector rod (Sig 

projector). 
SchieBtechnik f firing technique. 
SchieBiibung / firing practice, range 

practice. 

SchieBunterlagen fpl basic data 
(firing). 

Schiefiverfahren n method of fire 
(Arty). 

SchieBvorschrift / firing regulations; 
gunnery field manual. 

SchieBvorschule / basic training 
course (Arty); elementary marks- 
manship training. 

SchieBwagen m range car (on tar- 
get range). 

SchieBwesen n gunnery. 

SchieBwolle / See SchieBbaumwolle. 

Schiffahrt / shipping (Nav). 

Schiffbau m shipbuilding. 

Schiffbauwerf t / shipbuilding yard. 

Schiff bruch m shipwreck. 

Schiff sflak / ship-based antiaircraft 
artillery. 

Schiffslazarett n sick bay. 

Sehiffsraum m tonnage (Nav). 

Schiff srumpf m hull (Nav). 

Schiffstaucher m diver (Nav) See 
also Torpedotauchet. 

Schiffswerf t / shipyard. 

Schiffswesen n shipping (Nav). 

Schild n signboard. 

Schildm shield (G). 

Schilderhaus n sentry box. 

Schildlager n bracket seat (G). 

Schildstiitze / shield support (G). 

Schildzapfen m trunnion (G). 

Schildzapfenlager n trunnion bear- 
ing (G). 



Schildzapfenlagerdeckel m trunnion 
cap (G). 

Schildzapfenpfanne / trunnion socket. 
Schippe / shovel. 

Schirmm screen; visor (of cap); 
parachute canopy, parachute; um- 
brella. 

Schirmantenne/ umbrella antenna 
(Rad). 

Schirmeindecker m parasol mono- 
plane. 

Schirmgitter n screen grid (Rad). 
Schirmgitterrohre / screen-grid tube 
(Rad). 

Schirmmtttze / service cap. 

Schirrmeister m maintenance tech- 
nical sergeant. 

Schirrunteroflizier m maintenance 
sergeant. 

Schlacht / battle. 

Schlachtereiabteilung / butchery 
battalion. 

Schlachtereizug m butchery platoon. 

Schlachtfeld n battlefield. 

Schlachtflieger m close support air- 
plane; ground attack airplane; pilot 
of close support airplane (pi: sup- 
port Avn). 

Schlachtfliegerbombe / fragmenta- 
tion bomb. 

Schlachtfliegerunterstiitzung / close 
aviation support, support by ground 
attack airplanes. 

Schlachtflotte / battle fleet. 

Schlachtflugzeug n close support air- 
plane, ground attack airplane. 

Schlachtgeschwader n ground 
attack and antitank wing, support 
aviation wing. See also Geschwader. 

Schlachtkreuzer m battle cruiser. 

Schlachtlinie / battle line. 

Schlachtschiff n battleship. 

Schlafenband Ti temple strap (gas 
mask). 

schlaff slack. 

Schlafsack m sleeping bag. 
Schlagm shock, stroke, blow; pigeon 

loft; bay (of a trench). 
Schlagbolzen m firing pin ( Ord) ; 

inertia pellet, inertia striker pellet 

(fuze). 

Schlagbolzenfeder / , main spring 
(R); firing-pin spring (pistol, fuze). 
Schlagbolzenmutter / cocking piece 

(R). 

Schlagbolzenspitze/ striker (G, R). 



Schlagbolzen-Versager 158 



Schlips 



Schlagbolzen-Versager m hung 

striker (fuze). 
Schlagel m mallet ; drumstick. , 
Schlagelstampfer w maul (Tech). 
schlagen to hit, knock, strike; to 

defeat; to build (a Bdg). 
Schlagfeder/ firing-pin spring (fuze). 
schlagfertig ready for immediate 

action. 

Schlagfertigkeit / readiness for 

action, state of tactical prepared- 
ness. 

Schlagkraft/ striking power (Tac). 

Schlagladuwg / booster, magazine 
charge (fuze). 

Schlaglochn pothole, road hole. 

Schlaglot n hard solder. 

Schlagring m brass knuckles. 

Schlagschatten m shadow cast by an 
object ( as distinguished from shadow 
on the object itself) (Cam). 

Schlagseite/ list (of a ship). 

Schlagstift m striker (fuze). 

Schlagstiick n hammer (SA). 

Schlagwort n slogan. 

Schlagziinder m impact fuze, per- 
cussion fuze. 

Schlagziindschraube / threaded per- 
cussion primer (fuze). 

Schlamm m mud. 

Schlange/ snake; spiral, coil, helix, 
worm. 

Schlappe/ reverse, defeat, setback. 
Schlauchw hose, pipe, tube; inner 

tube (MT). 
Schlauchbinder m , hose coupling 

(MT). 

Schlauchboot n pneumatic raft, 

pneumatic boat. 
Schlauchbootfahre f pneumatic boat 

ferry. 

Schlauchbriicke / pneumatic boat 
bridge. 

Schlauchschoner m tire flap (MT). 
Schlaufe/ keeper (R sling); band, 
loop. 

Schlechtwetter-Landedienst m station 
marker beacon service (for Inst 
landing in bad weather) (Avn). 

Schlechtwetterzone / bad-weather 
zone (Met). 

Schleichweg m hidden trail. 

Schleier m screen (Tac). 

Schleife/ loop (Avn, Elec, etc.). 

schleifen to grind, sharpen, abrade. 

Schleifenflug m loop (Avn). 



Schleifmaschine / grinding 1 machine 
(Tech). 

Schleif mittel n abrasive. 

Schleifringw collector ring (mag- 
neto); release ring (clutch). 

Schlenke / ravine, gully. 

Schleppantenne / trailing wire 

antenna (Ap). 

schleppen to tow, drag. 

Schlepperm tractor; tug (Nav). 

Schlepphaken ra pintle (Trac). 

Schleppkahn m towed boat. 

Schleppkante / trailing edge (Ap). 

Schleppkommando n glider-towing 
detachment, unit of tug airplanes. 

Schleppschacht m inclined gallery 
(Mining). 

Schleppseil n See Schlepptau. 

Schleppscheibe / tow target, towed- 
sleeve target (AAA). 

Schlepptau n trail rope (Bin); tow 
rope, tow line. 

Schleppwagen m beaching gear ( sea- 
plane). 

Schleppziel n flag target, towed- 

sleeve target (AAA). 
Schleppzug m column of tractors ; 

train of barges. 
Schleuder / catapult (Avn). 
Schleuderbund m sling lashing 

(Engr). 

SchleuderguB m centrifugal casting 

(foundry). 
Schleudermine / sling mine, sliding 

mine. 

schleudern to skid, to slip, to cata- 
pult. 

Schleuderstart m catapult take-off 
(Avn). 

Schleuderpsychrometer n sling psy- 
chrometer (Met). 

Schleuderthermometer n sling ther- 
mometer (Met). 

Schleuse / lock (of a canal) ; sluice. 

schlieBen to close, lock (a door, 
etc.). 

SchlieBender m file closer; trail offi- 
cer (MT column). 

SchlieBfeder / main spring (pistol); 
closing spring. 

SthlieBkontakt m contact maker 
(Elec). 

SchlieBstelle / contact point (Elec). 
schlingern to roll. 
Schlingerwand / baffle (Ap tank). 
Schlips m necktie. 



Schlitten 



159 



Schneckentrieb 



Schlitten m sled; sleigh, sleigh 

mount (MG). 

Schlittenaufsatzstiick n sleigh-mount 
extension piece (MG). 

Schlittenfiihrer m sled driver. 

Schlittenkufe / sled runner; sleigh- 
mount runner (MG). 

SchlittenstoBtrupp m assault 
detachment with sled-borne weapons 
and supplies. 

Schlittenstiitze / sleigh-mount leg 
(MG). 

Schlitz m slit; slot (Ap wing). 
Schlitzfliigel m slotted wing (Ap). 
Schlitzquerruder n slotted aileron. 
SchlolJ n lock; bolt mechanism, bolt 

assembly (MG, R); castle. 
SchlbBchen n bolt sleeve (R). 
Schlosser m mechanic, locksmith, 

fitter. 

SchloBfuB m bolt base (MG). 
SchloBgehause n bolt housing (MG). 
SchloBhalter m bolt support (MG). 
SchloBhebel m bolt handle (MG). 
SchloBkurbel / bolt shaft (MG). 
SchloBplatte / back plate (G). 
Schlot m smoke stack. 
Schlucht/ gorge (Top). 
Schlund m throat. 
Schlupf m slip (propeller). 
Schlupfe / keeper (R sling). 
Schlupf jacke/ sweater (Clo). 
schliipfrig slippery. 
Schluppe / See Schlupfe. 
SchluBbesprechung / critique. 
Schliisselm key; cipher, code; 

wrench. 

Schliisselbolzen m locking pin (lim- 
ber) ; retaining pin or bolt. 

Schliisselgraben m main trench. 

Schliisselheft n code book. 

Schliisselkraf twagen m coding truck 
(Sig C). 

Schliisselmaschine / converter, cipher 
device. 

Schlusselmine f key mine ( anti- 
vehicle mine laid as road block). 

schliisseln encode, encipher. 

Schliisselpunkt m key point (Tac). 

Schliisselschieber m corrector pointer 
(hand fuze setter). 

Schlusselstellung / key position 

(Tac). 

Schliisseltext m cipher text. 
Schliisseltrupp m code section. 
Schliisselungsoffizier m cryptographer 
officer. 



Schliisselunterlage / encoding and 

decoding chart. 
Schliisselwort n cipher key. 
SchluBklappe / disconnect drop (Tp 

switchboard). 
SchluBlicht n taillight (MT). 
SchluBzeichen n clearing signal 

(indicating party has rung off) 

(Tp). 

Schmalspur / narrow gage (RR). 
Schmalspurbahn / narrow-gage rail- 
road. 

Schmelzsicherung / fuse (Elec). 
schmiedbar malleable. 
Schmiede / forge. 

Schmiedeeisen n wrought iron, 

forged iron. 
Schmierbiichse / grease cup; axle 

box. 

schmieren to grease, lubricate. 

Schmiermittel n lubricant. 

Schmierbl n lubricating oil. 

Schmierolpumpe / lubrication pump. 

Schmierolschicht / oil film (Mech). 

Schmierplan m lubrication diagram. 

Schmierpresse / grease gun. 

Schmierstelle / lubrication point. 

Schmierstoff m lubricant. 

Schmierstoffanlage / lubricating sys- 
tem (Mtr). 

"Schmierstoffbehalter m oil tank 

(Ap). 

Schmierstoffdruckmesser m oil pres- 
sure gage (Ap). 

SchmierstofiFkiihler m oil cooler. 

Schmierstoffvorratsmesser m oil level 
gage. 

Schmierung / lubrication. 
Schmirgelleinwand / emery cloth. 
Schmirgelrad n See Schmirgelscheibe. 
Schmirgelscheibe / emery wheel. 
Schnabel m beak, nose; launching 

nose (Bdg). 
Schnalle/ buckle; gun sling hook 

(R). 

Schnecke/ worm (Mech). 
Schneckenantrieb m worm drive. 
Schneckengehause n worm-gear 

housing (panoramic telescope). 
Schneckenlenkung / worm and sector 

steering system (MT). 
Schneckenrad n worm gear (MG, 

Mech). 

Schneckenscheibe / spiral target 
(Tng). 

Sfhneckentrieb m See Schneckenan- 
trieb. 



Schneckenwelle 



160 



Schrage 



Schneckenwelle / worm shaft. 
Schnee m snow. 

Schneef rasmaschine / rotary snow- 
plow. 

Schneehemd n parka. 
Schneehiitte / igloo. 
Schneekette/ snow chain, skid chain 
(MT). 

Schneekufe / landing ski (Ap). 

Schneekufengestell n landing ski 
assembly (Ap). 

Schneeloch n snow pit. 

Schneemann m "snow man" ( an im- 
provised road marker constructed of 
blocks of snow). 

Schneepflugm snowplow. 

Schneereifenm snowshoe. 

Schneeschuh m ski; snow boot, over- 
shoe. 

Schneestauung / impacted snow. 

Schneetreiben n snow flurries (Met). 

Schneewanne / boat-type runner 
(placed under gun wheels for opera- 
tions in deep snow). 

Schneewolke/ snow cloud (Met). 

Schneidbrennen n oxyacetylene cut- 
ting. 

Schneide / edge (of a bayonet, etc.). 

Schneise / straight narrow clearing, 
forest aisle, firebreak; sector (Air 
Navigation) . 

schneidig smart (in appearance, de- 
portment, etc.). 

Schneidkluppe / stock (die holder). 

Schneidkluppe mit Schneidbacken 
stock and die. 

schnell fast, quick, rapid, mobile. 

SchnellablaB m quick release, jetti- 
soning (of fuel). 

SchnelladeverschluB m rapid-fire 
breechblock (G). 

Schnelladung / emergency demolition 
charge. 

Schnellbootw E-boat (Ger), motor 
torpedo boat, speedboat. 

Schnellbriicke / hasty bridge. 

Schnelle Truppen Mobile Troops (in- 
cludes Tk Rgts, AT Bns, Panzer- 
grenadier units, MG Bns, H-Cav 
Rgts, Div Ren units, Mecz Ren units 
and cyclist units). 

Schnellfeuer n rapid fire, magazine 
fire. 

Schnellfeuergeschiitz n rapid-fire 
gun. 

Schnellfeuerkanone / rapid-fire 
cannon. 



Schnellfeuerwaffe / rapid-fire 
weapon. 

Schnellgang m overdrive (MT). 
Schnellganggetriebe n overdrive 

transmission (MT). 
Schnellkampf geschwader m ground 

attack and antitank wing (Luft- 

ivaffe). 

SchnellschuB m hasty shot (firing). 

Schnellsperre / hasty obstacle. 

Schnellsteg m hasty footbridge. 

Schnelltelegraph m ' teletype, tele- 
typewriter, telegraph printer. 

Schnellziinder m instantaneous fuze, 
nondelay fuze. 

Schnitt m cut (injury or wound); 
section, intersection; slice; bearing 
(Navigation). 

Schnittbildentfernungsmesser m split- 
field range finder. 

Schnittlinie / secant; halving line 
(coincidence range finder). 

Schnittpunkt m point of intersec- 
tion. 

Schnittzeichnung / cut-away view 

(sketching). 
Schnur / rope, cord, twine, string. 
Schnttrbund m cord lashing, rope 

lashing. 

Schniirleiste / rack stick (for cord 
lashing). 

Schnurrensattelgurt m web girth 
(saddle). 

Schniirschuh m laced shoe. 

Schniirsenkel m bootlace, shoelace. 

Schniirstiefel m lace boot. 

Schokokola chocolate with kola 

(Prcht ration). 

schonen to spare, protect. 

Schonganggetriebe n overdrive trans- 
mission (MT). . 

Schopfeimer m scoop (excavator). 

Schornstein m chimney, smoke stack. 

Schott n bulkhead ( also spelled die 
Schotte). 

Schotter m road metal, broken stone, 
gravel. 

SchotterstraBe / metalled road, 

gravel road. 
Schottpanzerung / spaced armor. 
Schraffen/pZ hachures (Surv, Top). 
Schraffierung / See Schraffen: 
schrag diagonal, oblique, inclined. 
Schragaufnahme / oblique aerial 

photograph. 
Schrage/ inclination; diagonal line; 

bevel (Tech). 



Schragentfernung 



161 



Schuflebene 



Schragentfernung / slant range (AA 
gunnery). 

schrages Kreuz St. Andrew's cross 
( used as road marker to indicate by- 
pass). 

Schragfahrt / movement at an angle 

(ground target). 
Schragfeuer n oblique fire, flanking 

fire, enfilade. 
Schraglage/ bank (Ap). 
Schraglinie / diagonal. 
Schragnocke / inclined beveled cam 

(Diesel engine). 
Schragstellung / tilt, lateral tilt. 
Schranke / railroad gate; barrier. 
Schrankung / dihedral (Ap). 
Schrapnell n shrapnel. 
Schrapnellkugel / shrapnel ball. 
Schrapnellmine f antipersonnel mine. 
Schraube / screw (Mech) ; propeller. 
Schraubendruck m propeller thrust. 
Schraubenantrieb m propeller drive. 
Schraubenfeder / coil spring, helical 

spring, spiral spring. 
Schraubenflugzeug n helicopter. 
Schraubenganglenkung / cam and 

lever steering system (MT). 
Schraubenmutter / nut (Tech). 
Schraubenschliissel m wrench. 
Schraubenspindelrichtmaschine / 

elevating-screw-type elevating mech- 
anism (G). 
Schraubensteigung / screw pitch; 

propeller pitch. 
Schraubensteven m propeller post 

(Nav). 

Schraubenstrahl m slipstream (Ap,). 

SchraubenverschluB m interrupted- 
screw-type breechblock (G). 

Schraubenzieher m screwdriver. 

Schraubenzug m propeller thrust. 

Schraubpf ahl m screw-type post ( for 
obstacle construction). 

Schraubstock m vise (Tech). 

Schreckladung / booby trap. 

Schreckmine / booby mine. 

Schreibeblock m writing pad. 

Schreiber m clerk; yeoman (Nav). 

Schreibmaschine / typewriter. 

Schreibstube / orderly room, office. 

schriftlich in writing, written. 

Schriftverkehr m correspondence. 

Schritt m pace, step, 
den Schritt wechseln to change step. 

Schrittmesser m pedometer. 

schroff steep (Top). 

Schrot m shot (for shotgun). 



Schrotgewehr n shotgun. 

Schrotpatrone / shotgun shell. 

SchrotsSge / ripsaw. 

Schubkarren m wheelbarrow. 

SchubkurbelverschluB m pusher- 
handle sliding-wedge-type breech- 
block (G). 

Schubstange / torque arm, torque rod; 
piston rod; connecting rod. 

Schuhm shoe; boot (SA scabbard or 
holster). 

Schuhzeug n footgear. 

Schulflugwesen n training aviation. 

Schulflugzeug n training airplane, 
trainer. 

SchulgefechtsschieBen n battle ser- 
vice practice (Arty). 

SchulgefechtsschieBstand m target 
range (Arty Tng). 

SchulschieBen n record service prac- 
tice (Arty). 

SchulschieBstand m target range. 

Schulter / shoulder. 

Schulterdecker m semi-high-wing 
monoplane. 

Schultergurt m shoulder strap (gas 
mask carrier). 

Schulterklappe / shoulder strap ( en- 
listed men's uniforms) . 

Schulterriemen m crossbelt (Clo). 

Schulterstiitze / shoulder stock (MG). 

Schulterstiick n shoulder strap ( offi- 
cers' uniforms) ; shoulder piece 
(MG). 

Schulterwehr / traverse ( Ft). 
Schulungskursus m training course, 

orientation course. 
Schummerung / shading (on maps). 
Schuppen m shed, hangar. 
Schupo / See Schutzpolizei. 
Schiirmanneisen n butt strap. 
Schurzholz n trench timber, wooden 

revetment. 
Schurzholzrahmen m gallery case 

(Engr). 

SchuB m shot (discharge of fire- 
arm); round (Am). 

SchuBbahn / line of fire; trajectory. 

SchuBbeobachtung / sensing, spot- 
ting, observation of fire (Arty). 

SchuBbereich m range of gun; dan- 

. ger area (on target range). 

schuBbereit ready to fire. 

SchuBbremse / recoil brake. 

SchuBebene / plane of departure, 
plane of fire (Gunnery); plane of 
position at instant of firing (AAA). 



SchuBelemente 



162 



Schutzgebiet 



SchuBelemente npl basic data, firing 

data (Gunnery). 
SchuBentfernung / range. 
schuBfertig ready to fire; prepared 

for firing (Am). 
SchuBfeld n field of fire. 
SchuBfeldliicke / gap in field of fire. 
schuBfest bulletproof; light shell 

proof. 

SchuBfolge / cyclic rate (automatic 
fire). 

SchuBgarbe / sheaf of fire, cone of 
fire. 

SchuBleistung / shooting strength 
(Ord). 

SchuBlinie / line of site, line of po- 
sition (Gunnery) ; line of future 
position (AAA). 

SchuBrichtung / direction of fire. 

SchuBschneise / fire lane. 

SchuBseitenwinkel m firing azimuth. 

schuBsicher bulletproof; light shell 
proof. 

schufisichere Deckung shellproof 

cover (Ft). 
achuBsicherer Schlauch self-sealing 

inner tube, bullet-resisting inner 

tube (tire). 
schuBsicheres Glas bulletproof glass. 
SchuBtafel / firing table, ballistic 

table. 

graphische SchuBtafel trajectory 
chart (not to be confused with US 
graphical firing table). 

schuBtafelmaBig according to firing- 
table data, firing-table (adj). 

schuBtafelmaBige Anfangsgeschwin- 
digkeit standard muzzle velocity. 

schuBtafelmaBige Erhohung firing- 
table elevation (Gunnery). 

schuBtafelmaBige Flugzeit theo- 
retical time of flight (as indicated 
in firing table). 

schuBtafelmaBige SchuBweife firing- 
table range (Gunnery). 

SchuBverbesserung / firing correc- 
tion (Gunnery). 

SchuBwaffe / firearm. 

SchuBweite / range (Gunnery). 

SchuBwerte mpl basic data, firing 
data (Gunnery). 

SchuBwirkung / effect of fire 

(Arty). 

SchuBzahl / number of rounds. 

Schiittkasten m bomb magazine, 

"Molotov breadbasket" ( container 
with a number of small bombs). 



Schiittwurfm salvo release (bomb- 
ing). 

Schutz m cover, protection. 
Schiitz m relay (Elec). 
Schutzanlagen fpl protective works. 
Schutzanstrich m camouflage paint 

(ing) ; protective paint (ing). 
Schutzanzug m protective clothing 

(CWS). 

Schutzblech n fender, mudguard. 

Schutzbrille / goggles. 

Schiitzem private (Inf); rifleman; 
machine gunner (Ap, etc.); marks- 
man. 

schiitzen to cover, protect; to sup- 
port (by fire). 

Schiitzenabmarsch m rifle half squad 
(Cav). 

Schiitzenabzeichen n marksmanship 
badge. 

Schiitzenauftritt m fire step (Ft). 
Schiitzenbank / See Schiitzenauftritt. 
Schiitzenfeuer n rifle fire. 
Schiitzengraben m fire trench, trench. 
Schiitzengrabenspiegel m trench 

periscope. 
Schiitzenhiihle / dugout. 
Schiitzenkette / See Schiitzenlinie. 
Schiitzenkompanie / rifle company 

(Inf). 

Schiitzenlinie/ line of skirmishers. 

Schiitzenloch n foxhole, rifle pit. 

Schiitzenmine / antipersonnel mine 
(abbr. S-Mine). 

Schiitzenmulde / skirmisher's trench, 
prone shelter, shallow rifle pit. 

Schiitzennest n rifle-squad entrench- 
ment, nest of riflemen (Ft). 

Schutzenpanzer m See Schiitzenpan- 
zerwagen. 

Schiitzenpanzerwagen m armored 
personnel carrier. 

Schiitzenreihe / squad column, file of 
riflemen. 

Schiitzenrudel n rifle squad in grouped 
combat formation (squad leader and 
light MG team forward, assistant 
squad leader and rifle team back, 
echeloned right or left). 

Schutzenschnur / marksmanship 
fourragere. 

Schiitzenstand m gun position (Ap). 

Schiitzentrupp m rifle team ( rifle- 
men of a rifle squad as distinguished 
from the light MG team). 

Schutzenzugm rifle platoon (Inf). 

Schutzgebiet n protectorate. 



Schutzgitter 



163 



Schweifitechnik 



Schutzgitter n suppressor grid (Rad 
tube). 

Schutzglasw bulletproof glass; pro- 
tectoscope (Tk). 

Schutzhiille/ hood (Am). 

Schutzimpfung / inoculation, vacci- 
nation. 

Schutzmacht / protecting power 

(PW). 

Schutzmann in policeman. 
Schutzmittel n prophylactic. 
Schutzmiitze / crash helmet (for Tk 
crew). 

Schutzpolizei / municipal police. 
Schutzpolsterung / crash padding 
(Tk). 

Schutzraumm shelter (Ft); air 

raid shelter. 
Schutzsalbe/ protective ointment 

(CWS). 

Schutzscheibe / protectoscope (Tk). 
Schutzschicht f burster course (Ft). 
Schutzschild m shield, gun shield. 
Schutzsieb n mechanical filter (gas 
mask). 

Schutzstaffeln fpl elite guard of the 
Nazi party (abbr. SS). See also 
Waffen-SS. 

Schutzwall m protective wall ( system 
of land defenses, as the Westwall 
on the western frontier of Germany). 

Schutzwallehrenzeichen n bronze 
medal awarded to workers excelling 
in the construction of German forti- 
fications. 

Schut'zzaun m guard fence. 

Schwachstrom m low voltage (cur- 
rent). 

Schwaden m gas cloud, smoke cloud. 
SchwadenschieBen n gas or smoke 

shell fire (Arty). 
Schwadron / troop (Cav). 
Schwadronschef m troop commander 

(Cav). 

Schwadronsf iihrer m temporary troop 
commander, troop commander (Cav). 

Schwadronstrupp m troop headquar- 
ters detail (Cav). 

Schwalbennest n shoulder patch ( worn 
by bandsmen). 

Schwamm m sponge ; mushroom. 

Schwankung/ fluctuation; variation; 
sway; oscillation. 

Schwanz m tail; trail (G). 

Schwanzblech n trail float (G). 

Schwanzlandung / tail landing 

(Avn). 



schwanzlastig tailheavy (Avn). 
Schwanzsporn m tail skid (Ap); 

trail spade (G). 
Schwarm m tactical formation of 

about five airplanes ( consists of two 

Ketten). 

schwarmen to deploy into line of 
skirmishers. 

Schwarmkolonne / javelin formation 
of from 3 to 5 airplanes. 

Schwarmwinkel m wedge formation 
of from 3 to 5 airplanes. 

Schwarzpulver n black powder. 

Schwebekreisvisier n pivoted ring 
sight (AA). 

Schweberiemen m hip strap (har- 
ness). 

Schwebstoff m nonpersistent chemical 
agent (CWS). 

Schwebstoffilter m mechanical filter 
(gas mask). 

Schwebstoffteilchen n nonpersistent 
chemical particle (CWS). 

Schwebungsempfang m beat-fre- 
quency reception (Rad). 

Schwebungsfrequenz / beat fre- 

quency (Rad). 

Schwebungsfrequenzmesser m hetero- 
dyne frequency meter. 

Schwebungslticke / See Schwebungs- 
null. 

Schwebungsnull / zero beat (Rad). 
Schwefel m sulphur. 
Schwefelantimon n antimony sulfide 
(Am). 

Schwefelnatrium n sodium sulfide. 
Schwefelsaure / sulfuric acid. 
Schwef eltrioxyd n sulfur trioxide 
(CWS). 

Schwefelwasserstoff m hydrogen sul- 
fide. 

schwefligsaures Natrium sodium sul- 
fite. 

Schweige-MG. n ambush machine 
gun, concealed machine gun. 

Schweigewaffen fpl concealed weap- 
ons which hold their fire until enemy 
has reached certain points. 

SchweiB m sweat. 

SchweiBbrenner m welding torch. 

SchweiBelektrode / welding elec- 
trode, welding rod. 

schweiBen to weld. 

SchweiBer m welder. 

SchweiBnaht / welded seam. 

SchweiBtechnik / theory and prac-' 
tice of welding. 



Schwelkerze 



164 



Seefliegerei 



Schwelkerze/ smoke candle (CWS). 
Schwelle/ tie (RR); sill (Bdg); 

threshold. 
Schwellenbahn / corduroy road. 
Schwelljoch n trestle bent with sill 

(Bdg). 

schwenkbar traversable; rotatable; 
flexible (MG). 

Schwenkbereich m extent of traverse, 
total movement in traverse (Ord). 

schwenken to wheel, turn (Tac); to 
traverse, to slew (a gun). 

Schwenkfliigel m folding wing (Ap). 

Schwenkwinkel m angle of traverse 
(Gunnery). 

Schwenkung/ pivoting or wheeling 
maneuver (Tac); slewing, travers- 
ing motion (of a gun). 

Schwenkungspunkt m pivot (Tac). 

Schwenkungswinkel m angle of tra- 
verse ( Gunnery). 

schwer medium (Ord); heavy; 

grave, serious. See also schwerst-. 

schwere Artillerie medium artillery. 

schwere Kompanie heavy weapons 
company (Mtz R Regt). 

schwere Schwadron / weapons troop 
(Cav). 

Schwerkraft / force of gravity. 

Schwerkraftstoff m Diesel fuel. 

Schwerol n Diesel fuel. 

Schwerol-Flugmotor m Diesel-type 
aircraft engine. 

Schwerolmotor-m Diesel engine. 

Schwerpunkt m main effort, point of 
main effort (Tac); center of gravity. 

schwerst- heavy (Ord); heaviest. 

schwerste Artillerie heavy artillery. 

Schwerverwundeter m serious casu- 
alty. 

Schwesterwaffe / related arm, re- 
lated branch of the service. 

Schwimmdock n floating dock. 

Schwimmerw float, pontoon (Ap); 
float (carburetor, gage, etc). 

Schwimmerflugzeug n floatplane. 

Schwimmergehause n float chamber 
( carburetor). 

Schwimmergestell n float gear (sea- 
plane). 

Schwimmernadel / float needle ( car- 
buretor). 

Schwimmerwagen m beaching gear 
(seaplane). 

Schwimmerwerk n float gear (sea- 
plane). 



schwimmfahig capable of floating" 
or swimming, amphibian. 

Schwimmlastkraf twagen m amphibi- 
an truck. 

Schwimmpanzerkampfwagenm am- 
phibian tank. 

Schwimmstabilitat / flotation stabil- 
ity (seaplane). 

Schwimmwerk n float gear, floats. 

Schwimmwerk fur Landflugzeuge 
emergency flotation gear (Avn). 

Schwimmweste /' life vest, "Mae 
West." 

Schwindelgas n fake gas (CWS). 
schwinden fade (Rad). 
Schwingachse / flexible axle (MT). 
- Schwinge/ flexible shaft ( follow-the- 

pointer mechanism). 
Schwingkreis m See Schwingungs- 

kreis. 

Schwingschenkel m wheel spindle 
(G). 

Schwingung / oscillation (Elec, Rad); 

vibration (Mech). 
Schwingungsdampfer m vibration 

damper. 

Schwingungserzeuger m oscillator 
(Rad). 

Schwingungskreis m oscillating cir- 
cuit (Rad). 

Schwingungsweite / amplitude of os- 
cillations (Rad). 

Schwingungszahl / number of oscil- 
lations, frequency (Elec, Rad). 

schwitzen to sweat. 

Schwundm fading (Rad). 

Schwundausgleich m automatic vol- 
ume control (Rad). 

Schwundwirkung / fading effect 

(Rad). 

Schwungkraft / centrifugal force. 
Schwurigkraftanlasser m inertia 

starter (Mtr). 
Schwungrad n flywheel. 
Schwungscheibe f See Schwungrad. 
Sechskantschraube / hexagonal-head 

screw. 

Sechsradkraf tfahrzeug n six-wheel 

motor vehicle. 
See m lake (die See = ocean or 

sea). 

See/ sea, ocean (der See = lake). 
Seeaufklarer m naval patrol airplane, 

patrol bomber, scout bomber. 
Seeflieger m naval aircraft pilot; 

naval airplane, seaplane. 
Seefliegerei / naval aviation. 



Seefliegerhorst 



165 



Seitenflosse 



Seefliegerhorst m seaplane base. 
Seeflugwesen if naval aviation. 
Seeflugzeug n naval airplane, sea- 
plane. 

Seehohe / height above mean sea 
level. 

Seekabel n marine cable. 
Seekadett m midshipman. 
Seekarte / hydrographic map. 
Seele/ bore (Ord). 
Seelenachse/ axis of the bore. 
Seelendurchmesser m caliber. 
Seelenlange/ tube length, barrel 

length (Ord). 
Seelenmesser m star gage (G). 
Seelenrohrw tube, liner (G). 
Seelenwand/ bore surface (G). 
Seelenweite / caliber, 
seelische Wirkung moral effect (Tac). 
Seeluftstreitkrafte fpl naval aviation. 
Seemeile/ nautical mile (1.S53 km). 
Seemine / submarine mine. 
Seeminensperre / submarine mine 

field. 

Seenenge/ defile between lakes. 
Seenotdienst m air forces sea rescue 
service. 

Seenotflugkommando n air forces sea 
rescue command. 

Seenotflugzeug n sea rescue airplane. 

Seestreitkrafte fpl naval forces. 

Seetransportubung / exercise in 

transportation by water. 

seewasserbestandig salt-water re- 
sistant. 

Seeziinder m hydrostatic bomb fuze 
(antisubmarine bombs and depth 
charges.) 

Segelflieger m glider, sailplane; 

glider pilot. 

Segelflug m glide, gliding. 

Segelflugzeug n glider, sailplane. 

segeln to glide, soar; to sail. 

Segelstellung / feathered position 
(propeller). 

Segeltuch n canvas. 

Segler m glider; sail boat. 

Segmentlenkung / worm and sector 
steering system (MT). 

Segmentstuck n segment ( angle-of- 
site Inst). 

Sehfehler m defect of vision. 

Sehfeldw field of view (Optics). 

Sehklappe / peephole protector, look- 
out hole cover (Tk). 

Sehkraft / eyesight, vision. 



Sehlinie / line of observation ; line 

of sight (Surv). 
Sehne/ tendon; chord. 
Sehoffnung/ peephole, lookout hole 

(Ft, Tk). 
Sehrohr n periscope. 
Sehscharfe / eyesight, vision; focus. 
Sehscharfeneinteilung / focusing 

scale (Optics). 
Sehschlitzwi direct vision slot (Tk); 

observation slit, lookout slit (Ft). 
Sehstreifen m sector of view ( from 

observation point to right and left 

ends of target). 
Sehverbindung / visual communica- 
tion. 

Sehwinkelm angle of view. 
Sehzeichen n visual signal, 
seicht shallow (water). 
Seide / silk. 
Seife / soap. 

Seil n cord, rope, cable, line. 

Seilbahn / overhead cable railway. 

Seilbahnkommandotruppen fpl over- 
head cable railway troops. 

Seilbremse / cable brake. 

Seilfahre / cable ferry, rope ferry. 

Seilrolle / cable drum. 

Seiltrommel / cable drum. 

Seilwinde/ cable winch. 

Seite/ azimuth, direction (Gun- 
nery); side. 

Seitenabgangsfehler m lateral jump 
(Gunnery). 

Seitenabstand m interval (from, left 
to right); displacement (Gunnery). 

Seitenabstand vom Richtpunkt angle 
of shift (indirect firing). 

Seitenabweichung / drift (of a pro- 
jectile); deflection (Gunnery). 

Seitenanderung / deflection change, 
deflection correction (Gunnery). 

Seitenansicht / side view. 

Seitenbegrenzer m traverse stop (G, 
MG). 

Seitenbestimmung / sensing (Bad di- 
rection finding). 

Seitenbewegung / lateral movement. 

Seitenblatt n skirt (saddle). 

Seitendeckung / flank guard, flank 
security (Tac). 

Seitenempfanger m azimuth indica- 
tor (AA gun). 

Seitenfehler m lateral error (Gun- 
nery). 

Seitenf euer n enfilade fire. 
Seitenflosse/ tail fin (Ap). 



Seitengewehr 



166 



Selbstladewaffe 



Seitengewehr n bayonet. 
"Seitengewehr, an Ort!" "Unfix, 

bayonets!" 
Seitengewehrgriff m bayonet grip. 
Seitengewehrhalter m bayonet stud 

(R). 

"Seitengewehr, pflanzt auf!" "Fix, 
bayonets !" 

Seitengewehrtasche / bayonet scab- 
bard. 

Seitenhebel m traversing lever (MG 

sleigh mount). 
Seitenholm m side outrigger ( A A 

gun). 

Seitenklappe / side door (Tk). 
Seitenleitwerk n rudder assembly 
(Ap). 

Seitenlichtw running light (Ap). 
Seiten-MG. n waist gun, side gun. 
Seitenrampe / side-loading ramp. 
Seitenrichtbereich m total movement 

in traverse (G). 
Seitenrichtfeld n extent of traverse, 

total movement in traverse ( G). 
Seitenrichtfeld von 360° all-round 

traverse. 

Seitenrichtfernrohr n azimuth track- 
ing telescope (height finder). 

Seitenrichtkanonier m azimuth setter. 

Seitenrichtmaschine / traversing 
mechanism (G). 

Seitenrichtrad n traversing hand- 
wheel (G). 

Seitenrichtschieber m deflection 
board (Arty). 

Seitenrichtschraube / traversing 
screw (G). 

Seitenrichtteilung / deflection scale. 

Seitenrichttrieb m traversing drive 
(G, Mort). 

Seitenrichtung / azimuth, direction 
( Gunnery). 

Nehmen der Seitenrichtung laying 
for direction. 

Seitenrichtwerk « traversing mecha- 
nism (G). 

Seitenrichtwinkel m angle of traverse, 
azimuth ( Gunnery). 

Seitenruderw rudder (Ap). 

Seitenrutsch m side slip (Avn). 

Seitenschwankung / lateral sway 
(Bdg). 

Seitensicherung / flank security. 
Seitensteuerung / rudder controls; 

lateral control. 
Seitenstreuung / lateral dispersion, 

width of dispersion (Arty). 



Seitenteilring m azimuth scale (AA 
gun). 

Seitentrieb m traversing drive (G). 

Seitenverankerung / apron ( of 

double-apron fence). 

Seitenverbesserung / deflection cor- 
rection (Gunnery). 

Seitenverbindung / lateral commu- 
nication (Sig C). 

Seitenverhaltnis n aspect ratio ( Ap). 

Seitenverschiebung / drift correction 
( Gunnery). 

Seitenvorhalt m lateral lead (firing). 

Seitenvorhaltsebene / slant plane of 
lateral lead (AA gunnery). 

Seitenwagen m sidecar (Mtcl). 

Seitenwelle / jack shaft (MT). 

Seitenwind m- cross wind. 

Seitenwinkel m deflection angle (Gun- 
nery) ; horizontal angle (Surv). 

Seitenwinkelverbesserungsknopf m 
lateral correction knob (AA gun). 

Seitenwinkelvorhalt m lateral angu- 
lar lead, lateral deflection angle ( A A 
gunnery). 

seitlich abrutschen to fall off 
(Avn). 

seitlich einschwenken pivot to the 
left or right, fan out (Tac). 

Seitwartsbewegung / yawing (Ap). 

Seitwartseinschneiden n lateral re- 
section (Surv). 

Sektorw sector; protractor. 

Sekundarkreis m secondary circuit 
(Rad). 

Sekundarstrom m secondary current 
(Rad). 

selbstandig independent. 

Selbstantrieb m self -propulsion, auto- 
matic drive. 

selbstdichtend self -sealing (Ap 

tank). 

selbsterregend self-exciting (Rad). 

Selbstf ahrlafette / self-propelled 
mount, gun motor carriage. 

Selbstinduktion / self-induction (Elec). 

Selbstinduktionsspule / self-induc- 
tion coil (Elec). 

Selbstladeeinstecklauf m subcaliber 
barrel (for semiautomatic weapon). 

Selbstladegewehr n self-loading rifle, 
semiautomatic rifle. 

Selbstladepistole / self-loading pistol, 
automatic pistol. 

Selbstlader m self-loading rifle. 

Selbstladewaffe / self-loading weapon, 
semiautomatic weapon. 



Selbstretter 



167 



sichern 



Selbstretter m oxygen breathing ap- 
paratus. 

Selbstschutz m self-defense; indi- 
vidual air raid precautions. 

Selbstschutzmittel n prophylactic. 

selbstsperrend self -locking. 

Selbststeuergerat n automatic pilot 
(Ap). 

Selbststeuerung / automatic control. 

selbsttatig automatic (adj), auto- 
matically operated. 

Selbstunterbrecher m automatic cir- 
cuit breaker (Elec). 

Selbstvernebelung / smoke screening 
( one's own troops and/ or installa- 
tions). 

Selbstverstiimmelung / self -mutila- 
tion. 

Selbstverwaltung / self government 
(PW). 

Sendeantenne / transmitting antenna. 

Sendebereitschaft / stand-by, readi- 
ness to transmit (Rad). 

Sendegerat n radio transmitter. 

Sender m transmitter (Rad). 

Senderempfanger w transceiver 
(Rad). 

Senderohre/ transmitting tube 

(Rad). 

Sendestelle / transmitting station. 
Sendung/ shipment; transmission 
(Rad). 

Senfgas'n mustard gas (CWS). 

Senkblei n plumb bob, sounding lead. 

Senke/ depression (Top). 

senken to depress (a gun); to sink 
(a shaft); to let down, to lower. 

Senkfaschine / sunken fascine revet- 
ment. 

Senkfaschinendamm m f ascine- 

reveted dam. 

Senkfeuerw plunging fire (Arty). 

Senkkastcn m caisson (Engr). 

Senklot n See Senkblei. 

senkrecht vertical, perpendicular. 

Senkrechtaufnahme / vertical aerial 
photograph. 

Senkrechtbild n See Senkrechtauf- 
nahme. 

Senkrechte/ perpendicular (line). 

Senkrechtebene zum Zielweg verti- 
cal plane containing course of target 
(AA gunnery). 

senkrechte Gitterlinie Y-line ( of map 
grid). 

senkrechter Abstand vertical interval. 



senkrechtes Auftreffen normal im- 
pact (Ballistics). 

Senkrechtgeschwindigkeit / vertical 
speed (Avn). 

Senkrechtluftaufnahme / vertical 
aerial photograph. 

Senkstiickw sunken fascine mat or 
cribwork. 

Senkungswinkel m depression angle 
(G). 

Serienschaltung / series connection 
(Elec). 

Servowirkung / servo action ( servo 
brake). 

seBhafter Kampfstoff persistent 
chemical warfare agent. 

SeBhaftigkeit / persistency (CWS). 

"Setzt die, Gewehre! Zusammen!" 
"Stack, arms!" 

Setzwaage/ builders' level (Engr). 

Seuche/ epidemic, contagious dis- 
ease. 

S-Gerat n See. Suchgerat. 
S.-GeschoB n See SpitzgeschoB. 
sicher safe. 

Sicherer mpl security patrol(s). 

Sicherheitsbestimmungen fpl safety 
regulations. 

.Sicherheitsdienst m security meas- 
ures (Tac); SS security service 
(abbr. SD). 

Sicherheitsdraht m safety wire 

(Ord). 

Sicherheitsfunkenstrecke / safety 
spark gap (magneto ignition). 

Sicherheitsglas n safety glass, shat- 
terproof glass. 

Sicherheitshohe / safe altitude (Avn). 

Sicherheitskoeffizient m factor of 
safety. 

SicherheitsmaB n clearance, safety 
angle (Gunnery). 

SicherheitsmaBnahme / safety meas- 
ure, security measure. 

Sicherheitsoffizier m safety officer 
(at target range). 

Sicherheitspolizei / security police 
(comprising Kriminalpolizei and Ge- 
heime Staatspolizei). 

Sicherheits- und Hilfsdienste mpl air 
raid protection services. (Also called 
Luf tschutzpolizei) . 

Sicherheitsventil n safety valve. 

Sicherheitszone / safety area (Arty). 

sichern to cover, protect, make se- 
cure (Tac); to lock, to put at "safe" 
(Ord, Am). 



Sicherung- 



168 



S-Mine 



Sicherung/ security, security detach- 
ment, covering party (Tac); safety 
(SA); safety lock (fuze); safety 
device; fuse (Elec). 

Sicherungsabstand m security dis- 
tance (between march units). 

Sicherungsauftrag m security mis- 
sion (Tac). 

Sicherungsdienst m guard service 
(Tac). 

Sicherungs-Division / security divi- 
sion (mobile Landesschutzen units 
employed at rear area duties). 

Sicherungsfliigel m protective wing 
or flank (Tac); interrupter (Am). 

Sicherungsflugzeug n escort airplane. 

Sicherungshaken m release hook 

(glider). 

Sicherungshebel m grip safety (pis- 
tol). 

Sicherungskappe / safety device 
(fuze); safety cap (hand grenade). 

Sicherungsklappe / interrupter (Am). 

Sicherungslinie / line of security, 
vorderste Sicherungslinie outpost 
line. 

SicherungsmaBnahme / security 

measure. 
Sicherungsmutter / lock nut. 
Sicherungsschleier m screen (Tac). 
Sicherungsstift m safety pin (fuze). 
Sicherungsstuck n safety lug ( on gun 

cradle). 

Sicherungsvorrichtung / interrupter 

(Am); safety device. 
Sicherungsvorstecker m arming pin 

(fuze); safety pin (bomb). 
Sicherungszuschlag m margin of 

safety (firing)'. 
Sicht / visibility. 

Sichtabstand m interval permitting 
visual contact. 

Sichtanzeigegerat n visual indicator 
(Ap Inst). 

sichtbar visible. 

Sichtbarkeit / visibility. 

Sichtbereich m radius of visibility. 

Sichtberiihrung / visual contact. 

Sichtdeckung / sight defilade; smoke 
and flash defilade (Arty). 

Sichtigkeit / visibility. 

Sichtnavigation / contact flight, 

pilotage (Air Navigation). 

Sichtverhaltnisse npl visibility con- 
ditions. 

Sichtweite/ radius of visibility. 



Sichtzeichen n visual signal, panel 
signal. 

Sickerschacht m drainage ditch, 

sump ( trench). 
Sieb 11 screen, sifter, filter. 
Siebkreis m series resonant circuit 

(Rad). 

Siebtrichter m filter funnel (MT). 

Siegel n seal. 

Sieger m victor. 

siegreich victorious. 

Sielengeschirr n breast harness. 

Signal n signal ; bugle call. 

Signalbombe / signal flare. 

Signalbuch n signal book (Nav). 
internationales Signalbuch interna- 
tional code (Nav). 

Signalmittel n signal device. 

Signalpatrone / signal cartridge. 

Signalrakete / signal rocket. 

Signalscheibe / signaling disk. 

Signalstreifen m code panel (Avn). 

Signaltafel/ code chart (Sig C). 

Signaltuch n code panel (Avn). 

Signahverfer m ground signal pro- 
jector, pyrotechnic projector. 

Signatur / conventional sign (on 
maps). 

Simmerring m oil seal (MT). 

Simulant m malingerer. 

simulieren malinger. 

Simultanschaltung / simplexed con- 
nection (Tg, Tp). 

Sinkgeschwindigkeit / rate of drop 
(Avn). 

Sinn m sense, meaning; direction. 
Sipo / See Sicherheitspolizei. 
Sirene / siren. 

sitzender Anschlag sitting position 
(MG or R firing). 

Sitzfallschirm m seat pack para- 
chute. 

Sitzriemen m seat strap (saddle). 

Skala f scale, dial. 

Skalenring m micrometer ( angle-of- 
site Inst). 

Skalenscheibe / angle-of-site scale 
(Arty); dial plate, scale disk 
(Rad). 

Skizze / sketch- 

S-Maske / See Staubmaske. 

s.M.G.-Bedienung m heavy machine- 
gun squad. 

s.M.G.-Zug m heavy machine-gun 
platoon. 

S-Mine / antipersonnel mine (abbr. 
of Schiitzenmine). 



S-Mittel 



169 



Spannschieber 



S-Mittel npl See Standort-Bekosti- 
gungsmittel. 

S.m.K.GescholJ n pointed steel-core 
armor-piercing bullet. 

S.m.K.L'spurgeschoB n pointed steel- 
core tracer bullet. 

Soekel m pedestal, swivel (G). 

Soekelgeschiitz n swivel gun, pedes- 
tal-mounted gun. 

Sockellaf ette / pedestal mount, swivel 
mount (G). 

Sockelschaltung / socket connection 
(Rad tube). 

Sag m suction. 

Sohle/ sole; bottom of trench. 
Sold m pay. 

Soldat m soldier, enlisted man. 
soldatische Haltung military bear- 
ing. 

Soldbuch n pay book ( soldier's indi- 
vidual pay record). 

Sollbestand m authorized basic allow- 
ance. 

Sollstand in See Sollstarke. 
Sollstarke / authorized strength. 
Sollstelle/ See Planstelle. 
Solokrad n solo motorcycle. 
Sommerweg m road shoulder. 
Sonderanhanger m special trailer. 
Sonderaufbau m special body (MT). 
Sonderauftrag m special mission. 
Sonderbataillon n special battalion, 

disciplinary battalion. 
Sonderberichterstatter m visiting 

correspondent. 
Sonderfahrzeug n special-purpose 

vehicle. 

Sonderflugzeug n special-purpose 
airplane. 

Sonderfrequenz / specially assigned 
frequency (Rad). 

Sonderfrieden m separate peace. 

Sonderf iihrer m specialist ( includes 
interpreters, laboratory technicians, 
radio specialists, cameramen, etc., 
serving in the Ger armed forces, 
with nominal rank up to Bn com- 
mander but no actual Mil rank). 

Sonderf unkspruch m special radio 
message (for Arty metro message 
and weather reports). 

Sondergasmaske / special gas mask. 

Sondergesprach n special telephone 
call. 

Sonderkriegsgerictot n special court- 
martial. 

Sonderlafette / special gun mount. 



Sonderlastkraf twagen m special-pur- 
pose motor truck. 

Sonderlaufbahn / specialist's career. 

Sondermeldung / special message, 
special announcement (Rad). 

Sondermunition / separate-loading 
ammunition; special-purpose ammu- 
nition. 

Sonderstahl m special steel. 

Sondertruppen fpl special units, spe- 
cial troops. 

Sonderverband m special unit. 

Sonderverf iigungen fpl special orders. 

Sonderverpflegung / special rations. 

Sonderwaffe / special weapon. 

Sonderzweck m special purpose. 

Sondiernadel / probing rod (for land 
mines). 

Sonnenblende / sun shield, sun shade. 
Sonnengeflecht n solar plexus. 
Sonnenstich m sunstroke. 
Sonnenzeit / solar time, 
spahen to scout. 
Spaher m scout, lookout. 
Spahtrupp m patrol, reconnaissance 
patrol. 

Spahtruppf iihrer m patrol leader. 

Spahtrupptatigkeit / patrol activity. 

SpahtruppvorstoB m scouting raid. 

Spahwagen m scout car. 

s.Pak/ heavy antitank gun. 

Spalt m crack, split. 

Spalte / slit; split; crevice, fissure; 

leak; column (in tables). 
Spaltfliigel m slotted wing (Ap). 
Spaltringm split ring (breechblock). 
Spaltrohr n collimator. 
Spange / clasp (decoration). 
Spanienkampfer m veteran of 

Spanish Civil War. 
spanischer Reiter knife rest, cheval- 

de-frise. 

Spanndraht m tension wire, wire 
brace. 

spannen to cock (SA); to stretch, 
strain, apply tension, tighten. 

Spannfalle/ firing pin trip (breech- 
block). 

Spannfeder / cocking spring (MG). 
Spannhebel m cocking lever (G, 
MG). 

Spannlackm dope (Ap). 
Spannrast/ full cock (SA). 
Spannriegel m cocking bolt (breech- 
block). 

Spannschieber m cocking slide (MG). 



SpannschloB 



Spiegelhalter 



SpannschloB n idler adjuster rod 
(Tk); turnbuckle. 

Spannschraube / threaded breech 
hoop (G). 

Spannstollen m cocking: cam (breech- 
block). 

Spannstiickw sear (G); accelerator 
(MG). 

Spannturmm cabane (Ap). 

Spannung/ voltage, tension (Elec). 

Spannungsabfall m voltage drop, po- 
tential drop. 

Spannungs-Dehnungs-Diagramm n 
stress-strain diagram. 

Spannungsmesser m voltmeter. 

Spannungsregler m voltage regulator. 

Spannungsschwankung / voltage vari- 
ation. 

Spannungssicherung / circuit breaker. 
Spannungsteiler m voltage divider 
(Rad). 

Spannweite / span ( Bdg) ; wing span 
(Ap). 

Spannwelle / recocking shaft 

(breechblock) . 

Spant to vertical frame, vertical ring, 
bulkhead frame (Ap). 

Spargelbeete npl asparagus-bed ob- 
stacle pattern. 

Sparschaltung / autotransformer cir- 
cuit (Elec). 

Sparstoff to scarce material, high- 
priority material. 

Spartransformator to autotrans- 
former (Rad, Elec). 

Spaten to spade, shovel. 

Spalzerspringer m retarded burst. 

Spatziindung / retarded ignition, re- 
tarded spark (Mtr). 

Speiche / spoke. 

Speicher to storeroom. 

Speiseleitung / feeder line (Rad). 

Speiseraum to mess. 

Speisestrom to feeder current (Elec). 

Speisung / feed, feeding. 

Sperrabschnitt to "prohibited area; 
defense sector. 

Sperrad n locking wheel ( gun 

cradle); ratchet wheel. 

Sperramt ri harbor-defense ordnance 
depot. 

Sperrballon to barrage balloon. 

Sperrballontruppen fpl barrage bal- 
loon troops. 

Sperrdienst to obstacle-construction 
service. 

Sperrdrache to barrage kite. 



Sperre/ block, obstacle, barrier, ac- 
cessory defense; blockade, embargo; 
air alert, fighter patrol (Avn). 

Sperre aus Schienen steel-rail ob- 
stacle. 

Sperre aus Stahltragern steel-beam 
obstacle, structural-steel obstacle. 

Sperre fliegen to fly on an air alert. 

sperren to lock, to bar; interdict 
(Tac); tune out (Rad). 

Sperrfeder / retard spring (fuze); 
locking spring (MG). 

Sperrfeld n obstacle field. 

Sperrfeuer n barrage, barrage fire. 

Sperrfeuerskizze / barrage chart. 

Sperrfeuerwand / curtain of antiair- 
craft fire. 

Sperrfeuerzone / zone covered by 
barrage fire (AAA). 

Sperrgebiet n prohibited area, re- 
stricted area; blockade zone (Nav). 

Sperrhebel to locking lever ( G car- 
riage). 

Sperrholz n plywood. 

Sperrholzzelt n plywood shelter. 

Sperriegel to switch position, switch 
trench; locking bolt (MG stock). 

Sperrklinke/ retaining catch (breech- 
block); safety catch, pawl (Mech). 

Sperrkreism tank circuit (Rad). 

Sperrlicht n barrier light. 

Sperrlinie / obstacle line. 

Sperrnase / catch (fuze). 

Sperrohr n outer steam tube (MG). 

Sperrstiickw locking bolt (pistol). 

Sperrtrupp m obstacle-construction 
detachment; blocking party. 

Sperrung / obstruction, blocking. 

Sperrverband to obstacle-construction 
unit; blocking unit. 

Sperrwachboot n boom defense vessel. 

Sperrzone / obstacle zone. 

spezifischer Bodendruck ground pres- 
sure per unit area (MT). 

spezifisches Gewicht specific gravity. 

Spiegel m mirror ; level mirror (pano- 
ramic telescope); periscope; bull's- 
eye (target); collar patch. 

Spiegeldurchmesser to mirror diame- 
ter (SL). 

Spiegelentfernungsmesser m macro- 
meter. 

Spiegelfrequenz / image frequency 
(Rad). 

Spiegelhalter to mirror support (MG 
prismatic sight).. 



Spiegelkreuzlibelle 



171 



Sprengbombe 



Spiegelkreuzlibelle / reflector-type 
cross level (panoramic telescope). 

Spiegelneigungsmesser m Abney level. 

Spiegelrahmen m mirror frame (MG 
prismatic sight). 

Spiegeltelegraph m heliograph, helio- 
trope (Sig C). 

Spiegelvisier n mirror sight. 

Spiel n backlash, clearance, play 
(Mech); game. 

Spielmann m bandsman ( pi Spiel- 
leute). 

Spielraum m clearance, backlash. 
SpieB m "top sergeant," "top kick." 
Spill n winch. 

Spindel / gear shaft ( elevating 
mechanism); spindle, pinion, man- 
dril. 

Spindellenkung / cam and lever 

steering system (MT). 
Spinne / multiple road junction; 

spider. 
Spion m spy. 
Spionage / espionage. 
Spionageabwehr / counterespionage. 
Spiralbohrer m twist drill. 
Spiralfeder / spiral spring, helical 

spring. 

Spiralfederausgleicher m spiral- 
spring equilibrator (AA gun). 
spitz pointed. 

Spitze / point, advance guard point 
(Tac); tip, peak, head. 

Spitzengruppe / point squad; ad- 
vance element (Tac). 

Spitzenkompanie / advance party ( in 
Adv Gd of large unit). 

Spitzenpanzer m leading tank. 

Spitzenwagen m leading car, "point" 
car (MT). 

Spitzenzug m advance platoon ( Armd 
Comd). 

spitzer Winkel acute angle. 
SpitzgeschoB n pointed bullet. 
SpitzgeschoB mit Stahlkern pointed 

steel-core armor-piercing bullet. 
SpitzhaGke / pickax. 
SpleiBung / splice. 
Splint m cotter pin, pin. 
Splissung / splice. 
Splitter in splinter, fragment. 
Splitterbombe / fragmentation bomb, 

antipersonnel bomb. 
Splitterdichte / density of fragments 

(number of shell fragments per unit 

area). 



Splittergraben m slit trench, trench 
shelter. 

Splittergranate / fragmentation shell. 
Splitterring m fragmentation ring 

(fits over casing of the Stielhand- 

granate). 

Splitterschutz m splinterproof protec- 
tion (Ft). 

Splitterschutzbrille / protective 
goggles. 

splittersicher splinterproof. 

splittersichere Deckung splinterproof 
cover. 

splittersicherer Unterstand splinter- 
proof shelter. 

Splitterwirkung / fragmentation, 
spray effect (Am). 

Spornra tail skid (Ap); trail spade 
(G); spike (MG tripod); spur 
( Cav) ; gaff. 

Spornarm m spade arm ( G). 

Spornblech n spade plate (G). 

Spornkufe/ trail-spade runner (Arty 
operations in deep snow). 

Spornrad n tail wheel (Ap). 

Spornschuh m tail skid (Ap). 

Sporntellerm spike plate (MG tri- 
pod). 

Sportlehrer m athletic instructor. 

Sprachfrequenzband n voice fre- 

quency band (Rad, Tp). 

Sprachrohr n megaphone. 

Sprachiibertragung / voice transmis- 
sion (Rad, Tp). 

Sprechenw voice transmission (Rad, 
Tp). 

Sprechfunk m voice radio. 

Sprechmaschine / phonograph. 

Sprechschleife / loop circuit (Tp). 

Sprechspule/ induction coil (Tp). 

Sprechstelle / telephone station. 

Sprechtaste / push-to-talk switch 
(Rad, Tp). 

Sprechverbindung / telephone com- 
munication, telephone connection, 
telephone circuit. 

Sprechverkehr m telephone traffic. 

Sprechverstandigung / talking range 
(Tp). 

Spreizklappe / split flap (Ap). 
Spreizlafette / split-trail gun car- 
riage. 

Spreizlafettenholme mpl trails ( of 

split-trail carriage). 
Spreizlafettenschwanz m split trail. 
Sprengbombe / demolition bomb, 

high-explosive bomb. 



Sprengbrandbombe 172 



Sprunggelenk 



Sprengbrandbombe / combination in- 
cendiary-demolition bomb. 

Sprengbiichse / explosive block (in 
container) ; demolition block. 

Sprengdienst m demolition service. 

sprengen to blast, blov; up, detonate. 

Sprengfalle / booby trap. 

Sprengfiillung / filler charge (Am). 

Sprenggegenstand m object to be 
blasted or demolished. 

Sprenggerat n demolition equipment. 

SprenggeschoB n explosive projec- 
tile, explosive bullet. 

Sprenggranate / high-explosive shell. 

Sprenggranate-Patrone / high- 
explosive shell (fixed Am). 

Sprenggrube/ blasting pit (Engr). 

Sprenghohe/ height of burst (Gun- 
nery). 

Sprengkabel w firing wire (blasting). 

Sprengkammer / mine chamber 

(blasting). 

Sprengkapsel / detonator (Am); 
blasting cap. 

Sprengkapselrohrchen n detonator 
tube (hand grenade). 

Sprengkapselsicherung / detonator 
safety (fuze). 

Sprengkapselziinder m detonating- 
cord unit with blasting cap and fuze 
lighter. 

Sprengkegelm spray (air burst). 

Sprengkommando n bomb disposal 
unit; demolition party. 

Sprengkbrper m demolition block. 

Sprengkraft / explosive force (Am). 

Sprengladung / demolition charge, 
blasting charge (Engr) ; bursting 
charge (Am); burster (Cml shell). 

Sprengladungsrohre / burster tube. 

Sprengluft / liquid oxygen. 

Sprengmittel n explosive (in pre- 
pared form, as distinguished from 
generic term Sprengstoff ) . 

Sprengmunition 02/ TNT. 

Sprengniete / explosive rivet. 

Sprengol n nitroglycerin, blasting 
oil. 

Sprengo'Ipulver n nitroglycerin pow- 
der. 

Sprengpatrone / blasting cartridge 
(demolitions); explosive bullet. 

Sprengplan m demolition plan. 

Sprengpulver n blasting powder 

(black powder). 



Sprengpunkt m point of burst 

(Gunnery). 

hoher Sprengpunkt air burst, 
mittlerer Sprengpunkt center of 
burst. 

Sprengpunktentfernung / straight 
line from muzzle to point of burst 
(Gunnery). 

Sprengring m retaining ring ( gas 
mask). 

Sprengsalpeter m nitrate explosive. 

Sprengsatz m bursting charge ( Am). 

Sprengstange / charge-placing pole: 

Sprengstelle / point of rupture, 

breaching point; demolition cham- 
ber (Bdg). 

Sprengstoff m explosive. 

Sprengstoffgehalt m amount of burst- 
ing charge (Am). 

Sprengstoffiillung / explosive filler 
(Am). 

Sprengstiick n shell fragment, shell 
splinter. 

sprengtechnisch pertaining to tech- 
nical aspect of demolitions. 

Sprengtrichter m crater, mine crater. 

Sprengtrupp m demolition squad. 

Sprengung / demolition, blasting. 

Sprengweite / horizontal distance 
between point of air burst and theo- 
retical point of impact (Gunnery). 

Sprengwerk n inverted truss; strut- 
braced construction (Engr), 

Sprengwirkung / burst effect (Am). 

Sprengziinder m detonating fuze 
(Am). 

Spreutlage / brushwork revetment. 
Springschreiber m a type of telegraph 
printer. 

Spritzdiise / spray nozzle ( carbure- 
tor). 

Spritzer m • splash. 
Spritzschlauch m spray nozzle. 
Spritzumlaufschmierung / splash 

lubrication (Mtr). 
Spritzweite / range (of a flame 

thrower). 

Spruchm message (Tp, Rad) ; call 
(Tp); sentence, verdict. 

Spriihbiichse / chemical tank for 

spray contamination. 

Spriihpistole / spray gun (lubrica- 
tion). 

Spriihregen m drizzle (Met). 
Sprungm. bound, rush (Tae); jump 

(Prcht); crack, split. . 
Sprunggelenk n hock (horse). 



Sprungkombination 



173 



SS-Pionier-StolBtrupp 



Sprungkombination/ parachute jump 
suit. 

Sprungturm m controlled tower 

(Prcht jump Tng). 
sprungweise by bounds, by rushes, 
sprungweises Vorgehen advance by 

bounds. 

Spulensatzm set of coils, coil unit 
(Rad). 

Spur / trail, path ; scent ( for messen- ■ 
senger dogs); track (of road); gage 
(RR); trace (of a tracer bullet). 

Spiirbiichse / gas-detector set con- 
tainer. 

Spiirfahnchen n gas-detection flag, 
gas-warning flag. 

SpurgeschoB n tracer projectile. 

Spiirhund m tracking dog, blood- 
hound. 

Spiirmittel npl gas-detection equip- 
ment. 

Spiirpapier n gas-detection paper. 
Spiirpulver n gas-detection powder. 
Spurpunkt m caster-angle vertex 

(point at which line through inclined 

kingpin touches road) (MT). 
Spurstange/ tie rod (MT). 
Spurstangenhebel m steering-knuckle 

arm (MT). 
Spurtafel / treadway, duckboard 

(Bdg). 

Spurtafelbriicke / duckboard tread- 
way bridge. 

Spurweite / track, tread (MT); gage 
(RR). 

S.-Rolle / barbed-wire concertina 
(abbr. of Stacheldraht-Eolle). 

SS/ elite guard of the Nazi party 
(originally abbr. of Schutzstaffeln 
but now used as independent term; 
combat units of SS are known as Die 
Waffen-SS, The SS Armed Forces). 

SS-Abschnitt m SS area. See also 
SS-Oberabschnitt. 

SS-Anwarterm candidate for rank 
of ■ SS private. 

SS-Brigade/ SS brigade. 

SS-Brigadeftihrer m SS brigadier 
general. 

SS-Fiihrerw SS officer. 

SS-Gebirgs-Division / SS mountain 
division. 

SS-Grenadier m SS private (Inf). 
SS-Gruppenf iihrer m SS major gen- 
eral. 

SS-Hauptscharf iihrer m SS master 
sergeant. 



SS-Hauptsturmfiihrer m SS captain. 

SS-Heeres-Flakdivision / SS anti- 
aircraft artillery division. 

SS-Junker m SS cadet (officer can- 
didate). 

SS-Junkerschule / SS officer training 
school. 

SS-Kanonier m SS private (Arty). 

SS-Kavallerie / SS cavalry. 

SS-Kradschiitzen-Bataillon n SS mo- 
torcycle battalion. 

SS-Kriegsberichter m SS war corre- 
spondent. 

SS-Legionar m non-German SS man. 

SS-Leibstandarte / SS Bodyguard 
Regiment (formerly Hitler's body- 
guard; increased to approximately 
division strength in 19b3). 

SS-Mann m SS private. 

SS-Nachrichtensturmm SS commu- 
nication company. 

SS-Oberabschnitt m SS region (cor- 
responds in most cases to a Wehr- 
kreis and is composed of 2 or 3 SS- 
Abschnitte, SS areas). 

SS-Oberf iihrer m SS brigadier gen- 
eral (below SS-Brigadef iihrer). 

SS-Obergruppenfiihrer m SS lieuten- 
ant general. 

SS-Oberscharfiihrer m SS first ser- 
geant. 

SS-Oberschiitze m SS private first 
class. 

SS-Oberstgruppenfiihrer m SS gen- 
eral. 

SS-Obersturmbannfiihrer m SS lieu- 
tenant colonel. 

SS-Obersturmfiihrer m SS first lieu- 
tenant. 

SS-Panzergrenadier m SS private 
(Armd Inf). 

SS-Panzergrenadier-Division / S S 
armored infantry division. 

SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment n SS 
armored infantry regiment. 

SS-Panzerkorps n SS armored corps. 
See also Germanisches SS-Panzer- 
korps. 

SS-Panzerjager-Abteilung / SS anti- 
tank battalion. 

SS-Panzerschiitze m SS private in 
armored unit. 

SS-Pionierm SS engineer. 

SS-Pionierbataillon n SS engineer 
battalion. 

SS-Pionier-StoBtrupp m SS engineer 
assault detachment. 



SS-PK.-Kriegsberichter 174 



Staffelkeil 



SS-PK.-KriegsbericJiter m SS propa- 
ganda-company war correspondent. 

SS-Polizei-Bataillon n SS police bat- 
talion. 

SS-Polizei- Division / SS police divi- 
sion. 

SS-Reiterei/ SS horse cavalry. 
SS-Rottenfiihrer m SS corporal. 
SS-Scharf iihrer m SS staff sergeant. 
SS-Schiitzem SS private, SS rifle- 
man. 

SS-Sicherheitsdienst m SS security 
service. 

SS-Standarte / SS regiment. 
SS-Standartenfiihrer m SS colonel. 
SS-Standartenjunker m a graduate 

from SS-Junkerschule. 
SS-Sturmbannfiihrer m SS major. 
SS-Sturmmann m ' SS private first 

class. 

S-Stellung / dummy position ( abbr. 

of Scheinstellung) . 
SS-Totenkopf-Verbiinde mpl SS 

"Death's Head" units (primarily 

used as concentration camp guards 

and for terrorizing missions). 
SS-Unterscharf iihrer m SS sergeant. 
SS-Untersturmfuhrer m SS second 

lieutenant. 
Staat m state, country, power. 
Staatsangehorigkeit / nationality, 

citizenship. 
Staatsbesitz m government property. 
Staatsburger m citizen. 
Staatspolizei / See Geheime Staats- 

polizei. 

Stab m staff ; headquarters ; head- 
quarters personnel; bar, rod. 

Stabantenne/ rod antenna, "buggy- 
whip" antenna (Rad). 

Stabbrandbombe / stick-type incen- 
diary bomb. 

Stabchenpulver n cord powder, strip 
powder (Am). 

Stabilisierungsflache / stabilizing 
surface (Ap). 

Stabilisierungsfliigel m fin (bomb). 

Stabilisierungswulst m stabilizer lobe 
(Bin). 

Stabilitat / stability. 

Stabo/ See Stachelbombe. 

Stabsapotheker m pharmacist official 
(ranking as captain). 

Stabsarzt m captain (Med). 

Stabsbatterie / headquarters battery 
(Arty). 

Stabsbef ehl m staff order. 



Stabschefm chief of staff. 

Stabsfeldwebel m master sergeant, 
regimental sergeant major. 

Stabsgef reiter m staff lance corporal 
(no US equivalent). 

Stabshelferin / woman clerk aux- 
iliary. 

Stabs-Kette / headquarters flight 
(three planes). 

Stabskompanie / headquarters com- 
pany. 

Stabskraf twagen m staff car. 

Stabsoffizier m field officer ( officer of 
field grade); staff officer (Nav). 

Stabsordonnanz / headquarters or- 
derly. 

Stabsquartier n headquarters ; offi- 
cers' quarters. 

Stabsschiedsrichter m umpire at 

headquarters of a unit (maneuvers). 

Stabsschreiber m headquarters clerk. 

Stabsveterinar m captain (Vet). 

Stabswache / headquarters guard. 

Stabswachtmeister m master ser- 
geant, regimental sergeant major 
(Arty, Cav). 

Stabszahlmeister m paymaster official 
(ranking as captain). 

Stachelbombe / bomb with nose spike. 

Stacheldraht m barbed wire. 

Stacheldrahthindernis n barbed-wire 
obstacle. 

Stacheldrahtverhau m barbed-wire 
entanglement. 

Stacheldrahtzaun m double-apron en- 
tanglement (Ft). 

Stadtkommandantur m garrison, 
post, or station headquarters in a 
city or large town; military govern- 
ment headquarters in a city or large 
town. 

Stafetten fpl relay messengers. 

Staffel / echelon (Tac, Adm); squa- 
dron (9 to 12 planes); section (Arty, 
Cav, supply). 

Staffelform/ squadron formation 
(Avn). 

Staffelfront / squadron line of flight 

wedges (Avn). 
Staffelf iihrer m echelon commander; 

squadron commander ( Avn) ; section 

leader or commander (Arty, Cav, 

supply). 

Staffelkapitan m squadron comman- 
der (Avn). 

Staffelkeil m squadron wedge forma- 
tion of flight wedges (Avn). 



Staffelkolonne 



175 



Stangenbild 



Staffelkolonne / squadron javelin 

formation (Avn). 
Staffellinie / squadron line formation 

(Avn). 

Staffeltrupp m section personnel 

(Cav heavy MG section). 
Staffelung / echelonment ; stagger 

(Ap wings); gun displacement 
' (Arty). 

Staffelverband m squadron forma- 
tion (Avn). 

staffelweise in echelon, by echelon. 

Staffelwinkel m squadron V-forma- 
tion (Avn). 

Stahl m steel. 

Stahlblech n sheet steel. 

Stahlbriicke / steel bridge. 

Stahldrahtbekloppelung / steel wire 
armor (armored cable). 

Stahlfederring m lockwasher. 

Stahlflasche / steel flask, steel cylin- 
der, steel tank. 

Stahl f utter % steel bushing (breech- 
block wedge). ' 

Stahlgurtm metallic link belt (MG). 

Stahlhelm m steel helmet. 

Stahligel m steel hedgehog antitank 
obstacle. 

StahlkerngeschoB n steel-core bullet, 

armor-piercing bullet. 
Stahllegierung / steel alloy. 
StahlmeBband n steel measuring 

tape. 

Stahlplatte / steel plate. 
Stahlrohre / metal tube (Rad). 
Stahlschwelle / steel plank (Engr); 

steel tie (RB). 
Stahlspurbahn / steel treadway 

(Engr). 

StahlstraBe / steel landing strip. 
Staken n punting (with punt pole). 
Stalag n See Stammlager. 
Stall m stable. 

Stallhalfter / halter headstall (har- 
ness). 

Stammannschaft / cadre personnel. 

Stammeinheit / parent unit. 

Stammkompanie / cadre company 
(for replacements). 

Stammlager n permanent prisoner- 
of-war camp for NCO's and privates, 
base camp for prisoner-of-war labor 
detachments (abbr. Stalag). 

Stammleitung / trlunk line, trunk 
circuit (Tp). 

Stammrolle / personnel roster. 



Stammtafel / record sheet showing 
the formations to which a unit has 
belonged. 

Stammtruppe / cadre. 

Stammtruppenteil m parent unit. 

Stampf winkel m angle of pitch (Ap) . 

Stand ra status, state, occupation; 
position, station (of crew members) 
(Ap, Tk, Nav); gun position. 

Standarte/ standard; guidon (Arty, 
Cav, Armd Comd). See also SS- 
Standarte. 

Standartenfiihrer m See SS-Stan- 
dartenf iihrer. 

Standartentrager m guidon (Pers). 

Stander m pennant. 

Stander m bracket, mount, support, 
stand, pedestal. 

Standgericht n summary court-mar- 
tial. 

standig constant, fixed, 
standige Befestigung permanent for- 
tification. 

standige Belastung basic load (A vn). 

Standlinie / base line ( Surv) ; line 
of position (Navigation). 

Standmotor m upright engine. 

Standort m post, garrison, station ; 
position (Surv, Navigation). 
gekoppelter Standort dead-reckon- 
ing position (Air Navigation). 

StandortSltester m garrison, post, or 
station commander. 

Standortarzt m station surgeon. 

Standortkommandantur / garrison, 
post, or station headquarters. 

Standortlazarett n post hospital, sta- 
tion hospital. 

Standortlohnstelle / army post pay 
office. 

Standortmeldung / position report 

(Air Navigation). 
Standort-Pferdelazarett n veterinary 

station hospital. 
Standortwachdienst m interior guard 

duty. 

Standrecht n martial law. 
Standsack m hand-grenade bag. 
Standsicherheit / stability ; steadiness 

( of mobile gun mount, vehicle, etc.). 
Standvisiern battle sight (R). 
Stange/ pole, post, pillar, bar, rod, 

spar. 

Stangenbau m line construction on 

poles (Tp). 
Stangenbild n pole-location diagram 

(Tp). 



Stangenbock 



176 



Steigriemen 



Stangenbockm spar trestle (Bdg). 
Stangenhandpferd n off horse of 

wheel team. 
Stangenpferde npl wheel team. 
Stangenvisier n pillar-type rear sight 

(MG). 

Stangenvisiereinrichtung/ MG sights 
(blade front sight and pillar-type 
rear sight). 

Stanze / die ( for stamping or punch- 
ing). 

Stapel m pile (regular heap) ; dump; 
crib (Bdg); launching cradle. 

Stapellauf m launching (Nav). 

Starke / strength. 

Starkebestand m actual strength. 

Starkenachweisung / table of organ- 
ization; strength return, strength 
report. 

Starkstrom m high voltage ( cur- 
rent). 

Starkstromleitung / power line 

(Elec). 

Starkstromsperre / electrified ob- 
stacle, high-tension obstacle. 

starr stiff, fixed, rigid. 

starre Kanone fixed gun (Ap). 

starres Luftschiff rigid airship. 

starres Maschinengewehr fixed ma- 
chine gun. 

Start m take-off (Avn); take-off 
point (Adrm). 

Startbahn / runway. 

Startbereitschaft / ground alert 

( Avn). 

Startdruck m propeller thrust at 

take-off (Avn). 
starten to start, to take off. 
Starterbatterie / starter battery 

(MT). 

Starterklappe / choke (Mtr). 

Startflagge f starter flag (Avn). 

Startkatapult m catapult (Avn). 

startklar ready for take-off (Avn). 

Startlange / take-off distance ( Avn). 

Startleistung / power output of en- 
gine at take-off (Avn). 

Startschiene / track ( catapult). 

Startseil n towline (glider). 

Startstelle/ take-off point (Adrm). 

Startvorrichtung / launching device 
(Avn); starting device (Mtr). 

Startzone / take-off zone (Adrm). 

statische Berechnung stress analysis. 

Stativ n tripod, stand. 

Statoskop n rate-of -climb indicator, 
climb-and-dive indicator (Ap). 



Staum indicated air speed (Avn). 
Stauanlage / dam. 
Staub m dust. 

Staubdeckel m dust cover (Ord). 

Staubchen n cloud particle, dust par- 
ticle. ( CWS). 

Staubmaske / respirator, dust-filter- 
ing mask. 

Staubschutzdeckel m dust cover 
(Ord). 

Staubschutzgerat n respirator. 

Staubschutzmaske / See Staubmaske. 

Stauchlafette / telescopic carriage, 
retractable gun mount. 

Staudamm m storage dam, 

Staudruck m dynamic pressure, ve- 
locity pressure. 

Staudruckfahrtmesser m pitot tube. 

stauen to stow; to dam up. 

Stauer m stevedore. 

Staufliiche / area of dammed water. 

Stauhohe / height of upstream water. 

Stausee m reservoir. 

Stauwehr n weir. 

Stecher m hair trigger (SA). 

Stechruder n paddle. 

Stechschritt m goose step. 

Stechzirkel m dividers. 

Steckdose / jack, receptacle, socket. 

Stecker m plug (Elec). 

Steckerstift m plug prong (Elec). 

Steckmast m sectional antenna mast. 

Stecknadel / pin, plain pin. 

Steckschliissel m socket wrench; 
ignition key. 

Steg m footbridge, footpath; Web 
( of girder, eta.). 

Stegblech n web (of girder, etc.). 

stehender Spahtrupp stationary 
patrol. 

stehendes Heer standing army. 

stehendes Ziel stationary target. 

steifer Wind high wind. 

Steigbb / ascending gust (Met). 

Steigbiigel m stirrup. 

Steigeisen npl ice creepers; climbers 

(Sig C). 
steigen to climb. 

Steigerung / intensification, increase. 
Steigfahigkeit / grade-ascending 

ability (vehicles); climbing ability 

(Ap). 

Steigflug m climb (Avn). 
Steighohe / height of rise (ground 

signal); altitude, ceiling (Ap). 
Steigleistung / rate of climb (Avn). 
Steigriemen m stirrup strap. 



Steigung 



177 



Steuerstrich 



Steigung / gradient, grade, slope; 
pitch (Mech.) 

Steigungswinkel m blade angle ( -pro- 
peller); gradient angle. 

Steigvermiigen n climbing ability 
(Ap). 

Steigzeit / rate of climb (Ap). 
steil steep. 

Steilfeuer n high-angle fire. 
Steilfeuergeschiitz n high-angle gun. 
Steilfeuerwaffe / high-angle weapon. 
Steilhang m steep slope, steep grade. 
Steilheit / steepness; transconduc- 

tance, mutual conductance (Bad). 
Steilkurve / steep banked turn 

(Avn). 
Steinbruch m quarry. 
Steinflachs m asbestos. 
Steinkohle / anthracite coal. 
Steinschlag m broken stone, rubble; 

rock slide. 
Steinschotter m road metal, broken 

stone. 

Stellbecher m mouth of fuze setter. 
Stelle / point, post, site, station. 
Stellmarke / index, micrometer index 
( Optics). 

Stellmutter / lock nut, regulating 
nut, adjusting nut. 

Stellring m adjusting ring (fuze). 

Stellschliissel m fuze wrench; ad- 
justing wrench. 

Stellschraube / set screw, regulating 
screw, adjusting screw. 

Stellung / position, emplacement. 

Stellungnahme / commentary (Tac); 
expression of opinion. 

Stellungsabschnitt m sector of occu- 
pied position. 

Stellungsbau m construction of field 
fortifications. 

Stellungskampf m position warfare, 
combat from fortified positions. 

Stellungskrieg m war of position, 
position warfare. 

StellungsmeBblatt n battery survey 
chart. 

Stellungsunterschied m perpendicular 
distance between two parallel lines 
of sight (such as that between the 
line: base point — aiming circle and 
the line parallel to it running 
through the base piece). 

Stellungswechsel m change of posi- 
tion (Tac); gun displacement 
(Arty). 

stellvertretend acting, deputy (adj). 



Stellvertretender Chef des General- 
stabes Deputy Chief of Staff. 

stellvertretender Fiihrer second-in- 
command. 

Stellvertreter m deputy; substitute. 

Stellwerk n switch tower, switch 
control room (RR). 

Stempel m stamp, seal; punch 
(Tech). 

Stempelkissen n stamp pad. 

Stempelplatte / inspection-mark 
plate (R). 

Sterbegeld n gratuity upon death. 

Sternbild n constellation. 

Sternbiindel n star cluster (signal). 

Sternmotor m radial engine. 

Sternplatte / multiple-connection 
plate (stadia rod). 

Sternschaltung / Y-connection (Elec). 

Sternsignal n signal flare. 

Sternverkehr m "star" traffic (radio 
net traffic in which several stations 
communicate only one at a time 
with the net control station, the 
other stations listening in). 

Sternwarte / observatory. 

stetig constant, steady, uniform, 
continuous. 

Steuer n control, steering wheel. 

Steuer / tax. 

Steuerbord m starboard. 

Steuerflache / control surface (Ap) ; 
stabilizing fin (Mort shell). 

Steuerfliigel m stabilizing fin (bomb). 

Steuergitter n control grid (Rad 
tube). 

Steuerhebel m elevator control lever 
(Ap). 

Steuerkniippel m control stick (Ap). 
SteuerkompaB m steering compass. 
Steuerkurs m heading (Air Naviga- 
tion). 

steuern steer, control. 
Steuerorgane npl controls (Ap). 
Steuerrad n control wheel (Ap); 

steering wheel (MT); timing gear 

(Mtr). 

Steuerrohre / master oscillator tube 
(Rad). 

Steuerruder n rudder (ship). 
Steuersack m rudder lobe (Bin). 
Steuersaule / control column (Ap); 

steering column (MT). 
Steuersender m master oscillator 

(Rad). 

Steuerstrich m lubber line (Ap com- 
pass). 



Steuerstufe 



178 



Storungssucher 



Steuerstufe / master oscillator stage 
(Rad). 

Steuerung / controls (Ap); timing, 
synchronization ( Mtr) ; steering 
system (MT). 

Steuerwelle / control shaft (Ap); 
camshaft (Mtr). 

Steven m stem or stern (Nav). 

Stich m thrust, stab; stitch; bite, 
sting; hitch, knot. 

Sticheisen n cutting spade (Engr). 

Stichgleis n firing spur (RR Arty). 

Stichprobe / sample taken at ran- 
dom. 

Stichwaffe / thrusting weapon. 
Stichwort n cue; catchword; code 
word. 

Sticjizahler m tachometer (Ap). 

Stickstoff m nitrogen. 

Stickstofflost n nitrogen mustard gas. 

Stiefel m boot. 

Stiefelschaft m leg of boot. 

Stiel m strut (Ap); spar, compres- 
sion member (Bdg); handle, holder; 
stick. 

Stielgranate / See Stielhandgranate. 
Stielhandgranate / stick hand gre- 
nade, "potato-masher" hand grenade. 
Stift m brad, holder, pin, prong, peg, 

"Stillgesessen !" "Attention ! " 

(mounted drill). 

"Stillgestanden!' "Attention!" (dis- 
mounted drill). 

Stimmung / morale, mood, atmo- 
sphere. 

Stirn / forehead. 

Stirnangriff m frontal attack. 

Stirnansicht / bow-on view (Tk); 
front view. 

Stirnband n forehead strap (gas 
mask). 

Stirnflache / frontal area. 

Stirnpanzer m front armor. 

Stirnrad n spur gear. 

Stirnriemen m brow band (harness). 

StirnschattenriB m bow-on silhou- 
ette (practice target). 

Stirnseite / front (Tk). 

Stirnwiderstand m head resistance. 

Stirnwind m headwind. 

Stock m cleaning rod (R); stick, 
baton, picket, pole; floor, story. 

Stockmine / antipersonnel picket- 
type mine ; stake mine ( concrete 
antipersonnel mine). 

Stockung / block, jam, stoppage. 



Stoff m fabric, material, substance. 
Stoffbahn / panel, canopy (Prcht). 
Stoffbespannung / fabric covering 
(Ap). 

Stoffgliederung / classification of 

equipment. 
Stoffgurt m web belt. 
Stollen m tunnel (Engr). 
Stolperdraht m trip wire. 
Stolperdrahtfeld n field of trip-wire 

obstacles. 

Stolperdrahthindernis n trip-wire 

entanglement. 
Stolperdrahtmine / trip-wire mine, 
stolpern to trip. 

Stopfbiichse / gland; stuffing box 
(Mech). 

"Stopfen!" "Suspend firing!" See 

also "Feuerpause !" 
stoppen to stop; to time with a stop 

watch. 

Stoppuhr / time interval recorder, 
stop watch. 

Stopp- und SchluBlicht n stop and 
taillight (MT). 

Stoppzeit / time interval, time dif- 
ference, time lag (FR); sound travel 
time (SR). 

Stopsel m plug (Tp); stopper. 

stopseln to plug in (Rad, Tp). 

Storangriff m nuisance raid. 

Storch m a German liaison airplane. 

Storchschnabel m pantograph. 

Storeinsatz m nuisance raid (Avn). 

storen harass (Tac); jam, interfere 
(Rad). 

Storflieger m nuisance raider, sneak 
raider (Avn). 

Storflug m nuisance raid (Avn). 

Storflugzeug n nuisance raider ( Ap). 

Storfrequenz / interfering fre- 

quency, undesired frequency (Rad). 

Stbrfunkstelle / jamming station 
(Rad). 

Storgerausch n static, interference 
(Rad). 

Storschutz m radio noise suppressor. 
Storstelle / See Storfunkstelle. 
Storung / disturbance, annoyance; 

interference, static, jammingf-Raci); 

stoppage (MG); breakdown. 
Storungsdienst m trouble-shooting 

service, maintenance service. 
Storungsfeuer n harassing fire ( Arty). 
Storungsflug m nuisance raid. 
Storungssucher m trouble shooter, 

maintenance man (Tp). 



Storungssuchtrupp 



179 



Stratege 



Storungssuchtrupp m wire patrol 

(field Tp). 
StoB m thrust, lunge, shock, kick, 

blow, push; burst (MG fire). 
StoBarmee / main-attack army.' 
StoBbalken m abutment beam (Bdg). 
StoBboden m breechblock (Ord); 

diaphragm (shrapnel). 
StoBbohle / end dam (Bdg). 
StoBdampfer m shock absorber 

(MT). 

StSBel m valve lifter (Mtr); ram- 
mer (fuze). 

StSBelfiihrung f valve-lifter guide 
(Mtr). 

StoBelschraube / valve-lifter ad- 
justing nut (Mtr). 

stoBempfindlich sensitive to shock 
( explosives). 

stoBen to push, thrust, lunge, strike. 

StoBfanger m bumper (MT). 

StoBkappenmine / contact mine 
(Nav). 

StoBkeil m spearhead (Tac). 
StoBkraft / shock power, striking 
power. 

StoBlinie / thrust line, line of attack 
(Tac). 

StoBmine / contact mine (Nav). 
StoBrad n shock-absorber wheel 
(Tk). 

StoBreserve / local supports in 
assault (Tac). 

StoBscheibe / diaphragm ( shrap- 
nel) ; lock washer (for wheel bear- 
ing). 

stoBsicher insensitive to shock ( ex- 
plosives). 

StoBstange / push rod; bumper. 

StoBtrupp m combat patrol, assault 
detachment. 

StoBtruppen fpl shock troops, 

assault troops. 

StoBtruppspioniere mpl assault en- 
gineers. 

StoBtruppunternehmung / raid 
(Tac). 

StoBwaffe / thrusting weapon. 
stoBweises Feuer intermittent fire, 

interrupted fire, fire by bursts or 

volleys. 

StoBziindung / contact fire (Nav). 
Strafbuch n punishment book. 
Strafdienst m extra duty. 
Strafe / punishment. 
Straffeuer n retaliation fire. 



Strahl m ray, beam ( of light, etc.) ; 
jet, squirt (of a liquid, etc.); frog 
( of hoof). 

Strahldrehung / rotation of the slip- 
stream (propeller). 

Strahlenzieher m protractor. 

Strahlung / radiation. 

Strahlungsablenkung / radio wave 
deflection. 

Strand m beach, shore. 

Strang m strand, rope, strap. 

Stranglaufe / lazy strap (harness). 

Strangtrager m See Stranglaufe. 

StraBe / street, road, highway, 
route. 

StraBenbaubataillon n road-con- 
struction battalion. 

StraBenbaudienst m road-construc- 
tion and maintenance service. 

StraBenbiegung / road curve, road 
bend. 

StraBendamm m causeway, em- 
banked road. 

StraBendecke f road surface. 

StraBendisziplin / road discipline. 

StraBendreieck n triangular road 
junction. 

StraBeneinmiindung / side road 
joining main highway. 

StraBen-Entgiftungsabteilung / road 
decontamination battalion. 

StraBengabel / road fork. 

straBengangig roadbound. 

StraBengraben m road ditch. 

StraBenkampf m street fighting. 

StraBenknie n V-turn (road). 

StraBenknotenpunkt m road inter- 
section, road junction, road center. 

StraBenkommandant m traffic con- 
trol officer. 

StraBenkommandantur / area road 
traffic control headquarters. 

StraBenkreuzung / crossroads, in- 
tersection. 

StraBennetz n road net. 

StraBensperre / road block. 

StraBenspinne / multiple road junc- 
tion. 

StraBensprengung / road demolition. 
StraBenstreife / street patrol. 
StraBeniiberfiihrung / overpass. 
StraBenunterfuhrung / underpass. 
StraBenverhaltnisse npl road con- 
ditions. 

StraBenwalze / road roller. 
StraBenzucht / road discipline. 
Stratege m strategist. 



Strategic 



180 Stromsicherungsbataillon 



Strategie / strategy, 
strategisch strategic, 
strategische Einheit large unit 

(USA: Div and up; Ger: corps and 

up). 

strategischer Riickzug strategic 

withdrawal. 
Strauch m bush, shrub. 
Strauchbiindel n fascine. 
Strauchdamm m fascine road, brush 

road. 

Strauchmaske / shrubbery screen, 
brushwood screen (Cam). 

Strauchpackung / See Strauchwerk. 

Strauchwerk n brusliwork. 

Strauchwerkbekleidung / fascine re- 
vetment. 

Strebe / diagonal strut ( Ap) ; brace, 

tension member (Bdg). 
Streckbalken m stringer (Bdg). 
Strecke / span, bay, taction (Bdg); 

stretch, length, distance ; leg (of a 

route). 

Streckenfeuer n course light, airway 
beacon. 

Streckenzug m traverse (Surv). 
Streich m cut, slash; coup; blow; 
' trick. 

streichen cross out, strike out, elimi- 
nate; strike (a flag); to back water. 

Streichholz n match. 

Streifabteilung / raiding party. 

Streife / patrol, raiding party; 
guard sentinel (guard duty). 

Streifen m band, strip, belt, sector. 

streifen to patrol, reconnoiter; to 
graze. 

Streifenplan m diagram of patrol 
posts. 

Streifenweg m patrol post. 

Streifkommando n raiding party. 

streitig machen to contest. 

Streubrandbombe / scatter bomb. 

streuen to cover with zone fire 
( Arty) ; to cover with searching and 
traversing fire (MG); to strew, scat- 
ter; to be erratic, to have dispersion 
(G). 

Streufeuer n zone fire (Arty); 

searching and traversing fire (MG). 
Streukegel m sheaf of fire, cone of 

dispersion, cone of fire. 
Streiimine / uncontrolled mine; stray 

mine (not laid according to regular 

pattern). 

StreuschieBen n zone fire (Gun- 
nery). 



Streutrommel f sprinkler drum or 
cart (for ground decontamination). 

Streuung / dispersion (Ballistics). 

Streuungsbereich m zone of disper- 
sion (Ballistics). 

Streuungsbild n dispersion diagram 
(Ballistics). 

Streuungsfeuer n See Streufeuer. 

Streuungsflache / dispersion area 
(Ballistics). 

Streuungsgarbe / See Streukegel. 

Strich m artillery mil; stroke, line; 
dash (Tg); point (of compass); 
graduation, index line. 

Stricheinteilung / graduation (spe- 
cifically, mil graduation). 

Strichfeuer n grazing fire (MG). 

StrichmaB n marking gage. 

Strichplatte / graduated range plate 
(MG mount); reticle (Optics). 

Strick m rope, cord. 

Strickjacke / knitted sweater (Clo). 

Strickleiter / rope ladder. 

Striegel m currycomb. 

Stroboskop n stroboscope; protecto- 
scope (based on stroboscope princi- 
ple) (Tk). 

Stroh n straw. 

Strohpuppe / dummy (Tng). 

Strom m current (Elec); stream, 
river. 

Stromaggregat n generating unit. 
Stromanker m upstream anchor 
(Bdg). 

Stromaufnahme / current draw 
(Elec). 

Strombord m offshore side. 
Stro-merzeuger m generator (Elec). 
Strcmfahrzeug n river craft (Pon, 

assault boat, etc.). 
StromfluB m current flow (Elec). 
Stromform / See Stromlinienform. 
Stromgeschwindigkeit / speed of 

current. 
Stromkreis to circuit (Elec). 
Stromleine / upstream tension line 

(Bdg). 

Stromlinienform / streamline shape. 
Strommesser m ammeter. 
StrommeBgerat n current measuring 

instrument (Elec). 
Stromquelle / source of current 

(Elec); power source (Rad). 
Stromschiene / live rail, third rail 

(RR); bus bar (Elec). 
Stromsicherungsbataillon n electric 

cable maintenance battalion. 



Stromstarke 



181 



Sturzflugbremse 



Stromstarke / amperage. 

StromstoB m current impulse, cur- 
rent surge (Elec). 

Stromstrich m course of current 
(line joining -points of greatest sur- 
face speed of a river current). 

Stromung / current, flow. 

Stromungslehre / fluid mechanics. 

Stromunterbrecher m circuit breaker 
(Elec). 

Stromverbraucher m outlet, current 
consumer (Elec). 

Stromzufuhr / current supply, power 
supply (Elec). 

Strumpf m stocking. 

Stubenaltester m barracks leader, 
squad-room leader. 

Stubenarrest m arrest in quarters. 

Stufe / stage, step; muzzle-velocity 
correction value (Ballistics). 

Stufeneinheit / See Grundstufe. 

Stufenfallschirm m lobe parachute. 

Stufenformation / stepped-up (or 
stepped-down) formation (Avn). 

Stufenlader m multistage super- 
charger. 

Stufensender m multistage trans- 
mitter. 

Stufung / step-up ( -down) distance, 
staggering, stagger distance (for- 
mation flying). 

Stuhl m chair; excrement, feces. 

Stuka n dive bomber (abbr. of 
Sturzkampf flugzeug) . 

Stukaangriff m dive-bombing attack. 

Stukabremse / diving brake (Ap). 

Stukaflieger m dive-bomber pilot. 

Stumpf m stump. 

stumpf adj blunt, dull; worn out; 
obtuse. 

stumpfer Winkel obtuse angle. 

Stundenwinkel m hour angle. 

Sturm m assault, onrush, onslaught; 
storm; an SS company. 

Sturmabteilung / storm trooper de- 
tachment of Nazi party (abbr. SA). 

Siurmabteilungsmann m storm 
trooper. 

Sturmabzeichen n assault badge 
( decoration). 

Sturmangriff m assault, onrush, on- 
slaught. 

Sturmartillerie / assault artillery. 
Sturmausgangsstellung ' / assault 

position, jump-off position. 
Sturmbann m SS or SA battalion. 



Sturmbannfiihrer m See SS-Sturm- 
bannfiihrer. 

Sturmbataillon n assault battalion, 
shock battalion. 

Sturmbcot n assault boat. 

Sturmbootkommando n assault boat 
detachment. 

Sturmdivision / assault division 
(honorary title for division with re- 
duced Inf Pers and heavy firepower). 

stiirmen to assault, storm, rush. 

Sturmgasse / assault gap ( through 
obstacles). 

Sturmgepack n light equipment car- 
ried in assault ( as distinguished 
from field pack). 

Sturmgeschiitz n assault gun (self- 
propelled). 

Sturmgeschiitzabteilung / assault- 
gun battalion. 

Sturmgeschutzbatterie / assault-gun 
battery. 

Sturmgeschiitzfiihrer m assault-gun 
commander. 

Sturmhaubitze / assault howitzer 
(self-propelled). 

Sturmkanone / assault gun (self- 
propelled). 

Sturmleiter / scaling ladder. 

Sturmliicke / assault gap. 

Sturmpanzer m assault tank. 

Sturmpionier m combat engineer. 

Sturmregiment n airborne assault 
regiment. ' 

Sturmreifmachung / "softening up" 
(by bombing or Arty fire). 

SturmreifschieBen n artillery prep- 
aration, "softening up." 

Sturmriemen m chin strap (head- 
gear). 

Sturmschritt m fast run. 
Sturmtrupp m assault detachment. 
Sturmwelle / assault wave (Tac). 
Sturmwind m gale. 
Sturz m plunge, dive, fall; camber, 

caster (MT). 
Sturzangriff m diving attack (Avn). 
Sturzbett n streambed at downstream 

base of dam. 
Sturzbomben n dive bombing, 
sturzen to dive, crash, plunge; to 

rush, assault; to fall. 
Sturzflug m dive. 

Sturzflug-Automatik / automatic 

dive control (Ap). 
Sturzflugbremse / diving brake (Ap). 



Sturzflug 



182 taktische Feuerbegriffe 



Sturzflug mit Endgeschwindigkeit 

terminal velocity dive (Avn). 
Sturzgeschwindigkeit / diving speed 
(Ap). 

Sturzhelm m crash helmet. 
Sturzkampfflieger m dive-bomber 

pilot. , 
Sturzkampfflugzeug n dive bomber 

(abbr. Stuka). 
Sturzkampfgeschwader n wing of 

dive bombers (Avn). 
Sturzsirene / dive siren (dive 

bomber). 

Sturzspirale / spiral dive (Avn). 
Sturzvisier n dive-bombing sight 
(Avn). 

Sturzwehr n spillway weir. 

Sturzwinkel m angle of dive, diving 
angle (Avn). 

Stiitze / support, prop. 

Stiitzflosse / inboard stabilizing float 
( seaplane). 

Stiitzpunkt to organized tactical lo- 
cality, strong point; base; point of 
support (structures). 

Stiitzpunktschiff n aircraft tender. 

Stiitzrolle / track-supporting roller 
(Tk). 



Stiitzschwimmer to fixed wing float 

(flying boat). 
Stiitzweite / span between supports 

(Bdg). 

Stuvi n dive-bombing sight (abbr. 
for Sturzvisier). 
Suchanker m grapnel, 
suchen to search. 

Sucher to spotlight (MT); view 
finder (Optics). 

Sucherde / ground detector for tel- 
ephone interception. 

Sucherfernrohr n finder telescope 
(height finder). 

Suchgeratsempfanger m search re- 
ceiver (Ap, Rad). 

Siiden to south. 

Summer m buzzer. 

Summeranruf to buzzer signal (Tp). 

Summerknopf to buzzer button (Tp). 

Summerzusatz to buzzer set (Tp). 

Sumpf to marsh, swamp, bog. 

Sumpffieber n malaria. 

Synchrongetriebe n synchro-mesh 
transmission (MT). 

Synchronisator to impulse generator 
mechanism (Ap), 



f abelle / chart. 

Tabellenzeichner m cartographer. 

Tachodynamo to generator voltmeter 
tachometer (AA gun). 

Tachograph to speedometer com- 
bined with odometer (MT). 

Tafel / table; list; chart, diagram; 
blackboard. 

Tagebuch n log book', diary, journal. 

Tagegeld n per diem allowance. 

Tagesanbruch m daybreak. 

Tagesangriff m daylight attack; day- 
light raid (Avn). 

Tagesbefehl m order of the day; 
special orders. 

Tageseinfliisse mpl ballistic density 
and wind factors. 

Tageskilometerzahler m trip mileage 
odometer ( speedometer) . 

Tageskost / day's rations, food for 
one day. 

Tagesmarsch m day's march. 



T 

Tagesrate / basic load (Am). 

Tagessatz to daily scale or quantity; 
daily ration quantity. 

Tagestiefangriff m daylight low- 
level attack (Avn). 

Tagesverpflegung / daily ration. 

Tagesversorgung / daily automatic 
supply. 

TagesvorstoB to daylight raid, day- 
light thrust or advance. 

Tagesziel n day's objective, day's 
destination; target of the day. 

Tagjagd / daylight pursuit, daylight 

■fighting, daylight interception (Avn). 

Tagmarsch to day march. 

Takt m stroke (Mtr). 

Taktfeuer n blinker light. 

Taktik / tactics. 

Taktiker to tactician. 

taktisch tactical. 

taktische Feuerbegriffe tactical fire 
classification (Arty). 



taktische Unterstutzung 183 



Technisches Amt 



taktische Unterstutzung direct sup- 
port (Aim, Tac). 

taktischer Einsatz tactical employ- 
ment. 

taktischer Verband tactical unit, 
taktisches Hindernis tactical obstacle, 
taktisches Zeichen tactical symbol. 
Tal n valley. 

Talnebel m ground fog (Met). 
Talsperre / dam (large storage dam); 

reservoir. 
Tambourstock m baton. 
Tangens m tangent ( trigonometrical 

function). 
Tangente / tangent (geometry). 
Tank m tank. 

Tankanlagen fpl fuel tank installa- 
tions. 

Tankbiichse / antitank rifle. 

Tankdampfer m tanker (Nav). 

tanken to fuel, refuel, to fill ( a gaso- 
line tank). 

Tankfalle / tank trap. 

Tankgraben m antitank ditch. 

Tankprahm m fuel tender (Nav). 

Tankschiff n tanker (Nav). 

Tankstelle / filling station (MT). 

Tankwagen m tank truck (MT); 
tank car (RR). 

Tapferkeitsmedaille / medal award- 
ed for bravery. 

Tarnanstrich m camouflage painting. 

Tarnausweis m special deceptive iden- 
tification card (carried on missions 
-where capture by the enemy is 
likely). 

Tarndecke / covering, flat-top (Cam). 

Tarndisziplin / camouflage discipline. 

tarnen to camouflage. 

Tarnjacke / camouflage jacket. 

Tarnkappe /' helmet cover (Cam). 

Tarnmittel n camouflage material. 

Tarnnetz n camouflage net, drape; 
apron (G emplacement, Cam). 

Tarnscheinwerfer m blackout driving 
light (MT). 

Tarniiberwachung / camouflage in- 
spection. 

Tarnung / camouflage. 

Tarnungsfarbe / camouflage paint. 

Tarnungsgeflecht n netting (Cam). 

Tarnungstruppe / camouflage troops. 

Tarnzeltbahn / camouflage cape. 

Tasche / bag, pocket, pouch; link 
(of cartridge belt); boot (SA); car- 
rier, case. 

Taschenbehalter m pocket flask. 



Taschenlampe / flashlight. 

Taschenmesser n pocket knife. 

Taschenmunition / small arms am- 
munition in pouches. 

Taste / key (Rad, Tg). 

tasten to key, send by key (Tg, Rad). 

Tastfunk m cw transmission (Rad). 

Tastgerat n keyer (Rad). 

Tastverkehr m cw communication 
(Rad). 

Tatbericht m detailed report, bill of 
particulars. 

Tatigkeit / activity. 

tatsachliche SchuBweite actual range 
( Gunnery). 

Tau n rope, tow rope; trace (har- 
ness). 

Tau m dew. 

Taube / pigeon. 

TaubenschieBen n skeet shooting. 
Taucher m diver (Nav). See also 

Torpedotaucher. 
Tauchgerat n diving apparatus 

(Nav). 

Tauchrohr n spray-nozzle tube ( car- 
buretor). 

tauglich physically fit, able-bodied. 
Taukranz m grommet. 
Taupunkt m dew point. 
Tausch m exchange, 
tauschen deceive. 
Tauschung / deception. 
Tauschungsangriff m feint attack, 
diversion. 

Tauschungsmanover n demonstration, 

feint (Tac). 
Tautrager in lazy strap (harness). 
Techniker m technician, 
technische Dienstzweige technical 

services. 

technische Eignungspriifung mechan- 
ical aptitude test. 

technische Kompanie BT mining com- 
pany (Mil). 

technische Kompanie E electricity 
company (Mil). 

technische Kompanie GW gas and 
water company (Mil). 

Technische Nothilfe Technical Emer- 
gency Corps ( used for Civ defense in 
Z of I and for maintenance, bomb 
disposal, restoration of public utili- 
ties, etc., .in T of Opns and occupied 
territory). 

Technisches Amt Technical Office 
(department of Ger Air Ministry, 



Teer 



184 



tiefgestaffelt 



dealing with research, procurement 

and testing). 
Teer m tar. 
Teich m pond. 

Teileinheit / basic, self -sufficient ele- 
ment of a unit. See also Einheits- 
prinzip. 

teilen to divide. 

Teilgebiet n subarea. 

Teilkreis des Hohenrichttriebs eleva- 
vation circle (G). 

Teilladung / increment, increment 
section (separate-loading Am). 

teilmotorisiert semi-motorized. 

Teilplatte / graduated scale. 

Teilring m azimuth micrometer 
(telescopic sight). 

Teilringanderung / azimuth change 
(telescopic sight). 

Teilringeinstellung / azimuth adjust- 
ment, azimuth setting. 

Teilringzahl / azimuth reading. 

Teilscheibe / graduated scale; inter- 
pupillary-distance scale (binocular) ; 
elevation micrometer ( panoramic 
telescope); graduated disk (plotting 
protractor). 

Teilstrich m mil (Arty); dial divi- 
sion (Rad); scale division (Inst). 

Teilstrichteilung / mil graduation. 

Teiltrommel / micrometer knob ( on 
(panoramic or BG telescope) ; range 
drum. 

Teilung / graduation, scale; division, 
separation. 

Telefunken trade name of German 
company manufacturing electronic 
equipment. 

Telegraphenleitung / telegraph line. 

Telegraphennetz n wire net (Tg). 

Telegraphenstange / telegraph pole. 

Tellermine / antitank mine. 

Tellersaule / float column (AA gun 
outrigger). 

Tellertrudeln n flat spin (Avn). 

Tellerventil n poppet valve (Mtr). 

Temperatureinfliisse mpl elasticity 
effect; temperature factors (Ballis- 
tics). 

Temperatur gradient m temperature 
gradient (Met). 

vertikaler Temperaturgradient lapse 
rate. 

Temperaturmesser m temperature 
gage (Mtr). 

Temperaturschwankung / tempera- 
ture variation. 



Teno / See Technische Nothilfe. 
Termin m dead line. 
Terrorangriff m terror raid (Avn). 
Tetrachlorkohlenstoff m carbon tetra- 
chloride. 

Thermiksegeln n thermal soaring 
(glider). 

Thermitbombe / thermite bomb. 

Thermitladung / thermite charge 
(incendiary bomb). 

Thermokreuzinstrument. n thermo- 
couple meter. 

Thermosyphonkiihlung / gravity- 
system water cooling (Mtr). 

Tief n cyclone, depression (Met). 

Tiefanflug m low-level approach 
(Avn). 

Tiefangriff m low-level attack (Avn). 
Tiefbau m surface construction (Tp 

line) ; subsurface construction 

(Engr). 

Tiefbettfelge / drop-base rim (MT). 
Tiefdecker m low-wing monoplane. 
Tiefe / depth. 

Tief enabstand m distance ( from front 
to rear). 

Tiefenausdehnung / • extension in 
depth (Tac). 

Tiefenfeuer n searching fire (MG). 

Tiefenfeuereinrichtung / searching- 
fire device (MG). 

Tiefenfeuertafel / searching-fire 
table (MG). 

Tiefengliederung / distribution in 
depth, disposition in depth (Tac). 

Tiefenkreuzverspannung / longitudi- 
nal cross bracing (Ap). 

Tiefenlehre / depth micrometer, depth 
gage. 

Tiefenstaffelung / echelonment in 

depth (Tac). 
Tiefenstreuung / range dispersion on 

horizontal target (Ballistics). 
Tiefenverspannung / longitudinal 

cross bracing (Ap). 
Tiefenwinkel m angle of depression 

(Surv). 

Tiefenzone / zone of resistance ( or- 
ganized in depth). 

Tiefflieger m low-flying airplane. 

Tiefflug m low-level flight, hedge- 
hopping (Avn). 

Tiefflugangriff m low-level attack. 

Tiefgang m draught (Nav). 

tiefgegliedert distributed in depth. 

tiefgestaffelt echeloned in depth. 



Tiefladeanhanger 



185 



Tragerand 



Tiefladeanhanger to flatbed trailer, 
tank transporter trailer. 

Tiefladelinie / load line (Nav). 

Tiefseekabel n marine cable. 

TiegelguBstahl m crucible steel. 

Tierarzt m veterinarian. 

Titantetrachlorid n titanium tetra- 
chloride (CWS). 

T-Mine / See Tellermine. 

TochterkompaB m repeater compass 
(Ap). 

todliche Menge killing concentration 
(CWS). 

Toleranz f tolerance (Tech). 
Tolit n trinitrotoluol. 
Tolita n See Tolit. 
Ton m sound; tone (Photo); clay. 
Tonarm m pick-up arm (phonograph). 
tonend icw (marking on Rad set). 
Tonfrequenz / audio frequency (Rad). 
Tonf requenzbereich m audio-frequency 

range (Rad). 
Tonhacke / mattock. 
Tonhohe / pitch (sound). 
tonlos cw (marking on Rad set). 
Tonne / metric ton (=1.102 short 

tons); buoy (Nav); barrel, cask, 

drum. 

Tonnenbriicke / improvised floating 
bridge of barrels or drums. 

Tonnenfahre / barrel raft. 

TonnenfloB n barrel float. 

Tonnenlager n spherical roller bear- 
ing. 

TontaubenschieBen n skeet shooting. 
TontaubenschieBstand m skeet range. 
Tonung / tone (Photo). 
Tonwagen m sound truck (film unit). 
Tonwiedergabe / sound reproduction. 
Topf m pot; container (hand gre- 
nade). 
Tor n large gate. 

Tornister m pack, field pack, knap- 
sack, haversack. 

Tornisterempfanger m portable re- 
ceiver, pack receiver (Rad). 

Tornisterfiltergerat n pack-type water 
purification unit. 

Tornisterfunkgerat n pack radio set, 
portable radio set. 

Tornisterfunktrupp m portable-radio 
section. 

Tornisterklappe / pack flap, 
torpedieren to torpedo. 
Torpedo n torpedo. 
Torpedoabwurf m torpedo release 
(Avn). 



TorpedoausstoBrohr n torpedo tube. 
Tcrpedobootzerstorer to destroyer 
(Nav). 

Torpedofliegcr m torpedo bomber; 

torpedo-bomber pilot. 
Torpedoflugzeug n torpedo bomber. 
Torpedojager m fighter-type torpedo 

bomber (Ap). 
Torpedorohr n torpedo tube. 
Torpedoschnellboot n motor torpedo 

boat. 

Torpedoschutznetz n torpedo defense 
net. 

Torpedotaucher m deep-sea diver 
(Nav). 

Torpedotreffer to torpedo hit. 
Torpedo-Waffenleitvormann m tor- 

pedoman (Nav). 
Torpedowulst m blister (Nav). 
Torpedowurf m torpedo release (Avn). 
Torsionsstab m torsion rod (MT). 
tot dead. 

Totalausfall m total loss, 
totaler Krieg total war. 
tiiten to kill. 

Totenkopfverbande mpl See SS-Toten- 

kopfverbande. 
toter Gang steering play (MT); 

backlash, play, lost motion (Mech) ; 

free travel ( of clutch pedal). 
toter SchuBraum dead area, dead 

space. 

toter Trichter dead space (A A gun). 
toter Winkel dead space, 
tote Zone skip zone (Rad). 
Totpunkt m dead center (Mtr). 
Totschlager m blackjack. 
Tracht / saddle cover (pack saddle). 
Trachte / wall, periople (hoof). 
Trachtenkissen n saddle pad. 
Tragbalken m balk, stringer (Bdg). 
Tragband n carrying strap (gas 

mask). 
tragbar portable. 
Tragbeutel m gas-mask carrier. 
Tragbiichse / gas-mask carrier 

(metal type). 
Tragdeck n wing (Ap). 
Trage f litter, stretcher (Med). 
Tragegestell n pack frame (pack 

saddle). 

Tragegurt m carrying strap, sup- 
porting strap. 

Tragepolster n carrying pad (MG). 

Trager m carrier, mount, support, 
beam. 

Tragerand m bearing surface (hoof). 



Trageriemen 



186 



Treffer erzielen 



Trageriemen m carrying strap, car- 
rying sling. 

Tragerstrom m carrier current (Tp). 

Tragerwelle / carrier wave (Rad). 

Tragesattel m pack saddle. 

Trageschiene / frame rib (pack 
saddle). 

Tragevorrichtung / scabbard (R). 

Tragfahigkeit / load capacity (Bdg); 
ton capacity, passenger capacity 
(MT, Ap); gallon capacity (tank 
Trk). 

Tragfeder / suspension spring ( split- 
trail carriage). 

Tragflache / airfoil (Ap). 

TragflachenumriB m airfoil profile. 

Tragfliigel m wing (Ap). 

Tragfliigelende n wing tip (Ap), 

Tragfliigelhinterkante / trailing edge 
of wing (Ap). 

Tragfliigelprofil n wing profile. 

Tragheit / inertia (Mech). 

Tragheitsmoment n moment of iner- 
tia. 

Traglast / load (Ap, MT); pack 
(pack animals). 

Tragpferd n pack horse. 

Tragriemen m neck strap (pack 
saddle). 

Tragrolle / See Laufrolle. 

Tragschrauber m autogiro, gyro- 
plane. 

Tragtier n pack animal. 

'f ragtierbeforderung / pack trans- 
portation. 

Tragtierkolonne / pack train. 

Tragvorrichtung / bomb shackle 
(Ap). 

Tragwerk n wing assembly (Ap). 
Tragzapfen m trunnion. 
Trampelpfad m beaten path, beaten 
track. 

Trampelweg m See Trampelpfad. 
Tranengas n lacrimator gas, tear gas. 
Tranengaskerze / tear-gas candle 
(CWS). 

Tranengasstoff m CN solution. 
Tranenstoffkerze / tear gas pot 
(CWS). 

Tranken n watering (of animals). 
Transportb^fehl m movement order. 
Transporter m transport (Avn, Nav). 
Transportflugwesen n transport avia- 
tion. 

Transportflugzeug n transport air- 
plane. 



Transportfuhrer m transportation 

officer, train commander (RR). 
Transportgeschwader n transport 

wing, transport command (Avn). 
Transportglied n ferry element (one 

of a train of towed ferries). 
Transportkolonne / motor transport 

column. 

Transportkommandantur / transport 
control headquarters (RR). 

Transportluftfahrt / transport avia- 
tion. 

Transportmittel n means of trans- 
portation. 

Transportoffizier in transportation 
officer (RR). 

transportsicherer Ziinder shipment- 
safe fuze ( Am). 

Transportsperre / embargo ( on truck, 
RR, and ship movements). 

Transportstaffel / transport squadron 
(Avn).. 

Transporttau n handling line (Bin). 

Transportubersicht / transportation 
table, table of movements. 

Transportverbot n embargo (on truck, 
RR, and ship movements). 

Transport wesen.w transportation sys- 
tem. 

TransversalmaBstab m interpolating 
scale (Surv). 

Trapez n trapezoid (Math); suspen- 
sion frame (Bin). 

Trapez-Fachwerktrager m Warren 
truss, trapezoidal truss. 

Trassierband n tracing tape (CWS, 
Engr). 

Trauerfeier / funeral; commemora- 
tion services. 

Trauergefolge n funeral escort. 

Traverse / crossbar (split-trail car- 
riage); traverse (Ft). 

Trecker m tractor (MT). 

Treffaussicht / probability of hit. 

Treffbild n shot group, dispersion 
pattern; recording target (Tng). 

Treffen n encounter, shock of assault; 
wave of tanks; phase of attack. 

treffen to hit, meet, strike; guess; 
take ( measures ) . 

Treffentfernung / slant range to fu- 
ture position (AAA). 

treffenweise in depth, in echelon. 

treffenweise Aufstellung disposition 
in depth (Tac). 

Treffer m hit. 

Treffer erzielen to score hits. 



Treffergebnis 



187 



Trog 



Treffergebnis n score (firing or 
bombing). 

Trefferraum m zone of dispersion 
(Ballistics). 

Treffer verzeichnen to register hits. 

Treffgenauigkeit / accuracy of fire; 
accuracy of practice. 

Treffhbhe / altitude of target at fu- 
ture position (AA gunnery). 

Trefflache / target area. 

Treffpunkt m point of impact, objec- 
tive point (Arty); future position 
(AAA); meeting point, rendezvous. 

Treffpunktentfernung / slant range to 
future position of target (AA gun- 
nery). 

Treffsicherheit /' accuracy of fire. 

Treffwahrscheinlichkeit / expectancy 
or probability of hitting (Arty). 

Treffwahrscheinlichkeit der Waffe 
developed armament probable error. 

treiben impel, drive, propel; drift. 

Treibachse / driving axle (MT). 

Treibgas n wood gas (MT); propel- 
lent gas (Bin). 

Treibgasmotor m wood-gas engine 
(MT). 

Treibholz n driftwood. 

Treibladung / propellent charge 
(Am). 

Treibmine / floating mine, unan- 
chored automatic contact mine. 

Treibmittel n propellant (Am). 

Treibscheibe / diaphragm (case shot). 

Treibstoff m engine fuel. 

Treibstoffbehalter m fuel tank (MT, 
Ap). 

Treibstofflager n fuel dump, 
treideln to tow boats from land, 
trennen disconnect, cut off, divide, 
separate. 

Trennklinke / disconnect jack (Tp). 
Trennscharfe / selectivity (Rad). 
Trennschnitt m line of breach ( demo- 
litions). 

Trennung / break (Rad procedure) ; 
disconnection, separation. 

Trennungsbahnhof m junction (RR). 

Trennungslinie / boundary (Tac). 

Trense / bit, snaffle (harness). 

TrensengebiB n snaffle bit (harness). 

Trensenziigel m snaffle rein (harness). 

Tresse / braid (Clo). 

"Treten Sie ab!" "Dismissed!" (for- 
mal style, to an individual). 

Tretmine / tread mine (pressure- 
ignited antipersonnel mine). 



Tretmotor m pedal-operated genera- 
tor. 

Tretsatz m pedal-operated generat- 
ing unit. 

Trichter m crater; funnel; cone; 
horn collector (AA sound locator). 

Trichterlautsprecher m horn-type 
speaker, cone speaker (Rad). 

Trichterfeld n shelled area, area 
pitted with shell craters. 

Trichtergelande n shelled terrain, 
terrain pitted with shell craters. 

Trichterladung / crater charge (Engr). 

Trieb m drive; drift; impulse; in- 
stinct. 

Triebrad u driving sprocket (Tk). 
Triebsand m drift sand, loose sand, 
silt. 

Triebscheibe / knob, micrometer head 
(Optics, Ord). 

Triebscheibe zur Hbhenrichtung ele- 
vating knob (Optics, Ord). 

Triebscheibe zur Seitenrichtung azi- 
muth knob (Optics, Ord). 

Triebschraube / upper prism microm- 
eter head (panoramic sight). 

Triebwerk n power plant (Ap, MT). 

Triebzahn m connector (caterpillar 
track). 

trigonometrischer Punkt triangula- 
tion point, primary traverse station. 

Trilit n trinitrotoluol. 

Trimmklappe / trim tab (Ap). 

Trimmruder n trim tab, balance tab, 
servo tab (Ap). 

Trimmvorrichtung / flight control 
surfaces used for trimming (Ap). 

trinkbar potable. 

Trinkbecher m drinking cup. 

Trinkwasser n drinking water. 

Trinkwasserbereiter m water purifi- 
cation unit. 

Tripelstreifen m special prism used 
to direct the beam of a signal lamp. 

Tripper m gonorrhea. 

Tritt m step, pace, tread. 

Trittbrett n running board (MT). 

Trockendock n dry dock. 

Trockenelement n dry cell (Elec). 

Trockengelenk n flexifile-disk joint 
(MT). 

Trockengleichrichter m dry cell rec- 
tifier (Rad). 

Trockensumpfschmierung / dry-sump 
lubrication (Mtr). 

Troddel / bayonet tassel. 

Trog m trough. 



Trombe 



188 



Truppentransporter 



Trombe / cyclone, tornado. 
Trommel / drum; dial; range drum 

(sight mount); micrometer drum 

(panoramic sight); metal drum (for 

belt Am). 
Trommelfell n eardrum. 
Trommelfellverletzter m person with 

punctured eardrums. 
Trommelfeuer n drum fire, heavy 

barrage (Arty). 
Trommelmagazin n drum magazine 

(MG). 

Trommelmagazinzuftthrung / drum 
feed (MG). 

Trommelwirbel m drum roll. 

Trommelzeiger m drum index ( sight 
mount, panoramic sight). 

Trommler m drummer. 

Trompete / bugle. 

Trompetensignal n bugle call. 

Trompeter m bugler. 

tropenbestandig suitable for use in 
tropical climates. 

Tropenhelm m pith helmet, sun hel- 
met. 

Tropenkraftstoff m tropical gasoline. 
Tropfchen n droplet, vapor particle 
(CWS). 

Tropfen m drop (of water, etc.). 
tropische Warmluft tropical air 
(Met). 

TroB m train (combat, supply, or 

baggage). 
Trosse / hawser. 

TroBfahrzeug n - train vehicle ( sup- 
ply, baggage, etc.). 

Trotyl n trinitrotoluol. 

trudeln to spin (Ap). 

Triimmer pi debris. 

Trupp m detachment, section, squad, 
team, detail, party (pi Trupps) (to 
be distinguished from Truppe). 

Truppe / collective term for field 
elements of armed forces; unit; arm 
or branch of service (to be distin- 
guished from Trupp). 

Truppen fpl troops. 

Truppenansammlung / concentration 
of troops. 

Truppenarzt m medical officer. 

Truppenausladung / detraining of 
troops. 

Truppenausweis / soldier's identifi- 
cation card. 

Truppenbefehlshaber m commander 
of troops. 



Truppenbeforderung f transportation 

of troops. 
Truppenbereitstellung / assembly of 

troops. 

Truppenbewegung / troop movement. 

Truppendienst m service with troops, 
duty with troops. 

Truppeneinheit / troop unit (usually 
has uniform type of weapons, as dis- 
tinguished from Truppenverband, 
combined-arms unit). 

Truppeneinladung / entraining of 
troops. 

Truppeneinteilung / order of battle; 
disposition of troops; allotment or 
allocation of troops; conventional se- 
quence by arms and services (in 
orders). 

Truppenentgiftung / decontamination 
of personnel ( CWS). 

Truppenentgiftungskompanie / per- 
sonnel decontamination company. 

Truppenfiihrer m commander, com- 
manding officer ( generally of a com- 
bined-arms force); task force com- 
mander. 

Truppenfiihrung / leading of troops, 
conduct of field operations (title of 
Ger manual corresponding to Field 
Service Regulations: Operations). 

Truppengattung / branch of service. 

Truppengebrauch m military usage, 
military custom. 

Tuppengelandebesprechung / junior- 
command field critique (maneuvers). 

Truppengeneralstab m general staff 
with troops. 

Truppenlager n camp. 

Truppenmarketenderei / post ex- 
change. 

Truppenmasse f troop concentration. 

Truppennachrichtenoffizier m unit 
communication officer. 

Truppennachrichtenverband m com- 
munication unit. 

Truppennachrichtenzug in unit com- 
munication platoon. 

Truppenoffizier m line officer, officer 
of the line. 

Truppenschiedsrichter m unit umpire 
(maneuvers). 

Truppenteil m unit. 

Truppentransport m troop transport. 

Truppentransporter m troop carrier 
(Ap); troop transport (Ap, Nav); 
troopship. 



Truppentransport 



189 



Ubergangsmittel 



Truppentransport-Flugzeug n troop 
carrier airplane. 

Truppentransportschiff n troop trans- 
port, troopship. 

Truppentransportzug m troop train. 

Truppeniibungen fpl field maneuvers. 

Truppeniibungsplatz m troop train- 
ing camp, troop training grounds. 

Truppenunterkunft / barracks, quar- 
ters, billet. 

Truppenverband m mixed force, com- 
bined-arms unit. 

Truppenverbandplatz m aid station 
(Med). 

Truppenvermessungsdienst m field 
survey service. 

Truppenwetterdienst m field meteoro- 
logical service. 

Truppfuhrer m leader of a Trupp; 
corporal (Reich Labor Service). 
l.MG-Truppfuhrer light MG team 
leader (R squad) . 

T-Stoff m lacrimator (abbr. of Tra- 
nenstoff). 



Tucheinsatz m cloth filter. 
Tuchzeichen n - ground panel, code 
panel. 

Turbokompressor m centrifugal com- 
pressor, turbosupercharger. 

Turm m tower; turret. 

TurmanschluB m turret connection 
(Ap, Tk). 

Turmaufsatz m cupola (Tk). 

Turmgeschiitz n turret gun. 

Turmklappe / turret hatch (Tk). 

Turmlafette / turret mount. 

Turmluke / turret hatch (Tk). 

Turmlukendeckel m turret hatch 
cover (Tk). 

Turmschwenkwerk n turret travers- 
ing mechanism (Ap, Tk). 

Turmzurrung / turret locking clamp 
(Ap, Tk). 

Tutol n trinitrotoluol. 

Typenbezeichnung f model designa- 
tion. 

Typennummer / model number. 
Typenschild « name plate. 



iiben to practice, exercise, train. 
Dberbau m superstructure, 
tjberbeanspruchung / overload 
(Mech). 

tjberbelichtung / overexposure 
(Photo). 

ttberbestand m surplus stock (i.e., 
above authorized basic allowance). 

tjberdeckung / overlap ( aerial Photo ) . 
seitliche tjberdeckung sidelap 
(aerial Photo). 

tjberdruck m pressure above atmo- 
spheric pressure; pressure differ- 
ence, excess pressure. 

tjberfall m raid, surprise attack 
(Tac); spillway (dam). 

uberfallkommando n raiding party. 

uberfallkrone / spillway crest ( dam). 

tjberfallwehr n spillway weir, over- 
fall dam. 

uberfliigeln outflank. 

tiberfliigelung / outflanking. 

uberfluten to flood, inundate. 

tjberflutung / flood, flooding, inun- 
dation. 



u 

iiberfiihren to terry (Avn) ; to trans- 
port. 

tjberfiihrung / overpass (RR). 
tJberfuhrungsdienst m ferry service 
(Avn). 

ftberfiihrungsflug m ferrying flight. 
Dbergabe / surrender, capitulation; 

handing over; giving up. 
Ubergabeverhandlungen fpl negoti- 
ations for surrender, 
tibergang m transition; shifting; 
crossing. 

ubergangsbahnhof m crossing sta- 
tion (RR). 
tibergangsgebiihrnisse npl tempo- 
rary monthly allowance paid on dis- 
charge (to ease transition to civilian 
life). 

tibergangsgerat n stream-crossing 

equipment, 
ubergangskegel m forcing cone (G 
tube). 

tJbergangsmittel npl stream-crossing 
means. 



Ubergangsstellung 



190 



iiberwachen 



tibergangsstellung / intermediate 
position. 

tibergangstruppe / stream-crossing 
troops. 

iibergeben hand over, surrender. 

sich iibergeben to vomit, 
tiberhang m overhang (Top, etc.); 

angle of approach (MT). 
iiberhitzen overheat (an engine); 

superheat (steam). 
Dberhitzer m superheater. 
Uberholen overtake; overhaul, 
iiberholende Verfolgung encircling 

maneuver in pursuit, 
uberholung / passing, overtaking 

(MT) ; encirclement (in pursuit) 

(Tac) ; overhauling (maintenance). 
tjfberholungsabteilung / encircling 

detachment (in pursuit). 
tjberholungsgleis n passing siding 

(RR). 

uberlagerungsempfanger m super- 
heterodyne receiver (Rad). 

tiberlagerungsfrequenz / heterodyne 
frequency. 

uberlandflug m cross-country flight. 

iiberlasten to overload. 

Uberlaufer m deserter (to the 
enemy). 

Dberlaufrohr n overflow pipe. 

uberlegenheit / superiority. 

tibermacht / superior strength, su- 
periority. 

iibermannen overcome, overpower. 

tjhermantel m overcoat. 

t)bernahme / taking over, assuming 
( a command, etc.) ; acceptance ( of 
materiel, etc.). 

UberplanmaBig in excess of author- 
ized strength or allowance. 

iiberqueren to cross (a river, etc.). 

tJberraschung / surprise. 

t)bersattigung / supersaturation 
(Met). 

iiberschieBen to fire over the heads 
of friendly troops; to fire beyond the 
target. 

IiberschieBen eigener Truppen over- 
head firing (Gunnery). 

tiberschieBen von Deckungen clear- 
ance of masks (Gunnery). 

tjberschieBgrenze / corresponding 
range (Gunnery). 

DberschieBtafel / overhead firing 
table. 

tJberschlag m loop (Avn). 



tiberschlag auf dem Boden ground 
loop (Avn). 

iiberschlagen, sich to tumble (pro- 
jectile); to roll over (Avn); to turn 
over (vehicles). 

tiberschlag iiber den Fliigel barrel 
roll (Avn). 

iiberschreiten to cross (a Bdg, road, 
etc.). 

tiberschreitfahigkeit / trench-cross- 
ing ability (Tk). 

tjberschrift / heading. 

UberschuBwasser n overflow water 
( dam). 

iiberschwemmen to flood. 

Uberschwemmung / flood. 

iiberschwer heavy (.50 caliber MG 

" as distinguished from German 
"heavy" MG, which is .30 caliber 
and on tripod mount). 

iibersetzen to translate; to cross, to 
ferry. 

tjbersetzen iiber Wasserlaufe stream 

crossing, 
tjbersetzer m translator. 
Dbersetzfahre / ferry, 
tjbersetzgruppe / crossing detail, 
tjbersetzmittel n stream-crossing 

equipment, 
tibersetzstelle / stream-crossing 

point, ferrying point, crossing site. 
Dbersetzung / translation; gear 

ratio, gear transmission (to increase 

speed). 

Ubersetzungsgetriebe n gear trans- 
mission (to increase speed). 

tibersetzungsverhaltnis n gear ratio. 

Ubersicht / survey; chart, plan, 
table; summary; synoptic view. 

tjbersichtsbild n index map ( aerial 
Photo). 

tjbersteuerung / over bias (Rad); 
overloading (Elec, Rad). 

Uberstromkanal m bypass (Mtr). 

Dbertrager m transformer (Elec); 
repeating coil (Tp). 

tlbertragerkastchen n repeating coil 
unit (Tp). 

tjbertragungsgerat n data transmis- 
sion system (AAA). 

Ubertragungskorper m induced-det- 
onation charge. 

tibertragungsladung / primer charge. 

tibertrommel / range drum (sight 
mount). 

iiberwachen to supervise, monitor, 
guard, police. 



Uberwachung 



191 



umhangen 



uberwachung / surveillance, obser- 
vation; monitoring; guarding, polic- 
ing. 

iiberwaltigen overcome, overpower. 
Uberwasserstreitkrafte fpl surface 

forces (Nav). 
iiberweisen to allot; send, convey; to 

refer. 

Uberweisungsamt n toll station ( Tp) . 
iiberwinden to overcome; surmount 

(obstacles); to force (a crossing, 

etc.); to conquer (the enemy, etc.). 
iiberziehen to stall (Ap). 
Uberzug m cover, hood. 
U-Boot n Submarine, U-boat ( abbr. 

of Unterseeboot) . 
U-Boot-Bunker m submarine pen. 
U-Bootjager m submarine chaser. 
U-Bootkrieg in submarine warfare. 
U-Boot-Mutterschiff n submarine 

tender. 

U-Bootnetz n submarine net. 

U-Boot-Werft / submarine construc- 
tion yard. 

Ubung / practice, exercise, training, 
drill, training maneuver. 

Ubungsflug m practice flight. 

Ubungsflugzeug n training airplane, 
trainer. 

tibungsgerat n practice device, prac- 
tice equipment. 

UbungsgeschoB n training projectile, 
target-practice projectile. 

Ubungsgranate / practice shell ( Am). 

Ubungshandgranate / practice gre- 
nade, training grenade. 

Cbungsladung / practice charge 
(Am). 

tibungsleitung / director headquar- 
ters (maneuvers). 

tibungsmaske / training mask 

(CWS). 

ubungsmine / practice mine. 

ubungsmunition / practice ammuni- 
tion, training munitions. 

tibungsreizstoff m irritant training 
agent (CWS). 

ubungsriechstoff m odor-detection 
training agent (CWS). 

UbungsschieBen n practice firing. 

Ubungsverband m training unit. 

Ufer n shore, bank. 

Uferbalken m shore sill (Bdg). 

Uferbriicke / single-span stringer 
bridge. 

Uferschnellsteg m hasty single-span 
footbridge. 



Uhr / watch, clock, timepiece; in- 
strument dial. 

Uhrenscheibe / target consisting of 
circle of silhouettes. 

Uhrvergleich m synchronization of 
watches. 

Uhrwerkantrieb m clockwork action 
( fuze). 

Uhrwerkziinder m clockwork fuze 
(Am). 

Uhrzeiger m clock hand; indicator 
(Inst). 

im Gegensinn zum Uhrzeiger coun- 
terclockwise. 

im Sinne des Uhrzeigers clockwise. 
Uhrzeit / clock time (such as lSk5; 

as distinguished from Zeit, time, in 

sense of "time length"). 
Uhrzeitangabe / time announcement, 

time signal. 
Ultrakurzwelle / ultrashort wave, 

ultrahigh frequency (in strict sense, 

very high frequency, SO mc. to 300 

mc). 

Ultrakurzwellenempfanger m ultra- 
high frequency receiver. See also 
Ultrakurzwelle. 

Ultrakurzwellensender m ultrahigh 
frequency transmitter. See also 
Ultrakurzwelle. 

umbilden reorganize. 

Umbildung / reorganization. 

Umdrehung / revolution (Mech). 

Umdrehungszahl / number of revo- 
lutions, rpm. 

Umdrehungszahler m tachometer. 

Umdruck m mimeograph or offset 
reproduction. 

Umfang m perimeter, scope, circum- 
ference. 

umfassen to envelop (Tac). 

Umfassung / envelopment (Tac). 

Umformer m converter (Elec). 

Umformersatz in converter unit 
(Elec). 

Umgang m breeching (harness). 
umgehen to turn, outflank (Tac); to 

detour, go around, bypass. 
Umgehung / turning, outflanking 

(Tac); bypass (ing), detour (ing). 
Umgehungsbewegung / turning 

movement, outflanking movement, 
umgliedern to reorganize. 
Umgruppierung / regrouping. 
Umhang m cape, cloak, 
umhangen to sling (arms); take up 

(packs). 



umkehren 



192 



Unterbringung 



umkehren to reverse, turn over. 

Umkehrgetriebe n reversing gear 
(in rear-axle differential of half- 
track vehicle). 

umkippen to tip over, to dump. 

Umklammerung / envelopment, en- 
circlement (Tac). 

Umkreis m perimeter, circumfer- 
ence, periphery; radius. 

Umladung / transshipment. 

Umlauf m rotation; cycle; circula- 
tion; circular; side spillway (dam). 
in Umlauf to be circulated (docu- 
ments). 

Umlaufgetriebe n planetary gear. 
Umlauf motor m rotary engine (Ap). 
umleiten to reroute ( traffic, etc.) ; to 

divert (a stream). 
Umlenkrolle / deflecting pulley. 
Umpolung / pole reversal (Elec). 
Umrandung / edge, edging, border, 

border strip. 
Umrandungsfeuer n boundary light 

(Adrm). 

Umrechnung f conversion (Math). 
Umrechnungstafel / conversion 
table. 

Umschalteklinke f throwout (MG 
tripod). 

umschalten to switch over; to 

change gear. 

Umschaltepause / switch interval, 
answer lag (interphone). 

Umschalter m change-over switch, 
selector switch (Elec). 

Umschalthebel m change lever ( auto- 
matic R). 

Umschlag m application (Med). 

umschlagen to transload; to fell (a 
tree); to break down from bulk to 
unit containers; to capsize (a boat); 
to change suddenly ( wind, etc.). 

Umschlagshafen m transshipment 
port. 

Umschlagstelle / bulk reduction 
point, transloading point, relay 
point. 

umschulen to retrain, 
umschwingen to veer. 
Umweg m detour. 
Umzaunung / enclosure, 
unabhangig independent, 
unabkommlich irreplaceable, indis- 
pensable. 

unangelehnte Flanke exposed flank, 
unbefestigte StraBe dirt road, 
unbenutzbar unserviceable. 



unbewaffnet unarmed. 

unbrauchbar unserviceable. 

Unbrauchbarmachung / destruction, 
rendering useless. 

undicht leaky, permeable, not gas- 
proof or waterproof. 

Undichtigkeit / permeability, leak- 
age. 

undurchdringlich impermeable, im- 
penetrable. 

Undurchdringlichkeit / impermea- 
bility, impenetrability. 

unentziindbar inert (Am). 

unerlaubte Entfernung absence with- 
out leave. 

Unfallbearbeitung / accident inves- 
tigation. 

ungedampft undamped (Tech). 

ungeeignet unqualified, unsuited, un- 
suitable. 

ungefahr approximate. 

Ungehorsam m disobedience. 

ungeklarte Lage obscure situation 
(Tac). 

ungepflastert unpaved. 

ungeschutzt exposed (Tac). 

ungiinstig unfavorable. 

Uniform / uniform (Clo). 

Uniformbezugschein m individual 
clothing slip. 

Universalinstrument n transit (Surv ) . 

unmittelbare Unterstiitzung direct 
support (Arty, Tac). 

unregelmaftig irregular. 

unscharf unarmed (fuze, etc.); 
blurred, out of focus (Optics). 

unscharf machen disarm (Am). 

unstarres Luftschiff nonrigid air- 
ship. 

untauglich physically unfit for active 
service. 

Unterabschnitt m subsector. 

Unterarzt m medical noncommis- 
sioned officer (with rank of Master 
Sgt). 

Unterbau m subgrade, foundation, 
substructure. 

Unterbindung / choking off, fore- 
stalling, preventing (Tac). 

unterbrechen interrupt. 

Unterbrecher m contact breaker, in- 
terrupter (Elec). 

Unterbrechung / interruption; ces- 
sation; suspension (of traffic). 

unterbringen to billet, quarter; to 
store, stow. 

Unterbringung / sheltering, quarter- 



Unterbringungsgebiet 



193 



Untersuchung 



ing, billeting; quarters, billets; 
stowage position (of equipment in 
vehicle). 

Unterbringungsgebiet n quartering 
area. 

Unterdruck m vacuum, low pressure 
(below atmospheric pressure). 

Unterdruckforderer m vacuum tank 
(MT). 

Unterdruckkammer / low-pressure 
chamber. 

Unterfeldmeister m staff sergeant 
(Reich Labor Service). 

Unterfeldwebel m staff sergeant. 

Unterfuhrer m enlisted man tenta- 
tively selected for subsequent offi- 
cer's training; subordinate com- 
mander. 

untere Fiihrung lower command 
(Regt and down). 

Unterfiihrung / underpass (RR). 

untergebene Stellen lower com- 
mands. 

untergeordnet inferior in rank, sub- 
ordinate. 

Untergurt m cincha (saddle); bot- 
tom chord (truss). 

unterhaltener Fahrweg improved 
road. 

Unterhaltsbevechtigter w dependent 
(entitled to dependency benefits). 

Unterhaltung / maintenance; con- 
versation; recreation, entertainment. 

Unterhandler in negotiator, bearer 
of a flag of truce, parlementaire. 

Unterhandlung / parley. 

Unterholz n underbrush, under- 
growth. 

UnterkalibergeschoB n subcaliber 
projectile (Am). 

Unterkunft / shelter, quarters, bil- 
lets. 

freie Unterkunft quarters in kind. 
Unterkunftsbezirk m shelter area, 

quartering area, billeting area. 
Unterkunftsgruppe / billeting group. 
Unterkunftsraum m shelter area, 

cantonment area. 
Unterlafette / bottom gun carriage. 
Unterlage / plane table (Arty, 

Surv); datum; basis; document, 

record. 

Unterlagerungstelegraphie / sim- 

plexed telegraphy. 
Unterlegbohlen fpl dunnage, 
unterlegen inferior (in numbers). 
Unterlegenheit f inferiority , (Tac). 



Unterlegeplane / ground cloth ( Bin). 

Unterlegscheibe / washer. 

Unternehmen n operation (Tac). 

Unternehmung / operation (Tac). 

Unteroffizier m noncommissioned of- 
ficer; sergeant. 

Unteroffizieranwarter m candidate 
for noncommissioned rank. 

Unteroffiziere mit Portepee noncom- 
missioned officers from Feldwebel up. 

Unteroffiziere ohne Portepee non- 
commissioned officers from Unter- 
offizier down. 

Unteroffiziere und Mannschaften en- 
listed men. 

unterpolstert padded. 

Unterredung / parley. 

Unterricht m instruction. 

unterrichten instruct, teach. 

Unterrichtstafel / demonstration 
chart (Tng). 

Unterring m lower band (R). 

Unterringfeder / lower band spring. 

Unterschenkel nx gaskin (horse). 

Unterschied m difference. 

Unter-Schiedsrichter m umpire as- 
signed to a subordinate unit (gen- 
erally an NCO). 

Unterschild m apron shield, lower 
shield (G). 

Unterschildtrager m lower shield 
bracket (G). 

Unterschlupf m cut-and-cover shel- 
ter, dugout. 

Unterseeboot n U-boat, submarine. 

Unterseite / underside, lower side; 
belly (Tk). 

Untersetzung / reduction (Mech). 

Untersetzungsgetriebe n reduction 
gear (MT). 

Unterstand m shelter, protected 
shelter, dugout (Ft). 

unterstellt. inferior in rank, subordi- 
nate. 

unterstrom downstream. 

Untersturmfiihrer m See SS-Unter- 
sturmfiihrer. 

unterstutzen to support. 

Unterstiitzung / support (Tac). 

Unterstutzungsartillerie / support- 
ing artillery. 

Unterstutzungsfeuer n supporting 
fire. 

untersuchen inspect, examine; test; 

investigate. 
Untersuchung / investigation, exam- 



Untersuchungsstelle 194 



Verbandflug 



ination; surveillance (of Am and 
CWS supplies, etc.); inspection. 
Untersuchungsstelle / test station 
(Tp). 

Unterveterinar m veterinary non- 
commissioned officer ( with rank of 
Master Sgt). 

Unterwachtmeister m staff sergeant 
(Arty, Cav). 

Unterwasserbombe / depth bomb, 
depth charge. 

Unterwasserhorchgerat n hydrophone 
(Nav). 

Unterwasserschneidetrupp vi under- 
water cutting and welding detach- 
ment. 

Unterweisung / indoctrination, in- 
struction. 

Unterwerfung / subjection, subju- 
gation, submission, surrender. ,. 
Unterzug m transom (Bdg). 
Untiefen fpl shoals, 
unverzuglich immediate. 



unvorschriftsmaBig contrary to reg- 
ulations, not prescribed, irregular. 

Unwetter n bad weather, storm. 

U-Rahmen m U-frame (tubular 
chassis). 

Urbaumuster n original model, pro- 
totype (Ap, Tk, etc.). 

Urkunde / document, permanent rec- 
ord. 

Urkundenbeweis m documentary evi- 
dence. 

Urlaub m leave, furlough, leave of 
absence. 

Urlauber m man on leave, furlough, 
or pass. 

Urlaubsschein m furlough certifi- 
cate; leave; pass. 

Ursprung m origin. 

Urteilsmilderung / mitigation of 
sentence. 

Urwald m jungle. 

Urwaldkrieg m jungle warfare. 



Vakuumrohre / vacuum tube. 
V-Boot n launch (abbr. of Verkehrs- 
boot) . 

VelozitatsmeBzug m velocity meas- 
urement platoon (Arty). 
Ventil n valve. 

Ventilanordnung / valve arrange- 
ment (Mtr). 

Ventilfeder / valve spring (Mtr). 

Ventilkammer / valve chamber (Mtr). 

Ventilkegel m valve ball (MT); 
valve head (pneumatic counterrecoil 
mechanism). 

Ventilleine / valve cord, gas-valve 
operating line (Bin). 

ventilloser Motor sleeve-type en- 
gine. 

Ventilschaft m valve stem (Mtr). 
Ventilschaftfiihrung / valve guide 
(Mtr). 

Ventilsitz m valve seat (Mtr). 
Ventilsteuerung / valve-timing sys- 
tem (Mtr). 
VentilstoBel m valve lifter (Mtr). 
Ventilteller m valve head (Mtr). 
Verachtung / contempt, disregard. 



V 

veraltet obsolete, 
verankern to moor. 
Verankerung / anchorage, holdfast. 
Verankerungsgurt m mooring band 
(Bin). 

V3rankerungskabel n guy; mooring 
cable. 

Verankerungsmast m mooring mast 
(Bin). 

Verankerungstau n ground cable, 

mooring cable (Bin). 
Verankerungsturm m mooring tower 
(Bin). 

veranlassen to cause, bring about, 
call forth, 
veranschaulichen illustrate, 
verantwortlich responsible. 
Verantwortlichkeit / responsibility, 
verausgaben to issue. 
Yerausgabung / issue. 
Verband m combined-arms unit, force, 
task force; air force unit, force, for- 
mation ( Avn) ; bandage, dressing. 
Verband aller Waffen combined-arms 
unit. 

Verbandflug m formation flying. 



Verbandkasten 



19: 



'5 



Verdammen 



Verbandkasten m first-aid box. 

Verbandmittel npl dressing equip- 
ment (Med). 

Verbandpackchen n first-aid packet. 

Verbandplatz m aid station, dressing 
station. 

Verbandsabwurf m formation re- 
lease (bombing). 

Verbandsflug to flying in formation, 
formation flying. 

Verbandswurf to See Verbandsab- 
wurf. 

Verbandtasche / first-aid bag. 
Verbandzeug n first-aid kit, first-aid 
supplies. 

verbergen to mask, conceal, hide. 
Verbesserung / correction (Gun- 
nery). 

Verbesserung fur Lange range cor- 
rection (Gunnery). 

Verbesserung fur Seite lateral cor- 
rection (Gunnery). 

Verbesserung fur Witterungseinfliisse 
metro correction (Arty). 

Verbesserungsgerat n parallax off- 
set mechanism (sound locator). 

Verbesserungswert m correction 
factor (Gunnery). 

Verbesserungswinkel m correction 
angle (Gunnery). 

verbeulte Patrone battered round. 

Verbiegen n droop (Mech). 

verbieten to prohibit, forbid. 

Verbindung / liaison, communica- 
tion, contact (Tac); connection 
(Tp) ; compound (Cml). 

Verbindung aufnehmen make con- 
tact, establish communication ( with 
friendly troops). 

Verbindungsachse / axis of com- 
munication. 

Verbindungsaufnahme / establish- 
ment of communication, liaison, or 
contact (with friendly troops). 

Verbindungsdienst m liaison service, 
liaison duty. 

Verbindungsflugzeug n liaison air- 
plane. 

Verbindungsgraben w communica- 
tion trench, connecting trench. 

Verbindungshiilse / connecting sleeve, 
casing, collar. 

Verbindungsleute mpl connecting 
file, communicating file; liaison 
agents. 

Verbindungslinie / line of communi- 
cation. 



Verbindungsmann m liaison agent. 

Verbindungsmittel n means of com- 
munication. 

Verbindungsnetz n liaison net (Rad). 

Verbindungsoffizier to liaison officer. 

Verbindungsorgane npl connecting 
elements (march column). 

Verbindungspatrouille / contact pa- 
trol (Tac). 

Verbindungsriemen m turnback (har- 
ness). 

Verbindungsschnur / connecting cord 
(Tp). 

Verbindungsschraube / floor plate 
screw (R). 

Verbindungsstaffel / liaison squad- 
ron (Avn). 

VerbindungsstraBe / communication 
road, communication route. 

Verbindungstrupp m liaison party, 
liaison detachment; connecting 
group; contact patrol. 

Verbindungsweg m channel of com- 
munication (Tp, Rad). 

verblenden to dim or black out 
(lights). 

verbogen bent, twisted, warped. 

Verbot n prohibition, off-limits dec- 
laration; exclusion; restriction. 

Verbotstafel / "prohibited" sign. 

Verbrauch m consumption, expendi- 
ture. 

verbrauchbar expendable. 
Verbraucherstelle / outlet (Elec). 
Verbrauchsgiiter npl expendable sup- 
plies. 

Verbrauchssatz to consumption per 
100 kilometers ( of gasoline, oil, and 
lubricants). 

Verbrauchsstoffe nipl See Verbrauchs- 
giiter. 

Verbrennung / combustion; defla- 
gration (of powder). 

Verbrennungskraftmaschine / inter- 
nal-combustion engine. 

Verbrennungsraum to combustion 
chamber; powder chamber (G). 

Verbrennungsriickstand m carbon 
(Mtr). 

verbundene Waffen combined arms 

(Tac). 
Verbiindete(r) m ally. 
Verbundmaschine / compound-wound 

motor. 

Verbundrohre / multi-unit tube (Rad). 
verchromt chromium-plated. 
Verdammen n tamping, mud cap- 



verdampfen 



196 



Verkehrslast 



ping (demolitions); damming up (a 
stream). 

verdampfen to vaporize, evaporate. 

Verdampfungswarme / heat of va- 
porization (Met). 

Verdeck n cover; hood; deck. 

verdecken to cover, mask, conceal, 
defilade. 

Verdeckung / concealment, defilade. 

Verdichtung / compression (Mtr). 

Verdichtungshub m compression 
stroke (Mtr). 

Verdichtungsverhaltnis n compres- 
sion ratio (Mtr). 

Verdichtungswelle / burst wave, 
detonation wave (SR); compression 
wave (Physics). 

Verdienstkreuz n Meritorious Service 
Cross (decoration). 

verdolmetschen* interpret, translate. 

verdrahten to wire, to block with 
wire obstacles. 

Verdrangung / displacement. 

Verdrangungszylinder m compres- 
sion cylinder ( counterrecoil mech- 
anism). 

Verdunkelung / blackout. 

Verdunkelungslampe / blackout 
lamp, blackout light. 

vereinigtes Feuer collective fire ( SA ) . 

Vereinheitlichung / standardization. 

Vereisung / icing, formation of ice 
(Ayn). 

Vereisungsschutzgerat n de-icer ( Ap) . 
vereiteln nullify, foil, render useless, 
fail. 

Verfahren n method, procedure, 

process, 
verfehlen to miss, 
verfertigen to make, manufacture. 
Verfolgung / pursuit (Tac). 
Verfolgungsabteilung / direct pres- 
sure detachment (in pursuit). 
verfiigbar available. 
Verfiigung / disposal, disposition; 

availability; instruction, order. 

zur Verfiigung available for duty 

(abbr. z.V.). 
Verfiigungsfrequenzen fpl assigned 

frequencies (Rad). 
vergasen to gas (CWS). 
Vergaser m carburetor. 
Vergaseranordnung / carburetion 

(Mtr). 

Vergasermotor m carburetor engine. 
Vergatterung / guard mount (bugle 
call). 



Vergehen n offense, breach (of dis- 
cipline), infraction (of regulations). 

Vergeltung / retaliation, reprisal. 

Vergeltungsangriff m retaliation at- 
tack; reprisal raid (Avn). 

VergeltungsmaBnahme / reprisal. 

vergiften to poison; to contaminate, 
to gas (CWS). 

Vergiftung / contamination (CWS). 

Vergiftungsschiefien n gas-shell fire 
(Arty). 

VergleichsschieBen n calibration fir- 
ing (Arty). 

Vergleichsziel n auxiliary target 
( Gunnery). 

VergroBerung / enlargement, mag- 
nification. 

VergroBerungsapparat m enlarger, 
enlarging projector (Photo). 

Vergiitung / reimbursement, recoup- 
ment; compensation, award, allow- 
ance; heat treatment (of metals). 

Vergiitungsanlage f soaking pit 
(Ord). 

Vergiitungsstahl m heat-treated steel. 

Verhaftung / arrest. 

Verhaltnis n relation; proportion, 
ratio; condition, situation. 

verhandeln negotiate. 

Verhandlung / parley, negotiation. 

Verhangung von Strafen imposition 
of punishment (Law, PW). 

Verhau m abatis, hurdle, entangle- 
ment. 

Verheerung / devastation, 
verhindern prevent. 
Verhor n interrogation, 
verhoren to interrogate, 
verjiingt tapered; reduced. 
Verjiingung / taper; reduction (of 
scale). 

verkanten to cant (G, R) ; to tilt, 
incline; to become misalined. 

Verkantung / cant ( Arty) ; misaline- 
ment of wheels (MT). 

Verkantungslibelle / cross level. 

Verkantungstrieb m cross-level drive. 

Verkehr m traffic; communication. 

Verkehrsbestimmung / traffic regu- 
lation. 

Verkehrsboot n launch (Nav). 
Verkehrsfliegerei / commercial avia- 
tion. 

Verkehrsflugzeug n commercial air- 
plane. 

Verkehrskreis m traffic area. 
Verkehrslast / bridge capacity. 



Verkehrsleitung 



197 Vernehmungsoffizier 



Verkehrsleitung / traffic control. 

Verkehrslinien fpl lines of communi- 
cation (Tac). 

Verkehrsposten m traffic control 
point. 

Verkehrspunkt m traffic center. 

Verkehrsregel / traffic rule, traffic 
regulation, rule for road procedure, 
rule of the road. 

Verkehrsregelung / traffic control. 

Verkehrsregelungsbataillon n traffic 
control battalion. 

Verkehrsschild n traffic sign. 

Verkehrsstockung / traffic conges- 
tion, jam, tie-up. 

Verkehrsstreife / traffic patrol. 

Verkehrsteilnehmer m traffic element. 

Verkehrsuberwachung / traffic super- 
vision. 

Verkehrszeichen n traffic sign, traffic 
symbol. 

verkehrt reverse, inverse; wrong. 

verkitten fasten or seal with putty 
or other adhesive. 

verkleiden to revet; to mask, camou- 
flage, disguise. 

Verkleidung / ' cowling, fairing 
(Ap); revetment; camouflage, dis- 
guise. 

verklemmen to jam, to wedge. 
Verladebahnhof m loading station, 

entraining station (RR). 
Verladehafen m loading port, port of 

embarkation, 
verladen to load, entrain, entruck, 

embark. 

Verladeoffizier m entraining officer, 
entrucking officer, loading officer. 

Verladeplan m loading table; en- 
training or entrucking table. 

Verladeplatz m loading point; en- 
training or entrucking^ point. 

Verladerampe / loading platform, 
loading ramp. 

Verladestab m loading staff ( sea 
■port). 

Verladestelle / See Verladeplatz. 

Verladezeit / loading time, entruck- 
ing time, entraining time. 

Verladung / loading, entrucking, en- 
training. 

Verladungsoffizier m See Verladeoffi- 
zier. 

Verladungsschein m bill of lading. 
Verlangerungsstuck n extension; 

sight extension (G sight). 
verlasten to pack or load on vehicles 



or horses (specifically, to load on 

pack animals). 
verlastete Artillerie portee artillery, 
verlastete Truppen motorized troops. 
Verlauf m sequence of events, course, 

progress (of an attack, etc.). 
verlegen to transfer; shift (fire, 

etc.). 

Verlegenheit / confusion, embarrass- 
ment, perplexity. 

Verlegswagen m reel cart (for Tp 
wire). 

Verlegung / transfer, shift. 

Verlegungsbef ehl m movement order ; 
order to shift fire (Arty). 

Verlust m casualty, loss; forfeiture 
( of pay, etc.). 

Verlustliste / casualty list. 

Verlustmeldung / casualty report. 

Verlustrate / casualty rate, 
tagliche Verlustrate casualty day. 

vermessen to survey, to locate. 

Vermessung / survey, surveying, 
locating (Arty, Engr). 

Vermessung durch Anhangen survey 
by controlled traverse (Surv). 

Vermessungsbatterie / survey bat- 
tery (Arty). 

Vermessungs- und Kartenabteilung / 
survey and mapping unit. 

Vermessung von Feuerst'ellungen field 
artillery survey (Arty). 

verminderte Ladung reduced charge. 

verminen to mine, to lay mines. 

vermiBt missing, missing in action. 

vermitteln to connect, to communi- 
cate (Tp); to convey or impart (in- 
formation). 

Vermittlung / connection; switching 
central, telephone central. 

Vermittlungskastchen n portable 
switchboard (Tp). 

Vermittlungsklinke / connecting jack 
(Tp). 

Vermittlungsschnur / patching cord 
(Tp). 

Vermittlungsstelle / switching cen- 
tral, telephone central. 

Vernachlassigung / neglect, negli- 
gence. 

Vernebelung / smoke screening. 

vernehmen to question, interrogate 
(PW, etc.). 

Vernehmung / questioning, interro- 
gation. 

Vernehmungsoffizier m interrogation 
officer (PW). 



Vernichtung 



198 



Verschluftkeil 



Vernichtung / destruction, annihila- 
tion. 

Vernichtungsfeuer n fire for destruc- 
tion (Arty). 

Vernichtungskampf m battle of ex- 
termination. 

vernieten to rivet. 

verordnen to order; prescribe (Med). 

Verordnung / regulation, order. 

Verpackungsgeschosse npl dummy 
ammunition ( for vehicle-loading 
practice). 

Verpassung / fitting (of uniforms, 
gas masks, etc.). 

Verpflegung / feeding, messing, ra- 
tioning; rations, food; food supply. 

Verpflegung in Natur rations in 
kind. 

Verpflegungsabrechnung / ration and 
savings account. 

Verpflegungsabteilung f ration sup- 
ply section. 

Verpflegungsamt n ration supply 
office. 

Verpflegungsausgabestelle / ration 
distribution point. 

Verpflegungsbedarf m ration re- 
quirements. 

Verpflegungsbestande mpl ration 
stores, ration stockage. 

Verpflegungsbezugsschein m ration 
return. 

Verpflegungsbombe / rations deliv- 
ery unit (airborne operations). 

Verpflegungsdienst m ration supply 
service. 

Verpflegungsersparnisse fpl ration 
savings. 

Verpflegungsgebiihrnisse fpl ration 

allowances.. 
Verpflegungsgegenstande mpl ration 

articles. 

Verpflegungsgeld n ration allowance. 
Verpflegungslager n ration supply 
depot. 

Verpflegungslagerausgabestelle / ra- 
tion distributing point (Div). 

Verpflegungsmittel npl rations, sub- 
sistence supplies. 

Verpflegungsnachschub m ration 
supply. 

Verpflegungsoffizier m mess officer. 
Verpflegungsportion / ration. 
Verpflegungssatz m ration quantity, 

ration scale. 
Verpflegungsstarke / ration strength. 



VerpflegungstroB m ration supply 

train (H-Dr or Mtz). 
VerpflegungsunteroflSzier m mess 

sergeant. 

Verpflegungszug m ration supply 

train (RR). 
VerpflegungszuschuB m commutation 

of rations. 
Verpflegung und Unterkunft rations 

and quarters, 
verraten betray. 
Verrater m traitor, 
verriegeln to lock, cut off, block, box 
. in. 

verrostet rusty. 

versacken bog down. 

versagen fail. 

Versager m misfire; dud. 

Versammlung / assembly, concen- 
tration (Tac); meeting, gathering. 

Versand m shipment, transporta- 
tion, forwarding. 

verschaffer. procure. 

Verschalung / covering, skin, fairing 
(Ap); revetment. 

Verschanzung / entrenchment. 

Verschickung / shipment, transpor- 
tation. 

Verschiebebahnhof m switching yard. 

verschieben shift, move, displace, 
switch; postpone. 

Verschiebung / displacement (of 
troops, etc.); postponement. 

verschieBen to expend (Am). 

verschleiern to mask, screen, blan- 
ket, conceal, camouflage. 

Verschleierung / screening, conceal- 
ment (Tac). 

Verschleierungsfahigkeit / screening 
capacity, density of coverage 
(screening smoke). 

Verschleierungsfeuer n deception 
fire, diversion fire; smoke-shell fire. 

Verschleierungsverkehr m deception 
signal traffic. 

VerschleiBteil m part subject to wear 
(Mech). • 

VerschluB m breechblock, breech 
mechanism (Oral); bolt mechanism 
(R, pistol); locking action (Tech); 
lock; shutter. 

VerschluBabstand in head space 
(Oral). 

VerschluBblock m breechblock ( screw- 
type breech). 

VerschluBkeil m wedge-type breech- 
block. 



verschliisseln 



199 



VersuchsschieGen 



verschliisseln encode, encipher, 
verschliisselter Text secret text. 
Verschliisselung / coding, encipher- 
ing. 

Verschlusselungsscheibe / cipher disk. 

VerschluBkammer / bolt (R). 

VerschluBkappe / filler cover (MG). 

VerschluBleiste / back plate (MG). 

VerschluBleistenachse / back plate 
hinge pin (MG). 

VerschluBpIatte / front plate (breech- 
block). 

VerschluBring m breech ring (G). 
VerschluBschlitten m lock frame 
(Ord). 

Verschlufischraube / threaded clos- 
ing cap (fuse). 

VerschluBstiick n breechblock (G, 
MG). 

VerschluBtrager m breechblock car- 
rier (G). 

VerschluBuberzug m breech cover 
(G). 

VerschluBzylinder m bolt (SA). 
Verschrankbarkeit der Achsen com- 

pression-and-rebound range of spring 

suspension (MT). 
Verschraubung / threaded plug, 

screw. 

Verschraubungsstiick n breech ring. 
Verschubbahn / launching track 
(Bdg). 

VerschuB m expenditure (of Am). 
Verschwertung / lateral truss, sway 

brace (Bdg). 
Verschwindeturm m disappearing 

turret (Ft). 
Verschwindlafette / disappearing 

carriage (G). 
Verschwindscheibe / bobbing target, 

disappearing target (Tng). 
Verschworung / conspiracy. 
Versehrtengeld n disability allow- 
ance or pension, 
versenken to sink; to countersink. 
Versenknietung / flush riveting, 
versetzen to transfer (Pers) ; to 

shift, move; to stagger (obstacles, 

etc.). 

versetzt staggered; displaced, trans- 
ferred. 

Versetzung / transfer (Pers); devi- 
ation, drift (Avn); stagger(ing). 

Versorgung / supply; care (for ex- 
service men). 

Versorgungsbehalter m aerial deliv- 
ery unit. 



Versorgungsbombe / aerial delivery 
unit. 

Versorgungsdienst m supply service, 

Versorgungsfahrzeug n supply ve- 
hicle, train vehicle. 

Versorgungsgebiet n supply area. 

Versorgungsguter npl supplies. 

verspannen to brace, tighten, stretch. 

Verspannung / bracing, fastening, 
tightening, stretching. 

Versprengter m straggler; man sep- 
arated from his unit in action. 

verspriihen to spray (CWS). 

verstandigen inform, make known. 

Verstandigung / communication; 
readability, audibility (Sig Com). 

Verstandigungsgerat n interphone 
equipment (Ap). 

Verstandigungsmittel n password. 

Verstandigung von Bord zu Bord in- 
teraircraft communication. 

VerstHndlichkeit / readability (Sig 
Com). 

verstarken reinforce, strengthen; 

amplify, boost, increase. 
Verstarker m amplifier (Rad). 
Verstarkung / amplification (Rad): 

reinforcement. 
Verstarkungsfaktor m amplification 

factor (Rad). 
Verstarkungsring m hoop (gun 

barrel). 

Verstauchung / sprain (Med). 

verstauen to stow. 

verstecken to hide, conceal, mask. 

verstellbar controllable (Ap propel- 
ler); adjustable (tools, etc.). 

Verstelf-Luftschraube / controllable- 
pitch propeller (Ap). 

Verstellschliissel m adjustable wrench. 

Verstellschraube / adjusting screw 
(Tech); controllable-pitch propeller. 

Verstellung / adjustment, regula- 
tion, control. 

Verstellwelle f control rod (Ap). 

VerstoB m infraction, irregularity. 

Verstrebung / spar bracing (Bdg); 
bracing. 

verstiimmeln mutilate. 

Versuch m experiment, attempt, test, 
trial. 

Versuchsflugzeug n test airplane, ex- 
perimental airplane. 
Versuchsladung f test charge ( Arty). 
Versuchglauf m test run, trial run. 
VersuchsschieBen n test firing ( Ord) . 



Versuchstruppen 



200 



Vielfachschaltung 



Versuchstruppen fpl experimental 
troops. 

vertauen to moor. 

Vertaumast m mooring mast. 

Verteidigung / defense, defensive. 

Verteidigungsabschnitt m defense 
area, defensive area, defensive see- 
tor. 

Verteidigungsanlagen fpl defensive 
installations. 

Verteidigungslinie / line of defense. 
Verteidigungsnest n nest of resist- 
ance. 

Verteidigungsplan m defense plan. 
Verteidigungsstellung / defensive 
position. 

Verteidigungszone / defensive zone. 

verteilen to distribute, to issue. 

Verteiler m distributor (Mtr); dis- 
tribution box (data transmission 
system). ' 

Verteilerbahnhof m regulating sta- 
tion (RR). 

Verteilerfinger m distributor arm 
(Mtr). 

Verteilerkasten m distribution box 
(Elec, Nav); junction box (data 
transmission system). 

Verteilerlaufstiick n distributor ro- 
tor, distributor arm (Mtr). 

Verteilerscheibe / distributor plate. 

Verteilung / distribution. 

Verteilungsstelle / distributing point. 

Vertrag m treaty, contract, compact. 

Vertragsarzt m contract surgeon. 

vertraulich confidential. 

Vertretung / deputy; proxy; repre- 
sentation. 

verursachen to cause. 

vervielfaltigen multiply; multigraph; 
mimeograph; duplicate. 

verwalten administer, administrate, 
manage. 

Verwaltung / administration. 

Verwaltungsamt n See Heeresver- 
waltungsamt. 

Verwaltungsdienste mpl adminis- 
trative and supply services. 

Verwaltungsgebaude n administra- 
tion building. 

Verwaltungsordnung / administra- 
tive plan. 

Venvaltungstruppenteil m adminis- 
trative unit. 

Verwaltungsiibersichtskarte / admin- 
istrative map. 

Verwaltungswesen n administration. 



Verwendung / employment (Tac); 
use, utilization. 

zu besonderer Verwendung on spe- 
cial assignment (abbr. z.b.V.). 

verwickeln involve, complicate; en- 
gage (Tac). 

verwinden to warp, to twist. 

Verwirrung / confusion. 

verwundbar vulnerable. 

verwunden to wound. 

Venvundetenabschub m evacuation 
of wounded. 

Verwundetenabschublinie / chain of 
evacuation. 

Verwundetenabtransport m evacua- 
tion of wounded. 

Verwundetenabzeichen n Wound 
Badge ( decoration). 

Verwundetenbetreuung / care of cas- 
ualties. 

Verwundetennest n aid station. 
Verwiistung / devastation. 
Verzerrung / distortion (Rad). 
verzinkt galvanized, 
verzinnt tin-plated. 
Verzogerung / delay, 
verzbgerungsfrei immediate, nonde- 
lay. 

Verzogerungsmine / delayed-action 
mine. 

Verzogerungssatz m delay pellet 

(electric igniter); delay powder 

train (fuze). 
Verzogerungsschiitz m time-delay 

relay (Elec, Rad). 
Verzogerungsziinder m delayed-action 

fuze, delay fuze. 
Verzug m delay, lag. 
Verzugsrechner m acoustic corrector 

(sound locator). 
Veterinar m veterinary officer (2nd 

Lt). 

Veterinardienst m veterinary service. 
Veterinargehilfe m veterinary aid 
man. 

Veterinargerat w veterinary equip- 
ment. 

Veterinarkompanie / veterinary 
company. 

Veterinarpark m veterinary depot. 

V-Form der Tragfliigel wing dihe- 
dral (Ap). 

V-Formwinkel m dihedral angle ( Ap). 

Vieh n cattle, livestock. 

Vielfache n multiple (Math). 

Vielfachschaltung / multiple connec- 
tion (Tp). 



Viereck 



201 



vorbereiten 



Viereck n square. 

Viererleitung / phantom circuit (Tp). 

Viererschaltung / phantom connec- 
tion (Tp). 

Viererzelt n four-man tent, 

viergliedrige Division square division. 

Vierlings-MG. n four-barreled ma- 
chine gun. 

Vierradantrieb m four-wheel drive. 

Vierradlenkung / four-wheel steer- 
ing. 

Vierspitz m crowsfoot, four-pointed 

knife rest (obstacle). 
Viertaktmotor m four-cycle engine. 
Viertelkreis m quadrant (of a circle). 
Visier n sight, rear sight (Ord). 
Visierbereich m danger space (MG 

firing). 

Visierebene / plane of present posi- 
tion (AA gunnery). 

Visiereinrichtung / sighting mecha- 
nism, sighting device, sight assembly; 
quadrant sight (G). 

visieren to sight. 

Visierfeder / rear-sight spring (MG, 
R). 

Visierfernrohr n telescopic sight. 

VisierfuB m rear-sight base (MG, R). 

Visiergestange n parallelogram link- 
age system (AA sight). 

Visierhaltestift m rear-sight pin (MG, 
R). 

Visierkimme / rear sight; rear sight 
notch. 

Visierklappe / rear-sight leaf (MG, 

R) ; sight-port cover (gun shield). 
Visierkorn n front sight; bead. 
Visierlinie / line of sight ( Orel) ; line 

of present position (AA gunnery). 
Visierlupe / magnifying sight lens 

(site-to-mask clinometer). 
Visierschieber m sight slide (MG, R). 
Visierschild m sight shield (G). 
VisierschuB m direct-fire shot. 
VisierschuBweite / direct-fire range. 
Visierstange / rear sight pillar (MG). 
Visierstift m rear-sight pin (MG, R). 
Visiertrager m sight bracket (Ord). 
Visiervorrichtung / sight mechanism 

(Ord). 

Visierwinkel m angle of elevation 
(Gunnery); angular difference be- 
tween present and future position 
(AAA). 

Visierzeiger.w telescope mount refer- 
ence pointer (matches with Rohrzei- 
eer when gun is laid for elevation). 



Vizeadmiral m vice admiral. 

V-Motor m V-engine, 

V-Null / muzzle velocity (abbr. Vo). 

Volkerrecht n international law. 

Volksdeutscher m German who is a 
citizen of another country. 

Volkswagen m "people's car" (gen- 
eral purpose car, somewhat lighter 
than the jeep). 

Vollbahn / See Vollspurbahn. 

Vollgas n wide-open throttle. 

vollgelandegangig having complete 
cross-country ability (vehicles). 

VollgeschoB n shot ( solid projectile ) ; 
ball projectile; solid nonexplosive 
projectile. 

Vollgummireifen m solid tire. 

Vollkettenfahrzeug n full-track ve- 
hicle. 

Vollkorn n full sight (R aiming). 

vollmotorisiert fully mechanized. 

Vollreifen m solid tire. 

Vollrohr n monobloc gun barrel. 

Vollsichtkanzel / turret with full field 
of view (Ap). 

Vollsichtkuppel / See Vollsichtkanzel. 

Vollspurbahn / standard-gage rail- 
road (1485 meters). 

vollstandiger SchuB complete round 
(Am). 

VoIItraghohe / service ceiling (Ap). 

Volltreffer m direct hit. 

vorarbeiten, sich work one's way for- 
ward (by rushes, or crawling). 

Vorausabteilung / advance detach- 
ment. 

Vorausaufgabe / preliminary mission 
(Tac). 

Voraussage / prediction, forecast. 

Vorauswanderungsstrecke / linear 
travel of target during dead time, 
linear travel of target from position 
at instant of range determination to 
present position (AA gunnery). 

Vorbauschnabel m launching nose 
(Bdg). 

Vorbefehl m warning order (Tac). 

vorbeifahren roll by, ride by. 

Vorbeiflug m side-view flight, passing 
flight (AAA). 

Vorbeimarsch m pass in review, march 
in review. 

vorbeirollen roll by, pass by. 

Vorbeischlagen der Pulvergase flare- 
back (G). 

vorbereiten to prearrange, prepare in 



Vorbereitung 



202 



Vorhutfuhrer 



advance, to schedule in advance 

(Arty fire, etc.). 
Vorbereitung / preparation. 
Vorbereitungsfeuer n preparation 

(Arty). 

vorbeugen prevent, anticipate. 
Vorbeugung / prophylaxis. 
Vorbeugungsmittel n prophylactic. 
Vorderachsantrieb m front-axle drive 
(MT). 

Vorderachse / front axle (MT). 
Vordergelenk n front piece of toggle 

joint (pistol). 
Vorderhang m forward slope (Top). 
Vorderhangstellung / forward slope 

position (Tac). 
Vorderholm m front outrigger (AA 

gun mount). 
Vorderkaffe / bow compartment (Pon). 
Vorderkante / leading edge (Ap). 
Vorderlader m muzzle loader, 
vorderlastig noseheavy (Ap). 
Vordermann m the man in front 

(drill). 

auf Vordermann stehen to be cov- 
ered in file. 

"Vordermann!" "Cover off!" 

Vordermann nehmen to cover off, to 
cover in file (drill). 

Vorderpferd n lead horse. 

Vorderradantrieb m front-wheel drive. 

Vordersteven m stem (Nav). 

Vorderstiitzen fpl front legs (MG 
tripod). 

Vorderzeug n martingale, breastplate 
harness, body of breast collar (har- 
ness). 

Vorderzwiesel m pommel (saddle); 
front arch (pack-saddle frame). 

vordringen to push forward, press for- 
ward. 

Vordruck m printed form, blank. 

Vorfahrt / right-of-way, priority. 

Vorfahrtberechtigter m one who has 
right-of-way. 

Vorfahrterlaubnis / permission to 
pass (vehicles in column). 

Vorfahrtregelung / priority regula- 
tions, traffic regulations regarding 
right-of-way or priority. 

Vorfahrtsrecht n priority, right-of- 
way. 

Vorf ahrtszeichen n priority sign ( on 

a vehicle). 
Vorf eld n foreground; outpost area 

(Tac); apron (Adrm). 
Vorfliigel m slat (Ap wing). 



vorfiihlen, sich to feel one's way for- 
ward, to try to establish contact. 

Vorfiihrung / demonstration. 

Vorgang m occurrence, incident, event; 
process. 

vorgehen to advance. 

Vorgelegewelle / countershaft (MT). 

vorgeschoben advance (d); forward. 

vorgeschobene Beobachtungsstelle 
forward observation post. 

vorgeschobener Gefechtsstand advance 
command post. 

vorgeschobene Stellungen position 
of advanced covering forces (Tac). 

vorgeschrieben prescribed. 

Vorgesetzter m superior, superior offi- 
cer or NCO. 

Vorhaben n intent, intention, plan. 

Vorhalt m lead (firing). 

Vorhalteeinrichtung / lead computer 
(AA and AT guns). 

Vorhalteeinstellung / positioning de- 
vice for leads (sight mechanism). 

VorhaltemaB n See VorhaltsmaB. 

vorhalten to take a lead, apply a lead 
( Gunnery). 

Vorhaltepunkt m future position of 
target (AA gunnery); predicted po- 
sition of target, set-forward point. 

Vorhaltestrecke / predicting interval 
(AA gunnery). 

Vorhaltewinkel m lead angle, angle 
between line of present position and 
line of future position ( A A gunnery) ; 
angle of lateral lead (Gunnery); 
range angle (bombing); drift angle 
(Air Navigation). 

VorhaltsmaB n amount of lead, lead 
factor (in firing at moving targets). 

Vorhaltswert m See VorhaltsmaB. 

Vorhand / forequarters (horse). 

Vorhersage / prediction, forecast. 

Vorholeinrichtung / counterreeoil 
mechanism, recuperator mechanism. 

Vorholer m recuperator, counterreeoil 
mechanism. 

Vorholerkolben m recuperator piston, 
counterreeoil piston. 

Vorholerlager n counterrecoil-mecha- 
nism bushing. 

Vorholerstiitze / counterrecoil-mecha- 
nism support. 

Vorhut / advance guard. 

Vorhutfiihrer m advance guard com- 
mander. 



Vorhutgefecht 



203 



V-Stellung 



Vorhutgefecht n advance guard ac- 
tion or engagement. 

Vorkammer / precombustion chamber 
(Diesel engine). 

Vorlage / flash-reducing wad (Arty); 
text, copy, pattern. 

Vorlauf m counterrecoil (G); nega- 
tive caster (MT). 

Vorlaufbewegung / counterrecoil mo- 
tion. 

Vorlaufhemmstange / counterrecoil 

piston rod (G). 
Vormann m foreman (Reich Labor 

Service). 
Vormarsch m advance. 
Vormarschlinie / line of advance, axis 

of advance. 
VormarschstraBe / road of advance, 

route of advance. 
Vormarschweg m line of advance, 

route of advance. 
Vorposten m outpost. 
Vorpostenabschnitt m outpost sector. 
Vorpostenabschnittsgrenze / outpost- 
sector boundary. 
Vorpostenaufstellung / setting up of 

outposts, disposition of outposts. 
Vorpostenboot n outpost patrol boat 

(Nav). 

Vorpostendienst m outpost duty. 
Vorpostenfiihrer m outpost comman- 
der. 

Vorpostengefecht n outpost engage- 
ment. 

Vorpostenkette / line of . outguards 
(Tac). 

Vorpostenkompanie / outpost company. 
Vorpostenreserve / outpost reserve. 
Vorpostensicherungslinie / outpost 

line of security (Tac). 
Vorpostenstellung / outpost position 

(Tac). 

Vorposten- Widerstandslinie / outpost 
line of resistance (Tac). 

vorprellen to rush forward. 

Vorrang m precedence, priority. 

Vorrat m stock, stores, supply. 

Vorratshaltung / maintenance of 
stocks or supplies. 

Vorratslauf m spare barrel (MG). 

Vorratsteil n spare part (MT). 

Vorratszugm supply platoon (TkBn). 

Vorrichtung / device, mechanism, fix- 
ture. 



vorrobben, sich to crawl forward. 

vorriicken to advance. 

Vorschlaghammer m sledge hammer. 

vorschreiben prescribe. 

Vorschrift / regulation, instruction, 
rule; manual. 

vorschiftsmaBig according to regula- 
tions. 

Vorsicht / caution, care; foresight 
(Surv). 

Vorsignal n preliminary signal, warn- 
ing signal. 

vorspringend projecting, salient. 

Vorsprung m salient (Tac); start, 
head start, lead. 

Vorspur / toe-in (MT). 

Vorstecker m safety pin (bombs, 
mines, etc.); lug (fuze). 

Vorsteckriemen m pommel-pad strap 
(saddle). 

VorstoB m assault, thrust, lunge; 
piping, edging ( along seams of uni- 
form). 

Vorstrom m inflow (Avn). 
vortauschen to deceive, simulate, feign. 
Vortauschung von Krankheiten ma- 
lingering. 

Vortrag m lecture; verbal report and 
consultation (with commanding offi- 
cer). 

vortreten to step forward, to step out 

of the ranks. 
Vortriebskraft / propelling power. 
Vortrupp m advance guard support 

(in Adv Gd of large unit); advance 

party (in Adv Gd of smaller unit). 
Vorverdichter m supercharger, 
vorverlegen to lift (Arty fire). 
Vorwahler m preselector (Tp). 
Vorwarmer m preheater. 
Vorwarner m outpost observer (SR). 
Vorwarnerstelle / outpost station (SR). 
Vorwiirtseinschneiden n intersection 

(Surv). 

Vorwartsfahrer m front driver (of a 

vehicle with double-ended drive). 
Vorwartsgang m forward speed (MT). 
Vorwartsgeschwindigkeit / forward 

velocity (bombing). 
VorwSrtsstaffelung / positive stagger 

(Ap wings). 
Vorziindung / preignition (Mtr). 
V-Stellung . / dihedral setting (Ap 

wings). 



Waage 



204 



Waffenprtifung 



w 



Waage / scales, balance. 

waagerecht horizontal. 

Waagerechtbombenwurf m level-flight 
bombardment. 

waagerechte Gitterlinie X-line (of 
map grid). 

waagerechte SchuBweite level-point 
range ( Gunnery). 

Waagerechtflug m level flight, hori- 
zontal flight. 

Wabo / See Wasserbombe. 

Wachanzug m guard uniform (pre- 
scribed for guard duty). 

Wachbataillon n guard battalion (in 
rear areas and Z of 1). 

Wachboot n patrol vessel. 

Wachbuch n guard book ( guard duty). 

Wachdienst m guard duty. 

Wache / guard; watch (Nav). 
die Wache aufziehen to mount the 
guard. 

die Wache ablosen to relieve the 
guard. 

Wachgebaude n guardhouse. 
Wachhabender m commander of the 
guard. 

Wachkompanie / guard company ( one 
providing the detail for guard 
duty). 

Wachlokal n guardroom. 

Wachmannschaft / guard detail. 

Wachposten m sentry. 

Wachradfahrerkompanie / bicycle 
company of a Wachbataillon. 

Wachregiment n guard regiment (in 
rear areas and Z of I). 

Wachsamkeit / vigilance. 

Wachschiff n. patrol vessel. 

wachsender . Drall increasing twist 
(Ord). 

Wachstaffet m oilskin. 

Wachstube / guardroom. 

Wachstuch n oilcloth. 

Wacht / radar station (Luftwaffe). 

Wachtleitstelle / radar control sta- 
tion (Luftwaffe). 

Wachtmeister m technical sergeant 
(Arty, Cav, AAA of the Luftwaffe). 

Wachtruppen fpl guard troops (in 
rear areas and Z of I). 

Wachtturm w watchtower. 



Wachvorgesetzter m commander of 

the guard. 
Wachwelle / stand-by frequency 

(Rad). 

Wackelkontakt m loose contact (Elec). 

wackeln to rock ( Ap wings) ; to shake, 
to be loose. 

Wade/ calf (of leg). 

Waffe / weapon ; arm. 

Waffenamt n ordnance office ( a branch 
of the Oberkommando des Heeres). 

Waffenaufnahme / gun holder (mul- 
tiple AA gun mount). 

Waffenblende / gun shield, gun 
mantlet (Tk). 

Waffenentgiftung / decontamination 
of .weapons. 

Waffenentgiftungsmittel n weapons 
decontaminating agent. 

Waffenfarbe '/ service color. 

Waffenfeldwebel m technical sergeant 
( armorer-artificer ) . 

Waffenfett n gun grease, rifle grease. 

Waffenfiihrung / tactics and tech- 
nique. 

Waffengattung / arm or branch of the 
service. 

Waffengruppe / group ( Ord, SA). 
die Waffengruppen auseinanderneh- 
men to field strip (a R, etc.). 

Waffeninspektion / ordnance inspec- 
torate (a branch of the Allgemeines 
Heeresair.t) . 

Waffenkasten m arms container (aerial 
delivery unit). 

Waffenlager n ordnance depot. 

waffenlos unarmed. 

Waffenmeister m armorer-artificer 
official (Civ official ranking as 2nd 
Lt). 

Waffenmeistergehilfe m assistant ar- 
morer-artificer. 

Waffenmeisterei / armory, ordnance 
shop; armorer-artificer's staff or 
function. 

Waffenmeisterschule / armorer-arti- 
ficer school, ordnance school. 

Waffenoffizier m ordnance staff offi- 
cer, ordnance officer. 

Waffenpriifung / ordnance proving or 
testing. 



Waffenrock 



205 



Waschbenzin 



Waffenrock m blouse. 

Waffenruhe / truce. 

Waflfenschule / service school. 

Waffen-SS / SS Armed Forces. 

Waffenstillstand m armistice, 
ortlicher Waffenstillstand truce. 

Waffenstillstandsbedingungen fpl ar- 
mistice terms. 

Waffenstreckung / surrender. 

Waffenstreuung / armament error. 

Waffentechnik / tactics and technique. 

waffentechnisch pertaining to ord- 
nance engineering or mechanics. 

Waflfenuberlegenheit / superiority of 
arms and equipment. 

Waffen und Gerat ordnance materiel. 

Waffen- und Geratenachweis m prop- 
erty book. 

Waffen- und Geratuntersuchung / 
technical inspection. 

Waffen-Unteroffizier m ordnance ser- 
geant. 

Waffenwagen m armament car ( ar- 
mored RR train). 

Waffenwart m armorer-artificer. 

Wagen m wagon; car (MT, RR). 

Wagenfahre / ferry for vehicles. 

Wagenfiihrer m car commander (MT). 

Wagenhalteplatz m ambulance load- 
ing post. 

Wagenheber m jack. 

Wagenplane / tarpaulin for vehicle. 

Wagenzugfuhrer m caisson section 
leader (Arty). 

wahlen to dial (Tp) ; to select, choose; 
to vote. 

Wahler m dial (Tp); selector (switch- 
board mechanism). 

Wahlerbetrieb m dial system (Tp). 

Wahlscheibe / dial (Tp); selector 
dis'i (switchboard mechanism). 

wahrscheinlicher Fehler probable 
error. 

Wahrscheinlichkeitsfaktor m proba- 
bility factor (Ballistics). 

WaldbloBe / forest clearing. 

Waldgefecht n combat in woods. 

Waldgelande n wooded area, woodland. 

Waldlichtung / forest clearing. 

Waldrand m edge of woods or forest. 

Waldschneise / fire break, straight 
narrow forest clearing. 

Waldweg m forest road. 

Wall m rampart, wall (Ft); embank- 
ment. 

Wallfeldwebel m technical sergeant 
(Ft troops). 



Wallgraben m moat, ditch. 
Wallmeister m technical official of 

fortifications (Civ official ranking as 

2nd Lt). 

Walloberfeldwebel m master sergeant 
(Ft troops). 

Wallstabsfeldwebel m regimental ser- 
geant major (Ft troops). 

Walze / roller; body (of a shell); 
cylinder. 

Walzenblende / cylindrical mount, 
mantlet for cylindrical mount (Tk 
gun). 

walzenformig cylindrical. 

Wiilzlager n antifriction bearing, ball 
or roller bearing. 

Walzwerk n rolling mill. 

Wand / interior wall; baffle; bulk- 
head; interior side. 

Wanderbatterie / roving battery 
(Arty). 

Wandergeschiitz n roving gun. 
Wanderungsgeschwindigkeit / rate 

of travel. 
Wange / cheek. 

Wanne / trough, tub; bjill (Tk); 
ventral turret (Ap). 
Wanze / bedbug. 
Warenlager n warehouse. 
Warme / heat. 

Warmebestandigkeit / resistance to 
heat. 

Warmegleichwert m mechanical 
equivalent of heat. 

Warmeunterschied m temperature 
difference (Met). 

Warmluf tenteisung / thermo ice elimi- 
nation (Ap). 

Warmluftfront / warm front (Met). 

Warnflagge / danger flag. 

Warnsignal n danger signal. 

Warnstelle / lookout post; district 
warning center ( AWS). 

Warnung / warning. 

Warnzentrale / control center (AWS). 

Wart m ground mechanic, maintenance 
man (Avn); mechanic, rigger; man 
in charge; warden, lookout. 

Warte / watchtower; observatory. 

war ten to wait; to service (Ap, Mtr, 
etc.). 

Wartestellung f stand-by position, 

waiting position. 
Wartung / servicing, maintenance. 
Warze / lug, stud. 
Waschbenzin n gasoline used for 

cleaning purposes. 



Waschesack 



206 



Wegeknie 



Waschesack m laundry bag, bar- 
rack (s) bag. 

Waschetasche f laundry pocket 
( pack). 

Waschewechsel m change of under- 
clothing. 

wasserabstoBend water-repellent. 
Wasserbehalter m water chest; water 
tank. 

Wasserbombe / depth bomb, depth 
charge. 

Wasserdestillationskompanie / water 
distillation company. 

wasserdicht waterproof, watertight. 

Wasserdichtigkeit / impermeability to 
water. „ 

Wasserfahrzeug n craft, vessel ( stream 
crossing). 

Wasserflugzeug n seaplane. 

wassergekiihlt water-cooled. 

wassergierig hygroscopic ( powder). 

Wasserlandflugzeug n amphibian air- 
plane. 

Wasserlandung / landing on water 
(Avn). 

Wasserlauf m stream, watercourse. 
Wasserleitung / water pipes, water 
main. 

Wasserlinie / waterline. 
Wassermantel m water jacket (MG, 
Mtr). 

wassern to land on water (Avn). 

Wasserpumpe / water pump. 

Wasserpumpenkuhlung / force-circu- 
lation cooling system (Mtr). 

Wasserreinigungssack m water- 
sterilizing bag. 

Wassersaulen-Druckmesser m water- 
column pressure gage. 

Wassersperi-e / water obstacle. 

Wasserspiegel m water level, water 
surface. 

Wasserstand m water level. 

Wasserstandsmesser m water-level 
gage. 

Wasserstoff m hydrogen. 
WasserstraBe / waterway. 
Wassertransport m transportation by 
water. 

Wassertrense / watering bridle (har- 
ness). 

Wasserturm m water tower. 
Wasserumlauf m water circulation 
(Mtr). 

Wasserung / landing on water (Avn). 
Wasserverankerung / anchorage in 
water (Pon Bdg). 



Wasserversorgungskompanie / water 
supply company (Mil). 

Wasserversorgungsstelle / water sup- 
ply point. 

Wasserverteilungsstelle / water dis- 
tributing point. 

Wasserwaage / builder's level, water 
level (Inst). 

wasserwarts streamward. 

Wasserwerk n waterworks. 

waten to wade. 

Watfahigkeit / fording ability, 
stream-crossing ability (MT). 

Watte / absorbent cotton. 

Weberknoten m weaver's knot. 

Wechsel m change; displacement 
(Arty); alternation, one-half cycle 
(Elec); exchange, currency. 

Wechselbeziehung / correlation. 

Wechselfalle des Gefechts fortunes of 
war. 

Wechselfestigkeit / fatigue strength 
(Mech). 

Wechselfeuer n intermittent light. 

Wechselgetriebe n gear transmission. 

Wechselpunkt m midpoint (AA gun- 
nery); critical point (Top). 

Wechselpunktentfernung / slant range 
to midpoint (AA gunnery). 

Wechselrichter m vibrator (Rad). 

Wechselstellung / alternate emplace- 
ment, alternate firing position. 

Wechselstrom m alternating current. 

Wechselstromerzeuger m alternating- 
current generator, alternator (Elec). 

Wechselstromwecker m alternating- 
current buzzer or ringer (Tp). 

Wechselverkehr m alternate two-way 
traffic (Bad). 

Wecken n reveille. 

Wecker m buzzer, ringer (Tp). 

Weckerfallklappe / drop, shutter (Tp). 

Weg m road, route, passage, way, 
channel. 

Wegebau m road construction. 
Wegebiegung / road curve, road bend. 
Wegedreieck n triangular road junc- 
tion. 

Wegeeinmiindung / junction of side 
road with main road. 

Wegeerkundung / road reconnais- 
sance, reconnaissance of route. 

Wegegabel / road fork. 

Wegekarte / circulation map, road 
map. 

Wegeknie n V-turn (road). 



Wegekreuzung 



207 



Wehrmachtgericht 



Wegekreuzung / crossroads, intersec- 
tion. 

Wegenetz n road net, network of 
roads. 

Wegeposten m marker (traffic con- 
trol). 

Wegesperre / road block. 
Wegespinne / multiple road junction. 
Wegestrecke / stretch of road. 
Wegeverhaltnisse npl road conditions. 
Wegflugpeilung / back bearing (Air 

Navigation). 
"Weggetreten!" "Dismissed!" 
Wegskizze / strip map, sketched road 

map. 

Wegsperre / road block, 
wegtreten to break ranks, 
wegtreten lassen to dismiss. 
Wegweiser m road sign. 
Wehr n weir (Engr). 
Wehr / defense; parapet (G emplace- 
ment). 

Wehrausbildung / military training. 

Wehrbarmachung / activation. 

We'hrbezirk m recruiting district ( sub- 
division of a Wehrersatzbezirk). 

Wehrbezirkskommandeur m recruiting 
district commander. 

Wehrbezirkskomraando n recruiting 
district headquarters. 

Wehrdienst m military service; ser- 
vice with the armed forces. 

Wehrdienstbeschadigung / nonbattle 
injury. 

Wehrdienst im Beurlaubtenstande 
military service with reserve status. 

Wehrdienstverhaltnis n service status. 

Wehrersatz m recruiting and replace- 
ment for the armed forces. 

Wehrersatzbezirk m recruiting area 
(subdivision of a Wehrkreis). 

Wehrersatzdienststelle / recruiting- 
office. 

Wehrersatzinspekteur m recruiting 
area commander. 

Wehrersatzinspektion / recruiting 
area headquarters. 

Wehrersatzwesen n armed forces re- 
cruiting and replacement administra- 
tion. 

Wehrertiichtigung / military training. 

Wehrerziehung / military education. 

wehrfahig fit for military service, 
eligible for military service; able- 
bodied. 

Wehrform / national defense system. 
W'ehrgeographie / military geography. 



Wehrgeologie / military geology. 

Wehrgeopolitik / military geopolitics. 

Wehrgesetz n compulsory service law, 
national defense act. 

Wehrhoheit / military sovereignty 
( right of a country to have armed 
forces of any strength and type). 

Wehrkreis m military area ( corre- 
sponds roughly to corps area or ser- 
vice command; territorial Germany is 
divided into about 15 Wehrkreise 

1 which form the basis for recruitment 
and replacements). 

Wehrkreisbefehlshaber m military 
area commander. 

Wehrkreis-Ersatzdepot 11 recruit re- 
ception center of a Wehrkreis. 

Wehrkreiskommando n military area 
headquarters. 

Wehrmacht / Armed Forces. 

Wehrmachtakademie / armed forces 
war college. 

Wehrmachtauskunftstelle / armed 
forces information office (supplies 
information regarding casualties, 
missing, etc., upon inquiry by next 
of kin). 

Wehrmachtbeamter m civilian official 
of the armed forces (Wehrmacht- 
beamte have nominal rank and wear 
uniforms; they are classified as com- 
batants). 

Wehrmachtbefehlshaber m military 
district commander in occupied terri- 
tory (directly responsible to the 
Oberkommando der Wehrmacht). 

Wehrmachtbericht m communique of 

. the High Command. 

Wehrmachtbevollmachtigter m Armed 
Forces Plenipotentiary ( commander 
of a protectorate or other occupied 
territory). 

Wehrmachtfahrkarte / soldier's re- 
duced-rate railroad ticket. 

Wehrmachtfiihrerschein m military 
motor vehicle operator's permit. 

Wehrmachtfuhrungsstab m armed 
forces operations staff (a joint oper- 
ations staff under the Oberkommando 
der Wehrmacht). 

Wehrmachtgefangnis n disciplinary 
barracks. 

Wehrmachtgeistlicher m chaplain. 

Wehrmacht gelande n military reser- 
vation. 

Wehrmachtgericht n military court. 



Wehrmacht- 



208 



Wellenwiderstand 



Wehrmachtgesundheitsdienst m mili- 
tary hygiene service. 

Wehrmachtrundfunkempfanger m 
standard broadcast receiver issued 
to anned forces personnel. 

Wehrmachtseelsorgedienst m chap- 
lains' service of the armed forces. 

Wehrmachtsfahrlehrerschein m mili- 
tary motor vehicle instructor's 
license. 

Wehrmacht-Standort m military post, 
garrison or station. 

Wehrmacht-Strafgesetzbuch n mili- 
tary penal code. 

Wehrmachtteil m branch of the armed 
forces (such as Army or Navy). 

Wehrmeldeamt n draft board. 

Wehrmeldebezirk m draft district 
(subdivision of a Wehrbezirk). 

Wehrnummer / personal number ( ap- 
pears on identification tag and in pay 
book; does not correspond to US 
Army Serial Number). 

Wehrordnung / compulsory service 
law regulations. 

Wehrorganisation / armed-defense 
system. 

Wehrpapiere npl military service 

documents. 
WehrpaB m service record book. 
Wehrpflicht / obligation to serve in 

the armed forces. 
Wehrpflichtiger m one who is subject 

to the draft. 
Wehrrecht n military law. 
Wehrsold m army pay. 

Hone des Wehrsoldes rate of pay. 
Wehrsoldgruppe /• pay grade. 
Wehrstammblatt n document giving 

personal details (made out at local 

induction center). 
Wehrstammbuch n service record 

book. 

Wehrstammkarte / locator card. 

Wehrstammrolle / roster of draftees 
(arranged according to age groups). 

Wehrstrafrecht n military penal law. 

Wehrsystem n national defense sys- 
tem. 

wehrtauglich fit for military service, 
wehrunwurdig unworthy to bear arms 

(classification given to criminals, 

etc.). 

Wehrvergehen n military offense. 
Wehrversammlung / annual assem- 
bly of reservists, 
wehrwichtige Gtiter essential items. 



wehrwichtige Nachrichten military 
information. 

Wehrwirtschaft / war economy, mili- 
tary economics. 

Wehrwissenschaft / military science. 

wehrwiirdig worthy to bear arms. 
See also wehrunwurdig. 

Weiche / switch (RR); filter (Rad); 
flank (horse). 

Weicheisen n soft iron, mild steel. 

weichen give ground, give way, fall 
back. 

Weichenbock m switch stand (RR). 

Weichenhebel m switch lever (RR). 

Weichenlaterne / switch lamp (RR). 

Weingarten m vineyard. 

Weingeist m alcohol. 

Weise / manner, method, way. 

WeiBkreuz n lacrimator (Ger mark- 
ing "White Cross"). 

Weisung / directive, instruction, let- 
ter of instruction. 

Weite / width; distance. 

Weiterbildung / advanced training. 

weitergeben to forward, pass along, 
relay. 

Weiterleitungsstelle f forwarding 

point, forwarding station. 
"Weitermachen !" "As you were!" (In 

the sense of "Carry on!"). 
Weitermarsch m resumed march. 
WeitschuB m over (Gunnery). 
Weitwerfer m long-range flame 

thrower. 

Weitwinkelaufnahme / wide-angle 

photograph. 
Wellblech n corrugated sheet metal. 
Welle / wave; frequency (Rad); 

shaft, axle, spindle. 

in rollenden Wellen in waves (Tac). 
Wellenausbreitung / wave propagation 

(Rad). 

Wellenband n wave band, frequency 
band (Rad). 

Wellenbereich m wave range (Rad). 

Wellenbrecher m breakwater. 

Wellenlange / wave length (Rad). 

Wellenleistung / brake horsepower. 

Wellenmesser m wavemeter, frequency 
meter (Rad). 

Wellenspektrum n frequency spec- 
trum (Rad). 

Wellenwechsel m change of frequency 
(Rad). 

Wellenwiderstand m characteristic 
impedance, surge impedance (Eleo, 
Rad). 



Wellenzapfen 



209 



Wetterpeilzug 



Wellenzapfen m journal (Mech). 
wellig wavy, undulating; pulsating 
(Elec). 

Wellpappe / corrugated paper. 
Weltkrieg m World War I. 
Weltkriegsteilnehmer m veteran of 

World War I. 
Wendegetriebe n reversing gear. 
Wendekreis m turning radius (MT). 
wenden to turn, veer. 
Wendepunkt m turning point, critical 

point. 

Wendeturm m pylon (Adrm). 
Wendewinkel m angle of yaw 

(Avn). 

Wendezeiger m bank and turn indi- 
cator (Ap). 

Wendigkeit / maneuverability (Ap); 
ease in steering or turning, mobility 
(vehicles). 

Wendung / turn ( Avn) ; facing ( drill) ; 
reversal; change. 

werfen to throw. 

Werf er m smoke-shell mortar ; signal 

projector; rocket projector. See also 

Nebelwerfer. 
Werferabteilung / chemical battalion, 

smoke battalion; rocket projector 

battalion. 

Werferrahmen m projector frame; 
frame-type rocket projector. 

Werferregiment n chemical regi- 
ment, smoke regiment; rocket pro- 
jector regiment. 

Werferschiitze m mortar gunner. 

Werf t / shipyard, dockyard ; workshop 
(Adrm). 

Werfthalle / repair hangar (Adrm). 
Werg n oakum. 

Werk n work (Ft, etc.); plant, fac- 
tory. 

Werkbank / workbench. 
Werkflugplatz m factory airfield. 
Werkluftschutz m factory air-defense 
system. 

fVerkmeister m shop foreman (Civ 
official ranking as Master Sgt). 

Werkstatt / workshop, machine shop. 

Werkstattauftrag m work order. 

Werkstattgeratkraftwagen m spare 
parts truck (MT). 

Werkstattkompanie / repair-shop 
company, workshop company. 

Werkstattkraftwagen m repair-shop 
truck, mobile machine shop (MT). 

Werkstattrupp m repair-shop detach- 
ment, maintenance party. 



Werkstattzug m maintenance platoon 
(Tk Bn). 

Werkstoff m material. 

Werkzeug n tool. 

Werkzeugkasten m tool box. 

Werkzeugmaschine / machine tool. 

Werkzeugstahl m tool steel. 

Werkzeugtasche / tool bag, tool kit. 

Wert m value, factor. 

Wespe / wasp ( also nickname for 
Ger self-propelled light field howit- 
zer). 

Westa / See Wettererkundungsstaffel. 

Westwall m West Wall ( a system of 
fortifications along Germany's west- 
ern frontier). 

Westwallabzeichen n West Wall Badge 
( decoration). 

Wetter n weather. 

Wetterbeobachtung / weather obser- 
vation. 

Wetterberatung / See Wetterbericht. 
Wetterberatungszentrale / air forces 

weather reporting center. 
Wetterbericht m weather report. 
Wetterbericht vom Pilotballon pibal 

(Met). 

Wetterbezirk m weather region, con- 
trol region. 

Wetterdienst m weather service. 

Wetterdienstgerate npl weather in- 
struments (Met). 

Wetterdiensthelferin / air forces 
weather service woman auxiliary. 

Wetterelement n weather factor ( Bal- 
listics, Met). 

Wettererkundung / weather recon- 
naissance (Avn). 

Wettererkundungsstaffel / weather 
reconnaissance squadron (Avn). 

Wetterfahne / weather vane. 

Wetterfiihrung / ventilating system 
(mine). 

Wetterfunkmeldung / weather mes- 
sage, meteorological message (Bad). 

Wetterfunkspruch m See Wetterfunk- 
meldung. 

Wetterkarte / weather map (Met). 

Wetterkunde / meteorology. 

Wetterlage f weather conditions. 

Wetterleuchten n lightning ("Met,). 

Wettermeldung / weather report 
(Avn);. metro message (Arty). 

Wettermessung / meteorological meas- 
urement. 

Wetterpeilzug m meteorological and 
direction-finding platoon. 



"Wetterschliissel 



210 



Winkel 



Wetterschliissel to weather code. 

Wetterspinne / wind-component indi- 
cator (Gunnery). 

Wettersprengmittel n safety mining 
explosive. 

Wetterstelle / weather station. 

Wetterstbrung / meteorological- dis- 
turbance. 

Wettervoraussage / weather forecast. 
Wettervorhersage / See Wettervoraus- 
sage. 

Wetterwarte / weather station. 

Wetterzug to metro platoon (Arty). 

wetzen to sharpen, hone. 

Wezu-Gerat n wind corrector and time 
scale (SB) (Wezu = Wetterzug). 

wichsen to polish (leather, etc.). 

Wickelgamaschen fpl wrapped leg- 
gins, wrap puttees. 

Wicklung / winding, wrapping. 

Widerlager n abutment (Bdg). 

Widerrist m withers (horse). 

Widerstand to resistance (Elec, Tac); 
drag (Avn). 

Widerstandsgruppe / unit assigned to 
one sector of main line of resistance 
(Tac). 

Widerstandskessel m pocket of resis- 
tance. 

Widerstandslinie / line of resistance. 

Widerstandslinie der Vorposten out- 
post line of resistance (Tac). 

Widerstandsmesser m ohmmeter. 

Widerstandsmoment n section modu- 
lus (Engr). 

Widerstandsnest n island of resistance, 
pocket of resistance. 

Widerstandsstellung / delaying posi- 
tion. 

Widerstandstruppe / delaying unit 
(Tac). 

Widerstandszentrum n center of re- 
sistance (Tac). 

widerstehen to withstand, resist. 

wiederherstellen to repair, restore, 
reconstruct. 

Wiederherstellung / reconstruction, 
repair, restoration. 

wiederholen to repeat. 

Wiederholungsunterricht m refresher 
instruction. 

wieder richten to re-lay (Gunnery). 

Wiederspannabzug m double action 
(SA). 

Wiege / cradle ( G). 

wiegen to weigh. 



Wiegengleitbahn / cradle guide rails 
(G). 

Wiegentrager m cradle frame (G). 
Wiegentrog to cradle trough ( G). 
Wiegenzurrung / cradle lock ( G). 
Wiese und Weide grassland. 
Wimpel to pennant. 
Windabtrift / wind drift, 
windabwarts downwind, leeward. 
Windanker in downstream anchor 

cable (Pon Bdg). 
Windankerleine / downstream anchor 

cable (Pon Bdg). 
Windankerlinie / downstream line of 

anchors (Pon Bdg). 
Windankertau n downstream anchor 

cable (Pon Bdg). 
Windanzeiger m wind indicator. 
Winddruck m wind pressure. 
Winde f ■winch. 
Windenkasten m winch box. 
Windewagen m winch truck. 
Windfahne / wind vane. 
Windfahnenkorn n wind vane front 

sight (Ap MG). 
Windfliigel to fan (MT); arming 

vane (bomb). 
Windjacke / double-breasted field 

jacket. 

Windkanal w wind tunnel (Avn). 

Windkegel m wind cone. 

Windmesser to See WindmeBgerat. 

WindmeBgerat n anemometer. 

Windmessung / wind test (Met). 

Windmiihle / windmill. 

Windpfeil to wind arrow (Met). 

Windrichtungsanzeiger to wind-direc- 
tion indicator (Avn). 

Windsack to wind cone, windsock. 

windschief twisted, warped. 

windschiefer Flug crabbing (A vn). 

Windschliissel m key to weather code 
numbers and symbols (Met). 

Windschutz to windbreak. 

Windschutzscheibe / windshield. 

windseitig windward. 

Windstarke / wind velocity (Met). 

WindstoB to squall, gust, bump. 

Windung/ twist (Ord). 

Windverband to lateral bracing (Bdg). 

Windverhaltnisse npl wind factors 
(Ballistics). 

wihdwarts upwind, windward. 

Windziffer / wind reference number 
( Gunnery). 

Winkel m angle; V-formation, wedge 
formation (Avn); chevron. 



Winkelauswanderung 



211 



Wolkenscheinwerfer 



Winkelauswanderung / angular move- 
ment, angular travel. 

Winkelbeschleunigung / angular ac- 
celeration. 

Winkel der Schraglage angle of bank, 
angle of roll (Avn). 

Winkelfernrohr n elbow telescope. 

Winkelgeschwindigkeit / angular 
speed, angular velocity, angular 
travel. 

Winkelgruppe / firing angles, 
untere Winkelgruppe low firing angles 
(0° to 45°). 

obere Winkelgruppe high firing 

angles (45° to 90°). 
Winkelhebel m angle cam (MG lock). 
Winkelkopf m head of static rod 

(river-width measuring Inst). 
Winkellasche / butt strap (made of 

angle iron). 
WinkelmaB n angular measurement; 

phase constant (Rad). 
Winkelmesser m gunner's quadrant; 

clinometer (Surv, Arty); goniometer 

(Surv); protractor. 
Winkelmesserebene / quadrant plate 

(G). 

WinkelmeBgerat n protractor. 

Winkelmessung / goniometry (Surv). 

Winkelspiegel m periscope, protec- 
toscope (Tk). 

Winkeltrommel / cross staff (Surv 
Inst for laying out right angles). 

Winker m flagman; signaler using a 
signal disk; signal arm or light indi- 
cating direction of turn (MT). 

Winkerflagge / See Winkflagge. 

Winkerkelle f See Winkerstab. 

Winkerstab m signaling disk. 

Winkflagge f semaphore flag, control 
flag, signal flag. 

Winkspruch m semaphore message, 
message transmitted by signaling 
disk or hand signals. 

Winkverbindung / visual communica- 
tion by flag or hand signals. 

Winkzeichen n hand signal, flag signal. 

Winterausriistung / winter equipment. 

Winterbeweglichkeit / mobility in 
winter. 

Winterkettenglied n oversize track 
shoe for operations in deep snow 
(MT, Tk). 

Winterkrieg m winter warfare. 

Winterlost n 50-50 mixture of lewisite 
and mustard (CWS). 

Wintermedaille des Ostkrieges Eastern 



Campaign Winter Medal (decora- 
tion). 

Wirbel m vortex, eddy, whirl; whirl- 
pool; drum roll; spine. 

Wirbelbildung / formation of eddies 
(Ballistics). 

Wirbelkammer / turbulence chamber 
(Diesel engine). 

Wirbelsaule / spinal column. 

Wirbelstrom m eddy current (Elec). 

Wirbelsturm m cyclone, tornado. 

wirksam effective. 

wirksame SchuBweite effective range. 

wirksame Steigung effective pitch 
( propeller). 

Wirkungsbereich m effective range 
(Ord); field of fire (Ord) ; radius of 
action (Ap). 

Wirkungsdauer / persistence (of a 
Cml agent). 

Wirkungsfeuer n fire for effect ( Arty). 

Wirkungshalbmesser m radius of rup- 
ture (demolitions). 

Wirkungskreis m circle of rupture 
( demolitions). 

WirkungsschieBen n fire for effect 
(Gunnery). 

Wirtschaft / economy; tavern. 

wirtschaftlich economical. 

Wirtschaftskrieg m economic warfare. 

Wirtshaus n tavern, inn. 

Wischer m wiper; sponge; cleaning- 
patch; windshield wiper. 

Wischstock m cleaning rod ( G). 

Wischstrick m pull-through rope (for 
pulling brush or spoyige through G 
barrel). 

Witterung / atmospheric conditions, 
weather. 

Witterungseinflttsse mpl exterior bal- 
listic factors, weather factors. 

W-Motor m three-bank upright en- 
gine. 

WohnungsgeldzuschuB m commuta- 
tion of quarters, rental allowance. 

Wohnviertel n residential quarter. 

Woilach m saddle blanket. 

Wblbung / droop; camber. 

Wolfram n tungsten. 

Wolfsgrube / obstacle pit (Ft). 

Wolke / cloud. 

Wolkendecke / cloud cover. 

Wolkenfeld n cloud bank. 

WolkenhShe / ceiling (Met). 

wolkenlos clear (Met). 

Wolkenscheinwerfer m ceiling light 
(Met). 



Wblkensegeln 



212 Zahnkranzlenkung 



Wolkensegeln n cloud soaring ( glider). 
Wolkenspiegel ni nephoscope (Met). 
Wolkenuntergrenze / base of cloud, 
wolkig broken (Met). 
Wolldecke / "wool blanket. 
Wolle / wool. 

Wolokusche / boat-type runner 
(placed under gun wheels for opera- 
tions in deep snow). 

Wortlaut m text, wording'. 

Wriggeln n sculling. 

Wucht / kinetic energy; striking 
power, force of impact. 

Wulstband n rim band (MT). 

Wulstfelge / clincher rim (MT). 

Wundbrand m gangrene. 

Wunde / wound. 

Wundstarrkrampf m lockjaw, tetanus. 
Wundverband m dressing, bandage. 
Wurf m cast, throw; bomb release. 
"Wurf !" "Bombs away!" 
Wurfarten fpl types of release (bomb- 
ing). 

Wurfbahn / bomb trajectory. 



Wurf el m cube; capsule, pellet. 
Wurfgerat n projector. 

schweres Wurfgerat chemical rocket 

projector. 
Wurfgranate / mortar shell. 
Wurfgranatziinder m mortar-shell 

fuze. 

Wurfkorper m special projectile for 
signal pistols. 

Wurfparabel / bomb trajectory. 

Wurfrahmen m framework-type pro- 
jector for high-explosive or incendi- 
ary rockets. 

Wurf taubenschieBstand m skeet range. 

Wurfweite / mortar range; throwing 
range (hand grenades); bombing 
range. 

Wiirgebohrung / tapered bore, choke 

(barrel) (Ord). 
Wurgezange / cap crimper (Engr). 
Wiirgung / crimp f Am). 
Wurzel / root. 
Wiiste / desert. 



X 



X-Tag m M-day, mobilization day. | X-Uhr / H-hour, zero hour. 



Y 

Vperit n mustard gas. 



zah tough, tenacious; viscous; stub- 
born. 

Zahl / number. 

Zahlenwert m numerical value. 

Zahlmeister m paymaster official 
(Wehrmachtbeamter, generally rank- 
ing as 2nd Lt, responsible for pay 
and allowances, ration, messing, cloth- 
ing accounts and company finances). 

Zahlmeisterei / office and function of 
the Zahlmeister. 

Zahn m tooth. 



z 

I Zahnarzt m dentist. See also Sani- 

tatsoffizier(Z). 
Zahnbehandlung / dental treatment. 
Zahnbogen m elevating arc, elevating 

rack (G). 

Zahnbogenrichtmaschine / arc-type 

elevating mechanism (G). 
Zahnkette / driving chain (MT). 
Zahnkranz m traversing rack (Tk 

turret, AA gun). 
Zahnkranzlenkung / worm and sector 

steering system (MT). 



Zahnrad 



213 Zermiirbungsstrateg'ie 



Zahnrad n gear, gear wheel; pinion. 
Zahnradgetriebe n gear transmission 
(MT). 

Zahnradpumpe / gear pump (Mtr). 

Zahnstange / rack (Tech). 

Zahnstangenlenkung / pinion and sec- 
tor steering system (MT). 

Zahntechniker to dental technician. 

Zange / pliers, tongs. 

Zangenangriff to pincer attack, double 
envelopment (Tac). 

Zangenbewegung / pincer movement. 

Zapfen m pin; journal; trunnion; 
pivot; plug; tap; spigot; tenon. 

Zapfendiise / pintle nozzle, pin nozzle 
(Mtr). 

Zapfenkreuz n cross (of a universal 
joint). 

Zapfenlager n pillow block, bushing. 

Zapfenstreich w taps. 

Zapfstelle / standpipe, 

Zaum to bridle. 

Zaun to fence. 

Zehe / toe. 

Zeichen n sign; signal; call; military 
symbol. 

Zeichenbrett n drawing board. 

Zeichenerklarung f legend, key to 
map signs. 

Zeichengerat n plotting instrument, 
drawing instrument. 

Zeichenpapier n drawing paper. 

Zeichenverbindung / visual communi- 
cation. 

zeichnen to draw, sketch. 

Zeichnung / drawing, blueprint, plan. 

Zeigefinger to forefinger. 

Zeiger m indicator, pointer; hand, 
needle ( on Inst dial). 

Zeigerzieleinrichtung / follow-the- 
pointer sight mechanism (G). 

Zeitabstand m headway, time interval. 

Zeitbombe / time bomb. 

Zeiteinteilung / timetable (Tac). 

Zeitgruppe / time heading (on Bad 
messages). 

ZeitmaB n cadence (marching). 

Zeitschnur / safety fuze, blasting fuze. 

Zeittafel / timetable, schedule. 

Zeitunterschied to time difference 
(SR); time interval (AAA). 

Zeitunterschiedverfahren n time-dif- 
ference method (SB). 

Zeitzeichen n time signal. 

Zeitziinder m time fuze (Am). 

Zeitzunderschufi m time fire (Gun- 
nery). 



Zeitziindschnur / safety fuze, blast- 
ing fuze. 

Zelle / cell, cellule. 

Zellon n cellulose acetate. 

Zellophan n cellophane. 

Zellophaniiberzug m cellophane cover. 

Zellstoff to cellulose. 

Zelluloidtafel / celluloid disk; pro- 
tractor; templet. 

Zellwolle / cellulose fiber. 

Zelt n tent. 

Zeltausriistung / tent equipment. 

Zeltbahn / shelter half. 

Zeltbau m tent pitching. 

Zeltlager n tent camp. 

Zeltleine / guy rope ( tent). 

Zeltpflock m tent pin, guy pin, guy- 
line stake. 

Zeltstock m tent pole. 

Zementfliese / concrete paving block. 

Zensor m censor. 

Zensur / censorship. 

Zentralbatterie / common battery 
(TV). 

Zentrale / central (Tp); central sta- 
tion (Arty). 

zentrale Projektion gnomonic projec- 
tion. 

Zentralrichtgerat n director (AAA). 

Zentralschmierung / central lubrica- 
tion (MT). 

Zentrierwulst m bourrelet (Am). 

Zentrum n center; bull's eye. 

zerbrechen to crack, break into pieces. 

zerdrttcken crush, crumple, squash, 
squeeze. 

zerfallen disintegrate. 

Zerfallgurt m disintegrating belt 
(MG). 

ZerknallstoS m blast, concussion, 
zerlegen disassemble, dismantle, strip; 

decentralize, disperse; disintegrate. 
Zerlegerziinder to self -destroying fuze 

(A A Am). 
zerlegte Formen broken outlines 

(Cam). 

Zerlegung / dispersal, decentraliza- 
tion; disintegration; dismantling, 
stripping. 

zermalmen crush, crunch, smash, dash 
to pieces. 

zermtirben wear down. 
Zermiirbung / attrition. 
Zermiirbungskrieg to war of attrition. 
Zermiirbungsstrategie / strategy of 
attrition. 



Zerschellerschich t 



214 



Zielkelle 



Zerschellerschicht / burster course, 
bursting layer, detonating slab (Ft). 

Zerschneideziinder m See Zug- und 
Zerschneideziinder. 

zerspalten to split up. 

zersplittern to shatter; to split up, 
dissipate ( forces, etc.) . 

zersprengen to crack, burst into pieces, 
shatter; to blow up; to rout. 

zerspringen to explode, burst. 

Zerstauber m atomizer, spray. 

Zerstauberdiise / spray nozzle; Die- 
sel fuel injector. 

Zerstaubergerat n chemical spray 
apparatus; sprayer-type decontami- 
nating apparatus. 

Zerstorangriff m hit-and-run raid 
(Avn). 

zerstoren destroy, demolish. 

Zerstorer m destroyer (Nav); twin- 
engine fighter, long-range fighter 
(Ap). 

Zerstorerflugzeug n twin-engine 

fighter airplane. 
Zerstorergeschwader n twin-engine 

fighter wing. 
Zerstorerschule / twin-engine fighter 

pilot school. 
Zerstorung / destruction, demolition. 
Zerstorungsarbeiten fpl demolitions. 
Zerstorungsfeuer n destruction fire 

(Arty). 

Zettel m card, tag, ticket, slip. 
Zeug n ordnance supplies; gear, equip- 
ment. 

Zeugamt n ordnance office. 

Zeughaus n arsenal. 

Zeugnis n certificate. 

Zickzackscheibe / zigzag target (Tng). 

Ziegelei / brickyard. 

ziehen to draw, pull, drag, tow; to 

pull up ( Ap) ; to be draf ty. 
Ziehziinder m pull firing device (land 

mine). 

Ziel n target, objective, goal. 

ins Ziel gehen to hold into the target. 

das Ziel aufsitzen lassen to hold at 

bottom edge of target. 

das Ziel verschwinden lassen to hold 

at upper edge of target. 
Zielabschnitt m sector of fire, target 

sector. 

Zielachse / sighting axis ( plane table 
alidade). 

Zielanflug m approach flight, approach 

run (Avn). 
Zielansprache / target designation. 



Zielaufklarung / artillery target recon- 
naissance. 

Zielaufnahme mit Langbasisanlage 
horizontal base method. 

Zielausbildung / training in aiming, 
training in laying. 

Zielbild n target image (telescopic 
sight). 

Zielbreite / target length (moving 
targets). 

"Ziel dreht!" "Target changing 
course!" (AA predictor). 

Zieldreieck n shot group, aiming 
group (sighting and aiming exer- 
cise). 

Zieleinrichtung / sighting mechanism 

(Or A). 
zielen to aim, sight. 
Zielentfernung / range to target 

(Gunnery) . 
Zielerkundung / target reconnaissance. 
Zielfehler m aiming error. 
Zielfernrohr n telescopic sight, direct 

sighting telescope. 
Zielfernrohrtrager m telescopic sight 

mount. 

Zielfeststellung / locating of target 
(Gunnery). 

Zielflache / objective plane (Gun- 
nery); target area (bombing). 

Zielflug m homing (Air Navigation). 

Zielgelande n target area. 

zielgenau - accurate, precise. 

Zielgerat n sight, sighting mecha- 
nism (Ord); bomb sight. 

Zielgeschwindigkeit / speed of target. 

Zielgevierttafel / target-designation 
grid (Arty Surv). 

Zielhiihe / height of target, altitude 
of target. 

Zielhbhenwinkel m angle of site ( Gun- 
nery); angular height of target 
(AAA). 

Zielhohenwinkel zum AbschuBpunkt 

angular height of target at present 
position (AAA). 

Zielhohenwinkel zum MeBpunkt angu- 
lar height of target at instant of 
range determination (AAA). 

Zielhohenwinkel zum Treffpunkt angu- 
lar height of target at future posi- 
tion (AAA). 

Zielhohenwinkel zum Wechselpunkt 
angular height of target at midpoint 
(AAA). 

Zielkelle / See Zielloffel. 



Zielkontrollspiegel 



215 



Zufuhrstrafte 



Zielkontrollspiegel m aim-checking 
device. 

Zielkreis m target area (bombing). 
Ziellandung / spot landing ( Avn). 
Ziellineal n orienting straightedge 

(MG aiming circle). 
Ziellinie / line of sight. 
Ziellinienpriifer m bore sight (Ord). 
Zielloffel m aiming disk, sighting disk, 

marking disk. 
Zielmarke / lead mark (telescopic 

sight). 

Zielmunition / subcaliber ammunition. 
Zielpunkt m target point, objective 
point. 

Zielpunktkarte / battle map or firing 
chart showing location of probable 
targets. 

Zielpuppe / dummy. 

Zielraum m target area, sector of fire. 

Zielrechenmaschine / predictor, pre- 
diction mechanism (AA); ballistic 
director (Arty). 

Zielrichtung / direction of the target. 

Zielscheibe / practice target. 

Zielschiene / sighting bar. 

Zielschiff n target ship. 

Zielschwarze n bull's-eye. 

Zielseitenwinkel m azimuth of target. 

Zielseitenwinkel zum AbschuBpunkt 
azimuth of target at present position 
(AAA). 

Zielseitenwinkel zum Treffpunkt azi- 
muth of target at future position 
(AAA). 

Zielsetzung / designation of objective. 
Zielsicherheit / accuracy of fire, marks- 
manship. 

Zielspinne / range-deflection fan ( Gun- 
nery). 

Zielstachel m pointed-post reticle 
( telescopic sight). 

Zieltafel / data sheet (Gunnery). 

Zielteil m target sector. 

Ziel- und Anschlagsiibungen fpl aim- 
ing drill. 

Zielunterlagen fpl information of ob- 
jectives, target data. 

Zielvorrichtung / aiming mechanism. 

Zielwaagerechte / horizontal through 
base of target (Arty). 

Zielwechsel m change of target, en- 
gaging of successive targets. 

Zielweg m course of target (AAA). 

Zielwurf m precision bombing. 

Zielzuweisung / allocation of targets. 

Ziffer / cipher, figure, numeral. 



Zifferblatt n dial (on Inst). 
ziffern to cipher, encipher, encrypt. 
Zimmerantenne / indoor antenna. 
Zimmermann m carpenter. 
ZimmerschieBgerat n field artillery 
trainer. 

Zinkbecher m zinc container (dry cell). 
Zinknebel m HC mixture, HC smoke 

mixture (CWS). 
Zinn 11 tin. 

Zirkel m compasses, dividers. 

Zirruswolke / cirrus cloud (Met). 

Zisternenf ahrzeug n vehicle fitted with 
chemical spray apparatus. 

Zisternenflugzeug n airplane fitted 
with chemical-spray apparatus. 

Zivil n civilian clothing. 

Zivilbevolkerung / civilian population, 

Zivilgericht n civil court. 

Zivilinternierter m civilian internee. 

Zivilist m civilian. 

Zivilkleidung / civilian clothing. 

Zivilluftfahrt / civil aviation, com- 
mercial aviation. 

Zivilperson / civilian. 

Zivilvergehen n civil offense. 

Zoll m inch (2.5i cm); duty, tariff, 
toll. 

Zollhaus n custom house. 
Zollschranke / tollgate. 
Zonenzeit / standard time. 
Zubehor n accessories. 
Zubehorteil m part, accessory. 
Zubehortornister m accessories case 

(portable Rad). 
Zubringer m follower (SA). 
Zubringerfeder / follower spring 

(SA). . 

Zubringerhebel m belt-feed lever 
(MG). 

Zucht / discipline. 

Zuchthaus n penitentiary. 

Zuchthausstrafe / sentence of con- 
finement to a penitentiary. 

ZufahrtstraBe / access road, approach 
road. 

zufalliger Fehler nonsystematic 
error (Arty); accidental error 
(Mech, Optics). 

Zufallstreffer m accidental hit. 

Zufuhr / supply, bringing up of sup- 
plies. 

Zufuhrer m belt feed (MG); feed 
mechanism (automatic weapon). 

ZufuhrstraBe / line or road of com- 
munication, line or road of supply. 



Zufiihrung 



216 



Ziinderkappe 



Zufiihrung / feed (MG); lead-in 
(Rad). 

Zufiihrungsdraht m lead-in (Rqd). 
Zufiihrungsgehause n feed box (AA 
gun). 

Zufiihrungsweg m route for bringing 

up supplies, etc. 
Zug m platoon; groove (rifling); 

train (RR); pull; tension; draft. 
Zugangm access, approach; increase, 

addition. 

Zugangsweg m access road, approach 
road. 

Zugbewachung / train guard. 

Zugbreitkeil m platoon in inverted- 
wedge formation. 

Zugbriicke / drawbridge. 

Zugdampfer m baffle ( engine muffler). 

Zugdruckziinder m pull-pressure ig- 
niter (mine). 

Ziigel m bridle; rein. 

zugelassen authorized, permitted; 
admitted. 

Ziigelring m bit ring (harness). 

zugeteilt attached; allotted. 

Zugfahre / rope ferry (Engr). 

Zugfeder / safety spring (MG). 

Zugfederhaken m safety-spring catch 
(MG). 

Zugfederschraube / See Zugfeder- 
spannschraube. 

Zugfederspannschraube / safety- 
spring tension screw (MG). 

Zugfestigkeit / tensile strength. 

Zugfiihrer m platoon leader. 

Zuggrenze / platoon boundary. 

Zuggurt m tension chord (truss). 

Zughaken m pintle (Trac); single- 
tree attachment hook (limber). 

Zugkeil m platoon in wedge forma- 
tion. . , 

Zugkolonne / column of platoons. 

Zugkraft / tractive power; tension 
force; drawbar pull (prime mover). 

Zugkraftwageh m prime mover, half- 
track carrier and prime mover. 

Zugleistung / tractive power; draw- 
bar pull (Trac); draft efficiency (of 
animals). 

Zugmaschine / prime mover (MT). 
Zugose / drag washer (wheel); 

lunette (limber, trailer). 
Zugramme / drop-hammer-type pile 

driver. 

Zugriemen m brake cable; trace 

(harness). 
Zugschraube / tractor propeller ( Ap). 



Zugschrauber m tractor airplane. 
Zugspannung / tensile stress. , 
Zugstange / brake rod (vehicle 

brake); pintle drawbar (MT, Trac); 

drawbar (trailer). 
Zugstreife / train patrol. 
Zugtau n tow rope. 
Zugtrupp m platoon headquarters 

personnel, platoon command group 

personnel. 
Zug- und Zerschneideziinder m pull 

and cut igniter, tension release igniter 

(LM). 

Zugverkehr m railroad traffic. 

Zugwache / train guard. 

Zugziinder m pull igniter (LM). 

Zuladung / useful load (Ap). 

Zulage / additional pay or allow- 
ance; addition; appendix. 

zulassig permissible; admissible. 

Zulassung / registration certificate 
(MT); registration and airworthi- 
ness certificate (Avn); admission; 
permission. 

Zulegeplatte f attachable base plate 
(mine-surveying set). 

zulegen to add to. 

Zuleitung / lead-in (Rad). 

Zuleitungskabel n lead-in cord (sig- 
nal lamp). 

Zunahme / increase, gain, addition. 

Ziindachse / operating-piston sleeve 
(blasting machine). 

Ziindapparat m magneto; igniter; 
exploder, blasting machine. 

Ziindbolzen m concussion plunger, 
percussion plunger, plunger (powder- 
train time fuze). 

Ziindeinstellung / timing (ignition). 

ziinden ignite, detonate; fire (a dem- 
olition charge). 

Ziinder m fuze (Am); igniter (land 
mine). 

den Ziinder einstellen set the fuze. 
Ziinderdeckel m false ogive (Am). 
Ziinderdraht m firing wire, lead wire 

( demolitions). 
Ziindereinstellung / fuze setting. 
Ziindereinteilimg f fuze scale. 
Ziindergehause n fuze body (Am); 

fuze cover (bomb). 
Ziinderhalter m shell (of blasting 

cap). 

Ziinderhiilse f hood (of fuze ). 
Ziinderkappe / closing cap (time 

fuze); head (point-detonating fuze); 

upper cap (clockwork fuze). 



Ziinderkorper 



217 



Zusammenarbeit 



Ziinderkorper m body (fuze). 
Ziinderlaufzeit / time of functioning 

(fuze), fuze range. 
Ziinderstellmaschine / automatic fuze 

setter (AA gun). 
Zunderstellschlussel m manual fuze 

setter. 

Ziinderstellsitz m fuze-setter support 
(AA gun). 

Ziinderstellung / fuze setting (Gun- 
nery). 

Ziinderteller m body (powder-train 

time fuze). 
ziindfertig armed, fuzed, ready for 

firing. 

Ziindfolge / firing order (of engine 
cylinders). 

Ziindfunke m ignition spark (Mtr). 

Ziindgerat n demolition equipment. 

Ziindglocke / inside bottom of cart- 
ridge case (SA Am). 

Ziindhebel m spark control (Ap). 

Ziindholz n match. 

Ziindhiitchen n primer (SA Am); 
percussion primer ( fuze) ; percussion 
cap, propellent primer (Am). 

Ziindhutchenausfall m blown primer. 

Zundhiitchenhiilse / primer cup ( Am). 

Zundkabel n spark plug cable (Mtr). 

Ziindkanal m vent hole ( obturator) ; 
primer vent (cartridge) ; flash hole 
(fuze); cap hole (blasting cart- 
ridge). 

Ziindkapsel / detonator. 

Ziindkerze / spark plug. 

Ziindladung / primer, primer charge, 
igniting charge. 

Zundladungskapsel / detonator cas- 
ing (fuze). 

Ziindladungskorper m detonator 
charge (fuze). 

Ziindlage / ignition system (Mtr). 

Ziindlichtmaschine / generator (MT). 

Ziindloch n vent, flash vent. 

Ziindmagnet m magneto. 

Ziindmittel n detonation agent, pri- 
mer, igniter, igniting mixture. 

Ziihdnadel / firing pin (fuze). 

Ziindpatrone / ignition cartridge 
(Am). 

Ziindpunkt m flash point. 

Ziindpunktverstellung / timing (en- 
gine ignition). 

Ziindsatz m powder train, primer 
(Am, demolitions) ; igniter train (py- 
rotechnic Sig); detonating composi- 
tion. 



Ziindschalter m ignition switch (Ap, 
MT). 

Zundschliissel m ignition key (MT). 
Ziindschnur / safety fuze. 
Ziindschnuranziinder m fuze lighter. 
Ziindschraube / threaded primer 
(Am). 

Ziindschraubengehause n case 
( threaded percussion primer). 

Ziindspule / ignition coil (Mtr). 

Ziindstift m insulated electrode 
(spark plug). 

Ziindstrahl m igniting flash, priming 
flash (Am). 

Ziindstrom m ignition current (Mtr). 

Ziindiibertragung / induced detona- 
tion ( demolitions) . 

Ziindung / firing, detonation (Am, 
demolitions) ; ignition (Mtr). 

"Ziindung eingestellt !" "Contact!" 
(Avn). 

Ziindverstellung / spark control, 

spark adjustment (Mtr). 
Ziindverteiler m distributor (Mtr). 
Ziindvorrichtung / firing device 

(LM); ignition system (Mtr). 
Ziindwilligkeit / ignition quality 

(Diesel fuel). 
Ziindzeitpunkt m instant of firing 

(engine ignition). 
zunehmender Drall increasing twist 

(Ord). 

Zungenschiene / point of switch rail 
(RR). 

Zungenstuhl m knee (RR switch). 

Zurrbolzen m locking pin (G). 

Zurrbrucke / cradle lock frame (G). 

Zurrgriff m cradle lock handle (G). 

Zurrhaken m locking hook (G car- 
riage). 

Zurrhebel m lock lever. 

Zurrlager n lock support (cradle 
lock). 

Zurrstange / lock rod. 
Zurrstellung / locked position (Ord). 
Zurrstuck n back plate latch lock 
(MG). 

Zurrung / locking mechanism ( G, Tk, 
MG); anchorage; lashing; holdfast. 

Zuriickstellung / deferment. 

Zuriickstellungsantrag m request for 
deferment. 

zuriickweichen give ground, give way. 

zuriickziehen, sich fall back, retire, 
withdraw. 

Zusammenarbeit / cooperation, mu- 
tual support. 



Zusammenballung 



218 



Zwischenwelle 



Zusammenballung / concentration 
(Tac). 

Zusammenfassung / concentration 
(Arty); abridgment, summary. 

zusammengefafites Feuer concen- 
trated fire (Arty); collective fire 
(SA). 

zusammenlaufen converge. 

zusammensetzen assemble; compile; 
compound; collect, bring together; 
fit together. 

Zusammensetzung / composition. 

ZusammenstoB m collision; clash. 

Zusammenwirken n synchronization; 
coordination; liaison; cooperation. 

zusammenziehen tighten, draw to- 
gether, contract. 

Zusatz m addition; supplement; 
appendix. 

Zusatzfallschirm m parachute lobe. 

Zusatzfliigel m auxiliary airfoil, slat 
(Ap). 

Zusatzgetriebe n auxiliary trans- 
mission (MT). 

Zustand m state, condition, situation. 

zustandig competent; authorized. 

Zustellung / delivery. 

zuteilen allot, attach. 

Zutritt m entrance; admittance. 

zuverlassig reliable. 

zuwiderhandeln act in opposition, act 
against, counteract; break, violate (a 
regulation, etc.). 

zuziehen tighten, draw together. 

Zwangsauslosung. / static line device 
(Prcht). 

Zweiachser m two-axle vehicle, four- 
wheel vehicle. 

zweiadrig two-stranded (Eleo). 

zweiaugig binocular adj. 

Zweibein n bipod (MG). 

Zweidecker m biplane. 

Zweielektrodenrohre / diode tube 
(Rad). 

Zweierzelt n two-man shelter tent. 
Zweifliigel-Luftschraube / two-blade 

propeller (Ap). 
Zweiglager n branch depot; branch 

camp (PW). 
zweigleisig double-tracked (RR), 
Zweiglinie / junction line (RR). 
Zweigpark m branch depot. 
Zweigstelle / branch, branch office, 

substation, 
zweimotorig twin-engine. 
Zwei-Ohr-Verfahren n binaural 

method (sound locating). 



Zweipolrohre / diode tube (Rad). 

Zweipunktverfahren n two-point re- 
section (Surv). 

Zweischwimmer-Seeflugzeug n twin- 
float seaplane. 

Zweisitzer m two-place airplane ; two- 
seater (vehicle). 

Zweitaktmotor m two-cycle engine. 

Zweisternmotor m double-row radial 
engine. 

Zweistieler m double-bay biplane, 
zweistufig two-stage (Elec, Rad). 
Zweitaktsystem n two-cycle prin- 
ciple. 

Zweiwegeatmung / two-way respira- 
tion (gas mask). 

Zwickzange / cutter, cutting pliers. 

Zwillingslafette / twin mount (Ord). 

Zwillingslauf e mpl twin barrels ( MG ) . 

Zwillingsmachinengewehr n twin- 
barreled machine gun. 

Zwillings-MG.-Drehturm m revolving 
turret with twin-barreled machine 
gun (Ap). 

Zwillingswaffe / twin-barreled wea- 
pon. 

zwingen compel, force. 

Zwischenbahnhof m intermediate 
station (RR). 

Zwischenentfernung / intermediate 
range (Gunnery). 

Zwischenfeld n ground between de- 
laying positions, area between suc- 
cessive positions, intermediate area. 

Zwischenfrequenz / intermediate fre- 
quency (Rad). 

Zwischenfrequenzempfanger m super- 
heterodyne receiver. 

Zwischengeblase n auxiliary stage 
supercharger, turbosupercharger. 

Zwischengetriebe n auxiliary trans- 
mission (MT). 

Zwischenlandung / intermediate land- 
ing. 

Zwischenlandungsplatz ra intermedi- 
ate landing field. 

Zwischenraum m interval (from left 
to right). 

Zwischenstecker m adapter plug 
(Elec). 

Zwischenstelle / linking station; re- 
lay station (Sig Com). 

Zwischenstellung / intermediate po- 
sition. 

Zwischenstiick n adapter. 
Zwischenwelle / intermediate shaft, 
propeller shaft. 



Zwischenziel 



219 



ZZ-Verfahren 



Zwischenziel n intermediate objec- 
tive; reference point (Arty, R fire). 

Zwitterfahrzeug n half-track vehicle. 

zwo two (used in voice transmission 
to avoid confusion with drei, three). 

Zyanwasserstoffsaure / hydrocyanic 
acid, prussic acid (CWS). 

Zylinderblock m cylinder block (Mtr). 

Zylinderinhalt m total volume of 
cylinder (Mtr). 

Zylinderkopf m cylinder head (Mtr). 



Zylinderlaufbiichse / cylinder liner 
(Mtr). 

Zylinderschleifen n cylinder grinding 
(Mtr). 

ZylinderverschluB m bolt mechanism 
(R). 

Zylinderwand / cylinder wall (Mtr). 

ZZ-Verfahren n method of radio ap- 
proach landing (the main let-down 
signal is ZZ with last letter of air- 
port station signal in between). 



PART II 

ENGLISH — GERMAN 



abandon \ accordion action 



abandon V raumen (a locality) ; ver- 
lassen . ( a position, etc.) ; zuriicklas- 
sen (equipment, wounded, etc.). 

abatage Stellung auf FuGtellern 
(G). 

abatis Baumsperre /. 

"A" battery Heizbatterie / (Rad). 

abbreviation Abkiirzung f. 

authorized abbreviation amtlich 

festgelegte Abkiirzung. 
able-bodied wehrfahig, tauglich, 

wehrtauglich (fit for Mil service). 
Abney level Spiegelneigungsmesser 

m (Surv). 
about face Kehrtwendung /. 
"About, face!" "Ganze Abteilung, 

Kehrt!" 
abrasive Schleifmittel n. 
abreast nebeneinander, Seite an 

Seite, in Linie. 
abscissa Abszisse /. 
abscissa for maximum ordinate Gip- 

felentfernung / (Ballistics). 
absence without leave unerlaubte 

Entfernung, eigenmachtige Entfer- 

nung. 
absent abwesend. 

absent without leave abwesend ohne 
Urlaub. 

absolute altitude Flughohe /, Flug- 
hohe iiber dem Erdboden (Avn). 

absolute ceiling Gipfelhohe / (Avn). 

absolute deviation GeschoBabwei- 
chung f (Arty). 

absolute quarantine Isolierung / 
(Med). 

absorbent cotton Watte /. 
abutment Widerlager n, Brucken- 

widerlager n, Endauflager n (Bdg); 

Kampfer m (of an arch). 
abutment beam Stofibalken m (Bdg). 
abutment section Pioniertrupp 

beauftragt mit Errichtung der 

Briickenendwiderlager (Engr). - 



accelerate beschleunigen. 
accelerating pump Beschleunigungs- 
. pumpe /. 

acceleration Beschleunigung /. 
acceleration downward Fallbe- 

schleunigung f (of projectile). 
accelerator Spannstiick n (MG); 

Gashebel m, Beschleuniger m (Mtr). 
accelerometer Beschleunigungsmesser 

m (Ap). 

acceptance test Abnahmeprufung /. 

accessories Ausriistung /, Zubehor 
n, Zubehorteile inpl. 

accessories case Zubehortornister m 
(portable Rad). 

accessory Ausriistungsstiick n, Zu- 
behor n (part); Komplize m, Mit- 
schuldiger m (Law). 

accessory defense Hindernis n, 

Sperre /. 

accelerator pedal GasfuGtritt m, 

Gasfufihebel m. 
access road ZufahrtstraI3e /. 
accident Unfall m. 
accidental cover natiirliche Deckung. 
accidental error zufalliger Fehler. 
accidental hit Zufallstreffer m. 
accompanying artillery Begleitartil- 

lerie /. 

accompanying battery Begleitbat- 
terie /. 

accompanying fire Begleitfeuer n. 

accompanying gun Begleitgeschiitz n. 

accompanying tank Begleitpanzer m, 
Begleitpanzerkampfwagen m. 

accomplice Mitschuldiger m, Kom- 
plize m (Law). 

accomplish erledigen, erfiillen, voll- 
enden. 

accomplishment Erledigung / (com- 
pletion); Leistung / (feat). 

accordion action wechselnder Fahr- 
zeugabstand, AufschlieGen und Ab- 
hangen (MT). 



accordion effect 



221 



adjustable wrench 



accordion effect See accordion action, 
accountability Buchungspflicht /, 

Verantwortlichkeit /. 
accountable zur Buchung verpflich- 

tet. 

accountable officer Verwaltungs- 

offizier m. 
accouterments Ausriistungsstucke 

npl. 

accredited aviation school behordlich 

anerkannte Fliegerschule. 
accredited correspondent -Kriegs- 

berichter w. 
accrued leave zustehender Gesamtur- 

laub. 

accumulated leave akkumulierter 
Urlaub. 

accuracy Genauigkeit /. 

accuracy life Lebensdauer / (G). 

accuracy of fire Zielsicherheit /, 
Treffahigkeit /, Treffgenauigkeit /, 
Treffsicherheit /. 

accuracy of lit PaBgenauigkeit /. 

accuracy of practice Treffgenauig- 
keit /. 

accurate genau, zielgenau. 

ace Fliegerheld m, erfolgreicher 

Jagdflieger. 
acetone Azeton m. 
acetylene Azetylen n. 
acetylene torch See oxyacetylene 

torch. 

a-c generator Wechselstromerzeuger 
m. 

acid Saure /. 

acknowledge Bitte Quittung, Bitte 

Bestatigung (Rad procedure). 
acknowledgment of receipt Emp- 

fangsbestatigung / (Rad, Tg, Tp). 
acoustic correction Ausschalten des 

Schallverzuges (sound locator). 
acoustic corrector Verzugsrechner m 

(sound locator). 
acoustic orientation akustische Or- 

tung (sound locator). 
act v wirken, handeln. 
acting stellvertretend. 
action Gefecht n, Gefechtshand- 

lung /, Kampftatigkeit / (Tac) ; Ar- 

beitsspiel n (Mech). 

"In action!" "Licht auf!" (AA SL). 
"Action front!" "Zum Feuern nach 

vorwarts, protzt ab!" 
"Action left!" "Zum Feuern nach 

links, protzt ab!" 
"Action rear!" "Zum Feuern nach 

ruckwarts, protzt ab!" 



"Action right!" "Zum Feuern nach 

rechts, protzt ab!" 
action station Gefechtsstation / 

(Nav) ; Gefechtsstellung /. 
activate wehrbar machen, aufstel- 

len (a unit); scharf machen (a 

mine). 

activated mine scharfe Panzermine. 
activation Wehrbarmachung /; Auf- 

stellung f (of a unit). 
active air defense Luftabwehr /, ak- 

tive Luftabwehr. 
active defense Abwehr /. 
active duty aktiver Dienst. 
active list Liste der aktiven OfRziere 

und Mannschaften. 
active service aktiver Wehrdienst. 
act of sabotage Sabotageakt m. 
actual range tatsachliche SchuCweite 

(Arty). 
acute angle spitzer Winkel. 
adamsite Adamsit m, Diphenylamin- 

chlorarsin n. 
adaptable anwendbar, pafSlich. 
adapter Lafettenaufsatzstiick n 

(MG) ; Mundlocheinschraubvorrich- 

tung /, PaBstiick n (Ord); Zwi- 

schenstiick n (Mech). 
adapter opening Mundloch n (Am). 
adapter plug Mundlochschraube / 

(AM); Zwischenstecker m (Elec). 
adapter thread Mundlochgewinde n 

(Am). 

add zusammenzahlen, addieren 

(Math); hinzufiigen, beifiigen. 

adding machine Rechengerat n. 

adhesive paste Kleister m. 

adhesive pitch Kabelwachs n (Engr, 
Tp). 

adhesive tape Klebestreifen m 

(Tech); Leukoplast n (court plas- 
ter); Isolierband n (friction tape). 

adjacent angrenzend, Nachbar — , 
Neben- 1 — . 

adjacent unit Nachbar m (Tac). 

adjust einschiefien (G fire); justie- 
ren (bore-sight alinement) ; einstel- 
len, verstellen (Tech). 

adjustable verstellbar, regulierbar, 
verschiebbar, einstellbar. 

adjustable holder Einstellhiilse / 
(panoramic telescope). 

adjustable marker Einstellmarke /. 

adjustable-pitch propeller einstell- 
bare Luftschraube. 

adjustable wrench verstellbarer 
1 Schraubenschliissel. 



adjusted elevation 



222 



advance the attack 



adjusted elevation Erhohungseinstel- 
lung /. 

adjusted range Hohenrichtung / 

(Arty). 

adjusting nut StoBelschraube / (on 

valve-lifter). 
adjusting point Einschiefipunkt m 

(Arty). 

adjusting ring Stellring m, Einstell- 

ring m (fuze). 
adjusting screw Verstellschraube /. 
adjustment Einstellung /, Eichung 

/, Verstellung /; Berichtigung / 

( correction) . 
adjustment drum Berichtigungs- 

walze / (range finder). 
adjustment fire RichtungsschieBen n, 

EinschieBen n. 
adjustment nut Einstellmutter /. 
adjustment of fire EinschieBen n. 
adjustment shots Richtungsschiisse 

mpl (for direction) . 
adjustment target Einschiefiziel n, 

Lufteinschiefiziel n (high burst). 
adjutant Adjutant m. 
adjutant general Generaladjutant m. 

The Adjutant General Der Chef 

des Heeresverwaltungsamts (USA). 
Adjutant General Board Die Ab- 

teilungsleiter des Heeresverwal- 
tungsamts (USA). 
Adjutant General's Department 

Heeresverwaltungsamt n (USA). 
adjutant's office Schreibstube /. 
administration Verwaltung /, Ver- 

waltungswesen n. 
administration building Verwal- 

tungsgebaude n. 
administrative inspector Verwal- 

tungsinspektor m. 
administrative map Verwaltungs- 

iibersichtskarte /. 
administrative march Reisemarsch 

m, Etappenmarsch m. 
administrative order besondere 

Anordnung. 
administrative plan Verwaltungs- 

ordnung /. 
administrative services Verwal- 

tungsdienste mpl. 
administrative unit Verwaltungs- 

truppenteil m. 
administrative vehicle Heeresfahr- 

zeug n. 

admiral Generaladmiral m (Nav). 
advance n Vormarsch m, Vorgehen 
n. 



advance v vorriicken, vorgehen, vor- 

dringen, vormarschieren, sich vor- 

wartsbewegen. 
advance base Ausgabestelle im 

Operationsgebiet. 
advance by bounds sprungweises 

Vorgehen. 
advance by echelon staffelweises 

Vorgehen. 
advance by rushes See advance by 

bounds. 

advance command post vorgeschobe- 
ner Gefechtsstand, vorderer Ge- 
fechtsstand. 

advanced airfield Feldflugplatz m. 

advanced detachment Vorausab- 
teilung /. 

advance depot Umschlagstelle /. . . 
advanced specialized training mili- 

tarische Sonderausbildung. 
advanced training Weiterbildung /, 

Fortbildung /. 
advance element Spitzengruppe / 

(Toe). 

advance guard Vorhut /. 
advance guard action Vorhutgefecht 
n. 

advance guard cavalry detachment 
Reiterspitze /. 

advance guard commander Vorhut- 
fiihrer m. 

advance guard company Voraus- 
kompanie /. 
! advance guard engagement Vorhut- 
gefecht n. 

advance guard point Spitze /. 

advance guard reserve Haupttrupp 
m (in Adv Gd of large unit). 

advance guard support Vprtrupp m 
(in Adv Gd of large unit); Haupt- 
trupp m (in Adv Gd of smaller unit). 

advance in phases abschnittweises 
Vorgehen. 

advance landing field Feldflugplatz 
m, Gefechtslandeplatz m. 

advance message center Meldekopf, 
m. 

advance of forcing cone Laderaum- 

verlangerung / (G). 
advance party Spitzenkompanie / (iv. 

Adv Gd of large unit) ; Vortrupp m 

(in Adv Gd of smaller unit). 
advance position vorgeschobene 

Stellung. 

advance post vorgeschobener Posten. 
advance the attack sich an den 

Feind heranarbeiten. 



"Advance to be recognized!" 223 



aiming point 



"Advance to be recognized!" "Kom- 
men Sie naher! Wer sind Sie?" 

adviser Berater m. 

adze Querbeil n, Queraxt /. 

aerial See antenna. 

aerial acrobatics Kunstflug m. 

aerial barrage Luftsperre /. 

aerial barrage equipment Luftsperr- 
mittel n. 

aerial camera Luftbildkammer /. 
aerial combat exercise Luftkampf- 
iibung /. 

aerial delivery container Abwurf- 
kiste /. 

aerial gas spray Giftregen m. 
aerial gunner Fliegerschiitze to, 

Bordschutze m, Feuerschiitze to. 
aerial gunnery Schiefien aus der 

Luft. 

aerial hand camera Fliegerhand- 

kammer /. 
aerial mapping camera Reihenkam- 

mer /, Reihenbildner to, Reihenbild- 

kammer /. 
aerial mine Minenbombe /, Luft- 

mine /. 

aerial mosaic Reihenbild n, Luft- 

bildkarte /. 
aerial objective Flugziel n. 
aerial observation Luftbeobachtung /. 
aerial observer Beobachter m, Beob- 

achtungsflieger m. 
aerial photograph Luftbild n. 
aerial photographer Bildflieger to. 
aerial photographic crew Flugzeug- 

bildpersonal n. 
aerial photograph interpretation 

Luftbildauswertung /. 
aerial photography Luftbildwesen n, 

Luftphotographie /. 
aerial photomapping camera Reihen- 

mefikammer /. 
aerial review Luftparade /. 
aerial sound ranging Horchortung 

von Flugzielen (AAA). 
aerial spraying Abregnen n (CWS). 
aerial target Flugziel n. 
aerial torpedo Lufttorpedo n, Flug- 

zeugtorpedo n. 
aerial warfare Luftkrieg m. 
aerobatics See aerial acrobatics, 
aerocartograph Aerokartograph to. 
aerodynamic force Luftkraft /. 
aerodynamics Aerodynamik /. 
aeroembolism Hohenkrankheit /. 
aerograph See aerometeorograph. 



aerographer Meteorologe im Unter- 

offiziersrang (Nav). 
aerologist Meteorologe im Offiziers- 

rang (Nav). 
aerometeorograph Meteorograph m 

(Met). 

aerometer Dichtemesser vi, Dichtig- 

keitsmesser in: 
aeronautical chart Fliegerkarte /. 
aeronautical mile Flugmeile / 

(1853.25 meters). 
aeronautics Luftfahrt /, Luftfahr- 

wesen n, Flugwissenschaft /. 
aerosled Motorschlitten to. 
aerostat Aerostat to. 
affidavit beglaubigte . Bescheinigung, 

eidliche Erklarung. 
age Alter n. 

age-in-grade Rangdienstalter m. 
age limit Dienstaltersgrenze /. 
agent Verbindungsmann to, Ver- 

trauensmann to. 
agent officer Verbindungsoffizier to. 
aggressive angriffsfreudig, angriffs- 

lustig. 

aggressiveness Einsatzbereitschaft /. 
aggressor Angreifer m. 
agonic line Agone /. 
aide See aide-de-camp, 
aide-de-camp Adjutant m. 
aid man Sanitater m. 
aid station Truppenverbandplatz m 
(Med). 

aiguillette Fangschnur /. 

aileron Querruder n. 

aileron horn Querruderhebel to. 

aim v zielen, richten, anlegen. 

aim-checking device Zielkontroll- 

spiegel to. 
aiming circle Richtkreis to. 
aiming-circle station Richtstelle /. 
aiming device Zielspiegel to. 
aiming disk Zielloffel m. 
aiming drill Ziel- und Anschlags- 

iibungen fpl. 
aiming error Zielfehler to. 
aiming exercise Richtiibung /. 
aiming group Zieldreieck n (aiming 

triangle ) . 
aiming light Richtlampe /. 
aiming mechanism Richtgerat n, 

Zieleinrichtung /, Zielvorrichtung /. 
aiming order Richtkommando n, 

Richtbefehl to. 
aiming point Richtpunkt to, Halte- 

punkt m, Anlegepunkt to, Zielpunkt 

| TO. 



aiming-point azimuth 224 aircraft warning officer 



aiming-point azimuth reading Richt- 

punktzahl /. 
aiming-point and deflection method 

Richtpunktverfahren n. 
aiming point offset Beobachtungs- 

winkel to. 
aiming post Richtlatte /, E-Latte /. 
aiming post light Richtlampe /. 
aiming practice Richtiibung /. 
aiming silhouette Gefechtsscheibe / 

(target). 

aiming stake Richtlatte /, E-Latte /. 

aiming target Richtscheibe /. 

air n Luft /.- 

air v liiften. 

"Air!" "Hoch!" (firing). 

air-adjustment jet Korrekturluft- 

diise / (Mtr). 
air adviser Fliegerverbindungs- 

offizier to. 
air-air Flugzeug zu Flugzeug (Sig 

Com). 

air alert Jagdpatrouille in Kampf- 
bereitschaft (Avn) ; Fliegeralarm m 
(AWS). 

air ambulance Sanitatsflugzeug n. 

air area Luftraum to. ' 

air attack Luftangriff to. 

air base Luftstiitzpunkt in, Flug- 

stiitzpunkt m (Tac); Fliegerhorst 

to, Horst m (Adrm in Z of I). 
air base airdrome Fliegerhorst m, 

Horst m (Z of I). 
air base commander Fliegerhorst- 

kommandant m, Horstkommandant 

to. 

air base service area Bodenanlage 

der Luftwaffe, 
air base troops Bodenpersonal n. 
air battle Luftschlacht /. 
airborne auf dem Luftwege befor- 

dert. 

airborne infantry Luftinfanterie /. 
airborne troops Luftlande- und Fall- 

schirmtruppen fpl. 
air brake Luftdruckbremse / 

(Mech) ; Landeklappe / (Ap). 
air burst Luftsprengpunkt to, hoher 

Sprengpunkt, Sprengpunkt m 

(Arty). 

air-burst pattern Lufttreffbild n 

(Arty). 

air-burst registration fire Schieflen 

' mit hohen Sprengpunkten. 

air chamber Luftbehalter m 

( counterrecoil mechanism, vehicle 

brake). 



air combat Luftgefecht n, Luft- 

kampf m. 

air command communication Funk- 
verbindung von Flugzeug zu Flug- 
zeug. 

air command headquarters Luft- 
waffengruppenkommando n. 

air compressor Drucklufterzeuger m, 
Luftverdichter m, Luftpresser to. 

air conditioning plant Klimaanlage /. 

air-cooled luftgekiihlt, mit Luft- 
kiihlung. 

air-cooled engine luftgekiihlter 
Motor, Motor mit Luftkiihlung. 

air-cooled weapon luftgekiihlte 
Waffe. 

Air Corps See Army Air Forces. 

aircraft Luftfahrzeug n. 

aircraft ammunition Flugzeugmuni- 

tion /, Bordmunition /. 
aircraft armament Bordwaffen fpl. 
aircraft automatic gun See aircraft 

cannon. 

aircraft camera Luftbildkammer /, 

Luftbildgerat n, Fliegerkammer /. 
aircraft cannon Flugzeugkanone /. 
aircraft carrier Flugzeugtrager to. 
aircraft engine Flugmotor to. 
aircraft equipment Bordgerate npl. 
aircraft factory Flugzeugwerk n, 

Flugzeugfabrik /. 
aircraft gun sights Fliegervisierein- 

richtung /. 
aircraft industry Luftfahrzeugin- 

dustrie /. 

aircraft instruments Bordgerate npl. 
aircraft landing flare Bordlande- 
fackel /. 

aircraft log Flugbuch n, Flugtage- 
buch n. 

aircraft machine gun Bord-Maschi- 

nengewehr n. 
aircraft observer Aufklarungsflieger 

m, Beobachter to. 
aircraft parachute flare Fallschirm- 

leuchtbombe /, Leuchtbombe /. 
aircraft signal Leuchtpatrone /, 

Signalpatrone / (ground-air Com). 
aircraft signal pistol Fliegerleucht- 

pistole /. 

aircraft tender Flugzeugmutterschiff 

n, Stiitzpunktschiff n. 
aircraft warning Fliegerwarnung /. 
aircraft warning company Flugmel- 

dekompanie /. 
aircraft warning officer Flugmelde- 

offizier m. 



aircraft warning service 



225 



airport 



aircraft warning service Flugmelde- 
dienst to. 

air crew Bordbesatzung /, Bord- 
mannsehaft /, fliegende Besatzung, 
Flugzeugbesatzung /. 

air current Luftstrom m. 

air defense Luftverteidigung f; 

Luftabwehr / (active); Luftschutz 
w (passive). 

air defense area Flugabwehrgebiet n. 

air defense region Flugabwehrbezirk to. 

air density Luftdichte /. 

air depot Nachschubstelle der Luft- 
waffe. 

airdrome Flugplatz to. 

airdrome boundary Flughafengrenze 

/, Platzgrenze /. 
airdrome construction detachment 

Flughafenbautrupp to. 
airdrome light Platzfeuer n. 
airdrome lighting Flugplatzbefeue- 

rung /. 

airdrome traffic Flugbetrieb m. 
airfield See airdrome, 
air fight See air combat, 
air filter Luftfilter to, Luftreiniger 
m (Mtr). 

airflow^ Fahr(t)wind m, Geblase- 

wind m (Avn). 
airfoil Tragflache / (Ap). 
airfoil section Fliigelprofil n, Trag- 

fliigelprofil n. 
air force Luftflotte / (tactical and 

territorial unit). 
air force commander Flottenchef to, 

Luftflottenchef to, Fliegerfuhrer to. 
air forces Fliegerkrafte fpl, Luft- 

streitkrafte fpl. 
Air Forces See Army Air Forces. 
Air Forces Headquarters Luftwaf- 

fenkommando n. 
airframe Flugzeuggerippe n. 
air friction Luftreibung / (Ballis- 
tics). 

air-ground Bord zu Boden (Sig 
Com). 

air-ground communication Nach- 
richtenverbindung Boden-Bord. 

air-ground liaison code Funkver- 
kehrsabkiirzungen fpl. 

air-ground net Funknetz fur den 
Verkehr Boden-Bord. 

air guard Luftspaher to. 

air-intake duct Ansaugleitung / 

< Ft) - » , •• 

air-intake horn Ansaugkrummer m 

(carburetor). 



air jet Luftdiise / (Mtr). 
air landing troops Luftlandetruppen 
fpl. 

airline Fluglinie /, Flugstrecke /. 

air lock Gasschleuse / (CWS). 

air. mechanic Flugzeugmechaniker 

m, Bordmonteur m. 
air mile Luftmeile / (1,853.25 meters 

or 6,080 feet). 
air navigation Flugzeugortung /, 

Luftnavigation /. 
air navigation map Flugstrecken- 

karte f. 

air objective Luftangriffsziel n. 
air observation Luftbeobachtung /. 
air observer Beobachter m (Avn); 

Luftspaher m (AWS). 
air' obstacle Luftsperre / (Avn). 
air offensive Luftoffensive /. 
air officer Fliegerverbindungsoffizier 

m. 

airplane Flugzeug n; Flieger m (as 

seen from ground). 
airplane ambulance Sanitatsflugzeug 

n. 

airplane armament Flugzeugbewaff- 

nung /, Bordwaffen fpl. 
airplane chemical spray apparatus 

Luftstromgerat n, Zerstaubungsge- 

rat n. 

airplane construction Flugzeugbau 
m. 

airplane controls Flugzeugsteuerung 
/• 

airplane direction finding Flugzeug- 
ortung /. 

airplane engine Flugzeugmotor m. 
airplane flare Fallschirmleucht- 
bombe /. 

airplane mechanic Flugzeugwart m, 
Bordwart m, Bordmonteur m, Flug- 
zeugmechaniker m. 

airplane model Flugzeugbaumuster 
n. 

airplane passenger Fluggast m. 
airplane production Flugzeugbau to, 

Flugzeugproduktion /. 
airplane signal Fliegerverstandi- 

gungszeichen n. 
airplane-speed slide rule Flugzeug- 

geschwindigkeitslineal n (AAA). 
airplane spotter Luftspaher to, Flug- 

meldeposten m. 
airplane towing Flugzeugschlepp m. 
air pocket Luftloch n. 
airport Flughafen to. 



air power 



226 allotment of equipment 



air power Luftmacht f, Luftgeltung 
/• 

air pressure Luftdruck m. 
air raid Luftangriff m. 
air raid alarm Fliegeralarm m, Luft- 
alarm m. 

air raid drill Luftschutztibung / 

(civilian defense). 
air raid shelter Luftschutzkeller m, 

Luftschutzraum m. 
air raid siren Fliegersirene /, Luft- 

schutzsirene /. 
air raid warden Luftschutzwart m. 
air raid warning district Luftwarn- 

bezirk m. 

air reconnaissance Luftaufklarung /. 
air reconnaissance area Luftauf- 

klarungsraum m. 
air resistance Luftwiderstand m 

(Ballistics, Avn). 
air scoop Luftsackmaul n (captive 

Bin). 

air scout Luftspaher m. 

air sentinel See air scout. 

Air Service Command Luftgau m. 

airship Luftschiff n. 

airspace- Luftraum m (Avn, etc.); 

leerer Raum (Am). 
airspace reservation Luftsperrgebiet 

n (Avn). 

air speed Eigengeschwincligkeit f, 
Geschwindigkeit zur Luft (Ap). 

air speed indicator Fahrtmesser m 
(Ap). 

Air Staff Fuhrungsstab der Luft- 
waffe (USA). 

air starter Prefiluftanlasser m 

(Mtr). 

airstream Fahrwind m (Avn). 
air superiority Luftiiberlegenheit /. 
air support Fliegerunterstiitzung /. 
Air Support Command ScMachtflie- 

gerverband m. 
air support party Luftnachrichten- 

verbindungsoffiziere mpl. 
air target Flugziel n. 
air task force fliegerischer Verband, 

Fliegerverband m. 
airtight luftdicht. 

air-traffic safety control Flugsiche- 
rung /. 

air transport Transportflugzeug n. 
air transportation Lufttransport m. 
Air Transport Command Lufttrans- 

portkommando n (USA). See also 

Ferry Command, 
air umpire Schiedsrichter ra (Avn). 



air warfare Luftkriegfuhrung /. 
air warning net Flugmeldenetz n. 
airway Flugweg m, Flugstrecke /. 
airway beacon Flugstreckenfeuer n, 

Streckenfeuer n. 
airway obstruction Luftfahrthinder- 

nis n. 

airway traffic control area Flug- 

sicherungsbereich m. 
airworthiness Lufttuchtigkeit / 

(Ap). 

airworthy flugklar, flugtuchtig. 
alarm Alarm m. 
alarm station Alarmplatz m. 
alcohol Alkohol m, Weingeist m. 
alert n Startbereitschaft / (Avn); 

Bereitschaft /, Alarmbereitschaft /. 
alert v alarmieren, in Bereitschaft 

stellen. 

alert hut Bereitschaftsbaracke / 
(Avn). 

alert station Jagdpatrouille /, 

Bereitschaftsstellung / (Avn). 

alidade Kippregel / (Surv). 

alidade ruler Diopterlineal n (aim- 
ing circle). 

alignment See alinement. 

alinement Nachstellung des Rad- 
stands (of vehicle wheels); Ausrich- 
ten n, Richtung f (of sights). 

alinement stake Richtstange / (Bdg, 
Engr). ^ 

aliquot part charge aus zwei glei- 
chen Teilladungen bestehende Treib- 
ladung (Am). 

aliquot propelling charge See ali- 
quot part charge. 

alkali cartridge Alkalipatrone / (in 
oxygen breathing apparatus). 

all-around defense Igelverteidigung /. 

all-around traverse Seitenrichtfeld 
von 360°; mit Sockellafette. 

all clear Beendigung der Luftgefahr. 

"All clear!" "Alarm aus!" 

all clear signal Entwarnung /. 

all-metal airplane Ganzmetallflug- 
zeug n. 

allocation Zuteilung f (of men, sup- 
plies, etc.) ; Zuweisung /, Anweisung 
f (of funds). 

allocation of targets Zielzuweisung 
/• 

allot anweisen. 
allotment Anweisung /. 
allotment of equipment Gerataus- 
stattung /. 



allowance 



227 ammunition distributing 



allowance See' authorized basic al- 
lowance. 

allow for beriicksichtigen. 

alloy Legierung /. 

allways fuze empfiridlicher Kopf- 
ziinder (Am). 

all-wheel drive Raderantrieb m, All- 
radantrieb m (MT). 

.all-wing airplane Nurfliigelflugzeug 
n. ' 

ally Bundesgenosse m, Verbiin- 

dete(r) m. 

alphabet code flag Signalflagge /, 
internationale Signalflagge (Nav). 

alpine cap Bergmiitze f (Clo). 

alternate v wechseln, abweehseln. 

alternate airport Ausweichhalen m. 

alternate emplacement Wechselstel- 
lung / (G, MG). 

alternate firing position See alter- 
nate emplacement. 

alternate routing Ausweichvermitt- 
lung / (emergency Tp Com). 

alternate target Ausweichziel n 

(bombing). 

alternate traversing fire Breiten- 
feuer n (Arty). 

alternate two-way radiophone com- 
munication Funkwechselsprechen n. 

alternate two-way radio traffic Funk- 
wechselverkehr m. 

alternating current Wechselstrom m; 
Drehstrom m (three-phase). 

alternating-current generator Wech- 
selstromerzeuger m. 

alternation Wechsel m (Elec). 

alternator See alternating-current 
generator. 

altimeter Hohenmesser m; Hohen- 
entfernungsmesser m, Hohenmesser 
m, EntfernungsmeDgerat n (AA 
height finder). 

altitude Hohe /. 

altitude bracket Hohenschicht f 

(Avn, Met). 

altitude-correction ruler Erdkriim- 
mungslineal n. 

altitude indication Hohenangabe /. 

altitude lead Hohenvorhalt m 

(AAA). 

altitude of flight Flughohe /- 

altitude of target MeQhohe / (in- 
stant of range determination); Ziel- 
hohe / ( present position) ; Treff hohe 
/ (future position). 

altitude reading Hohenangabe /. 

aluminum Aluminium n. 



aluminum alloy Aluminiumlegierung 
/• 

amatol Amatol n (Am). 
ambient noise storende Nebenge- 
rausche. 

ambulance Krankenkraftwagen m; 
Sanitatsfahrzeug n (any Med ve- 
hicle). 

ambulance battalion Krankentrans- 

portabteilung f. 
ambulance loading post Wagenhalte- 

platz m. 

ambulance station Krankentrans- 

portstclle /. 
ambulant marschfahiger Verwunde- 

ter. 

ambush n Hinterhalt m, Lauerstel- 
lung f. 

ambush v aus dem Hinterhalt xiber- 
f alien. 

American Red Cross Amerikanisches 

Rotes Kreuz. 
ammeter Amperemeter n, Strom- 

messer m. 
ammonal Ammonpulver n, Ammonal 

n (Am). 

ammonia Ammoniak n; Salmiakgeist 

m (spirits of ammonia). 
ammonium nitrate explosive 4m- 

monsalpeter-Sprengmittel n. 
ammonium picrate Ammoniumpikrat 

n (Am). 

ammunition Munition /. See also 

munitions, 
ammunition bearer Munitionsschutze 

TO. 

ammunition belt Gurt m, Patronen- 
gurt m. 

ammunition box Munitionskasten m. 

ammunition branch depot Munitions- 
zweiglager n. 

ammunition carrier Munitionsfahr- 
zeug n; Munitionswagen rn, Muni- 
tionskarren m (H Dr); Gefechtskar- 
ren m (includes weapons); Muni- 
tionsschutze hi, Munitionstrager m, 
(bearer). 

ammunition chest Protzkasten m (on 
limber). 

ammunition clip Ladestreifen m. 
ammunition company Munitions- 

nachschub-Kompanie f. 
ammunition depot Munitionslager n. 
ammunition detail Munitionstrupp m. 
ammunition distributing point Mum- 

tionsausgabestelle /, Munitionsver- 

teilungsstelle /. 



ammunition drum 



228 



angle of clearance 



ammunition drum Munitionstrom- 
mel /. 

ammunition dump Munitionslager n. 
ammunition lot number laufende 

Nummer der Munitionslieferung. 
ammunition niche Munitionsnische / 

(Ft). 

ammunition pit Munitionsloch n. 
ammunition pocket Patronentasche / 
(Clo). 

ammunition point Munitionsausgabe- 
stelle /. 

ammunition requirements Schiefibe- 
darf to. 

ammunition section Munitionsstaffel 

/ (firing Btry). 
ammunition shelter Munitionsnische 

/ (Ft). 

ammunition shortage Munitionsman- 
gel to. 

ammunition sponson Munitionskam- 

mer / (Tk). 
ammunition stock Munitionsbestand 

to. 

ammunition supply Munitionsnach- 

schub to, Munitionsausstattung /, 

Munitionsbestand to. 
ammunition supply point Munitions- 

umschlagstelle /. 
ammunition supply service Muni- 

tionswesen n. 
ammunition trailer Munitionswagen 

m. 

ammunition train Munitionszug m 

(RR); Munitionskolonne /. 
ammunition transloading point Mu- 

nitionsumschlagstelle /. 
ammunition truck Geschofi-Zubringe- 

wagen m, Geschofiwagen to. 
ammunition wagon Munitionswagen 

to. 

amnesty allgeraeine Begnadigung, 

Amnestie /. 
amount Betrag m, Bestand to; 

Menge / (quantity) ; Summe / 

( sum). 
amperage Amperezahl /. 
ampere Ampere n. 
amphibian airplane Wasserlandflug- 

zeug n, Amphibienflugzeug n. 
amphibian tank Schwimmpanzer- 

kampfwagen m, Amphibienkampf- 

wagen to. 

amphibian tractor • See tracked land- 
ing vehicle. 

amphibian truck Schwimm-Last- 
kraftwagen to; Schwimmwagen to. [ 



amplification Verstarkung / (Rad). 

amplifier Lautverstarker in (vol- 
ume); Kraftver starker to (power). 

amplifier tube Verstarkerrohre / 
(Rad). 

amplitude of oscillations Schwin- 
gungsweite / (Rad). 

amputate amputieren, abnehmen. 

anabatic wind Aufwind to, Hang- 
wind to (Met). 

anaglyph Anaglyphe /, Anaglypt n 
(Photo Surv). 

anchor Anker to. 

anchorage Verankerung /, Anker- 
grund to, Ankerplatz w, Ankerstelle 
/ (Nav) ; Verankerung /, Zurrung /. 

anchor cable Ankertau n. 

anchored mine Ankermine /. 

anchor hitch Ankerstich to (Engr). 

anchoring Verankerung / (Bdg, 

Nav). 

anchor light Ankerlicht n. 

anchor pin Bremstrager to (of 

brakeshoes). 

anchor plate Ankerplatte f (of clock- 
work fuze). 

anchor rack stick Ankerrodel to 

(Bdg, Engr). 

anchor stake Ankerpfahl to. 

anemometer Windmesser to, Ane- 
mometer n, WindmeBgeriit n. 

aneroid barometer Dosenbarometer 
n, Federbarometer n, Pederluft- 
druckmesser to, Aneroid-Barometer 
n. 

anesthetic Betaubungsmittel n. 
angary Prisenrecht n. 
angle Winkel to. 

angledozer Planier-Raupenschlepper 

TO. 

angle of approach Flugwinkel to 
(AAA); Flugwinkel im AbschuB- 
punkt (present position); Flug- 
winkel im Treffpunkt (future posi- 
tion); Anflugwinkel to (Avn) ; Fahr- 
zeugiiberhang to, Uberhang to (MT). 

angle of attack Anstellwinkel to 
(Avn). 

angle of axle displacement Hubhohe 
/ (MT). 

angle of axle swing Achsenver- 

schrankbarkeit / (MT). 
angle of bank Winkel der Schrag- 

lage (Avn). 
angle of clearance Differenz zwischen 

Abgangswinkel und Deckungswinkel 

(Ballistics) . 



angle of convergence 



229 



antenna 



angle of convergence Parallaxwinkel 

m (Optics); Winkel zur Ausschal- 

tung des Stellungsunterschiedes 

(Arty, Surv). 
angle of crab Luvwinkel m (Avn). 
angle of departure Abgangswinkel 

m (Ballistics). 
angle of depression negative! Gelan- 

dewinkel (Gunnery); Tiefenwinkel 

m. (Surv). 
angle of dive Flugneigungswinkel m 

(AA gunnery); Sturzwinkel m 

(Avn). 

angle of elevation Visierwinkel m, 
Aufsatzwinkel m, Erhohungswinkel 
m. 

angle-of -elevation dial Aufsatztrom- 
mel f (G). 

angle-of -elevation mechanism Auf- 
satzwinkeltrieb m (G). 

angle of fall Fallwinkel m (Ballis- 
tics). 

angle-offset method Kreisbogenab- 
steckung von einer Tangente aus 
(Btry Surv). 

angle of glide Gleitwinkel m (Avn). 

angle of impact Aufschlagwinkel m, 
Auftreff winkel m (Ballistics). 

angle of incidence Einstellwinkel m 
(Ap wing); Erganzungswinkel des 
Auftreffwinkels (Ballistics) ; Ein- 
falhvinkel m. 

angle of jump Abgangsfehlerwinkel 
m (Gunnery). 

angle of parallax Parallaxe /, Paral- 
laxwinkel m (Optics). 

angle of pitch Steigungswinkel m, 
Anstellwinkel m (propeller); 
Stampf winkel m (Ap). 

angle of ricochet Abprallwinkel m. 

angle of roll Winkel der Schrag- 
lage (Avn). 

angle of safety Erhohung einschliefi- 
lich der Sicherheitsteilstriche (over- 
head firing). 

angle of shift Seitenabstand yom 
Eichtpunkt (indirect firing). 

angle of site Gelandewinkel to, Ziel- 
hohenwinkel to (Gunnery). 

angle-of-site instrument Gelande- 
winkelmesser m. 

angle-of-site level Gelandewinkelli- 
belle f. 

angel-of-site mechanism Gelande- 
winkelmeBvorrichtung / (on tele- 
scopic sight). 



angle-of-site micrometer Gelande- 

winkelmesser m (G). 
angle-of-site scale Skalenscheibe /. 
angle-of-site table Libellentaf el / 

(Gunnery). 
angle of site to mask Deekungs- 

winkel to (Gunnery). 
angle of slope Boschungswinkel m 

(Top). 

angle of .traverse Schwenkwinkel to, 
SchAvenkungswinkel m, Seitenricht- 
•wirikel m (Gunnery). 

angle of twist Drallwinkel m (ri- 
fling). 

angle of view Sehwinkel m. 

angle of wing setting Flugeleinstell- 

winkel m (Ap). 
angle of yaw Wendewinkel to, Gier- 

winkel w, Scherwinkel to (Avn). 
anjrular acceleration Winkelbeschleu- 
. nigung /. 

angular height Hohenwinkel to 
(AAA). 

angular height of target Zielhohen- 
winkel to (AAA); Zielhohenwinkel 
zum Abschufipunkt (present posi- 
tion); Zielhohenwinkel zum Wech- 
selpunkt (midpoint); Zielhohenwin- 
kel zum Treffpunkt (future posi- 
tion). 

angular measurement WinkelmaG n. 
angular movement Winkelauswan- 

derung /; Winkelgeschwindigkeit / 

(rate). 

angular travel See angular move- 
ment. 

angular velocity Winkelgeschwin- 
digkeit /. 

animal-drawn bespannt. 

ankle FuQknochel to, Knochel m. 

A.N. method of instrument landing 
A.N.-Verfahren n (beam bracketing) 
(Avn). 

anneal, ausgluhen. 

annex Anlage /.. 

annihilation fire Vernichtungsfeuer n. 
announcement Ankiindigung /, Be- 

kanntgabe /. 
anode Anode /. 

answering jack Abfrageklinke f 
(T P ). 

answer signal Gegensignal n. 
answer to call-up Anrufantwort / 
(Bad). 

antarctic adj antarktisch, den Sudpol 

betreffend. 
antenna Luftleiter to, Antenne /. 



antenna ammeter 



230 



antitank 



antenna ammeter Antennenstroman- 

zeiger to. 
antenna array Antennengebilde n. 
antenna binding post Antennenan- 

schlufi m. 
antenna capacitance Antennenkapa- 

zitat /. 

antenna circuit Antennenkreis to. 
antenna coupling Antennenkopplung 
/■ 

antenna jack Antennenbuchse /, An- 
tennen-Anschlufibuchse /. 

antenna mast Antennenstab m ( port- 
able Rad set); Antennenmast to, 
Funkmast to. 

antenna outfit Antennengerat n. 

antenna reel Antennenhaspel / 

(Ap). 

antenna resistance Antennenwider- 
stand to. 

antenna truck Funkmastkraftwagen 

TO. 

antenna tuning coil Antennenspule 
/■ 

antenna wire Luftdraht to. 
anthracite coal Steinkohle /. 
antiaircraft artillery Flakartillerie /, 
Flak /. 

antiaircraft artillery battalion Flak- 
abteilung /. 

antiaircraft artillery regiment Flak- 
regiment n. 

antiaircraft automatic weapons Ma- 
schinenflak /. 

antiaircraft barrage Flaksperre /. 

antiaircraft battery Flakbatterie /. 

antiaircraft company Fla-Kompanie 
/• 

antiaircraft cruiser Flakkreuzer to 
(Nav). 

antiaircraft defense Flugabwehr /, 

Flakabwehr /, Fliegerabwehr /, 

Luftverteidigung /. 
antiaircraft director Kommando- 

gerat n, Flakkommandogerat n. 
antiaircraft emplacement Flakstel- 

lung /. 

antiaircraft fire Flakfeuer n, Flak- 
schieflen n. 

antiaircraft fire director Flakkom- 
mandogerat n. 

antiaircraft gun Flugabwehrge- 
schiitz n, Flakgeschiitz n, Flugab- 
wehrkanone /, Abwehrgeschiitz n. 

antiaircraft gun crew Flakbedienung 
/■ 

antiaircraft lookout -Luftspaher w. 



antiaircraft machine gun Flugab- 
wehrmaschinengewehr n, Flakma- 
schinengewehr n, Flamaschinenge- 
wehr n, Fla-MG. n. 

antiaircraft MG unit Fla-Einheit /. 

antiaircraft protection Flakschutz 

TO. 

antiaircraft scout Luftspaher m. 
antiaircraft searchlight Flugzeug- 

abwehrscheinwerfer to, Flakschein- 

werfer m. 
antiaircraft security Sicherung 

gegen den Luftgegner (Tac). 
antiaircraft sight Fliegervisier n, 

Flakvisier n. 
antiaircraft weapon Luftabwehr- 

wafFe /, Fla-Waffe /. 
anticyclone Antizyklon to, Hoch n 

(Met). 

antidim compound Klarsichtsalbe /, 

Brillenglassalbe /. 
antidim eyeglass Klarscheibe / (gas 

mask). 

antifreeze Gefrierschutz to, Gefrier- 

schutzmittel n (MT). 
antifreeze solution Frostschutzmittel 

n. 

antifriction bearing Walzlager n. 
anti-glare windshield Blendschutz- 
scheibe /. 

anti-icer solution Enteisungsmittel 
n. 

antiknock klopffest (MT). 
antiknock quality Klopffestigkeit / 

(of engine fuel). 
antimechanized defense Panzerab- 

wehr /. 

antimechanized security Sicherung 

gegen Panzer, 
antimechanized warning Panzerwar- 

nung /. » 
antimechanized warning system Pan- 

zerwarndienst to. 
antimechanized weapon Panzerab- 

wehrwaffe /. 
antimony sulfide Schwefelantimon 

n (Am). 

antipersonnel bomb Splitterbombe /. 
antipersonnel mine S-Mine /, 

Schi'apnellmine /, Schiitzenmine /. 
antipersonnel rifle grenade Gewehi- 

sprenggranate /. 
antiseptic faulnisbekampfendes 

Mittel, Antiseptikum n. 
antisubmarine net Fangnetz n. 
antitank Pak-, Panzerabwehr-, Pan- 

zerjager-. See also tank destroyer. 



antitank artillery 



231 



area 



antitank artillery Pak /. 

antitank battalion Panzer jagerab- 

teilung /, Panzerabwehrabteilung /. 
antitank bomb Panzerbombe /. 
antitank company Panzerabwehr- 

kompanie /, Panzer jagerkompanie /. 
antitank defense Panzerabwehr /. 
antitank ditch Panzerfahrzeuggraben 

m, Panzergraben m, Panzersperr- 

graben m, Tankgraben m. 
antitank gun Pak /, Pak-Geschutz n, 

Panzerabwehrgeschiitz n, Panzerab- 

wehrkanone /, Panzerjagerkanone /, 

Panzerjagergeschiitz n. 
antitank gun emplacement Pakstel- 

lung /. 

antitank hedgehog Igel m. 
antitank lookout Panzerwarnposten 
m. 

antitank mine Panzerabwehrmine /, 

Panzermine /. 
antitank obstacle Panzersperre /, 

Panzerhindernis n. 
antitank platoon Panzerabwehrzug 

m, Pak-Zug to, Panzerjagerzug m. 
antitank regiment • Panzerabwehr- 

regiment n, Panzerjagerregiment n. 
antitank rifle Panzerabwehrgewehr 

n, Tankbiichse /, Panzerbiichse /. 
antitank rifle grenade panzerbrechen- 

de Gewehrgranate. 
antitank rifle grenadier Gewehr- 

Panzergranatenschutze m (USA). 
antitank rocket Panzerabwehrrakete 

/• 

antitank rocket launcher Raketen- 

Panzerbiichse /. 
antitank squad Pak-Halbzug to. 
antitank tetrahedron Igel m. 
antitank wall Panzersperrmauer /. 
antitank weapon Panzerabwehrwaf- 

fe /. 

anvil AmboB m (Am, blacksmith's). 
aparejo mexikanischer Packsattel. 
aperiodic compass aperiodischer 
KompaB. 

aperture Offnung / (opening); Loch 
n (hole); Spalt m, Schlitz in (slit); 
Scharte / (port or peephole, Ft, Tk, 
etc.). 

apparatus Gerat n, Apparat m. 
appeal Berufung / (Law); drin- 

gende Bitte (earnest request); Auf- 

ruf m (public appeal). 
appendix Fiillansatz m (Bin) ; Blind- 

darm m (anatomy) ; Anhang m (in 

a manual, etc.). 



application Bewerbung /, Gesuch n 
(request); Umschlag m (Med). 

appoint bestallen, ernennen. 

appointing authority Gerichtsherr m 
(Law). 

appointment Dienststellung f; 

Ernennung f-(to brevet rank). 
approach n Annaherung /, Herange- 

hen an den Feind (Tac); Anmarsch- 

weg m (road) ; Anflug m (bombing) ; 

Einflug m (of a target) (AWS). 
approach v anfliegen ( Avn) ; sich 

nahern. 

approach angle Anflugwinkel m 

(Avn); Fahrzeugiiberhang m, tjber- 

hang m (MT). 
approach embankment Brucken- 

damm m (Bdg). 
approaching course Anflugkurs m 

(Avn). 

approaching target kommendes Ziel. 
approach march Anmarsch m, Anna- 

herungsmarsch m (Tac). 
approach route Anmarschweg m. 
approach trench Laufgraben m. 
approach zone Anflugsektor m 

(Adrm) . 

appropriation Bewilligung / (of 
funds, etc.). 

approximate v sich nahern, nahe- 
bringen, schatzen. 

approximate adj ungefahr, anna- 
hernd, grob. 

approximate adjustment fire grobes 
EinschieBen (Arty). 

apron Hallenvorplatz m, Vorfeld n 
( Adrm) ; Tarnnetz n (of G emplace- 
ment) ; Seitenverankerung / (of dou- 
ble-apron fence). 

apron shield Unterschild m (G). 

aptitude test Eignungspriifung /. 

aquadag Aquadag m (lubricant). 

arc Kreisbogen m (of a circle); 
Bogen m. 

arch Bruckenbogen m (Bdg). 

arched bridge Bogenbrucke /. 

arc lamp Bogenlampe / (SL). 

arctic adj arktisch; den Nordpol 
betreffend. 

arctic circle nordlicher Polarkieis. 

arctic zone Nordpolgebiet n. 

arc-type elevating mechanism Zahn- 
bogenrichtmaschine / (G). 

arc welding LichtbogenschweiBung /. 

area Raum m, Gebiet n, Fliiche /, 
Flachsninhalt in. 



area bombing 



232 



armored regiment 



area bombing Bombenabwurf auf 
Flachenziel. 

area contamination Gelandevergif- 
tung / (CWS). 

area fire Flachenschieflen n, Fla- 
chenfeuer n (Arty). 

area sketch Grundriflskizze /. 

area target Flachenziel n (Gun- 
nery). 

arm n Arm m (Anatomy) ; Waffe / 
(weapon); Waffengattung / (branch 
of the Army). 

arm v bewaffnen, bestiicken (provide 
armament); scharf machen, entsi- 
chern (Am, mine); scharf stellen 
(bomb). 

armament Rustung /; Bewaffnung /, 

Bestiickung /. 
armament error Waffenstreuung /. 
armament officer Waffenoffizier m. 
armament plant Rustungswerk n. 
arm and hand signal Armzeichen n. 
armature Anker m. 
armature shaft Ankerwelle / (Elec) ; 

Ankerachse / (field Tp). 
armature short Lamellenschlufl m. 
armature turn Leiterschleife /. 
armature winding Ankerwicklung f. 
armband Armbinde /. 
armed bewaffnet; scharf gemacht, 

scharf gestellt (Am). 
armed-defense system Wehrorgani- 

sation /. 
Armed Forces Wehrmacht /. 
armed merchantman bewaffnetes 

Handelsschiff. 
armed reconnaissance bewaffnete 

Aufklarung. 
armes blanches blanke Waffen, 

Handwaffen fpl. 
arming device Fliehbacke / ( centri- 
fugal type device in fuze). 
arming pin Sicherungsvorstecker m 

(fuze). 

arming vane Entsicherungsfliigel m, 

Windfliigel w (bomb). 
arming wire Entsicherungsdraht m 

(bomb). 

armistice Waffenstillstand m. 
armistice terms Waffenstiltstands- 

bedingungen fpl. 
armor Panzer m, Panzerung / (Tk, 

etc); Bewehrung f (Tp cable). 
armor belt Panzergiirtel m. 
armored gepanzert, Panzer — . 
armored artillery Panzerartillerie /. 
armored attack Panzerangriff m. 



armored battalion Panzerbataillon n, 

Panzerabteilung /. 
armored cable armiertes Kabel, Pan- 

zerkabel n. 
armored car Panzerwagen m, Pan- 

zerkraftwagen m. 
armored cargo carrier Panzertrans- 

portwagen m (MT). 
armored combat Panzerkampf m, 

Panzergefecht n. 
armored combat vehicle gepanzertes 

Gefechtsfahrzeug, mechanisiertes 

Fahrzeug. 
Armored Command Panzertruppe /, 

Panzerwaffe /. 
armored corps Panzerkorps n. 
armored division Panzerdivision /. 
armored engagement Panzergefecht 

n. 

armored engineer Panzerpionier m. 

armored engineer battalion Panzer- 
Pionier-Bataillon n. 

Armored Force Panzerwaffe /, Pan- 
zertruppe /. 

armored force officer Panzei'offizier 
m. 

armored forces Panzertruppen fpl, 

Panzerkrafte fpl. 
armored formation Panzerverband 

m, Panzerformation /. 
armored infantry battalion Panzer- 

grenadier-Bataillon n. 
armored infantry regiment Panzer- 

grenadier-Regiment n, Panzer-In- 

fanterieregiment n. 
armored personnel carrier Panzer- 

transportwagen m, Schiitzenpanzer 

m, Schutzenpanzerwagen m, Grena- 

dier-Panzerwagen m (MT). 
armored platoon Panzerkraftwagen- 

zug in. 

armored point Panzerspitze / (Adv 
Gd). 

armored radio car Panzerfunkwagen 
m. 

armored radio truck Panzerfunk- 

wagen m. 
armored reconnaissance battalion 

Panzeraufklarungsabteilung f. 
armored reconnaissance car Panzer- 

spahwagen m. 
armored reconnaissance company 

Panzerspahkompanie /. 
armored reconnaissance vehicle Pan- 

zerspahfahrzeug n. 
armored regiment Panzerregiment ??. 



armored rifleman 



233 



Army of the United States 



armored rifleman Panzergrenadier 
m. 

Armored School Panzertruppen- 
schule /. 

armored scout car Panzerspahwagen 
m. 

armored signal battalion Panzer- 

nachrichtenabteilung /. 
armored skirting Laufwerkpanze- 

rung / (Tk). 
armored support Panzerunterstiit- 

zung / (Tac). 
armored train Eisenbahnpanzerzug 

m, Panzerzug m (RR). 
armored troops Panzertruppen fpl, 

Kraftfahrkampftruppen fpl. 
armored turret Panzerturm m; 

Panzerdrehturm m (revolving) ; 

Panzer-Verschwindeturm m ( disap- 
pearing). 

armored-unit commander Panzer- 
fiihrer m. 

armored vehicle Panzerfahrzeug n, 
Panzerkraftfahrzeug n. 

armored warfare Panzerkriegfuh- 
rung /, Panzerkrieg m. 

armorer Waffenwart m. 

armorer-artificer Waffenmeister- 
unteroffizier m (NCO). 

armor-piercing panzerbrechend, pan- 
zerdurchschlagend (Am). 

armor-piercing ammunition Panzer- 
munition /. 

armor-piercing bomb Panzerbombe /. 

armor-piercing bullet Stahlkernge- 
schofl n, SpitzgeschoB mit Stahlkern, 
PanzersprenggeschoB n. 

armor-piercing cap Panzerkopf m. 

armor-piercing grenade Panzergra- 
nate / (R). 

armor-piercing projectile Stahlkern- 
geschofi n, SpitzgeschoB mit Stahl- 
kern, Panzersprenggeschofi n, Pan- 
zergeschofi n. 

armor-piercing rifle grenade Ge- 
■wehr-Panzergranate /. 

armor-piercing shell Panzerspreng- 
granate /, Panzergranate / (Am). 

armor-piercing shot Stahlkernge- 
schoB n, SpitzgeschoB mit Stahl- 
kern, Panzersprenggeschofi n. 

armor plate Panzerplatte /, Panzer- 
blech n. 

armor-plate shield Panzerschild m 
(G). 

armor-protected panzergeschutzt. 



armor protection Panzerschutz m 
(Ft, Tk). 

armor thickness Panzerstarke / 
(Tk). 

armory Exerzierhaus n, Waffen- 

meisterei /. 
arms "Waffen fpl (weapons) ; Waffen- 

gattungen fpl (branches of the 

Army). 

arms depot Arsenal n, Waffenlager 
n. 

arm signal Armzeichen n. 
arms rack Gewehrsttitze /. 
army Armee f (a tactical unit); 

Heer n (the Army). 
army air defense Heeresluftabwehr 

/• 

Army Air Forces Heeresflieger- 

truppe /, Heeresluftwaffe / (USA). 
Army Air Forces Weather Service 

Wetterdienst der Luftwaffe, 
army ammunition depot Armee- 

munitionslager n, Heeresmunitions- 

lager n. 
army area Armeegebiet n. 
Army Command Heeresleitung /. 
army corps Armeekorps n. 
army depot Heergeratepark m. 
Army Directory Kriegsrangliste /. 
army dog Heereshund m. 
army engineer Pionier m. 
army field order Armeebefehl m. 
Army Ground Forces Heer 11. 
army headquarters Armeeoberkom- 

mando n. 

Army High Command Oberkom- 

mando des Heeres (Ger). 
army hospital Heereslazarett n. 
army mail clerk Feldpostbeamter m 

(USA: enlisted man; Ger: civilian 

official). 

army medical battalion Armeesani- 

tatsabteilung /. 
Army Medical School Militararzt- 

liche Akademie. 
army newspaper Frontzeitung / (T 

of Opns). 
army nurse Pflegeschwester /, Hee- 

reskrankenschwester /. 
Army Nurse Corps Heeres-Kranken- 

schwesternkorps n (USA). 
army of occupation Besatzungsneer 

n, Besatzungsarmee /. 
Army of the United States Das Heer 

der Vereinigten Staaten. Compare 

United States Army. 



Army Ordnance Department 234 



artillery park 



Army Ordnance Department Heeres- 

waffenamt n. 
army post Standort m, Heeres- 

standort m. 
army post administration Heeres- 

standortverwaltung /. 
army postal service Feldpostwesen 

n, Feldpost /. 
army post office Peldpostamt n. 
army quartermaster Hoherer Kom- 
. mandeur der Armeenachschubtrup- 

pen (USA). 
army ration depot Heeresverpfle- 

gungslager n, Armeeverpflegungs- 

lager n. 

Army Register Rangliste des Heeres. 
army remount depot Armeepferde- 

park m. 
army saddle Armeesattel m. 
army serial number Wehrnummer /. 
army service area Versorgungsraum 

m. 

Army Service Forces Heeresversor- 

gungs- u n d Nachschubdienste 

mpl (USA). 
army signal unit Armeenachrichten- 

abteilung /. 
army supply Heeresversorgung /. 
army supply train Armeenachsehub- 

kolonne /. 
army surgeon Armeearzt m. 
army surgical hospital Arrheefeld- 

lazarett n. 
army troops Armeetruppen fpl. 
army veterinary hospital Armee- 

pferdelazarett n. 
Army War College Kriegsakademie /. 
arrest n Festnahme /, Arrest m, 

Verhaftung /. 
arrest v festnehmen, verhaften, in 

Haft nehmen; anhalten, aufhalten, 

abbrerrisen, hemmen (stop). 
arresting gear Abbremsvorrichtung 

/ (Ap). 

arrest in quarters Stubenarrest tn. 
arrival Ankiinft /. 
arrival time Eintreffzeit /, Ankunft- 
zeit /. 

arrive ankommen, eintrefFen. 
arsenal Zeughaus n, Zeugamt n. 
arsine Arsin n (CWS). 
artery Arterie /. 

article of clothing Bekleidungsstiick 
n. 

Articles of War Kriegsartikel mpl. 
artificer Feuerwerker m (NCO). 



artificial antenna kunstliche Antenne 
(Rad). 

artificial horizon Horizont m, kiinst- 
licher Horizont, Fliegerhorizont m 
(Ap). 

artificial leather Kunstleder n. 
artificial respiration kunstliche At- 
mung. 

artificial scent Riechspur /, kiinst- 

liche Spur, 
artificial ventilation kunstliche Liif- 

tung. 

artillery Artillerie /. 

heavy artillery schwerste Artillerie. 

medium artillery schwere Artillerie. 

light artillery leichte Artillerie. 
artillery ammunition Artillerie- 

munition /. 
artillery barrage Artilleriesperr- 

feuer n. 

artillery battalion Artillerieabtei- 
lung f. 

artillery commander Artilleriefiihrer 

m (corps and Div). 
artillery duel Artillerieduell n. 
artillery fire ArtilleriebeschuB m, 

Artilleriefeuer n. 
artillery fire-control instruments 

Artillerie-Beobachtungs- und Ver- 

messungsgerat n. 
artillery group Artilleriegruppe /. 
artillery intelligence center Artil- 

lerienachrichtenstelle /. 
artillery intelligence section Artil- 

lerienachrichtentrupp m. 
artillery liaison command post Artil- 

lerieverbindungskommando n. 
artillery liaison officer Artillerie- 

verbindungsoffizier m. 
artilleryman Artillerist m. 
artillery mechanic Artilleriemechani- 

ker m. 
artillery mil Strich m. 
artillery mission Artillerieflug w 

(Avn). 

artillery observation airplane Artil- 
leriebeobachtungsflugzeug n. 

artillery observation post Artillerie- 
beobachtungsstelle /. 

artillery observer Artilleriebeobach- 
ter m. 

artillery officer Hoherer Artillerie- 
kommandeur ( army and higher 
Hq). 

artillery order Artiyeriebefehl m. 
artillery park Artilleriepark m. 



artillery preparation 



235 



"As you were!" 



artillery preparation Artillerievor- 

bereitung /. 
artillery prime mover Artillerie- 

zugmaschine /. 
artillery protection Feuerschutz m. 
artillery reconnaissance artilleri- 

stische Aufklarung. 
artillery reconnaissance aviation Ar- 

tillerieflieger mpl. 
artillery reconnaissance detail Artil- 

leriespahtrupp m. 
artillery reference points artilleri- 

stische Punkte mpl. 
artillery regiment Artillerieregi- 

ment n. 

artillery support Artillerieunter- 

stiitzung /. 
artillery survey section Artillerie- 

vermessungstrupp m. 
artillery target reconnaissance Ziel- 

aufklarung /. 
artillery train Artilleriestaffel /. 
art of leadership Fiihrungskunst /. 
art of war Kriegskunst /. 
asbestos Asbest m, Steinflachs m. 
ascending air current Aufwind m 

(Met). 

ascending branch aufsteigender Ast 

( of trajectory). 
ascending gust Steigbo / (Met). 
ashore am Ufer, an der Kiiste 

(being ashore)'; ans Land, ans Ufer 

(going ashore). 
aspect ratio Langenverhaltnis n, 

Seitenverhaltnis n, Fliigelstreckung 

/ (Ap). 
asphalt Asphalt m. 
asphyxiate ersticken. 
aspirin Aspirin n. 
assault n Sturmangriff m, Sturm m, 

VorstoB m, VorstoBen n, Erstiirmung 

/ (Tac). 

assault v ersturmen, stiirmen (Tac). 
to take by assault im Sturm neh- 
men. 

assault battalion Sturmbataillon n. 

assault boat Sturmboot n. 

assault detachment Stofitrupp m. 

assault fire Schieflen wahrend der 
Bewegung (automatic weapons) ; 
Einbruchsfeuer n (Tac). 

assault fire position Anschlag zum 
SchieBen wahrend der Bewegung. 

assault gap Sturmgasse / ( through 
obstacles). 

assault gun Sturmgeschiitz n ( self- 
propelled). 



assault-gun car Kraftwagenkanonen- 

wagen m, Kanonenwagen m. 
assault howitzer Sturmhaubitze / 

(self-propelled). 
assault position Ausgangslage /, 

Sturmausgangsstellung /. 
assault trench Angriffsgraben m. 
assemble (sich) versammeln (to 

gather); montieren (an Ap, Tk, 

etc.) ; zusammensetzen (a weapon). 
assembly Bereitstellung /, Ver- 

sammlung / (Tac); Montage / 

(Tech). 

assembly area Bereitstellungsraum 
m (Tac). 

assembly formation Versammlungs- 
form /. 

assembly of troops Truppenbereit- 

stellung /. 
assembly order Bereitstellungsbe- 

fehl m. 

assembly plant Montagewerk n. 

assembly point Sammelpunkt in, 
Sammelplatz m, Sammelstelle /, 
Sammelort m, Bereitstellungsplatz 
m. 

assembly shop Montagehalle /. 
assign eingliedern (to a unit) ; zu- 

weisen (a task, etc.). See also attach, 
assigned frequencies Verfugungs- 

frequenzen fpl (Rad). 
assignment Eingliederung /, Auf- 

trag m, Aufgabe /. 
assignment of missions Auftragser- 

teilung /. 

assistant Gehilfe m, Heifer m, 

Assistent m. 
Assistant Chief of Staff Abteilungs- 

chef im Generalstab. 
assistant chief of staff Fuhrerge- 

hilf e m. 

assistant director Oberschiedsrichter 
m, Leitungsoffizier m ( maneuvers ) . 

assistant driver Begleiter m, Kraft- 
wagenliegleiter m, Beifahrer m 
(MT). 

assistant gunner Ladeschutze m 
(Tk); Ladekanonier m (Arty); Ge- 
hilfe des Richtschutzen (MG squad). 

Assistant Secretary of War Abtei- 
lungsleiter im Kriegsministerium 
(USA). 

asymptote correction chart Hyper- 
belplan m (sound ranging). 

"As you were!" "Kommando 
zuriick!" (to revoke a command); 
"Weitermachen!" (carry on). 



At ease! 



236 automatic feed mechanism 



"At ease!" "Riihrt Euch!" (silence 

not required). 
athletics Athletik /. 
Atlantic Charter Atlantik-Charta /. 
Atlantic Wall Atlantikwall m (Ger 

Ft). 

atlas grid Kartengitternetz n 

(aerial Photo). 

atmosphere Luftmeer n (air) ; At- 
mosphere / (unit of pressure). 

atmospheric layer Luftschicht f 
(Met). 

atmospheric pressure Luftdruck to 
(Met). 

atmospherics Gewitterstorung / 
(Rad). 

attach zuteilen (to a unit); be- 

festigen (fasten). See also assign, 
attache Attache to. 
attached zugeteilt (to a unit); be- 

festigt (fastened). 
attack n Ahgriff to. 
attack v angreifen. 
attack airplane Kampfflugzeug n. 
attacker Angreifer to. 
attack formation Angriffsform /. 
attack from march formation An- 

griff aus der Bewegung. 
attack from the rear Riickenangriff 

m. 

attack frontage Angriffsbreite /. 
attack group Angriffsgruppe /. 
attacking flank Angriffsfliigel m. 
attack of organized positions Angriff 

auf Stellungen. 
attack on the flank v aus der Planke 

nehmen. 

attack order Angriffsbefehl to, Be- 
fehl zum Angriff. 

attack sector Angriffsstreifen to. 

attack troops Stofitruppen fpl, An- 
griff struppen fpl, Sturmtruppen fpl. 

attack wave Angriffswelle /, Sturm- 
welle / (Tac). 

attempt n Versuch m. 

attention Grundstellung /. 

"Attention!" "Achtung!" (on ap- 
proach of an officer); "Abteilung, 
Stillgestanden!" (for formations); 
"Stillgesessen!" (mounted drill). 

attitude Fluglage /, Flugzustand to 
(Avn). 

attrition Abnutzung /, Ermattung /, 

Zermiirbung /. 
audible horbar. 
audio frequency Tonfrequenz /. 



audio-frequency amplifier Nieder- 

frequenzverstarker m. 
audio-frequency range Tonfrequenz- 

bereich m. 
audit n Rechnungspriifung /, Buch- 

priifung /. 
audit v ■ Rechnungen priifen, buch- 

priifen. 

auger Lochbohrer to, Holzbohrer to. 

authentication Beglaubigung /, 

Bescheinigung /. 

authority Befehlsbefugnis / (Mil); 
Behorde /, Instanz / (Law). - 

authorization Berechtigung /, 

Genehmigung /. 

authorize genehmigen (approve) ; 
bevollmachtigen ( empower ) . 

authorized behordlich zugelassen 
(officially permitted); dienstlich 
( regulation) ; genehmigt ( approv- 
ed) ; bevollmachtigt (empowered); 
Soli-, Plan- (in tables of basic al- 
lowances or organization). 

authorized abbreviation amtlich 
festgelegte Abkiirzung. 

authorized basic allowance Sollbe- 
stand to. 

authorized strength Sollstarke f. 
Compare Iststarke. 

autofrettage Kaltrecken n, Auto- 
frettage / (Ord). 

autogiro Tragschrauber m, Auto- 
giro m. 

autoloader Selbstlader to (Small 
Arms). 

automatic n Selbstladepistole /. 
automatically operated selbsttatig. 
automatic anchor Minenanker mit 

Tiefensteller (Nav). 
automatic antiaircraft gun Flug- 

abwehrmaschinenkanone /, Fla-Ma- 

schinenkanone /. 
automatic antiaircraft weapons 

Flugabwehrmasehinenwaffen fpl. 
automatic breech mechanism selbst- 

tatiger VerschlufJ. 
automatic cannon Maschinenkanone 

/ (Ap). 

automatic circuit breaker Selbst- 

unterbrecher to (Elec). 
automatic control Selbststeuerung /, 

Regler m. 
automatic direction finder selbst- 

weisendes Peilgerat (Ap). 
automatic feed mechanism Zufiihrer 

m (automatic weapon). 



automatic fire 



237 



axis of advance 



automatic fire Dauerfeuer n (MG, 
R). 

automatic fuze setter Ziinderstell- 

maschine / (AA gun). 
automatic gun Maschinenkanone /, 

Salvengesehiitz n. 
automatic pilot automatische Kurs- 

steuerung, automatischer Pilot, 

Selbststeuergerat n (Ap). 
automatic pistol Selbstladepistole /. 
automatic-pitch propeller vollauto- 

matische Verstell-Luftschraube. 
automatic rifle Maschinenkarabiner 

to, automatisches Gewehr. 
automatic supply planmaBiger Nach- 

schub. 

automatic volume control Schwund- 
ausgleich to. 

automatic weapon Maschinenwaffe /, 
Schnellfeuerwaffe / (Small Arms). 

automobile Kraftwagen to. 

automobile engine Wagenmotor to. 

automobile express highway Auto- 
bahn /. 

automobile flag Kraftwagenflagge /. 
automobile jack Wagenheber to. 
auto-tow take-off Autoschleppstart 

m (glider). 
autotransformer Spartransformator 

to (Rad, Elec). 
autotransformer circuit Sparschal- 

tung / (Elec). 
autumn Herbst to. 
auxiliary Hilfs-, Behelfs-. See also 

woman auxiliary, 
auxiliary air Nebenluft / (Mtr). 
auxiliary airfoil Zusatzfliigel to, 

Hilfsfliigel to (Ap). 
auxiliary arm Hilfswaffe /. 
auxiliary cruiser Hilfskreuzer to. 
auxiliary engine Hilfsmotor to. 
auxiliary equipment Hilfsgerat n. 
auxiliary gear Gelandegang m 

(MT). 

auxiliary ground target Erdver- 

gleichsziel n (Gunnery). 
auxiliary ienition lead Reserveziin- 

dung / (Blasting). 
auxiliary landing field Hilfslande- 

platz in. 

auxiliary scale HilfsmaCstab to 

(Inst). 

auxiliary stage supercharger Zwi- 
schengeblase n (Ap ^engine). 

auxiliary target V'ergleichsziel n, 
Hilfsziel n; Luftvergleichsziel n 
(high burst). 



auxiliary track Hilfskette / (MT). 
auxiliary transmission Gruppenge- 

triebe n, Zwischengetriebe n, Zusatz- 

getriebe n (MT). 
auxiliary troops Hilfstruppen fpl. 
auxiliary vessel Hilfsschiff n. 
auxiliary wing Hilfsfliigel m (Ap). 
available verfiigbar, zur Verwen- 

dung. 

available for commitment einsatz- 
fahig. 

AVC See automatic volume control. 

average n Durchschnitt to. 

average v den Durchschnitt berech- 

nen (Math); im Durchschnitt ma- 

chen (in marching, etc). 
average adj durchschnittlich, 

Durchschnitts-. 
average error mittlerer Fehler, 

durchschnittlicher Fehler. 
average performance Durchschnitts- 

leistung /. 
aviation Flugwesen w, Luftfahrt /, 

Fliegerei /,- Flieger mpl (collective 

term for any number of airplanes) . 
aviation badge Fliegerabzeichen n. 
aviation cadet Fahnrich der Flieger 

(USA). 

aviation engineers Luftwaffenbau- 
truppe /. 

aviation fuel Fliegerkraftstoff m. 

aviation gasoline Fliegerbenzin n. 

aviation medicine Luftfahrtmedizin /. 

aviation pay Luftdienstzulage /, 
Fliegerzulage /. 

aviation support Fliegerhilfe /, Flie- 
gerunterstiitzung /, Schlachtflieger- 
unterstiitzung / (Tac). 

aviation weather service Flugwet- 
terdienst to. 

aviation weather station Flugwetter- 
warte /. 

aviator Flieger to. 

aviator's helmet Fliegerhaube /. 

award Auszeichnung / ( citation) ; 
Orden to, Ehrenzeichen n ( decora- 
tion) ; Ehrensold m (payment). 

ax Axt /, Beil n. 

axial observation Beobachtung aus 

der Schufllinie (Arty). 
axial road direkte ZufuhrstraCe, di- 

rekte AnmarschstraBe. 
axial spotting Beobachtung in der 

Schufirichtung (Arty). 
axis Achse /, Hauptlinie /. 
Axis forces Achsenstreitkrafte fpl. 
axis of advance Vormarschlinie /. 



axis of an aircraft 



238 bacteriological examination 



axis of an aircraft Flugzeugachse /. 
axis of communication Verbindungs- 
achse /. 

axis of signal communication Nach- 

richtenachse /. 
axis of supply Nachschublinie /. 
axis of supply and evacuation Haupt- 

nachschublinie /. 
axis of the bore Seelenachse /. 
axis of trunnions Schildzapfenachsse 

f (G). 

axle Radachse /, Achse /. 
axle bearing Achslager n. 
axle displacement Kletterfiihigkeit / 
(MT). 

axle drive Achsantrieb in (MT). 

axle load Achsdruck m (MT). 

axle nut Achsmutter /. 

axle pivot pin Langszapfen m (split- 
trail carriage). 

axle seats Achssitze mpl (for gun- 
ners, G). 

axle spring Achsfeder f (G). 

azimuth Seite /, Seitenrichtung /, 
Richtung / (Gunnery) ; Azimut m, 
Scheitelkreis m, Scheitelbogen m 
(Surv); Kompafizahl /, Nadelzahl 
/ (compass) ; Kurs m (Nav), 

azimuthal projection Azimutalpro- 
jektion /. 

azimuth and elevation indicator Sei- 
ten- und Hohenempf anger m (AA). 



azimuth change Teilringanderung / 
(telescopic sight). 

azimuth circle Mefikreis m (BC tel- 
escope), Richtkreis m (Surv). 

azimuth controller Seitenrichtmann 
m (AAA). 

azimuth difference Parallaxe /, Pa- 
rallaxenwinkel m (Optics). 

azimuth indicator Seitenempfanger 
m (AA gun). 

azimuth instrument Peilapparat m, 
Peilgerat n, Peilscheibe /, Luftziel- 
apparat m; Theodolit m (Surv). 

azimuth knob Triebscheibe zur Sei- 
tenrichtung (Ord). 

azimuth micrometer Teilring m (tel- 
escopic sight). 

azimuth of target Kurswinkel m, 
Zielseitenwinkel in der Horizontal- 
ebene (AAA); Zielseitenwinkel zum 
Abschufipunkt ( present position) ; 
Zielseitenwinkel zum Treffpunkt (fu- 
ture position). 

azimuth reading Teilringzahl /, Na- 
delzahl / (magnetic); Richtpunkt- 
zahl / (aiming point). 

azimuth scale Teilring m ( panoramic 
sight); Seitenteilring m (AA gun). 

azimuth setter Seitenrichtkanonier 
m. 

azimuth tracking telescope Seiten- 
richtfernrohr n (height finder). 



B 



bachelor officers' quarters Offizier- 

ledigenheim n. 
back Riicken m. 

back azimuth der um 180° vermehrte 
(oder verminderte) Richtungswinkel 
(Surv). 

back azimuth method Messen der 
riickwartigen Verlangerung (Sarv) ; 
"Durchschlagen" n (of a surveyor's 
transit). 

back bearing Wegflugpeilung / (Air 

Navigation). 
backbone Riickgrat n. 
backfire Fehlziindung / (Mtr). 
backing light Riickfahrlaterne / 

(MT). 

backlash Spiel n, Spielraum m, toter 
Gang. 



back-pack parachute Riickenfall- 
schirm m. 

back pad Kammkissen n (harness). 
back-pad strap Kammkissengurt m 

(harness). 
back plate Verschlufileiste / (MG) ; 

Schlofiplatte / (G). 
back plate hinge pin VerschluBlei- 

stenachse/ (MG). 
back plate latch lock Zurrstiick n 

(MG). 

back rest Riickenlehne / (Ap, MT); 

Riickenring m (AAMG). 
backsight Riickblick m (Surv). 
back step Schritt zuriick. 
bacteriological examination bakteri- 

ologische Untersuchung. 



bacteriological warfare 239 



bank 



bacteriological warfare Bakterien- 

krieg m. 
bacteriologist Bakteriologe wt. 
badge Abzeichen n. 
bad weather Unwetter n. 
baffle Truhe /, Lautsprechertruhe / 

(Bad); Schlingerwand / (Ap tank); 

Zugdampfer m ( engine muffler) ; 

Prallwand /, Leitwand /. 
bag Sack m, Beutel m, Tasche /. 
baggage Gepack n. 
baggage car Gepackwagen m (RR). 
baggage train GepacktrofS m. 
bail out abspringen, aussteigen 

(Avn); ausschopfen (a boat). 
bakery Backerei /. 
bakery company Backereikompanie /. 
balance n Gewichtsverteilung /, 

Gleichgewicht n (equilibrium) ; 

Waage / (Inst). 
balance v ausgleichen. 
balanced profile ausgeglichenes 

Profil. 

balanced rudder ausgeglichenes Sei- 
tenruder, entlastetes Seitenruder 
(Ap).' 

balanced stock vorschriftsmalMge Be- 
stande. 

balanced surface ausgeglichene 

Tragflache (Ap). 
balance tab Ausgleichflache /, 

Trimmruder n (Ap). 
bale n Ballen m. 
bale v in Ballen verpacken. 
baling machine Ballenpregse /. 
balk Langstrager m, Tragbalken in 

(Bdg); Seherbalken m (Pon). 
ball ammunition scharfe Munition, 
ball-and-socket joint Kugelgelenk n. 
ballast Ballast m. 
ball bearing Kugellager n. 
ball cartridge scharfe Patrone. 
ball filler Kugelfiillung / (shrapnel). 
ballistic ballistisch. 
ballistic coefficient ballistischer Bei- 

wert, Querschnittbelastung /. 
ballistic correction Ausschalten der 

besonderen und Witterungseinfliisse. 
ballistic curve Flugbahn /, Geschofi- 

bahn /, ballistische Kurve. 
ballistic density ballistisches Luft- 

gewicht. 

ballistic director Feuerteitgerat n, 
Kommandogerat n, Zielrechenma- 
scbine / (Gunnery). 

ballistic efficiency ballistische Lei- 
stungsfahigkeit (Am). 



| ballistics SchiefSlehre /, Ballistik /. 
ballistic table Schufitafel /. 
ballistic wave Kopfwelle /. 
ballistic wind ballistischer Wind, 
ballistite Ballistit n (Am). 
ball mount Kugellafette /, Kugel- 

blende / (Tk). 
ballonet Luftsack m (Bin). 
ballonet balloon Prallhaltevorrich- 
tung /. 

ballonet valve Luftsackventil n. 

balloon Ballon m. 
balloon barrage Ballonsperre /. 
balloon basket Ballonkorb m. 
balloon chief Ballontruppfiihrer m. 
balloon cover Ballonhiille /. 
balloon crew Ballonmannschaft /. 
balloon envelope Ballonhiille /. 
balloon fabric Ballonstoff m. 
balloon interval Ballonabstand m. 
balloon net Ballonnetz n. 
balloon observation Ballonbeobach- 
tung /. 

balloon observer Ballonbeobachter 

TO. 

balloon pilot Ballonfuhrer m. 

balloon position Verankerungsstelle 
/ (captive Bin). 

balloon site Ballonaufstiegplatz m. 

balloon squad Ballontrupp m. 

balloon tire Ballonreifen m. 

ball projectile Vollgeschofi n. 

ball socket Kugelpfanne / (Mort). 

ball turret Bodenkanzel /. 

ball turret gunner Bodenschiitze m. 

band Musikkorps n; Frequenzband 
n (Rad); Band n, Binde / (Clo, etc.). 

bandage n Verband m, Binde /, Ban- 
dage /. 

bandage v verbinden. 

band brake Bandbremse / (MT). 

bandmaster Musikmeister m ( Ger : 
2nd Lt). 

band of fire Feuerstrahl m (MG). 
bandoleer Patronengurt m. 
band saw Bandsage /. 
bandsman Spielmann m (pi: Spiel- 
leute). 

bandspread Bandspreizung / (Rad). 
band switch Grobstufenschalter m 
(Rad). 

band width Bandbreite / (Rad). 
bangalore torpedo in Rohr gefiillte 

Reihenladung. 
bank n Schraglage / (Ap) ; Ufer n 

(river). 



bank 



240 



base machine gun 



bank v sich in die Kurve legen 
(Avn). 

bank-and-tura indicator Kreiselnei- 
gungsmesser m, Wendezeiger m 
(Ap). 

banner Banner n. 

baptism of fire Feuertaufe /. 

bar Rangabzeichen n, Ordensschnal- 
le /, Ordensspange / (insigne or 
decoration); Stab m, Stange / 
(Tech); Sandbank /, Barre / (riv- 
ers, etc.). 

barbed wire Stacheldraht m. 

barbed-wire concertina S.-Rolle /, 
Stacheldrahtrolle /. 

barbed-wire entanglement Stachel- 
drahtverhau m, Stacheldrahthinder- 
nis 7i. 

barbette Geschutzbank /, Barbette 
/• 

barbette carriage Barbettelafette / 
(G). 

bare wire blanker Draht (Tp). 
barge Prahm m. 
barn Scheune /. 
barogram Barogramm n. 
barograph Barograph m. 
barometer Barometer n, Luftdruck- 

messer m; Federbarometer n, Feder- 

luftdruckmesser m (aneroid). 
barometric pressure AuBenluftdruck 

m (Avn); Luftdruck m (Met). 
barracks Kaserne /. 
barrack (s) bag Bekleidungssack m, 

Waschesack m. 
barrage Sperre /; Feuersperre /, 

Sperrfeuer n (Arty). 
barrage balloon Sperrballon m. 
barrage chart Sperrfeuerskizze /. 
barrage fire Sperrfeuer n. 
barrage kite Sperrdrache m. 
barrel Rohr n (G); Lauf m (SA); 

Mittelhand / (horse) ; FaB n, Tonne 

/ (container). See also tube, 
barrel bracket Rohrhalter m (G). 
barrel burst Rohrzerspringer m. 
barrel erosion Ausbrennung /, Rohr- 

abnutzung /. 
barrel extension Rohransatz m, 

Rohransatzstiick n. 
barrel float TonhenfioB n. 
barrel guide Rohrklaue f (G). 
barrel length Rohrlange /, Seelen- 

lange / (Ord). 
barrel-locking ring Laufsitzring m 

(MG). 



barrel-locking stud Gewehrkupp- 
lungsstflck n (MG). * 

barrel raft Tonnenfahre /. 

barrel recoil Rohrriicklauf m (G). 

barrel reflector Rohrwandbeobach- 
tungsgerat n (G); Laufseelenpriifer 
m (R). 

barrel roll Rolle /, tjberschlag • fiber 

den Fliigel (Avn). 
barricade Barrikade /. 
barrier Hindernis n, Sperre / (Ft); 

Sperriegel m (Tac). 
barrier detachment Sperrtrupp m, 

Sperrverband m. 
barrier light Sperrlicht n. 
barrier line StraBensperrung / 

(MP). 

barrier zone Sperrzone /. 

bascule bridge Klappbrucke /. 

base Bettung / (fixed gun); Boden 
m, Geschoflboden m (Am); Stiitz- 
punkt m (Tac); VisierfuD m (of 
rear sight); Htilsenboden m (of 
cartridge case); Wolkenuntergrenze 
f (of cloud). 

base angle Grundrichtungswinkel m 
(Gunnery) ; Winkel zwischen Grund- 
richtungslinie und Orientierungs- 
linie (Surv). 

base bushing Grundbuchse / (of 
counterrecoil mechanism). 

base charge ' Bodenkammerladung / 
_(Am)._ 

base cover AbschluBplattchen n 
(Am). 

base deflection die vom Grundge- 

scb.ii.tz aus gemessene Seitenande- 

rung (Gunnery). 
base delay-action fuze Bodenab- 

standsztinder m (Am). 
base depot riickwartiges Nach- 

schublager. 
base detonating fuze Bodenziinder m. 
base end station Stand einer Lang- 

basisanlage (CA); MeBstand m 

(AAA). 

base fuze Bodenziinder m (Am). 

base hospital Kriegslazarett n. 

base line Grundrichtungslinie / 

(Gunnery) ; Standlinie / (Surv). 

base-line arm Basislineal n (plot- 
ting protractor). 

base-line direction Grundrjchtung / 
(Gunnery). 

base machine gun Grundmaschinen- 
gewehr n, Leit-Maschinengewehr n. 



base of operations 



241 



battle line 



base of operations Operationsbasis 
/ (Tac). 

base of the trajectory Mundungs- 

waagerechte /. 
base pay Grundgehalt n, Lohnung /. 
base piece Grundgeschtitz n (Arty). 
base plate Bodenplatte / (Mort) ; 

Grundplatte / (Tech). 
base point Grundrichtungspunkt m 

( Gunnery) . 
base ring Fundamentring m (Ord). 
base section hinterer Abschnitt des 

riickwartigen Gebiets. 
base services Bodendienst m (Avn). 
base stake Richtlatte / (Surv). 
basic allowance Sollbestand m. 
basic data SchuBwerte mpl, SchuR- 

elemente npl, Schiefiunterlagen fpl, 

SchieBgrundlagen fpl. 
basic load Tagesrate / (Am); stan- 

dige Belastung, bleibende Belastung 

(Avn). 

basic tactical unit taktische Einheit; 

Feuereinheit der Artillerie (Arty). 
basic training Grundausbildung /. 
basic training course Schiefivor- 

schule / (Arty). 
basic unit See basic tactical unit, 
basket Korb m. 
bastion Bastion /. 
baton Marschallstab m; Tambour- 
stock m, Bataillo'nstambourstock m:- 
battalion Bataillon n, Abteilung /. 
battalion aid station Bataillonsver- 

bandplatz m. 
battalion combat train GefechtstroB 

eines Bataillons. 
battalion commander Abteilungskom- 

mandeur m, Bataillonsfuhrer m, 

Bataillonskommandeur m. 
battalion command post Abteilungs- 

gefechtsstand m, Bataillonsgefechts- 

stand m. 

battalion communication section 

Bataillonsnachrichtenstaffel /, Ab- 

teilungsnachrichtenstaffel /. 
battalion headquarters Bataillons- 

stab m, Abteilungsstab m. 
battalion sector Bataillonsabschnitt 

m. 

battalion train BataillonstroB m, 

Bataillonskolonne /. 
batter Boschungsanlage / (Ft). 
battered round verbeulte Patrone 

(Am). 

battery Batterie / (Arty, Elec) ; 



Element n ( cell) ; Sammlerbatterie /, 

Sammler m (storage). 
battery box Batteriekasten m, Samm- 

lerkasten m (Elec). 
battery charger Lademaschine /. 
battery-charging unit Lademaschi- 

nensatz m. 
battery chart SchieBliste /. 
battery commander Batterieehef m, 

Batteriefiihrer m. 
battery commander's telescope 

Scherenfernrohr n. 
battery cover Sammlerhaube /, 

Zellendeckel m (Elec). 
battery detail See battery head- 
quarters detail, 
battery emplacement book SchieB- 

kladde /. 

battery executive Batterieoffizier m. 
battery front Batteriefront /. 
battery headquarters detail Batterie- 
trupp m. 

battery ignition Batterieziindung / 
(Mtr). 

battery-location plot Batteriebild n 

(sound ranging). 
battery manning table Batterietafel 

/• 

battery position Geschiitzstellung /, 
Batteriestand m, Batteriestellung / 
(Arty). 

battery survey chart Stellungsmefi- 
blatt 7i. 

battery-target line Linie Grundge- 

schiitz-Ziel. 
battery tester Elementpriifer m 

(Elec). 

battle Sehlacht /, Kampf m, Ge- 
fecht n. 

battle casualty Ausfall m, Gefechts- 

ausfall m. 
battle casualty report Verlustmel- 

dung /. 

battle chart EinschieBplan m (Arty). 
battle clasp Erinnerungsspange /. 
battle command Kampffuhrung /. 
battle cruiser Schlachtkreuzer m. 
battle fatigue Kriegsneurose /. 
battlefield Schlachtfeld n, Kampf- 
feld n. 

battle flag Sturmfahne /. 
battle fleet Schlachtflotte /. 
battle honor Kriegsband n, Fahnen- 
band n. 

battle injury Kampfwunde /. 
battle line Schlachtlinie /, Kampf- 
linie /. 



battle map 



242 



belt-feed guide 



battle map Gefechtskarte /. 

battle of attrition Abnutzungs- 

kampf m. 
battle of encirclement Einkreisungs- 

schlacht /. 
battle of extermination Vernich- 

tungskampf m. 
battle performance Kampfieistung /. 
battle position Hauptkampffeld n, 

Kampfstellung /. 
battle reconnaissance Gefechtsauf- 

klarung /. 
battle reserves Reserve /. 
battle service practice Schulgefechts- 

schiefien n (Arty). 
battleship Schlachtschiff n. 
battle sight Standvisier n (R); 

Fliegervisier n (MG). 
battle star Erinnerungsstei'n m. 
battle terrain Kampfgelande n. 
battle zone Kampfzone /. 
bay Feld n, Gerippeabteil n, Zelle / 

(Ap); Strecke /, Bruckenstrecke /, 

Briickenglied n (Bdg); Bucht / (sea 

inlet). 

bayonet Seitengewehr n, Bajonett 
n. 

bayonet charge Bajonettangriff m. 
bayonet fighting Bajonettfechten n. 
bayonet grip Seitengewehrgriff m, 

Bayonettgriff m. 
bayonet guard Parierstange /. 
bayonet joint Bajonettkupplung / 

(Mech). 

bayonet lock Seitengewehrverschlufi 
m (R). 

bayonet practice Ubung im Bajonett- 
fechten. 

bayonet scabbard Seitengewehrta- 
sche /. 

bayonet stud Seitengewehrhalter m 
(R). 

bayonet thrust BajonettstoB m. 
"bazooka" "Ofenrohr" n. See alio 

antitank rocket launcher. 
"B" battery Anodenbatterie / (Rad). 
BC telescope Scherenfernrohr 11. 
beach Strand m. 

beach defense Strandsperre /, 

Strandverteidigung /. 
beachhead Landekopf m. 
beaching gear Schwimmerwagen m, 

Schleppwagen m (seaplane). 
beaching party Landungsabteilung /. 
beacon Bake /, Feuer n; Funkbake /, 

Funkfeuer w (Rad). 
beacon light Leuchtfeuer n (Avn). 



beacon lighting Nachtbefeuerung / 
(Avn). 

bead sight Perlkorn n (R). 

beam Balken m, Trager m (Engr) ; 
Strahl m (ray); Peilstrahl m 
(Rad); Lichtkegel m, Lichtstrahl m 
(SL). 

bearing Peilung /, Peilrichtung /, 
Peillinie / (Navigation) ; Lager n 
'(Mech). 

bearing line Peillinie / (Air Naviga- 
tion). 

bearing metal Lagermetall n. 

bearing plate Peilscheibe /, Peilauf- 
satz m, Kursscheibe / (Air Naviga- 
tion). 

bearing station Peilort m, Peilstelle 

/ (Air Navigation). 
bearing surface Laufflache / (Mech) ; 

Auflageflache / (Engr); Tragerand 

m (hoof). 
beaten track Trampelweg m. 
beaten zone bestrichener Raum 

(firing). 

beat frequency Schwebungsfrequenz 
/ (Rad). 

Beaufort scale Beaufortskala / 

(Met). 

beaver dam Biberwehr n (Engr). 
bed Bett n. 
bedbug Wanze /. 

bedding Bettzeug n (for Pers); 

Streu / (for animals). 
bedding roll BettzeugroKe /. 
bed sheets Bettbezug m. 
beef Rindfleisch n, Ochsenfleisch n. 
beef stew Gulasch n. 
beer Bier n. 

Behm sound-ranging altimeter 

Behmlot n (Avn). 

belligerent n kriegfiihrende Macht. 

belligerent adj. kriegfiihrend. 

belly Bauch m; Unterseite / (Tk). 

belly landing Bauchlandung / (Avn). 

belly tank Abwurfbehalter m (Ap). 

belly turret Bodenkanzel / (Ap). 

belt Gurt m (MG); Streifen m 

(Top); Giirtel m, Koppel n (Clo). 

belt buckel KoppelschloI3 n. 

belt conveyor Gurtforderer m. 

belt drive Riemenantrieb m. 

belted ammunition gegurtete Muni- 
tion (MG). 

belt-fed mit Gurtzufuhrung (MG). 

belt feed Gurtladung /, Zufiihrer m, 
Gurtzufiihrer m (MG). 

belt-feed guide Gurthebel m (MG). 



belt-feed lever 



243 



blackout light 



belt-feed lever Zubringerhebel m, 
Patronentragerhebel m (MG). 

belt-feed pawl Gurtschieber m (MG). 

belt-filling machine See belt-loading 
machine. 

belt-loaded rait Gurtzufiihrung 

(MG). 

belt-loading machine Gurtfiiller m. 

belt road Querverbindungsstrafie /. 

bench Bank /; Werkbank / (Tech). 

bench mark Nivellementspunkt m. 

bend Strafienbiegung / (road). 

bending machine Biegemaschine /. 

bends Hohenkrankheit / (aeroem- 
bolism); Caisson-Krankheit / (cais- 
son disease). 

beneficiary Nutzniefier m, Emp- 
fangsberechtigter m. 

bent Joch n, Bock m (Bdg). 

benzol Benzol n. 

benzyl bromide BenzyTbromid n, T- 

Stoff m (CWS). 
berm Berme / (Ft). 
berth Bett n (Nav, RR); Liegeplatz 

m (of a ship). 
besiege belagern. 

Bessel method Riickwartsein- 

schneiden n (Surv). 
betray verraten. 
bevel Sehrage /. 

bevel drive pinion Antriebskegelrad 
n (differential gear) (MT). 

bevel gear Kegelrad n, Kegelzahn- 
rad n. 

bevel-gear rear-axle drive Kegelrad- 
Hinterachsantrieb m. 

beverage Getrank n. 

bias Gittervorspannung / (Rad) ; 
schrager Schnitt (slant cut); Vor- 
eingenommenheit / (prejudice). 

bible » Bibel /. 

bicarbonate of soda doppelkohlen- 

saures Natrium. 
Bickford fuze Bickford-Leitfeuer n 

(Engr). 
bicycle Fahrrad n, Rad n. 
Big Dipper Grofier Bar. 
bilateral observation Beobachten mit 

zwei Beobachtungsstellen (Arty). 
„ bill Rechnung /. 
billet dispensary Ortskrankenstube / 

(Med). 

billet hospital Ortskrankenlazarett n 
(Med). 

billeting Unterbringung /. 
billeting area Unterkunftsbezirk m. 
billeting detail See billeting party. 



billeting equipment Unterkunfts- 
gerat n. 

billeting officer Quartiermacher m. 
billeting party Quartiermachertrupp 
m. 

billets Unterbringung /, Ortsunter- 

kunft /, Ortsbiwak n. 
bill of lading Frachtbrief m, Ver- 

ladungsschein m. 
bill of particulars Tatbericht in. 
binaural balance Mitteneindruck m 

(Sound Locating). 
binaural method Zwei-Ohr-Verfah- 

ren n, Binauralverfahren n (Sound 

Locating) . 
binaural trainer Horcherpruf- und 

tjbungsgerat n. 
binder Einbanddeckel fiir lose Blat- 
ter (loose-leaf cover). 
binder ring Dichtring m (gas mask). 
binding post AnschluRklemme /, 

Polklemme / (Elec). 
binocular adj binokular, zweiaugig 

( Optics). 

binocular n Glas n, Fernglas n, 

Doppelglas n. 
biplane Doppeldecker m. 
bipod Zweibein n, Gabelstiitze / 

(MG). 

birth certificate Geburtsurkunde /. 

birthmark Muttermal n. 

biscuit Keks m-n, Biskuit m-n. 

bit GebiB n, Trense /, Kandare / 
C curb bit, harness ) ; Bohrer m, 
Schneide / ( carpenter's drill). 

bite Stich m (of insect); BiB m (of 
animal). 

biting angle kleinster Panzerdurch- 
schlagswinkel (Am). 

bit ring Ziigelring m (harness). 

bitumen Bitumen n. 

bivouac Biwak n, Feldlager n. 

bivouac commander Biwakskomman- ' 
dant m (ranking officer at a biv- 
ouac). 

bivouac security officer Offizier vom 

Biwakdienst. 
bivouac site Biwakplatz m. 
black schwarz. 

blackboard schwarze Tafel, schwar- 

zes Brett, 
blackjack Totschlager m. 
blackout n Verdunkelung /. 
black-out V schwarz vor den Augen 

werden (Avn) ; verdunkeln (lights). 
blackout light Tarnscheinwerfer m 

(MT). 



blackout measures 



244 



blue 



blackout measures Verdunkelungs- 

mafinahmen fpl (AA defense). 
black powder Schwa rzpulver n, 

Nafibrandpulver n. 
blacksmith Schmied to. See also 

horseshoer. 
blade Blatt n, Fliigel to ( propeller) ; 

Klinge / (of knife, etc.). 
blade angle Steigungswinkel m, 

Anstellwinkel to (propeller). 
blank Platzpatrone (Am); Vor- 

druck to, Formular n (printed 

form). 

blank ammunition Platzpatronen 
fpl. 

blank cartridge Platzpatrone /, 

ManSverkartusche /. 
blanket n Decke /, Marschdecke f; 

Wolldecke / (woolen); Woilach to 

(saddle); kiinstlicher Nebel, Nebel- 

decke / (CWS). 
blanket v verschleiern, vernebeln, 

einnebeln, abschirmen. 
blanket door Gasschutzvorhang to. 
blanketing smoke Nebelwand /, 

Nebelschleier to (CWS). 
blanket roll Bettzeugrolle /. 
blank fire powder Nitrozellulose- 

pulver n (Small Arms). 
blank form Formular n. 
blank shell blindgeladene Granate 

(Am). 

blast n Luftdruck to, Detonations- 
druck m, Luf tstofi to, Zerknallstofi m 
(pressure) ; Sprengung /, Explosion 
/ (explosion). 

blast v sprengen. 

blast effect Luftdruckwirkung /, 

Luftstofi to. 
blast furnace Hochofen to. 
blasting Sprengen n. 
blasting cap Sprengkapsel /. 
blasting cartridge Sprengpatrone f, 

Bohrpatrone /. 
blasting charge Sprengladung f; 

Bohrladung / (borehole); Schnell- 

ladung /• ( emergency). 
blasting-charge box Ladungskasten 

TO. 

blasting-charge can Ladungsbiichse 
/• 

blasting-charge container Ladungs- 
gefafi n. 

blasting fuze Zeitzundschnur /, Zeit- 

schnur / (Engr). 
blasting machine Gluhzundapparat 

to (Engr). 



blasting oil Sprengol n (nitro- 

glycerin). 

blasting pit Sprenggrube / (Engr). 

blasting powder Sprengpulver n 
(black powder). 

bleach Bleichmittel n. 

bleaching powder Chlorkalk to. 

bleed bluten; entliiften (recoil 

mechanism). 

blend anpassen (Cam). 

blimp unstarres Kleinluftschiff. 

blind v blind machen, blenden. 

blind adj blind. 

blind flying See instrument flying, 
blinker Blinklampe /. See also 

signal lamp, 
blinker light Blinkfeuer n, Takt- 

f euer n. 
blinker signal Blinkzeichen n. 
blister Torpedowulst to (Nav) ; MG.- 

Warze / (Ap); Blase / (Med). 
blister agent atzender Kampfstoff 

(CWS). 

blister gas Hautgift n, atzender 
KampfstofF (CWS). 

block Sperre / (Ft); Block to, 
Klotz m (Engr); Kettenglied n 
(Tk, Trac); Haltezeichen n (RR 
block signal); Bremsklotz to 
(wheel); Sprengkorper to (explos- 
ive). 

blockade Blockade /, Sperre /. 
block and tackle Flaschenzug to. 
"blockbuster" schwere Sprengbombe. 
blockhouse Blockhaus n (Ft). 
blocking Sperrung / (by means of 

obstacles). 
block warden Blockwart to (Civ 

Defense). 
blood Blut n. 

blood donor Blutspende^ to. 
blood group See blood type, 
blood plasma Blutplasma n. 
blood-poisoning Blutvergiftung /. 
blood type Blutgruppe /. 
blouse See service coat, 
blowback Riickschlag to (Ord). 
blowback-operated weapon Gas* 

drucklader to. 
blower Geblase n (Ap engine). 
blown primer Zundhiitchenausfall 

TO. 

blowtorch Lotlampe /. 

blow up sprengen (blast); aufblasen 

(inflate). 
bludgeon Kniippel w. 
blue blau. 



blueprint 



245 



bomber squadron 



blueprint Blaupause /. 

bluff Felsenklippe /, Klippe / (Top). 

board n Brett n (wood); AusschuG 

m (committee). 
board v einsteigen (a vehicle); 

bekostigen, verkostigen (to supply 

meals); in Kost sein (to receive 

meals). 

board of officers Ehrenrat m; Offi- 

zierausschuO m. 
boardwalk Bretterbahn /. 
boat Boot n, Kahn m. 
boat crew Fahrtrupp m (Engr). 
boat ferry Kahnffihre / (Engr). 
boat hook Bootshaken m. 
boatswain Bootsmann m (Nav). 
boat-tail Verjungung nach hinten 

(Am). 

bobbing target Klappscheibe /, Ver- 
schwindscheibe / (practice firing). 

body Korper m; Walze / (Am); 
Ziinderkorper m, Ziindergeliause n 
(fuze); Zunderteller m (powder- 
train time fuze); Aufbau m (MT); 
Fernrohrkorper m (binocular) ; Ge- 
schoGhiille / (projectile); Gasmas- 
kenkorper m ( gas mask). 

body armor Panzerweste / (Avn). 

bodyguard Leibgarde /, Leibwache /. 

Bofors gun Bofors-Masehinenkanone 
/• 

bog Sumpf m, Moor n, Morast m. 

bog down versacken. 

bogie Kollenwagen m (Tk) ; Rollbock 

m (Arty). 
bogie trailer Rollbock m (Arty). 
bogie wheel Laufrad n, Laufrolle / 

(Tk). 
boil v kochen. 
boiler Kessel m. 
bolo philippinisches Hackmesser. 
bolt VerschluG m, Kammer / (R, 

pistol); VerschluCzylinder m (Small 

Arms); Bolzen m (Mech). 
bolt assembly SchloG n (MG, B). 
bolt base Schlofifufi m (MG). 
bolt catch Kammerfang m (MG). 
bolt-catch piece Kammerfangstiick n 

(pistol). 

bolt handle Kammerstengel m (It); 
Kammergriff m, SchloGhebel m 
(MG). 

bolt housing Schlofigehause n (MG). 
bolt knob Kammerknopf m (R). 
bolt lock Rasthebel m (MG). 
bolt lug Kammerwarze / (R). 



bolt mechanism ZylinderverschluG m, 

SchloG n (R). 
bolt sleeve SchloGchen n (R). 
bolt slide Kammerbahn / (R). 
bolt support SchloGhalter m (MG). 
bolt thread Bolzengewinde (MT). 
bomb n Bombe /, Fliegerbombe /. 
bomb v bombardieren, bomben. 
bombard bombardieren, bomben. 
bombardier Bombenschutze m. 
bombardier's compartment Bomben- 

schiitzenstand m (Ap). 
bombardment Bombardierung /, 

Kanonade / (Arty); Bombenan- 

grifF m (Avn). 
bombardment airplane Bomber m, 

Bombenflugzeug n, Kampfflugzeug n, 

Kampfmaschine /. 
bombardment aviation Kampfflie- 

gerei /; Bombenflieger mpl, Kampf- 

flieger mpl. 
bombardment formation Kampf- 

fliegerverband m (Avn). 
bombardment group Kampfgruppe /, 

Kampffliegergruppe / (Avn). 
bombardment school Kampfschule / 

(Avn). 

bombardment squadron Kampfstaf- 
fel /, Kampffliegerstaffel / (Avn). 

bombardment wing Kampfgeschwa- 
der n, Luftkampfgeschwader n 
(Avn). 

bomb bay Bombenkammer /, Bom- 

benmagazin n (Ap). 
bomb-bay doors Bombenklappe / 

(Ap). 

bomb case Bombenhiille /. 
bomb control Bombenabzughebel m 
(Ap). 

bomb control mechanism Bombenab- 

wurfvorrichtung /, Bombenauslo- 

sungsvorrichtung / (Ap). 
bomb crater Bombenloch n. 
bomb disposal officer Bombenraum- 

offizier in. 
bomb disposal unit Bombenraum- 

trupp m, Sprengkommando n. 
bomber Bomber m, Bombenflugzeug 

n, Kampfflugzeug n. 
bomber command Kampfflieger- 

kommando n (USA). 
bomber-fighter See fighter-bomber, 
bamber formation Kampfverband m 

(Avn). 

bomber pilot Kampfflieger m. 
bomber squadron Kampfstaffel /. 



bomber wing 



246 



bounding mine 



bomber wing Kampfgeschwader n, 

Bombengeschwader n. 
bomb fuze Bombenziinder to. 
bomb hit Bombeneinschlag to, 

Bombentreffer to. 
bomb hoist Bombeneinhangevor- 

richtung /. 
bomb hole Bombenloch n. 
bombing Bomben n, Bombenwurf to, 

Bombardierung /. 
bombing altitude Angriff shone /, 

Abwurfhohe /. 
bombing approach Anflug to. 
bombing attack Bombenangriff m. 
bombing formation Kampfverbarid 

m (Avn). 
bombing raid Bombenangriff to» 
bomb load Bombenlast /. 
bomb nose Bombenkopf to. 
bombproof bombensieher, bomben- 

fest. 

bombproof shelter bombensichere 
Deckung. 

bomb rack Schacht m, Bomben- 

schacht to, Abwurf schacht to (Ap). 
bomb rack control Bombenabzughe- 

bel to (Ap). 
bomb release Wurf to, Abwurf to, 

Bombenwurf to, Bombenauslosung /. 
bomb release altitude Abwurfhohe /. 
bomb release controls Bombenab- 

wurfgerat n. 
bomb release handle. Bombenhebel m. 
bomb release line Ausloselinie /. 
bomb release mechanism Bomben- 

abwurfvorrichtung /, Bombenaus- 

losung^vorrichtung /. 
bomb release point Auslosepunkt m. 
bomb-resistant bombensieher, bom- 

benfest. 
"Bombs away!" "Wurf!" 
bomb shackle Tragvorrichtung / 

(Ap). 

bomb sight Zielgerat n, Abwurf- 
zielgerat n, Bombenzielgerat n, Bom- 
benzielvorrichtung /, Bombenzielap- 
parat to, Bombenvisier n, Bomben- 
riehtgerat n. 

bomb target area Bombenwurfplatz 

TO. 

bomb trailer Bomben-Zubringe- 

wagen to. 
bomb train Bombenreihe /. 
bomb trajectory Fallbahn /, Wurf- 

bahn /, Wurfparabel /, Bombenfiug- 

bahn /, Bombenfallkurve /, Bom- 

benabwurfkurve /. 



bone Knochen to; Grate / (of fish). 

bonus Handgeld n. 

booby trap Sprengfalle /, Schreck- 

ladung /, Schreckmine /. 
boom Ladebaum m (of a crane); 

schwimmende Balkensperre (water 

obstacle). 

boom defense vessel Sperrwachboot 

n. 

boost aufladen, verstarken. 
booster Schlagladung / (fuze). 
booster charge Beiladung /, An- 

feue'rungssatz to (Am). 
boot , Stiefel to (Clo) ; Tasche /, 

Schuh to (holster). 
border Grenze /. 
border area Grenzgebiet n. 
border incident Grenzzwischenfall w. 
bore n Rohrseele /, Seele / ( Ord) ; 

Rohrinneres n (G) ; Laufinneres n 

(Small Arms); Bohrung / (Mech). 
bore v bohren. 

bore brush Reinigungsbiirste / 

(Ord). 

bore gage Mefipatrone / (Small 
Arms); Kaliberzylinder to, Kaliber- 
ring to. 

borehole Minenrohr n, Bohrloch n. 
borehole blasting charge Bohrladung 
/• 

bore-safe and detonator-safe fuze 

rohrsicherer Ziinder mit Sprengkap- 

selsicherung (Am). 
bore-safe fuze rohrsicherer Ziinder. 
bore sight Ziellinienprufer m, Ju- 

stiergerat n ( Ord). 
bore-sight adjustment Justieren n 

(G). 

boric acid Borsaure /. 

borrow pit Erdgrube /. 

bottleneck Flaschenhals to (figura- 
tively and literally); Engpali to 
(Top). 

bottom chord Untergurt to (truss). 
bottom gun carriage Unterlafette /. 
boulder Felsblock m, groCer Stein, 
"bouncing baby" See bounding mine, 
bound Sprung to (jump). 
boundary Grenze /, Abschnittsgrenze 

/, Nahtstelle / (between units), 

Trennungslinie /. 
boundary layer Grenzschieht / 

(fluid mechanics). 
boundary light Umrandungsfeuer n, 

Randfeuer n (Adrm). 
bounding mine S-Mine /, Schrapnell- 

mine /. 



bounds 



247 



break down 



bounds Einzelspriinge mpl (method 

of advancing). 

by bounds sprungweise. 
bourrelet Zentrierwulst m; Fiih- 

rungswulst m (rear). 
bow Bug in (Ap, Nav, Tk). 
bow compartment Vorderkaffe / 

(Pon). 

bowden control cable Bowdenzug m. 
bow gun Buggeschutz n, Bugfeuer- 

geschiitz n (Tk). 
bow gunner Bugschiitze m (Ap, Tk). 
bow-on Stirnansicht /. 
bow-on silhouette Stirnschattenrifi 

m (practice target). 
bow wave Kopfwelle / (Ballistics). 
box Kasten in, Schachtel /. 
box barrage Feuerabriegelung /. 
box car gedeekter Giiterwagen (RB). 
box girder Kastentrager m. 
box in Feuerabriegelung schiefien. 
box level Dosenlibelle /. 
box magazine Kastenmagazin n. 
box-trail gun carriage Kastenlafette 

/• 

brace n Strebe / (structures) ; Bohr- 

winde f (a tool). 
brace v abspreizen, absteifen. 
braced verspannt. 
bracing Auskreuzung /, Verspan- 

nung /, Verstrebung /. 
bracket n Gabelung /, Eingabelung 

/ (Arty). 

bracket v gabeln, eingabeln (Arty). 
bracket adjustment Gabelbilden n. 
bracket fire Gabelschiefien n. 
bracketing Gabelbildung /, Einga- 
beln n. 

bracketing correction Gabelschiefien n. 

bracketing elevation Erhohung zum 
Gabelbilden. 

bracketing method Gabelbilden n. 

bracketing salvo gabelbildende Salve. 

bracket seat Schildlager n (G). 

braid Borte /, Tresse / (Clo). 

brake n Bremse / (MT, Ord). 

brake v abbremsen. 

brake arm Bremsarm m (gun- 

carriage wheel brake). 

brake band Bremsband n (MT). 

brake bushing Bremsbuchse / (re- 
coil mechanism). 

brake cable Zugriemen m. 

brake cylinder Bremszylinder m 

(MT). 

brake drum Bremstrommel /, Brems- 
scheibe /. 



brake equalization Bremsausgleich 

m (MT). 
brake fluid Bremsfliissigkeit /. 
brake horsepower Bremsleistung /, 

Nutzleistung /. 
brake lever Bremshebel m (G, MT). 
brake lining Bremsbelag in. 
brake pedal Fufibremshebel m, 

BremsfuBhebel m, Bremstritt in, 

Bremspedal n (MT). 
brake release spring Bremsfeder / 

(MT). 

brake rod Bremsgestange n (MT). 

brakeshoe Bremsklaue / (gun-car- 
riage wheel); Bremsbacke /, Brems- 
klotz m. 

braking effect Bremswirkung /. 

branch Waffengattung / (of the 
Army) ; Ast in, Zweig m (of a tree) ; 
Filiale /, Zweigstelle f (of a bank, 
business); Nebenstelle f (of a post 
office); Abteilung / (Adm). 

branch depot Zweigpark m, Zweig- 
lager n. 

branch of the service Dienstzweig in, 
Waffengattung /, Truppengattung /. 

brand Marke /, Sorte f (of com- 
mercial product). 

brass Messing n. 

brassard Armbinde /. 

brass knuckles Schlagring m. 

breach n Bresche /, Sturmliicke /, 
Einbruchstelle /. 

breach v einbrechen (a line); eine 
Bresche schiefien (a wall, etc.). 

breaching charge Sprengladung /. 

breaching line Trennschnitt m 

( demolitions). 

breaching point Sprengstelle / 

( demolitions). 

breach of discipline Disziplinarverge- 
hen n, tibertretung /, Vergehen n, 
Verfehlung /. 

bread Brot n. 

break n Bruch m; Trenming / (Rad 
procedure). 

break v brechen ; degradieren, herab- 
setzen (demote). 

breakage Bruch m. 

break camp das Lager abbrechen. 

breakdown Zusammenbruch m ( col- 
lapse ) ; Panne / (of vehicle) ; Be- 
triebsstorung / (Tp, Com, etc.); 
Gliederung / (analysis). 

break down eine Panne erleiden 

(MT); zusamrrienbrechen (physical 



break in 



248 



brigadier general 



collapse); zerlegen, zergliedern (an- 
alyze, decompose) . 

break in einfahren (a vehicle); ein- 
arbeiten (Pers); zureiten, abrichten 
(a horse). 

break-in procedure Dazwischen- 
sprechen n (Rad). 

break loose losbrechen. 

break off combat das Gefecht ab- 
brechen. 

break ranks wegtreten. 

break-through Durchbruch w (Tac). 

break up abschlagen, abweisen (an 
a 1 1 a.c k) ; auseinandertreiben ( a 
crowd) ; zerschlagen, zersplittern 
(into pieces); aufklaren (of clouds, 
weather). 

breakwater Wellenbrecher m. 

breast harness Sielengeschirr n. 

breastplate Brustblatt n (harness). ' 

breastplate harness Vorderzeug n. 

breast strap Halskoppel / (harness). 

breastwork Brustwehr /. 

breather Entluftungsstutzen to 

(Mtr). 

breech Bodenstiick n (G). 

breechblock VerschluBblock m, 

( screw-type breech) ; VerschluBkeil 
w (wedge-type breech); VerschluB- 
stiick n, Kartuschestiick n, Lade- 
klappe /, StoBboden to (Ord). 

breechblock carrier Verschlufitrager 
m (G). 

breechblock wedge VerschluBkeil m 
(G). 

breech bore gage Kaliberzylinder to, 

Kaliberring to. 
breech cover Verschlufiiiberzug to 

(G). 

breeches Reithosen fpl. 

breeching Umgang to, Hinterzeug n 

(harness). 
breechlock VerschluB to, Geschiitz- 

verschluB to (Ord). 
breech mechanism VerschluB m, 

Verschluflsystem n, Geschiitzver- 

schluB to, Ladevorrichtung / (Ord). 
breech piece Laufmundstiick n (R). 
breech recess Patroneneinlage / 

(R); Keilloch n(G). 
breech ring VerschluBring m, Ver- 

schraubungsstiick n (G). 
breech wedge VerschluBkeil in. 
Bren gun Bren-Masehinengewehr n. 
brevet rank Rang eines charakteri- 

sierten oder ernannten OfEziers. . 



brevity code Funkverkehrsabkiirzun- 

gen fpl (Rad). 
bribe v bestechen; schmieren 

(slang). 
bribery Bestechung /. 
brickyard Ziegelei /. 
bridge n Briicke /; FloBbriicke / 

(floating); Schnellbriicke / (hasty). 
bridge v eine Briicke schlagen, eine 

Briicke bauen. 
bridge bay Bruckenstrecke /. 
bridge capacity Verkehrslast /. 
bridge center line Briickenachse /, 

Bruckenlinie /. 
bridge commander Briickenkomman- 

dant m. 

bridge construction Briickenschlag 
m, Briickenbau m. 

bridge-construction party Briicken- 
trupp to. 

bridge diagram Briickenskizze /. 

bridge equipage See bridge equip- 
ment. 

bridge equipment Briickengerat n, 
Kriegsbriickengerat n, Briickenbau- 
gerat n, Ubergangsgerat n. 

bridge foundation Briickenunterbau 

TO. 

bridgehead Bruekenkopf to, Briicken- 

kopfstellung / (Tac). 
bridgehead line Briickenkopflinie /. 
bridge railing Bruckengelander n. 
bridge roadway Briickenbahn /. 
bridge site Bruekenstelle /. 
bridge span Bruckenstiitzweite /. 
bridge structure Briickenbau m. 
bridge superstructure Bruckeniiber- 

bau m. 

bridge traffic control post Ablauf- 
posten in. 

bridge train Briickenkolonne / 

(Engr). 

bridge trestle Bruckenboek to. 
bridle Zaumzeug n (harness). 
brief v den Flug besprechen (Avn). 
briefing Flugbesprechung /, Einsatz- 

besprechung /; Befehlsausgabe / 

(issuance of orders). 
brigade Brigade /. 
brigade commander Brigadefuhrer 

to, Brigadekommandeur to. 
brigade headquarters Brigadekom- 

mando n. 

brigadier general Generalmajor to; 
Generalmajor der Flieger (Luft- 
waffe); Generalarzt to (Med); Ge- 
neralveterinar to (Vet). 



bright light 



249 



burst 



bright light Fernlicht n (on auto 

headlight). 
bring down abschieBen ( an Ap). 
brisance Brisanz /. 
broadcast n Rundfunk m. 
broadcast v rundfunken. 
broadcasting Rundfunk m. 
broadcasting station Rundfunkseri- 

der m. 

broadside Breitseite / (Nav). 
broken wolkig, fast bedeckt (Met). 
broken outlines zerlegte Formen 
(Cam). 

broken stone Steinschlag m. 
bromacetone Bromazeton n, B-Stoff 

m (CWS). 
brombenzylcyanide Brombenzylzya- 

nid n, T-Stoff m (CWS). 
bronchitis Luftrohrenkatarrh m, 

Bronchialkatarrh m. 
bronze Bronze /. 

brow band Stirnriemen m (harness) . 

Browning automatic rifle Browning- 
Selbstladegewehr n. 

Browning machine gun Browning- 
Maschinengewehr n. 

brush Biirste /, Pinsel m; Anstrich- 
pinsel m (paint); Gebiisch n (under- 
growth); Strauch m (brushwood) ; 
Scharmutzel n (skirmish). 

brush hurdle Hurde /. 

brush road Strauchdamm m. 

brushwood Dickicht n (thicket); 
Strauch to (broken branches, bushes, 
etc.). 

brushwork Flechtwerk n, Strauch- 

werk n, Strauehpackung /. 
brushwork revetment Spreutlage /. 
bucket Kiibel to, Eimer to. 
buckle n KoppelschloB n. 
buckle v knicken. 

buckling Knicken n (march column). 

"buddy" "Rumpel" m. 

budget Etat to. 

budget item Etatposten m. 

buffer Auffangvorrichtung des Riick- 
stoBes, Puffer m (Ord). 

buffer spring Riicklauffeder / (MG). 

buffing Polieren n. 

buggy whip antenna Stabantenne /. 

bugle Horn n, Trompete /. 

bugle call Trompetensignal n, Horn- 
signal n. 

bugler Hornist m, Trompeter m. 

building Gebaude n. 

built-up area hebautes Gelande. 



built-up barrel Ringrohr n, Mantel- 

ringrohr n (G). 
bulb Gliihbirne /, Birne / (Elec) ; 

Ballen m (horse). 
bulk container PackgefaB n. 
bulkhead Spant m, Rumpfspant m, 

Schott n (Ap). 
bulk reduction point Eisenbahntank- 

steiie / r^;- 

bulldozer Planier-Raupenschlepper 
m, mechanischer Pfiugbagger. 

bullet Geschofi n, Kugel /. 

bullet drop Geschofifall m (Ballis- 
tics). 

bulletin Ankiindigung /, Bekannt- 

machung / (notice); Nachrichten- 

blatt n (publication). 
bulletin board AnscWagtafel /. 
bulletproof kugelsicher, kugelfest, 

schuflfest, schufisicher. 
bulletproof glass schuBsicheres Glas, 

beschuBsicheres Glas, Panzerglas n. 
bullet-resisting inner tube schuBsi- 

cherer Schlauch (MT). 
bullet tube Geschofikanal m ( grenade 

launcher). 
bullet wound SchuBwunde /, SchuB- 

verletzung /. 
bull's eye Spiegel m, Zentrum n, 

Zielschwarze n, "Das Schwarze." 
bump Windstofi m (Avn) ; Hocker 

m, Rast f (road). 
bumper Stofifanger m StoBstange / 

(MT). 

buna tire Bunareifen m (MT). 
bungee mechanische Hilfsvorrich- 

tung (Ap). 
bunk Koje /. 
bunker Bunker m. 
bunting Fahnentuch n, Flaggentuch 

n; Flaggenschmuck m. 
buoy Boje /, Tonne /. 
buoyancy Auftrieb m, Hubkraft f 

(Avn); Schwimmkraft / (Nav). 
bureau Amt n, Bureau n, Biiro n. 
burial Begrabnis n, Beerdigung /, 

Bestattung /. 
burial detail Bestattungskommando 

n. 

burlap Sackleinen n. 
burn n Brandwunde /. 
burn v brennen, verbrennen. 
burning rate Brenngeschwindigkeit 

/ ( cord fuze). 
burning time Leuchtdauer / (Sig). 
burst n StoB to, FeuerstoB m (MG). 
burst v bersten, zerspringen, platzen. 



burst center 



250 



caisson 



burst center mittlerer Sprengpunkt. 
burst effect Zerknallstofi ra, Spreng- 

wirkung / (Am). 
burster Sprengladung / (Am). 
burster course Zerschellerschicht / 

(Ft). 

burster tube Kammerhiilsenrohr n, 
Sprengladungsrohre / (Am). 

bursting charge Sprengladung /, 
Sprengstoffgehalt m, Sprengsatz m 
(Am). 

burst interval Aufschlagweite / 

( Gunnery). 
burst of fire Feuerstofi to (MG). 
burst wave Verdichtungswelle f 

( Sound Ranging ) . 
bury begraben, beerdigen; vergra- 

ben, verbergen (to hide). 
bus Kraftomnibus m. 
bush fighting Buschgefecht n, Wald- 

gefecht n. 
bushing Buchsring to (G); Futter- 

stiick n (breechblock) ; Lagerschale 

/, Buchse /, Futter n (Tech). 
busy besetzt (Tp). 
busy signal Besetztzeichen n, Be- 

setztschauzeichen n (Tp). 



butcher Fleischer m, Metzger m, 

Schlachter m. 
butchery platoon Schlachtereizug m 

(QMC). 

butt Kolben m (MG, R); Kugelfang 

m (target range). 
butt assembly Bodenstiick n (MG). 
butter Butter /. 
buttock GesaBbacke /. 
button Knopf m. 
butt plate Kolbenkappe / (R). 
butt strap Lasche / (Engr). 
butt stroke Kolbenhieb m. 
butt swivel Klammer f (R). 
butt-swivel plate Klammerfufi m 

(R). 

buzzer Wecker m, Summer m (Tp). 
buzzer button Summerknopf m (Tp). 
buzzer set Summerzusatz m (Tp). 
buzzer signal Summeranruf m (Tp). 
bypass n tjberstromkanal m (Mtr); 

Ausweichstelle / (road). 
by-pass v aussparen (Tac). 
"By the left flank, march!" "Links, 

urn!" 

"By the right flank, march!" "Rechts, 
urn!" 



cab Fahrerhaus n (of truck). 
cabane Spannturm m, Rahmenspann- 

turm m (Ap). 
cabbage Ifraut n. v 
cabin Kabine / (Ap, Nav); Hiitte / 

(hut). 

cabinet Truhe /, Gehause n (Rad). 
cable Seil n, Tau n (Nav, etc.); 

Kabel n (Elec, Tp); Drahtzug m 

(flexible steel, Ap) ; Drahtseil n 

(wire). See also wire, 
cable armor Bewehrung /. 
cable block Drahtseilhindernis n 

( obstacle). 
cable brake Seilbremse /. 
cable drum Seilrolle /, Seiltrommel 

/■ 

cable ferry Seilfahre /. 
cablegram Kabeldepesche /. 
cable knife Kabelmesser n. 
cable lead-in point Kabelauffuhrungs- 

punkt m (Elec, Tp). 
cable line Kabelleitung / (Tp). 



G 

cable ship Kabelschiff «. 
cable sleeve Kabelverbinder m (Tp). 
cable splice Kabelverbindung / (Tp). 
cable-testing instrument KabelmeB- 

gerat n (Tp). 
cable trench Kabelgraben m (Tp). 
cable wax Kabel wachs n (Engr, Tp). 
cable winch Seilwinde /. 
cadence Gleichschritt m, Zeitmafi n 

(Marching). 
cadet Kadett m; Fahnen junker m, 
Fahnenjunker-Gefreiter m (junior 
cadet) ; Fahnenjunker-Unteroffizier 
m (cadet Sgt). 
cadre Cadre m, Kader m, Stamm- 
truppe /. 

cadreman Soldat einer Stammann- 
schaft. 

cadre personnel Stammannschaft /. 
caduceus Askulapstab m (insigne). 
caisson Hinterwagen to, Munitions- 
wagen tn ( Arty) ; Senkkasten m 
(Engr). 



caisson section leader 



251 



cannonade 



caisson section leader Wagenzug- 

fiihrer m (Arty). 
calcium bleach Chlorkalk m. 
calcium chloride Chlorkalk m. 
calculate rechnen, berechnen, aus- 

rechnen. 
calculation Berechnung /. 
calculator Rechenmaschine /, Rechen- 

gerat n. 

calculus Infinitesimalrechnung /. 

calf Wade / (of leg). 

caliber Rohrweite /, Kaliber n, Waf- 

fenkaliber n (Ord). 
calibrate eichen. 
calibrated geeicht. 
calibration Hohenrichtverbesserung 

nach Einschieflgeschiitz (Gunnery) ; 

Eichung / (Tech); Funkbeschickung 

/ (Rad compass). 
calibration adjustment Frequenz- 

korrektur / (Rad). 
calibration correction Ausschalten 

der Grundstufe (Gunnery). 
calibration firing Vergleichsschiefien 

71 (Arty). 
calipers Greifzirkel m. 
calk dichten. 

call 11 Ruf m, Zeichen n, Signal n, 
Anruf m, Gesprachsverbindung / 
(Sig C); Ferngespraeh n, Gesprach 
n, Spruch m (Tp). 

call v rufen; anruf en (Tp). 

called station Gegenstelle / (Rad, 
Tp). 

calling key Flackertaste / (Tp). 
call letters Buchstaben des Rufzei- 

chens (Rad). 
call sign Ruf zeichen n (Rad). 
call signal Ruf zeichen n (Rad, Tp); 

Anruf zeichen n (Tp). 
call the roll Namen aufrufen. 
call the shot das Abkommen melden. 
call to quarters Locken n. 
call to the colors See induction, 
call-up Anruf m (Rad). 
call up aufrufen, anrufen. 
calm adj still, ruhig, windstill (Met). 
cam Daumen m, Nocken m (Tech); 

Drucknase / (trigger) ; Lenkschrau- 

be / (steering column, MT). 
cam and lever steering system 

Schraubenganglenkung /, Spindel- 

lenkung/ (MT). 
camber Radsturz m (MT); Wolbung 

/, Kriimmung /. 
camera Kammer /. 
camera gun Lichtbild-MG. n (Avn). 



cameraman Photograph m. 

camera spotting Artillerie-Bildbeob- 

achtung /. 
camouflage n Tarnung /, Tarnen n. 
camouflage v tarnen. 
camouflage discipline Tarndisziplin 

/• 

camouflage jacket Tarnjacke /. 
camouflage material Tarnmittel n. 
camouflage net Maske /, Fliegei- 

maske /, Tarnnetz n. 
camouflage paint Tarnungsfarbe /, 

Tarnanstrich m. 
camouflage troops Tarnungstruppe 

/• 

camouflet Quetschladung /, Quetsc li- 
mine /. 

camp n Lager n, Lagerplatz m, La- 

gerort m, Truppenlager n; Gefange- 

nenlager n (PW). 
camp v das Lager aufschlagen. 
campaign Feldzug in. 
campaign medal Kriegsdenkmiinze 

/, Erinnerungsmedaille /. 
camp hospital See station hospital, 
camp kitchen Lagerkuche /. 
cam plate Kurvenscheibe / (Ord). 
camp site Lagerstelle /. 
camshaft Nockenwelle /, Steuerwelle 

/, Daumenwelle /. 
can Biichse /, Blechbuchse /, Dose /. 
canal Kanal m. 

canard airplane Ente /, Entenflug- 
zeug n. 

cancel ausstreichen, durchstreichen 
(cross out); aufheben, absagen, an- 
nullieren ( annul) ; widerruf en ( re- 
voke). 

cancellation Streichung / ( crossing 
out); Aufhebung /, Annullierung / 
(annulment). 

candle Kerze /. 

canister Kartatsche / ( separate-load- 
ing Am); Filterbuchse / (gas mask). 

canister filter Biichsenfilter m (gas 
mask). 

canned food Biichsenkonserven fpl. 

canned meat Fleischkonserve /, 

Biichsenfleisch n. 

canned ration Biichsenkonserven fpl. 

cannelure Rille / (Am). 

cannibalization Wiederinstandset- 
zung unter Verwendung von Teilen 
beschadigten Kriegsgerats ( Ord). 

cannon Kanone /. 

cannonade Bombardierung /, Kano- 
nade f. 



cannoneer 



252 



carburetor 



cannoneer Schiitze m, Kanonier m. 
cannon salute Kanonensalut m. 
cannon transport wagon Jtohrwagen 
m. 

canopy Baldachin m (A p) ; Stoff- 
bahn / (Prcht). 

cant n schiefer Radstand, Verkan- 
tung / (Arty). 

cant v verkanten (G, R). 

canteen Feldflasche / (water con- 
tainer); Kantine /, Kamaradschafts- 
heim n (place). 

canteen cover Feldflaschenhulle /. 

canteen cup Trinkbecher m, Becher 
m. 

cantilever freitragend. 

cantilever beam Kragtrager m. 

cantilever bridge Kragtragerbrucke 
/, Auslegerbriicke /. 

cantilever wing freitragender Flu- 
gel. 

cantle Hinterzwiesel m (saddle). 
cantonment Barackenlager n. 
cantonment area Unterkunftsraum 
m. 

cantonment building Militarbaracke 
/, Baracke /. 

canvas Segeltuch n. 

cap Haube /, Kappe /, Kopf m 
(Am); Miitze / (Clo); Geschofikappe 
/ (projectile); Sprengkapsel / 
(blasting). 

capacitance Kapazitat / (Elec). 

capacitor Kondensator m (Had). 

capacity Leistung /, Leistungsfahig- 
keit / (performance) ; Vermogen n 
(capability) ; Fahigkeit / (ability); 
Eigenschaft / ( function) ; Verkehrs- 
last / (Bdg); Fassungsvermogen n 
( volume). 

cap crimper Wurgezange /. 

cape Umhang m (cloak); Kap n 
(point of land). 

cap hole Ziindkanal m (blasting car- 
tridge). 

capillary tube Haarrohre /. ' 
capital Haupstadt f (of a country); 

grofier Buchstabe (letter). 
capital offense Kapitalverbrechen n. 
capital ship GroBkampfschiff n. 
capitulate sich ergeben, kapitulieren. 
capitulation tibergabe /, Kapitula- 

tion /. 

capsize kentern, umkippen. 
capstan Gangspill m, Ankerwinde / 

(Nav) ; Erdwinde / (Engr). 
captain Hauptmann m (plural: 



Hauptleute); Rittmeister m (Cav, 
H Arty) ; Stabsarzt m (Med) ; Stabs- 
veterinar m (Vet); Kapitan zur See 
(Nav). 

captive balloon Fesselballon m. 

capture n Einnahme f (of a local- 
ity) ; Gefangennahme f (of a per- 
son). 

capture v fangen, gefangennehmen 

(a person); erbeuten (materiel); 

aufbringen (a ship); einnehmen (a 

locality). 
captured gun Beutegeschutz n. 
captured materiel erbeutetes 

Kriegsgerat. 
captured officer kriegsgefangener Of- 

fizier. 

car Wagen m (MT, BR). 

carbine Karabiner m. 

carbine scabbard carrier Karabiner- 
tragevorrichtung /. 

carbolic acid Karbolsaure /. 

carbon Kohle /, Kohlenstoff m; 61- 
kohle f (Mtr). 

carbon block Kohleklotz m (micro- 
phone). 

carbon brush Kohle /, Kohlebiirste / 
(Elec). 

carbon.copy Durchschlag m (typed); 

Durchschrift / (written). 
carbon-copy pad Durchschreibeblock 

m. 

carbon dioxide Kohlensaure /. 
carbon electrode Kohlenelektrode /. 
carbon filler Kohlenstoff trager m (in 

liquid-oxygen blasting charges). 
carbon lightning arrester Kohleblitz- 

ableiter m. 
carbon i.iicrophone Kohlenmikrophon 

n. 

carbon monoxide Kohlenoxyd n. 
carbon paper Kohlepapier n. 
carbon residue Verbrennungsriick- 

stand m (Mtr). 
carbon rod Kohle /, Kohlestab m 

(Elec). 

carbon tetrachloride Tetrachlorkoh- 

lenstoff m. 
carbonylchloride Chlorkohlenoxyd n, 

Phosgen n (CWS). 
carbon-zinc battery Kohle-Zink- 

sammler m. 
carbon-zinc cell Kohle-Zink-Element 

n (Elec). 

carburetion Vergaseranordnung /, 
Gemischbildung im Vergaser (Mtr). 
carburetor Vergaser m. 



carburetor engine 



253 



casualty agent 



carburetor engine Vergasermotor in. 

carcass Kadaver m, Leiche /. 

card Karte /, Schein m, Zettel m. 

cardboard Pappe /, Pappdeckel m, 
Karton m. 

card file Kartei /. 

cardinal point Himmelsrichtung /. 

care Pflege f (of wounded, equip- 
ment, etc.); Verwundetenbetreuung 
f (of casualties); Fursorge / (wel- 
fare); Vorsicht / (caution). 

cargo Last /, Ladung / (load); 
Fracht / (freight); Schiffsladung / 
(Nav). 

cargo carrier Lastkraftwagen m, 

Transportwagen m (MT). 
cargo-carrying glider Lastensegler 

m, Lastensegelflugzeug n. 
cargo parachute Lastfallschirm m. 
cargo tonnage Ladefahigkeit / 

(capacity) ; Ladegewicht n (weight). 
cargo-transport plane Frachtflug- 

zeug n. 

cargo truck Lastkraftwagen m. 
carload Wagenladung /. 
carpenter Zimmermann m. 
carriage Lafette /, Lafettierung / 
(G). 

carrier Beforderungsmittel n, Fahr- 
zeug n (vehicle); Trager m (Pers); 
Flugzeugtrager m (Nav); Tragbeu- 
tel m, Biichse /, Tasche / ( con- 
tainer). 

carrier current Tragerstrom m (Tp). 
carrier pigeon Brieftaube /, Heeres- 

brieftaube /. 
carrier wave Tragerwelle / (Rad). 
carry tragen; halten (AA SL). 
carrying capacity Tragfahigkeit /. 
carrying pad Tragepolster n (MG). 
carrying strap Tragband n (gas 

mask). 

carry light fiihrender Scheinwerfer 
(AAA). 

carry out ausfiihren, durchfiihren. 
cartel ship- Austauschschiff n. 
cartographer Kartenzeichner m, Ta- 

bellenzeichner m. 
cartographical sketching Anferti- 

gung von GrundriBskizzen. 
cartridge Patrone / (Am); Kar- 

tusche / ( semifixed and fixed Am) ; 

scharfe Putrone (ball); Anlafipa- 

trone / (for cartridge starter). 
cartridge bag Kartuschbeutel m. 
cartridge belt Patronengurt m 

(MG). 



cartridge case Hiilse /, Patronen- 
hiilse /, GeschoBhiilse / (Am); Kar- 
tusche /, Kartuschhiilse / (semifixed 
and fixed Am). 

cartridge chamber Patronenlager n 
(R). 

cartridge clip Patronenstreifen m, 

Ladestreifen m (Am). 
cartridge feed Patronenzufiihrung / 

(Small Arms). 
cartridge starter Anlafipistole / 

(Mtr). 

cartridge-type ground signal Leucht- 
patrone /. 

cartwheel Wagenrad n. 

case Gehause n, Hiilse /, Biichse / 
(Tech); Kiste /, Kasten m (box); 
Futteral n, Tasche /; Kartusche / 
( semifixed and fixed Am) ; Ziind- 
schraubengehause n (threaded per- 
cussion primer) (Am); Fall m (in- 
stance); Schurholzrahmen m (gal- 
lery case); Patronenhiilse / (car- 
tridge); Bombenhulle / (bomb). 

casein glue Kaseinleim m. 

casemate Kasemate / (Ft, Nav). 

casemate gun mount Kasematten- 
lafette /. 

case I pointing direktes Richten 
(Gunnery). 

case II pointing Richten mit direkter 
Seitenrichtung und indirekter H6- 
henrichtung (Gunnery). 

case III pointing indirektes Richten 
C Gunnery). 

case IV pointing Richten mit vorge- 
schobener Beobachtungsstelle (Gun- 
nery). 

cash Bargeld n. 

cashier v aus dem Heere ausstofien. 

casing Deckplatte / (MG telescopic 
sight); Laufdecke /, Decke /, Man- 
tel m (tire); Gehause n, Hiille /, 
Hiilse /, Schalung /. 

castellated nut Kronenmutter /. 

caster Nachlauf m, Vorlauf m 
(MT); Schwenkrolle / (roller). 

casting Gufl m, Giefien.w (action); 
AbgufJ m (thing cast). 

cast iron Gufieisen n. 

cast-metal case Gufigehause n. 

cast-steel GuBstahl m. 

casuals zur Verwendung stehendes 
Militarpersonal. 

casualty Verlust m, Ausfall m. 

casualty agent Kampfstoff m 

(CWS). 



casualty day 



54 



center of the front 



casualty day tagliche Verlustrate. 

casualty list Verlustliste /. 

casualty report Verlustmeldung /. 

catalog Katalog m. 

catapult n Katapult m, Startkatapult 
m, Schleuder /, Flugzeugschleuder / 
(Avn). ' ' " 

catapult v katapultieren (an Ap). 

catapult airplane Katapultflugzeug 
n. 

catapult take-off Schleuderstart m 
(Avn). 

catch n Falle / (MG); Kammerfang 
m (MG bolt catch); Sperrnase / 
(fuze); Sperrklinke / (pawl). 

catch v fangen, einfangen, auffan- 
gen; ergreifen (seize); sich zuzie- 
hen, anstecken (a disease). 

catch pivot Fallenachse / (MG). 

caterpillar band Radgiirtel m (G). 

caterpillar drive Raupenantrieb m, 
Gleiskettenantrieb in (MT). 

caterpillar prime mover Gleisketten- 
schlepper m, Gleiskettenzugmaschine 
/• 

caterpillar track Raupe /, Raupen- 

kette /, Gleiskette / (MT, Tk). 
caterpillar tractor Gleiskettenschlep- 

per m, Gleiskettenzugmaschine /, 

Raupenschlepper m. 
cathode Kathode /. 
cathode-ray tube Kathodenstrahl- 

rohre /, Elektronenstrahlrohre /, 

Braunsche Rohre. 
cattle Vieh n. 

catwalk Lattenrost in, Holzrost in. 
cause v verursachen, veranlassen, 

bewirken. 
causeway Straflendamm m. 
caustic n Atzmittel n. 
caustic soda kaustisches Natron, 

Atznatron n. x 
caution Vorsicht /, Achtung /. 
cavalry Kavallerie /, Reiterei / 

(H Cav); motorisierte Kavallerie 

(Mecz). 

cavalry brigade Reiterbrigade /, 

Kavalleriebrigade /. 
cavalry corps Kavalleriekorps n. 
cavalry division Kavalleriedivision /. 
cavalryman Kavallerist m, Reiter m. 
cavalry patrol Reiterspahtrupp m. 
cavalry pioneer Kavalleriepionier m. 
cavalry reconnaissance detachment 

Reiteraufklarungsabteilung f. 
cavalry regiment Reiterregiment n, 

Kavallerieregiment n. 



Cavalry School Kavallerieschule /, 

Reitschule /. 
cavalry troop Reiterschwadron /. 
cave Hohle /. 
cave in einstiirzen. 
cave shelter minierter Unterstand 

(Ft). 

cavesson Reithalfter / (harness). 
cavity Loch n, Vertiefung /, Hohle /. 
cease aufhoren, einstellen. 
"Cease firing!" "Feuerpause!" 
ceiling Wolkenhohe / (Met); Gip- 

felhohe / ( Ap) ; Decke f (of a room) . 
ceiling light Wolkenscheinwerfer m 

(Met). 

ceiling ventilator Deckenventilator 
m (MT). 

celestial navigation astronomische 

Navigation, 
celestial sphere Himmelskugel / 

(Navigation, Suk.vJ- 
cell Zelle /, Fliigelzelle / (Ap); Gas- 

zelle / (Airship); Element n (Elec). 
cell container Elementbecher in 

(Elec). 
cellophane Zellophan n. 
cellophane cover Zellophanuberzug 

m (CWS). 
cellular-type radiator Elenientekuh- 

ler m (MT). 
cellule Zelle /, Flugelzelle / (Ap); 

Gaszelle / (Airship). 
celluloid Zelluloid n. 
celluloid templet Zelluloidtafel /. 
cellulose Zellulose /. 
cellulose acetate Zellon n. 
cellulose fiber Zellwolle /. 
cement Mortel m, Zement m. 
cemetery Friedhof m. 
censor Zensor m. 
censorship Zensur /. 
center Mitte /, Mittelpunkt in, Zen- 

trum n. 

center balk Mittelbalken m (Bdg). 
center line Briickenlihie / (Bdg). 
center of burst mittlerer Spreng- 
punkt. 

center of dispersion See center of 
impact. 

center of impact mittlerer Treff- 
punkt. 

center of lift Auftriebsmittelpunkt 

m (Aerodynamics). 
center of resistance Widerstands- 

zentrum n (Tac). 
center of the front Frontmitte / 

(Tac). 



center point of target 



255 



charge 



center point of target Zielpunkt m. 
center punch Korner m. 
centigrade Celsius, 
central Vermittlung /, Vermittlungs- 

stelle / (Tp). 
central control zentrale Feuerleitung 

(Arty). 

Central European time mitteleuropa- 
ische Zeit (15° E standard merid- 
ian). 

central station Zentrale / (sound 
ranging). 

central tube Kammerhulse / ■( shrap- 
nel). 

centrifugal action Fliehkraftan- 

trieb m (fuze). 
centrifugal arming device Fliehbacke 

/ (fuze). 

centrifugal bolt Fliehbolzen m 

(fuze). 

centrifugal casting Schleudergufi m 

(foundry). 
centrifugal compressor Turbokom- 

pressor m, Kreiselkompressor m. 
centrifugal force Fliehkraft /, 

Zentrifugalkraft /. 
centrifugal fuze Fliehkraftziinder m. 
centrifugal governor Fliehkraft- 

regler m (Mtr). 
Centrifugal pump Kreiselpumpe /, 

Zentrifugalpumpe /, Schleuder- 

pumpe /. 

centripetal force Zentripetalkraft /. 
ceremonial detachment Ehrenwache /. 
ceremony Zeremoniell n, Feierlich- 

keit /, besondere Veranstaltung; 

Trauerfeier / (Mil funeral). 
certificate Bescheinigung /, Zeugnis 

n, Schein m. 
certificate of discharge Entlassungs- 

schein m. 

certificate of identification Personal- 

ausweis m. 
certificate of rejection Ausmuste- 

rungsschein m. 
certificate of service Dienstbescheini- 

gung /. 

certified beglaubigt (documents). 
certify bescheinigen, bezeugen, be- 

glaubigen. 
cessation Einstellung /. 
cetane rating Cetenzahl / (Diesel 

fuel) . 

chain Kette /; Gleitschutzkette / 
(skid); MeBkette / (Surv). 

chaining Messen mit MeBkette 

(Surv). 



chain link Kettenglied n. 

chain of command Befehlsweg in, 

Befehlsverhaltnisse npl. 
chain of evacuation Verwundeten- 

abschublinie /. 
challenge Anruf m, Einspruch m, 

Herausforderung /. 
chamber Kartuschraum m (G); 

Patronenlager n (R); Rammer f, 

Raum m. 

change v andern, eich andern, 

umandern; verandern (to alter); 
wechseln (money); tauschen (to 
exchange) ; sich umziehen (clothes); 
umsteigen (trains). 

change lever Umschalthebel m 

(automatic R). 

change of course Kurswechsel m 
(Avn). 

change of height Hohenanderung / 

(AA predictor). 
change of personnel Personalver- 

anderung /. 
change of position Stellungswechsel 

m (Tac). 
change of station Platzwechsel m. 
change-over switch Umschalter m 

(Elec). 

change step den Schritt wechseln, 

den Tritt wechseln. 
channel Dienstweg m ( Adm) ; Fre- 

quenzbereich m (Rad) ; Verbindungs- 

weg m (Com). 

through channels auf dem Dienst- 
weg. 

channel marker Bake / (Nav). 
channel of communication Verbin- 

dungsweg m (Tp, Rad). 
chapel Kapelle /. 

chaplain Wehrmachtgeistlicher m, 

Feldgeistlicher m. 
character Buchstabe m, Schriftzei- 

chen n (letter); Charakter m (of a 

person). 

characteristic curve Rohrenkennlinie 

/ (Rad tube). 
characteristic impedance Wellen- 

widerstand m (Elec, Rad). 
charcoal Holzkohle /. 
charcoal layer Kohleschicht / ( gas 

mask). 

charge n Ladung / (Am, blasting, 
Elec); Attacke /, Angriff m (Cav) ; 
Betrauung / (trust); Anklage / 
(accusation) ; Gebiihr / (rate). 

charge v anstiirmen (Inf); attackie- 
ren (Cav); laden (Am, Elec); ver- 



charge-placing pole 



2; 



56 



chest 



langen, anfordern (money); be- 

schuldigen (accuse). 
charge-placing pole Sprengstange f. 
charging unit Lademaschinensatz m, 

Aggregat n (Elec). 
charging voltage Ladespannung / 

(battery charger). 
chart n Plan in, Tabelle /, Ubersicht 

/,• Karte / (map). 
chartroom Feuerleitstelle / (Arty); 

Kartenraum m (Nav). 
chase n langes Feld (G). 
chassis Fahrwerk n, Fahrgestell n 

(MT); Apparatur / (Rad). 
chassis clearance Bauchfreiheit / 

(MT). 

chassis frame Fahrwerkrahmen m 
(MT). 

chassis panel Montageplatte / (Rad). 
chauffeur Kraftfahrer m (MT). 
check n Scheck m (banking) ; Kon- 

trolle / (supervision) ; Zeichen n 

(mark). 

check v hemmen, verhindern (to 
hinder); priifen, nachpriifen, iiber- 
priifen ( to test, to verify) ; iiber- 
wachen, kontrollieren (to supervise). 

check list Kontrolliste /. 

check point Anhaltspunkt m, Bezugs- 
punkt m. 

check valve Reglerventil n. 

cheek Backe /, Wange /. 

cheekbone Jochleiste / (horse). 

cheek strap Backenstiick n (har- 
ness). 

cheese Kase m. 

chemical agent Kampfstoff m. 

chemical-agent detector kit Gasan- 
zeiger m. 

chemical barrier Kampfstoffsperre /, 
Kampfstoffriegel m (CWS). 

chemical battalion Werferabteilung 
/ (Ger). 

chemical bomb Kampfstoffbombe /, 

Fliegergasbombe / (Avn). 
chemical candle Giftrauchkerze /, 

Giftnebelkerze / (CWS). 
chemical cylinder Gasflasche /, Gas- 

behalter m; Nebelabblasgerat n 

(smoke). 

chemical decontamination See de- 
contamination, 
chemical decontamination company 

Entgiftungskompanie f. 
chemical defense Gasschutz m. 
chemical defense school Heeresgas- 

schutzschule /. 



chemical fumes Kampfstoffschwaden 

mpl (CWS). 
chemical hand grenade Gashand- 

granate /. 
chemical land mine ■ chemische Erd- 

mine, Gas-Erdmine /. 
chemical layer Mundschicht / (gas 

mask). 

chemical mine chemische Erdmine, 

Gas-Erdmine /. 
chemical mortar Gashandwerfer m, 

Gasmorser m. 
chemical munitions Gasmunition /, 

chemische Kampfmittel. 
chemical officer Gasoffizier m. 
chemical projectile GasgeschoB n. 
chemical projector Werfer m, Nebel- 

werfer m, Gaswerfer m (CWS). 
chemical-projector fire Gaswerfen n. 
chemical regiment Nebelwerfer- 

regiment n, Werferregiment n 

(Ger). 

chemical security Gasschutz m. 
chemical shell Gasgranate /; Gas- 

brisanzgranate / (HE). 
chemical-shell fire Kampfstoffbe- 

sehufi m (CWS); Gelbkreuzbeschufi 

m (vesicant filler, CWS). 
chemical spray apparatus Kampf- 
stoff zerstauber m; Luftstromgerat n, 

Zerstaubungsgerat n (Ap). 
chemical spraying Verspruhen von 

Kampfstoffen (CWS). 
chemical tank NebelgerSt n (for air 

Cml spraying). 
chemical troops chemische Truppen, 

Gastruppen fpl, Nebeltruppen fpl. 
chemical warfare chemischer Krieg; 

Gaskampf m, Gaskrieg m." 
chemical warfare agent chemischer 

Kampfstoff. 
Chemical Warfare Board Gastech- 

.lischer ForschungsausschuC (USA). 
chemical warfare depot Gasschutz- 

park in. 

chemical warfare material Gas- 
kampfmittel npl, Gaskampfgerat n. 

chemical warfare officer Gasoffizier 
m. 

Chemical Warfare School Gaskriegs- 
schule / (USA). 

Chemical Warfare Service chemi- 
scher Kriegsdienst (USA). 

chemist Chemiker m. 

chess Briickenbelag m (Bdg). 

chest Brust / (anatomy) ; Kiste /, 
Kasten m (box). 



chest pack parachute 



257 



cipher key 



chest pack parachute Brustfall- 

schirm m. 
cheval-de-frise spanischer Reiter 

(Ft). 

chevron Uniformwinkel m. 
chewing gum Kaugummi m. 
chicken wire Maschendraht m. 
chief Chef m. 

chief engineer Leitender Ingenieur, 

Chefingenieur m, Oberingenieur m. 
chief nurse Oberschwester /. 
chief of ammunition Munitionsunter- 

offizier m (Arty). 
Chief of Chaplains Feldbischof m. 
Chief of Chemical Warfare Service 

Chef des chemischen Kriegsdienstes 

(USA). 

chief of civil affairs section Chef der 

Zivilverwaltung (at army Hq). 
Chief of Coast Artillery Chef der 

Kustenartillerie (USA). 
chief of corps supply services 

Korpsnachschubfiihrer m (Ger). 
chief of division supply services 

Divisionsnachschubfuhrer m (Ger). 
Chief of Engineers Inspekteur der 

Pioniere. 

Chief, of Naval Operations Chef des 

Admiralstabs (USA). 
Chief of Ordnance Chef des Heeres- 

Waffenamtes. 
chief of staff Stabschef m, General- 

stabschef m. 
Chief of Staff Chef des General- 

stabes. 

chief of supply services Nachschub- 

flihrer m. 
Chief of the Air Staff Chef des 

Fiihrungsstabes der Luftwaffe 

(USA). 

Chief of the Veterinary Service 

Chefveterinar m. 
chief of transportation Chef des 

Transportwesens (Tac, RR). 
chief petty officer Portepeeunter- 

offizier m (Nav). 
Chief Signal Officer Inspekteur der 

N achrichtentrtrppeTi. 
Chief Surgeon Armeearzt m. 
chief transportation officer bevoll- 

machtigter Transportoffizier. 
chilled casting Kokillengufi m. 
chimney Schornstein m. 
chin Kinn n. 
chinaware Porzellan n. 
chin groove Kinnkettengrube / 

(horse). 



chin strap Sturmriemen m, Kinnrie- 
men m (headgear); KinnstoBel m 
(harness). 

chin support Kinnstutze / (gas 

mask). 

chisel MeiBel m. 

chloracetophenone Chlorazetophenon 

n (CWS). 
chloracetophenone solution ' Chlor- 
azetophenon - Chlorpikrin - Losung /, 

Tranenstoff m (CWS). 
chloramine-T Chloramin n (CWS). 
chlorate explosive Chlorat-Spreng- 

mittel 7i. 
chloride of lime Chlorkalk m. 
chlorination Chlorbeimischung /, 

Chlorzusetzung /. 
chlorine Chlor n, Chlorgas n (CWS). 
chlorpicrin Chlorpikrin n (CWS). 
chlorsulfonic acid Chlorsulfonsaure / 

(CWS). 
chock Bremsklotz m. 
chocolate Schokolade f. 
choke n Starterklappe / (Mtr); 

Wiirgebohrung / (barrel) (Ord). 
choke v ersticken (suffocate) ; er- 

wiirgen (strangle). 
choke coil Drosselspule /' (Elec). 
choke valve Luftklappenvontil n 

( carburetor). 
cholera Cholera /. 
chord Gurt m (truss); Sehne / 

( Geometry). 
Christie tank Christie-Panzerkraft- 

wagen m. 
chromium Chrom n. 
chromium-plated verchromt. 
chronograph Chronograph m, Regi- 

strier-Chronograph m. 
chronology of battle Gefechtszeitan- 

gabe /. 

chronometer Chronometer n. 
chuck Putter n (of lathe, etc.). 
church Kirche /. 
cigarette Zigarette /. 
cigarette lighter Feuerzeug 11. 
cincha Untergurt m (saddle). 
cipher n Schliissel m, Chiffre /. 
cipher v schliisseln, chiffrieren, zif- 
fern. 

cipher device Chiffriermaschine /, 

Schltisselmaschine /. 
cipher disk Verschliisselungs- 

scheibe /. 

cipher key Geheimwort n, Schlussel- 
wort n. 



cipher text 



258 



clean-up party 



cipher text Geheimtext m, Sehliissel- 

text to. 
circle n Kreis to. 
circle v Runde(n) fliegen (Avn). 
circle of rupture Wirkungskreis to 

(blasting). 
circling target kreisendes Ziel 

(AAA). 

circuit Stromkreis to, Leitungsnetz n, 

Schaltung / (Elec). 
circuit arrangement Leitergebilde n 

(Elec). 

circuit breaker Stromunterbrecher to, 

Spannungssicherung / (Elec). 
circuit diagram Schaltplan to, 

Schaltungsschema n; Leitungsskizze 

/, Schaltskizze / (Tp). 
circuit tester Leitungspriifer to 

(Elec). 

circular n Rundschreiben 11, Umlauf 
to. 

circular course Kreisflug m (Avn). 
circular track Kranz to, Drehkranz 

to (MG mount). 
circular track mount Lafettenkranz 

to (Ap, Tk). 
circulation Umlauf to (of money, 

fluids); Kreislauf to (of blood); 

Auflage f (of a newspaper) ; Ver- 

breitung f (of news). 
circulation map Wegekarte /. 
circumference Umkreis m. 
circumstance Sachlage /, Zustand to. 
circumstantial evidence Indizienbe- 

weis to. 

cirrocumulus Zirrokumulus to. 

cirrostratus Zirrostratus to. 

cirrus cloud Cirruswolke /, Zirrus- 

wolke /, Federwolke /. 
citation Auszeichnung /, ehrenvolle 

Erwahnung. 
citizen Staatsbiirger to, Burger m. 
citizenship Staatsangehorigkeit /. 
city Stadt /. 

civil staatlich, Staats- (pertaining to 
government); hoflich, anstandig 
(polite). 

civil affairs section Zivilverwaltung 

/ (Mil Govt). 
civil airway Luftverkehrslinie /. 
civil aviation Zivilluftfahrt /. 
civil communication lines Postlei- 

tungen fpl. 
civil court Zivilgericht n. 
civilian n Zivilist to, Zivilperson /. 
civilian clothes Zivil n, Zivilkleidung 

/, biirgerliche Kleidung. 



civilian defense ziviler Luftschutz. 
civilian internee Zivilinternierter to. 
civilian population Zivilbevolke- 
rung /. 

civil offense Zivilvergehen n, nicht- 

militarisches Vergehen. 
civil service Staatsdienst m. 
civil war Biirgerkrieg to. 
claim n Anspruch to, Anrecht n. 
clamp n Klammer / (Tech) ; Klemm- 

zange / (blasting-cap fuze). 
clamping collar Schelle / (Mort). 
clamping lever Klemmhebel to, Be- 

grenzungshebel to (MG). 
clamping mechanism Festklemmvor- 

richtung / (MG tripod). 
clamping plate Klemmplatte f (G 

barrel guide). 
clamping ring Klemmring to 

(grenade launcher). 
clamping screw Klemmschraube / 

(aiming circle). 
clarity of sound Klangreinheit / 

(Rad). 

clash Zusammenstofi to (Tac). 
clasp Spange / (decoration). 
class Klasse /; Jahrgang to (age 
class). 

classification Einteilung /, Gliede- 
rung /. 

classification of artillery fire Peuer- 

formen der Artillei'ie. 
classification of chemical agents 

Kampfstoffgruppen fpl. 
classification of equipment Stoffglie- 

derung /. 

classification of machine-gun fire Feu- 

erformen des Maschinengewehrs. 
classification track Richtungsgleis n, 

Abstellgleis n (BR). 
classified military information gehei- 

me Gegenstande. 
class of equipment Geratklasse /. 
claw hatchet Klauenbeil n. 
clay pit Lehmgrube /. 
clean v reinigen, saubern, putzen. 
cleaning and preserving material 

Reinigungsgerat n. 
cleaning brush Reinigungsburste / 

(G). 

cleaning patch Reinigungsdocht m 
(R). 

cleaning rag Reinigungslappen m, 

Putzlappen to. 
cleaning rod Stock to, Gewehrstcck 

m (R) ; Wischstock m (G). 
I clean-up party Sauberungstrupp to. 



clean out 



259 



close-reconnaissance 



clean out saubern (Tac). 
clear v raumen, saubern. 
clear adj. wolkenlos (Met); frei (of 

obstructions). 

in clear im Klartext (Com). 
clearance Spielraum m (Meeh); Si- 
cherheitsmafi n (Gunnery) ; Entlas- 
tung / (of responsibility) ; Preigabe 
/ (permit); Bauchfreiheit / (chas- 
sis). 

clearance of masks tiberschieBen von 

Deckungen (Gunnery). 
clearance of the enemy Feindfrei- 

heit /. 

clearance space Geschofianlage / 

(R). 

cleared for action gefechtsklar 
(Nav). 

cleared zone Eollfeld n (Adrm). 
clear ice glasartige Vereisung. 

clearing Waldblofle ' /, Waldlichtung 

/ (forest or wood). 
•clearing signal Schlufizeichen n 

(Tp). 

clearing station Hauptverbandplatz 

m (Med). 
clearing unit Krankentragertrupp 

m (Med). 
clear up saubern (Tac). 
cleat Greifer m (MT). 
clergyman Geistlicher in, Pfarrer m; 

Pastor in (Protestant); Priester m 

(Catholic) ; Rabbiner m (Jewish). 
clerical aptitude test Schreibereig- 

nungspriifung /. 
clerk Schreiber m, Schriftfuhrer m, 

Gefechtsschreiber m. 
clevis Sehakel m. 
click n Rast / (Mech). 
cliff Klippe /, Kliff n. 
climate Klima n. 
climatic klimatisch. 
climb n Steigflug m, Steigen n 

(Avn). 

climb v steigen, besteigen, klettern. 
climb-and-dive indicator Statoskop n 
(Ap). 

climbers Steigeisen npl (for Tp line- 
man). 

climbing ability Steigvermogen n 
(Ap). 

climbing iron Klettereisen n, Klet- 

tersporn m. 
climbing take-off Kavalierstart m 

(Avn). 

climbing turn gezogene Kurve 

(Avn). 



clincher rim Wulstfelge / (MT). 
clinical record Krankenblatt n. 
clinometer Gefallemesser m, Neigungs- 

messer m (Arty, Surv); Gelande- 

winkelmesser m (for angle of site, 

Arty); Richtbogen m (G). 
clip n Patronenrahmen m, Ladestrei- 

fen m (R, AA gun); Klammer / 

(paper clip). 
clip-fed rifle Mehrlader m. 
clip loading machine Ladestreifen- 

f tiller m. 

clock Uhr / (timepiece) ; Borduhr / 

(Ap); Melderose / (AWS). 
clock method Melderoseverfahren n 

(Gunnery, AWS). 
clockwise im Sinne des Uhrzeigers, 

im Uhrzeigersinn, rechtsgangig, 

rechtslaufend. 
clockwork action Uhrwerkantrieb m 

(fuze). 

clockwork fuze Uhrwerkzunder in. 
close v schliefSen, zuschlieBen, zu- 

machen (a door, etc.); abschliefien 

(an account); beenden (conclude). 
close billets Ortsbiwak n. 
close column aufgeschlossene 

Marschfolge. 
close combat Nahkampf m. 
close-combat range Nahkampf weite /. 
close-combat weapon Nahkampf- 

waffe /. 

closed airdrome Flugplatz auBer 
Betrieb. 

close defense Nahabwehr /, Nahver- 

teidigung /. 
closed traverse geschlossener Zug, 

Polygonzug m (Surv). 
closed weather ungunstiges Flieger- 

wetter (Avn). 
close-in security Nahsicherung /. 
close order geschlossene Ordnung. 
close-order drill Exerzieren in der 

geschlossenen Ordnung. 
close range Nahkampfweite f; 

nachste Entfernung (up to 100 

meters); nahe Entfernung (up to 

400 meters). 
close-range fighting Nahkampf m. 
close-range weapon Nahkampf- 

waife /. 

close reconnaissance Nahaufklii- 
rung /. 

close-reconnaissance airplane Nah- 
aufklarungsflugzeug n, Nahauf- 
klarer m, Naherkunder m. 



close support 



260 



code sign 



close support Nahunterstiitzung f 
(Tac). 

close terrain bewachsenes Gelande. 
closing cap Ziinderkappe /, Ver- 

schlufischraube / (fuze). 
closing spring cylinder Kraftspei- 

cher in (AA gun). 
cloth filter Tucheinsatz m (MT). 
cloth garnish bunte Lappen (Cam). 
clothing Bekleidung /. 
clothing account Bekleidungsnach- 

weis m. 

clothing allowance verabfolgte Klei- 

dungsstiicke. 
clothing slip Bekleidungsschein in. 
cloud Wolke /. 

cloud attack Blasangriff m (CWS). 
cloud bank Wolkenfeld n. 
cloud cover Wolkendecke /. 
cloud formation Wolkenform /. 
cloud gas attack Blasangriff m. 
cloud particle Staubchen n (CWS). 
cloud soaring Wolkensegeln n (gli- 
der) . 

clove hitch Mastwurf m. 

club -Kniippel m (weapon). 

cluster Sternbiindel n (Sig); Biindel 

n (Bombing). 
cluster adapter Bombenbundel- 

trager m. 
clutch Kupplung / (MT). 

throw in the clutch einkuppeln. 

throw out the clutch auskuppeln. 
clutch cone Kupplungskegel m. 
clutch housing Kupplungsgehause n. 
clutch lever Kupplungshebel m. 
clutch pedal Kupplungsfuflhebel in, 

Kupplungspedal n, Kupplungstritt 

to. 

clutch plate Kupplungsscheibe /. 
clutch shaft Kupplungswelle /. 
clutch spring Kupplungsfeder f. 
CN Chlorazetophenon n (CWS). 
CNB Tranengasstoff in. 
CN candle Universalkerze CN / 

(CWS, USA). 
CN capsule Reizwiirfel m (CWS). 
CN generator Riechtopf m (CWS). 
CNS Chlorazetophenon-Chlorpikrin- 

Losung / (CWS). 
CN solution Tranengasstoff m. 
coal Kohle /. 
coarse file Grobfeile /. 
coarse setting Grobeinstellung /. 
coarse sight Vollkorn n, voiles 

Korn (R). 
coast Kuste /. 



coastal area Kiistengebiet n. 
Coast Artillery Corps Kiistenartille- 

riekorps n (USA). 
coastal force Kiistenverband m. 
coastal reconnaissance airplane Kiis- 

tenaufklarer m. 
coastal squadron Kustenstaffel / 

(Avn). 

coastal waters Kiistengewasser npl. 
coastal zone Kiistenvorfeld n. 
coast artillery Kiistenartillerie /. . 
coast artillery district Kiistenartil- 

leviebezirk in (USA). 
Coast Artillery School Kiistenartille- 

rieschule / (USA). 
coast battery Kiistenbatterie / (CA). 
coast defense Kiistenverteidigung /, 

Kiistenwehr /, Kiistenwacht /. 
Coast Guard Kiistenwache /, Kiisten- 

wachkorps n (USA). 
coast guard station Kiistenstation /. 
coast reconnaissance Kiistenaufkla- 

rung /. 

coat Jacke /, Rock m {of a suit); 
Mantel m, tiberzieher m (overcoat) ; 
Schicht / (of paint, grease, etc.). 
See also service coat. 

coaxial gleichachsig, mit gemein- 
schaftlicher Achse, Doppel-. 

coaxial counterrotating propellers 
Doppelpropeller m (Ap). 

cobalt Kobalt m. 

cock v spannen (Small Arms). 

cocking bolt Spannriegel m (breech- 
block). 

cocking cam Spannstollen m (breech- 
-block). 

cocking lever Spannhebel m (G, 
MG). 

cocking piece Schlagbolzenmutter / 
(R). 

cocking slide Spannschieber m 

(MG). 

cockpit Kabine /, Kanzel /, Fiihrer- 
raum m, Fiihrersitz m, Fiihrerstand 
m (Ap). 

code Schliissel m, Geheimschrift /. 

code book Schliisselheft n. 

code call Deckanruf m (Tp). 

code chart Signaltafel /. 

code group Funkabkiirzung /, Kurz- 

signal n, Schliisselgruppe /. 
code name Deckname m. 
code panel Signaltuch n, Signal- 

streif en m, Tuchzeichen n ( Avn) . 
code section Schliisseltrupp m. 
code sign Deckzeichen n. 



code word 



261 



combat air reconnaissance 



code word Deckwort n. 

coding Verschltisselung /, Schliis- 

seln n. 
coefficient Beiwert m. 
coefficient of form Formwert m 

(Ballistics). 
coffee Kaffee m. 
coffin Sarg m. 
coil Spule / (Elec, Rad). 
coil spring Schraubenfeder / (MT). 
coil unit Spulensatz m (Rad). 
coincidence range finder Halbbildent- 

fernungsmesser m, Schnittbildent- 

fernungsmesser m, Koinzidenzent- 

fernungsmesser m. 
cold Erkaltung /, Schnupfen to 

(Med). 
cold chisel KaltmeiBel m. 
cold front Kaltluftfront /, Ein- 

bruchsfront / (Met). 
cold-resistant kaltebestandig. 
cold working Kaltrecken n (Ord). 
collapsible boat Faltboot n. 
collar Kragen m (Clo). 
collar patch Patte /, Kragenjnvtte /, 

Kragenspiegel m. 
collation of information Nachrich- 

tenbearbeitung /. 
collecting depot Sammelplatz to 

(Salvage). 
collecting point Krankensammel- ' 

punkt m (Med). j 
collecting station Verwundetensam- i 

melstelle / (Med); Leichtverwunde- 

tensammelplatz m (for walking 

wounded). 
collecting unit Bergekommando n, 

Sammelkommando n (Salvage). 
collective call sign Sammelrufzeichen 

n (Rad). 

collective fire vereinigtes Feuer, zu- 

sammengefafites Feuer. 
collective protection Sammelschutz 

m (CWS). 
collector ring Kollektor m, Schleif- 

ring m (Elec). 
collimate berichtigen (Surv); justie- 

ren (G). 

collimating mark Kollimationslinie /. 
collimating sight Richtglas n. 
collimation Kollimation / (G); Be- 

richtigung / (Surv). 
collimator Kollimator m, Spalt- 

rohr n. 

collision Zusammenstofi m. 
collision course Zielanflugkurs m 

(Avn). I 



colonel Oberst in; Oberst der Flieger 
(AAF); Oberstarzt m (Med); 
Oberstveterinar m (Vet). 

color Farbe /. 

color bearer Fahnentragei* m. 
color blind farbenblind. 
colored cloth bunte Lappen (Cam). 
color guard Fahnenkompanie /, 

Fahnentrupp m, Fahnenwache /. 
colorless farblos. 
colors Fahne /. 
color salute Senken der Fahne. 
color sentinel Fahnenposten m, 

Fahnenwache /. 
color vision Farbentiichtigkeit /. 
column Kolonne / (Tac); Reihe / 

(Inf drill, Cav); Pfeiler m, Saule / 

(Engr). 

column commander Kolonnenchef in 
(MT). 

"Column half left, march!" "Halb- 

links schwenkt, marsch!" 
"Column half right, march!" "Halb- 

rechts schwenkt, marsch!" 
"Column left, march!" "Links 

schwenkt, marsch!" (followed by 

"Augen gerade, aus!"). 
column of companies Kompanieko- 

lonne /. 

column of files Kolonne zu Einem.. 
column of fours Kolonne zu Vieren. 
column of groups Gruppenkolonne /. 
column of platoons Zugkolonne /. 
column of refugees Fliichtlingsko- 
lonne /. 

column of threes Marschordnung / 

(Inf drill); Kolonne zu Dreien 

(march Clm). See also "Fall in!" 
column of troopers Reihe /, Reitei- 

reihe / (Cav). 
column of twos Doppelreihe / (Inf 

drill); Kolonne zu Zweien (march 

Clm). See also "Fall in!" 
"Column right, march!" "Rechts 

schwenkt, marsch!" (followed by 

"Augen gerade, aus!"). 
column traffic Kolonnenverkelir to. 
comb Kamm m. 

combat Kampf m, Kampfhandlung 

/, Gefecht n; Luftkampf m (Avn). 
combat activity Kampftatigkeit /, 

Gefechtstatigkeit /. 
combat airplane Kriegsflugzeug n, 

Frontflugzeug n. 
combat air reconnaissance Gefechts- 

luftaufklarung /. 



combatant 



2i 



62 



combined observation 



combatant Frontkampfer in, Front- 

soldat to. 
combat area Kampfraum in. 
combat at defiles Gefecht um Engen. 
combat aviation Kampf- und Jagd- 

flieger mpl. 
combat car Kampfwagen m, Kampf- 

fahrzeug n, Panzerwagen m. 
combat command Kampfgruppe / 

(Armd Covad). 
combat conditions Kampfbedingun- 

gen fpl. 

combat crew fliegendes Personal 
(Ap). 

combat exercise Kampfiibung /. 
combat echelon Kampfstaffel /. 
combat element Kampftruppe /, 

kampf ende Truppe, Frontverband in. 
combat engineer regiment Sturm- 

pionier-Regiment n. 
combat engineers Sturmpioniere mpl. 
combat firing Gefechtssehiefien n. 
combat formation Gefechtsform /, 

Gefechtsformation /. 
combat from fortified positions Stel- 

lungskampf to. 
combat frontage Gefechtsbreite /. 
combat in snow Gefecht bei tiefem 

Schnee. 

combat intelligence Ergebnisse der 

Gef echtsauf k) arung. 
combat in towns Ortskampf m. 
combat in woods Waldgefecht n. 
combat liaison Gefechtsanschlufl m. 
combat message Gefechtsmeldung f; 

Kampfnachricht / (Rad). 
combat mission Gefechtsauftrag m, 

Kampf auftrag m (Tac); Feindflug 

m (Avn). 
combat operation Kampfhandlung / 

(Tac). 

combat order Gefechtsbefehl in, Ope- 

rationsbefehl m (Tac). 
combat outpost Gefechtsvorposten in. 
combat patrol Gefechtsspahtrupp in, 

StoBtrupp m. 
combat performance Kampflei- 

stung /. 

combat practice Gefechtsexerzieren 
n, Gefechtsausbildung /, Gefechts- 
ubung /, Gefechtsdrill to. 

combat practice firing gefechtsma- 
Biges Schiefien; Gefechtssehiefien n 
( advanced) ; Schulgefechtsschieflen 
n (elementary). 

combat preparation Bereitstellung / 
(Tac). 



combat reconnaissance Gefechtsauf- 

klarung /. 
combat report Gefeehtsbericht in. 
combat sector Gefechtsstreifen m, 

Gef echtsabschnitt m, Kampf- 

abschnitt m. 
combat situation Gefechtslage /. 
combat station Gefechtsstand to 

(Ap). 

combat team Kampfgruppe /, 

Kampfgemeinschaft f. 
combat train Gefechtstrofi in. 
combat-train echelon Gefechts- 

staffel /. 

combat troops Kampftruppen fpl, 
Gefechtstruppen fpl, Frontverbande 
mpl. 

combat unit Kampfeinheit /, 

Gefechtseinheit /, Gefechtsgruppe /, 
Kampfgruppe /. 

combat unit loading gefechtsmafiiges 
Verladen. 

combat vehicle Kampffahrzeug n, 

Gefechtsfahrzeug n. 
combat zone Gefechtsgebiet 11. 
combination Vereinigung /, Zusam- 

menschluC m (group); Verbindung / 

(of group, Cmls, etc.); Kombination 

/ (Math). 
combination fuze Dreifachziinder m 

(superquick, delay and time); Mehr- 

fachzunder m, Doppelziinder m. 
combination tool Mehrfachwerk- 

zeug n. 

combination wheel-track car Rader- 

Raupen-Wagen m. 
combination wheel-track drive Rader- 

Gleiskettenantrieb to (MT). 
combination wheel-track vehicle 

Hilfskettenfahrzeug n, Rader-Rau- 

pen-Fahrzeug n (MT). 
combine v kombinieran, (sich) ver- 

einigen, zusammensetzen, verbinden 

(forces, etc.); kombinieren (Math). 
combined arms Verband m, Kampf- 

verband m, gemischter Verband, 

verbundene Waffen (Tac). 
combined-arms armored force Pan- 

zerverband to. 
combined-arms force gemischter 

Verband. 

combined-arms unit Verband aller 
Waffen, gemischter Verband, Trup- 
penverband to. 

combined force Kampfgruppe /. 

combined observation Artilleriebeob- 



combined operations 



263 



commentary 



achtung mit seitlicher Beobach- 

tungsstelle. 
combined operations Operationen der 

verbundenen Waffen. 
combustible composition Anfeuerung 

/ (Sig cartridge). 
combustion Verbrennung /. 
combustion chamber Verbrennungs- 

raum to (Mtr) ; Laderaum to 

(G). 

"come in" signal Einflugzeichen n 
(Inst landing). 

coming flight Anflug tn. 

command Befehl to, Kommando n 
(order) (Tac); Fiihrung / (leader- 
ship); Kommandobehorde / (agen- 
cy); Befehlsgewalt / (authority). 

command airplane Fuhrerma- 
schine /. 

Command and General Staff School 
Piihrer- und Fiihrergehilfen-Schule 
/ (USA). 

commandant KGmmandeur in (Mil 
school). 

command car Befehlswagen to, Kom- 
mandowagen in. 

command channel Befehlsweg m. 

commandeer requirieren, beitreiben. 

command element Stab to, Fiih- 
rungsstab to, Truppenfiihrer mpl. 

commander Truppenfiihrer to, Be- 
fehlshaber m; Kommandeur m (bat- 
talion and higher units); Komman- 
dant to (Ap, Tk); Fregattenkapitan 
m (Nav). 

commander-in-chief Oberbefehls- 
haber in, Oberkommandierender m. 

Commander-in-Chief Oberster Be- 
fehlshaber. 

Commander-in-Chief of the Armed 
Forces Oberster Befehlshaber der 
Wehrmacht. 

commander of a unit Einheitsfiih- 
rer m. 

commander of communications zone 
Kommandant des riickwartigen Ar- 
meegebiets. 

commander of the guard Wachvor- 
gesetztef to, Wachhabender m. 

commander of troops Truppenbe- 
fehlshaber in. 

commander's armored truck Panzer- 
befehlswagen m (Armd Comd). 

commander's car Befehlswagen in. 

commanding officer Fuhrer m, Vor- 
gesetzter m, Befehlshaber to, Trup- 
penfiihrer TO. 



commander's tank Kommandeur- 

panzer m. 
command group Fiihrerstab m, Be- 

fehlsgruppe /: 
command headquarters Dienst- 

stelle /. 

commanding general Oberbefehlsha- 

ber to, Kommandierender General, 
commanding ground beherrschendes 

Gelande (Tac). 
commanding height beherrschende 

Hohe (Top). 
commanding position Hohenstel- 

lung /. 

command liaison Zusammenwirken 

mit benachbarten Kommandostellen. 
command net Befehlsnetz n. 
Commando Stofitrupp to, Commando 

n (British). 
command of execution Operations- 

befehl m (Tac); Ausfiihrungskom- 

mando n (drill). 
command pilot Flugzeugfiihrer mit 

tiber 10 Dienstjahren. 
command post Gefechtsstand m, Be- 

fehlsstelle /, Kommandostelle /. 
command-post exercise Rahmenii- 

bung / (staff training). 
command-post flag Kommandoftagge 

/ (battalion or higher unit). 
command-post shelter Befehls- 

stand in. 

command set Punkanlage fur Ver- 

kehr von Bord zu Bord, Kommando- 

gerat n (Ap, Rad). 
command tank Befehlspanzer in, 

Kommandopanzer m. 
command telephone central Piih- 

rungsvermittlung /. 
command truck Befehlswagen in, 

Kommandowagen m (MT). 
"Commence firing!" "Feuer frei!" 
commencement of firing Feuei- 

offnuhg /. 
commencement of hostilities Aus- 

bruch der Feindseligkeiten. 
commendation Anerkennungs- 

schreiben n. 
comment n Erklarung /, Deutung /, 

Auslegung / (interpretation); Be- 

merkung / (remark); Anmerkung / 

(note). 

comment v Erklarungen geben (in- 
terpret) ; Bemerkungen machen (re- 
mark); mit Anmerkungen versehen 
( annotate) . 

commentary Stellungnahme / (Tac). 



commercial 



264 



"Company, halt!" 



commercial handelsiiblich (vehicles, 

etc.); kaufmannisch, kommerziell. 
commercial airplane ' Verkehrs- 

flugzeug n. 
commercial aviation Zivilluf tfahrt /, 

Verkehrsfliegerei /. 
commercial loading Verladen mit 

bestmoglicher Raumausnutzung. 
commercial motor truck handelsiibli- 

cher Lastkraftwagen. 
commercial vehicle Nutzfahrzeug n. 
commissary Verpflegungsamt n. 
commissary officer Verpflegungsof- 

fizier to. 

commission n Patent n, Offiziers- 
patent n (written order); Offiziers- 
rang to (rank and authority). 

commission v das Patent verleihen 
(as an officer); in Dienst stellen (a 
vessel). 

commissioned officer patentierter 

Offlzier, Offizier to. 
commit einsetzen, ansetzen (Tac); 

begehen (a crime). 
commitment Einsatz m (Tac). 
commitment of armored units Pan- 

zereinsatz to. 
commitment of major forces GroB- 

einsatz to, Masseneinsatz m (Tac). 
commitment order Einsatzbefehl to. 
commodore Konteradmiral to (Nav). 
common battery Zentralbatterie / 

(Tp). 

common battery system Zentralbat- 

teriesystem n (Tp). 
communicable disease ansteckende 

Krankheit. 
communicating file Anschlufimann m, 

Verbindungsleute mpl. 
communicating trench See communi- 
cation trench, 
communication Mitteilung /, Nach- 

richt /,• Verbindung /. 
communication battalion Nachrich- 

tenabteilung /. 
communication chief Nachrichtenun- 

teroffizier m. 
communication detail Nachriehten- 

trupp m. 

communication facilities Nachrich- 

tenanlagen fpl. 
communication lines Verbindungs- 

linien fpl. 
communication net Nachrichten- 

netz n. 

communication officer Nachrichten- 
ofRzier m. 



communication platoon Nachrich- 

tenzug m. 
communication repair truck Naeh- 

richtenwerkstattkraftwagen m. 
communication route Verbindungs- 

strafie /. 

communications Nachrichtenmittel 
npl, Nachrichtenverbindung /, Nach- 
richtenwege mpl. 

communication section Nachrichten- 
staffel /. 

communication station Fernmeldean- 

lage / (Rad, Tg, Tp). 
communications zone ruckwartiges 

Armeegebiet, ruckwartiges Gebiet, 

Etappe /. 

communications zone depot ruck- 
wartiges Nachschublager. 
communication transmission Nach- 

richteniibermittlung /. 
communication trench Verbin- 

dungsgraben m. 
communication truck Nachrich- 

tenwagen m. 
communication unit Truppennach- 

richtenverband m. 
communique Kriegsbericht m; 

Heeresbericht m (official, Army). 
community Gemeinde / (religious, 

territorial) ; Gemeinschaf t / ( social, 

political). 

commutation of quarters Woh- 

nungsgeldzuschufi m. 
commutation of rations Verpfle- 

gungszuschufi m. 
commutation value Vergiitungs- 

wert m. 

commutator Kollektor m (Elec). 
compact adj dicht, fest, kompakt; 

kurz, gedrangt (figurative). 
company Kompanie /. 
company aid man Sanitatsunteroffi- 

zier m, Sanitater m. 
company area Kompanierevier n, 

Kompaniebezirk m. 
company boundary Kompanie- 

grenze /. 

company clerk Kompanieschreiber m. 
company commander Kompaniechef 

m, Kompaniefiihrer to. 
company command post Kompa- 

niegefechtsstand to. 
company fund Kompaniegelder npl. 
company grade Kompanie- 

offiziersrang m. 
"Company, halt!" "Abteilung, halt!'-' 



company headquarters 265 



computation 



company headquarters Kompanie- 

fiihrung /. 
company headquarters personnel 

Kompanietrupp to. 
company litter bearer Kompanie- 

krankentrager m. 
company order Kompaniebefehl to. 
company orderly room Schreib- 

stube /. 

company street Lagerstrafie /. 
company transport Kompanie- 

fahrzeuge npl. 
company wedge formation Kompa- 

niekeil m. 
compartment Kabine / (Ap). 
compartment of terrain Gelande- 

abschnitt m. 
compass Bussole /, KompaB m 

(magnetic) ; Zirkel m (drawing). 
compass azimuth Kompafikurs- 

winkel m. 
compass azimuth ring Bussolen- 

ring m. 

compass bearing Kompafipeilung /, 

KompaBzahl /. 
compass bowl Kompaflkessel m 

(Ap). 

compass card Kompafirose /, Schei- 

benrose /. 
compass case Bussolengehause n. 
compass compensation Kompafi- 

ausgleichung /. 
compass course Kompafikurs m 

(Avn). 

compass declination Mifiweisung, 
Kompafimifiweisung /, Deklination /. 

compass error Deviation /, Kompafi- 
ablenkung /. 

compass heading Kompafikurs m. 

compass north magnetische Nord- 
richtung, KompaBnord m. 

compass rose KompaBrose /. 

compass traverse Bussolenzug m 
(Arty, Surv). 

compel zwingen, notigen. 

compensate ausschalten (for error, 
etc.) (Gunnery). 

compensating jet Ausgleichdiise /. 

compensation Entschadigung / (re- 
imbursement) ; Ersatz in ( damages) ; 
Vergutung / (award). 

compensator Ausgleicher m, Kom- 
pensator m (Ord, Mech). 

compilation Sammlung /, Kompila- 
tion /. 

complaint Beschwerde /, Klage /, 
Klageschrift / (Law). 



complement Bemannung /, Besat- 

zung /, Starke /. 
complete adj vollzahlig, vollstandig; 

vollkommen (perfect); ganz 

(whole); vollendet (finished). 
complete cleaning Hauptreinigung / 

(R). 

complete order Gesamtbefehl in 
(Tac). 

complete round vollstandiger SchuB, 

kompletter SchuB (Am). 
completion Erledigung /. 
component n Bestandteil w, Einzel- 

teil in, Komponente /. 
component adj einen Teil ausma- 

chend, Teil-. 
composite connection Doppelbe- 

triebsschaltung / (Tp). 
composite construction Gemischt- 

bauweise /. 
compound n Einzaunung / (PW); 

Verbindung / (Cml). 
compound-wound motor Verbund- 

maschine /. 
compressed air Druckluft /, Prefi- 

luft /. 

compressed-air cleaner Blaspistole / 
(MT). 

compressed-air cylinder PreBluftzy- 
linder m. 

compressed-air equilibrator Luft- 

ausgleicher m (G). 
compressed-air flask PreBluft- 

flasche /. 

compressed-air starter PreBluftan- 

lasser m (Mtr). 
compressed-air tank Luftbehalter m. 
compression Verdichtung /, Ver- 

dichten n (Mtr). 
compression-and-rebound range Ver- 

schrankbarkeit der Achsen ( of 

spring suspension) (MT). 
compression chamber Kompressions- 

raum m (Mtr). 
compression chord Druckgurt m 

(Bdg). 

compression cylinder Verdrangungs- 
zylinder m ( counter recoil mechan- 
ism). 

compression ratio Verdichtungsver- 

haltnis n (Mtr). 
compression stroke Verdichtungs- 

hub m (Mtr). 
compressor Drucklufterzeuger m. 
compulsory zwingend, verbindlich, 

Zwangs-, Pflicht-. 
computation Berechnu'ng /. 



compute 



266 



cone clutch 



compute berechnen; schatzen (esti- 
mate). 

computed charge Planladung / 

(Engr). 

computer Dreieckrechner m (cir- 
cular slide rule, Air Navigation) ; 

Rechner m (Pers); Reehengerat n, 

Rechenmaschine / (Inst). 
computing instrument Reehengerat n. 
computing slide rule Auswertelineal 

n (flash ranging). 
computing station Auswertestelle / 

(sound ranging). 
concave hohl. ausgehohlt, konkav. 
concave slope hohle Boschung, kon- 

kave Boschung, konkave Gelande- 

neigung (Top). 
conceal tarnen (Cam); verbergen 

(an object or person); verhehlen, 

verheimlichen (a fact). 
concealed verdeckt, verschleiert. 
concealed machine gun Schweige- 

MG. n. 

concealed position verdeckte Stellung. 
concealment Deckung /, Verdeckung 

/, Verschleierung / (Tac). 
concentrate v massieren. 
concentrated attack geballter An- 

griff, massierter Angriff. 
concentrated charge geballte Ladung 

(Engr). 

concentrated fire zusammengefafites 
Feuer. 

concentration Zusammenballung /, 
Zusammenfassung /, Ansammlung / 
(Tac); Dichte /, Gehalt m, Kampf- 
stoffgehalt to, Anreicherung /, Luft- 
anreicherung / (CWS); Feuer schlag 
to, Feuer iiberf all m (Arty). 

concentration area Aufmarschgebiet 
n (Tac). 

concentration camp Konzentrations- 
lager n. 

concentration fire See concentrated 
fire. 

concentration march Aufmarsch to. 
concentration of fire Feuervereini- 

gung / (Arty). 
concentration of troops Truppenan- 

sammlung /. 
concentration ring Korbring to 

(Bin). 

concentric konzentrisch. 

concertina -Drahtrolle /; Stachel- 
drahtrolle /, S.-Rolle / (barbed 
wire ) ; Klaviersaitendrahtrolle /, K.- 
Rolle / (plain wire). 



conclusion Folge /, Folgerung /, 
Schlufi m (deduction, inference); 
Beschlufi m, Entscheidung / (deci- 
sion); Abschlufl m (of a treaty). 

concrete Beton m (Engr). 

concrete bridge Betonbriicke /. 

concrete bunker Betonbunker m. 

concrete dugout Betonunterstand m. 

concrete emplacement Bunker m, 
Bunkerstand m. 

concrete mixer Betonmischma- 
schine /. 

concrete obstacle Betonsperre /. 

concrete paving block Zementfliese /. 

concrete pillbox Betonbunker m. 

concrete shelter Bunker to, Betonun- 
terstand m. 

concrete turret Betonturm m (Ft). 

concur ubereinstimmen. 

concurrent gleichzeitig (at same 
time ) ; iibereinstimmend ( corres- 
ponding); zustimmend (Law). 

concussion LuftstoC m; Erschtit- 
terung /. 

concussion of the brain Gehirn- 

erschiitterung /. 
concussion plunger Zundbolzen to 

(power-train time fuze) (Am). 
condemn verurteilen (to sentence); 

tadeln, mifibilligen (disapprove) ; 

beschlagnahmen (Law). 
condenser Kondensator m (Rad). 
condenser microphone Kondensator- 

mikrophon n. 
condenser plates Belegungen fpl 

(Rad). 

condition Zustand m, Beschaffenheit 

/ (state) ; Bedingung / (stipulation). 
condom Vorbeugungsmittel n, 

Schutzmittel n, Selbstschutzmittel n. 
conduct n Benehmen n, Betragen n 

(behavior) ; Fiihrung /, Leitung / 

( direction, management) . 
conductivity Leitfahigkeit / (Elec). 
conduct of battle Kampffuhrung /. 
conduction capacitance Leitungska- 

pazitat / (Elec). 
conduct of field operations Truppen- 

fiihrung /. 
conduct of fire Feuerregelung /. 
conductor Leiter m (Elec); Schaff- 

ner to (RR). 
conduit Schacht m, DurchlaB m. 
cone Kegel to-; Garbe / (Ballistics)-; 

Lautsprechertrichter m (Rad). 
cone clutch Kegelkupplung /, Konus- 

kupplung / (MT). 



cone of dispersion 



267 



construct 



cone of dispersion Garbe /, Peuer- 

garbe /, Schufigarbe /, Streukegel m. 
cone of fire See cone of dispersion, 
cone of light Lichtkegel m. 
cone speaker Trichterlautsprecher 

m (Rad). 
conference Besprechung /, Ffihrer- 

besprechung /. 
conference call Sammelgesprach n 

(Tp). 

confidence Zuversicht / (reasonable 
certainty) ; Vertrauen n (trust). 

confidential vertraulich, geheim. 

confidential document Kommando- 
sache /. 

configuration of terrain Gelande- 

gestaltung /, Bodengestaltung /. 
confine begrenzen, einschranken 

(restrict); einsperren, einschlieBen 

( imprison ) . 
confinement Arrest m, Arreststrafe 

/, Haft /, Beschrankung /. 
confirm bestatigen. 
confirmatory order Befehlsbestati- 

gung /. 

confiscation Beschlagnahme /. 

confuse verwirren, aus der Fas- 
sung bringen, bestiirzt machen (be- 
wilder); verwirren, durcheinander- 
bringen (create disorder). 

confusion Verwirrung /, Unordnung 
/, Durcheinander n (disorder) ; Ver- 
legenheit / (embarrassment, per- 
plexity). 

congestion Verkehrsstockung / 

(traffic); Anhaufung /, tiberf til- 
ling /. 

Congressional Medal of Honor 

Ehrenmedaille / (USA). 
conical peak Kegel m (Top). 
conical roller bearing Kegelrollen- 

lager n. 

conic projection Kegelprojektion /. 
connect vermitteln (Tp); verbinden, 

anschliefien (Tech). 
connecting cord Verbindungsschnur 

/ (Tp). 

connecting elements Verbindungs- 

organe npl (march column). 
connecting file AnschluCmann m, 

Verbindungsleute mpl. 
connecting group Verbindungs- 

trupp m. ■ 
connecting jack . Vermittlungs- 

klinke / (Tp). 
connecting piece 'AnschluBstiick n 

(gas mask). 



connecting plug Anschlufistecker m 
(Elec). 

connecting point AnschluBpunkt m 
(in axes of Sig Com) (Tp). 

connecting rod Kurbelstange /, Pleu- 
elstange /. 

connecting sleeve Kabelverbinder m 
(Tp). 

connecting thread Anschlufigewinde 
n (Mech). 

connecting trench Verbindungs- 
graben m. 

connecting wire Drahtverbindung /, 
Anschluflsehnur / (Elec). 

connection Vermittlung /, Ge- 

sprachsverbindung / (Tp); Schal- 
tung / (Elec). 

connector Kettenkurbel / (MG); 
Triebzahn m (caterpillar track). 

conquer erobern (territory or lo- 
cality); besiegen (the enemy). 

conquest Eroberung /. 

conscientious objector Kriegsdienst- 
verweigerer m. 

conscript v ausheben. 

conscription Aushebung /. 

consent v genehmigen (approve) ; 
beistimmen, einwilligen (agree to). 

consider bedenken, erwagen 

(ponder); in Betracht Ziehen, be- 
riicksichtigen (take into account); 
schatzen, halten fur, ansehen fih- 
(to regard). 

consideration Betrachtung /, Erwa- 
gung /; Bedeutung /, Wichtigkeit / 
(importance) ; Riicksicht / ( thought- 
fulness). 

consolidate vereinigen, zusammen- 

bringen; ausbauen (a position). 
consolidation of position Einrichtcn 

einer Stellung. 
conspiracy Verschworung /. 
conspire sich verschworen. 
constant n Konstante / (Math). 
constant adj bestandig, unverandert, 

unveranderlich (unchangeable) ; 

fortwahrend (continuous) ; konstant, 

gleichbleibend (Math). 
constant-mesh transmission Aphon- 

getriebe n (MT). 
constellation Sternbild n, Konstella- 

tion /. 

constitute aufstellen (a unit). 
construct (er)bauen (build); er- 

richten (erect); konstruieren, ent- 

werfen (geometry). 



construction 



268 



control car 



construction iau m, Ausbau m, 
Bauausf iihrung /, Fertigung /. 

construction battalion Baubataillon n. 

construction company Baukompanie 
/ (Mil). 

construction detail Bautrupp in. 
construction float Einbaufahre /. 
construction troops Bautruppen fpl. 
construction zone Baubezirk in. 
contact Beriihrung /, Fiihlung /, 

Verbindung ./, AnschluG m (Tac) ; 

Kontaktstiick n (Elec). 
"Contact!" "Ein!", "Ziindung einge- 

stellt!" (4vn). 
contact fire Stofiziindung /, Beriih- 

rungsziindung / (Nav). 
contact flight Sichtnavigation / (Air 

Navigation). 
contact light Landebahnfeuer n 

(Adrm). 

contact mine Kontaktmine /, Stoft- 
mine /, Stoflkappenmine / (Nav). 

contact mission Fiihlunghalten n 
(Avn). 

contact party Werkstatt-Trupp in. 

contact patrol Verbindungspatrouil- 
le / (Tac); Infanterieflug m (Avn). 

contact piece Druckstiick n (R trig- 
ger); Kontaktstiick n (Elec). 

contact point SchlieCstelle / (Elec). 

contact print Abzug m (Photo). 

contact surface Auflageflache /. 

contact with the enemy Feindbe- 
riihrung /. 

contagious disease ansteckende 
Krankheit. 

contain fesseln, festhalten, binden, 
hinhalten (Tac). 

container Topf m (hand grenade); 
Behalter m ( gasoline tank, etc.) ; 
Blechkanister m (metal container 
for gasoline, water, etc.); Fafi n, 
Tonne /, (barrel or drum). 

containing attack Fesselungsvor- 
stofi m. 

contaminate vergiften (CWS). 
contaminated area Gassperre /, 

Kampfstoffsperre /, vergiftetes Ge- 

lande (CWS). 
contamination Vergiftung / (CWS). 
contempt Verachtung /; MiBachtung 

f (of court). 
contest v streitig machen. 
contiguous Nachbar-. 
contingent n Kontingent n ( quota of 

troops, etc.). 
contingent adj abhangig, bedingt. 



continuance Aussetzung /, Aufschub 

m (Law). 
continuous fire Dauerfeuer n (MG, 

AAA). 

continuous interference Dauersto- 

rung / (Rad). 
continuous note Dauerton m (Rad). 
continuous radio alert Funkdauerbe- 

reitschaft /. 
contour n Hohenlinie /, Hohen- 

schichtlinie / (Top). 
contour interval senkrechter Abstand 

der Schichtlinien (Top). 
contour line Hohenlinie /, Hohen- 

schichtlinie /, Schichtlinie / (Top). 
contour map Hohenlinienkarte /. 
contraband of war Bannware /, 

Konterbande /, Kriegskonterbande /. 
contract n Vertrag m. 
contract v einen Vertrag abschlieCen 

(business) ; anstecken (a disease); 

(sich) zusammenziehen, einschrump- 

fen, eingehen (shrink). 
contracting powers Vertragsstaaten 

mpl (treaties, etc.). 
contracting officer zu Vertrags- 

abschliissen bevollmachtigter Offizier. 
contracting parties vertragschlieCen- 

de Teile (Law). 
contractor Vertragsschliefiende ( r ) 

m, Kontrahent m; Bauunternehmer 

m (builder); Lieferant m (supplier). 
contract surgeon Vertragsarzt m. 
contradiction Widerspruch m. 
contrast Gegensatz m, Kontrast m. 
control n Kontrolle/, Oberauf sicht /, 

Leitung /; Kontroll-; Leit-. 
control v beaufsichtigen, iibefwa- 

• chen, kontrollieren ; nachpriif en 

(checkup); (be)herrschen (govern); 

sich beherrschen (restrain oneself). 
control airport Flughafen mit Flug- 

sicherungsanlagen. 
control aneroid barometrische Reg- 

lerdose (Ap engine). 
control board Schalttafel / (Elec). 
control box Kupplungskasten m 

(AA director). 
control buoy Minenmarkierboje / 

(Nav). 

control cabin Fiihrerraum m, Fiihrer- 
kanzel /, Fuhrerstand / (Ap). 

control cable Bowdenzug m (in flex- 
ible steel conduit). 

control car Fiihrergondel / (air- 
ship). 



control center 



269 



cooling liquid 



control center Luftschutzwarnzen- 

trale / (AWS). 
control column Steuersaule / (Ap). 
control device Bedienungseinrich- 

tung /. 

control flag Winkflagge /, Winker- 
flagge /. 

control grid Steuergitter n (Rad 
tube). 

control grip Drehgriff m (Mtcl). 

controllable kontrollierbar (capable 
of supervision); steuerbar (Tech); 
verstellbar (Ap propeller). 

controllable-pitch propeller Verstell- 
schraube /, Verstell-Luftschraube /, 
Dreiblattverstellschraube / ( three- 
blade) (Ap). 

controlled mine Grundmine /, Beob- 
achtungsmine / (Nav). 

controlled mosaic Bildplan m (aerial 
Photo). 

controlled tower Sprungturm m, 
Fallschirm-Absprungturm m (Prcht 
Tng). 

controller Bediener m (AA search- 
light). 

controlling Steuern n. 

control officer Marschfiihrer m 

(march column). 

control of the air Luftherrschaft /. 

control panel Schalttafel / (Elec). 

control point Orientierungspunkt m, 
Festpunkt m (Surv); Verkehrspo- 
sten m, Marschkontrollstelle / ( traf- 
fic); Auskunftstelle /, Meldestelle / 
(Sig C). 

control rod Verstellwelle / (Ap). 
controls Flugzeugsteuerung /, Steue- 

rung /, Steuerorgane npl (Ap). 
control servo Hilfsvorrichtung /, 

Servomotor m, Trimmklappe / (Ap). 
control shaft Steuerwelle / (Ap). 
control station Scheinwerfer- 

richtungsweiser m (AA SL); Leit- 

funkstelle /, Hauptfunkstelle / 

(Rad). 

control-station traffic Leitverkehr m 
(Rad). 

control stick Kniippel m, Steuer- 

knuppel m (Ap). 
control surface Steuerflache / (Ap). 
control system Steuerung / (Ap). 
control tower Abfertigungsgebaude 

n, Aufsichtsturm m, Befehlsgebaude 

n, Befehlsstelle / (Adrm), 
control wheel Steuerrad n (Ap). 



control zone Flugplatzzone / 

(Adrm). 

contusion Quetschung /, Quetsch- 

wunde / (Med). 
convalescence Genesung /, Konva- 

leszenz /. 
convalescent n Rekonvaleszent m. 
convalescent camp Genesungsanstalt 

/, Genesungsheim n. 
convalescent hospital Leichtkran- 

kenkriegslazarett n. 
convection Strahlung /, Konvektion 

/• 

conventional sign Kartenzeichen n, 
Kartensignatur /, Signatur/ (Top). 

converge zusammenlaufen, konver- 
gieren. 

convergence Zusammenlaufen n, Zu- 

sammenstrahlen n. 
convergent zusammenlaufend, kon- 

vergierend. 
converging attack konzentrischer 

Angriff (Tac). 
converging fire konzentrisches Feuer 

(Arty). 

conversion Umrechnung / (Math). 
conversion table Umrechnungstabel- 

le /, Umrechnungstafel /. 
convert v umrechnen (Math); 

umandern, umwandeln ( change ) ; 

bekehren (to a party, religion). 
converter Umformer m (Elec); 

Chiffriermaschine /, Schliisselma- 

schine / (cipher device). 
converter unit Umformersatz m 

(Elec). 

convertible umrechenbar (Math); 

vertauschbar, umwechselbar, um- 

wandelbar. 
convex konvex, gewolbt. 
convex slope gewolbte Boschung 

(Top). 

convoy Begleitzug m, Geleitzug m. 
convoy commander Kraftfahrzeug- 

kolonnenfiihrer m (MT). 
convoy guard Geleitschutz m (Nav). 
cook n Feldkochunteroffizier m 

(NCO). 
cooking pit Kochloch n. 
cool v kiihlen, abkuhlen. 
cool adj kiihl, frisch; ruhig (calm). 
coolant Kiihlmittel n (Mtr). 
cooling fin Kuhlrippe /, Lamelle / 

(Mtr). 

cooling liquid Kuhlfliissigkeit / 

(Mtr). 



cooling system 



270 



corridor 



cooling system Kiihlung /, Kiihlan- 
lage / (Mtr). 

cooperate mitwirken, zusammenar- 
beiten; beitragen (contribute to); 
unterstiitzen ( support ) . 

cooperation Mitwirkung /, Zusam- 
menarbeit /; Unterstiitzung / (sup- 
port). 

cooperative adj mitwirkend ; behilf- 
lich. 

coordinate n Koordinafe /. 
coordinate v beiordnen, koordinie- 

ren, zum Zusammenwirken 'bringen. 
coordinate cards Koordinatenschie- 

ber mpl (Surv). 
coordinated attack planmafiiger An- 

griff, einheitlich angesetzter Angriff 

(Tac). 

coordinate map grid Gitternetz n. 
coordinate scale Planzeiger m 

(Arty, Surv). 
coordinate system Koordinaten- 

system n. 
coordination Zusammenwirken n. 
co-pilot zweiter Flugzeugf iihrer. 
copper Kupfer n. 

copper cup kupfernes Hiitchen (car- 
tridge). 

copper shell Kupferkapsel / (deto- 
nator cap). 
copper wire Kupferdraht m. 
copy n Abschrift /, Kopie /,• Durch- 

schlag in (carbon copy); Exemplar 
n, Abdruck m (of a book); Manu- 

skript n (for printer);' Nummer / 

(of a newspaper) ; Nachahmung / 

(imitation) . 
cord Seilw, Strick in (rope); Schnur 

/ ( twine) ; Klafter f (of wood). 
cord fuze Leitfeuer n (Engr). 
cord-fuze detonation Leitfeuerziin- 

dung / (Engr). 
cord-fuze detonator Leitfeuerziind- 

mittel n (Engr). 
cordite Kordit n (explosive). 
cord lashing Schniirbund m (Engr). 
cordon Giirtel m (Tac). 
cord powder Stabchenpulver n (Am). 
corduroy road Kniippelweg in, Kniip- 

peldamm in, Schwellenbahn /. 
core of bullet Geschofikern m. 
cork Kork m (substance) ; Kork(en) 

m, Pfropfen m, Stopsel m (stopper). 
corkscrew Korkenzieher m. 
coronet Huf krone / (of hoof). 
corporal Obergefreiter m. 



corporal of the guard Auffiihren- 

der in. 
corps Korps n. 
corps area Korpsbezirk m. 
corps artillery Korpsartillerie /. 
corps artillery commander Artille- 

riekommandeur m. 
corps cavalry regiment Korps-Ka- 

vallerieregiment n. 
corps combat order Korpsbefehl in. 
corps communication battalion Korps- 

nachrichtenabteilung /. 
corpse Leiche /. 

corps engineer Kommandeur der 
Pioniere. 

corps headquarters Generalkomman- 

do n, Korpskommando n. 
Corps of Chaplains Wehrmachtseel- 

sorgedienst m. 
Corps of Engineers Pionierkorps n, 

Pioniertruppe '/. 
corps quartermaster Kommandeur 

der Korpsnachschubtruppen (USA). 
corps supply column Korpsnach- 

schubkolonne /. 
corps troops Korpstruppen fpl. 
corrected azimuth berichtigte Teil- 

ringeinstellung (Gunnery). 
corrected deflection berichtigte Sei- 

tenrichtung (Gunnery). 
corrected elevation Aufsa'tzerhohung 

/ (Gunnery). 
corrected range Auf satzentfernung / 

(Gunnery). 
correction Berichtigung /, Verbesse- 

rung / (Gunnery); Irrung / (Rad 

procedure) . 
correction angle Verbesserungs- 

winkel to (Gunnery). 
correction factor Verbesserungswert 

m (Ballistics). 
corrector Brennlangenschieber to 

(fuze). 

corrector pointer Schlusselschieber in 

(hand fuze setter). 
correlation Wechselbeziehung /, 

Korrelation /. 
correspondence Schriftverkehr to. 
correspondence course Fernkurs to. 
correspondent Kriegsberichter m (in 

Ger propaganda Co); Berichter in, 

Berichterstatter m, Korrespondent 

TO. 

corresponding range UberschieC- 

grenze /. 
corridor Gelandestreifen m. 



corroboration 



271 



coverage 



corroboration Bekraftigung /, Besta- 
tigung /. 

corrugated paper Wellpappe /. 

cosecant Kosekante /. 

cosine Kosinus m. 

cost n Preis m, Kosten pi. 

cot Feldbett n, Pritsche /. 

cotangent Kotangens m (function) ; 
Kotangente / (line). 

cotter pin Splint to. 

cotton Baumwolle /; Watte / (Med). 

cotton linters Baumwollabfall m. 

cotton waste Putzwolle / (for clean- 
ing). 

counsel Anwalt to, Rechtsbeistand m 

(Law ) ; Rat m ( advice ) . 
count n Graf m (title); Zahl / 

(number). 
count v zahlen (enumerate) ; rech- 

nen ( compute ) . 
counteract zuwiderhandeln, entge- 

genwirken; verhindern (prevent) ; 

vereiteln (nullify). 
counterapproach trench Gegenlauf- 

graben m. 
counterattack Gegenangriff m (Tac). 
counterbalance Massenausgleich m 

(Aj)); Gegengewicht n (Mech). 
counterbattery fire Artilleriebe- 

kampfung /. 
counterclockwise im Gegensinn zum 

Uhrzeiger, im Gegenzeigersinn, 

linksgangig, linkslaufend. 
counterespionage Spionageabwehr /, 

Gegenspionage /. 
counterfire Erwiderungsfeuer n, Ge- 

genfeuer n, Feuerkampf m. 
counterintelligence Abwehrdienst m. 
countermand Gegenbefehl geben. 
countermarch Gegenmarsch m. 
countermeasure Gegenmaflnahme /. 
countermine Gegenmine /, Gegen- 

stollen m. 
counteroffensive Gegenoffensive /. 
counterorder Gegenbefehl in. 
counterpoise Gegengewicht n (Rad, 

Mech); Beschwerungsstuck n, Be- 

schwerungsrohr n (G). 
counterpreparation Gegenvorberei- 

tungsfeuer n. 
counterpropaganda Gegenpropagan- 

da /. 

counterrecoil Vorlauf m, Vorlauf- 

bewegung f . 
counterrecoil mechanism Vorholeein- 

richtung /, Vorholer m (G). ■ 



counterrecoil piston rod Vorlauf- 

hemmstange / (G). 
counterreconnaissance Gegenauf- 

klarung /. 
counterreconnaissance screen Gegen- 

aufklarungsstreifen to. 
counterrotating propellers gegen- 

laufige Luftschrauben (Ap). 
countershaft Vorgelegewelle / 

(MT). 

countersign Erkennungswort n, Gc- 
genlosung /. 

counterslope Gegenboschung /, Ge- 
genhang w. 

counterthrust Gegenstofi m (Tac). 

counterweight Beschwerungsstuck n, 
Beschwerungsrohr n (G) ; Massen- 
ausgleich to (Ap); Gegengewicht 
m (Mech). 

"Count off!" "Abzahlen!" 

country Land n; Gelande n (ter- 
rain); Gegend / (region). 

country of origin Heimatstaat to. 

couple v aufprotzen (Arty). 

coupling Kopplung / (Mech, Rad); 
Kupplung / (Mech); Anschlufi m 
(Ord). 

courier Kurier m. 

courier mail Kurierpost /. 

course Kurs m (Nav, Avn); Flug- 
weg m, Flugrichtung / (Avn); Lehr- 
gang to (instruction). 

course determination Flugwegbestim- 
mung / (Air Navigation). 

course light Sti-eckenfeuer n, 

Flugstreckenfeuer n. 

course of target Zielweg to ( AA 
gunnery). 

court Gericht n. See also military 
court. 

courtesy Hoflichkeit /, hofliche Foi- 
men. See also military courtesy. 

court-martial Kriegsgericht n. 

court-martial proceedings Kriegsge- 
richtsverfahren n. 

court plaster Leukoplast n. 

cover n Schutz m; Decke /; Deckel 
to; Uberzug to; Deckung /, Ein- 
deckung / (Ft); Aufnahme / (for 
withdrawal in delaying action, Tac) ; 
Hiilsenbriicke / (R receiver). 

cover v durch Feuer decken, decken, 
schiitzen. 

coverage Bedeckung / (Met); 

Feuerschutz to, Feuerunterstutzung 
/ (Tac); Gelandeausschnitt to 
(aerial Photo). 



covering 



272 



cross 



covering Tarndecke / (Cam); 

Aufienhaut /, Bespannung / (Ap); 

Verschalung /. 
covering fire Feuerschutz m. 
covering force Deckungstruppe f; 

Aufnahme / (reserve force covering 

withdrawal from action). 
covering party Deckungstrupp in. 
covering position vorgeschobene 

Stellung (in defense); Aufnahme- 

stellung / ( covering withdrawal from 

CtCis'lOTt ) • 

"Cover off!" "Vordermann!"; "Auf 
Vordermann gehen!" (behind file 
leaders when in platoon front). 

cover off auf Vordermann gehen, auf 
Vordermann stehen, Vordermann 
nehmen. 

cover plate Abdeckplatte f (G). 
cover-plate latch Deckelriegel m 
(MG). 

cover-plate lock Deckelsperre / 

(MG). 

cover position gedeckte Stellung. 
cover trench Deckungsgraben m. 
cowardice Feigheit /. 
cowl flaps Luftabflufiklappen fpl 
(Ap). 

cowling Haube /, Verkleidung / 
(Ap). 

crab Luvwinkel m (Avn). 
crabbing windschiefer Flug (Avn). 
crack n RiG m, Sprung m, Spalt m 

(split); Krach m, Knall m (sound). 
crack v zerspalten, zersprengen, zer- 

brechen. 
crack-up Bruch m (Avn). 
cradle Wiege /, Rohrwiege / (G) ; 

Gewehrtrager m (on MG sleigh 

mount or tripod). 
cradle frame Wiegentrager m (G). 
cradle guide rails Wiegengleitbahn /' 

(G). 

cradle lock Wiegenzurrung / (G). 
craft Wasserfahrzeug n (stream 

crossing). 
crane Kran tn (Engr). 
crank n Kurbel /. 
crank v andrehen, ankurbeln, an- 

werfen. 

crank arm Kurbelarm m (crank 
shaft). 

crankcase Kurbelgehause n (Mtr). 
crank handle Andrehkurbel / (MT). 
crank mechanism Kurbeltrieb rn 
(Mech). 

crankpin Kurbelzapfen m (Mtr). 



crankshaft Kurbelwelle / (Mtr). 
crankshaft assembly Kurbeltrieb- 

werk n (Mtr). 
crankshaft throw Kropfung der 

Kurbelwelle (Mtr). 
crank starter Handanlasser m 

(Mtr). 

crankwheel -Kurbelrad n (G). 
crankwheel operation exercise Kur- 

beliibung / (gun laying). 
crash n Bruch m (Avn). 
crash boat Fliegerrettungsboot n. 
crash helmet Schutzmutze / (Armd 

Comd); Sturzhelm m. 
crash landing Bruchlandung / 

( Avn). 

crash padding Schutzpolsterung /. 
crater Trichter m, Sprengtrichter m. 
crater charge Trichterladung / 

(Engr). 

crawl v robben (on land); kraulen 
(swimming). 

crawl forward sich vorrobben. 

crawl trench Kriechgraben m. 

credit n Kredit m, Guthaben n (fi- 
nancial) ; Anerkennung / (acknow- 
ledgment). 

creep kriechen. 

creeping barrage Feuerwalze /. 
cremation Einascherung /. 
creosote Kreosot n. 
cresol soap solution Kresolseifen- 

losung /, Kresohvassex- n. 
crest Kamm m, Kammlinie / (Top); 

Gewehrauflage /, Brustwehrkrone / 

(trench); Krone /'. 
crew Besatzung /, Mannschaft / 

(Ap, Tk); Bedienung / (G, SL). 
crib Stapel m (Bdg). 
crime Verbiechen n. 
criminal Verbrecher m. 
crimp Wiirgung / (Am). 
crimper Wiirgezange /. 
critical item Sparstoff m. 
critical point Gefahrpunkt m, kri- 

tischer Punkt (Tac); Wechselpunkt 

m (Top). 

critical speed kritische Geschwindig- 
keit; DurchsackgescLwindigkeit / 
(Avn); kritische Drehzahl (Mech). 

critical zone Planfeuerwih-fel m 
(AA firing). 

critique Schlufibesprechung /. 

cross n Kreuz n; ■ Zapf enkreuz n 
(universal joint) (MT). 

cress v iiberqueren (a river, etc.); 
ubei-schreiten (a bridge, road, etc.). 



crossbar 



273 



curfew 



crossbar Traverse / ( split-trail car- 
riage); Querverbindung / (log sled). 

crossbelt Schulterriemen m (Clo). 

cross bracing Auskreuzung / (Ap); 
Querverstrebung / (Bdg). 

cross-country querfeldein; gelande- 
gangig; Uberland-, Gelande-. 

cross-country driving Gelande- 
fahren n. 

cross-country flight tjberlandflug m. 
cross-country mobility Gelandegan- 
gigkeit /. 

cross-country vehicle Gelandefahr- 

zeug n (MT). 
crosscut saw Hirnsage /, Quersage /. 
cross-examination Kreuzverhor n. 
cross-examine einem Kreuzverhor 

unterwerfen. 
cross fire n Kreuzfeuer n. 
cross-fire v Feuer kreuzen (firing). 
cross hairs Fadenkreuz n (Optics). 
cross hole screw Kreuzlochschrau- 

be /. 

crossing Ubergang m. 

crossing of ditches Grabendurch- 

fahrt / (MT). 
crossing of rivers Uberwinden von 

Fliissen. 

crossing point tibersetzstelle /. 
crossing station Ubergangsbahnhof 

m, Kreuzungsbahnhof m (RR). 
crossing target querfahrendes Ziel. 
cross level n Querlibelle /, Verkan- 

tungslibelle / ( Optics, Surv, Arty) ; 

Radstandlibelle / (G). 
cross-level v die Libelle einspielen. 
cross-level drive Verkantungstrieb 

m (Optics, Ord). 
cross leveling Libelleneinstellung f 

(firing). 

cross-leveling mechanism Eadstand- 
trieb in ( G sight). 

cross lines Kreuzleinen fpl (of har- 
ness). 

crosspiece Ducht / (boat). 
cross pipe fitting Kreuzmuffe /. 
crossroads Wegekreuzung /, Stra- 

I5enkreuzung /. 
cross section Profil n, Querschnitt m. 
cross wind seitlicher Schiebewind 

(Avn). 

cross-wind landing Landung mit 
Seitenwind. 

cross-wind takeoff Start mit Seiten- 
wind. 

cross wires Fadenkreuz n (Optics). 
crouching fox hole Hockloch n. 



croup Kruppe / (horse). 
crowbar Brechstange /, Hebebaum 
m. 

crown of roadbed Bahnkrone/ (RR). 
crownpiece Kopfstiick n (harness). 
crucible steel Tiegelgufistahl m.. 
crude oil Rohol n. 
cruise v fahren (vehicle or ship); 

kreuzen (ship); fliegen (Ap). 
cruiser Kreuzer m. 
cruising power rating Reisedauer- 

leistung /. 
cruising radius Fahrbereich m (MT, 

Tk). 

cruising speed Reisegeschwindigkeit 
f (Ap); Marschgeschwindigkeit / 
(MT). 

crush (zer)quetschen, zerdriicken, 

zermalmen. 
cryptanalysis Entzifferung /, Ge- 

heimschriftanalyse /. 
cryptogram Kryptogramm n. 
cryptograph See cryptogram, 
cryptography Geheimschrift /. 
crystal Kristall m. 
crystal control Quarzsteuerung / 

(Rad). 

crystal-controlled transmitter quarz- 

gesteuerter Sender (Rad). 
crystal detector Kristalldetektor m 

(Rad). 

cube n Wiirfel m, Kubus m; Kubik- 
zahl /, dritte Potenz (Math). 

cubed zur dritten Potenz erhoben. 

cubic centimeter Kubikzentimeter n. 

cultivated fields bebaute Felder. 

culvert DurchlaS m. 

cumulus cloud Haufenwolke /, Ku- 
muluswolke /. 

cup Trinkbecher m (drinking); 

Schmierbiichse / (grease); Hiitchen 
n (cartridge). 

cup anemometer Schalenkreuzwind- 
messer m (Met). 

cupola Kuppel /, Beobachtungskup- 
pel /, Turmkuppel /, Beobachtungs- 
tiirmchen n, Turmaufsatz m (Tk). 

cupola mount Kuppellafette / (Ap). 

curb bit Kandare / (harness). 

curb chain Kinnkette / (harness). 

curbing Rodelung / (Bdg). 

curb lashing Rodeln n (Bdg). 

curb rail Rodelbalken m (Bdg). 

curb rein Kandarenzugel m (har- 
ness). 

cure v heilen. 

curfew Ausgehverbot n (Mil Govt). 



currency 



274 



daily ration 



currency Wahrung/; Geld n (money). 
current n Strom m, Stromung /. 
current capacity Stromaufnahme / 
(Rad). 

current consumer Stromverbraucher 

m (Elec). 
current flow StromfluG m (Elec). 
current generator unit Stromaggre- 

gat n (Elec). 
current intensity Stromstarke / 

(Elec.) 

current-measuring instrument Strom- 

mefigerat n (Elec). 
current supplies laufender Nach- 

schub. 

current supply Stromzufuhr /, 

Stromvorrat to (Elec). 
current surge StromstoB to (Elec). 
currycomb Striegel to. 
curtain door Gasschutzvorhang to. 
curtain of antiaircraft fire Flak- 

sperre /, Sperrfeuerwand /. 
curtain of fire Feuerwand /, Feuer- 

vorhang to. 
curvature Kriimmung /, Biegung /. 
curve n Strafienbiegung / (road); 

Kriimmung /, Kurve /, Bogen m. 
curved-chord truss Parabel-Fach- 

werktrager m (Engr). 
curved spur track Gleiskurve /, 

Klaue / (RR gun). 
curve of the trajectory Gestalt der 

Flugbahn. 
curvilinear flight Kurvenflug to. 
cushion tire Pneumassivreifen to, 

Hochelastikreifen w (MT). 
custodian Urkundenbewahrer to (of 

documents). 
custody Haft /, Gewahrsam to; Auf- 

sicht /, Hut /, Verwahrung / ( care) ; 

Schutz to (protection). 
custom Gebrauch to. 
custom house Zollhaus n. 
customs of the service Truppen- 

brauch to. 
customs of war Kriegsbrauch to, 

Kriegsgebrauch m. 
cut n Durchstich m, Einschnitt m 

(Engr, RR); Schnitt w (injury or 

wound); Hieb to (slash). 

D 

dagger Dolch to. 

daily automatic supply Tagesversor- i 
gung /. 



cut v schneiden, abschneiden (wire, 
etc.); hauen, abhauen (trees, etc.). 

cut a fuze Ztinder einstellen. 

cut-and-cover shelter Unterschlupf to. 

cut film Schnittfilm in. 

cut off trennen (Elec, Tp). 

cut-off frequency Grenzfrequenz / 
(Rad). 

cutout Auspuffklappe / (Mtr). 
cutter See cutting pliers, 
cutting pliers Zwickzange / (Engr). 
cw tonlos (marking on Rad set). 
cw transmission Telegraphiesen- 

dung / (Rad). 
cyanogen bromide Bromzyan n, Ce- 

Stoff to (CWS). 
cyanogen chloride Chlorzyan n, Cy- 

anogenchlorid n (CWS). 
cycle Periode /, Hertz n (Elec); 

Kreisprozefi to (Mtr); Kreislauf m. 
cyclic change mechanism Vorrich- 

tung zur Verlangsamung der SchuB- 

folge (automatic R). 
cyclic rate Schufifolge /. 
cyclic rate mechanism See cyclic 

change mechanism, 
cyclogiro Eadfltigelflugzeug n (Avn). 
cyclone Zyklon to, Tief n (low); 

Orkan m, Taif un to ( tropical) i Wir- 

belsturm to, Tornado m, Trombe / 

( tornado ) . 
cylinder Zylinder m. 
cylinder block Motorblock m, Zylin- 

derblock to (Mtr). 
cylinder grinding Zylinderschleifen 

n (Mtr). 

cylinder head Zylinderkopf m (Mtr). 
cylinder liner Zylinderlaufbiichse / 
(Mtr). 

cylinder wall Zylinderwand / (Mtr). 
cylindrical zylindrisch, walzenformig. 
cylindrical cam Lenkschraube / 

(steering column, MT). 
cylindrical grid Zylinderelektrode / 

(Rad tube). 
cylindrical mount Walzenblende / 

(Tk gun). 



daily ration Tagesverpflegung /. 
daily ration strength return Starke- 
nachweis fiir die Tagesverpflegung. 



daily sick report 



275 



debouch 



daily sick report Krankenmeldung /. 
daily stock record Bestandsnach- 

weisung /. 
daily strength report Iststarke- 

nachweisung /. 
daily telegram tagliche Starke- und 

Bedarfsmeldung. 
daily train tagliche Nachschubko- 

lonne (MT). 
dam Damm to, Stauanlage /; Tal- 

sperre / (across a valley); Buhne / 

( diversion). 
damage n Beschadigung /, Scha- 

den m. 
damage v beschadigen. 
damage control Schadenbekamp- 

fung /. 

damming Anstauung / (Engr). 
damped oscillations gedampfte 

Schwingungen (Rad). 
damped waves" gedampfte Wellen 

(Rad). 

damping Dampfung / (Elec, Rad). 
damping device Dampfungsvorrich- 

tung /. 
danger Gefahr /. 
danger area Schuflbereich m. 
danger flag Warnflagge /. 
danger of icing Vereisungsgefahr / 

(Avn). 

danger of interception Abhorgefahr 

/ (Tp). 
dangerous gefahrlich. 
danger signal Warnsignal n. 
danger space Visierbereich ro (MG 

firing). 

darkness Dunkelheit /, Finsternis /. 
darkroom Dunkelkammer /. 
dash n Strich m (Tg). . • 

dashboard Instrumentenbrett n. 
data Grundlagen fpl, Unterlagen fpl, 

Angaben fpl, Daten npl. 
data board Schreibbrett n (Arty). 
data card Merkzettel m. 
data computer Kommandogerat n. 
data receiver Empf anger m (data 

transmission system). 
data transmission system tjbertra- 

gungsgerat n (AAA). 
data transmitter Geber m (data 

transmission system). 
date Datum n. 

datum Unterlage /, Angabe /, 

Datum n. 
datum level Bezugsebene / (Surv). 
datum line Bezugslinie / (Surv). 



datum plane Bezugsebene /, Bezugs- 

flache / (Surv). 
datum point Bezugspunkt m (Surv). 
davit Davit m, Schw.enkdavit m 

(Nav). 

daybook Kriegstagebuch n. 
daybreak . Tagesanbruch m. 
daylight attack Tagesangriff in, 

TagesvorstoB m. 
day march Tagmarsch m. 
day of fire Munition fur einen Tag. 
day of supply Tagesverbrauch m, 

Vorratsbestand fiir einen Tag. 
day's destination Tagesziel n. 
day's march Tagesmarsch m. 
day's objective Tagesziel n. 
dazzle-painted bunt bemalt (Cam). 
dazzle painting Buntfarbenanstrich 

m (Cam). 
DB boat Hilfsfahrzeug zum Legen 

von Grundminen (Nav). 
d-c generator Gleichstromerzeuger m. 
dead tot. 

dead abatis schwere Baumsperre. 
dead area toter SchuBraum. 
dead center Totpunkt m (Mtr). 
dead-end road Sackgasse /; Holzweg 

m (in a forest). 
dead-end station Kopfbahnhof m 

(RR). 

dead-end street Sackgasse /. 
dead file erledigte Akten. 
deadline Termin m. 
deadman eingebetteter waagerecht 

liegender Verankerungspfahl 

(Engr). 

dead reckoning Koppeln n (Avn). 
dead reckoning navigation Koppel- 

navigation / (Avn). 
dead reckoning position Koppelort 

m (Air Navigation). 
dead space toter SchuBraum, toter 

Trichter, gedeckter Raum, toter 

Winkel (Gunnery). 
dead-stick landing Landung mit 

abgestelltem Motor (Avn). 
dead time Kommando- und Lade- 

verzugszeit / (Gunnery). 
death Tod m. 

death sentence Todesurteil n. 
debarkation Ausbooten n, Ausboo- 
tung /. 

debarkation officer Landungsoffi- 
zier m. 

debouch aus einer Enge heraustreten 
(from a defile); aus dem Wald- 
gelande heraustreten (from a wood). 



debris 



276 



defensive-offensive 



debris Triimmer pi. 
debt Schuld /. 

deceive tauschen, vortauschen. 
deception TauseVrang /. 
deceptive irrefiihrend, Tauschungs-, 
Schein-. 

deceptive smoke screen Scheinverneb- 
lung /. 

decibel Phon 'n, Dezibel n. 

decipher entschlusseln, entziffern, 

dechiffrieren. 
decision Entschlufi m (Tac). 
decisive ausschlaggebend, entschei- 

dend. 

decisive action Entscheidungsgefeeht 
n (Tac). 

decisive battle Entscheidungskampf 
m (Tac). 

deck Deck n (Tk, Nav); Oberseite /. 
declaration of war Kriegserkla- 
rung /. 

declinate Ortsmifiweisung bestinimen 

( compass). 
declination Mifiweisung /, Kompafi- 

mifiweisung / (compass). 
declination constant Mifiweisung /, 

Ortsmifiweisung /. 
declinator Richtkreis-Bussole /, Bus- 
sole / (aiming circle). 
decode entschlusseln. 
decontaminate entgiften (CWS). 
decontaminating agent Entgiftungs- 

mittel n, Entgiftungsstoff in. 
decontaminating apparatus Entgif- 

tungsgerat n; Zerstaubergerat n 

(spray). 

decontaminating-powder sprayer 
Pulverzerstauber m (CWS). 

decontaminating sprayer Fliis- 
sigkeitszerstauber fur Entgiftung. 

decontamination Entgiftung /. 

decontamination agent Entgiftungs- 
stoff .m (CWS). 

decontamination battalion Entgif- 
tungsabteilung /. 

decontamination cart fahrbare Ent- 
giftungstrommel. 

decontamination drum Entgiftungs- 
trommel /. 

decontamination point Entgiftungs- 
platz m (CWS). 

decontamination service Entgif- 
tungsdienst m. 

decontamination squad Entgiftungs- 
trupp m. 

decontamination troops Entgiftungs- 
truppen fpl. 



decopper entkupfern. 
decoppering agent Entkupferungs- 
mittel n. 

decoration Auszeichmmg /, Ehren- 
zeichen n. 

decoy n Lockmittel n, Falle /. 

decoy v heranlocken. 

decryptograph "entziffern, entschlus- 
seln, dechiffrieren. 

deduct abziehen, subtrahieren. 

deep-sea diver Torpedotaucher m. 

deep thrust tiefer Vorstofi (Tac). 

defeat n Niederlage /. 

defeat v schlagen, besiegen. 

defecate den Darm entleeren; schei- 
Den (vulgar). 

defect Fehler m; Materialfehler m 
(structural) ; Konstruktionsfehler m 
(design); Sehfehler m (vision). 

defective fehlerhaft. 

defense Verteidigung /, Abwehr / 
(as distinguished from Schutz, pro- 
tection, Tac). 

defense area Verteidigungsraum m. 

Defense Command Landesverteidi- 
gungsbezirk m (USA). 

defense in depth nach Tiefe geglie- 
derte Verteidigung. 

defense plan Verteidigungsplan m. 

defense system Wehrorganisation / 
(total armed defense system of a 
country); Landesverteidigungsor- 
ganisation / (home defense); Be- 
festigungsanlagen fpl (Ft). 

defensive n Defensive /, Verteidi- 
gung / (Tac). 

defensive adj defensiv, in der Ver- 
teidigung. 

defensive area Verteidigungsraum m. 

defensive arm Abwehrwaffe /. 

defensive battle Abwehrschlacht /. 

defensive coastal area Kiistenver- 
teidigungsabschnitt m. 

defensive combat Abwehrkampf m, 
Abwehrgefecht n (Tac). 

defensive fire Abwehrfeuer n, Not- 
feuer n (Arty, MG). 

defensive front Abwehrfront /. 

defensive installations Verteidigungs- 
anlagen fpl. 

defensive line Verteidigungslinie /. 

defensively abwehrweise. 

defensive measure Abwehrmafinah- 
me /. 

defensive-offensive offensive Ver- 
teidigung. 



defensive operations 



277 



demolition bomb 



defensive operations Verteidigungs- 
operationen fpl. 

defensive position Verteidigungs- 
stellung /. 

defensive preparation Abwehrvor- 
bereitung /. 

defensive sector Verteidigungsab- 
schnitt in. 

defensive weapon Abwehrwaffe /. 

defensive zone Abwehrzone /, Ver- 
teidigungszone /. 

defer zuruckstellen. 

deferment Zurtickstellung /. 

defilade Gelandeschutz m. 

defiladed area gedeckter Raum. 

defile Enge /, Engpafi m (Tac). 

defile between lakes Seenenge /. 

definition Linsenscharfe f (of a 
lens); Definition /, Begriffsbestim- 
mung f (of a word). 

deflagration Verbrennung /, Defla- 
gration / (powder). 

deflection Seitenabweiehung / ( Gun- 
nery); Ablenkung /; Strahlungs- 
ablenkung/fo/ Rad waves); Duich- 
biegung f (of a beam or girder) . 

deflection angle Seitenwinkel m 
(Gunnery). 

deflection board Seitenrichtschieber 
m (CA). 

deflection change Seitenanderung / 

( Gunnery). 
deflection correction Seitenanderung 

/, Seitenverbesserung / (Gunnery). 
deflection difference Feuervereini- 

gungswinkel m (Btry firing). 
deflection dispersion Breitenstreuung 

/ (Ballistics). 
deflection reading Festlegezahl / 

( Gunnery). 
deflection scale Seitenrichtteilung /. 
deflector box Hulsenkasten m (AA 

gun). 

degassing Entgasung /, Entgasen n. 
de-gaussing Entmagnetisierung f 
(Nav). 

degreasing Entfettung / (MT). 

degree Grad m (of circle, tempera- 
ture); Stufe / (stage or step); 
Grad m, Mali n (extent). 

dehydrated meat Dorrfleisch n. 

dehydrated vegetables Dorrgemuse 
n. 

de-icer Enteiser m, Enteisungsgerat 

n, Vereisungsschutzgerat n (Ap). 
de-icing system Enteisungsanlage f. 
delay v hinhalten (Tac). 



delay n Verzogerung /, Verzug m; 

Aufschub m. 
delayed-action bomb Bombe mit 

Verzugszeit. 
delayed-action fuze Aufschlagziin- 

der mit Verzogerung, Verzogerungs- 

ziinder m. 
delayed-action mine Verzogerungs- 

mine / (Engr). 
delayed jump Absprung mit verzo- 

gerter Offnung (Prcht). 
delay fuze Aufschlagziinder mit 

Verzogerung, Verzogerungszunder 

hi. 

delaying action hinhaltendes Gefecht 
(Tac). 

delaying position Widerstandsstel- 
lung im hinhaltenden Gefecht, Auf- 
nahmestellung / (Tac). 

delaying unit Widerstandsgruppe / 
(Tac). 

delay pellet Verzogerungssatz m. 

delay powder train Verzogerungs- 
satz m (fuze). 

delegation of authority Ubertragung 
einer Amtsgewalt. 

deliberate field fortification plan- 
mafiige Feldbefestigung. 

deliver liefern, abliefern. 

delivery Auslieferung /. 

delivery container Abwurfkiste / 
(airborne operations). 

delivery roadway Ladestrafie / (RR 
freight station). 

delivery unit Fallschirmlast /, Ver- 
sorgungsbehalter m (airborne sup- 
ply). 

delouse entlausen. 
deiousing Entlausung /. 
delousing station Entlausungssta- 
tion /. 

delta connection Dreieckschaltung 

/ (Elec). 
demarcation Abgrenzung /. 
demilitarize militarisch riiumen, ent- 

militarisieren. 
demobilization Demobilmachung /. 
demobilize demobilmachen. 
demolish sprengen (blow up) ; nie- 

derreifien, abreifien, abbrechen (tear 

down); zerstoren, vernichten (to 

ruin). 

demolition Sprengung /, Zerstdrung 

/, Demolierung /. 
demolition block Sprengbiichse / 

(Engr). 

demolition bomb Sprengbombe /. 



demolition chamber 



278 



desiccated cell 



demolition chamber Minenkammer 
/ (Bdg, mine); Sprengstelle / 
(Bdg). 

demolition detail Sprengtrupp in. 
demolition equipment Sprenggerat 

n, Ziindgerat n (Engr). 
demolition installation Minenanlage 

/• 

demolition mission Sprengauftrag 
in. 

demolition order Sprerigbefehl in, 

Sprengauftrag m. 
demolition party Sprengkommando 

n. 

demolition plan Sprengplan m 

(Engr). 

demolition service Sprengdienst m. 
demolition squad Sprengtrupp m. 
demonstration Tauschungsmanover 

n, Scheingefecht n, ScheinangrifF in 

(Tac); Vorfiihrung /. 
demonstration chart Unterrichtsta- 

fel f (Tng). 
demonstration flight Schauflug m 

(Avn). 

demonstration material Anschau- 
ungsmittel npl (Tng aids). 

demoralize demoralisieren, entmuti- 
gen. 

demotion Degradation /, Dienstgrad- 

herabsetzung /. 
denim Drillich m, Drilch m. 
densimeter Dichtemesser m, Dichtig- 

keitsmesser m. 
density Dichte /. 
density of fire Feuerdichte /. 
density of fragments Splitterdichte 

/ (Arty). 

density of gas coverage Belegungs- 

starke / (CWS). 
density of loading Ladedichte / 

(Am). 

Dental Corps zahnarztliches Korps 
(USA). 

dental officer Sanitatsoffizier (Z) m. 

dental surgeon Kriegszahnarzt m. 

dental technician Zahntechniker in. 

dental treatment Zahnbehandlung f. 

dentist Zahnarzt m. 

depart abriicken, abmarschieren, 
aufbrechen. 

departing flight Abflug m (AA). 

department Abteilung / (branch, 
section); Verwaltungsbereich m 
(sphere); Behorde / (Adm.) ; Mini- 
sterium n (of government). 



departure Abfahrt /, Ausriicken n, 

Abriicken n. 
departure point Aufbruchsort m. 
departure time Aufbruchszeit /. 
dependency benefits Familienunter- 

halt m. 

dependent Unterhaltsberechtigter m. 
deploy entwickeln, ausschwarmen. 
deployed riflemen Schutzen in Ent- 

wicklung. 
deployment Entwicklung / (Tac). 
deployment for action Gefechtsent- 

wicklung / (Tac). 
deport verschicken, verbannen, de- 

portieren; abschieben (aliens). 
depot Lager n, Park m (Mil); Bahn- 

hof in (RR station); Zweiglager n 

(branch depot). 
depot quartermaster Lagermeister 

m (Ger: civilian official). 
depress senken (G). 
depression Mulde / (Top); Tief w. 

(Met). 

depression angle Senkungswinkel in 
(G). 

depression position finder Azimut- 

entfernungsmesser m. 
depth Tiefe / (Tac). 
in depth tiefgegliedert, treffen- 
weise. • 

depth bomb Wasserbombe /, Unter- 

wasserbombe /. 
depth of penetration Eindringtiefe 

/, Eindringungstiefe / (Tac). 
depth of profile Profiltiefe / (Ap 

wing ) . 

depth of wing profile Flugeltiefe / 
(Ap). 

deputy Stellvertreter in. 

Deputy Chief of Staff Stellvertre- 

tender Chef des Generalstabes. 
descending air current Abwind m 

(Met). 

descending branch of trajectory ab- 

steigender Ast (Ballistics). 

description Beschreibung /, Schilde- 
rung /, Darstellung /. 

desert n Wiiste /. 

desert v desertieren, fahnenfliichtig 
werden, Pahnenflucht begehen. 

desert area Wiistenzone /. 

deserter Fahnenfliichtiger m, Deser- 
teur m; Uberlaufer m (to the en- 
emy). 

desertion Fahnenflucht /, Desertion 
/• 

desiccated cell Fullelement n (Elec). 



design 



279 



develop 



design n Ausfiihrung f (Meeh). 
designated target Punktziel n 

(Arty). 

designation of objective Zielset- 
zung /. 

designer Konstrukteur m (Mech). 
design load Normalbelastung / 

(Mech). 

desired frequency Nutzfrequenz / 

(Rati). 
desk Schreibtisch m. 
destination Ziel n. 
destroy zerstoren, vernichten. 
destroyer Zerstorer m, Torpedoboot- 

zerstorer m (Nav). 
destroyer escort Korvette / (Nav). 
destruction Vernichtung /, Zersto- 

rung /. 

destruction fire Niederkampfen n 
(Arty). 

detach abkommandieren, ausschei- 

den, absondern. 
detached duty See detached service, 
detached post Vorpostenverband m. 
detached service Kommando n. 

on detached service abkomman- 

diert. 

detached unit Kommando n. 
detachment Trupp in, Abteilung /. 
detachment commander Truppfiihrer 
m. 

detail n Trupp m, Kommando n, Ab- 
teilung / (Pers); Dienst m (duty). 

detail v kommandieren. 

detailed report Tatbericht m, Tat- 
sachenbericht m. 

"Detail, halt!" "Abteilung, halt!" 
(given on right foot). 

detain aufhalten (to delay); abhal- 
ten, verhindern (withhold) ; in Haft 
behalten, festhalten (under arrest). 

detaining authority nehmestaatliche 
Behorde (PW). 

detaining power Nehmestaat m 
(PW). 

detect auffangen (Rad); entdecken 
(discover); aufdecken (an action); 
ertappen (to catch). 

detector Audion n, Detektor m 
(Rad). 

detector crayon Gasspiirkreide / 
(CWS). 

detector kit Spurgerat n, Gasanzei- 

ger m (CWS). 
detector paint Gasspurfarbe / 

(CWS). 
detent East / (Mech). 



detention Haft / (arrest); Einbehal- 

tung f (of pay, etc.). 
detention of pay Besoldungseinbehal- 

tung /. 

detention room Haftlokal n. 
detention ward Arrestraum im La- 
zarett. 

deteriorating supplies begrenzt la- 

gerungsfahige Vorrate. 
determinate error regelmafiiger Peh- 

ler, systematischer Fehler. 
determination of altitude Hohen- 

bestimmung / (Avn). 
determination of course Flugweg- 

bestimmung / (Air Navigation). 
determination of direction Rich- 

tungsbestimmung / (Avn, Rad). 
determination of fix Kreuzpeilung / 

(Air Navigation). 
determination of position Orts- 

bestimmung / (Avn). 
determine a fix anschneiden (Air 

Navigation). 
detonate detonieren, sprengen, zun- 

den (Engr.) 
detonating agent Ziindmittel n 

(Engr). 

detonating charge Aufladung / 

(blasting cap). 
detonating cord Knallzundschnur /. 
detonating explosive Brisanzspreng- 

stoff m. 

detonating fuze Sprengziinder in. 
detonating net Knallennetz n. 
detonating slab Zerschellerschicht / 
(Ft). 

detonation Klopfen n (Mtr); Ziin- 
den n, Ziindung / (blasting) ; Deto- 
nation /. 

detonation wave Verdichtungswelle 

/ (Ballistics). 
detonator Sprengkapsel / (Am). 
detonator-safe fuze Zunder mit 

Sprengkapselsicherung (Am). 
detour n Umweg m. 
detour v umgehen. 
detraining of troops . Truppenaus- 

ladung /. 

detraining point Ausladebahnhof vi. 
detrucking area Ausladegebiet n. 
detrucking point Ausladeplatz m, 

Ausladestelle /. 
devastate verwusten, verheeren. 
devastation Verwustung /, Verhee- 

rung /. 

develop entfalten (Tac); entwickeln 
(Photo). 



developed armament 



280 



dimethylsulfate 



developed armament probable error 

Treffwahrscheinlichkeit der Waffe. 

development Entfaltung / (Tac). 

development from march column 
Entfaltung aus dem Marsch (Tac). 

development order Befehl zur Ent- 
faltung (Tac). 

deviate abweichen, abkommen. 

deviation GeschoBabweichung / ( Gun- 
nery); Fehlweisung / (Rad); Ver- 
setzung / ( Avn) ; Kompafilenkung /, 
Deviation /. 

deviation curve Funkbeschickungs- 
kurve /, Peilberichtigungskurve / 
(Rad). 

device Vorrichtung / (Mech, Engr) ; 

Abzeichen n (insigne). 
dew Tau m. 
dew point Taupunkt m. 
diagonal n Schraglinie /. 
diagonal adj schrag, querlaufend. 
diagonal strut Strebe / (Ap). 
diagram Plan m, Schema n, Figur /; 

Abbildung / (illustration). 
dial n Zifferblatt n (on Inst); Num- 

mernscheibe /, Wahlerscheibe f(Tp); 

Gangrolle / (pivoted dial of speed- 
ometer). 
dial v einstellen, wahlen (Tp). 
dial box Nummernscheibenkastchen n 

(field Tp). 
dial hum Amtszeichen n, Freizeichen 

n, Summton m (Tp). 
dialing central Wahlamt n (Tp). 
dial plate Skalenscheibe / (Rad). 
dial system Wahlerbetrieb m (Tp). 
diameter Durchmesser m. 
diameter of projectile Geschofidurch- 

messer m (Ballistics). 
diamond formation Rautenformation 

/., 

diaphragm Schallblech n (Tp) ; 

Membran / (microphone) ; Stofi- 

boden m, Stofischeibe / (shrapnel) ; 

Blende } (Photo). 
diaphragm gas mask Membran- 

maske /. 

diaphragm pump Membranpumpe / 
(Mtr). 

diarrhea Durchfall m, Diarrhoe /. 

diary Tagebuch n. 

diatomite layer Diatomitschicht / 

(gas filter, CWS). 
dichloramine-T Dichloramin n 

(CWS). 

die n Gewindebacken fpl (for cut- 



ting threads); Stanze /, Gesenke n 
(for stamping or punching). 
stock and die Schneidkluppe /. 
die v sterben. 

die down ausschwingen (Elec oscilla- 
tions). 

dielectric Dielektrikum n (Rad). 
Diesel-electric drive dieselelektri- 

scher Antrieb. 
Diesel engine Dieselmotor m, Die- 

selmaschine /, Schwerolmotor m. 
Diesel fuel Dieselkraftstoff m, 

Gasol n, Schwerol n, Schwerkraft- 

stoff m. 

Diesel motor See Diesel engine. 
Diesel tractor Dieselschlepper m 
Diesel truck Diesel-Lastwagen m 
(MT). 

dietitian Diatschwester /. 
difference Unterschied m; Differenz 

/ (Math). 
difference chart graphische Schufi- 

tafel. 

difference in altitude Hohenunter- 

schied m. 
differential Differential n (MT). 
differential calculus Differential- 

rechnung /. 
differential case Hinterachsenge- 

hause n (MT). 
differential effects Werte zum Aus- 

schalten der Witterungseinfliisse 

( Gunnery). 
differential gear Ausgleichgetriebe 

n (MT). 

differential lock Ausgleichsperre / 
(MT). 

difficult terrain schwieriges Ge- 
lande. 

difficulty- Schwierigkeit /; Verlegen- 
heit / (trouble); Gelandeschwie- 
rigkeit f (of terrain). 

diffuser plate Ladeleitrad n (Ap 
engine). 

dig v graben; ausgraben (excavate). 
dig in schanzen, einschanzen, sich 

eingraben. 
diglycolnitrate flaked powder Digly- 

kolnitrat-Blattchenpulver n. 
dihedral V-Form /, V-Stellung /, 

Schrankung / (Ap). 
dihedral angle V-Formwinkel m 

(Ap). 
dike Deich m. 
dim v abblenden (a light). 
dimension AusmaB n. 
dimethylsulfate D-Stoff m (CWS). 



dim headlights 



281 



director's aide 



dim headlights v abblenden (MT). 
dim light n Abblendelicht n (head- 
light, MT). 
dim-out n Halbverdunkelung / (Air 
. Defense). 

dim out v abblenden (Air Defense). 

diode Diode / (Rad). 

diode tube ZweielektrodenrShre /, 
Zweipolrohre / (Rad). 

diopter hair Diopterfaden in ( Optics). 

diopter slit Diopterschlitz m (Op- 
tics). 

dip n Inklinationswinkel in ( com- 
pass); Kimmtiefe / (Avn). 

dip v dippen, senken. 

diphenylaminechlorarsine Adamsit m, 
Diphenylaminchlorarsin n (CWS). 

diphenylchlorarsine Diphenylchlor- 
arsin n, Chlorarsinkampfstoff m 
(CWS). 

diphenylcyanarsine Cyan-Chlorarsin- 

kampfstoff m (CWS). 
diphosgene Chlorameisensaurechlor- 

methylester m, Perchlorameisen- 

sauremethylester m, Perstoff m, K- 

Stoff m (CWS). 
dipole antenna Dipolantenne /. 
direct-climbing target Flugziel im 

Steigflug (AA gunnery). 
direct current Gleichstrom m. 
direct-current ammeter Gleichstrom- 

meBgerat n. 
direct-current generator Gleich- 

stromerzeuger m. 
direct-current meter Gleichstrom- 

meCgerat n. 
direct-current motor Gleichstrom- 

elektromotor m. 
directed net Nachrichtennetz mit 

Leitfunkstelle (Rad). 
direct fire direktes Feuer. 
direct-fire range Visierschufiweite /. 
direct-fire shot VisierschuB m. 
direct-fire sight Notvisier n, Flak- 

visier n. 

direct hit Volltreffer m; Artillerie- 

volltreffer m (Arty). 
directing gun Grundgeschiitz n. 
directing point Nullpunkt m (CA). 
directing staff Leitungsstab m 

(maneuvers). 
direction Seite /, Seitenrichtung /, 

Richtung / (Gunnery). 
directional antenna Richtantenne / 

(Rad). 

directional effect Richtwirkung / 
(Rad). 



directional gyro Kurskreisel m. 
directional loop antenna Peilrahmen 

m (Rad). 
directional position Antennenstel- 

lung f (of antenna). 
directional receiving antenna Richt- 

empfangsantenne / (Rad). 
directional stability Richtungsstabili- 

. tat /, Kursstabilitat / (Ap). 
directional traverse Fluchtlinie / 

(Surv). 

direction board Richtungsanzeiger m 
(AAA). 

direction dispersion Breitenstreuung 

/ (Ballistics). 
direction finder Peilfunkempfanger 

m, Richtempfanger m, Peilempfan- 

ger m, Bordpeiler m, Funkpeiler m 

(Air Navigation). 
direction-finder equipment Peilgerat 

n (Rad, Avn). 
direction-finder signal Peikeichen n 

(Avn). 

direction-finder station Richtemp- 

fangsanlage /, Peilanlage /, Peil- 

stelle/ (Air Navigation) ; Bodenpeil- 

stelle / (surface). 
direction finding Peilen n, Peilung / 

(Avn); Funkpeilung / (Rad). 
direction-finding equipment Richt- 

gerat n (Rad). 
direction-finding set Richtempfanger 

m, Peilempf anger m (Rad). 
direction of air flow Anstromrich- 

tung /, Anblasrichtung f (in a wind 

tunnel, Avn). 
direction of approach Anflugrich- 

tung / (Avn). 
direction of attack Angriffsrichtung 

/. 

direction of flight Flugrichtung / 
(Avn). 

direction of the target Zielrichtung 
f. 

directive Weisung /, Anweisung /, 
Verf iigung /. 

direct laying direktes Richten (Gun- 
nery). 

director Leitender m, oberster 

Schiedsrichter m (maneuvers) ; 

Kommandogerat n (Arty); Zentral- 

richtgerat n (AAA). 
director headquarters tjbungsleitung 

/ (maneuvers) . 
director's aide Leitungsgehilfe in 

( maneuvers ). 



direct plate voltage 



282 



disintegrate 



direct plate voltage . Anodengleich- 

spannung / (Rad). 
direct pointing direktes Richten 

( Gunnery). 
direct pressure Nachdrangen n (in 

pursuit, Tac). 
direct pressure detachment Verfol- 

gungsabteilung f (in pursuit, Tac). 
direct-reading compass Nahkompafi 

in. 

directrix Nullstrahl des SchuCfeldes 

( Gunnery). 
direct-sighting telescope Zielfern- 

rohr n. 

direct support unmittelbare Unter- 
stiiizuhg (Arty, Tac); taktische Un- 
terstiitzung (Avn, Tac). 

direct vision slit Panzerscharte / 
(Tk). 

direct vision slot Sehschlitz m (Tk). 
dirigible Lenkluftschiff n. 
dirt Schmutz m, Dreck m; Erde / 
( earth). 

dirt road unbefestigte Strafie, un- 

gepflasterte Strafie. 
disability Kriegsbesehadigung / 

(war injury); Dienstunfahigkeit / 

(unfitness for service). 
disability pension Versehrtengeld n. 
disabled kriegsbeschadigt (injured 

in war); dienstunfahig, untauglich 

(unfit for service). 
disadvantage Nachteil m. 
disappearing armored turret Panzer- 

Verschwindeturm m (Ft). 
disappearing carriage Verschwind- 

lafette f (G). 
disappearing target Verschwind- 

scheibe /. 

disappearing turret Verschwinde- 

turm m (Ft). 
disapproval Mifibilligung /. 
disapprove mifibilligen, tadeln; ver- 

werfen, zuriickweisen (reject). 
disarm entscharfen; unscharf ma- 

chen (Am); entwaffnen, abriisten. 
disarmament Abriistung /. 
disassemble auseinandernehmen, 

zerlegen. 
disband entlassen, auflosen. 
disbursement Auszahlung /. 
disbursing agent Zahlmeister m 

(Ger: civilian official). 
disbursing officer Oberfeldzahlmeister 

m (Ger: civilian official). 



discharge n Entlassung / (from serv- 
ice); Entladung / (Am, Elec, etc.). 

discharge v entlassen, verabschieden 
(dismiss); abfeuern, losschiefien 
(shoot); entladen (a gun, Elec); 
abladen, ausladen (supplies); 16- 
schen (ship's cargo). 

discharge certificate Entlassungs- 
schein m, Entlassungspapier n. 

discharge surge Entladungsstofi m 
(Elec). 

discharge without honor Dienstent- 

lassung /. 
disciplinary action Disziplinarver- 

fahren n. 

disciplinary barracks Militargefang- 
nis n, Wehrmachtgefangnis n, mi- 
litarische Strafanstalt. 

disciplinary exercises charakterschu- 
lendes Exerzieren. 

discipline 11 Disziplin /, Mannes- 
zucht /; Zucht /. 

disconnect ausschalten, trennen. 

disconnect drop Schlufiklappe / (Tp 
switchboard) . 

disconnect from binding post ab- 
klemmen (Elec). 

discrepancy Fehlbestand m (in 
supplies, etc.); Widerspruch m (con- 
tradiction); Unregelmafiigkeit / (ir- 
regularity); Vorschriftswidrigkeit / 
(infraction of regulations). 

discretion Ermessen n. 

disease Krankheit /. 

disembark ausschiffen. 

disembarkation Ausschiffung /. 

disengage from the enemy sich vom 
Feinde loslosen. 

disengagement Absetzen n, Absetz- 
bewegung /, Loslosung / (Tac). 

disengage the clutch auskuppeln 
(MT). 

dishonorable discharge Wehrunwiir- 

digkeitserklarung /. 
disinfect entseuchen (Med). 
disinfectant Desinfektionsmittel n. 
disinfecting agent Entseuchungsmit- 

tel n. 

disinfecting chamber Desinfektions- 
kammer /, Entseuchungsschrank m 
(Med). 

disinfection Entseuchen n. 
disinfestor Entlausungsgerat n, 

Entlausungsapparat m. 
disintegrate auflosen, zerteilen, zei-- 

fallen, zerlegen. 



disintegrating belt 



283 



distribution 



disintegrating belt Zerfallgurt m 
(MG). 

disk Scheibe /, Lamelle / (Mech); 

Schallplatte / (phonograph). 
disk spider Radkorper m (wheel). 
dismantle abbauen, ausbauen; ab- 

briicken (a bridge). 
dismantling Abbau m. 
dismiss abtreten lassen, wegtreten 

lassen. 

dismissal Dienstentlassung /. 

"Dismissed!" "Weggetreten!" (to a 
formation); "Abtreten!", "Treten 
Sie ab!" (formal style, to an individ- 
ual); "Sie konnen gehen" (informal, 
to an individual). 

dismount absitzen; ausbauen (Ord). 

dismounted abgesessen, zu Fufi 

(Pers). 

dismounted defilade mannshohe 
Deckung. 

dismounted drill Exerzieren zu FuD. 
dismounting Absitzen n (Pers). 
disobedience Ungehorsam m. 
disobey nicht gehorchen, den Ge- 

horsam verweigern ( a superior) ; 

verletzen, nicht befolgen, mifiachten 

(orders). 

disorder Unordnung /, Verwirrung 
/ (confusion) ; Aufruhr m (rioting); 
Storung / (Med). 

disorganized in Unordnung gebracht, 
in Verwirrung gebracht; zerriittet 
(ruined); aufgelost (disbanded, dis- 
persed). 

dispatch n Meldung /, Mitteilung /, 

Nachricht /. 
dispatch v aussenden, entsenden, 

schicken. 
dispatch case Meldetasche /. 
dispensary Krankenrevier n. 
dispensary case Revierkranker m. 
dispersal Zerlegung / (Tac). 
dispersal area Abstellplatz m 

(Adrin). 

dispersal landing field Ausweich- 

flugplatz m. 
dispersed formation in depth Flie- 

germarschtiefe / (AA security). 
dispersed formation in width Flie- 

gerniarschbreite / (AA security). 
dispersion Auseinanderziehen n 

(Tac); Streuung / (Ballistics). 
dispersion diagram prozentmafiiges 

Streuungsbild. 
dispersion error Streuung /. 



dispersion ladder prozentmafiiges 
Streuungsbild. 

dispersion pattern Bodentreffbild n 
(Ballistics). 

dispersion zone Streuungsflache / 
(Ballistics). 

displaced versetzt. 

displacement Verschiebung / ( troops, 
etc.) ; Verdrangung /; Seitenabstand 
m (Arty); Hubraum m (pis- 
ton). 

displacement volume Hubvolumen 11, 
Hubraum m (Mtr). 

display board Anschlagbrett n, 

schwarzes Brett. 

disposition Aufstellung / (Tac); 
Verfiigung / (availability). 

disposition in depth treffenweise 
Aufstellung (Tac). 

disposition in width flugelweise Auf- 
stellung (Tac). 

disposition of outposts Vorposten- 
aufstellung /. 

disposition of troops Truppeneintei- 
lung / (Tac). 

disrespect unehrerbietiges Verhalten. 

disrupt unterbrechen, sprengen (en- 
emy communications, etc.). 

dissemination of information Ver- 
breitung von Nachrichten. 

distance Abstand m (Tac, close or- 
der drill); Tiefenabstand m (Tac); 
Entfernung f. 

distance between march units 
Marschabstand m. 

distant control Fernsteuerung /. 

distant reconnaissance Fernaufklii- 
rung /. 

Distinguished Flying Cross Flieger- 
verdienstkreuz n (USA). 

distinguished marksman Schaif- 
schiitze m. 

Distinguished Service Cross Kriegs- 
verdienstkreuz n (USA). 

Distinguished Service Medal Ver- 
dienstmedaille / (USA). 

distortion Verzerrung / (Rad). 

distress landing Notlandung /. 

distress signal Notsignal n. 

distribute verteilen; ausgeben ( is- 
sue). 

distributed fire Breitenfeuer n (R, 
MG). 

distributing point Ausgabestelle /, 

Verteilungsstelle /. 
distribution Verteilung /, Gliederung 

/, Aufstellung /. 



distribution box 



284 



dock installations 



distribution box Verteiler m, Ver- 

teilerkasten m (data transmission 

system) (Elec, Nav). 
distribution box boat Hilfsfahrzeug 

zum Legen von Grundminen 

(Nav). 

distribution in depth Tiefengliede- 
rung /. 

distribution in width ■ Breitengliede- 
rung /. 

distribution of artillery for attack 

Artillerieaufmarsch m. 
distribution of forces Kraftevertei- 

lung / (Tac). 
distribution of rations Portionenaus- 

gabe /. 

distributor Verteiler to, Zundver- 

teiler to (Mtr). 
distributor arm Verteilerlauf stiick n, 

Verteilerfinger to (Mtr). 
distributor cock Brandhahn m (Ap 

fire extinguisher). 
distributor head Batterieziindver- 

teilerkopf m (Mtr). 
distributor plate Verteilerscheibe / 

(Mtr). 

distributor rotor Verteilerlaufstiick 

n (Mtr). 
district Bezirk m, Distrikt to. 
district warning center Luftschutz- 

warnstelle / (Civ defense). 
disturbance StSrung / ,• Aufregung /, 

Unruhe / (confusion); Aufruhr / 

(rioting). 

ditch Graben to; Entwasserungs- 
graben m (drainage) ; StraBengra- 
ben m (road); Panzergraben m 
(AT). 

ditching Notwassern n, Notwasse- 

rung / (Avn). 
ditch profile Grabenprofil n (Engr). 
dive n Sturzflug to (Avn). 
dive v stiirzen, einen Sturzflug 

machen (Avn). 
dive-bomb v sturzbomben (Avn). 
dive bomber Sturzkampfflugzeug n, 

Stuka n. 

dive bomber pilot SturzkampfHieger 

m, Stukaflieger m. 
dive bomber wing Sturzkampf- 

geschwader n (Avn). 
dive bombing Sturzbomben n. 
dive-bombing attack Sturzangriff to,. 

Stukaangriff m. 
dive-bombing sight Sturzvisier n 

(Avn). 



diver Schiffstaucher to, Taucher m 

(Nav). See also deep-sea diver, 
diverge auseinandergehen. 
divergence difference Feuervertei- 

lungswinkel m (Btry firing). 
diversion Ablenkung f (of enemy 

forces); Ablenkungsangriff m (feint 

attack). 

diversion dam Buhne / (Engr). 
divert ablenken; ableiten (a stream, 
etc). 

dive siren Sturzsirene / (dive 

bomber). 

divide v teilen, absondern, trennen. 
dividers Stechzirkel m. 
diving angle Sturzwinkel m (Avn). 
diving apparatus Tauchgerat n 

(Nav). 

diving brake Stukabremse /, Sturz- 

flugbremse / (Ap). 
diving qualities Sturzflugeigen- 

schaften fpl (Ap). 
diving speed Sturzgeschwindigkeit / 

(Ap). 

division Division / (Mil). 

division antitank battalion Divisions- 
panzerabwehrabteilung /. 

division artillery Divisionsartillerie /. 

division artillery commander Artil- 
leriefiihrer m; Artilleriekomman- 
deur m (when GHQ artillery is at- 
tached). 

division commander Divisionskom- 

mandeur to. 
division command post Divisions- 

gefechtsstand m. 
division engineer Pionierfiihrer bei 

der Division, 
division headquarters Divisionsstab 

m. 

division order Divisionsbefehl to. 
division signal battalion Divisions- 

nachrichtenabteilung /. 
division supply column Divisions- 

nachschubkolonne /. 
division surgeon Divisionsarzt m, 

Divisionschefarzt to. 
division surgical hospital Divisions- 

feldlazarett n. 
division trains TroC der Division, 
division trunk line Divisionsstamm- 

leitung /. 
DM Adamsit m (CWS). 
DM irritant gas candle Giftnebel- 

kerze DM / (USA). 
dock n Dock n. 

dock installations Dockanlagen fpl. 



dockyard 



285 



dredge 



dockyard Werft /. 
doctor Arzt to. 

document Akt to, Akte / (plural: 
Akten); Urkunde / (permanent rec- 
ord). 

documentary data schriftliche Un- 
terlagen. 

documentary evidence Urkunden- 

beweis to; urkundliches Beweistiick 

( document). 
dog Hund to; Mitnehmer m (lathe); 

Klaue / (clutch); Sanitfitshund to 

(first-aid). 
dog clutch Klauenkupplung / (MT). 
dog clutch member Schaltklaue / 

(constant-mesh transmission, MT). 
dogfight Kurvenkampf m (Avn). 
dog handler Hundefiihrer m. 
dog-handler party Hundefiihrerrotte 

/ { for messenger dogs). 
"dog tag" Erkennungsmarke /. 
dome light Deckenlicht n (MT). 
door Tur /; Luke / (Ap, Tk). 
dope Klebelack m, Spannlack to (for 

Ap fabric) ; Betriebsstoffzusatzmittel 

11 (for Avn gasoline). 
dose Portion / (Med). 
dot Punkt m (Tg). 
dots and dashes ' Punkte und Striche. 
double action revolver Revolver mit 

Wiederspannabzug. 
double anchor hitch doppelter Anker- 

stich (cow hitch, Engr). 
double-apron entanglement Draht- 

zaun to, Stacheldrahtzaun m, Flan- 

dernzaun m (Ft). 
double banking Benutzung beider 

Fahrbahnen in gleicher Richtung. 
double-barreled machine gun Zwil- 

lingsmaschinengewehr n. 
double base powder nitroglyzerin- 

haltiges Nitrozellulosepulver (Am.). 
double-bay biplane Zweistieler m. 
double envelopment Doppelumf as- 
sung /, Zangenangriff to (Tac). 
double file Doppelreihe /. 
double rank Linie zu 2 Gliedern. 
double-ring snaffle bit Doppelring- 

trensengebiC n (harness). 
double-row radial engine Doppel- 

sternmotor m, Zweisternmotor m. 
double sentry Doppelposten m. 
double slide Doppelschieber m 

(plotting protractor). 
double tent Doppelzelt n. 
double time Laufschritt m, Stu'rm- 

schritt m (march). 



"Double time, march!" "Im Lauf- 
schritt, Marsch! Marsch!" 
double-tracked zweigleisig (RE). 
doubletree Ortscheit n (limber). 
double V-type engine Fachermotor to. 
doubtful fraglich (Arty Obsn). 
dough Teig m. 
doughboy Landser to. 
down v zum Absturz bringen, 

herunterholen, abschiefien (an Ap). 
downdraft Fallbo / (Met). 
downdwft carburetor Fallstrom- 

vergaser m (Mtr). 
downhill abwarts, bergab. 
downstream unterstrom (place); 

stromabwarts ( action ) . 
downstream anchor Windanker to 

(Pon Bdg). 
downstream anchor cable Wind- 

ankertau n, Windanker leine / (Pon 

Bdg). 

downwind adv leewarts, windab- 
warts. 

draft Aushebung / (conscription) ; 

Pferdezug m, Zugkraft / (horse); 

Tiefgang m (Nav). 
draftee Ausgehobener to. 
draft efficiency Zugleistung / 

(horse). 

drafting equipment Zeichengerat n; 

Reiflzeug n (set) I 
draftsman Konstruktionszeichner m. 
drag Widerstand to, Luftwiderstand 

m (Avn). 
"dragon's teeth" Hockerhindernisse 

npl (AT obstacle). 
drag washer Zugose / (wheel). 
drain n (jlablafi m (Mtr). 
drain v abwassern (water). 
drainage Abwassern n (Ft). 
drainage ditch Entwasserungs- 

graben m. 
drainage pit Sickerschacht to (Ft). 
drain plug Leerschraube /. 
drape n Tarnnetz n ( Cam). 
draw v Ziehen (pull); zeichnen 

(sketch). 

drawbar Zugstange / (MT); Protz- 

arm to (limber). 
drawing board Reiflbrett n, Zeichen- 

brett n. 
drawbridge Klappbrucke /. 
drawing instrument Zeichengerat n; 

ReiCzeug n (a set). 
drawing paper Zeichenpapier n. 
drawknife - Schalmesser n. 
dredge n Bagger to (Engr). 



dress 



286 



dry cell 



dress v ausrichten (close order 

drill); Toppflaggen setzen (Nav); 

verbinden ( a wound) ; sich anziehen 

(put on Clo). 
dressing Verband m (Med). 
dressing bag Verbandtasche / 

(Med). 

dressing equipment Verbandmittel 

npl (Med). 
dressing station Verbandplatz m, 

Truppenverbandplatz m (Med). 
"Dress left, dress!" "Nach links, 

Richt Euch!" 
dress parade Ehrenparade /. 
"Dress right, dress!" "Richt Euch!" 
dress uniform Ausgehanzug m; 

Paradeanzug m (for ceremonies) ; 

Gesellschaftsanzug m (for social 

occasions). 
drift n Durchschlag m (pin); Ver- 

setzung /, Abdrift / (Avn, Nav); 

Drallabweichung /, Seitenabwei- 

chung / (Ballistics). 
drift angle Luvwinkel m, Abtrift- 

winkel m (Avn). 
drift correction Seitenverschiebung 

/ (Gunnery). 
drift meter Abdriftvisier n, Abdrift- 

messer m (Ap): 
drift sand Triebsand in. 
driftwood Treibholz n. 
drill n Exerzieren n, Ausbildung /; 
' Bohrer m (Meek). 
drill v exerzieren (practice) ; bohren 

(Mech). 

drill ammunition Exerzierrmmition 
/. 

drill bomb Exerzierbombe /. 

drill formation Exerzierordnung /, 
Exerzierform /. 

drill ground Exerzierplatz in. 

drill regulations Exerzierordnung /, 
Exerziervorschrift /. 

drinking cup Trinkbecher m. 

drinking water Trinkwasser n. x 

drive n Antrieb in (Mech). 

drive v fahren (a, vehicle); ein- 
sohlagen (a nail). 

drive gear Antriebszahnrad n ( gear- 
shift transmission, MT). 

driver Fahrer in, Kraftfahrer m 
(MT); Fahrer m (Tk). 

driver's cab Fahrerhaus n (Trk). 

driver's permit Fiihrerschein in, 
Wehrmachtfiihrerschein in (MT). 

drive shaft Antriebswelle /. 

drive wheel Antriebsrad n (MT). 



driving axle Treibachse /, Antriebs- 

achse / (MT). 
driving chain Zahnkette / (MT). 
driving range Fahrbereich m 

(MT). 

driving sprocket Triebrad n (Tk). 
drizzle n Nieseln n, Sprflhregen m 
(Met). 

droop n Wolbung /, Durchhangen n, 
Verbiegen n (Mech). 

drop n Klappe /, Fallklappe /, 
Weckerfallklappe / (Tp) ; Fall to 
(action); Fallhohe / (distance); 
Tropfen m (of water, etc.). 

drop v absacken (Avn); fallen las- 
sen (an object); fallen, abnehmen 
(temperature, etc.). 

drop-base rim Tiefbettfelge / (MT). 

drop-block type breechblock Fall- 
blockverschluG in (G). 

drop cover Klappblende / (Ft). 

drophammer Rammbar m (of pile- 
driver); Fallhammer m (Tech). 

droplet Tropfchen n (CWS, Met). 

drop message Abwurfmeldung /. 

drop-message bag Meldeabwurf- 
hiille /. 

dropping angle Bombenabwurf- 

winkel m (bombing). 
dropping ground Meldeabwurfstelle 

/• 

drop point Abwurfstelle / (airborne 
supply). 

drop tank Abwurfbehalter m (Ap). 
drop-type switchboard Klappen- 

schrank m. 
drug n Arznei /, Droge /; Rausch- 

gift n (narcotic). 
drum n Trommel / (Am, music, 

etc.); Olfafi n (container). 
drum feed Trommelmagazinzufuh- 

rung / (MG). 
drum fire Trommelfeuer n. 
drum index Trommelzeiger m (sight 

mount, panoramic sight). 
drum magazine Trommelmagazin n 

(MG). 

drum major Bataillonshornist m, 

Tambourmajor m. 
drummer Trommler m. 
drum-type smoke container Nebel- 

trommel / (CWS). 
drunk betrunken; besoffen (slang). 
dry-bulb thermometer trockenes 

Thermometer (Met). 
dry cell Trockenelement n (Elee). 



dry cell rectifier 



287 



E-boat 



dry cell rectifier Trockengleichrich- 

ter (Bad). 
dry dock Trockendock n. 
dry -sump lubrication Trockensumpf- 

schmierung / (Mtr). 
dual controls Doppelsteuerung /. 
dual-purpose gun Einheitsgeschutz n. 
dual tires Doppelbereifung / (MT). 
dubbin Lederfett n. 
duckboard Lattenrost m, Holzrost m; 

Bretterbahn / ( trench) ; Spurtaf el / 

(Bdg). 

dud Blindganger m, Bodenkrepierer 

m (Arty). 
duffle bag Bekleidungssack m. 
dugout Unterschlupf m (Ft). 
dumdum bullet Dumdum-Geschofl n. 
dummy Puppe /, Zielpuppe /, Stroh- 

puppe / (bayonet Tng); Attrappe / 

(of a Tk, vehicle, etc.). 
dummy airfield Scheinplatz m. 
dummy airport Seheinflughafen m. 
dummy ammunition Exerziermuni- 

tion / (drill); Verpackungsge- 

schosse npl (for vehicle-loading 

practice). 
dummy cartridge Exerzierpatrone / 

(MG, R). 

dummy installation Scheinanlage / 

(Cam, Ft). 
dummy mine Scheinmine /. 
dummy obstacle Scheinsperre / (Ft). 
dummy position Scheinanlage /, 

Scheinstellung /. 
dummy projectile Exerziergeschofi n. 
dummy site Scheinstellung /. 
dummy trench Scheingraben m (Ft). 
dummy works Scheinanlagen fpl. 
dump n Lager n, Sammelstelle /. 
dump v Ballast abwerfen (Avn). 



dump car Kipplore / (field RR). 
dumping mechanism Kippvorrich- 

tung / (dump Trk). 
dump truck Kippwagen m. 
dunnage Unterlegbohlen fpl. 
dunnite Dunnit n (Am). 
duplex operation Gegensprechen n 

(Rad). 

duplicate n Duplikat n, Kopie /. 
duplicate v eine Kopie machen, 

vervielfaltigen. 
duplicate adj zweit-, zweifach-, dop- 

pelt. 

in duplicate in zweifacher Aus- 

fuhrung. 
duralumin Duralumin n (Ap). 
duration Dauer /. 
dust Staub m. 

dust filtering Entstaubung / (MT). 
dust particle Staubchen n (CWS). 
dust respirator Staubschutzmaske /. 
duty Dienst m (service); Pflieht / 

(obligation) ; Steuer / (tax). 

on duty im Dienst, diensttuend. 
duty officer Offizier vom Dienst. 
duty roster Diensteinteilung /, 

Dienstplan m, Kommandierrolle /. 
duty station Dienststelle /, Posten, 

m. 

duty with troops Truppendienst m, 

Dienst bei der Truppe. 
dynamic speaker elektrodynamischer 

Lautsprecher (Rad). 
dynamite Dynamit n. 
dynamo Dynamomaschine /, Strom- 

erzeuger m. 
dynamotor Einankerumformer m 

(Elec, Rad). 
dysentery Ruhr /, Dysenterie /. 



E 

eagle Adler m. 
ear Ohr n; Ose / (Mech). 
ear cup Hormuschel / (sound lo- 
cator). 

eardrum Trommelfell n. 

earpiece Hormuschel / (Rad, Tp). 

ear-plug Ohrenverschlufiwatte /, 

Ohrenwatte / (cotton). 
earth Erde /. 

earth-bleach mixture Chlorkalk- 
Sand-Gemisch n (CWS). 



earth inductor compass Erdinduk- 

tionskompaC in. 
earthwork Erdwerk n, Gchanze / 

(Ft). 

east Osten m, Ost m. 

easterlies Ostwinde mpl (Met). 

Eastern European time osteuropa- 
ische Zeit (30° E standard mer- 
idian). 

E-boat Schnellboot n, Motorschnell- 
boot n, Motortorpedoboot n (Ger). 



ebonite 



288 



electrode 



ebonite Hartgummi m-n. 

eccentric sleeve Exzenterhiilse / 

(aiming circle). 
echelon Staffel / (Tac). 
echelonment Staffelung /. 
echo depth sounder Behmlot n, 

Echolot n (Nav). 
economic warfare Wirtschaftskrieg 

m. 

economy of force Kraftersparnis /, 

Kraftebemessung /. 
economy of manpower Krafteer- 

sparnis /. 
E. C. powder Nitrozellulosepulver n. 
ecrasite Ekrasit n (explosive). 
E.C. smokeless powder See E.C. 

powder. 

ED Athyldichlorarsin n, Athylarsin- 

dichlorid n (CWS). 
edge Schneide f (of a bayonet, etc.) ; 

Kante /, Rand m (Mech, Top). 
edge of land Fiihrungskante / (G 

barrel). 

edge of slope Boschungskante / 
(Top). 

edge of woods Waldrand in. 
edible efibar. 

Edison storage battery Edisonsamm- 
ler m. 

eduction tube AuslaCrohr n (Cml 

cylinder). 
effective wirksam, tatsachlich. 
effective beaten zone bestrichener 

Raum der Kerngarbe (MG). 
effective fire Wirkungsfeuer n, Wir- 

kungsschiefien n (Gunnery). 
effective output Nutzleistung / 

(Mech). 

effective part of cone Kerngarbe / 
(Ballistics); MG.-Kerngarbe f (MG 
fire). 

effective pattern See effective beaten 
zone. 

effective pitch Fortschritt m, Fort- 

schrittsteigung /, wirksame Stei- 

gung (propeller). 
effective range wirksame Schufiweite, 

Wirkungsbereich m (Ord). 
effective resistance Nutzwiderstand 

m (Elec). 
effective strength Iststarke /, Ist- 

stand m. 

effective wind Durchschnittswind m 

(Ballistics), 
effect of fire Feuerwirkung, /, 

SchuBwirkung / (Arty). 
effect of projectile GeschoBwirkung /. 



effect of ricochet burst Splitterwir- 
kung des Abprallers. 

effect of shell burst Splitterwir- 
kung der Granate. 

efficiency Wirkungsgrad m (Tech); 
Leistungsfahigkeit / (of perform- 
ance); Wirtschaf tlichkeit / (econ- 
omy). 

egg Ei n (plural: Eier,). 
eight-man tent Achterzelt n. 
eight-speed transmission Achtgang- 

getriebe n (MT). 
eighty-five percent zone bestrichener 

Raum der Kerngarbe (MG). 
ejector Auswerfer m (Ord). 
ejector mechanism Auswerfervor- 

richtung / (Ord). 
elastic n Gummiband n. 
elastic adj spannkraftig, federnd, 

elastisch. 

elasticity Spaimkraft /, Federkraft 

/, Elastizitat /. 
elasticity correction Ausschalten der 

Temperatureinflusse (Gunnery). 
elasticity effect Temperatureinflusse 

mpl (Ballistics). 
elbow Ellbogen m. 
elbow pipe Kriimmer m. 
elbow rest Armauflage / (trench). 
elbow telescope Winkelfernrohr n. 
electric elektrisch. 
electrical detonation elektrische 

Ziindung (Engr). 
electrical engineer Elektrotechniker 

m. 

electrically-charged obstacle Stark- 
stromsperre /, elektrisches Hinder- 
nis (Ft). 

electric circuit Stromkreis m. 

electric detonator Gliihzundstiick n. 

electrician Elektromechaniker m. 

electrician's knife Kabelmesser n. 

electric igniter Gluhziinder m (blast- 
ing cap); Gliihzundstiick n (Engr). 

electric meter Elektrizitatszahler to. 

electric motor Elektromotor m. 

electric primer elektrische Ziind- 
schraube (G). 

electric wiring Leitungsmaterial n 
(equipment) ; Leitungsnetz n (in- 
stalled). 

electrified obstacle Starkstrom- 
sperre /. 

electrode Elektrode f (in a spark 
plug, the grounded electrode; the 
insulated electrode is called Ziind- 
stift;. 



electromagnet 



289 



embargo 



electromagnet Elektromagnet m. 
electromagnetism Elektromagnetis- 

mus m. 
electron Elektron n. 
electron bomb Elektronbrandbombe 

/• 

electron-ray tube magisches Auge 
(Bad). 

electrostatic induction Influenz / 
(Elec). 

element Element n (Elec); Einheit 

/, Truppenteil n (Tac). 
elementary marksmanship training 

Schiefivorschule /. 
elephant halbtonnenformiges Well- 

blech (Ft, USA). 
elephant steel shelter Wellblech- 

Hiitte / (USA). 
elevate nach der Hohe richten, 

heben (G). 
elevating and traversing mechanism 

Richtmaschine / (G). 
elevating arc Zahnbogen m (G). 
elevating arm Riehthebel m (MG). 
elevating-arm shaft Richthebelwelle 

/ (MG). 

elevating-gear housing Riehtgehause 
. n (MG). 

elevating-gear lever Hohenhebel m 
(MG). 

elevating handwheel Handrad zur 
Hohenrichtung, Hohenrichtrad n 
(G). 

elevating knob Triebscheibe zur 
Hohenrichtung (Optics, Ord). 

elevating link Richtgelenk n (MG). 

elevating mechanism Hohenrichttrieb 
m, Hohenrichtwerk n, Hohenricht- 
maschine / (G, MG) ; Schrauben- 
spindelrichtmaschine / ( elevating- 
screw type) (G). 

elevating rack Zahnbogen m (G). 

elevating sector Hohengradbogen m 
(G). 

elevating shaft Hohenrichtwelle / 
(G). 

elevating stop Hohenbegrenzer m 
(MG). 

elevating worm Kippschnecke / ( aim- 
ing circle, BC telescope); Hohen- 
trieb m (sighting mechanism). 

elevation Erhohung / (Ballistics, G, 
MG); Rohrerhohung / (G); Hohe /, 
Richthohe / (Gunnery); Hohe /, 
Bodenerhebung / ( Top) ; Hohenricht- 
feld n (total movement in elevation) 
(G). 



elevation above sea level Hohe fiber 

dem Meeresspiegel. 
elevation angle Visierwinkel m, Auf- 

satzwinkel m, Erhohungswinkel 

m. 

elevation circle Teilkreis des 

Hohenrichttriebs (G). 
elevation controller Hohenrichtmann 

m (AAA). 
elevation difference Hohenunter- 

schied m. 

elevation graduations Aufsatzeintei- 

lung / (sight mount). 
elevation indicator Hohenempfanger 

m (AA gun). 
elevation level Hohenlibelle / (MG 

sight). 

elevation mechanism Hohenricht- 
trieb m, Hohenrichtwerk n (G, MG) ; 
Aufsatztrieb m (G). 

elevation micrometer Teilscheibe / 
( panoramic telescope ) . 

elevation plotting board Hohenmefi- 
plan m (Gunnery). 

elevation quadrant Winkelmesser m, 
Libellenquadrant m. 

elevation scale Erhohungsskala /, 
Hohenteilung / (G, MG). 

elevation screw • Hohenrichtschraube 
/ (prismatic sight). 

elevation setter Hohenrichtkanonier 
m. 

elevation setting ErhShungseinstel- 
lung / (Gunnery). 

elevation table Schufitafel zum 

Bestimmen der Erhohung. 

elevation tracking telescope Hohen- 
richtfernrohr n (height finder). 

elevator Hohenruder n, Hohen- 
steuer n (Ap); Aufzug m (for per- 
sonnel and freight); Fahrstuhl m 
(for personnel only). 

elevator assembly Hohenleitwerk n 
(Ap). 

elevator control Hohensteuerung / 
(Ap). 

elevator control lever Steuerhebel 
m, Hohenruderhebel m .(Ap). 

eliminate ausschalten (errors, etc.); 
ausscheiden (impurities); ausmer- 
zen (eradicate); ausstofien (expel); 
streichen (cross out); eliminieren 
(Math). 

elite troops Kerntruppen fpl. 
embankment Bahndamm m (BR); 

Dammkorper m (dam). 
embargo Embargo n, Handelssperre 



embark 



290 



end ramp 



/ (on commerce); Transportsperre 
/, Transportverbot n (on truck, RR 
and ship movements) . 

embark einschiffen (Pers); ver- 
laden (equipment, etc.). 

embarkation Einschiffen n, Ein- 
schiffung / (Pers); Verladung / 
(equipment, etc.). 

embassy Botschaft /. 

emblem Wahrzeichen n, Sinnbild n, 
Emblem n; Abzeichen n (insigne). 

embrasure SchieOscharte / (Ft). 

emergency Not /, Notfall m, Ernst- 
fall m. 

emergency antenna Behelf santenne /. 
emergency blasting charge Schnell- 

ladung / (Engr). 
emergency brake Notbremse /, 

Handbremse /. 
emergency bridge Behelfsbriicke /. 
emergency call Notruf m (Tp). 
emergency ceiling Gipfelhohe mit 

einem stehenden Motor (Ap). 
emergency construction material Be- 

helfsmaterial n (Engr). 
emergency flotation gear Schwimm- 

werk fur Landflugzeuge (Avn). 
emergency gas protection Behelfs- 

gasschutz m. f 
emergency illumination Notbeleuch- 

tung /. 

emergency landing Notlandung / 
(on land), Notwasserung f ■ (on 
water). 

make an emergency landing not- 
landen. 

emergency landing field. Notlande- 

hafen m, Notlandungsplatz m, Not- 

landeplatz m. 
emergency landing flare Notlande- 

fackel / (Avn). 
emergency line Notleitung / (Tp). 
emergency medical tag Begleitzett'el 

m. 

emergency pneumatic boat Behelfs- 

flofisack m. 
emergency ration eiserne Portion, 
emergency release Blindabwurf in 

(bombing). 
emergency release handle Notzug 

m (Ap). 

emergency salvo release Notwurf m, 

Notabwurf m (bombing). 
emery cloth Schmirgelleinwand /. 
emery paper Schmirgelpapier n. 
emery wheel Schmirgelscheibe /, 

Schmirgelrad n. 



emigrant Emigrant m, Auswanderer 
m. 

empennage Leitwerk n (Ap). 
empire Reich n; Kaiserreich n 

(country ruled by an emperor). 
emplace in Feuerstellung bringen. 
emplacement Stellung / (Tac); Nest 

n (Ft); Feuerstellung / (Mort, AT 

gun, etc.). 
emplacing Instellungbringen n 

(Arty). 

employment Einsatz m, Verwendung 
/ (Tac). 

employment of armored units Pan- 

zerverwendung /. 
employment of chemical agents 

Kampfstoffverwendung /. 
employment of major forces Massen- 

einsatz m (Tac). 
employment of prisoners of war 

Kriegsgefangeneneinsatz m. 
employment reconnaissance Einsatz- 

Aufklarung /. 
empower ermachtigen, bevoll- 

machtigen. 
empties Leergut n (Am); Leer- 

material n (RR). 
empty weight Leergewicht n. 
encampment Feldlager n. 
encipher chiffrieren, verschliisseln, 

ziffern. 

encipherment Verschliisselung /, 

Chiffrierung /. 
encircle einkesseln (Tac). 
encircled area Kessel m (Tac). 
encirclement Einkreisung /, Ein- 

kesselung /, Umklammerung / 

(Tac). 

encircling maneuver Einkreisungs- 
manover n; iiberholende Verfolgung 
(in pursuit). 

enclosure Einzaunung /, Umzau- 
nung /. 

encode schlusseln, verschliisseln. 
encoding Schlusseln n (Rad, Tg). 
encoding and decoding chart Schliis- 

selunterlage /. 
encoding section Schliisseltrupp m. 
encounter n Treffen n, Begegnung /, 

ZusammenstofJ m. 
encrypt See encipher, 
endanger gefahrden, in Gefahr 

bringen. 

end cap Mantelkopf m (MG jacket). 
end dam StoBbohle / (Bdg). 
end plate Endscheibe / ( Ap wing ) , 
end ramp Kopframpe / (RR). 



end station 



291 



entraining of troops 



end station .MeGstand m (Gunnery). 
endurance Plugdauer /, Flugzeit / 

(Avn); Ausdauer / (Per a). 
enemy Feind in. 

enemy action Feindeinwirkung / 
(Tac). 

enemy activity Feindtatigkeit /. 
enemy alien feindlicher Auslander. 
enemy fire Feindfeuer n, Feind- 

beschufi m. 
enemy forces Feindkrafte fpl, Feind- 

streitkrafte fpl. 
enemy movement Feindbewegung /. 
enemy observation Feindsicht /, 

Feindeinsicht /. 
enemy pressure Feinddruck m. 
enemy resistance Feindwiderstand 

m. 

enemy terrain Feindgelande n. 
enemy territory Feindesland n. 
enemy zone Feindraum m. 
energy Energie /, Kraft /. 
Enfield rifle Enfield-Gewehr n. 
enfilade v der Lange nach beschiefien. 
enfilade fire Seitenfeuer n, flankie- 

rendes Feuer, bestreichendes Feuer, 

Langsbestreichung /, Langsfeuer n. 
engage in ein Gefecht verwickeln 

(Tac); einkuppeln (the clutch) 

(MT). 

engagement Gefecht n, Gefechts- 
handlung /, Kampfhandlung / 
(Tac). 

engaging of successive targets Ziel- 

wechsel to. 
engine Motor m, Maschine / (MT); 

Lokomotive / (BR). 
engine brake Motorbremse / (MT). 
engine compartment Motorenraum 

m (Tk). 

engine cowling Motorhaube /, Motov- 
verkleidung /, Haubenverkleidung / 
(Ap). 

engineer Pionier m (Army); In- 
genieur m (Nav) (also civilian of- 
ficial in Ger Army). 

Engineer Amphibian Command Pio- 
nier-Landungstruppen fpl (USA). 

engineer assault platoon Pioniei- 
sturmzug m. 

engineer combat equipment Pionier- 
Kampfmittel npl. 

engineer commander Pionierf iihrer ui. 

Engineer Corps Pionierkorps n, Pio- 
niertruppe /. 

engineer depot Pionierpark m. 



engineer dump Pionierzwischen- 
park m. 

engineer equipment Pioniergerat n. 
engineer explosives Pionierspreng- 

mittel npl. 
engineer headquarters Pionierstab m. 
engineer officer Pionieroffizier m. 
engineer reconnaissance Pionierauf- 

klarung /. 
Engineer School Pionierschule /. 
engineer soldier Pionier m. 
engineer's scale Reduktionsmafl- 

stab m. 

engineer tool Pionierwerkzeug n. 
engineer troops Pioniere mpl, Pio- 

niertruppen fpl. 
engineer vehicle Pionierfahrzeug n. 
engine failure Motorpanne /. 
engine house Lokomotivschuppen m 

(RR). 

engine preheater Vorwarmer m. 
engine repair Motoren-Instandset- 
zung /. 

engine rpm Motordrehzahl /. 
engine torque Motordrehmoment n. 
engine trouble Motorstorung /. 
engine yard Lokomotivbahnhof m 

(RR). 
enlarge vergrofiern. 
enlargement VergroBerung /. 
enlarging projector Vergrofierungs- 

apparat m. 
enlist sich freiwillig melden. 
enlisted cadre Rahmenheer n, 

Stammtruppen fpl. 
enlisted man Soldat m, Mann m; 

Fliegersoldat m (Luftwaffe). 
enlisted men See enlisted personnel, 
enlisted personnel Unteroffiziere und 

Mannschaften. 
enlisted specialists Unteroffiziere 

und Mannschaften der Sonderlauf- 

bahnen. 

enlistment Eintreten als Freiwilli- 
ger. 

enroll sich freiwillig melden. 

en route unterwegs. 

ensign Leutnant zur See (Nav); 

Kriegsflagge / ( flag ) . 
entanglement Verhau m, Drahtver- 

hau m. 

entertainment Unterhaltung /. 
entrain verladen (RR). 
entraining officer Verladeoffizier m 
(RR). 

entraining of troops Truppeneinla- 
dung /. 



entraining point 



292 



evacuation of prisoners 



entraining point Verladeplatz to 
(RR). 

entraining table Fahrtliste /, Ver- 

ladeplan m (RR). 
entrance Eingang to, Eintritt m, 

Zutritt to. 
entrance hatch Einsteigluke / (Tk). 
entrench schanzen, einschanzen, sich 

eingraben. 
entrenching tools Schanzzeug n. 
entrenchment Nest n, Verschanzung 

/ (Ft). 
entruck verladen (MT). 
entrucking point Verladeplatz m 

(MT). 

entrucking table Verladeplan m 
(MT). 

envelop umfassen (Tac). 

envelope Ballonhiille / (Bin); Glas- 

gefa.13 n (Rad tube); Umschlag m 

(for a letter). 
enveloping attack umfassender 

Angriff. 

envelopment Umfassung /, Umklam- 

merung / (Tac). 
epaulet Epaulette /. 
epi Gleiskurve /, Klaue / (for RR 

gun). 

epidemic n Seuche /, Epidemie /. 

episcope Episkop n. 

equal area projection flachentreue 

Projektion (mapping). 
equal section charge aus zwei glei- 

chen Teilladungen bestehende Treib- 

ladung (Am). 
equation Gleichung / (Math). 
equator Aquator to. 
equilibrator Ausgleicher m (G). 
equilibrator anchor Ausgleicherarm 

m (G). 
equip ausstatten. 
equipage Ausriistungsstiicke npl. 
equipment Gerat n, Ausriistung /. 
equipment car Geratewagen m. 
equipment on hand Istbestand m. 
equipment truck Geratekraftwagen 

m. 

equipment wagon Geratewagen m. 
equivalent circuit Ersatzschaltschema 

n (Elec). 
eraser Radiergummi m. 
erect v errichten, bauen. 
erect adj aufrecht. 
erect truss Hangewerk n (Bdg). 
erosion Abnutzung /, Ausbrennung 

/ (Ord). 



erosion of the bore Rohrabnutzung /, 

Ausbrennung / (Ord). 
error Fehler m. 

escape n Entweichen n (Tac); 

Flucht /. 
escape v entlaufen, entweichen. 
escape hatch Bodenluke / (Ap, Tk); 

Falltiir / (Ap). 
escarpment Boschung /. 
escort n Geleit n, Geleitmannschaft 

/, Bedeckung /, Bedeckungsmann- 

schaft /; Begleitschutz m (Avn). 
escort airplane Sicherungsflugzeug it. 
escort of honor Ehrengeleit n. 
escort party Begleitkommando n. 
escort vessel Begleitschiff n, Geleit- 

schiff n. 

escutcheon Abzeichen /, Hoheitsab- 

zeichen n. 
espionage Spionage /, Ausspahung /. 
esprit de corps Korpsgeist m. 
essential items wehrwichtige Guter. 
establishment Heereseinrichtung /, 

Heeresanstalt / ( organization or in- 
stitution). 
establishment of communication Ver- 

bindungsaufnahme /. 
establishment of contact Fiihlung- 

nahme / (Tac). 
establishment of liaison Verbindungs- 

aufnahme /. 
estimate n Schatzung /, Beurtei- 

lung /. 

estimate v schatzen, beurteilen. 
estimate of terrain Gelandebeurtei- 
lung /. 

estimate of the situation Beurtei- 
lung der Lage, Lagebeurteilung / 
(Tac). 

estimation Schatzung / (Gunnery). 
ether Ather m. 

ethyldichlorarsine Athydichlorarsin 
n, Athylarsindichlorid n (CWS). 

ethyliodoacetate Jodessigester m 
(CWS). 

evacuate abbefordern (PW, wound- 
ed, etc.); abtransportieren, abschie- 
ben (supplies, equipment, etc.). 

evacuating officer Abschuboffizier m. 

evacuation Abschub m, Abtransport 
w, Abbeforderung /. 

evacuation hospital Kriegslazarett n. 

evacuation hospital battalion Kriegs- 
lazarettabteilung /. 

evacuation of prisoners Gefangenen- 
abschub to. 



evacuation of the sick 



293 



explosive D 



evacuation of the sick Krankenab- 

transport m. 
evacuation of wounded Abschub von 

Verwundeten, Verwundetenabschub 

to, Verwundetenabtransport to. 
evacue(e) Evakuierter to, Abge- 

schobener m. 
evade ausweichen. 
evading movement Ausweichbewe- 

gung /. 

evaluation Auswertung /, Beurtei- 
lung /. 

evaluation of information Nachrich- 

tenbeurteilung /. 
evaluation of terrain Gelandebeur- 

teilung /. 

evidence Beweismaterial n (Law). 

evolution Formveranderung / (Tac). 

examine prufen, untersuchen; ver- 
nehmen, verhoren, ausfragen (ques- 
tion). 

excavator Baggerwerk n, Bagger to 
(Engr). 

excess stock Mehrbestand m. 

exchange n Austausch m, Tausch m; 
Amt n, Telephonamt n (Tp); Wech- 
sel m (currency) ; Wechselkurs in 
(rate); Marketenderei / (PX). 

exchange of prisoners Gefangenen- 
austausch to. 

exchange ship Austauschschiff n. 

excitation current Erregerstrom to 
(Elec). 

excitation winding Erregerwicklung 

/ (Elec). 
excite erregen (Elec). 
exciter Erreger to (Bad). 
excrement Kot to, Stuhl m. 
excused from duty vom Dienst ent- 

schuldigt. 

execute durchfiihren, ausfiihren, 

vollstrecken (carry out); hinrichten 

(put to death). 
execution Durchftihrung /, Ausfuh- 

rung / (carrying out); Hinrichtung 

/ (putting to death). 
executive Batterieoffizier m (firing 

Btry). 

executive officer Adjutant m. 

executive order Notverordnung /. 

exempt adj befreit, verschont, frei; 
zuriickgestellt (deferred). 

exercise n tlbung / (drill, Tng man- 
euver); Leibesiibung / (physical). 

exhaust n Auspuff m (Mtr). 

exhaust v erschopfen (tire out, use 
up); aufbrauchen (use up). 



exhaust^ duct Auspuffleitung /, Aus- 
puff kanal m (Mtr). 

exhaust gases Abgase npl. 

exhaust manifold Auspuffkriimmer m. 

exhaust port AuslaBventilkammer /. 

exhaust stroke Auspuffhub m, Aus- 
pufftakt m. 

exhaust turbine Abgasturbine / 
(Ap). 

exhaust valve AuslaCventil n. 

exile n Verbannung /, Exil n; Ver- 

bannte(r) m (person). 
exile v verbannen. 
exonerate freisprechen, entlasten. 
expedient Behelf m, Aushilfe / 

(aid); List / (clever act). 
expeditionary force Expeditions- 

armee /. 

expendable verbrauchbar, verzehr- 
bar. 

expendable supplies Mittel npl, Ver- 
brauchsstoffe mpl, Verbrauchsgiiter 
npl. 

expenditure of ammunition Muni- 

tionsverbrauch m. 
experiment n Versuch m, Experi- 
ment n. 

experiment v Versuche anstellen, ex- 

perimentieren. 
experimental airplane Versuchsflug- 

zeug n. 

expert n Pachmann m, Sachver- 
standiger to. 

expert adj ausgezeichnet (excel- 
lent); qualifiziert (qualified). 

expiration Ablauf to, Beendigung / 
(termination); Verfall m (lapse). 

explode bersten, krepieren, ex- 

plodieren. 

exploder Gluhziindapparat to (Engr). 

exploit n Heldentat /. 

exploit v ausnutzen (Tac). 

exploitation Ausnutzung / (Tac). 

explosion Explosion /. 

explosive Sprengstoff to (generic 
term); Sprengmittel n (in prepared 
form). 

explosive block Sprengkorper to; 
Sprengbiichse /' (in container) . 

explosive bomb Sprengbombe /. 

explosive bullet Sprenggeschofl n 
(projectile) ; Sprengpatrone / (cart- 
ridge). 

explosive charge Sprengladung / 
(Engr.) 

explosive D Ammoniumpikrat n. 



explosive filler 



294 



failure 



explosive filler SprengstofFiillung / 
(Am). 

explosive force Sprengkraft / (Am). 
explosive rivet Sprengniete /. 
explosive train Zundsatz m. 
exposed often, ungeschiitzt, un- 

angelehnt (Tac). 
exposed flank unangelehnte Flanke, 

ungeschiitzte Flanke. 
exposed position offene Stellung 

(Tac). 

exposed wing offener Fliigel (Tac). 
exposure Aussetzung f (to danger, 

cold, disease) ; Belichtung/ (Photo); 

Enthullung / (revelation). 
exposure time Belichtungszeit / 

(Photo). 
express highway Autobahn /. 
extend auseinanderziehen (Tac); 

ausfahren (Ap landing gear). 
extendable mount Klapplafette / 

(Ap MG). 
extended formation geoffnete Flug- 

ordnung (Avn). 
extended order geoffnete Ordnung 

(Tac); geoffnete Linie (in width). 
extension arm Klapparm m (A A 

sight). 

extension in depth Tiefenausdeh- 

nung / (Tac). 
extension in width Breitenausdeh- 

nung / (Tac). 
extensive smoke screen Groflver- 

nebelung /. 
exterior balk Ortbalken m. (floating 

Bdg). 



exterior ballistic factors Witte- 

rungseinfliisse mpl. 
exterior ballistics auBere Ballistik, 

auflere Sehiefilehre. 
exterior guard Aufienwache /. 
exterior stringer Ortbalken m 

(fixed Bdg). 
exterminate ausrotten, vertilgen, 

vernichten. 
external contracting brake AuBen- 

backenbremse / (MT). 
external suspension Aufienaufhan- 

gung f (of bombs). 
extinguish ldschen. 
extinguisher Feuerloscher m. 
extinguisher fluid Loschfliissigkeit /. 
extract v ausziehen. 
extraction of root Radizierung / 

(Math). 

extractor Auszieher m (Ord). 
extract order Einzelbefehl m. 
extra duty Strafdienst m. 
extreme range Hochstschufiweite / 

(Ord). 
eye Auge n. 

eyeguard Augenmuschel /. 

eyepiece Einblick m, Okular n (Op- 
tics); Augenfenster n (gas mask). 

eyepiece frame Augenring m (gas 
mask). 

eyepiece lens Einblicklinse /. 
eyepiece mount Einblickstutzen m. 
eyepiece tube Einblickrohr n. 
eyesight Sehkraft /, Sehvermogen 

n, Sehscharfe /. 
"Eyes, left!" "Die Augen, links!" 
"Eyes, right!" "Augen, rechts!" 



F 



fabric Stoff m. 

fabric covering Bespannung / (Ap). 
face n Gesicht n. 

face form Maskenspanner m (to 
prevent gas-mask distortion). 

facepiece Maskenkorper m (gas 
mask). 

facing Wendung / (drill). 

facing distance Wendungsabstand m. 

facsimile equipment Bildtelegraphie- 

Gerat n (Tg); Bildfunkgerat n 

(Rad). 
fact Tatsache /. 



factor Faktor m, Koeffizient m; Wert 

m (value). 
factor of safety Sicherheitskoefn- 

zient m (Mech). 
factory Fabrik /. 
fade schwinden, abnehmen (Rad). 
fading Fading n, Schwund m (Rad). 
fading effect Schwundwirkung / 

(Rad). 

fail miBlingen, scheitern, fehl- 

schlagen, versagen. 
failure Miflerfolg m, MiBlingen n; 

Betriebsstorung / (Elec, Tp); Panne 



Fairey gun mount 



295 



Ferry Command 



/ (Mtr); Unterlassung /, Versaum- 

nis n (neglect). 
Fairey gun mount Fairey-Sonder- 

lafette / (Ap). 
fairing Verkleidung /, Profilierung / 

(Ap). 

fake gas "Scheingas" n, "Schwindel- 

gas" n (CWS). ' 
fall n Herbst m (season); Fall m 

( drop ) . 

fall v fallen; sinken (of prices, 

temperature, etc.). 
fall back ausweichen, sich absetzen, 

sich zuriickziehen, zuriickgehen. 
fall in antreten. 

"Fall in!" "Antreten!" (not at at- 
tention); "Angetreten!" (at atten- 
tion); "In Marschordnung, angetre- 
ten!" (in column of threes); "In 
Doppelreihe, angetreten!" (in col- 
umn of twos); "In Linie, angetre- 
ten!" (in three ranks); "In Linie zu 
zwei Gliedern, angetreten!" (in two 
ranks); "In Linie zu einem Glied, 
angetreten!" (in one rank); "In I 
Reihe, angetreten!" (in single file). 

fall off sich seitlich abrutschen las- 
sen, sich uber den Fliigel abrutschsn 
lassen (Avn). 

fall out wegtreten (drill). 

"Fall out!" "Weggetreten!" (dis- 
missed); "Heraustreten!" (to men 
in barracks). 

false attack Scheinangriff m. 

false ogive Ziinderdeckel m (Am). 

family allowance Familienunterhalt 
m. 

famine Hungersnot /, Nahrungs- 

mangel m. 
fan n Windfliigel m (MT). 
fan-marker beacon. Kreisfunkfeuer 

n (Rad). 

fanning out seitliches Einschwenken 
(Tac). 

fan out seitlich einschwenken (Tac). 

fan-type engine Fachermotor m. 

far fern, weit, entfernt. 

farad Farad n (Elec). 

fare Fahrpreis m (RR, etc.). 

fascine Faschine /, Reisigbiindel n. 

fascine revetment Strauchwerkbe- 

kleidung /, Strauchbiindelbekleidung 

/; Senkfaschine / (sunken). 
fascine road Strauchdamm m, Fa- 

schinenbahn /; Faschinendamm m 

(raised). 

fasten verbinden (tie); leimen 



(glue); verkitten, ankleben (with 
adhesives) ; anstecken (hitch). 

fathom Faden m (Nav). 

fathometer Behmlot n, Echolot n 
(Nav). 

fatigue Arbeitsdienst m (duty); 
Miidigkeit /, Ermiidung / (exhaus- 
tion). 

fatigue detail Arbeitskommando n. 
fatigue duty Arbeitsdienst m (Mil). 
fatigue strength Dauerfestigkeit / 
(Engr). 

fatigue uniform Arbeitsanzug m, 
Drillichanzug to. 

feathered position Segelstellung / 
(propeller). 

feces Kot m, Stuhl to. 

feed n Speisung / (Elec, MT) ; Flit- 
ter n (for horses). 

feed v abfiittern (horses, etc.); zu 
essen geben (Pers). 

feedback Riickkopplung / (Rad). 

feed bag FreGbeutel to. 

feed belt Patronengurt m, Gurt to 
(MG). 

feed box Zufiihrungsgehause n (AA 
gun). 

feeder current Speisestrom m (Elec). 
feed funnel Patronenschacht m (Ap 
MG). 

feeding Verpflegung / (Pers); Fiit- 
tern n (horses, etc.); Zufiihrung / 
(Am). 

feeding device Ladevorrichtung / 

(Small Arms) ; Mehrladevorrichtung 

/ (magazine) (R). 
feed mechanism Zufuhrer m (Ord). 
feint n Tauschungsmanover n, 

Scheinangriff to, Scheingefecht n 

(Tac). 
feint v vortauschen. 
felloe Felge /. 
felt Filz m. 
felt boot Filzstiefel m. 
felt hat Filzhut m. 
fence Zaun m. 

fender Abweiser m (G); Kotfliigel 
to (MT). 

ferro-concrete See reinforced con- 
crete, 
ferrule Beschlag m. 
ferry n Fahre /, tibersetzfahre /. 
ferry v uberfiihren (Avn). 
ferryboat Fahre /. 
ferry cable Fahrseil n (Engr). 
Ferry Command Abholkommando n, 



ferry embarkation point 



296 



field trunk cable 



Tjberfiihrungskommando n, Liefer- 
kommando n (USA). 
ferry embarkation point Fahrstelle 
/• 

ferry for vehicles Wagenfahre /. 
ferrying flight tiberfiihrungsflug to. 
ferrying operations Fahrbetrieb to. 
ferrying point Ubersetzstelle /. 
ferrying service Lieferdienst to 

(Avn). 

ferrying site Fahrstelle /. 
fetlock Kote / (horse). 
fever Fieber n. 
fiber Faser /. 
field Feld n. 

field airdrome Feldflugplatz m, Feld- 

flughafen to. 
field army Feldarmee /. 
Field Artillery Artillerie /. 
field artillery intelligence Nach- 

richtensammeln iiber den Gegner 

(Arty). 

Field Artillery School Artillerie- 
schule /. 

field artillery survey Vermessung 

von Feuerstellungen (Arty). 
field artillery trainer ZimmerschieO- 

gerat n. 
field bag Brotbeutel to. 
field bakery Feldbackerei /. 
field cap Feldmiitze /. 
field cell Feldelement n (Tp). 
field development Verbesserung auf 

Grund von Kampferfahrungen. 
field duty Dienst bei der Truppe, 

Felddienst to. 
field emplacement Feuerstellung /. 
field equipment Feldgerat n. 
field exercise Gelandeiibung /, Feld- 

dienstubung /. 
field firing GefechtsschieCen n (R). 
field firing range Gefechtsschiefi- 

stand to (R). 
field forces Feldheer n. 
field fortification Feldbefestigung f, 

befestigte Feldstellung. 
fieldglass Glas n, Fernglas n, Dop- 

pelglas n. 
field grade Stabsofiiziersrang m. 
field gun Feldkanone /, Feldge- 

schiitz n. 

field hospital Hauptverbandplatz m. 
field jacket Windjacke / (Clo). 
field kit Wasche, Putz- und Nahzeug. 
field kitchen Feldkuche /. 
field laboratory Feldlaboratorium n, 



chemische und hygienische Unter- 

suchungsstelle (Med). 
field magazine Munitionslager in 

Geschiitznahe, Munitionsnische /. 
field magnet Feldmagnet m. 
field maneuvers Truppeniibungen 

fpl. 

field manual Druckvorschrift /. 
Field Marshal Feldmarschall m, 

Generalf eldmarschall m (Ger). 
field medical record Krankenblatt n. 
field mess Feldverpflegung f. 
field message book Meldeblock m. 
field officer Stabsoffizier to. 
field of fire Schufifeld n, Wirkungs- 

bereich to. 
field of view Blickfeld n, Sehfeld n, 

Gesichtsfeld n (Optics). 
field order Sattelbefehl to. 
field pack Tornister w. 
field piece Feldkanone /, Feldge- 

schiitz n (G). 
field position- Feldstellung /. 
field radio See field radio set. 
field radio section Kleinfunktrupp to. 
field radio set Feldf unksprechgerat n. 
field radio truck Kleinfunkkraft- 

wagen to. 
field railroad Feldbahn /. 
field range Feldkochherd to (field 

kitchen). 

field ration Feldportion /, Feldration 
/• 

field safe Kriegskasse /. 

Field Service Regulations Feld- 

dienstordnung /, Druckvorschriften 

fur Fiihrung und Gefecht der ver- 

bundenen Waffen. 
field shop Feldwerkstatt /. 
field strip v Waffengruppen aus- 

einandernehmen. 
field target Gefechtsscheibe /. 
field target firing GefechtsschieCen n 

(R). 

field telegraph tragbarer Telegraph. 

field telephone Feldfernsprecher m. 

field telephone line Feldlinie /, Feld- 
.kabelleitung /; Felddauerlinie / 
(permanent). 

field-telephone operator Feldfern- 
sprecher TO. 

field testing box Feldpriifschrank to 
(Tp). 

field testing set FeldmefSkastchen n. 
field training Gelandeausbildung /. 
field trunk cable Feldfernkabel re 
(Tp). 



field uniform 



297 



final assembly area 



field uniform Feldanzug m. 
field wagon Feldwagen m. 
field well Feldbrunnen m. 
field wire Feldkabel n (Tp). 
field-wire laying Feldkabelbau m 
(Tp). 

field-wire line Feldkabelleitung / 
(Tp). 

field-wire strand Feldkabelader / 
(Tp). 

fifth column Fiinfte Kolonne. 
fifth-wheel steering Drehschemellen- 
kung /. 

fifty percent zone Streifen der 50 
%igen oder mittleren Streuung. 

fight v kampfen, fechten. 

fighter See fighter airplane. 

fighter airdrome Jagerplatz m. 

fighter airplane Jager m, Jagdflug- 
zeug n; Zerstorer m (long range). 

fighter aviation Jagdflieger mpl. 

fighter-bomber Jagdbomber m, Jabo 
m. 

fighter command Kommando der 

Jagdflieger (USA). 
fighter defense Jagdabwehr / ( Avn). 
fighter escort Jagerschutz in, Jagd- 

schutz m, Begleitschutz m (Avn). 
fighter formation Jagdverband m 

(Avn). 

fighter group Jagdgruppe / (Avn). 
fighter pilot Jagdflieger m (Avn). 
fighter school Jagdfliegerschule / 
(Avn). 

fighter screen Jagdsperre / (Avn). 
fighter squadron Jagdstaffel / 

(Avn). 

fighter wing Jagdgeschwader n 

(Avn). 

fighting compartment Kampfabteil 
m (Tk). 

fighting control Flugftihrung und 
Feuerleitung (bombardment forma- 
tion). 

fighting power Kampfkraft /. 
fighting qualities Kampfwert m (of 

a unit). 
fighting spirit Kampfgeist m. 
filament Gliihfaden m (Elec). 
filament battery Heizsammler m, 

Heizbatterie / (Rad). 
filament circuit Heizkreis m (Rad). 
filament current Heizstrom m (Rad). 
file Reihe / (formation) ; Feile / 

(Tech); Kartothek / (card file). 

in file treffenweise, in Reihe. 
file closer SchlieBender m. 



file leader Anfiihrer m. 

filing cabinet Aktenschrank m. 

filing card Karteikarte /. 

fill n Damm m, Aufschiittung / 

(Engr, Top). 
fill v fiillen. 

filler Fiillung /; Sprengstoffiillung 
/ (explosive). 

filler cap Fiillschraube / (MG). 

filler charge Sprengfiillung / (Am). 

filler cover Verschlufikappe / (MG). 

filling Fiillung / (Am, CWS). 

filling plug Fiillzapfen m. 
\ filling station Tankstelle / (MT). 
\ film Film m. 

i film-pack adapter Filmkassette / 

(Photo). 
film strip Filmstreifen m. 
filter n Filter m; Weiche / (Rad); 

Sieb n (Mtr, Rad); Kraftstoffreini- 

ger m (Mtr). 
filter v filtern, filtrieren. 
filter area von einem Flugwachkom- 

mando uberwachtes Gebiet (AWS). 
filter board Kartentisch des Flug- 

meldedienstes. 
filter center Flugwachkommando n 

(AWS). 

filter circuit Sperrkreis m (Rad). 
filter container Filtergehause n ( gas 
mask ) . 

filter element Filtereinsatz m, Atem- 
einsatz m (gas mask). 

filter-element container Einsatztopf 
m (gas mask). 

filter funnel Siebtrichter m (MT). 

filtering Sammeln, Auswerten und 
Weitergeben der eingehenden Flug- 
meldungen (AWS). 

filter officer leitender Offizier beim 
Flugwachkommando. 

filter replacement Filterwechsel m 
(gas mask). 

fin Fliigel m (Mort shell, R gren- 
ade, bomb); Stabilisierungsflugel m, 
Steuerfliigel in (bomb); Flosse /, 
Seitenflosse / (Ap); Kuhlrippe / 
(cooling fin of engine); Steuerflache 
/ (stabilizing fin of Mort shell). 

final amplifier Hauptsender m, Lei- 
stungsstufe f (of a Rad transmit- 
ter). 

final assembly Bereitstellung / 

(Tac); Fertigmontage /, Endmon- 
tage / (Tech). 

final assembly area Bereitstellungs- 

raum m, 



final objective 



298 



fire position 



final objective Endziel M. 
final protective line letzte Wider- 
standslinie (Tac). 

final stage of amplification Lei- 
stungsstufe / (Rad transmitter) . 

finance n Kassenwesen n. 

Finance Department Kassenabtei- 
lung /. 

finance officer Ofnzier der Kas- 
senabteilung. 

finder telescope Sucherfernrohr n 
(height finder). 

findings Untersuchungsergebnis n, 
BeschluB m (Law). 

fine n Geldstrafe / (Law). ■ 

fine grain Peinkorn n (Photo). 

fine setting Feineinstellung / (op- 
tical Inst). 

fine' sight Feinkorn n (R aiming). 

fine tuning Feineinstellung / (Rad). 

finger Finjsr to. 

fingernail Nagel to, Fingernagel to. 

fingerprint n Fingerabdruck to. 

fingerprint v Fingerabdriicke ma- 
chen, daktyloskopieren. 

fin shaft Fliigelschaft / (Mort shell). 

fin surface Rippenflache / (air- 

cooled engine). 

fire n SchieBen n, Feuer n, BeschuQ 
to. 

fire v schieflen, feuern, abfeuern; ab- 
driicken (press the trigger). 

"Fire !" "Feuer f rei I" (R) ; "Feuer ! " 
(Arty). 

fire adjustment EinschieOen n, Ein- 
richten n, Richt- oder Ziinderein- 
stellung beim Einschiefien. 

fire against personnel Schieflen ge- 
gen lebende Ziele (Gunnery). 

fire and maneuver See fire and move- 
ment. 

fire and movement Feuer und Be- 

wegung (Tac). 
firearm Feuerwaffe /, Schufiwaffe /. 
fire barrage Sperrfeuer n. 
fire bay Feuerstellung / (trench). 
firebreak Schneise /, Waldschneise 

/• 

fire by a battalion Abteilungsschie- 

fien n ( Arty ) . 
fire by command for range Schieflen 

mit Entfernungskommandos. 
fire by piece at command geschiitz- 

weises Feuer (Arty). 
fire call Feuersignal n. 
fire command Feuerbefehl to. 
fire control Feuerregelung / (Arty). 



fire-control aid SchieBbehelf w ( Gun- 
nery). 

fire-control car Geratewageh m 

(RR). 

fire-control code Zeichen fur die 

Feuerleitung (Arty). 
fire-control equipment Feuerleit- 

gerat n (Arty). 
fire-control grid Gitterschieflplan m 

( Gunnery). 
fire-control instruments Beobach- 

tungs- und Vermessungsgerat n 

(Arty). 

fire-control map Schieflplan in, 

Feuerleitungsplan to (Gunnery). 
fire-control net Feuerleitungsnetz 

11 (Arty). 
firecracker Knallkorper to, Kanonen- 

schlag m (simulated fire). 
fire crest Brustwehrkrone / ( trench) ; 

Gewehraufiage / (Ft). 
fire curtain Feuervorhang m, Feuer- 

wand /, Feuerschutz m. 
fire department Feuerwehr /. 
fire detector selbsttatiger Feuermel- 

der (Tk). 
fire direction Feuerleitung /. 
fire-direction center Feuerleitungs- 

stelle /, Leitstand m (Arty). 
fire-direction net Feuerleitungsnetz 
' n (Arty). 

fire director Kommandogerat n, 

Flakkommandogerat n (AAA). 
fire-director data Kommandowerte 

mpl (AAA). 
fire discipline Feuerzucht / (Arty). 
fire distribution Feuerverteilung / 

(Arty, MG). 
fire duel Feuergefecht n, Feuer- 

kampf m. 
fire effect Feuerwirkung /. 
lire engine Feuerspritze /. 
fire extinguisher Feuerloscher to. 
fire fight Feuergefecht n, Feuer- 

kampf to. 
fire for destruction Zerstorungsfeuer 

n, Vernichtungsfeuer n (Arty). 
fire for effect Wirkungsschieflen n 

( Gunnery ) . 
fire lane SehuBschneise /. 
fire marshal Brandmeister to. 
fire mission Schieflauftrag to, Feuer- 

auftrag to (Arty). 
fire order Feuerbefehl m. 
fire plan Feuerplan to (Tac); Feuer- 

loschordnung / (fire fighting). 
fire position Feuerstellung /. 



firepower 



299 



fishtail wind 



firepower Feuerkraft /. 
fire preparation Feuervorbereitung / 
(Tac). 

fire prevention Brandschutz m. 
fireproof feuerfest, feuersicher. 
fire raft Brander m. 
fire sector Beobachtungs- und Wir- 

kungsstreifen to, Zielraum m, Ziel- 

absehnitt m (Small Arms). 
fire step Schiitzenauftritt m (Ft). 
fire superiority Feueriiberlegenheit /. 
fire support Feuerunterstiitzung /. 
fire trench Schiitzengraben m (Ft). 
fire unit Feuereinheit / (Arty). 
firewall Brandschott n, Brandspant 

to (Ap). 

firing Schiefien n, Feuern n, Abfeu- 
ern n; Ziinden n, Ziindung / (a 
blasting charge); ErdzielbeschuB m 
(at ground targets); Flugzielbe- 
sehuB m (at aerial targets). 

firing angle Richtungswinkel to. 

firing azimuth Seitenrichtung /. 

firing base Lafettenstiitze /. 

firing battery Gefechtsbatterie /. 

firing bay Feuerstellung / (trench). 

firing chart Batterieplan m, Plan- 
pause / (Arty). 

firing circuit Abfeuerungsverbindung 
/ (Tk MG or G). 

firing command Feuerkommando n 
(Arty). 

firing correction Schufiverbesserung 

/ (Gunnery). 
firing data SchieGgrundlagen fpl, 

Schufiwerte mpl, Schufielemente npl 

( Gunnery) . 
firing device Ziindvorrichtung / 

(mines). 

firing elevation Rohrerhohung /. 
firing interval Zeitabstand m, Pause 
/• 

firing jack Geschiitzwinde /. 

firing lever Abzugsstiick % Abfeue- 

rungshebel m, Abzugshebel m (G). 
firing line Feuerlinie /;• Feuerkette 

/ (Pers). 

firing mechanism Abzugsvorrichtung 

/, Abfeuerungsvorrichtung /. 
firing order Ziindfolge f (of engine 

cylinders). 
firing party fur die Ehrensalven 

bestimmte Abteilung (at graveside^ 

service ) . 

firing pin Nadel /, Ziindnadel / 

(fuze); Schlagbolzen m (Ord). 



firing-pin spring Schlagbolzenfeder 

/ (pistol, fuze). 
firing-pin support Nadelstiick n 

(fuze). 

firing-pin trip Spannfalle / (breech- 
block). 

firing-port shutter Schartenblende /. 
firing position Feuerstellung / 

(place); Anschlagsart / (standing, 

kneeling, etc.). 

in firing position feuerbereit, in 

Feuerstellung. 
firing practice Schieflubung /. 
firing procedure SchieBverfahren n. 
firing range SchuBweite / (dis- 

tance); Schieflstarjd, m (place). 
firing regulations SchieBvorschrift /. 
firing spur Stichgleis n (RR Arty). 
firing squad Erschiefiungskommando 

n (at an execution). 
firing stand Schiefigestell n (MG). 
firing step See fire step, 
firing table SchuBtafel /: Artil- 

lerierechenschieber m (graphical). 
firing-table elevation schufitafelma- 
. Bige Erhohung (Gunnery). 
firing-table range schuBtafelmaBige 

SchuBweite (Gunnery). 
firing technique Schiefiteehnik /. 
firing wire Zunderdraht m, Spreng- 

kabel n (blasting). 
first aid erste Hilfe, erster Wundver- 

band. 

first-aid dog Sanitatshund m. 

first-aid kit, Verbandzeug n. 

first-aid packet Verbandpackchen v. 

first-aid pouch Notverbandtasche /. 

first-aid supplies Verbandzeug n. 

first lieutenant Oberleutnant m ; 

Oberleatnant der Flieger (Luft- 
waffe); Oberarzt m (Med); Oher- 
veterinar in (Vet). 

first name Rufname m. 

first officer Erster Offizier (Nav). 

first sergeant Hauptfeldwebel m; 
Hauptwachtmeister m (Arty, Cav). 

first sergeant's call Versammlung 
der Hauptfeldwebel zur Befehlsaus- 
gabe. 

fiscal year Haushaltsjahr n. 

fish n Fisch to. 

fish net Fisehnetz n (Cam). 

fishtail Abbremsen des Flugzeuges 
bei der Landung durch dauerndes 
Bewegen des Seitenruders (Avn). 

fishtail wind standig wechselnder 
Wind. 



fist 



300 



flash message 



fist Faust /. 

fit v passen; montieren (assemble). 

fit for duty dienstfahig. 

fitting Verpassung /, Verpassen n 

(of uniforms, etc.); Zubehcirteil m, 

Armatur /, Pafistiick n (Tech). 
fix n Koppelort m (Air Navigation). 
fix v fesseln (Tac). 
"Fix bayonets!" "Seitengewehr, 

pflanzt auf !" 
fixed ortsfest, standig (Arty, Ft). 
fixed ammunition Einheitsmunition 

/, Patronenmunition /. 
fixed antenna Festantenne /. 
fixed antiaircraft artillery ortsfeste 

Flak. 

fixed bayonet aufgepflanztes Seiten- 
gewehr. 

fixed bridge Brucke mit festen Stiit- 
zen. 

fixed emplacement fest eingebaute 
Geschiitzstellung, ortsfeste G.eschutz- 
stellung. 

fixed fire Punktfeuer n (MG). 

fixed gun starre Kanone (Ap). 

fixed gun mount starre Lafette. 

fixed hospital feste Krankenunter- 
kunft. 

fixed liner festes Seelenrohr (G). 
fixed machine gun starres Maschi- 

nengewehr. 
fixed objective festes Ziel. 
fixed obstacle fest eingebautes Hin- 

dernis. 

fixed-pitch propeller Luftschraube 
mit gleichbleibender Steigung. 

fixed pivot Drehpunkt m; Fliigel- 
mann am Drehpunkt (drill). 

fixed round ein Schufi Patronenmu- 
nition. 

fixed seacoast artillery ortsfeste 

Kiistenartillerie. 
fixed target festes Ziel. 
flag Flagge /, Fahne /. 
flagman Winker m. 
flag officer Flaggoffizier m (Nay). 
flag of protection Lazarettflagge /. 
flag of truce Parlamentarfiagge /, 

weifie Flagge. 

bearer of a flag of truce Unter- 

handler m, Parlamentar m. 
flagpole Fahnenschaft m, Fahnen- 

stange /; Fahnenmast m (fixed). 
flag semaphore Nachrichteniibermitt- 

lung durch Winkflaggen. 
flagship Flaggschiff n. 
flag signal Flaggensignal n. 



flag target Schleppziel n, Schlepp- 
scheibe /, Luftsack m (AAA). 

flake powder Blattchenpulver n, 

Plattenpulver n (Am). 

flaksuit Panzerweste / (Avn). 

flame Flamme /. 

flame dampener exhaust stack Flam- 

menverzehrer m (Ap). 
flame-thrower Flammenwerfer m; 

Nahwerfer m (short-range) ; Weit- 

werfer m (long-range). 
flame-throwing tank Flammenwer- 

ferpanzerwagen m (Ger). 
flange Flansch m. 
flank t: Flanke /, Breitseite / (Tac); 

Fiihrungsflache f (G tube); Weiche 

/, Flanke f (of horse). 
flank v flankieren, umgehen. 
flank attack Flankenangriff m. 
flank guard Seitendeckung / (Tac). 
flanking fire Flankenfeuer n, flan- 

kierendes Feuer. 
flanking march Flankenmarsch m. 
flank man Fliigelmann m (drill). 
flank observation Beobachtung von 

seitlicher Beobachtungsstelle (Arty). 
flank patrol Spahtrupp zur Flanken- 

sicherung. 
flank protection Flankenschutz m. 
flank protective fire Artilleriefeuer 

zur Flankensicherung. 
flank security Flankensicherung /, 

Seitendeckung / (Tac). 
flank spotting Beobachtung von seit- 
licher Beobachtungsstelle (Arty). 
flap Klappe / (Ap, Clo); Tornister- 

klappe / (pack). 
flare Fackel /, Leuchtkugel / (Sig). 
flareback Vorbeischlagen der Pul- 

vergase (G). 
flare composition Leuchtsatz m. 
flare path Leuchtpfad m (Avn). 
flash Miindungsfeuer n, Aufblitzen n 

(G); Ziindstrahl m (Am); Blitz- 

strahl m (lightning). 
flash defilade Sichtdeckung / (Arty). 
flash fuze elektrischer Gluhziinder 

(CWS). 

flash hider Feuerdampfer m, Flam- 
mendampfer m, Miindungsfeuer- 
dampfer m (Ord). 

flash hole Zundkanal m (fuze). 

flashing light Blinkfeuer n (Avn). 

flashlight Taschenlampe /. 

flashlight battery Tasehenlampen- 
batterie /. 

flash message dringende Meldung. 



flash point 



301 



float chamber 



flash point Ziindpunkt to (fuels). 
flash ranging Lichtmessen n. 
flash-ranging adjustment Einschie- 

fien der eigenen Artillerie durch die 

LiehtmeGbatterie (Arty). 
flash-ranging, battery LichtmeGbat- 

terie /. 

flash-ranging location See flash 
ranging. 

flash-ranging section Lichtmefitrupp 
to (Arty). 

flash-ranging station Lichtmefistelle 
/, Mefistelle /. 

flash-ranging system LichtmeC sys- 
tem n. 

flash reconnaissance Gefechtsauf- 
klarung durch LiehtmeGbatterie oder 
vom Flugzeug aus. 

flash-reducing wad Kartuschvorlage 
/ (Am). 

flash signal Blinkzeichen n. 

flash tube Kammerhiilse / (shrap- 
nel). 

flash-tube charge Kammerhulsenla- 

dung / (shrapnel). - 
flat-base rim Flachbettfelge / (MT). 
flat butt strap Flachlasche /. 
flatcar Plattformwagen to (RR). 
flat coil spring Bandfeder / (fuze). 
flat feet Plattfiifie mpl. 
flat fire See flat-trajectory fire, 
flat-jawed pliers Flachzange /. 
flatness of trajectory Rasanz der 

Flugbahn. 
flat spin Flachtrudeln n, Tellertru- 

deln n (Avn). 
flatten out abfangen (Avn). 
flat-top Maske /, Tarndecke / 

(Cam). See also aircraft carrier, 
flat trajectory gestreckte Flugbahn, 

gestreckte GeschoGbahn (Ballistics) . 
flat-trajectory fire Flachfeuer n. 
flat-trajectory gun Flachfeuerge- 

schiitz n, Flachbahngeschutz n. 
flat-trajectory weapon Flachbahn- 

waffe /, Flachfeuerwaffe /. 
fleet Flotte / (Nav). 
fleeting target Augenblicksziel n. 
flexible schwenkbar (Ap MG); bieg- 

sam (Tech). 
flexible axle Schwingachse / (MT). 
flexible ball mount Kugelblende / 

(Tk gun). 
flexible disk Hardyseheibe / (MT). 
flexible-disk joint Trockengelenk n 

(MT). 

flexible drive shaft Gelenkwelle /. 



flexible gun bewegliches Geschiitz. 
flexible machine gun bewegliches 

Maschinengewehr. 
flexible shaft Schwinge / (folloiv-the- 

pointer mechanism); biegsame Welle 

(Tech). 

flexible steel cable Drahtzug to 

(Ap). 

flexure Durchbiegen n (Mech). 
flick Erfassung des Zieles, kurzdau- 

erndes Halten eines erfafiten Zieles 

(AA searchlight). 
flier Flieger w. 

flight Kette / (Avn unit) ; Flug m. 
flight commander Kettenfiihrer to 
( Avn). 

flight control Flugzeugsteuerung / 

(Ap); Bewegungskontrolle / (by 

operations office). 
flight deck Flugdeck n, Landedeck n 

(aircraft carrier). 
flight diagram Auftragskarte / 

( aerial Photo). 
flight echelon fliegendes Personal, 
flight engineer Bordwart to, Bordme- 

chaniker m, Bordmonteur to (Avn). 
flight formation Flugform /. 
flight indicator Neigungsmesser to, 

Gyrorektor to (Ap). 
flight instructor Fluglehrer m. 
flight line Fluglinie /, Flugstrecke /. 
flight log Flugbuch n, Flugtagebueh 

n. 

flight maneuver Flugfigur /. 

flight map Fliegerkarte /. 

flight officer Feldwebelleutnant der 

Flieger (USA). 
flight pay Luftdienstzulage /, Flie- 

gerzulage /. 
flight performance Flugleistung /. 
flight personnel fliegendes Personal, 
flight position Flugrichtung /, Flug- 

lage /. 

flight ration Bordverpflegung /. 
flight report Flugmeldung /. 
flight route Flugstrecke /. 
flight surgeon Sanitatsoffizier bei 

fliegenden Verbanden, Fliegerarzt to. 
flinching Mucken n (Small Arms 

firing). 

float Schwimmer to (Ap, carbu- 

retor, gage, etc.); Flofi n (Engr); 
FuBplatte /, FuCteller to (AA gun); 
Schwanzblech n (G trail). 

float chamber Schwimmergehause n 
( carburetor). 



float column 



.302 



food 



float column Tellersaule / (AA gun 

outrigger). 
float gear Schwimmwerk n, Schwim- 

merwerk n, Schwimmergestell n 

(seaplane). 
floating bridge Briicke mit schwim- 

menden Stutzen, FloBbriicke /. 
floating dock Schwimmdock n.' 
floating mine Treibmine /. 
float needle Schwimmernadel / ( car- 
buretor). 
floatplane Schwimmerflugzeug n. 
float plate Ansteckblech n (G trail 

spade); Fuflplatte /, FuCteller m 

(AA gun). 
floats Schwimmwerk n (Ap). 
flock Reiterrudel n (Cav). 
flood n tiberflutung /, Uberschwem- 

mung f. 

flood v iiberfluten, iiberschwemmen ; 
anstauen (dam up). 

flooded area Anstauung / (Engr). 

flooding Anstauung /, Uberflutung / 
(Engr). 

floodlight Flutlicht n. 

floor Boden m, Fufiboden m (build- 
ings ) ; Fahrbahn /, Briickenbahn / 
(Bdg); Stock m (story). 

floor beam Fahrbahntiager m 

(Bdg). 

floor board Bodenbrett n (MT). 
floor plate Bodenstiick n (MG). 
floor-plate lock ' Bodenstiicksperre / 
(MG). 

flotation gear Schwimmwerk n (Ap). 
flotation stability Schwimmstabilitat 

/ (seaplane). 
flour Mehl n. 

fluid drive Fliissigkeitsgetriebe n 
(MT). 

fluid equalizer Flussigkeitsausglei- 
cher m (recoil mechanism). 

fluke Ankerflunken m (of an an- 
chor). 

fluorescent tube Leuchtr6hre /. 
flush riveting Versenknietung /. 
flutter n Riittelerscheinungen fpl 

(Ap). 
fly v fliegen. 

fly a sortie Elinsatz fliegen (Avn). 

flying boat Flugboot n; Fernaufkla- 
rungsflugboot n (long-range recon- 
naissance). 

flying bridge See flying ferry. 

flying cadet Fahnrich der Flieger 
(USA). 

flying distance Flugweite /. 



flying ferry Gierfahre mit nur an 
einem Ufer verankertem Fahrseil 
(Engr). 

flying field Flugplatz m. 

Flying Fortress Fliegende Festung. 

flying in formation Verbandsflug m 
(Avn). 

flying officer FliegerofHzier m. 

flying pay Fliegerzulage /, Luft- 
dienstzulage /. 

flying school Fliegeischule /. 

flying suit Fliegerschutzanzug m; 
Pelzkombination / (fur-lined cover- 
all). 

flying time Flugzeit / (Avn). 
fly on instruments blindfliegen. 
flyweight Fliehgewicht n (engine 

governor). 
flywheel Schwungrad n, Schwung- 

masse /, Schwungscheibe / (Mtr). 
FM Titantetrachlorid n (CWS). 
FM grenade Nebelhandgranate mit 

Titantetrachlorid-Fullung (CWS). 
FM smoke Titantetrachlorid-Nebel 

m (CWS). 
focal center Flugmeldekommando n 

(AWS). 

focal distance Brennweite / ( Op- 
tics). 

focal length See focal distance, 
focal plane Brennebene / (Optics). 
focus n Brennpunkt m (Optics). 
focusing scale Sehscharfeneinteilung 

/ (Optics). 
fog Nebel m. 

fog area Nebelgebiet n (Met). 
folding wings beiklappbare Trag'flii- 

gel, Schwenkflugel mpl, Klappfliigel 

mpl (Ap). 
follower Zubringer m ( Small Arms) . 
follower spring Zubringerfeder / 

(Small Arms). 
follower-spring stud Federkopf m 

(self-loading pistol). 
follow-the-pointer drive Folgezeiger- 

antrieb m (AAA). 
follow-the-pointer indicator Folge- 

zeiger m. 

follow-the-pointer sight mechanism 

Zeigerzi'eleinrichtung f (G). 
follow-the-pointer system Folgezei- 

gereinrichtung /. 
follow up v nachdrangen (Tac) ; an- 

fragen nach (inquire). 
food Lebensmittel npl, Nahrungs- 

mittel npl (any means of nutrition); 

Essen n, Kost /, Verpflegung / 



food ration card 



303 



formation 



(meals in general); Efiwaren fpl 

(food products). 
food ration card Lebensmittelkarte /. 
foot FuB to. 

footbridge Steg m, Beselersteg to; 
Schnellsteg to (hasty); Flofisacksteg 
to (of pneumatic boats); Ufer- 
sehnellsteg to (single span). 

foot-firing mechanism Abzugsvor- 
richtung mit Fufihebel (AA gun). 

footgear Schuhzeug n. 

footpath Fufiweg to. 

foot plate Fufiplatte /', Fuflteller m 
(AA gun). 

footrest FuBstiitze / (AA gun). 

foot shifter FuBschaltung / (MT). 

footsore fufikrank. 

foot starter FuBschalter m (MT). 

foot switch FuBschalter to (Elec). 

foot troops Fufltruppen fpl. 

forage n Futter n. 

forage v furagieren, verpflegen, Fut- 
ter und Nahrungsmittel beschaffen. 

forage ration Futterration /. 

foragers Reiter in geoffneter Linie 
(Cav). 

force n Kraft / ( power) ; Krafte / pi 
(Pers) ; Kampfeinheit / (unit); 
Kraftegruppe / (group); Verband m 
(formation). 

in force mit starken Kraften, mit 

Einsatz aller Krafte (Tac). 
force v erkampfen, erzwingen, fiber- 

winden (Tac). 
forced-circulation cooling Pumpen- 

kiihlung /, Wasserpumpenkiihlung / 

(Mtr). 

forced crossing Wberschreiten des 
Flusses unter Kampf (Tac). 

forced landing- Notlandung / (Avn) ; 

' Truppenlandung unter Feuer (Tac). 
make a forced landing notlanden 
(Avn). 

forced march Dauermarsch to, Ge- 

waltmarsch to. 
forcing cone Ubergangskegel m (G). 
ford n Furt /. 
ford v durchwaten. 
fordable durchwatbar. 
fording ability Watfahigkeit / 

(MT). 

fore-and-aft inclinometer Langsnei- 

gungsmesser m (Ap). 
forearm Schaft to ( automatic R) ; 

Vorarm to (horse). 
forecast See weather forecast, 
forefinger Zeigefinger m. 



foreground Vorfeld n (Tac). 
forehead Stirn /. 

forehead strap Stimband n (gas 
mask). 

foreign auslandisch, fremd, -auswar- 
tig. 

foreign country Ausland n, fremdes 
Land. 

foreigner Auslander w, Fremde(r) 

TO. 

foreign port Auslandshafen m, aus- 

landischer Hafen. 
foreign service Dienst aufierhalb der 

Landesgrenze. 
forequarters Vorhand / (horse). 
foresight Vorsicht / (Surv). 
forest Wald to. 

forestalling Unterbindung / (Tac). 

forest clearing Waldblofie /, Wald- 
lichtung /. 

forest road Waldweg to; Wald- 
schneise /, Schneise / ( along a fire- 
break). 

forfeiture Verlust des Wehrsoldes. 

forfeiture of pay Verwirkung des 
Wehrsoldes. 

forge n Schmiede /. 

forged iron Schmiedeeisen n. 

fork Verlegung des mittleren Treff- 
punktes um die Halfte des Treffbil- 
des (Gunnery) ; Wegegabel / (road) ; 
Gabel / (utensil). 

form Schalung / (concrete construc- 
tion) ; Vordruck to, Formular n 
(printed form) ; Gestalt / (shape). 

formation Form /, Formation /, Glie- 
derung / (drill, Tac); Verband m 
(Avn); Flugform / (flight forma- 
tion). 

formation flying Verband(s)flug- m, 

Fliegen im Verbande. 
formation in depth Tiefengliederung 

/ (Tac). 

formation in width Breitengliede- 

rung / (Tac). 
formation of airplanes Fliegerforma- 

tion /, Fliegerverband to. 
formation of bombardment airplanes 

Kampfverband to. 
formation of dive bombers Sturz- 

kampfverband to, Stukaverband w. 
formation of eddies Wirbelbildung / 

(Ballistics). 
formation of pursuit airplanes Jagd- 

verband to (Avn). , 
formation of reconnaissance airplanes 

Aufkl&rungsverband to. 



formation 



304 



freight station 



formation of torpedo bombers Tor- 

pedoflugzeugverband m. 
formation release Verbandswurf m, 

Verbandsabwurf m (Bombing). 
formula Formel /. 
formulation of decisions EntschluG- 

fassung /. 
fort Werk n, Festung /. 
fortification Befestigung /. 
fortified defense system Befestigungs- 

anlage /. 
fortified line Stiitzpunktlinie /. 
fortified locality Stiitzpunkt m 

(Tac). 

fortified position befestigte Stellung. 
fortress Festung /. 
fortress artillery Festungsartillerie /. 
fortunes of war Wechselfalle des Ge- 

fechts (Tac). 
forward v befordern ( supplies, etc.) ; 

nachsenden (a letter). 
forward area Kampfgebiet n, Kampf- 

raum m. 

forward echelon I. Staff el (Hq). 
forward gunner's compartment Bug- 

kanzel / (Ap). 
forwarding point Weiterleitungs- 

stelle /. 

"Forward, march!" "Im Gleichschritt, 
Marsch!" 

forward observation post vorgescho- 

bene Beobachtungsstelle (Tac). 
forward observer vorgeschobener Be- 

obachter (Arty). 
forward PW camp Frontstalag n. 
forward slope Vorderhang m (Top). 
forward slope position Vorderhang- 

stellung / (Tac). 
forward speed Vorwartsgang m 

(MT). 

forward velocity Vorwartsgeschwin- 

digkeit / (Bombing). 
fougasse Flattermine /, Fugasse /. 
fouling Ruckstande im Laufinnern 

(Ord). 

fouling shot erster Schufi zum Ent- 
olen des Laufinnern. 

foundation Bettung f (G emplace- 
ment); Unterbau m (Engr). 

foundry GieCerei /. 

fountain pen Fullfeder /. 

four-cycle engine Viertaktmotor m. 

four-man tent Viererzelt n. 

fourragere Fangschnur /; Schutzen- 
schnur ^ (marksmanship). 

four-way pipe joint Kreuzmuffe /. 

four-wheel vehicle Zweiachser m. 



foxhole Schiitzenloch n; Hockloch n 
(crouching) ; Schiitzenloch fiir ste- 
henden Anschlag (standing). 

fraction Bruch m (Math). 

fractional charge Teilladung / 

(Am). 

fracture Knochenbruch m (Med). 
fracture of the skull Sehadelbruch 
m. 

fragment Bruchstiick n, Splitter m, 

Sprengstiick n. 
fragmentary order Einzelbefehl m, 

besondere Anordnung (Tac). 
fragmentation Splitterwirkung / 

(Am). 

fragmentation bomb Splitterbombe /• 
fragmentation effect Splitterwirkung 
/• 

fragmentation hand grenade Eier- 

handgranate / (egg-shaped). 
fragmentation shell Splittergranate 
/• 

frame n Rahmen m; Fahrwerkrah- 
men m (MT) ; Protzgestell n - (lim- 
ber) ; Tragegestell n (pack saddle). 

frame rib Trageschiene / (pack 

saddle). 

frame-type gun carriage Rahmen- 

lafette /.' 
frangible grenade Brandflasche /. 
fraudulent enlistment freiwilliges 

Eintreten mit falschen Angaben 

oder Verschweigen wichtiger Tatbe- 

stande. 

fraudulent induction Diensteintritt 
mit falschen Angaben oder Ver- 
schweigen wichtiger Tatbestande. 

free air thermometer Auflenluft- 
Thermometer n (Ap). 

free balloon Freiballon m. 

freeboard Freibord m. 

freedom Freiheit /. 

free-space radiation Raumstrahlung 
/ (Rad). 

free travel toter Gang (clutch 

pedal). 

freewheeling Freilauf m (MT). 
freeze frieren; erfrieren (to death); 

sich festfressen (piston, etc.). 
freeze in position regungslos erstar- 

ren. 

freight Fracht /. 

freight car Giiterwagen m (RR). 

freighter Frachter m, Frachtdamp- 

fer m (Nav). 
freight station Giiterbahnhof m 

(RR). 



freight train 



305 



fuel gage 



freight train Guterzug m (RR). 

frequency Schwingungszahl /, Fre- 
quenz / (Elec, Rad). 

frequency band Frequenzband n. 

frequency-control element Steuer- 
sender m, Steuerstufe / (Rad trans- 
mitter). 

"frequency designation Frequenzan- 

gabe / (Rad). 
frequency meter Wellenmesser m, 

Frequenzmesser m (Elec, Rad). 
frequency modulation Frequenzmodu- 

lation / (Rad). 
frequency selection Grobeinstellung 

/ (Rad). 

frequency spectrum Wellenspektrum 

n (Rad). 
friction Reibung /. 
frictional resistance Reibungswider- 

stand m. 

friction igniter Abreifiziinder m, 

Ziindschnuranziinder m. 
friction primer Reibziindschraube /. 
friction surface Laufflache / (Mech). 
friction tape Isolierstreifen m, Iso- i 

lierband n. 
friendly troops eigene Truppen. 
frog Strahl m (hoof); Weichenstiiek 

n (RR switch). 
front Front / (Met, Mil); Bug m, 

Stirnseite f (Tk). 
frontage Ausdehnung /, Breite /, 

Gefechtsbreite / (Tac). 
frontage in attack Angriffsbreite /. 
frontal area Stirnfiache / (Mech). 
frontal attack frontaler Angriff, 

Frontalangriff m, StirnangrifF m. 
frontal fire Frontalfeuer n. 
frontal security Sicherung nach 

vorne (Tac). 
frontal soaring Frontensegeln n, Ge- 

witterflug m (glider). 
front arch Vorderzwiesel m (pack- 
saddle frame). 
front armor Bugpanzer m (Tk). 
front axle Vorderachse / (MT). 
front-axle drive Vorderachsantrieb 

m (MT). 

front cinch Bauchgurt m (pack 

saddle). 

front gunner Bugschutze m (Tk). 
frontier Grenze /. 
frontier area Grenzgebiet n. 
frontier district Grenzbezirk m. 
frontier force Grenzschutz m (Tac). 
frontier guard Grenzwache /, Grenz- 
wacht /. 



frontier protection Grenzschutz m 
(Tac). 

frontier station Grenzbahnhof m 
(RR). 

front line Frontlinie /, vorderste 

Kampflinie (Tac). 
front outrigger Vorderholm m (AA 

gun mount). 
front ring sight Kreiskorn n (MG). 
front ring sight base Kreiskornfufl 

•hi (MG). 

front ring sight frame Kreiskornrah- 

men m (MG). 
front ring sight support . Kreiskorn- 

halter m (MG).. 
front roller Kletterwalze /, Abfang- 

walze / (MT). 
front sector Frontabschnitt m. 
front sight Korn n (Small Arms); 

Nebenstachel m (AT gun). 
front-sight base KornfuC m (R). 
front-sight cover Kornschoner 

m (R). 

front-sight holder Kornhalter m (R). 
front-sight stud Kornwarze / (R). 
front-wheel drive Erontantrieb m, 

Vorderradantrieb m (MT). 
frost Reif m, Raulireif m (Met). 
frostbite Frostbeule /. 
frosted glass Milchglas n. 
frozen gefroren ( of water, etc., 

frostbitten) ; erfroren (frozen to 

death or to point of serious danger). 
fruit Frucht /; Obst n (collective) . 
FS solution Nebelsaure / (CWS). 
fuel Brennstoff m, Kraftstoff m, 

Treibstoff m, Betriebsstoff m (Mtr). 

See also gasoline, 
fuel-air mixture Kraftstoff-Luftge- 

misch n (Mtr). 
fuel cake Brennstoff m (DM irritant 

gas candle). 
fuel consumption Brennstoffver- 

brauch m, Kraftstoff verbrauch m 

(MT). 

fuel distributing point Kraftstoff- 

ausgabestelle /. 
fuel dump Brennstofflager n, Treib- 

stofflager n, Kraftstofflager n. 
fuel economy Kraftstoffersparnis / 

(MT). 

fuel feed KraftstoffzufluB m, Kraft- 

stofforderung /. 
fuel filter Kraftstoffilter m, Kraft- 

stoffreiniger m. 
fuel gage Benzinstandmesser m, 



fuel injectot - 



306 



gallery 



KraftstoffmeCuhr /, Kraftstoffstand- 

anzeige /. 
fuel injector Einspritzdiise /. 
fuel jet Kraftstoffdiise /. 
fuel level gage Kraftstoffvorrats- 

messer to (Ap). 
fuel line Kraftstoffleitung / (MT). 
fuel mixture Brenngemisch n, Kraft- 

stoffgemisch n. 
fuel oil Heizol n. 

fuel pressure gage Kraftstoffdruck- 

messer m (Ap). 
fuel pump Kraftstofforderpumpe /, 

Kraftstoffpumpe /. 
fuel shut-off valve Kraftstoffabstell- 

hahn to. 

fuel supply Brennstoffvorrat w, 

Kraftstoffnachschub to, Betricbs- 
stoffversorgung /, Kraftstoffversor- 
gung /. 

fuel-supply column Betriebsstoff- 

kolonne /. 
fuel-supply dump Treibstofflager n. 
fuel-supply truck Betriebsstoff-Last- 

kraftwagen to. 
fuel system Kraftstoffanlage / 

(Mtr). 

fuel tank Kraftstofftank to, Kraft- 
stoffbehalter to, Treibstoffbehalter to 
(MT, Ap). 

fuel tender Tankprahm m (Nav). 

fuel train Kraftstoffzug to (RR). 

fulcrum Drehpunkt to. 

full-automatic fire Dauerfeuer n 
(MG, R). 

full cock Spannrast / (Small Arms). 
full dress uniform Paradeanzug to. 
full pack Marschgepack n. 
full sight Vollkorn n (R aiming). 
full-track vehicle Vollkettenfahrzeug 
n. 

fulminate of mercury Knallquecksil- 
ber n. 

fumigate (aus)rauchern, desin- 

fizieren. 

functioning Arbeitsspiel n (M