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TM 30-506 



WAR DEPARTMENT TECHNICAL MANUAL 






GERMAN 

MILITARY DICTIONARY 

GERM AN-ENGLTSH 
ENGLISH-GERMAN 



Return to Army library 
Room 1.A522, Pentagon 



WAR DEPARTMENT 



2 0 MAY 194 + 





WAR DEPARTMENT TECHNICAL MANUAL TM 30-506 

This Dictionary Supersedes TM 30-255, August 5, 1941 



GERMAN 

MILITARY DICTIONARY 

GERMAN— ENGLISH 
ENGLISH— GERMAN 



WAR DEPARTMENT 

WASHINGTON, D. C. 



1 MAY 1944 





PROPERTY WP U. Si 



War Department 
Washington 25, D. C., 20 May 1944 



TM 30-506, German Military Dictionary, is published for military 
personnel only, and is not to be republished in whole or in part 
without the consent of the War Department. 

[A. G. 300.7 (3 Mar 43)] 

By order of the Secretary of War : 



G. C. MARSHALL, 

Chief of Staff. 



Official : 

J. A. ULIO, 

Major Generalj 

The '^Adjutant General. 

Distribution : 

X. 



(For explanation of symbols see FM 21-6.) 




APR 23 194 $ 

prop®!' 1 # ^ 



FOREWORD 

T HIS DICTIONARY has been intentionally limited in scope to 
military subject matter and directly related fields. It has been 
compiled primarily for use by American military personnel with at 
least a fair knowledge of German. 

As far as possible the editors have endeavored to furnish actual 
equivalents rather than literal translations from one language into 
the other. Thus, although the literal translation of Entwicklung 
would be “development,” a study of the German operations manual 
reveals that Entwicklung follows Entfaltung (“development”) and 
hence is the equivalent of “deployment.” Translations have been 
provided (generally with a note of explanation) only where equiva- 
lents do not exist or could not be found. 

In the case of ranks, the corresponding United States rank accord- 
ing to function has been given, as listed in TM-E 30-451 (1 Sep- 
tember 1943). 

In the arrangement of terms the single-entry method has been 
used. A term like advance guard will be found only under advance 
and not under guard. 

Entries are arranged in straight alphabetical order, regardless 
of whether any given entry consists of one word or more, thus : 

direct current 
direction 
directional 
direction board 
direct observation 

The only exceptions to straight alphabetical order are a limited 
number of phrases which the reader would be unlikely to look for 
under the first word of the phrase. Thus, in F euerstellung appears 
under F euerstellung, not under in. 

Among various equivalents for a given term, synonyms are sepa- 
rated by commas, different meanings by semicolons. 

For definitions of many of the English terms used, see TM 20-205, 
Dictionary of United States Army Terms, 18 January 1944. 

iii 




CONTENTS 

PAGE 

Foreword iii 

Authorized Abbreviations vi 

Vocabularies : 

Part I — German-English 1 

Part II — English-German 220 

Appendix I — Numbers 432 

Appendix II — Weights and Measures 433 

Appendix III — German Military Abbreviations 435 



v 




AUTHORIZED ABBREVIATIONS* 



AA Antiaircraft 

AAA Antiaircraft Artillery 

AAF Army Air Forces 

Adrm Airdrome 

Adm Administrative 

Adv Gd Advance Guard 

Am Ammunition 

Ap Airplane 

Armd Armored 

Arty Artillery 

Ash Airship 

AT Antitank 

Avn Aviation 

AWS Aircraft Warning Service 

Btry Battery 

BC Battery Commander 

Bdg Bridge 

Bln Balloon 

Bn Battalion 

CA Coast Artillery 

Cal Caliber 

Cam Camouflage 

Cav Cavalry 

Civ Civil, Civilian 

Clo Clothing 

Cml Chemical 

Com Communication 

Comd Command 

Com Z Communications Zone 

CP Command Post 

Cpl Corporal 

CWS Chemical Warfare Service 
Div Division 
Elec Electrical 
Engr Engineers 
FA Field Artillery 
FR Flash Ranging 
Ft Fortification 
G Gun 

Ger German ( no authorized source ) 

GHQ General Headquarters 

Govt Government 

H Cav Horse Cavalry 

H-Dr Horse-drawn 

HE High Explosive 

Hq Headquarters 

Inf Infantry 

Inst Instrument 

Lt Lieutenant 

LM Land Mine 

Maj Major 

Math Mathematics (no authorized 
source ) 



Mech Mechanics, Mechanical 

Mecz Mechanized 

Med Medical 

Met Meteorological 

MG Machine Gun 

Mil Military 

Mort Mortar 

MP Military Police 

MT Motor Transport 

Mtcl Motorcycle 

Mtr Motor 

Mtz Motorized 

Nav Naval 

NCO Noncommissioned Officer 

Obsn Observation 

Ord Ordnance 

Pers Personnel, Person 

Photo Photography 

Pon Ponton 

Prcht Parachute 

Pvt Private 

PW Prisoner of War 

PX Post Exchange 

QMC Quartermaster Corps 

R Rifle 

Rad Radio 

Ren Reconnaissance 

Regt Regiment 

RR Railroad 

SA Small Arms 

Sgt Sergeant 

Sig Signal 

Sig C Signal Corps 

SL Searchlight 

SR Sound Ranging 

Surv Surveying 

Tac Tactical, Tactics 

Tech Technical 

Tg Telegraph 

Tk Tank 

Tng Training 

T of Opns Theater of Operations 

Top Topographical 

Trans Transportation 

Tp Telephone 

Trac Tractor 

Trk Truck 

US United States 

USA United States Army 

Yet Veterinary 

Z of I Zone of the Interior 



* Based on AR 850-150, 1-2, 14 Aug 1943; and FM 21-30, Oct 1943. 



VI 




PART I 



GERMAN— ENGLISH 



Abbau 

Abbau m dismantling ( a structure, 
etc.); mining (ore). 
abbauen to dismantle (a, structure, 
etc.); to mine (ore). 
abbefdrdern evacuate (PW, wounded, 
etc.). 

Abbildung / illustration, figure, dia- 
gram. 

abbinden to tie, lash (Tp wire). 
abblasen to release gas (CWS). 
abblenden dim (a light). 
“Abblenden!” “Out of action!” (A A 
SL). 

Abblendlieht n dim light (on auto 
headlight). 

abbrechen break off; cease; withdraw, 
das Lager abbrechen to break camp, 
das Gefecht abbrechen to withdraw 
from action. 

Abbrechen des Gefechts withdrawal 
from action, 
abbremsen to brake. 
Abbremsvorrichtung / arresting gear 
( aircraft carrier ) . 
abbriicken dismantle ( a bridge). 
Abdachung/ slope (Top). 
Abdeckplatte / cover plate (G). 
abdichten to seal, calk, pack. 
Abdichtung gegen Kampfgas gas- 
proofing ( CWS). 

Abdichtungsring m sealing ring, 
washer. 

abdienen complete a period of service. 
Abdrift / drift (Avn, Nav). 
Abdriftmesser m driftmeter (Ap). 
Abdriftplatz m landing area, jump 
area (Prcht troops). 

Abdriftvisier n driftmeter (Ap). 
abdrosseln to throttle (an engine). 
abdriicken to fire, i.e. pull (a trig- 
ger); press (a button). 
Abdriickvorrichtung / release mecha- 
nism (G). 



A. Abfrageklinke 

Abendgesellschaftsanzug m special 
evening dress uniform. 

Abfahrt / departure, start; downhill 
run (skiing). 

Abfahrtzeit / time of departure, time 
of starting; time of descent (skiing). 
Abfall in waste; drop (Elec). 
abfallen to slope (Top). 
abfallendes Gelande sloping terrain, 
abfangen pull out, level off, flatten 
out (Avn); intercept (Tac). 
Abfangradius m pull-out radius (in 
dive bombing). 

Abfangwalze / front roller, roller 
bumper (MT, Tk). 

Abfederung f spring system, suspen- 
sion (MT). 

abfertigen to dispatch ( messages, ve- 
hicles, trains, etc.); to process for 
further disposition. 
Abfertigungsgebauderc control tower 
( Adrm). 

abfeuern to fire. 

Abfeuerungseinrichtung / release 
mechanism (Mort). 

Abfeuerungshebel m firing lever (G). 
Abfeuerungsverbindung f firing cir- 
cuit for machine gun ,or gun (Tk). 
Abfeuerungsvorrichtung / firing 
mechanism. 

Abfindung/ pay and/or reimburse- 
ment, financial settlement. 

Abflug m take-off ( Avn) ; going flight, 
departing flight, receding flight 
(AAA). 

Abfluggeschwindigkeit f take-off 

speed. 

Abflugleistung / ' take-off rating. 
Abfrageapparat m operator’s tele- 
phone. 

Abfrageklinke f operator’s answering 
jack. 




abfragen 



2 



abnehmen 



abfragen inquire as to party or line 
desired (Tp). 

abfiittern to feed (an animal). 
Abgangsfehler m jump, vertical jump 
(Arty). 

Abgangsfehlerwinkel to angle of 
jump, jump, vertical jump (Arty). 
Abgangsrichtung f line of departure 
(Ballistics). 

Abgangswinkel to quadrant angle of 
departure ( Ballistics ) . 

Abgase npl exhaust gases, waste 
gases. 

Abgasturbine / exhaust turbine ( Ap). 
abgeflacht flattened, flat, 
abgeflachter Teil der Patrone me- 
plat fSA Am). 
abgekampft battle-weary, 
abgejagt winded, worn out. 
abgenutzt worn, worn out, worn 
away; eroded (G barrel). 
Abgeschobener to evacuee, 
abgesessen dismounted (Pers). 
abgesondert detached (unit, etc.). 
abgestellt parked, 
abgetragen worn (Clo). 
abgieBen to spray chemical warfare 
agents (Avn). 

Abgleitschienen fpl. bullet-deflection 
rails (Tk). 

abgreifen to transfer map distances 
with compass or dividers, to plot (in 
this sense). 

Abgreifen der Entfernung measuring 
map range with dividers or compass. 
Abgrenzung / demarcation, delimita- 
tion. 

abhangen take off (a pack); unhook 
(a trailer); hang up (Tp) ; overtake 
and leave behind (slang). 
abhauen to cut down; to “beat it” 
( slang). 

abheben lift up; pull up, take off 
(Avn). 

Abholkommando n party detailed to 
fetch anything; aircraft ferrying de- 
tachment. 

abhoren intercept, listen in, monitor 
(Rad, Tp). 

Abhorgefahr / danger of interception 
(Tp, Rad). 

Abhorstelle/ intercept station (Sig 
C); monitoring station (Rad). 
abkippen wing over ( Avn) ; withdraw 
from action (slang). 
abklemmen disconnect from binding 
post (Elec). 



abkommandieren to detach, to detail. 
Abkommen n deviation ; agreement, 
convention; point of aim (at instant 

of firing). 

das Abkommen melden to call the 
shot. 

abkommen deviate. 

Abkommpunkt to point of called shot, 
point of aim. 

Abkommrohr n subcaliber tube 

(G). 

AbkommschieBen n subcaliber firing, 
subcaliber practice. 

Abkriimmen n trigger squeeze, 
abkriimmen to squeeze (a trigger). 
Abladekommando n unloading detail, 
abladen unload, detruck, detrain. 
Ablage / dump. 

Ablagerungszaun to drift fence (a 
type of snow fence for winter opera- 
tions). 

AblaBschraube / drain plug. 

Ablauf to completion, termination; 

launching, starting. 

Ablaufbahn/ runway (Adrm) ; land- 
ing ramp (for seaplanes). 
Ablaufbergw hump, incline (RR). 
Ablaufposten w bridge-traffic control 
post. 

Ablauf ventil n relief valve (Hydrau- 
lics). 

ablauschen listen in, intercept (Rad). 
abliiuten to ring off (Tp). 
ableiten divert (a stream, etc.). 
Ableitung/ derivation; derivative 
(Math); leakage (Elec). 

Ablenkung/ diversion (Tac); deflec- 
tion, refraction. 

Ablenkungsangriff to diversion, feint 
attack (Tac). 

Ablesemarke / index line, index 
mark. 

ablesen to read (instruments, etc.). 
Ablesfehler to index error. 

Ablesung / setting, reading, 
abliefern deliver. 

Ablosung/ relief (Tac). 
ablbsen relieve, take over. 

Abmarsch to half-squad (Cav); 

departure, start, 
abmarschbereit ready to start. 
Abmarschfiihrer to half -squad leader 
(Cav). 

abmarschieren depart, start the 

march. 

abnehmen remove, take off; decrease; 
accept, take. 




Abnutzung 3 

Abnutzung/ erosion, wear; wear and 
tear; attrition. 

Abnutzung des Rohres erosion of the 
bore. 

Abnutzungskampf to battle of attri- 
tion. 

Abort to toilet, latrine, 
abprallen to ricochet. 

Abpraller to ricochet. 

AbprallerschieBen n ricochet fire. 
Abprallwinkel m angle of ricochet, 
abprotzen uncouple, unlimber ( Arty). 
Abregnen n aerial spraying (CIVS). 
abreiBen to rip, tear off. 

AbreiBknopf to fuze-cord button 
(hand grenade). 

AbreiBschnur / rip cord (Prcht); 

fuze cord (hand grenade). 
AbreiBziinder m friction igniter, rip- 
cord igniter. 

abriebbestiindig wear-resistant, 
abriegeln to block, interdict, box in, 
seal off (Tac); to bolt (a door, etc.). 
Abriegelungsfeuer n box barrage 
(Arty). 

Abriicken n departure, 
abrufen to ring off (Tp). 
abriisten disarm. 

Abriistung / disarmament, 
abrutschen to slip (Avn). 
sich seitlich abrutschen Iassen to 
fall off (Avn). 

absacken to drop, pancake ( Avn) ; to 
founder, sink (slang). 

Absatteltrupp m unsaddling detail 
(Cav). 

Absatzm berm (Ft) ; heel (of shoe) ; 
paragraph. 

abschiitzen to estimate ( distance, 

etc.). 

Abscheren n shear (Mech). 
abschieben evacuate; expel, deport. 
Abschied to departure; discharge; 

resignation. 

ehrenvoller Abschied honorable dis- 
charge. 

abschieBen to down, to shoot down 
(an Ap); to disable, put out of action 
(a Tk or vehicle ) ; to shoot ( a person) . 
abschirmen to blanket, screen, cover, 
protect, shield. 

Abschirmung / shielding, screening 

(Rad). 

abschlachten to massacre, slaughter, 
abschlagen repel; reject. 
Abschleppdienst m recovery service, 
towing service (MT). 



abspannen 

Abschleppen n towing. 

Abschleppgerat n towing equipment. 
Abschleppkommando n recovery 
party, wrecking section. 
Abschleppkraftwagen m wrecking 

truck. 

Abschleppzug to wrecker platoon, 
maintenance platoon (MT). 
AbschluBplattchen n base cover (Am). 
abschmieren lubricate, 
abschneiden to cut off, isolate (Tac); 
to cut (wire, etc.). 

Abschnitt to sector, phase (Tac); 

area, section. 

Abschnittsgrenze / sector boundary. 
Abschnittsreserve f sector reserve, 
abschnittsweise by sectors; in phases, 
abschraubbar unscrewable, detach- 
able. 

abschreiten pace off (a distance). 
Abschrift / copy. 

Abschub to evacuation (of PW, 

wounded, etc.); transportation to the 
rear (of salvage, supplies, etc.). 
Abschubstelle f evacuation station. 
AbschuB m discharge (of a gun) ; 
downed enemy airplane; disabled tank 
or vehicle. 

AbschuBentfernung / slant range to 
present position (at instant of firing) 
(AAA). 

abschiissig steep (Top). 
AbschuBpunkt to present position 
(at instant of firing) (AAA). 
AbschuBrohr n projector (CWS, Sig). 
abschwachen reduce (Photo) ; weaken. 
Absetzbewegung / withdrawal, dis- 
engagement. 

absetzen, sich disengage, withdraw 
(Tac); increase distance between air- 
craft in flight. 

Absetzer m jumpmaster (Prcht 
troops). 

Absetzgelande n landing area (Prcht 
troops). 

Absicht/ intent, intention, 
absitzen dismount (from H or ve- 
hicle); do time, serve, a sentence, 
absondern isolate (Med) ; divide, sep- 
arate; segregate (PW). 
Absonderung/ isolation (Med); divi- 
sion, separation; segregation (PW). 
Absonderungsabteilung/ isolation 
quarters (Med). 

abspannen relieve strain on wire by 
tying (Tp); relieve tension, unhar- 
ness, uncock, relax. 




absperren 4 

absperren close or block (a road, 
etc.); lock (a door, etc.); cut off, 
isolate (Tac). 
abspreizen to brace, 
abspringen bail out, jump (Avn). 
Absprung m jump (Prcht). 
Absprunghafen to jump-off base 
(Avn). 

Absprung mit verzogerter offnung 
delayed jump (Prcht). 
abspulen ’ unreel, unwind, 
abspiilen rinse out, wash out. 

Abspuler m paying-out reel, axle of 
hand reel (Tp). 

Abspiiren n gas detection (CWS). 
Abstandm distance (from front to 
rear). See also Zeitabstand. 
Abstandslicht n marker light (MT). 
Abstandwerfen n pattern bombing, 
abstecken stake off ( Engr, Surv) ;' 
plot ( a course, etc.) ; trace, tape off 
( a mine field, etc.). 

Absteckpfahl m stake (Surv). 
absteifen to brace, stiffen, 
absteigender Ast descending branch 
(of trajectory). 

Abstellbahnhof m railroad yard, 
abstellen to park, stop; to turn off 
(an engine or motor). 

Abstellgleis n classification track, 
siding (RR). 

Abstellplatz to parking place, park- 
ing area, dispersal area (Adrm). 
abstimmen to tune (Rad). 
Abstimmkondensator m tuning con- 
denser (Rad). 

Abstimmscharfe / selectivity, sharp- 
ness of resonance (Rad). 

Abstimmskala / tuning dial (Rad). 
Abstimmspule / tunimg coil (Rad). 
abstreifen to patrol (a road, area, 
etc.). 

abstufen graduate (into degrees). 
Absturz to crash, plunge ( Avn). 
zum Absturz bringen to down ( an 
Ap). 

absuchen to search, sweep. 

Abszisse / abscissa, X-coordinate. 
Abtastdose f pick-up unit ( record 

player). 

Abteilung f battalion ( Cav, Arty, 

Armd Comd); detachment, unit 
(Tac); department, section (Adm). 
“Abteilung, Halt !” “Squad ( company, 
detail, etc.), halt!” 

Abteilungsadjutant m battalion ad- 
jutant. 1 



Abwurfbehalter 

Abteilungskommandeur m battalion 

commander. 

Abteilungsnachrichtenstaffel / bat- 
talion communication section. 
Abteilungsstab to battalion head- 
quarters. 

Abtransport m evacuation, 
abtransportieren evacuate, 
abtrennen cut off, separate, isolate, 
disconnect. 

“Abtreten!” “Dismissed!” (formal 
style, to an individual). Compare 

“Weggetreten!” 

abtreten lassen dismiss (an indi- 
vidual). 

Abtrift/ drift (Avn). 

Abtriftmesser m driftmeter (Avn). 
Abtriftvisier n See Abdriftvisier. 
Abtriftwinkel to drift angle (Avn). 
abtrudeln go into a spin (Avn). 
AbwalzstoBel to tappet rod ( eccentric- 
cam type). 

abwiirts downward, downhill, 
abwassern to drain (water). 

Abwehr / defense, active defense; 
military security. 

Abwehrangelegenheiten fpl security 
matters. 

Abwehrdienst m counterintelligence. 
Abwehrerfolgw. defensive success. 
Abwehrgeschiitz n antiaircraft gun. 
Abwehrkampf to defensive combat. 
AbwehrmaBnahme / defensive mea- 
sure; security measure. 

Abwehroffizier m security officer. 
Abwehrvorbereitung f defensive prep- 
aration, preparation of defensive 
measures. 

Abwehrwaffe / defensive arm; de- 
fensive weapon, 
abwehrweise defensively. 

Abwehrzone / defensive zone, 
abweichen deviate, 
abweichende Anfan gsgeschwindigkeit 
velocity error. 

Abweichung/ deviation, deflection, 
error. 

abweisen repel. 

AbweiserTO fender; recoil guard (G * 

mount). 

abwerfen to drop, jettison (Avn). 
abwesend absent. 

Abwind to descending air current 

(Met). 

Abwurf to release (bombing). See 
also Wurf. 

Abwurfbehalter to slip tank, belly 




Abwurfgerat 5 

tank (Ap); aerial delivery unit (air- 
borne operations). 

Abwurfgerat n bomb-release mech- 
anism (Ap). 

Abwurfgondel / See Abwurfkiste. 

Abwurfhbhe / bombing altitude, 
bomb-release altitude (Avn). 

Abwurfkiste / aerial delivery con- 
tainer ( airborne operations). 

Abwurftneldung / drop message. 

Abwurfpatrone / message container 
(for drop message) (Avn). 

Abwurfschacht m bomb rack (Ap). 

Abwurfstelle / message-dropping 
ground; drop point ( airborne sup- 
ply). 

Abwurfvorrichtung / bomb-release 
mechanism (Ap). 

Abwurfzielgeriit n bomb sight (Ap). 

abwiirgen to stall (an engine). 

“Abzahlen !” “Count off!” 

Abzeichenw badge, device, emblem, 
insignia; marking (Ap, Tk). 

abziehen pull ( a trigger); withdraw 
(Tac); hone, whet, sharpen; make a 
print (Photo); subtract, deduct, draw 
off. 

Abzugm trigger (SA); withdrawal 
(Tac); contact print (Photo); deduc- 
tion (of pay, etc.). 

Abzugsbugel to trigger guard (R). 

Abzugsfeder / sear spring (R). 

Abzugsgabel / trigger-sear fork (R). 

Abzugsgewicht n trigger pull (SA). 

Abzugsgriff m lanyard handle (G). 

Abzugshebel m trigger lever (MG); 
firing lever (G). 

Abzugsschiene / trigger bar ( A A 
gun). 

Abzugsschnur / lanyard (Ord). 

Abzugsstange / sear -(pistol). 

Abzugsstift to trigger pin (R). 

Abzugsstollen m sear, sear nose (R). 

Abzugsstiickw trigger piece, firing 
lever (G). 

Abzugsvorrichtung / trigger mech- 
anism (SA) ; firing mechanism (Ord). 

Abzugswelle/ firing rod ("A A gun). 

Abzweigung f branch; junction line 
(RR). 

Achsantrieb m axle drive (MT). 

Achsdruckm axle load (MT). 

Achse / axis; ordinate; axle; shaft. 

Achsel / shoulder. See also Schulter. 

Achsenverschrankbarkeit / angle of 
axle swing (MT). 

Achsfeder / axle spring. 



Aktionsradius 

Achsfederung / axle suspension. 

Achslager n axle bearing. 

Achsmutter / axle nut. 

Achsschenkel m wheel spindle (MT). 

Achsschenkellenkung f steering- 
knuckle type of steering, Ackerman 
steering (MT). 

Achsschwingschenkel m wheel spindle 
(G). 

Achssitze mpl axle seats ( for gun- 
ners). 

Achssturz m pivot inclination, king- 
pin inclination (MT). 

Achszapfen m kingpin, steering 
knuckle pivot (MT). 

Achszapfensturz m -pivot inclination, 
kingpin inclination (MT). 

Achterzelt n eight-man tent. 

Achtganggetriebe n eight-speed 
transmission (MT). 

“Achtung!” “Attention!”, “Caution!”, 
“Danger!”, “Look out!” 

“Achtung! Prasentiert das, Gewehr!” 
“Present, Arms!” 

Adamsitm adamsite (CWS). 

Aderpresse / tourniquet. 

Adjutant m adjutant, aide, aide-de- 
camp, executive officer. 

Adjutantur / Adjutant’s Office (de- 
partment of the Oberkommando des 
Heeres serving as central clearing 
office for routine matters; in no sense 
equivalent to US Adjutant General’s 
Department) ; personnel group of 
general staff sections ( in army, corps, 
and Div). 

Adler m eagle. 

Admiral m admiral. 

Afrikakampfer m veteran of the 
African Campaign. 

Aggregat n unit, set; charging unit 
(Elec). 

Ago name of an aircraft manufactur- 
ing company. 

Akjam boat-type runner (placed tin- 
der gun wheels for operations in deep 
snoio; also used as a swamp convey- 
ance for ivounded, etc.). 

Akten fpl documents, records, papers, 
file. 

Aktenmaterial n official documents. 

Aktenschrank m filing cabinet. 

Aktionsbereich m See Fahrbereich, 
Flugbereich, etc. 

Aktionsradius m See Wirkungsbe- 
reich. 




aktiv 

aktiv active; regular, 
aktive Truppe line troops, combat 
troops. 

akustische Ortung sound location, 
acoustic orientation (AAA). 

Alarm m alarm; air-raid warning. 
“Alarm aus!” “All clear!” 
alarmbereit on the alert. 
Alarmbereitschaft / alert, stand-by. 
Alarmplatzw alarm station. 
AlarmschuGgerat n trip-wire alarm. 
Alkalipatrone / alkali cartridge ( oxy- 
gen breathing apparatus). 

Alleinflug m solo flight, 
allgemeines Aufgebot levee en masse. 
Allgemeines Heeresamt General 

Army Office (central section in rear 
echelon of Oberkommando des 
Heeres) (abbr. AHA). 

Allgemeines Luftamt General Air 
Office (section of Ger Air Ministry). 
Allgemeines Wehrmachtamt General 
Office of the Armed Forces (central 
section in rear echelon of Oberkom- 
mando der Wehrmacht). 
allgemeingiiltige Anordnungen gen- 
eral orders. 

Allradantrieb m all-wheel drive (MT). 
Alp f mountain pasturage. 

Alter n age. 

Altersgrenze f age limit. 
Alterungsbestandigkeit / resistance 
to aging. 

alte Wache old guard. 

Altgummi n-m scrap rubber. 
Altmaterial n junk, scrap, waste. 
Altmetall n scrap metal. 

Alulegierung f See Aluminiumlegie- 
rung. 

Aluminiumlegierung / aluminum 
alloy. 

Amatol n amatol ( Am). 

AmboB m anvil (Am). 
amboBformiger Kumulo-Nimbus in- 
cus (Met). 

AmboBschraube / threaded anvil 
. (Am). 

Ammoniumpikrat n ammonium pic- 
rate (Am). 

Ammonpulver n ammonal (Am). 
Ammonsalpeter-Sprengmittel n am- 
monium nitrate explosive. 
Amperemeter n ammeter. 

Amperezahl f amperage. 
Amphibienflugzeug n amphibian air- 
plane. 



anfordern 

Amphibienkampfwagen m amphibian 

tank. 

Amt n office, bureau; administrative 
function; telephone central. 

amtlich official. 

AmtsanschlieBer m telephone-ex- 
change connecting device ( connects 
field Tp with country-wide network). 

Amtswalter m administrator (Reich 
Labor Service). 

Amtszusatz m telephone-exchange 
auxiliary set ( connects field central 
with country-wide network). 

Anaglypt n anaglyph (Surv). 

Analphabet m illiterate. 

Anblasrichtung / direction of air flow 
( Avn). 

Anderthalbdecker m sesquiplane. 

Anderungsgeschwindigkeit / remain- 
ing velocity (Ballistics). 

andrehen to crank, to turn over ( an 

engine). 

Andrehkurbel / crank (MT). 

Anerkennung f recognition, acknowl- 
edgment. 

Anerkennungsschreiben n commenda- 
tion. 

Anfahrtsgang m low gear (MT, Tk). 

Anfallm surprise attack, raid. 

Anfangsbuchstabe m initial, first let- 
ter. 

Anfangsdrall m initial twist (Ord). 

Anfangsgeschwindigkeit / initial ve- 
locity, muzzle velocity (Ballistics). 

Anfangsladung f initial charge. 

Anfangsstellung f initial position. 

Anfeuerung / combustible composi- 
tion (in a flare cartridge). 

Anfeuerungssatz m booster charge 
( Am). 

anfliegen to approach (a target) 
( Avn). 

Anflugm coming flight (AAA); ap- 
proach run (bombing) ; approach 
flight (Avn). 

Anfluggrundlinie f principal course 
of approach (Inst landing). 

Anflugkurs m approaching course 

( Avn). 

Anflugrichtung / direction of ap- 
proach (Avn). 

Anflugsektorm on-course zone (Inst 
landing); approach zone (Adrm). 

Anflugwinkel m approach angle, 
angle of approach (Avn). 

anfordern to requisition (Adm). 




Anforderung 

Anforderung / requisition. 

Anforderungszeichen n requisition 
number. 

Anfiihrerm file leader. 

Angaben fpl data, statements. 

Angehoriger m member; relative, 
die nachsten Angehorigen next of 
kin. 

angelehnt supported by, in contact 
with, covered by (Tac). 

angelehnter Fliigel supported flank. 

“Angetreten !” “Fall in!” (at atten- 
tion). 

angliedern to attach. 

angreifen to attack. 

Angreifer to attacker, aggressor. 

angrenzend adjacent. 

Angriff to attack (Tac); charge 
(Cav). 

Angriff auf Stellungen attack of or- 
ganized positions. 

Angriff aus der Bewegung attack 
from march column. 

Angriff mit begrenztem Ziel limited 
attack, attack with limited objective. 

Angriffsabschnitt to attack sector, 
zone of action in attack. 

Angriffsart / form of attack, form of 
offensive action. 

Angriffsbefehl m attack order. 

Angriffsbeginn m time of attack. 

Angriffsbereitstelllung f assembly 
(area) for attack. 

Angriffsbreite / frontage in attack, 
attack frontage (Tac). 

Angriffsflug to air-attack flight, raid 
(Avn). 

Angriffsfliigel m attacking wing. 

Angriff sf orm / form of attack; at- 
tack formation. 

angriffsfreudig aggressive. 

Angriffsgefecht n offensive combat. 

Angriffsgelande n terrain of attack, 
attack zone. 

Angriffsgraben to assault trench. 

Angriffsgruppe / attack group, at- 
tack echelon. 

Angriffshandlung/ offensive action. 

Angriffshohe / air-attack altitude, 
bombing altitude (Avn). 

angriffslustig aggressive. 

Angriffsplan to plan of attack. 

Angriffsrichtung / direction of at- 
tack. 

Angriffsstreifen m attack sector. 



7 Ankerwinde 

Angriffstruppen fpl attack units, at- 
tack troops. 

Angriffsverlauf to progress of an at- 
tack. 

Angriffsversuch to attempted attack. 

Angriffswelle / attack wave, attack- 
ing echelon. 

Angriffsziel n objective (of attack). 
erstes Angriffsziel immediate objec- 
tive. 

Angriffszwischenziel n intermediate 
objective. 

Anhalt to guide, general principle. 

Anhaltspunkt to check point ( Gun- 
nery, Air Navigation, Surv) ; item in 
a check list (combat orders). 

Anhang to appendix (to a manual, 
etc.). 

Anhangelast / trailer load (MT). 

Anhangen n See Vermessung durch 
Anhangen. 

Anhanger to trailer (MT); tender 
(RR); tie-on tag. 

Anhangezettel to tie-on tag. 

Anhaufung / accumulation, concen- 
tration, piling up. 

Anhbhe f height, hill, rise. 

Anker w armature, rotor (Elec); an- 
chor (Nav). 

Ankerachse / armature shaft ( field 
TP). 

Ankerbalken m anchor stock. 

Ankerflunken m anchor fluke. 

Ankergrundw anchorage (Nav). 

Ankerlicht n anchor light. 

Ankerlichten n weighing anchor. 

Ankerlinie/ line of anchors (Bdg). 

Ankermine/ anchored mine, moored 
mine. 

Ankermast w mooring mast. 

Ankerpfahl to anchor stake (for a 

guy line). 

Ankerplatte/ anchor plate (part of 
a clockwork fuze). 

AnkerplatzTO anchorage (Nav). 

Ankerrodel to anchor rack stick 
(Bdg). 

Ankerrute / anchor shank. 

Ankerseil n guy line. 

Ankerstelle/ anchorage (Nav). 

Ankerstich to anchor hitch. 

Ankersucher w grapnel. 

Ankertau n anchor cable. 

Ankerturm to mooring tower. 

Ankerwelle / armature shaft (Elec). 

Ankerwicklung / armature winding. 

Ankerwinde f capstan. 



Anklage 8 

Anklage/ charge, complaint. 

anklammern to cling tenaciously, to 
hold fast. 

ankleben to paste, adhere, stick, 
fasten with adhesive. 

Ankundigung / announcement, bulle- 
tin, notice. 

Ankiindigungskommando n prepara- 
tory command. 

Ankiindigungssignal n warning sig- 
nal. 

Ankunft / arrival. 

ankurbeln to crank. 

Anlage/ installation; annex, inclo- 
sure (in a manual). 

anlassen to start (an engine); to 
temper (steel). 

Anlasserm starter (Mtr). 

Anlafiknopf m starter button (Mtr). 

AnlaBmotor m starter motor (Mtr). 

AnlaBpatrone / cartridge for car- 
tridge starter (Mtr). 

AnlaBpistoIe f cartridge starter 
(Mtr). 

AnlaBschalter m starter switch 
(Mtr). 

Anlauf m take-off run (Avn). 

Anlaufstrecke / take-off distance 
(Avn). 

anlauten to ring (Tp). 

anlegen to aim (R); to dock; to put 
ashore ; to construct. 

Anlegepunkt m aiming point. 

Anlegestelle / pier, wharf. 

anleuchten illuminate. 

Anmarsch m approach, approach 

march, advance (Too). 

Anmarschweg m approach, approach 
route. 

annahernd approximate. 

Anniiherung / approach. 

Annaherungsformation/ approach 

march formation. 

Annaherungsmarsch m approach 

march (Tac). 

Annahme/ assumption; acceptance, 
reception. 

Annahmestelle / recruiting office; re- 
ceiving office (letters, etc.). 

Anode/ plate, anode (Elec). 

Anodenbatterie/ plate battery, “B” 
battery (Rad). 

Anodengleichspannung / direct plate 
voltage (Rad). 

Anodenkreis m plate circuit (Rad). 

Anodenriickkopplung / plate feedback 
coupling (Rad). 



AnschluBklemme 

Anodenverlustleistung/ plate dissi- 
pation (Rad). 

Anorak m parka (Clo). 

Anordnung / order, 
anpassen adapt, blend (Cam). 
Anpeilen n taking of bearings, radio 
direction finding (Avn). 
anpirschen to creep up, to stalk. 
Anrecht n claim. 

Anregungsmittel n stimulant, 
anrichten to sight, sight in, align; to 
cause (damage, etc.). 
anrollen to roll along runway (on 
take-off run). 

Anruf m call, call-up (Rad, Tp) ; 
challenge. 

Anrufantwort / answer to call-up 
(Rad). 

Anrufklappe/ switchboard drop (Tp). 
Anrufsschauzeichen n incoming-call 
signal light (Tp). 

Anruf zeichen n call signal (Tp). 
Ansammlung/ concentration (Tac). 
Ansatzfliigel m stub wing / Ap). 
Ansaugetakt m intake stroke, suction 
stroke (Mtr). 

Ansaughub m intake stroke (Mtr). 
Ansaugkriimmer m air-intake horn 
(carburetor). 

Ansaugleitung/ intake duct (Mtr, 
Ft). 

Ansaugrohrw intake pipe (Mtr). 
Ansaugung / suction, 
anschaffen procure, 
anschalten connect, switch on; tap 
( a wire). 

Anreicherung f concentration ( CWS). 
Anschauur.gsmittel npl illustrative 
material, demonstration material 
(Tng aids). 

AnschieBen n harmonization ( Ord). 
ansehieBen to sight in. 

Anschlag m aiming or firing posi- 
tion with rifle or machine gun; stop 
(Ord). 

anschlagen to post (a notice, etc.). 
Anschlagsart / firing position (of the 

soldier). 

Anschlagtafel / bulletin board. 
Anschlagwinkel m try square. 
anschlieBen join, close up, connect. 
AnschluB m liaison, support, contact 
(Tac); connection, junction, coup- 
ling. 

AnschluBbahnhof m junction (RR). 
AnschluBklemme / binding post 

(Elec). 




AnschluBklinke 



9 

AnschluGklinke / line jack, station- 
line jack (Tp). 

AnschluBmann m connecting file. 
AnschluBpunkt m connecting point 
(in axes of Sig Com). 

AnschluGschnur / connecting cord 
(Elec). 

AnschluGstecker m plug, connecting 
plug (Elec, Tp). 

AnschluBstiick n connecting piece, 
joint, coupling, union. 

AnschluGteil der Garbe margin of 
the sheaf of fire. 

Anschnallgurt m safety belt (Avn). 
Anschneidelinie f line of intersection. 
Anschneiden n intersection (Surv). 
anschneiden to intersect; determine 
a fix (air navigation) ; obtain a bear- 
ing (Rad, FR). 

Anschnitte mpl cross bearings. 
AnschuB m sighting shot, 
ansetzen launch, commit (Tac) ; ram 
(G). 

Ansetzer m rammer (G). 
Ansichtsskizze / panoramic sketch 
(Top). 

Ansprache/ designation (of a tar- 
get). 

Anspruch m claim. 

Anstalt f institution, establishment, 
station. 

anstauen to dam up, flood. 

Anstauung / damming, flooding; 
flooded area. 

anstechen to tie, fasten, hitch. 
Ansteckblech n float plate (on a trail 
■ spade). 

anstecken to attach, fasten, hitch; to 
infect. 

ansteckende Krankheit communicable 
disease, contagious disease. 
Ansteckung / infection. 

Anstellwinkel m angle of pitch, blade 
angle ( propeller) ; angle of attack 
( Avn). 

Ansteuerungsfeuer n directional bea- 
con (Avn). 

anstreichen run weapon up and down 
side of tree, etc., (to find firing sup- 
port^ ; to paint. 

Anstrich m paint. 

Anstromrichtung/ direction of air 
flow (Avn). 

ansturmen to assault, attack, charge, 
ansuchen to request. 

Ansumpfung/ inundation, inundated 
area. 



Anweisung 

Antenne/ antenna, aerial. 

Antenne mit Rundwirkung omnidi- 
rectional antenna. 

AntennenanschluB m antenna bind- 
ing post. 

Antennen-AnschluBbuchse / See An- 
tennenbuchse. 

Antennenbuchse f antenna jack. 

Antennengebilde n antenna array, 
antenna structure, antenna system. 

Antennengerat n antenna outfit, an- 
tenna equipment. 

Antennenhaspel / antenna reel ( Ap). 

Antennenkapazitat / antenna capaci- 
tance. 

Antennenkondensator w antenna con- 
denser. 

Antennenkopplung / antenna cou- 
pling. 

Antennenkreis m antenna circuit. 

Antennenleistung / antenna power. 

Antennenmast m antenna mast. 

Antennenspule / antehna tuning coil. 

Antennenstab m antenna rod. 

Antennenstellung / directional posi- 
tion of the antenna. 

Antennenstromanzeiger m antenna 
ammeter. 

Antennenwiderstand m antenna, re- 

sistance. 

Antiflatterbock m antishimmy 

shackle (MT). 

Antragm request; recommendation, 
suggestion, proposal. 

antreiben to drive, impel, propel. 

antreten to fall in ; begin ( an assign- 
ment) ; assume ( duties, etc.). 

“Antreten!” “Fall in!” (not at atten- . 
tion). 

Antriebm drive (Mech). 

Antriebsachse / driving axle (MT). 

Antriebsart/ type of drive (MT). 

Antriebskegelrad n bevel drive pinion 
( differential gear). 

Antriebsrad n drive wheel (MT). 

Antriebsritzel m starter pinion (on 
armature shaft of starter). ' 

Antriebswelle f drive shaft. 

Antriebszahnrad n drive gear (MT). 

A.N.-Verfahren n A.N. method (of 
instrument landing). 

anvisieren to sight at. 

AnwarmeschuB m warming-up shot. 

Anwarter m candidate ; cadet, 

anweisen to direct, instruct, allot. 

Anweisung/ directive; instructions; 
allotment. 




anwerfen 



10 



Arsin 



anwerfen to crank (an engine). 
Anzapfleitung / power lead-in (Rad). 
Anzeiger m indicator, marker. 
Anzeigerschiene / indicator slide 
(MG). 

Anziehungskraft/ force of attrac- 
tion. 

anzielen to sight, to aim. 

Anzugm uniform; suit of clothes, 
anziinden to ignite, light. 
Aphongetriebe n constant-mesh 

transmission (MT). 

Apotheker m pharmacist. 
Apparattornister m instrument case 
(portable Rad). 

Apparatur/ chassis (Rad); fixtures 
(Tech). 

Appellm roll call; muster; inspec- 
tion. 

Aquadagw aquadag (lubricant). 
Arado name of an aircraft manufac- 
turing company. 

Araometer m -hydrometer. 

Arbeiten fpl works (Ft). 
Arbeitsanzug m fatigue uniform, 
work uniform. 

Arbeitsdienst m See Reichsarbeits- 
dienst. 

Arbeitsdiensipflicht / liability to la- 
bor service. 

Arbeitsfuhrer m captain ( Reich La- 
bor Service). 

Arbeitsgeschiitz n roving gun ( Arty). 
Arbeitshub m power stroke (Mtr). 
Arbeitskommando n fatigue detail. 
Arbeitslager n labor camp. 
Arbeitsmann m workman ( Reich La- 
bor Service). 

Arbeitsspiel n functioning, action 
(Meek). 

Arbeitstakt m power stroke (Mtr). 
Arbeitsurlaub m leave for purposes 
of war work. 

arbeitsverwendungsfiihig fit for labor 
duty only (abbr. a.v.). 
a.v. Heimat fit for labor duty in 
zone of interior only. 

Arktik/ smoke acid for use in ex- 
tremely cold weather (CWS). 
arktische Kaltluft polar air (Met). 
Armaturenbrett n instrument board, 
instrument panel. 

Armauflage/ elbow rest (trench or 
firing pit). 

Armband n See Arnibinde. 
Armbanduhr / wrist watch. 

Armbinde / arm band, brassard. 



Arm ee/ army (a tactical unit, dis- 
tinguished from Heer, the Army). 

Armeebefehl m army field order. 

Armeebekleidungsamt n army cloth- 
ing depot. 

Armeebriefstelle / army postal sta- 
tion. 

Armeefeldlazarett n army surgical 
hospital. 

Armeegebiet n army area. 

Armeegruppe/ task force usually 
comprising one army and miscella- 
neous units. 

Armeeintendant m army intendant 
( Adm official at army Hq in charge 
of rations, clothing, equipment, pay, 
etc.). 

Armeekartenlager n army map depot. 

Armeekorps n army corps. 

Armeekraftfahrpark m army motor 
transport park. 

Armeemunitionslager n army ammu- 
nition depot. 

Armeenachrichtenabteilung / army 
signal battalion. 

Armeenachrichtenregiment n army 
signal regiment. 

Armeenachschubfiihrer m commander 
of army services of supply (also 
known as Kommandeur der Armee- 
nachschubtruppen) . 

Armeeoberkommando n high com- 
mand of an army, army headquar- 
ters (abbr. OAK). 

Armeesanitatsabteilung f army medi- 
cal battalion. 

Armeeverpflegungsamt n office of 
army ration supply. 

Armeeverpflegungslager n army ra- 
tion-supply depot. 

Armel m sleeve (Clo). 

Armelaufschlag m cuff (Clo). 

Armelabzeichen n sleeve badge. 

Armelpatte / cuff patch. 

Armschiene / splint ( for arm frac- 
ture). 

Armzeichen n arm and hand signal, 
arm signal. 

Arrestant m person under arrest. 

Arrestanstalt / military prison. 

Arrestlokal n detention room, guard- 
house cell, guardhouse. 

Arreststrafe / confinement, sentence 
of confinement. 

Arrestraum im Lazarett detention 
ward. 

Arsin n arsine (CWS). 




Art 11 Atemsack 



Art / kind, manner, method, type. 
Art. B.-Stelle / See Artilleriebeobach- 
tungsstelle. 

Artillerie / artillery, 
leichte Artillerie light artillery, 
schwere Artillerie medium artillery, 
schwerste Artillerie heavy artillery. 
Artillerieabteilung / artillery bat- 
talion. 

Artillerieaufmarsch to moving up to 
positions (Arty). 

Artilleriebekampfung / counterbat- 
tery fire. 

Artilleriebeobachter to artillery ob- 
server, spotter. 

Artilleriebeobachtungsabteilung / ob- 
servation battalion (Arty). 
Artilleriebeobachtungsstelle f artil- 
lery observation post. 
ArtilleriebeschuB m artillery fire. 
Artillerieeinschlag to shell hit, shell 
burst, point of impact (Arty). 
Artillerieflieger mpl artillery recon- 
naissance aviation. 

Artillerieflug m artillery mission 
(Avn). 

Artillerieflugzeug n artillery observa- 
tion airplane. 

Artilleriefiihrer m division artillery 
commander (special staff Arty officer 
and Arty commander at Div Hq). 
Artilleriegliederung / organization of 
artillery. 

Artilleriegruppe / artillery group, ar- 
tillery groupment. 

Artilleriekolonne / ammunition sup- 
ply column (Arty). 

Artilleriekommandeur m corps artil- 
lery commander (in GHQ pool) ; divi- 
sion artillery commander (when 
GHQ artillery is attached). 

Hoherer Artilleriekommandeur spe- 
cial staff artillery officer (at army 
Hg). 

Artillerienachrichtenstelle / artillery 
intelligence center. 

Artillerienachrichtentrupp m artillery 
intelligence section. 

Artilleriepark m artillery equipment 
park. 

Artilleriepunkttafel / point-designa- 
tion grid. 

Artillerierechenschieber m graphical 
firing table. 

Artilleriespiihtrupp m artillery recon- 
naissance detail. 



Artilleriesperrfeuer n artillery bar- 
rage. 

Artilleriestaffel / artillery train. 

Artillerieunterstutzung / artillery 

support. 

Artillerieverbindungskommando n ar- 
tillery liaison command post, artil- 
lery liaison detachment. 

Artillerieverbindungsoffizier m artil- 
lery liaison officer. 

Artillerievermessung / artillery sur- 
vey. 

Artillerievermessungstrupp m artil- 
lery survey section. 

Artillerievorbereitung / artillery 

preparation. 

Artilleriezugmaschine / artillery 

prime mover. 

Artillerist m artilleryman. 

artilleristische Aufklarung artillery 
reconnaissance. 

artilleristische Punkte mpl artillery 
reference points. 

Arznei f drug, medicine, medicament. 

Arzneikasten in medicine chest. 

Arzneikiste f See Arzneikasten. 

Arzneimittel n medicine, medicament. 

Arzt in doctor, medical officer. 

Arztliche Akademie der Luftwaffe 
school of aviation medicine. 

arztliche Behandlung medical treat- 
ment, medical attendance. 

iirztliche Untersuchung f medical 

examination, physical examination. 

Asbest m asbestos. 

Askulapstab m caduceus. 

Assistenzarzt m second lieutenant 
(Med). 

Ast m branch; knot (in wood). 

Astro to celestial navigator ( Avn 
slang). 

astronomische Navigation celestial 

navigation (Avn). 

astronomischer MeBzug to astronom- 
ical survey platoon. 

Astverhau m dead abatis made of 
tree branches. 

Atemeinsatz m filter element ( gas 

mask). 

Atemgerat n oxygen apparatus 
(Avn). 

Atemmaske/ oxygen mask (Avn). 

Atemmundstiick n mouthpiece ( oxy- 
gen breathing apparatus). 

Atemsack m respirator bag (oxygen 
breathing apparatus) . 




Atemschlauch 12 Auflaufstiick 



Atemschlauch m hose ( gas mask, oxy- 
gen breathing apparatus). 

Athylarsindichlorid n ethyldichlorar- 
sine, ED (CWS). 

Athyldichlorarsin n ethyldiehlorar- 
sine, ED (CWS). (Ger abbr. Dick). 
Attacke / charge (Cav). 

Attrappe f dummy ( target, vehicle, 
etc.). 

atzender KampfstofiF vesicant, vesi- 
cant agent, blister agent, blister gas. 
Atzmittel n caustic. 

Atznatron n lye, caustic soda, sodium 
hydroxide. 

Aubo-Fahre f outboard-motor ferry 
( Aubo = AuBenbord). 

Aubomotorm outboard motor (Aubo 
= AuBenbord). 

Audion n grid-leak detector, detector, 
2nd detector (Rad). 

Aufbau m body (MT); superstruc- 
ture, i.e. sponson and turret (Tk). 
Aufbauliifter in ventilator (in Tk 
sponson or turret). 

Aufbewahrung / storage, 
aufbieten mobilize, 
aufblasen inflate, blow up. 
Aufblitzenw flash (Arty fire). 
aufbrauchen to exhaust, use up. 
aufbrechen to depart, start. 
Aufbruchsort m departure point, 
starting point. 

Aufbruchszeit / departure time, 
starting time. 

aufbumsen collide, strike (slang). 
Aufenthaltspunkt m stop (RR, MT). 
auffangen to detect (Rad) ; intercept, 
catch; to absorb (recoil, etc.). 
Auffangstellung / prepared position 
in rear, rear position (in defense). 
Auffangvorrichtung / buffer (G). 
auffinden to locate (a target). 
Auffiihrender m corporal of the guard. 
Aufgabe / mission, task, problem, 
aufgeben abandon, give up; register 
(baggage, etc.); send (a telegram, 
etc.). 

Aufgebot m See allgemeines Aufge- 
bot. 

aufgesessen mounted (Pers). 
Aufgleitfront / warm front (Met). 
Aufhaken n message pick-up (Avn). 
Aufhangeose f suspension lug (bomb ). 
Aufhangung/ suspension (of bombs, 
etc.). 

aufhetzen incite. 



aufkliiren reconnoiter, scout, observe, 

patrol. 

Aufkliirer m scout, observer ; recon- 
naissance airplane. 

Aufkliirertatigkeit / reconnaissance 
activity, patrol activity. 

Aufkliirung/ reconnaissance (Tac). 

Aufklarungsabteilung / reconnais- 
sance battalion. 

Aufkliirungsbreite f width of recon- 
naissance sector (in which Obsn Bn 
locates targets). 

Aufklarungsergebnis n results of re- 
connaissance. 

Aufklarungsflieger m aircraft 

observer ; reconnaissance aircraft. 

Aufkliirungsflug m reconnaissance 
mission, reconnaissance flight (Avn). 

Aufklarungsflugzeug m reconnais- 
sance airplane. 

Aufklarungsgebiet n reconnaissance 
area. 

Aufkliirungskorper nipl reconnais- 
sance elements. 

Aufklarungsmaterial n reconnais- 
sance information. 

Aufklarungsraum m reconnaissance 
area. 

Aufkliirungsschwadron f reconnais- 
sance troop ( Cav). 

Aufkliirungsspahtrupp m reconnais- 
sance patrol. 

Aufkliirungsstaffel / reconnaissance 
squadron (Avn). 

Aufklarungsstreifen m reconnais- 
sance sector. 

Aijfkliirungstiefe / reconnaissance 
depth (in which Obsn Bn locates tar- 
gets). 

Aufklarungstrupp m reconnaissance 
patrol. 

Aufklarungszug m scout car platoon; 
reconnaissance platoon. 

Aufladekommando n loading detail. 

Auflademotor m supercharged en- 
gine (Ami). 

aufladen to boost, supercharge; to 
load. 

Aufladung / detonating charge 

(blasting cap), 

Auflagefliiche f bearing surface, con- 
tact surface. 

Auflagepunkt m center of tire impact 
(MT) ; point of support (Tech). 

Auflager n pedestal, support (Bdg); 
hanger bar (harness). 

Auflaufstiick n knuckle lug (G). 




auflosen 13 Aufstellung 



auflosen disintegrate, disband, dis- 
solve, scatter, demobilize. 

Aufmarsch m concentration or as- 
sembly of troops for action; strategic 
concentration; moving up to posi- 
tions (Arty). 

Aufmarschgebiet n concentration 
area (Tac). 

Aufmarschplan m plan for strategic 
concentration. 

Aufnahme/ covering force (reserve 
force covering withdrawal from ac- 
tion) ; reception; photograph; taking 
up, establishment (of contact, etc.). 

Aufnahmefahigkeit / capacity ( of 
roads, structures, etc.). 

Aufnahmehaken m pick-up hook (for 
message pick-up) (Ap). 

Aufnahmering m receiving ring (AA 
gun). 

Aufnahmestellung / covering position 
(covering withdrawal from action). 

Aufnahmestreifen m tape (Tg prin- 
ter.) 

aufnehmen to record (sound, etc.); 
to receive, take up ; to photograph ; to 
survey; to establish (contact, etc.). 

aufpflanzen to fix bayonets. 

aufprotzen to couple, limber, place a 
gun in traveling position (Arty). 

Aufrauhbiirste / rotary sweeper 

(road construction). 

aufraumen to clear away, mop up. 

aufrecht erect, upright. 

aufreifien to rip, tear up. 

AufriB m design, sketch, vertical 
section. 

aufrollen to roll up (Tac); to coil 
( wire). 

aufriicken to move up, advance. 

Aufruhr m riot. 

Aufriistung / plank scaffolding (on a 
Pon). 

Aufsatz m sight mount, telescope 
mount (in a loose sense, either the 
optical sight alone or the entire sight 
assembly) ; essay, composition. 

Aufsatzeinteilung / elevation gradu- 
ations (sight mount). 

Aufsatzentfernung / corrected range 
(Arty). 

Aufsatzerhohung f corrected eleva- 
tion (Arty). 

Aufsatzgehause n sight-mount hous- 
ing (G). 

Aufsatzstange / sight adjustment 
rod (G). 



Aufsatztriiger m sight bracket, sight 
support (G). 

Aufsatztrieb m elevation mechanism 

(G). 

Aufsatztrommel f angle-of -elevation 

dial (G). 

Aufsatzwinkel m angle of elevation 
(Gunnery) ; superelevation (AAA). 

Aufsatzwinkeltrieb m angle-of -eleva- 
tion mechanism (G). 

Aufsatzzeiger m telescope mount ref- 
erence pointer (matches ivith Rohr- 
zeiger when gun is laid for elevation ) . 

aufschablonieren to stencil on. 

aufschirren to harness. 

Aufschlagm impact, percussion ; cuff 
(Clo). 

Aufschlaggelande n impact area. 

Aufschlaggeschwindigkeit / striking 
velocity. 

Aufschlagpunkt m point of impact, 
objective point. 

Aufschlagweite f burst interval. 

Aufschlagwinkel m angle of impact. 

Aufschlagziinder m impact fuze, per- 
cussion fuze. 

Aufschlagziinder mit Verzogerung 
delay fuze. 

Aufschlagziinder ohne Verzogerung 
nondelay fuze. 

Aufschreiber m recorder (Arty). 

Aufschrumpfen n heat shrinking 
(Ord). 

Aufschub m delay. 

Aufschiittung/ fill (Engr, Top). 

Aufsichtsturm m control tower 

( Adrm). 

aufsitzen to mount (a horse or ve- 
hicle). 

das Ziel aufsitzen lassen to hold be- 
low the target in aiming. 

Aufspulerm reel (Tp). 

Aufsteckschliissel m socket wrench. 

aufsteigen to ascend, mount, rise. 

aufsteigender Ast ascending branch 
(of trajectory). 

Aufstellbahnhof m make-up yard 
(RR). 

aufstellen to post (a sentry); to acti- 
vate or constitute (a unit); to em- 
place (a gun); to install (an engine, 
etc.); to mount (a gun); to place, to 
distribute (troops, etc.); to establish 
(an agency); to park (vehicles) . 

Aufstellgleis n make-up track (RR). 

Aufstellung/ formation (of troops); 
initial organization (of a unit); es- 




Aufstellungsbefehl 14 

tablishment ( of an agency) ; disposi- 
tion (Tac). 

Aufstellungsbefehl m initial organi- 
zation order (to activate a unit). 
Aufstromvergaser m updraft carbu- 
retor. 

Auftakt m initial phase ( of an oper- 
ation). 

auftanken refuel. 

Auftragm mission, task (Tac). 
“Auftrag erledigt!” “Mission accom- 
plished!” 

Auftragserteilung / assignment of 
missions, assignment of tasks. 
Auftragskarte / flight diagram 
(aerial Photo). 

Auftreffen n impact. 
Auftreffgeschwindigkeit / striking 
velocity (of projectile). 

Auftreffpunkt to point of impact. 
Auftreffwinkel to angle of impact. 
Auftrieb ni buoyancy, lift (Avn). 
Auftriebsmittelpunkt to center of lift 
( Avn). 

Auftritt w fire step. 

Aufwind m anabatic wind, up-slope 
wind. 

Aufzeichnung / record, notation, 
sketch. 

Aufziehachse / winding stem (on 

blasting machine, watch, etc.). 
aufziehen to mount (Photo) ; pull up, 
lift, hoist; to mount (guard) ; to wind 
( a watch, etc.). 

Aufziehen der Wache guard mount. 
Aufziehleine/ static line (Prcht). 
AufzugTO elevator, hoist. 

Augenabstand to interpupillary dis- 
tance (Optics). 

Augenaufklarung f visual reconnais- 
sance. 

Augenblicksziel n fleeting target, 
transient target, fleeting objective. 
Augenblicksziinder to instantaneous 
fuze, nondelay fuze, quick fuze. 
Augenfenster n eyepiece (gas mask). 
“Augen gerade, aus!” “Ready, front!" 
“Augen, links!” “Eyes, left!” (strict- 
ly, “Die Augen, links!” to distinguish 
preparatory command from that in 
“Augen, rechts!”). 

Augenmuschel / eyeguard (Optics). 
‘Augen, rechts!” “Eyes, right!” 
Augenreizstoff to lacrimator (CWS). 
Augenring m eyepiece frame of 

goggles (gas mask). 



Ausfertigung 

Augenschlitz to viewing slit (tele- 
scopic sight). 

Augenverbindung / visual communi- 
cation. 

Ausatemventil n outlet valve (gas 

mask). 

AusbauTO construction; improvement 
(of a position) ; dismantling, remov- 
ing, dismounting (of a gun, etc.). 

ausbauen dismount (Ord); improve 
(Ft); remove, dismantle. 

Ausbilder to instructor. 

Ausbildung / training, drill. 

Ausbildungsanweisungen fpl training 
order. 

Ausbildungsgerat n training equip- 
ment, training instrument. 

Ausbildungslager n training camp. 

Ausbildungsplan to training schedule. 

Ausbildungsrichtlinien fpl training 
outlines, training regulations. 

Ausbildungsstab to training staff. 

Ausbildungsstufe / training phase. 

Ausbildungsvorschrift f training 

manual, drill regulations. 

Ausblickw objective lens (Optics); 
prospect, view. 

Ausblickprismengehause n objective- 
prism housing (BC telescope). 

Ausblickstutzen to objective-lens 

socket (Optics). 

Ausbootung / debarkation. 

Ausbrennung/ barrel erosion, ero- 
sion of the bore (Ord). 

Ausbruch der Feindseligkeiten out- 
break of hostilities. 

Ausbuchtung / salient. 

Ausdauer f endurance. 

Ausdehnung/ frontage (Tac); ex- 
pansion, extension, spreading. 

auseinandergehen diverge, separate. 

auseinandernehmen to strip, dis- 
assemble, dismantle, take apart. 

auseinanderziehen deploy, extend, 
spread out (Tac). 

ausfahren to extend, to lower (Ap 
landing gear, etc.) ; to ride out, drive 
out. 

Ausfahrgleis n outgoing track (RR). 

Ausfallm. sortie (Tac); long lunge, 
long thrust (bayonet thrust); casual- 
ty; failure, breakdown (of an engine, 
etc.); gun out of battery (Arty). 

Ausfertigung/ drawing up, writing 
out (a report, etc.). 
in dreifacher Ausfertigung in tripli- 
cate. 




ausfragen 15 Auslosung 



ausfragen interrogate, question, 
ausfiihren accomplish, carry out, exe- 
cute. 

Ausfiihrung / execution, carrying 
out; design, model (Tech). 
in zweifacher Ausfiihrung in dupli- 
cate. 

Ausfiihrungskommando n command 
of execution (drill). 

Ausgabe/ issue; edition. 
Ausgabestelle / point of issue, dis- 
tributing point. 

Ausgang vi departure, outcome, exit, 
outlet, start. 

Ausgangslage / assault position 
(Tac) ; starting position, original po- 
sition. 

Ausgangslinie / line of departure, 
jump-off line. 

Ausgangsort m point of departure 
( air navigation). 

Ausgangspunkt m initial point, ori- 
gin, point of departure. 
Ausgangsspannung / output voltage. 
Ausgangsstellung / line of departure, 
jump-off position (Tac). 
Ausgangstransformator m output 
transformer (Rad). 
ausgeben to issue, distribute, 
ausgeglichen balanced, equalized, 
equilibrated. 

Ausgehanzug m dress uniform, 
ausgehoben drafted; silenced (slang). 
Ausgehobener m draftee. 
Ausgehverbot n curfew (Mil Govt). 
ausgemustert rejected as unfit. See 
Musterung, Ausmusterungsschein. 
AusgieBgerat n See Aus- und Ab- 

gieBgerat. 

Ausgleich m equalization, compensa- 
tion, equilibration, balancing. 
Ausgleichduse / compensating jet 

(Mtr). 

ausgleichen to balance, compensate, 
equalize. 

Ausgleicher m compensator ( Ord, 

Mech); equilibrator (G). 
Ausgleicherarm m equilibrator an- 
chor (G). 

Ausgleichflache / balance tab, trim 
tab (Ap). 

Ausgleichgetriebe n differential gear. 
Ausgleichsperre / differential lock 
(MT). 

ausgliihen anneal, 
ausheben to conscript, draft. 
Aushebung/ draft, conscription. 



Aushilfe / expedient, substitute, aux- 
iliary. 

ausholen to lunge, 
ausklinken' to release (bombs, etc.). 
Auskolkung/ scour (in a river bed). 
Auskreuzung / bracing, cross brac- 
in g(Ap). 

auskundschaften to spy, to scout. 
Auskunft / information. 
Auskunftsstelle / information center, 
information office; control point, 
auskuppeln disengage the clutch. 
Ausladebahnhof m detraining point, 
railhead. 

Ausladeeinheit / unloading unit. 
Ausladegebiet n detrucking area. 
Ausladekommando n unloading detail, 
ausladen to unload, detruck, detrain, 
etc. 

Ausladeplatz m detrucking point. 
Auslader m stevedore. 

Ausladespitze / railhead, truckhead. 
Ausladestelle / detrucking point. 
Ausladeiibersicht / detraining or un- 
loading table. 

Ausland n foreign country. 

im Ausland abroad. 

Auslander m alien, foreigner. 

feindlicher Auslander enemy alien. 
AuslaBrohr n eduction tube (Cml 
cylinder). 

AuslaBventil n exhaust valve (Mtr): 
AuslaBventilkammer f exhaust port. 
Auslaufm outlet (for liquids, etc.). 
auslaufen to run out; to complete a 
run after landing; to put to sea. 
auslegen to pay out ( rope, wire, etc.) ; 
to explain, interpret; to expose, ex- 
tend; to lay out (money). 

Ausleger?n. pack rest (harness) ; 
outrigger (boats and floats) (A A 
gun); boom (of a crane or derrick). 
Auslegerbriicke f cantilever bridge. 
Auslegezeichen n ground panel (Sig 
C): 

Ausleseknopf m selector switch ( Ap 
armament control). 

Auslieferung/ delivery; exposure 
(to danger, the elements, etc.). 
ausloschen extinguish, put out ( a 
fire). 

Ausloseeinrichtung f release mecha- 
nism (bombing). 

Ausloseknopf m release button. 
Auslosepunkt m bomb release point, 
release point. 

Auslosung/ release (of bombs, etc.). 




AusmaB 



16 AuBenschieber 



AusmaB n dimension. 

ausmerzen eliminate, eradicate. 

Ausmusterungsschein m certificate of 
rejection (for those unfit for Mil ser- 
vice). 

Ausnahmegesprach n urgent call 
(Tp). 

Ausnahmezustand m state of emer- 
gency. 

ausnutzen to exploit, to utilize fully. 

Auspuff m exhaust, exhaust system 
(Mtr). 

Auspuff gerausch n exhaust noise. 

Auspuffhub m exhaust stroke (Mtr). 

Auspuffkanalm exhaust duct (Mtr). 

Auspuffklappe / cutout (Mtr). 

Auspuffkriimmer m exhaust mani- 
fold (Mtr). 

Auspuffleitung / exhaust duct (Mtr). 

Auspufftakt m exhaust stroke (Mtr). 

Auspufftopf m muffler (Mtr). 

Auspuffwolke / exhaust smoke (Mtr). 

ausrauchern to smoke out; to fumi- 
gate. 

ausrichten to dress (drill); to per- 
form; to level, straighten, 
sich nach links ausrichten to dress 
left. 

Ausrichtung / orientation ; straight- 
ening, leveling. 

Ausrollen n landing run (Avn). 

ausrotten wipe out, crush, annihilate. 

ausriicken disengage (gears, etc.); 
depart, move up. 

Ausriistung f equipment, outfit, ac- 
cessories, accouterments. 

Ausriistungsgegenstand m item of 
equipment. 

Ausriistungsnachweisung / table of 
equipment. 

Ausrustungsstuck n accessory, piece 
of equipment. 

Aussage / statement. 

Ausschalen n stripping the forms 
(concrete construction). 

Ausschaltehebel m throwout lever 
(aiming circle). 

ausschalten disconnect, detach, cut 
out, eliminate, switch off, throw out; 
compensate for, correct ( an error, 
etc.) (Gunnery) . 

Ausschalten der besonderen und Wit- 
terungseinfliisse ballistic correction, 
i.e. correction for interior and ex- 
terior ballistic factors. 

Ausschalten der Grundstufe calibra- 
tion correction, correction for velocity 



error (Gunnery). See also Grund- 
stufe. 

Ausschalten der Schnittbildversetzung 
halving adjustment (coincidence 
range finder). 

Ausschalten der Temperatureinfliisse 
elasticity correction (Gunnery). 

Ausschalten des Schallverzuges acous- 
tic correction (sound locator). 

Ausschalten des Windes wind correc- 
tion (Gunnery). 

Ausschalter m switch; throwout 

(lever). 

ausscheiden to detach, to detail; to 
eliminate (impurities, etc.); to drop 
out, leave, separate. 

ausscheren to fall out of formation 
(Avn); to fall out of line (Nav). 

ausschiffen debark, disembark. 

Ausschiffung / debarkation, disem- 
barkation. 

ausschirren unharness. 

Ausschlagm decisive factor; rash 
(Med). 

ausschlaggebend decisive. 

ausschlieBen interdict; exclude. 

AusschlieBungsschein m certificate 
of exclusion from military service 
(for criminals, subversive elements, 
etc.). 

AusschuB m board, committee, com- 
mission. 

ausschwarmen deploy (Tac). 

ausschweben hold off (in landing) 
(Avn). 

ausschwingen die out, die down (os- 
cillations). 

AuBenantenne f outside antenna. 

AuBenaufhangung f external sus- 
pension ( of bombs). 

AuBenbackenbremse / external con- 
tracting brake (MT). 

AuBenbefestigungen fpl outworks 
(Ft). 

AuBenbordmotor m outboard motor. 

AuBengrenzlehre f snap gage. 

AuBenhafen m outer harbor. 

AuBenhaut / skin, skin cover, cover- 
ing (Ap). 

AuBenlandung f off-field landing 

( Avn). 

AuBenluftdruck w barometric pres- 
sure (Avn); 

AuBenluft-Thermometer n free-air 

thermometer (Ap). 

AuBenschieber m outer sleeve 
(sleeve-type engine). 




AuBenstelle 



17 Axt 



AuBenstelle / outlying station or 
post. 

AuBenverspannung / external brac- 
ing (Ap). 

AuBenwache / exterior guard. 
AuBenwerke npl outworks (Ft). 
auBerballistisch pertaining to ex- 
terior ballistics. 

auBer Betrieb out of order, not 
working. 

auBer Dienst retired ( abbr. a.D.). 
auBer Gefecht gesetzt put out of 
action. 

auBere Ballistik exterior ballistics. 
auBerplanmaBig exceeding author- 
ized - basic allowance or strength; not 
in accordance with plans; extraor- 
dinary. 

aussenden to dispatch, send out, 
transmit. 

Aussetzen n posting (of guards); 

cessation ( of rain, fire, etc.). 
Aussichtsturm to observation tower, 
aussondern to sort, 
ausspiihen to spy, reconnoiter. 
Ausspahung / espionage, reconnais- 
sance, spying. 

aussparen to leave untouched, to by- 
pass. 

ausspringender Winkel salient, 
ausstatten equip, 
aussteigen bail out (Avn slang). 
AusstoBbiichse / smoke canister 
ejected from projectile on burst. 
AusstoBen n exhaust stroke (Mtr) ; 
expulsion. 

ausstoBen to expel, eliminate, 

cashier. 

Ausstrahlung f radiation. 
Austauschm exchange (PW, etc.). 
austauschbar interchangeable. 
Austauschschiff n exchange ship, car- 
tel ship (Nav). 

Austauschstoff m substitute material, 
austreten relieve oneself, attend to 
one’s needs. 

Aus- und AbgieBgerat n gas-spray- 
ing apparatus (Ap, CWS). 
Auswanderungsmesser m lead com- 
puter (AA). 

Auswanderungsstrecke f linear travel 
of target, leg between present and 
future positions (AAA). 
auswartig foreign, 
auswechselbar interchangeable, re- 
movable. 



auswechselbares Seelenrohr remov- 
able liner (G). 

Ausweichbewegung f evading move- 
ment, withdrawing movement to new 
position (Tac). 

ausweichen evade, give way, with- 
draw, fall back (Tac). 

Ausweichflugplatz to dispersal land- 
ing field. 

Ausweichgleis n siding (RR). 

Ausweichhafen to alternate airport. 

Ausweichstelle / bypass (Road); 
siding (RR). 

Ausweichstellung / alternate posi- 
tion. 

Ausweichyermittlung f alternate 

routing ( emergency Tp Com). 

Ausweichziel n alternate target, sec- 
ondary target (bombing). 

Ausweis to identification ( card, docu- 
ment, etc.); pass, permit. 

Ausweiskarte f identification card, 
pass, permit. 

Ausweispapier n identification papers. 

Auswerfer to ejector (Ord). 

Auswerfervorrichtung / ejector 

mechanism (Ord). 

Auswertelineal n computing slide rule 
(FR). 

auswerten evaluate, interpret, com- 
pute, plot (maps). 

Auswertestelle / computing station 
(SR). 

Auswertung/ evaluation, interpreta- 
tion. 

Auszeichnung / decoration, medal. 

ausziehen extract, draw out, pull out. 

Auszieher to extractor ( Ord). 

Ausziehgleis n lead track (RR). 

Auszugm extract, summary, depar- 
ture; extension (Tech). 

Autobahn/ automobile express high- 
way. 

Autofrettage f cold-drawing, auto- 
frettage (Ord). 

Autokartograph to stereoscopic plot- 
ting machine. 

Autokolonne / motor vehicle column, 
motor march column. 

automatische Kurssteuerung auto- 
matic pilot, mechanical pilot (Ap). 

Autoschleppstart to auto-tow take-off 
(glider). 

Axt / ax. 




Azetylen 



18 



Ballonreifen 



Azetylen n acetylene. 
Azetylensauerstoffbrenner to oxyacet- 
ylene torch. 

Azimutw azimuth. 



Azimutalprojektion / azimuthal pro- 
jection. 

Azimutentfernungsmesser to depres- 
sion position finder. 



B 



Bach to stream, brook, rivulet. 

Bachiibergang to stream crossing. 

Backbord n port side. 

Backbordmotor m port engine. 

Backe / cheek. 

Backenbremse f shoe brake (MT). 

Backenschiene / stock rail (RR). 

Backenstiick n cheek strap (harness). 

Backerei / bakery. 

Backereikompanie / bakery company. 

Bade wa gen to shower-bath truck. 

Bagger to excavator, dredge, power 
shovel. 

Bahn / path, road; runway; rail- 
road; orbit; course; trajectory. 

Bahnanlage / railroad installation. 

Bahndamm to railroad embankment. 

Bahnhof to railroad station ; trolley 
or bus station. 

Bahnhofsleistung / station capacity 
( number of trains loaded or unloaded 
; per day). 

Bahnhof soffizier to railroad station 

traffic officer. 

Bahnhofswachabteilung / railroad 

station guard detachment. 

Bahnkorperm roadbed (RR). 

Bahnkrone / crown of roadbed 
(RR). 

Bahnplanum n subgrade (RR). 

Bahnsteigm platform (RR). 

Bahnsteigunterfiihrung f platform 

underpass (RR). 

Bahntransport to railroad transpor- 
tation. 

Bahniiberfiihrung / overpass (RR). 

Bahniibergang to railroad crossing. 

Bahnunterfiihrung / underpass (RR). 

Bahnverbindung / railroad line, rail- 
road communication. 

Bajonett n bayonet. See also Seiten- 
gewehr. 

Bajonettangriff m bayonet charge. 

Bajonettfechten n bayonet fighting. 

Bajonettgriff to bayonet grip. 

Bajonettkupplung / bayonet joint. 



BajonettstoB in bayonet thrust. 

BajonettverschluB to bayonet lock, 
bayonet joint. 

Bake/ beacon; navigation guide, 
channel marker, landmark (Nav). 

Bakenempfang m radio-beacon recep- 
tion. 

Bakterienkrieg to bacteriological 
warfare. 

Baldachin m canopy / center section 
of upper wing of biplane). 

Balken m balk, beam; girder; log. 

Balkenbahn/ timber road. 

BalkenfloB n timber raft. 

Balkensperre f timber road block, 
schwimmende Balkensperre floating 
boom. 

Balkenstapel m log crib, timber crib 
(Bdg). 

Balkenverhau to timber obstacle. 

BallenTO bulb (horse); heel (har- 
ness); bale. 

Ballistik / ballistics. 

ballistische Tageseinfliisse ballistic 
density and wind factors. 

Ballistit n ballistite (Am). 

Ballon w balloon. 

Ballonabweiser to anti-balloon device 
(Ap). ■ 

Ballonamme / supply balloon, nurse 
balloon. 

BallonaufstiegplatzTO balloon site. 

Ballonbatterie f observation balloon 
section (Arty). 

Ballonbeobachter m balloon observer. 

Ballonbeobachtung / balloon observa- 
tion. 

Ballonfiihrer to balloon pilot. 

Ballongurtm rigging band (captive 

Bln). 

Ballonhiille / envelope, gas bag, outer 
cover, balloon cover. 

Ballonkorb m balloon basket. 

Ballonmannschaft / balloon crew. 

Ballonnetz n balloon net. 

Ballonreifen to balloon tire. 




Ballonsperre 



19 



Bauch treffer 



Ballonsperre / balloon barrage. 

Ballonstoff m balloon fabric. 

Ballonvariometer n balloon stato- 
scope. 

Ballonventil n gas valve (Bln). 

Ballonwinde / balloon winch. 

Balta See ballistische Tageseinfliisse. 

Baltasekunden fpl ballistic density 
and wind factors in time-of-flight 
seconds. 

Baltasekunden-Verfahren n procedure 
in correcting for ballistic density and 
wind. 

Bananenstecker m banana plug. 

Bandw band, cord, tape, strip, rib- 
bon. 

Bandbreite/ band width (Rad). 

Bandbremse / band brake (MT). 

Biindchenmikrophon n See Bandmi- 
krophon. 

Bandfeder/ flat coil spring (fuze). 

Bandgestell n harness (gas mask). 

Bandmikrophon n ribbon microphone. 

Bandsage/ band saw. 

Bandspreizung / bandspread (Rad). 

Bank/ bench; lathe; bank; parapet, 
barbette. 

Bannware f contraband of war. 

Baracke / temporary barracks, semi- 
permanent cantonment building. 

Barackenlager n cantonment, camp 
having semipermanent buildings. 

Barbarabehelfsmeldung / hasty mete- 
orological message (Arty). 

Barbarameldung / meteorological 
message (Arty) (from Barbara, 
patron saint of Arty). 

Barbaristm artilleryman (slang). 
See also Barbarameldung. 

Barbarasondermeldung / special 
meteorological message (Arty). 

Barbette / barbette. 

Barbettelafette / barbette carriage, 
barbette mount (G). 

Bargeld n cash. 

barometrische Reglerdose control 
aneroid (Ap engine). 

barometrisches Gefalle pressure 

gradient (Met). 

Basis / base; horizontal base (Btry 
Surv). 

Basislineal n base-line arm (plotting 
protractor). 

Bataillon n battalion. 

Bataillonsabschnitt m battalion sector. 

Bataillons- Adjutant m . battalion ex- 



ecutive officer, aide to battalion com- 
mander. 

Bataillonsfiihrer m battalion com- 

mander; acting battalion commander. 

Bataillonsgefechtsstand m battalion 
command post. 

Bataillonshornist m drum major 
(formerly called Tambourmajor). 

Bataillonskolonne / battalion train. 

Bataillons-Kommandeur m battalion 
commander. 

Bataillonsnachrichtenstaffel / bat- 
talion communication section. 

Bataillonsstab m battalion staff, bat- 
talion headquarters. 

Bataillonstrmbourstock m baton. 

BataillonstroB m battalion train. 

Bataillonsverbandplatz m battalion 
aid station. 

Batterie / battery (Arty, Elec). 

Batteriebild n battery-location plot 
(SR). 

Batteriechef m battery commander. 

Batteriefront / battery front. 

Batterief iihrer m battery commander ; 
acting battery commander. 

Batteriekasten m battery box (Elec). 

Batteriekran m gun hoist, loading 
crane (Arty). 

Batterieoffizier m executive ( firing 

Btry). 

Batterieplan m firing chart (Arty). 

Batteriestand m See Batteriestellung. 

Batteriestellung / battery position 

(Arty). 

Batterietafel / battery manning table 
(Arty). 

Batterietrupp m battery detail, bat- 
tery headquarters detail, battery 
commander’s detail (Arty). 

Batterieziindung / battery ignition 

(Mtr). 

Baum construction, structure, type 
of construction. 

Bauart f type of construction. 

Bauausfiihrung / construction, struc- 
tural design. 

Baubataillon n construction bat- 

talion. 

Bauch m abdomen, belly. 

Bauchfreiheit / chassis clearance 

(MT). 

Bauchgurt m front cinch (pack 
saddle). 

Bauchlandung / belly landing (Avn). 

Bauchtrefferm sidewise-striking 

projectile. 



THE ARMY LIBRARY 




Bauglied 20 Befestigungsanlage 



Bauglied n structural unit, section 
of a structure, structure element. 

Bauholz n lumber. 

Baukompanie / construction company 
(Mil). 

BaumaB n structural dimensions. 

Baumbeobachtungsstand m observa- 
tion post in a tree. 

Baumschiitze m sniper in a tree. 

Baumsperre / abatis, dead abatis. 

Baumstamm m tree trunk. 

Baumstammkufe / log runner (log 
sled). 

Baumstumpfm tree stump. 

Baumuster n model, type (Ap, MT). 

Baumverhau m live abatis. 

Baumwollabfall m cotton waste, cot- 
ton linters. 

Baumwolle / cotton. 

Bausoldat m engineer soldier in con- 
struction unit. 

Baustab m construction staff. 

Baustange / lance pole (Tp). 

Bautrupp m construction detail, con- 
struction squad. 

Bautruppen fpl construction troops. 

Bauunternehmer m contractor, builder. 

Bauweise / type of construction or 
structure, method of construction. 

Beamterm official, civil servant. See 
also Wehrmachtbeamter. 

Beanspruchung f load, stress, strain. 

beaufsichtigen supervise. 

Beauftragter m representative. 

bebaute Felder cultivated fields. 

bebautes Gelande built-up area. 

Bedarf m requirements. 

bedeckt covered, overgrown; over- 
cast (Met). 

fast bedeckt broken (Met). 

Bedeckung/ coverage (Met); escort, 
convoy, cover (Tac). 

Bedeckungsabteilung / covering party, 
escort detachment. 

Bedeckungsmannschaft f escort per- 
sonnel. 

Bediener m controller ( AA SL). 

Bedienung / gun squad ; service of 
the piece. 

Bedienungsanweisung / operating 
directions. 

Bedienungseinrichtung/ control de- 
vice, operating device. 

Bedienungsentlastung / relief of 
strain on pilot (Avn). 

Bedienungsmannschaft f gun crew, 
gun squad. 



Bedienungsplatte f operating panel 

(Rad). 

Bedienungssch alter m operating 

switch (Elec). 

Bedienungsvorschrift / operating in- 
structions. 

bedingungslose Tiber gabe uncondi- 

tional surrender. 

Bedrohung / threat. 

Beendigung der Luftgefahr “all 
clear.” 

Beerdigung f burial. 

Befehl m order, command. 

“Zu Befehl!” “Yes, sir!” (in ac- 
knowledgment of an order). 

Befehlsausgabe / briefing, issuance 
of orders. 

Befehlsbefugnis / authority (Mil). 

Befehlsbereich m extent of com- 

mand. 

Befehlsbestatigung / confirmatory 
order. 

Befehlserteilung f issuance of orders. 

Befehlsgebaude n control tower 

( Adrm). 

Befehlsgebung / giving of commands. 

befehlsgemaB according to instruc- 
tions, as ordered. 

Befehlsgewalt f command, authority 
of command. 

Befehlsgruppe / command group. 

Befehlshaber m commander. 

Befehlshaber des Ersatzheeres See 
Chef der Heeresriistung und Befehls- 
haber des Ersatzheeres. 

Befehlsnetz n command net. 

Befehlspanzer to command tank. 

Befehlssprache f terminology of 

orders. 

Befehlsstandm command post, head- 
quarters. 

Befehlsstelle / control tower ( Adrm) ; 
command post, headquarters. 

Befehlsiibermittlung / transmission 
of orders. 

Befehlsverhiiltnisse npl chain of com- 
mand. 

Befehlswagen m command car, com- 
mand truck, commander’s car, staff , 
car. 

Befehlsweg m chain of command, 
command channel. 

befestigt fortified; secured, tied, 

fastened. 

Befestigung / fortification. 

Befestigungsanlage/ fortified de- 
fense system. 




Befestigungsarbeiten 21 

Befestigungsarbeiten fpl fortifica- 
tions, works. 

Befestigungswerk n permanent forti- 
fication, work. 

befeuern to mark or light with beacon 
lights (an airway or Adrm). 
befiirdern to forward ( supplies, 

etc.); promote; transmit. 

Beforderung f advancement, promo- 
tion ; transmission, forwarding, 
transportation. 

Beforderungsliste f promotion list. 
Beforderungsmittel n carrier, vehi- 
cle; means of transportation; means 
of transmission. 

Befragung/ questioning (of PW, 

etc.). 

Befugnis / authority, powers, 
begasen to gas (CWS). 

Begasung f laying of gas obstacles, 
gassing (CWS). 

Begegnungsgefecht n meeting engage- 
ment. 

beglaubigen certify, authenticate, 

verify, confirm. 

beglaubigt authenticated, certified, 
notarized, verified, confirmed. 
Beglaubigung / authentication, cer- 
tification, confirmation, verification. 
Begleitartillerie / accompanying ar- 
tillery. 

Begleitbatterie / accompanying bat- 
tery. 

Begleiter m escort; assistant driver. 
Begleitfeuer n accompanying fire. 
Begleitgeschiitz n accompanying gun. 
Begleitkommando n escort pai’ty, 
escort detachment, covering party. 
Begleitpanzer m accompanying tank. 
Begleitschiflf n escort vessel. 
Begleitschutz m escort, fighter escort 
(Avn). 

Begleitzettel m emergency medical 

tag. 

Begleitzug m convoy. 

Begriibnis n burial, 
begrenztes Ziel limited objective. 
Begrenzungshebel m clamping lever 
(MG). 

Begrenzungsstift m traversing stop 

(MG). 

Behalter m gasoline tank; container. 
Behandlung / treatment. 
Beharrungsvermogen n inertia. 
Behelf m expedient, makeshift. 
Behelfsantenne / emergency antenna. 



Bekleidungsentgiftung 

Behel fsbriicke / emergency bridge, 

hasty bridge. 

Behel fsfloBsack m emergency pneu- 
matic boat. 

Behelfsgasschutz m emergency gas 
protection. 

Behelfslandebriicke / hasty landing 
stage. 

behelfsmaBig improvised, hasty, 

emergency, temporary, auxiliary, 
makeshift. 

Behelfsmaterial n emergency con- 
struction material. 

beherrschend commanding, dominat- 
ing. 

BehinderungsschieBen n interdiction 
fire. 

Behmlot n fathometer, echo depth 
sounder (Nav) ; Behm sound-ranging 
altimeter, sonic altimeter (Ap). 
Behorde / authority ( A dm, Law). 
behordlich zugelassen authorized, of- 
ficially sanctioned, 
beibringen inflict (losses, etc.). 
Beiende n warp (of a rope). 
Beifahrerm rear rider, sidecar rider 
(Mtcl); assistant driver (MT). 
beifiigen add; attach, enclose, 
beiklappbar folding. 

Beil n ax. 

Beiladung / igniting charge, igniter, 
booster charge (Am). 

Beilage / enclosure, supplement (in 
a manual, etc.). 

Beilpicke f pickax. 

Beinleder npl leather puttees, leather 
leggins. 

Beisitzer m law member. 

BeiBzange f nippers, 
beitragen contribute to, cooperate, 
beitreiben to requisition (from civil- 
ians); to commandeer. 

Beitreibung/ requisitioning (from 
civilians). 

Beitreibungsschein m requisition re- 
ceipt (for civilian property). 
Beiwagenra sidecar (Mtcl). 
Beiwagenkrad n sidecar motorcycle. 
Beiwert m coefficient. 

Bekanntgabe f announcement, 
bekleiden to revet (Ft); to clothe; 
to hold ( office). 

Bekleidung f revetment (Ft); cloth- 
ing. 

Bekleidungsentgiftung/ clothing de- 
contamination. 




Bereitschaften 



Bekleidungsnachweis 22 



Bekleidungsnachweis m clothing ac- 
count. 

Bekleidungssack m duffle bag, bar- 
rack(s) bag. 

Bekleidungsstiick n article of cloth- 
ing. 

Bekostigungsgeld n garrison ration. 

Bekostigungsmittel npl ration sup- 
plies, subsistence supplies. 

Beladeplan to stowage chart ( for 
vehicle). 

Belagm planking ( Bdg ); reinforc- 
ing strap (harness). 

belagern besiege. 

Belagerung / siege. 

Belagerungszustand m state of siege. 

beliistigen to annoy, harass (Tac). 

Belastung/ load, maximum load 
(Engr); inductance (Rad). 
bleibende Belastung basic load 

(Ap). 

Belastungsfaktor m load coefficient. 

Belastungsprobe / load test. 

Beleg m voucher, proof, evidence, 
document. 

belegen to cover (with fire), to fire 
on, to shell; to billet. 

Belegung/ coverage; shelling; bil- 
leting, quartering; condenser plate 
(Rad). 

Belegungsstarke / density of gas 
coverage (CWS). 

BelehrungsschieBen n instruction 
firing. 

Belehrungs- und VersuchsschieBen n 
special service practice (Arty). 

beleuchten illuminate, light. 

Beleuchtung / illumination. 

Beleuchtungsfenster n illuminating 
window (panoramic sight). 

Belichtung/ exposure (Photo). 

beliefern to deliver, to supply. 

Beliiftung / ventilation. 

Beliiftungsanlage / ventilation sys- 
tem. 

Bemannung / complement, crew. 

benachrichtigen inform. 

Benennung / nomenclature. 

Benzin n gasoline. 

Benzinbehalter m gasoline tank. 

Benzinkanister to gasoline container. 

Benzinmanometer n gasoline pres- 
sure gage. 

Benzinstandmesser m fuel gage. 

Benzol n benzol. 

Beobachterm observer; air observer, 
navigator-observer. 



Beobachterabzeichen n observer 
badge (decoration). 

Beobachterfernrohr n observer tele- 
scope. 

Beobachtersitz m observer’s seat 
(Ap). 

beobachtetes SchieBen observed fire. 

Beobachtung/ observation; spotting 

(Arty). 

Beobachtung der Langenabweichung 
vertical spotting (Arty). 

Beobachtungsabteilung / observation 
battalion (Arty). 

Beobachtungsbereich to observation 
area (Arty). 

Beobachtungsfehler m personnel error. 

Beobachtungsfernrohr n observation 
telescope (BC telescope). 

Beobachtungskorb to observer’s bas- 
ket (captive Bln). 

Beobachtungskuppel / cupola (Tk). 

Beobachtungsmine f controlled mine, 
observation mine (Nav). 

Beobachtungsnetz n observation post 
system (Arty). 

Beobachtungsoffizier to observation 

post officer (Arty). 

Beobachtungspatrone f explosive 

smoke-producing observation cart- 
ridge. 

Beobachtungsraum m ” searching sec- 
tor (AAA); observation area. 

Beobachtungsrohr n trench periscope. 

Beobachtungsstand to See Beobach- 
tungsstelle. 

Beobachtungsstelle f observation 

post. 

Beobachtungsturm in cupola (Tk). 

Beobachtungs- und Wirkungsstreifen 
to sector of fire (SA firing). 

Beobachtungswagen to' observer’s car. 

Beobachtungswinkel to aiming point 
offset (Arty). 

Beobachtung von seitlicher Beobach- 
tungsstelle flank spotting (Arty). 

Berater m adviser. 

berechnen calculate. 

Berechtigung / authorization; justi- 
fication. 

Bereich to area, district, zone; range, 
scope. 

Bereifung / tires, set of tires. 

bereit ready. 

Bereitschaft f alert, preparedness, 
readiness. 

Bereitschaften fpl alerted reserve 
troops or police. 




Bereitschaftsbaracke 23 

Bereitschaftsbaracke / cantonment 
building for troops on the alert, alert 
hut. 

Bereitschaftsbataillon n reserve bat- 
talion. 

Bereitschaftslazarett n mobile sur- 
gical unit. 

Bereitschaftsmunition f ammunition 
at the gun, ammunition kept in rea- 
diness (Arty). 

Bereitstellung / moving into assem- 
bly area or position; assembly posi- 
tion, position of readiness (Tac); 
making ready, preparation. 

Bereitstellungsbefehl to assembly 
order. 

Bereitstellungsplatz m assembly po- 
sition, assembly point (Tac). 

Bereitstellungsraum to assembly area 
(Tac). 

Berg m hill, mountain (collective: 
Gebirge n). 

bergab downhill. 

bergauf uphill. 

Bergedienst to recovery service, sal- 
vage collecting service. 

Bergegerat n recovery equipment, 
salvage collecting equipment. 

Bergekolonne / recovery column, sal- 
vage column. 

Bergekommando n collecting unit, 
salvage party, recovery party. 

Bergen n recovery, salvage. 

Bergenge / defile. 

Berger-Mischung / Berger-type smoke 
agent (mixture composed of two 
parts of zinc dust to three parts of 
hexachlore thane ) . 

Berghang to mountain slope, hillside. 

Bergjoch?i saddle (Top). 

Bergkamm to crest (Top).. 

Bergmiitze f mountain cap, alpine 
cap. 

Bergriicken to ridge (Top). 

Bergschuhe mpl mountain boots, ski 
boots. 

Bergstriche mpl hachures. 

Bergung f rescue, salvage, recovery. 

Bergungskolonne / See Bergekolonne. 

Bergungsschiff n rescue vessel, sal- 
vage vessel. 

Bericht w report; communique, news 
dispatch. 

Berichter to correspondent, reporter. 

berichtigen collimate (Surv); cor- 
rect, rectify, adjust. 



Beschwerungsrohr 

Berichtigung/ collimation (Surv); 
adjustment, correction, rectification. 
Berichtigungswalze / adjustment 
drum (range finder). 
beritten mounted ( on horse). 
berittene Artillerie horse artillery. 
Berme / berm (Ft). 
bersten to burst, explode, 
beriicksichtigen to consider, to allow 
for, take into consideration. 
Beriicksichtigung / consideration, al- 
lowance for, correction for. 
Beriihrung / touch, contact. 
Beriihrungslinie / tangent. 
Beriihrungspunkt m point of contact. 
Beriihrungswarngerat n high-volt- 
age warning device. 
Beriihrungszeichen n touch signal 
(Tk). 

Beriihrungsziindung / contact fire 
(Nav). 

Besatzung / garrison, crew. 
Besatzungsheer n army of occupa- 
tion. 

Beschadigung / damage, injury, 
beschaffen procure. 

Beschaffung / procurement, 
bescheinigen certify, authenticate, 
receipt for. 

Bescheinigung f authentication, cer- 
tificate, receipt, voucher. 
beschieBen to shell, to fire at. 
der Lange nach beschieBen to en- 
filade. 

Beschlag m ferrule, 
beschlagen to shoe. 

Beschlagmeister to horseshoer (with 
rank of Tech Sgt). 

Beschlagnahme/ confiscation, sei- 
zure. 

Beschlagschmied to horseshoer. 
Beschlagschmiedobergefreiter to 
horseshoer (with rank of Cpl). 
beschleunigen accelerate. 
Beschleuniger to accelerator. 
Beschleunigung f acceleration, 
Beschleunigungsmesser to accelero- 
meter (Ap). 

BeschuB to fire, shooting. 
BeschuBfestigkeit / resistance to 

fire, resistance to penetration (ar- 
mor). 

beschuBsicher bulletproof, 
beschiitzen protect. 

Beschwerde f complaint. 
Beschwerungsrohr n counterpoise, 

counterweight (G). 




Beschwerungsstiick 24 Betriebskompanie 



Beschwerungsstiick n See Beschwe- 
rungsrohr. 

beseitigen reduce (a stoppage) 

(Ord); remove (an obstacle). 
Beselerstegm hasty trestle foot- 
bridge (named after General H. H. 
von Beseler: 1850-1921). 
besetzt busy (Tp); occupied, invaded. 
Besetztschauzeichen n “busy” signal 
light (Tp). 

Besetztzeichen n busy signal (Tp). 
Besetzung / occupation. 
Besetzungsarmee / army of occupa- 
tion. 

besichtigen inspect, review. 
Besichtigung / inspection, review, 
besiegen to defeat. 

Besitz w property. 

Besoldung / payment, pay, wages. 
Besoldungsdienstalter n seniority for 
computation of pay. 
Besoldungseinbehaltung / detention 
of pay. 

Besoldungswesen n pay and allow- 
ance administration. 

Besoldungszulage / additional pay. 
Besoldungszulage nach dem Dienst- 
alter longevity pay. 
besonder special. 

besondere Anordnungen administra- 
tive details in combat orders, 
besondere Dienstzweige special ser- 
vices. 

besondere Einfliisse interior ballistic 
factors. 

besondere und Witterungseinfliisse 
interior and exterior ballistic factors, 
besorgen procure. 

Besorgung / procurement, 
bespannt animal-drawn; covered with 
stressed skin (Ap). 

Bespannung f covering ( Ap skin or 
fabric); team of horses. 

Besprechung / consultation, critique, 
discussion, conference. 
Bestallungsurkunde / certificate of j 
appointment. 

Bestandm stock (supplies, equipment, 
etc.); inventory, supply, strength, 
balance, cash on hand. 

Bestandsbuch n stock book. 
Bestandsliste / inventory of supplies, 
equipment, etc.; property book. 
Bestandsnachweisung f stock inven- 
tory, stock report. 

Bestandteil m component, 
bestatigen confirm. 



Bestattung / burial. 

Bestattungskommando n burial detail. 

bestechen to bribe. 

Bestechung / bribery. 

Besteck n ship’s position; set of in- 
struments or utensils; knife, fork 
and spoon (considered as unit of 
mess kit). 

Bestellnummer / requisition number. 

Bestellschein m requisition ticket 
(Adm). 

Bestellung / requisition (Adm). 

Bestimmung/ regulation; decision; 
destination; determination. 

Bestrafung / punishment. 

bestreichen to graze, sweep (with 
fire); to spread, cover, coat. 

bestreichendes Feuer grazing fire 
(Arty). 

bestrichener Raum beaten zone (fir- 
ing). 

bestrichener Raum der Kerngarbe 
effective beaten zone, 85% zone (MG 
fire). 

Bestiickung/ armament (Ap, Tk). 

betatigen actuate, bring into play, 
set going, put into operation. 

Betaubungsmitlel n anesthetic. 

Beton m concrete. 

Betonbau to concrete construction. 

Betonbombe f concrete bomb. 

Betonbriicke / concrete bridge. 

Betonbunker m concrete bunker, con- 
crete pillbox. 

betoniert concrete, built of or rein- 
forced with concrete. 

Betonmischmascliine / concrete 
mixer. 

Betonschicht / layer of concrete, con- 
crete burster course. 

Betonsperre / concrete obstacle. 

Betonstarke / thickness of Con- 
crete. 

Betonturm m concrete turret (Ft). 

Betonunterstand m concrete shelter, 
concrete dugout. 

Betrag m amount, sum. 

Betrauung / charge, trust. 

Betrieb m operation (Tp, Rad); 
traffic; action; factory. 
auBer Betrieb not in use, out of 
order, not running. 

Betriebsbuch n station log (Rad). 

Betriebsfunkspruch m routine radio 
message. 

Betriebskompanie / operating com- 
pany (Adrm, RR, Tp). 




Betriebsschalter 



25 

Betriebsschalter w operating switch 

(Tv)- 

Betriebssicherheit / reliability of 
operation, safety of operation. 
Betriebsstoff to fuel, gasoline, Diesel 
fuel. 

Betriebsstoffausgabestelle / gasoline 
and lubricants distributing point, 
letriebsstoffkesselkraftwagen to gaso- 
line tank truck. 

Betriebsstoffkolonne / gasoline and 
lubricants supply column. 
Betriebsstoffversorgung / gasoline 
and lubricants supply. 
Betriebsstoffverwaltungskompanie / 
gasoline and lubricants administra- 
tion company. 

Betriebsstoffzusatzmittel n dope (for 
Avn gasoline). 

Betriebsstrom to operating current. 
Betriebsstunde / hour of operation. 
Betriebsunterlagen fpl consolidated 
plan of telephone communication. 
Bettung/ roadbed (RR) ; ground 
platform (RR gun); base (fixed G); 
foundation (G emplacement). 
Bettungsloch n gun platform excava- 
tion (RR gun). 

Beugung/ diffraction, 
beunruhigen to disturb, harass, cause 
uneasiness. 

Beunruhigung f harassment, uneasi- 
ness, disturbance, alarm. 
Beunruhigungsfeuer n harassing fire, 
beurlaubt on leave. 

Beurlaubtenstand to reserve status. 
Offizier des Beurlaubtenstandes of- 
ficer commissioned for the duration 
(abbr. d.B.). 

beurteilen estimate, judge, evaluate, 
interpret. 

Beurteilung / estimate, appreciation, 
judgment. 

Beute f booty, captured materiel, 
prize, pillage, loot. 

Beutebergungsabteilung / salvage 
detachment for captured materiel. 
Beutegeschiitz n captured gun. 
Beute-Kraftfahrzeug n captured mo- 
tor vehicle. 

Beutel to bag, pouch. 
Beutesammelstelle f See Beutestelle. 
Beutestab to salvage staff for cap- 
tured enemy materiel. 

Beutestelle f salvage depot, salvage 
dump ( for enemy materiel) . 
Bevolkerung f population. 



Biegemaschine 

bevollmachtigen to authorize, em- 
power. 

bevollmachtigter Transportoffizier 

chief transportation officer ( on an 
army staff). 
bewachen to guard. 
Bewachungsfahrzeug n patrol vessel, 
escort vessel (Nav). 
bewaffnet armed. 

Bewaffnung f armament. 

Bewahrung / proving of fitness, com- 
petence or durability, 
beweglich mobile, movable, ' moving, 
flexible, portable. 

bewegliches Geschiitz flexible gun. 
bewegliches Hindernis portable ob- 
stacle. 

bewegliches Maschinengewehr flex- 
ible machine gun. 
bewegliches Ziel moving target. 
Beweglichkeit / mobility, maneuver- 
ability. 

Bewegung f movement. 
Bewegungsbuch n record of transac- 
tions. 

Bewegungskontrolle f flight control 

/Avn). 

Bewegungskrieg to war of movement, 
mobile warfare. 

BewegungsgroBe / momentum, 
bewegungsunfahig incapable of mov- 
ing, immobilized; stuck, stalled 
(MT). 

Bewehrung / cable armor (Tp); iron 
reinforcement ( concrete construc- 
tion). 

Beweismaterial n written evidence. 
Bewetterung/ mine ventilation, 
bewirken to cause, bring about, 
effect. 

bezeugen to certify, witness, 
beziehen to mount (guard); occupy 
(a position); collect (pay). 

Bezirk to district. 

Bezug m datum, reference, relation. 
Bezugsebene/ datum level, datum 
plane (Surv). 

Bezugsflache / See Bezugsebene. 
Bezugslinie / datum line, reference 

line (Surv). 

Bezugspunkt to check point, datum 

point. 

Bezugsschein to ration card; requi- 
sition ticket. 

bez win gen to reduce, overcome ( Tac) . ' 
Biberwehr n beaver dam. 
Biegemaschine f bending machine. 




Biegung 26 Blinken 

Biegung/ bend, turn, flexure. I Blattchenpulver n flake powder (Am). 



Bild n picture, photograph. 

Bildaufklarung / photographic re- 

connaissance. 

Bildauswertung / interpretation of 

photographs. 

Bildberichter to war photographer 
(in Ger propaganda company). 

Bilderkundung / photographic recon- 
naissance. 

Bildflieger to aerial photographer. 

Bildfunk to radiophotography, radio- 
photo transmission. 

BildmeBwesen n photogrammetry. 

Bildoffizier to photographer (officer). 

Bildplan to controlled mosaic ( aerial 
Photo). 

Bildplanskizze / partially controlled 
mosaic (aerial Photo). 

Bildpunkt to picture point (aerial 

Photo). 

Bildreihe / strip mosaic (aerial 
Photo). 

Bildskizze f uncontrolled mosaic 

(aerial Photo). 

Bildwerfer to still projector (Photo). 

Binauralverfahren n binaural method 
(sound locator). 

Binde / bandage. 

binden contain (Tac); bind, tie. 

Binder m necktie (Clo). 

Bindereifen to rim (G-carriage 

wheel). 

BinnenwasserstraBe / inland water- 
way. 

Bittschrift / petition. 

Biwak n bivouac. 

Biwakskommandant to bivouac com- 
mander (ranking officer at bivouac). 

Biwaksplatz to bivouac (site). 

blanker Draht bare wire (Tp). 

blanke Waffe “cold steel.” 
blar.ke Waffen armes blanches, 

hand weapons. 

Blasangriff to cloud attack, cloud gas 
attack, gas-cylinder attack. 

Blase / blister. 

blasenziehend blistering, vesicant. 

blasenziehender Kampfstoff vesicant 
agent (CWS). 

Blasflasche / gas cylinder (CWS). 

Blaspistole f air gun, compressed-air 
cleaner (MT). 

Blasverfahren n gas-cylinder method 
(of gas release) (CWS). 

Blatt n leaf; blade; sheet; propeller 
blade. 



Blattern/pl smallpox. 

Blattfeder/ leaf spring (MT). 

Blaukreuz n sternutators ( Ger. 

marking “ Blue Cross”) (CWS). 

Blaupause / blueprint. 

Blausaure / hydrocyanic acid, prus- 
sic acid (CWS). 

Blech n sheet metal; nonsense 
(slang). 

Blechbehalter to metal container. 

Blechbeplankung / metal skin (Ap). 

Blechbiichse / can; sheet-metal box 
or container. 

Blechgehause n sheet-metal case, 
sheet-metal housing. 

Blechkanister to metal container (for 
water, gasoline, etc.). 

Blechschmied m tinsmith. 

Blechtrommel / metal drum. 

Blei n lead (metal). 

Bleichmittel n bleach. 

Bleimantel to lead jacket (Am); 
lead sheath (armored cable). 

Bleiplombe/ lead seal. 

Bleisammler to lead-plate storage 
battery. 

Bleispritzer to lead spatter, bullet 
spatter. 

Bleitetraathyl n tetraethyl lead. 

Blendabdeckung f shutter cover 
(Tk). 

Blende / gun mantlet, gun shield, 
shielded port (Tk); diaphragm 
(Photo); occulter (SL); shutter. 

blenden to blind, to dazzle; to cover 
or shield; to lay a smoke screen. 

Blendenhebel to shutter lever (SL). 

Blendkorperm frangible glass smoke 
grenade. 

Blendschutz-Scheibe f anti-glare 
windshield. 

BlendungsschieBen n smoke-screen- 
ing fire (Arty). 

Blickfeld n field of view (Optics). 

Blindabwurf to emergency release 

(bombing). 

Blindflug to blind flying, instrument 
flying. 

Blindganger to dud. 

blindgeladen blank, with inert filling. 

blindgeladene Granate blank shell. 

Blindkurbeln n blindfold operation of 
crankwheels (gun-laying exercise). 

Blindlandung / instrument landing. 

Blindwiderstand to reactance (Elec). 

Blinken n signal-lamp transmission. 




Blinkfeuer 



27 



Bodensicht 



Blinkfeuer n flashing light, blinker 
light (Avn). 

Blinkgeriit n signal lamp, signal-lamp 
apparatus. 

Blinklampe / signal lamp. 

Blinkspruch to signal-lamp message. 

Blinkstelle f signal-lamp station. 

Blinksuehtrupp to signal-lamp spot- 
ting squad. 

Blinktornister to portable signal- 
lamp case. 

Blinktrupp to signal-lamp team. 

Blinkverbindung / signal-lamp com- 
munication. 

Blinkverfahren n lamp-signaling 
method. 

Blinkzeichen n flash signal (Sig 
lamp). 

Blitz to lightning, lightning flash. 

Blitzableiter to lightning arrester. 

Blitzbiindel n lightning-flash cluster 
(badge worn by Sig Pers). 

Blitzkrieg m lightning war, blitzkrieg. 

Blitzlichtbombe / photo flashbomb. 

Blitzschutzsicherung/ lightning ar- 
rester. 

Blitzstrahl m lightning flash. 

Block m block; writing pad. 

Blockwart m block warden. 

Blumenkohlm cauliflower; Oak Leaf 
Cluster (slang). 

Bluse/ service coat, blouse. 

Blut n blood. 

Blutgruppe / blood group, blood type. 

Blutopfer n heavy losses, heavy 
casualties. 

Blutorden w medal awarded to par- 
ticipants in Munich riots of 1923. • 

Blutspender m blood donor. 

blutstillend styptic. 

Blutvergiftung / blood-poisoning. 

Bo / squall, gust. 

Bock m trestle, bent ( Bdg) ; wagon- 
driver’s seat. 

Bockbein n trestle leg (Bdg). 

Bockbriicke / trestle bridge. 

Bockschnellsteg m hasty trestle 
bridge. 

Bockschniirbund m square lashing 

(Bdg). 

Bocksprengwerk n lock-spar support 
(Bdg). 

Bockwagenm trestle carrier (MT). 

Boden m ground (Top); base (Am); 
floor; earth; bottom. 

■Bodenabstandsziinder to base delay- 
action fuze (Am). 



Bodenabwehr f antiaircraft defense, 
antiaircraft artillery, ground de- 
fense. 

Bodenanlage / ground installation. 

Bodenanlage der Luftwaffe air-base 

service area. 

Bodenantenne / surface antenna. 

Bodenaushubm spoil (Engr, Ft). 

Bodenbedienung f ground crew 
( Avn). 

Bodenbewachsung / vegetation (Top). 

Boden-Bord air-ground (Sig Com). 

Bodenbrett n floorboard (MT). 

Bodendienst m base services (Avn). 

Bodendruck m ground pressure, 
spezifischer Bodendruck ground 
pressure per unit area (MT, Tk). 

Bodenerhebung / elevation, rise (Top). 

Bodenfalte/ furrow, gully (Top). 

Bodenfreiheit / road clearance (MT). 

Bodenfunkdienst to ground radio ser- 
vice (Avn). 

Bodenfunkstelle / ground radio sta- 
tion. 

Eodengestaltung f configuration of 
ground, terrain features. 

Bodenhaftung / road traction (MT). 

Bodenkamnierladung / base charge 
(Am). 

Bodenkanzel f ball turret, belly tur- 
ret, ventral turret (Ap). 

Bodenkrepierer m dud. 

Bodenlader to supercharger with low 
blower ratio (Ap). 

Bodenlafette / ventral gun mount 
(Ap). 

Bodenleitung f surface line (Tp). 

Bodenluke f escape hatch in belly or 
floor (Ap, Tk). 

Bodennavigation / pilotage (Avn). 

Bodennebel to ground fog. 

Bodenorganisation f ground person- 
nel (Avn). 

Bodenpeilfunkstelle / radio direction- 
finder station (Avn). 

Bodenpeilstelle f See Bodenpeilfunk- 
stelle. 

Bodenpersonal n air base troops; 
ground crew, ground personnel, 
maintenance personnel, service per- 
sonnel (Avn). 

Bodenplatte/ base plate (Mort). 

Bodenpunkt to place mark (Snrv). 

Bodenschwanz to tail (of a bomb). 

Bodensicht/ ground visibility (Avn). 
auf Bodensicht in sight of the 
ground. 




Bodenstelle 



28 Bombenwurf 



Bodenstelle/ ground station (Rad). 

Bodenstrahlung/ ground radiation 

(Rad). 

Bodenstiick n floor plate, butt as- 
sembly (MG); breech, breech ring 
(G). 

Bodenstiicksperre / floor-plate lock 
(MG). 

Bodentreffbild n dispersion pattern, 
horizontal shot group. 

Bodentreffer to overended shot. 

Bodenverdichter to road grader and 
tamper. 

Bodenwanne / bottom gondola (Ap). 

Bodenwelle f ground wave (Rad). 

Bodenwellenempfangszone / ground- 
wave reception zone (Rad). 

Bodenwind m surface wind. 

Bodenziel n ground target. 

Bodenziinder m base detonating fuze. 

Boenkragen to arcus, scud roll (Met). 

Bogen to arc, arch; bend, curve; 
sheet (of paper). 

Bogenbriicke/ arched bridge. 

Bogenlampe / arc lamp. 

Bogenspitze/ ogive (Am). 

Bohle / plank. 

Bohlenbahn / plank road. 

bohren to drill, bore. 

BohrerTO bit, drill, auger. 

Bohrladung / borehole blasting 
charge. 

Bohrloch n borehole. 

Bohrpatrone / blasting cartridge. 

Bohrung/ bore (Mech). 

Bohrwinde/ brace (a tool). 

Boigkeit / turbulence (Met). 

Boje / buoy. 

Bola / See Bodenlafette. 

Bolinie / squall line. 

Bolzen to bolt, pin. 

Bombardierung / bombing, bombard- 
ment. 

Bombe / bomb. 

Bombe mit Verzugszeit time bomb. 

Bombenabwurf to bomb release. 

Bombenabwurf auf Flachenziel area 
bombing. 

Bombenabwurfgerat n bomb release 
controls. 

Bombenabwurfkurve / bomb trajec- 
tory. 

Bombenabwurfvorrichtung / bomb 
control mechanism, bomb release 
mechanism (Ap). 

Bombenabwurfwinkel m dropping 
angle (bombing). 



Bombenabwurfzielgerat n See Bom- 
benzielgeriit. 

Bombenabzughebel to bomb control, 
bomb rack control (Ap). 

Bombenangriff to bombing attack, 
bombing raid (Avn). 

Bombenauslosung f bomb release. 

Bombenauslosungsvorrichtung / bomb 
control mechanism, bomb release 
mechanism ( Ap). 

Bombeneinschlag to bomb hit. 

Bombenfallkurve / bomb trajectory. 

Bombenfallzeit / time of fall (bomb- 
ing). 

Bombenfernrohr n telescopic bomb 
sight (Ap). 

bombenfesf bomb-resistant, bomb- 
proof. 

Bombenflieger mpl bombardment avi- 
ation. 

Bombenflugbahn / bomb trajectory. 

Bombenflugzeug n bombardment air- 
plane, bomber. 

Bombengeschwader n bomber wing. 
See also Geschwader. 

Bombenhebel to bomb release handle. 

Bombenhiille / bomb case. 

BombenjagerTO “bomber destroyer” 
(airplane employed to combat bomb- 
ers by dropping bombs on them). 

Bombenkammer / bomb bay (Ap). 

Bombenklappe / bomb-bay doors, 
bomb doors (Ap). 

Bombenkopf m bomb nose. 

Bombenlast / bomb load. 

Bombenloch n bomb crater. 

Bombenmagazin n bomb bay (Ap). 

Bombenreihe / train of bombs, bomb 
train. 

Bombenrichtgeriit n bomb sight. 

Bombenschacht to bomb rack (Ap). 

Bombenschiitze to bombardier. 

Bombenschiitzenstand m bombardier’s 
position, bombardier’s compartment. 

bombensicher bomb-resistant, bomb- 
proof, heavy shellproof. 

bombensichere Deckung bombproof 
shelter. 

Bombenteppich to practice-bombing 
panel. 

BombentiefangrifF to low-level bomb- 
ing attack (Avn). 

Bombentreffer to bomb hit. 

Bombenvisier n bomb sight (Ap). 

Bombenvolltreffer to direct bomb hit. 

Bombenwurf to bomb release, bomb- 
ing. 




Bombenwurf 



29 



Brandmunition 



gezielter Bombenwurf precision 
bombing. 

Bombenwurfplatz m target area 
(bombing). 

Bombenzielapparat m See Bomben- 
zielgeriit. 

Bombenzielgerat n bomb sight. 
Boraben-Zubringewagen m bomb 
trailer. 

Bombenziinder m bomb fuze. 

Boot n boat; hull (of flying boat). 
Bootshaken m boathook. 

Bootsmannm boatswain (Nav). 
Bordaufkliirer m shipboard reconnais- 
sance airplane. 

Bordbatterie / aircraft radio battery. 
Bordbesatzung / aircrew. 

Bordbuch n log book ( Ap). 
Borderkunder m shipboard reconnais- 
sance airplane. 

Bordflak/ shipboard antiaircraft ar- 
tillery. 

Bordfliegerstaffel f squadron of car- 
rier-based airplanes. 

Bordflugzeug n shipboard airplane. 
Bordfunker m radio operator (Avn). 
Bordgerat n intercommunication tele- 
phone (Ap, Tk). 

Bordgerate npl aircraft equipment; 

aircraft instruments. 

Bordlafette f gun mount on ship or 
airplane. 

Bordlandefackel f landing flare ( Avn). 
Bordmannschaft / air crew. 
Bord-Maschinengewehr n aircraft 
machine gun. 

Bordmechaniker m flight engineer. 
Bordmonteur m aircraft mechanic; 

flight engineer (Avn). 

Bordmunition / aircraft ammunition. 
Bordnetz n aircraft wiring system 
(Elec). 

Bordpeiler m radio compass, direction 
finder, direction-finder operator (Ap). 
Bordschiitze m aerial gunner, gunner 
(Avn). 

Bordsprechanlage f intercommunica- 
. tion system, interphone system (Ap, 
Tk). 

Bordsprechgerat n intercommunica- 
tion telephone, interphone (Ap, Tk). 
Bordtelephon n interphone (Ap, Tk). 
Bordverpflegung f flight ration 
(Avn). 

Bordverstandigung / interphone com- 
munication. 



Bordverstiindigungsanlage / inter- 
communication system (Ap, Tk). 
Bordwaffen fpl aircraft armament; 
tank armament. 

BordwaffenbeschuB m fire from air- 
craft weapons. 

Bordwandwagen m gondola car 

(EE). 

Bordwart m flight mechanic, flight 
engineer ( A vn). 

Bord zu Boden air-ground (Sig Com). 
Borsalbe/ boric acid ointment. 
Borsaure / boric acid. 

Borte / braid (Clo). 

Boschung / escarpment, scarp, slope. 
Boschung im Abtrag downward slope. 
Boschung in Auftrag upward slope. 
Bbschungsanlage / batter (Ft). 
Boschungskante / military crest 

(Top). 

BoschungsfuB m foot of slope (Top). 
Bbschungskrone f See Boschungs- 
kante. 

Boschungswinkel m. angle of slope, 

gradient angle, gradient (Top). 
Botschaft/ embassy; message. 
Bowdenzug m bowden control cable 
(control cable in flexible steel con- 
duit). 

Boxe f submarine pen ; aircraft revet- 
ment (colloquial). 

Boxermotor m opposed-piston engine. 
B.-Patrone f See Beobachtungspa- 
trone. 

Brakenstange / side rail (limber). 
Bramo f name of a type of aircraft 
engine (abbr. of Brandenburgische 
Motorenwerke). 

Brand m fire; gangrene. 

Brandbinde / absorbent gauze treated 
with bismuth for burns. 

Brandbombe f incendiary bomb. 

B. andbombenbiindel n cluster of in- 
cendiary bombs. 

Brander m fire raft. 

Brandflasehe / frangible grenade, in- 
cendiary bottle, “Molotov cocktail.” 
BrandgeschoB n incendiary bullet, 
incendiary projectile. 

Brandgranate / incendiary shell. 
Brandhahn m distributor cock (of Ap 
fire extinguisher) . 

Brandmasse / incendiary composition. 
Brandmeister m fire marshal. 
Brandmittel n incendiary agent. 
Brandmunition / incendiary ammuni- 
tion. 




Brandsatz 



30 Brennstoffverbiauch 



Brandsatz to incendiary composition, 
incendiary filling (Am). 

Brandschott n fire wall (Ap). 
Brandschutzm fire prevention, fire 
protection. 

Brandspant to See Brandschott. 
Brandstoff m incendiary agent. 
Brand- und Asche-Taktik f scorched 
earth tactics. 

Brandwirkung / incendiary effect. 
Brandwunde / burn. 

Bratlingm soya-bean meat substi- 
tute. 

Bratlingspulver n soya-bean flour, 
brauchbar serviceable, usable; prac- 
ticable. 

Braunkohle / lignite. 

Braunsche Rohre cathode-ray tube. 
Braunstein to manganese dioxide. 
Braunsteinbeutel to manganese 
dioxide compartment ( of Elec cell). 
Brecheisen n See Brechstange. 
Brechreiz to nausea. 

Brechstange f crowbar, pinch-bar. 
Breite f width. 

Breitenausdehnung / extension in 
width (Tac). 

Breitenfeuer n distributed fire (R, 
MG); sweeping fire, traversing fire 
(MG). 

Breitenfeuer mit Tiefenfeuer tra- 
versing and searching fire (MG). 
Breitengliederung / distribution, for- 
mation, or organization in width 
(Tac). 

Breitengrad to degree of latitude. 
Breitenhohe / meridian altitude ( ce- 
lestial navigation) . 

Breitenkreis to parallel of latitude. 
Breitenstreuung f direction disper- 
sion, deflection dispersion (Ballis- 
tics). 

Breiten- und Tiefenfeuer n traversing 
and searching fire (MG). 

Breitenziel n linear target. 

Breitkeil w inverted wedge formation 
(Tac). 

Breitseite/ flank (Tac); broadside 
(Nav). 

Breitspur f wide gage (RR). 
Bremsarm to brake arm ( G-carriage 
wheel brake). 

Bremsausgleich to brake equalization ; 

brake equalizer. 

Bremsbacke / brake shoe. 

Bremsband n brake band. 
Bremsbelagm brake lining. 



Bremsbockm brake carrier (G car- 
riage). 

Bremsbuchse f brake bushing ( recoil 
mechanism) . 

Bremse f brake, buffer. 

Bremsfeder / brake release spring 
(MT). 

Bremsfliissigkeit / recoil oil (G) ; 
brake fluid (MT). 

BremsfulJhebel to brake pedal (MT). 

Bremsgestange n brake rod (MT). 

Bremsgitterm suppressor grid (Rad 
tube). 

Bremshebel to brake level ( G, MT) ; 
locking lever (panoramic telescope). 

Bremsklappe f landing flap, wing 
flap (Ap). 

Bremsklaue/ brake shoe (G-carriage 
wheel). 

Bremsklotz to brake shoe; chock, 
wheel block. 

BremskolbenTO recoil piston (G). 

Bremsleistung f brake horsepower. 

Bremslicht n stop light (MT). 

Bremsscheibe / brake drum. 

Bremsspur/ skid mark (MT). 

Bremsstrecke / stopping distance 
(MT); braking section (Ap catapult). 

Bremstrager to anchor pin ( of brake 
shoes). 

Bremstritt to brake pedal. 

Bremstrommel / brake drum. 

Bremsvorrichtung f recoil mechanism 
(G); brake mechanism (MT). 

Bremsweg to stopping distance (MT). 

Bremswirkung f braking effect. 

Bremszylinder to recoil cylinder (G); 
brake cylinder (MT). 

Brenndauer f burning rate, burning 
time (fuze). 

Brennebene / focal plane (Optics). 

Brennermotor m internal combustion 
engine. 

Brenngemisch n gasoline mixture. 

Brenngeschwindigkeit f burning 
rate, rate of burning (fuze). 

Brennlangenschieber to corrector 

(fuze). 

Brennpunkt to focus (Optics). » 

Brennstoff to gasoline, fuel, Diesel 
fuel. 

Brennstofflager n gasoline dump, 
fuel dump. 

Brennstofftankwagen to gasoline tank 

truck. 

BrennstofFverbrauch to gasoline con- 
sumption, fuel consumption. 




Brennstoffvorrat 31 Briinierune 



Brennstoffvorrat m gasoline supply, 
fuel supply. 

Brennweite/ focal distance (Optics). 

Brennziinder m powder-train fuze 
(shell); igniting fuze, time fuze 
(hand grenade). 

BrennziinderschuB m time fire (Arty). 

Bresche / breach. 

Brett n board, panel. 

Bretterbahn / boardwalk, duckboard 
( trench). 

Bretterbock m plank trestle. 

Bretterstapel m plank crib (Bdg). 

Brettertafel / plank floor (Bdg). 

Bretterteppich m plank flooring 
(rope Bdg). 

Brettstiickmine / duckboard mine, 
pressure-board mine. 

Briefmarke/ postage stamp. 

Brieftaube f carrier pigeon, homing 
pigeon, messenger pigeon. 

Brieftaubenmeister m pigeoneer 

(Tech Sgt). 

Brieftaubenpfleger m pigeoneer. 

Brieftaubenschlag m pigeon loft. 

Brieftaubenstelle / See Brieftauben- 
schlag. 

Brigade / brigade. 

Brigadefiihrer m brigade commander. 
See also SS-Brigadefuhrer. 

Brigadekommando n brigade head- 

quarters. ' 

Brillenglassalbe f antidim compound 
(for gas mask). 

brisant high-explosive. 

Brisanz / brisance, explosive effect. 

Brisanzgranate / high-explosive shell. 

Brisanzschrapnell n high-explosive 

shrapnel. 

Brisanzsprengstoff m detonating ex- 
plosive. 

Brombenzylzyanid n brombenzylcya- 
nide (CWS). 

Bromzyan n cyanogen bromide 

(CWS). 

Brotbeutelm field bag, musette bag. 

Brotsatz m bread ration. 

Bruch m crack-up, crash ( Avn) ; 

fraction (Math); fracture, rupture. 

Bruchfestigkeit / breaking strength. 

Bruchgrenze / point of rupture 
(Meeh). 

Bruchlandung / crash landing ( Avn) . 

bruchsicher breakproof, shatterproof. 

Bruchstiick n fragment. 

Briicke / bridge. 



Briicke mit festen Stiitzen fixed 

bridge. 

Briicke mit schwimmenden Stiitzen 

floating bridge. 

Briickenachse f bridge center line. 

Briickenbahn / bridge roadway. 

Briickenbau m bridge construction ; 
bridge structure; bridging. 

Briickenbaub'ataillon n bridge com 
struction battalion. 

Briickenbau gerat n bridge-building 
equipment. 

Briickenbelag m chess, planking 

(Bdg). 

Briickenbock m bridge trestle. 

Briickenbogen m arch, span (Bdg). 

Briickendamm m approach embank- 
ment (Bdg). 

Briickenendwiderlager n abutment 
(Bdg). 

Briickenfahrbahn / See Briickenbahn. 

Briickenfahrzeug n bridge-carrying 
vehicle. 

Briickengelr.nder n bridge railing. 

Briickengeriit n bridge equipage, 
bridge equipment. 

Briickenglied n bay, section (Bdg). 

Briickenkolonne / bridge column, 
ponton train, bridge train. 

Briickenkommandant m bridge com- 
mander. 

Briickenkopf m bridgehead. 

Briickenkopflinie f bridgehead line. 

Briickenkopfstellung f bridgehead 
position. 

Briickenlinie f bridge center line. 

Briickcnoberbau m superstructure 
(Bdg). 

Briickenpanzerkampfwagen m bridge- 
carrying tank. 

Briickenpfeiler m pile (Bdg). 

Briickenschlag m bridge construction, 
bridging. 

Briickenskizze f bridge diagram. 

Briickenspitze f open end of bridge 
under construction. 

Briickenstelle / bridge site. 

Briickenstrecke / bay (Bdg). 

Briickenstiitzweite / span of bridge. 

Briickentrupp m bridge-construction 
party. 

Briickeniiberbau m See Briickenober- 
bau. 

Briickenunterbau m foundation, sub- 
structure (Bdg). 

Briickenwiderlager n abutment ( Bdg). 

Briinierung f browning ( anti-rust 




Brunnen 



32 Charakterisierung 



treatment or coating on R or G 
barrel). 

Brunnen m well. 

Brustblatt n breast-collar body (pack 
saddle). 

Brustbohrer m hand drill. 

Brustfallschirm m chest pack para- 
chute. 

Brustfernsprecher m head and chest 
set (Tp). 

Brustschildm shield (G). 

Brustwehr / breastwork, parapet. 

Brustwehrkrone f fire crest ( trench). 

Bruttotonnengehalt m gross tonnage 
(Nav). 

B.-Stelle f See Beobachtungsstelle. 

B-Stoff m bromaeeton (CIVS). 

Buchse / jack, socket (Rad); bush- 
ing. 

Biichse/ box, can, canister; case; 
gas-mask carrier; filter canister. 

Biichsenfilter m canister filter (gas 
mask). 

Biichsenfleisch n canned meat. 

Biichsenkonserven fpl canned food/ 
canned ration. 

Buchsring m bushing (G). 

Buchstabengruppe / code group 
(Sig C). 

Buchstabiertafel / phonetic alphabet 
(Sig C). 

Bucht f inlet, creek, bay. 

Buchung / accounting. 

Bug m bow, front, nose (Ap, Nav, 
Tk). 

Biigel m trigger guard; stirrup. 

Buggeschiitz n bow gun, front gun 
(Tk). 

Bugkanzel / forward gunner’s com- 
partment, nose turret, nose compart- 
ment (Ap). 

Bugpanzer m front armor (Tk). 

Bugradfahrgestell n tricycle landing 
gear (Ap). 

Bugschutze m nose gunner, bow gun- 
ner, front gunner (Ap, Tk). 



Bugstandm nose-gun station (Ap). 

Buhne / diversion dam (Engr). 

Bullauge n porthole. 

Bumslandung f pancake landing, 
rough landing (slang). 

Bunaw buna (rubber). 

Bunareifen m buna tire (MT). 

Bund m tie, lashing (Engr, Tp) ; 
league, alliance ; bunch ( of keys, etc.). 

Biindel n bundle; cluster; package. 

Bundesgenosse m ally. 

Bunde und Knoten knots and ties. 

Bunker m concrete emplacement, con- 
crete shelter, pillbox, bunker, sub- 
marine pen. 

Bunkeranlagen fpl group of bunkers 
(Ft). 

Bunkerlinie f line of concrete em- 
placements and pillboxes. 

Bunkerstand m concrete emplacement. 

Bunkerstellung f position fortified 
with concrete emplacements and 
shelters. 

bunt varicolored, bright, dazzling; 
mixed, confused. 

bunt bemalt dazzle-painted (Cam). 

bunte Lappen colored cloth garnish, 
garlands (Cam). 

Buntfarbenanstrich m camouflage 
painting, dazzle painting. 

Buntkreuze npl colored cross mark- 
ings (to identify CWS munitions). 

BuntschieBen n simultaneous or al- 
ternate shelling with HE and Cml 
shells of different type. 

Biirger m citizen, 

Biirgerkrieg m civil war. 

Bursche m orderly. 

Biirste / brush. 

Bussole / compass ; declinator ( aim- 
ing circle). 

Bussolengehause n compass case. 

Bussolenring m compass azimuth 
circle. 

Bussolenzug m compass traverse 

( Arty, Surv). 

Bz.-SchuB m See BrennziinderschuB. 



c 



Calypsol n a cold-resistant; grease. 
Ce-Stoffm cyanogen bromide (CWS). 
Celsius centigrade. 

Cetenzahl f cetane rating (Diesel 
fuel). 



Charakter m honorary rank carrying 
specific seniority but not the pay; 
character, quality, peculiarity; quali- 
fication (Law). 

Charakterisierung/ conferment of 




Chausseewalze 



33 



Daten 



honorary rank as defined under Cha- 
rakter. 

Chausseewalze / road roller. 

Chef to chief. 

Chef der Heeresriistung und Befehls- 
haber des Ersatzheeres Chief of 
Army Equipment and Commander of 
Replacement Training Army (Com- 
mander of rear echelon of Oberkom- 
mando des Heeres, in charge of all 
non-operational branches and whole 
basic Army structure) (abbr. Ch Rii 
u B d E). 

Chef der Luftwehr chief of adminis- 
trative and supply services of German 
Air Ministry. 

Chef der Schnellen Truppen Chief of 
Mobile Troops (branch of Oberkom- 
mando des Heeres). See also 

Schnelle Truppen. 

Chef der Zivilverwaltung. chief of 
civil affairs section at an army head- 
quarters. 

Chef des Generalstab(e)s Chief of 
Staff. 

Chef des Heeres- Waffenamtes Chief 
of Ordnance. 

Chef des Transportwesens Chief of 
Transportation (Tac, RR). 

Chefveterinar m Chief of Veterinary 
Service. 

chemische Kampfstoffe chemical war- 
fare agents. 

chemischer Krieg chemical warfare. 

Chiffre / cipher. 

chiffrieren encipher. 

Chiffriermaschine / cipher device, 
converter (Sig C). 

ChifFrierung f encipherment. 

Chinin n quinine. 

Chirurg m surgeon. 

Chlor n .chlorine ( CWS). 



Dach n roof. 

Dachluke/ turret hatch (Tk). 
Dachpappe / roofing paper, 
daktyloskopieren to fingerprint. 
Dammkorper m dam embankment. 
Dampfer to stabilizer (Ap) ; 

silencer, flash hider ( Ord) ; damper 
(Tech). 



Chloraminw chloramine-T (CWS). 

Chlorarsinkampfstoff to diphenyl- 
ehlorarsine ( CWS, abbr. Clark). 

Chlorat-Sprengmittel n chlorate ex- 
plosive. 

Chlorazetophenon n CN, chloraceto- 
phenone (CWS). 

Chlorazetophenon -Chlorpikrixi-Losung 
f chloracetophenone solution, CNS 
(CWS). 

Chlorcyan n cyanogen chloride 
(CWS). 

Chlorgas n chlorine (CWS). 

Chlorkalkm calcium chloride, chlor- 
ide of lime, chlorinated lime, calcium 
bleach (CWS). 

Chlorkohlenoxyd n carbonylchloride, 
phosgene ( CIVS,). 

Chlornatron n sodium hypochlorite. 

Chlorpikrin n chlorpicrin (CWS). 

Chlorsulfonsaure f chlorsulfonic acid 
(CWS). 

Chlorvinyldichlorarsin n lewisite 
(CWS). 

Cholmschild to shield-shaped insignia 
awarded to troops besieged at Kholm- 
on-Lovat. 

Christie-Panzerkraftwagen to Christie 
tank. 

Chrom n chrome, chromium. 

Chronograph to chronograph. 

Chronometer n chronometer. 

Cirruswolke f cirrus cloud. 

Clark I diphenylchlorarsine (CWS). 

Clark II diphenylcyanarsine (CWS). 

Cletrac-Lenkgetriebe n Cleveland- 
tractor type of steering mechanism. 

Cyan-Chlorarsinkampfstoff to di- 
phenylcyanarsine (CWS). 

Cyan Clark See Cyan-Chlorarsin- 
kampfstoff. 



D 

Dampfmaschine / steam engine. 
Dampfrohrn. steam tube (MG). 
Dampfung/ damping (Elec, Rad). 
Dampfungsflache / stabilizing surface 

(Ap). 

Dampfungsflosse / tail turface (Ap). 
Dampfwalze f steam roller. 

Daten npl data, 




Daube 



34 



dicht 



Daube / stave. 

Dauer f duration. 

Dauerabzug m trigger for full-auto- 
matic fire (MG). 

Dauerbefehl to standing order. 

Dauerfahrbetrieb w permanent fer- 
rying operations. 

Dauerfestigkeit f fatigue strength, 
endurance limit (Mech). 

Dauerfeuer n full-automatic fire, 
automatic fire (MG, R); continuous 
fire, sustained fire. 

Dauerfleisch n preserved meat. 

Dauerleistung / normal rating, con- 
tinuous output (Mtr); feat of endur- 
ance. 

Dauerleitung / permanent line (Tp). 

Dauermarsch to forced march. 

Dauerstorung / continuous interfer- 
ence (Rad). 

Dauerstrich to long dash (Tg). 

Dauertonm continuous note (Rad). 

Dauerunterkiinfte fpl permanent 
billets. 

Dauerwirkung f lasting effect, per- 
manent effect. 

Daumen m cam ; thumb. 

Daumenbreite / thumb width ( range 
estimation). 

Daumensprung m thumb jump 
(method of range estimation). 

Daumenwelle / camshaft. 

Dazwischensprechen n break-in pro- 
cedure (Rad). 

dechiffrieren decipher. 

Deckanruf to code call (Tp). 

Deckblatt n change sheet ( to be in- 
serted in a manual) . 

Decke/ casing, shoe (of a tire); ceil- 
ing (of a room); blanket, cover, 
tarpaulin. 

Deckel w cover. 

Deckelriegel m cover-plate latch 
(MG). 

Deckelsperre f cover-plate lock 
(MG). 

decken to cover, support (Tac). 

Deckengurt m surcingle (harness). 

Deckenlicht n dome light, tonneau 
light (MT). 

Deckenventilator m ceiling ventilator 
(MT). 

Decklandeflugzeug n deck-landing air- 
plane. 

Deckname m code name. 

Deckplatte / casing, cover plate. 



Deckung/ cover, shelter (Ft); mask 
(Gunnery) ; concealment (Tac). 

Deckungsfeuer n covering fire. 

Deckungsgraben m cover trench, slit 
trench, shelter trench. 

Deckungshohe / height of mask 
(Arty). 

Deckungsloch n foxhole. 

Deckungsspiegel to trench periscope. 

Deckungsstarke / strength of cover 
(Ft). 

Deckungstrupp to support party, cov- 
ering party, covering detachment. 

Deckungstruppe / covering force. 

Deckungswinkel to angle of site to 
mask (Ballistics). 

Deckungswinkelmesser m site-to-mask 
clinometer. 

Deckvermogen n effective coverage 
(of smoke screen). 

Deckwort n _ code word. 

Deckzeichen n code sign, code signal. 

defilieren to pass in review. 

Degen to sword. 

Degradat ion / demotion. 

degradieren to break, reduce in rank. 

Dehnung f lengthening, elongation ; 
strain (Mech). 

Deich to dike. 

Deichsel / limber pole, wagon shaft. 

Deichselbolzen to pole pin (limber). 

Deichselstiitze / pole prop (limber). 

dejustiert out of alinement. 

Dekade/ 10-day pay period. 

demobilmachen demobilize. 

Demobilmachung / demobilization. 

Demolierung / demolition. 

Denkmal n monument. 

Desinfektionskammer f disinfecting 
chamber (Med). 

Desinfektionsmittel n disinfectant. 

Detektor to detector (Rad and 
Radar). 

Detonationsdruck to blast pressure. 

deuten interpret, explain, indicate. 

Deiitpatrone f indicator cartridge 
(for Ger grenade pistol). 

Deutsche Industrie-Norm German 
Industrial Standard (abbr. DIN). 

Deutscher GruB Nazi salute. 

Deutsches Kreuz German Cross ( dec- 
oration). 

Dezimetergeriit n microwave radio set. 

Diatomitschicht f diatomite layer 
(gas filter) (CWS). 

dicht compact, dense, leakproof, 
thick. 




Dichte 



3 

Dichte / density ; concentration 
(CWS). 

Dichtemesser m densimeter, aero- 
meter. 

dichten to calk, pack, seal. 

Dichtigkeit/ density; impermeabil- 
ity. 

Dichtigkeitsmesser m densimeter, 
aerometer; viscometer. 

Dichtlinie/ sealing band (gas mask). 

Dichtrahmen m sealing frame ( gas 
mask). 

Dichtringm binder ring (gas mask). 

Dichtung/ gasket; washer; insula- 
tion; packing. 

Dichtungsring m sealing ring, 
washer. 

Dick See Athyldichlorarsin. 

Dienst m duty, service, detail. 
auBer Dienst retired (abbr. a.D.). 

Dienstalter n seniority. 

Dienstaltersgrenze / age limit. 

Dienstiiltester m senior officer. 

Dienstanweisung / service regula- 
tions, list of instructions. 

Dienstanzugm service uniform. 

Dienstausriistung / service equip- 
ment. 

Dienstbefehl m routine order. 

Dienst bei d?r Truppe service with 
troops, field duty. 

Dienstbeschadigung / damage or in- 
jury occurring while in service. 

Dienstbescheinigung / certificate of 
service. 

Diensteidw oath of enlistment; oath 
of office. 

Diensteinteilung / duty roster. 

Dienstentlassung f discharge without 
honor, dismissal. 

dienstfahig fit for duty, fit for active 
service. 

dienstfrei off duty. 

Dienstgebrauch m service use, ser- 
vice tradition. 

nur fiir den Dienstgebrauch re- 
stricted (manuals, etc.). 

Dienstgipfelhohe / service ceiling 
( Avn ). 

Dienstgrad m grade; rating (Nav). 

Dienstgradabzeichen n grade chevron. 

Dienstgradherabsetzung / demotion. 

Dienstgrad mit Patent permanent 
rank. 

dienstlich authorized, official. 

Dienstpflicht / liability for service, 
obligation to serve. 



5 Divisionsbegleitkompanie 

Dienstpflichtiger m one who is sub- 
ject to military service. 

Dienstplan m duty roster. 

Dienststelle f duty station, command 
headquarters, administrative center 
or office. 

Dienststellung / appointment. 

Dienststempel to official stamp. 

Dienstumschlag to official envelope. 

Dienstunfahiger m noneffective, one 
who is unfit for service. 

Dienstvorschrift / service regulation; 
service manual. 

Dienstweg m military channel (Adm). 
auf dem Dienstweg through chan- 
nels. 

Dienstzweig m branch of the service. 

Dieselkraftstoff m Diesel fuel. 

Diesel- Lastwagen m Diesel truck. 

Dieselmotor m Diesel engine. 

Dieselschlepper m Diesel tractor. 

diesig hazy (Met). 

Diglykolnitrat-Bliittchenpulver n di- 
glycolnitrate flake powder ( abbr. 
Digl. Bl. P.). 

DIN See Deutsche Industrie-Norm. 

Dina / See Divisionsnachrichtenabtei- 
lung. 

Dinafii m See Divisionsnachrichten- 
fiihrer. 

Diopter m diopter, alidade. 

Diopterfaden m diopter hair (Optics). 

Diopterlineal n alidade ruler ( aiming 
circle). 

Diopterschlitz m diopter slit ( Optics) . 

Diphenylaminchlorarsin n adamsite. 

Diphenylchlorarsin n diphenylchlor- 
arsine (CWS). 

Dipolantenne f dipole antenna. 

Disziplin f discipline. 

Disziplinarstrafe f punishment for 
breach of discipline. 

Disziplinarverfahren n disciplinary 
action. 

Division / division. 

Divisionsarzt m division surgeon 
( generally with rank of Oberstarzt, 
colonel). 

Divisionsbataillon n divisional bat- 
talion (provisional unit whose pri- 
mary mission is counterattack) . 

Divisionsbefehl m division order, di- 
vision combat order. 

Divisionsbegleitkompanie / division 
escort company (for protection of 
Div Hq). 




Divisionsfeldlazarett 



36 Drahtrohr 



Divisionsfeldlazarett n division sur- 
gical hospital. 

Divisionsgefechtsstand m division 
command post. 

Divisionsintendant ni See Intendant. 

Divisionskommando z.b.V. special ad- 
ministrative division ( consists of 
Landesschiitzen Bns and GHQ troops 
in a Wehrkreis). 

Divisionsnachrichtenabteilung / divi- 
sion signal battalion. 

Divisionsnachschubfiihrer m chief of 
division supply services. 

Divisionsnachschubkolonne f division 
supply column. 

Divisionspanzerabwehrabteilung / di- 
vision antitank battalion. 

Divisionspferdelazarett n division 

veterinary clearing station. 

Divisionspferdepark m division re- 
mount depot. 

Divisionsstab to division headquarters 
or headquarters personnel.. 

Divisionsstammleitung / division 

trunk line ( axis of Sig Com). 

Dixol n an antifreeze solution. 

Docht m wick. 

Dockanlagen fpl dock installations. 

Dolch to dagger. 

Dollbord n gunwale (rowboat). 

Dolmetscher m interpreter, trans- 
lator. 

Doppelanschnitt m two-station pilot- 
balloon spotting (Met). 

Doppelbereifung f double tires, dual 
tires (MT). 

Doppelbetriebsschaltung / composite 
connection (Tp). 

Doppeldecker to biplane. 

Doppelfernglas n field glass, binoc- 
ular. 

Doppelfernrohr n See Doppelfern- 
glas. 

Doppelflugel to “double wing” ( wing 
with double ailerons and flaps). 

Doppelglas n See Doppelfernglas. 

Doppellafette f two-barreled mount. 

doppellaufig double-barreled. 

Doppelleitung / metallic circuit (Tp). 

Doppelposten to double sentry. 

Doppelpropeller to coaxial contra- 
rotating propellers (Ap). 

Doppelreihe / column of twos, double 
file. 

“In Doppelreihe, angetreten!” “In 
column of twos, fall in!” 



DoppelringtrensengebiB n double- 
ring snaffle bit. 

Doppelringvisier n double ring sight. 

Doppelschieber to double slide (plot- 
ting protractor) . 

Doppelschraubenrichtmaschine 
twin-screw elevating mechanism 
(G). 

Doppelschritt to stride (2 paces). 

Doppelseitensteuer n twin rudders 
(Ap). 

Doppelsprechen n phantoming (Tp). 

Doppelsprechschaltung / phantom 
circuit (Tp). 

Doppelsprengkabel n two-conductor 
firing wire (demolitions). 

Doppelstecker to two-way plug (Tp, 
Rad). 

Doppelsternmotor m double-row 
radial engine. 

Doppelsteuerung / dual controls 
(Ap). 

Doppelumfassnng / double envelop- 
ment (Tac). 

Doppelverkehr to two-way communi- 
cation, two-way traffic. 

Doppelziinder to combination fuze. 

Dorrfleisch n dehydrated meat. 

Dorrgemiise n dehydrated vege- 
tables. 

Dose f box, can. 

Dosenbarometer n aneroid barom- 
eter. 

Dosenlibelle / box level. 

Drache(n) to kite. 

Drachenballon to kite balloon. 

Dragge f grapnel. 

Draht m wire. 

Drahtbund n wire-cable lashing. 

Drahteinzaunung f wire inclosure. 

Drahtgabel / wire pike (Tp con- 
struction). 

Drahtgeflecht n wire netting. 

Drahthindernis n protective wire, 
wire entanglement. 

Drahtigel m gooseberry (obstacle). 

Drahtleitung / wire line (Tp). 

Draiitmatte / wire mesh mat. 

Drahtnachrichtenmittel n means of 
wire communication. 

Drahtnachrichtennetz n wire net, 
wire system (Sig C). 

Drantnetz n wire net, wire mesh. 

Drahtnetz zum Tarnen chicken wire 
( Cam). 

Drahtrohr n wire-wound gun barrel. 




Drahtrolle 



37 



Dreifachziinder 



Drahtrolle / wire roll, concertina, 
wire-roll entanglement. 

Drahtschere f wire cutters. 

Drahtschleife / wire winding, wire 
turn, wire loop (Elec). 

Drahtschlinge f wire snare, trip 
wire. 

Drantseil n wire cable. 

Drahtseilhindernis n cable block, 
wire-cable obstacle. 

Drahtspirale f spiral wire, helical 
wire. 

Drahtstrade / metal mesh road, wire 
mesh road. 

Drahttelegraphie f wire telegraphy. 

Drahttelephonie / wire telephony. 

Drahtverbindung / wire circuit, wire 
communication, connecting wire, 1 
wire connection (Tg, Tp). 

Drahtverhau to wire entanglement. 

Drahtwalze / reinforced concertina 
roll. 

Drahtzange / pliers (for handling 
wire). 

Drahtzaun to double-apron entangle- 
ment, double-apron fence, wire 
fence. 

Drahtzug to .flexible steel cable (Ap). 

Drall to rifling, twist (Ord); spin 
(of a projectile). 

Drallabweichung f drift (due to spin 
of projectile). 

Draliange f length of rifling (Ord). 

Drallwinkel to angle of twist 

(rifling). 

Drallwirkung / twist effect of slip- 
stream (Avn). 

Drallziige to pi grooves (rifling). 

Draufgangertum n audacity, daring. 

Drauflosfahrt f headlong movement 
(MT, Tk). 

Dretibank f lathe. 

Drehbewegung / rotation ( of pro- 
jectile). 

Drehbolzen to pivot pin. 

Dreher to lathe operator. 

DrehfUigelflugzeug n rotor airplane. 

Drehgestell n truck (RR car); turn- 
table. 

Drehgriff to control grip (Mtcl). 

Drehkolbenpumpe / port-control fuel- 
injection pump (Diesel engine). 

Drehkondensator to variable capaci- 
tor, variable condenser. 

Drehkranz to circular track (MG 
mount). 

Drehkuppel f revolving turret. 



Drehlichtscheinwerfer to revolving 

searchlight, revolving beacon light. 

Drehlichtsignal n revolving beacon. 

Drehmoment n torque. 

Drehpunkt to pivot, fulcrum. 

Drehrahmenantenne f rotating loop 
antenna. 

Drehring to racer (AA gun). 

Drehscheibenlafette / turntable gun 
carriage. 

Drehschemellenkung f fifth-wheel 

steering. 

Drehschieber to rotor-type valve 

(Mtr). 

Drehschwingung f torsional vibra- 
tion. 

Drehsinn to direction of rotation. 

Drehspule / moving coil (Elec). 

Drehspulinstrument n moving coil 
instrument (Elec). 

Drehstabfeder / torsion-rod spring 

(MT). 

Drehstrom to three-phase alterna- 
ting current. 

Drehturm w revolving turret. 

Drehzahl f number of revolutions, 
rpm. 

Drehzahlmesser m tachometer. 

Drehzahlregler to governor (Mtr). 

Drehzahlschwankung f rpm fluctua- 
tions (Mtr). 

Drehzapfen to pivot. 

Dreiachser w six-wheel vehicle. 

Dreibein n tripod. 

Dreibeinlafette f tripod mount. 

Dreibeinmast m tripod mast. 

Dreiblattverstellschraube f three- 
blade controllable propeller (Ap). 

Dreibock to tripod cable support. 

Dreieck n triangle. 

Dreieckbalkensperre f triangular 
timber obstacle. 

Dreieckrechner m computer ( circular 
slide ride for air navigation) . 

Dreiecksaufnahme f triangulation 
(Surv). 

Dreieckschaltung f delta connection 

(Elec). 

Dreieckzielen n sighting-triangle 
aiming exercise (Gunnery); tri- 
angle exercise (R practice). 

Dreielektrodenrohre / triode tube. 

Dreiergemisch n triple mixture ( gas- 
oline 50%, benzol U0%, alcohol 
10 %). 

Dreifachziinder to combination fuze 
(super quick, delay and time). 




Ducht 



Dreifliigelschraulbe 38 



Dreifliigelschraube / three-bladed 

propeller (Ap). 

Dreifull m tripod. 

Dreifuflaufsatzstiick n tripod exten- 
sion piece (MG). 

Dreiganggetriebe n three-speed 

transmission (MT). 

dreigliedrige Division triangular 

division. 

Dreipolrohre / triode tube (Rad). 

Dreipunktlandung f normal landing, 
three-point landing (Avn). 

Dreipunktschaltung / Hartley oscil- 
lator (Rad). 

Dreiradfahrgestell n tricycle land- 
ing gear (Ap). 

Dreireihenstandmotor m three-bank 

upright engine. 

Dreiwegehahn m three-way selector 
cock. 

Drillich in denim (also spelled 
Drilch) . 

Drillichanzug m fatigue uniform, 
work uniform. 

Drillstab m torsion rod (MT). 

dringend urgent. 

Dringlichkeitsliste / priority list. 

Dringlichkeitszeichen n urgent sig- 
nal (Sig Com). 

DRK-Helfer m German Red Cross 
attendant. 

DRK-Helferin f German Red Cross 
nurse apprentice. 

DRK-Schwester / German Red Cross 
nurse. 

DRK-Schwesternhelferin / German 
Red Cross junior nurse, nurse’s aid. 

Drohung / threat. 

Drossel / throttle (Mtr). 

Drosselgrifif m throttle grip. 

Drosselhebel m throttle lever. 

Drosselklappe / throttle valve. 

Drosselklappenwelle / throttle shaft. 

Drosselrinne / jugular groove 

(horse). 

Drosselspule / choke coil (Elec). 

Drosselung / choking, throttling. 

Druck m pressure. 

Druckanderung / pressure change 

(Met). 

Druckausgleicher m pressure equal- 
izer. 

Druckbohlenmine / pressure-plank 

mine; 

Druckbrettmine / pressure-board 

mine. 

drucken to print. 



driicken to press, push; to push con- 
trol stick or wheel forward (Ap). 

Driicker n thumb nut (sight); trig- 
ger. 

Druckgurt m compression chord 

(truss). 

Druckkabine / pressure cabin (Ap). 

Druckknopf m pushbutton; snap, 
snap fastener. 

Druckleitung / pressure line. 

Druckluft f compressed air. 

Druckluftbremse / air brake. 

Drucklufterzeuger m air compressor. 

Drucklufthammer m pneumatic 

hammer. 

Druckluft-Niethammer m pneumatic 
riveter. 

Druckluftramme f pneumatic pile 
driver. 

Druckmesser m pressure gage. 

Drucknase / trigger cam (R). 

Druckplatte f pressure plate 

( clutch) . 

Druckpunkt in pressure point. 

Druckpunkt nehmen to take up the 
slack (of the trigger). 

Druckraum m surge chamber. 

Druckregler in pressure regulator. 

Druckschmierung f pressure lubrica- 
tion. 

Druckschraube / pusher propeller 

(A V ). 

Druckschrauber m pusher airplane. 

Druckseite f pressure side, pressure 
surface (Ap wing). 

Druckstelle f pressure point. 

Druckstempel m pressure plug 
(Arty). 

Druckstiick n contact piece on trig- 
ger (R). 

Drucktaster. m sending key. 

Druckumlaufschmierung f See 

Druckschmierung. 

Druckvorschrift f Field Regulations, 
Field Manual (abbr. Dv.). 

Druckzerstauber m pressure spray 
gun (CWS). 

Druckziinder m pressure firing de- 
vice, pressure igniter, push igniter 
(LM). 

Druckzylinder m master cylinder 
(hydraulic brake). 

Dschungel / jungle. 

D-Stoff m dimethylsulfate (CWS). 

Diibel m lug ( G). 

Ducht / crosspiece, thwart (boat or 
Pon). 




D ticker 



39 



Diicker to sluice pipe. 

Dulag See Durchgangslager. 

Dulagluft See Durchgangslager 

Luftwaffe. 

Dumdum-Geschofi n dumdum bullet. 

Dunkelheit / darkness. 

Dunkelkammer / darkroom. 

Dunnit n dunnite (Am). 

Dunst to haze, vapor. 

Durchbiegung / deflection (of a beam 
or girder). 

durchbrechen to break through, 

pierce. 

durchbrennen to burn out (Elec 

fuse ) . 

Durchbruch to break-through (Tac). 

“Durchdecken !” “Di'ess and Cover!” 

durchdrehen to pull (a propeller) 
through. 

Durchfiihrung f gland (Bln); carry- 
ing out, execution. 

Durchgabe / transmission (of Rad 
messages, etc.). 

Durchgangsbahnhof m through sta- 
tion (RR). 

Durchgangsfernspruch m long-dis- 
tance telephone call. 

Durchgangslager n PW transit canjp 
(abbr. DulagJ. 

Durchgangslager Luftwaffe PW 
transit camp for Air Forces person- 
nel (abbr. Dulagluft,). 

durchgeben to transmit (Sig C). 

Durchgriff m reciprocal of amplifica- 
tion factor in percent (Rad). 

Durchhang m sag. 

Durchhiingen n droop (Mech). 

durchkriimmen to squeeze (the 

trigger). 

Durchlafl to culvert, passage, con- 
duit, opening. 

durchladen to load (a magazine or 
belt). 

Durchlaufgleis n through track (RR). 

durchlochern pierce. 

Durchmesser to diameter. 



Ehrenparade 

durchpausen to trace (a map, etc.). 

Durchpunkt to point at which tra- 
jectory intersects plane of aerial 
target perpendicular to line of sight- 
ing. 

durchsacken to drop, to do a power- 
stall, to sink, to pancake (Avn). 

Durchsackgeschwindigkeit / critical 
speed, stalling speed (Avn). 

durchsagen to pass the word along. 

Durchschlag to carbon copy (typed) ; 
drift pin. 

Durchschlager to punch, drift (tool). 

Durchschlagskraft f penetration, 
force of penetration (Am). 

durchschmelzen to burn out (Elec 
fuse ) . 

Durchschnitt to average, mean; cross 
section. 

Durchschnittsleistung / average per- 
formance. 

Durchschnittspanzerstarke / average 
thickness of armor (Tk). 

Durchschreibcblock to carbon-copy 
pad. 

Durchschrift f carbon copy 

(written). 

durchsichtig transparent. 

Durchstich n cut (Engr, RR). 

Durchstofl w penetration by assault. 

durchstolien pierce, penetrate; fly 
through (a layer of clouds). 

durchsuchen to search. 

Durchtrittsoffnung f cutaway (for 
ejected cartridge cases). 

durchwaten to ford. 

durchziehen to pull out ( dive bomb- 
ing). 

Dusche f shower bath. 

Duse / injector, jet, nozzle; vent 
( rocket). 

Dusenkorrektor to mixture control. 

Dynamomaschine f dynamo, gener- 
ator. 

Dynastart to starter-generator. 



E 



Echolot n sonic altimeter, sound- 
ranging altimeter (Avn); fatho- 
meter, echo depth sounder ( Nav ). 

Eckplatte / gusset. 

Edelgas n rare gas. 

Edisonsammler to Edison storage 
battery. 



Edler to knight, noble. 

Ehre / honor. 

Ehrenbezeigungen bei Beerdigung 
graveside service (Mil funeral). 
Ehrenbezeugung f salute. 
Ehrengeleit n escort of honor. 
Ehrenparade f dress parade. 




Ehrenposten 40 Einflug 



Ehrenposten to guard of honor. 

Ehrenrang to honorary rank. 

Ehrenrat to court of honor. 

Ehrensalve / volley (at burials). 

Ehrensold w award. 

Ehremvache f guard of honor, honor 
guard. 

Ehremvort n parole, word of honor. 

Ehrenzeichen n decoration. 

eichen calibrate. 

Eichenlaub n oak leaf cluster. 

Eichstrich to measuring line, gradu- 
ation. 

Eichung / calibration, adjustment. 

Eierhandgranate / egg-shaped hand 
grenade, “pineapple” hand grenade. 

Eigenfrequenz / natural frequency 
(Bad). 

Eigengeschwindigkeit / indicated air 
speed (Avn). 

Eigengewicht n empty weight. 

eigenmachtig on one’s own author- 
ity, unauthorized. 

eigenmachtige Entfernung absence 
without leave. 

Eigenpeilung / direction finding by 
taking bearings from an aircraft on 
two or more radio stations. 

Eigenschaft / quality, characteristic, 
property. 

Eigenschatten to shadow on object 
(as distinguished from shadow cast 
by the object) (Cam). 

Eigenschwingung / natural oscilla- 
tion (Rad). 

Eigentum n property. 

Eigenverstandigung / interphone 
(Ap); intravehicular communication 
(Tk). 

Eignungspriifung / aptitude test. 

Eihandgranate f See Eierhandgra- 
nate. 

Eimer to bucket. 

“Ein!” “Contact!” (Avn). 

Einankerumformer m dynainotor. 

Einatemventil n inlet valve (gas 
mask, oxygen breathing apparatus). 

Einbahnstrafie / one-way road or 
street. 

Einbahnverkehr m one-way traffic 
(MT). 

Einbaufahre / construction float 
(Bdg). 

Einbehaltung / detention (of pay, 
etc.). . ' 

Einbeinfahrgestell n landing gear 
with individual cantilever legs (Ap). 



einberufen to induct into the armed 
forces, to call to the colors, to order 
to report for active duty. See Ein- 
berufung. . 

Einbcrufung / call to the colors ( cor- 
responds roughly to US induction, 
and is folloived by Einstellung, as- 
signment to a unit). 

Einberufungsbefehl to order to re- 
port for active duty. 

Einberufungskarte / notice of induc- 
tion. 

Einberufungsort to induction station. 

Einblick to view into ( enemy posi- 
tions, etc.); insight; eyepiece (Op- 
tics). 

Einblicklinse f eyepiece lens 

( Optics). 

Einblickrohr n eyepiece tube. 

Einblickstutzen m eyepiece mount. 

Einbruch to penetration (Tac). 

Einbruchsfeuer n assault fire. 

Einbruchsfront / frontage of penetra- 
tion (Tac); cold front (Met). 

Einbruchstelle / breach, point of 
penetration, point chosen for pene- 
tration (Tac). 

Einbuchtung / dent in the enemy’s 
line, salient (Tac). 

Eindecker to monoplane. 

Eindeckung / cover (Ft). 

eindringen infiltrate, penetrate. 

Eindringungstiefe / depth of pene- 
tration or infiltration (Tac). 

Eineinhalbdecker to sesquiplane. 

Einerzelt n one-man shelter tent, 
pup tent. 

Einfachanschnitt to single-station 
piloi.-balloon spotting (Met). 

Einfachleitung f ground-return cir- 
cuit (Tp). 

einfiideln to thread (a needle); to 
join a march column, to get into line. 

einfahren to float bridge-sections into 
place; to break in (a horse, etc.); to 
harness; to drive in. 

Einfahrgleis n incoming track (BR). 

Einfallwinkel to angle of incidence. 

einfetten to grease, lubricate. 

einfliegen to penetrate (air attack 
tactics); make a test flight. 

Einflieger to test pilot. 

Einflicgerei / aircraft-testing depart- 
ment. 

Einfluchten n marking out (in fixing 
the azimuth) (Surv). 

Einflug to penetration (air attack 




Einfluggenehmigung 41 einolen 



tactics); approach flight (Ami); ap- 
proach of a target ( A TP'S ) . 

Eiitfluggenehmigung / traffic-control 
clearance (Avn). 

Einflugsmeldung / report of ap- 
proaching target ( A 1FS ) . 

Einflugzeichen n “come in” signal 
(Inst landing). 

Einfliisse mpl See besondere und 
WitterungseinflUsse. 

einfiihren introduce, initiate, lead in. 

Einfuhrhafen m port of entry. 

Einfiihrungsdraht m lead-in (Rad). 

Einfiillstutzen m oil-filling plug ( re- 
coil mechanism) ; filler neck ( of gaso- 
line or oil tank). 

eingabeln to bracket (Arty). 

Eingabelung / bracket, bracketing. 

Eingang m entrance. 

Eingangswerte mpl initial data 

(AAA). 

Eingangsziindung / priming charge. 

eingesehen exposed to observation 
(emplacement, trench, etc.). 

Eingitterriihre / single-grid tube, 
triode (Rad). 

eingleisig single-track. 

eingliedern assign; incorporate, 

make an organic part of; classify. 

Eingliederung / assignment; incor- 
poration, organic arrangement; 
classification. 

eingraben dig in, entrench; bury. 

Eingreifdivision / reserve division. 

eingreifen intervene, come to the aid 
of, take a hand in; to catch, mesh, 
engage. 

einhangen suspend (a bomb). 

Einheit / unit, element (Tac). 
kleinste taktische Einheit basic 
tactical unit. 

EinheitsfUhrer m commander of a 
unit. 

Einheitsgeschutz m dual-purpose 
gun. 

Einheitsgewicht n specific gravity. 

Einheitsgranate f combination high- 
explosive and shrapnel shell. 

Einheitskanister m standard gasoline 
container, unit container. 

Einheitsmaii n unit of measurement. 

Einheitsmunition / fixed ammunition. 

Einheitsmunitionszug m ammunition 
train carrying only one type and 
caliber of ammunition (RR). 



Einhoitsmiitze / regulation field cap 
(replaces the Peldmutze^. 

Einheitsprinzip n unit principle 

(Ger Mil doctrine providing maxi- 
mum independence and self-suffi- 
ciency for each unit). 

Einheitswaffe / dual-purpose weap- 
on. 

Einhcitszeit / standard time. 

Einheitsziinder m combination fuze, 
standard fuze (Am). 

einholen overtake, collect, bring in; 
haul down. 

einigeln take up a position of all- 
around defense. 

einkesseln to encircle, trap, pocket. 

Einkesselung / encirclement. 

Einkipptrieb m leveling mechanism 
(Mart). 

Einkteidungsbeihilfe / clothing 

money allowance. 

Einkreisempfanger m receiver with 
one resonant circuit (Rad). 

Einkreisung f encirclement. 

Einkreisungsmandver n encircling 
maneuver. 

Einkreisungsschlacht / battle of en- 
circlement (Tac). 

Einkreisungsversuch in attempted 
encirclement. 

einkuppeln engage, thrown in ( the 
clutch). 

einladen to load, entrain, entruck, 
etc. 

Einladeiibersicht / entraining table, 
entrucking table. 

Einlafi in inlet, intake. 

Einlafikanal m intake line (Mtr). 

Einlafiventil n intake valve (Mtr). 

Einlallventilkammer f intake-valve 
chamber (Mtr). 

einliiufig single-barreled. 

Einiegerohr n liner, subcaliber tube 
( Ord). 

einleiten begin, introduce, initiate, 
commence. 

einleilendes Gefecht preliminary ac- 
tion or engagement. 

einmessen to survey (Arty). 

Einnahme / capture, occupation, 
seizure (of a locality); reception, ac- 
ceptance (of equipment, Ord, etc.); 
receipts (money, etc.). 

Einnahmeschein m receipt. 

einnebeln to blanket, to lay a smoke 
screen. 

einolen to oil, lubricate. 




einpeilen 42 Einstiegklappe 



einpeilen take a radio bearing. 

Einpolluftleiter m Marconi antenna, 
quarter-wave vertical antenna. 

einrasten engage; lock; ram home; 
snap shut; catch. 

einrichten adjust (fire, etc.); orient 
(a map); prepare, improve (a posi- 
tion); install; furnish, equip. 

Einrichten einer Karte orientation of 
a map. 

Einrichten einer Stellung prepara- 
tion or improvement of a position. 

Einrichtung f installation; organiza- 
tion, establishment; adjustment; ar- 
rangement; device; orientation. 

Einrumpfflugzeug n single-fuselage 
airplane. 

Einsatz m commitment, employment; 
mission; operation, action; effort; 
insertion; duty; sortie (Avn). 
bei besonderem Einsatz on active 
duty; during special commitment 
(in time of war or national emer- 
gency). 

Einsatzbereitschaft / aggressiveness, 
initiative, readiness for action. 

Einsatzbesprechung / orders confer- 
ence, “briefing” (Avn). 

einsatzfahig available for assign- 
ment, commitment or employment. 

Einsatz fliegen to fly a sortie (Avn). 

Einsatzhafen m home field (Avn). 

Einsatzhafenkommandantur / opera- 

' tional airdrome command (sub-divi- 
sion of Lufthafenbereichkomman- 
dantur). 

Einsatzort m locality to be occupied, 
area where units are to be sent into 
action. 

Einsatzraum m operational area. 

Einsatztopf m filter-element contain- 
er (gas mask). 

Einschaltung / switching on, throw- 
ing into gear. 

einschanzen dig in, entrench. 

Einscheibenkupplung / single-plate 
clutch (MT). 

Einschiefien n adjustment fire, trial 
fire (Arty). 

Einschiefien mit hohen Sprengpunkten 
high-burst ranging. 

Einschiefien nach der Lange range 
adjustment. 

EinschieBpunkt m adjusting point 
(adjustment fire). 

Einschiefiziel « adjustment target 
(Arty). 



Einschiffung / embarkation. 

Einschlag m impact, strike (Arty); 
toe-in (MT). 

Einschlagsgarbe / sheaf of fire at 
point of impact, shot group, shot 
pattern (Arty). 

Einschlagsgruppe / shot group, shot 
pattern (of a volley). 

Einschleifen einer Leitung connect- 
ing a line into a telephone circuit. 

einschneiden to intersect, to take 
cross bearings. 

Einschneiden auf Richtungslinie 
point determination along an orient- 
ing line (Surv). 

Einschneiden nach drei Punkten 

three-point resection (Surv). 

Einschnitt in cut (Engr, RR). 

Einschufi m hit. 

einschwenken to pivot (Tac, drill). 
seitlich einschwenken to pivot to 
the left or right, to fan out (Tac). 

einsetzen to commit, employ, insert. 

einsickern infiltrate (Tac). 

Einsitzer m single-seater airplane. 

einspielen bring into play, throw in, 
engage, actuate. 

Einspielen der Libellen leveling, 
cross-leveling (Arty). 

Einsprache / mouthpiece (Tp). 

einspringender Winkel reentrant. 

Einspritzdiise / fuel injector, injec- 
tion nozzle (Mtr). 

Einspritzpumpe / injection pump. 

Einspruch m challenge. 

Einstecklauf m subcaliber tube. 

Einsteigluke f entrance hatch (Tk). 

Einsteigiiffnung / manhole. 

einstellbare Luftschraube adjustable 
propeller (Ap). 

einstellen tune in (Rad); to dial 
(Tp); adjust, set (a fuze, etc.); 
cease (fire, etc.). 

Einstellhiilse f adjustable holder 

(panoramic telescope). 

Einstellmarke / index; adjustable 

marker. 

Einstellmutter f adjustment nut, 
regulating nut. 

Einstellring m adjusting ring (fuze). 

Einstellung / adjustment, setting; 
cessation. See also Einberufung. 

Einstellvorrichtung / adjustment de- 
vice, setting device. 

Einstellwinkel m angle of wing set- 
ting, angle of incidence. 

Einstiegklappe / hatch cover (Ap). 




eiserne Portion 



Einstiegluke 43 



Einstiegluke f hatch (Ap). 

einstopseln plug in (Rad, Tp). 

einstiirzeit to qave in. 

einteilen graduate (into degrees , 
etc.); to divide, classify, separate 
into groups. 

Einteilung / classification; scale; 
graduation, division (into degrees 
or units). 

eintreffen arrive. 

Eintreffzeit / arrival time. 

Einweiser to guide. 

Einweisungskommando m party of 
guides. 

Einvvohnerschaft / population, in- 
habitants. 

Einzaunung / enclosure, stockade, 
compound (PW). 

Einzelabfederung / independent sus- 
pension (of ivheels). 

Einzelabwurf to individual release, 
single release (Bombing). 

•Einzelaufhangung f independent sus- 
pension (of wheels). 

Einzelausbildung f individual train- 
ing. 

Einzelbefehl m fragmentary order, 
extract order (Tac). 

Einzelfeuer n single-shot fire, semi- 
automatic fire (MG). 

Einzelhaft / solitary confinement. 

Einzelkrad n solo motorcycle. 

Einzellader m single loader, single- 
shot weapon. 

Einzelschnittverfahren « single-in- 
tersection method ( target location in 
FR). 

Einzelschufi m single shot, single 
round. 

Einzelschutz m individual protection. 

Einzelspriinge mpl bounds (method 
of advancing). 

Einzelwurf m individual release, 
single release (Bombing) . 

Einzelziel n point target (Bombing). 

einziehbar retractable (landing gear, 
etc.). 

einziehen draw in, retract; withdraw 
(a sentry); conscript, draft (re- 
cruits); confiscate. 

Einziehfahrgestell n retractable 

landing gear (Ap). 

Eisansatz to accumulation of ice. 

Eisbrecher to ice apron (Bdg). 

Eisenbahn / railroad, railway. 

Eisenbahnanlage / railroad installa- 
tion. 



Eisenbahnaufmarsch to strategic 
concentration by rail. 

Eisenbahnbatterie / railway artillery 

battery. 

Eisenbahnbaubataillon n railway 
construction battalion. 

Eisenbahnbeforderung / transporta- 
tion by rail. 

Eisenbahnbetrieb to railway traffic; 
railway operation. 

Eisenbahnbetriebskompanie f rail- 
way operating company. 

Eisenbahnendpunkt m railway term- 
inal, railhead. 

Eisenbahnflak / railway antiaircraft 
gun; railway antiaircraft artillery. 

Eisenbahngeleise n railroad track. 

Eisenbahngeschutz n railway gun. 

Eisenbahnhaubitze / railway 

howitzer. 

Eisenbahnkesselwagen to tank car 
(RR). 

Eisenbahnklaue / spur track. 

Eisenbahnknotenpunkt to railway 

center, railway junction. 

Eisenbahnkiichenwagen w kitchen 

car (RR). 

Eisenbahnnachschublinie / railway 

supply line. 

Eisenbahnpanzerzug m armored 

train (RR). 

Eisenbahn-Pfeilerbaukompanie f 
railway pile-driving or pier-building 
company (Mil). 

Eisenbahnpioniere mpl railway en- 
gineer troops. 

Eisenbahnstellwerk n railway signal 
tower, switch control room. 

Eisenbahntankstelle / gasoline and 
lubricant railhead, bulk reduction 
point. 

Eisenbahntransportfolge / railway 
transportation timetable. 

Eisenbahntruppen fpl railway oper- 
ating troops. 

Eisenbahnwagen to railway car. 

Eisenbeton to reinforced concrete, 
ferro-concrete. 

Eisenblech n sheet iron. 

Eiseneinlage / iron reinforcement 
(in ferro-concrete). 

Eisenkern m iron core (Elec). 

Eisenwalze / iron roller (mine 

clearance). 

eiserne Portion emergency ration 

( for Pers). 




eiserne Ration 44 

eiserne Ration emergency ration (for 
animals). 

Eisernes Kreuz Iron Cross (decora- 
tion). 

Eisregen m sleet. 

Eissporn m ice spade (trail spade). 

Ekrasit n ecrasite (explosive). 

E-Latte / aiming stake, aiming post 
(E=Entfernung, range). 

Elektrizitatszahler m electric meter. 

Elektrode / electrode ; grounded elec- 
trode (spark plug). 

Elektrodenrohre / radio tube. 

Elektromechaniker m electrician. 

Elektron n electron ; trade name of 
a magnesium-aluminum alloy. 

Elektronbrandbombe / electron in- 
cendiary bomb. 

Elektrotechniker m electrical engi- 
neer. 

Element n cell, element (Elec). 

Elementbecher m cell container 

(Elec). 

Elementekiihler m cellular-type 

radiator (MT). 

Elementpriifer m battery tester 

(Elec). 

Ellbogen m elbow. 

E.Mefigerat n See Entfcrnungs- 
meBgerat. 

E.Mefimann m See Entfernungsmefl- 
mann. 

E.Messer m See Entfernungsmesser. 

Emfang m receipt, reception. 

Empfanger m indicator ( f allow- the- 
pointer mechanism of AA gun); in- 
dicator (fuze setter); receiver, re- 
ceiving set (Rad); data receiver, in- 
dicator-regulator (data transmission 
system of A A gun). 

Empfangsapparatur / receiver chas- 
sis, receiving equipment (Rad). 

Empfangsberechtigter m beneficiary. 

Empfangsbescheinigung / See Emp- 
fangsschein. 

Empfangsbestatigung f - acknowledg- 
ment of receipt (Sig C). 

Empfangslautstarke / volume of re- 
ception (Rad). 

Empfangsschaltung / receiver cir- 
cuit (Rad). 

Empfangsschein m receipt form. 

Empfangswelle / receiving frequency 
(Rad). 

Empfangszone / reception zone 
(Rad). 

empfindlich sensitive. 



Entfernungsgerat 

empfindlicher Aufschlagzunder su- 
perquick impact fuze. 

empfindlicher Kopfziinder allways 

fuze. 

empfindlicher Ziinder superquick 

fuze. 

Endauflager n abutment (Bdg). 

Endbahnhof m railhead, terminal. 

Enddrall m terminal twist (Ord). 

Endgeschwindigkeit / terminal ve- 
locity. 

Endmontage f final assembly. 

Endverstarker m terminal repeater 
(Tp); final amplifier, power am- 
plifier (Rad). 

Endziel n final objective. 

Energieleitung f feeder cable (Elec). 

Energienachfuhr / additional supply 
of power (Elec). 

Energieverlust m power loss (Elec, 
Rad). 

Energievorrat m power supply. 

Enge f defile (Tac). 

Englander m Englishman; monkey 
wrench. 

Engpafi m bottleneck, defile. 

entblofien uncover (Tac). 

Ente / duck; canard airplane. 

Enteiser m de-icer (Ap). 

Enteisungsanlage f de-icer system, 
ice-eliminating system (Ap). 

Enteisungsgerat n de-icer (Ap). 

Enteisungmittel n anti-icer solution. 

Entenflugzeug n canard airplane. 

entfalten develop ( a route column, 
etc.); unfold. 

entfalteter Anmarsch advance in de- 
veloped formation (Tac). 

Entfaltung f development (followed 
by Entwicklung, deployment). 

Entfaltung aus dem Marsch develop- 
ment from march column. 

Entfaltungszeit / parachute opening 
time. 

Entfernung / range, distance; re- 
moval; departure, 
mittlere Entfernung 

medium range (up to 800 m). 
nachste Entfernung 

close range- (up to 100 m). 
nahe Entfernung 

close range (up to iOO m). 
weite Entfernung 

long range (beyond 800 m). 

Entfernungsermittlung f range de- 
termination. 

Entfernungsgerat n range finder. 




Entfernungslineal 45 

Entfernungslineal n range ruler 
(Arty). 

Entfernungsmarke / range indicator 
(practice firing). 

Entfernungsmefigerat n range-find- 
er, altimeter, height-finder (AAA). 

EntfernungsmeBmann to range-find- 
er operator; height-finder sergeant 
(AAA). 

EntfernungsmeBmann zur Seitenbe- 
obachtung lateral tracker (AAA). 

Entfernungsmesser to range-finder; 
range-finder operator; height-finder 
sergeant (AAA). 

Entfernungssehatzen n range esti- 
mation. 

Entfernungsteilung / range scale. 

Entfernungstrommel / range knob 

(G). 

Entfernungsunterschied m range 
difference. 

Entfernungsvorhalt to linear differ- 
ence between present slant range 
(at instant of range determination) 
and future slant range (AAA). 

Entfettung / degreasing. 

Entgasung' / degassing. 

entgegenwirken counteract, act 

against, work against. 

Entgiftung / decontamination. 

Entgiftungsabteilung / decontamina- 
tion battalion. 

Entgiftungsdienst m decontamina- 

tion service. 

Entgiftungsgerat n decontamination 
apparatus. 

Entgiftungskompanie / decontamin- 
ation company. 

Entgiftungskraftwagen m decontam- 
ination truck. 

Entgiftungsmittel n decontamina- 

tion agent. 

Entgiftungspflug to decontamination 
plow. 

Entgiftungsplatz to decontamination 
point. 

Entgiftungsstoff m decontamination 
agent. 

Entgiftungstrommel f perforated de- 
contamination drum, 
fahrbare Entgiftungstrommel de- 
contamination cart. 

Entgiftungstrupp to decontamina- 
tion squad. 

entheben relieve (of a command, 
etc.). 

entkeimen sterilize. 



Entseuchungsgerat 

entkohlen decarbonize, 
entkupfern decopper, 
entladen unload, empty; discharge. 
Entladestab to unloading staff (har- 
bor). 

Entladung / to discharge (Am, 

Elec, etc.). 

EntladungsstoB to discharge surge 

(Elec). 

entlassen to dismiss, discharge; re- 
lease; disband, demobilize. 
Entlassung f discharge; dismissal; 
release. 

Entlassung auf Ehrenwort release 
on parole, home parole. 
Entlassungsjahrgang to age class 
due for discharge. 

Entlassungsschein to certificate of 
discharge. 

Entlassungsstelle / demobilization 
center, discharge center, 
entlasten relieve (of pressure). 
Entlastung f relief (of pressure). 
Entlastungsangrilf to relief attack 
(made to relieve enemy pressure 
elsewhere) . 
entlaufen to escape, 
entlausen delouse. 

Entlausungsanstalt f delousing sta- 
tion. 

entliiften ventilate; bleed (recoil 
mechanism) . 

Entliifter to ventilator. 
Entliiftungsstutzen w breather 

(Mtr). 

Entmagnetisierung f de-gaussing. 
entrollen to unfurl or uncase ( a 
flag). 

Entsatz to relief (of a fortress, etc.). 
Entschadigung / compensation, re- 
imbursement, allowance, recoupment, 
entscharfen disarm (Am). 
Entscheidung f decision. 
Entscheidungsgefecht n decisive ac- 
tion, decisive battle (Tac). 
EntschluB to decision (Tac). 
EntschluBfassung / formulation of 
decision (s). 

EntschluBkraft / power of decision, 
entschliisseln decode, decryptograph, 
entsenden to dispatch, send off. 
entsetzen relieve (a fortress, etc.); 

be terrified; relieve (of a command) . 
Entsetzung / relief (of a fortress, 
etc.). 

entseuchen disinfect. 
Entseuchungsgerat n disinfestor. 




Entseuchungsmittel 46 

Entseuchungsmittel n disinfecting 
agent. 

Entseuchungsschrank to disinfecting 
chamber. 

entsichern to disengage or release 
the safety (SA, R, etc.); to arm or 
activate (a mine, bomb, etc.). 

Entsicherungsfliigel to arming vane 
(bomb). 

entspannen to uncock; to relieve 
tension. 

Entstaubung / dust filtering (MT). 

Entstorkappe / ignition shield ( over 
spark plug). 

Entstorung / interference elimina- 
tion (Rad). 

enttarnen remove camouflage. 

entwaffnen disarm. 

Entwarnung f “all clear” signal. 

Entwasserungsgraben to drainage 
ditch. 

Entweichen n escape, evasion. 

Entwesung f sterilization. 

entwickeln deploy (Tac) ; develop 
(Photo); generate (smoke, etc.). 

Entwicklung / deployment (follows 
Entfaltung, development); develop- 
ment (Photo); generation (of 
smoke, etc.). 

Entwurf to sketch, outline; plan, 
scheme. 

Entzerrer to balancing network 
(Rad, Tp). 

Entzerrung f rectification, restitu- 
tion (aerial Photo) ; correction, com- 
pensation (of frequency response, 
Rad, Tp). 

Entzerrungsgerat n rectifying cam- 
era (aerial Photo). 

entziehen remove, withdraw, deprive, 
sich entziehen avoid, evade, disen- 
gage (Tac). 

entziffern decipher, decryptograph. 

Entzifferung / deciphering. 

entzurren unlock, unclamp. 

Episkop n reflecting projector, 

episcope. 

erbeuten to capture (materiel). 

Erdanschlufl to ground connection 
(Elec). 

Erdarbeit / excavation work; earth- 
work (F't). 

Erdartillerie f artillery used against 
ground targets (as distinguished 
from AAA). 

Erdaufklarung / ground reconnais- 
sance (Tac). 



Erganzungsbedarf 

Erdbeobachtung / ground observa- 
tion. 

Erdbeschufl to anti-aircraft fire (as 
seen from target). 

Erdbildmessung / phototopography. 

Erde f earth, soil; ground (Elec). 

Erdei See ErdeinschieBziel. 

ErdeinschieBziel n ground adjust- 
ment target (Gunnery). 

erden to ground (Elec). 

Erder m ground (Elec). 

Erdfernsprechverbindung f ground- 
return telephone circuit. 

Erdgegner to hostile ground force. 

Erdgleiche / ground level (Ft). 

Erdgrube / borrow pit. 

Erdhorer to geophone. 

Erdkabel n underground cable or 
wire (Tp). 

Erdkriimmungslineal n altitude-cor- 
rection ruler. 

Erdleitung / ground, ground lead 
(Elec). 

Erdleitungsdraht to ground wire 
(Elec). 

Erdleitungsrohr n ground pipe, un- 
derground pipe. 

Erdmine / land mine. 

Erdol n petroleum. 

Erdortung / pilotage (Air Naviga- 
tion). 

erdrosseln to throttle, strangle. 

Erdriickleitung / ground-return cir- 
cuit (Tp). 

ErdschluB to ground leak, ground 
short (Elec). 

Erdschwere / gravitation, gravity. 

Erdsporn to trail spade (G). 

Erdstecker to grounding rod (Elec). 

Erdtelegraphieverbindung / ground- 
return telegraph circuit. 

Erdtruppen fpl ground forces. 

Erdung f ground, grounding (Elec). 

Erdvergleichsziel n auxiliary ground 
target (Arty). 

Erdvermessung / topographic sur- 
vey. 

Erdwinde / winch (for Bln). 

ErdzielbeschuB to firing against 
ground targets (AAA). 

Erdzuleitung / ground lead (Elec). 

Erganzung f supplement, replace- 
ment (s), reserve (s); completion, 
rounding out, bringing to full 
strength. 

Erganzungsbedarf to deficiency, 

shortage, replacement requirements. 




Erganzungsgruppe 



47 Ersatztruppen 



Erganzungsgruppe / replacement 

training group (Air Force group 
composed of 2 or more Erganzungs- 
staffeln) . 

Erganzungsstaffel / See Ergan- 

zungsgruppe. 

Erganzungsstelle / replacement cen- 
ter. 

ergeben, sich to surrender, capitu- 
late. 

Ergebnis n result; score. 

Erhebungswinkel to quadrant angle 
( Surv ). 

Erhohung / quadrant elevation 

( Gunnery). 

Erhohungsskala / elevation scale 
(G, MG). 

Erhohungswinkel to quadrant angle 
of elevation ( Gunnery ) . 

Erholungsurlaub to leave; arrest, 
imprisonment (slang). 

Erinnerungsmedaille f campaign 
medal. 

erkampfen to force (a crossing, 
etc.). 

Erkennungsmarke f identification 
tag, “dog tag.” 

Erkennungsmunition / signal am- 
munition. 

Erkennungstuch n identification 

panel, ground panel. 

Erkennungswort n countersign, 

password. 

Erkennungszeichen n marking, in- 
signia, identification mark; recogni- 
tion signal. 

Erker to “bay window” type gun 
mount in front right sponson (Tk). 

Erkunder m scout; reconnaissance 
airplane. 

Erkundung / reconnaissance (Tac). 

Erkundungsfahrzeug n reconnais- 
sance vehicle, scout vehicle. 

Erkundungsorgan n reconnaissance 
element. 

Erkundungsvorstofi to scouting raid. 

Erlaubnis / permission. 

Erlaubnisschein to leave pass. 

Erledigung' / accomplishment, com- 
pletion. 

Ermafligung der Strafe remission of 
sentence. 

ermachtigen empower. 

Ermattungsstrategie / strategy of 
attrition. 

Ermessen n discretion. 

Ermiidung / fatigue, exhaustion. 



Ermiidungskampfstoff to harassing 
agent (CWS). 

Ermiidungsschiefien n harassing fire, 
gas-shell fire (Arty). 

ernannt See Ernennung. 

Ernennung f appointment to brevet 
rank. 

Ernstfall to emergency. 

erobern conquer ( territory or local- 
ity). 

Eroberung / conquest. 

Erreger m exciter (Rad). 

Erregerstrom to excitation current 
(Elec). 

Erregerwicklung f excitation wind- 
ing (Elec). 

Ersatz m replacement; substitute, 
synthetic material; spare part; com- 
pensation, damages. 

Ersatzbataillon n replacement train- 
ing battalion. 

Ersatzbatterie / spare battery 

(Elec). 

Ersatzbedienung / gun crew replace- 
ments, reserve gun crew. 

Ersatzdienststelle / recruiting cen- 
ter. 

Ersatzeinheit / replacement unit, 
replacement training unit. 

Ersatzfunkstelle / secondary radio 

station. 

Ersatzheer n replacement training 
Army. 

Ersatzkarte / provisional map, sub- 
stitute map. 

Ersatzmann m replacement. 

Ersatzmannschaften fpl replace- 
ments. 

Ersatzpferd n remount. 

Ersatzregiment n replacement train- 
ing regiment. 

Ersatzreifen to spare tire. 

Ersatzreserve / replacement re- 
serves. 

Ersatzreserve I reserves comprising 
untrained men under 35. 

Ersatzreserve II reserves comprising 
physically unfit, untrained men un- 
der 35. 

Ersatzreserveausbildung / training 
of replacement reserves. 

Ersatzschaltschema n equivalent cir- 
cuit (Elec). 

Ersatzteil n reserve unit (Tac); 
spare part. 

Ersatztruppen fpl replacements. 




Ersatzverpflegungsmagazin 48 Fahnenjunker 



Ersatzverpflegungsmagazin n ration 
depot (Z of I). 

Ersatzwesen n recruiting and re- 
placement administration. 

Erschiefien der Tageseinfliisse ob- 
taining metro data by registration 
(FA). 

erschopfen to exhaust, wear out, use 
up. 

Erschiitterung f concussion, shock. 

erstarren become rigid or stiff; 

“freeze” in position. 

Erstausstattung f initial issue. 

erste Hilfe first aid. 

Erster Offizier first officer (Nav). 

ersticken asphyxiate, choke, stifle, 

suffocate. 

erstickender Kampfstoff lung irri- 
tant. 

Erststrom m primary current. 

erstiirmen to rush, take by assault' 
(Tac). 

Ertraglichkeitsgrenze f harassing 
concentration ( CWS )■ 

Erwa-Meldung f stand-by message 
(preliminary to metro message) 
(Arty). 

Erwiderungsfeuer n retaliation fire, 
counterfire. 



erzwingen force (a crossing, etc.). 

Etappe / communications zone (su- 
perseded by ruckwartiges Armeege- 
biet, but still frequently used). 

Etappenmarsch m administrative 
march. 

Etat m budget. 

Etatposten m budget item. 

Exerzierbombe f drill bomb, practice 

bomb. 

Exerzieren n drill, practice. 

Exerzierform f drill formation. 

ExerziergeschoB n dummy projectile. 

Exerzierhalle / drill hall. 

Exerzierhaus n armory. 

Exerziermarsch m goose step. 

Exerziermunition f drill ammuni- 

tion, dummy ammunition. 

Exerzierordnung f drill formation; 
drill regulations. 

Exerzierpatrone f ' dummy cartridge. 

Exerzierplatz m drill ground, parade 
ground. 

Exerzierschritt m See Exerzier- 

marsch. 

Exerziervorschrift f drill regula- 
tions. 

Exzenterhiilse / eccentric sleeve 
(aiming circle). 



F 



Fabrik / factory. 

Fach n field of competency, trade, 
profession; branch of knowledge; 
specialty; compartment, pigeonhole. 

Fachabteilungen fpl professional 
service units (Med). 

Facharbeiter m technician, skilled 
workman, specialist. 

Fachausdruck m technical term. 

Fachbearbeiter m staff officer or of- 
ficial in charge of some technical 
branch or administrative depart- 
ment. 

Fachberater m technical adviser. 

Fachermotor m fan-type engine, 
double-V engine. 

Facherturn m half-loop wing-over 
(Avn). 

Fachmann m specialist, expert. 

Fachsprache / technical terminology. 

Fachverstandiger m specialist, ex- 
pert. 



Fachwerk n latticework, grillage; 
truss. 

Fachwerkbriicke / truss bridge. 

Fachwerktrager m truss (Bdg). 

Fackel f flare, torch. 

Faden m thread, filament; string; 
fathom (Nav); front-sight slit 
(aiming circle); hair (Optics). 

Fadenkreuz n cross hairs, cross 
wires (Optics). 

Fadenstiick n front-sight piece 
(aiming circle). 

Fahne f colors, flag, guidon. 

Fahnenband n battle honors. 

Fahneneid m oath of allegiance, oath 
of enlistment. 

Fahnenflucht f desertion. 

Fahnenfluchtiger m deserter. 

Fahnenjunker m officer candidate 
(from enlistment until promotion to 
Fahnrich) . 




Fahnenjunker-Gefreiter 49 Fallpunkt 



Fahnenjunker-Gefreiter m officer 
candidate (with grade of Gefreiter). 

Fahnenjunker-Unteroffizier m NCO 
officer candidate (with grade of 
Sgt). 

Fahnenkompanie / color guard com- 
pany. 

Fahnenmast to fixed flagpole. 

Fahnenposten to color sentinel. 

Fahnenschaft m flagpole. 

Fahnenstange / flagpole, pike. 

Fahnentrager m color bearer, 

guidon. 

Fahnentrupp m color guard. 

Fahnentuch n bunting. 

Fahnenwache / color guard, color 
sentinel. 

Fahnrich to officer candidate (grade 
above Fahnenjunker-Unteroffizier) . 

Fahrabteilung f supply-train bat- 

talion (H-Dr). ■ 

Fahrausweis m travel order, travel- 
ing permit. 

Fahrbahn / roadway. 

Fahrbahntrager to floor beam, road- 
way girder (Bdg). 

fahrbar passable (for vehicles); 
mobile; practicable; navigable. 

Fahrbefehl m transportation order 
(MT). 

Fahrbenzin n standard gasoline. 

Fahrbereich m operating range, 
traveling distance, cruising radius 
(MT, Tk). 

Fahrbetrieb m ferrying operations. 

Fahrbremse / wheel brake (G car- 
riage). 

Fahre / ferry. 

fahren to drive, travel, ride. 

fahrendes Ziel moving target (Tk, 

. vehicle). 

Fahrer w driver (MT, Tk, etc.); pri- 
vate (H-Dr Transport). 

Fahrerhaus n cab (Trk). 

Fahreroptik / driver’s periscope 
(Tk). 

Fahrgast to passenger. 

Fahrgerat n propelling equipment 
(Engr). 

Fahrgestell n chassis (MT); landing 
gear, landing-gear frame (Ap). 

Fahrkarte / transportation ticket 

(RR, bus, etc.). 

Fahrkolonne f horse-drawn column. 

Fahrkostenentschadigung f travel 
allowance (reimbursement). 

Fahrkiiche / rolling kitchen. 



Fahrlassigkeit / negligence. 

Fahrleistung f traveling capacity 

fMiP, Tk). 

Fahrplan m timetable, train sched- 
ule. 

Fahrprahm w tank landing craft. 

Fahrrad n bicycle. 

Fahrrinne f rut. 

Fahrseil n ferry cable. 

Fahrstelle / ferrying site, ferry em- 
barkation point. 

Fahrstellung f traveling position 

(Ord). 

Fahrt / ride, run; trip, journey; 
speed. 

Fahrtenschwimmer m qualified 

swimmer (on basis of time-endur- 
ance test). 

Fahrtliste f entraining table. 

Fahrtmesser m airspeed indicator. 

Fahrtrupp to boat crew (Engr). 

Fahrtruppen fpl transportation 

units (H-Dr). 

Fahrweg to dirt road. 

Fahrwerk n landing gear (Ap); 
running gear, chassis (MT); sus- 
pensions and tracks (Tk). 

Fahrwerkachse f landing-gear axle 
(Ap). 

Fahrwerkrahmen w chassis frame 

(MT). 

Fahrwerkstrebe f landing-gear strut 
(Ap). 

Fahrwiderstand to tractional resist- 
ance (MT). 

Fahrwind to air stream, airflow. 

Fahrzeug n vehicle; craft. 

Fahrzeugiiberhang to overhang, 

angle of approach (MT). 

Fall to drop, fall; case, instance. 

Fallbahn / bomb trajectory. 

Fallbenzintank to gravity tank 

(MT). 

Fallbeschleunigung / downward ac- 
celeration (Ballistics). 

Fallbo / downdraft (Met). 

Fallblockverschlufi m drop-block 

type breechblock (G). 

Falle f trap, decoy; catch (MG). 

Fallenachse / catch pivot (MG). 

Fallgeschwindigkeit / velocity of fall 
(Ballistics). 

Fallgesetz n law of falling bodies. 

Fallhohe f drop, height of drop. 

Fallklappe / drop (Tp switchboard) . 

Fallpunkt to level point, point of fall 

(Ballistics). 




Fallschirm 

Fallschirm m parachute. 

Fallschirmabsprung to parachute 
jump. 

Fallschirmabsprungturm m para- 
chute tower, controlled tower. 

Fallschirmbombe / parachute bomb. 

Fallschirmgerat n parachute equip- 
ment. 

Fallschirmgewehr n parachutist’s 
automatic rifle. 

Fallschirmgurt to parachute har- 
ness. 

Fallschirmjager to parachutist. 

Fallschirmjager- Abteilung f para- 
chute detachment. 

Fallschirmjagerbataillon n para- 
chute battalion. 

Fallschirmlast / delivery unit (air- 
borne operations). 

Fallschirmleuchtbotnbe / aircraft 
parachute flare. 

Fallschirmleuchtkugel / parachute 
flare. 

Fallschirmleuchtpatrone / para- 

chute-flare cartridge (for Sig pistol). 

Fallschirmrakete / parachute rocket 
signal. 

Fallschirmsack to pack assembly, 
pack (Prcht). 

Fallschirmschiitze w parachutist 
rifleman. 

Fallschirmschutzen-Abzeichen n par- 
achute badge (decoration) . 

Fallschirmspringer to parachutist. 

Fallschirmtruppen fpl parachute 
troops. 

Fallschirmturm to parachute tower. 

Fallstromvergaser to downdraft car- 
buretor. 

Falltafel / bomb trajectory table. 

Falltiir / trapdoor; escape hatch 
(Ap). 

Fallwind to katabatic wind (Met). 

Fallwinkel to angle of fall (Ballis- 
tics). 

Fallzeit / time of fall (Bombing). 

Faltboot n faltboat, collapsible boat 
with rubberized-cloth skin. 

Familienunterhalt to dependency 
benefits. 

Fangleine / shroud line (Prcht). 

Fangnetz n anti-submarine net. 

Fangschnur / aiguillette, fourragere. 

Fangstofl to parry. 

farbenblind color blind. 

FarbentUchtigkeit / color vision. 

farblos colorless. 



Federwolke 

Farb-Spritzanlage f spray painting 

unit. 

farbt-onrichtig orthochromatic. 
Faschine f fascine. 

Faschinenbahn / fascine road. 
Faschinendamm to raised fascine 

road. 

Faser / fiber. 

Fassung / receptacle, socket (Elec); 

text or wording, version ; composure. 
Fassungsvermogen n volumetric 

9apacity. 

faulnisbekampfend antiseptic. 

Faust f fist. 

Faustachse f Mercedes-type front 
axle (MT). 

Faustel n mallet. 

Fausthandschuh to mitten. 
Faustriemen to sword knot. 
Faustskizze f rough sketch. 

F-Boot n tank landing craft. 

Feder / pen; spring; feather. 
Federantrieb to spring action (clock- 
work fuze). 

Federaufhangung / spring suspen- 
sion (MT). 

Federausgleicher m spring equilibra- 
tor (G). 

Federbarometer n aneroid barom- 

eter. 

Federbein n shock-absorbing strut 

(Ap). 

Federbock to spring hanger (MT). 
Federbolzen to spring bolt (MT). 
Federbund n spring clip (MT). 
Federeinrichtung f spring mecha- 

nism (MG). 

Federgehange n spring suspension. 
Federhand f spring bracket (MT). 
Federkolben m breechblock endpiece 
(self-loading pistol). 

Federkopf to follower-spring stud 
(self-loading pistol). 

Federkraft / elasticity. 

Federlasche f shackle, spring shackle 
(MT). 

Federluftdruckmesser to aneroid ba- 
rometer. 

Federring to lockwasher. 

Federteller to valve-spring retainer 

(Mtr). 

Federung / suspension (MT). 
Federvorholer m spring counterre- 
coil mechanism, spring recuperator 
(G). 

Federwolke / cirrus cloud. 



50 




Fehlbestand 



51 

Fehlbestand to shortage, discrepancy 
(supplies, etc.). 

Fehler m en-or; defect; miss. 

Fehlerdreieck n triangle of error 
(Surv). 

fehlerhaft defective. 

Fehlganger to miss. 

Fehlgriff to blunder. 

Fehlleistung f malfunction. 

fehlschlagen fail. 

FehlschuB to miss. 

Fehlstart to unsuccessful take-off 
( Avn). 

Fehlstelle / vacancy (Adm). 

Fehltreffer m near miss. 

Fehlweisung f deviation (Rad). 

Fehlzerspringer to low-order burst, 
low-order shell (Am). 

Fehlziindung / backfire (Mtr). 

Feigheit / cowardice. 

Feile / file (tool). 

Feind to enemy. 

Feindbeobachtung / observation of 
or by the enemy. 

Feindberiihrung / contact with the 
enemy. 

Feindbeschull to enemy fire. 

Feindbesetzung f occupation by the 
enemy. 

Feinddruck w enemy pressure. 

Feindeinsicht f enemy observation. 

Feindeinwirkung / enemy action. 

Feindesland n enemy territory, hos- 
tile territory. 

Feindflug to raid, sortie, combat mis- 
sion (Avn). 

Feindflugausweis to special identifi- 
cation card carried on missions dur- 
ing which capture by enemy is likely 
( Avn). 

feindfrei clear of the enemy. 

Feindgelande n enemy terrain. 

Feindnachrichten fpl information 
about the enemy. 

Feindnahe / closeness to the enemy, 
nearness to the enemy. 

Feindraum to enemy zone. 

Feindseligkeiten fpl hostilities. 

Feindsicht / enemy observation. 

Feindtiitigkeit / enemy activity. 

Feindzusammenstofl to collision with 
the enemy. 

Feineinstellung / fine tuning (Rad) ; 
fine setting, precision adjustment. 

Feinhohenmesser to sensitive altime- 
ter (Ap). 



Feldflasche 

Feinkorn n fine sight (R aiming); 
fine grain (Photo). 

Feld n field (Top, Elec); land (ri- 
fling); bay (Ap). 
langes Feld chase of gun barrel. 

Feldanzug to field uniform. 

Feldarmee / field army. 

Feldausbildungsdivision / field train- 
ing division. 

Feldausriistung / field equipment. 

Feldausstattung / field equipment; 
ammunition reserve. 

Feldbackerei / field bakery. 

Feldbahn / narrow-gage field rail- 
way. 

Feldbauamt n airdrome maintenance 
office. 

Feldbefestigung f field fortification. 

Feldbischof w Chief of Chaplains. 

Feldbluse / service coat. 

feldbrauchbar serviceable for use in 
the field. 

Feldbrunnen to field well. 

Feldbiicherei f military field library. 

Felddauerlinie / permanent field-tele- 
phone line. 

Felddienst to field duty. 

felddienstfahig fit for active duty. 

Felddienstordnung f field service 
regulations. 

Felddienstiibung f field exercise. 

Feldeisenbahn f field railway. 

Feldeisenbahnbetriebsamt n field 
railway operations office. 

Feldeisenbahndirektion / field rail- 
way command station. 

Feldeisenbahner to field railway en- 
gineer. 

Feldeisenbahnmaschinenamt n field 
railway machinery office. 

Feldeisenbahnwerkstattenamt n field 
railway workshop office. 

Feldelement n field cell (Tp). 

Felder npl lands (Ord); fields (Top). 

Feldersatzbataillon n replacement 

training battalion (assigned to the 
field forces). 

Felderscheibe / target divided into 
squares. 

Felder und Ziige lands and grooves. 

Feldfernkabel n field trunk wire 

(Tp). 

Feldfernkabeltrupp to wire-laying 

team (Tp). 

Feidfernsprecher to field telephone; 
field telephone operator. 

Feldflasche / canteen (for water). 




Feldflughafen 52 



Felsenklippe 



Feldflughafen to field airdrome. 

Feldflugplatz to advanced airfield. 

Feldfunksprecher m See Feldfunk- 
sprechgerat. 

Feldfunksprechgerat n field radio 
set. 

Feldgeistlicher to chaplain. 

Feldgendarm to military policeman. 

Feldgendarmerie / military police. 

Feldgendarmerievorschrift / mili- 
tary police regulations. 

Feldgerat n field equipment. 

Feldgericht n provost court, court- 
martial. 

Feldgeschiitz n field gun. 

Feldhandapparat to field handset 

(Tv). 

Feldhaubitze f field howitzer. 

Feldheer n field forces. 

Feldherrnkunst / strategy, general- 
ship. 

Feldinstandsetzung / line mainte- 

nance. 

Feldjustizamt n legal branch of 
army, corps and division general 
staffs (consists of civilian officials). 

Feldkabel n field wire (Tp). 

Feldkabelader / field-wire strand 
(Tp). 

Feldkabelbau to field-wire laying 
(Tp). 

Feldkabelleitung / field-wire line 
(Tp). 

Feldkanone / field gun. 

Feldkaplan to chaplain. 

Feldklappenschrank m portable 

switchboard. 

Feldkochherd to field range (cooker). 

Feldkochunteroffizier m cook (NCO). 

Feldkommandantur / military ad- 
ministration headquarters (in Com 
Z and occupied countries) . Compare 
Ortskommandantur, Stadtkomman- 
dantur. 

Feldkiiche / field kitchen, rolling 
kitchen. 

Feldlaboratorium n field laboratory 

(Med). 

Feldlager n bivouac, encampment. 

Feldlazarett n surgical hospital. 

Feldmarschall m Field Marshal 
(Get). 

Feldmeister m first sergeant (Reich 
Labor Service). 

Feldmeflkastchen n field testing set 

(Tp). 

Feldmiitze / garrison cap. 



Feldnachrichtenkommandantur / 

field signal command ( signal Hq for 
an area of occupied territory or in 
rear area of T of Opns). 

Feldpolizei f See Geheime Feldpo- 
lizei. 

Feldportion / field ration (for Pers). 

Feldpost / army postal service. 

Feldpostamt n army post office. 

Feldpostbeamter m army mail clerk 

(Civ official). 

Feldposteinheit / army postal unit. 

Feldposten m outguard sentinel. 

Feldpostwesen n army postal service. 

Feldprediger m chaplain. 

Feldpriifschrank m field testing box 
(Tp). 

Feldrain m uncultivated strip at 
edge of field. 

Feldration / field ration (for ani- 
mals). 

Feldschanze / field fortification, 
earthwork. 

Feldsicherungskastchen n field fuse 
box (Tp). 

Feldsonderbataillon n field disciplin- 
ary battalion. 

Feldstraflager n field disciplinary 
camp. 

Feldtrage f field litter (Med). 

Feldunterarzt m acting medical offi- 
cer. 

Feldverpflegung f field messing. 

Feldwache / outguard. 

Feldwagen to field wagon. 

Feldwebel to technical sergeant. 

Feldweg to cross-country dirt road. 

Feldwerkstatt / field workshop. 

Feldwerkstattzug to field workshop 
platoon. 

Feldwetterstelle f field weather sta- 
tion. 

Feldwetterwarte f See Feldwetter- 
stelle. 

Feldzeugbataillon n ordnance bat- 
talion. 

Feldzeugkommando n ordnance com- 
mand (one in each Wehrkreis and 
some in occupied countries). 

Feldzeuglager n ordnance depot. 

Feldzeugstab m ordnance staff. 

Feldzug to campaign. 

Felge / felloe, rim. 

Felgenband n tire flap (MT). 

Fels to rock, cliff. 

Felsblock to boulder, rock. 

Felsenklippe / bluff (Top). 




Fenster 



53 Fernsprechbetriebszug 



Fenster n sight peephole (AA 
sight); window. 

Fepo / See Geheime Feldpolizei. 

Ferdinand name of a heavily-ar- 
mored German self-propelled gun. 

Fernantrieb m rempte drive, remote 
control. 

Fernaufklarer to long-range recon- 
naissance airplane. 

Fernaufklarung / distant recon- 
naissance ; long-range reconnaissance 
(Avn). 

Fernaufklarungsflugboot n patrol 
bomber, long-range reconnaissance 
flying boat. 

Fernaufklarungsflugzeug n See Fern- 
aufklarer. 

Fernaufklarungsgruppe / . air force 

long-range reconnaissance group 
( attached to ground forces and com- 
posed of two or more F-Staffeln) . 

Fernaufklarungsstaffel / long-range 
reconnaissance squadron attached to 
army ground units (abbr. F-Staffel). 

Fernbesprechgerat n remote control 
unit (Rad). 

Fernbesprechung f remote control 
operation (Rad). 

Fernbild n telephoto. 

Fernbomber m long-range bomber. 

Ferndrucker m teletype, teletype- 
writer, telegraph printer. 

Fernempfang m long-distance recep- 
tion (Rad). 

Fernempfangszone f reception zone 
beyond the skip distance (Rad). 

Fernerkunder m See Fernaufklarer. 

Fernfahrtmesser m remote-reading 
airspeed indicator (Ap). 

ferngelenkt remote-controlled. 

Ferngeschiitz n See Fernkampfge- 
schiitz. 

Ferngesprach n telephone call, tele- 
phone conversation. 

ferngesteuert remote-controlled. 

Fernglas n binoculars, field glass. 

Fernhorer m receiver (Tp, Rad 

Tp). 

Fernkabel n trunk wire (Tp). 

Fernkampfartillerie / long-range ar- 
tillery. 

Fernkampfflugzeug n long-range 

bombardment airplane. 

Fernkampfgeschiitz n long-range 

gun. 

Fernkompafl m remote-reading com- 
pass (Ap). 



Fernkurs w. correspondence course. 

Fernleitung / long-distance circuit, 
inter urban line (Tp). 

Fernlenkung / remote control. 

Fernlicht n bright . light ( on auto 
headlight) . 

Fernmeligerat n range finder. 

Fernmeldeanlage / communication 

station (Sig C). 

Fernmesser to range finder; range- 
finder operator. 

fernmiindlich by telephone. 

Fernrichten des Geschiitzes remote 
gun control (CA, Nav). 

Fernrohr n telescope; binoculars (in 
this sense, generally Doppelfern- 
rohr). 

Fernrohrarme mpl telescope tubes 

(BC telescope). 

Fernrohraufnahme / telephoto. 

Fernrohraufsatz m telescopic sight. 

fernrohrbesetzt equipped with tele- 
scopic sight (R). 

Fernrohrhals w telescope center sec- 
tion. 

Fernrohrhiilse f telescope housing. 

Fernrohrkopf to telescope head. 

Fernrohrkorper to telescope tube; 
body (of binoculars). 

Fernrohrlager n telescope seat. 

Fernrohrsteg to telescope support. 

Fernschreiber to teletype, teletype- 
writer, telegraph printer; teletype 
operator. 

Fernschreibkompanie / teletype com- 
pany, telegraph-printer company. 

Fernschreibleitung f teletype circuit. 

Fernschreibnetz n teletype net 
(Luftwaffe). 

Fernschreibwagen to teletype truck. 

Fernsehen n television. 

Fernsicht f visibility. 

FernsprechanschluB to telephone con- 
nection. 

Fernsprechbaukompanie f telephone- 
construction company. 

Fernsprechbautrupp to telephone- 
construction crew. 

Fernsprechbauwagen m telephone- 
construction truck. 

Fernsprechbetriebstrupp m tele- 

phone-operations team. 

FernspreChbetriebswagen to tele- 
phone-operations truck. 

Fernsprechbetriebszug to telephone 
operating platoon. 




Fernsprechdoppelleitung' 54 Festungskrieg 



Fernsprechdoppelleitung / metallici 
telephone circuit. 

Fernsprecher to telephone; tele-' 
phone operator. 

Fernsprechfahrzeug n telephone-op- 
erations vehicle. 

Fernsprechgerat n telephone equip- 
ment. 

Fernsprechkompanie / telephone- 
communications company. 

Fernsprechkraftwagen to telephone 
motor truck. 

Fernsprechleitung / telephone line. 

Fernsprechnetz n wire net (Tp). 

Fernsprechrelais n telephone relay. 

Fernsprechstelle / telephone station. 

Fernsprechtrupp m telephone sec- 
tion. 

Fernsprechverkelir m telephone traf- 
fic. 

Fernsprechvermittlung f telephone 
central, switching central. 

Fernsprechwagen in telephone 

wagon, telephone truck. 

Fernspruch to telephone transcrip- 
tion, telephone message. 

Ferftsteuerung f remote control. 

Fernthermometer n water tempera- 
ture gage (MT). 

Ferntrauung / marriage by proxy 
(while on active duty). 

Ferntrofi to third echelon supply 
train (behind the Mitteltrofi) . , 

Fernunterricht in instruction by cor- 
respondence. 

Ferse / heel (Anatomy). 

“Fertig!” “Ready!” (Arty). 

Fertigaufschlagziinder m ready- 
fixed percussion fuze (Am). 

Fertigerzeugnis n finished product. 

Fertigmontage / . final assembly 

(Tech). 

Fertigung / production, manufac- 
ture, construction. 

Fertigungshalle / factory shop. 

Fertigungsjahr n year of manufac- 
ture. 

Fertigziinder m ready-fixed fuze 
( Am). 

Fessel f pastern (horse). 

Fesselballon to captive balloon. 

Fesselgelenk n pastern joint (horse). 

Fesselkabel n ground cable, moor- 
ing cable (Bln). 

fesseln to contain, to fix, pin down 
(Tac); to chain, tie up. 



Fesselseil n ground cable, mooring 
cable (Bln). 

Fesseltau n See Fesselseil. 

Fesselung / pinning down, contain- 
ing (Tac). 

FesselungsvorstQll m containing at- 
tack, holding attack. 

fest firm, solid, steady; locked; 
fixed, stationary; fastened. 

Festantenne / fixed antenna. 

festfressen, sich to seize, freeze (pis- 
ton, etc.). 

festhalten to contain, hold, immobil- 
ize (Tac); to track (a target). 

Festhaltevorrichtung / locking de- 
vice (MG). 

Festigkeitslehre / strength of mate- 
rials. 

Festigkeitsnachweis m stress analy- 
sis. 

Festklemmvorrichtung f clamping 
mechanism (MG tripod). 

Festland n mainland, continent. 

festlegen to refer (Gunnery) ; to 
fix; pinpoint, plot, determine; to 
sense, spot. 

Festlegepunkt to reference point. 

Festlegezahl / deflection reading, 
new reading ( in referring the 
piece) (Gunnery). 

festmachen to make fast, secure, 
tie, moor. 

Festnahme f arrest, seizure. 

Festpunkt m control point, refer- 
ence point. 

Festpunktnetz n control-point net 
(Surv). 

festschiefien seat the base plate by 
firing (Mort). 

Festung / fortress, fort. 

Festungsartillerie / fortress artil- 
lery. 

Festungsartilleriekommandeur to 
fortress artillery commander. 

Festungsbaubataillon n fortress 
construction battalion. 

Festungsgraben to moat. 

Festungsgiirtel to cordon of forts. 

Festungshaft / confinement in a 
fortress. 

Festungsingenieur to civilian engi- 
neer in charge of fortifications. 

Festungsinspekteur m superintend- 
ent of fortress engineering service 
( superior of Festungspionierkom- 
mandeur). 

Festungskrieg to siege warfare. 




Festungsnachrichten- 55 

Festungsnachrichtenkommandantur / 

fortress signal command (attached 
to staff of Ft Engr units). 
Festungspionier to fortress engi- 
neer. 

Festungspionierfeldwebel to techni- 
cal sergeant (Ft Engr). 
Festungspionierkommandeur w for- 
tress engineer brigade commander. 

Fett n grease. 

Fettpresse / grease gun. 

Fettiiberzug to grease coating. 
FeiJchtigkeit / humidity, moisture, 
dampness. 

Feuchtigkeitsgehalt m moisture con- 
tent, humidity (Met). 
Feuchtigkeitsmesser to hygrometer. 
Feuchtigkeitsschreiber to hygro- 

graph (Met). 

Feuer n fire. 

unter Feuer nehmen to shell, to 
strafe. 

Feuerabriegelung f box barrage. 
Feuerabriegelung schiefien to box in, 
to lay down a box barrage. 

Feuerart / method of fire. 
Feuerauftrag m fire mission (Arty). 
Feuerbefehl to fire order, fire com- 
mand. 

Feuerbegriffe rtvpl fire classification 
(Arty). 

Feuerbeobachtung / observation of 
fire (Gunnery). 

Feuerbereich to zone of fire, 
feuerbereit in firing position; un- 
coupled, unlimbered, ready for action 
(Arty). 

Feuerdampfer m flash hider. 
Feuerdichte / density of fire. 
Feuereinheit / fire unit (Arty). 
Feuereinheit der Artillerie basic tac- 
tical unit of the artillery. 

Feuer einstellen a to cease fire. 

Feuer eroffnen to open fire. 
Feuereroffnung / commencement of 
fire, opening of fire, 
feuerfest fireproof. 

Feuerformen fpl types of fire, 
forms of fire (Arty, MG). 

“Feuer frei!” “Fire!” 

Feuergarbe / sheaf of fire, cone of 
dispersion, cone of fire, 
feuergefahrlich inflammable. 
Feuergefecht n fire fight, fire duel. 
Feuergeschwindigkeit / rate of fire 
(MG). 

Feuerhohe / height of muzzle. 



Feuersteigerung 

Feuer in der oberen Winkelgruppe 

high-angle fire. 

Feuer in der unteren Winkelgruppe 

low-angle fire. 

Feuerkampf m fire fight, fire duel, 
weapons duel. 

Feuerkette / line of skirmishers. 

Feuerkommando n firing command 

(Arty). 

Feuerkraft / fire power. 

Feuer kreuzen to cross fire. 

Feuerleitgerat n fire-control equip- 
ment, ballistic director (Arty). 

Feuerleitung / fire direction, fire 
control. 

Feuerleitungsnetz n fire control net, 
fire direction net (Arty). 

Feuerleitungsplan m fire-control 

map (Arty). 

Feuerleitungsstand to fire-direction 
center. 

Feuerleitungsstelle / See Feuerlei- 
tungsstand. 

Feuerlinie f firing line. 

Feuerloscher to fire extinguisher. 

Feuerloschordnung / fire plan (fire 
prevention measure) . 

Feueroffnung f commencement of 
firing. 

Feuerpatsche f fire swatter ( used in 
fire fighting). 

Feuerpause / cessation of fire 
(Arty). 

“Feuerpause!” “Cease firing!” 

Feuerplan to plan of fire (Tac). 

Feuerplattform f gun platform. 

Feuerregelung / fire control, conduct 
of fire. 

Feuerriegel to box barrage. 

Feuersaule f column of flames. 

Feuerschiff n lightship. 

Feuerschlag m sudden concentration 
(Arty). 

Feuerschutz m covering fire, protec- 
tive fire; fire support, coverage by 
supporting fire; artillery protection. 

Feuerschiitze to aerial gunner. 

Feuerschutzpolizei / fire protection 
police. 

feuersicher fireproof. 

Feuersignal n fire call. 

Feuersperre / barrage. 

Feuerspritze / fire engine. 

Feuerspucker to Spitfire (slang). 

Feuerstarke / density of fire. 

Feuersteigerung / increased rate of 
fire, intensification of fire. 




Feuerstellung 56 Flachtrudeln 



Feuerstellung / firing position, field 
emplacement, gun position, 
in Feuerstellung in abatage, in fir- 
ing position. 

verdeckte Feuerstellung position 
defilade. 

Feuerstoll m burst (MG). 

Feuerstrahl to jet of liquid fire; gun 
flash. 

Feuertaufe f baptism of fire. 

Feueriiberfall w sudden concentra- 
tion (Arty); surprise fire (Arty, 
MG). 

Feueriiberlegenheit f fire superior- 
ity. 

Feuer und Bewegung fire and move- 
ment, fire and maneuver. 

Feuerunterstiitzung / fire support. 

Feuervereinigung / concentration of 
fire (Arty). 

Feuervereinigungswinkel m deflec- 

tion difference (Btry firing). 

Feuerverlegen n shift of fire 

(Arty). 

Feuer verlegen to shift fire. 

Feuerverteilung / fire distribution 
(Arty, MG). 

Feuerverteilungswinkel to diver- 

gence difference (Btry firing). 

Feuervorbereitung / fire preparation 
(Tac). 

Feuervorhang w fire curtain, curtain 
of fire. 

Feuer vorverlegen to lift fire, to ad- 
vance fire (Arty). 

Feuerwaffe / firearm. 

Feuerwalze / rolling barrage. 

Feuerwand f fire curtain, curtain of 
fire. 

Feuerwehr f fire department. 

Feuerwerker to technical sergeant 
(Ord). 

Feuerwerkskorper m pyrotechnic 
composition (Am). 

Feuerwirkung / effect of fire (Gun- 
nery). 

Feuerzeug n cigarette lighter. 

Feuerzone / zone of fire. 

Feuerzucht f fire discipline. 

F-Haube f cowling (Ap). 

Fieber n fever. 

Fieseler-Storch w a German liaison 
airplane. 

Filmkammer / roll-film camera. 

Filmkassette f film cartridge, film- 
pack adapter (Photo). 

Filmstreifen to film strip. 



Filmvorfiihrapparat to motion-pic- 
ture projector. 

Filterbiichse f gas mask canister. 

Filtereinsatz m filter element (gas 
mask). 

Filtergehause n filter container (gas 

mask). 

Filterkolonne / water purification 

column. 

Filterwechsel to filter replacement 

(gas mask). 

Filz to felt. 

Filzstiefel to felt boot. 

Fingerabdruck m fingerprint. 

Finnenzelt n plywood shelter (win- 
ter operations) . 

Finsternis f darkness. 

Firnis m varnish. 

Fischgratenhindernis n fishbone ob- 
stacle pattern. 

Fla / antiaircraft defense (original- 
ly abbr. of Flugabwehr; now used 
as independent word). Compare 

Flak. 

Flabataillon n antiaircraft bat- 
talion. 

flach flat. 

Flachbahngeschiitz n flat- trajectory 
gun. 

Flachbettfelge / flat-base rim (MT). 

Flache f wing (Ap); surface, area. 

flache Boschung gentle slope. 

Flachenausgleich to aerodynamic 
balance (Ap). 

Flachenbelastung f wing loading. 

Flachenbrand m area conflagration 
(Bombing). 

Flachendrahthindernis n multiple- - 
belt entanglement. 

Flachenfeuer n area fire, zone fire. 

Flacheninhalt to area. 

FlachenmeBpIan to plotting board 
(FR). _ 

FlachenschieBen n area fire, zone 
fire. 

flachentreue Projektion equal area 
proj ection ( mapping ) . 

Flachenziel n area target. 

Flachfeuer n flat fire, flat trajectory 
fire. 

Flachfeuergeschiitz n flat-trajectory 
gun. 

FlachkeilverschluB to sliding square- 
wedge breechblock (G). 

Flachlasche / butt strap. 

FlachmeiBel to flat chisel. 

Flachtrudeln n flat spin (Avn). 




Flachzange 57 Flankenbewegung 



Flachzange / flat- jawed pliers. 

Flackertaste / flicker-signal calling 
key (Tv). 

Fladdermine / land mine. 

Fla-Einheit / antiaircraft machine- 
gun unit. 

Flagge / flag. 

Flaggentruppen fpl units repre- 
sented by flags (in maneuvers). 

Flaggentuch n bunting. 

Flaggoffizier w flag officer (Nav). 

Flaggschiff n flagship. 

Flak / antiaircraft gun, antiaircraft 
artillery (originally abbr. of Flug- 

• abwehrkanone; now used as inde- 
pendent word). Compare Fla. 

Flakabteilung f antiaircraft artil- 

lery battalion. 

Flakabwehr / antiaircraft defense. 

Flakalarm m air warning for anti- 
aircraft artillery units. 

Flakartillerie / antiaircraft artil- 

lery. 

Flakbatterie / antiaircraft battery.- 

Flakbedienung / antiaircraft gun 
crew. 

Flakbrigade f antiaircraft brigade 
(sometimes known as Flakdivision). 

Flakdivision f antiaircraft artillery 
“division” (contains two to five 
Flakregimenter). See also Flak- 
brigade. 

Flakfeuer n antiaircraft fire. 

Flakgeschutz n antiaircraft gun. 

Flakgranate / antiaircraft shell. 

Flakgruppe / antiaircraft artillery 
group (for the defense of an air dis- 
trict). 

Flakgiirtel m cordon of antiaircraft 
fire. 

Flakhelferin / antiaircraft artillery 
woman auxiliary. 

Flak-Kampfgruppe / antiaircraft 
combat group. 

Flakkommandeur m antiaircraft ar- 
tillery commander. 

Hiiherer Flakkommandeur antiair- 
craft artillery commander of a 
Luftgau. 

Flakkommandogerat n antiaircraft 
director. 

Flakkorps n antiaircraft artillery 
coi'ps (contains from two to four 
Flakdivisionen or two to three Flak- 
brigaden). 

Flakkreuzer m antiaircraft cruiser. 



Flakmaschinengewehr n antiaircraft 
machine gun. 

Flakmeflgerat n plane spotter and 
range finder (AAA). 

Flakmunition / ammunition for anti- 
aircraft weapons. 

Fla-Kompanie / antiaircraft com- 
pany. 

Flakregiment n antiaircraft regi- 
ment. 

Flakscheinwerfer m antiaircraft 
searchlight. 

FlakschieBen n antiaircraft fire. 
Flakschiefilehre / theory of antiair- 
craft fire. 

Flakschutz m antiaircraft-artillery 
protection. 

Flaksperre / antiaircraft barrage, 
curtain of antiaircraft fire. 
Flakstellung / antiaircraft gun em- 
placement. 

Flaksturmabzeichen n antiaircraft- 
artillery assault badge (decoration). 
FlaktrefFer m hit by antiaircraft 
fire, antiaircraft hit. 

Flaktruppe / antiaircraft artillery 
(as a branch of the Army). 
Flakuntergruppe / subdivision of a 
Flakgruppe. 

Flakvierling m four-barreled anti- 
aircraft gun. 

Flakvisier n antiaircraft gun sight. 
Fla-Maschinengewehr n antiaircraft 
machine gun. 

Fla-Maschinenkanone f automatic 
antiaircraft gun. 

Flammendampfer m flash hider 
( Ord). 

Flammenverzehrer m flame dampen- 
er exhaust stack (Ap). 

Flamm(en)ol n flame thrower fuel. 
Flammenstrahl m jet of liquid fire. 
Flammenwerfer m flame thrower. 
Fiammemverfer-Fiillwagen m re- 
charging trailer for flame throwers. 
Flammenwerferpanzerwagen m 

flame-throwing tank. 
Flammenwerferschutzanzug m 

flame-thrower operator's protective 
clothing. 

Flandernzaun m double-apron en- 
tanglement, double-apron fence. 
Flanke / flank. 

Flankenangriff m flank attack. 
Flankenbewegung f flanking move- 
ment. 




Flankeneinbruch 58 



Flankeneinbruch to flanking penetra- 
tion. 

Flankenfeuer n flanking fire, enfi- 
lade fire. 

Flankenmarsch to flanking march. 

Flankenschutz to flank protection. 

Flankensicherung / flank security. 

Flankenstellung / flanking position. 

flankieren to flank, outflank. 

Flankierungsdurchbruch to flanking 
break-through. 

Flansch to flange. 

Flaschenhals to bottleneck. 

Flaschenzug to block and tackle. 

Flata to flame-thrower tank (prob- 
ably abbr. of Flammenwerfertank). 

Flattermine f See Fladdermine. 

Flattern n shimmying (MT). 

Fla-Waffe / antiaircraft weapon. 

Flechtwerk n brush work, brushwood 
revetment. 

Fleckfieber n typhus. 

Fleischbeschau to meat inspection. 

Fleischer to butcher. 

Fleischhackmaschine / meat grinder. 

Fleischkonserve / canned meat. 

Flettner-Seitenruder n servo rudder 

(Ap). 

fliegen to fly. 

fliegendes Personal flying personnel. 

Flieger w private (Luftwaffe) ; pilot, 
flier; airplane (as seen from 
ground). 

Fliegeralarm m air alert warning, 
air raid warning. 

Fliegerabwehr / antiaircraft de- 

fense. 

Fliegerabzeichen n aviation badge. 

Fliegerangriff to air attack, air raid. 

Fliegerarzt to flight surgeon. 

Fliegerausbildungsregiment n air 
force preflight training regiment. 

Fliegerbenzin n aviation gasoline. 

Fliegerbluse / flight blouse, pilot’s 

blouse. 

Fliegerbombe / aircraft bomb. 

Fliegerdeckung / cover from air ob- 
servation or attack. 

Fliegerdivision f airborne division, 
parachute division. 

Fliegerei f aviation. 

Fliegerfilz to grenades ejected from 
airplanes into the path of attacking 
fighters (slang). 

Fliegerformation / formation of air- 
planes. 



Fliegertauglichkeit 

Fliegerfiihrer w air force command- 
er ( commander of a Luftflotte or 
of an area of air operations) . 

Fliegergasbombe / chemical bomb 

( Avn). 

Fliegergruppe / group (Avn). 

Fliegerhandkammer / aerial hand 

camera. 

Fliegerhaube / helmet (Avn), 

Fliegerheld to ace. 

Fliegerhilfe / aviation support. 

Fliegerhorizont to artificial horizon. 

Fliegerhorst to airdrome, air base 
airdrome. 

Fliegerhorstkommandant to air base 
commander. 

Fliegerhorstkompanie / airdrome 
protection company. 

Fliegerkammer / aircraft camera, 
aerial camera. 

Fliegerkarte f air map, flight map, 
pilot chart. 

Fliegerkorps n air force corps ( sub- 
ordinate operational command of a 
Luftflotte) . 

Fliegerkrafte fpl air forces. 

Fliegerkraftstoff to aviation fuel. 

Fliegerkrankheit / fliers’ sickness 
( complex of disorders affecting fly- 
ing Pers; not to be confused with 
Hohenkrankheit) . 

Fliegerleuchtpistole / aircraft signal 
pistol. 

Fliegermarsehbreite f dispersed for- 
mation in width (AA security). 

Fliegermarschtiefe f dispersed for- 
mation in depth (AA security). 

Fliegermaske / camouflage net (AA 
defense). 

Fliegermiitze f pilot’s garrison cap. 

Fliegeroffizier to flying officer. 

Fliegerschule / flying school. 

Fliegerschule fiir technische Ausbil- 
dung ground school (Avn). 

Fliegerschulung / pilot training 

( Avn). 

Fliegerschutz to antiaircraft defense. 

Fliegerschutzanzug to flying suit. 

Fliegerschiitze to aerial gunner. 

Fliegerschutzgraben to slit trench 
(AA security). 

Fliegersirene / air raid siren. 

Fliegersoldat to enlisted man (Luft- 
waffe). 

Fliegertatigkeit / air activity. 

Fliegertauglichkeit f fitness for fly- 
ing. 




fliegertechnisches Personal 59 

fliegertechnisches Personal ground 
crew (Avn). 

Fliegertruppe / flying and mainten- 
ance personnel of the Luftwaffe. 

Fliegertuch n ground panel, marking 
panel. 

Fliegerunterstiitzung f aviation sup- 
port, air support. 

Fliegerverband to formation of air- 
planes, air task force. 

Fliegerverbindungsoffizier to air sup- 
port officer (air force liaison officer 
between Luftwaffe and Army; abbr. 
Flivo). 

Fliegervisier n antiaircraft sight. 

Fliegervisiereinrichtung / antiair- 

craft sight assembly, aircraft gun 
sights. 

Fliegerwaffenpersonal n aircraft 

armament personnel. 

Fliegerwarnung / aircraft warning, 
air raid alarm. 

Fliegerwetter n good flying weather; 
bad flying weather (ironic). 

Fliegerzeugnis n pilot’s rating, 

pilot’s certificate. 

Fliegerzulage / aviation pay, flight 
pay, flying pay. 

Fliehbacke / centrifugal arming de- 
vice (fuze). 

Fliehbackenfeder / spring of centri- 
fugal arming device (fuze). 

Fliehbolzen w centrifugal bolt 

(fuze). 

fliehen flee, escape. 

Fliehgewicht n flyweight ( engine 
governor). 

Fliehkraftantrieb to centrifugal ac- 
tion (fuze). 

Fliehkraftregler to centrifugal gov- 
ernor (Mtr). 

Fliehkraftziinder to centrifugal 
fuze. 

FlieBrichtung / direction of flow. 

Flinte / shotgun. 

Flivo to See Fliegerverbindungs- 
offizier. 

FloB n float, raft. 

FloBbriicke / floating bridge. 

Flosse / fin (Ap). 

Flossenstummel to inboard stabiliz- 
ing float (seaplane) . 

FloBsack to pneumatic float, pneuma- 
tic ponton, pneumatic boat. 

FloBsacksteg to pneumatic-boat foot- 
bridge. 

Flotille / flotilla. 



Flugbetrieb 

Flotte f fleet (Nav). See also Luft- 
flotte. 

Flottenchef to Commander-in-Chief 
of a fleet (Nav). See also Luftflot- 
tenchef. 

Flotteneinheit f naval unit. 

Flottenstiitzpunkt to naval base. 

flottmachen to free (stuck or stalled 
vehicle); to float (a grounded ves- 
sel). 

Flucht f flight, escape. 

fliichten flee, escape. 

fliichtig hasty (Ft); nonpersistent 
(CWS); fleeting; volatile. 

fliichtige Feldbefestigung hasty field 
fortification. 

fliichtiger Kampfstoff nonpersistent 
chemical agent. 

Fliichtigkeit / volatility (CWS). 

Fluchtlinie / directional traverse. 

Fliichtling to refugee. 

Fluchtstab to range pole (Surv). 

Fluchtversuch w attempt to escape. 

Flug to flight, flying. See also terms 
under Flieger and Luft. 

Flugabwehr / antiaircraft defense. 

Flugabwehrbezirk to air defense re- 
gion. 

Flugabwehrfuhrer to antiaircraft 
commander. 

Flugabwehrgeschiitz n antiaircraft 
gun. 

Flugabwehrkanone / antiaircraft 
gun (abbr. Flak). 

Flugabwehrmaschinengewehr n anti- 
aircraft machine gun. 

Flugabwehrmaschinenkanone f auto- 
matic antiaircraft gun. 

Flugabwehrmaschinenwaffen fpl 

automatic antiaircraft weapons. 

Flugamvarterkompanie / pool com- 
pany for pilot candidates (waiting 
for assignment to a pilot school). 

Flugbahn / trajectory. 

FIugbahnaufriB to See Flugbahnbild. 

Flugbahnbild n trajectory diagram. 

FlugbahngrundriB to See Flugbahn- 
bild. 

Flugbereich to range, maximum 
range (Ap). 

flugbereit “on the hangar line” 

(after servicing). 

Flugbereitschaft / ground readiness 

(Avn). 

Flugbesprechung f orders confer- 
ence, “briefing” (Avn). 

Flugbetrieb to airdrome traffic, air- 




Flug'betriebsstoffkolonne 60 

drome activities, routine flying oper- 
ations. 

Flugbetriebsstoffkolonne f aviation 
gasoline, oil and lubricants column. 

Flugblatt n propaganda leaflet. 

Flugboot n flying boat. 

Flugbuch n flight log. 

Flugdauer f endurance, duration of 
flight (Avn). 

Flugdeck n landing deck, flight deck 
(aircraft carrier). 

Flugebene / slant plane determined 
by lines of present and future posi- 
tion (AA gunnery). 

Fliigel m wing (Ap, Tac) ; fin (Mort 
shell, R grenade, bomb); vane (Cml 
shell, bomb); propeller blade. 

Flugelangriff m frontal attack direc- 
ted obliquely against one wing. 

Fliigelanordnung f wing setting (Ap). 

Fltigelblech n stabilizing fin (Mort 
Am). 

Fliigeleinstellwinkel m angle of wing 
setting (Ap). 

Fliigeleinteilung f classification of 
wing parts (Ap). 

Fliigeleintrittskante f leading edge 
(Ap). 

Fliigelende n wing tip. 

FUigelgeschiitz n outside or end gun 
of a battery. 

Fliigelhaut / wing skin. 

Fliigelholm m wing spar. 

Fliigelinhalt m wing area. 

Fliigelkanone / wing-mounted can- 
non. 

Fliigelkolben m pump vane. 

flugellastig wingheavy. 

Fliigelleuchtpatrone / wing-tip flare. 

Fliigelmann to flank man ( drill). 

Fliigelmann am Drehpunkt fixed 

pivot, pivot man (drill). 

Fliigel-Mittelstuck n wing center sec- 
tion (Ap). 

Fliigelmutter / wing nut. 

Fliigelnase / leading edge ( Ap). 

Fliigelprofil n wing profile. 

Fliigelrippe / wing rib. 

Fliigelschaft m fin shaft (Mort shell). 

Flugelschiene / wing rail (RR). 

Fliigelschnitt to wing section (Ap). 

Fliigelschraube / thumbscrew. 

Flugelsehne / wing chord. 

Flugelsignal n wing signal. 

Fliigelspannweite / wing span. 

FHigelspitzenkurve / ninety-degree 

. turn (Avn). 



Flugmeldung 

Fliigelstiel m interplane strut. 

Flugelstrebe / wing strut. 

Fliigelstreckung / aspect ratio. 

Fliigeltiefe f depth of wing profile. 

Fliigelverspannung / wing bracing. 

Fliigelverstrebung / wing strut sys- 
tem. 

Fliigelvorderkante f leading edge. 

fliigelweise in width, in line. 

fliigelweise Aufstellung disposition 
in width (Tac). 

Fliigelwurzel f wing root (Ap) 

Fliigelzelle / cell, cellule (Ap). 

Flugfigur f flight maneuver. 

Flugform f flight formation. 

Fluggast m airplane passenger. 

Fluggerat n aircraft instruments. 

Fluggeschwindigkeit / flying speed. 

Fluggewicht. n gross weight (Ap). 

Flughafen m airport, airdrome. 

Flughafenbautrupp m airdrome con- 
struction detachment. 

Flughafengrenze / airdrome bound- 
ary. 

Flughdhe f altitude (Avn); ordin- 
ate of trajectory, vertical height 
(Ballistics). 

hochste Flughohe absolute ceiling 
(Avn). 

Flughohe iiber dem Erdboden abso- 
lute altitude (Avn). 

flugklar airworthy, capable of flying; 
cleared for take-off. 

Fluglage f attitude, attitude of flight 
( Avn). 

Fluglehre f theory of flight. 

Fluglehrer m flight instructor. 

Flugleistung / flight performance 
(Ap). 

Fluglinie f flight line. 

Flugmeldedienst m aircraft warning 
service. 

Flugmeldekommando n information 
center (AWS, Z of I). 

Flugmeldenetz n aircraft warning 

net. 

Flugmeldeposten m antiaircraft 

lookout, air guard observer (AWS). 

Flugmelderose / orientation card 
(AWS); orientation clock (to indi- 
cate target’s direction of approach) 
(AAA). 

Flugmeldezentrale f information 

center (AWS, T of Opns). 

Flugmeldung / flight report (Avn); 
report of approaching aircraft 
(AWS). 




Flugmotor 



61 

Flugmotor to aircraft engine. 

Flugneigungswinkel to angle of dive 
(AA gunnery). 

Flugordnung / flight formation. 

Flugpeildienst m airways navigation 
service. 

Flugplatz to airfield, airdrome. 

Flugplatzanlagen fpl airdrome in- 
stallations. 

Flugplatzbefeuerung / airdrome 
lighting. 

Flugplatzfeld n landing field. 

Flugplatzzone / ' control zone 

(Adrm). 

Flugrichtung / direction of flight, 
course (Avn). 

Flugrichtungspfeil to path-of-flight 
pointer (reflector sight). 

Flugschuler m pilot trainee. 

Flugsicherheit f flying safety (Avn). 

Flugsicherung / air-traffic safety 
control. 

Flugsicherungsbereich to air-traffic 
control area. 

Flugsicherungsdienst m air-traffic 
control service. 

Flugsicherungshauptstelle / air- 
traffic control station. 

Flugsicherungsschiff n air-traffic 
safety ship (vessel employed as 
radio aid for air navigation and in 
aircraft rescue service). 

Flugstrecke / airway, flight route, 
flight line, leg of a flight. 

Flugstreckenfeuer n airway beacon, 
course light. 

Flugstreckenkarte / strip map, air 
navigation map. 

Flugstiitzpunkt m air base. 

Flugtagebuch n flight log. 

flugtechnisch pertaining to aeronau- 
tical technology or technique of fly- 
ing. 

Flugtorpedoboot n torpedo-carrying 
flying boat. 

flugtuchtig airworthy, capable of 
flying. 

Flugwache f observation post (AWS, 
ZofI). 

Flugwachkommando n filter center 
(AWS, Z of I). 

Flugweg to airway, course, path of 
flight. 

Flugwegbestimmung / course de- 
termination (Air Navigation). 

Flugweite / range of flight, flying 
distance. 



Flugzeugortung 

Flugwesen n aviation. 

Flugwetter n (good) flying weather. 

Flugwetterdienst m aviation weather 
reporting service. 

Flugwetterwarte / aviation weather 
station. 

Flugwinkel m angle of approach 
(AAA). 

Flugwinkel im Abschuflpunkt angle 
of approach at instant of firing. 
(AAA). 

Flugwinkel im Meflpunkt angle of 
approach at instant of range de- 
termination. (AAA). 

Flugwinkel im Treffpunkt angle of 
approach at future position. (AAA). 

Flugwissenschaft / aeronautics. 

Flugzeit / flying time, endurance 
(Ap); time of flight (of projectile). 

Flugzeitkurve / time-of-flight curve 
(imaginary curve indicating different 
points of burst at constant time set- 
ting with varying elevation). 

Flugzeitsekunden fpl time of flight 
in seconds (Ballistics). 

Flugzeug n airplane, aircraft. 

Flugzeugabwehrscheinwerfer to an- 
tiaircraft searchlight. 

Flugzeugachse / axis of" an aircraft. 

Flugzeugbaumuster n airplane 

model. 

Flugzeugbein n shock strut (Ap). 

Flugzeugbesatzung / air crew. 

Flugzeugbewaffnung f airplane 

armament. 

Flugzeug-Fliigelkanone / wing- 
mounted cannon (Ap). 

Flugzeugfiihrer to pilot, 
zweiter Flugzeugfiihrer co-pilot. 

Flugzeugfiihrerschein m pilot’s certi- 
ficate. 

Flugzeugfuhrerschule / pilot school. 

Flugzeuggerippe n airframe. 

Flugzeuggeschwindigkeitslineal n 
airplane speed slide rule (AAA). 

Flugzeughalle / hangar. 

Flugzeugkanone / aircraft cannon, 
aircraft automatic gun. 

Flugzeugmechaniker to air mechanic. 

Flugzeugmetaller to metalsmith 

(Avn). 

Flugzeug-M.G.-Steuerung / impulse 
generator mechanism (Ap MG). 

Flugzeugmotor to aircraft engine. 

Flugzeugmutterschiff n seaplane 

tender. 

Flugzeugortung f air navigation. 




Flugzeugiumpf 62 

Flugzeugrumpf m fuselage. 

Flugzeugriistpersonal n aircraft 
armorer-artificers. 

Flugzeugschlepp m airplane towing. 

Flugzeugschleuder / catapult (Avn). 

Flugzeugschleuderschiff to seaplane 
tender with catapult facilities. 

Flugzeug-Schwerolmotor m Diesel- 
type aircraft engine. 

Flugzeugsteuerung / airplane con- 
trols, flight control. 

Flugzeugtender m seaplane tender. 

Flugzeugtorpedo n aerial torpedo. 

Flugzeugtrager to aircraft carrier. 

Flugzeugwart to airplane mechanic. 

Flugzeug zu Flugzeug air-air (Sig 
Com). 

Flugziel to air target, air objective. 

Flugzielbeschufl to firing at air 
target. 

Flugzustand to attitude, attitude of 
flight (Avn). 

Fluoreszenzfarbe f luminous paint. 

FluB to river. 

FluBbreitenmesser to river-width 
measuring instrument. 

FluBerkundung f river reconnais- 
sance. 

Fliissigkeit -/ liquid. 

Fliissigkeitsausgleicher m fluid 

equalizer (recoil mechanism). 

flUssigkeitsgekiihlt liquid-cooled. 

Fliissigkeitsgetriebe n fluid drive 

(MT). 

FlUssigkeitskuhlung / liquid cooling 
(Mtr). 

Fliissigkeitsriicklaufbremse / hy- 
draulic recoil brake (G). 

FliissigkeitsstoBdampfer to hydrau- 
lic shock absorber (MT). 

Fliissigkeitszerstauber to decontam- 
ination sprayer. 

FluBkabel n marine cable, under- 
water cable (Tp). 

FluBpolizei / river police. 

FluBiibergang m river crossing, ford. 

Flutlicht n floodlight. 

Folgeladung / induced-detonation 
charge. 

Folgezeiger to pointer, indicator 
( folloiu-the-pointer mechanism in 
data transmission system). 

Folgezeigerantrieb m follow-the- 
pointer drive (AAA). 

Folgezeigereinrichtung f follow-the- 
pointer mechanism (AAA). 

Folgezeigerempfanger to fuze indi- 



Freizeichen 

cator (follow-the-pointer-type fuze 
setter). 

Forderbahn / miners’ tramway. 

Forme] / formula. 

Formgebung f lofting (Ap). 

Formular n form, blank. 

Formveranderung / evolution (Tac). 

Formwert to coefficient of form 

(Ballistics). 

Forstamt n forest service office. 

Forsterci / forest service station. 

Fortbewegung / propulsion, move- 
ment. 

Fortbildung / advanced training. 

Fortschritt to effective pitch (pro- 
peller) ; progress. 

Fracht / freight. 

Frachtbrief to bill of lading. 

Frachtdampfer to freighter. 

Frachtenbefbrderung / transporta- 
tion of freight. 

Frachter to freighter. 

Frachtflugzeug n cargo-transport 
plane. 

Fragebogen m questionnaire. 

“fraglich” “doubtful” (uncertain re- 
garding effect of a projectile). 

Friismaschine f milling machine. 

Fregattenkapitan to commander 
(Nav). 

Freibord to freeboard. 

Freigabe f clearance. 

Freihandnivellierinstrument n hand 
level (Surv). 

Freiheitsstrafe / sentence of confine- 
ment. 

Freiherr to baron. 

Freilassung / release (of prisoner). 

Freilassung auf Ehrenwort release 
on parole. 

Freilauf to freewheeling (MT). 

Freileitung / overhead line (Tp). 

Freischarler to guerrilla. 

Freischwimmer to qualified swimmer. 
See also Fahrtenschwimmer. 

Freischwimmertrupp to swimmer de- 
tail (for swimming horses across a 
stream). 

freitragend cantilever. 

Freiiibung / setting-up exercise. 

freiwillig voluntary, volunteer, 
sich freiwillig melden to volunteer, 
enlist, enroll. 

Freiwilliger to volunteer. 

Freiwilligenlegion / legion composed 
of non-German volunteers. 

Freizeichen to dial hum (Tp). 




Fremdpeilung 

Fremdpeilung f direction finding by 
means of bearings radioed to the 
aircraft by surface direction-finder 
stations. 

Frequenz / frequency. 

Frequenzangabe f frequency desig- 
nation (Rad). 

Frequenzband n frequency band 

(Rad). 

Frequenzbereich to frequency range 
(Rad). 

Frequenzeinstellung f tuning control 
(Rad). 

Frequenzkorrektur f calibration ad- 
justment (Rad). 

Frequenzmesser to frequency meter 
(Rad). 

Frequenzmodulation / frequency 
modulation (Rad). 

FreBbeutel to feed bag. 

Friede to peace. 

Friedensstarke f peace strength. 

Friedensstarkenachweisung / table 
of organization (peacetime). 

Friedensverhandlungen fpl peace 
negotiations. 

Friedhof to cemetery. 

Front f front (Mil, Met). 
innere Front home front. 

Frontabschnitt m front sector. 

Frontalangriff m frontal attack. 

Frontalfeuer n frontal fire. 

Frontantrieb m front-wheel drive 

(MT). 

Frontbogen m front arc, curved 
front line. 

Frontdienst to service at the front. 

Fronteinsatz m commitment to the 
front, employment at the front. 

Frontensegeln .n frontal soaring 
(glider). 

Frontflugspange / combat aviation 
clasp (decoration). 

Frontflugzeug n combat airplane. 

Frontkampfer to fighter at the 

front; combatant; veteran. 

Frontkampferkreuz n veterans cross 
( decoration awarded to all veterans 
of World War 1). 

Frontingenieur m engineer of the 
Todt Organization (Ft). 

Frontleitstelle / forward directing 
center for personnel in transit. 

Front-MG. n bow machine gun (Tk). 

Frontmitte / center of the front 
(Tac). 

Frontoffizier m line officer. 



Fuhlungnahme 

Frontpanzer to front armor (Tk). 

Frontsammelstelle f front collecting 
point (for reception of trained re- 
placements and distribution to 
units). 

Frontsoldat to soldier at the front, 
combatant. 

Frontstalag n forward prisoner of 
war camp. See also Stalag. 

Fronturlaub to furlough from the 
combat zone. 

Frontverband to combat element 
(Tac); support force, formation of 
support aircraft (Avn). 

Frontvorsprung to salient (Tac). 

Frontzeitung / army newspaper in 
combat zone. 

Frontzulage / combat pay ( addi- 
tional pay for personnel in the com- 
bat zone). 

Frostgraupeln pi sleet. 

Frostschutzmittel n antifreeze solu- 
tion. 

Frostschutzsalbe / antifrostbite oint- 
ment. 

frostsicher nonfreezable, frost-re- 
sistant. 

Friihzerspringer to premature burst 
(Arty). 

Friihziindung / preignition (Mtr). 

F-Staflfel / See Fernaufklarungs- 
staffel. 

F-Stoff w titanium tetrachloride (a 
smoke agent) (CWS). 

F.T.-Anlage / radio installation, 

radio equipment, radio set (Ap). 

F.T.-Gerat n radiotelegraph set, 

radio equipment, radio set (Ap). 

F.T.-Haube / helmet with built-in 

, headset and throat-type microphone. 

F.T.-Verbindung / radiotelegraph 
communication. 

Fuchsloch n niche (Ft) (Note: fox 
hole = Schiitzenloch) . 

Fugasse f fougasse. 

Fiihlerlehre f thickness gage. 

Fiihlung / contact (Tac). 

Fiihlung aufnehmen to make contact 
(with friendly or enemy troops). 

FUhlunghalten n contact mission 
(Avn). 

Fiihlunghalter m airplane maintain- 
ing contact with enemy force (Avn, 

Nav). 

Fiihlungnahme / establishment of 
contact (Tac). 



63 




fiihren 



64 Funkbetrieb 



fiihren to lead, direct, manage; to 
drive; to guide; to pilot. 

Fiihrer to leader; commander, com- 
manding officer; chief; guide; 
driver; pilot. 

Fiihreranwarter to SS officer candi- 
date. 

Fiihrerbesprechung f conference. 

Fiihrer der Luft air liaison officer 
with the Navy. 

Fiihrereigenschaft / quality (-ies) of 
leadership. 

Fiihrerflugzeug n commander’s air- 
plane, leading airplane, command 
airplane. 

Fiihrergehilfe m assistant chief of 
staff. 

Fiihrergondel / control car (Ash). 

Fiihrerhauptquartier n Hitler’s head- 
quarters in the field. 

Fiihrerkanzel f pilot’s cockpit, con- 
trol cabin (Ap). 

Fiihrerkompaf) m pilot’s compass 
(Ap). 

Fiihrerkurs to officer training 

course. 

Fiihrerraum to control cabin, pilot’s 
compartment, pilot’s cockpit (Ap). 

Fiihrerschaft / leadership; group of 
leaders. 

Fiihrerschein w operator’s permit, 
driver’s permit (MT). 

Fiihrersitz m cockpit; pilot’s seat; 
driver’s seat. 

Fiihrerstab m command group. 

Fiihrerstand to control cabin, pilot’s 
cockpit, pilot’s compartment (Ap); 
tank commander’s position. 

Fiihrerziigel to lead rein (harness). 

Fiihrung / command, conduct, lead- 
ership; command post, headquarters; 
guide (Mech). 

obere Fiihrung higher command' 

(Div and up). 

untere Fiihrung lower command 
(Regt and down). 

Fiihrungsabteilung / tactical group 
of general staff sections. 

Fiihrungsband n rotating band 

(Am). 

Fiihrungsflache / flank ( G barrel). 

Fiihrungshiilse / traversing slide 

(MG). 

Fiihrungskante f edge of land (G 
barrel). 

Fiihrungskette f squadron command- 
er’s flight, leading flight (Avn). 



Fiihrungsklaue / assembly guide 
claw (G). 

Fiihrungskunst / art of leadership, 
art of command (Tac). 

Fiihrungsleiste / ribbed guide 

(breechblock). 

Fiihrungs-Nachrichtenregiment n 
signal regiment which provides com- 
munication down to Army Hq. 

Fiihrungsring to rotating band 

(Am). 

Fiihrungsrolle / guide roller (Tk). 

Fiihrungsschiene / guide rail ( G 

cradle). 

Fiihrungsstab to operations staff 

(Luftwaffe). 

Fiihrungsstiick n traversing arc 
(MG). 

Fiihrungsvermittlung / command 
telephone central. 

Fiihrungswulst to rear bourrelet 

(Am). 

Fiihrungszeichen n driving signal. 

Fiillansatz to appendix (Bln). 

Fiillelement n desiccated cell, “add- 
water” cell (Elec). 

Fiillfunkspruch to dummy radio mes- 
sage. 

Fiillpulver 02 n TNT. 

Fiillschraube f filler cap (MG). 

Fiilltrichter to filling funnel. 

Fiillung / filler (Am); filling 

(CWS). 

Fiillzapfen w filling plug. 

Fundamentring w base ring (Ord). 

Fiinfer-Schwarmwinkel m wedge 

formation of 5 airplanes. 

Fiinfte Kolonne fifth column. 

Funk to radio. 

Funkabkiirzung / procedure sign, 
code group, prosine, prosig. 

Funkanlage / radio installation. 

Funkaufklarung / radio intelligence. 

Funkauswertekraftwagen to radio- 

intelligence truck. 

Funkbake / radio beacon. 

Funkbefehl m radio command, radio 
order. 

Funkbereitschaft f radio alert. 

Funkbeschickung / radio compass 
calibration ( Air Navigation). 

Funkbeschickungskurve / deviation 
curve (Rad). 

Funkbeschrankung f limited radio 

silence. 

Funkbetrieb m radio operations. 




Funkbetriebskraftwagen 65 



Funkbetriebskraftwagen m radio 
operations truck. 

Funkbetriebsstelle / radio operations 
station. 

Funkdauerbereitschaft / continuous 
radio alert. 

Funkdienst to radio communication . 
service. 

Funkdoppelverkehr to simultaneous 
two-way radio traffic. 

Funke to spark. 

Funkeinsatz to employment of radio. 

Funkempfang to radio reception. 

Funkempfanger m radio receiver. 

funken to radio, send by radio. 

Funkenbildung f production of 
sparks (Elec). 

Funkenstrecke f spark gap. 

Funkentelegraphie / radioteleg- 
raphy. 

Funkentelephonie f radiotelephony. 

Funkentladung / spark discharge 
(Elec). 

Funkentstorer to static eliminator 
(Rad). 

Funker to radio operator (with grade 
of private). 

Funkfeuer n radio beacon. 

Funkgefreiter to radio operator 
(with grade of Gefreiter). 

Funkgerat n radio set, radio equip- 
ment. 

Funkgeratkraftwagen to radio truck, 
radio-equipment truck. 

Funkgeratmechaniker to radio re- 
pairman. 

Funkhorchdienst to radio intercept 
service. 

Funkhorchkraftwagen to radio inter- 
cept truck. 

Funkhorchstelle / radio intercept 
station. 

Funkkiste / radio chest, radio case. 

Funkkompanie / radio company. 

Funkkraftwagen to radio car, radio 
truck, radio command truck. 

Funklinie / radio line, two-station 
net. 

Funkmast to antenna mast, mast- 
type antenna. 

Funkmastkraftwagen m radio an- 
tenna truck. 

Funkmeister to. technical sergeant 
(Rad). 

Funkmeisterei f signal supply and 
radio maintenance shop. 

Funkmeldung / radio message. 



Funkiiberwachung 

Funkmeligerat n radar. 

FunkmeBturm to radar tower, radar 
station. 

Funknachrichten fpl radio messages, 
radio communications. 

Funknavigation / radio navigation 

(Avn). 

Funknetz n radio net. 

Funknetz fiir den Verkehr Boden- 
Bord air-ground net (Rad). 

Funkpanzerkampfwagen to radio 
command tank. 

Funkpeiler to radio direction finder. 

Funkpeilgerat n radio direction- 
finding apparatus. 

Funkpeilung / radio direction find- 
ing. 

Funkquerverbindung f intercommun- 
ication channel (Rad). 

Funkrufzeichen n radio call signal. 

Funksender m radio transmitter. 

Funksendung / radio transmission. 

Funksignal n radio signal. 

Funkskizze / radio net diagram. 

Funksprechen n radio voice trans- 
mission, radiotelephone communica- 
tion, voice-radio communication. 

Funksprechgerat n radiotelephone. 

Funkspre'chiibermittlung f voice- 
radio communication. 

Funkspruch w radio message. 

Funkspruchkopf m heading on radio 
message. 

Funkspruchiibersicht / radio signal 
unit journal, number sheet. 

Funkspruchvermittlung / radio-mes- 
sage transmission, radio message re- 
lay (station). 

Funkspruchweg to radio channel, 
auf dem Funkspruchweg by radio, 
via radio. 

Funkstaffel / echelon of radio units; 
radio detachment. 

Funkstelle f radio station. 

Funkstille f radio silence. 

Funkstorung / radio interference, 
radio jamming. 

Funktafel / radio code table. 

Funktasten n keying (Rad). 

Funktauschung / radio deception. 

Funktechnik f radio engineering. 

Funktechniker to radio engineer. 

Funktrupp to radio section. 

Funkturm to radio tower. 

FunkUberwachung f radio monitor- 
ing. 




Funkiibung 

Funkubung / radio-communication 
exercise. 

Funkunteroffizier to radio operator 
(Sgt). 

Funkverbindung / radio communica- 
tion. 

Funkverbot n radio silence. 

Funkverkehr to radio traffic. 

Funkverkehrsabkiirzungen fpl brev- 
ity code, prosigs (Rad). 

Funkverkehrsart / type of radio-net 
traffic. 

Funkverkehrsform / method of radio 
communication. 

Funkwagen to radio car, truck, or 
wagon. 

Funkwart to radio technician. 

Funkwechselsprechen n alternate 

two-way radiophone communication. 

Funkwechselverkehr m, alternate 
two-way radio traffic. 

Funkweg to radio channel, 
auf dem Funkweg by radio, via 
radio. 

Funkwelle f radio wave. 

Funkwerkstatt / radio maintenance 
shop. 

Funkwetterwarte f radio weather 
station. 

Funkzucht / radio discipline. 

furagieren to forage. 

Furagierleine / picket line (for 

horse). 

Furche f furrow; scour (river bed); 
groove; white line (hoof). 



Gabel / fork (utensil); bracket 
(Arty). 

eine Gabel bilden to bracket 

(Arty). 

Gabelachse f Elliot-type front axle 
(MT). 

Gabelbildung / bracketing method, 
bracket adjustment (Arty). 
Gabeldeichsel / pair of wagon shafts. 
Gabellafette f gun carriage with 
shafts. 

Gabelmotor m V-engine. 
gabeln to bracket (Arty). 
Gabelschieflen n bracket fire. 
Gabelschwanz m twin tail (Ap). 



66 Gangspill 

Furier m quartermaster sergeant. 

Furnier n veneer. 

Fiirsorge / welfare. 

Furt / ford. 

Fiisilier to private, infantry rifle- 
man. 

Fuflbremshebel to brake pedal. 

FuBhebel m pedal '( Ord, MT). 

fuflkrank footsore. 

Fufllappen m foot rag, foot cloth; 
cabbage (slang). 

FuBlatscher to “foot-slogger,” infan- 
tryman (slang). 

FuBlatte / sill (Bdg). 

FuBmelder m runner. 

FuBplatte f foot plate, float (AA 
gun outrigger). 

FuBpunkt to nadir point. 

FuBschalter m foot switch' (Elec) ; 
foot starter (MT). 

FuBschaltung / foot shifter (MT). 

FuBschlingcnmine / foot snare mine. 

FuBstiitze / footrest. 

FuBteller to float, float plate, jack 
float (A A gun). 

FuBweg to footpath. 

Futter n forage, fodder; lining 

(Clo); bushing, liner (Tech); chuck 
(of lathe, etc.). 

Futteral n case; scabbard; sheath. 

Futterholz n frame, shim (Engr). 

Futterration f forage ration. 

Futterrohr n removable liner (G). 

Futterstiick n bushing (breechblock). 



G 

Gabelstiitze / bipod (MG). 
Gabelumschalter to hook switch 

(Tv). 

Gabelung f bracket (Arty). 
Gamaschen fpl leggins, puttees. 
Ganasche / jaw (horse). 

Gang to gear, speed, action, play, 
motion, travel (Mech) ; passage, 
gangway. 

Gangart f gait (horse). 
gangbar passable. 

Gangrolle / pivoted dial (speed- 
ometer). 

Gangschaltung f gearshift (MT). 
Gangspill m capstan. 




Gansemarsch 

Gansemarsch in Indian file, single 
file. 

“Ganze Abteilung, Kehrt!” “About 

Face!” (to a detail, squad, company, 
etc.). 

Ganzmetallflugzeug n all-metal air- 
plane. 

Garbe f sheaf of fire, cone of disper- 
sion, cone of fire. 

Garnison / garrison (now Standort). 

garnisonverwendungsfahig fit for 

limited service (i.e., in a garrison 
post, station or in Com Z) (abbr. 
g-v.). 

Gasabblaseverfahren n gas-release 
method (CWS). 

Gasabdichtung f gas check (breech- 
block). 

Gasabwehr f gas defense. 

Gasabwehrdienst to chemical defense 
service. 

Gasabwehrmallnahmen fpl tactical 
protection (CWS). 

Gasabwehrmittel n gas-defense 

equipment. 

Gasabwehrwaffe / gas-defense 

weapon. 

Gasalarm to gas alarm. 

Gasalarmsirene f gas-alarm siren. 

Gasalarmzeichen n gas-alarm signal. 

Gasangriff to gas attack. 

Gasanzeiger to gas detector kit. 

Gasanzug m gas-protection suit. 

Gasaufklarung / gas reconnaissance. 

Gasausbildung / gas-defense instruc- 
tion. 

Gasbehalter to gas container. 

Gasbekleidung / protective clothing 
(CWS). 

Gasbereitschaft / gas alert. 

GasbeschuB to gas-shell fire (Arty). 

Gasbrand to gas gangrene. 

Gasbrille / gas goggles (CWS). 

Gasbrisanzgranate / high-explosive 
chemical shell. 

gasdicht gasproof, gastight. 

Gasdichte f gas' concentration. 

Gasdichtigkeit / impermeability to 
gas. 

Gasdisziplin / gas discipline. 

Gasdruck to blowback, gas pressure 
( Ord). 

Gasdrucklader m blowback-operated 
weapon. 

GasdruckmeBgerat n pressure gage 
(Arty). 



Gasraum 

Gasdruckpriifung / pressure test 

(Ord). 

Gasdiise / gas-cylinder nozzle. 

Gasentladungsrohre / gas tube 

(Rad). 

Gas-Erdmine f chemical mine, chem- 
ical land mine. 

Gaserkennungsdienst to gas-detect- 
ing service. 

Gasflasche / chemical cylinder, gas 
cylinder. 

GasfuBhebel m accelerator pedal 
(Mtr). 

GasfuBtritt to See GasfuBhebel. 

Gasgenerator to wood-gas generator 
(MT). 

GasgeschoB n chemical projectile. 

gasgeschiitzt gasproofed. 

Gasgewehrgranate / gas rifle gren- 
ade. 

Gasgranate / chemical shell, gas 
shell. 

Gashandgranate / gas hand grenade, 
chemical hand grenade. 

Gashandschuh w gas-protection 

glove. 

Gashandwerfer to chemical mortar. 

Gashebel to throttle lever (Ap); ac- 
celerator (Mtr). 

Gaskampf to chemical warfare. 

Gaskampfgerat n chemical warfare 
equipment. 

Gaskampfmittel npl chemical war- 
fare material. 

Gaskrieg to chemical warfare. 

Gaslaufer to antigas runner (roll of 
impregnated paper on which to cross 
contaminated ground). 

Gasleitung f gas line, gas pipe. 

Gasmaske f gas mask. 

Gasmaskenkorper to body of gas 
mask. 

Gasmaskenpriifgerat n gas-mask 

testing apparatus. 

Gasmaskentragbiichse f gas-mask 

carrier (canister type). 

Gasmaskenzubehor n gas-mask ac- 
cessories. 

Gasmorser to chemical mortar. 

Gasmunition / .chemical munitions. 

Gasoffizier to gas officer, chemical of- 
ficer. 

Gasol n gas oil, Diesel fuel. 

Gasplane f antigas paulin, protective 
awning (CWS). 

Gasraum to gas chamber (Bln, 
CWS). 



67 




Gasraumprobe 

Gasraumprobe / gas-chamber test 
(CWS). 

Gasraumpriifung / See Gasraum- 

probe. 

Gasschiefien n gas-shell fire (Arty). 

Gasschleuse / gas trap, air lock 
(CWS). 

Gasschutz to chemical defense. 

Gasschutzdecke / protective mat 

(CWS). 

Gasschutzfilm to chemical-defense 
training film. 

Gasschutzgerat n gas protective 

equipment. 

Gasschutzgeratepark to chemical de- 
fense equipment park. 

Gasschutzgeratwerkstatt / repair 
shop for gas protective equipment. 

Gasschutzsalbe f protective ointment 
(CWS). 

Gassschutziibungsmittel n- chemical 
defense training agent. 

Gasschutzunteroffizier to gas non- 
commissioned officer. 

Gasschutzvorhang to gas curtain, 
blanket door. 

Gasschutzvorrat to stock of chemical 
defense equipment. 

Gasschutzvorschrift f gas-defense 
regulations. 

Gasschwaden mpl gas fumes (CWS). 

Gasse / gap (in obstacle or mine 
field) ; alley, street. 

gassicher gasproof. 

Gassperre / gas barrier, contami- 
nated area. 

Gasspiiren n gas detection. 

Gasspiirer m gas sentry. 

Gasspiirfahnchen n gassed-area 

marker. 

Gasspiirgerat n gas-detection appa- 
ratus. 

Gasspiirkraftwagen m gas-detection 
car. 

Gasspiirmittel npl gas-detection 

equipment. 

Gasspiirstoff to gas-detection agent. 

Gasspiirtrupp m gas-detection squad. 

Gasstiefel mpl gas-protection boots. 

Gastruppen fpl chemical troops. 

Gasiiberfall m surprise gas attack, 
surprise gas-shell fire. 

Gasumhang m gas-protection cloak. 

Gasvergifteter m gas casualty. 

Gasvergiftung / gas poisoning, con- 
tamination. 

Gasverluste mpl gas casualties. 



Gebrauchsanweisung 

Gasvorhang m gas curtain. 

Gaswarnung / gas warning. 

Gaswerfen n chemical-projector 
fire. 

Gaswerfer m chemical projector. 

Gaswolke / gas cloud. 

Gaszelle f cell, cellule (Ash). 

Gaszucht / gas discipline. 

Gaze / gauze. 

geballt concentrated. 

geballte Ladung concentrated charge 
(consisting of several explosive 
blocks tied together). 

geben to give; transmit (Rad, Tg). 

Geber m sender, transmitter; data 
transmitter ( data transmission sys- 
tem) ; azimuth and elevation indi- 
cator (AA director). 

Gebiet n region; territory; zone. 

Gebirgsartillerie / mountain artil- 
lery, pack artillery. 

Gebirgsfahrkolonne f mountain sup- 
ply column (H-Dr). 

Gebirgsgeschiitz n mountain gun, 
pack gun. 

Gebirgshang m mountainside. 

Gebirgskanone / mountain gun. 

Gebirgsinfanteriegeschutz n moun- 
tain infantry howitzer. 

Gebirgsjager m mountain infantry- . 
man. 

Gebirgsjager-Bataillon n mountain 
infantry battalion. 

Gebirgsjager-Regiment n mountain 
infantry regiment. 

Gebirgskampf to mountain combat. 

Gebirgskorps n mountain corps. 

Gebirgskorpskommando n mountain 
corps headquarters. 

Gebirgskrieg to mountain warfare. 

Gebirgsmiitze / mountain cap. 

GebirgspaB to mountain pass. 

Gebirgs-Pionier-Regiment n moun- 
tain engineer regiment. 

Gebirgstragerkompanie / mountain 
carrier company (on foot). 

Gebirgstruppen fpl ‘mountain troops. 

GebiB n bit (harness). . 

Geblase n blower, supercharger; 
ventilator. 

Geblasemotor m supercharged en- 
gine. 

Geblasewind to airflow. 

Gebrauch to use, custom. 

Gebrauchsanweisung / instructions 
for use, operating instructions. 



68 




Gebrauchsflugzeug 69 

Gebrauchsflugzeug n general-pur- 
pose airplane. 

Gebrauchsladung / normal charge. 
Gebrauchsstufe / the sum of all in- 
terior ballistic factors. See also 

Grundstufe. 

Gebiihr f charge, rate, allowance, fee. 
Gebiihrnisse fpl allowances, rates. 
Geburtsjahrgang m age class. 
Geburtsurkunde / birth certificate, 
gediimpft damped (Elec, Mech). 
gedeckt covered, concealed, defiladed, 
masked, sheltered, 
gedeckte Bahn shooting gallery, 
gedeckte Batterie masked battery, 
gedeckter Raum dead space, safety 
zone. 

gedeckte Stellung cover position, 
geeicht calibrated, 
geerdet grounded (Elec). 

Gefahr / danger, 
gefahrden endanger, 
gefahrlich dangerous. 

Gefahrpunkt m critical point (Tac). 
Gefalle n gradient (Met, Top). 
Gefallemesser m clinometer (Engr). 
gefallen fallen, dead, killed. 

im Felde gefallen killed in action. 
Gefangenenabschub m evacuation of 
prisoners. 

Gefangenenaussage / prisoner’s 

statement. 

Gefangenenaustausch m exchange of 
prisoners. 

Gefangenenbewachungskommando n 
prisoner guard detachment. 
Gefangenenlager n prisoner-of-war 
camp. 

Gefangenensammelkommandc n 

prisoner-collecting detachment. 
Gefangenensammelstelle / prisoner 
collecting point. 

Gefangenenverhor n See Gefange- 
nenvernehmung. 

Gefangenenvernehmung / interroga- 
tion of prisoners. 

Gefangener m prisoner. 
Gefangennahme / capture. 

Gefangnis n prison. 

Gefangnisstrafe / sentence of con- 
finement to a prison. 

Gefecht n action, battle, combat, en- 
gagement, fight. See also terms un- 
der Kampf, Krieg. 

Gefechte unter besonderen Yerhalt- 
nissen special operations. 



gefechtsmafiig 

Gefecht im Gebirge mountain com- 
bat. 

Gefechtsabschnitt m combat sector, 
zone of action. 

Gefechtsaufgabe / combat task. 

Gefechtsaufklarung / battle recon- 
naissance, combat reconnaissance. 

Gefechtsauftrag m combat mission. 

Gefechtsausbildung / combat prac- 
tice, tactical training. 

Gefechtsbatterie / firing battery. 

Gefechtsbefehl m combat order. 

Gefechtsbefehlsstelle / command 
post. 

Gefechtsbereich m zone of action. 

Gefechtsbereitschaft / readiness for 
action. 

Gefechtsbericht m combat report. 

Gefechtsberiihrung f contact with 
the enemy. 

Gefechtsbreite f combat frontage. 

Gefechtseinheit / combat unit. 

Gefechtseinsatz m employment . in 
action, commitment to action. 

Gefechtsentwicklung / deployment 
for action (Tac). 

Gefechtsfahrzeug n combat vehicle. 

Gefechtsform / combat formation. 

Gefechtsgebiet n combat zone. 

Gefechtsgliederung / tactical group- 
ing. 

Gefechtsgruppe f combat unit; ar- 
mored support unit. 

Gefechtshandlung / operation, ac- 
tion, engagement, battle. 

Gefechtskarren m ammunition and 
weapons cart (H-Dr). 

Gefechtskarte f battle map. 

Gefechtskasten m medical supplies 
and equipment chest. 

gefechtsklar cleared for action 
(Nav). 

Gefechtskompanie f assault company 

(Prcht troops). 

Gefechtskopf m warhead (torpedo). 

Gefechtskraftwagen m combat car. 

Gefechtslage / combat situation. 

Gefechtslandeplatz m advance (d) 

landing field. 

Gefechtslarm m noise of battle. 

Gefechtslehre f tactics. 

Gefechtslinie / line of battle. 

Gefechtsluftaufklarung / combat air 
reconnaissance. 

gefechtsmaflig similar to actual com- 
bat or conditions in the field. 




gefechtsmaftiges SchieBen 70 GegenstoB 



gefechtsmafiiges Schiefien combat 
practice firing. 

Gefechtsmeldung / combat message, 
combat report. 

Gefechtspause / lull in combat. 

Gefechtsraum to zone of action, com- 
bat area (Tac); fighting compart- 
ment, turret basket (Tk). 

Gefechtsscheibe / field target, aim- 
ing silhouette. 

Gefechtsschiefien n advanced combat 
practice firing. 

Gefechtsschiefistand m field firing 
range (R). 

Gefechtsschlitten to combat sled. 

Gefechtsschreiber m clei’k at a com- 
mand post. 

Gefechtsspahtrupp to combat patrol. 

Gefechtsstab to command group; 
tactical operations staff. 

Gefechtsstaffel / combat-train eche- 
lon. 

Gefechtsstand m command post (in 
combat ); headquarters (Avn); gun 
position, gunner’s station (Ap). 

Gefechtsstellung /' action station. 

Gefechtsstreifen m combat sector, 
zone of action. 

Gefechtstatigkeit / combat activity. 

Gefechtstrofi m combat train; main- 
tenance section (Btry). 

Gefechtsiibung f combat practice. 

Gefechtsverlauf m progress of action 
(Tac). 

Gefechtsverwendung f employment 
in combat. 

Gefechtsvorposten to combat outpost. 

Gefechtswagen to ammunition and 
weapons wagon. 

Gefechtszeitangabe / chronology of 
battle. 

Gefechtszweck m objective of com- 
bat, purpose of an action. 

Gefecht um Engen combat at defiles. 

Gefolgschaft / collective term for 
subordinate officers and/or enlisted 
personnel. 

Gefreitenarmwinkel to acting cor- 
poral’s chevron. 

Gefreitenwinkel m See Gefreiten- 
armwinkel. 

Gefreiter to acting corporal (grade 
between Pvt Id and Cpl, strictly not 
NCO in Ger definition of term; 
translated as acting Cpl, lance Cpl, 

etc.). 

Gefrierschutz to antifreeze (MT). 



Gefrierschutzmittel n antifreeze so- 
lution (MT). 

Gegenangriff to counterattack (Tac). 

Gegenaufklarung f counterrecon- 

naissance. 

Gegenbefehl to counterorder, 
einen Gegenbefehl geben to coun- 
termand. 

Gegenboschung f counterslope. 

Gegend f region, vicinity, neighbor- 
hood. 

Gegenfeuer n counterfire, retaliation 
fire. 

Gegenfunkstelle / called station 

(Rad). 

Gegengewicht n counterpoise (Rad); 
counterweight, counterbalance. 

Gegenhang to counterslope. 

Gegenkolbenmotor to opposed-piston 

engine. 

Gegenlaufgraben to counterapproach 
trench. 

gegenlaufige Luftschrauben contra- 
rotating propellers. 

Gegenlicht n “counter-light” (sun- 
light against the attacker, defender 
or observer). 

Gegenlosung f countersign. 

Gegenmarsch m countermarch. 

Gegenmafinahme / countermeasure. 

Gegenmine / countermine. 

Gegenmutter / lock nut. 

Gegenoffensive f counteroffensive. 

Gegenpropaganda f counterpropa- 
ganda. 

Gegenseil n stagger wire (biplane). 

gegenseitig two-way, mutual, recip- 
rocal. 

gegenseitige Sprechverbindung two- 
way telephone circuit. 

Gegensignal n answer signal. 

Gegensinn to counterclockwise direc- 
tion, opposite direction, 
im Gegensinn zum Uhrzeiger coun- 
terclockwise. 

Gegenspionage / counterespionage. 

Gegensprechen n duplex operation, 
two-way break-in communication 
(Rad); duplexing (Tp). 

Gegenstand m item, object, article. 

Gegenstelle / called station (Rad). 

Gegensteuern n trimming (with one 
or more engines inoperative) (Avn). 

Gegenstollen m countermine. 

Gegenstoli m counterthrust, counter- 
attack (Tac). 




Gegentakt- V erstarker 



71 Gelanderaum 



Gegentakt-Verstarker w push-pull 
amplifier (Rad). 

Gegenvorbereitungsfeuer n counter- 
preparation, counterpreparation fire. 

Gegemvehr / resistance (Tac). 

Gegenwind to head wind. 

Gegenzeiger m pointer, indicator 
(folloiv-the-pointer mechanism). 

Gegenzeigersinn m counterclockwise 
direction. 

Gegner m opponent. 

Gegnerpfeil to path-of-flight pointer 
(reflector sight). 

Gegnerpunkt m future position at 
moment of burst (AAA). 

gegossen cast (metals, armor, etc.). 

gegurtet belted (Am, etc). 

Gehalt m concentration (CWS); con- 
tent, volume. 

Gehause n case, casing, housing. 

geheim secret, confidential. 

Geheime Feld'polizei secret field po- 
lice ( special MP units attached to 
armies and Mil Adm of occupied 
countries; abbr. G.F.P.). 

geheimer Gegenstand classified mili- 
tary item, secret item. 

Geheime Staatspolizei secret state 
police (political police; abbr. Ge- 
stapo). 

Geheimhaltung / secrecy. 

Geheimnis n secret. 

Geheimschrift f cryptography. 

Geheimschriftanalyse / cryptanaly- 
sis. 

Geheim text w cipher text. 

Geheimwort n cipher key. 

Gehilfe m aid, assistant. 

Gehilfe des Richtschiitzen assistant 
gunner (MG squad). 

Gehirnerschiitterung / concussion of 
the brain. 

gehoben raised, lifted, elevated; 
higher grade (of Wehrmachtbeam- 
ter). 

Gehorsam to obedience. 

Gehorsamsverweigerung / insubor- 
dination. 

Geisel / hostage. 

geladen loaded, armed, charged, acti- 
vated. 

geladener Draht live wire. 

Gelande n terrain, ground, country. 

Geliindeabschnitt m terrain sector, 
terrain compartment. 

Gelandeanpassung / adaptation to 



the terrain, blending with the ground 

( Cam). 

Gelandeaufnahme / terrain photo- 
survey. 

Gelandeausbildung / field training. 

Geliindeausnutzung / utilization of 
terrain. 

Gelandeausschnitt to coverage ( aerial 
Photo). 

Gelandebedeckung f mask (Gun- 
nery). 

Gelandebesprechung / tactical ride, 
tactical walk. 

Gelandebeurteilung / terrain appre- 
ciation, estimate of terrain. 

Gelandedarstellung / terrain repre- 
sentation (Surv). 

Gelandeentgiftung / ground decon- 

tamination. 

Gelandeerkundung / terrain recon- 

naissance. 

gelandefahig capable of cross-coun- 
try travel (MT). 

Gelandefahren n cross-country driv- 
ing. 

Gelandefahrzeug n cross-country 
vehicle (MT). 

Gelandegang m auxiliary gear, un- 

derdrive (MT). 

gelandegiingig capable of cross- 

country travel, having cross-country 
mobility (MT). 

GelandegUngigkeit / cross-country 
traveling ability, cross-country mo- 
bility (MT). 

Geliindegegenstand to terrain fea- 

ture, landmark. 

Gelandegestaltung / configuration of 
terrain, terrain features. 

Gelandehindernis n natural obstacle, 
terrain obstacle. 

Geliindekampfstoff to ground-con- 

taminating agent, persistent agent 
(CWS). 

Gelandekette / traction band (MT). 

Gelandekraftfahrzeug n cross-coun- 
try motor vehicle. 

Gelandenachbildung f simulation of 
terrain. 

Gelandeneigung f slope. 

Geliindeorientierung / orientation by 
map, 

Geliindepunkt to terrain point, land- 
mark. 

Geliindern railing; handrail (Bdg). 

Gelanderaum to terrain area. 




Gelanderstiitze 



Gelanderstiitze/ railing post; hand- 
rail post (Bdg). 

Gelandescheibe f landscape target 
(Tng). 

Gelandeschutz m defilade, natural 
protection. 

Geliindeskizze / military sketch. 

Gelandestreifen m terrain sector. 

Geliindeiibung / field exercise. 

Geliindevergiftung / terrain contami- 
nation (CWS). 

Gelandeverhaltnisse npl terrain con- 
ditions. 

Gelandevermessung / terrain survey. 

Gelandeverstarkung / organization 
of the ground (Tac). 

Gelandewinkel m angle of site ( Gun- 
nery); angle of slope (Top). 
negativer Gelandewinkel angle of 
depression, negative angle of site. 

Gelandewinkellibelle / angle-of-site 
level. 

Gelandewinkelmesser m angle-of-site 
instrument, clinometer. 

GelandewinkelmeBvorrichtung / 

angle-of-site mechanism ( telescopic 
sight). 

Gelatitw a rock-blasting explosive. 

gelb yellow. 

Gelbkreuz n Yellow Cross ( Ger mark- 
ing for vesicants) (CWS). 

GelbkreuzbeschuB m chemical-shell 
fire (vesicant filler). 

Geldabfindung / money allowance, re- 
imbursement, cash settlement. 

Geldstrafe/ fine (Law). 

Geldwert der Verpflegungsersparnisse 
ration savings. 

Gelegenheitsziel n target of oppor- 
tunity. 

Geleise n track (RR). 

Geleit n escort, convoy. 

Geleitmannschaft / escort personnel. 

Geleitschiff n convoy vessel, escort 
vessel. 

Geleitschutz m convoy guard (Nav). 

Geleitzugut convoy (Nav). 

Gelenk n knuckle, joint, flexible 
coupling. 

Gelenkbinden fpl ankle wrap puttees. 

Gelenkbogenbriicke / hinged-arch 
bridge. 

Gelenkgehause n universal- joint 

housing (MT). 

Gelenkstiick n joint piece (MG tri- 
pod). 

Gelenkwelle / flexible drive shaft, 



72 Generalquartiermeister 

drive shaft and universal joint, pro- 
peller shaft. 

geloste Flugordnung route formation 

(Avn). 

Gemeiner m private, common soldier 
or sailor (in disuse). 

Gemischbildung / mixing, mixture 
formation (carburetor). 

gemischt mixed, combined. 

Gemischtbauweise / composite con- 
struction. 

gemischter Verband combined-arms 
unit. 

gemodelte Welle modulated wave. 

genau accurate, exact, precise; tight; 
close; strict. 

genaues EinschieBen precision ad- 
justment fire. 

Gendarm m rural policeman. 

Gendarmerie/ rural police, 
i genehmigen authorize, approve. 

General m lieutenant general ; gen- 
• eral; general officer (specifically, Lt 
Gen). Compare Generaloberst. 

Generaladmiral m admiral (com- 
■ mander of a fleet). 

Generalarzt m brigadier general 
(Med). 

Generalarbeitsfiihrer m brigadier 
general (Reich Labor Service). 

Generalfeldmarschall m Field Mar- 
^ shal. 

Generalgouvernement n Government 
General (administrative region es- 
tablished in occupied territory; spe- 
cifically, in Central Poland in 1939/. 

: Generalinspekteur fiir die Panzerwaffe 

Inspector General of Armored Forces. 

Generalintendant m civilian official in 
administrative services ranking as 
brigadier general. 

Generalkommando n corps headquar- 
ters. 

Generalleutnant m major general. 

Generalluftzeugmeister m chief of 
air forces special supply and procure- 
, ment service. 

Generalmajor m brigadier general. 

Generaloberst m general (full gen- 

! eral). 

Generaloberstabsarzt m surgeon gen- 
; eral (lieutena/nt general). 

Generaloberstabsveterinar m lieuten- 
ant general (Vet). 

Generalquartiermeister m general 
, staff officer lb in charge of supply 




Generalstab 



and administration at headquarters 
of field forces. 

Generalstab m general staff. 
Generalstab des Heeres General Staff 
of the Army. 

Generalstabsarzt m major general 
(Med). 

Generalstabschef m Chief of Staff. 
Generalstabskarte / strategic map 

( 1 : 100 , 000 ). 

Generalstabskorps n General Staff 
Corps. 

Generalstabsoffizier m general staff 
officer. 

Generalstabsveterinar to major gen- 
eral (Vet). 

Generalveterinar rti brigadier gen- 

eral (Vet). 

Generatoranhanger m wood-gas gen- 
erator trailer (MT); generator 
trailer (Elec). 

Genesung / convalescence. 
Genesungskompanie / convalescent 
company, rehabilitation company. 
Genesungsurlaub m sick leave. 

Genfer Abkoinmen Geneva Conven- 
tion. 

Genfer Rotes Kreuz Geneva Cross, 
genormt standardized, 
gedffnet open, extended, 
gebffnete Ordnung extended order, 
geographische Breite latitude, 
geographische Karte geographic 
map. 

geographische Koordinaten geo- 

graphic coordinates, 
geographische. Lange longitude. 
Geographisch-Nord m true north. 
Gepiick n baggage, impedimenta. 
GepacktroB m baggage train. 
Gepackwagenm baggage car (RR). 
gepanzert armored, 
gepflastert paved, 
gerade straight, 
geradeaus straight ahead. 
Geradeausflug to horizontal flight, 

level flight (Avn). 

Geradseitfelge / straight-side rim 

(MT). 

Gerat n nonexpendable supplies, 
materiel, ordnance, equipment; in- 
strument; apparatus. 

Geratart / type of equipment. 
Geratausstattung f allotment of 
equipment. 

Geratbrett n instrument panel. 



73 Gesamtauswanderungszeit 

; Geratedurchsicht / inspection of 
equipment or ordnance. 

Gerateeinheit / unit assemblage ( of 
: equipment, etc.). 

Gerateentgiftung f decontamination 
[ of equipment. 

Geratelicht n instrument light. 

Gerateoffizier m ordnance staff offi- 
i cer, ordnance officer, property officer. 

Gerateunteroffizier m ordnance ser- 
! geant. 

Gerateverwalter m quartermaster 
: sergeant. 

Geratewagen m See Geratwagen. 

Geratinspizient m equipment inspec- 
tor. 

Geratklasse f class of equipment. 

Geratsammelstelle f ordnance collect- 
ing point. 

• Geratsatz m unit of equipment. 

Geratstiick n piece of equipment, 
item of equipment. 

t Geratwagen m equipment truck, 
equipment wagon. 

Gerausch n noise, sound. 

Gerauschtarnung / “noise camou- 
flage” (any noise-producing means 
intended to deceive enemy as to posi- 
tion of guns, advance of tanks, etc.). 

Gerbersche Anordnung Gerber design 
(a type of cantilever bridge). 

Gerbertrager m cantilever span ( two 
; cantilever arms with suspended 
span). 

Gericht n court. 

gerichteter Empfang directional re- 
ception (Rad). 

Gerichtsherr to appointing authority 
(Law). 

Gerippe n skeleton, framework, out- 
line. 

Gerippeabteil n bay (Ap). 

Germanisches SS-Panzerkorps SS ar- 
mored coi’ps composed of non-German 
volunteers from “Germanic” coun- 
tries. 

’ Geruch m odor. 

geruchlos odorless. 

1 Geriicht n rumor. 

Geriist n scaffold, frame. 

’ Gesamtausfall to total loss (es). 

Gesamtauswanderungsstrecke f linear 
travel of target from position at in- 
stant of range determination to 
£ future position (AA gunnery), 

Gesamtauswanderungszeit / dead time 
plus time of flight (AA gunnery). 




Gesamtbefehl 



74 



Gesamtbefehl m complete order (Tac). 

Gesamtdruck m total pressure. 

Gesamterhohung / quadrant elevation 
( Gunnery). 

Gesamtkilometerzahler m total mile- 
age odometer (on speedometer). 

Gesamtkriegfuhrung/ grand strat- 
egy, general conduct of the war. 

Gesamtlage / total situation, over-all 
situation (Tac). 

Gesamtrohrerhohung/ total eleva- 
tion ( G). 

Gesamtseitenrichtung f total traverse, 
total deflection (G). 

Gesamtvorhaltewinkel m principal 
lateral deflection angle (AA gun- 
nery). 

Gesandtschaft / legation. 

Geschirr n harness; utensils. 

Geschirrtau n trace (harness). 

Geschlechtskrankheit f venereal 
disease. 

geschlossen closed, close; combined; 
compact. 

geschlossene Ordnung close order. 

geschlossener Bau close-order con- 
struction (method of Tp line construc- 
tion by a single crew). 

geschlossenes Exerzieren close-order 
drill. 

geschliisselt encoded, secret. 

geschliisselter Funkspruch radio code 
message. 

GeschoB n projectile, bullet, shell. 

GeschoBabweichung / deviation, ab- 
solute deviation (Gunnery). 

GeschoBanlage / clearance space 

(R). 

GeschoBaufschlag to impact of pro- 
jectile, point of impact. 

GeschoBbahn / trajectory, ballistic 
curve. 

GeschoBbo / blast effect of antiair- 
craft shell. 

GeschoBboden m base of projectile. 

GeschoBdrall m spin of projectile. 

GeschoBdrehung / See GeschoBdrall. 

GeschoBdurchmesser m diameter of 
projectile. 

GeschoBeinschlag m impact of pro- 
jectile, point of impact. 

GeschoBflugzeit / time of flight of 
projectile. 

GeschoBform f shape of projectile. 

GeschoBfiihrung / seating of projec- 
tile. 



Geschiitzstand 

GeschoBgarbe f cone or sheaf of fire, 
cone of dispersion. 

GeschoBgewicht n weight of projec- 
tile. 

GeschoBheber m gun hoist. 

GeschoBhohlung f shell cavity (Am). 

GeschoBhiille / body of projectile 
( Am). 

GeschoBhiilse / cartridge case (Am). 

GeschoBkanal to bullet tube ( gren- 
ade launcher). 

GeschoBkappe f cap of projectile. 

GeschoBkern to core of bullet. 

GeschoBknall m report produced by 
shell wave (SR). 

GeschoBkopf m head of projectile. 

GeschoBkran m gun hoist. 

GeschoBmantel to jacket of bullet. 

GeschoBmine / improvised antitank 
mine made of a high-explosive shell. 

GeschoBspitze f ogive of shell. 

GeschoBwagen to ammunition truck. 

GeschoBwirkung / effect of projec- 
tile. 

GeschoB-Zubringewagen m ammuni- 
tion truck (for carrying heavy pro- 
jectile to the piece). 

Geschiitzn gun (Arty piece). See 
Artillerie for classification as light, 
medium and heavy. 

Geschiitzart / type of gun (Arty). 

Geschiitzbank / barbette. 

Geschiitzbedienung / gun crew; ser- 
vice of the piece. 

Geschiitzbettung / ground platform 
(RR gun). 

Geschiitzexerzieren n ^service of the 
piece drill. 

Geschiitzfiihrer m chief of section 
(FA). 

Geschiitzkompanie f howitzer com- 
pany (Inf). 

Geschiitzladung/ propelling charge 
( Am). 

Geschiitzmannschaft / gun crew. 

Geschiitznullpunkt m position of gun 
(on firing charts and diagrams). 

Geschiitzort m See Geschiitznullpunkt. 

Geschiitzpark m ordnance park. 

Geschiitzplane / gun cover. 

Geschiitzrohr n gun barrel. 

Geschiitzschlepper to prime mover 
(Arty). 

Geschiitzstaffel / gun section. 

Geschiitzstand to gun position, gun 
emplacement, position of the piece 
(Arty). 




Geschiitzstellung 75 Getriebehauptwelle 



Geschiitzstellung/ gun position, gun 
emplacement. 

geschiitzt protected. 

geschiitzter Behiilter self-sealing 
tank (Ap). 

Geschiitzverschlufi to breech mech- 
anism, breechblock (Ord). 

Geschiitzwagen m gun car (RR ). 

geschiitzweises Feuer fire by piece at 
command (Arty). 

Geschiitzwinde / firing jack (G). 

Geschiitzzielfeuer n simulated fire 
representing an enemy gun target 
(Tng). 

Geschiitzzug m howitzer platoon 
(Inf). 

Geschwader n wing ( air force opera- 
tional unit consisting of about 100 
aircraft organized into from 3 to 5 
Gruppen) ; squadron (Nav). 

Geschwaderflugform / wing flight for- 
mation. 

Geschwaderkeil m wing wedge for- 
mation (Avn). 

Geschwaderkolonne / wing column 
formation (Avn). 

Geschwaderkommodore w wing com- 
mander (Avn). 

geschweiBt welded. 

Geschwindigkeit / speed, velocity; 
rate (of fire). 

Geschwindigkeitsdreieck n triangle of 
velocities (Avn). 

Geschwindigkeitsmesser m speedom- 
eter (MT). 

Geschwindigkeitssteigerung / speed 
increase. 

Geschwindigkeitsverlust m loss of 
velocity (Ballistics). 

Geschwindigkeit zur Luft indicated 
airspeed. 

Gesellschaftsanzug m dress uniform 
for social occasions. 

Gesenk n die (for stamping or pun- 
ching). 

Gesetz n law, statute. 

Gesetze und Gebrauche des Land- 
krieges Laws and Customs of War 
on Land (Hague Convention, 1907). 

gesichert safe; secured. 

Gesichtsfeld n field of view (Optics). 

Gespann n team of horses. 

Gesprach n conversation; telephone 
call. 

GesprachsschluB m completion of 
call (Tp). 



Gesprachsverbindung / call, connec- 
tion (Tp). 

gestaffelt echeloned, staggered. 

Gestalt / form, shape, figure, con- 
figuration. 

Gestalt der Flugbahn curve of the 

trajectory. 

Gestange n bars, poles, rods, linkage. 

Gestapo f See Geheime Staatspolizei. 

gestattet allowed, allowable, granted, 
permitted. 

gestattete Abweichung tolerance 
(Tech). 

Gesteinssprengmittel n rock-blasting 
explosive. 

Gestell n stand; mount; frame; 

block; trestle; carriage; gear. 

Gestellungsbefehl to induction order. 

Gestellungspflicht f obligation to ap- 
pear before draft board. 

gesteuert controlled, steered; syn- 

chronized. 

gesteuertes Maschinengewehr syn- 
chronized machine gun (Ap). 

Gestrauch n underbrush, shrub- 
bery. 

gestreckt elongated, extended; 

stretched; flat. 

gestreckte Flugbahn flat trajectory. 

gestreckte Ladung elongated charge. 
See also Reihenladung. 

gestrichenes Korn medium sight (R 
aiming). 

Gestriipp n underbrush, brush. 

Gesuch n petition, request, applica- 
tion. 

Gesundheit / health. 

Gesundheitsappell m physical inspec- 
tion. 

Gesundheitsdienst m Sanitary Corps. 

Gesundheitsoffizier .m health officer. 

Gesundheitszustand to physical con- 
dition. 

Getrank n beverage. 

getrennt separate(d); cut off (Tp). 

getrennte Munition separate-loading 
ammunition. 

getrennter Bau extended-order con- 
struction (method of Tp line con- 
struction by two separate crews). 

Getriebe n gear, transmission (MT). 

Getriebebremse / transmission brake 
(MT). 

Getriebefett n transmission grease 

(MT). 

Getriebehauptwelle / transmission 
main shaft (MT). 




Getnebegehause 76 Gipfelentfernung 



Getriebegehause n transmission case 
(MT). 

Getriebewelle / transmission shaft 
(MT). 

Gewahrsam m custody. 

Gewaltmarsch m forced march. 

gewaltsam forceful, in force. 

gewaltsame Erkundung reconnais- 

sance in force. 

Gewehr n rifle. 

“Gewehr, ab!” ' “Order, arms!” 

“Gewehr abnehmen !” “Unsling, 

arms!” 

Gewehrappell m rifle inspection. 

Gewehrauflage f fire crest (Ft). 

Gewehrfeuer n rifle fire. 

Gewehrfiihrer m machine-gun squad 
leader, gun leader (heavy MG). 

GewehrgeschoB n rifle bullet. 

Gewehrgranate / rifle grenade. 

Gewehrgranatenschiitze m rifle gren- 
adier. 

“Gewehr in die, Hand!” “Take, 
arms!” 

Gewehrkartusche / propelling cart- 
ridge for rifle grenade. 

Gewehrkolben m rifle butt. 

Gewehrkupplungsstiick n barrel-lock- 
ing stud (MG). 

Gewehrmieke / arms rack. 

Gewehrmiicke/ See Gewehrmieke. 

Gewehrmunition f rifle ammuni- 
tion. 

Gewehr-Panzergranate / armor- 

piercing rifle grenade. 

Gewehr-Propagandagranate f rifle 
propaganda grenade (scatters leaf- 
lets). 

Gewehrriemen m rifle sling. 

Gewehrschaft m rifle stock. 

GewehrschieBstand m rifle range. 

GewehrschuB m rifle shot. 

Gewehrschiitze m rifleman. 

Gewehrsprenggranate f high-explo- 
sive rifle grenade. 

Gewehrstockm cleaning rod (B). 

Gewehrstiitze / arms rack. 

Gewehrtrager m rifleman; machine- 
gun carrier (gunner No. 1); cradle 
(on MG sleigh mount or tripod). 

Gewehrtragevorrichtung / rifle scab- 
bard ( Cav). 

“Gewehr, iiber!” “Left shoulder, 
arms!” (with tightened sling) ; “Sling 
arms!” (with loosened sling). 

Gewehriibung f rifle exercise ( calis- 
thenics). 



“Gewehr umhangen!” “Sling arms!” 
Gewehrzielfeuer n simulated fire rep- 
resenting enemy rifle or MG target 
(Tug). 

Gewehrzubehor n rifle accessories, 
gewerblich industrial. 

Gewicht n weight ; gravity. 
Gewichtsverteilung / weight distri- 
bution, balance. 

Gewinde n thread (Tech). 
Gewindebacken fpl die ( for cutting 
threads). 

Gewindegang m pitch ( of screw 

thread). 

Gewindeschablone / screw pitch gage. 
Gewitter n thunderstorm, 
gewitterdrohend ugly, threatening 
sky (Met). 

Gewitterflug m frontal soaring 

(glider). 

Gewitterstorung f atmospherics, 
static (Rad). 

gewohnliches Ferngesprach routine 
call (Tp). 

gewolbt convex, arched, vaulted, 
gewolbte Boschung convex slope. 
Gezeitenpl tide(s). ' 
Gezeitentafel / tide table, 
gezogen rifled (barrel); drawn, 
towed. 

gezogene Kurve climbing turn ( Avn). 
gezogenes Geschiitz rifled gun 

(Arty). 

gezogenes Ziel towed target. 

Gieren n yawing; trail-ferrying. 
Gierfahre/ trail ferry. 
Gierungsmesser m yawmeter ( Ap). 
Gierwinkel m angle of yaw 
( Avn). 

GieBerei / foundry. 

Gift n poison. 

giftig poisonous, toxic. 

Giftnebel m toxic smoke ( CWS). 
Giftnebelkerze / gas candle, irritant 
gas candle (CWS). 

Giftnebelwolke / gas cloud. 

Giftrauch m irritant smoke 
( CWS). 

Giftrauchkerze f toxic-smoke candle, 
gas candle ( CWS). 

Giftregenm aerial gas spray (CWS). 
Giftregenangriff m spray attack 

(CWS). 

Giftstoff m toxic agent (CWS). 
Gipfel m peak, summit. 
Gipfelentfernung f abscissa for max- 
imum ordinate ( of trajectory). 




Gipfelhohe 77 

Gipfelhohe/ maximum ordinate (of 
trajectory) ; absolute ceiling ( Avn). 
Gipfelhohe mit einem stehenden Motor 
emergency ceiling (Avn). 

Gipfelpunkt m summit (of trajec- 
tory, etc.). 

Gitter n grid (maps, Rad); trellis, 
lattice, grillage. 

Gitterantenne / parasol-type antenna. 
Gitterdrossel / grid resistor (Rad). 
Gittergleichrichter w grid rectifier 
(Rad). 

Gitterkondensator to grid condenser, 
grid capacitor (Rad). 

Gitterkreis m grid circuit, grid reso- 
nant circuit (Rad). 

Gitterlinie/ grid line. 

Gittermast m trellis mast. 

Gitternetz n coordinate map grid, 
grid system, military grid. 
Gitternetzkarte / gridded map. 
Gitternetzlinie / See Gitterlinie. 
Gitter-Nordm grid north. 
Gitterrichtung / grid base-line direc- 
tion (Gunnery). 

GitterschieBplan m fire-control grid 
(Gunnery). 

Gitterschwanz to open tail (Ap). 
Gitterspannung / grid voltage (Rad). 
Gittervorspannung / bias (Rad). 
Gitterwerte mpl grid coordinates, 
grid numbers (maps). 

Gitterwiderstand m grid resistance 
(Rad). 

Glas n glass; binoculars, field glass, 
glasartig glasslike, 
glasartige Vereisung clear ice, glaze 
( Avn). 

Glasbeobachtung / observation with 
field glass or telescope. 

GlasgefaB n envelope ( of Rad tube). 
GlasmaBstab m glass scale (Optics). 
glatt smooth, smooth-bore, 
glattes Geschiitz smooth-bore gun. 
gleichachsig coaxial, 
gleichbleibend uniform, constant, 
gleichbleibender Drall uniform twist 
( Ord). 

gleichformiger Drall See gleichblei- 
bender Drall. 

Gleichgewicht n balance, equilibrium. 
Gleichlauf to synchronism. 
Gleichlaufende / parallel line. 
Gleichlaufstellung / laying pieces re- 
ciprocally (Btry). 

Gleichlaufverfahren n reciprocal lay- 
ing (Btry). 



GleitstoBel 

Gleichrichter to rectifier (Elec). 

Gleichrichterrohre / rectifier tube. 

Gleichrichtung / rectification (Rad). 

Gleichschritt to cadence; quick time. 
“Im Gleichschritt, marsch!” “For- 
ward, march!” (being at a halt). 
“Im Gleichschritt!” “Quick time, 
march!” (being in march in double 
time). 

gleichstellen synchronize ( watches) ; 
equalize. 

Gleichstrom m direct current. 

Gleichung f equation. 

gleichzeitig simultaneous. 

Gleis n rail, track (RR). 

Gleisanlage f raih-oad yard. 

Gleisbalken to stringer (Bdg). 

Gleiskette/ caterpillar track. 

Gleiskettenantrieb to caterpillar drive. 

Gleiskettenfahrzeug n track-laying 

vehicle. 

Gleiskettenschlepper to caterpillar 
tractor. 

Gleiskettenzugmaschine / caterpillar 
prime mover. 

Gleiskurve/ epi, curved spur track 
(RR gun). 

Gleitbahn/ slide (G cradle). 

Gleitbombe/ glider bomb ( Avn). 

gleiten to glide. 

Gleiter m glider. 

Gleitfiihigkeit / gliding ability; slid- 
ing ability. 

Gleitflugw glide, gliding (Avn). 

Gleitfiugwinkel to gliding angle 
( Avn). 

Gleitfiugzeug n glider. 

Gleithebel to sliding lever (breech- 
block). 

GleithebelverschluB to sliding-lever 
breechblock. 

Gleitkufe/ landing ski (Ap). 

Gleitlager n plain bearing. 

Gleitmittel n lubricant. 

Gleitriegel to sliding bolt (breech- 
block). 

Gleitschiene / guide slide, guide rail 
(G cradle); track (of a catapult). 

Gleitschuh m gun slide. 

Gleitschutz to nonskid tread (MT). 

Gleitschutzkette f skid chain (MT). 

Gleitschutzmittel n nonskid device, 
traction aid (MT). 

Gleitstein w cam plate (G). 

GleitstoBel m tappet rod (sliding- 
cam type). 




Gleitvorrichtung 

Gleitvorrichtung / slide mechanism 
(MG). 

Gleitwand/ slide plate (MG). 

Gleitwinkel to gliding angle (Avn). 

Glied n rank (in formation) ; limb; 
link; member; unit; penis. 

Gliederung f formation, organiza- 
tion; distribution; classification, ar- 
rangement; composition. 

Gliedersiige f chain saw. 

Glimmer m mica. 

Glimmlampe / neon lamp. 

Gliihdraht m See Gliihfaden. 

Gliihfaden to filament. 

Gliihkathode / hot cathode (Rad). 

GlUhkathodenrohre f vacuum tube, 
incandescent cathode tube (Rad). 

Gliihkerze / glow plug ( Diesel en- 
gine). 

Gliihkopfchen n hot-wire-bridge head 
(Elec igniting device). 

Gliihlampe/ incandescent lamp. 

Gliihrohrziindapparat m hot-tube ig- 
niter. 

Gliihzundapparat m blasting machine, 
exploder (Engr). 

Gliihziinder m electric igniter (blast- 
ing cap). 

Gliihziindstiick n electric detonator, 
electric igniter (Engr). 

Glysantin n an antifreeze solution 
(MT). 

Gnade / quarter, mercy; grace; par- 
don. 

Goerz-Visier n bomb sight manufac- 
tured by Goerz Company. 

Gondel/ gondola, nacelle (Ap). 

Goniometer re goniometer (Surv). 

Goniometrie / goniometry (Surv). 

Graben m trench ; ditch. 

Grabenbagger m trench excavator. 

Grabenbekleidung / trench revet- 
ment. 

Grabendurchfahrt / crossing of 
trenches or ditches (MT). 

Grabenkopf / saphead (Ft). 

Grabenkrieg to trench warfare. 

Grabenprofil re trench profile (Ft); 
ditch profile (Engr). 

Grabenrost m trench boards, board- 
walk. 

Grabensohle / trench bottom. 

Grabenspiegel m trench periscope. 

Grabenstellung / trench position. 

Grabenstufe / firing step. 

Grabenwehr f parapet. 



78 Grenadier 

Graberoffizier m graves registration 

officer. 

Grabkreuz re grave marker. 

Grabtafel / grave marker. 

Gradabteilung f map square. 

Gradabzeichen re See Dienstgradab- • 
zeichen. 

Gradbogen m quadrant, scale (G). 

Gradeinteilung / graduation, scale. 

Gradfeld re map square. 

Gradnetz re map grid. 

Gradzahl / number of degrees, num- 
ber of graduations. 

Granatbiichse / antitank grenade 
rifle. 

Granate f shell (Am). 

Granatfiillung / shell filler (Am). 

Granathiilse / shell case. 

Granatloch re shell hole. 

Granatsignal re projector signal, star 
shell. 

Granatsplitter w shell splinter. 

Granattreffer to hit (shell fire). 

Granattrichter m shell crater. 

Granatwerfer to mortar (Ord) ; gun- 
ner (Mort squad). 

GranatwerfergeschoB re mortar shell. 

Granatwerfer-Gruppe / mortar sec- 
tion. 

Granatwerfernest re mortar pit. 

Granatwerferstand m mortar em- 
placement. 

Granatwerfertrupp to mortar team. 

Granatwerferzug to mortar platoon. 

graphisch graphic; mapped, surveyed 
or plotted. 

graphischer Punkt topographical 
point (on map). 

graphische SchuBtafel trajectory 
chart (not to be confused with TJS 
graphical firing table). 

Graphitschmiermittel re graphite lu- 
bricant. 

Grat m ridge ( especially a sharp, 
rocky ridge); scoring (in bore of 
gun). 

Grate / fishbone. 

Graupelschauer m snow-pellet 
shower, graupel shower (Met). 

Greifer m cleat, grouser (MT, 
Tk). 

Greifervorrichtung / traction device 

(MT). 

Greifzirkel to calipers, dividers. 

Grenadier to private, infantry rifle- 
man (historical term reintroduced). 
See also Panzergrenadier. 




Grenadierbataillon 



79 



Grundschwelle 



Grenadierbataillon n rifle battalion. 

Grenadierkompanie f rifle company. 

Grenadier-Panzerwagen to armored 
personnel carrier (MT). 

Grenadierregiment n rifle regiment, 
infantry regiment. 

Grenzbahnhof m frontier station 

(RR). 

Grenzbezirk to frontier district. 

Grenze/ frontier, border; boundary; 
limit. 

Grenzfrequenz f cut-off frequency 
(Rad). 

Grenzgebiet n border area, frontier 
area. 

Grenzlehre / fixed gage, plug or snap 
gage. 

Grenzschicht f boundary layer ( fluid 
mechanics) . 

Grenzschraube / setscrew. 

Grenzschutzm frontier guard; fron- 
tier protection. 

Grenzschutzabschnittskommando n 
frontier guard sector command 
(Regtl Hq). 

Grenzschutzunterabschnitt m frontier 
guard sub-sector (Bn Hq). 

Grenziiberschreitung / crossing a 
frontier. 

Grenzwache / frontier sentry, fron- 
tier guard. 

Grenzwacht / frontier guard. 

Grenzwachtdivision / frontier guard 
division. 

Grenzzwischenfall to border incident, 
frontier incident. 

Griff m grip; hold; handle; door- 
knob. 

Griffigkeit / grip, traction ( tires) ; 
traction, ground-gripping ability 
(Mt, Tk). 

Griffplatte / holding plate (G sight). 

Griffrohr n tubular handle ( trail 
spade). 

Griffschale/ stock (pistol). 

Griffstiickn grip (MG); receiver 
(pistol). 

grob approximate, rough, gross, 

coarse; bad, serious (mistake). 

Grobeinstellung / frequency selection 
(Rad); coarse setting (Optics). 

grobes EinschieBen approximate ad- 
justment fire. 

Grobfeile / coarse file. 

Grobsicherung / fuse (Elec). 

Grobstufenschalter in band switch 
(Rad). 



Grof m heavy flame thrower ( on 
two-wheel carrier) (abbr. of grosser 
Flammenwerf er ) . 

Grosn. main body (Tac). 

GroBadmiral to Admiral of the 
Fleet; Commander-in-Chief (opera- 
tional and/or administrative) (Nav). 

GroBangriff to large-scale attack, 
major attack, major offensive opera- 
tion. 

GroBe / quantity (Math); great- 
ness, magnitude, size. 

GroBeinsatz to major commitment, 
commitment of large forces, employ- 
ment of great numbers (Tac). 

GroBer Bar Big Dipper. 

GroBfertigung / mass production. 

GroBfunkstelle f high-power long- 
distance radio station. 

groBkalibrig large-caliber. 

GroBkampfschiff n capital ship. 

GroBkreis to great circle. 

GroBreihenfertigung / large-scale 
series production. 

GroBtgeschwindigkeit f maximum 
speed. 

GroBvernebelung / extensive smoke 
screen, large-area screening. 

Grube f pit. 

Grundausbildung / basic training. 

Grundbegriffe mpl fundamentals, 
basic concepts. 

Grundbuchse f base bushing ( coun- 
terrecoil mechanism). 

Grundgehalt n base pay. 

Grundgeschiitz n base piece, direct- 
ing gun. 

Grundgeschwindigkeit f ground speed 
( Avn). 

Grundlagen fpl data. 

Grundlinie / base line. 

Grundmaschinengewehr n base ma- 
chine gun. 

Grundmine / ground mine, controlled 
mine, observation mine (Nav). 

Grundplatte f base plate. 

Grundrichtung / base-line direction 

(Gunnery). 

Grundrichtungslinie / base line ( Gun- 
nery). 

Grundrichtungspunkt to base point 

( Gunnery). 

Grundrichtungswinkel to base angle 

(Gunnery). 

GrundriBskizze / area sketch. 

Grundschwelle/ ground sill (Bdg). 




Grundstellung 80 Gyrorektor 

Grundstellung / position of attention, I GruBpflicht / obligation to salute. 



position of the soldier (drill). 

Grundstufe / a factor used for cor- 
rection of velocity error (expressed 
in units — Stufeneinheiten — each 
equal to % of 1 % of standard muzzle 
velocity). 

Grundwasser w subsoil water, under- 
ground water. 

Grundzahl / reference-point reading 
(Gunnery). 

Griinkreuz n green cross (Ger mark- 
ing for lung irritants) (CWS). 

Gruppe/ group, groupment (Tac); 
rifle squad (Inf); section (Cav); 
volley (Arty); group (air force 
operational unit of 3 Staffeln, about 
27 aircraft). 

Gruppenfeuer n volley fire (Arty). 

Gruppenflugform / group formation 
(Avn). 

Gruppenfiihrer m squad leader ( Inf) ; 
section leader (Cav). See also 
SS-Gruppenfiihrer. 

Gruppenfuhrerabmarsch m section- 
leader half-squad (Cav). 

Gruppengefechtsstand m group com- 
mand post (Avn). 

Gruppengetriehe n auxiliary trans- 
mission (MT). 

Gruppenkeil m group wedge (Avn). 

Gruppenkolonne f group of squadron 
javelins (Avn). 

Gruppenkolonne a us geschlossenen 
Winkeln group column of squadron 
wedges. 

Gruppenkolonne links group of 
squadron javelins echeloned left. 

Gruppenkommandeur m commander 
of a Gruppe (Luftwaffe). 

Gruppenkommando n army group 

headquarters; air force headquar- 
ters of a Gruppe. 

Gruppenschaltung / series-parallel 
connection (Elec). 

GruppenschieBen n volley fire . 

(Arty). 

gruppenweise by squads; by sec- 
tions; by groups. 

Gruppenwinkel m group column of 
squadron V’s (Avn). 

Gruppe zu Pferde mounted section 
( Cav). 

GruB m hand salute. 



GruBweite f saluting distance. 

Guerillakampfer m guerrilla. 

Guerillakrieg m guerrilla warfare. 

Gulasch n beef stew. 

Gulaschkanone / field kitchen (slang). 

Gum mi m-n rubber; gum. 

Gummierung / rubberizing, rubber 
coating; gumming. 

Gummifederung / rubber shock ab- 
sorber. 

Gummigleiskette / rubber track (Tk). 

Gummikabel n rubber-insulated wire 

(Tp). 

Gummikniippel m rubber truncheon, 
rubber club. 

Gummipolster n rubber block ( cater- 
pillar track). 

Gummirad n rubber-tired wheel. 

Gummistoff to rubberized material; 

giinstig favorable. 

Gurtm belt, strap, web (Clo) ; am- 
munition belt, feed belt (MG); chord 
(of a truss). 

Giirtel to belt, strap ; cordon ; zone. 

Giirtelfestung / fortress with an 
outer cordon of smaller forts. 

gurten to load an ammunition belt. 

Gurtforderer to belt conveyor. 

Chirtfiiller to belt-filling machine, 
belt-loading machine, link-loading 
machine. 

Gurfhebel to belt-feed guide (MG). 

Gurtladung / belt feed. 

Gurtschieber to belt-feed pawl (MG). 

Gurtstrippe/ rear cinch (pack- 
saddle). 

Gurttrommel/ belt drum (MG). 

Gurtwerk n parachute harness. 

Gurtzufiihrer m belt feed (MG). 

GuBeisen n cast iron. 

GuBgehause n cast-metal case or 
housing. 

GuBstahl w cast steel. 

Giiterbahnhof to freight station 

(RR). 

GiiterwagenTO freight car (RR). 

GiiterzugTO freight train (RR). 

Guttaperchapapier n gutta-percha 
paper, waterproof paper. 

G.W.-Stand to See Granatwerfer- 
stand. 

Gyrorektor m gyro flight indicator 

( Ap). 




Haager Abkommen 



81 



“Halt, wer da!” 



H 



Haager Abkommen Hague Conven- 
tion. 

Haarrohrw capillary tube. 

Hacke f hatchet, ax, pickax; point 
of hock (horse). 

Hackmesser n machete ; meat cleaver. 

Hafen to harbor, port. 

Hafenanlage / port installation. 

Hafenarbeiter to longshoreman. 

Hafenbecken n harbor basin. 

Hafendamm to mole, jetty. 

Hafengebiet n harbor area. 

Hafenoffizier to port officer, port con- 
trol officer. 

Hafenschlepper to harbor tugboat. 

Hafenschutzm harbor defense. 

Hafenschutzboot n harbor defense 

boat. 

Hafeniiberwachung f port control. 

Haft / custody, arrest, detention, 
confinement. 

Haft-Hohlladung / magnetic anti- 

tank hollow charge. 

Haftlokal n guardhouse, detention 
room. 

Haftpflock to steel picket or stake 
(Bdg). 

Haftung / adhesion. 

Haftung am Erdboden stability, low 
center of gravity (of a vehicle). 

Hagel to hail (Met). 

Hahnm hammer (SA); cock; stop- 
cock, faucet. 

Hahnbolzenm trigger pin (MG). 

Hahngewehr n hammer gun ( as dis- 
tinguished from hahnloses Gewehr, 
hammerless gun). 

hahnlos hammerless (Ord). 

HakenTO hook; clasp; clamp; catch. 

Hakenkreuz n swastika. 

Hakenumschalter m hook switch 

(Tv). 

halbautomatisch semiautomatic. 

Halbbildentfernungsmesser m split- 
field coincidence range finder. 

Halbflachbettfelge / semiflat-base rim 
(MT). 

Halbflachfelge / See Halbflachbett- 
felge. 

halbfreitragend semicantilever. 

Halbholz n split post, split log. 

Halbinsel f peninsula. 

Halbkettenantrieb to half-track drive 

(MT). 



Halbkettenfahrzeug n half-track 

vehicle. 

Halbkettenkraftfahrzeug n half-track 

motor vehicle. 

Halbketten-Lastkraftwagen to half- 
track motor truck. 

“Halblinks schwenkt, Marsch!” “Col- 
umn half left, march!” 

Halbmesser to radius. 

“Halbrechts schwenkt, Marsch!” “Col- 
umn half right, march!” 
halbstarr semirigid, 
halbstarres Luftschiff semirigid air- 
ship. 

halbstocks half-mast, half-staff. 
Halbzelt n lean-to tent. 

Halbzug to section ( of MG platoon). 
Halbzugfiihrer to section leader (MG 
section). 

Halfter/ halter (harness). 
Halfterkinnkette / halter chain (har- 
ness). 

Halfterriemen to halter strap, halter 
tie (harness). 

Halfterstrick to picket line. 
Halftertasche / holster. 

Halle/ hangar; garage; shed; hall. 
Hallenvorplatz to. apron (Adrm). 
Halsbinde/ neckband (Clo). 
Halshalfter/ neck halter (harness). 
Halshalfterriemen w neck-halter tie 
(harness) . 

Halskerbe/ neck groove (horse). 
Halskoppel/ breast strap (harness). 
Halsriemen w neck strap (harness). 
Halt to halt. 

HalteleinenbundTO maneuvering spi- 
der (Bln). 

halten to hold; to carry (AA SL) ; 
to aim. 

Halteplatz to halt area; stopping 
place; parking place; loading place. 
Haltepunkt to point of aim; stop 

(halting place). 

Halterung/ arms rack, ammunition 
rack. 

Haltestelle / halting place, stop. 
Haltetau n handling line ( Bln) ; guy 
line. 

Haltezeichen n stop signal (MT); 
block signal (RR). 

“Halt, wer da!” “Halt! Who is 

there?” 




Handanlasser 



82 Hauptgefreiter 



Handanlasser m crank starter, hand 
starter (Mtr). 

Handapparat m handset (Rad, Tp). 

Handbeil n hatchet. 

Handbohrmaschine / hand drill. 

Handbremse / hand brake, emer- 
gency brake. 

Handdrehmaschine / hand-crank gen- 
erator (Tp). 

Handelsmarine / merchant marine. 

Handelsschiff n merchantman (Nav). 

Handelsschiffsraum m merchant ton- 
nage (Nav). 

Handelssperre / embargo on com- 
merce. 

handelsiiblich commercial. 

Handfaustel n mallet. 

Handfesseln fpl handcuffs, manacles. 

Handfeuerloscher m hand fire extin- 
guisher. 

Handfeuerwaffen fpl small arms. 

Handgeld n See Kapitulantenhand- 
geld. 

Handgemenge n hand-to-hand fight- 
ing. 

Handgranate/ hand grenade. 

Handgranatenwurfstand m grenade 
court. 

Handgriff to grip, handle; single 

manual operation. 

Handhabungstau n prolonge, drag 

rope (Arty). 

Handkammer / hand camera. 

Handkurbel / hand crank. 

Handleuchtzeichen n ground signal 

flare. 

Handloch n hand hole ( G carriage 
wheel). 

Handliifter m hand-operated venti- 

lator. 

Handpferd off horse, led horse. 

Handrad n handwheel. 

Handradchen n micrometer-scale 
knob . (angle-of-site Instr); small 
handwheel. 

Handrad zur Hohenrichtung elevat- 
ing handwheel (G). 

Handrad zur Seitenrichtung travers- 
ing handwheel ( G ) . 

Handramme/ hand piledriver; maul. 

Handrauchzeichen n hand smoke sig- 
nal. 

Handschellen fpl handcuffs, manacles. 

Handschuh m glove. 

Handschutz m hand guard. 

Handstreich m surprise raid; coup 
de main. 



Handstreutrommel / hand sprinkler 

(CWS). 

Handstiitze/ pistol grip, 
handtatig hand-operated, manually 
operated, manual adj. 

Handwaffe / hand weapon, hand arm. 
Handwagen to handcart. 

Handwerfer m mortar. 

Hang to slope. 

Hangeantenne / trailing wire an- 
tenna (Ap). 

Hangebriicke / suspension bridge. 
Hiingeleine f suspension line (Prclit). 
Hangematte / hammock. 

Hangemine / hanging mine. 
Hangesaule/ king post. 

Hangeventil n inverted valve (Mtr). 
Hangewerk n erect truss (Bdg). 
Hangfaktor to slope factor (influence 
of slope of target surface on longi- 
tudinal dispersion) (Ballistics). 
Hangsegeln n ridge soaring (glider). 
Hangstellung / slope position (Tac). 
Hangwind m anabatic wind. 
Hangwinkelw gradient (Top). 
Hardyscheibe / flexible disk (MT). 
Harke / rake. 

Hartfutter n oats and grain. 
Hartgummi n ebonite. 

Haschee n hash. 

Haube/ cap (Am); hood (Mtr); 

spinner (Ap propeller). 
Haubenverkleidung f engine cowling 
(Ap). 

Haubitze / howitzer (light and me- 
dium). , 

Haue / pickax. 

Haufenwolke f cumulus cloud. 
Hauptangriff to main attack, main 
effort. 

HauptanschluB to trunk station 
(Tp). 

Hauptauswanderungsstrecke f linear 
travel of target during time of flight 
(AA gunnery). 

Hauptbeobachtungsstelle f fire direc- 
tion center (Arty). 

Haupteinbruchsstelle / main point of 
penetration (Tac). 

Hauptfeldwebel to first sergeant. 
Hauptfunkstelle f net control station 

(Rad). 

Hauptgefreiter to a grade in the 

Luftwaffe between Obergefreiter 
(Cpl) and Unteroffizier (Sgt); sea- 
man, 1st class (highest rated 1st 




Hauptgestell 



83 Heeresbetriebsstofflager 



class seaman, with 4% years’ seni- 
ority). 

Hauptgestell n headstall (harness). 

Hauptgetriebe n main transmission 
gear (MT). 

Hauptkampffeld n main defensive 
area, battle position. 

Hauptkampflinie f main line of re- 
sistance. 

Hauptladung / main charge (blast- 
ing cap). 

Hauptleute pi captains. 

Hauptmacht f main striking force. 

Hauptmann to captain. 

Hauptmasse / main body. 

Hauptquartier n headquarters. 

Hauptreinigung f complete cleaning 

(R). 

HauptschluBmotor m series motor 
(Elec). 

HauptschluBschaltung f series con- 
nection (Elec). 

Hauptschnittverfahren n main- 

station intersection method (FR). 

Hauptsender m final amplifier, power 
amplifier (Rad). 

Hauptstelle/ trunk station (Tp). 

Hauptsturmfiihrer to See SS-Haupt- 
sturmfiihrer. 

Haupttrager to- longeron (Ap); main 
beam or girder (Bdg). 

Haupttrupp-ro advance guard reserve 
(in Adv Gd of large unit ) ; rear 
guard reserve (in rear Gd of large 
unit); advance guard support (in 
Adv Gd of smaller unit) ; rear guard 
support (in rear Gd of smaller unit). 

Hauptuhr f master watch. 

Hauptverbandplatz w clearing sta- 
tion (Med). 

Hauptvorgelege n main reduction 
gear (Tk). 

Hauptwache / main guard. 

Hauptwachtmeister to first sergeant 
(Arty, Cav). 

Hauptwelle / mainshaft. 

Hauptziindung f main ignition lead 
(blasting). 

Haushaltsjahrn fiscal year. 

Hauswart to house warden; janitor. 

Hauszelt n “house tent” (a 1 6-man 
tent constructed from shelter halves). 

Haut / skin. 

hautatzend vesicant (CWS). 

Hautentgiftungsmittel n skin decon- 
tamination agent. 



Hautentgiftungssalbe / decontamina- 
tion ointment. 

Hautgift n blister agent, vesicant 
agent (CWS). 

Hautwirkung/ skin effect (Rad). 

Heavisideschicht / Heaviside layer. 

Hebebaum to crowbar, handspike, 
lever. 

Hebei to lever. 

heben elevate (a gun); raise, lift. 

Hebezeug n hoisting gear, hoist. 

Heck n stern (Nav, Ash); tail (Ap); 
rear (Tk). 

Heckantrieb to rear drive (MT). 

Hecke / hedge. 

Heckenschiitze to sniper. 

Heckenspringen n hedge-hopping 
(Avn). 

Heckkanzel / tail turret (Ap). 

Heckmaschinengewehr n tail gun 

(Ap). 

Heckmotorwagen to rear-engine mo- 
tor car. 

Heckpanzer?n rear armor (Tk). 

Heckschiitze to tail gunner (Ap). 

Heckstand / tail-gun position (Ap). 

Heckwaffe / tail gun (Ap). 

Heer n Army ( the Army, as distin- 
guished from Armee, a tactical unit). 

Heeresakja / See Akja. 

Heeresamt n See Allgemeines 

Heeresamt. 

Heeresanstalt f Army establishment, 
organization, or institution. 

Heeresartillerie f GHQ artillery. 

Heeresarzt to chief representative of 
Army Medical Department at Ober- 
kommando des Heeres (subordinate 
to Heeressanitatsinspekteur). 

Heeresatmer to service oxygen 

breathing apparatus ( automatically 
operated). 

Heeresbaudienst to Army construc- 
tion service. 

Heeresbeamter m civilian official' of 
the Army. 

Heeresbediirfnisse npl military neces- 
sities. 

Heeresbergfiihrer to. Army mountain 
guide (mountaineer specialist). 

Heeresbericht m official Army com- 
munique. 

Heeresbestande nip l military stores. 

Heeresbetreuungsabteilung/ Army 

welfare unit, Army morale unit. 

Heeresbetriebsstofflager n Army 




Heeresbildungsanstalt 84 Helm 

gasoline and lubricant bulk storage I general (with rank of Generalober- 



plant. 

Heeresbildungsanstalt / military 
school. 

Heeresbucherei f Army library. • 

Heeresdruckvorschrift / Army Man- 
ual (abbr. H. Dv.). 

Heereseinrichtung / Army establish- 
ment, organization, or institution. 

Heeresflak / Army antiaircraft artil- 
lery (as distinguished from AAA 
of the Luftwaffe). 

Heeresgerat n Army equipment ( in 
its broadest sense; to be distin- 
guished from Heergerat). 

Heeresgruppe / group of armies. 

Heeresgruppenkommando n head- 
quarters of a group of armies. 

Heereshochgebirgsschule / Army 
training school for mountain war- 
fare. 

Heeresintendant m See Intendant. 

Heeresjustizbeamter to military law 
official. 

Heereskavallerie / GHQ cavalry. 

Heereskraftfahrparkm GHQ motor 
transport park. 

Heereskrankenschwester / Army 
nurse. 

Heereskiistenartillerie f Army coast 
artillery (as distinguished from the 
Marineartillerie). 

Heereslazarett n general hospital, 
Army hospital. 

Heeresleitung / GHQ, Army Com- 
mand. 

Heeresmunitionslager n Army am- 
munition-supply depot. 

Heeresnachrichtenregiment n GHQ 
signal regiment. 

Heeresnachschubfiihrer m GHQ chief 
of rear services. 

Heeresnachschubkolonne / GHQ sup- 
ply column. 

Heerespersonalamt n Army Person- 
nel Office (branch of the Oberkom- 
mando des Heeres) (abbr. HP A, 
PA). 

Heerespferdelazarett n GHQ veteri- 
nary hospital. 

Heerespsychologe m personnel con- 
sultant. 

Heeresreserve f GHQ reserve. 

Heeressanitatsabteilung / GHQ med- 
ical battalion. 

Heeres-Sanitatsinspekteur to surgeon 



stabsarzt). 

Heeres-Sauerstoffschutzgerat n ser- 
vice oxygen breathing apparatus 
(manually operated). 

Heeresstandort -m army post. 

Heeresstandortkasse / army post 
finance office. 

Heeresstandortverwaltung / army 
post administration. 

Heerestruppen fpl GHQ troops. 

Heeresversorgung / Army supply. 

Heeresverwaltung / Army adminis- 
tration, administrative services. 

Heeresverwaltungsamt n Army Ad- 
ministration Office (branch of the 
Oberkommando des Heeres) (abbr. 
HVA, VA). 

Heereswaffenamt n Army Ordnance 
Office (branch of the Oberkommando 
des Heeres) (abbr. HWaA). 

Heeres-Zeugamt n Army ordnance 
supply office or depot. 

Heergerat n Army transport equip- 
ment (includes transport accessories ; 
to be distinguished from Heeres- 
gerat) . 

Heimatgebiet n zone of the interior. 

Heimatflughafen m home base 
(Avn). 

Heimat-Pferdelazarett n veterinary 
general hospital (Z of I). 

HeimathorstTO home base (■ Avn ). 

Heimatstaat m country of origin 
(PW). 

Heimatwachbataillon n guard bat- 
talion (Z of I). 

Heimsendung / repatriation. 

heiBen to hoist (a flag). 

heiter bright, cheerful; scattered 

(Met). 

Heizbatterie / “A” battery, filament 
battery (Rad). 

Heizfaden m filament (Rad). 

Heizkanal to hot-air duct ( thermo 

anti-icer). 

Heizkreis to filament circuit (Rad). 

Heizol n fuel oil (for heating). 

Heizregler to variable filament 
resistor (Rad). 

Heizsammler to filament battery 

(Rad). 

Heizstrom to filament current (Rad). 

Heldenfriedhof to military cemetery. 

Heldentat f heroic deed, exploit. 

Helm to helmet. 




Helmband 



85 Hirnsage 



Helmband n identification helmet 
band (Trig). 

Helmbezug m helmet cover. 

Helmiiberzug m See Helmbezug. 

hemmen to check (recoil, etc.); to 
jam (a gun, etc.); to obstruct, 
hinder, slow down; inhibit. 

Hemmung f stoppage ( Ord) ; obstruc- 
tion; inhibition. 

Beseitigen von Hemmungen imme- 
diate action (Ord). 

herabsetzen reduce (in rank). 

heranlocken to decoy, to lure. 

heranpirschen, sich to creep or stalk 
up to. 

herausmanovrieren to maneuver the 
enemy out of position. 

“Heraustreten !” “Fall out!” (to men 
in barracks). 

Herbertgerat n Herbert bridge unit 
(similar to US Bailey-type bridge). 

Hereinlotsen n “piloting-in” by 

ground-air radio communication. 

Hering m tent pin. 

Hersteller m maker, manufacturer. 

Hertz n cycles per second ( Ger unit 
of frequency). 

Herzstiick n switch point (1 HR). 

Heulsignal n siren. 

Hexachlorathan n hexachlorethane 
(CWS). 

Hiebm slash (bayonet); cut (saber, 
etc.). 

Hiebwaffe / slashing weapon. 

Hilfe / help, aid, assistance. 

Hilfsantenne / sensing antenna (Rad 
direction finder). 

Hilfsbeobachter m assistant observer 
( Avn). 

Hilfsfliigel m slat, auxiliary airfoil. 

Hilfskette/ auxiliary track (MT). 

Hilfskettenfahrzeug n combination 
wheel-track vehicle. 

Hilfskreuzer m auxiliary cruiser. 

Hilfslafette / improvised mount 

-'(MG). 

Hilfslandeplatz m auxiliary landing 
field. 

HilfsmaBstab m auxiliary scale 
(Inst). 

Hilfsmotor m auxiliary engine. 

Hilfsschirm m pilot parachute. 

Hilfstruppen fpl auxiliary troops. 
See also Hilfswilliger. 

Hilfswaffe f auxiliary arm. 

Hilfswilliger m auxiliary volunteer 
(East-European or PW volunteer for 



non-combat service with the German 
Army). 

Hilfszieln auxiliary target; refer- 
ence point. 

Himmelskugel / celestial sphere. 

Himmelsrichtung f point of the com- 
pass, cardinal point. 

Hindernis n obstacle, hurdle, obstruc- 
tion; accessory defense (Tac). 

Hindernisbahn f obstacle course. 

Hindernisfeuer n obstacle light, 

obstruction light (Avn). 

Hindernisschlagpfahl m driving- 
type obstacle picket (i.e., set up by 
driving into ground). 

Mindernisschraubpfahl m screw-type 
obstacle picket (i.e., set up by 
screwing into ground). 

Hindernissprengtrupp m obstacle 

demolition squad. 

Hindernisstrecke f obstacle course. 

Hindernistrupp m obstacle construc- 
tion squad. 

hinhaltend delaying. 

hinhaltender Widerstand delaying 
action (in successive positions). 

hinhaltendes Gefecht delaying action. 

Hinterachsantrieb m rear-axle drive 
(MT). 

Hinterachsgehiiuse n differential 
housing, differential case (MT). 

Hintereinanderschaltung f ' series con- 
nection (Elec). 

Hintergelenk n rear toggle joint 
( pistol). 

Hinterhalt m ambush, concealment; 
trap. 

Hinterhand / hindquarters (horse). 

Hinterhang m reverse slope. 

Hinterhangstellung / reverse-slope 
position. 

Hinterholm m rear outrigger (A A 
gun). 

Hinterkaffe f stern compartment 
(Pon). 

Hinterkante f trailing edge (Ap 
wing). 

Hinterradantrieb m rear-wheel drive 

(MT). 

Hintersielengeschirr n wheel harness. 

Hintersteven m sternpost. 

Hinterstiitze / trail (MG tripod). 

Hinterwagen m caisson. 

Hinterzeug n breeching (harness). 

Hinterzwiesel m cantle of saddle; 
rear of packsaddle arch. 

Hirnsage/ crosscut saw. 




hissen 



86 



Hiihenkrankheit 



hissen to hoist (a flag). 

Hitler-Jugend / Nazi party youth 
organization. 

hitzebestandig - heat-resistant. 

Hitzschlag m heatstroke. 

Hochachse / vertical axis (Ap). 

Hochangriff m high-altitude bombing 
attack (Avn). 

Hochbau m overhead construction 
(Tp line). 

hochbrisant high-explosive. 

Hochdecker m high-wing mono- 
plane. 

Hochdruckgebiet n high-pressure 

area (Met). 

Hochdruckreifen m high-pressure 

tire (MT). 

Hochdruckschmierung f high-pressure 
lubrication. 

Hochebene f plateau. 

Hochelastikreifen m cushion tire 
(MT). 

hochempfindlich supersensitive. 

hochempfindlicher Aufschlagziinder 
supersensitive fuze (AA Am). 

Hochfrequenz / radio frequency, 

high frequency. 

Hochfrequenzdrossel / radio-fre- 

quency choke. 

Hochfrequenzstorungen fpl high-fre- 
quency interference (Rad). 

Hochfrequenzstufe / radio-frequency 
stage. 

Hochfrequenztransformator m radio 
frequency transformer. 

Hochfrequenzverstarker m radio fre- 
quency amplifier. 

Hochgebirgsbataillon n high-moun- 

tain rifle battalion ( consists entirely 
of mountaineer specialists). 

hochgezogene Kehrkurve Immelmann 
turn. 

Hochleitung / overhead line. 

Hochofen m blast furnace. 

Hochseeschlepper m ocean-going tug- 
boat. 

Hochspannungsleitung / high-tension 
line, ' power transmission line 
(Elec). 

Hochstand m high lookout post. 

Hochstgasdruck m maximum gas 
pressure (Ord). 

Hochstgeschwindigkeit / maximum 
speed. 

Hochstlast / maximum load. 

Hochstleistung / maximum power, 
maximum performance. 



HiichstschuBweite / extreme range, 
maximum range (Ord). 
Hochstwertverfahren n maximum in- 
tensity method (sound locator). 
Hochstzahl / maximum number. 
Hochwert m Y-coordinate number 

(map grid or coordinate scale). 
Hochziehen n steep climb, zoom 

(Ap). 

Hockerhindernisse npl “dragon’s 

teeth” (AT obstacle). 

Hockloch n crouching foxhole. 

Hof m yard, courtyard; farm. 

Hohe / altitude, elevation, height; 
hill; rate, amount. 

Hoheitsabzeichen n nationality 

marking ( Ap, Tk); national, insignia, 
national emblem (Clo). 
Hoheitsgewasser npl territorial 

waters. 

Hoheitszeichen n See Hoheitsab- 
zeichen. 

Hiihenabstand m vertical interval. 
Hohenabweichung f range deviation, 
vertical deviation (Gunnery). 
Hdhenangabe / altitude indication, 
altitude reading. 

Hohenanderung/ change of height 
(AA predictor). 

Hohenatmer m oxygen apparatus 

( Avn). 

Hohenbegrenzer m ■ elevating stop 
(Ord). 

Hohenbestimmung / determination 
' of altitude. 

Hohenbombenwurf m high-altitude 
bombing. 

Hohenebene f horizontal plane 

through path of target in horizontal 
flight (AA gunnery). 

Hohenempf anger m elevation indi- 

cator, elevation indicator-regulator 
(AA gun). 

Hohenentfernungsmesser m height 
finder, altimeter (AAA). 
Hohenflosse/ stabilizer (Ap). 
Hohenflug m high-altitude flight 

( Avn). 

Hiihenflugzeug n sub-stratoplane. 
Hohengradbogen m elevating sector 

(G). 

Hohenhebel m elevating gear lever 

(MG). 

Hohenkabine / pressure cabin 

(Ap). 

Hohenkrankheit / aeroembolism, 

bends (Avn). 




Hohenlader 87 Holzweg 



Hohenlader m supercharger with 
high blower ratio (Ap). 

Hohenleitwerk n elevator assembly 
(Ap). 

Hohenlibelle / elevation level (MG 
sight). 

Hohenlinie / contour line. 

Hbhenmesser to altimeter (Ap); 
height finder, altimeter (AAA). 

HohenmeBplan m elevation plotting 
board (Gunnery) . 

Hohenmessung / hypsometry (Surv). 

Hohenmischregelung / high-altitude 
mixture control (Ap). 

Hohenmotor to supercharged engine 
(Ap). 

Hohenrichtfeld n elevation, total 

movement in elevation (Ord). 

Hohenrichtfernrohr n elevation track- 
ing telescope (height finder). 

Hohenrichtkanonier to elevation 
setter. 

Hohenrichtmaschine f elevating 
mechanism (Ord). 

Hohenrichtrad n elevating hand- 
wheel (G). 

Hohenrichtschraube f elevation screw 
( prismatic sight). 

Hohenrichttrieb to elevating drive, 
elevating mechanism (Ord). 

Hohenrichtung / adjusted range; 
laying for elevation (Gunnery). 

Hohenrichtwelle / elevating shaft 
(G). 

Hohenrichtwerk n elevating mechan- 
ism ( Ord). 

Hohenrichtzeiger to elevation indi- 
cator (Ord). 

Hohenrippe / ridge (Top). 

Hohenriicken to ridge, crest of ridge. 

Hdhenruder n elevator (Ap). 

Hohenruderhebel to elevator control 
lever (Ap). 

Hohenschicht / altitude bracket 

(Avn, Met). 

Hohenschichtlinie / contour line. 

Hbhenschreiber to barograph (Avn). 

Hdhenstaffelung / stepped-up forma- 
tion (Avn). 

Hohenstellung / position on domi- 
nant height. 

Hbhensteuer n elevator ( Ap). 

Hbhensteuerung / elevator control 

(Ap). 

Hohenstreuung f range dispersion on 
vertical target (Ballistics). 



Hohenteilung f elevation scale ( G, 
MG). 

Hbhentemperatur / temperature at 
various altitudes (Met). 

Hbhentrieb to elevating worm ( sight 
mechanism). 

Hohenunterschied to difference in al- 
titude between target and piece 
(Gunnery) ; elevation difference 
(Surv, Top); vertical interval, ver- 
tical offset. 

Hohenvorhalt to See Hbhenwinkelvor- 
halt. 

Hohenwinkel to angular height, ver- 
tical visual angle (AA gunnery). 

Hohenwinkel verbesserungsknopf to 

vertical correction knob (A A gun). 

Hohenwinkelvorhalt to vertical lead, 
vertical deflection (AA gunnery). 

Hoherer . . . Offizier Senior. . .Officer 
(with mention of arm or service) (at 
Army Hq, e.g. Hoh. Kav. Offz., 
Senior Cav Officer at Army Hq). 

hohl hollow, concave, sunken. 

Hbhle / cave. 

HohlkopfgeschoB n hollow-charge 
projectile. 

Hohlladung / hollow charge. 

Hohlraumpanzerung / spaced armor 
(Tk). 

Hohlringladung / hollow ring charge. 

Hohlweg to. sunken road. 

Holm to spar (Ap); stringer, spar 
(Bdg); outrigger (AA gun); trail 
(right or left trail of a split trail). 
die Holme spreizen to spread the 
trails. 

Holmzurrung/ outrigger lock (G). 

Holzbunker to log bunker, timber 
shelter (Ft). 

Holzgasanlage / wood-gas generator. 

Holzgas-Lastkraftwagen m wood-gas 
motor truck. 

Holzgehause n wooden baffle, cabinet 
(Rad). 

Holzgeist to wood alcohol. 

Holzkohle / charcoal. 

Holzkohlen-Gasgenerator m wood- 
gas generator (MT). 

Holzmine / wooden box mine. 

Holzrost to wooden grating; trench 
flooring, catwalk, boardwalk 
( trench). 

Holz-Tankstelle / filling station for 
wood-gas motor vehicles. 

Holzverkleidung f wood revetment. 

Holzweg to dead-end loggers’ road. 




Holzzwischenlage 88 Hyperbelplan 



Holzzwischenlage / wood separator 
(storage battery). 

Horchauswertestelle / radio intelli- 
gence post. 

Horchdienst m intercept service 

(Rad, Tp). 

Horchempfang m stand-by operation 
(Rad). 

Horchempfanger m intercept- set 
(Rad). 

Horcherpriif- und tibungsgerat n 
binaural trainer, binaural training 
instrument. 

Horchgerat n sound locator, sound 

detector; intercept receiver. 

Horchkompanie f intercept company 
(Sig C). 

Horchortung / sound location, sound 
ranging (AAA). 

Horchposten m listening sentry, 

listening post. 

Horchstelle / listening post, inter- 

cept post. 

Horfrequenz / audio frequency. 

Hdrer m telephone receiver, head- 
phone. 

Horizontm horizon; artificial hori- 
zon (Ap). 

Horizontalebene / horizontal plane. 

Horizontalflug to horizontal flight, 

level flight (Avn). 

Horizontalgeschwindigkeit / ground 
speed (of target) (AA gunnery). 

Horizontiergriff to leveling jack 

handle (AA gun outrigger). 

Horizontierung / leveling jack (AA 
gun outrigger). 

Horizontierungsvorrichtung / level- 
ing device (AA gun mount). 

Hormuschel / earpiece (Tp). 

Horn n bugle, horn. 

Homisse f hornet (name of Ger 
self-propelled AT gun). 

Hornist to bugler. 

Hornsignal n bugle call; horn sig- 
nal (MT). 

Horsaalflugzeug n “flying class- 

room.” 

Horsaalsummer m oscillator-amplifier 
(code practice). 

Horst to See Fliegerhorst. 

H-Staffel / tactical reconnaissance 
squadron attached to army ground 
units (Luftwaffe) . 

Hub to stroke (Mtr). 



Hubhohe/ angle of axle displace- 
ment (MT). 

Hubraum m piston displacement 
(Mtr). 

Hubschrauber m helicopter. 

Hubvolumen n See Hubraum. 

Hufbeschlagm horseshoeing. 

Hufkrone/ hoof coronet (horse). 

Hiigel m hill. 

Hiille f case, envelope, skin, cover, 
shell. 

Hullenbahn/ panel (Bln). 

Hiilse/ hoop (Mort); gas-cylinder 
plug (MG); receiver (pistol, R); 
socket (G carriage) ; cartridge or 
shell case. 

Hiilsenauswurf m ejection of cart- 
ridge case. 

Hiilsenauszieher m extractor (Ord). 

Hiilsenboden m base of cartridge 
case. 

Hiilsenbriicke / receiver cover (R). 

Hiilsenfanger to deflector bag (AA 
gun, MG). 

Hiilsenhalsm neck of cartridge. 

Hiilsenkartusche / semifixed cart- 
ridge. 

Hiilsenkasten m deflector box (A A 
gun, MG). 

Hiilsenkopfm front end of receiver 

(R). 

Hiilsenmantel to cartridge-case jacket. 

Hiilsenrand m cartridge-case rim. 

HiilsenreiBer m stoppage caused by 
broken cartridge case. 

Hiilsenzapfen to recoil lug (R). 

Hummel/ bumblebee (nickname for 
Ger self-propelled medium field how- 
itzer). 

Hundefiihrer to dog handler, dog 
guard. 

Hundefiihrerrotte / dog-handler 

party. 

Hiipflinie / short hop, short leg of 
flight (Avn). 

Hurde / brush hurdle. 

Hutchen n blasting cap; cup (cart- 
ridge). 

Hiitte / hut, cottage; iron works; 
rolling mill. 

Hiittenlager n cantonment. 

Hydrozyansaure f hydrocyanic acid, 
prussic acid (CWS). 

Hyperbelplan to asymptote correction 
chart (SR). 




Igel 



89 



Instandsetzung 



I 



Igel m hedgehog (AT obstacle); all- 
around defense (Tac). 

Igelit n a type of electric wire insu- 
lation. 

Igelstellung / “hedgehog” defense 
position, position of all-around de- 
fense. 

Ilag n See Interniertenlager. 

impfen inoculate, vaccinate. 

Impfschein to vaccination certificate. 

Impfung f inoculation, vaccination. 

Impragniermittel n impregnite. 

Inaktive Offiziere inactive reserve. 

Inaugenscheinnahme / inspection. 

Inausgabegenehmigung f authorized 
permission to delete from stock rec- 
ord items issued. 

Inbesitznahme / occupation (Tac); 
act of taking possession. 

Indienststellung / commissioning ( of 
a vessel). 

Indizienbeweis m circumstantial 
evidence. 

indizierte Leistung indicated horse- 
power. 

Industrieanlagen fpl industrial in- 
stallations. 

Induktor to generator (Tp). 

Ineinklangbringen n harmonization. 

Infanterie / infantry. 

InfanteriebegleitgeschUtz n infantry 
accompanying gun. 

Infanteriefliegerstaffel f air support 
squadron. See also Staffel. 

Infanterieflug w contact patrol 
(Avn). 

Infanteriegeschiitz n infantry gun, 
infantry howitzer. 

Infanteriegranate / shell fired by in- 
fantry gun or howitzer. 

Infanteriekolonne / infantry supply 
column ( generally prefixed by 
leichte). 

Infanteriekommandeur to infantry 
commander (supervises training of 
Inf units under Div Commander). 

Infanterienachspitze / infantry rear 
point (march column). 

Infanteriepark to infantry equip- 
ment park. 

Infanteriepionier to infantry pioneer. 

Infanteriepionierzug to pioneer pla- 
toon (Inf Regt). 



Infanterie-Reiterzug to mounted rifle 
platoon (Inf Regt). 

Infanteriespitze / infantry point 

(march column). 

Infanteriesturmabzeichen n infantry 
assault badge (decoration). 

Infanteristm infantryman. 

Infinitesimalrechnung f calculus 

(Math). 

Influenz f electrostatic induction. 

Ingangsetzen n starting. 

Ingenieur to engineer ( a Civ official 
with nominal Mil rank serving in 
technical capacity generally in MT, 
Ft Engr, or Avn). 

Initialziinder to initiator (Am). 

Inklination/ dip (compass). 

Innenauskreuzung / interior bracing 
(Ap). 

Innenbackenbremse / internal ex- 
panding brake. 

InnendienstTO interior duty, duty in 
barracks. 

Innengrenzlehre / plug gage. 

Innenhafen to inner harbor. 

Innenhutchen n plug, inner cap 
(blasting cap). 

Innenraum to interior. 

Innenschieber to inner sleeve ( sleeve- 
valve engine). 

Innenverspannung / interior bracing 
(Ap). 

Innenwache / interior guard. 

innerballistisch pertaining to interior 
ballistics. 

Insel f island. 

Inspektion f inspectorate ( any of the 
sections devoted to various arms and 
services in the Allgemeines Heeres- 
amt). 

Inspekteur to inspector ( chief of an 
inspectorate in the Allgemeines 
Heeresamt, as Waffeninspekteur 
[Ord]). 

Inspizient m inspector. 

Inspizierung f inspection. 

Installateur to plumber; electrician. 

Installationsplan to wiring diagram ; 
pipe layout. 

Instandhaltung / maintenance. 

Instandsetzung f repair, 
nach Bedarf durchgefiihrte Instand- 
setzung march maintenance, op- 
erating maintenance. 




Instandsetzungsabteilung 90 Jagdverband 



regelmaBig durchgefiihrte Instand- 
setzung scheduled maintenance. 

Instandsetzungsabteilung f main- 
tenance unit. 

Instandsetzungsdienst m damage- 
clearance and repair service ( Civ 
defense). 

Instandsetzungskraftwagen m main- 
tenance truck, repair truck. 

Instandsetzungsstaffel / maintenance 
echelon. 

Instandsetzungswerkstatte f repair 
shop. 

Instandsetzung und Unterhaltung re- 
pair and maintenance. 

Instanz / authority, court (Law). 

Instellungbringen n emplacing ( Arty). 

Instellunggehen n moving into posi- 
tion (Tac). 

Instrumentenbrett n instrument 

panel. 

Instrumentfehler m instrumental 
error. 

Intendant to civilian official in ad- 
ministrative services ( ranking as 
colonel). 

Intendantur / general staff adminis- 
trative section (section TV of an 
army, corps, or Div general staff, 
dealing mostly with supply). 

Intendanturassessor m civilian offi- 
cial in administrative services 
(ranking as captain). 



Jabo m See Jagdbomber. 

Jackenwiege / jacket cradle, ring 
cradle (G). 

Jafii m See Jagdfiihrer. 

Jagdabwehr / fighter defense (Avn). 

Jagdbomber to fighter bomber. 

Jagdeinsitzer to single-seater fighter 
( Avn). 

JagdfliegerTO fighter pilot (Avn) 
(same word used in plural to denote 
fighter aviation). 

Jagdflieger-Erganzungsstaffel f 
fighter replacement squadron (Avn). 

Jagdflugw fighter patrol, fighter 
sweep (Avn). 

Jagdflugzeug n single-engine fighter 
airplane. 



Intendanturinspektor to civilian offi- 
cial in administrative services 
(ranking as 1st Lt). 

Intendanturrat to civilian official in 
administrative services (ranking as 
major). 

internieren to intern. 

Internierter to internee. 

Interniertenlager n internment camp. 

Invarol n a cold-resistant grease. 

Invertentfernungsmesser to inverted- 
image range finder. 

Irrung/ correction (Rad procedure). 

Isolator to insulator (Elec). 

Isolierband n friction tape (Elec). 

Isolierbecher to insulating case ( cir- 
cuit tester). 

isolieren to insulate (Elec); isolate 
(Med). 

Isoliergerat n oxygen breathing 
apparatus. 

Isolierschutz to insulation (Elec). 

Isolierstoff to insulating material, in- 
sulator (Elec). 

Isolierstreifen w friction tape, insu- 
lating tape. 

Isolierung / isolation, absolute quar- 
antine. 

Istbestand m equipment on hand. 

Iststand to See Iststarke. 

Iststarke / actual strength, morning- 
report strength. 

Iststarkenachweisung / daily strength 
report. 



Jagdfiihrer to commander of all 

fighter units of a Luftflotte. 
Jagdgeschwader n fighter v/mg( Avn). 

See also Geschwader. 

Jagdgruppe / fighter group (Avn). 
See also Gruppe. 

Jagdmehrsitzer to multi-seater 

fighter airplane. 

Jagdraum m patrol area for fighter 
aircraft. 

Jagdschutz to fighter escort (Avn). 
Jagdsperre/ fighter screen (Avn). 
Jagdstaffel/ fighter squadron (Avn). 
See also Staffel. 

Jagdverband to fighter formation 

( Avn). 




Jagen 91 Kammerhiilse 



•la gen n subarea of forest ( for map- 
ping purposes). 

Jagerm rifleman (in a light Mtz Inf 
Div, Jagerdivision); private (in 
mountain Inf, Gebirgsjager) ; fighter 
airplane, pursuit airplane. 

Jagerbataillon n rifle battalion. See 
Jagerdivision. 

Jagerdivision f light infantry divi- 
sion (so-called, “light division” some- 
what similar to Ger Mtz Inf Div). 

Jagerplatz m fighter airdrome. 

Jager-Regiment n rifle regiment. See 
Jagerdivision. 

Jiigerschutz m fighter escort (Avn). 



Jahrgangm age class; year (of a 

publication, etc.). 

Joch n bent, trestle (Bdg); yoke. 
Jochleiste / cheekbone (horse). 
Jochpfahlm pile of pile bent (Bdg). 
Jod n iodine. 

Jodessigester m ethyliodoacetate 

(CWS). 

Jodtinktur / tincture of iodine. 
Jolle/ yawl (Nav). 

Jugendherberge / youth hostel, 
justieren to adjust, to collimate 

(bore-sight alinement, etc.). 
Justiergerat n bore sight. 



K 



Kabelw cable, wire (Tp). 

Kabelader/ strand, conductor (of 
Tp wire). 

Kabelauffiihrungspunkt m wire lead- 
in point (Tp). 

Kabelgraben m wire trench (Tp). 

Kabelleitung / wire line (Tp). 

Kabelmantelm cable sheath (Elec, 
Tp). 

KabelmeBgerat n wire-testing in- 
strument (Tp). 

Kabelmesser n electrician’s knife. 

Kabelschuh to loop-tip terminal 
(Elec). 

Kabelseele/ core conductor (Tp 

wire). 

Kabelstecker m wire plug (Elec). 

Kabeltau n hawser. 

Kabeltrommel / reel (Tp). 

Kabelverbinder n connecting sleeve 
(Tp wire). 

Kabelverbindung / wire splice (Tp). 

Kabelwachs n cable wax, adhesive 

pitch (Tp). 

Kabine/ compartment, cockpit (Ap). 

Kader to cadre. 

Kadett m cadet. 

Kaffe/ compartment, sponson (Pon). 

Kahn m boat. 

Kahnfahre / punt ferry, boat ferry. 

Kai m quay. 

Kajiite/ cabin (Nav). 

Kaiiber n caliber. 

Kalibereinheit f unit load of single- 



caliber ammunition ( approximately 
18-ton unit for one RR car). 

Kaliberlange/ barrel length ex- 
pressed in calibers. 

Kaliberring m bore gage, breech bore 
gage. 

Kaliberzylinder w See Kaliberring. 

Kalipatrone f potassium cartridge 
(oxygen breathing apparatus). 

Kaliumpermanganat n potassium per- 
manganate. 

Kalk to lime. 

Kalkmilch / lime solution (CWS). 

kaltebestiindig cold-resistant. 

kaltgereckt cold-worked. 

Kaltklebekitt to cold adhesive putty 
(for attaching demolition charges) 
(abbr. Kat). 

Kaltluftfront / cold front (Met). 

KaltmeiBel to cold chisel. 

Kaltrecken n cold-working process, 
autofrettage ( Ord). 

Kameradschaftsheim n service club, 
canteen. 

Kamm to crest, ridge; comb. 

Kammer/ bolt (R, pistol); camera; 
chamber; stockroom. 

Kammerbahn f bolt slide (R). 

Kammerfang m bolt catch (MG). 

Kammerfangstuck n bolt-catch piece 
(pistol). 

Kammergriff to bolt handle (MG). 

Kammerhiilse / central tube, flash 
tube (shrapnel). 




Kammerhiilsenladung 92 Kampfwagenfalle 

Kammerhiilsenladung / flash-tube I Kampfgruppe / bombardment group 

charge (shrapnel), (Avn); . combat command (Amid, 



Kammerhiilsenrohr n burster tube 
(Am). 

Ivammerknopf m bolt knob (R). 

Kammerstengel m bolt handle (R). 

Kammerunteroffizier m supply ser- 
geant. 

Kammerwarze / bolt lug (R). 

Ivammkissen n back pad (harness). 

Kammkissengurt to back-pad strap 
(harness). 

Kammlinie/ ridge line (Top). 

Kampf m battle, combat, fight. See 
also terms under Gefecht, Krieg. 

Kampfabschnitt m combat sector. 

Kampfabteil m fighting compart- 
ment, turret basket (Tk). 

Kampfaufgabe / combat task (Tac). 

Kampfauftrag m combat mission. 

Kampfeinheit / combat unit, tactical 
unit. 

kampfen to fight. 

kampfende Truppe combat element. 

Kampferm fighter; abutment (of an 
arch). 

kampferprobt seasoned, battle-tried, 
having combat experience. 

Kampffahrzeug n combat vehicle. 

Kampffeld n field of combat. 

Kampfflieger m bomber pilot; any 
member of a combat crew ( same 
word used in plural to denote bom- 
bardment aviation). 

Kampffliegerei / bombardment avia- 
tion. 

Kampffliegergruppe / bombardment 
group (Avn). See also Gruppe. 

Kampffliegerstaffel / bombardment 
squadron (Avn). See also Staffel. 

Kampffliegerverband to bombardment 
formation (Avn). 

Kampfflugzeug n bombardment air- 
plane. 

Kampffiihrung / battle command, 
conduct of battle. 

Kampfgas n war gas ( CWS). 

Kampfgebiet n combat zone, forward 
area, combat area. 

Kampf gelande n battle terrain. 

Kampfgemeinschaft / combat team. 

Kampfgeschwader n bombardment 
wing (Avn). See also Geschwader. 

Kampfgeschwader z.b.V. special pur- 
pose transport wing ( airborne opera- 
tions). 



Comd); combat team, task force. 

Kampfhandlung / engagement, ac- 
tion. 

Kampfkraft f fighting power. 

Kampflage / tactical situation. 

Kampfleistung / battle performance, 
combat performance. 

Kampflinie/ line of battle. 

Kampfmehrsitzer to multiseater 

bomber. 

Kampfmittel npl means of combat, 
arms and ammunition. 

Kampfnachricht / combat message 
(Rad). 

Kampfpistole f rifled Very pistol 
(for Sig and/or incendiary car- 
tridges). 

Kampfraum to combat zone, forward 
area, combat area. 

Kampfruf m password, slogan, battle 
cry. 

Kampfschule/ bombardment school 
( Avn). 

Kampfstaffel / combat echelon (Tac); 
bombardment squadron (Avn). See 
also Staffel. 

Kampfstellung f battle position. 

Kampfstoff m chemical warfare 
agent. 

Kampfstoffbelegung / gas coverage. 

KampstoffbeschuB m chemical-shell 
fire. 

Kampfstoffbombe / chemical bomb. 

Kampfstoffgehalt m gas concentra- 
tion (CWS). 

Kampfstoffgruppen fpl classification 
of chemical warfare agents. 

Kampfstoffriegel to chemical ob- 

stacle; chemical-shell box barrage. 

Kampfstoffschwaden mpl chemical 

fumes (CWS). 

Kampfstoffsperre / chemical obstacle, 
contaminated area (CWS). 

Kampfstoffverwendung / employment 
of chemical warfare agents. 

Kampfstoffzerstauber to chemical- 

spray apparatus. 

Kampftatigkeit / combat activity, 
active combat, action. 

Kampftruppe / combat element. 

Kampfverband to bomber formation 
( Avn) ; combined arms unit, combat 
team. 

Kampfwagen to tank, combat car. 

Kampfwagenfalle/ tank trap. 




Kampfwagengeschiitz 93 Kartensignatur 



Kampfwagengeschiitz n See Kampf- 
wagenkanone. 

Kampfwagenkanone / tank gun. 

Kampfwagennachbildung / tank 

silhouette, dummy tank. 

Kampfwagenscheibe / tank-silhouette 
target. 

Kampfwagenwerk n tank factory. 

Kampfwert m fighting qualities ( of 
a unit). 

Kampfwunde / battle injury, wound. 

Kampfziel n objective (Tac). 

Kampfzone / battle zone. 

ICampfzweck m tactical purpose, in- 
tention. 

Kandare/ curb bit (harness). 

Kandarenziigel m curb rein (har- 
ness). 

Kanone / gun, cannon. 

Kanonenboot n gunboat. 

Kanonenflugzeug n cannon-armed 
airplane. 

Kanonenjagdflieger m cannon-armed 
fighter airplane. 

Ivanonenrohr n gun barrel. 

Kanonensalut m gun salute. 

Kanonenschlag m firecracker ( simu- 
lated fire). 

Kanonenschlag mit Knallerscheinung 
firecracker. 

Kanonenschlag mit Raucherscheinung 
smoke-puff charge. 

KanonenschuB m gun shot. 

Kanonenwagen m assault gun car. 

Kanonier m private ( Arty) ; can- 

noneer. 

Kante / edge; ridge. 

Kantholz n squared timber. 

Kantine / canteen. 

Kanzel / cockpit, turret (Ap); pill- 
box (Ft). 

vordere Kanzel nose turret (Ap). 

Kap n cape (point of land). 

Kapelle/ band (music); chapel. 

Kaperfahrt f naval raid against 

enemy merchant shipping. 

kapern to capture (a ship). 

Kapitanleutnant.m lieutenant (Nav). 

Kapitan zur See captain (Nav). 

Kapitulant m reenlisted man. 

Kapitulantenhandgeld n reenlistment 
bonus. 

Kapitulation / capitulation, surren- 
der; reenlistment. 

kapitulieren capitulate, surrender; 
reenlist. 

Kappagerat n predictor (A A). 



Kapp ef cap (of a projectile). 

Kapsel/ detonator, blasting cap; 
capsule. 

Kapuze / hood. 

Karabiner m carbine. 

Karabinertragevorrichtung / carbine 
scabbard carrier. 

Karbolsaure / carbolic acid, phenol. 

Kardangelenk n universal joint. 

kardanische Aufhangung compass 
gimbal. 

Kardanwelle / flexible drive shaft, 
propeller shaft. 

Karosserie / body (MT). 

Kartatsche / canister (separate- 

loading Am). 

Kart ef map, chart; card, ticket. 

Kartei / card file. 

Karteikarte f filing card. 

Kartenausschnitt m map section. 

Kartenbatterie / topographic section, 
mapping section. 

Kartenblatt n map sheet, zone map. 

Kartenblatt mit Gitter grid sheet. 

Kartenblattnummer / geographic in- 
dex number. 

Kartenbrett n map-mounting board, 
military sketching board. 

Kartendruckerei / map-printing 

office or plant. 

Kartenebene f horizontal plane 

through base of trajectory. 

Kartenentfernung f horizontal range, 
map range. 

Kartenentfernung zum AbschuBpunkt 
horizontal range to present position 
(instant of firing) (AAA). 

Kartenentfernung zum MeBpunkt 
horizontal range to present position 
(instant of range determination) 
(AAA). 

Kartenentfernung zum Treffpunkt 
horizontal range to future position 
(AAA). 

Kartenentfernung zum Wechselpunkt 
horizontal range to midpoint, mini- 
mum horizontal range (AAA). 

Kartenentwurf m map projection. 

Kartengitternetz n map grid. 

Kartenkurs m map course (Navi- 
gation). 

Kartenlesen n map reading. 

KartenmaBstab m map scale. 

Kartenprojektion / map projection. 

Kartenraumm ehartroom (Nav). 

Kartensignatur / conventional sign 
( on maps). 




Karten- 



94 



Keilwelle 



Karten- und Vermessungstruppen fpl 
topographic troops. 

Kartenunterlage f plane table. 

Kartenvervollstandigung / map com- 
pilation. 

Kartenwinkelmesser m map protrac- 
tor. 

Kartenzeichen n conventional sign 

( on maps). 

Kartenzeichner m cartographer. 

kartieren to map. 

Karton m cardboard. 

Kartothek / card file. 

Kartuschbeutel m cartridge bag, 

powder bag (Am). 

Kartusche/ cartridge; cartridge 
case; powder bag; any container 
of the propelling charge (generally 
for separate-loading Am); cartridge 
pouch (Cav). 

Kartuschenwagen m ammunition ve- 
hicle for cartridge cases. 

Kartuschhiilse / cartridge case. 

Kartuschmunition f separate-loading 
ammunition. 

Kartuschraum m chamber (G). 

Kartuschvorlage f flash-reducing 
wad (Am). 

Kaseinleim m casein glue. 

Kasematte / casemate. 

Kasemattenlafette / casemate gun 

mount. 

Kaserne/ permanent barracks. 

Kasernenarrest m restriction to bar- 
racks. 

Kasernenhof m barracks yard. 

kaserniert quartered in barracks. 

kasernierungspflichtig obliged to 
live in barracks. 

Kasino n officers’ mess, officers’ club. 

Kasino-Ordonnanz / dining room 
orderly. 

Kasinovorstand m mess council. 

Kassenabteilung f finance depart- 
ment. 

Kassenordnung / finance regulations. 

Kassenverwaltung / finance admin- 
istration. 

Kassenwesen n finance. 

Kasten to receiver (MG); magazine 
(B); tank, airplane (slang); box, 
case. 

Kastenboden m receiver floor plate 
(MG); magazine floor plate (R). 

Kastendeckel m receiver top (MG). 

Kastenlafette / box-trail gun car- 
riage. 



Kastenleitwerk n box tail unit (Ap). 

Kastenmagazin n box magazine. 

Kastenschliissel in transposition 

cipher (Sig C). 

Kastentrager m box girder. 

Kastenwand / side of receiver (MG). 

Kat to See Kaltklebekitt. 

Katapultflugzeug n catapult airplane. 

Kathodenstrahlrohre / cathode-ray 
tube. 

Kausche / grommet; thimble (rig- 
ging, etc.). 

kaustisches Natron lye, caustic soda, 
sodium hydroxide. 

Kautschuk to rubber. 

Kavalierstart to climbing take-off 

(Avn). 

Kavallerie f cavalry. 

Kavallerist m cavalryman. 

K.-Blink n portable signal lamp. 

K-Briickengerat n portable bridge 
unit. 

Kegel to cone; conical peak (Top). 

Kegelfeder / volute spring. 

Kegelkupplung / cone clutch (MT). 

Kegelprojektion f conic projection. 

Kegelrad n bevel gear. 

Kegelrollenlager n conical roller 
bearing. 

Kegelzahnrad n bevel gear. 

KehlriemenTO throatlatch (harness). 

Kehlkopfmikrophon n throat-type 

microphone (Aim). 

Kehrbildentfernungsmesser to in- 
verted-image range finder. 

Kehrichtofen to incinerator. 

Kehrkurve/ turn (Avn). 

kehrtmachen to face about. 

Kehrtwendung / turn (Avn); about 
face (drill). 

Kehrtwendung links left-about 

(drill). 

Kehrwert to inverse value, recipro- 
cal value. 

Keilrn breech wedge (G); wedge 
formation (Tac); wedge; key; cotter 
pin. 

Keillochn breech recess (G). 

Keillochflache / breech-recess surface 
(G). 

Keilnut / keyway. 

Keilriemen to V-type belt (Tech). 

Keil und Kessel breakthrough and 
encirclement. 

KeilverschluB to wedge-type breech- 
block. 

Keilwelle/ spline shaft (MT). 




Keint 



95 



Kiste 



Keirn in germ. 

Keks m-n biscuit. 

Kelle / signaling disk; marking disk; 
trowel. 

Kellerwart to shelter warden ( Civ 
defense). 

Kennbuchstabe m identification letter. 

Kennfadenm tracer thread (Tp 
wire). 

Kennkarte / civilian identity card. 

Kennlicht n identification light, navi- 
gation light (Ap). 

Kennscheinwerfer to identification 
light (Ap). 

Kenntlichmachen n marking, identi- 
fication. 

Kennummer / identification number. 

Kennung f identification signal, 
marker beacon signal (Avn). 

Kennwort n password. 

Kennzeichen n identification mark. 

Kern m core. 

Kerngarbe f effective part of cone 
(Ballistics). 

KerngeschoB n armor-piercing bul- 
let. 

Kernladung / base section ( separate- 
loading Am). 

Kernrohr n liner (G). 

KernschuBweite f point-blank 
range. 

Kerntruppen fpl crack troops, picked 
troops, elite troops. 

Kerze / candle; spark plug. 

Kessel m pocket, encircled area 

(Tac); deep hollow (Top); meat can 
(mess kit); boiler; kettle. 

Kesselhaus n boiler house. 

Kesselschlacht / battle of encircle- 

ment. 

Kesselwagen m tank truck (MT). 

Kette / chain; track (Tk); flight (3 
airplanes) . 

Kettenabdeckung f track shield (Tk). 

Kettenbolzenm track pin (Tk track). 

Kettenfahrzeug n track-laying ve- 
hicle (MT). 

Kettenfiihrer to flight commander 

( Avn). 

Kettenglied n track shoe, track block 
(Tk); chain link. 

Kettenhund m rear outside airplane 
in a formation, “tail-end Charlie,” 
“wing man.” 

Kettenkeil to flight wedge (Avn). 
See Kette. 

Kettenkrad n half-track motorcycle. 



Kettenkraftrad n See Kettenkrad. 

Kettenkurbel / connector (MG). 

Kettenlaufrader npl bogie wheels 

(Tk). 

Itettenreihe / flight of airplanes 
echeloned left or right. See also 
Kette. 

Kettenspanner to track-connecting 

fixture, track-con lecting tool (for 
Tk track). 

Kettentriebrad n driving sprocket 

(Tk). 

Kettenwinde / chain winch. 

K.-Gerat n See Kraftfahrgerat. 

Kiel to keel. 

Kielflosse / keel fin ( of flying-boat 
hull or seaplane float). 

Kielwassern wake (of a ship). 

Kiesgrube/ gravel pit. 

KiesstraBe / gravel road. 

Kilohertz n kilocycles per second 
(Ger unit of frequency). 

Kilometerzahler to mileage indica- 
tor, odometer (MT). 

Kimme/ sight notch (MG, R, etc.). 

Kimmtiefe/ dip (Avn). 

Kinderzulage / dependency allowance 
for children. 

Kinnkette/ curb chain (harness). 

Kinnkettengrube f chin groove. 

Kinnriemen m chin strap (helmet). 

KinnstoBel w chin strap (harness). 

Kinnstiitze/ chin support (gas mask). 

Kinotheodolit m recording theodolite 
(practice firing). 

kippen to tip, tilt. 

Kippfrequenz / sweep frequency 
(Rad). 

Kippgerat n sweep generator (Rad). 

Kipphebel to rocker arm (Mtr). 

Kipplore f dump car (field RR). 

Kippneigung/ tipping gradient 

(MT). 

Ki p pregel f alidade (Surv). 

Kippschalter to toggle switch (Elec). 

Kippschnecke / elevating worm ( aim- 
ing circle, BC telescope). 

Kippschwingung / sawtooth oscilla- 
tion, relaxation oscillation (Rad). 

Kippvorrichtung / dumping mecha- 

nism (dump truck). 

Kippwagen m dump truck. 

Kirche / church. 

Kissen n cushion ; pad ( Clo, harness, 
etc.); gas-check pad (G); pillow. 

Kiste/ case, crate, chest, box; air- 
plane (slang). 




Kitt 96 Klippe 

Kitt m putty. | Kleinfunkkraftwagen m small radio 



Klage / complaint. 

Klammer / butt swivel (R); clip, 

paper clip; clamp, clasp; parenthe- 

sis. 

KlammerfuB m butt-swivel plate (R). 

Klapparm m extension arm ( AA 

sight). 

Klappblende/ drop cover (Ft). 

Klappbriicke / drawbridge, bascule 
bridge. 

Klappe/ drop (Tp switchboard) ; 
tailboard (Trk); flap (Ap); landing 
ramp (on landing craft). 

Ivlappenschrank m portable switch- 
board. 

Klappfliigelra folding wing (Ap). 

Klapphacke/ pick mattock. 

Klapplafette / extendable mount 
(Ap MG). 

Klappmesser n jackknife. 

Klappscheibe / bobbing target ( prac- 
tice firing). 

Klappsporn m folding trail spade. 

Klappvisier n leaf sight. 

Klarinol n a cleaning fluid for op- 
tical glass. 

Klarscheibe / antidim eyeglass. 

Klarsichtsalbe f antidim compound. 

Klartext m text in clear (Sig C). 

Klartextfunken n transmitting in 
clear (Rad). 

Klaue/ dog (clutch); epi, curved 
spur track (RR gun); claw. 

Klauenbeil n claw hatchet. 

Klauenfutter n guide lining (G). 

Klauenkupplung / dog clutch (MT). 

Klauenring m guide ring (G). 

Klebeflugzeug n intruding airplane, 
intruder (one which trails an enemy 
plane back to its home base). 

Klebelackm dope ( Ap). 

kleben to adhere, to stick to; to fol- 
low closely, to trail. 

Klebestreifen m adhesive tape. 

Klebezettel m paster, sticker 
(sticker-type baggage tag, etc.). 

Kleiderkarte / ration card for cloth- 
ing. 

Kleif m portable flame thrower 
(abbr. of kleiner Flammenwerfer). 

Kleinbahn / substandard-gage rail- 
way. 

Kleiner Bar Little Dipper. 

Kleiner Krieg guerrilla warfare, par- 
tisan warfare. 



truck. 

Kleinfunktrupp m portable-radio see^ 

tion. 

Kleinfunkwagen m See Kleinfunk- 
kraftwagen. 

Kleinkaliberlauf m subcaliber tube 
(G); small-bore barrel (R). 

Kleinkalibermunition / subcaliber 
ammunition. 

KleinkaliberschieBen n subcaliber 
target practice (Arty); small-bore 
target practice (R). 

Kleinkraftrad n light motorcycle. 

Kleinkrieg in guerrilla warfare. 

Kleinluftschiff n blimp. 

Kleinmaschinensatz m portable gen- 
erating unit (Elec). 

Klein-Panzerkampfwagen m light 
tank. 

KleinschieBplatz m miniature range; 
subcaliber target range ( Arty) ; 
small-bore target range (R). 

Kleinsendegerat n portable radio 
transmitter. 

Kleinvernebelung f limited-area 

smoke screen, local smoke screening. 

Kleister m adhesive paste. 

Klemme/ clip; clamp; terminal; 
binding post. 

klemmen to hold right or left (R 
aiming); to clamp, to jam, to become 
wedged. 

Klemmenspannung / voltage across 
terminals. 

Klemmhebel ni clamping lever (MG). 

Klemmplatte/ clamping plate (G 

barrel guide). 

Klemmring m clamping ring ( gre- 
nade launcher). 

Klemmsehraube / setscrew; clamping 
screw ( aiming circle). 

Klemmzange f clamp (blasting-cap 

fuze). 

Klempner m plumber. 

Klettereisen npl climbers, climbing 

irons. 

Kletterfahigkeit / vertical axle dis- 
placement (MT). 

Kletterschuhe mpl rock-climbing 

shoes (mountain operations). 

Klettersporn m gaff (of climbers). 

Kletterwalze / front roller (MT). 

Klima n climate. 

Klimaanlage f air conditioning plant. 

Klinke/ pawl, catch; jack (Tp). 

Klippe/ bluff, cliff (Top). 




97 



Kollektor 



Klop 

Klop n See Chlorpikrin. 

Klopfen n detonation, knock, pinking 
(of an engine). 

Klopfer w telegraph sounder. 

klopffest antiknock. 

Kiopffestigkeit / antiknock quality 
(engine fuel). 

Klotz to block, log. 

Kluppe/ stock (die holder). 

Knagge/ prop, wedge. 

Knall to report ( G) ; bang, crack, 
detonation. 

Knallbild n sound track ( on SR film). 

Knalldampfer to silencer (R, pistol, 
etc.). 

Knallerscheinung / sound effect (SR). 

Knallkorper m firecracker ( simulated 
fire). 

KnallmeB- See SchallmeB-. 

Knalinetz n mine-exploding net, 
primacord net. 

Knallquecksilber n mercury fulminate. 

Knallziindschnur / detonating cord, 
primacord (Engr). 

Knebel to gag. 

Kneifzange f pincers. 

Knemeyer w computer ( circular 

slide rule used in air navigation). 

Knetlegierung / malleable alloy. 

Knick to break; crack; kink; knee 
(Rad). 

knicken to buckle. 

Knickfestigkeit / resistance to buck- 
ling. 

KnickfliigelTO gull wing (Ap). 

Knie n knee; salient (Tac); stifle 
joint (horse); elbow, bend (of pipe, 
etc.). 

Kniegelenkn toggle joint (pistol). 

kniender Anschlag kneeling position 
(in firing). 

Kniepausche/ knee pad (harness). 

Knieschiitzer mpl knee pads (Prcht 
troops). 

Kniestellung / salient (Tac). 

Kniff to knack; helpful hint, handy 
device ; “shortcut,” trick. 

Knochen to bone. 

Knochenbruch to fracture (Med). 

Knopf to button. 

Knorrbremse / Knorr air brake. 

Knoten to knot. 

Bunde und Knoten knots and ties. 

Knotenpunkt to intersection, junc- 
tion. 

Knuppelw control stick (Ap); club, 
bludgeon; log, round timber. 



Kniippeldamm to corduroy road. 
Kniippelgriff to grip of control stick 

(Ap). 

Kniippelsteuerung / stick control 
(Ap). 

Kniippelweg to corduroy road. 

Kobona chocolate with caffeine 
(Prcht ration). 

Kochgeschirr n mess kit, mess gear. 
Kochgeschirrhiille f mess-kit cover. 
Kochloch n cooking pit. 

Kohle / carbon, coal; carbon brush, 
carbon rod (Elec). 

Kohlebiirste/ carbon brush (Elec). 
Kohleklotz to carbon block ( micro- 
phone). 

Kohlenelektrode / carbon electrode. 
Kohlenkorner npl carbon granules 
(microphone). 

Kohlenmikrophon n carbon micro- 
phone. 

Kohlenoxyd n carbon monoxide. 
Koblensaure / carbon dioxide. 
Kohlenstoff m carbon. 
Kohlenstofftrager to carbon filler (in 
liquid-oxygen blasting charges). 
Kohlepapier n carbon paper. 
Kohleschicht / charcoal layer ( gas 
mask). 

Kohlestab to carbon rod (Elec). 
Kohle-Zink-Element n carbon-zinc 

cell (Elec). 

Kohle-Zinksammler m carbon-zinc 

battery. 

Koinzidenzentfernungsmesser to co- 
incidence range finder. 

Koje / cabin (Nav). 

KokillenguB to chilled casting. 
Kolben m piston (Mech) ; butt 
(MG, R). 

Kolbenbolzen to piston pin (Mtr). 
Koibenbolzenlager n piston-pin bush- 
ing (Mtr). 

Kolbenhals m small of the stock 

(R). 

Kolbenhieb m butt stroke. 

Kolbenhub to piston stroke (Mtr). 
Kolbenkappe / butt plate (R). 
Kolbenpistole / submachine gun con- 
sisting of automatic pistol with tel- 
escope or skeleton stock. 
KolbenringTO piston ring (Mtr). 
Kolbenstange / piston rod (Mtr). 
Kolk to scour (in river bottom). 
Kollektor m commutator, collector 
ring (Elec). 




Koilimationslinie 98 KompaBkurs 



Kollimationslinie / collimating mark 
(Optics). 

Kollodiumwolle / pyroxylin (Am). 
Kolonne f column; train (supply); 
javelin (Avn). 

Kolonnenbriicke / portable bridge. 
Kolonnenchef m column commander 
(MT). 

Kolonnengebiet n communications 
zone. 

Kolonnenspitze / head of column. 
Kolonnenstaffel / rear echelon train. 
Kolonnenverkehr m column traffic. 
Kolonne zu Einem column of files. 
Kolonne zu Zweien column of twos. 
Koluft m See Kommandeur der Luft- 
waffe. 

Kombination/ flying suit, coverall. 
Kombiise / galley (Nav). 
Kommandant m commander ( of an 
Ap, Tk, ship, etc.) ; commanding offi- 
cer (of a post, garrison, or station). 
Kommandantur / commander’s office, 
garrison headquarters. See also Feld- 
kommandantur, Ortskommandantur. 
Kommandeur m commander, com- 
manding officer (Bn and higher 
units, including entire arm or ser- 
vice); commandant (of a service 
school). 

Kommandeur der Luftwaffe air sup- 
port commander. 

Kommandeurpanzer m commander’s 
tank. 

kommandieren to command; to de- 
tach, to detail. 

kommandierender General command- 
ing general (of a corps or service 
command ). 

Kommandierrolle f duty roster. 
Kommando n order, command; head- 
quarters (Div and larger units) ; de- 
tached duty or service; detached 
unit; party or detail. 
Kommandobehorde / command, com- 
mand agency, headquarters (Div and 
larger units). 

Kommandoflagge / command post 
flag (Bn or higher unit). 
Kommandofuhrer m commander of a 
detachment, leader of a party. 
Kommandogerat n data computer, 
ballistic director (AAA); command 
set (Rad). 

Kommandohilfsgerat n auxiliary fire 
director (AAA). 

Kommandopanzer m command tank. 



Kommandosache / confidential mili- 
tary document. 

Kommandospruch m radio message 
from commander’s tank. 
Kommandostelle f command post, 
headquarters. 

Kommandotafel f range conversion 
table (Gunnery). 

Kommando- und Ladeverzugszeit dead 

time (Gunnery). 

Kommando- und StaDsschwadron 
headquarters troop (Cav). 
Kommandowagen m command car, 
command truck. 

Kommandowerte mpl fire-director 
data (AAA). 

“Kommando zuriick!” “As you were!” 
KommiB m military service, “the 
service” ( corresponds in many cases 
to the term “G.I.” as used collo- 
quially). 

KommiBbrot n G.I. bread. 
KommiBstiefel m G.I. boot. 
Kommodore m wing commander 
( Avn). 

Kommodor und Lufttransportfiihrei* 

chief of air transport ( at Ger Air 
Ministry). 

Kompanie/ company. 
Kompanieabschnitt m company sector. 
Kompaniebezirk m company area. 
Kompaniebreitkeil m company in- 
verted wedge formation. 
Kompaniechef in company com- 
mander. 

Kompaniefiihrer m officer in charge 
of company, temporary company 
commander. 

Kompaniegefechtsstand m company 
command post (in combat). 
Kompaniegelder npl company fund. 
Kompaniegrenze / company boundary. 
Kompaniekeil m company wedge for- 
mation. 

Kompanierevier n company area. 
Kompanieschreiber m company clerk. 
Kompanietrupp m company headquar- 
ters (personnel). 

Kompanietruppfiihrer m leader of 
company headquarters personnel. 
KompaB m compass. 
KompaBablenkung / compass error. 
KompaBausgleichung / compass 
compensation. 

KompaBkessel m compass bowl (Ap). 
KompaBkurs m compass heading, 
compass course (Avn). 




Kompafikuiswinkel 99 kordieren 



KompaBkurswinkel to compass azi- 
muth. 

KompaBlenkung / compass deviation. 

KompaBmiBweisung / compass 
declination. 

KompaBpeilung / compass bearing. 

KompaBrose / compass rose, com- 
pass card. 

KompaBstrich to point of the com- 
pass. 

KompaBzahl / azimuth, compass 
reading, bearing. 

Komplizem accomplice (Law). 

Kompressionsraum m compression 

chamber ( Mtr ). 

Kompressor to compressor, super - 
charger. 

Kompressormotor m supercharged 

engine. 

Kondensationswarme / heat of conden- 
sation (Met). 

Kondensator m condenser, capacitor 

. (Rad). 

Kondensatormikrophon to condenser 
microphone. 

Kondensstreifen to vapor trail (Avn). 

konisch conical, tapered. 

konisches Rohr tapered-bore barrel 

(G). 

Konstrukteur to technical designer. 

Konstruktion / design ; construction ; 
structure. 

Konstruktionsfehler to faulty design, 
structural defect. 

Konstruktionszeichner m designer, 
draftsman. 

Kontaktmesser to knife-switch prong 
(Elec). 

Kontaktmine / contact mine (Nav). 

Kontaktstift to prong of jack (Elec). 

Kontaktstiick n contact, contact piece 
(Elec). 

Konteradmiral to rear admiral. 

Konterbande f contraband. 

Kontrollkarte f intercept board 

(AWS). 

Kontrollampe / pilot light (Ap, MT). 

Kontrolliste / check list. 

Konuskupplung / cone clutch (MT). 

konvergieren to converge. 

Konzentrationslager to concentration 
camp. 

konzentrisch concentric, converging. 

Koordinate / coordinate. 

Koordinatennetz n map grid, coordi- 
nate grid system. 



Koordinatenschieber m pi coordinate 

cards. 

Koordinatenverzeichnis n table of 
coordinates (Sarv). 

Koordinationsausgangspunkt m point 
of origin of coordinates. 

Kopf to head ; heading (on a mes- 
sage); nose or point (of a shell). 

Kopfbahnhof m terminal; railhead. 

Kopfbander npl head straps ( gas 

mask). 

Kopfbanderung f head harness ( Gas 

mask). 

Kopfbedeckung f headgear, hat or 

helmet. 

Kopffernhorer to headphone, headset. 

Kopfgestelln headstall (harness). 

Kopfhaube / helmet (Avn). 

Kopfhorer to headphone, headset. 

kopflastig noseheavy (Ap). 

Kopfplatte / head-strap cushion (Gas 
mask). 

Kopframpe / end ramp (RR). 

Kopfschiitzer to woolen cap, winter 
cap. 

Kopf stand to nose-over (Avn). 

Kopfstarke/ strength (of a unit). 

Kopf stuck n crownpiece (harness); 

head (MG). 

Kopfsturz to vertical dive, nose dive 
( Avn). 

Kopfteil to nose section of shell ( Am). 

Kopfteilung f graduation on head of 
panoramic telescope. 

Kopfwelle f shell wave, ballistic 

wave, bow wave (Ballistics). 

Kopfziinder m point-detonating fuze 
(Am); nose fuze (bomb). 

Koppel to belt. 

koppeln to determine a course or 
establish a fix by dead reckoning 
(Avn); to couple (Arty). 

Koppelnavigation f navigation by 
dead reckoning (Avn). 

Koppelort to fix, dead reckoning posi- 
tion (Air Navigation). 

KoppelschloB to belt buckle. 

Koppelzeit / time at which exact po- 
sition is ascertained by means of 
dead reckoning ( Air Navigation). 

Kopplung/ coupling (Arty, Rad). 

Korb to basket ( Bln, etc.) ; cluster of 
bombs (slang). 

Korbring m concentration ring (Bln). 

Kordelmutter/ knurled nut. 

Kordelung / knurl, knurling. 

kordieren to knurl. 




Kordit 



100 Kraftquelle 



Kordit n cordite. 

Korkenzieher m spiral dive, “cork- 
screw dive” (Ap). 

Korn n front sight (R, pistol, etc.); 
muzzle sight (G); grain; bead; 
acorn. 

das Korn klemmen to hold right or 
left. 

geklemmtes Korn incorrectly cen- 
tered front sight. 

Kornchen n granule. 

Kdrner m center punch. 

Kornerform / granular form ( pow- 
der). 

KornfuB w front-sight base (R). 
Kornhalterm front-sight holder (R). 
Kornwarze/ front-sight stud (R). 
Korperschutzmittel n protective 

clothing (CWS). 

Korps n corps. 

Korpsbezirk m corps area. 
Korpsfiihrer m assistant band leader. 
Korpsgeist m esprit de corps, group 
spirit, group morale. 

Korpskommando n corps headquar- 
ters. 

Korpsnachschubfiihrer m chief of 
corps supply services. 

Korpsstab m corps headquarters staff. 
Korrekturluftdiise / air-adjustment 
jet (Mtr). 

Korrosionsbestandigkeit f resistance 
to corrosion. 

Korvettenkapitiin m lieutenant com- 
mander (Nav). 

Kost / meal, food ; diet. 

Kot m mud, excrement, filth. 

Kote / fetlock. 

Kotfliigel m mudguard, fender. 

Krad n motorcycle (a bbr. of Kraft- 
rad). 

Kradfahrer m motorcyclist. 
Kradmantel m motorcyclist’s overcoat. 
Kradmelder m motorcycle messenger. 
Kradmeldetruppw motorcycle mes- 
senger detachment. 

Kradschiitze m motorcycle rifleman. 
Kradschiitzen-Bataillon n motorcycle 
battalion. 

Kradschiitzenschwadron / motorcycle 
troop. 

Kradschiitzensteg m floating wooden 
treadway bridge. 

Kradschiitzenzug m motorcycle pla- 
toon. 

Kradspiiher m motorcycle scout. 



Kradspitze f motorcycle point of ad- 
vance guard. 

Kraft durch Freude Strength 

Through Joy (Ger Civ morale and 
travel organization). 

Kriifte fpl forces; power; strength. 

Krafteersparnis / economy of man- 
power, sparing of personnel. 

Krafteverteilung / distribution of 
forces, tactical grouping (Tac). 

Kraftezersplitterung f splitting up of 
forces, dissipation of forces (Tac). 

Kraftfahrabteilung / motor transport 
battalion. 

Kraftfahrausbildung / driver train- 
ing (MT). 

Kraftfahrerm driver; private (MT). 

Kraftfahr-Ersatzteil-Staffel / spare 
parts section (MT). 

Kraftfahrgerat n motor-transport 
equipment. 

Kraftfahrkarnpftruppen fpl armored 
troops. 

Kraftfahrkorps n See National- 

sozialistisches Kraftfahrkorps. 

Kraftfahrlehrstab m motor transport 
training staff. 

Kraftfahrpark m motor transport 

park (GHQ or Army); motor pool, 
vehicle park. 

Kraftfahrparkkompanie f motor 

transport company (component unit 
of a Kraftfahrpark). 

kraftfahrtechnisch pertaining to au- 
tomotive mechanics. 

Kraftfahrtransport m motor trans- 
port. 

Kraftfahrtruppen fpl motor trans- 
port troops. 

Kraftfahrversorgung/ motor trans- 
port supply. 

Kraftfahrwesen n motor transport 
service. 

Kraftfahrzeug n motor vehicle. 

Kraftfahrzeugkolonne/ motor con- 
voy, motor column. 

Kraftfahrzeugpark m motor vehicle 
park. 

Kraftfahrzeug-Verwertung / sorting 
and classification of motor vehicle 
salvage. 

Kraftfahrzeugzubehbr n motor- 

vehicle accessories. 

Kraftlinien fpl lines of force (Elec). 

Kraftmoment n moment of force. 

Kraftomnibus m bus. 

Kraftquelle f power source. 




Kraftquellenwagen 101 Kragenlitze 



Kraftquellenwagen to horse-drawn 
generating unit. 

Kraftrad n motorcycle. For com- 

. pounds see under Krad. 

Kraftsage / power saw. 

Kraftschlepper m. tractor, prime 
mover. 

Kraftspeicher m closing spring cylin- 
der ( A A gun) ; storage battery. 

Kraftstoff m fuel, gasoline. 

Kraftstoffabstellhahn to fuel shut-off 
valve (Mtr). 

Kraftstoffanlage / fuel system (Mtr). 

Kraftstoffausgabestelle / gasoline 
distributing point. 

Kraftstoffbehalter to fuel tank, gaso- 
line tank. 

Kraftstoffdruckmesser to fuel pres- 
sure gage (Ap). 

Kraftstoffdiise / fuel jet (Mtr). 

Kraftstoffgemisch n fuel mixture 
(Mtr). 

Kraftstofflager n fuel dump. 

Kraftstoffleitung / fuel line (MT). 

Kraftstoff-Luftgemisch n fuel-air 
mixture (Mtr). 

Kraftstoff meBuhr / fuel gage (Mtr). 

Kraftstoffnachschub m fuel supply, 
gasoline supply. 

Kraftstoffnormverbrauch to normal 
fuel consumption (MT). 

Kraftstoffolmischung / gasoline-oil 
mixture. 

Kraftstofforderpumpe / fuel pump 
(Mtr). 

Kraftstofforderung / fuel feed (Mtr). 

Kraftstoffreiniger to fuel filter (Mtr). 

Kraftstoffsieb n See Kraftstoffrei- 
niger. 

Kraftstoffstaffel f gasoline supply 
section (Tk Bn). 

Kraftstoffverbrauch in fuel consump- 
tion (MT). 

Kraftstoffverbrauchssatz to rate of 
fuel consumption (MT). 

Kraftstoffversorgung / gasoline sup- 
ply. 

Kraftsoffvorratsmesser to fuel level 
gage (Ap). 

KraftstoffzufluB m fuel feed (Mtr). 

Kraftstoffzugm gasoline-supply 

train (RR). 

Kraftiibertragung / power transmis- 
sion, power train (MT). 

Kraftiibertragungsteile mpl power 
train (MT). 



Kraftverstiirker w power amplifier 
(Rad). 

Kraftverstarker-Anlage / public- 
address system (Elec). 

Kraftwagen to automobile, motor ve- 
hicle ( occasionally used in sense of 
Lastkraftwagen, truck). 

Kraftwagenanhanger to trailer. 

Kraftwagenbegleiter m assistant 

driver (MT). 

Kraftwagenflak f mobile antiaircraft 
artillery. 

Kraftwagengeschutz n See Kraft- 
wagenkanone. 

Kraftwagenkanone f gun mounted on 
motor carriage. 

Kraftwagenkanonenwagen to assault 
gun car, motor carriage for gun. 

Kraftwagenkolonne / motor transport 
column. 

groBe Kraftwagenkolonne heavy 
motor transport column ( capacity 
60 tons). 

kleine Kraftwagenkolonne light 
motor transport column ( capacity 
30 tons). 

Kraftwagenkolonne fur Betriebsstoffe 
gasoline and lubricant supply col- 
umn. 

Kraftwagenkiichenkompanie / mobile 
kitchen company. 

Kraftwagenmarsch m motorized 

march. 

KraftwagenparkTO motor park. 

Kraftwagentransport m motor 

transport. 

Kraftwagentransportabteilung/ mo- 
tor transport battalion. 

Kraftwagentransportkolonne / motor 
transport column. 

Kraftwagenwerkstatt f motor vehicle 
repair shop. 

Kraftwagenwerkstattzug to motor 
maintenance repair shop platoon. 

Kraftwerk n power house, power sta- 
tion. 

Kraftzug m power traction (as of a 
prime mover). 

mit Kraftzug tractor-drawn, truck- 
drawn. 

Kraftzugartillerie f motorized artil- 
lery. 

Kraftzuggeschtitz n motorized gun. 

Kraftzugmaschine f prime mover. 

Kragenm collar (Clo). 

Kragenlitze / collar badge (facing 
sewn on the Kragerrpatte). 




Kresolwasser 



Kragenpatte 102 

Kragenpatte / collar patch ( cloth ! Krankenurlaub to sick leave. 



backing for the Kragenlitze). 
Kragenspiegel m collar patch (Luft- 
waffe). 

Kragtrager m cantilever beam. 
Kragtragerbriicke / cantilever bridge. 
Krahennest to “crow’s nest,” gun- 
ner’s compartment ( Ap upper tur- 
ret). 

Krampe/ staple (Tech). 

Kran to crane, hoist; crane tractor 
(used as a power shovel). 
krangen to heel (Avn). 
Krangungsfehler m heeling error 
(Avn). 

krank sick, ill. 

sich krank melden to go on sick call, 
to report sick. 

Krankenabschub to evacuation of the 
sick. 

Kranken-Absonderung / medical iso- 
lation. 

Krankenabteilung / ward (Med). 
Kra’nkenabtransport to evacuation of 
the sick. 

Krankenbehandlnng / treatment of 

sick. 

Krankenblatt n clinical record. 
Krankenbuch n See Krankenmelde- 
buch. 

Kranken-Isolierung f medical isola- 
tion. 

Krankenkraftwagen in motor ambu- 
lance. 

Krankenkraftwagenzug to motor am- 
bulance platoon. 

Krankenmeldebuch n sick report book 
or folder. 

Krankenmeldung / daily sick report. 
Krankenrevier n infirmary, dispen- 
sary. 

Krankensammelpunkt m See Kran- 
kensammelstelle. 

Krankensammelstelle / collecting sta- 
tion (Med). 

Krankenschwester / nurse. 
Krankenstall to veterinary hospital. 
Krankenstube / infirmary, ward. 
Krankentrage to litter, stretcher. 
Krankentragenfahrgerat n wheeled 
litter carrier (Med). 

Krankentrager to litter bearer (Med). 
Krankentransportabteilung / ambu- 
lance battalion. 

Krankenunterkunft / field hospital, 
feste Krankenunterkunft fixed hos- 
pital. 



Krankenwarter to ward attendant 

(Med). 

Kranz to circular track (MG mount), 

Kratze / scraper, hoe. 

Kraxe / wood frame pack carrier. 

KreisTO circle; area; circuit. 

Kreisbogen to arc of a circle. 

Kreisbogenabsteckung f measuring or 
transferring an arc with dividers. 

Kreisel to gyroscope. 

Kreiselabfeuergerat n gyro control, 
gyro-stabilizer (Tk). 

KreiselkompaB to gyro compass. 

Kreiselkompressor to centrifugal 

compressor. 

Kreiselneigungsmesser to bank-and- 
turn indicator (Ap). 

Kreiselpumpe/ centrifugal pump. 

Kreiselsteuerzeiger to gyro indicator, 
gyroscopic turn indicator (Ap). 

Kreiselwendezeiger to gyro turn indi- 
cator, gyroscopic turn indicator 
(Ap). 

kreisen to circle, to maneuver in cir- 
cles. 

Kreisflugw circular course (Avn). 

Kreisfunkfeuer n fan-marker bea- 
con, omnidirectional beacon (Rad). 

Kreisfunktion f trigonometric func- 
tion? 

Kreiskimme/ rear ring sight (MG). 

Kreiskommandantur / area head- 
quarters (Mil Govt). 

Kreiskorn n front ring sight (MG). 

KreiskornfuB m front ring sight 
base (MG). 

Kreiskornhalter w front ring sight 
support (MG). 

Kreiskornrahmen to front ring sight 
frame (MG). 

Kreislauf to cycle. 

Kreisleitung / series circuit (demo- 
litions). 

KreisprozeB to cycle. 

Kreisverkehr to “circular” radio traf- 
fic (radio-net traffic in which sta- 
tions communicate directly with each 
other on a common frequency with 
different call signs and without a net 
control station). 

Kreisvisier n ring sight (Ord). 

krepieren to explode, burst; to die. 

Kresolseifenlosung f cresol soap solu- 
tion. 

Kresolwasser n cresol solution. 




Kreuz 



103 Kriegsstammrolle 



Kreuz n cross; crosspiece (of univer- 
sal joint). 

Kreuzbund n shear lashing (for 

diagonal timbers). 

Kreuzen n traffic crossing. 

kreuzen to cross; to cruise (Nav). 

Kreuzer m cruiser. 

Kreuzfeuer n cross fire. 

Kreuzgelenk n universal joint. 

Kreuzhacke f double-bitted pickax. 

Kreuzlafette / outrigger-type gun 

mount. 

Kreuzleinen fpl cross line (reins). 

Kreuzlochschraube / cross-hole screw. 

Kreuzmuffe / cross pipe fitting, four- 
way pipe joint. 

Kreuzpeilung f determining a fix, tak- 
ing cross bearings (Air Navigation). 

Kreuzschraube / trigger-guard screw 

at). 

Kreuztcil n rear of receiver well (R). 

Kreuzung f intersection. 

Kreuzungsbahnhof m crossing station 
(RR). 

Kreuzverhor n cross-examination. 

kriechen to creep or crawl. 

Kriechgraben m crawl trench, shal- 
low communication trench. 

Krieg m war. See also terms under 
Gefecht, Kampf. 

kriegfiihrend belligerent. 

kriegfiihrende Macht belligerent 
power. 

Kriegfuhrung / warfare. 

Kriegsakademie / war college. 

Kriegsartikel mpl Articles of War 
( now replaced by brief summary of 
military ideals and obligations called 
Pflichten des deutschen Soldaten). 

Kriegsausgangm outcome of war. 

Kriegsausriistungsnachweisung / 
table of basic allowances (wartime). 

Kriegsband n battle honors. 

Kriegsbeorderung f See Kriegsbeord- 
nung. 

Kriegsbeordnung / mobilization order 
for reservists. 

Kriegsbericht m war communique, 
war news report. 

Kriegsberichter m accredited corre- 
spondent (in a Ger propaganda Co). 

kriegsbeschadigt disabled on active 
duty. 

Kriegsbeteiligung f participation in 
war. 

Kriegsbrauch w customs of war. 

Kriegsbriicke / military bridge. 



Kriegsbriickengerat n military bridge 
equipment. 

Kriegsdauer f duration of war. 
auf Kriegsdauer for the duration 
(abbr. a.K.). 

Kriegsdenkmiinze / campaign medal. 

Kriegsdienstverweigerer m consci- 
entious objector. 

Kriegserfordernisse fpl military re- 
quirements in wartime. 

Kriegserklarung / declaration of war. 

Kriegsflagge / ensign. 

KriegsfuB m war footing. 

Kriegsgebiet n theater of operations. 

Kriegsgebrauch m customs of war. 

Kriegsgefangenenbau- und Arbeits- 
bataillon PW construction and labor 
battalion (for guarding PWs work- 
ing in Germany or rear areas). 

Kriegsgefangeneneinsatz m employ- 
ment of prisoners of war. 

Kriegsgefangenensammelstelle / pris- 
oner-of-war collecting point. 

Kriegsgefangener m prisoner of war. 

Kriegsgerat n war materiel. 

Kriegsgericht n court-martial. 

Kriegsgerichtsrat m judge advocate. 

Kriegsgerichtsrechtsprechung / mili- 
tary justice. 

Kriegsgerichtsverfahren n court- 

martial proceedings. 

Kriegsgliederung / order of battle. 

Kriegskasse/ field safe; war chest. 

Kriegskonterbande / contraband of 
war. 

Kriegskunst / art of war. 

Kriegslazarett n base hospital. 

Kriegslist / stratagem, ruse (Tac). 

Kriegsmarine f navy. 

Kriegsmarsch m tactical march. 

kriegsmaBig warlike, similar to ac- 
tual conditions in the field. 

Kriegsneurose f war neurosis. 

Kriegsoffizier-Bewerber m applicant 
for wartime commission. 

Kriegsrangliste / army directory. 

Kriegsrason / military necessity. 

Kriegsrecht n military law. 

Kriegssanitatsordnung f medical field 
regulations or manual. 

Kriegsschauplatz m theater of war. 

Kriegsschiff n warship. 

Kriegsschule f officer candidate school. 

Kriegsspiel n war game, map maneu- 
ver. 

Kriegsstammrolle f personnel roster 

(wartime). 




Kiiegsstand 104 Kuppelstange 



Kriegsstand m See Kriegsstarke. 
Kriegsstarke / war strength (of a 
unit, etc.). 

Kriegsstarkenachweisung / table of 
organization ( wartime ) . 
Kriegstagebuch n war diary; journal, 
daybook. 

Kriegsverdienstkreuz n War Service 
Cross (decoration). 

Kriegsverrat m war treason. 
Kriegsverrater m war traitor, 
kriegsverwendungsfahig fit for active 
service (abbr. k.v.). 

Kriegswerft / navy yard, 
kriegswichtig of military importance. 
Kriegswissenschaft f military science. 
Kriegszahnarzt m dental surgeon. 
Kriegszustand m state of war. 
Kriminalpolizei f criminal investiga- 
tion police. 

Krimsehild m Crimea Shield (deco- 
ration on upper left sleeve, worn by 
all veterans of the battle in the 
Crimea). 

Kripo / See Kriminalpolizei. 

K.-Rolle f plain-wire concertina 

(abbr. of Klaviersaitendraht-Rolle). 
ICronenmutter / castellated hut. 
Kropfung / right-angle bend; throw 
(of a crankshaft). 

Kriimmer m elbow pipe; manifold. 
Kriimmung / bend; turn; camber; 

curvature. 

Kruppe/ croup (horse). 

K-Stoff m diphosgene ( CWS). 

Kiibel m bucket; jeep. 

Kiibelsitzer m See Kiibelwagen. 
Kiibelsitzwagen m See Kiibelwagen. 
Kiibelwagen to command car, jeep. 
Kubikzahl/ cube (Math). 

Kiiche / kitchen. 

Kiichendienst to kitchen police, KP ; 

mess orderly, mess attendant. 
Kiichenunteroffizier m mess sergeant. 
Kufe / sled runner; skid. 

Kugel/ bullet; ball; sphere. 
Kugelblende f mantlet of flexible ball 
mount, ball mount (Tk). 

Kugelfang m target butt, range butt, 
kugelfest bulletproof. 

Kugelfiillung / ball filler ( shrapnel). 
Kugelgelenk n ball-and-socket joint. 
Kugellafette / ball mount (MG). 
Kugellager m ball bearing. 
Kugelpfanne / ball socket (Mort). 
kugelsicher bulletproof. 

Kiihlanlage/ cooling system (Mtr). 



Kiihler m radiator (Mtr). 
Kiihler-EinfiillverschluB to radiator 

cap (MT). 

Kiihlerklappe / louver (Mt, Tk). 
Kiihlerschutzhaube / radiator guard' 

(MT). 

KiihlerverschluB in radiator cap 
(MT). 

Kiihlfliissigkeit / cooling liquid (Mtr). 
Kiihlmantel m water jacket (Mtr, 
MG). 

Kiihlmittel n coolant (Mtr). 
Kiihlrippe / cooling fin (Mtr). 
Kiihlstoff m coolant. 

Kiihlung/ cooling system (Mtr). 
Kiihlwagen m refrigerator truck, 
refrigerator car. 

Kiihlwassermantel m water jacket. 
Kulissenschaltung / gate-type gear 
shift. 

Kumpelm buddy. 

Kumuluswolke / cumulus cloud. 
Kundschafter m spy. 

Kunstflug m stunt flying. 
Kunstflugfigur / stunt-flying maneu- 
ver. 

Kunstleder n artificial leather, 
kiinstliche Antenne artificial antenna 
(Rad). 

kiinstliche Atmung artificial respi- 
ration. 

kiinstliche Liiftung- artificial ventila- 
tion. 

kiinstlicher Gummi synthetic rubber, 
kiinstlicher Horizont absolute in- 
clinometer, gyro horizon indicator, 
artificial horizon (Ap Inst). 
kiinstlicher Nebel screening smoke 
(CWS). 

kiinstliches Hindernis artificial ob- 
stacle. 

kiinstliche Spur artificial scent (for 
army dogs). 

Kunstschaltung / superposed connec- 
tion (Tp). 

Kunstseide / rayon. 

Kunststoff to synthetic plastic. 
Kupfer n copper. 

Kupferdraht m copper wire. 
Kupferkapsel / copper shell ( detona- 
tor cap). 

Kuppe/ knoll, knob, rounded hilltop. 
Kuppel / cupola. 

Kuppellafette / cupola mount (Ap). 
Kuppelstange/ tie rod (split-trail 

carriage). 




Kupplung - 105 Kiistenlafette 



Kupplung/ clutch (MT); coupling 
(Meoh); recoil connection (pistol). 

Kupplungsfeder / clutch spring (MT). 

KupplungsfuBhebel m clutch pedal 
(MT). 

Kupplungsgehause n clutch housing 
(MT). 

Kupplungshebel to clutch lever (MT) ; 
recoil-spring lever (pistol). 

Kupplungskasten to junction box, 
gun junction box, control box ( AA 
director). 

Kupplungskegel to clutch cone (MT). 

Kupplungskopf w coupling head 
(trailer). 

Kupplungspedal n clutch pedal (MT). 

Kupplungsscheibe / clutch plate 

(MT). 

Kupplungsstange f recoil-spring lever 
bar (pistol). 

Kupplungstritt to clutch pedal (MT). 

Kupplungswelle / clutch shaft (MT). 

Kurbel / crank. 

Kurbelarm to crank arm ( of crank- 
shaft). 

Kurbeldynamo / hand-crank gen- 
erator. 

Kurbelgehause n crankcase (Mtr). 

Kurbelgriff to crank handle. 

Kurbelinduktor to hand-crank gen- 
erator (Tp). 

Kurbelkropfung / crankshaft throw. 

Kurbellager n crankshaft bearing, 
pillow block. 

Kurbelrad n crankwheel (G). 

Kurbelstange / connecting rod (Mtr). 

Kurbeltrieb to crank mechanism. 

Kurbeltriebwerk n crankshaft assem- 
bly (Mtr). 

Kurbeliibung / crankwheel operation 
exercise (gun laying). 

Kurbelwelle/ crankshaft (Mtr). 

Kurbelzapfen to crank pin (Mtr). 

Kurier to courier, special messenger. 

Kurierflugzeug n liaison airplane. 

Kurierpost / courier mail. 

Kurier-Staffel / special communica- 
tion squadon (Luftwaffe) . See also 
Staff el. 

Kurs to course, heading. 

Kursgleiche / rhumb line ( Air Navi- 
gation). 

Kurskreisel to directional gyro. 

Kursscheibe / bearing plate (Avn). 

Kursstabilitat / directional stability 

(Ap). 



Kurssteuerung f piloting, navigat- 
ing, pilot control. 

automatische Kurssteuerung auto- 
matic pilot, mechanical pilot (Ap). 

Kursverbesserung f off-course cor- 
rection (Air Navigation). 

Kursvisierw. bomb sight (Ap). 

Kurswechselw change of course, 
change of direction (Avn). 

Ivurswinkel to azimuth of target 
(AAA). 

Kurszeiger to navigator’s compass 
(Ap). 

Kurve / curve, turn. 

Kurvenblatt n graph. 

Kurvenflug m curvilinear flight 

( Avn). 

Kurvengleitflug to spiral (Avn). 

Kurvenkampf to turning combat, 

dogfight (Avn). 

Kurvenmesser to map measurer 

(Inst). 

Ifurvenscheibe / cam plate (Ord) ; 
curvilinear target (Tng). 

Kurvenvisier n tangent sight (SzU. 

Kurzleistung f military rating (of 
an Ap engine). 

KurzschluB to short circuit, short 
(Elec). 

KurzschluBankermotor to squirrel- 
cage motor. 

ICurzschuB to short (Gunnery). 

Kurzsignal n code group. 

Kurzwelle/ short wave (Rad). 

Kurzwellensender to short-wave 

transmitter. 

Kiiste / coast, shore. 

Riistenartillerie / coast artillery. 

Kiistenaufklarer to coast reconnais- 
sance airplane. 

Kustenaufklarung / coast reconnais- 
sance. 

Ifiistenbatterie / coast battery, shore 
battery. 

Kiistenflak / coast antiaircraft gun, 
coast antiaircraft artillery. 

Kiistenfliegergruppe f coast recon- 

naissance and naval support group 
(Avn). See also Gruppe. 

Kustengebiet n coastal area. 

K listen geschiitz n coast artillery 
gun. 

Kiistengewasser npl coastal zone, 

coastal waters. 

Kiistenlafette / coast artillery gun 
mount. 




Kustenstaffel 



106 Ladezeit 

Kiistenstaffel / coastal squadron Kiistenwehr/ coast defense, coast 

(Avn). See also Staffel. defense troops. 

Kiistenstation / coast guard station. Kutonnase/ cable cutter on leading 
Kiistenverteidigung / coast defense. edge of wing (an anti-barrage-bal- 
Kiistenvorfeld n coastal zone. loon device). 

Kiistenwache f coast guard, coast Kuvi n See Kursvisier. 
guard station. KWK.-Stand m fixed emplacement 

Kiistenwacht / coast patrol. made of tank gun turret. 



L 



Lack m lacquer, varnish. I Lader m stevedore, loader, super- 



Ladebaum m boom, derrick, crane. 

Ladebriicke f loading ramp ( on 

trailer). 

Ladedruck m manifold pressure 

(Mtr). 

Ladedruckmesser m manifold pres- 
sure gage (Ap engine). 

Ladedruckregler m manifold pres- 
sure control (Ap engine). 

Ladeeinheit / load unit, unit load. 

Ladefahigkeit / load' capacity; 

serviceable condition of ammunition. 

Ladegewicht n load capacity, weight 
of -load. 

Ladegleis n loading siding (RR). 

Ladegurt m cartridge belt. 

Ladehemmung f stoppage in loading 
mechanism (Ord). 

Ladekanonier m gun loader, loader, 
assistant gunner, cannoneer No. 1. 

Ladeklappe f breechblock. 

Ladekran m gun hoist. 

Ladelaufrad n impeller (super- 

charger). 

Ladeleitrad n diffuser (super- 

charger). 

Ladeloch n loading recess (G). 

Ladeluftkiihler m intercooler (Ap 
supercharger ) . 

Ladeluke / loading hatch (Ap). 

Lademaschine f battery charger 

(Elec). 

Lademaschinensatz m battery 

charging unit (Elec). 

Lademulde / loading tray (G). 

laden to load (R, G, etc.). 

“Laden und sichern!” “Load and 
lock!” 

Ladeplatz m pier, wharf, quay. 



charger (Mtr). 

Laderampe / loading ramp. 
Laderaum m chamber, powder cham- 
ber (G); hold (Nav). 
Laderaumverlangerung / advance of 
forcing cone (G). 

Ladergetriebe n supercharger drive. 
Ladeschale / loading tray ( G). 
Ladeschiitze m assistant gunner, 

loader (Tk). 

Ladesitz m loader’s seat (G). 
Ladespannung f charging voltage 

(battery charger). 

Ladestelle f loading point, entrain- 
ing or entrucking point; battery- 
charging station. 

Ladestock m rammer. 

Ladestorung f stoppage in loading 
mechanism (Ord). 

LadestraBe f delivery roadway (RR 
freight station). 

Ladestreifen m cartridge clip, am- 
munition clip. 

Ladetatigkeit / loading operations 
(service of the piece). 

Ladetisch m loading tray (G). 
Ladetrommel / cartridge drum. 
Ladetrupp m loading detail. 
Ladeverzug m loading lag ( Gun- 
nery). 

Ladeverzugszeit / loading lag, load- 
ing time (Gunnery) . 

Ladevorgang m loading action 

(semi- or full-automatic weapons) . 
Ladevorrichtung / breech mechan- 
ism, loading device (Ord); feeding 
device (SA). 

Ladezeit / loading time, entrucking 
time, entraining time; charging time 
(Elec battery). 




Ladung 107 Landegeschwindigkeit 



Ladung/ cargo, load; charge. 

Ladungsbiichse f blasting-charge 
container (generally of galvanized 
metal). 

LadungsgefaB n blasting-charge 
container. 

Ladungskasten m blasting-charge 
box. 

Ladungsraum to See Laderaum. 

Ladungsverhaltnis n loading ratio 
(ratio between weight of charge 
and weight of projectile). 

Ladungswerfer to spigot mortar. 

Lafette f gun carriage, gun mount. 

Lafettenachse / gun-carriage axle. 

Lafettenart / type of gun carriage 
or mount. 

Lafettenaufsatzstiick n adapter, tri- 
pod extension piece (MG). 

Lafettendreieck n triangular base 

(AA gun). 

Lafettenfahrzeug n trailer mount 
(Arty). 

Lafettenholm to gun-mount outrig- 
ger; gun-trail crosspiece. 

Lafettenkasten to trail box (G). 

Lafettenkranz m circular track 

mount (Ap, Tk). 

Lafettenkreuz n outriggers (AA 

gun). 

Lafettenschwanz to trail (G). 

Lafettensporn to trail spade (G). 

LafettenstUtze / firing base (G). 

Lafettentisch m gun-carriage bed. 

Lafettenwand / gun-carriage side 
plate. 

Lage f situation (Tac); position, 
site; salvo (pieces fire in succes- 
sion); layer, stratum (Met). 

Lagebericht to situation report. 

Lagebeurteilung / estimate of the 
situation (Tac). 

Lagenfeuer n salvo fire (pieces fire 
in succession). 

Lagenkarte / situation map (Tac). 

Lagenmeldung / situation report. 

Lager n camp; depot, dump; bear- 
ing, support. 

das Lager abbrechen to strike 
camp. 

das Lager aufschlagen to pitch 
camp. 

Lagerbestand m stock, stockage. 

Lagerbock to support (for piston 
rod of counterrecoil mechanism); 

pillow block. 



Lagergehause n housing or case en- 
closing a bearing or bushing. 

Lagergeld n pay (PW). 

Lagergeriist n storage-closet rack. 

Lagerhaus n warehouse. 

Lagerkommandant to prison camp 
or internment camp commander. 

Lageileitung f camp authorities 
(PW). 

Lagermetall n bearing metal. 

Lagern n storage. 

Lagerort m camp site. 

Lagerplatz m storage place; camp 
site. 

Lagerraum to storeroom. 

Lagerschale f bushing. 

Lagerschuppen to storage shed. 

Lagerstelle / camp site. 

Lagerung / storage, stowage. 

Lagerzapfen to journal ( crank- 

shaft); pivot pin (trail spade); 
trunnion (aiming circle). 

lahmen paralyze, immobilize, neu- 
tralize (Tac). 

Iahmlegen neutralize (an attack). 

Lahmlegung / neutralization (Tac). 

LahmungsschieBen n harassing fire 
(with Cml shell). 

Lamelle f disk; leaf; plate; shim; 
cooling fin. 

Lamellenkupplung f multiple-disk 
clutch (MT). 

Lamellenschlufl to armature short 
(Elec). 

Lampenfassung / lamp socket (Elec). 

Lampengehause n lamp case (Sig 
lamp). 

Landankertau n shore anchor line 
(Pon Bdg). 

Landbatterie f land-based antiair- 
craft battery (as distinguished from 
ship-based battery). 

Landbord to shoreward side. 

Landbriicke / landing stage (Engr). 

Landebahn f landing strip, runway. 

Landebahnfeuer n contact light 

( Adrm). 

Landedeck n landing deck, flight 
deck (aircraft carrier). 

Landefackel f wing-tip flare (Ap). 

Landefeuer n landing light (Ap). 

Landefunkfeuer n runway localizing 
beacon (Rad). 

Landegeschwindigkeit / landing 

speed (Ap). 




Landeklappe 108 

Landeklappe / landing flap (Ap). 

Landekopf m beachhead. 

Landekreuz n landing T (Avn). 

Landelicht n landing light (Ap). 

Landemannschaft f ground crew 
(Bln). 

Landeplatz m landing area, landing 
field (Avn). 

Landesaufnahme f topographic 

survey, geodetic survey. 

landeseigener Verband “native” unit 
(composed of inhabitants of Ger- 
man-occupied country who fight, on 
their own soil, as auxiliaries of 
German Army). 

Landesschiitzeneinheit / regional de- 
fense unit (such as Landesschiitzen- 
division, -regiment, -bataillon, and 
-kompanie; mainly for guard duty 
in Com Z and Z of I). 

Landesteg m landing ramp (Nav). 

Landesverrat m treason. 

Landesverteidigung f home defense. 

Landetrupp m landing and saddling 
detail (at stream crossing) (Cav). 

Landezeichen n landing signal. 

Landezone / landing zone (Adrm). 

Landfahrwerk n wheel-type landing 
gear (Ap). 

Landfahrzeug n land vehicle; shore- 
ward ponton (Bdg). 

Landkrieg m war on land, land war- 
fare. 

Landkriegsordnung / Rules of Land 
Warfare. 

Landmeile / statute mile (1.609 km). 

Landmine f land mine. 

Landser m doughboy. 

Landstralie f road, highway. 

Landsturm m territorial reserve, re- 
placement reserves (age over 45). 
Landsturm I trained reserves (age 
over 45). 

Landsturm II untrained reserves 
(age over 45,). 

Landtruppen fpl ground troops. 

Landung / landing. 

Landung mit Seitenwind cross-wind 
landing. 

Landungsabteilung f beach party or 
detachment. 

Landungsboot n landing barge, 

landing boat. 

Landungsfahrzeug n landing craft. 

Landungsklappe / landing ramp (of 
a landing craft or ship). 



Langsstabilitat 

Landungsplatz m landing area. 
Landungsrauchzeichen n landing 

smoke signal (Avn). 

Landungstrupp m landing party. 
Landungsunternehmung / landing 

operation. 

Landverankerung f guy-line anchor- 
age (Pon). 

Landwehr f reserves (age group 35- 
45). 

Landwehr I trained reserves (35- 
45). 

Landwehr II untrained reserves 
(35-45). 

Landwehroffizier m reserve officer. 
See Landwehr. 

Langbasis / horizontal base (Arty, 
Surv). 

Langbasisanlage f base end station. 
Langbasisverfahren n horizontal 
base method, long base method 
( Gunnery). 

Lange / length. 

der Lange nach beschiefien to en- 
filade. 

Langenabweichung / longitudinal 
deviation, range deviation (Gun- 
nery). 

Festlegen der Langenabweichung 
range sensing, range spotting (Arty 
Obsn ). 

Langengrad m degree of longitude. 
Langenkreis to circle of longitude. 
Langenmessung f linear measure- 
ment. 

Langenstreuung f range dispersion 
on horizontal target (Ballistics). 
Langenverbesserung / range cor- 
rection (Gunnery). 

Langenverhaltnis n aspect ratio 

(Ap). 

Lange fiber alles over-all length. 
Liingsachse / longitudinal axis. 
Langsamflug to stalling flight (Ap). 
Langsbestreichung / enfilade fire. 
Langsfeld n chase of gun barrel. 
Langsfeuer n enfilade fire. 
Langslibelle / longitudinal level 
(sighting mechanism). 
Langsneigungsmesser m pitch in- 
dicator, fore-and-aft inclinometer 
(Ap). 

Langsschnitt to longitudinal section. 
Langsseitgehen n pulling alongside. 
Langsstabilitat / longitudinal stabil- 
ity (Ap). 




109 



Lebensmittel 



Langstrager 

Langstrager in stringer, balk 

(Bdg); longitudinal outrigger (AA 
gun); longeron (Ap); long channel 
bar of chassis frame (MT). 

Langstreckenbomber in long-range 
bomber. 

Langstreckenjager to long-range 
fighter airplane. 

Langstrecken-Seeflugzeug n long- 
range seaplane. 

Langszapfen to axle pivot pin (split 
trail carriage). 

Langwellen fpl long waves (Rad). 

Langwellenpeiler m long-wave 

direction finder (Rad). 

Lasche / butt strap (Engr). 

Last / load. 

Lastanhanger m truck trailer (MT). 

Lastensegelflugzeug n See Lasten- 
segler. 

Lastensegler m troop-carrying 

glider, cargo-carrying glider. • 

Lastfallschirm in cargo parachute. 

Lastflugzeug n cargo transport air- 
plane. 

Lastigkeitsregelung / trimming 
(Ap). 

Lastigkeitswaage f balance indi- 

cator (Ap). 

Lastkraftwagen in truck, cargo 

truck. 

Lastwagenschlepper to truck-tractor. 

Latte / batten, lath, board; propel- 
ler (Ap); stadia rod (Surv). 

Lattenfiihrung / pitch control (pro- 
peller). 

Lattenpunkt m place mark (Surv). 

Lattenrost to boardwalk, duckboard 
( trench). 

Laubwald in deciduous forest, de- 
ciduous wood. 

Lauerstellung f ambush gun em- 
placement, ambush. 

Lauf m barrel (MG, R) ; run, course. 

Laufbahn / career (as an officer, 
specialist, etc.); runway (Adrm). 

Laufbahnabzeichen n specialist’s 
insignia or badge. 

Laufbriicke / gangplank. 

Laufdecke / tire casing (MT). 

laufend running; current; contin- 
uous; serial. 

laufende Nuraraer serial number. 

Laufer rn runner, messenger. 

Laufflache f tread (of a tire); slid- 
ing surface (of a sled runner); 



bearing surface, friction surface. 

Laufgraben m approach trench, 
communication trench. 

Laufinneres n bore (SA). 

Laufmantel in jacket (MG). 

Laufmundstiick n breech piece (R). 

Lauf rad n landing wheel (Ap); 
bogie wheel (Tk) ; impeller (of 
pump, etc.). 

Laufring m race (ball bearing). 

Laufrolle / bogie wheel (Tk). 

Laufschritt m double time. 

“Im Laufschritt, Marsch! Marsch!” 
“Double time, march!” 

Laufseele / bore (SA). 

Laufseelenpriifer in barrel reflector 
(SA). 

Laufsitzring in barrel-locking ring 
(MG) 

Laufweite f caliber. 

Laufwerk n tracks and suspensions 
(Tk); running gear (of a vehicle). 

Laufwerkpanzerung f track shield, 
armored skirting (Tk). 

Lauschdienst in intercept service 
(Sig C). 

Lauschempfanger in intercept re- 
ceiver (Sig C). 

Lauschgerat n intercept set (Rad). 

Lauschstelle f intercept station (Sig' 

C). 

Lauschzange / wire-tapping clamp. 

Lauthorknopf in handset switch, 
amplifier knob (Tp). 

Lautsprecher m loudspeaker (Rad). 

Lautsprechertrichter to horn, cone, 
trumpet (of loud speaker). 

Lautsprechertruhe / baffle, speaker 
cabinet (Rad). 

Lautstarke f signal strength, vol- 
ume, readability (Rad); sound in- 
tensity (sound locator). 

Lautstarkenregler m volume control 
(Rad). 

Lautverstarker m volume amplifier 

(Rad). 

Lazarett n hospital. 

Lazarettaufnahme f hospitalization. 

Lazarettbehandlung f hospital treat- 
ment, hospitalization. 

Lazarettflagge f flag of protection. 

Lazarettschiff n hospital ship. 

Lazarettzug m hospital train. 

Lebensdauer / accuracy life (G). 

Lebensmittel npl subsistence sup- 
plies. 




Lebensmittelkarte 



110 Leitradachse 



Lebensmittelkarte f food ration 
card. 

Lederfett n dubbin. 

Lederring m See Lederscheibe. 

Lederscheibe / leather washer. 

Ledertasche / leather case, leather 
bag. 

Leere f vacuum. 

Leergang m backlash, lost motion; 
neutral gear (Mtr). 

Leergewicht n empty weight. 

Leergut n empties (Am). 

Leerlauf m idling, neutral, idling 
speed (Mtr). 

Leerlaufdiise f idler jet (Mtr). 

Leermaterial n train of empties 
(RR). 

Leerschraube / drain plug. 

Legierung f alloy. 

Legionsschiitze m non-German rifle- 
man in the Wehrmacht. 

Lehmgrube / clay pit. 

Lehrbataillon n instruction battalion 
(used for demonstrations, etc.). 

Lehre f doctrine, theory; gage. 

Lehrfilm m training film. 

Lehrflugwesen n training aviation. 

Lehrgang m course of instruction. 

Lehrgangsleiter m instructor. 

Lehrgruppe / instruction group 

(Avn). 

Lehrregiment n instruction regiment 
(used for demonstrations, etc.). 

Lehrtruppe f instruction unit. 

Leibgarde / bodyguard. 

Leibgurt m belt (Clo). 

Leibgurt mit Schulterriemen Sam 
Browne belt. 

Leibriemen m garrison belt (Clo). 

Leibstandarte / See SS-Leibstan- 

darte. 

Leibwache / bodyguard. 

Leiche / corpse; carcass. 

leichte Division motorized division, 
“light division.” 

Leichtkrankenkriegslazarett n base 
hospital for minor cases (Com Z). 

Leichtkrankenschiff n hospital ship 
for minor cases. 

Leichtkrankenzug m hospital train 
for minor cases. 

Leichtkranker m ambulatory case, 
minor case (sick, not wounded). 

Leichtol n light fuel ( as distinguish- 
ed from Diesel fuel). 

Leichtverwundetensammelplatz m 



collecting station for walking 
wounded. 

Leichtverwundeter m minor cas- 
ualty. 

Leinenbund n rope lashing. 

Leinol n linseed oil. 

Leinwand / linen; cloth; projection 
screen. 

Leiste f strip; edge; fillet; batten. 

Leistenbruch m hernia. 

Leistengegend / groin. 

Leistung / output, performance, 
capacity; power (Rad). 

Leistungsbelastung / power loading 
(Ap). 

Leistungsfahigkeit / efficiency, ca- 

pacity. 

Leistungsgewicht n weight per 

horsepower. 

Leistungsregler m power control 

(Rad). 

Leistungsrohre / power amplifier 
tube. 

Leistungssegelflugzeug n perform- 
ance-type glider (Avn). 

Leistungssteigerung / increase of 

efficiency (Mtr). 

Leistungsstufe / power amplifier, 
final amplifier (of a Rad transmit- 
ter). 

Leistungswahlhebel m output selec- 
tor lever (Ap engine). 

leiten conduct, lead, direct, manage. 

Leitender m director (maneuvers). 

Leitender Arzt ward officer (Med). 

Leitender Ingenieur chief engineer 
(a Civ official in the Armed Forces). 

Leitender Offizier executive officer. 

Leiter w leader, director; conductor 
(Elec). 

Leiter f ladder. 

Leiterschleife / armature turn 

(Elec). 

Leitfahigkeit / conductivity (Elec). 

Leitfeuer n cord fuze, safety fuze. 

Leitfeuerziindmittel n cord fuze de- 
tonator. 

Leitfeuerziindung / cord fuze de- 
tonation. 

Leitfunkstelle / net control station 

(Rad). 

Leitkante / leading edge (Ap wing). 

Leitrad n idler, idler wheel (Tk); 
diffuser (supercharger). 

Leitradachse / idler wheel shaft 
(Tk). 




Leitstand 



111 Leuchtkompaft 



Leitstand to fire-direction center 

(Arty); command post. 

Leitstelle f net control station 

(Rad). 

Leitstrahl m localizer beam (Inst 
landing ) . 

Leitstrahlverfahren n localizer-beam 
method (Inst landing). 

Leitung / line (Tp) ; command; 
direction; control; management. 

Leitungsbau to line construction 
(Tp). 

Leitungsgehilfe to director’s aide 

( maneuvers). 

Leitungskapazitat / capacity of a 

line, traffic capacity of a line (Elec, 
Tp, Tg). 

Leitungsmast to telephone pole. 

Leitungsmaterial n conducting ma- 
terial, electric wire. 

Leitungsmittel n line wire (Tp). 

Leitungsnetz n wire net, circuit, 
wiring system, wire-communication 
net. 

Leitungsoffizier to assistant director 
(maneuvers). 

Leitungsplan to wiring diagram. 

Leitungspriifer to galvanometer 
(Engr); circuit tester (Elec). 

Leitungsskizze / circuit diagram 
(Tp). 

Leitungssondertruppen fpl special 
troops of director headquarters 
(maneuvers). 

Leitungsstab to directing staff 

( maneuvers). 

Leitungssystem n wiring system 

(Elec). 

Leitungstruppen fpl troops assigned 
to director headquarters ( maneu- 
vers). 

Leitungs- und Schiedsrichterdienst m 
directing and umpiring service 
( maneuvers) . 

Leitungswiderstand to line resist- 
ance (Elec). 

Leitverkehr to control-station traffic 
(Rad). 

Leitwand / baffle. 

LeitwellverschluB to sliding-wedge- 

■ type breechblock (G). 

Leitwerk n empennage, tail as- 

sembly, tail unit (Ap). 

Leitvvert to conductance (Elec). 

Leitzaun to guide fence (a type of 
snow fence). 



Lenden fpl loins (horse). 

Lenkballon m dirigible 

Lenkbremse / steering brake (Tk). 

Lenkeinrichtung / steering mechan- 
ism. 

Lenkeinschlag m maximum angle of 
turn (steering wheels). 

Lenker to steering arm (of a gun 
wheel). 

Lenkgehause n steering-gear hous- 
ing (MT). 

Lenkgestange n tie rods (MT). 

Lenkgetriebe n steering mechanism 
( track-laying vehicles ) . 

Lenkhebel to steering-knuckle gear- 
rod arm (MT); steering lever 
(track-laying vehicle). 

Lenkkniippel to steering lever 

( track-laying vehicle ) . 

Lenkluftschiff n dirigible. 

Lenkrad n steering wheel (MT). 

Lenksaule / steering column (MT). 

Lenkschnecke f steering worm 
(MT). 

Lenkschraube / cylindrical cam on 
steering column (MT). 

Lenkschubstange / steering gear 

connecting rod (MT). 

Lenksegment n steering-worm sector 
(MT). 

Lenkstange / tie rod (MT); handle 
bar (Mtcl). 

Lenkstock to See Lenkstockhebel. 

Lenkstockhebel to steering arm 

(MT). 

Lenkstolifang m steering shock sus- 
pension (MT). 

Lenkung / steering, steering system 
(MT). 

Lettenhaue f mattock hoe (Engr). 

leuchtbereit ready for action (SL). 

Leuchtblatt n luminous dial. 

Leuchtboje / light buoy. 

Leuchtbombe / aircraft parachute 
flare. 

Leuchtdauer / burning time (of a 

ground Sig, etc.). 

Leuchtfallschirm to parachute flare 
(Avn). 

Leuchtfarbe / luminous paint. 

Leuchtfeuer n beacon light (Avn). 

LeuchtgeschoB n See Leuchtgranate. 

Leuchtgranate f star shell (Am). 

Leuchtgranatwerfer to pyrotechnic 
projector. 

Leuchtkompaff to luminous compass. 




Leuchtkreuze 



112 Lieferant 



Leuchtkreuze npl reticle image (re- 
flector sight). 

Leuchtkugel f ground signal, Very 
signal light. 

Leuchtmittel n pyrotechnic device. 

Leuchtmunition / pyrotechnics ; 

tracer ammunition. 

Leuchtpatrone / signal case; signal 
cartridge; cartridge-type ground 
signal. 

Leuchtpfad m flare path (Avn). 

Leuchtpistole f pyrotechnic pistol, 
signal pistol, Very pistol. 

Leuchtrakete / signal rocket. 

Leuchtraketengestell n pyrotechnic 
projector (for Sig rockets). 

Leuchtrohre / fluorescent tube. 

Leuchtsatz m pyrotechnic composi- 
tion, flare composition, illuminant 
charge; tracer composition. 

Leuchtschiff n lightship, 

Leuchtspur / tracer trajectory. 

Leuchtspurgeschofl n tracer bullet, 
tracer. 

Leuchtspurgranate f tracer shell 
(Am). 

Leuchtspurmunition / tracer am- 
munition. 

Leuchtspursatz m tracer composition 
(Am). 

Leuchtstern m star (signal). 

Leuchttonne f light buoy. 

Leuchtturm m lighthouse. 

Leuchtvisier n luminous sight. 

Leuchtzeichen n ground signal, light 
signal. 

Leuchtzifferblatt n luminous dial 
(Inst). 

Leukoplast n court plaster. 

Leute fpl personnel. 

Leutnant' m second lieutenant; 
lieutenant (specifically, 2nd Lt). 

Leutnant der Flieger second lieu- 
tenant (Luftwaffe). 

Leutnant zur See ensign (Nav). 

Lewisit n Lewisite (CWS). 

Libelle f level (Inst); clinometer 
( Arty, Surv). 

die Libelle einspielen to center the 
bubble in a level. 

Libelleneinstellung / level setting, 

level adjustment. 

Libellengehause n level housing 

(panoramic telescope). 

Libellenquadrant m gunner’s quad- 
rant (with spirit level). 



Libellentafel f angle-of-site table 

( Gunnery). 

Lichtanlasser m generator-starter 

(MT). 

“Licht auf !” “In action!” (AA SL). 

Lichtbild n photograph. 

Lichtbildaufnahme / See Lichtbild. 

Lichtbildauswertung f interpretation 
of photographs. 

lichtbilden to photograph. 

Lichtbildentzerrung f rectification of 
aerial photographs. 

Lichtbilderkundung / photographic 
reconnaissance. 

Lichtbildmaschinengewehr n ma- 
chine-gun camera. 

Lichtbildmessung / phototopography. 

Lichtbild-MG n camera gun (Avn). 

Lichtbildner m photographer. 

Lichtbildpause / photographic over- 
lay. 

Lichtbildwesen n photography. 

LichtbogenschweiBung / arc weld- 
ing. 

Lichtkegel m beam of light, cone of 
light. 

Lichtmaschine / generator (MT). 

LichtmeBbatterie f flash ranging 

section (Obsn Bn). 

LichtmeBdienst m flash ranging 

service. 

Lichtmessen n flash ranging. 

LichtmeBstelle f flash ranging sta- 
tion. 

LichtmeBtrupp m flash ranging team. 

Lichtnetz n lighting system. 

Lichtpause / photostatic reproduc- 
tion; photocopy; blueprint. 

Lichtrufanlage f light-signal call 
system (in hospitals, etc.). 

Lichtschallmessen n sound and flash 
ranging. 

Lichtschalter m light switch. 

Lichtsprechgerat n modulated light- 
ray communication set. 

Lichtspruch m signal-lamp message. 

Lichtspur- See Leuchtspur-. 

Lichtstarke f luminous intensity, in- 
tensity of light. 

Lichtung / forest clearing. 

lidern to pack, seal, obturate. 

Liderung / gas check, obturator (G). 

Liderungskopf m mushroom head 
(of obturator). 

Liderungspolster n gas-check pad. 

Lieferant m supplier, contractor. 




Lieferdienst 



113 



Luftabwehr 



Lieferdienst to ferrying service 
(Avn). 

Lieferschein to shipping ticket. 

Lieferung / lot, shipment. 

liegend prone, lying; berthed. 

Liegeplatz to berth (in port). 

Linealvisier n linear sight ( Ger AA 
gun). 

lineares System linear speed method 
(AA Gunnery). 

Linie / line, rank. 

“In Linie zu einem Gliede, ange- 
treten!” “In single rank, fall in!” 

Linie B-Stelle-Ziel OP-target line. 

Linie Geschiitz-Ziel gun-target line. 

Linienaufstellung / line formation. 

Linienbo / line squall. 

Linienkarte / line route map (Tp). 

Linienverkehr to “line” traffic ( two- 
station Rad Com on one or two fre- 
quencies). 

Linie zu einem Glied single rank 
(Inf); line (Cav). 

links left, to the left, on the left. 

Linkskurve / left turn (MT); left 
bank (Avn). 

linkslaufend counterclockwise. 

Linksdrall m left-hand twist (rif- 
ling). 

linksgangig counterclockwise; left- 
hand (threads, etc.). 

Linksgewinde n left-hand thread 
(MT). 

linkslaufend counterclockwise. 

“Links schwenkt, Marsch!” “Column 
left, march!” 

“Links, um!” “Left, face!” (being at 
a halt) ; “By the left flank, march!” 
(given in marching). 

Linkswendung / left face. 

Lins e f lens. 

List / cunning, ruse, trick; strata- 
gem (Tac). 

Litze f stranded wire (Elec); color- 
ed facing on collar (Clo). 

Litzenspiegel m two narrow colored 
strips on collar (Clo). 

Livens-Handwerfer m Livens projec- 
tor (CWS). 

l.M.G.-Abmarsch m light MG half 
squad (Cav). 

l.M.G.-Trupp m light machine-gun 
team (of Ger R squad). 

Ln.-Helferin / See Luftnachrichten- 
Helferin. 

Ln.-Zugfiihrer m See Luftnachrich- 
ten-Zugfiihrer. 



Locken n call to quarters. 

Loffelbagger m power shovel. 

Liihnung / base pay. 

Lokomotivbahnhof m engine yard 
(RR). 

Lokomotivschuppen m engine house, 
roundhouse (RR). 

Looping in loop (Avn). 

Losantin n .a German decontaminat- 
ing agent ( calcium hypochlorite pre- 
paration in powder or in tablet 
form). 

Losantinbrei to calcium hypochlorite 
slurry (CWS). 

loschen to unload (a ship); to ex- 
tinguish (a fire); to slake (lime). 

Loschfliissigkeit f extinguisher 

fluid. 

Loschgerat n fire extinguisher. 

Loschmeister m sergeant fireman 
(Luftwaffe official ranking as Mas- 
ter Sgt). 

Loschplatz to pier, wharf. 

Loschtrupp to fire-fighting crew. 

lose loose, unlocked. 

loslosen, sich disengage (Tac). 

Loslosung f disengagement (Tac). 

Lost n mustard gas. 

Losung / password. 

Losung / solution; mixture. 

Losungsmittel n solvent. 

Losungswort n password, counter- 
sign. 

Lot n plumb bob, sounding lead; 
solder. 

loten to solder. 

Lotfe n See Lofternrohr. 

Lotfernrohr n bomb sight. 

Lotkolben to soldering iron. 

Lotlampe f blowtorch. 

Lotmetall m solder. 

lotrecht perpendicular. 

Lotrechte f perpendicular (line). 

Lotschnur / plumb line. 

Lotse to pilot (Nav). 

Lotsenflagge f Union Jack (Nav). 

Lotzinn n solder. 

Loxodrome f rhumb line (Naviga- 
tion) . 

L’Spur / See Leuchtspur. 

Liicke / gap. 

Luft f air (in compounds: Air 
Forces, airborne, aircraft, aviation, 
etc.). See also terms under Flieger, 
Flug. 

Luftabfluflklappen fpl cowling flaps. 

Luftabwehr / active air defense. 




Luftabwehrdienst 114 Luftkarte 



Luftabwehrdienst m air defense 
service. 

Luftabwehrstelle / air defense post. 

Luftabwehrwaffe / antiaircraft 
weapon. 

Luftalarm vi air-raid alarm. 

Luftamt n See Allgemeines Luftamt. 

Luftangriff m air attack, air raid. 

Luftangriffsziel n air objective. 

Luftanreicherung / concentration of 
gas in the air ( C fPS ) . 

Luftaufklarung / air reconnaissance. 

Luftaufklarungsraum to air recon- 
naissance area. 

Luftaufsichtsdienst to flight control 
service ( a branch of the Ger Air 
Ministry) . 

Luftausgleicher m pneumatic equili- 
brator (G). 

Luftbauamt n Air Ministry con- 
struction office. 

Luftbehalter m compressed-air tank 
( Engr , MT); air chamber (counter- 
recoil mechanism, vehicle brake). 

Luftbehalter des Vorholers recupe- 
rator cylinder (G). 

Luftbeobachtung f air observation. 

Luftbild n aerial photograph. 

Luftbildauswertung f interpretation 
of aerial photographs. 

Luftbildentzerrung f rectification of 
aerial photographs. 

Luftbildgeriit n aircraft camera. 

Luftbildkammer / aerial camera, 
aircraft camera. 

Luftbildkarte f aerial mosaic; photo- 
graphic map. 

Luftbildplan to photomap. 

Luftbildreihe / photographic, strip. 

Luftbildwesen n aerial photography. 

luftdicht airtight. 

Luftdichte / air density. 

Luftdienstzulage f aviation pay, fly- 
ing pay. 

Luftdraht m antenna wire, overhead 
antenna. 

Luftdruck to air pressure (Mech); 
atmospheric pressure (Met); blast 
(effect of explosion). 

Luftdruckbremse f air brake. 

Luftdruck-Fettpresse / grease gun. 

Luftdruckgradient m pressure gra- 
dient (Met). 

Luftdruckmesser to barometer. 

Luftdrucktiir / blast baffle (Ft). 

Luftdruckwirkung f blast effect. 

Luftdiise / air jet (Mtr). 



Lufteinschieffziel n high-burst ad- 
justment target (Arty). 

liiften to air, to ventilate. 

Liifter to ventilator, fan, blower. 

Lufterkundung / air reconnaissance. 

Luftfahrt / aeronautics, aviation. 

Luftfahrthindernis n airway ob- 
struction. 

Luftfahrtmedizin f aviation med- 
icine. 

Luftfahrtministerium n See Reichs- 
luftahrtministerium. 

Luftfahrwesen n aeronautics. 

Luftfahrzeug n aircraft. 

Luftfelddivision / air forces field 
division (fighting as ground force 
with Army). 

Luftfilter to air filter. 

Luftflasche f compressed-air cylin- 
der, oxygen flask. 

Luftflotte f air force (a territorial 
and tactical command of the Luft- 
waffe). 

Luftflottenchef to air force com- 
mander. See also Luftflotte. 

Luftgau to air force administrative 
command (administrative area of a 
Luftflotte). 

Luftgaukommado n air force admin- 
istrative command headquarters. See 
also Luftgau, Luftflotte. 

Luftgegner m hostile aircraft. 

luftgekiihlt air-cooled. 

Luftgeschwader n See Geschwader. 

Luftgewicht n density of the air. 
ballistisches Luftgewicht ballistic 
density. 

Lufthafenbereichkommandantur / 

airdrome regional command (sub- 
division of a Luftgau). 

Luftherrschaft / air supremacy, 
mastery of the air, control of the 
air. 

Lufthoheit / air sovereignty. 

Luftinfanterie f airborne infantry. 

Luftkabel n overhead wire (Tp). 

Luftkampf m air fighting, air at- 
tack. 

Luftkampfgeschwader n bombard- 
ment wing. See also Geschwader. 

Luftkampfstoff to volatile chemical 
agent ( as distinguished from Gelan- 
dekampfstoff, ground contaminating 
agent). 

Luftkampfiibung / air fighting or 
air attack exercise. 

Luftkarte f air map. 




Luftklappenventil 115 Luftschutzordnungsdienst 



Luftklappenventil n choke valve 
( carburetor) . 

Luftkraft / aerodynamic force. 

Luftkreis to air force service area. 

Luftkreiskommando n air force serv- 
ice area headquarters. 

Luftkrieg m air war, air warfare. 

Luftkriegfiihrung f air warfare. 

Luftkriegsschule / officer candidate 
school (Luftwaffe) . 

Luftkiihlung / air cooling. 

Luftlager n PW camp for air forces 
personnel. 

Luftlandegeschwader n glider wing 
(strictly, a winy of transport air- 
planes for towing gliders). 

Luftlandekette / glider flight (air- 
borne operations) . See also Luft- 
landegeschwader. 

Luftlandestaffel / glider squadron 
(airborne operations). See also Luft- 
landegeschwader. 

Luftlandetruppen fpl air landing 
troops. 

Luftleere / vacuum. 

Luftleiter w antenna. 

Luftloch n air pocket (Avn). 

Luftmacht / air power. 

Luftmarsch m “air march” (flight 
of airborne troops from departure 
Adrm to destination) . 

Luftmeer n atmosphere. 

Luftmeldequadrat n grid square ( for 
reporting locations in air recon- 
naissance). 

Luftmine / aerial mine. 

Luftnachrichten fpl signal communi- 
cation (Luftwaffe) ■ 

Luftnachrichtenabteilung / signal 

battalion (Luftwaffe). 

Luftnachrichtenhelferin / woman 

signal auxiliary (Luftwaffe). 

Luftnachrichtenkompanie / signal 

company (Luftwaffe). 

Luftnachrichtenstelle / signal center 
of an airdrome. 

Luftnachrichtentruppe f signal com- 
munication troops (Luftwaffe). 

Luftnavigation / air navigation. 

Luft.offensive / air offensive. 

Luftparade / aerial review, aerial 
pass in review. 

Luftpersonalamt n See Luftwaffen- 
personalamt. 

Luftpresser to air compressor. 

Luftraum m air area; air space; 
sky. 



! Luftreibung f air friction. 

: Luftreifen to pneumatic tire. 

Luftreiniger to air filter. 

Luftsack to wind sock, wind sleeve, 
wind cone (Avn); towed-sleeve 
target (AAA practice); ballonet 
(Bln). 

Luftsackmaul n air scoop (Bln). 

Luftsackventil n ballonet valve 
(Bln). 

Luftsaule / column of air (Met). 

Luftscheibe / antiaircraft practice 
target. 

Luftschicht f atmospheric layer 
(Met). 

Luftschiff n airship. 

Luftschlacht / air battle. 

Luftschlauch to inner tube (MT). 

Luftschlitz m louver (Tk). 

Luftschraube / propeller (Ap). See 
also Propeller. 

Luftschraubenblatt n propeller blade 
(Ap). 

Luftschraubendrehzahl / propeller 
rpm. 

Luftschraubenebene / plane of pro- 
peller rotation (Ap). 

Luftschraubenfliigel to propeller 
blade (Ap). 

Luftschraubenhaube f propeller 

spinner (Ap). 

Luftschraubenkreis to propeller-disk 
area (Ap). 

Luftschraubensteigungsmesser to pro- 
peller pitch indicator. 

Luftschraubenstrahl m slipstream. 

Luftschraubennabenstiick n propel- 
ler boss (Ap). 

Luftschraubenverstellgerat n pitch- 
control mechanism (propeller). 

Luftschutz m air raid protection, 
passive air defense (Civ defense). 

Luftschutzabschnitt to civilian de- 
fense sector (air raid protection). 

Luftschutzbezirk to civilian defense 
district (air raid protection). 

Luftschutzbrandspritze / stirrup 
pump. 

Luftschutzbund to See Reichsluft- 
schutzbund. 

Luftschutzkeller in air raid shelter. 

Luftschutzleiter m chief of air de- 
fense (in a local defense council). 

Luftschutzmafinahmen fpl air raid 
precautionary measures. 
Luftschutzordnungsdienst to civilian 




Luf tschutzpolizei 



116 Luftwaffenverwaltungsamt 



defense police service ( air raid pro- 
tection). 

Luftschutzpolizei / civilian defense 
police (air raid protection). 

Luftschutzraum to air raid shelter. 

Luftschutzrevier n civilian defense 
zone (air raid protection). 

Luftschutzsanitatsdienst m civilian 
defense medical service (air raid 
protection) . 

Luftschutzsirene / air raid siren. 

Luftschutztruppen fpl civilian de- 
fense troops (air raid protection). 

Luftschutzturm m air raid tower. 

Luftschutziibung / air raid drill, 
practice alert. 

Luftschutzveterinardienst m civilian 
defense veterinary service (air raid 
protection) . 

Luftschutzwarndienst m aircraft 
warning service (Civ defense). 

Luftschutzwarnstelle / district warn- 
ing center (AWS). 

Luftschutzwarnzentrale / control 
center (AWS). 

Luftschutzwart to air raid warden. 

Luftschutzzentrale / See Luftschutz- 
warnzentrale. 

Luftsog m vacuum (resulting from 
explosion). 

Luftspaher m ground observer 

(AWS); antiaircraft scout or look- 
out, air sentinel, air guard. 

Luftspah- und Warndienst m air- 
craft scout and warning service. 

Luftsperre f antiaircraft defenses 
(balloon barrage, fighter patrol, 
etc.). 

Luftsperrgebiet n prohibited zone, 
airspace reservation (Avn). 

Luftsperrtruppen fpl barrage bal- 
loon troops. 

Luftsprengpunkt m point of air 
burst (Arty). 

Luftstorungen fpl atmospheric dis- 
turbances. 

LuftstoB to blast, concussion of air 
(resulting from an explosion). 

Luftstreitkrafte fpl air forces. 

Luftstrom to air current. 

Luftstromgerat n airplane chemical 
spray apparatus. 

Luftstiitzpunkt m air base. 

lufttanken to refuel in flight. 

Lufttorpedo n aerial torpedo. 

Lufttransport to air transport. 

Lufttreffbild n air-burst pattern. 



Lufttiichtigkeit / airworthiness. 

Lufttiichtigkeitsschein to airworth- 
iness certificate. 

Luftiiberlegenheit / air superiority. 

Liiftung / ventilation. 

Liiftungsrohr n ventilation shaft 

(Tk). 

Luftverankerung / overhead cable 
anchorage (Pon Bdg). 

Luftverdichter to air compressor. 

Luftvergleichsziel n high-burst aux- 
iliary target (Arty). 

Luftverkehrslinie / civil airway. 

Luftversorgung / supply by air. 

Luftverteidigung f air defense, anti- 
aircraft defense; air defense system. 

Luftverteidigungsgebiet n special 
air defense command in vital areas. 

Luftvorholer m pneumatic recup- 
erator (G). 

Luftwache f ground observer 

RAIL'S,); air sentinel, air guard. 

Luftwaffe f German Air Forces. 

Luftwaffenbautruppe / aviation con- 
struction engineers. 

Luftwaffenbetriebskompanie / air- 
drome maintenance and service unit. 

Luftwaffen-Druckvorschrift / air 
forces manual (abbr. L.Dv.). 

Luftwaffen-Felddivision / air forces 
field division (fighting as ground 
force with the Army). 

Luftwaffenflak / air forces antiair- 
craft artillery (as distinguished 
from Army antiaircraft artillery). 

Luftwaffengruppenkommando n air 
force headquarters of a Gruppe. 

Luftwaffenhelfer m air forces order- 
ly ( messenger or clerk of premili- 
tary age). 

Luftwaffenhelferin / air forces wo- 
man auxiliary. 

Luftwaffen-Jager-Regiment n air 
forces rifle regiment. 

Luftwaffenkommando n air forces 
headquarters. 

Luftwaffenpersonalamt n Air Forces 
Personnel Office ( a branch of the 
Ger Air Ministry). 

Luftwaffenschiitzenregiment n air 
forces rifle regiment. 

Luftwaffen-Sturm-Bataillon n Air 
Forces assault battalion (air-land- 
ing troops). 

Luftwaffenverordnungsblatt n Air 
Forces Regulations (a publication). 

Luftwaffenverwaltungsamt n Air 




Luftwichte 



117 



Marinestation 



Forces Administration Office ( a 
branch of the Ger Air Ministry). 

Luftwichte / specific gravity of air. 

Luftwiderstand m air resistance 
(Ballistics, MT, etc.); drag (Avn). 

Luftzielapparat m azimuth instru- 

ment. 

Luger 08 / German standard mili- 
tary pistol. 



Luke / door, hatch (Ap, Tk). 
Lukendeckel m hatch cover (Tk). 
Lungengift n See Lungenreizstoff. 
Lungenreizstoff m lung irritant 

(CWS). 

Lunte f slow match (fuze lighter). 
Luv / weather side. 

Luvwinkel m crab, angle of crab, 
drift angle (Air Navigation). 



M 



Maat m petty officer, third class 
(Nav). 

Macht / power; country. 

Maderfelge / quick-detachable rim 
(with side ring) (MT). 

Magazin n storage depot; magazine. 

Magazinfeuer n automatic fire. 

Magazingehause n magazine hous- 

ing (pistol). 

Magazinhaltehebel m magazine 

catch lever (MG). 

Magazinhalter m magazine holder 
(MG); magazine catch (pistol). 

Magazinlager n magazine rack 

( Ord). 

Magnesiumthermit n thermit filler 
(incendiary bomb). 

Magnetapparat m magneto (Mtr). 

Magnetisch-Nord m compass north, 
magnetic north. 

Magnetkompali m magnetic compass. 

Magnetmine / magnetic mine. 

Magnetspule / solenoid (Elec). 

Magnetziindapparat m magneto. 

Magnetziindung / magneto ignition. 

Magnus-Effekt m Magnus effect (of 
air rotation caused by projectile 
spin). 

Major m major. 

Mangan n manganese. 

Mannchen n whipstall (Avn). 

Manneszucht / military discipline. 

Mannschaft / crew, team, party, 
squad, “outfit.” See also Mann- 
schaften. 

Mannschaften fpl enlisted personnel 
(up to and including Obergefreiter, 
Cpl). 

Mannschaftsentgiftungskraftwagen m 
decontamination truck for personnel. 

Mar.nschaftsstube / squad room. 



Mannschaftswagen m personnel car- 
rier (MT). 

Manover n maneuver. 

Manoverkartusche / blank cartridge. 

Manovrierfahigkeit / maneuver- 
ability. 

Manovrierventil n maneuvering 

valve (Bln). 

Mantel m overcoat (Clo); jacket 
(MG, Am); casing (of a tire). 

Mantelboden m jacket base (MG). 

Mantelkopf m jacket end cap (MG). 

Mantelringrohr n built-up barrel 
(G); jacketed barrel (MG). 

Marine f navy. 

Marineakademie f naval academy. 

Marineartillerie f naval coast artil- 
lery. 

Marineartillerieabteilung / naval 
coast artillery battalion. 

Marineartilleriemaat m petty officer, 
third class, in naval coast artillery. 

Marineattachc m naval attache. 

Marinebaubataillon n naval con- 
struction battalion. 

Marine-Flak f naval antiaircraft ar- 
tillery. 

Marineflieger m naval aviator, naval 
pilot. 

Marineflugwesen n naval aviation. 

Marinelager n See Marlag. 

Marineministerium n Admiralty of 
the German Navy. 

Marke f mark, index mark, reading 
on range drum (Arty); label; 
brand; stamp. 

Markenplatte / index plate (on aim- 
ing circle or telescopic sight). 

Markenring m index ring (MG teles- 
copic sight). 

Marinestation / naval base. 




MarinestoBtrupp 118 Maschinengewehrstand 



Marinestofitrupp m naval landing 
party. 

Marinewaffenamt n Bureau of Ord- 
nance (Nav). 

Marinewerft f navy yard. 

Markenstiick n line-up stud (on top 
gun carriage). 

Marketenderei / post exchange. 

Marketenderware / sales article ( sold 
at PX). 

Markscheidegerat n mine-surveying 
set (Engr). 

Marlag n prisoner-of-war camp for 
sailors (abbr. of Marinelager). 

Marschabstand m distance between 
march units. 

Marschallstab m baton. 

Marschbataillon n personnel replace- 
ment transfer battalion (conducting 
replacements from Wehrkreis to T 
of Opns). 

Marschbefehl m march order ; official 
travel order. 

Marschbereitschaft / march read- 
iness. 

Marschbreite f width of march col- 
umn. 

Marschdecke / blanket. 

marschfahig capable of walking, fit 
for marching. 

marschfahige Verwundete walking 
wounded, ambulant cases. 

Marschfiihigkeit / marching ability. 

Marschfolge / order of march. 

Marschfiihlung / maintenance of 
contact on the march. 

Marschfiihrer m control officer 

(march column). 

Marschgepack n full pack. 

Marschgeschwindigkeit / cruising 
speed (Ap); rate of march. 

Marschgliederung / march forma- 
tion, organization of march. 

Marschgruppe / march group, march 
section, march unit. 

Marschhalt m march halt. 

Marschieren ohne Tritt route march, 
route step. 

Marschkolonne / march column, 
route column. 

Marschkompanie / trained replace- 
ment company. 

Marschkompafi m prismatic compass. 

Marschkontrollstelle / control point. 

Marschlange / road space (march 
column). 



Marschleistung / march capacity, 
march performance. 

Marschlinie / line of march. 

“Marsch! Marsch!” “Double time, 
march!”; “On the double!” 

Marschordnung / column of threes 
(Inf drill); close order march for- 
mation; line of march. 

“In Marschordnung, angetreten!” 
“In column of threes, fall in!” 

“Marschordnung!” “March order!” 
(Arty). 

Marschpause f march halt. 

Marschrast / march rest. 

Marschsicherung / security on the 
march. 

Marschskizze f strip map (MT). 

Marschstockung / road jam. 

MarschstraBe / march route. 

Marschstrecke / march route, stretch 
or leg of a march. 

Marschtafel f march table. 

Marschtiefe / road space (march 
column). 

Marschiibersicht / march schedule. 

Marschvorposten m march outpost. 

Marschweg m route of march. 

Marschzeit / time of march, time 
distance. 

Marschziel n march objective, march 
destination. 

Marschzucht f march discipline. 

Maschendraht m woven wire, wire 
netting, wire mesh. 

Maschendrahtzaun m woven-wire 
fence, woven-wire obstacle. 

Maschine / motor, engine; machine; 
airplane ( colloquial ) . 

Maschinenflak f antiaircraft auto- 
matic weapons. 

Maschinengewehr n machine gun. 
See also terms under MG. 

Maschinengewehrangriff to strafing 
assault, strafing attack (Avn). 

Maschinengevvehr-Bedienung / ma- 
chine-gun crew. 

Maschinengewehrgarbe / sheaf of 
fire (MG). 

Maschinengewehrgruppe / machine- 
gun section. 

Maschinengewehr-Halbzug m ma- 

chine-gun squad. 

Maschinengewehrschlitten m ma- 

chine-gun sleigh mount. 

Maschinengewehrschiitze to machine 
gunner. 

Maschinengewehrstand to machine- 




Maschinengewehrsteuerung 119 



gun emplacement; machine gunner’s 
station (Ap). 

Maschinengewehrsteuerung / syn- 
chronization (Ap MG's). 

Maschinengewehrtrupp to light MG 
team (of Inf squad). 

Maschinengewehrzug to MG platoon. 

Maschinenkanone / automatic can- 
non (Ap); automatic gun. 

Maschinenkarabiner to automatic 
rifle. 

Maschinenpistole / submachine gun. 

Maschinensatz to generating unit, 
power unit. 

Maschinenschlosser to mechanic. 

Maschinenschreiber to typist. 

Maschinenwaffe / automatic weapon. 

Maschinist to machinist (Nav). 

Maske / mask, screen, camouflage 
net, flat-top, overhead screen ( Cam) ; 
gas mask; oxygen mask. 

Maskenbrille f special type of eye- 
glasses for wear under gas mask. 

Maskenkorper m facepiece (gas 

mask). 

Maskenspanner to face form ( to pre- 
vent gas-mask distortion). 

Mail n measure (of quantity, etc.). 

Masse / mass. 

Massenabwurf to salvo release 

(Bombing). 

Massenausgleich m counterbalance, 
counterweight (Ap). 

MassenbeschufJ m concentrated fire. 

Masseneinsatz to commitment of ma- 
jor forces, employment of major 
forces (Tac). 

Massenfertigung / mass production. 

Massentaktik f grand tactics. 

Massenwirkung f mass effect (Tac). 

massieren to mass, concentrate; to 
massage. 

Massierung f mass, massing, line of 
masses (Tac). 

Malinahme / measure; step; enact- 
ment. 

Mafistab to scale; proportion. 

mafistabgerecht according to scale. 

Mast to mast. 

Mastwurf to clove hitch. 

Materialfehler to defect of material. 

Materialsammelstelle / salvage 

dump. 

Materialschlacht / battle of materiel. 

Materialwirkung / effect of fire 

against material objects (Gunnery). 

Matrose w apprentice seaman ; sailor. 



Mehrlochduse 

Matrosengefreiter TO seaman, second 

class. 

Matrosenhaupgefreiter to seaman, 

first class (highest rated, with 4 Vs 
years seniority). 

Matrosenobergefreiter to seaman, 

first class. 

Mattanstrich to lusterless paint. 

Mattscheibe / ground-glass plate. 

Mauer / stone, brick or concrete 
wall. 

Maultier n mule. 

Maultierkolonne f mule train. 

Maximaleffekt to maximum inten- 
sity (sound locator). . 

M.-Blink n portable signal lamp 
(abbr. of mittleres Blinkgerat). 

Mechaniker to mechanic. 

mechanischer Ziinder mechanical 
fuze. 

mechanisierter Verband mechanized 
unit. 

mechanisiertes Fahrzeug armored 
combat vehicle. 

Mechanisierung / mechanization. 

Medaille / medal. 

Meer n ocean, sea. 

Meereskiiste / seacoast. 

Meeresspiegel to sea level. 

Mehrachsantrieb m multi-axle drive. 

Mehrachser to multi-axle vehicle. 

Mehrbestand to surplus stock (i.e. 
above authorized basic allowance) . 

Mehrdecker to multiplane (Ap). 

mehrfach multiple; multiplex; com- 
bination. 

Mehrfachbetrieb w multiplex opera- 
tion (Tp). 

Mehrfach-Reihenbildkammer / mul- 
tiple lens camera (aerial Photo). 

Mehrfachsprechen n multiplex tele- 
phony. 

Mehrfachziinder to combination fuze 

(Am). 

Mehrgitterrohre / multiple-grid tube, 
multielement tube (Rad). 

mehrgleisig multiple-tracked (RR). 

Mehrlader to magazine-fed rifle or 
carbine, clip-fed rifle or carbine. 

Mehrladevorrichtung / magazine 
feeding device (R). 

mehrlaufige Fla-Waffe multiple-bar- 
rel antiaircraft weapon. 

Mehrlauflafette / multiple-gun 

mount. 

Mehrlochdiise f multiple-hole nozzle 

(Mtr). 




120 



Messing 



mehrmotorig 

mehrmotorig multiple-engine. I Melder in messenger. 



Mehrscheibenkupplnng / multiple- 
disk clutch. 

Mehrsitzer m multiseater airplane. 

Mehrzweckfahrzeug n general-pur- 
pose vehicle. 

Mehrzweckflugzeug n general-pur- 
pose airplane. 

Mehrzweckgeschiitz n multipurpose 
gun. 

Meilenstein m milestone. 

MeiBel m chisel. 

Meldeabwurf in message dropping. 

Meldeabwurfhiille f drop-message 
bag. 

Meldeabwurfstelle / message-drop- 
ping ground. 

Meldeblatt n message blank. 

Meldeblock m message pad. 

Meldebuch n field message book. 

Meldebiichse / message container 
(for dropping messages). 

Meldedienst m message communica- 
tion service. 

Meldefahrer m mounted messenger 
(MT); dispatch rider, dispatch 
driver. 

Meldefahrzeug n messenger vehicle. 

Meldeformular n message blank. 

Meldeganger m runner, messenger. 

Meldehund m messenger dog. 

Meldehundfuhrer m messenger-dog 
handler, messenger-dog guard. 

Meldehundtrupp m dog-handler team 
(for messenger dogs). 

Meldekapsel / message-dropping 
container. 

Meldekarte f message blank. 

Meldekopf m wire head (line con- 
struction); advance message center. 

Meldelauf m message run (messen- 
ger dog). 

Meldelaufer m runner, messenger. 

melden to report, 
sich melden to report (to present 
oneself); to register with the 
police; to volunteer, 
sich krank melden to report sick, 
to go on sick call. 

sich freiwillig melden to volunteer, 
enlist, enroll. 

Meldepatrone f ground signal car- 
tridge. 

Meldepflicht / obligation to report 
to, or register with, the police. 

Meldequadrat n grid square (for re- 
porting locations). 



Melderakete / message-carrying 

rocket. 

Meldereiter m mounted messenger. 

Melderose / orientation card 

(AWS); orientation clock (to indi- 
cate target’s direction of approach) 
(AAA). 

Meldesammelstelle / message center. 

Meldestelle f control point (march 
column) ; local reporting office. 

Meldetasche / dispatch case. 

Meldeweg m message channel. 

Meldung f message, report, dispatch. 

Membran / diaphragm. 

Membranmaske / diaphragm gas 
mask. 

Membranpumpe f diaphragm pump. 

mengenmafiig quantitative; volume- 
tric. 

Meridiankonvergenz f gisement, grid 
declination (Surv). 

Merkblatt n supplement (to a manu- 
al) ; instructional pamphlet or book- 
let. 

Merkzettel m data card, memo. 

Meffband n surveyor’s tape. 

Mellbatterie / survey battery (Arty). 

Melibecher m dispenser, graduate. 

Mellbildpaare npl stereoscopic com- 
plements (Photo Surv). 

MeBbildverfahren n phototopography. 

Meffbriicke / measuring bridge 

circuit, Wheatstone bridge (Elec). 

Meffdreieck n plotting protractor 
(Arty). 

MeBdreieckverfahren n plotting-pro- 
tractor method ( protractor compen- 
sates for position offset and deter- 
mines firing range on basis of 
range-finder and aiming-circle 
data). 

MeBei n pressure gage (Arty). 

MeBeinheit f unit of measurement. 

MeBentfernung f slant range to 
present position ( at instant of range 
determination) (A A gunnery). 

Messerflug in steep-bank flight. 

Messerschalter m knife switch 

(Elec). 

MeBflug in test flight (Avn). 

MeBgerat n range-finder; survey 
equipment or instrument. 

MeBhohe / altitude of target at 
instant of range determination ( A A 
gunnery ) . 

Messing n brass. 




MeBkammer 



121 Militarstrafgesetzbuch 



MeBkammer / topographic-survey 
camera. 

MeBkartusche f test cartridge ; charge 
temperature cartridge (Arty). 

MeBkette / surveyor’s chain. 

MeBknopf m measuring knob (range 
finder) . 

MeBkreis m protractor arc (plotting 
protractor) ; azimuth circle (BC 
telescope). 

MeBlatte f stadia rod (Surv). 

MeBleitung / measuring circuit (SR, 
FR). 

MeBmann to range-finder operator. 

MeBmarke / measuring mark ( range 
finder). 

MeBpatrone / bore gage (SA). 

Mefipunkt m present position of 

target (at instant of range determi- 
nation) (AA gunnery). 

Meflspiegel m reference mirror 

(river-width measuring Inst). 

MeBstab to stadia rod (Surv). 

MeBstand m base end station 

(AAA). 

MeBstelle / ranging station (SR, 
FR). 

MeBtisch to plane table (Surv). 

MeBtischblatt n plane table sheet. 

MeBtrupp to survey team, flash or 
sound ranging team (Arty). 

MeBwalze / measuring knob (height 
finder). 

MeBzentrale / flash central station, 
sound central station (F'R, SR). 

MetallgefaB n metal container. 

Metallgliedergurt to metallic-link 
ammunition belt (MG). 

Metallgliederkette f metallic-link 
belt (MG). 

Metallsage / hacksaw. 

Meteorograph to aerometeorograph, 
aerograph, meteorograph (Avn, 
Met). 

Meteorologe to meteorologist, 

Meterspur f one-meter track gage 
(RR). 

Methyldichlorarsin n methyldichlor- 
arsine (CWS). 

Meuterei f mutiny. 

M.-Flak f automatic antiaircraft 
gun (abbr. of Flugabwehrmasehinen- 
kanone) . 

MG.-DreifuB to tripod (MG). 

MG.-Gerat n machine-gun materiel. 

MG.-Gurt to machine-gun ammuni- 
tion belt. 



MG.-Mann to machine gunner. 

MG.-Richtaufsatz to machine-gun 
sight. 

MG.-Richtkreis to machine-gun aim- 
ing circle. 

MG.-Staffel / heavy machine-gun 
section (Cav). 

MG.-Trager to machine-gun carrier. 

MG.-Wagen to machine-gun cart 
(H-Dr). 

MG.-Warze / blister (Ap). 

MG.-Zieleinrichtung / machine-gun 
sighting mechanism. 

MG.-Zielfernrohr n machine-gun 
telescopic sight. 

MG.-Zwilling m twin machine gun. 

Mikrometerschraube / micrometer, 
micrometer calipers. 

Milag n See Militarlager. 

Milchglas n frosted glass. 

Militar n military, military forces, 
soldiery. See also terms under 
Heer, Wehrmacht. 

Militararztliche Akademie army me- 
dical school. 

Militarattachc to military attache. 

MilitiirausschuB to military commis- 
sion. 

Militarbefehlshaber to military com- 
mander in occupied territory. 

Militarbehorde f military authorities. 

Militarbevollmachtigter to military 
plenipotentiary. 

Militarbezirk to military district. 

Militarfriedhof to military cemetery. 

Militargefangnis n military prison. 

Militargericht n military court, mili- 
tary tribunal. 

Militargerichtsbarkeit f military 
jurisdiction. 

militarische Besetzung military oc- 
cupation. 

militarische Formen military cour- 
tesy. 

militarischer Auftrag military mis- 
sion. 

militarischer Schriftverkehr military 
correspondence. 

militarisch raumen demilitarize. 

Militarkommission f military com- 
mission. 

Militarlager n prisoner of war camp 
(abbr. Milag). 

Militarluftfahrt / military aviation. 

Militarpfarrer to chaplain. 

Militarstrafgesetzbuch n military 
penal code. 




Militarverwaltung 122 Mitteneindruck 



Militarverwaltung f military ad- 
ministration; military government. 

Militarverwaltungsbezirk to military 
subdistrict. 

Miliz / militia. 

Mindestnutzbreite f minimum useful 
width of roadway. 

Mine f mine. 

Minenabweiser to paravane (Nav). 

Minenanker mit Tiefensteller auto- 
matic anchor (Nav). 

Minenanlage f demolition installa- 
tion (in a Bdg, etc.); mine system 
(mine warfare). 

Minenboje / mine buoy. 

Minenbombe / aerial mine. 

Minenfahrzeug n mine layer, mine 
planter (Nav). 

Minenfeld n mine field. 

Minenflugzeug n mine-laying air- 
plane. 

Minengang m mine gallery. 

Minengefafi n mine case ( container). 

Minenhund m miner’s tramcar 
(Engr) ; remote-controlled explosive- 
laden tank, “robot tank.” 

Minenkammer / demolition chamber 
(Bdg, mine). 

Minenkampf to military mining, mine 
warfare. 

Minenkratze / grub hoe. 

Minenkrieg w military mining, mine 
warfare. 

Minenlegen n mine laying. 

Minenleger w mine layer, mine 
planter (Nav). 

Minenlegermotorboot n mine yawl 
(Nav). 

Minenlegerpanzerkampf wagen m 
mine-laying tank. 

Minenraumboot m mine sweeper 

(Nav). 

Minenraumer m mine sweeper 

(Nav). 

Minenraumpanzer m mine-clearance 
tank. 

Minenraumung f mine sweeping; 

mine clearance. 

Minenrohr n borehole. 

Minenschacht to mine shaft. 

Minenschleppen n mine dragging 

(Nav). 

Minensperre / mine field, mine ob- 
stacle; submarine mine field (Nav); 
mine defense (Tac). 

Minenstpllen w gallery, tunnel, 



Minensuchboot n mine sweeper 

(Nav). 

Minensucher m mine sweeper (Nav). 

Minensuchgerat n mine detector. 

Minensuchstab m mine-probing rod. 

Minensuchtrupp m mine-locating 

detail. 

Minentonne f mine buoy. 

Minentrichter m mine crater. 

minenverseuchtes Gebiet mined area, 
mine-infested area. 

Minenwirkung / mining effect (Am). 

Minierdienst m mining service ( tun- 
neling). 

Miniergerat n mining tools. 

Miniergut n spoil (mining). 

Mifibilligung / disapproval. 

miBlingen fail. 

mifiweisender Kurs magnetic head- 

■ ing, magnetic course (Air Naviga- 
tion). 

mifiweisender Kurswinkel magnetic 
azimuth (Air Navigation). 

MiBweisung / magnetic declination, 
magnetic variation, declination con- 
stant, compass declination. 

Mithoreinrichtung f sidetone circuit 
(Rad, Tp). 

mithiiren to listen in, to monitor 
(Rad, Tp). 

Mithbrstelle f intercept station. 

Mitklingen n resonance (Rad). 

Mitkoppeln n determining of course 
or fix by dead reckoning (Avn). 

Mitlesen n interception (of visual 
signals). 

Mitnehmer m translating lever 

(sight mechanism); lathe dog; 
catch; lifter; cam; lug. 

Mitschuldiger to accomplice. 

mitteilen inform. 

Mitteilung / communication, mes- 
sage, information. 

Mittelbalken to center balk (Bdg). 

Mitteldecker to midwing monoplane. 

Mittelhand / barrel (horse). 

Mittelpferde npl swing team. 

Mittelpfropfen to tompion (G). 

Mittelrohrrahmen to tubular-center 
chassis (MT). 

Mittelspiegel to a colored center 
strip between the halves of the 
Kragenlitze (Clo). 

MitteltroB to second echelon supply 
train (behind the Gefechtstrofi). 

Mitteneindruck to binaural balance 

(sound locating). 




mittlere Flugbahn 123 Mundpfropfen 



mittlere Flugbahn mean trajectory, 
mittlerer Fehler average error, 
mean error. 

mittlerer Panzerkampfwagen me- 
dium tank. 

mittlerer Sprengpunkt center of 
burst. 

mittlerer Treffpunkt center of im- 
pact, center of dispersion, 
mittlere Sonnenzeit mean solar time. 
Mitwirkung / cooperation, 
mobil mobilized, 
mobil machen to mobilize. 
Mobilmachung / mobilization. 
Mobilmachungsbestimmungen fpl mo- 
bilization regulations. 
Mobilmachungsplan m mobilization 
plan. 

Modell n model, type, pattern. 
Modelung f modulation (Rad, Tp). 
modulierte Welle modulated wave. 
Moment m moment, instant. 

Moment n factor, element. 
Momentstrom m instantaneous cur- 
rent (Elec). 

Montage / assembly, erection, 

mounting, installation. 

Montagehalle / assembly shop. 
Montageluke / inspection hatch 
(Tk). 

Montageplatte / chassis panel 
(Rad). 

Montagewerk n assembly plant. 
Monteur m mechanic, assembler, 
montieren to assemble, make up, 

erect, mount. 

Montierhebel m tire tool. 

Moor n bog, marsh, moor. 

Morast m bog. 

Morgenkost / breakfast, morning 
meal. 

Morsealphabet n Morse code. 
Morsen n transmitting by Morse 

code. 

Morser m howitzer ( caliber 210 mm 
and larger). 

Morsespruch m telegraph message. 
Morsetaste f telegraph key. 
Morsezeichen n Morse code charac- 
ter. 

Motor m engine, motor. 

Motorblock m cylinder block (Mtr). 
Motorbremse / engine brake (MT). 
Motordrehmoment n engine torque. 
Motordrehzahl f engine rpm. 
Motoren-Instandsetzung / engine re- 
pair. 



Motorenkiihlung / engine cooling. 
Motorenliiftung f engine ventilation, 
engine louvers (Tk). 

Motorenraum m engine compart- 
ment (Tk). 

Motorgleiter m powered glider. 
Motorgondel f engine nacelle (Ap). 
Motorhaube / engine cowling (Ap); 
hood (MT). 

motorisiert motorized; mechanized; 

. mobile. 

motorisierte Kavallerie mechanized 

cavalry. 

Motorpanne / engine failure. 
Motorponton m ponton with out- 
board motor. 

Motorrad n See Kraftrad. 
Motorregler m engine governor. 
Motorsage / power saw. 
Motorschaden m engine damage, 
engine trouble. 

Motorschlitten m motor sled, aero- 
sled. 

Motorschnellboot n motor torpedo 
boat, PT boat. 

Motorsegler m powered glider. 
Motorstiirung / engine trouble. 
Motortorpedoboot n motor torpedo 
boat, PT boat. 

Motorverkleidung / engine cowling 
(Ap). 

Motorverschalung / See Motorver- 
kleidung. 

Motorwelle f engine crankshaft. 
m.Pak f medium antitank gun. 
M.Patrone f ground signal cartridge 
(abbr. of Meldepatrone) . 

Mhcken n flinching (SA firing). 
Miidigkeit / fatigue. 

Mudrasteg m a type of portable 
hasty footbridge. 

Muffe / threaded sleeve (for pipe 
connections). 

Miihle f mill. 

Mulde f pit, hole, depression, hollow. 
Muldenlinie f centerline of depres- 
sion (Top). 
miindlich oral. 

Mundloch n adapter opening (Am). 
Mundlochfries m muzzle bell, muzzle 
swell (G). 

Mundlochgewinde n adapter thread 

(Am). 

Mundlochschraube / adapter plug 

(Am). 

Mundpfropfen m tompion ( G). 




Mundschicht 



124 



Mundschicht f chemical layer (gas 
mask). 

MundstUck n mouthpiece (harness). 

Miindung f muzzle ( Ord) ; mouth, 
outlet (of a river)-. 

Miindungsarbeit / kinetic energy at 
the muzzle. 

Miindungsbremse / muzzle brake 

(G). - . 

Miindungsdeckel m muzzle cover. 

Mundungsenergie / kinetic energy at 
the muzzle. 

Miindungsfeuer n muzzle flash. 

Miindungsfeuerdampfer m flash 
hider. 

Miindungsgasdruck m muzzle gas 
pressure. 

Miindungsgeschwindigkeit / muzzle 
velocity. 

Miindungskappe / tompion, muzzle 
cover (G). 

Miindungsknall m report produced 
by gun or muzzle wave (SR). 

Miindungspfropfen m tompion (G). 

Miindungsrauch m muzzle-blast 

smoke. 

Miindungsschoner m muzzle cover 
(It). 

Miindungswaagerechte / base of the 
trajectory. 

Mundungswucht f kinetic energy at 
the muzzle. 

Munition / ammunition. 

Munitionieren n loading (Ap weap-, 
ons). 

Munitionsart / grade of ammunition. 

Munitionsaufzug m shell hoist. 

Munitionsausgabestelle / ammuni- 
tion distributing point. 

Munitionsausstattung / issue of am- 
munition. 

Munitionsbestand m stock of ammu- 
nition. 

Munitionseinsatz m commitment or 
employment of ammunition. 

Munitionsersatz w resupply of am- 
munition. 

Munitionsfahrzeug n ammunition 
carrier (vehicle). 

Munitionskammer / ammunition 

sponson (Tk) ; ammunition storage 
chamber, magazine. 

Munitionskarren m loading barrow; 
ammunition carrier (H-Dr). 

Munitionskasten to ammunition box. 

Munitionskolonne f ammunition 

train, ammunition column. 



Musikkorps 

Munitionslager n ammunition dump, 
ammunition depot. 

Munitionslager in Geschiitznahe ready 
magazine (Arty). 

Munitionsloch n ammunition pit. 

Munitionsmangel to ammunition 
shortage. 

Munitionsnachschub m ammunition 
supply. 

Munitionsnische / ammunition niche, 
hasty ammunition shelter (Ft). 

Munitionsschlepper m ammunition 
prime mover (MT). 

Munitionsschuppen to ammunition 
storage shed. 

Munitionsschiitze m ammunition 
bearer, ammunition carrier. 

Munitionsstaffel / ammunition sec- 
tion ( of firing Btry, Tk Bn, etc.). 

Munitions-Staffelfiihrer to ammuni- 
tion supply officer. 

Munitionsstapelplatz m ammunition 
dump. 

Munitionstrager to ammunition 

bearer, ammunition carrier. 

Munitionstrommel / ammunition 
drum. 

Munitionstrupp to ammunition detail. 

Munitionsumschlagstelle f ammuni- 
tion supply point. 

Munitionsunteroffizier to chief of 
ammunition (NCO, Arty). 

Munitionsverbrauch m expenditure 
of ammunition. 

Munitionsvergeudung / waste of am- 
munition. 

Munitionsverteilungsstelle / ammu- 
nition distributing point. 

Munitionsverwaltung / ammunition 
administrative office (Div and up). 

Munitionsverwaltungskompanie f am- 
munition administration company. 

Munitionswagen to caisson, ammuni- 
tion wagon, ammunition trailer, am- 
munition carrier (H-Dr). 

Munitionswesen n ammunition sup- 
ply service. 

Munitionszug to ammunition train 
(RR). 

Munitionszugmaschine / ammunition 
prime mover (MT). 

miirbe softened up, worn out, de- 
moralized. 

M- u. R.-Patronen fpl signal and 
smoke cartridges (abbr. of Melde- 
und Rauchpatronen). 

Musikkorps n military band. 




Musikmeister 



125 Nachrichtenqueiverbindung 



Musikmeister m bandmaster (2nd 
Lt). 

Muster n model, type, pattern. 

Musterung / registration for the 
draft (includes physical examina- 
tion and tentative classification). 

Musterungsbezirk m draft subdis- 
trict (subdivision of Wehrmeldebe- 
zirk). 

Musterungsstab to registration staff 
(for the draft). 



Mutter / nut (Tech). 

Mutterkompafl to master compass 
(Avn). 

Muttermal n birthmark. 

Mutterrohr n gun tube designed to 
receive a liner. 

Mutterschiff n tender (Nav). 
Mutterschliissel to wrench. 
Mutteruhr / master watch. 

Miitze / cap, hat. 

Miitzenkordel / hat cord. 



N 



Nabe f hub. 

Nachbar m adjacent unit (Tac); 
neighbor. 

Nachbartruppen fpl adjacent troops. 

Nachbildung f mock-up, model, 
dummy. 

nachbrennen to hang fire (Am). 

Nachbrenner m hangfire (Am). 

Nachdriingen n direct pressure in 
pursuit (Tac). 

Nachhinken n hysteresis (Mech). 

Nachhut / rear guard. 

Nachlassigkeit f negligence. 

Nachlauf m positive caster (MT). 

“Nach links, richt Euch!” “Dress 
left, dress!” 

Nachpriifung / verification. 

Nachricht / information, intelligence, 
news, message. 

Nachrichten fpl information, intel- 
ligence, signal communication. 

Nachrichtenabteilung / signal bat- 
talion. 

Nachrichtenachse / axis of signal 
communication. 

Nachrichtenaufklarung / signal in- 
telligence. 

Nachrichtenbeschaffung f procure- 
ment of information, intelligence. 

Nachrichtenbeurteilung / evaluation 
of information. 

Nachrichtenblatt n bulletin (publica- 
tion). 

Nachrichtendienst m military intel- 
ligence service, intelligence service; 
news service (Rad). 

Nachrichteneinsatz m commitment 
or employment of signal units. 



Nachrichtenfahrzeug n signal ve- 
hicle. 

Nach rich tenfiihrer m signal officer of 
a Fliegerkorps (in Comd of a 
Luftnachrichtenregiment) . 

Hoherer Nachrichtenfiihrer signal 
officer at a Luftflotte headquarters. 

Nachrichtengerat n signal equip- 
ment, signal supplies. 

Nachrichtengeriitkarren m signal- 
equipment cart. 

Nachrichtengeriitpark m signal-sup- 
ply dump. 

Nachrichtenhelferin / signal-com- 
munication woman auxiliary. 

Nachriehtenkolonne f signal-supply 
column. 

Nachrichtenkompanie / signal com- 
pany. 

Nachrichtenkopf m wire head, ad- 
vance message center. 

Nachrichtenkraftfahrzeug n signal 
motor vehicle. 

Nachrichtenmaid / woman signal 
auxiliary of the SS. 

Nachrichtenmann to signal commu- 
nication man. 

Nachrichtenmittel n means of signal 
communication. 

Nachrichtennetz n communication 

net. 

Nachrichtenoffizier m signal officer, 
communication officer, intelligence 
officer. 

Nachrichtenpark m signal-supply 

depot. 

Nachrichtenquerverbindung / liaison 

communication. 




Nachrichtensammelstelle 



126 Nachtjagdgeschwader 



Nachrichtensammelstelle / signal 
intelligence center. 

Nachrichtenstaffel f communication 
section (Bn, Btry, etc.). 

Nachrichtenstelle / message center, 
signal center. 

Nachrichtentrupp m communication 
detail. 

Nachrichtentruppe / Signal Corps. 

Nachrichtentruppen fpl signal troops. 

Nachrichteniibermittlung / transmis- 
sion of communications. 

Nachrichtenverband to signal unit. 

Nachrichtenverbindung f signal com- 
munication. 

Nachrichtenverkehr m signal com- 
munication traffic. 

Nachrichtemvagen to signal wagon, 
signal truck. 

Nachrichtenwege mpl signal com- 
munication channels. 

Nachrichtenwerkstattkraftwagen in 
signal repair truck. 

Nachrichtenwesen n signal commu- 
nications. 

Nachrichtcnzentrale / signal center, 
message center. 

Nachrichtenzug in signal communi- 
cation platoon. 

Nachsatteln n readjustment of 
saddle. 

Nachschub m supply. 

Nachschubabwurf to dropping of 
supplies from aircraft. 

Nachschubausgabestelle / supply 
point. 

Nachschubbataillon n supply bat- 
talion. 

Nachschubboot n supply boat. 

Nachschubdienst in supply service. 

Nachschubdienststelle / supply serv- 
ice headquarters, office of supply 
services. 

Nachschubfahrzeug n supply vehicle. 

Nachschubfiihrer to chief of supply 
services (Div, corps, army). 

Nachschubgeleit n supply convoy 
(Nav). 

Nachschubgut n supply, supplies. 

Nachschubkolonne / supply column, 
supply train. 

Nachschubkolonnenabteilung / sup- 
ply column battalion. 

Nachschubkompanie / supply comp- 
pany. 

Nachschublage / supply situation. 



Nachschublager n supply depot, sup- 
ply dump. 

Nachschublinie / supply line. 

Nachschubmittel n means of supply 
movement. , 

Nachschuboffizier to supply officer. 

Nachschub-Panzerkampfwagen m ar- 
mored supply and maintenance ve- 
hicle. 

Nachschubpark to supply dump, sup- 
ply depot. 

Nachschubsammelgebiet n railhead 
service area. 

Nachschubstab z.b.V. special supply 
staff. 

Nachschubstralfe / supply route, line 
of supply, line of communication. 

Nachschubstiitzpunkt to supply base. 

Nachschubtrupp to supply party, 
supply detail. 

Nachschubtruppen fpl supply troops, 
supply units. 

Nachschubiibung f supply service ex- 
ercise. 

Nachschubumschlagstelle / supply 
point. 

Nachschubverkehr m supply traffic, 
movement of supplies. 

Nachschubverteilungsstelle f supply 
distributing point. 

Nachschubweg to supply road, sup- 
ply route. 

Nachschubwesen n supply services. 

Nachschubzug to supply train (RR). 

Nachsicherung / additional security 
(Tac). 

Nachspitze / rear point (march 
column ) . 

Nachspitzenkompanie / rear party 
( in rear guard of large unit ) . 

nachstellen to readjust; to pursue. 

Nachstrom to slipstream (Avn). 

Nachtangrilf to night attack, night 
raid. 

nachtanken refuel. 

Nachtaufkliirung / night reconnais- 
sance. 

Nachtbefeuerung / night beacon 
lighting (along a flight route or air- 
ivay) ; lighting facilities for landing 
at night (Adrm). 

Nachtgefecht n night combat. 

Nachtglas n night glasses. 

Nachtjagd / night fighting, pursuit 
operations at night (Avn). 

Nachtjagdgeschwader n wing of 

night fighters (Avn). 




Narvikschild 



Nachtjagdgruppe 127 



Nachtjagdgruppe f night fighter 

group (Avn). 

Nachtjagdschule f night fighter 

school (Avn). 

Nachtjager to night fighter (Avn). 

Nachtjagergeschwader n wing of 
night fighters (Avn). 

Nachtkampfflugzeug n night bomber. 

Nachtluftkampf to night fighting 
( Avn). 

Nachtmarsch to night march. 

nachtraglich supplementary. 

Nachtrupp m rear guard support 
(in rear guard of large unit); rear 
party ( in rear guard of smaller 
unit). 

Nachtschiefien n night firing. 

Nachtunternehmung / night opera- 
tion. 

Nachurlaub m extension of leave. 

Nachweis m proof, evidence; inven- 
tory; list; record. 

Nachweisung / list, account, record; 
strength report, stock report. 

Nachziigler m straggler. 

Nachziindung f retarded ignition. 

Nackenband- n neck strap (gas 
mask). 

Nackenriemen m neck strap 
(harness). 

Nadel f needle; firing pin (fuze). 

Nadelabweichung / magnetic decli- 
nation. 

Nadellager n needle bearing (MT). 

Nadelschwankungcn fpl oscillations 
of compass needle. 

Nadelstiick n firing pin support 
(fuze). 

Nadelverfahren n compass method 
(of laying guns). 

Nadel wald to coniferous forest, coni- 
ferous wood.’ 

Nadelwehr n needle dam (Engr). 

Nadelzahl f magnetic azimuth, azi- 
muth reading. 

Nafii to See Nachrichtenfiihrer. 

Nahabwehr / close defense. 

Nahaufklarer m close reconnaissance 
airplane. 

Nahaufklarerstaffel f close recon- 
naissance squadron (Avn). 

Nahaufklarung f local reconnais- 
sance, close reconnaissance. 

Nahaufklarungsflugzeug n cloSe-re- 
connaissance airplane, observation 
airplane. 



Nahaufklarungsgruppe f close recon- 
naissance airplane group (attached 
to ground forces). 

Nahbeobachtung / local observation. 

Naherkunder to close reconnaissance 
airplane, observation airplane. 

nahern to approach, close in. 

Nahkampf to close combat. 

Nahkampfartillerie f close support 
artillery. 

Nahkampfer to close-combat fighter. 

Nahkampffliegerverband to formation 
of close support airplanes. 

Nahkampffiihrer to commander of a 
Nahkampf gruppe (Luftwaffe) . 

Nahkampfgruppe / close support 
airplane group (attached to ground 
forces). 

Nahkampf mittel n close-combat mu- 
nitions or weapons. 

Nahkampf spange f close combat 
clasp (decoration). 

Nahkampfwalfe / close combat 
weapon. 

Nahkampfweite / close range, close- 
combat range. 

Nahkompafi to direct-reading com- 
pass. 

Nah-Packgefafi n unit container (as 
distinguished from a bulk con- 
tainer). 

nahren to feed; to reinforce. 

Nahrung f nourishment, food. 

Nahsicherung / close-in security, 
close-in protection. 

Naht f seam; boundary between 
units (Tac). 

Nahtkompanie f contact company 
( occupying a boundary position be- 
tween two units). 

Nahtreffer to near miss. 

Nahtstelle / boundary position (be- 
tween units). 

Nahunterstiitzung f close support. 

Nahverkehr to local traffic, short- 
range traffic. 

Nahverteidigung / close defense. 

Nahwerfer to short-range flame 
thrower. 

Nahzeug n sewing kit. 

Nalfagtafel f chart showing chem- 
ical warfare agents and their pro- 
perties (Tng). 

Narbe / scar. 

Narvikschild to Narvik Shield (em- 
blem on upper left sleeve, worn by 




Nase 128 Nebelwurfgranate 



all participants in reconquest of 
Narvik, 1940). 

Nase / nose; stud; cap; lug. 

Nasenklammer / nose clamp (gas 
mask). 

Nasenleiste f leading edge (Ap 
wing,). 

Nasenrachenreizstoff m nose and 
throat irritant, sternutator (CWS). 

Nasenriemen m noseband (harness) . 

Nasen- und Rachenreizstoff to See 
Nasenrachenreizstoff. 

Nafibrandpulver n blade powder. 

Nationale n personal data (birth, oc- 
cupation, etc.). 

Nationalsozialistisches Fliegerkorps 
Nazi party aviation corps (abbr. 
N.S.F.K.). 

. Nationalsozialistisches Kraftfahrkorps 
Nazi party motor corps (abbr. 
N.S.K.K.). 

Natrium n sodium. 

Natriumhypochlorit n sodium hypo- 
chlorite. 

Natriumkarbonat n washing soda. 

Natriumsulfid n sodium sulfide. 

Natriumsulfit n sodium sulfite. 

Natur / nature. 

in Natur in kind (rations, Clo, 
etc.). 

Naturalleistungsgesetz n requisition 
law. 

Naturalverpflegung / rations in kind. 

Naturgummi m See Naturkautschuk. 

Naturkautschuk m natural rubber. 

naturliche Deckung accidental cover. 

Naturschutzgebiet n national park. 

Nautiker m navigator. 

Navigationsfunkfeuer n radio mark- 
er beacon (Air Navigation). 

Navigationskarte / navigation chart 
or map. 

Nebel m smoke (CWS); fog, mist, 
haze, vapor. 

Nebelabblasen n release of smoke 
(CWS). 

Nebelabblasgerat n smoke-filled 
chemical cylinder (CWS). 

Nebelabteilung / smoke-producing 
unit (CWS). 

Nebelausdehnung / smoke coverage. 

Nebelbombe f smoke bomb. 

Nebeldecke / smoke blanket, smoke 
screen. 

Nebeleinsatz m employment of 

smoke. 



Nebelentwicklung / generation of 

smoke. 

Nebelgebiet n fog area (Met). 

Nebelgeriit n chemical tank, smoke 
tank (for Cml spraying). 

Nebelgeschofi n smoke projectile. 

Nebelgewehrgranate f smoke rifle 
grenade. 

Nebelgranate / smoke shell (Am). 

Nebelhandgranate f smoke hand 
grenade. 

Nebelkasten m box-type smoke con- 
tainer (CWS). 

Nebelkerze f smoke candle. 

Nebelkraftwagen m smoke equipment 
truck. 

Nebelmittel n smoke agent, smoke 
equipment. 

Nebelmunition f smoke munitions. 

Nebelpanzerkampfwagen m smoke- 
screen tank. 

Nebelpatrone / smoke cartridge. 

Nebelsaure / FS solution, sulfur 
trioxide-chlorsulfonic acid solution 
(CWS). 

Nebelschiellen n smoke-shell firing 
(Arty). 

Nebelschleier m smoke screen. 

Nebelstoff m smoke agent, screening 
agent (CWS). 

Nebeltopf m smoke pot (CWS). 

Nebel tornister m pack smoke ap- 
paratus (CWS). 

Nebeltrommel f drum-type smoke 
container (CWS). 

Nebeltrupp to smoke party. 

Nebeltruppen fpl chemical troops, 
smoke-generator units. 

Nebeliibung f smoke-screening ex- 
ercise. 

Nebelwalze / creeping barrage of 
smoke-shell fire ( Arty) ; progressive 
smoke screening. 

Nebebvand / smoke curtain, smoke 
screen. 

Nebelwerfer m chemical projector 
(smoke shell); smoke-shell mortar; 
rocket launcher, rocket mortar. 
(Note: Nebelwerfer 41 is a six-tube 
rocket launcher for HE rockets). 

Nebelwerferabteilung / smoke bat- 
talion, chemical battalion. 

Nebehverferregiment n smoke regi- 
ment, chemical regiment. 

Nebel wolke / smoke cloud (CWS). 

Nebelwurfgranate / mortar smoke 
shell. 




Nebelzerstauber 



129 niederkampfen 



Nebelzerstauber m smoke spray | 
(smoke-filled Cml cylinder with 
spray nozzle). 

Nebelzone f smoke-screened area. 

Nebelziindmittel n smoke-container 
firing device. 

Nebenabschnitt to adjacent sector. 

Nebenabsicht / secondary objective. 

Nebenangriff m holding attack, sec- 
ondary attack, secondary effort 
(Tac). 

NebenanschluB to local station, ex- 
tension (Tp). 

Nebenanschluflleitung / local-circuit 
line, extension line (Tp). 

Nebeneinanderschaltung / parallel 
connection (Elec). 

Nebenfarbe / secondary service color 
( as distinguished from the basic 
service color, Waffenfarbe). 

Nebengeriiusche npl ambient noise 
(sound locating). 

Nebengleis n side track, siding 
(RR). 

Nebenkolonne f adjacent column, 
secondary column. 

Nebenlager n branch camp (PW). 

Nebenluft / secondary air (Mtr). 

Nebenmann m man on the left or 
right (Drill). 

Nebenoperationen fpl secondary 

operations (Tac). 

Nebenschlul) m shunt (Elec). 

NebenschluB motor m shunt motor 

(Elec). 

Nebenstachel m front sight (AT 
gun). 

Nebenstelle f local station (Tp). 

NebenstraBe f side street, side road; 
secondary road, auxiliary road. 

Nebenstromkreis m shunt circuit 
(Elec). 

Nebsttreffer m near miss. 

nehmen to take. 

aus der Flanke nehmen to attack 
on the flank. 

unter Feuer nehmen to shell, to 
fire on. 

Nehmestaat m • detaining power 
(PW). 

nehmestaatliche Behiirde detaining 
authority (PW). 

Neigung f inclination, slope. 

Neigungsmesser m clinometer 
(Surv, Gunnery); flight indicator, 
inclinometer (Ap). 

Neigungswinkel m angle of slope. 



Nennhohe f rated altitude. 

Nennleistung / rated horsepower. 

Nest n nest; emplacement; position 
consisting of a group of foxholes 
with shallow connecting trenches. 

Netz n net, network; grid; wiring 
system; power system. 

NetzanschluBgerat n power-line 
operated radio set (as distinguished 
from battery-operated or local 
power-supply set); power-supply 
unit, power pack (Rad). 

Netzleger m net-laying vessel. 

Netzsperre / net obstacle, net-de- 
fense obstacle (coastal defense). 

Netztransformator m power trans- 
former (Rad). 

Netzverkehr to “net” traffic (in- 
cludes several radio stations com- 
municating at ivill on the frequency 
of their called stations). 

Neuaufstellung / reorganization, 
new organization; reorganized or 
newly activated unit. 

Neubearbeitung / revision. 

neu einrichten re-lay (Gunnery) ; re- 
adjust. 

Neugrad to l/400th of a circle 
( equals 16 artillery mils, as distin- 
guished from Grad, degree, l/360th 
of a circle). 

Neugradteilung f centesimal gradua- 
tion. See Neugrad. 

neutrale Nachrichtenverbande neu- 
tral communication units (maneu- 
vers). 

neutrale Truppen neutral troops 
( maneuvers). 

neutrale Zone taxiway (Adrm). 

neutralisieren to neutralize. 

Neutralitat / neutrality. 

nichtbrisanter Sprengstoff low ex- 
plosive. 

Nichtkiimpfer m noncombatant. 

Nickelsammler m nickel-alkaline cell 
(Elec). 

Niederdruckreifen m low-pressure 
tire (MT). 

Niederfrequenz / low frequency, 
audio-frequency (Rad). 

Niederfrequenzverstiirker m audio- 
frequency amplifier (Rad). 

niederhalten to neutralize, immobil- 
ize, hold down. 

NiederhaltungsschieBen n neutrali- 
zation fire (Arty). 

niederkampfen reduce, overpower, 




Niederkampfung 130 NSKK.-Transportregiment 



put out of action (Tac); to silence 
(enemy fire). 

Niederkampfung / reduction, des- 
truction, putting out of action 
(Tac); covering with destruction 
fire (Arty). 

Niederlage / defeat, reverse. 

niedermachen kill, slaughter. 

niedermetzeln to massacre, slaugh- 
ter. 

Niederschlage mpl precipitation 

(Met). 

Niederspannung / low voltage 

(Elec). 

Niederung / low country, depression, 
low ground. 

Niedrigantenne f low antenna. 

Niemandsland n no man’s land. 

Nieseln n drizzle (Met). 

Niesgas n sneeze gas (CWS). 

Niet m riveted joint, riveted as- 
sembly, riveted seam. 

Niete / rivet. 

nieten to rivet. 

Niethammer m riveter (tool). 

Nietung / riveting. 

Nippel / nipple (Tech). 

Nitrierung f nitration (Am). 

Nitroglyzerin n nitroglycerin. 

Nitroglyzerin-Bliittchenpulver n ni- 
troglycerin flake powder. 

nitroglyzerinhaltiges Nitrozellulose- 
pulver double base powder (Am). 

Nitroglyzerinpulver n nitroglycerin 
powder. 

Nitrozellulose / nitrocellulose, pyro- 
cellulose. 

Nitrozellulose-Blattchenpulver n ni- 
trocellulose flake powder. 

Nitrozellulosepulver n blank fire 

powder, E.C. powder, E.C. smokeless 
powder, E.C. blank fire (SA Am). 

Nivellementspunkt m bench mark. 

Nivellierinstrument n surveyor’s 

level. 

Nivellierlibelle / sighting level 

(plane table). 

Nocken to cam (also spelled die 
Nocke). 

Nockenwelle f camshaft. 

Nonius m vernier. 

Norden to north. 

Norm / standard (Tech). 

Normalbelastung / normal load, 

standard load. 

Normalfluglage / level flight (Avn). 



Normalkette / standard caterpillar 

track. 

Normalnull f mean sea level (abbr. 
NN). 

Normalraupe / standard caterpillar 
track. 

Normalspur / standard gage (RR). 
Normalstellung / zero position 

(Arty). 

Normalvisier stellen to zero a gun 

sight. 

normen standardize. 

Normteil m standard part. 

Normung f standardization. 

Not / emergency. 

Notabwurf m emergency salvo re- 
lease (Bombing). 

Notbeleuchtung f emergency illumi- 
nation. 

Notbremse f emergency brake. 
Notfall m emergency. 

Notfeuer n barrage, normal barrage 
(now called Sperrfeuer). 

Nothilfe / See Technische Nothilfe. 
notigen compel. 

Notlandehafen m emergency landing 
field. 

notlanden make an emergency land- 
ing, make a forced landing (Avn). 
Notlandeplatz m emergency landing 
field. 

Notlandung f emergency landing, 
forced landing (Avn). 

Notleitung f emergency line (Tp). 
Notpiste / emergency trail or path. 
Notruf to emergency call (Tp). 
Notsender m emergency radio trans- 
mitter (floatable rescue set). 
Notsignal n distress signal, SOS. 
Notverbandpiickchen n first-aid 

packet, first-aid dressing. 
Notverbandtasche, f first-aid pouch. 
Notvisier n direct-fire sight (Ord). 
notwassern to make an emergency 
landing on water, to “ditch” (an 
Ap). 

Notwasserung / emergency landing 
on water, “ditching” (Avn). 
Notwehr / self-defense. 

Notwurf to emergency salvo release 

(Bombing). 

Notzeichen n distress signal, SOS. 
Notzug to emergency release handle 
(Ap). 

NSKIv.-Mann to private in the Nazi 
party motor corps. 

NSKK.-Transportregiment n trans- 




Null 

portation regiment of the Nazi party 
motor corps. 

Null / zero. 

auf Null stellen to zero (an Inst, 
scale, etc.). 

Nullpunkt to zero, freezing point; 
zero point, aiming point, directing 
point, point of origin (Arty, Surv). 
Nullstellung f zero position (of an 
Inst, scale, etc.); neutral position, 
zeroing. 

Nullzeit / zero hour. 

Nummer f number. 

Nummerscheibe / dial (Tp). 
Nummerscheibenkastchen n dial box 
(field, Tp), 



Oberkanonier 

Nurfliigelflugzeug n all-wing air- 
plane, “flying wing.” 

Niistern fpl nostrils. 

Nute / groove, slot, keyway (also 
spelled der Nut). 

Nutzarbeit / useful work, brake 

horsepower. 

Nutzfahrzeug n commercial vehicle 
(MT). 

Nutzfrequenz f desired frequency 
(Rad). 

Nutzlast f useful load, pay load. 
Nutzleistung / net horsepower. 
Nutzwiderstand m useful resistance 
(Elec). 



131 



o 



OB-Betrieb to local-battery operation 
(Tp) (abbr of Ortsbatteriebetrieb). 

Oberarbeitsfiihrer m major (Reich 
Labor Service). 

Oberarzt m first lieutenant (Med). 

Oberbau m permanent way, top of 
roadbed (RR). 

Oberbaustab to superior construc- 
tion staff (equivalent in status to a 
brigade staff). 

Oberbefehl to high command (func- 
tion). 

Oberbefehlshaber to. commander in 
chief, commander. See also Oberster 
Befehlshaber. 

Oberbefehlshaber des Heeres Com- 
mander-in- Chief of the Army. 

Oberbefehlshaber einer Gruppe army 
group commander. 

Oberbeschlagmeister to horseshoer 
(master Sgt). 

Oberbrieftaubenmeister to pigeoneer 
(master Sgt). 

obere Fiihrung higher command 
(Div and up); higher command 
echelon. 

Oberfahnrich to master sergeant 
( officer candidate ) . 

Oberfahnrich der Flieger aviation 
cadet (with rank of master Sgt). 

Oberfahrer m private first class (H- 
Dr T). 



Oberfeldarzt m lieutenant colonel 

(Med). 

Oberfeldkommandantur / military 
government area headquarters 
(under commander of army group, 
in a T of Opns; under general com- 
manding officer in charge of Mil 
Adm, in occupied territories). 
Oberfeldmeister to master sergeant 
(Reich Labor Service). 
Oberfeldveterinar to lieutenant 

colonel (Vet). 

Oberfeldwebel m master sergeant. 
Oberfeldzeugstab to higher ordnance 
staff. 

Oberfeuerwerker to master sergeant 
(Ord). 

Oberflache / surface (outside or top). 
Oberfunker m radioman (Pvt 1st 

class). 

Oberfunkmeister m radioman (mas- 
ter Sgt). 

Obergefreiter to corporal. 
Obergeneralarbeitsfuhrer m major 
general (Reich Labor Service). 
Obergrenadier to private first class 

(Inf). 

Obergurt m top chord (truss); sur- 
cingle (harness). 

Oberjager to private first class 
(mountain Inf). 

Oberkanonier m private first class 

(Arty). 




Oberkommandierender 



132 



Offizierskasino 



Oberkommandierender to commander- 
in-chief. See Oberster Befehlshaber. 

Oberkommando n high command 
(agency and function). 

Oberkommando der Kriegsmarine 
High Command of the Navy (abbr. 
OEM). 

Oberkommando der Luftwaffe High 
Command of the Air Forces (abbr. 
OKL). 

Oberkommando der Wehrmaeht High 
Command of the Armed Forces 
(abbr. OKW). 

Oberkommando des Heeres Army 
High Command (abbr. OKH). 

Oberkraftfahrer m private first class 
(MT). 

Oberlafette / top carriage (G). 

Oberleutnant to first lieutenant. 

Oberleutnant zur See lieutenant 
junior grade (Nav). 

Oberpanzergrenadier to armored in- 
fantry rifleman (Pvt 1st class). 

Oberpionier to private first class 

(Engr). 

Oberquartiermeister to Deputy 
Chief of the General Staff (at Ober- 
kommando des Heeres ; known as 
Oberquartiermeister I, Operations; 
Oberquartiermeister II, Training; 
Oberquartiermeister III, Organiza- 
tion; Oberquartiermeister IV, Intel- 
ligence; Oberquartiermeister V, His- 
torical); general staff officer at Hq 
of an army (in charge of supply 
and Adm). 

Oberreiter to private first class 

(Cav). 

Oberring to upper band (R). 

Oberringfeder / upper-band spring 
(R). 

Oberschenkel to thigh. 

Oberschiedsrichter to assistant 
director (maneuvers). 

Oberschild to upper shield (G). 

Oberschirrmeister to master ser- 
geant ( maintenance ) . 

Oberschiitze to private first class 
(Inf rifleman). 

Oberschwester / chief nurse. 

Oberschwingungsfrequenz / har- 
monic frequency (Rad). 

Oberst to colonel. 

Oberstabsarzt m major (Med). 

Oberstabsveteriniir m major (Vet). 

OberstarbeitsfUhrer m colonel (Reich 
Labor Service). 



Oberstarzt to colonel (Med). 
Oberster Befehlshaber der Wehrmaeht 
Commander-in-Chief of the Armed 
Forces. 

oberster Schiedsrichter director 

( maneuvers) . 

Oberstfeldmeister to lieutenant 

(Reich Labor Service). 
Oberstintendant to civilian official in 
administrative services ranking as 
colonel. 

Oberstleutnant to lieutenant colonel, 
oberstrom upstream. 

Oberstveterinar m colonel (Vet). 
Obertruppfiihrer m sergeant (Reich 
Labor Service). 

Oberveterinar m first lieutenant 
(Vet). 

Obervormann m chief foreman 

(Reich Labor Service) 
Oberwachtmeister to master ser- 
geant (Arty, Cav). 

Oberzahlmeister TO paymaster of- 
ficial (Wehrmachtbeamter ranking 
as 1st Lt). See also Zahlmeister. 
Objektschutz to air defense of fixed 
installations. 

OB- System n local-battery system 
(Tp) (abbr. for Ortsbatterie- 
system). 

Ofen to heater, oven, stove. 

Ofenrohr n stovepipe; “bazooka” 
(slang term for Raketenpanzer- 
biichse, rocket launcher). 
offen exposed (Tac); in clear (Sig 
Com); open, frank, 
offene Flanke open flank (Tac). 
offener Fliigel exposed wing (Tac). 
offener Funkspruch radio message in 
clear. 

offene Stellung exposed position 
(Tac). 

Offensive / offensive (Tac). 
offensive Verteidigung offensive de- 
fense. 

Offizier to officer. 

Offizierbewerber w officer aspirant. 
Offizier des Beurlaubtenstandes re- 
serve officer. 

' Offizierheim n officers’ mess, officers’ 
club. 

Offizierlaufbahn / officer’s career. 
Offizierledigenheim n bachelor of- 
ficers’ quarters. 

Offiziersanwarter to. officer candidate. 
Offiziersbursche m officer's orderly. 
Offizierskasino n officers’ mess. 




Offizierslager 



133 



Offizierslager n permanent camp for 
officer prisoners of war ( abbr. 
Of lag). 

Offiziersnachwuchs to new crop of 
officers. 

Offizierspahtrupp to officer recon- 
naissance patrol. 

Offizierspatent n commission. 

Offizier vom Biwakdienst bivouac 
security officer. 

Offizier vom Dienst duty officer, of- 
ficer on duty. 

Offizier vom Ortsdienst officer of the 
guard. 

Offizier vom Tagesdienst officer of 
the day. 

Offnerhebel to operating level, oper- 
ating handle (G). 

offnung / aperture, port, opening. 

Oflag n See Offizierslager. 

Ohnehaltflug to nonstop flight (Avn). 

“Ohne Tritt, Marsch!” “Route step, 
march!” 

Ohrverschlufl watte / cotton for ear 
plugs. 

Oktanwert to octane rating. 

Oktanzahl f octane number. 

Okular n eyepiece. 

OKW.-Bericht m official communique 
of the Oberkommando der Wehr- 
macht. 

61 n oil. 

Olablafi to oil drain. 

Olbehalter to oil tank. 

olbestandig oil-resistant. 

olbohrloch n oil well. 

Olbombe / oil bomb. 

olbiichse / oilcan. 

oldicht oiltight. 

Oldruckbremse / hydraulic brake. 

Oleinfiill-Verschraubung f oil filler 
plug (Mtr). 

olfederstrebe / oleo strut (Ap). 

olivgriin olive drab. 

Olkanister m oil container (Ap, 
MT). 

Olkohle / carbon (Mtr). 

Ollager n oil-storage depot. 

Olmanometer n oil pressure gage. 

Olmefibecher to graduated oil dis- 
penser (MT). 

61 schlitzring to grooved piston ring 
(Mtr). 

olstand to oil level. 

olstandanzeiger m oil level gage 
(MT). 



Ordonnanz 

Olstandschraube / oil level plug 

(Mtr). 

Olstandskontrolle / oil level check, 
oil level indicator (Mtr). 
Olthermometer n oil temperature 

gage. 

oltropfer m oiler. 

Oliiberlauf w oil overflow (Mtr). 
Olwanne / oil pan (Mtr). 

Operation / operation (Tac, Med). 
Operationsbasis f base of operations 
(Tac). 

Opcrationsbefehl to operations order. 
Operationsgeblet n zone of operations, 
theater of operations. 
Operationskarte / operations map. 
Operationslinie / line of operations. 
Operationsplan to operations plan. 
Operationsraum m zone of opera- 
tions, theater of operations, 
operativ operational, strategic, 
operative Aufklarung strategic re- 
connaissance. 

operative Luftaufldarung strategic 
air reconnaissance, 
operatives Ziel strategic objective, 
operative Unterstiitzung indirect 
support (Avn, Tac). 

Opfer n victim. 

Oppanol n a synthetic substance re- 
sistant to mustard gas and Lewisite 
(CWS). 

Optik / optics; lens system, optical 
system or instruments; telescopic 
sight (G); periscope (Tk). 
optische Peilung pilotage (Avn). 
optisches Zielgeriit optical sight 
(Ord). 

O-Punkt w • aiming point ( Gunnery). 

See also Nullpunkt. 

Orden to medal, decoration, order. 
Ordensband n ribbon (of a decora- 
tion). 

Ordensschnalle f bar (decoration) . 
kleine Ordensschnalle - miniature 

( decoration) . 

Ordensspange / bar (decoration). 
Ordinate / ordinate, Y-coordinate. 
Ordnung f order, rule. 
Ordnungsdienst to provost service, 
military police service. 
Ordnungsgleis n make-up track 
(RR). 

Ordnungspolizei / uniformed regular 

police. 

Ordonnanz / orderly. 




Ordonnanzoffizier 



134 Pak 



Ordonnanzoffizier m special-missions 
staff officer. 

Organisationsstab m organizational 
Staff. 

Organisation Todt Todt Organiza- 
tion (Engr and Ft construction). 

Orientierung / orientation. 

Orientierungslinie / orienting line 
( Surv ). 

Orientierungspunkt m control point 
(Surv). 

Orkan m hurricane, tropical cyclone. 

Orpo f See Ordnungspolizei. 

Orsatapparat m Orsat gas-analysis 
apparatus (CWS). 

Ort m locality, place; locus (Math). 
See also Standort. 

Ortbalken m exterior stringer (on a 
fixed bridge); exterior balk (on a 
floating bridge). 

orten locate; orient;' take bearings. 

Orter m navigator (Avn). 

OrterkompaB m navigator’s compass 
(Avn). 

ortlich local. 

Ortsbatterie / local battery (Tp). 

Ortsbatterie-Betrieb m local-battery 
operation (Tp). 

Ortsbesprechung / local operation 

(Rad). 

Ortsbestimmung / orientation, posi- 
tion determination. 

Ortsbiwak n billets, close billets. 

Ortschaft f village, town, inhabited 
locality. 

Ortscheit n doubletree (limber). 

Ortseindruck m sensation of direc- 
tion (sound locator). 

Ortsempfang m local reception 

(Rad). 

ortsfest fixed, permanent (Arty, 
Ft). 

ortsfeste Flak fixed antiaircraft 
guns or artillery. 



ortsfeste Kiistenartillerie fixed sea- 

coast artillery. 

ortsfeste Lafette stationary gun 

mount (G). 

Ortsgefecht n See Ortskampf. 

Ortskampf m combat in towns. 

Ortskommandant m commander of a 
garrison, post, or station ; town com- 
mander (Mil Govt). 

Ortskommandantur / garrison, post, 
or station headquarters; town head- 
quarters (Mil Govt) (Ortskomman- 
dantur I, in large and medium-sized 
cities; Ortskommandantur II, in 
small cities, towns, and villages). 

Ortskrankenlazarett n billet hospital. 
(Med). 

Ortskrankenstube f billet dispensary. 

ortskundig familiar with a locality 
or area. 

OrtsmiBweisung f magnetic declina- 
tion. 

Ortsnetz n local net (Tp). 

Ortsquartier n See Ortsunterkunft. 

Ortssender m local station (Rad). 

Ortsunterkunft f billets. 

Ortsvorstand m local authorities, 
town authorities. 

Ortung / position finding, orienta- 
tion, taking of bearings. 

Ortungsanforderung f request for a 
bearing (Avn, Rad). 

Ortungsleuchtzeichen n ground posi- 
tion signal (ground-air Com). 

Ose f lug; ring; lunette; eye (Tech). 

Ost m east (also spelled Osten). 

Ostlegion / legion composed of non- 
German volunteers and prisoners of 
war from East-European countries. 

Ostmedaille / Eastern Campaign 
Medal (decoration). 

Ostsee f Baltic Sea. 

Otter f paravane. 



P 



PackgefaB n hulk container. 
Packriemen m pack strap (harness). 
Packsattel m pack saddle (harness) . 
Packstrick m pack rope (harness) 
Packtasche f saddlebag. 



Packung f packing (Mech). 
Paddelboot n collapsible paddling 

boat. 

Pak f antitank gun, antitank artil- 
lery (abbr. of Panzerabwehrkanone). 




Pakethulle 



135 Panzergrenadier-Division 



Pakethiille f wrapping. 

Pak-Flak f antitank-antiaircraft 
gun, dual-purpose gun. 

Pakgeschiitz n antitank gun. 

Pakgeschiitz auf Selbstfahrlafette 
self-propelled antitank gun, tank 
destroyer. 

Pakstellung f antitank gun position, 
antitank gun emplacement. 

Pak-Zug to antitank platoon. 

Panne f . breakdown; engine failure; 
blowout. 

Panoramakammer / panoramic ca- 
mera (Avn). 

Pantograph to pantograph (Surv). 

Panzer to armor; tank. 

Panzerabteilung / armored battalion. 

Panzerabwehr / antitank defense, 
antimechanized defense (in com- 
pounds, now superseded by Panzer- 
jager-). 

Panzerabwehrgewehr n _ antitank 
rifle (now called Panzerbiichse). 

Panzerabwehrgeschiitz n antitank 

gun. 

Panzerabwehrgraben m antitank 

ditch. 

Panzerabwehrkanone / ' antitank gun 
(now called Panzerjagerkanone). 

Panzerabwehrmine / antitank mine. 

Panzerabwehrmittel npl means of 
antitank defense. 

Panzerabwehrrakete / antitank 
rocket. 

Panzerangriff to armored attack, 
tank attack. 

Panzerartillerie f armored division 
artillery, armored artillery. 

Panzeraufbau to tank hull and tur- 
ret; armored body of a vehicle. 

Panzeraufklarungsabteilung / ar- 
mored reconnaissance battalion. 

Panzerbataillon n armored battalion. 

Panzerbefehlswagen to armored 
command car. 

Panzerbekampfung / antitank com- 
bat. 

Panzerbeobachtungsturm m armor- 
ed observation turret. 

Panzerbesatzung f tank crew, ar- 
mored vehicle crew. 

Panzerbeschufl to firing at tanks; 
test firing at armor plate. 

PanzerbeschuBtafel / firing table for 
antitank gun. 

Panzerblech n armor plate. 



Panzerblende f tank shutter; tank 
gun shield, mantlet. 

Panzer bombe / antitank bomb, ar- 
mor-piercing bomb, heavy-case bomb. 

panzerbrechend armor-piercing. 

Panzerbrigade / armored brigade, 
tank brigade. 

Panzerbiichse / antitank rifle. 

Panzerdeckungsloch n foxhole (for 
AT protection) , 

Panzerdivision f armored division. 

Panzerdrehturm to revolving armor- 
ed turret (Ft); revolving tank tur- 
ret (Tk). 

pan2erdurchschlagend armor-pierc- 
ing (Am). 

Panzerdurchschlagsleistung f armor- 
piercing capacity, penetration (Am). 

Panzereinsatz to commitment of ar- 
mored units. 

Panzererkennungsdienst to tank 
identification service. 

Panzerfahrer to tank driver. 

Panzerfahrschule / armored vehicle 
operators’ school. 

Panzerfahrzeug n armored vehicle. 

Panzerfahrzeugfalle / tank trap. 

Panzerfahrzeuggraben to antitank 
ditch. 

Panzerfalle / tank trap. 

Panzerfuhrer to tank commander 
(NCO); armored- vehicle command- 
er; armored-unit commander. 

Panzerfunker m tank radio operator. 

Panzerfunktrupp to armored radio 
section. 

Panzerfunkivagen m armored radio 
car or truck. 

PanzergeschoB n armor-piercing 

projectile. 

panzergeschiitzt armor-protected. 

Panzerglas n bulletproof glass. 

Panzergraben m antitank ditch. 

Panzergranate f armor -piercing 

shell, armor-piercing rifle grenade. 

Panzergranate-Patrone f armor- 
piercing shell (fixed Am). 

Panzergrenadier to armored in- 

fantry rifleman, private in armored 
infantry regiment. 

Panzergrenadier-Bataillon n armor- 
ed infantry battalion. 

Panzergrenadier-Brigade f armored 
infantry brigade. 

Panzergrenadier-Division f motorized 
division. See also SS-Panzergre- 
nadier-Division. 




Panzergrenadier- 136 PanzerstoB 



Panzergrenadier-Ersatzregiment n 
armored infantry replacement regi- 
ment. 

Panzergrenadier-Personenkraftwagen 
armored personnel carrier. 

Panzergrenadier-Regiment n motor- 
ized infantry regiment (of a Panzer- 
division). 

Panzergruppe / armored group. 

Panzergiirtel m armor belt. 

Panzerhindernis n antitank obstacle. 

Panzerinstandsetzungsabteilung / 
tank repair battalion. 

Panzerjager m member of antitank 
unit. 

Panzerjagerabteilung / antitank 
battalion. 

Panzerjagergeschiitz n antitank gun. 

Panzerjagerkanone f See Panzer- 
jagergeschiitz. 

Panzerjagerkompanie / antitank 
company. 

Panzer jagerregiment n antitank re- 
giment. 

Panzerjagerzug m antitank platoon. 

Panzerkabel n armored cable (Elec). 

Panzerkampfabzeichen n See Panzer- 
kampfwagenabzeichen. 

Panzerkampfwagen m tank. 

Panzerkampfwagenabzeichen n Tank 
Badge (decoration awarded to mem- 
bers of armored units after partici- 
pation in three separate combat 
actions). 

Panzerkampfwagenhindernis n tank 
obstacle. 

Panzerkanone / tank gun. 

Panzerkasten m tank hull. 

Panzerkastenoberteil n sponson, up- 
per hull (Tk). 

Panzerkette f tank track. 

Panzer-ICommandant m tank com- 
mander. 

Panzerkompanie / tank company. 

Panzerkopf m armor-piercing cap 
(Am). 

Panzerkorper m hull (Tk). 

Panzerkorps n armored corps. 

Panzerkorpskonunando n armored 
corps headquarters. 

Panzerkrafte fpl armored forces, ar- 
mored units. 

Panzerkraftfahrzeug n armored 
vehicle. 

Panzerkraftwagen m armored car. 

Panzerkrieg m armored warfare. 



Panzerkuppel f tank cupola, armor- 
ed cupola (Ft). 

Panzer-Lehr-Regiment n armored 
demonstration regiment. 

Panzermine / antitank mine. 

Panzermunition / armor-piercing 
ammunition; tank ammunition. 

Panzernachrichtenabteilung / armor- 
ed signal battalion. 

Panzer-Obergrenadier m private 
first class (Armd Inf Regt). 

Panzeroberschiitze m private first 
class (in Armd unit). 

Panzeroffizier m armored officer. 

Panzerpionier m armored engineer. 

Panzer-Pionier-Bataillon n armored 
engineer battalion. 

Panzerplatte / armor plate. 

Panzerregiment n armored regiment. 

Panzerrichttafel / tank-silhouette 
aiming target. 

Panzerscharte / peephole, direct vi- 
sion slit ((Tk). 

Panzerschild m armor-plate shield 
(G). 

Panzerschott n armor bulkhead (Tk). 

Panzerschutz m armor protection 
(Ft, Tk); antitank defense. 

Panzerschiitze m private in an arm- 
ored unit; tank gunner. 

panzersicher secure against mechan- 
ized attack. 

Panzersonderfahrzeug n special-pur- 
pose armored vehicle. 

Panzerspahfahrzeug n armored re- 
connaissance vehicle. 

Panzerspahkompanie / armored re- 
connaissance company. 

Panzerspah-Schwadron / mechanized 
cavalry reconnaissance troop. 

Panzerspahtrupp m armored recon- 
naissance car section. 

Panzerspahwagen m armored re- 
connaissance car, armored scout car. 

Panzersperre / antitank obstacle. 

Panzersperrgraben m antitank ditch. 

Panzersperrmauer f antitank wall 
obstacle. 

Panzerspitze f armored point (Adv 

Gd). 

PanzersprenggeschoB n 'armor-pierc- 
ing projectile. 

Panzersprenggranate / armor-pierc- 
ing shell. 

Panzerstarke f thickness of armor 

(Tk). 

PanzerstoB m armored thrust (Tac). 




Panzersturmabzeichen 



137 



Panzersturmabzeichen n Armored 
Assault Badge (decoration). 

Panzertransportwagen m armored 
personnel carrier. 

Panzertruppe / Armored Command. 

Panzertruppen fpl armored troops, 
armored forces. 

Panzerturm m tank turret; armored 
turret (Ft). 

Panzerung / armor, armor plating. 

Panzerunterstiitzung f armored sup- 
port (Tac). 

Panzerverband m armored forma- 
tion, armored force unit, combined - 
arms armored force. 

Panzerverbande der Heerestruppen 
GHQ reserve tank groups. 

Panzervernichtungsabzeichen n dec- 
oration awarded for close-combat de- 
struction of at least one enemy tank. 

Panzer- Verschwindeturm in disap- 

pearing armored turret (Ft). 

Panzerwaffc / Armored Command. 

Panzerwagen in armored car, combat 
car, tank. 

Panzertvagenfalle / tank trap. 

Panzerwagengraben m- tank ditch. 

Panzerwanne f tank hull. 

Panzenvarndienst in antimechanized 
warning system. 

Panzerwarnung / tank warning, 
antimechanized warning. 

Panzerwart, m armored maintenance 
man. 

Panzerwerk n steel and concrete for- 
tification. 

Panzer werkstattkompanie f armored 
force repair shop company. 

Panzerweste / body armor ( Avn). 

Panzerzug m armored train (RR); 
tank platoon. 

Papierstreifenrerfahren n paper- 
strip method (aerial Photo). 

Pappe / cardboard ( also called Papp- 
deckel m). 

Parabel-Fachwerktriiger m curved 
chord truss. 

Parabellum n a type of self-loading 
pistol. 

Parade f parade, review. 

Paradeanzug m full-dress uniform. 

Parademarsch m march m review, 
pass in review. 

Paradeplatz m parade ground. 

Parallaxe f parallax, azimuth dif- 
ference. 



Patronenlager 

Parallaxwinkel m angle of parallax, 
azimuth difference. 
Parallei-Fachwerktriiger m parallel- 

chord truss. 

Parallelogrammgestange n parallelo- 
gram linkage system ( AA sight). 
Parallelschaltung / parallel connec- 
tion (Elec). 

Pardon m quarter, mercy, clemency, 
parieren to parry. 

Parierstange / bayonet guard. 

Park m park, depot, 
parken to park. 

Parklicht n parking light (auto 
headlight ). 

Parlamenl.ar m parlementaire, bear- 
er of a flag of truce. 
Parlamentarflagge / flag of truce. 
Parole f password. 

Parteien fpl opposing sides (man- 
euvers). 

Parteifiihrer m commander of one of 
the opposing forces in maneuvers. 
Paspel f piping or edging on uni- 
form. 

Pal) m pass (Top); passport. 
Paflgenauigkeit f accuracy of fit 
(Tech). 

Passierschein m permit, pass, safe- 
conduct. military passport. 

PaBstiick n adapter (Ord). 

Passung ! fit (Tech). 

Patent n officer’s commission ; patent 
( T cch) . 

patentierter Offizier commissioned 
officer. 

Patrone / cartridge ( Am) ; round of 
fixed ammunition (Arty). 
Patronenauswerfer m ejector. 
Patronenauszieher in extractor. 
Patroneneinlage f breech recess (R). 
Patronenfiihrungsleisten fpl cart- 
ridge guides (MG). 

Patronengurt m cartridge belt 
(MG); bandoleer. 

Patronenhalter m cartridge holder 

(MG). 

Patronenhebel m cartridge lever 

(MG). 

Patronenhulse t cartridge case. 
Patronenkasten m. cartridge box, 
ammunition box. 

Patronenkorb m shell basket (for 

fixed Am). 

Patronenlager tt cartridge chamber 

(G, R). 




Patronenmunition 



138 



Patronenmunition f fixed ammuni- 
tion. 

Patronenrahmen to clip (R, AA 
gun). 

Patronenraum to propelling-charge 
chamber (Mort shell). 

Patronenschacht w feed funnel (fix- 
ed aircraft MG). 

Patronenstreifen to cartridge clip. 

Patronenstiitzfeder / cartridge-sup- 
port spring (MG). 

Patronentasche f ammunition pocket, 
ammunition pouch. 

Patronentrager to cartridge carrier 

(MG). 

Patronentragerhebel to belt-feed 
lever (MG). 

Patronenzufiihrung / cartridge feed 
(SA). 

Patrouillenflug to patrol, patrolling 
(Avn). 

Patte / collar patch, cuff patch. 

Pause/ pause; tracing. 

Pauspapier n tracing paper. 

Pech n pitch. 

Pegel to water-level gage (for ri- 
vers, lakes, etc.). 

Peilanlage / direction-finder station 
(Air Navigation). 

Peilantenne / direction-finding an- 
tenna. 

Peilapparat m azimuth instrument. 

Peilaufsatz to pelorus (Avn). 

Peilberichtigungskurve / deviation 
curve (Rad). 

Peilempfanger to radio compass, di- 
rection finder (Air Navigation) . 

Peilen n direction finding (Rad). 

peilen to take a bearing (Nav, Rad, 
Avn). 

Peilflugleiter to chief of direction- 
finder station (Avn). 

Peilfunkempfanger to radio compass, 
direction finder (Air Navigation). 

Peilfunkgerat n radio direction find- 
er. 

Peilfunkstelle / radio direction find- 
er station (Avn). 

Peilgerat n azimuth instrument 

(Surv); direction-finder equipment 
or set (Rad, Avn). 

PeilkompaO w navigator’s compass 
(Avn). 

Peilkraftwagen to radio direction- 
finding truck. 

Peilleitstelle / radio direction-finder 
control station. 



Pfahlsperre 

Peillinie / line of bearing, bearing 
line (Air Navigation). 

Peillot n sounding lead (Nav). 

Peilnebenstelle f auxiliary direction- 
finder station (Air Navigation). 

Peilrahmen to directional loop an- 
tenna (Rad). 

Peilscheibe / azimuth instrument. 

Peilsender to directional transmitter. 

Peilstelle / radio direction-finder 
station. 

Peilstrahl .to beam (Rad). 

Peilung / bearing, direction finding, 
optische Peilung pilotage (Avn). 

Peilzeichen n direction-finder signal 
(Avn). 

pelzgefiittert fur-lined. 

Pelzkombination / fur-lined flying 

suit. 

Pendel n pendulum. 

Pendelfrequenz / quenching fre- 

quency (Rad). 

Pendelfrequenzempfanger to super- 
regenerative receiver. 

pendein oscillate; swerve. 

Pendelverkehr to shuttle traffic. 

Perchlorameisensiiuremethylester m 
diphosgene (CWS). 

Perlkorn n bead sight (R). 

Personal n personnel. 

Personalabteilung / personnel sec- 
tion. 

Personalamt n See Heerespersonal- 
amt. 

Personalausweis to identification 
papers, certificate of identification. 

Personaldaten npl personal data 
(birth, occupation, etc.). 

Personalveranderung / change of 
personnel. 

Personenbahnhof m passenger sta- 
tion (RR). 

Personenfahre / passenger ferry. 

Personenkraftfahrzeug n personnel 
carrier, passenger vehicle (MT). 

Personenkraftwagen to personnel 
carrier, passenger car (MT). 

perspektivische Projection geometric 
projection, perspective projection. 

Perstoff to diphosgene ( CWS). 

Petroleum n kerosene. 

Pfad m path, trail. 

Pfahl to picket, stake; pile; post. 

Pfahlhindernis n See Pfahlsperre. 

Pfahljoch n pile bent (Bdg). 

Pfahljochbriicke / pile-bent bridge. 

Pfahlsperre / post obstacle (AT). 




Pfeife 



139 Pioniersprengmittel 



Pfeife / whistle, pipe. 

Pfeifpatrone / whistling pyrotechnic 
signal cartridge (used as gas 
alarm). 

Pfeifsignal n whistle signal. 

Pfeiler m pier (Bdg); column, pillar 
(Engr). 

Pfeilform / sweepback (Ap wing); 
arrow or wedge formation. 

Pferd n horse. 

pferdebespannt horse-drawn. 

Pferdeersatz m remounts. 

Pferdefahrzeug n horse-drawn 

vehicle. 

Pferdehalter m horseholder ( Cav , 
Arty). 

Pferdekrankenkraftwagen m veteri- 
nary motor ambulance. 

Pferdekrankensammelplatz m vet- 
erinary collecting station. 

Pferdelazarett n veterinary hospital. 

Pferdepark m remount depot. 

Pferdestarke / metric horsepower 
(abbr. PS) (1 PS = 0.986 HP; 1 HP 
= 1.014 PS). 

Pferdetransportkolonne / horse- 
drawn transport column. 

Pferdeverbandplatz m veterinary 
aid station. 

Pferdezug to draft (horse traction). 

Pferdezweigpark to branch remount 
depot. 

Pfiff m whistle (sound). 

Pfiffikus n phenyldichlorarsine 

(CWS). 

Pflegeschwester f nurse. 

Pflicht / duty, obligation. 

Pflichten des deutschen Soldaten See 
Kriegsartikel. 

Pflock to stake, peg, pin, picket. 

Pflugbagger to tractor plow; bull- 
dozer. 

Pfropfen in plug, stopper, wad. 

Phasenverschiebung / phase shift, 
phase displacement, phase difference 
(Elec, Rad). 

Phenyldichlorarsin n phenyldichlor- 
arsine. 

Phon n decibel. 

Phosgen n carbonylchloride, phos- 
gene (CWS). 

Phosphor to phosphorus. 

Phosphorfliegerbombe / phosphorus 
bomb. 

Phosphorgeschofi n phosphorus bul- 
let, incendiary bullet. 



Phosphorhandgranate / phosphorus 

grenade. 

Photogrammetrie / photogrammetry. 

Photograph m photographer. 

Photographie f photography. 

photographische Kartenaufnahme 
photographic mapping. 

Photokopie / photostat. 

photokopieren to photostat. 

Phototopographie f phototopography. 

Photozelle f photo-electric cell. 

Pickettpfahl m picket, stake. 

Pier to pier. 

Pi-Kampfmittel npl engineer combat 
equipment. 

Pikrinsaure f trinitrophenol, picric 
acid. 

Pille f pill, pellet, primer. 

Pilotballon to pilot balloon, trial bal- 
loon. 

Pilotballonaufstieggeriit n pibal 

equipment (Met). 

Pilz to mushroom head of obturator. 

Pinsel in paint brush. 

Pionier to engineer soldier, private 
in engineer unit. 

Pionieraufklarung / engineer recon- 
naissance. 

Pionier-Ausbau-Bataillon n engineer 
construction-improvement battalion. 

Pionierbataillon n engineer battalion. 

Pionierdienst m engineer service. 

Pionier-Erkundungstrupp m engineer 
reconnaissance squad. 

Pionierfahrzeug n engineer vehicle. 

Pionierfiihrer to special staff en- 
gineer officer and engineer com- 
mander (at Div Hq). 

Pioniergerat n engineer equipment. 

Pioniergeratepark m engineer equip- 
ment depot. 

Pionier-Kampfmittel npl engineer 

combat equipment. 

Pionierkolonne / engineer equipment 
column. 

Pionierlandungskompanie / engineer 
landing company. 

Pioniermaschinenzug m engineer 

machine platoon. 

Pionieroffizier to engineer officer. 

Pionierpanzerkampfwagen to en- 
gineer tank. 

Pionierpark m engineer park, en- 
gineer depot. 

Pionierschule f engineer school. 

Pioniersprengmittel npl engineer ex- 
plosives. 




Pionier-Sturmabzeichen 



140 Plombe 



Pionier-Sturmabzeichen n Engineer 
Assault Badge (decoration) . 

Pioniersturmzug to engineer assault 
platoon. 

Pioniertruppe / Corps of Engineers. 

Pioniertruppen fpl engineer troops. 

Pionierverband m engineer unit. 

Pioniervermessungsgeriit n engineer 
surveying instrument or equipment. 

Pionierwerkzeug n engineer tool. 

Pionierwerkzeugtasche / engineer 

tool bag. 

Pionierzug m engineer platoon. 

Pionierzwischenpark m engineer 

dump. 

Piste / trail, path, beaten track. 

Pistole / pistol. 

Pistolengriff m pistol grip. 

Pistolenbffnung / pistol port (Tk). 

Pistolentasche / pistol holster. 

Pi.-Sturmabzeichen n See Pionier- 
Sturmabzeichen. 

Pitotrohr n pitot tube. 

Pivotgeschiitz n swivel gun, pedestal- 
mounted gun. 

Pivotlafette / pivot-type mount 
(MG); turntable carriage (G). 

Pivotlager n trunnion bearing (G). 

Pi.-Zug to See Pionierzug. 

PK.-Filmberichter to propaganda- 
company moving-picture cameraman. 

P.K.-Kriegsberichter m propaganda- 
company war correspondent. 

Plan to plan, chart, diagram, scheme. 

Plane / tarpaulin. 

Planfeuer n concentrated antiair- 

craft fire within the critical zone. 

Planfeuertafel / lead chart (AA fir- 
ing). 

Planfeuerwiirfel to critical zone ( AA 
firing). 

Planier-Raupenschlepper to bull- 
dozer, angledozer, tractor with 
angledozer. 

Planimeter n planimeter (Surv). 

Plankelei f skirmish. 

Planladung / computed charge (de- 
molitions). 

planmallig in accordance with table 
of organization or basic allowance; 
according to plan; systematic, de- 
liberate, thorough. 

planmaBige Feldbefestigung delib- 
erate field fortification. 

planmafiiger Nachschub automatic 
supply. 



Planpause f overlay, traced map or 
firing chart. 

Planquadrat n grid square. 

Planrichten n laying by survey 

(Arty). 

PlanschieBen n map fire, unobserved 

fire (Gunnery). 

Plansektor m map-protractor set 
(Arty, Surv). 

Planspiel n map exercise (Tng). 

Planstarke f authorized strength, 

table of organization strength. 

Planstelle } place authorized by 

table of organization, 
freie Planstelle vacancy. 

Planiibergang to level crossing 
(RR). 

Planiibung / map maneuver, map ex- 
ercise (Tng). 

Planunterlage / plane table (Arty, 
Surv). 

Planzeichnen n plotting (Surv). 

Planzeiger to coordinate scale 

(Arty, Surv). 

plastische Liderung plastic-pad ob- 
turator (G). 

Platte / plate (Tech); phonograph 
record. 

Platteneinsatz m storage-battery cell 
(Elec). 

Plattenkondensator to parallel plate 

condenser (Rad). 

Plattenpulver n flake powder ( Am). 

Plattensatz to storage-battery cell 
(Elec). 

Plattenventil n poppet valve (Mtr). 

Plattform / platform (Arty, etc.). 

Plattformwagen to flatcar (RR). 

PlattfiiBe mpl flat feet. 

Platz to airdrome, airfield, landing 
field (Avn); aid station (Med, Vet); 
place, square (in^a city or town); 
site; locality; station; space; room. 

platzen to burst; to blow out (tire). 

Platzfeuer n airdrome light. 

Platzfeuerwehr f airdrome fire-fight- 
ing unit. 

Platzgrenze f airdrome boundary. 

Platzmembrane / bursting dia- 

phragm (message container). 

Platzpatrone / blank cartridge. 

Platzrunde / circle flown over air- 
drome. 

Platzwechsel to change of station. 

Pleuelstange / connecting rod, pis- 
ton rod (Mtr). 

Plombe / lead seal. 




Pliinderer 



141 



Plunderer m marauder, plunderer. 

pliindern to plunder. 

Pliinderung / plundering, pillage, 
looting. 

Pneumassivreifen m cushion tire. 

Polarstern m North Star. 

polieren to polish, to buff (Tech). 

Polizei / police. 

Polizist m policeman. 

Polklemme f battery-terminal bind- 
ing post (Elec). 

Polschuh m pole piece (magnet). 

Polster n pad ( Clo , harness, etc.); 
track block (Tk) ; pillow, cushion. 

Pohvechsler m pole changer (Tp). 

Polygonzug m closed traverse 
(Surv). 

Ponton m ponton. 

Pontonbriicke / ponton bridge. 

Pontonfahre / ponton ferry. 

Pontonier m pontoneer. 

Pontonoberkante / gunwale (Pon). 

Pontonstrecke / ponton bay. 

Pontonwagen m ponton carrier 
(MT). 

Porontoofen m a small liquid-fuel 
stove. 

Portepee n sword knot (worn by Gcr 
officers and higher-bracket NCO’s). 

Portepeeunteroffizier m noncommis- 
sioned officer (from Feldwebel up). 

Portion / ration; dose (Med). 
eiserrie Portion emergency ration. 

Portionenausgabe / distribution of 
rations. 

Portionssatz m scale of rations, ra- 
tion quantity. 

Positionslicht n position light, run- 
ning light (Ap). 

Post f mail. 

Postaufnahmegerat n mail pick-up 
device (Ap). 

Posten m sentry ; post; duty station; 
item (in a list) ; lot ( of goods). 

Postenanvveisungen fpl guard orders, 
allgemeine Postenan weisungen 
general orders (guard duty). 
besondere Postenanweisungen spe- 
cial orders (guard duty). 

Postenkette / line of sentries. 

Postleitungen fpl civil communica- 
tion lines. 

Postpriifungsstelle / postal censor’s 
office. 

Postuberwachungsstelle / See Post- 
priifungsstelle. 

Potenz / power (Math). 



Projektion 

potenzieren raise (to a power) 

(Math). 

Prahm m barge, lighter (Engr, Nav). 
Prallhaltevorrichtung / ballonet bal- 
loon (airship). 

Prallschufl m ricochet. 

Pralhvand / baffle. 
Priizisionsschiefien n precision fire. 
Preis to price; rate; prize. 
Preisiibung / qualification course. 
Prellschufl m ricochet. 

Presseoffizier m public relations of- 
ficer. 

PreBfutter n compressed forage. 
PreBluft / compressed air. 
Prefiluftanlasser m air starter, com- 
pressed-air starter (Mtr). 
PreBIuftflasche f compressed-air 
flask. 

PreBlufthammer m pneumatic ham- 
mer. 

PreBlqft-Niethammer m pneumatic 
riveter. 

Prefiluftzylinder m compressed-air 
cylinder. 

PreBstoff m plastic. 

Pr.GeschoB n See PhosphorgeschoB. 
Primarkreis m primary circuit 
(Rad). 

Primarwicklung / primary winding 
(Elec). 

Prise f prize. 

Prisenrecht n angary. 

Prismenkreuz n an engineer survey- 
ing instrument. 

Pritsche / wooden-board bed. 

Probe f test, trial. 

Probeflug m test flight. 

Probelauf to test run (Mtr). 
ProbeschieBen n test firing. 

Profil n profile, cross section; tread 
(of a tire). 

Profildicke / profile thickness (Ap 

wing). 

Profilhinterkante / trailing edge ( Ap 

wing profile). 

profiliert streamlined, faired. 
Profiiierung / fairing (Ap); recap- 
ping (tires); streamlining. 
Profilsehne / wing chord (Ap). 
Profiltiefe f depth of profile (Ap 
wing). 

Profilvorderkante f leading edge 

(Ap wing profile). 

Projektion auf die Horizontalebene 
horizontal projection. 




Quarantine 



Projektion 142 



Projektion auf die Senkrechtebene 
vertical projection. 

Propaganda / propaganda, publicity. 
Propagandakompanie f propaganda 
company (for front-line reporting; 
composed of writers and camera- 
men). 

Propeller m propeller. See also 

Luftschraube. 

Propellerblatt n propeller blade 
(Ap). 

Propellerhaube f propeller spinner. 
Propellerkreis m plane of propeller 
rotation, propeller-disk area (Ap). 
Propellernabe / propeller hub (Ap). 
Propellersteigung f propeller pitch. 
Propellerwind m slipstream (Avn). 
Protzarm m limber drawbar (Arty). 
Protze f limber (Arty). 

Protzgestell n limber frame (Arty). 
Protzhaken m limber pintle. 
Protzkasten m limber ammunition 
chest (Arty). 

Protzbse / lunette (G). 

Prozentsatz m percentage, 
priifen to check, inspect, test, verify. 
Priifgerat n testing apparatus. 
Priifgestell n testing stand. 
Priifknopf m testing button (field 
Tv). 

Priifrohrchen n detector tube (in 
CWS detector kit). 

Priifstand m testing block (Avn, 

MT). 

Priiftaste / testing key (field Tp). 
Priifung f test, testing, verification. 
PriifungsschieBen n verification fire. 
Puffer to buffer (Ord). 

Puffergehause n buffer housing (MG). 
Pufferlagerw buffer support (G 
cradle). 

Pulk to boat-type runner ( placed 
under gun wheels for operations in 
deep snow); formation (Avn slang). 



Pulver n powder. 

Pulverbrennziindung / powder-train 

ignition (fuze). 

Pulverbundel n powder bag (Am). 
Pulverhaus n powder magazine. 
Pulverkammer / powder chamber. 
Pulverkorn n powder grain (Am). 
Pulverladung / powder charge (Am). 
Pulverraum m powder chamber. 
Pulverriickstande mpl powder foul- 
ing (G). 

Pulversatz m powder train, powder 
pellet (fuze). 

Pulversprengstoff to low explosive. 
Pulvertemperaturmessung f measure- 
ment of powder temperature. 
Pulverthermometer n powder ther- 
mometer (Am). 

Pulvertreibladung / propellent charge. 
Pulverzerstauber m decontaminating- 
powder sprayer (CWS). 
Pumpenkiihlung / forced-circulation 
cooling (Mtr). 

Punktm point, place; dot (Tg). 
Punktbestimmung f point designa- 
tion, point location. 

Punktfeuer n point fire, fixed fire 

(MG). 

Punktplanm. range card (Gunnery). 
PunktschieBen n See Punktfeuer. 
PunktschweiBung f spot welding. 
Punkttafel / point-designation grid 
(Arty). 

Punktziel n point target (Gunnery). 
Pupinspule/ loading coil (Tp). 
Puppe / dummy (for bayonet Tng, 
etc.). 

putzen to clean, polish, shine. 
Putzlappen to cleaning rag. 
Putzwolle f cotton waste. 
Pz.Kw.-Nachbildung/ tank silhouette 

(practice firing). 



Q 



Q-Gruppe/ Q signal (Rad). 
Quadrant m quadrant. 
Quadrantenflache / quadrant plate 
(G). 

Quadrantenvisier n leaf -type quad- 

rarit sight (R, MG). 



Quadrat n square, grid square. 
Quadratwurzel / square root. 
Qualifikationsbericht m qualification 
card. 

Qualm m dense smoke. 

Quarantane/ quarantine (Med). 




Quartier 143 Raderraupenfahrzeug 



Quartier n quarters, billets. 

Quartierarrest m restriction to 

quarters. 

Quartiermacher to quartering officer, 
billeting officer. 

Quartiermacherkommando n quarter- 
ing party, billeting party. 

Quartiermachertrupp m quartering 
detail, billeting detail. 

Quartiermeister m corps or division 
quartermaster (general staff officer 
“lb" in charge of supply and Adm 
at corps or Div Hq). 

Quartiermeisterabteilung f supply 
group of staff sections (comprises 
Quartiermeister and Intendantur). 

Quartier und Verpflegung quarters 
and subsistence. 

Quartier- und Verpflegungsvergiitung 
/ quarters and subsistence allow- 
ance (reimbursement). 

Quartier- und Yerpflegungszuschufi 
m quarters and subsistence allow- 
ance. 

Quartiervergutung / quarters allow- 
ance. 

quarzgesteuerter Sender crystal- 
controlled transmitter (Rad). 

Quarzkristall n quartz crystal (Rad). 

Quarzsteuerung / crystal control 
(Rad). 

Quast to tassel. 

Qu-Blende f See Querschnittblende. 

Quecksilber n mercury. 

Quelle / source, spring, well. 

quer across, obliquely. 

Querachse/ lateral axis ( Ap). 

Queraxt / adze. 

Querbeil n See Queraxt. 



Querdeckung/ traverse (Ft). 

querfahrendes Ziel target moving 

•parallel to front (ground target). 

Querfahrt / movement parallel to 
front (ground target). 

querfeldein cross-country. 

Querlibelle / cross level (Sitrv, Arty). 

Querrinne / open culvert (road). 

Querruder n aileron (Ap). 

Querruderhebel m aileron horn ( Ap). 

Quersage f crosscut saw. 

Querschlager to ricochet. 

Querschnitt m cross section. 

Querschnittbelastung / ballistic co- 
efficient. 

Querschnittblende f transverse 

shutter (signal lamp). 

Querstabilitat / lateral stability 

(Ap). 

Querstreuung f See Breitenstreuung. 

Quertrager m transverse beam, tran- 
som, transverse support (Bdg). 

Querverbindung f intervehicular 

communication; local circuit; cross 
bar, transverse bracing. 

Querverkehr to internet traffic (Rad). 

Querverstrebung / cross bracing 
(Bdg). 

Quer wall m traverse (Ft). 

quetschen to crush, bruise, squeeze, 
pinch. 

Quetschkondensator ni trimmer con- 
denser (Rad). 

Quetschladung / camouflet. 

Quetschmine / See Quetschladung. 

Quetschung / contusion (Med). 

quietschen to screech (brakes); to 
squeal (Rad). 



R 



Rache / revenge. 

Rachen to throat. 

Rachenreizstoff m See Nasen- und 
Rachenreizstoff. 

Rad n wheel ; bicycle. 

Radachse f axle. 

Radauflagepunkt to center of tire 
contact (MT). 

Raddruckwi wheel load (MT). 
Raderantrieb to wheel drive (MT). 



Raderbahre/ wheeled litter carrier. 

Raderfahrzeug n wheeled vehicle. 

Rader-Gleiskettenantrieb to combina- 
tion wheel-track drive, convertible 
wheel-track drive. 

Raderkettenfahrzeug n combination 
wheel-track vehicle, convertible 
wheel-track vehicle. 

Raderraupenfahrzeug n See Rader- 
kettenfahrzeug. 




Riiderwerk 



144 Rauchladung 



Riiderwerk n tracks and suspensions 
(Tk). 

Radfahrabteilung / bicycle battalion- 

Radfahrkompanie / bicycle company. 

Radfahrschwadron f bicycle troop. 

Radfahrwerk n wheel-type landing 
gear (Ap). 

Radfahrzug m bicycle platoon. 

Radfliigelflugzeug n cyclogiro (Avn). 

Radgiirtel to caterpillar band (G). 

Radiergummi m rubber eraser. 

Radiosonde / radiosonde, radio 

meteorograph (Met). 

Radizierung / extraction of roots. 

Radkappe f hub cap. 

Radkorper to disk spider (wheel). 

Radlafette / wheeled gun carriage. 

Radlandung / two-point landing 

(Avn). 

Radlenker to guard ra.il (RR switch). 

Radnabe f hub. 

Radreifen to tire (of a wheel). 

Radschlepper m wheeled tractor. 

Radsporn to tail wheel (Ap). 

Radstand to wheelbase; alinement of 
wheels. 

Radstandlibelle / cross level (G). 

Radstandtrieb to cross-leveling mech- 
anism (G sight). 

Radsteuerung / wheel control (as 
distinguished from stick control) 
(Ap). 

Radsturz to camber (MT). 

Radzugmaschine / wheeled tractor. 

Rahmen m frame. 

Rahmenantenne / loop antenna 

(Rad). 

Rahmenheer n enlisted cadre. 

Rahmenlafette/ frame-type gun 
carriage. 

Rahmenspannturm m frame cabane 
(Ap). 

Rahmeniibung f command-post exer- 
cise (staff Tng). 

Rakete / rocket. 

Raketenantrieb to rocket propulsion. 

Raketenbombe / rocket bomb ( Avn). 

Raketen-Panzerbiichse / antitank 
rocket launcher. 

Raketenstart to rocket-assisted take- 
off (Avn). 

Raketenwurfmaschine / rocket 

launcher, rocket projector. 

RammbarTO drop hammer of a pile 
driver. 

Rammbiihne f pile-driver staging. 

Ramme / pile driver. 



rammen to ram (Nav); to drive (a 

pile). 

Raminfahre/ pile-driver raft. 
Rammgeriist n pile-driver frame. 
Rampe / ramp. 

Rampengerat n ramp equipment. 
Rampenmine / ramp mine ( impro- 
vised mine under an inclined board). 
Rampensperre/ sawhorse ramp 

obstacle. 

Rampenwagen to ramp carrier (MT). 
Rand to edge, border, margin, rim; 
perimeter (Tac). 

Randbemerkungen fpl marginal data. 
Randdiisenziinder to rimvent fuze 
(Am). 

Randel to knurled nut or knob, 
micrometer knob, 
riindeln to knurl. 

Randfeuer n boundary light (Adrm). 
Randstellungen fpl ■ perimeter posi- 
tions (Tac). 

Rang to rank, status. 

Rangabzeichen n insignia of rank. 
Rangiiltester to senior officer. 
Rangdienstalter n age-in-grade, 

seniority. 

Rangierbahnhof to railroad yard. 
Rangliste des Heeres army register. 
Rasanz der Flugbahn flatness of 
trajectory, 
rasch quick. 

Raspel / rasp. 

Rast/ rest (march column); click, 
detent (Tech). 

Rastgruppe / rest group (march 

rest). 

Rasthebel to bolt lock (MG). 
Rastplatz m resting place ( march 
rest). 

Rate f rate. 

Ration f forage ration, 
eiserne Ration emergency forage 
ration. r 

Rationssatz to scale of forage rations. 
Rauch m smoke. 

Rauchentwickler to • smoke generator. 
Rauchentwicklung / generation of 

smoke. 

Raucherscheinung/ smoke effect 

(flash ranging). 

Rauchgerat n smoke equipment ( Ap). 
Rauchgranate / smoke shell (Am). 
Rauchkerze / smoke candle (CWS). 
Rauchkorper-m. smoke filler (Am); 

smoke-puff charge (simulated fire). 
Rauchladung/ smoke charge (Am). 




Rauchmeldepatrone 145 regeln 



Rauchmeldepatrone f smoke-cartridge 
message container (for dropped mes- 
sages) (Avn). 

Rauchofen m smoke generator 

(Adrm). 

Rauchpatrone f smoke signal cart- 
ridge. 

Rauehsatz m pyrotechnic composi- 
tion (smoke signal); smoke compo- 
sition; smoke pellet (Am). 

rauchschwach smokeless, semi- 

smokeless. 

rauchschwaches Pulver smokeless 
powder. 

Rauchschwimmer m floating smoke 
pot. 

Rauchsignalpatrone f smolfe signal 
cartridge. 

rauchstark generating much smoke. 

Rauchvorhang m smoke curtain, 

smoke screen. 

Rauchwolke / smoke cloud. 

Rauhreifm frost (Met). 

Raum m space ; room, chamber ; 

sector; area, zone, region. 

Raumbild n stereoscopic picture. 

Raumbildentfernungsmesser m stereo- 
scopic range finder. 

Raumboot n mine sweeper. 

raumen to clear mines; to clear out; 
to evacuate (a position). 

Raumgehalt m See Rauminhalt. 

Rauminhalt m volume, cubic capacity. 

Raumladung / space charge ( radio 
tube). 

Raumloffel to miner’s spoon ( Engr 
tool). 

RaummeBbild n stereogram (Photo 
survey). 

Riiumotter / paravane. 

Raumstrahlung / free-space radiation 
(Rad). 

Raumwelle / sky wave (Rad). 

Raupe / caterpillar ; caterpillar 

track; plaited shoulder strap. 

Raupenantrieb to caterpillar drive 
(MT). 

Raupenfahrzeugw track -laying 

vehicle. 

Raupenkette / caterpillar track. 

Raupenkrad n See Kettenkrad. 

Raupenschlepper m caterpillar 

tractor. 

R-Boot n See Raumboot. 

Rechen m rake. 

Rechengerat n computer. 

Rechenschieber m slide rule. 



Reehenschieber zur Entfernungser- 
mittlung logarithmic range scale 

(Arty). 

Rechenstelle f post of computing sec- 
tion (firing battery). 

Rechenzettel m firing-data form 

(Arty). 

rechnen to count, compute. 

Rechner m computer, plotter 

(person). 

Rechnung/ account, bill; computa- 
tion. 

Rechnungsfiihrer to accountant and 
pay noncommissioned officer. 

Rechnungslegung f accountability. 

Rechnungswesen n accounting. 

Recht n law, jurisprudence. 

Rechteck n rectangle. 

Rechtsabteilung / legal branch, legal 
section. 

Rechtsdrall m right-hand twist 

( rifling). 

rechtsgangig clockwise; right-hand 
( threads, etc.). 

Rechtsgewinde n right-hand thread. 

Rechtskurve/ right bank (Avn). 

rcchtslaufend clockwise. 

“Rechts schwenkt, marsch!” “Column 
right, march!’’ (followed by “Gerade, 
ausl”). 

Rechtsstellung / legal status. 

“Rechts, urn!” “Right, face!”; “By 
the right flank, march!” (given in 
marching). 

Rechtswert m X-coordinate ( on co- 
ordinate scale in map reading). 

rechtweisender Kurs true course 

(Air Navigation). 

rechtweisender Windkurs true head- 
ing (Air Navigation). 

rechtwinklig rectangular. 

ReduktionsmaBstab m engineer’s 
scale. 

Reduziergetriebe n reduction gear. 

Reede / roadstead. 

Refiexglas n transparent reflector 
(reflector sight). 

Reflexvisier n reflector sight (Ap, 
A A gun). 

Regel / rule. 

Regellast f standard maximum load 

(Bdg). 

rege'.lose Flucht rout. 

regelmiiBig regular. 

regelmiiBiger Fehler systematic 
error, determinate error. 

regeln to direct, control, regulate. 




146 



Reihenbild 



regelrecht 



regelrecht standard, according to 
regulations. 

Regelrohre / variable y tube, 
supercontrol tube (Rad). 

Regelspur / standard gage (RR). 
Regelstange / regulator ( G recoil 

brake). 

Regelvorrichtung / governing device 
(Mtr). 

Regen m rain. 

Regendecke / tarpaulin, 
regenerierter Altgummi reclaimed 
rubber. 

Regengebietw precipitation area 
(Met). 

RegenguB m shower (Met). 
Regenklappe / rain flap ( on haver- 
sack). 

Regenmantel m raincoat. 
Regenmesser m rain gage (Met). 
Regenschauer m shower (Met). 
Regenwolke/ rain cloud (Met). 
Regierung / government. 

Regiment n regiment. 
Regimentsabschnitt n regimental 
sector. 

Regimentsadjutant m aide to regi- 
mental commander, regimental exec- 
utive. 

Regimentsarzt m regimental sur- 
geon. 

Regimentsbefehl m regimental order. 
Regimentsgefechtsstand m regimen- 
tal command post. 

Regimentskommandeur in regimen- 
tal commander. 

Regimentsnachrichtenzug m regimen- 
tal communication platoon. 
Regimentsstab m regimental head- 
quarters, regimental staff. 
RegimentstroB to regimental train. 
Registrier-Chronograph to chrono- 
graph. 

Regler to governor ; automatic con- 
trol; automatic corrector. 
Reglerdose/ control aneroid (Ap 
engine). 

Reglergabel / governor arms (Mtr). 
Reglergestange n plunger (engine 
governor) . 

Reglerschalter ni combination volt- 
age regulator, current regulator and 
cut-out relay (Mtr). 

Reglerteilung / correction scale on 
gun sight. 

Reglerventil n regulating valve, check 
valve. 



Reglerwinkel m principal vertical 
deflection angle (AA gunnery). 

Regulierhebel m throttle lever ( car- 
buretor). 

regun gslos erstarren freeze in posi- 
tion. 

Reibahle / reamer. 

Reibflache f head (of SA cartridge). 

Reibung f friction, galling, rubbing. 

Reibungswiderstand in frictional 

resistance. 

Reibziindschraube / friction primer. 

Reichsarbeitsdienst in Reich Labor 
Service. 

Reichsarbeitsfiihrer to lieutenant 

general (Reich Labor Service). 

Reichsantobahn f Reich automobile 
express highway. 

Reichsflagge / German national flag. 

Reichsfiihrer SS Reich Leader of SS 
troops. 

Reichskokarde / national rosette 
(worn on field and mountain cap). 

Reichskriegerbund in Veterans Asso- 
ciation of the Reich. 

Reichskriegsflagge / German national 
ensign (Nav). 

Reichsluftfahrtministerium n German 
Air Ministry. 

Reichsluftfahrtverwaltung f German 
Civ'll Aeronautics Administration. 

Reichsluftschutzbund / German 
national air defense organization. 

Reichsmeldedienst m German air- 
craft warning service. 

ReichsstraBe / national highway of 
the Reich. 

Reiehweite / range, maximum range. 

Reif in rime ice, frost. 

Reifen m tire. 

Reifenerneuerung / recapping, re- 
treading. 

Reifenheber to tire tool. 

Reifen-Luftdruckpriifer m tire pres- 
sure gage. 

Reifenpanne f puncture, blowout. 

Reihe f file, single file (Inf); column 
of troopers (H Cav) ; ladder (six 
observed rounds) (Arty); train of 
bombs. 

“In Reihe, angetreten!” “In single 
file, fall in!” 

Reihenabwurf m train release, train 

bombing. 

Reihenbild n aerial mosaic, strip 
mosaic. 




Reihenbildkammer 



147 



Repatriierung 



Reihenbildkammer / aerial mapping 
camera. 

Reihenbildner m See Reihenbildkam- 
mer. 

Reihenfeuer n ladder fire (Gunnery). 

Reihenkammer / See Reihenbildkam- 
mer. 

Reihenladung f elongated charge, 
in Rohr gefiillte Reihenladung ban- 
galore torpedo. 

Reihenmotor to in-line engine. 

Reihenschaltung/ series connection 
(Elec). 

ReihenschieBen n ladder fire (Gun- 
nery). 

Reihenstandmotor m in-line upright 
engine. 

Reihenwurf m train release, train 
bombing. 

Reinigungsbiirste / bore brush, clean- 
ing brush (Ord). 

Reinigungsdocht to cleaning patch 

(R). 

Reinigungslappen to cleaning rag. 

Reisegeld n travel allowance. 

Reisegeschwindigkeit f cruising speed 
(Ap). 

Reisekostenvergiitung / See Reise- 
vergiitung. 

Reisemarsch to administrative march. 

Reisevergiitung f travel allowance, 
mileage allowance (reimbursement). 

Reiseverordnung / mileage table. 

Reiseverpflegung / travel ration. 

Reisigbiindelw fascine. 

ReiBbahn / rip panel (Bln). 

ReiBbrett n drawing board. 

reiBen to rip. 

ReiBleine f rip cord (Prcht, Bln); 
static line (Prcht). 

ReiBnadel f scriber. 

ReiBnagel to thumbtack. 

ReiBschnur / quick release cord 
(Prcht). 

ReiBverschluB m zipper, slide fast- 
ener. 

ReiBzeug n drawing instruments, 
drawing set. 

reitende Artillerie horse artillery. 

Reiter to private (Cav); cavalry- 
man, trooper. 

spanischer Reiter cheval-de-frise, 
knife rest (Ft). 

Reiteraufklarungsabteilung f cavalry 
reconnaissance detachment (H Cav). 

Reiterbrigade / cavalry brigade (H 
Cav). 



Reiterei f cavalry. 

Reitergruppe / cavalry section ( H 

Cav). 

Reiternachspitze f cavalry rear point, 
rear guard cavalry detachment. 

Reiterregiment n cavalry regiment 
(H Cav). 

Reiterreihe / column of troopers ( H 
Cav). 

Reiterrudel n flock (H Cav). 

Reiterschwadron / cavalry troop (H 
Cav). 

Reiterspahtrupp to cavalry recon- 
naissance squad, cavalry patrol (H 
Cav). 

Reiterspitze / cavalry point, advance 
guard cavalry detachment. 

Reiterzugw. rifle platoon (H Cav 
Regt); mounted platoon (Inf Regt). 

Reithalfter / cavesson (harness). 

Reithosen fpl breeches. . 

Reitpferd n mount, riding horse. 

Reitstiefel mpl riding boots. 

reizender Kampfstoff irritant agent 
(lacrimator or nose and throat irri- 
tant). 

ReizgeschoB n irritant gas projec- 
tile. 

Reizkerze / irritant candle (CWS). 

Reizkorper m CN capsule, lacrima- 
tor (CWS). 

Reizpatrone f tear-gas cartridge 
(for gas chamber test). 

Reizstoff w irritant, harassing 
agent (CWS). 

Reiztopf to irritant gas candle. 

Reizwiirfel to irritant capsule, CN 
capsule (CWS). 

Rekrut to recruit. 

Rekrutendepot n recruit depot. 

rekrutieren to recruit. 

Relais n relay (Elec). 

Relativgeschwindigkeit f indicated 
air speed ( Avn). 

Relativhohenmesser to sonic alti- 
meter (Ap). 

Reliefkarte / relief map. 

Remonteamt n remount depot. 

Remonteaufkaufskommission / re- 
mount purchasing board. 

Remonteinspektion / Remount Divi- 
sion. 

Remontekommission f See Remonte- 
aufkaufskommission. 

Remontewesen n remount service. 

Repatriierung f repatriation. 




Repetitions-Theodolit 148 Richtmaschine 



Repetitions-Theodolit m repeating 
theodolite (Surv). 

Repressalien fpl reprisals, 
requirieren commandeer. 

Reserve/ reserve (Reserve I, inac- 
tive reserve of fully trained, men 
under 35; Reserve II, inactive re- 
serve of partly trained men under 
35). 

Reservedivision / reserve division 
(Tng unit in occupied countries). 
Reserveeingreiftrupp to reserve de- 
tachment (held in readiness for tac- 
tical commitment). 

Reservelazarett n general hospital. 
Reserveoffizier m reserve officer. 
Reserveoffizieranwsirter m reserve 

officer candidate. 

Reserveofifizier-Bewerber m reserve 

officer applicant. 

Reserveziindung / auxiliary ignition 
lead (blasting). 

Resonanzkreis to resonant circuit 

(Rad). 

Restfiugweite / straight-line distance 
between point of burst and theoreti- 
cal point of impact (Ballistics). 
Rettungsboje / life buoy. 
Rettungsdienst m life-saving service, 
rescue service. 

Rettungsfahrzeug n lifeboat. 
Hettungsgerat n life-saving equip- 

ment. 

RettungsgUrtel to life belt. 
Rettungsleine / life line. 
Esttungsmannschaft f rescue party. 
Rettungsring to life preserver. 
Rettungsschwimmer to qualified 

swimmer (holder of life-saver’s cer- 
tificate). 

Rettungsstange / boathook (for res- 
cue work). 

Rettungstrupp to rescue squad 

(CWS). 

Revier n infirmary; forest range; 
precinct, district. 

Revierkranker to infirmary case, dis- 
pensary case. 

Revierstunde / sick call. 

Revolver to revolver. 

Revolvergurt to revolver belt. 
Revolver mit Wiederspannabzug 

double-action revolver. 

Reynoldszahl / Reynolds number 

/ Aerodynamics) . 

Richtantenne / directional antenna 

(Rad). 



Richtaufsatz to sight mount, tele- 
scope mount. 

Richtaufsatztrager to sight mount 

bracket. 

Richtausbildung / training in sight- 
ing and aiming. 

Ricbtbaum w trail handspike ( G) . 
Richtbefelil m aiming order. 
Richtbogen to clinometer ( Surv, 

Gunnery). 

Richtempfanger in radio compass, 
direction finder (Air Navigation). 
Richtempfangsanlage / direction- 
finder station (Air Navigation) . 
Richtempfangsantenne / directional 
receiving antenna (Rad). 
richten to lay, to aim, to point / a 
gun). 

Richter to judge. 

“Richt Euch!” “Dress right, dress!” 
Richtfeld n field of fire; extent of 
traverse and elevation. 
Richtfernrohr n telescopic sight. 
Richtfunkfeuer / radio range beacon. 
Richtgehiiuse n elevating-gear hous- 
ing (MG). 

Richtgelenk n elevating link (MG). 
Richtgeriit to laying mechanism, 
sight equipment (G); direction-find- 
ing equipment (Rad). 

Richtglas to collimating sight. 
Eichthebel to elevating arm (MG). 
Richthebelwelle / elevating-arm shaft 
(MG). 

Richthohe/ elevation (Gunnery). 
Richtkar.onier to gunner (Arty); gun 
pointer. 

Richtkommando to aiming order. 
Richtkreis m aiming circle (Arty); 

azimuth circle (Surv). 
Richtkreis-Bussole / declinator ( aim- 
ing circle). 

Richtkreiseinteilung / mil graduation 

( aiming circle ). 

Richtkreisunteroffizier to instrument 
NCO in charge of aiming circle 
(Arty). 

Richtlampe/ aiming light, aiming 
post light. 

Richflatte / aiming stake, aiming 
post (Arty); base stake (Surv). 
Richtlehre / theory of gun pointing. 
Richtlehrer to instructor in gunnery. 
Riclitlinien fpl guiding principles, 
directions. 

Richtmaschine/ elevating and tra- 
versing mechanism (G). 




Richtmittel 



149 Rodelkeil 



Richtmittel n sighting device; laying 
device. 

Richtposten m road sign post. 

Richtpunkt m aiming point ( Gun- 
nery). 

Richtpunktverfahren n aiming-point 
and deflection method (Gunnery). 

Richtpunktzahl / aiming-point azi- 
muth reading. 

Richtsaule / control column ( for syn- 
chronizing sound locator and search- 
light). 

Richtscheibe / aiming target. 

Richtschiitze to gunner (MG, Mort, 
Tk, AT); gun pointer. 

Richtsitz m gunner’s seat, layer’s 
seat (G). 

Richtstange/ alinement stake (Bdg, 
Engr). 

Richtstelle / aiming-circle station 
(MG platoon). 

'Richtstock m aiming post. 

Richtstrahl to radio beam. 

Richtstrichm center line (on inside 
of march-compass cover). 

Richtiibung / aiming practice, aiming 
exercise (Gunnery). 

Riclitiibungsgerat n practice sight. 

Richtung/ direction; pointing or 
laying (of a gun). 

Richtungsangabe / indication of di- 
rection. 

Richtungsbestimmung / determining 
of direction, orientation. 

Richtungsgleis n classification track 
(RR). 

Richtungshorer m sound locator 

(AAA). 

Richtungslinie / orienting line (Gun- 
nery, Surv). 

Richtungspunkt to orienting point 

(Surv). 

RichtungsschieBen n adjustment fire 
for direction (Gunnery). 

Richtungsschild n road sign. 

Richt un gssch iisse mpl adjustment 

shots for direction (Gunnery). 

Richtungsstabilitat / directional sta- 
bility (Ap). 

Richtungswinkel to firing angle. 

Richtverfahren n method of laying 

( Gunnery ) . 

Richtvorrichtung / elevating and 
traversing mechanism. 

Richtwirkung / directional effect 

(Rad). 



Richtzahnbogen m elevating rack, 
elevating arc ( G). 

Riechprobe / sniffing test (CWS). 

Riechprobenkasten to gas-identifica- 
tion set, sniff set (CWS). 

Riechspur f artificial scent. 

Riechtopf to irritant-gas generator, 
CN generator (CWS). 

Rieehwiirfel m chemical capsule (to 
simulate gas-shell fire). 

Riegel m bolt; bar; crossbar; sliding 
bolt; switch line, oblique defense 

. line (Tac, Ft). 

Riegelbolzen m retaining bolt (Ord). 

Riegelhebel to locking lever (G). 

Riegelstellung / switch position (Ft, 
Tac). 

Riemen m strap; sling; Belt. 

Riemenantrieb m belt drive. 

Riemenbiigel m sling swivel (R). 

Riemenscheibe f pulley. 

Riemenschieber m gun-sling keeper 

(R). 

Riesenluftreifen m giant tire, over- 
size tire (MT). 

Rille f cannelure (Am); groove. 

Ringen n combat, struggle, wres- 
tling. 

Ringfallschirm to parachute skirt. 

Ringpulver to annular powder (Am). 

Ringrohrn built-up barrel (G). 

Ringtrichterrichtungshorer m trum- 
pet-type sound locator (AAA). 

Ringubertrager m repeating coil (Tg, 

Tv). 

Ringverkleidung f engine ring cowl- 
ing (Ap). 

Ringvisier to ring sight. 

rinnen to leak. 

Rippe/ rib; cooling fin (air-cooled 
engine). 

Rippenflache f fin surface ( air- 
cooled engine). 

RiB m rip, tear; split; rupture; 
laceration ; sectional drawing. 

RiBwunde f lacerated wound. 

Ritter m knight, noble. 

Ritterkreuz to Knight’s Cross (deco- 
ration). 

Rittmeister to captain ( Cav, H-Dr 
T). 

Ritzel to pinion. 

robben to crawl. 

Rodelbalken m siderail, curb rail, 
guard rail (Bdg). 

Rodelbund m siderail lashing (Bdg). 

Rodelkeil to siderail wedge (Bdg). 




Rodeln 



150 Riickbeforderung 



Rodeln n siderail lashing (Bdg). 

Rodelung / siderails, guard rails, 
siderail lashing (Bdg). 

Rodelzange/ siderail clamp (Bdg). 

Rodung/ logged-off area, cleared 
woodland. 

Rohol n crude oil. 

Rohr n tube, gun barrel; pipe. 

Rohrabnutzung / erosion of the bore. 

Rohransatz to barrel extension. 

Rohrbremse/ recoil brake (G). 

Rohrbuch n gun book. 

Rohre/ tube (Rad). 

Rohrenheizung f filament heating 
(Rad). 

Rohrenkennlinie / characteristic 

curve, tube characteristic (Rad). 

Rohrenlafette / tubular mount. 

Rohrenlibelle / tubular spirit level. 

Rohrenmast m tubular mast. 

Rohrenprufgerat n tube tester, tube 
checker (Inst, Rad). 

Rbhrenpulver n perforated powder 
(Am). 

Rohrensockel m tube base, tube socket 
(Rad). 

Rohrenspannungsmesser m vacuum- 
tube voltmeter. 

Rohrensummer m electronic audio 
oscillator (Rad). 

Rohrerhohung / quadrant elevation. 

Rohrfestigkeit / strength of barrel 
(Ord). 

Rohrhalter m barrel bracket (G). 

Rohrinneres n bore (G). 

Rohrklaue / barrel guide (G). 

Rohrkrepierer m barrel burst. 

Rohrlange/ length of barrel (G). 

Rohrleitung f pipe line. 

Rohrmantel to jacket (G). 

Rohrmiindung/ muzzle (G). 

Rohrrahmenm tubular chassis frame 
(MT). 

Rohrriicklauf m barrel recoil ( G). 

Rohrschlitten m sleigh (G) ; gun- 
barrel sled (for carrying barrel of 
dismantled mountain gun in deep 
snow). 

Rohrschreiber m practice aiming 
device consisting of pencil mounted 
on gun barrel and chart on which 
pencil tracks movement of target. 

Rohrseele / bore (G). 

rohrsicherer Ziinder bore-safe fuze. 

Rohrsicherheit des Ziinders bore 

safety of fuze. 



Rohrstiitze/ tubular support (A A 

gun outrigger). 

Rohrwagen m cannon transport 

wagon, gun-barrel trailer. 
Rohrwandbeobachtungsgerat n barrel 

reflector (G). 

Rohrwechsel m change of barrel 

(Ord). 

Rohrweite / caliber (G). 

Rohrwiege/ cradle (G). 

Rohrzange / Stillson wrench, pipe 
wrench. 

Rohrzeiger m gun barrel reference 
pointer (matches with Aufsatzzeiger 
when gun is laid for elevation) . 
Rohrzerspringer m barrel burst. 
Rollbahn / taxiway (Adrm); track 
(of road). 

Rollbockm bogie trailer (Arty). 
Rolle / roll (Avn, Tech); roller, pul- 
ley; wire roll. 

gesteuerte Rolle slow roll (Avn). 
rollen to taxi (Avn); to roll along, 
to roll forward (Tks, vehicles, 
etc.). 

in rollendem Einsatz in waves (Tac). 
rollendes Material rolling stock ( RR ) . 
Rollenlager n roller bearing (Mech). 
RoIlenstoBel m roller-type valve 
lifter (Mtr). 

Rollenwagen m bogie suspensions 
(Tk). 

Rollfeld n landing field, cleared zone 
(Adrm). 

RollstraBe / taxiway ( Adrm). 
Rollwerkw landing gear (Ap). 
Rollwiderstand to vehicle resistance 
(MT); rolling friction (Mech). 
Rontgenbild n X-ray photograph. 
Rontgenstrahlen mpl X-rays. 

Rost to rust; grate; grill; trench 
board. 

rostig rusty. 

Rotes Kreuz Red Cross. 
Rotfilterempfangsgerat n red-filter 
receiving attachment (signal lamp). 
Rotfiltergerat n red-filter set (BC 
telescope). 

Rotte f two-ship element ( formation 
of two airplanes) ; a number of men 
in file. 

R-Patrone f See Rauchpatrone. 
Riickbau to reconstruction; disman- 
tling. 

Riickbeforderung / evacuation ( of 
wounded, etc.). 




Riickblick 



151 Riickwartsgang 



Riickblickm backsight (Surv); rear 
glance, rear view, retrospect. 

Riickbliekspiegel m rear-view mir- 
ror. 

Riickdruck m reaction pressure 

(rocket). 

Ruckenm rear (Tac); ridge (Top); 
back. 

Riickenangriff to attack against the 
rear; attack from the rear. 

Riiekendeckung / rear covering force, 
rear cover (Tac); parados (Ft). 

Riickenfallschirm to back-pack para- 
chute. 

Riickenfeuer n enemy fire from the 
rear. 

Riickenflug m inverted flight, upside- 
down flight. , 

Ruckengepack n pack. 

Ruckenkissen n crupper pad (har- 
ness). 

Riickenlehne / back rest ( Ap, MT). 

Riickenlinie/ ridge line (Top). 

Ruckenriemen to leadup strap (har- 
ness). 

Riickenringm back rest (AA MG). 

Riickentrage / pack reel (for Tp 

wire). 

Riickenwehr/ parados (Ft). 

RUckenwind w tail wind. 

Ruckfahrlaterne / backing light 
(MT). 

Riickflug to return flight, homing 
flight (Avn). 

Riickfrage f check-back, tracer. 

Riickgrat n backbone. 

Riickhalt to support (Tac). 

Riickholer w connecting arm between 
firing lever and sear (light Inf 
howitzer). 

Riickkehr / return. 

Ruckkopplung / feedback, regenera- 
tion (Rad). 

Riicklauf to recoil. 

Riicklaufbremse / recoil brake (G). 

Riicklaufeinrichtung / recoil mecha- 
nism (G). 

riicklaufig retrograde, reverse. 

Rucklauffeder / recoil spring, buffer 
spring. 

Riicklauf messer to recoil marker ( G). 

Riicklaufschieber to recoil marker 
slide (G). 

Rucklaufwelle f reverse idler gear 
shaft (MT). 

Riickleitung / return (Elec, Tp); re- 
turn line (hydraulics). 



Riicklicht n taillight (MT). 

Riickmarsch to retrograde march, 
retirement (Tac). 

Riickmarschbewegung / retrograde 

movement. 

RiiekmarschstraBe / line of retire- 
ment (Tac). 

Riickmeldung / reply. 

Rucksack to knapsack, rucksack. 

Riickschlag m blowback ( Ord) ; back 
pressure (Mtr); reverse (Tac). 

Riickschlagventil n check valve, one- 
way valve. 

Riickstando mpl fouling ( Ord) ; car- 
bon (Mtr); residue. 

RiickstoB m recoil, kick (Ord) ; re- 
action (Mech). 

RiickstoBhiilse f recoil booster sleeve 
(MG). 

RiickstoBIader to recoil-operated 
weapon. 

RiickstoBmotor to jet-propulsion en- 
gine (Ap). 

RiickstoBverstarker m recoil booster 
(MG). 

RiickstoBwirkung f recoil effect. 

Riickstrahler to reflector. 

Riicktrift/ trail (bomb trajectory). 

Riicktriftwinkel to trail angle (bomb 
trajectory). 

riickwartig rear, rearward, behind 
the lines. 

riickwartige Dienste rear services, 

supply services. 

riickwartige Einrichtungen rear in- 
stallations. 

riickwiirtigeS Armeegebiet communi- 
cations zone. 

riickwartiges Gebiet rear area, rear 
zone, communications zone. 

riickwartiges Heeresgebiet communi- 
cations zone of a group of armies. 

riickwartiges Lazarett base hospital. 

riickwartiges Nachschublager base 
depot. 

riickwartige Stellung rear position, 
reserve battle position, rear battle 
position. 

Riickwiirtseinschneiden n resection 

( Surv) . 

Riickwartsfahrer to rear driver ( of 
a vehicle with double-end control). 

Riickwartsfahrt / reverse movement 
(MT). 

Riickwartsgang to reverse, I’everse 
gear, reverse speed (MT). 




152 



Ruckwartslenkung 

Riickwartslenkung f rear steering, 
system (of a vehicle with double-end 
control). 

Riickwartsstaffelung / negative stag- 
ger (Ap wings); echelon formation 
in depth. 

Riiekwegw withdrawal route (Tac); 
return, way back. 

riickwirkend retroactive. 

Riickzug to retreat, retirement, with- 
drawal (Tac). 

RUckzugslinie f line of retirement, 
line of retreat (Tac). 

RiickzugsstraSe / withdrawal route, 
route of retreat. 

Rudel n See Schiitzenrudel, Reiter- 
rudel. 

Ruder n oar; elevator or rudder ( Ap). 

Ruderboot n rowboat. 

Ruderfahrzeug n oar-propelled craft. 

Rudersteven to stern post ( assault 
boat, ferry, or barge). 

Ruf to call ; , ring ( Tp) ; reputation. 

Rufbatterie / a battery whose obser- 
vation post is within calling distance 
of the battalion observation post. 

rufen to call; to ring (Tp). 

Rufname m first name. 

Rufstromm signaling current, ring- 
ing current (Tp). 

Rufzeichen n call sign, call signal 
(Bad); calling signal (Tp). 

Ruhe f rest, silence, quiet. 

Ruhegehalt n pension. 

Ruhelager n rest camp. 

Ruhestand m retirement, 
im Ruhestand retired (abbr. i.R.). 

Ruhestellung / “at ease’* position. 

Ruhr f dysentery. 

Ruhrast / half cock (SA). 

“Riihrt, euch!” “At ease!” 

Rumpfm trunk, torso; fuselage 

(Ap); hull (of flying boat), 

Rumpfbugm nose (Ap), 



Sackgasse 

Rumpfendeti tail (Ap). 

Rumpfgerust n fuselage framework 

(Ap). 

Rumpfhaut/ fuselage skin (Ap). 

RumpfholmTO longeron (Ap). 

Rumpfkanzel/ cockpit (Ap), 

Rurr.pfklappe / bomb doors (Ap). 

Rumpflangsachse / longitudinal axis 
of fuselage. 

Rumpflangsleiste / longeron (Ap). 

Rumpfmontage / fuselage assembly 
(Ap). 

Rumpfspantm bulkhead (Ap). 

Rumpfnase/ nose (Ap). 

Rumpfspitze / nose (Ap). 

Rumpfverband to cadre. 

Rundbild n panoramic photograph 
(Surv). 

Rundblickfernrohr n panoramic tele- 
scope, panoramic sight. 

Runde / tour, round, circle, curve. 

Runderneuerung / retreading (MT). 

Rundflugm local flight (Avn). 

Rundfunkm radio broadcast; broad- 
casting. 

Rundfunkempfang to radio broadcast 
reception. 

Rundfunksender to radio broadcast- 
ing station. 

Rundholz n round timber, spar. 

RundkeilverschluB m cylindrical 
wedge-type breechblock (G). 

Rundschreiben n circular. 

Rundzelt n circular tent. 

Rungenwagen to flatcar with side 

racks (RR). 

Riistgewicht n structural weight 

(plus equipment) (Ap). 

Riistung / armament. 

rutschen to slip, slide, skid; to side- 
slip ( Avn). 

Riittelerscheinungen fpl flutter (Ap). 

R-Wagen m See Rungenwagen. 



s 



SA / See Sturmabteilungen. 

Sabel to saber, sword. 

Sachbearbeiter to technical staff offi- 
cer; individual in charge of a special 
administrative department or field 
of subject matcer. 



Sachnummer f item number. 
Sachschaden to material damage, 
damage to property. 

Sack m bag, sack. 

sacken to sag, settle, sink. 

Sackgasse / dead-end street or road. 




Sackleinen 



153 Sappenkopf 



Sackleinen n burlap, osnaburg. 

Saft to juice; electric current ( slang ). 

Sage f saw. 

Sagewerk n sawmill. 

Salpeter to saltpeter. 

Salpetersaure / nitric acid. 

Salut to gun salute. 

Salve / salvo ( pieces fire simul- 

taneously) (Arty); volley (fired by 
riflemen). 

Salvengeschiitz n automatic gun. 

Salz n salt. 

Salzkartusche f flash-reducing wad 
(Am). 

Salzsaure f hydrochloric acid. 

Salzvorladung / flash-reducing wad. 

Salzvorlage f See Salzvorladung. 

SA-Mann to storm trooper. 

Sammelgesprach n conference call 
(Tp). 

Sammelkommando n recovery party, 
salvage collecting party. 

Sammelkompanie/ salvage collecting 
company. 

Sammelmeldung/ general message 
(Rad). 

sammeln to salvage, to collect, to 
gather. 

Sammelort m assembly place, ren- 
dezvous. 

SammelplatzTO collecting point; as- 
sembly point, rallying point, ren- 
dezvous (Tac); collecting station 
(Med). 

Sammelpunkt to See Sammelplatz. 

Sammelrufzeichen n collective call 
sign, general call sign (Rad). 

Sammelschutz to collective protection 
(CWS). 

Sammelstelle / assembly point. 

Sammeltatigkeit / collecting; salvage 
collecting. 

Sammelwesen n salvage service. 

SammelzugTO salvage platoon. 

Sammler to See Sammlerbatterie. 

Sammlerbatterie / storage battery. 

Sammlerhaube / battery cover 
(Elec). 

Sammlerkasten m battery box 
(Elec). 

Sandeis n “ice concrete” ( a frozen 
mixture of sand, gravel and water). 

Sandgrube / sand pit. 

Sandkasten to sand table (Tng). 

Sandkastenspiel n sand table exer- 
cise. 

Sandsack to sandbag. 



Sandschutzbrille / sand goggles. 

Sanierung / sanitation, introduction 
of sanitary measures. 

Sanierungsmittel n prophylactic. 

Sanitiitsabteihing / medical battalion. 

Sanitatsausriistung/ medical equip- 
ment. 

Sanitiitsdienst to medical service. 

Sanitiitseinrichtung / medical instal- 
lation. 

Sanitatsfahrzeug n ambulance. 

Sanitatsfeldwebel to technical ser- 
geant (Med). 

Sanitiitsflugbereitschaft f airplane 
ambulance unit. 

Sanitatsflugzeug n airplane ambu- 

lance. 

Sanitatsgefreiter to acting corporal 
(Med). See also Gefreiter. 

Sanitatsgerat n medical equipment. 

Sanitiitshelferin / medical woman 

auxiliary. 

Sanitiitshund w first-aid dog. 

Sanitatskasten w medicine chest, sur- 
gical chest. 

Sanitatskolonne/ ambulance column. 

Sanitatskompanie / medical company. 

Sanitatskorps n Medical Corps. 

Sanitatsmaterialpark to medical sup- 
ply depot. 

Sanitatsoberfeldwebel to master ser- 
geant (Med). 

Sanitatsobergefreiter m corporal 

(Med). 

Sanitatsobersoldat m private first 
class (Med). 

Sanitatsoffizier m medical officer. 

Sanitatsoffizier (Z) to dental officer 
(Z is abbr. of Zahnarzt). 

Sanitiitsordnung / regulations gov- 
erning organization and operation 
of Medical Corps. 

Sanitatspark to medical depot. 

Sanitatspersonal n medical corps 
personnel. 

Sanitatssoldat to private (Med). 

Sanitatsstaffel / medical unit ( of 
Div Med Bn). 

SanitatstroB to medical train. 

Sanitatstruppe / medical corps. 

Sanitatstasche / pouch kit. 

Sanitatstruppen fpl medical troops. 

Sanitatsunteroffizier to sergeant 

(Med). 

Sanitatswesen n medical service. 

Sappe/ sap (Ft). 

Sappenkopf to saphead (Ft). 




Sarg 154 Schallplatte 



Sarg m coffin. 

Sattel to saddle (harness, Top). 
Sattelbaum vi saddletree (harness) . 
Sattelbefehl m field order. 
Sattelbekleidung / saddle covering. 
Sattelgurt m girth (of a saddle). 
Sattelholz n short wooden plate or 
sill placed on top of a column so as 
to increase its bearing surface. 
Sattelkissen n saddle pad. 

Sattelpferd n near horse. 
Sattelschlepper m semitrailer (MT). 
Sattelsitz in seat (of a saddle). 
Satteltasche / skirt (saddle). 
Satteltracht / saddle cover (pack 
saddle). 

Siittigung/ saturation. 

Satzm sentence, axiom; rate, scale;, 
set, unit; composition, pellet (Am, 
CWS); jump, bound. 

Satzring m time train ring ( time 
fuze). 

Satzstiick n powder pellet ( time 

fuze). 

saubern to clean; clear up; clean out; 
mop up (Tac). 

Sauberungstrupp m mopping-up de- 
tachment. 

Sauberungsunternehmen n mopping- 
up operation. 

Sauerstoff m oxygen. 
SauerstoffazetylenschweiBung / oxy- 
acetylene welding. 

Sauerstofflasche / oxygen cylinder. 
Sauerstoffgerat n oxygen apparatus. 
Sauerstoff-Wiederbeleber to pulmotor. 
Saughub m intake stroke, suction 
stroke (Mtr). 

Saugleitung f intake duct (Mtr). 
Saugluft/ inflow (Avn). 

Sangrohr n intake manifold (Mtr). 
Saugseite / suction surface (Ap 
wing). 

Saugsteinbehalter in silicic acid gel 
container ( gas-detection apparatus) . 
Saule f column, pile. 

Saumpfad in path ( for pack ani- 
mals) ; mountain trail. 

Sauna Finnish steam bath. 

Saure / acid. 

Sauremesser m hydrometer. 
S-Bekostigungsmittel npl army post 
subsistence supplies (a bbr. for 

Standort-Bekostigungsmittel) . 

S-Boot n See Schnellboot. 

Schaber m scraper. 

Schablone f stencil, templet. 



schablonieren to stencil. 

Schacht to shaft (mining); bomb 
rack; conduit (Elec). 

Schachtel } box. 

Schadel m skull. 

Schaden to damage. 

Schadenbekampfung / damage con- 
trol. 

Schadenersatz to indemnity. 

schadlich injurious, harmful, destruc- 
tive, pernicious, dangerous; preju- 
dicial, disadvantageous. 

schadlicher Widerstand parasite drag 
( Avn). 

Schadlichkeitsgrenze f point of in- 
tolerable concentration (CWS). 

Schaft to stock (R); forearm (auto- 
matic R); leg (of a jackboot); 
rod, stem, handle, shank, shaft, 
stick. 

Schaftpflegemittel n stock preserva- 
tive (R). 

Schakel in clevis, shackle. 

Schalenbauweise / monocoque con- 
struction (Ap). 

Schalenkreuzwindmesse'r m cup ane- 
mometer (Met). 

Schall in sound. 

Schallaufnahmegeriit 11 oscillograph 
(sound ranging). 

Schallblech n diaphragm (Tp). 

Schalldiimpfer to muffler (MT); 

silencer (Ord). 

schalldicht soundproof. 

Schalldose/ pick-up unit (phono- 
graph). 

Schallgeschwindigkeit / velocity of 
sound. 

SchallmeBaufnahmegerat n oscillo- 
graph (sound ranging). 

SchallmeBbatterie / sound-ranging 
battery ( Arty). 

SehallmeBfilm to oscillogram ^ ( film) 
(sound ranging). 

SchallmeBstelle / sound-ranging sta- 
tion (Arty). 

SchallmeBstellentrupp to sound unit 

(sound ranging). 

SchallmeBsystem n sound-ranging 

net (Arty). 

Schallmessung f sound ranging. 

Schallmikrophon n sound-ranging 

microphone. 

Schallmittel n sound-communication 
device. 

Schallorfnng/ sound location (AAA). 

Schallplatte / phonograph record. 




Schallplatten-Abtastdose 155 Scheingefecht 



Schallplatten-Abtastdose / phono- 
graph pick-up unit, pick-up. 

Schallverzug m sound lag (AAA). 

Schallwelle / sound wave. 

Schalmesser n drawknife. 

Schaltbrett n control panel, dash- 
board, instrument panel. 

Schaltbrettlaterne / instrument light. 

Schaltdom m gearshift-lever housing. 

schalten to shift (MT); to switch 
(Elec). 

Schalterm switch (Elec). 

Schaltgabel/ shifter fork (MT). 

Schaltgetriebe n gearshift transmis- 
sion (MT). 

Schalthebel m gearshift lever (MT); 
throwout lever (panoramic tele- 
scope). 

Schaltkastchen n portable switch- 
board. (Tp); switchbox (Elec). 

Schaltkasten m switchbox (Elec); 

combination switch box (MT). 

Schaltklaue / dog clutch member 
(constant-mesh transmission) (MT). 

Schaltmuffe / gearshift collar (MT). 

Schaltplan m circuit diagram. 

Schaltschema n See Schaltplan. 

Schaltskizze / See Schaltplan. 

Schaltstange / shift rail (MT). 

Schaltstiick n throwout ( sight-mount 
housing). 

Schalttafel f control board, control 
panel, instrument panel. 

Schalttisch m switchboard (Tp). 

Schaltung/ connection (Elec); cir- 
cuit (Rad, Tp, Tg); gearshift (MT). 

Schaltvorrichtung / switching device 
(Elec). 

Schalung/ casing; form (concrete 
construction); revetment. 

Schandeck n gunwale (Pon). 

Schanzarbeiten fpl entrenchments, 
spadework (field Ft). 

Schanze/ earthwork (Ft). 

schanzen dig, dig in, entrench. 

Schanzkorbm gabion (Ft). 

Schanzzeug n entrenching tool(s). 

scharf armed, live, primed ( Am) ; 
activated (LM); sharp. 

Scharfe f sharpness. 

scharfe Munition live ammunition. 

scharfe Panzermine activated anti- 
tank mine. 

scharfe Patrone live cartridge, ball 
cartridge (Am.). 

scharfgeladene Granate live shell 

(Am). 



scharf machen to arm (Am); to ac- 
tivate (a mine). 

Scharfschiitze m sharpshooter, sniper, 
marksman. 

Scharfschiitzengewehr n sharpshoot- 
er’s rifle. 

Scharfschiitzennest n sniper’s post. 

scharf stellen to arm (Am); to ac- 
tivate (LM). 

Scharmiitzel n skirmish. 

Scharnier n hinge. 

Scharte f port (Tk); loophole, em- 
brasure (Ft). 

Schartenblend ef tiring-port shutter 
(Tk); gun shelter (Ft). 

Schartenschild m ' shield with sight- 
ing ports (G); gun shelter (Ft). 

Schartensprengtrupp m pillbox demo- 
lition party. 

Schatten m shadow. 

SchattenriB m silhouette. 

Schattenwirkung / shadow effect 
( Cam). 

schatzen to estimate. 

Schatzung f estimation, estimate. 

Schaufel f shovel. 

Schau'flngm demonstration flight 
(Avn). 

Schauloch n inspection hole. 

Schauzeichen n visual signal. 

Scheibe / disk, plate (Tech); prac- 
tice target; pane (of glass); com- 
pass card. 

Scheibenkupplung / plate clutch 

(MT). 

Scheibenrahmen m target frame. 

Scheibenrose f compass card. 

Scheibenstand m target butt. 

Scheibentreffbild n vertical shot 

group (Ballistics). 

Scheibenwischer w windshield wiper. 

Scheibenzuganlage/ range unit with 
moving targets (Tng). 

Scheide f scabbard, sheath. 

Scheider m separator ( storage bat- 
tery). 

Scheinw card, ticket, certificate; 
illusion, deceptive appearance; light, 
blaze, flash, halo. 

Scheinangriff m feint attack, feint, 
demonstration (Tac). 

Scheinanlage f dummy installation, 
dummy works. 

Scheinflughafen m dummy airport. 

Scheingas n fake gas. 

Scheingefecht n mock combat, sham 
battle; feint, demonstration (Tac). 




Scheingraben 156 Schieftgestell 



Scheingraben to dummy trench (Ft). 
Scheinleitwert to admittance (Elec). 
Scheinmine / dummy mine. 
Scheinplatz to dummy airfield. 
Scheinsperre / dummy obstacle (Ft). 
Scheinstellung / dummy site, dummy 
position. 

Scheinvergiftung / fake contamina- 
tion (CWS). 

Scheinverneblung / deceptive smoke 
screen. 

Scheinwerfer to headlight; search- 
light, spotlight, projector, 
fiihrender Scheinwerfer carry light 
(AAA). 

Scheinwerferabteilung / searchlight 
battalion (AAA). 

Scheinwerferrichtungsweiser to con- 
trol station (AA SL). 
Scheinwerferstellung / searchlight 
station (AAA). 

Scheinwiderstand to impedance (Elec). 
Scheitelw. ' apex, summit, vertex, 
zenith. 

Scheitelbogen to azimuth (Surv). 
Scheitelkreis to See Scheitelbogen. 
Scheitelpunkt to apex, vertex, zenith. 
Scheitelwert to peak value (Elec). 
Scheitel winkel w vertical angle, 

opposite angle. 

scheitern to be shipwrecked, run 
aground; fail, miscarry, be frus- 
trated. 

Schellband n hoop (G). 

Schelle/ clamping collar (Mort). 
Schenkel to leg, thigh ; side ( of an 
angle); leg (of a tripod, etc.). 
Scherbalken to ponton balk. 
Scherdrahtw shear wire (fuze). 
Schere / scissors, shears. 
Scherenfernrohr n battery comman- 
der’s telescope. 

Scherfestigkeit f shearing strength. 
Scherspannung / shear stress. 
ScherwinkelTO angle of yaw (Avn). 
Scheune / barn, 

Schi to ski. 

Schibataillon n ski battalion. 

Schicht / course, layer, stratum; 

sheet, coating, film; working shift. 
Schichtlinie / contour line. 
Schichtwolke / stratocumulus cloud. 
Schiebedach n sliding roof (Ap). 
schieben to push, slide, shove; to 
drift (Avn slang). 



Schieber m rear sight slide (R); 
keeper (R sling); slide; sleeve 
(sleeve-type engine); slide rule. 

Schiebermotor to sleeve-type engine. 

Schieberwiderstand to rheostat. 

Schiebeschnalle f slide buckle. 

Schiebewind to cross wind (Avn). 

Schieblehre / vernier calipers. 

Schiedsrichter n umpire ( maneuvers ) . 
oberster Schiedsrichter director. 

Schiedsrichteranweisung / instruc- 
tions to umpires (maneuvers) . 

Schiedsrichtergehilfe to umpire’s 
aide. 

Schiedsrichterstab to umpire staff. 

schief oblique; biased; crooked; 
sloping, inclined. 

schiefer Radstand cant (Arty); mis- 
alignment of wheels (MT). 

Schieflaufende / rhumb line (Naviga- 
tion). 

Schienbein n shin. 

Schiene / rail ; surgical splint. 

Schienensperre / steel rail anti- 

mechanized obstacle. 

SchieBaufgabe f fire problem (Arty 
Tng). 

SchieBauftrag to fire mission (Arty). 

SchieBausbildung / training in fir- 
ing. 

SchieBausbildungshilfe f marksman- 
ship training aid. 

SchieBbahn / practice range. 

SchieBbaumwolle / guncotton. 

SchieBbecher m grenade launcher 

(R). 

SchieBbedarf to ammunition require- 
ments. 

SchieBbehelf w fire-control aid (Gun- 
nery). 

SchieBbremse f gun-wheel brake. 

SchieBbuch n score book. 

SchieBen mit Enffernungskomman- 
dos fire by command for range. 

SchieBen mit hohen Sprengpunkten 
air-burst registration fire. 

SchieBen mit Karte map fire (Gun- 
nery). 

SchieBen ohne Beobaclitung unob- 
served fire ( Gunnery). 

SchieBen wahrend der Bewegung 
assault fire ( automatic weapons). 

SchieBfertigkeit / marksmanship. 

SchieBgerat n firing equipment, 
practice-firing device (Gunnery). 

SchieBgestell n firing stand (MG). 




SchieKgrundlagen 157 Schlagbolzenspitze 

SchieBgrundlagen fpl firing data I Schildzapfenlagerdeckel to trunnion 
(Gunnery). cap (G). 



SchieBhilfsmittel npl means of fire 
control (Gunnery). 

SchieBkladde / battery emplacement 
book. 1 

SchieBklotz to wheel chock (Arty). 

SchieBiehre f ballistics. 

SchieBlehrer to gunnery instructor. 

SchieBlineal n straightedge (SR cor- 
rection chart). 

SchieBliste / battery chart. 

SchieGplan to fire-control map (Gun- 
nery). 

ScliieBplatz to artillery range. 

SchieBpulver n gunpowder. 

SchieBscharte / loophole, embrasure. 

SchieBstand to range, target range. 

SchieBstock to projector rod (Sig 
; projector ). 

SchieBtechnik f firing technique. 

SchieBubung / firing practice, range 
practice. 

SchieBunterlagen fpl basic data 
(firing). 

Schiefiverfahren n method of fire 
(Arty). 

SchieBvorschrift / firing regulations; 
gunnery field manual. 

SchieBvorschule f basic training 
course (Arty); elementary marks- 
manship training. 

SchieBwagen to range car (on tar- 
get range). 

SchieBwesen n gunnery. 

SchieBwolle f See SchieBbaumwolle. 

Schiffahrt / shipping (Nav). 

Schiffbau m shipbuilding. 

Schiffbauwerft / .shipbuilding yard. 

Schiffbruch to shipwreck. 

Schiffsflak f ship-based antiaircraft 
artillery. 

Schiffslazarett n sick bay. 

Schiffsraum to tonnage (Nav). 

Schiffsrumpf to hull (Nav). 

Schilfstaucher to diver (Nav) See 
also Torpedotaucher. 

Schiffswerft / shipyard. 

Schiffswesen n shipping (Nav). 

Schild n signboard. 

Schildm shield (G). 

Schilderhaus n sentry box. 

Schildlager n bracket seat (G). 

Schildstiitze / shield support (G). 

Schildzapfen to trunnion (G). 

Schildzapfenlager n trunnion bear- 
ing (G). 



Schildzapfenpfanne / trunnion socket. 

Schippe f shovel. 

Schirm to screen ; visor (of cap) ; 
parachute canopy, parachute; um- 
brella. 

Schirmantenne/ umbrella antenna 
(Rad). 

Schirmeindecker to parasol mono- 
plane. 

Schirmgitter n screen grid (Rad). 

Schirmgitterrohre / screen-grid tube 
(Rad). 

Schirmmutze f service cap. 

Schirrmeister m maintenance tech- 
nical sergeant. 

Schirrunteroffizier to maintenance 
sergeant. 

Schlacht f battle. 

Schlachtereiabteilung f butchery 

battalion. 

Schlachtereizug to butchery platoon. 

Schlachtfeld n battlefield. 

Schlachtflieger to close support air- 
plane; ground attack airplane; pilot 
of close support airplane (pi: sup- 
port Avn). 

Schlachtfliegerbombe f fragmenta- 
tion bomb. 

Schlachtfliegerunterstiitzung / close 
aviation support, support by ground 
attack airplanes. 

Schlachtflotte / battle fleet. 

Schlachtflugzeug n close support air- 
plane, ground attack airplane. 

Schlachtgeschwader n ground 

attack and antitank wing, support 
aviation wing. See also Geschwader. 

Schlachtkreuzer w battle cruiser. 

Schlachtlinie f battle line. 

Schlachtschiff n battleship. 

Schlafenband n temple strap (gas 

mask). 

schlaff slack, 

Schlafsack to sleeping bag. 

Schlag to shock, stroke, blow; pigeon 
loft; bay (of a trench). 

Schlagbolzen to firing pin (Ord) ; 

inertia pellet, inertia striker pellet 
(fuze). 

Schlagbolzenfeder / . main spring 
(R); firing-pin spring (pistol, fuze). 

Schlagbolzenmutter f cocking piece 

(R). 

Schlagbolzenspitze/ striker (G, R ) ■ 




Schlagbolzen-Versager 158 Schlips 



Schlagbolzen-Versager m hung 
striker (fuze). 

Schliigel m mallet; drumstick. 

Schlagelstampfer m maul (Tech). 

schlagen to hit, knock, strike; to 
defeat; to build (a Bdg). 

Schlagfeder/ firing-pin spring (fuze). 

schlagfertig ready for immediate 
action. 

Schlagfertigkeit / readiness for 

action, state of tactical prepared- 
ness. 

Schlagkraft/ striking power (Tac). 

Schlagladuitg / booster, magazine 
charge (fuze). 

Schlagloch n pothole, road hole. 

Schlaglot n hard solder. 

Schlagring m brass knuckles. 

Schlagschatten m shadow cast by an 
object ( as distinguished from, shadow 
on the object itself) (Cam). 

Schlagseite/ list (of a ship). 

Schlagstift m striker (fuze). 

Schlagstiick n hammer (SA). 

Schlagwort n slogan. 

Schlagziinder m impact fuze, per- 
cussion fuze. 

Schlagziindschraube / threaded per- 
cussion primer (fuze). 

Schlamm to mud. 

Schlange/ snake; spiral, coil, helix, 
worm. 

Schlappe/ reverse, defeat, setback. 

Schlauchw hose, pipe, tube; inner 
tube (MT). 

Schlauchbinder m , hose coupling 
(MT). 

Schlauchboot n pneumatic raft, 
pneumatic boat. 

Schlauchbootfahre f pneumatic boat 
ferry. 

Schlauchbriicke / pneumatic boat 
bridge. 

Schlauchschoner m tire flap (MT). 

Schlaufe/ keeper (R sling); band, 
loop. 

Schlechtwetter-Landedienst to station 
marker beacon service (for Inst 
landing in bad weather) ( Avn). 

Schlechtwetterzone f bad-weather 
zone (Met). 

Schleichweg to hidden trail. 

Schleier m screen (Tac). 

Schleife/ loop (Avn, Elec, etc.). 

schleifen to grind, sharpen, abrade. 

Schieifenfiug m loop (Avn). 



Schleifmaschine / grinding machine 

(Tech). 

Schleifmittel n abrasive. 

Schleifringm collector ring (mag- 
neto); release ring (clutch). 

Schlenke / ravine, gully. 

Schleppantenne / trailing wire 

antenna (Ap). 

schleppen to tow, drag. 

Schlepperm tractor; tug (Nav). 

Schlepphaken to pintle (Trac). 

Schleppkahn to towed boat. 

Schleppkante / trailing edge (Ap). 

Schleppkommando n glider-towing 

detachment, unit of tug airplanes. 

Schleppschacht m inclined gallery 
(Mining). 

Schleppseil n See Schlepptau. 

Schleppscheibe / tow target, towed- 
sleeve target (AAA). 

Schlepptau n trail rope ( Bln) ; tow 
rope, tow line. 

Schleppwagen to beaching gear ( sea- 
plane). 

Schieppziel n flag target, towed- 
sleeve target (AAA). 

Schleppzug m column of tractors ; 
train of barges. 

Schleuder / catapult (Avn). 

Schleuderbund to sling lashing 

(Engr). 

SchleuderguB m centrifugal casting 
(foundry). 

Schleudermine/ sling mine, sliding 
mine. 

schleudern to skid, to slip, to cata- 
pult. 

Schleuderstart m catapult take-off 

( Avn). 

Schleuderpsychrometer n sling psy- 
chrometer (Met). 

Schleuderthermometer n sling ther- 
mometer (Met). 

Schleuse / lock (of a canal); sluice. 

schlieBen to close, lock (a door, 
etc.). 

SchlieiJender m file closer; trail offi- 
cer (MT column). 

SchlieBfeder / main spring (pistol); 
closing spring. 

SchlieBkontakt m contact maker 
(Elec). 

SchlieBstelle / contact point (Elec). 

schlingern to roll. 

Schlingerwand / baffle (Ap tank). 

Schlips m necktie. 




Schlitten 



159 Schneckentrieb 



Schlitten to sled; sleigh, sleigh 

mount (MG). 

Schlittenaufsatzstiick n sleigh-mount 
extension piece (MG). 

SchlittenfUhrer to sled driver. 

Schlittenkufe / sled runner; sleigh- 
mount runner (MG). 

SchlittenstoBtrupp m assault 

detachment with sled-borne weapons 
and supplies. 

Schlittenstiitze / sleigh-mount leg 
(MG). 

Schlitz to slit; slot (Ap wing). 

Schlitzfliigel m slotted wing (Ap). 

Schlitzquerruder n slotted aileron. 

SchloB n lock; bolt mechanism, bolt 
assembly (MG, R); castle. 

SchloBchen n bolt sleeve (R). 

Schlosser to mechanic, locksmith, 
fitter. 

SchloBfuB m bolt base (MG). 

SchloBgehause n bolt housing (MG). 

SchloBhalter to bolt support (MG). 

SchloBhebel to bolt handle (MG). 

SchloBkurbel / bolt shaft (MG). 

SchloBplatte f back plate (G). 

Schlot to smoke stack. 

Schlucht / gorge (Top). 

Schlund to throat. 

Schlupf to slip (propeller). 

Schlupfe/ keeper (R sling). 

Schlupf jacke/ sweater (Clo). 

schliipfrig slippery. 

Schluppe / See Schlupfe. 

SchluBbesprechung / critique. 

Schliisselm key; cipher, code; 

wrench. 

Schliisselbolzen to locking pin (lim- 
ber); retaining pin or bolt. 

Schlusselgraben m main trench. 

Schliisselheft n code book. 

SchlUsselkraftwagen to coding truck 
(Sig C). 

Schliisselmaschine / converter, cipher 
device. 

Schliisselmine / key mine (anti- 
vehicle mine laid as road block). 

schliisseln encode, encipher. 

Schlusselpunkt to key point (Tac). 

Schliisselschieber to corrector pointer 
(hand fuze setter). 

Schliisselstellung / key position 

(Tac). 

Schlusseltext to cipher text. 

Schliisseltrupp to code section. 

Schliisselungsoffizier to cryptographer 
officer. 



Schliisselunterlage / encoding and 
decoding chart. 

Schlusselwort n cipher key. 

SchluBklappe / disconnect drop (Tp 

switchboard). 

SchluBlicht n taillight (MT). 

SchluBzeichen n clearing signal 
(indicating party has rung off) 
(Tp). 

Schmalspur / narrow gage (RR). 

Schmalspurbahn f narrow-gage rail- 
road. 

Schmelzsicherung f fuse (Elec). 

schmiedbar malleable. 

Schmiede f forge. 

Schmiedeeisen n wrought iron, 

forged iron. 

Schmierbiichse/ grease cup; axle 
box. 

schmieren to grease, lubricate. 

Schmiermittel n lubricant. 

Schmierol n lubricating oil. 

Schmierolpumpe / lubrication pump. 

Schmierblschicht / oil film (Mech). 

Schmierplan to lubrication diagram. 

Schmierpresse / grease gun. 

Schmierstelle / lubrication point. 

Schmierstoff w lubricant. 

Schmierstoffanlage / lubricating sys- 
tem (Mtr). 

Schmierstoffbehalter to oil tank 

(Ap). 

Schmierstoffdruckmesser to oil pres- 
sure gage (Ap). 

Schmierstoffkiihler to oil cooler. 

Schmierstoffvorratsmesser w oil level 
gage. 

Schmierung f lubrication. 

Schmirgelleinwand / emery cloth. 

Schmirgelrad n See Schmirgelscheibe. 

Schmirgelscheibe f emery wheel. 

Schnabel to beak, nose; launching 
nose (Bdg). 

Schnalle/ buckle; gun sling hook 

(R). 

Schnecke/ worm (Mech). 

Schneckenantrieb to worm drive. 

Schneckengehause n worm-gear 

housing (panoramic telescope). 

Schneckenlenkung f worm and sector 
steering system (MT). 

Schneckenrad n worm gear (MG, 
Mech). 

Schneckenscheibe / spiral target 
(Tng). 

Schneckentrieb w See Schneckenan- 
trieb. 




Schneckenwelle 



160 



Schrage 



Schneckenwelle / worm shaft. 

Schnee m snow. 

Schneefrasmaschine / rotary snow- 
plow. 

Schneehemd n parka. 

Schneeniitte / igloo. 

Schneekette/ snow chain, skid chain 
(MT). 

Schneekufe / landing ski (Ap). 
Schneekufengestell n landing ski 
assembly (Ap). 

Schneeloch n snow pit. 

Schneemann m “snow man” ( an im- 
provised road marker constructed of 
blocks of snow). 

Schneepflug m snowplow. 
Schneereifen ' m snowshoe. 
Schneeschuh m ski; snow boot, over- 
shoe. 

Schneestauung / impacted snow. 
Schneetreiben n snow flurries (Met). 
Schneewanne / boat-type runner 
(placed under gun wheels for opera- 
tions in deep snow). 

Schneewolke/ snow cloud (Met). 
Schneidbrennen n oxyacetylene cut- 
ting. 

Schneide/ edge (of a bayonet, etc.). 
Schneise / straight narrow clearing, 
forest aisle, firebreak; sector (Air 
Navigation). 

schneidig smart (in appearance, de- 
portment, etc.). 

Schneidkluppe / stock (die holder). 
Schneidkluppe mit Schneidbacken 
stock and die. 

schnell fast, quick, rapid, mobile. 
SchnellablaB m quick release, jetti- 
soning (of fuel). 

SchnelladeverschluB m rapid-fire 
breechblock (G). 

Schnelladung / emergency demolition 
charge. 

Schnellboot n E-boat (Ger), motor 
torpedo boat, speedboat. 
Schnellbriicke / hasty bridge. 
Schnelle Truppen Mobile Troops (in- 
cludes Tk Rgts, AT Bns, Panzer- 
grenadier units, MG Bns, H-Cav 
Rgts, Div Ren units, Mecz Ren units 
and cyclist units). 

Schnellfeuer n rapid fire, magazine 
fire. 

Schnellfeuergeschiitz n rapid-fire 
gun. 

Schnellfeuerkanone f rapid-fire 

cannon. 



Schnellfeuerwaffe / rapid-fire 

weapon. 

Schnellgang m overdrive (MT). 
Schnellganggetriebe n overdrive 

transmission (MT). 
Schnellkampfgeschwader m ground 
attack and antitank wing (Luft- 
ivaffe). 

SchnellschuB m hasty shot (firing). 
Schnellsperre / hasty obstacle. 
Schnellsteg m hasty footbridge. 
Schnelltelegraph m teletype, tele- 
typewriter, telegraph printer. 
Schnellziinder m instantaneous fuze, 
nondelay fuze. 

Schnitt m cut (injury or wound); 
section, intersection; slice; bearing 
(Navigation). 

Schnittbildentfernungsmesser m split- 
field range finder. 

Schnittlinie / secant; halving line 
(coincidence range finder). 
Schnittpunkt m point of intersec- 

tion. 

Schnittzeichnung f cut-away view 
(sketching). 

Schnur/ rope, cord, twine, string. 
Schniirbundm cord lashing, rope 

lashing. 

Schniirleiste / rack stick (for cord 
lashing). 

Schnurrensattelgurt m web girth 
(saddle). 

Schniirschuh m laced shoe. 
Schniirsenkel m bootlace, shoelace. 
Schniirstiefel m lace boot. 

Schokokola chocolate with kola 

(Prcht ration). 
schonen to spare, protect. 
Schonganggetriebe n overdrive trans- 
mission (MT). . 

Schopfeimer m scoop (excavator). 
Schornstein m chimney, smoke stack. 
Schott n bulkhead ( also spelled die 
Schotte). 

Schotter m road metal, broken stone, 
gravel. 

SchotterstraBe / metalled road, 

gravel road. 

Schottpanzerung / spaced armor. 
Schraffen fpl hachures (Surv, Top). 
Schraflierung / See Schraffen.' 
schrag diagonal, oblique, inclined. 
Schragaufnahme / oblique aerial 
photograph. 

Schrage/ inclination; diagonal line; 
bevel (Tech). 




Schuftebene 



Schragentfernung 161 



Schriigentfernung f slant range (AA 
gunnery). 

schriiges Kreuz St. Andrew’s cross 
( used as road marker to indicate by- 
pass). 

Schragfahrt / movement at an angle 
(ground target). 

Scliragfeuer n oblique fire, flanking 
fire, enfilade. 

Schraglage/ bank (Ap). 

Schraglinie / diagonal. 

Schragnocke / inclined beveled cam 
(Diesel engine). 

Schragstellung / tilt, lateral tilt. 

Schranke/ railroad gate; barrier. 

Schrankung/ dihedral (Ap). 

Schrapnell n shrapnel. 

Schrapnellkugel / shrapnel ball. 

Schrapnellmine f antipersonnel mine. 

Schraube / screw (Mech); propeller. 

Schraubendruck m propeller thrust. 

Schraubenantrieb m propeller drive. 

Schraubenfeder f coil spring, helical 
spring, spiral spring. 

Schraubenflugzeug n helicopter. 

Schraubenganglenkung / cam and 
lever steering system (MT). 

Schraubenmutter / nut (Tech). 

Schraubenschliissel to wrench. 

Schraubenspindelrichtmaschine / 
elevating-screw-type elevating mech- 
anism (G). 

Schraubensteigung / screw pitch; 
propeller pitch. 

Schraubensteven m propeller post 

(Nav). 

Schraubenstrahl m slipstream (Ap)- 

SchraubenverschluB m interrupted- 
screw-type breechblock (G). 

Schraubenzieher to screwdriver. 

Schraubenzug to propeller thrust. 

Schraubpfahl m screw-type post ( for 
obstacle construction). 

Schraubstock m vise (Tech). 

Schreckladung / booby trap. 

Schreckmine f booby mine. 

Schreibeblock to writing pad. 

Schreiber m clerk; yeoman (Nav). 

Schreibmaschine / typewriter. 

Schreibstube / orderly room, office. 

schriftlich in writing, written. 

Schriftverkehr to correspondence. 

Schritt to pace, step, 
den Schritt wechseln to change step. 

Schrittmesser to pedometer. 

schroff steep (Top). 

Schrot to shot (for shotgun). 



Schrotgewehr n shotgun. 

Schrotpatrone / shotgun shell. 

Sehrotsage / ripsaw. 

Schubkarren to wheelbarrow. 

SchubkurbelverschluB to pusher- 
handle sliding-wedge-type breech- 
block (G). 

Schubstange / torque arm, torque rod; 
piston rod; connecting rod. 

Schuhm shoe; boot (SA scabbard or 
holster). 

Schuhzeug n footgear. 

Schulflugwesen n training aviation. 

Schulflugzeug n training airplane, 
trainer. 

SchulgefechtsschieBen n battle ser- 
vice practice (Arty). 

SchulgefechtsschieBstand m target 
range (Arty Tng). 

SchulschieBen n record service prac- 
tice (Arty). 

SchulschieBstand m target range. 

Schulter / shoulder. 

Schulterdecker m semi-high-wing 
monoplane. 

Schultergurt to shoulder strap (gas 
mask carrier). 

Sehulterklappe f shoulder strap ( en- 
listed men’s uniforms). 

$chulterriemen to crossbelt (Clo). 

Schulterstiitze f shoulder stock (MG). 

Schulterstiick n shoulder strap ( offi- 
cers’ uniforms); shoulder piece 
(MG). 

Schulterwehr / traverse (Ft). 

Schulungskursus to training course, 
orientation course. 

Schummerung / shading (on maps). 

Schuppen to shed, hangar. 

Schupo f See Schutzpolizei. 

Schiirmanneisen n butt strap. 

Schurzholz n trench timber, wooden 
revetment. 

Schurzholzrahmen to gallery case 
(Engr). 

SchuB to shot (discharge of fire- 
arm); round (Am). 

SchuBbahn / line of fire; trajectory. 

SchuBbeobachtung f sensing, spot- 
ting, observation of fire (Arty). 

SchuBbereich to range of gun; dan- 

. ger area (on target range). 

schuBbereit ready to fire. 

SchuBbremse f recoil brake. 

SchuBebene / plane of departure, 
plane of fire (Gunnery); plane of 
position a.t instant of firing (AAA). 




Schufielemente 



162 Schutzgebiet 



SchuBelemente npl basic data, firing 
data (Gunnery). 

SchuBentfernung / range. 
schuBfertig ready to fire; prepared 
for firing (Am). 

SchuBfeld n field of fire. 
SchuBfeldliicke / gap in field of fire. 
schuBfest bulletproof; light shell 
proof. 

SchuBfolge / cyclic rate (automatic 
fire). 

SchuBgarbe / sheaf of fire, cone of 
fire. 

SchuBleistung / shooting strength 
(Ord). 

SchuBlinie / line of site, line of po- 
sition ( Gunnery) ; line of future 
position (AAA). 

SchuBrichtung / direction of fire. 
SchuBschneise f fire lane. 
SchuBseitenwinkel m firing azimuth. 
schuBsicher bulletproof; light shell 
proof. 

schuBsichere Deckung shellproof 
cover (Ft). 

schuBsicherer Schlauch self-sealing 
inner tube, bullet-resisting inner 
tube (tire). 

schuBsicheres Glas bulletproof glass. 
SchuBtafel / firing table, ballistic 
table. 

graphische SchuBtafel trajectory 
chart (not to be confused with US 
graphical firing table). 
schuBtafelmaBig according to firing- 
table data, firing-table (adj). 
schuBtafelmaBige Anfangsgeschwin- 
digkeit standard muzzle velocity. 
schuBtafelmaBige Erhohung firing- 
table elevation (Gunnery). 
schuBtafelmaBige Flugzeit theo- 
retical time of flight (as indicated 
in firing table). 

schuBtafelmaBige SchuBweite firing- 
table range (Gunnery). 
SchuBverbesserung / firing correc- 
tion (Gunnery). 

SchuBwaffe / firearm. 

SchuBweite / range (Gunnery). 
SchuBwerte mpl basic data, firing 
data (Gunnery). 

SchuBwirkung f effect of fire 

(Arty). 

SchuBzahl / number of rounds. 
Schiittkasten m bomb magazine, 

“Molotov breadbasket” ( container 
with a number of small bombs). 



Schiittwurfm salvo release (bomb- 
ing). 

Schutz to cover, protection. 

Schiitz to relay (Elec). 

Schutzanlagen fpl protective works. 

Schutzanstrich to camouflage paint 
(ing) ; protective paint(ing). 

Schutzanzug w protective clothing 
(CWS). 

Schutzblech n fender, mudguard. 

Schutzbrille / goggles. 

SchiitzeTO private (Inf); rifleman; 
machine gunner (Ap, etc.); marks- 
man. 

schiitzen to cover, protect; to sup- 
port (by fire). 

Schiitzenabmarsch to rifle half squad 
( Cav). 

Schiitzenabzeichen n marksmanship 
badge. 

Schiitzenauftritt to fire step (Ft). 

Schiitzenbank / See Schiitzenauftritt. 

Schiitzenfeuer n rifle fire. 

Schiitzengraben to fire trench, trench. 

Schiitzengrabenspiegel to trench 

periscope. 

Schiitzenhohle / dugout. 

Schiitzenkette f See Schiitzenlinie. 

Schiitzenkompanie f rifle company 

(Inf). 

Schiitzenlinie / line of skirmishers. 

Schiitzenloch n foxhole, rifle pit. 

Schiitzenmine / antipersonnel mine 
(abbr. S-Mine). 

Schiitzenmulde / skirmisher’s trench, 
prone shelter, shallow rifle pit. 

Schiitzennest n rifle-squad entrench- 
ment, nest of riflemen (Ft). 

Schiitzenpanzer to See Schiitzenpan- 
zerwagen. 

Schiitzenpanzerwagen to armored 
personnel carrier. 

Schiitzenreihe f squad column, file of 
riflemen. 

Schiitzenrudel n rifle squad in grouped 
combat formation (squad leader and 
light MG team forward, assistant 
squad leader and rifle team back, 
echeloned right or left). 

Schiitzenschnur / marksmanship 

fourragere. 

Schiitzenstand to gun position (Ap). 

Schiitzentrupp m rifle team (rifle- 
men of a rifle squad as distinguished 
from the light MG team). 

Schiitzenzug to rifle platoon (Inf). 

Schutzgebiet n protectorate. 




Schweifitechnik 



163 



Schutzgitter 

Schutzgitter n suppressor grid (Rad 
tube). 

Schutzglasw bulletproof glass; pro- 
tectoscope (Tk). 

Schutzhiille / hood (Am). 

Schutzimpfung / inoculation, vacci- 
nation. 

Schutzmacht / protecting power 

(PW). 

Schutzmann m policeman. 

Schutzmittel n prophylactic. 

Schutzmiitze / crash helmet (for Tk 
crew). 

Schutzpolizei / municipal police. 

Schutzpolsterung / crash padding 
(Tk). 

Schutzraumm shelter (Ft); air 
raid shelter. 

Schutzsalbe / protective ointment 
(CWS). 

Schutzscheibe f protectoscope (Tk). 

Schutzschicht / burster course (Ft). 

Schutzschild m shield, gun shield. 

Schutzsieb n mechanical filter (gas 
mask). 

Schutzstaffeln fpl elite guard of the 
Nazi party (abbr. SS). See also 
Waffen-SS. 

Schutzwall m protective wall (system 
of land defenses, as the Westwall 
on the western frontier of Germany). 

Schutzwallehrenzeichen n bronze 

medal awarded to workers excelling 
in the construction of German forti- 
fications. 

Schutzzaun m guard fence. 

Schwachstrom m low voltage ( cur- 
rent). 

Schwaden m gas cloud, smoke cloud. 

SchwadenschieBen n gas or smoke 
shell fire (Arty). 

Schwadron / troop (Cav). 

Schwadronschef m troop commander 
(Cav). 

Schwadronsfiihrer m temporary troop 
commander, troop commander (Cav). 

Schwadronstrupp m troop headquar- 
ters detail (Cav). 

Schwalbennest n shoulder patch ( worn 
by bandsmen). 

Schwamm to sponge; mushroom. 

Schwankung/ fluctuation; variation; 
sway; oscillation. 

Schwanz m tail; trail (G). 

Schwanzblech n trail float (G). 

Schwanzlandung / tail landing 

( Avn). 



schwanzlastig tailheavy (Avn). 

Schwanzsporn m tail skid / Ap) ; 
trail spade (G). 

Schwarm m tactical formation of 
about five airplanes ( consists of two 
Ketten). 

schwarmen to deploy into line of 
skirmishers. 

Schwarmkolonne / javelin formation 
of from 3 to 5 airplanes. 

Schwarmwinkel m wedge formation 
of from 3 to 5 airplanes. 

Schwarzpulver n black powder. 

Schwebekreisvisier n pivoted ring 
sight (A A). 

Schweberiemen m hip strap (har- 
ness). 

Schwebstoff m nonpersistent chemical 
agent (CWS). 

Schwebstoffilter m mechanical filter 
(gas mask). 

Schwebstoffteilchen n nonpersistent 
chemical particle ( CWS). 

Schwebungsempfang m beat-fre- 

quency reception (Rad). 

Schwebungsfrequenz / beat fre- 

quency (Rad). 

Schwebungsfrequenzmesser m hetero- 
dyne frequency meter. 

Schwebungsliicke / See Schwebungs- 
null. 

Schwebungsnull / zero beat (Rad). 

Schwefel m sulphur. 

Schwefelantimon n antimony sulfide 
(Am). 

Schwefelnatrium n sodium sulfide. 

Schwefelsaure / sulfuric acid. 

Schwefeltrioxyd n sulfur trioxide 
(CWS). 

Schwefelwasserstoff m hydrogen sul- 
fide. 

schwefligsaures Natrium sodium sul- 
fite. 

Schweige-MG. n ambush machine 

gun, concealed machine gun. 

Schweigewaffen fpl concealed weap- 
ons which hold their fire until enemy 
has reached certain points. 

SchweiB m sweat. 

SchweiBbrenner m welding torch. 

SchweiBelektrode f welding elec- 
trode, welding rod. 

schweiBen to weld. 

SchweiBer m welder. 

SchweiBnaht f welded seam. 

SchweiBtechnik / theory and prac- 
tice of welding. 




Schwelkerze 



164 



Seefliegerei 



Schwelkerze/ smoke candle (CWS). 
Schwelle/ tie ( RR ) ; sill (Bdg); 
threshold. 

Schwellenbahn / corduroy road. 
Schwelljoch n trestle bent with sill 
(Bdg). 

schfrenkbar traversable; rotatable; 
flexible (MG). 

Schwenkbereich to extent of traverse, 
total movement in traverse (Ord). 
schwenken to wheel, turn (Tac); to 
traverse, to slew (a gun). 
Schwenkfliigel m folding wing (Ap). 
Schwenkwinkel m angle of traverse 
(Gunnery). 

Schwenkung/ pivoting or wheeling 
maneuver (Tac); slewing, travers- 
ing motion (of a gun). 
Schwenkungspunkt to pivot (Tac). 
Schwenkungswinkel to angle of tra- 
verse (Gunnery). 

schwer medium (Ord); heavy; 

grave, serious. See also schwerst-. 
schwere Artillerie medium artillery, 
schwere Kompanie heavy weapons 
company (Mtz B Regt). 
schwere Schwadron / weapons troop 
(Cav). 

Schwerkraft / force of gravity. 
Schwerkraftstoff m Diesel fuel. 
Schwerol n Diesel fuel. 
Schwerol-Flugmotor m Diesel-type 
aircraft engine. 

Schwerolmotor m Diesel engine. 
Schwerpunkt m main effort, point of 
main effort (Tac) ; center of gravity, 
schwerst- heavy (Ord); heaviest, 
schwerste Artillerie heavy artillery. 
Schwerverwundeter m serious casu- 
alty. 

Schwesterwaffe / related arm, re- 
lated branch of the service. 
Schwimmdock n floating dock. 
Schwimmerm float, pontoon (Ap); 

float (carburetor, gage, etc). 
Schwimmerflugzeug n floatplane. 
Schwimmergehause n float chamber 
( carburetor). 

Schwimmergestell n float gear (sea- 
plane). 

Schwimmernadel / float needle ( car- 
buretor). 

Schwimmerwagen m beaching gear 
(seaplane). 

Schwimmerwerk n float gear (sea- 
plane). 



schwimmfahig capable of floating' 

or swimming, amphibian. 
Schwimmlastkraftwagen to amphibi- 
an truck. 

Schwimmpanzerkampfwagenm am- 
phibian tank. 

Schwimmstabilitat / flotation stabil- 
ity (seaplane). 

Schwimmwerk n float gear, floats. 
Schwimmwerk fur Landflugzeuge 

emergency flotation gear (Avn). 
Schwimmweste / life vest, “Mae 
West.” 

Schwindelgas n fake gas (CWS). 
schwinden fade (Rad). 

Schwingachse / flexible axle (MT). 
-Schwinge/ flexible shaft (follow-the- 
pointer mechanism). 

Schwingkreis m See Schwingimgs- 
kreis. 

Schwingschenkel m wheel spindle 
(G). 

Schwingung/ oscillation (Elec, Rad); 
vibration (Mech). 

Sch win gun gsdampfer to vibration 

damper. 

Schwingungserzeuger m oscillator 

(Rad). 

SchwingungskreisTO oscillating cir- 
cuit (Rad). 

Schwingungsweite / amplitude of os- 
cillations (Rad). 

Schwingungszahl / number of oscil- 
lations, frequency (Elec, Rad). 
schwitzen to sweat. 

Schwundm fading (Rad). 
Schwundausgleich to automatic vol- 
ume control (Rad). 
Schwundwirkung/ fading effect 

(Rad). 

Schwungkraft / centrifugal force. 
Schwungkraftanlasser to inertia 

starter (Mtr). 

Schwungrad n flywheel. 
Schwungscheibe / See Schwungrad. 
Sechskantschraube / hexagonal-head 
screw. 

Sechsradkraftfahrzeug n six-wheel 

motor vehicle. 

See to lake (die See = ocean or 

sea). 

See/ sea, ocean (der See = lake). 
Seeaufklarer to naval patrol airplane, 
patrol bomber, scout bomber. 
Seeflieger m naval aircraft pilot; 

naval airplane, seaplane. 

Seefliegerei / naval aviation. 




Seefliegerhorst 165 Seitenflosse 



Seefliegerhorst m seaplane base. 

Seeflugwesen to naval aviation. 

Seeflugzeug n naval airplane, sea- 
plane. 

Seehohe / height above mean sea 
level. 

Seekabel n marine cable. 

Seekadett m midshipman. 

Seekarte / hydrographic map. 

Seele/ bore (Ord). 

Seelenachse / axis of the bore. 

Seelendurchmesser to caliber. 

Seelenlange / tube length, barrel 
length (Ord). 

Seelenmesser m star gage (G). 

Seelenrohr n tube, liner (G). 

Seelenwand/ bore surface (G). 

Seelenweite f caliber. 

seelische Wirkung moral effect (Tac). 

Seeluftstreitkrafte fpl naval aviation. 

Seemeile/ nautical mile (1.853 km). 

Seemine / submarine mine. 

Seeminensperre / submarine mine 
field. 

Seeneng e f defile between lakes. 

Seenotdienst m air forces sea rescue 
service. 

Seenotflugkommando n air forces sea 
rescue command. 

Seenotflugzeug n sea rescue airplane. 

Seestreitkriifte fpl naval forces. 

Seetransportubung / exercise in 

transportation by water. 

seewasserbestandig salt-water re- 
sistant. 

Seeziinder m hydrostatic bomb fuze 
(antisubmarine bombs and depth 
charges.) 

Segelflieger m glider, sailplane ; 

glider pilot. 

Segelflug to glide, gliding. 

Segelflugzeug n glider, sailplane. 

segeln to glide, soar; to sail. 

Segelstellung f feathered position 

(propeller). 

Segeltuch n canvas. 

Segler to glider; sail boat. 

Segmentlenkung f worm and sector 
steering system (MT). 

Segmentstiick n segment (angle-of- 
site Inst). 

Sehfehler to defect of vision. 

Sehfeld n field of view (Optics). 

Sehklappe / peephole protector, look- 
out hole cover (Tk). 

Sehkraft / eyesight, vision. 



Sehlinie / line of observation ; line 
of sight (Surv). 

Sehne / tendon; chord. 

Sehoffnung/ peephole, lookout hole 
(Ft, Tk). 

Sehrohr n periscope. 

Sehscharfe / eyesight, vision; focus. 

Sehscharfeneinteilung / focusing 
scale (Optics). 

Sehschlitz to direct vision slot (Tk); 
observation slit, lookout slit (Ft). 

Sehstreifen to sector of view ( from 
observation point to right and left 
ends of target). 

Sehverbindung / visual communica- 
tion. 

Sehwinkel to angle of view. 

Sehzeichen n visual signal. 

seicht shallow ( water). 

Seide f silk. 

Seife / soap. 

Seil n cord, rope, cable, line. 

Seilbahn f overhead cable railway. 

Seilbahnkommandotruppen fpl over- 
head cable railway troops. 

Seilbremse / cable brake. 

Seilfahre f cable ferry, rope ferry. 

Seilrolle f cable drum. 

Seiltrommel / cable drum. 

Seilwinde / cable winch. 

Seite f azimuth, direction ( Gun- 
nery); side. 

Seitenabgangsfehler m lateral jump 
(Gunnery). 

Seitenabstand w interval (front left 
to right); displacement (Gunnery). 

Seitenabstand vom Richtpunkt angle 
of shift (indirect firing). 

Seitenabweichung / drift (of a pro- 
jectile); deflection (Gunnery). 

Seitenanderung / deflection change, 
deflection correction (Gunnery). 

Seitenansicht / side view. 

Seitenbegrenzer w traverse stop (G, 
MG). 

Seitenbestimmung f sensing (Bad di- 
rection finding). 

Seitenbewegung / lateral movement. 

Seitenblatt n skirt (saddle). 

Seitendeckung / flank guard, flank 

security (Tac). 

Seitenempfanger to azimuth indica- 
tor (AA gun). 

Seitenfehler w lateral error (Gun- 
nery). 

Seitenfeuer n enfilade fire. 

Seitenflosse / tail fin ( Ap). 




Seitengewehr 166 Selbstladewaffe 



Seitengewehr n bayonet. 
“Seitengewehr, an Ort!” “Unfix, 
bayonets!” 

Seitengewehrgriff m bayonet grip. 
Seitengewehrhalter m bayonet stud 

(R). 

“Seitengewehr, pflanzt auf!” “Fix, 
bayonets f" 

Seitengewehrtasche / bayonet scab- 
bard. 

Seitenhebel to traversing lever (MG 
sleigh mount). 

Seitenholm m side outrigger ( A A 
gun). 

Seitenklappe / side door (Tk). 
Seitenleitwerk n rudder assembly 
(Ap). 

Seitenlicht n running light (Ap). 
Seiten-MG. n waist gun, side gun. 
Seitenrampe / side-loading ramp. 
Seitenrichtbereich m total movement 
in traverse (G). 

Seitenrichtfeld n extent of traverse, 
total movement in traverse (G). 
Seitenrichtfeld von 360° all-round 
traverse. 

Seitenrichtfernrohr n azimuth track- 
ing telescope (height finder). 
Seitenrichtkanonier m azimuth setter. 
Seitenrichtmaschine / traversing 
mechanism (G). 

Seitenrichtrad n traversing hand- 
wheel (G). 

Seitenrichtschieber m deflection 
board (Arty). 

Seitenrichtschraube f traversing 

screw (G). 

Seitenrichtteilung / deflection scale. 
Seitenrichttrieb to traversing drive 
(G, Mort). 

Seitenrichtung / azimuth, direction 
( Gunnery). 

Nehmen der Seitenrichtung laying 
for direction. 

Seitenrichtwerk n traversing mecha- 
nism (G). 

Seitenrichtwinkel m angle of traverse, 
azimuth ( Gunnery). 

Seitenruder n rudder (Ap). 
Seitenrutsch m side slip (Avn). 
Seitenschwankung / lateral sway 
(Bdg). 

Seitensicherung f flank security. 
Seitensteuerung / rudder controls; 
lateral control. 

Seitenstreuung f lateral dispersion, 
width of dispersion (Arty). 



Seitenteilring m azimuth scale ( AA 

gun). 

Seitentriebm traversing drive (G). 

Seitenverankerung f apron ( of 

double-apron fence). 

Seitenverbesserung / deflection cor- 
rection (Gunnery). 

Seitenverbindung / lateral commu- 
nication (Sig C). 

Seitenverhaltnis n aspect ratio ( Ap). 

Seitenverschiebung / drift correction 
( Gunnery). 

Seitenvorhalt m lateral lead (firing). 

Seitenvorhaltsebene f slant plane of 
lateral lead (AA gunnery). 

Seitenwagen m sidecar (Mtcl). 

Seitenwelle f jack shaft (MT). 

Seitenwind to- cross wind. 

Seitenwinkel m deflection angle (Gun- 
nery) ; horizontal angle (Surv). 

Seitenwinkelverbesserungsknopf m 
lateral correction knob (AA gun). 

Seitenwinkelvorhalt m lateral angu- 
lar lead, lateral deflection angle ( A A 
gunnery). 

seitlich abrutschen to fall off 
(Avn). 

seitlich einschwenken pivot to the 
left or right, fan out (Tac). 

Seitwartsbewegung / yawing (Ap). 

Seitwartseinschneiden n lateral re- 
section (Surv). 

Sektor to sector; protractor. 

Sekundarkreis m secondary circuit 

(Rad). 

Sekundarstrom m secondary current 
(Rad). 

selbstandig independent. 

Selbstantrieb m self -propulsion, auto- 
matic drive. 

selbstdichtend self-sealing (Ap 

tank). 

selbsterregend self-exciting (Rad). 

Selbstfahrlafette / self-propelled 

mount, gun motor carriage. 

Selbstinduktion / self-induction (Elec). 

Selbstinduktionsspule / self-induc- 
tion coil (Elec). 

Selbstladeeinstecklauf to subcaliber 
barrel (for semiautomatic weapon). 

Selbstladegewehr n self-loading rifle, 
semiautomatic rifle. 

Selbstladepistole / self-loading pistol, 
automatic pistol. 

Selbstlader to self-loading rifle. 

Selbstladewaffe / self-loading weapon, 
semiautomatic weapon. 




Selbstretter 



167 



sichern 



Selbstretter to oxygen breathing ap- 
paratus. 

Selbstschutz to self-defense; indi- 
vidual air raid precautions. 
Selbstschutzmittel n prophylactic, 
selbstsperrend self -locking. 
Selbststeuergerat n automatic pilot 
(Ap). 

Selbststeuerung / automatic control, 
selbsttatig automatic (adj), auto- 
matically operated. 
Selbstunterbrecher to automatic cir- 
cuit breaker (Elec). 
Selbstvernebelung f smoke screening 
(one’s own troops and/or installa- 
tions). 

Selbstverstiimmelung / self-mutila- 

tion. 

Selbstverwaltung f self government 
(PW). 

Sendeantenne / transmitting antenna. 
Sendebereitschaft / stand-by, readi- 
ness to transmit (Rad). 

Sendegeriit n radio transmitter. 
Sender m transmitter (Rad). 
Senderempfanger m transceiver 

(Rad). 

Senderbhre / transmitting tube 

(Rad). 

Sendestelle f transmitting station. 
Sendung/ shipment; transmission 
(Rad). ~~ 

Senfgasn mustard gas (CWS). 
Senkblei n plumb bob, sounding lead. 
Senke/ depression (Top). 
senken to depress (a gun); to sink 
(a shaft); to let down, to lower. 
Senkfaschine / sunken fascine revet- 
ment. 

Senkfaschinendamm to fascine- 

reveted dam. 

Senkfeuer n plunging fire (Arty). 
Senkkastcn to caisson (Engr). 
Senklot n See Senkblei. 
senkrecht vertical, perpendicular. 
Senkrechtaufnahme f vertical aerial 
photograph. 

Senkrechtbild n See Senkrechtauf- 
nahme. 

Senkrechte/ perpendicular (line). 
Senkrechtebene zum Zielweg verti- 
cal plane containing course of target 
(A A gunnery). 

senkrechte Gitterlinie Y-line (of map 
grid) . 

senkrechter Abstand vertical interval. 



senkrechtes Auftreffen normal im- 
pact (Ballistics). 

Senkrechtgeschwindigkeit / vertical 

speed (Avn). 

Senkrechtluftaufnahme / vertical 
aerial photograph. 

Senkstiick n sunken fascine mat or 
cribwork. 

Senkungswinkel to depression angle 
(G). 

Serienschaltung / series connection 
(Elec). 

Servowirkung / servo action ( servo 
brake). 

seBhafter Kampfstoff persistent 
chemical warfare agent. 

SeBhaftigkeit f persistency ( CWS). 

“Setzt die, Gewehre! Zusammen!” 
“Stack, arms!” 

Setzwaag ef builders’ level (Engr). 

Seuch ef epidemic, contagious dis- 
ease. 

S-Gerat n See. Suchgerat. 

S.-GeschoB n See SpitzgeschoB. 

sicher safe. 

Sicherer mpl security patrol(s). 

Sicherheitsbestimmungen fpl safety 
regulations. 

.Sicherheitsdienst to security meas- 
ures (Tac); SS security service 
(abbr. SD). 

Sicherheitsdraht m safety wire 

( Ord). 

Sicherheitsfunkenstrecke f safety 
spark gap (magneto ignition). 

Sicherheitsglas n safety glass, shat- 
terproof glass. 

Sicherheitshohe f safe altitude (Avn). 

Sicherheitskoeffizient to factor of 
safety. 

SicherheitsmaB n clearance, safety 
angle (Gunnery). 

SicherheitsmaBnahme f safety meas- 
ure, security measure. 

Sicherheitsoffizier to safety officer 

(at target range). 

Sicherheitspolizei f security police 

( comprising Kriminalpolizei and Ge- 
heime Staatspolizei). 

Sicherheits- und Hilfsdienste mpl air 
raid protection services. (Also called 
Luftschutzpolizei) . 

Sicherheitsventil n safety valve. 

Sicherheitszone / safety area (Arty). 

sichern to cover, protect, make se- 
cure (Tac); to lock, to put at “safe” 
(Ord, Am). 




Sicherung 168 S-Mine 



Sicherung/ security, security detach- 
ment, covering party (Tac); safety 
(SA); safety lock (fuze); safety 
device; fuse (Elec). 

Sicherungsabstand m security dis- 

tance (between march units). 

Sicherungsauftrag rn security mis- 

sion (Tac). 

Sicherungsdienst m guard service 
(Tac). 

Sicherungs-Division / security divi- 
sion (mobile Landesschiitzen units 
employed at rear area duties). 

Sicherungsfliigel m protective wing 
or flank (Tac); interrupter (Am). 

Sicherungsflugzeug n escort airplane. 

Sicherungshaken m release hook 

(glider). 

Sicherungshebel m grip safety (pis- 
tol). 

Sicherungskappe / safety device 
(fuze); safety cap (hand grenade). 

Sicherungsklappe / interrupter (Am). 

Sicherungslinie / line of security, 
vorderste Sicherungslinie outpost 
line. 

SicherungsmaBnahme / security 
measure. 

Sicherungsmutter / lock nut. 

Sicherungsschleier m screen (Tac). 

Sicherungsstift m safety pin (fuze). 

Sicherungsstiick n safety lug ( on gun 
cradle). 

Sicherungsvorrichtung f interrupter 
(Am); safety device. 

Sicherungsvorstecker m arming pin 
(fuze); safety pin (bomb). 

Sicherungszuschlag m margin of 
safety (firing)'. 

Sicht / visibility. 

Sichtabstand m interval permitting 
visual contact. 

Sichtanzeigegerat n visual indicator 
(Ap Inst). 

sichtbar visible. 

Sichtbarkeit f visibility. 

Sichtbereich m radius of visibility. 

Sichtberiihrung / visual contact. 

Sichtdeckung / sight defilade; smoke 
and dash defilade (Arty). 

Sichtigkeit / visibility. 

Sichtnavigation / contact flight, 

pilotage (Air Navigation). 

Sichtverhaltnisse npl visibility con- 
ditions. 

Sichtweite/ radius of visibility. 



Siehtzeichen n visual signal, panel 
signal. 

Sickerschacht m drainage ditch, 

sump ( trench). 

Sieb n screen, sifter, filter. 

Siebkreis m series resonant circuit 
(Rad). 

Siebtrichter m filter funnel (MT). 

Siegel n seal. 

Sieger m victor. 

siegreich victorious. 

Sielengeschirr n breast harness. 

Signal n signal; bugle call. 

Signalbombe/ signal flare. 

Signalbuch n signal book (Nav). 
internationales Signalbuch interna- 
tional code (Nav). 

Signalmittel n signal device. 

Signalpatrone / signal cartridge. 

Signalrakete / signal rocket. 

Signalscheibe f signaling disk. 

Signalstreifen m code panel (Avn). 

Signaltafel/ code chart (Sig C). 

Signaltuclvn. code panel (Avn). 

Signahverfer m ground signal pro- 
jector, pyrotechnic projector. 

S'ignatur / conventional sign (on 
maps). 

Simmerring m oil seal (MT). 

Simulant m malingerer. 

simulieren malinger. 

Simultanschaltung / simplexed con- 
nection (Tg, Tp). 

Sinkgeschwindigkeit / rate of drop 
(Avn). 

Sinn m sense, meaning; direction. 

Sipo f See Sicherheitspolizei. 

Sirene f siren. 

sitzender Anschlag sitting position 
(MG or R firing). 

Sitzfallschirm m seat pack para- 
chute. 

Sitzriemen m seat strap (saddle). 

Skala / scale, dial. 

Skalenring m micrometer (angle-of- 
site Inst). 

Skalenscheibe / angle-of-site scale 
(Arty); dial plate, scale disk 
(Rad). 

Skizze / sketch- 

S-Maske / See Staubmaske. 

s.M.G.-Bedienung m heavy machine- 
gun squad. 

s.M.G.-Zug m heavy machine-gun 
platoon. 

S-Mine/ antipersonnel mine (abbr. 
of Schutzenmine). 




S-Mittel 

S-Mittel npl Se$ Standort-Bekiisti- 
gungsmittel. 

S.m.K.GeschoB n pointed steel-core 
armor-piercing bullet. 

S.m.K.L’spurgeschoB n pointed steel- 
core tracer bullet. 

Sockel to pedestal, swivel (G). 

Socket geschiitz n swivel gun, pedes- 
tal-mounted gun. 

Sockellafette / pedestal mount, swivel 
mount (G). 

Sockelschaltung f socket connection 
(Rad tube). 

Sog m suction. 

Soldo / sole; bottom of trench. 

Sold m pay. 

Soldat to soldier, enlisted man. 

soldatische Haltung military bear- 
ing. 

Soldbuch n pay book ( soldier’s indi- 
vidual pay record). 

Sollbestand to authorized basic allow- 
ance. 

Sollstand m See Sollstarke. 

Sollstarke / authorized strength. 

Sollstelle / See Planstelle. 

Solokrad n solo motorcycle. 

Sommerweg to road shoulder. 

Sonderanhiinger m special trailer. 

Sanderaufbau to special body (MT). 

Sonderauftrag to special mission. 

Sonderbataillon n special battalion, 
disciplinary battalion. 

Sonderberichterstatter m visiting 

correspondent. 

Sonderfahrzeug n special-purpose 
vehicle. 

Sonderflugzeug n special-purpose 

airplane. 

Sonderfrequenz / specially assigned 
frequency (Rad). 

Sonderfrieden m separate peace. 

Sonderfiihrer to specialist ( includes 
interpreters, laboratory technicians, 
radio specialists, cameramen, etc., 
serving in the Ger armed forces, 
with nominal rank up to Bn com- 
mander but no actual Mil rank). 

Sonderfunkspruch to special radio 
message (for Arty metro message 
and weather reports). 

Sondergasmaske / special gas mask. 

Sondergesprach n special telephone 
call. 

Sonderkriegsgericht n special court- 
martial. 

Sonderlafette / special gun mount. 



Spannschieber 

Sonderlastkraftwagen to special-pur- 
pose motor truck. 

Sonderlaufbahn f specialist’s career. 

Sondermeldung / special message, 
special announcement (Rad). 

Sondermunition f separate-loading 
ammunition; special-purpose ammu- 
nition. 

Sonderstahl to special steel. 

Sondertruppen fpl special units, spe- 
cial troops. 

Sonderverband to special unit. 

Sonderverfiigungen fpl special orders. 

Sonderverpflegung / special rations. 

Sonderwaffe / special weapon. 

Sonderzv/eck m special purpose. 

Sondiernadel / probing rod ( for land 
mines). 

Sonnenblende / sun shield, sun shade. 

Sonnengeflecht n solar plexus. 

Sonnenstich in sunstroke. 

Sonnenzeit f solar time. 

spahen to scout. 

Spaherm scout, lookout. 

Spahtrupp m patrol, reconnaissance 
patrol. 

Spahtruppfuhrer to patrol leader. 

Spahtrupptatigkeit / patrol activity. 

SpahtruppvorstoB m scouting raid. 

Spahwagen in scout car. 

s.Pak/ heavy antitank gun. 

Spalt to crack, split. 

Spalte f slit; split; crevice, fissure; 
leak; column (in tables). 

Spaltfliigel w slotted wing (Ap). 

Spaltringm split ring (breechblock). 

Spaltrohr n collimator. 

Spange / clasp (decoration). 

Spanienkampfer m veteran of 

Spanish Civil War. 

spanischer Reiter knife rest, cheval- 
de-frise. 

Spanndraht to tension wire, wire 

brace. 

spannen to cock (SA); to stretch, 
strain, apply tension, tighten. 

Spannfalle / firing pin trip ( breech- 
block). 

Spannfeder f cocking spring (MG). 

Spannhebel to cocking lever (G, 

MG). 

Spannlack m dope ( Ap) . 

Spannrast / full cock (SA). 

Spannriegel to cocking bolt (breech- 
block). 

Spannschieber m cocking slide (MG). 



169 




Spannschlofi 170 Spiegelhalter 



SpannschloB n idler adjuster rod 
(Tk); turnbuckle. 

Spannschraube / threaded breech 
hoop (G). 

Spannstollen m cocking cam (breech- 
block). 

Spannstiickw sear (G); accelerator 
(MG). 

Spannturmm cabane (Ap). 
Spannung / voltage, tension (Elec). 
Spannungsabfall to voltage drop, po- 
tential drop. 

Spannungs-Dehnungs-Diagramm n 
stress-strain diagram. 
Spannungsmesser m voltmeter. 
Spannungsregler m voltage regulator. 
Spannungsschwankung / voltage vari- 
ation. 

Spannungssicherung f circuit breaker. 
Spannungsteiler to voltage divider 

(Rad). 

Spannweite / span ( Bdg) ; wing span 
(Ap). 

Spannwelle f recocking shaft 

(breechblock) . 

Spant to vertical frame, vertical ring, 
bulkhead frame (Ap). 

Spargelbeete npl asparagus-bed ob- 
stacle pattern. 

Sparschaltung f autotransformer cir- 
cuit (Elec). 

Sparstoff m scarce material, high- 
priority material. 

Spartransformator m autotrans- 

former (Rad, Elec). 

Spaten m spade, shovel. 
Spatzerspringer to retarded burst. 
Spatziindung / retarded ignition, re- 
tarded spark (Mtr). 

Speiche / spoke. 

Speicher to storeroom. 

Speiseleitung / feeder line (Rad). 
Speiseraum to mess. 

Speisestrom to feeder current (Elec). 
Speisung f feed, feeding. 
Sperrabschnitt m prohibited area; 
defense sector. 

Sperrad n locking wheel ( gun 

cradle) ; ratchet wheel. 

Sperramt n harbor-defense ordnance 
depot. 

Sperrballon m barrage balloon. 
Spcrrballontruppen fpl barrage bal- 
loon troops. 

Sperrdienst to obstacle-construction 
service. 

Sperrdrache m barrage kite. 



Sperre / block, obstacle, barrier, ac- 
cessory defense; blockade, embargo; 
air alert, fighter patrol (Avn). 

Sperre aus Schienen steel-rail ob- 
stacle. 

Sperre aus Stahltragern steel-beam 
obstacle, structural-steel obstacle. 

Sperre fliegen to fly on an air alert. 

sperren to lock, to bar; interdict 
(Tac); tune out (Rad). 

Sperrfeder / retard spring (fuze); 
locking spring (MG). 

Sperrfeld n obstacle field. 

Sperrfeuer n barrage, barrage fire. 

Sperrfeuerskizze / barrage chart. 

Sperrfeuerwand / curtain of antiair- 
craft fire. 

Sperrfeuerzone f zone covered by 
barrage fire (AAA). 

Sperrgebiet n prohibited area, re- 
stricted area; blockade zone (Nav). 

Sperrhebel to locking lever ( G car- 
riage). 

Sperrholz n plywood. 

Sperrholzzelt n plywood shelter. 

Sperriegel w switch position, switch 
trench; locking bolt (MG stock). 

Sperrklinke/ retaining catch (breech- 
block); safety catch, pawl (Mech). 

Sperrkreism tank circuit (Rad). 

Sperrlicht n barrier light. 

Sperrlinie / obstacle line. 

Sperrnase / catch (fuze). 

Sperrohr n outer steam tube (MG). 

Sperrstiickw. locking bolt (pistol). 

Sperrtrupp m obstacle-construction 
detachment; blocking party. 

Sperrung f obstruction, blocking. 

Sperrverband to obstacle-construction 
unit; blocking unit. 

Sperrwachboot n boom defense vessel. 

Sperrzone / obstacle zone. 

spezifischer Bodendruck ground pres- 
sure per unit area (MT). 

spezifisches Gewicht specific gravity. 

Spiegel to mirror; level mirror (pano- 
ramic telescope); periscope; bull’s- 
eye (target); collar patch. 

Spiegeldurchmesser m mirror diame- 
ter (SL). 

Spiegelentfernungsmesser m macro- 
meter. 

Spiegelfrequenz / image frequency 

(Rad). 

Spiegelhalter to mirror support (MG 
prismatic sight).. 




Spiegelkreuzhbelle 171 Sprengbombe 



Spiegelkreuzlibelle / reflector-type 
cross level (panoramic telescope). 

Spiegelneigungsmesser m Abney level. 

Spiegelrahmen to mirror frame (MG 
prismatic sight). 

Spiegeltelegraph m heliograph, helio- 
trope (Sig C). 

Spiegelvisier n mirror sight. 

Spiel n backlash, clearance, play 
(Mech) ; game. 

Spielmann m bandsman (pi Spiel- 
leute). 

Spielraum to clearance, backlash. 

SpieB to “top sergeant,” “top kick.” 

Spill n winch. 

Spindel f gear shaft ( elevating 
mechanism); spindle, pinion, man- 
dril. 

Spindellenkung / cam and lever 

steering system (MT). 

Spinne / multiple road junction; 
spider. 

Spion to spy. 

Spionage / espionage. 

Spionageabwehr / counterespionage. 

Spiralbohrer m twist drill. 

Spiralfeder f spiral spring, helical 
spring. 

Spiralfederausgleicher ni spiral- 

spring equilibrator (AA gun). 

spitz pointed. 

Spitze / point, advance guard point 
(Tae); tip, peak, head. 

Spitzengruppe / point squad; ad- 
vance element (Tac). 

Spitzenkompanie / advance party (in 
Adv Gd of large unit). 

Spitzenpanzer m leading tank. 

Spitzenwagen to leading car, “point” 
car (MT). 

Spitzenzug to advance platoon ( Armd 
Comd). 

spitzer Winkel acute angle. 

SpitzgeschoB n pointed bullet. 

SpitzgeschoB mit Stahlkern pointed 
steel-core armor-piercing bullet. 

Spitzhacke / pickax. 

SpleiBung / splice. 

Splint to cotter pin, pin. 

Splissung / splice. 

Splitter to splinter, fragment. 

Splitterbombe / fragmentation bomb, 
antipersonnel bomb. 

Splitterdichte / density of fragments 
(number of shell fragments per unit 
area). 



Splittergraben to slit trench, trench 

shelter. 

Splittergranate / fragmentation shell. 

Splitterring m fragmentation ring 
( fits over casing of the Stielhand- 
granate). 

Splitterschutz m splinterproof protec- 
tion (Ft). 

Splitterschutzbrille f protective 

goggles. 

splittersicher splinterproof. 

splittersichere Deckung splinterproof 
cover. 

splittersicherer Unterstand splinter- 
proof shelter. 

Splitterwirkung f fragmentation, 
spray effect (Am). 

Sporn to tail skid (Ap); trail spade 
(G); spike (MG tripod); spur 
( Cav) ; gaff. 

Spornarm m spade arm ( G). 

Spornblech n spade plate (G). 

Spornkufe/ trail-spade runner (Arty 
operations in deep snow). 

Spornradm tail wheel (Ap). 

Spornschuhm tail skid (Ap). 

Sporntellerw spike plate (MG tri- 
pod). 

Sportlehrer to athletic instructor. 

Sprachfrequenzband n voice fre- 
quency band (Rad, Tp). 

Sprachrohr n megaphone. 

Sprachiibertragung f voice transmis- 
sion (Rad, Tp). 

Sprechenw voice transmission (Rad, 
Tp). 

Sprechfunk to voice radio. 

Sprechmaschine f phonograph. 

Sprechschleife / loop circuit (Tp). 

Sprechspule/ induction coil (Tp). 

Sprechstelle / telephone station. 

Sprechtaste / push-to-talk switch 

(Rad, Tp). 

Sprechverbindung / telephone com- 
munication, telephone connection, 
telephone circuit. 

Sprechverkehr in telephone traffic. 

Sprechverstandigung / talking range 
(Tp). 

Spreizklappe / split flap (Ap). 

Spreizlafette / split-trail gun car- 

riage. 

Spreizlafettenholme mpl trails (of 
split-trail carriage). 

Spreizlafettenschwanz m split trail. 

Sprengbombe / demolition bomb, 
high-explosive bomb. 




Sprengbrandbombe 172 Sprunggelenk 



Sprengbrandbombe / combination in- 
cendiary-demolition bomb. 

Sprengbiichse / explosive block (in 
container) ; demolition block. 

Sprengdienst m demolition service. 

sprengen to blast, blow up, detonate. 

Sprengfalle f booby trap. 

Sprengfullung / filler charge (Am). 

Sprenggegenstand m object to be 
blasted or demolished. 

Sprenggerat n demolition equipment. 

SprenggescholJ n explosive projec- 
tile, explosive bullet. 

Sprenggranate / high-explosive shell. 

Sprenggranate-Patrone / high- 

explosive shell (fixed Am). 

Sprenggrube/ blasting pit (Engr). 

Sprenghohe/ height of burst (Gun- 
nery). 

Sprengkabel n firing wire (blasting). 

Sprengkammer / mine chamber 

(blasting). 

Sprengkapsel / detonator (Am); 
blasting cap. 

Sprengkapselrohrchen n detonator 
tube (hand grenade). 

Sprengkapselsicherung / detonator 
safety (fuze). 

Sprengkapselziinder m detonating- 
cord unit with blasting cap and fuze 
lighter. 

Sprengkegelm spray (air burst). 

Sprengkommando n bomb disposal 
unit; demolition party. 

Sprengkbrper to demolition block. 

Sprengkraft / explosive force (Am). 

Sprengladung f demolition charge, 
blasting charge (Engr) ; bursting 
charge (Am); burster (Cml shell). 

Sprengladungsrbhre / burster tube. 

Sprengluft / liquid oxygen. 

Sprengmittel n explosive (in pre- 
pared form, as distinguished from 
generic term Sprengstoff). 

Sprengmunition 02/ TNT. 

Sprengniete / explosive rivet. 

Sprengol n nitroglycerin, blasting 
oil. 

Sprengolpulver n nitroglycerin pow- 
der. 

Sprengpatrone / blasting cartridge 
(demolitions) ; explosive bullet. 

Sprengplan to demolition plan. 

Sprengpulver n blasting powder 

(black powder). 



Sprengpunkt m point of burst 

(Gunnery). 

hoher Sprengpunkt air burst, 
mittlerer Sprengpunkt center of 

burst. 

Sprengpunktentfernung / straight 
line from muzzle to point of burst 
( Gunnery). 

Sprengringm retaining ring (gas 

mask). 

Sprengsalpeter m nitrate explosive. 

Sprengsatz m bursting charge (Am). 

Sprengstange / charge-placing pole: 

Sprengstelle / point of rupture, 

breaching point; demolition cham- 
ber (Bdg). 

Sprengstoff to explosive. 

Sprengstoffgehalt to amount of burst- 
ing charge (Am). 

Sprengstoffiillung / explosive filler 
/.Am). 

Sprengstiick n shell fragment, shell 
splinter. 

sprengtechnisch pertaining to tech- 
nical aspect of demolitions. 

Sprengtrichter m crater, mine crater. 

Sprengtrupp to demolition squad. 

Sprengung f demolition, blasting. 

Sprengweite / horizontal distance 
between point of air burst and theo- 
retical point of impact (Gunnery). 

Sprengwerk n inverted truss; strut- 
braced construction (Engr). 

Sprengwirkung / burst effect (Am). 

Sprengziinder to detonating fuze 
(Am). 

Spreutlage/ brushwork revetment. 

Springschreiber m a type of telegraph 
printer. 

Spritzdiise / spray nozzle ( carbure- 
tor). 

Spritzer m • splash. 

Spritzschlauch m spray nozzle. 

Spritzumlaufschmierung / splash 

lubrication (Mtr). 

Spritzweite / range (of a flame 
thrower). 

Spruch to message (Tp, Rad); call 
(Tp); sentence, verdict. 

Spriihbiichse / chemical tank for 
spray contamination. 

Spriihpistole f spray gun (lubrica- 
tion). 

Spriihregen m drizzle (Met). 

Sprungm. bound, rush (Tac); jump 
(Prcht); crack, split. . 

Sprunggelenk n hock (horse). 




Sprungkombination 

Sprungkombination / parachute jump 
suit. 

Sprungturm to controlled tower 

(Prcht jump Tng). 

sprungweise by bounds, by rushes. 

sprungweises Vorgehen advance by 
bounds. 

Spulensatzm set of coils, coil unit 
(Rad). 

Spur / trail, path; scent (for messen-- 
senger dogs); track (of road); gage 
(RR); trace (of a tracer bullet). 

Spiirbiichse f gas-detector set con- 
tainer. 

Spiirfahnchen n gas-detection flag, 
gas-warning flag. 

SpurgeschoB n tracer projectile. 

Spiirhund to tracking dog, blood- 
hound. 

Spiirmittel npl gas-detection equip- 
ment. 

Spiirpapier n gas-detection paper. 

Spiirpulver n gas-detection powder. 

Spurpunkt m caster-angle vertex 
(point at which line through inclined 
kingpin touches road) (MT). 

Spurstange/ tie rod (MT). 

Spurstangenhebel to steering-knuckle 
arm (MT). 

Spurtafel / treadway, duckboard 

(Bdg). 

Spurtafelbriicke / duckboard tread- 
way bridge. 

Spurwei te / track, tread (MT); gage 
(RR). 

S.-Rolle f barbed-wire concertina 

(abbr. of Stacheldraht-Rolle). 

SS f elite guard of the Nazi party 
(originally abbr. of Schutzstaffeln 
but now used as independent term; 
combat units of SS are known as Die 
Waffen-SS, The SS Armed Forces). 

SS-Abschnitt to SS area. See also 
SS-Oberabschnitt. 

SS-AnwarterTO candidate for rank 
of -SS private. 

SS-Brigade/ SS brigade. 

SS-Brigadefuhrer to SS brigadier 
general. 

SS-Fuhrer m SS officer. 

SS-Gebirgs-Division / SS mountain 
division. 

SS-Grenadier to SS private (Inf). 

SS-Gruppenfiihrer TO SS major gen- 
eral. 

SS-Hauptscharfiihrer to SS master 
sergeant. 



SS-Pionier-Stofitrupp 

SS-Hauptsturmfiihrer to SS captain. 

SS-Heeres-Flakdivision / SS anti- 
aircraft artillery division. 

SS-Junker to SS cadet ( officer can- 
didate). 

SS-Junkerschule / SS olfi cer training 
school. 

SS-Kanonierm SS private (Arty). 

SS-Kavallerie / SS cavalry. 

SS-Kradschiitzen-Bataillon n SS mo- 
torcycle battalion. 

SS-Kriegsberichter to SS war corre- 
spondent. 

SS-Legionar to non-German SS man. 

SS-Leibstandarte f SS Bodyguard 
Regiment (formerly Hitler’s body- 
guard; increased to approximately 
division strength in 191(3). 

SS-Mann to SS private. 

SS-Nachrichtensturm to SS commu- 
nication company. 

SS-Oberabschnitt to SS region (cor- 
responds in most cases to a Wehr- 
kreis and is composed of 2 or 3 SS- 
Abschnitte, SS areas). 

SS-Oberfiihrer to SS brigadier gen- 
eral (below SS-Brigadefiihrer). 

SS-Obergruppenfiihrer to SS lieuten- 
ant general. 

SS-Oberscharfiihrer to SS first ser- 
geant. 

SS-Oberschiitze to SS private first 
class. 

SS-Oberstgruppenfiihrer m SS gen- 
eral. 

SS-Obersturmbannfiihrer to SS lieu- 
tenant colonel. 

SS-Obersturmfiihrer to SS first lieu- 
tenant. 

SS-Panzergrenadier to SS private 
( Armd Inf). 

SS-Panzergrenadier-Division / SS 
armored infantry division. 

SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment n SS 
armored infantry regiment. 

SS-Panzerkorps n SS armored corps. 
See also Germanisches SS-Panzer- 
korps. 

SS-Panzerjager-Abteilung f SS anti- 
tank battalion. 

SS-Panzerschiitze to SS private in 
armored unit. 

SS-Pionier to SS engineer. 

SS-Pionierbataillon n SS engineer 
battalion. 

SS-Pionier-StoBtrupp m SS engineer 
assault detachment. 



173 




174 



Staffelkeil 



SS-PK.-Kriegsberichter 



SS-PK.-Kriegsberichter to SS propa- 
ganda-company war correspondent. 

SS-Polizei-Bataillon n SS police bat- 
talion. 

SS-Polizei- Division / SS police divi- 
sion. 

SS-Reiterei / SS horse cavalry. 

SS-Rottenfiihrer to SS corporal. 

SS-Scharfiihrer to SS staff sergeant. 

SS-Schiitzem. SS private, SS rifle- 
man. 

SS-Sicherheitsdienst to SS security 
service. 

SS-Standarte f SS regiment. 

SS-Standartenfiihrer to SS colonel. 

SS-Standartenjunker to a graduate 
from SS-Junkerschule. 

SS-Sturmbannfiihrer to SS major. 

SS-Sturmmann to ' SS private first 
class. 

S-Stellung f dummy position ( abbr. 
of Scheinstellung) . 

SS-Totenkopf-Verbande mpl SS 

“Death’s Head” units (primarily 
used as concentration camp guards 
and for terrorizing missions) . 

SS-Unterscharfuhrer to SS sergeant. 

SS-Untersturmfuhrer m SS second 
lieutenant. 

Staat to state, country, power. 

Staatsangehorigkeit / nationality, 
citizenship. 

Staatsbesitz m government property. 

Staatsbiirger to citizen. 

Staatspolizei / See Geheime Staats- 
polizei. 

Stab to staff ; headquarters ; head- 
quarters personnel; bar, rod. 

Stabantenne/ rod antenna, “buggy- 
whip” antenna (Rad). 

Stabbrandbombe f stick-type incen- 
diary bomb. 

Stabchenpulver n cord powder, strip 
powder (Am). 

Stabilisierungsflache / stabilizing 

surface (Ap). 

StabilisierungsflUgel to fin (bomb). 

Stabilisierungswulst to stabilizer lobe 
(Bln). 

Stabilitat / stability. 

Stabo f See Stachelbombe. 

Stabsapotheker m pharmacist official 
(ranking as captain). 

Stabsarzt to captain (Med). 

Stabsbatterie / headquarters battery 
(Arty). 

Stabsbefehl to staff order. 



Stabschef to chief of staff. 

Stabsfeldwebel m master sergeant, 
regimental sergeant major. 

Stabsgefreiter to staff lance corporal 
(no US equivalent). 

Stabshelferin / woman clerk aux- 

iliary. 

Stabs-Kette f headquarters flight 

(three planes). 

Stabskompanie / headquarters com- 
pany. 

Stabskraftwagen to staff car. 

Stabsoffizier to field officer ( officer of 
field grade); staff officer (Nav). 

Stabsordonnanz / headquarters or- 
derly. 

Stabsquartier n headquarters ; offi- 
cers’ quarters. 

Stabsschiedsrichter to umpire at 

headquarters of a unit (maneuvers). 

Stabsschreiber to headquarters clerk. 

Stabsveterinar to captain (Vet). 

Stabswache / headquarters guard. 

Stabswachtmeister to master ser- 
geant, regimental sergeant major 
(Arty, Cav). 

Stabszahlmeister to paymaster official 
(ranking as captain). 

Stachelbombe / bomb with nose spike. 

Stacheldraht to barbed wire. 

Stacheldrahthindernis n barbed-wire 
obstacle. 

Stacheldrahtverhau to barbed-wire 

entanglement. 

Stacheldrahtzaun to double-apron en- 
tanglement (Ft). 

Stadtkommandantur m garrison, 

post, or station headquarters in a 
city or large town; military govern- 
ment headquarters in a city or large 
town. 

Stafetten fpl relay messengers. 

Staffel / echelon (Tac, Adm) ; squa- 
dron (9 to 12 planes); section (Arty, 
Cav, supply). 

Staffelform/ squadron formation 
(Avn). 

Staffelfront f squadron line of flight 
wedges (Avn). 

Staffelfiihrer to echelon commander; 
squadron commander ( Avn) ; section 
leader or commander (Arty, Cav, 
supply). 

Staffelkapitan to squadron comman- 
der (Avn). 

Staffelkeil to squadron wedge forma- 
tion of flight wedges (Avn). 




Staffelkolonne 



175 Stangenbild 



Staffelkolonne / squadron javelin 

formation (Avn). 

Staffellinie / squadron line formation 
( Avn). 

Staffeltrupp to section personnel 

(Cav heavy MG section). 

Staffelung f echelonment; stagger 
( Ap wings); gun displacement 
(Arty). 

Staffelverband m squadron forma- 

tion (Avn). 

staffelweise in echelon, by echelon. 
Staffelwinkel to squadron V-forma- 
tion (Avn). 

Stahl m steel. 

Stahlblech n sheet steel. 

Stahlbriicke / steel bridge. 
Stahldrahtbekloppelung / steel wire 
armor (armored cable). 
Stahlfederring to lockwasher. 
Stahlflasche / steel flask, steel cylin- 
der, steel tank. 

Stahl futterw steel bushing (breech- 
block wedge). 

Stahlgurtm metallic link belt (MG). 
Stahlhelm m steel helmet. 

Stahligel m steel hedgehog antitank 
obstacle. 

StahlkerngeschoB n steel-core bullet, 
armor-piercing bullet. 

Stahllegierung f steel alloy. 
StahlmeBband n steel measuring 
tape. 

Stahlplatte / steel plate. 

Stahlrohre / metal tube (Rad). 
Stahlschwelle / steel plank (Engr); 
steel tie (RR). 

Stahlspurbahn f steel treadway 

( Engr ) . 

StahlstraBe / steel landing strip. 
Staken n punting (with punt pole). 
Stalag n See Stammlager. 

Stall to stable. 

Stallnalfter / halter headstall (har- 
ness). 

Stammannschaft / cadre personnel. 
Stammeinheit f parent unit. 
Stammkompanie / cadre company 

(for replacements). 

Stammlager n permanent prisoner- 
of-war camp for NCO’s and privates, 
base camp for prisoner-of-war labor 
detachments (abbr. Stalag). 
Stammleitung / tr?unk line, trunk 
circuit (Tp). 

Stammrolle / personnel roster. 



Stammtafel / record sheet showing 
the formations to which a unit has 
belonged. 

Stammtruppe f cadre. 
Stammtruppenteil to. parent unit. 
Stampfwinkel to angle of pitch (Ap). 
Stand to status, state, occupation; 
position, station (of crew members) 
(Ap, Tk, Nav); gun position. 
Standarte / standard; guidon (Arty, 
Cav, Armd Comd). See also SS- 
Standarte. 

Standartenfiihrer to See SS-Stan- 
dartenfiihrer. 

Standartentrager to guidon (Pers). 
Stander to pennant. 

Stander to bracket, mount, support, 
stand, pedestal. 

Standgericht n summary court-mar- 
tial. 

standi g constant, fixed, 
standige Befestigung permanent for- 
tification. 

standige Belastung basic load (Avn). 
Standlinie/ base line (Surv); line 
of position (Navigation). 
Standmotor to upright engine. 
Standort to post, garrison, station ; 
position (Surv, Navigation). 
gekoppelter Standort dead-reckon- 
ing position (Air Navigation). 
Standortaltester to garrison, post, or 
station commander. 

Standortarzt to station surgeon. 
Standortkommandantur f garrison, 
post, or station headquarters. 
Standortlazarett n post hospital, sta- 
tion hospital. 

Standortlohnstelle / army post pay 
office. 

Standortmeldung f position report 

(Air Navigation). 

Standort-Pferdelazarett n veterinary 
station hospital. 

Standortwachdienst to interior guard 
duty. 

Standrecht n martial law. 

Standsack to hand-grenade bag. 
Standsicherheit / stability; steadiness 
( of mobile gun mount, vehicle, etc.). 
Standvisier n battle sight (R). 
Stange / pole, post, pillar, bar, rod, 
spar. 

Stangenbau to line construction on 
poles (Tp). 

Stangenbild n pole-location diagram 
(Tp). 




Stangenbock 176 Steigriemen 



Stangenbock to spar trestle (Bdg). 
Stangenhandpferd n off horse of 
wheel team. 

Stangenpferde npl wheel team. 
Stangenvisier n pillar-type rear sight 
(MG). 

Stangenvisiereinrichtung/ MG sights 
(blade front sight and pillar-type 
rear sight). 

Stanze / die ( for stamping or punch- 
ing). 

Stapel to pile (regular heap) ; dump; 

crib (Bdg); launching cradle. 
Stapellauf m launching (Nav). 
Starke / strength. 

Starkebestand to actual strength. 
Starkenachweisung / table of organ- 
ization; strength return, strength 
report. 

Starkstrom to high voltage ( cur- 
rent). 

Starkstromleitung / power line 

(Elec). 

Starkstromsperre / electrified ob- 

stacle, high-tension obstacle, 
starr stiff, fixed, rigid, 
starre Kanone fixed gun (Ap). 
starres Luftschiff rigid airship, 
starres Maschinengewehr fixed ma- 
chine gun. 

Start to take-off (Avn); take-off 
point (Adrm). 

Startbahn / runway. 

Startbereitschaft / ground alert 

(Avn). 

Startdruck to propeller thrust at 
take-off (Avn). 
starten to start, to take off. 
Starterbatterie / starter battery 

(MT). 

Starterklappe / choke (Mtr). 
Startflagge/ starter flag (Avn). 
Startkatapult m catapult (Avn). 
startklar ready for take-off (Avn). 
Startlange / take-off distance ( Avn). 

Startleistung f power output of en- 
gine at take-off (Aun). 

Startschiene / track ( catapult). 
Startseil n towline (glider). 
Startstelle / take-off point (Adrm). 
Startvorrichtung / launching device 
(Avn); starting device (Mtr). 
Startzone / take-off zone (Adrm). 
statische Berechnung stress analysis. 
Stativ n tripod, stand. 

Statoskop n rate-of -climb indicator, 
climb-and-dive indicator (Ap). 



StauTO indicated air speed (Avn). 
Stauanlage / dam. 

Staub to dust. 

Staubdeckel to dust cover (Ord). 
Staubchen n cloud particle, dust par- 
ticle. (CWS). 

Staubmaske f respirator, dust-filter- 
ing mask. 

Staubschutzdeckel to dust cover 
( Ord). 

Staubschutzgerat n respirator. 
Staubschutzmaske / See Staubmaske. 
Stauchlafette f telescopic carriage, 
retractable gun mount. 

Staudamm to storage dam. 
Staudruck to dynamic pressure, ve- 
locity pressure. 

Staudruckfahrtmesser to pitot tube, 
stauen to stow; to dam up. 

Stauer to stevedore. 

Stauflache / area of dammed water. 
Stauhohe / height of upstream water. 
Stausee to reservoir. 

Stauwehr n \yeir. 

Stecher to hair trigger (SA). 
Stechruder n paddle. 

Stechschritt m goose step. 
Stechzirkel to dividers. 

Steckdose / jack, receptacle, socket. 
Stecker to plug (Elec). 

Steckerstift to plug prong (Elec). 
Steckmast to sectional antenna mast. 
Stecknadel / pin, plain pin. 
Steckschliissel to socket wrench; 
ignition key. 

Steg to footbridge, footpath; web 
( of girder, etc.). 

Stegblech n web (of girder, etc.). 
stehender Spahtrupp stationary 
patrol. 

stehendes Heer standing army, 
stehendes Ziel stationary target, 
steifer Wind high wind. 

Steigbo / ascending gust (Met). 
Steigbiigel to stirrup. 

Steigeisen npl ice creepers; climbers 
(Sig C). 

steigen to climb. 

Steigerung f intensification, increase. 
Steigfahigkeit f grade-ascending 
ability (vehicles); climbing ability 
(Ap). 

Steigflug to climb (Avn). 

Steighohe / height of rise (ground 
signal); altitude, ceiling (Ap). 
Steigleistung / rate of climb (Avn). 
Steigriemen to stirrup strap. 




Steuerstrich 



Steigung 177 

Steigung f gradient, grade, slope; j Stellvertretender Chef des General- 



pitch (Mach.) 

Steigungswinkel m blade angle (pro- 
peller); gradient angle. 

Steigvermdgen n climbing ability 
(Ap). 

Steigzeit / rate of climb (Ap). 

steil steep. 

Steilfeuer n high-angle fire. 

Steilfeuergeschiitz n high-angle gun. 

Steilfeuerwaffe f high-angle weapon. 

Steilhang m steep slope, steep grade. 

Steilheit f steepness; transconduc- 
tance, mutual conductance (Rad). 

Steilkurve / steep banked turn 
(Avn). 

Steinbruch m quarry. 

Steinflachs m asbestos. 

Steinkohle / anthracite coal. 

Steinschlag m broken stone, rubble; 
rock slide. 

Steinschotter m road metal, broken 
stone. 

Stellbecher m mouth of fuze setter. 

Stelle / point, post, site, station. 

Stellmarke / index, micrometer index 
(Optics). 

Stellmutter / lock nut, regulating 
nut, adjusting nut. 

Stellring m adjusting ring (fuze). 

Stellschliissel m fuze wrench; ad- 
justing wrench. 

Stellschraube / set screw, regulating 
screw, adjusting screw. 

Stellung / position, emplacement. 

Stellungnahme / commentary (Tac) ; 
expression of opinion. 

Stellungsabschnitt m sector of occu- 
pied position. 

Stellungsbau m construction of field 
fortifications. 

Stellungskampf m position warfare, 
combat from fortified positions. 

Stellungskrieg m war of position, 
position warfare. 

StellungsmeBblatt n battery survey 
chart. 

Stellungsunterschied m perpendicular 
distance between two parallel lines 
of sight (such as that between the 
line: base point — aiming circle and 
the line parallel to it running 
through the base piece). 

Stellungswechsel m change of posi- 
tion (Tac); gun displacement 
(Arty). 

stellvertretend acting, deputy (adj). 



stabes Deputy Chief of Staff. 

stellvertretender Fiihrer second-in- 

command. 

Stellvertreter m deputy; substitute. 

Stellwerk n switch tower, switch 
control room (RR). 

Stempel m stamp, seal; punch 
(Tech). 

Stempelkissen n stamp pad. 

Stempelplatte f inspection-mark 
plate (R). ' 

Sterbegeld n gratuity upon death. 

Sternbild n constellation. 

Sternbiindel n star cluster (signal). 

Sternmotor m radial engine. 

Sternplatte / multiple-connection 
plate (stadia rod). 

Sternschaltung f Y-connection (Elec). 

Sternsignal n signal flare. 

Sternverkehr m “star” traffic (radio 
net traffic in which several stations 
communicate only one at a time 
with the net control station, the 
other stations listening in). 

Sternwarte f observatory. 

stetig constant, steady, uniform, 
continuous. 

Steuer n control, steering wheel. 

Steuer f tax. 

Steuerbord m starboard. 

Steuerfliiche / control surface ( Ap); 
stabilizing fin (Mort shell). 

Steuerfliigel m stabilizing fin (bomb). 

Steuergitter n control grid (Rad 
tube). 

Steuerhebel m elevator control lever 
(Ap). 

Steuerkniippel m control stick ( Ap). 

SteuerkompaB m steering compass. 

Steuerkurs m heading (Air Naviga- 
tion). 

steuern steer, control. 

Steuerorgane npl controls (Ap). 

Steuerrad n control wheel (Ap); 
steering wheel (MT); timing gear 
(Mtr). 

Steuerrohre / master oscillator tube 
( Rad). 

Steuerruder n rudder (ship). 

Steuersack m rudder lobe (Bln). 

Steuersaule / control column (Ap); 
steering column (MT). 

Steuersender m master oscillator 
(Rad). 

Steuerstrich m lubber line (Ap com- 
pass). 




Steuerstufe 



178 Storungssucher 



Steuerstufe / master oscillator stage 
(Rad). 

Steuerung / controls (Ap); timing, 
synchronization (Mtr); steering 
system (MT). 

Steuerwelle / control shaft (Ap); 
camshaft (Mtr). 

Steven to stem or stern (Nav). 

Stich to thrust, stab; stitch; bite, 
sting; hitch, knot. 

Sticheisen n cutting spade (Engr). 

Stichgleis n firing spur (RR Arty). 

Stichprobe / sample taken at ran- 
dom. 

Stichwaffe f thrusting weapon. 

Stich wort n cue; catchword; code 
word. 

Stighzahler to tachometer (Ap). 

Stickstoff to nitrogen. 

Stickstofflost n nitrogen mustard gas. 

Stiefel to boot. 

Stiefelschaft to leg of boot. 

Stiel to strut (Ap); spar, compres- 
sion member (Bdg); handle, holder; 
stick. 

Stielgranate / See Stielhandgranate. 

Stielhandgranate / stick hand gre- 
nade, “potato-masher” hand grenade. 

Stift to brad, holder, pin, prong, peg, 

“Stillgesessen !” “Attention!” 

(mounted drill). 

“Stillgestanden!’ “Attention!” (dis- 
mounted drill). 

Stimmung / morale, mood, atmo- 

sphere. 

Stirn / forehead. 

Stirnangriff to frontal attack. 

Stirnansicht / bow-on view (Tk); 
front view. 

Stirnband n forehead strap (gas 

mask). 

Stirnflache / frontal area. 

Stirnpanzer m front armor. 

Stirnrad n spur gear. 

Stirnriemen m brow band (harness). 

StirnschattenriB to bow-on silhou- 
ette (practice target). 

Stirnseite f front (Tk). 

Stirnwiderstand m head resistance. 

Stirnwind m headwind. 

Stock m cleaning rod (R); stick, 
baton, picket, pole; floor, story. 

Stockmine / antipersonnel picket- 
type mine; stake mine (concrete 
antipersonnel mine). 

Stockung / block, jam, stoppage. 



Stoff to fabric, material, substance. 

Stoffbahn / panel, canopy (Prcht). 

Stoffbespannung / fabric covering 

(Ap). 

Stoffgliederung / classification of 
equipment. 

Stoffgurt to web belt. 

Stollen m tunnel (Engr). 

Stolperdraht to trip wire. 

Stolperdrahtfeld n field of trip-wire 
obstacles. 

Stolperdrahthindernis n trip-wire 

entanglement. 

Stolperdrahtmine f trip-wire mine. 

stolpern to trip. 

Stopfbiichse f gland; stuffing box 
(Mech). 

“Stopfen!” “Suspend firing!” See 
also “Feuerpause !” 

stoppen to stop; to time with a stop 
watch. 

Stoppuhr f time interval recorder, 
stop watch. 

Stopp- und SchluBlicht n stop and 
taillight (MT). 

Stoppzeit / time interval, time dif- 
ference, time lag (FR); sound travel 
time (SR). 

Stopsel to plug (Tp); stopper. 

stopseln to plug in (Rad, Tp). 

Storangriff to nuisance raid. 

Storch to a German liaison airplane. 

Storchschnabel w pantograph. 

Storeinsatz to nuisance raid (Avn). 

storen harass (Tac); jam, interfere 
(Rad). 

Storflieger to nuisance raider, sneak 
raider (Avn). 

Storflug to nuisance raid (Avn). 

Storflugzeug n nuisance raider ( Ap). 

Storfrequenz / interfering fre- 
quency, undesired frequency (Rad). 

Storfunkstelle / jamming station 
(Rad). 

Storgerausch n static, interference 
(Rad). 

Storschutz to radio noise suppressor. 

Storstelle / See Storfunkstelle. 

Storung f disturbance, annoyance; 
interference, static, jamming (Rad); 
stoppage (MG); breakdown. 

Storungsdienst m trouble-shooting 
service, maintenance service. 

Storungsfeuer n harassing fire (Arty). 

Storungsflug to nuisance raid. 

Storungssucher to trouble shooter, 
maintenance man (Tp). 




Storungssuchtrupp 179 Stratege 



Storungssuchtrupp m wire patrol 
(field Tp). 

StoB to thrust, lunge, shock, kick, 
blow, push; burst (MG fire). 

StoBarmee / main-attack army/ 

StoBbalken m abutment beam (Bdg). 

StoBboden to breechblock (Ord) ; 
diaphragm (shrapnel). 

StoBbohle / end dam (Bdg). 

StoBdampfer to shock absorber 

(MT). 

StoBel m valve lifter (Mtr); ram- 
mer (fuze). 

StoBelfiihrung f valve-lifter guide 
(Mtr). 

StoBelschraube / valve-lifter ad- 

justing nut (Mtr). 

stoBempfindlich sensitive to shock 

( explosives). 

stoBen to push, thrust, lunge, strike. 

StoBfanger to bumper (MT). 

StoBkappenmine / contact mine 

(Nav). 

StoBkeil to spearhead (Tac). 

StoBkraft f shock power, striking 
power. 

StoBlinie / thrust line, line of attack 
(Tac). 

StoBmine / contact mine (Nav). 

StoBrad n shock-absorber wheel 
(Tk). 

StoBreserve f local supports in 
assault (Tac). 

StoBscheibe f diaphragm ( shrap- 
nel) ; lock washer (for wheel bear- 
ing). 

stoBsicher insensitive to shock ( ex- 
plosives). 

StoBstange / push rod; bumper. 

StoBtrupp to combat patrol, assault 
detachment. 

StoBtruppen fpl shock troops, 

assault troops. 

StoBtruppspioniere m pi assault en- 

gineers. 

StoBtruppunternehmung / raid 

(Tac). 

StoBwaffe / thrusting weapon. 

stoBweises Feuer intermittent fire, 
interrupted fire, fire by bursts or 
volleys. 

StoBziindung / contact fire (Nav). 

Strafbuch n punishment book. 

Strafdienst to extra duty. 

Strafe / punishment. 

Straf feuer n retaliation fire. 



Strahl m ray, beam ( of light, etc.) ; 
jet, squirt (of a liquid, etc.); frog 
( of hoof). 

Strahldrehung / rotation of the slip- 
stream (propeller). 

Strahlenzieher to protractor. 

Strahlung / radiation. 

Strahlungsablenkung / radio wave 
deflection. 

Strand to beach, shore. 

Strang to strand, rope, strap. 

Stranglaufe / lazy strap (harness). 

Strangtrager m See Stranglaufe. 

StraBe / street, road, highway, 
route. 

StraBenbaubataillon n road-con- 
struction battalion. 

StraBenbaudienst to road-construc- 
tion and maintenance service. 

StraBenbiegung / road curve, road 
bend. 

StraBendamm to causeway, em- 
banked road. i 

StraBendecke / road surface. 

StraBendisziplin / road discipline. 

StraBendreieck n triangular road 
junction. 

StraBeneinmiindung f side road 
joining main highway. 

StraBen-Entgiftungsabteilung f road 
decontamination battalion. 

StraBen gabel / road fork. 

straBengangig roadbound. 

StraBengraben to road ditch. 

StraBenkampf to street fighting. 

StraBenknie n V-turn (road). 

StraBenknotenpunkt to road inter- 
section, road junction, road center. 

StraBenkommandant to traffic con- 
trol officer. 

StraBenkommandantur / area road 
traffic control headquarters. 

StraBenkreuzung f crossroads, in- 
tersection. 

StraBennetz n road net. 

StraBensperre / road block. 

StraBenspinne / multiple road junc- 
tion. 

StraBensprengung f road demolition. 

StraBenstreife f street patrol. 

StraBeniiberfiihrung f overpass. 

StraBenunterfiihrung / underpass. 

StraBenverhaltnisse npl road con- 
ditions. 

StraBenwalze f road roller. 

StraBenzucht / road discipline. 

Stratege to strategist. 




Strategic 180 Stromsicherungsbataillon 



Strategic / strategy, 
strategisch strategic, 
strategische Einheit large unit 
(USA: Div and up; Ger: corps and 
up). 

strategischer Riickzug strategic 
withdrawal. 

Strauch m bush, shrub. 
Strauchbiindel n fascine. 
Strauchdamm to fascine road, brush 
road. 

Strauchmaske / shrubbery screen, 
brushwood screen (Cam). 
Strauchpackung f See Strauchwerk. 
Strauchwerk n brushwork. 
Strauchwerkbekleidung / fascine re- 
vetment. 

Strebe / diagonal strut (Ap); brace, 
tension member (Bdg). 

Strecltbalken m stringer (Bdg). 
Strecke / span, bay, section (Bdg); 
stretch, length, distance; leg (of a 
route). 

Streckenfeuer n course light, airway 
beacon. 

Streckenzug m traverse (Surv). 
Streich m cut, slash; coup; blow; 
trick. 

streichen cross out, strike out, elimi- 
nate; strike (a flag); to back water. 
Streichholz n match. 

Streifabteilung / raiding party. 
Streife / patrol, raiding party; 

guard sentinel (guard duty). 

Streifen m band, strip, belt, sector, 
streifen to patrol, reconnoiter; to 
graze. 

Streifenplan m diagram of patrol 
posts. 

Streifenweg to patrol post. 
Streifkommando n raiding party, 
streitig machen to contest. 
Streubrandbombe / scatter bomb, 
streuen to cover with zone fire 
( Arty) ; to cover with searching and 
traversing fire (MG); to strew, scat- 
ter; to be erratic, to have dispersion 
(G). 

Streufeuer n zone fire (Arty); 

searching and traversing fire (MG). 
Streukegel to sheaf of fire, cone of 
dispersion, cone of fire. 

Streumine / uncontrolled mine; stray 
mine (not laid according to regular 
pattern). 

StreuschieBen n zone fire (Gun- 
nery). 



Streutrommel / sprinkler drum or 
cart (for ground decontamination). 

Streuung / dispersion (Ballistics). 

Streuungsbereich to zone of disper- 
sion (Ballistics). 

Streuungsbild n dispersion diagram 

(Ballistics). 

Streuungsfeuer n See Streufeuer. 

Streuungsflache / dispersion area 
(Ballistics). 

Streuungsgarbe / See Streukegel. 

Strich to artillery mil; stroke, line; 
dash (Tg); point (of compass); 
graduation, index line. 

Stricheinteilung / graduation (spe- 
cifically, mil graduation). 

Strichfeuer n grazing fire (MG). 

StrichmaB n marking gage. 

Strichplatte / graduated range plate 
(MG mount); reticle (Optics). 

Strick to rope, cord. 

Strickjacke / knitted sweater (Clo). 

Strickleiter / rope ladder. 

Striegel to currycomb. 

Stroboskop n stroboscope; protecto- 
scope (based on stroboscope princi- 
ple) (Tk). 

Stroh n straw. 

Strohpuppe f dummy (Tng). 

Strom to current (Elec); stream, 
river. 

Stromaggregat n generating unit. 

Stromanker m upstream anchor 
(Bdg). 

Stromaufnahme / current draw 
(Elec). 

Strombord m offshore side. 

Stromerzeuger to generator (Elec). 

Strcmfahrzeug n river craft (Pon, 
assault boat, etc.). 

StromfluB m current flow (Elec). 

Stromform / See Stromlinienform. 

Stromgeschwindigkeit / speed of 
current. 

Stromkreis to circuit (Elec). 

Stromleine / upstream tension line 

(Bdg). 

Stromlinienform / streamline shape. 

Strommesser to ammeter. 

StrommeBgerat n current measuring 
instrument (Elec). 

Stromquelle / source of current 
(Elec); power source (Rad). 

Stromschiene f live rail, third rail 
(RR); bus bar (Elec). 

Stromsicherungsbataillon n electric 
cable maintenance battalion. 




Stromstarke 

Stromstarke / amperage. 

Stroms toB to current impulse, cur- 
rent surge (Elec). 

Stromstrich m course of current 
(line joining points of greatest sur- 
face speed of a river current). 
Stromung / current, flow. 
Stromungslehre / fluid mechanics. 
Stromunterbrecher to circuit breaker 
(Elec). 

Stromverbraucher to outlet, current 
consumer (Elec). 

Stromzufuhr / current supply, power 
supply (Elec). 

Strumpf to stocking. 

Stubenaltester to barracks leader, 

squad-room leader. 

Stubenarrest to arrest in quarters. 
Stufe / stage, step; muzzle-velocity 
correction value (Ballistics). 
Stufeneinheit / See Grundstufe. 
Stufenfallschirm to lobe parachute. 
Stufenformation / stepped-up (or 
stepped-down) formation ( Avn). 
Stufenlader to multistage super- 

charger. 

Stufensender to multistage trans- 

mitter. 

Stufung / step-up ( -down) distance, 
staggering, stagger distance (for- 
mation flying). 

Stuhl to chair; excrement, feces. 
Stuka n dive bomber (abbr. of 
Sturzkampf flugzeug) . 

Stukaangriff m dive-bombing attack. 
Stukabremse / diving brake (Ap). 
Stukaflieger to dive-bomber pilot. 
Stumpf to stump. 

stumpf adj blunt, dull; worn out; 
obtuse. 

stumpfer Winkel obtuse angle. 
Stundenwinkel m hour angle. 

Sturm m assault, onrush, onslaught; 

storm; an SS company. 
Sturmabteilung / storm trooper de- 
tachment of Nazi party (abbr. SA). 
Siurmabteilungsmann to storm 

trooper. 

Sturmabzeichen n assault badge 
( decoration) . 

Sturmangriff to assault, onrush, on- 
slaught. 

Sturmartillerie f assault artillery. 
Sturmausgangsstellung ' f assault 
position, jump-off position. 
Sturmbann to SS or SA battalion. 



Sturzflugbremse 

Sturmbannfiihrer to See SS-Sturm- 
bannfiihrer. 

Sturmbataillon n assault battalion, 
shock battalion. 

Sturmbcot n assault boat. 

Sturmbootkommando n assault boat 
detachment. 

Sturmdivision f assault division 
(honorary title for division with re- 
duced Inf Pers and heavy firepower). 

stiirmen to assault, storm, rush. 

Sturmgasse f assault gap ( through 
obstacles). 

Sturmgepack n light equipment car- 
ried in assault ( as distinguished 
from field pack). 

Sturmgeschiitz n assault gun (self- 
propelled). 

Sturmgeschiitzabteilung / assault- 
gun battalion. 

Sturmgeschiitzbatterie / assault-gun 
battery. 

Sturmgeschiitzfiihrer to assault-gun 
commander. 

Sturmhaubitze / assault howitzer 
(self-propelled). 

Sturmkanone / assault gun ( self- 
propelled). 

Sturmleiter / scaling ladder. 

Sturmliicke / assault gap. 

Sturmpanzer m assault tank. 

Sturmpionier to combat engineer. 

Sturmregiment n airborne assault 
regiment. ^ 

Sturmreifmachung f “softening up” 
(by bombing or Arty fire). 

SturmreifschieBen n artillery prep- 
aration, “softening up.” 

Sturmriemen to chin strap (head- 
gear). 

Sturmschritt to fast run. 

Sturmtrupp to assault detachment. 

Sturmwelle / assault wave (Tac). 

Sturmwind to gale. 

Sturz to plunge, dive, fall; camber, 
caster (MT). 

Siurzangriff m diving attack (Avn). 

Sfurzbett rc streambed at downstream 
base of dam. 

Sturzbomben n dive bombing. 

stiirzen to dive, crash, plunge; to 
rush, assault; to fall. 

Sturzflug to dive. 

Sturzflug-Automatik / automatic 
dive control (Ap). 

Sturzflugbremse / diving brake (A p). 



181 




Sturzflug 182 taktische Feuerbegriffe 



Sturzflug mit Endgeschwindigkeit 
terminal velocity dive (Avn). 

Sturzgeschwindigkeit / diving speed 
(Ap). 

Sturzhelm m crash helmet. 

Sturzkampfflieger m dive-bomber 
pilot. 

Sturzkampfflugzeug n dive bomber 
(abbr. Stuka). 

Sturzkampfgeschwader n wing of 
dive bombers (Avn). 

Sturzsirene / dive siren (dive 
bomber). 

Sturzspirale / spiral dive (Avn). 

Sturzvisier n dive-bombing sight 
( Avn). 

Sturzwehr n spillway weir. 

Sturzwinkel m angle of dive, diving 
angle (Avn). 

Stiitze / support, prop. 

Stiitzflosse / inboard stabilizing float 
( seaplane). 

Stiitzpunkt m organized tactical lo- 
cality, strong point; base; point of 
support (structures). 

Stiitzpunktschiff n aircraft tender. 

Stiitzrolle / track-supporting roller 
(Tk). 



Stiitzschwimmer m fixed wing float 
(flying boat). 

Stiitzweite / span between supports 
(Bdg). 

Stuvi n dive-bombing sight (abbr. 
for Sturzvisier). 

Suchanker m grapnel. 

suchen to search. 

Sucher m spotlight (MT); view 
finder (Optics). 

Sucherde f ground detector for tel- 
ephone interception. 

Sucherfernrohr n finder telescope 

(height finder). 

Suchgeratsempfanger m search re- 
ceiver (Ap, Rad). 

Siiden m south. 

Summer m buzzer. 

Summeranruf m buzzer signal (Tp). 

Summerknopf m buzzer button (Tp). 

Summerzusatz m buzzer set (Tp). 

Sumpf m marsh, swamp, bog. 

Sumpffieber n malaria. 

Synchrongetriebe n synchro-mesh 
transmission (MT). 

Synchronisator m impulse generator 
mechanism (Ap). 



T 



Tabelle / chart. 

Tabellenzeichner m cartographer. 

Tachodynamo m generator voltmeter 
tachometer (A A gun). 

Tachograph m speedometer com- 
bined with odometer (MT). 

Tafel / table; list; chart, diagram; 
blackboard. 

Tagebuch n log book, diary, journal. 

Tagegeld n per diem allowance. 

Tagesanbruch m daybreak. 

Tagesangriff m daylight attack; day- 
light raid (Avn). 

Tagesbefehl m order of the day; 
special orders. 

Tageseinfliisse mpl ballistic density 
and wind factors. 

Tageskilometerzahler m trip mileage 
odometer (speedometer). 

Tageskost f day’s rations, food for 
one day. 

Tagesmarsch m day’s march. 



Tagesrate f basic load (Am). 

Tagessatz m daily scale or quantity; 
daily ration quantity. 

Tagestiefangriff m daylight low- 
level attack ( Avn). 

Tagesverpflegung / daily ration. 

Tagesversorgung / daily automatic 
supply. 

TagesvorstoB m daylight raid, day- 
light thrust or advance. 

Tagesziel n day’s objective, day’s 
destination; target of the day. 

Tagjagd f daylight pursuit, daylight 
fighting, daylight interception (Avn). 

Tagmarsch m day march. 

Takt m stroke (Mtr). 

Taktfeuer n blinker light. 

Taktik f tactics. 

Taktiker m tactician. 

taktisch tactical. 

taktische Feuerbegriffe tactical fire 
classification (Arty). 




taktische Unterstutzung 183 Technisches Amt 

taktische Unterstutzung direct sup- I Taschenlampe / flashlight. 



port (Avn, Tac). 

taktischer Einsatz tactical employ- 
ment. 

taktischer Verband tactical unit. 

taktisches Hindernis tactical obstacle. 

taktisches Zeichen tactical symbol. 

Tal n valley. 

Talnebel to ground fog (Met). 

Talsperre / dam (large storage dam) ; 
reservoir. 

Tambourstock to baton. 

Tangens to tangent ( trigonometrical 
function). 

Tangente / tangent (geometry). 

Tank m tank. 

Tankanlagen fpl fuel tank installa- 
tions. 

Tankhiichse / antitank rifle. 

Tankdampfer to tanker (Nav). 

tanken to fuel, refuel, to fill ( a gaso- 
line tank). 

Tankfalle f tank trap. 

Tankgraben to antitank ditch. 

Tankprahm to fuel tender (Nav). 

Tankschiff n tanker (Nav). 

Tankstelle / filling station (MT). 

Tankwagen to tank truck (MT); 
tank car (RR). 

Tapferkeitsmedaille / medal award- 
ed for bravery. 

Tarnanstrich to camouflage painting. 

Tarnausweis to special deceptive iden- 
tification card (carried on missions 
where capture by the enemy is 
likely). 

Tarndecke f covering, flat-top (Cam). 

Tarndisziplin / camouflage discipline. 

tarnen to camouflage. 

Tarnjacke / camouflage jacket. 

Tarnkappe / helmet cover (Cam). 

Tarnmittel n camouflage material. 

Tarnnetz n camouflage net, drape; 
apron (G emplacement, Cam). 

Tarnscheinwerfer to blackout driving 
light (MT). 

Tarniiberwachung / camouflage in- 
spection. 

Tarnung / camouflage. 

Tarnungsfarbe / camouflage paint. 

Tarnungsgeflecht n netting (Cam). 

Tarnungstruppe / camouflage troops. 

Tarnzeltbahn / camouflage cape. 

Tasche / bag, pocket, pouch; link 
(of cartridge belt); boot ( SA) ; car- 
rier, case. 

Taschenbehalter m pocket flask. 



Taschenmesser n pocket knife. 

Taschenmunition / small arms am- 
munition in pouches. 

Taste / key (Rad, Tg). 

tasten to key, send by key (Tg, Rad). 

Tastfunk to cw transmission (Rad). 

Tastgerat n keyer (Rad). 

Tastverkehr to cw communication 
(Rad). 

Tatbericht m detailed report, bill of 
particulars. 

Tatigkeit f activity. 

tatsachliche SchuBweite actual range 

(Gunnery). 

Tau n rope, tow rope; trace (har- 
ness). 

Tau to dew. 

Taube / pigeon. 

TaubenschieBen n skeet shooting. 

Taucher to diver (Nav). See also 
Torpedotaucher. 

Tauchgerat n diving apparatus 
(Nav). 

Tauchrohr n spray-nozzle tube ( car- 
buretor). 

tauglich physically fit, able-bodied. 

Taukranz to grommet. 

Taupunkt to dew point. 

Tausch w exchange. 

tauschen deceive. 

Tiiuschung / deception. 

Tauschungsangriff to feint attack, 
diversion. 

Tauschungsmanover n demonstration, 
feint (Tac). 

Tautrager to lazy strap (harness). 

Techniker to technician. 

technische Dienstzweige technical 
services. 

technische Eignungspriifung mechan- 
ical aptitude test. 

technische Kompanie BT mining com- 
pany (Mil). 

technische Kompanie E electricity 

company (Mil). 

technische Kompanie GW gas and 

water company (Mil). 

Technische Nothilfe Technical Emer- 
gency Corps ( used for Civ defense in 
Z of I and for maintenance, bomb 
disposal, restoration of public utili- 
ties, etc., .in T of Opns and occupied 
territory). 

Technisches Amt Technical Office 
(department of Ger Air Ministry, 




Teer 184 tiefgestaffelt 



dealing with research, procurement 
and testing). 

Teer m tar. 

Teich m pond. 

Teileinheit / basic, self-sufficient ele- 
ment of a unit. See also Einheits- 
prinzip. 

teilen to divide. 

Teilgebiet n subarea. 

Teilkreis des Hohenrichttriebs eleva- 
vation circle (G). 

Teilladung / increment, increment 
section (separate-loading Am). 
teilmotorisiert semi-motorized. 
Teilplatte / graduated scale. 

Teilring m azimuth micrometer 
(telescopic sight). 

Teilringanderung / azimuth change 

(telescopic sight). 

Teilringeinstellung / azimuth adjust- 
ment, azimuth setting. 

Teilringzahl / azimuth reading. 
Teilscheibe f graduated scale; inter- 
pupillary-distance scale (binocular) ; 
elevation micrometer ( panoramic 
telescope); graduated disk (plotting 
protractor). 

Teilstrich m mil (Arty); dial divi- 
sion (Rad); scale division (Inst). 
Teilstrichteilung f mil graduation. 
Teiltrommel / micrometer knob (on 
(panoramic or BC telescope) ; range 
drum. 

Teilung / graduation, scale; division, 
separation. 

Telefunken trade name of German 
company manufacturing electronic 
equipment. 

Telegraphenleitung / telegraph line. 
Telegraphennetz n wire net (Tg). 
Telegraphenstange f telegraph pole. 
Tellermine / antitank mine. 
Tellersaule f float column (AA gun 
outrigger) . 

Tellertrudeln n flat spin (Avn). 
Tellerventil n poppet valve (Mtr). 
Temperatureinfliisse mpl elasticity 
effect; temperature factors (Ballis- 
tics). 

Temperaturgradienf to temperature 
gradient (Met). 

vertikaler Temperaturgradient lapse 
rate. 

Temperaturmesser m temperature 
gage (Mtr). 

Temperaturschwankung / tempera- 
ture variation. 



Teno / See Technische Nothilfe. 
Termin m dead line. 

Terrorangriff m terror raid (Avn). 
Tetrachlorkohlenstoff to carbon tetra- 
chloride. 

Thermiksegeln n thermal soaring 
( glider). 

Thermitbombe / thermite bomb. 
Thermitladung / thermite charge 

(incendiary bomb). 

Thermokreuzinstrument n thermo- 
couple meter. 

Thermosyphonkiihlung f gravity- 
system water cooling (Mtr). 

Tief n cyclone, depression (Met). 
Tiefanflug to low-level approach 
( Avn). 

Tiefangriff m low-level attack (Avn). 
Tiefbau m surface construction (Tp 
line); subsurface construction 
(Engr). 

Tiefbettfelge / drop-base rim (MT). 
Tiefdecker m low-wing monoplane. 
Tiefe / depth. 

Tiefenabstand to distance ( from front 
to rear). 

Tiefenausdehnung / ■ extension in 
depth (Tac). 

Tiefenfeuer n searching fire (MG). 
Tiefenfeuereinrichtung / searching- 
fire device (MG). 

Tiefenfeuertafel / searching-fire 
table (MG). 

Tiefengliederung f distribution in 
depth, disposition in depth (Tac). 
Tiefenkreuzverspannung / longitudi- 
nal cross bracing (Ap). 

Tiefenlehre / depth micrometer, depth 
gage. 

Tiefenstaffelung f echelonment in 
depth (Tac). 

Tiefenstreuung f range dispersion on 
horizontal target (Ballistics) . 
Tiefenverspannung f longitudinal 
cross bracing (Ap). 

Tiefenwinkel to angle of depression 
(Snrv). 

Tiefenzone f zone of resistance ( or- 
ganized in depth). 

Tiefflieger to low-flying airplane. 
Tiefflug w low-level flight, hedge- 
hopping (Avn). 

Tiefflugangriff to low-level attack. 
Tiefgang m draught (Nav). 
tiefgegliedert distributed in depth, 
tiefgestaffelt echeloned in depth. 




Tiefladeanhanger 185 Tragerand 



Tiefladeanhanger m flatbed trailer, 
tank transporter trailer. 
Tiefladelinie / load line (Nav). 
Tiefseekabel n marine cable. 
TiegelguBstahl m crucible steel. 
Tierarzt m veterinarian. 
Titantetraclilorid n titanium tetra- 
chloride (CWS). 

T-Mine / See Tellermine. 
TochterkompaB m repeater compass 
(Ap). 

tiidliche Menge killing concentration 
(CWS). 

Toleranz f tolerance (Tech). 

Tolit n trinitrotoluol. 

Tolita n See Tolit. 

Ton m sound; tone (Photo); clay. 
Tonarm m pick-up arm (phonograph) . 
tonend icw (marking on Rad set). 
Tonfrequenz / audio frequency (Rad). 
Tonfrequenzbereich m audio-frequency 
range (Rad). 

Tonhacke / mattock. 

Tonhohe / pitch (sound). 
tonlos cw (marking on Rad set). 
Tonne f metric ton (=1.102 short 
tons); buoy (Nav); barrel, cask, 
drum. 

Tonnenbriicke / improvised floating 
bridge of barrels or drums. 
Tonnenfahre / barrel raft. 
TonnenfloB n barrel float. 
Tonnenlager n spherical roller bear- 
ing. 

TontaubenschieBen n skeet shooting. 
TontaubenschieBstand m skeet range. 
Tonung / tone (Photo). 

Tonwagen m sound truck (film unit). 
Tonwiedergabe / sound reproduction. 
Topf m pot; container (hand gre- 
nade). 

Tor n large gate. 

Tornister m pack, field pack, knap- 
sack, haversack. 

Tornisterempfiinger m portable re- 
ceiver, pack receiver (Rad). 
Tornisterfiltergerat n pack-type water 
purification unit. 

Tornisterfunkgerat n pack radio set, 
portable radio set. 

Tornisterfunktrupp m portable-radio 
section. 

Tornisterklappe f pack flap, 
torpedieren to torpedo. 

Torpedo n torpedo. 

Torpedoabwurf m torpedo release 
(Avn). 



TorpedoausstoBrohr n torpedo tube. 
Tcrpedobootzerstorer in destroyer 

(Nav). 

Torpedoflieger ni torpedo bomber; 

torpedo-bomber pilot. 
Torpedoflugzeug n torpedo bomber. 
Torpedojiiger m fighter-type torpedo 
bomber (Ap). 

Torpedorohr n torpedo tube. 
Torpedoschnellboot n motor torpedo 
boat. 

Torpedoschutznetz n torpedo defense 
net. 

Torpedotaucher m deep-sea diver 
(Nav). 

Torpedotreffer m torpedo hit. 
Torpedo-Waffenleitvormann m tor- 
pedoman (Nav). 

Torpedowulst m blister (Nav). 
Torpedowurf in torpedo release ( Avn). 
Torsionsstab m torsion rod (MT). 
tot dead. 

Totalausfall m total loss, 
totaler Krieg total war. 
tiiten to kill. 

Totenkopfverbiinde mpl See SS-Toten- 
kopfverbiinde. 

toter Gang steering play (MT); 
backlash, play, lost motion (Mech) ; 
free travel (of clutch pedal). 
toter SchuBraum dead area, dead 
space. 

toter Trichter dead space (AA gun). 
toter Winkel dead space, 
tote Zone skip zone (Rad). 

Totpunkt m dead center (Mtr). 
Totschlager m blackjack. 

Tracht f saddle cover (pack saddle). 
Trachte / wall, periople (hoof). 
Trachtenkissen n saddle pad. 
Tragbalken in balk, stringer (Bdg). 
Tragband n carrying strap (gas 
mask). 

tragbar portable. 

Tragbeutel m gas-mask carrier. 
Tragbiichse f gas-mask carrier 

(metal type). 

Tragdeck n wing (Ap). 

Trage f litter, stretcher (Med). 
Tragegestell n pack frame (pack 
saddle). 

Tragegurt m carrying strap, sup- 
porting strap. 

Tragepolster n carrying pad (MG). 
Trager m carrier, mount, support, 
beam. 

Tragerand m bearing surface (hoof). 




Treffer erzielen 



Trageriemen 186 



Trageriemen m carrying strap, car- 
rying sling. 

Tragerstrom m carrier current (Tp). 

Tragerwelle / carrier wave (Rad). 

Tragesattel to pack saddle. 

Trageschiene f frame rib (pack 
saddle). 

Tragevorrichtung / scabbard (R). 

Tragfahigkeit / load capacity (Bdg); 
ton capacity, passenger capacity 
(MT, Ap); gallon capacity (tank 
Trk). 

Tragfeder f suspension spring ( split- 
trail carriage). 

Tragflache / airfoil (Ap). 

TragflachenumriB m airfoil profile. 

Tragfliigel m wing (Ap). 

Tragfliigelende n wing tip (Ap). 

Tragfliigelhinterkante / trailing edge 
of wing (Ap). 

Tragfliigelprofil n wing profile. 

Tragheit f inertia (Mech). 

Tragheitsmoment n moment of iner- 
tia. 

Traglast / load (Ap, MT); pack 
(pa ck animals). 

Tragpferd n pack horse. 

Tragriemen m neck strap (pack 
saddle ). 

Tragrolle / See Laufrolle. 

Tragschrauber m autogiro, gyro- 
plane. 

Tragtier n pack animal. 

Tragtierbeforderung / pack trans- 
portation. 

Tragtierkolonne / pack train. 

Tragvorrichtung f bomb shackle 
(Ap). 

Tragwerk n wing assembly ( Ap). 

Tragzapfen m trunnion. 

Trampelpfad m beaten path, beaten 
track. 

Trampelweg m See Trampelpfad. 

Tranengas n lacrimator gas, tear gas. 

Tranengaskerze / tear-gas candle 
(CWS). 

Tranengasstoff m CN solution. 

Tranenstoffkerze f tear gas pot 
(CWS). 

Tranken n watering (of animals). 

Transportbefehl m movement order. 

Transporter m transport ( Avn, Nav). 

Transportflugwesen n transport avia- 
tion. 

Transportflugzeug n transport air- 
plane. 



Transportfiihrer m transportation 
officer, train commander (RR). 

Transportgeschwader n transport 
wing, transport command (Avn). 

Transportglied n ferry element ( one 
of a train of towed ferries). 

Transportkolonne / motor transport 
column. 

Transportkommandantur / transport 
control headquarters (RR). 

Transportluftfahrt / transport avia- 
tion. 

Transportmittel n means of trans- 
portation. 

Transportoffizier to transportation 
officer (RR). 

transportsicherer Ziinder shipment- 
safe fuze ( Am). 

Transportsperre / embargo ( on truck, 
RR, and ship movements). 

Transportstaffel / transport squadron 
( Avn).. 

Transporttau n handling line (Bln). 

Transportiibersicht / transportation 
table, table of movements. 

Transportverbot n embargo (on truck, 
RR, and ship movements). 

Transport wesen.M transportation sys- 
tem. 

TransversalmaBstab to interpolating 
scale (Surv). 

Trapez n trapezoid (Math); suspen- 
sion frame (Bln). 

Trapez-Fachwerktrager in Warren 
truss, trapezoidal truss. 

Trassierband n tracing tape ( CWS, 
Engr). 

Trauerfeier f funeral; commemora- 
tion services. 

Trauergefolge n funeral escort. 

Traverse / crossbar ( split-trail car- 
riage); traverse (Ft). 

Trecker m tractor (MT). 

Treffaussicht / probability of hit. 

Treffbild n shot group, dispersion 
pattern; recording target (Tng). 

Treffen n encounter, shock of assault; 
wave of tanks; phase of attack. 

treffen to hit, meet, strike; guess; 
take ( measures ) . 

Treffentfernung f slant range to fu- 
ture position (AAA). 

treffenweise in depth, in echelon. 

treffenweise Aufstellung disposition 
in depth (Tac). 

Treffer m hit. 

Treffer erzielen to score hits. 




Treffergebnis 187 Trog 



Treffergebnis n score (firing or 
bombing). 

Trefferraum m zone of dispersion 
(Ballistics) . 

Treffer verze ichnen to register hits. 

Treffgenauigkeit f accuracy of fire; 
accuracy of practice. 

Treffhohe / altitude of target at fu- 
ture position (AA gunnery). 

Trefflache f target area. 

Treffpunkt m point of impact, objec- 
tive point (Arty); future position 
(AAA); meeting point, rendezvous. 

Treffpunktentfernung / slant range to 
future position of target (AA gun- 
nery). 

Treffsicherheit f accuracy of fire. 

Treffwahrscheinlichkeit / expectancy 
or probability of hitting (Arty). 

Treffwahrscheinlichkeit der Waffe 
developed armament probable error. 

treiben impel, drive, propel; drift. 

Treibachse f driving axle (MT). 

Treibgas n wood gas (MT); propel- 
lent gas (Bln). 

Treibgasmotor m wood-gas engine 
(MT). 

Treibholz n driftwood. 

Treibladung / propellent charge 
(Am). 

Treibmine / floating mine, unan- 
chored automatic contact mine. 

Treibmittel n propellant (Am). 

Treibscheibe / diaphragm (case shot). 

Treibstoff w engine fuel. 

Treibstoffbehalter m fuel tank (MT, 

Ap). 

Treibstofflager n fuel dump. 

treideln to tow boats from land. 

trennen disconnect, cut off, divide, 
separate. 

Trennklinke / disconnect jack (Tp). 

Trennscharfe f selectivity (Rad). 

Trennschnitt m line of breach ( demo- 
litions). 

Trennung / break (Rad procedure) ; 
disconnection, separation. 

Trennungsbahnhof to junction (RR). 

Trennungslinie / boundary (Tac). 

Trense f bit, snaffle (harness). 

TrensengebiB n snaffle bit (harness). 

Trensenziigel to snaffle rein (harness). 

Tresse / braid (Clo). 

“Treten Sie ab!” “Dismissed!” (for- 
mal style, to an individual). 

Tretmine f tread mine (pressure- 
ignited antipersonnel mine). 



Tretmotor m pedal-operated genera- 
tor. 

Tretsatz m pedal-operated generat- 
ing unit. 

Trichter m crater; funnel; cone; 
horn collector (AA sound locator). 

Trichterlautsprecher to horn-type 
speaker, cone speaker (Rad). 

Trichterfeld n shelled area, area 
pitted with shell craters. 

Trichtergelande n shelled terrain, 
terrain pitted with shell craters. 

Trichterladung / crater charge ( Engr). 

Trieb m drive; drift; impulse; in- 
stinct. 

Triebrad n driving sprocket (Tk). 

Triebsand m drift sand, loose sand, 
silt. 

Triebscheibe / knob, micrometer head 
(Optics, Ord). 

Triebscheibe zur Hiihenrichtung ele- 
vating knob ( Optics, Ord). 

Triebscheibe zur Seitenrichtung azi- 
muth knob (Optics, Ord). 

Triebschraube / upper prism microm- 
eter head (panoramic sight). 

Triebwerk n power plant (Ap, MT). 

Triebzahn to connector (caterpillar 
track). 

trigonometrischer Punkt triangula- 
tion point, primary traverse station. 

Trilit n trinitrotoluol. 

Trimmklappe f trim tab (Ap). 

Trimmruder n trim tab, balance tab, 
servo tab (Ap). 

Trimmvorrichtung f flight control 
surfaces used for trimming (Ap). 

trinkbar potable. 

Trinkbecher to drinking cup. 

Trinkwasser n drinking water. 

Trinkwasserbereiter to water purifi- 
cation unit. 

Tripelstreifen to special prism used 
to direct the beam of a signal lamp. 

Tripper to gonorrhea. 

Tritt to step, pace, tread. 

Trittbrett n running board (MT). 

Trockendock n dry dock. 

Trockenelement n dry cell (Elec). 

Trockengelenk n flexible-disk joint 
(MT). 

Trocken gleichrichter to dry cell rec- 
tifier (Rad). 

Trockensumpfschmierung f dry-sump 
lubrication (Mtr). 

Troddel / bayonet tassel. 

Trog to trough. 




Trombe 



188 Truppentransporter 



Trombe / cyclone, tornado. 

Trommel / drum; dial; range drum 
(sight mount); micrometer drum 
(panoramic sight); metal drum (for 
belt Am). 

Trommelfell n eardrum. 

Trommelfellverletzter to person with 
punctured eardrums. 

Trommelfeuer n drum fire, heavy 
barrage (Arty). 

Trommelmagazin n drum magazine 
(MG). 

Trommelmagazinzufiihrung / drum 
feed (MG). 

Trommelwirbel m drum roll. 

Trommelzeiger m drum index (sight 
mount, panoramic sight). 

Trommler m drummer. 

Trompete / bugle. 

Trompetensignal n bugle call. 

Trompeter m bugler. 

tropenbestandig suitable for use in 
tropical climates. 

Tropenhelm m pith helmet, sun hel- 
met. 

Tropenkraftstoff to tropical gasoline. 

Tropfchen n droplet, vapor particle 
(CWS). 

Tropfcn m drop (of water, etc.). 

tropische Warmluft tropical air 
(Met). 

TroB to train ( combat, supply, or 
baggage). 

Trosse / hawser. 

TroBfahrzeug n ' train vehicle ( sup- 
ply, baggage, etc.). 

Trotyl n trinitrotoluol. 

trudeln to spin (Ap). 

Triimmer pi debris. 

Trupp to detachment, section, squad, 
team, detail, party (pi Trupps) (to 
be distinguished from Truppe). 

Truppe f collective term for field 
elements of armed forces; unit; arm 
or branch of service (to be distin- 
guished from Trupp). 

Truppen fpl troops. 

Truppenansammlung f concentration 
of troops. 

Truppenarzt to medical officer. 

Truppenausladung / detraining of 
troops. 

Truppenausweis / soldier’s identifi- 
cation card. 

Truppenbefehlshaber m commander 
of troops. 



Truppenbeforderung / transportation 
of troops. 

Truppenbereitstellung / assembly of 

troops. 

Truppenbewegung / troop movement. 

Truppendienst to service with troops, 
duty with troops. 

Truppeneinheit / troop unit (usually 
has uniform type of weapons, as dis- 
tinguished from Truppenverband, 
combined-arms unit). 

Truppeneinladung / entraining of 
troops. 

Truppeneinteilung f order of battle; 
disposition of troops; allotment or 
allocation of troops; conventional se- 
quence by arms and services ( in 
orders). 

Truppenentgiftung / decontamination 
of personnel ( CWS). 

Truppenentgiftungskompanie f per- 
sonnel decontamination company. 

Truppenfiihrer to commander, com- 
manding officer ( generally of a com- 
bined-arms force); task force com- 
mander. 

Truppenfiihrung / leading of troops, 
conduct of field operations (title of 
Ger manual corresponding to Field 
Service Regulations: Operations). 

Truppengattung f branch of service. 

Truppengebrauch m military usage, 
military custom. 

Tuppengelandebesprechung f junior- 
command field critique (maneuvers). 

Truppengeneralstab to general staff 
with troops. 

Truppenlager n camp. 

Truppenmarketenderei / post ex- 
change. 

Truppenmasse / troop concentration. 

Truppennachrichtenoflizier to unit 
communication officer. 

Truppennachrichtenverband m com- 
munication unit. 

Truppennachrichtenzug to unit com- 
munication platoon. 

Truppenoffizier to line officer, officer 
of the line. 

Truppenschiedsrichter to unit umpire 
( maneuvers) . 

Truppenteil to unit. 

Truppentransport to troop transport. 

Truppentransporter to troop carrier 
(Ap); troop transport ( Ap, Nav); 
troopship. 




Truppentransport- 189 Ubergangsmittel 

Truppentransport-Flugzeug n troop i Tucheinsatz m cloth filter, 
carrier airplane. Tuchzeichen n - ground panel, code 



Truppentransportschiff n troop trans- 
port, troopship. 

Truppentransportzug m troop train. 

Truppeniibungen fpl field maneuvers. 

Truppeniibungsplatz m troop train- 
ing camp, troop training grounds. 

Truppenunterkunft / barracks, quar- 
ters, billet. 

Truppenverband m mixed force, com- 
bined-arms unit. 

Truppenverbandplatz m aid station 
(Med). 

Truppenvermessungsdienst m field 
survey service. 

Truppenwetterdienst m field meteoro- 
logical service. 

Truppfiihrer m leader of a Tmpp; 
corporal (Reich Labor Service). 
l.MG-Truppfiihrer light MG team 
leader (R squad)* 

T-Stoff m laerimator (abbr. of Tra- 
nenstoff). 



panel. 

Turbokompressor m centrifugal com- 
pressor, turbosupercharger. 

Turm m tower; turret. 

TurmanschluB m turret connection 
(Ap, Tk). 

Turmaufsatz m cupola (Tk). 

Turmgeschiitz n turret gun. 

Turmklappe / turret hatch (Tk). 

Turmlafette / turret mount. 

Turmluke / turret hatch (Tk). 

Turmlukendeckel m turret hatch 
cover (Tk). 

Turmschwenkwerk n turret travers- 
ing mechanism (Ap, Tk). 

Turmzurrung / turret locking clamp 
(Ap, Tk). 

Tutol n trinitrotoluol. 

Typenbezeichnung f model designa- 
tion. 

Typennummer / model number. 

Typenschild n name plate. 



u 



iiben to practice, exercise, train, 
tlberbau m superstructure. 
XJberbeanspruchung / overload 

( Mech ). 

tjberbelichtung / overexposure 

(Photo). 

tiberbestand m surplus stock (i.e., 
above authorized basic allowance). 
tlberdeckung / overlap ( aerial Photo). 
seitliche tlberdeckung sidelap 

(aerial Photo). 

tlberdruck m pressure above atmo- 
spheric pressure; pressure differ- 
ence, excess pressure, 
tlberfall m raid, surprise attack 
(Tac) ; spillway ( dam ) . 
tlberfallkommando n raiding party, 
tiberfallkrone / spillway crest ( dam). 
tlberfallwehr n spillway weir, over- 
fall dam. 

uberfliigeln outflank, 
tiberfliigelung / outflanking, 
uberfluten to flood, inundate, 
tlberflutung / flood, flooding, inun- 
dation. 



uberfiihren to ferry (Avn); to trans- 
port. 

tlberfiihrung / overpass (RR). 

tlberfiihrungsdienst m ferry service 
( Avn). 

tlberfiihrungsflug m ferrying flight. 

tlbergabe / surrender, capitulation; 
handing over; giving up. 

Gbergabeverhandlungen fpl negoti- 
ations for surrender. 

fjbergang m transition; shifting; 
crossing. 

tjbergangsbahnhof m crossing sta- 
tion (RR). 

fiber gangsgebiihrnisse npl tempo- 

rary monthly allowance paid on dis- 
charge (to ease transition to civilian 
life). 

tlbergangsgerat n stream-crossing 
equipment. 

flbergangskegel m forcing cone (G 

tube). 

Ubergangsmittel npl stream-crossing 
means. 




Ubergangsstellung 190 iiberwachen 

tlbergangsstellung f intermediate 1 uberschlag auf dem Boden ground 
position. loop (Avn). 



tlbergangstruppe f stream-crossing 
troops. 

iibergeben hand over, surrender. 

sich iibergeben to vomit, 
tiberhang m overhang (Top, etc.); 

angle of approach (MT). 
iiberhitzen overheat (an engine); 
superheat (steam). 
iiberhitzer m superheater. 

Uberholen overtake; overhaul, 
iiberholende Yerfolgung encircling 

maneuver in pursuit, 
tlberholung / passing, overtaking 
(MT); encirclement (in pursuit) 
(Tac); overhauling (maintenance). 
tlberholungsabteilung f encircling 

detachment (in pursuit). 
tlberholungsgleis n passing siding 
(RR). 

tiberlagerungsempfanger m super- 
heterodyne receiver (Rad). 
tlberlagerungsfrequenz / heterodyne 
frequency. 

tlberlandflug m cross-country flight, 
uberlasten to overload. 

Bberlaufer m deserter (to the 

enemy). 

tlberlaufrohr n overflow pipe, 
llberlegenheit f superiority, 
tlbermacht / superior strength, su- 
periority. 

iibermannen overcome, overpower, 
tlbermantel m overcoat, 
tlbernahme / taking over, assuming 
( a command, etc.) ; acceptance ( of 
materiel, etc.). 

iiberplanmaBig in excess of author- 
ized strength or allowance, 
iiberqueren to cross (a river, etc.). 
tlberraschung f surprise, 
tlbersattigung / supersaturation 
(Met). 

iiberschieBen to fire over the heads 
of friendly troops; to fire beyond the 
target. 

IiberschieBen eigener Truppen over- 
head firing (Gunnery). 
tlberschieBen von Deckungen clear- 
ance of masks (Gunnery). 
tlberschieBgrenze / corresponding 
range (Gunnery). 

tlberschieBtafel / overhead firing 
table. 

Uberschlag m loop (Avn). 



iiberschlagen, sich to tumble (pro- 
jectile); to roll over (Avn); to turn 
over (vehicles). 

Uberschlag iiber den Fliigel barrel 
roll (Avn). 

iiberschreiten to cross (a Bdg, road, 

etc.). 

tlberschreitfahigkeit / trench-cross- 
ing ability (Tk). 
tlberschrift / heading. 
tlberschuBwasser n overflow water 

( dam). 

iiberschwemmen to flood, 
tlberschwemmung / flood, 
iiberschwer heavy (.50 caliber MG 
" as distinguished from German 
“heavy” MG, which is .30 caliber 
and on tripod mount). 
iibersetzen to translate; to cross, to 
ferry. 

Iibersetzen iiber Wasserlaufe stream 
crossing. 

tlbersetzer m translator, 
tlbersetzfahre / ferry, 
tlbersetzgruppe / crossing detail, 
tlbersefzmittel n stream-crossing 
equipment. 

tlbersetzstelle / stream-crossing 
point, ferrying point, crossing site, 
tlbersetzung / translation; gear 
ratio, gear transmission ( to increase 
speed). 

tlbersetzungsgetriebe n gear trans- 
mission ( to increase speed). 
tlbersetzungsverhaltnis n gear ratio, 
tlbersicht f survey; chart, plan, 
table; summary; synoptic view, 
tlbersichtsbild n index map ( aerial 
Photo). 

tlbersteuerung f over bias (Rad); 

overloading (Elec, Rad). 
tlberstromkanal m bypass (Mtr). 
tlbertrager m transformer (Elec); 

repeating coil (Tp). 
tlbertragerkastchen n repeating coil 
unit (Tp). 

tlbertragungsgerat n data transmis- 
sion system (AAA). 
Ubertragungskorper m induced-det- 
onation charge. 

tlbertra gun gsladun g / primer charge, 
tlbertrommel f range drum (sight 

mount). 

iiberwachen to supervise, monitor, 
guard, police. 




Uberwachung 191 umhangen 



tiberwachung f surveillance, obser- 
vation; monitoring; guarding, polic- 
ing. 

iiberwaltigen overcome, overpower. 
Uberwasserstreitkrafte fpl surface 
forces (Nav). 

iiberweisen to allot; send, convey; to 
refer. 

Uberweisungsamt n toll station (Tp). 
iiberwinden to overcome; surmount 
(obstacles); to force (a crossing, 
etc.); to conquer (the enemy, etc.). 
iiberziehen to stall (Ap). 

Uberzug m cover, hood. 

U-Boot n Submarine, U-boat (abbr. 

of Unterseeboot). 

U-Boot-Bunker m submarine pen. 
U-Bootjager m submarine chaser. 
U-Bootkrieg m submarine warfare. 
U-Boot-Mutterschiflf n submarine 
tender. 

U-Bootnetz n submarine net. 
U-Boot-Werft / submarine construc- 
tion yard. 

tlbung / practice, exercise, training, 
drill, training maneuver, 
tibungsflug m practice flight. 
Ubungsflugzeug n training airplane, 
trainer. 

tlbungsgerat n practice device, prac- 
tice equipment. 

tlbungsgeschoB n training projectile, 
target-practice projectile. 
Ubungsgranate / practice shell ( Am). 
Ubungshandgranate / practice gre- 
nade, training grenade, 
ijbungsladung f practice charge 
(Am). 

tibungsleitung f director headquar- 
ters (maneuvers). 

tlbungsmaske / training mask 

(CWS). 

Ubungsmine / practice mine, 
tihungsmunition f practice ammuni- 
tion, training munitions. 
Ubungsreizstoff m irritant training 
agent (CWS). 

tibungsriechstoff m odor-detection 
training agent ( CWS). 
UbungsschieBen n practice firing, 
itbungsverband m training unit. 
Ufer n shore, bank. 

Uferbalken m shore sill (Bdg). 
Uferbriicke / single-span stringer 
bridge. 

Uferschnellsteg m hasty single-span 
footbridge. 



Uhr / watch, clock, timepiece; in- 
strument dial. 

Uhrenscheibe / target consisting of 
circle of silhouettes. 

Uhrvergleich m synchronization of 
watches. 

Uhrwerkantrieb to clockwork action 

(fuze). 

Uhrwerkziinder m clockwork fuze 
(Am). 

Uhrzeiger to clock hand; indicator 
(Inst). 

im Gegensinn zum Uhrzeiger coun- 
terclockwise. 

im Sinne des Uhrzeigers clockwise. 

Uhrzeit f clock time (such as 1345; 
as distinguished from Zeit, time, in 
sense of “time length"). 

Uhrzeitangabe f time announcement, 
time signal. 

Ultrakurzwelle / ultrashort wave, 
ultrahigh frequency (in strict sense, 
very high frequency, 30 me. to 300 
me.). 

Ultrakurzwellenempfanger m ultra- 
high frequency receiver. See also 
Ultrakurzwelle. 

Ultrakurzwellensender m ultrahigh 
frequency transmitter. See also 
Ultrakurzwelle. 

umbilden reorganize. 

Umbildung / reorganization. 

Umdrehung f revolution (Mech). 

Umdrehungszahl / number of revo- 
lutions, rpm. 

Umdrehungsziihler m tachometer. 

Umdruck to mimeograph or offset 
reproduction. 

Umfang m perimeter, scope, circum- 
ference. 

umfassen to envelop (Tac). 

Umfassung / envelopment (Tac). 

Umformer to converter (Elec). 

Umformersatz to converter unit 
(Elec). 

Umgang to breeching (harness) . 

umgehen to turn, outflank (Tac); to 
detour, go around, bypass. 

Umgehung / turning, outflanking 
(Tac); bypass (ing), detour (ing). 

Umgehungsbewegung / turning 
movement, outflanking movement. 

umgliedern to reorganize. 

Umgruppierung f regrouping. 

Umhang in cape, cloak. 

umhangen to sling (arms); take up 
(packs). 




umkehren 



192 Unterbringung 



umkehren to reverse, turn over. 
Umkehrgetriebe n reversing gear 
(in rear-axle differential of half- 
track vehicle). 

umkippen to tip over, to dump. 
Umklammerung f envelopment, en- 
circlement (Tac). 

Umkreis m perimeter, circumfer- 
ence, periphery; radius. 

Umladung / transshipment. 

Umlauf m rotation; cycle; circula- 
tion; circular; side spillway (dam). 
in Umlauf to be circulated (docu- 
ments). 

Umlauf getriebe n planetary gear. 
Umlaufmotor m rotary engine (Ap). 
umleiten to reroute ( traffic, etc.) ; to 
divert (a stream). 

Umlenkrolle / deflecting pulley. 
Umpolung / pole reversal (Elec). 
Umrandung / edge, edging, border, 
border strip. 

Umrandungsfeuer n boundary light 
(Adrm). 

Umrechnung f conversion (Math). 
Umrechnungstafel / conversion 
table. 

Umschalteklinke / throwout (MG 
tripod). 

umschalten to switch over; to 

change gear. 

Umschaltepause / switch interval, 
answer lag (interphone). 
Umschalter to change-over switch, 
selector switch (Elec). 
Umschalthebel m change lever ( auto- 
matic R). 

Umschlag to application (Med). 
umschlagen to transload; to fell (a 
tree); to break down from bulk to 
unit containers; to capsize fa boat); 
to change suddenly f wind, etc.). 
Umschlagshafen m transshipment 
port. 

Umschlagstelle / bulk reduction 
point, transloading point, relay 
point. 

umschulen to retrain, 
umschwingen to veer. 

Umweg m detour. 

Umziiunung / enclosure, 
unabhangig independent, 
unabkommlich irreplaceable, indis- 
pensable. 

unangelehnte Flanke exposed flank, 
unbefestigte StraBe dirt road, 
unbenutzbar unserviceable. 



unbewaffnet unarmed, 
unbrauchbar unserviceable. 
Unbrauchbarmachung / destruction, 

rendering useless. 

undicht leaky, permeable, not gas- 
proof or waterproof. 

Undichtigkeit / permeability, leak- 
age. 

undurchdringlich impermeable, im- 
penetrable. 

Undurchdringlichkeit / impermea- 
bility, impenetrability, 
unentziindbar inert (Am). 
unerlaubte Entfernung absence with- 
out leave. 

Unfallbearbeitung / accident inves- 
tigation. 

ungedampft undamped (Tech). 
ungeeignet unqualified, unsuited, un- 
suitable. 

ungefahr approximate. 

Ungehorsam m disobedience, 
ungeklarte Eage obscure situation 
(Tac). 

ungepflastert unpaved, 
ungeschiitzt exposed (Tac). 
ungiinstig unfavorable. 

Uniform / uniform (Clo). 
Uniformbezugschein m individual 
clothing slip. 

Universalinstrument n transit (Surv). 
unmittelbare Unterstiitzung direct 
support (Arty, Tac). 
unregelmaBig irregular, 
unscharf unarmed (fuze, etc.); 
blurred, out of focus (Optics). 
unscharf machen disarm (Am). 
unstarres Luftschiff nonrigid air- 
ship. 

untauglich physically unfit for active 
service. 

Unterabschnitt m subsector. 
Unterarzt m medical noncommis- 
sioned officer (with rank of Master 
Sgt). 

Unterbau m subgrade, foundation, 
substructure. 

Unterbindung / choking off, fore- 
stalling, preventing (Tac). 
unterbrechen interrupt. 

Unterbrecher m contact breaker, in- 
terrupter (Elec). 

Unterbrechung f interruption; ces- 
sation; suspension (of traffic). 
unterbringen to billet, quarter; to 

store, stow. 

Unterbringung f sheltering, quarter- 




Unterbnngungsgebiet 193 Untersuchung 



ing, billeting; quarters, billets; 
stowage position (of equipment in 
vehicle). 

Unterbringungsgebiet n quartering 
area. 

Unterdruck m vacuum, low pressure 
(below atmospheric pressure). 

Unterdruckforderer m vacuum tank 
(MT). 

Unterdruckkammer / low-pressure 
chamber. 

Unterfeldmeister w staff sergeant 
(Reich Labor Service). 

Unterfeldwebel m staff sergeant. 

Unterfiihrer m enlisted man tenta- 
tively selected for subsequent offi- 
cer’s training; subordinate com- 
mander. 

untere Fiihrung lower command 
(Regt and down). 

Unterfiihrung / underpass (RR). 

untergebene Stellen lower com- 
mands. 

untergeordnet inferior in rank, sub- 
ordinate. 

Untergurt m cincha (saddle); bot- 
tom chord (truss). 

unterhaltener Fahrweg improved 
road. 

Unterhaltsberechtigter m dependent 
(entitled to dependency benefits). 

Unterhaltung / maintenance; con- 
versation; recreation, entertainment. 

Unterhandler m negotiator, bearer 
of a flag of truce, parlementaire. 

Unterhandlung / parley. 

Unterholz n underbrush, under- 
growth. 

UnterkalibergeschoS n subcaliber 
projectile (Am). 

Unterkunft / shelter, quarters, bil- 
lets. 

freie Unterkunft quarters in kind. 

Unterkunftsbezirk m shelter area, 
quartering area, billeting area. 

Unterkunftsgruppe / billeting group. 

Unterkunftsraum m shelter area, 
cantonment area. 

Unterlafette / bottom gun carriage. 

Unterlage f plane table (Arty, 
Swrv); datum; basis; document, 
record. 

Unterlagerungstelegraphie / sim- 
plexed telegraphy. 

Unterlegbohlen fpl dunnage. 

unterlegen inferior (in numbers). 

Unterlegenheit f inferiority , (Tac). 



Unterlegeplane f ground cloth (Bln). 

Unterlegscheibe / washer. 

Unternehmen n operation (Tac). 

Unternehmung / operation (Tac). 

Unteroffizier m noncommissioned of- 
ficer; sergeant. 

Unteroffizieranwarter m candidate 
for noncommissioned rank. 

Unteroffiziere mit Portepee noncom- 
missioned officers from Feldwebel up. 

Unteroffiziere ohne Portepee non- 
commissioned officers from Unter- 
offizier down. 

Unteroffiziere und Mannschaften en- 
listed men. 

unterpolstert padded. 

Unterredung f parley. 

Unterricht m instruction. 

unterrichten instruct, teach. 

Unterrichtstafel / demonstration 
chart (Tng). 

Unterring to lower band (R). 

Unterringfeder / lower band spring. 

Unterschenkel m gaskin (horse). 

Unterschied to difference. 

Unter-Schiedsrichter to umpire as- 
signed to a subordinate unit (gen- 
erally an NCO). 

Unterschild to apron shield, lower 
shield (G). 

Unterschildtrager to lower shield 
bracket (G). 

Unterschlupf w cut-and-cover shel- 
ter, dugout. 

Unterseeboot n U-boat, submarine. 

Unterseite / underside, lower side; 
belly (Tk). 

Untersetzung / reduction (Mech). 

Untersetzungsgetriebe n reduction 
gear (MT). 

Unterstand to shelter, protected 
shelter, dugout (Ft). 

unterstellt. inferior in rank, subordi- 
nate. 

unterstrom downstream. 

Untersturmfiihrer to See SS-Unter- 
sturmfiihrer. 

unterstiitzen to support. 

Unterstiitzung / support (Tac). 

Unterstiitzungsartillerie / support- 
ing artillery. 

Unterstiitzungsfeuer n supporting 
fire. 

untersuchen inspect, examine; test; 
investigate. 

Untersuchung / investigation, exam- 




Untersuchungsstelle 194 Verbandflug 



ination; surveillance (of Am and 
CWS supplies, etc.); inspection. 
Untersuchungsstelle / test station 
(Tp). 

Unterveterinar m veterinary non- 
commissioned officer ( with rank of 
Master Sgt). 

Unterwachtmeister m staff sergeant 
(Arty, Cav). 

Unterwasserbombe / depth bomb, 
depth charge. 

Unterwasserhorchgerat n hydrophone 
(Nav). 

Unterwasserschneidetrupp to under- 
water cutting and welding detach- 
ment. 

Unterweisung / indoctrination, in- 
struction. 

Unterwerfung / subjection, subju- 
gation, submission, surrender. „ 
Unterzug to transom (Bdg). 

Untiefen fpl shoals, 
unverziiglich immediate. 



unvorschriftsmaBig contrary to reg- 
ulations, not prescribed, irregular. 

Unwetter n bad weather, storm. 

U-Rahmen in U-frame ( tubular 

chassis). 

Urbaumuster n original model, pro- 
totype (Ap, Tk, etc.). 

Urkunde / document, permanent rec- 
ord. 

Urkundenbeweis m documentary evi- 
dence. 

Urlaub m leave, furlough, leave of 
absence. 

Urlauher m man on leave, furlough, 
or pass. 

Urlaubsschein m furlough certifi- 
cate; leave; pass. 

Ursprung m origin. 

Urteilsmilderung / mitigation of 
sentence. 

Urwald m jungle. 

Urwaldkrieg to jungle warfare. 



Vakuumrohre / vacuum tube. 

V-Boot n launch (abbr. of Verkehrs- 
boot) . 

Velozitatsmelizug m velocity meas- 
urement platoon (Arty). 

Ventil n valve. 

Yentilanordnung / valve arrange- 
ment (Mtr). 

Yentilfeder f valve spring (Mtr). 

Ventilkammer / valve chamber (Mtr). 

Ventilkegel in valve ball (MT); 
valve head (pneumatic counterrecoil 
mechanism). 

Ventilleine / valve cord, gas-valve 
operating line (Bln). 

ventilloser Motor sleeve-type en- 
gine. 

Ventilschaft to valve stem (Mtr). 

Ventilschaftfuhrung / valve guide 
(Mtr). 

Ventilsitz m valve seat (Mtr). 

Ventilsteuerung / valve-timing sys- 
tem (Mtr). 

VentilstoBel to valve lifter (Mtr). 

Ventilteller to valve head (Mtr). 

Verachtung f contempt, disregard. 



veraltet obsolete, 

verankern to moor. 

Verankerung f anchorage, holdfast. 
Verankerungsgurt m mooring band 

(Bln). 

Verankerungskabel n guy; mooring 
cable. 

Verankerungsmast to mooring mast 
(Bln). 

Verankerungstau n ground cable, 
mooring cable (Bln). 
Verankerungsturm to mooring tower 
(Bln). 

veranlassen to cause, bring about, 
call forth. 

veranschaulichen illustrate, 
verantwortlich responsible. 
Verantwortlichkeit / responsibility, 
verausgaben to issue. 

Yerausgabung / issue. 

Yerband to combined-arms unit, force, 
task force; air force unit, force, for- 
mation ( Ami) ; bandage, dressing. 
Verband aller Waffen combined-arms 
unit. 

Verbandflug to formation flying. 




V erdammen 



Verbandkasten 195 



Verbandkasten in first-aid box. 

Verbandmittel npl dressing equip- 
ment (Med). 

Verbandpackchen n first-aid packet. 

Verbandplatz to aid station, dressing 
station. 

Verbandsabwurf in formation re- 
lease (bombing). 

Verbandsflng to flying in formation, 
formation flying. 

Verbandswurf to See Verbandsab- 
wurf. 

Verbandtasche f first-aid bag. 

Verbandzeug n first-aid kit, first-aid 
supplies. 

verbergen to mask, conceal, hide. 

Verbesserung / correction ( Gun- 
nery). 

Verbesserung fiir Lange range cor- 
rection (Gunnery). 

Verbesserung fiir Seite lateral cor- 
rection (Gunnery). 

Verbesserung fiir Witterungseinfliisse 
metro correction (Arty). 

Verbesserungsgerat n parallax off- 
set mechanism (sound locator). 

Verbesserungswert m correction 
factor (Gunnery). 

Verbesserungswinkel to correction 
angle (Gunnery). 

verbeulte Patrone battered round. 

Verbiegen n droop (Mech). 

verbieten to prohibit, forbid. 

Verbindung f liaison, communica- 
tion, contact (Tac); connection 
(Tp) ; compound (Cml). 

Verbindung aufnehmen make con- 
tact, establish communication (with 
friendly troops). 

Verbindungsachse / axis of com- 
munication. 

Verbindungsaufnahme / establish- 
ment of communication, liaison, or 
contact (with friendly troops). 

Verbindungsdienst m liaison service, 
liaison duty. 

Verbindungsflugzeug n liaison air- 
plane. 

Verbindungsgraben m communica- 
tion trench, connecting trench. 

Verbindungshiilse / connecting sleeve, 
casing, collar. 

Verbindungsleute mpl connecting 
file, communicating file; liaison 
agents. 

Verbindungslinie / line of communi- 
cation. 



Verbindungsmann m liaison agent. 

Verbindungsmittel n means of com- 
munication. 

Verbindungsnetz n liaison net (Rad). 

Verbindungsoffizier m liaison officer. 

Verbindungsorgane npl connecting 
elements (march column). 

Verbindungspatrouille f contact pa- 
trol (Tac). 

Verbindungsriemen m turnback (har- 
ness). 

Verbindungsschnur f connecting cord 

(Tp). 

Verbindungsschraube / floor plate 
screw (R). 

Verbindungsstaffel / liaison squad- 
ron (Avn). 

VerbindungsstraBe / communication 
road, communication route. 

Verbindungstrupp to liaison party, 
liaison detachment; connecting 
group; contact patrol. 

Verbindungsweg to channel of com- 
munication (Tp, Rad). 

verblenden to dim or black out 
(lights). 

verbogen bent, twisted, warped. 

Verbot n prohibition, off-limits dec- 
laration; exclusion; restriction. 

Verbotstafel / “prohibited” sign. 

Verbrauch to consumption, expendi- 
ture. 

verbrauchbar expendable. 

Verbraucherstelle f outlet (Elec). 

Verbrauchsguter npl expendable sup- 
plies. 

Yerbrauchssatz m consumption per 
100 kilometers ( of gasoline, oil, and 
lubricants) . 

Verbrauchsstoffe mpl See Verbrauchs- 
giiter. 

Verbrennung / combustion; defla- 
gration (of powder). 

Verbrennungskraftmaschine f inter- 
nal-combustion engine. 

Verbrennungsraum to combustion 
chamber; powder chamber (G). 

Verbrennungsriickstand to carbon 
(Mtr). 

verbundene Waffen combined arms 

(Tac). 

Verbiindete(r) in ally. 

Verbundmaschine / compound-wound 

motor. 

Verbundrohre / multi -unit tube ( Rad). 

verchromt chromium-plated. 

Verdammen n tamping, mud cap- 




Verkehrslast 



verdampfen 196 



ping (demolitions) ; damming up (a 
stream). 

verdampfen to vaporize, evaporate. 
Verdampfungswarme / heat of va- 
porization (Met). 

Verdeck n cover; hood; deck, 
verdecken to cover, mask, conceal, 
defilade. 

Verdeckung / concealment, defilade. 
Verdichtung / compression (Mtr). 
Verdichtungshub m compression 

stroke (Mtr). 

Verdichtungsverhaltnis n compres- 
sion ratio (Mtr). 

Verdichtungs welle / burst wave, 

detonation wave (SR); compression 
wave (Physics). 

Verdienstkreuz n Meritorious Service 
Cross (decoration). 
verdolmetschen> interpret, translate, 
verdrahten to wire, to block with 
wire obstacles. 

Verdrangung / displacement. 
Verdrangungszylinder m compres- 

sion cylinder ( counterrecoil mech- 
anism). 

Verdunkelung / blackout. 
Verdunkelungslampe / blackout 

lamp, blackout light, 
vereinigtes Feuer collective fire ( SA). 
Vereinheitlichung / standardization. 
Vereisung / icing, formation of ice 
(Ayn). 

Vereisungsschutzgerat n de-icer ( Ap). 
vereiteln nullify, foil, render useless, 
fail. 

Verfahren n method, procedure, 
process. 

verfehlen to miss, 
verfertigen to make, manufacture. 
Verfolgung / pursuit (Tac). 
Verfolgungsabteilung / direct pres- 
sure detachment (in pursuit). 
verfugbar available. 

Verfiigung / disposal, disposition; 
availability; instruction, order, 
zur Verfiigung available for duty 
(abbr. z.V.). 

Verfugungsfrequenzen fpl assigned 
frequencies (Rad). 
vergasen to gas (CWS). 

Vergaser m carburetor. 
Vergaseranordnung f carburetion 
(Mtr). 

Vergasermotor m carburetor engine. 
Vergatterung / guard mount (bugle 
call). 



Vergehen n offense, breach ( of dis- 
cipline), infraction (of regulations). 
Vergeltung f retaliation, reprisal. 
Vergeltungsangriff m retaliation at- 
tack; reprisal raid (Avn). 
VergeltungsmaBnahme / reprisal, 
vergiften to poison; to contaminate, 
to gas (CWS). 

Vergiftung / contamination ( CWS). 
VergiftungsschieBen n gas-shell fire 
(Arty). 

VergleichsschieBen n calibration fir- 
ing (Arty). 

Vergleichsziel n auxiliary target 
( Gunnery). 

VergroBerung f enlargement, mag- 
nification. 

VergroBerungsapparat m enlarger, 
enlarging projector (Photo). 
Vergiitung / reimbursement, recoup- 
ment; compensation, award, allow- 
ance; heat treatment (of metals). 
Vergiitungsanlage / soaking pit 
(Ord). 

Vergiitungsslahl m heat-treated steel. 
Verhaftung / arrest. 

Verhaltnis n relation; proportion, 
ratio; condition, situation, 
verhandeln negotiate. 

Verhandlung / parley, negotiation. 
Verhangung von Strafen imposition 
of punishment (Law, PW). 

Verhau m abatis, hurdle, entangle- 
ment. 

Verheerung / devastation, 
verhindern prevent. 

Verhor n interrogation, 
verhoren to interrogate, 
verjiingt tapered; reduced. 
Verjiingung f taper; reduction (of 
scale). 

verkanten to cant ( G, R) ; to tilt, 
incline; to become misalined. 
Verkantung / cant (Arty); misaline- 
ment of wheels (MT). 
Verkantungslibelle / cross level. 
Verkantungstrieb m cross-level drive. 
Verkehr m traffic; communication. 
Verkehrsbestimmung / traffic regu- 
lation. 

Verkehrsboot n launch (Nav). 
Verkehrsfliegerei / commercial avia- 
tion. 

Verkehrsflugzeug n commercial air- 
plane. 

Verkehrskreis m traffic area. 
Verkehrslast / bridge capacity. 




Verkehrsleitung 197 Vernehmungsoffizier 



Verkehrsleitung / traffic control. 

Verkehrslinien fpl lines of communi- 
cation (Tac). 

Verkehrsposten to traffic control 
point. 

Verkehrspunkt m traffic center. 

Verkehrsregel / traffic rule, traffic 
regulation, rule for road procedure, 
rule of the road. 

Verkehrsregclung / traffic control. 

Verkehrsregelungsbataillon n traffic 
control battalion. 

Verkehrsschild n traffic sign. 

Verkehrsstockung / traffic conges- 
tion, jam, tie-up. 

Verkehrsstreife f traffic patrol. 

Verkehrsteilnehmer m traffic element. 

Verkehrsiiberwachung / traffic super- 
vision. 

Verkehrszeichen n traffic sign, traffic 
symbol. 

verkehrt reverse, inverse; wrong. 

verkitten fasten or seal with putty 
or other adhesive. 

verkleiden to revet; to mask, camou- 
flage, disguise. 

Verkleidung / ' cowling, fairing 

(Ap); revetment; camouflage, dis- 
guise. 

verklemmen to jam, to wedge. 

Verladebahnhof m loading station, 
entraining station (RR). 

Verladehafen to loading port, port of 
embarkation. 

verladen to load, entrain, entruck, 
embark. 

Verladeoffizier m entraining officer, 
entrucking officer, loading officer. 

Verladeplan m loading table; en- 

training or entrucking table. 

Verladeplatz m loading point; en- 
training or entrucking point. 

Verladerampe / loading platform, 
loading ramp. 

Verladestab to loading staff (sea 

port). 

Verladestelle / See Verladeplatz. 

Verladezeit f loading time, entruck- 
ing time, entraining time. 

Verladung / loading, entrucking, en- 
training. 

Verladungsoffizier to See Verladeoffi- 
zier. 

Verladungsschein to bill of lading. 

Verlangerungsstiick n extension; 
sight extension (G sight). 

verlasten to pack or load on vehicles 



or horses (specifically, to load on 
pack animals). 

verlastete Artillerie portee artillery, 
verlastete Truppen motorized troops. 
Verlauf to sequence of events, course, 
progress (of an attack, etc.). 
verlegen to transfer; shift (fire, 
etc.). 

Verlegenheit / confusion, embarrass- 
ment, perplexity. 

Verlegswagen to reel cart (for Tp 

wire). 

Verlegung / transfer, shift. 
Verlegungsbef ehl to movement order ; 

order to shift fire (Arty). 

Verlust to casualty, loss; forfeiture 
(of pay, etc.). 

Verlustliste / casualty list. 
Verlustmeldung / casualty report. 
Verlustrate / casualty rate. 

tagliche Verlustrate casualty day. 
vermessen to survey, to locate. 
Vermessur.g / survey, surveying, 
locating (Arty, Engr). 

Vermessung durch Anhangen survey 
by controlled traverse (Surv). 
Vermessungsbatterie / survey bat- 
tery (Arty). 

Vermessungs- und Kartenabteilung f 
survey and mapping unit. 
Vermessung von Feuerstellungen field 
artillery survey (Arty). 
verminderte Ladung reduced charge, 
verminen to mine, to lay mines. 
vermiBt missing, missing in action, 
vermitteln to connect, to communi- 
cate (Tp); to convey or impart (in- 
formation). 

Vermittlung / connection; switching 
central, telephone central. 
Vermittlungskastchen n portable 
switchboard (Tp). 

Vermittlungsklinke f connecting jack 
(Tp). 

Vermittlungsschnur / patching cord 
(Tp). 

Vermittlungsstelle / switching cen- 
tral, telephone central. 
Vernachlassigung / neglect, negli- 
gence. 

Vernebelung f smoke screening, 
vernehmen to question, interrogate 
(PW, etc.). 

Vernehmung / questioning, interro- 
gation. 

Vernehmungsoffizier m interrogation 
officer (PW). 




VerschluBkeil 



Vernichtung 198 



Vernichtung / destruction, annihila- 
tion. 

Vernichtungsfeuer n fire for destruc- 
tion (Arty). 

Vernichtungskampf m battle of ex- 
termination, 
vernieten to rivet, 
verordnen to order; prescribe (Med). 
Verordnung / regulation, order. 
Verpackungsgeschosse n pi dummy 
ammunition (for vehicle-loading 
practice). 

Verpassung f fitting (of uniforms, 
gas masks, etc.). 

Verpflegung f feeding, messing, ra- 
tioning; rations, food; food supply. 
Verpflegung in Natur rations in 

kind. 

Verpflegungsabrechnung/ ration and 
savings account. 

Verpflegungsabteilung f ration sup- 
ply section. 

Verpflegungsamt n ration supply 
office. 

Verpflegungsausgabestelle / ration 
distribution point. 

Verpflegungsbedarf m ration re- 

quirements. 

Verpflegungsbestande mpl ration 
stores, ration stockage. 
Verpflegungsbezugsschein m ration 
return. 

Verpflegungsbombe / rations deliv- 
ery unit (airborne operations). 
Verpflegungsdienst m ration supply 
service. 

Verpflegungsersparnisse fpl ration 
savings. 

Verpflegungsgebiihrnisse fpl ration 
allowances.. 

Verpflegungsgegenstande mpl ration 
articles. 

Verpflegungsgeld n ration allowance. 
Verpflegungslager n ration supply 
depot. 

Verpflegungslagerausgabestelle / ra- 
tion distributing point (Div). 
Verpflegungsmittel npl rations, sub- 
sistence supplies. 

Verpflegungsnachschub m ration 
supply. 

Verpflegungsoffizier m mess officer. 
Verpflegungsportion / ration. 
Verpflegungssatz m ration quantity, 
ration scale. 

Verpflegungsstarke f ration strength. 



VerpflegungstroB m ration supply 

train (H-Dr or Mtz). 
Verpflegur.gsunteroffizier m mess 
sergeant. 

Verpflegungszug m ration supply 

train (RR). 

VerpflegungszuschuB m commutation 
of rations. 

Verpflegung und Unterkunft rations 
and quarters, 
verraten betray. 

Verrater m traitor. 

verriegeln to lock, cut off, block, box 

. in. 

verrostet rusty, 
versacken bog down, 
versagen fail. 

Versager w misfire; dud. 
Versammlung / assembly, concen- 
tration (Tac); meeting, gathering. 
Versand m shipment, transporta- 
tion, forwarding, 
verschaffer procure. 

Verschalung f covering, skin, fairing 
(Ap); revetment. 

Verschanzung / entrenchment. 
Verschickung f shipment, transpor- 
tation. 

Verschiebebahnhof m. switching yard, 
verschieben shift, move, displace, 
switch; postpone. 

Verschiebung / displacement (of 
troops, etc.); postponement. 
verschieBen to expend (Am). 
verschleiern to mask, screen, blan- 
ket, conceal, camouflage. 
Verschleierung / screening, conceal- 
ment (Tac). 

Verschleierungsfahigkeit / screening 
capacity, density of coverage 
(screening smoke). 

Verschleierungsfeuer n deception 
fire, diversion fire; smoke-shell fire. 
Verschleierungsverkehr m deception 
signal traffic. 

VerschleiBteil m part subject to wear 
(Mech). • 

VerschluB m breechblock, breech 
mechanism ( Ord) ; bolt mechanism 
(R, pistol); locking action (Tech); 
lock; shutter. 

VerschluBabstand m head space 

( Ord). 

VerschluBblock m breechblock ( screw- 

type breech). 

VerschluBkeil m wedge-type breech- 
block. 




verschliisseln 199 VersuchsschieBen 



verschlUsseln encode, encipher. 

verschliisselter Text secret text. 

Verschliisselung f coding, encipher- 
ing. 

Verschliisselungsscheibe / cipher disk. 

VerschluBkammer / bolt (R). 

VerschluBkappe / filler cover (MG). 

VerschluBleiste f back plate (MG). 

VerschluBleistenachse / back plate 
hinge pin (MG). 

VerschluBpIatte/ front plate (breech- 
block). 

VerschluBring m breech ring (G). 

VerschluBschlitten m lock frame 
( Ord). 

Verschlufischraube / threaded clos- 
ing cap (fuze). 

VerschluBstiick n breechblock (G, 
MG). 

VerschluBtrager m breechblock car- 
rier (G). 

VerschluBiiberzug m breech cover 
(G). 

VerschluBzy Under m bolt (SA). 

Verschrankbarkeit der Achsen com- 
pression-and-rebound range of spring 
suspension (MT). 

Verschraubung f threaded plug, 

screw. 

Verschraubungsstiick n breech ring. 

Verschubbahn / launching track 

(Bdg). 

VerschuB m expenditure (of Am). 

Verschwertung / lateral truss, sway 
brace (Bdg). 

Verschwindeturm m disappearing 
turret (Ft). 

Verschwindlafette / disappearing 
carriage (G). 

Verschwindscheibe / bobbing target, 
disappearing target (Tng). 

Verschworung / conspiracy. 

Versehrtengeld n disability allow- 

ance or pension. 

versenken to sink; to countersink. 

Versenknietung / flush riveting. 

versetzen to transfer (Pers) ; to 
shift, move; to stagger (obstacles, 
etc.). 

versetzt staggered; displaced, trans- 
ferred. 

Versetzung f transfer (Pers); devi- 
ation, drift (Avn); stagger(ing). 

Versorgung / supply; care (for ex- 
service men). 

Versorgungsbehalter in aerial deliv- 
ery unit. 



Versorgungsbombe / aerial delivery 

unit. 

Versorgungsdienst m supply service, 
Versorgungsfahrzeug n supply ve- 
hicle, train vehicle. 
Versorgungsgebiet n supply area. 
Versorgungsgiiter npl supplies, 
verspannen to brace, tighten, stretch. 
Verspannung / bracing, fastening, 
tightening, stretching. 

Versprengter m straggler; man sep- 
arated from his unit in action, 
verspriihen to spray (CWS). 
verstandigen inform, make known. 
Verstandigung f communication; 
readability, audibility (Sig Com). 
Verstandigungsgerat n interphone 
equipment (Ap). 

Verstandigungsmittel n password. 
Verstandigung von Bord zu Bord in- 
teraircraft communication. 
Verstandlichkeit / readability (Sig 
Com). 

verstarken reinforce, strengthen; 

amplify, boost, increase. 

Verstarker m amplifier (Rad). 
Verstarkung / amplification (Rad): 
reinforcement. 

Verstarkungsfaktor m amplification 
factor (Rad). 

Verstarkungsring m hoop (gun 
barrel). 

Verstauchung / sprain (Med). 
verstauen to stow, 
verstecken to hide, conceal, mask, 
verstelibar controllable (Ap propel- 
ler) ; adjustable (tools, etc.). 
Verstell-Luftschraube f controllable- 
pitch propeller (Ap). 
Verstellschliissel m adjustable wrench. 
Verstelischraube f adjusting screw 
(Tech); controllable-pitch propeller. 
Verstellung f adjustment, regula- 
tion, control. 

Verstellwelle f control rod (Ap). 
VerstoB m infraction, irregularity. 
Verstrebung f spar bracing (Bdg); 
bracing. 

verstiimmeln mutilate. 

Versuch m experiment, attempt, test, 
trial. 

Versuchsflugzeug n test airplane, ex- 
perimental airplane. 

Versuchsladung / test charge (Arty). 
Versuchslauf m test run, trial run. 
VersuchsschieBen n test firing ( Ord) . 




Versuchstruppen 200 Vielfachschaltung 



Versuchstruppen fpl experimental 
troops. 

vertauen to moor. 

Vertiiumast w mooring mast. 
Verteidigung / defense, defensive. 
Verteidigungsabschnitt m defense 
area, defensive area, defensive sec- 
tor. 

Verteidigungsanlagen fpl defensive 
installations. 

Verteidigungslinie / line of defense. 
Verteidigungsnest n nest of resist- 
ance. 

Verteidigungsplan in defense plan. 
Verteidigungsstellung f defensive 

position. 

Verteidigungszone f defensive zone, 
verteilen to distribute, to issue. 
Verteiler m distributor (Mtr); dis- 
tribution box ( data transmission 
system). ' 

Verteilerbahnhof m regulating sta- 
tion (RR). 

Verteilerfinger m distributor arm 
(Mtr). 

Verteilerkasten ni distribution box 
(Elec, Nav); junction box (data 
transmission system). 
VerteilerlaufstUck n distributor ro- 
tor, distributor arm (Mtr). 
Verteilerscheibe / distributor plate. 
Verte ilung / distribution. 
Verteilungsstelle / distributing point. 
Vertrag m treaty, contract, compact. 
Vertragsarzt m contract surgeon, 
vertraulich confidential. 

Vertretung / deputy; proxy; repre- 
sentation. 

verursachen to cause, 
vervielfaltigen multiply; multigraph; 

mimeograph; duplicate, 
verwalten administer, administrate, 
manage. 

Verwaltung f administration. 
Verwaltungsamt n See Heeresver- 
waltungsamt. 

Verwaltungsdienste mpl adminis- 
trative and supply services. 
Verwaltungsgebaude n administra- 
tion building. 

Verwaltungsordnung f administra- 
tive plan. 

Verwaltungstruppenteil m adminis- 
trative unit. 

Verwaltungsiibersichtskarte / admin- 
istrative map. 

Verwaltungswesen n administration. 



Verwendung f employment ( Tac ) ; 
use, utilization. 

zu besonderer Verwendung on spe- 
cial assignment (abbr. z.b.V.). 

verwickeln involve, complicate; en- 
gage (Tac). 

verwinden to warp, to twist. 

Verwirrung / confusion. 

verwundbar vulnerable. 

verwunden to wound. 

Verwundetenabschub m evacuation 
of wounded. 

Verwundetenabschublinie f chain of 
evacuation. 

Verwundetenabtransport m evacua- 
tion of wounded. 

Verwundetenabzeichen n Wound 
Badge ( decoration). 

Verwundetenbetreuung / care of cas- 
ualties. 

Verwundetennest n aid station. 

Verwiistung / devastation. 

Verzerrung f distortion (Rad). 

verzinkt galvanized. 

verzinnt tin-plated. 

Verzogerung f delay. 

verzogerungsfrei immediate, nonde- 
lay. 

Verzogerungsmine f delayed-action 
mine. 

Verzdgerungssatz m delay pellet 
(electric igniter); delay powder 
train (fuze). 

Verzogerungsschiitz m time-delay 
relay (Elec, Rad). 

Verzogerungsziinder m delayed-action 
fuze, delay fuze. 

Verzug m delay, lag. 

Verzugsrechner m acoustic corrector 
(sound locator). 

Veterinar m veterinary officer ( 2nd 
Lt). 

Veterinardienst in veterinary service. 

Veterinargehilfe m veterinary aid 
man. 

Veterinargerat n veterinary equip- 
ment. 

Veterinarkompanie f veterinary 

company. 

Veterinarpark m veterinary depot. 

V-Form der Tragfliigel wing dihe- 
dral (Ap). 

V-Formwinkel m dihedral angle ( Ap). 

Vieh n cattle, livestock. 

Vielfache n multiple (Math). 

Vielfachschaltung f multiple connec- 
tion (Tp). 




Viereck 



201 



vorbereiten 



Viereck n square. 

Viererleitung / phantom circuit (Tp ). 

Viererschaltung / phantom connec- 
tion (Tp). 

Viererzelt n four-man tent, 

viergliedrige Division square division. 

Vierlings-MG. n four-barreled ma- 
chine gun. 

Vierradantrieb to four-wheel drive. 

Vierradlenkung f four-wheel steer- 
ing. 

Vierspitz to crowsfoot, four-pointed 
knife rest (obstacle). 

Viertaktmotor m four-cycle engine. 

Viertelkreis m quadrant (of a circle). 

Visier n sight, rear sight (Ord). 

Visierbereich m danger space (MG 
firing). 

Visierebene / plane of present posi- 
tion (AA gunnery). 

Visiereinrichtung / sighting mecha- 
nism, sighting device, sight assembly; 
quadrant sight (G). 

visieren to sight. 

Visierfeder / rear-sight spring (MG, 

R). 

Visierfernrohr n telescopic sight. 

VisierfuB m rear-sight base (MG, R). 

Visiergestange n parallelogram link- 
age system (AA sight). 

Visierhaltestift m rear-sight pin (MG, 
R). 

Visierkimme f rear sight; rear sight 
notch. 

Visierklappe / rear-sight leaf (MG, 
R); sight-port cover (gun shield). 

Visierkorn n front sight; bead. 

Visierlinie / line of sight ( Ord) ; line 
of present position (AA gunnery). 

Visierlupe / magnifying sight lens 
( site-to-mask clinometer). 

Visierschieber m sight slide (MG, R). 

Yisierschild m sight shield (G). 

VisierschuB to direct-fire shot. 

VisierschuBweite / direct-fire range. 

Visierstange f rear sight pillar (MG). 

Visierstift m rear-sight pin (MG, R). 

Visiertrager m sight bracket (Ord). 

Visiervorrichtung f sight mechanism 
(Ord). 

Visierwinkel m angle of elevation 
(Gunnery) ; angular difference be- 
tween present and future position 
(AAA). 

Visierzeiger m telescope mount refer- 
ence pointer ( matches with Rohrzei- 
eer when gun is laid for elevation) . 



Vizeadmiral m vice admiral. 

V-Motor m V-engine. 

V-Null / muzzle velocity (abbr. Vo). 

Volkerrecht n international law. 

Volksdeutscher m German who is a 
citizen of another country. 

Volkswagen m “people’s ear” ( gen- 
eral purpose car, somewhat lighter 
than the jeep). 

Vollbahn / See Vollspurbahn. 

Vollgas n wide-open throttle. 

vollgelandegangig having complete 
cross-country ability (vehicles). 

VollgeschoB n shot (solid projectile) ; 
ball projectile; solid nonexplosive 
projectile. 

VoHgummireifen m solid tire. 

Vollkettenfahrzeug n full-track ve- 
hicle. 

Vollkorn n full sight (R aiming). 

vollmotorisiert fully mechanized. 

Vollreifen m solid tire. 

Vollrohr n monobloc gun barrel. 

Vollsichtkanzel / turret with full field 
of view (Ap). 

Vollsichtkuppel f See Vollsichtkanzel. 

Vollspurbahn f standard-gage rail- 
road (1.485 meters). 

vollstandiger SchuB complete round 
(Am). 

VoIItraghohe / service ceiling (Ap). 

Volltreffer m direct hit. 

vorarbeiten, sich work one’s way for- 
ward (by rushes, or crawling). 

Vorausabteilung / advance detach- 
ment. 

Vorausaufgahe f preliminary mission 
(Tac). 

Voraussage f prediction, forecast. 

Vorauswanderungsstrecke / linear 
travel of target during dead time, 
linear travel of target from position 
at instant of range determination to 
present position (AA gunnery). 

Vorbauschnabel to launching nose 
(Bdg). 

Vorbefehl to warning order (Tac). 

vorbeifahren roll by, ride by. 

Vorbeiflug to side-view flight, passing 
flight (AAA). 

Vorbeimarsch m pass in review, march 

in review. 

vorbeirollen roll by, pass by. 

Vorbeischlagen der Pulvergase flare- 

back (G). 

vorbereiten to prearrange, prepare in 




Vorhutfiihrer 



Vorbereitung 202 



advance, to schedule :in advance 
( Arty fire, etc.)- 
Vorbereitung / preparation. 
Vorbereitungsfeuer n preparation 
(Arty). 

vorbeugen prevent, anticipate. 
Vorbeugung / prophylaxis. 
Vorbeugungsmittel n prophylactic. 
Vorderachsantrieb m front-axle drive 
(MT). 

V order achse f front axle (MT). 
Vordergelenk n front piece of toggle 
joint (pistol). 

Vorderhang m forward slope (Top). 
Vorderhangstellung f forward slope 
position (Tac). 

Vorderholm m front outrigger (A A 
gun mount). 

Vorderkaffe / bow compartment (Pon). 
Vorderkante f leading edge (Ap). 
Vorderlader m muzzle loader, 
vorderlastig noseheavy (Ap). 
Vordermann m the man in front 
(drill). 

auf Vordermann stehen to be cov- 
ered in file. 

“Vordermann!” “Cover off!” 
Vordermann nehmen to cover off, to 
cover in file (drill). 

Vorderpferd n lead horse. 
Vorderradantrieb m front-wheel drive. 
Vordersteven w stem (Nav). 
Vorderstiitzen fpl front legs (MG 
tripod). 

Vorderzeug n martingale, breastplate 
harness, body of breast collar (har- 
ness). 

Vorderzwiesel m pommel (saddle); 

front arch (pack-saddle frame). 
vordringen to push forward, press for- 
ward. 

Vordruck m printed form, blank. 
Vorfahrt / right-of-way, priority. 
Vorfahrtberechtigter m one who has 
right-of-way. 

Vorfahrterlaubnis f permission to 
pass (vehicles in column). 
Vorfahrtregelung / priority regula- 
tions, traffic regulations regarding 
right-of-way or priority. 
Vorfahrtsrecht n priority, right-of- 
way. 

Vorfahrtszeichen n priority sign ( on 
a vehicle). 

Vorfeld n foreground; outpost area 
(Tac); apron (Adrm). 

Vorfliigel m slat (Ap wing). 



vorfiihlen, sich to feel one’s way for- 
ward, to try to establish contact. 
Vorfiihrung / demonstration. 
Vorgang m occurrence, incident, event; 
process. 

vorgehen to advance. 

Vorgelegewelle / countershaft (MT). 
vorgeschoben advance (d); forward, 

vorgeschobene Beobachtungsstelle 
forward observation post, 
vorgescbobener Gefechtsstand advance 
command post. 

vorgeschobene Stellungen position 
of advanced covering forces (Tac). 
vorgeschrieben prescribed. 
Vorgesetzter m superior, superior offi- 
cer or NCO. 

Vorhaben n intent, intention, plan. 
Vorhalt m lead (firing). 
Vorhalteeinrichtung / lead computer 
(AA and AT guns). 
Vorhalteeinstellung / positioning de- 
vice for leads (sight mechanism) . 
VorhaltemaB n See VorhaltsmaB. 
vorhalten to take a lead, apply a lead 
( Gunnery) . 

Vorhaltepunkt m future position of 
target (AA gunnery); predicted po- 
sition of target, set-forward point. 
Vorhaltestrecke f predicting interval 
(A A gunnery). 

Vorhaltewinkel m lead angle, angle 
between line of present position and 
line of future position ( A A gunnery) ; 
angle of lateral lead (Gunnery) ; 
range angle (bombing) ; drift angle 
(Air Navigation). 

VorhaltsmaB n amount of lead, lead 
factor (in firing at moving targets). 
Vorhaltswert m See VorhaltsmaB. 
Vorhand / forequarters (horse). 
Vorhersage f prediction, forecast. 
Vorholeinrichtung / counterrecoil 
mechanism, recuperator mechanism. 
Vorholer m recuperator, counterrecoil 
mechanism. 

Vorholerkolben m recuperator piston, 
counterrecoil piston. 

Vorholerlager n counterrecoil-mecha- 
nism bushing. 

Vorholerstiitze / counterrecoil-mecha- 
nism support. 

Vorhut / advance guard. 
Vorhutfiihrer m advance guard com- 
mander. 




Vorhutgefecht 203 V-Stellung 



Vorhutgefecht n advance guard ac- 
tion or engagement. 

Vorkammer / precombustion chamber 
(Diesel engine). 

Vorlage f flash-reducing wad (Arty); 
text, copy, pattern. 

Vorlauf to counterrecoil (G); nega- 
tive caster (MT). 

Vorlaufbe wegung / counterrecoil mo- 
tion. 

Vorlaufhemmstange f counterrecoil 
piston rod (G). 

Vormann m foreman (Reich Labor 
Service). 

Vormarsch to advance. 

Vormarschlinie / line of advance, axis 
of advance. 

VormarschstraBe f road of advance, 
route of advance. 

Vormarsch weg m line of advance, 
route of advance. 

Vorposten m outpost. 

Vorpostenabschnitt to outpost sector. 

Vorpostenabschnittsgrenze / outpost- 
sector boundary. 

Vorpostenaufstellung f setting up of 
outposts, disposition of outposts. 

Vorpostenboot n outpost patrol boat 
(Nav). 

Vorpostendienst m outpost duty. 

Vorpostenfiihrer to outpost comman- 
der. 

Vorpostengefecht n outpost engage- 
ment. 

Vorpostenkette / line of.outguards 
(Tac). 

Vorpostenkompanie / outpost company. 

Vorpostenreserve / outpost reserve. 

Vorpostensicherungslinie / outpost 
line of security (Tac). 

Vorpostenstellung / outpost position 
(Tac). 

Vorposten-Widerstandslinie / outpost 
line of resistance (Tac). 

vorprellen to rush forward. 

Vorrang to precedence, priority. 

Vorrat to stock, stores, supply. 

Vorratshaltung / maintenance of 
stocks or supplies. 

Vorratslauf to spare barrel (MG). 

Vorratsteil n spare part (MT). 

Vorratszug to supply platoon (TkBn). 

Vorrichtung f device, mechanism, fix- 
ture. 



vorrobben, sich to crawl forward. 

vorriicken to advance. 

Vorschlaghammer to sledge hammer. 

vorschreiben prescribe. 

Vorschrift f regulation, instruction, 
rule; manual. 

vorschiftsmaBig according to regula- 
tions. 

Vorsicht / caution, care; foresight 

(Surv). 

Vorsignal n preliminary signal, warn- 
ing signal. 

vorspringend projecting, salient. 

Vorsprung to salient (Tac); start, 
head start, lead. 

Vorspur / toe-in (MT). 

Vorstecker to safety pin (bombs, 
mines, etc.); lug (fuze). 

Vorsteckriemen m pommel-pad strap 
(saddle). 

VorstoB to assault, thrust, lunge ; 
piping, edging ( along seams of uni- 
form). 

Vorstrom to inflow (Avn). 

vortauschen to deceive, simulate, feign. 

Vortauschung von Krankheiten ma- 
lingering. 

Vortrag m lecture; verbal report and 
consultation (unth commanding offi- 
cer). 

vortreten to step forward, to step out 
of the ranks. 

Vortriebskraft / propelling power. 

Vortrupp to advance guard support 
(in Adv Gd of large unit); advance 
party (in Adv Gd of smaller unit). 

Vorverdichter to supercharger. 

vorverlegen to lift (Arty fire). 

Vorwahler to preselector (Tp). 

Vorwarmer to preheater. 

Vorwarner m outpost observer (SR). 

Vorwarnerstelle / outpost station (SR). 

Vorwiirtseinschneiden n intersection 
(Surv). 

Vorwartsfahrer to front driver (of n 
vehicle with double-ended drive). 

Vorwartsgang to forward speed (MT). 

Vorwartsgeschwindigkeit / forward 
velocity (bombing). 

Vorwartsstaffelung / positive stagger 
( Ap wings). 

Vorziindung / preignition (Mtr). 

V-Stellung. f dihedral setting (Ap 

wings). 




Waage 



204 



Waffenpriifung 



w 



Waage f scales, balance, 
waagerecht horizontal. 
Waagerechtbombenwurf m level-flight 
bombardment. 

waagerechte Gitterlinie X-line (of 
map grid). 

waagerechte SchuBweite level-point 
range (Gunnery). 

Waagerechtflug m level flight, hori- 
zontal flight. 

Wabo f See Wasserbombe. 
Wachanzug m guard uniform (pre- 
scribed for guard duty). 
Wachbataillon n guard battalion (in 
rear areas and Z of 1). 

Wachboot n patrol vessel. 

Wachbuch n guard book ( guard duty). 
Wachdienst m guard duty. 

Wache / guard; watch (Nav). 
die Wache auf ziehen to mount the 
guard. 

die Wache ablosen to relieve the 
guard. 

Wachgebaude n guardhouse. 
Wachhabender m commander of the 
guard. 

Wachkompanie f guard company (one 
providing the detail for guard 
duty). 

Wachlokal n guardroom. 
Wachmannschaft f guard detail. 
Wachposten m sentry. 
Wachradfahrerkompanie / bicycle 
company of a Wachbataillon. 
Wachregiment n guard regiment (in 
rear areas and Z of I). 

Wachsamkeit / vigilance. 

Wachschiff n. patrol vessel, 
wachsender . Drall increasing twist 
(Ord). 

Wachstaffet m oilskin. 

Wachstube / guardroom. 

Wachstuch n oilcloth. 

Wacht / radar station (Luftwaffe). 
Wachtleitstelle f radar control sta- 
tion (Luftwaffe). 

Wachtmeister m technical sergeant 
(Arty, Cav, AAA of the Luftwaffe). 
Wachtruppen fpl guard troops (in 
rear areas and Z of I). 

Wachtturm m watchtower. 



Wachvorgesetzter m commander of 
the guard. 

Wachwelle / stand-by frequency 

(Rad). 

Wackelkontakt to loose contact (Elec). 
wackeln to rock (Ap wings) ; to shake, 
to be loose. 

Wade f calf (of leg). 

Waffe / weapon; arm. 

Waffenamt n ordnance office ( a branch 
of the Oberkommando des Heeres). 
Waffenaufnahme / gun holder (mul- 
tiple AA gun mount). 

Waffenblende / gun shield, gun 
mantlet (Tk). 

Waffenentgiftung / decontamination 
of .weapons. 

Waffenentgiftungsmittel n weapons 
decontaminating agent. 

Waffenfarbe f service color. 
Waffenfeldwebel m technical sergeant 
( armorer-artificer ) . 

Waffenfett n gun grease, rifle grease. 
Waffenfiihrung f tactics and tech- 
nique. 

Waffengattung f arm or branch of the 
service. 

Waffengruppe f group (Ord, SA). 
die Waffengruppen auseinanderneh- 
men to field strip (a R, etc.). 
Waffeninspektion / ordnance inspec- 
torate (a branch of the Allgemeines 
Heeresair.t) . 

Waffenkasten m arms container ( aerial 
delivery unit). 

Waffenlager n ordnance depot, 
waffenlos unarmed. 

Waffenmeister m armorer-artificer 
official (Civ official ranking as 2nd 
Lt). 

Waffenmeistergehilfe m assistant ar- 
morer-artificer. 

Waffenmeisterei / armory, ordnance 
shop; armorer-artificer’s staff or 
function. 

Waffenmeisterschule / armorer-arti- 
ficer school, ordnance school. 
WafFenoffizier m ordnance staff offi- 
cer, ordnance officer. 

Waffenpriifung / ordnance proving or 
testing. 




Waffenrock 



205 



Waschbenzin 



Waffenrock to blouse. 

Waffenruhe f truce. 

VVaffenschule / service school. 
Waffen-SS / SS Armed Forces. 
Waffenstillstand to armistice, 
ortlicher Waffenstillstand truce. 
Waffenstillstandsbedingungen fpl ar- 
mistice terms. 

Waffenstreckung / surrender. 
Waffenstreuung / armament error. 
Waffentechnik / tactics and technique, 
waffentechnisch pertaining to ord- 
nance engineering or mechanics. 
Waffeniiberlegenheit f superiority of 
arms and equipment. 

Waffen und Gerat ordnance materiel. 
Waffen- und Geratenachweis m prop- 
erty book. 

Waffen- und Geratuntersuchung / 
technical inspection. 
Waffen-Unteroffizier m ordnance ser- 
geant. 

Waffenwagen to armament car (ar- 
mored RR train). 

Waffenwart m armorer-artificer. 
Wagen m wagon; car (MT , RR). 
Wagenfahre f ferry for vehicles. 
WagenfUhrer to car commander (MT). 
Wagenhalteplatz m ambulance load- 
ing post. 

Wagenheber to jack. 

Wagenplane f tarpaulin for vehicle. 
Wagenzugfuhrer m caisson section 
leader (Arty). 

wahlen to dial (Tp) ; to select, choose ; 
to vote. 

Wahler m dial (Tp); selector (switch- 
board mechanism). 

Wahlerbetrieb to dial system (Tp). 
Wahlscheibe / dial (Tp); selector 
dish (switchboard mechanism). 
wahrscheinlicher Fehler probable 
error. 

Wahrscheinlichkeitsfaktor to proba- 
bility factor (Ballistics). 

WaldbliiBe / forest clearing. 
Waldgefecht n combat in woods. 
Waldgelande n wooded area, woodland. 
Waldlichtung f forest clearing. 
Waldrand to edge of woods or forest. 
Waldschneise / fire break, straight 
narrow forest clearing. 

Waldweg to forest road. 

Wall to rampart, wall (Ft); embank- 
ment. 

Wallfeldwebel m technical sergeant 
(Ft troops). 



Wallgraben to moat, ditch. 
Wallmeister m technical official of 
fortifications (Civ official ranking as 
2nd Lt). 

Walloberfeldwebel to. master sergeant 
(Ft troops). 

Wallstabsfeldwebel to regimental ser- 
geant major (Ft troops). 

Walze f roller; body (of a shell); 
cylinder. 

Walzenblende / cylindrical mount, 
mantlet for cylindrical mount (Tk 
gun). 

walzenformig cylindrical. 

Walzlager n antifriction bearing, ball 
or roller bearing. 

Walzwerk n rolling mill. 

Wand f interior wall; baffle; bulk- 
head; interior side. 

Wanderbatterie / roving battery 
(Arty). 

Wandergeschiitz n roving gun. 
Wanderungsgeschwindigkeit / rate 
of travel. 

Wange / cheek. 

Wanne / trough, tub; bull (Tk); 
ventral turret (Ap). 

Wanze f bedbug. 

Warenlager n warehouse. 

Warme f heat. 

Warmebestiindigkeit / resistance to 
heat. 

Warmegleichwert m mechanical 
equivalent of heat. 

Warmeunterschied w. temperature 
difference (Met). 

Warmluftenteisung f thermo ice elimi- 
nation (Ap). 

Warmluftfront f warm front (Met). 
Warnflagge / danger flag. 

Warnsignal n danger signal, 
Warnstelle f lookout post; district 
warning center (AWS). 

Warnung / warning. 

Warnzentrale f control center (AWS). 
Wart w ground mechanic, maintenance 
man (Avn); mechanic, rigger; man 
in charge; warden, lookout. 

Warte f watchtower; observatory, 
war ten to wait; to service (Ap, Mtr, 
etc.). 

Wartestellung f stand-by position, 
waiting position. 

Wartung f servicing, maintenance. 
Warze / lug, stud. 

Waschbenzin n gasoline used for 
cleaning purposes. 




Waschesack 



206 Wegeknie 



Waschesack m laundry bag, bar- 
rack(s) bag. 

Waschetasche f laundry pocket 
( pack). 

Waschewechsel m change of under- 
clothing. 

wasserabstoBend water-repellent. 
Wasserbehalter m water chest; water 
tank. 

Wasserbombe / depth bomb, depth 
charge. 

Wasserdestillationskompanie / water 
distillation company, 
wasserdicht waterproof, watertight. 
Wasserdichtigkeit f impermeability to 
water. „ 

Wasserfahrzeug n craft, vessel ( stream, 
crossing). 

Wasserflugzeug n seaplane, 
wassergekiihlt water-cooled, 
wassergierig hygroscopic (powder). 
Wasserlandflugzeug n amphibian air- 
plane. 

Wasserlandung / landing on water 
(Avn). 

Wasserlauf m stream, watercourse. 
Wasserleitung f water pipes, water 
main. 

Wasserlinie f waterline. 
Wassermantel m water jacket (MG, 
Mtr). 

wassern to land on water ( Avn). 
Wasserpumpe / water pump. 
Wasserpumpenkiihlung f force-circu- 
lation cooling system (Mtr). 
Wasserreinigungssack m water- 
sterilizing bag. 

Wassersaulen-Druckmesser m water- 
column pressure gage. 

Wassersperre / water obstacle. 
Wasserspiegel m water level, water 
surface. 

Wasserstand m water level. 
Wasserstandsmesser m water-level 
gage. 

Wasserstoff in hydrogen. 
WasserstraBe f waterway. 
Wassertransport m transportation by 
water. 

Wassertrense f watering bridle (har- 
ness) . 

Wasserturm m water tower. 
Wasserumlauf m water circulation 
(Mtr). 

Wasserung / landing on water (Avn). 
Wasserverankerung f anchorage in 
water (Pon Bdg). 



Wasserversorgungskompanie / water 
supply company (Mil). 
Wasserversorgungsstelle f water sup- 
ply point. 

Wasserverteilungsstelle / water dis- 
tributing point. 

Wasserwaage / builder’s level, water 
level (Inst). 

wasserwarts streamward. 
Wasserwerk n waterworks, 
waten to wade. 

Watfahigkeit / fording ability, 
stream-crossing ability (MT). 

Watte / absorbent cotton. 
Weberknoten m weaver’s knot. 
Wechsel m change; displacement 
(Arty); alternation, one-half cycle 
(Elec); exchange, currency. 
Wechselbeziehung f correlation. 
Wechselfalle des Gefechts fortunes of 
war. 

Wechselfestigkeit / fatigue strength 
(Mech). 

Wechselfeuer n intermittent light. 
Wechselgetriebe n gear transmission. 
Wechselpunkt m midpoint (AA gun- 
nery); critical point (Top). 
Wechselpunktentfernung / slant range 
to midpoint (AA gunnery). 
Wechselrichter m vibrator (Rad). 
Wechselstellung / alternate emplace- 
ment, alternate firing position. 
Wechselstrom m alternating current. 
Wechselstromerzeuger m alternating- 
current generator, alternator (Elec). 
Wechselstrom wecker m alternating- 
current buzzer or ringer (Tp). 
Wechsel verkehr m alternate two-way 
traffic (Rad). 

Wecken n reveille. 

Wecker m buzzer, ringer (Tp). 
Weckerfallklappe / drop, shutter (Tp). 
Weg m road, route, passage, way, 
channel. 

Wegebau m road construction. 
Wegebiegung / road curve, road bend. 
Wegedreieek n triangular road junc- 
tion. 

Wegeeinmiindung f junction of side 
road with main road. 

Wegeerkundung f road reconnais- 
sance, reconnaissance of route. 
Wegegabel f road fork. 

Wegekarte / circulation map, road, 
map. 

Wegeknie n V-turn (road). 




Wegekreuzung 

Wegekreuzung / crossroads, intersec- 
tion. 

Wegenetz n road net, network of 
roads. 

Wegeposten m marker (traffic con- 
trol). 

Wegesperre / road block. 

Wegespinne f multiple road junction. 

Wegestrecke / stretch of road. 

Wegeverhaltnisse npl road conditions. 

Wegflugpeilung / back bearing (Air 
Navigation). 

“Weggetreten!” “Dismissed!” 

Wegskizze / strip map, sketched road 
map. 

Wegsperre f road block. 

wegtreten to break ranks. 

wegtreten lassen to dismiss. 

Wegweiser m road sign. 

Wehr n weir (Engr). 

Wehr / defense; parapet (G emplace- 
ment). 

Wehrausbildung / military training. 

Wehrbarmachung / activation. 

Wehrbezirk m recruiting district (sub- 
division of a Wehrersatzbezirk). 

Wehrbezirkskommandeur m recruiting 
district commander. 

Wehrbezirkskommando n recruiting 
district headquarters. 

Wehrdienst m military service; ser- 
vice with the armed forces. 

Wehrdienstbeschadigung f nonbattle 
injury. 

Wehrdienst im Beurlaubtenstande 
military service with reserve status. 

Wehrdienstverhaltnis n service status. 

Wehrersatz m recruiting and replace- 
ment for the armed forces. 

Wehrersatzbezirk to recruiting area 
(subdivision of a Wehrkreis). 

Wehrersatzdienststelle f recruiting- 
office. 

Wehrersatzinspekteur m recruiting 
area commander. 

Wehrersatzinspektion / recruiting 
area headquarters. 

Wehrersatzwesen n armed forces re- 
cruiting and replacement administra- 
tion. 

Wehrertiichtigung / military training. 

Wehrerziehung / military education. 

wehrfahig fit for military service, 
eligible for military service; able- 
bodied. 

Wehrform / national defense system. 

Wehrgeographie / military geography. 



Wehrmachtgericht 

Wehrgeologie / military geology. 

Wehrgeopolitik / military geopolitics. 

Wehrgesetz n compulsory service law, 
national defense act. 

Wehrhoheit / military sovereignty 
( right of a country to have armed 
forces of any strength and type). 

Wehrkreis m military area (corre- 
sponds roughly to corps area or ser- 
vice command; territorial Germany is 
divided into about 15 Wehrkreise 

' which form the basis for recruitment 
and replacements). 

Wehrkreisbefehlshaber m military 
area commander. 

Wehrkreis-Ersatzdepot n recruit re- 
ception center of a Wehrkreis. 

Wehrkreiskommando n military area 
headquarters. 

Wehrmacht f Armed Forces. 

Wehrmachtakademie / armed forces 
war college. 

Wehrmachtauskunftstelle f armed 
forces information office (supplies 
information regarding casualties, 
missing, etc., upon inquiry by next 
of kin). 

Wehrmachtbeamter m civilian official 
of the armed forces (Wehrmacht- 
beamte have nominal rank and wear 
uniforms; they are classified as com- 
batants). 

Wehrmachtbefehlshaber to military 
district commander in occupied terri- 
tory (directly responsible to the 
Oberkommando der Wehrmacht). 

Wehrmachtbericht m communique of 

. the High Command. 

Wehrmachtbevollmachtigter m Armed 
Forces Plenipotentiary ( commander 
of a protectorate or other occupied 
territory). 

Wehrmachtfahrkarte f soldier’s re- 
duced-rate railroad ticket. 

Wehrmachtfiihrerschein m military 
motor vehicle operator’s permit. 

Wehrmachtfiihrungsstab m armed 
forces operations staff (a joint oper- 
ations staff under the Oberkommando 
der Wehrmacht). 

Wehrmaehtgefangnis n disciplinary 

barracks. 

Wehrmachtgeistlicher m chaplain. 

Wehrmacht gelande n military reser- 
vation. 

Wehrmachtgericht n military court. 



207 




Wehrmacht- 



208 Wellenwiderstand 



Wehrmachtgesundheitsdienst to mili- 
tary hygiene service. 

Wehrmachtrundfunkempfanger to 
standard broadcast receiver issued 
to arrped forces personnel. 

Wehrmachtseelsorgedienst to chap- 
lains’ service of the armed forces. 

Wehrmachtsfahrlehrerschein to mili- 
tary motor vehicle instructor’s 
license. 

Wehrmacht-Standort to military post, 
garrison or station. 

Wehrmacht-Strafgesetzbuch n mili- 
tary penal code. 

Wehrmachtteil to branch of the armed 
forces (such as Army or Navy). 

Wehrmeldeamt n draft board. 

Wehrmeldebezirk to draft district 
(subdivision of a Wehrbezirk). 

Wehrnummer / personal number ( ap- 
pears on identification tag and in pay 
book; does not correspond to US 
Army Serial Number). 

Wehrordnung f compulsory service 
law regulations. 

Wehrorganisation f armed-defense 
system. 

Wehrpapiere npl military service 
documents. 

WehrpaB to service record book. 

Wehrpflicht / obligation to serve in 
the armed forces. 

Wehrpflichtiger to one who is subject 
to the draft. 

Wehrrecht n military law. 

Wehrsold to army pay. 

Hohe des Wehrsoldes rate of pay. 

Wehrsoldgruppe / pay grade. 

Wehrstammblatt n document giving 
personal details (made out at local 
induction center). 

Wehrstammbuch n service record 
book. 

Wehrstammkarte / locator card. 

Wehrstammrolle / roster of draftees 
(arranged according to age groups). 

Wehrstrafrecht n military penal law. 

Wehrsystem n national defense sys- 
tem. 

wehrtauglich fit for military service. 

wehrunwiirdig unworthy to bear arms 
( classification given to criminals, 
etc.). 

Wehrvergehen n military offense. 

Wehrversammlung / annual assem- 
bly of reservists. 

wehrwichtige Giiter essential items. 



wehrwichtige Nachrichten military 

information. 

Wehrwirtschaft / war economy, mili- 
tary economics. 

Wehrwissenschaft / military science. 

wehrwiirdig worthy to bear arms. 
See also wehrunwiirdig. 

Weiche / switch (HR) ; filter (Rad); 
flank (horse). 

Weicheisen n soft iron, mild steel. 

weichen give ground, give way, fall 
back. 

Weichenbock to switch stand (RR). 

Weichenhebel to switch lever (RR). 

VVeichenlaterne / switch lamp (RR). 

Weingarten to vineyard. 

Weingeist to alcohol. 

Weise f manner, method, way. 

WeiBkreuz n lacrimator (Ger mark- 
ing “White Cross”). 

Weisung / directive, instruction, let- 
ter of instruction. 

Weite / width; distance. 

Weiterbildung / advanced training. 

weitergeben to forward, pass along, 
relay. 

Weiterleitungsstelle f forwarding 
point, forwarding station. 

“Weitermachen!” “As you were!” (In 
the sense of “Carry on!”). 

Weitermarsch to resumed march. 

WeitschuB to over (Gunnery). 

Weitwerfer to long-range flame 
thrower. 

Weitwinkelaufnahme / wide-angle 
photograph. 

Wellblech n corrugated sheet metal. 

Welle / wave; frequency (Rad); 
shaft, axle, spindle, 
in rollenden Wellen in waves (Tac). 

Wellenausbreitung / wave propagation 
(Rad). 

Wellenband n wave band, frequency 
band (Rad). 

Wellenbereich to wave range (Rad). 

Wellenbrecher to breakwater. 

Wellenlange / wave length (Rad). 

Wellenleistung / brake horsepower. 

Wellenmesser to wavemeter, frequency 
meter (Rad). 

Wellenspektrum n frequency spec- 
trum (Rad). 

Wellenwechsel to change of frequency 

(Rad). 

Wellenwiderstand to characteristic 
impedance, surge impedance (Elec, 
Rad). 




Wellenzapfen 209 Wetterpeilzug 



Wellenzapfen to journal (Mech). 
wellig wavy, undulating; pulsating 
(Elec). 

Wellpappe / corrugated paper. 
Weltkrieg w World War I. 
Weltkriegsteilnehmer to veteran of 
World War I. 

Wendegetriebe n reversing gear. 
Wendekreis to turning radius (MT). 
wenden to turn, veer. 

Wendepunkt to turning point, critical 
point. 

Wendeturm to pylon (Adrm). 
Wendewinkel to angle of yaw 
(Avn). 

Wendezeiger to bank and turn indi- 
cator (Ap). 

Wendigkeit / maneuverability (Ap); 
ease in steering or turning, mobility 
(vehicles). 

Wendung f turn ( Avn) ; facing ( drill) ; 

reversal; change, 
werfen to throw. 

Werferm smoke-shell mortar ; signal 
projector; rocket projector. See also 
Nebelwerfer. 

Werferabteilung / chemical battalion, 
smoke battalion; rocket projector 
battalion. 

Werferrahmen w projector frame; 

frame-type rocket projector. 
Werferregiment n chemical regi- 
ment, smoke regiment; rocket pro- 
jector regiment. 

Werferschiitze to mortar gunner. 
Werft f shipyard, dockyard; workshop 
(Adrm). 

Werfthalle f repair hangar (Adrm). 
Werg n oakum. 

Werk n work (Ft, etc.); plant, fac- 
tory. 

Werkbank / workbench. 
Werkflugplatz to factory airfield. 
Werkluftschutz to factory air-defense 
system. 

.Verkmeister to shop foreman (Civ 
official ranking as Master Sgt). 
Werkstatt / workshop, machine shop. 
Werkstattauftrag m work order. 
Werkstattgeratkraftwagen to spare 
parts truck (MT). 

Werkstattkompanie f repair-shop 
company, workshop company. 
Werkstattkraftwagen m repair-shop 
truck, mobile machine shop (MT). 
Werkstattrupp to repair-shop detach- 
ment, maintenance party. 



Werkstattzug m maintenance platoon 

(Tk Bn). 

Werkstoff to material. 

Werkzeug n tool. 

Werkzeugkasten to tool box. 
Werkzeugmaschine f machine tool. 
Werkzeugstahl to tool steel. 
Werkzeugtasche / tool bag, tool kit. 
Wert to value, factor. 

Wespe / wasp (also nickname for 
Ger self-propelled light field howit- 
zer). 

Westa f See Wettererkundungsstaffel. 
Westwall to. West Wall (a system of 
fortifications along Germany’s west- 
ern frontier). 

Westwallabzeichen n West Wall Badge 
( decoration). 

Wetter n weather. 

Wetterbeobachtung / weather obser- 
vation. 

Wetterberatung f See Wetterbericht. 
Wetterberatungszentrale f air forces 
weather reporting center. 
Wetterbericht to weather report. 
Wetterbericht vom Pilotballon pibal 
(Met). 

Wetterbezirk m weather region, con- 
trol region. 

Wetterdienst to weather service. 
Wetterdienstgerate npl weather in- 
struments (Met). 

Wetterdiensthelferin f air forces 
weather service woman auxiliary. 
Wetterelement n weather factor (Bal- 
listics, Met). 

Wettererkundung / weather recon- 
naissance (Avn). 

Wettererkundungsstaffel f weather 
reconnaissance squadron ( Avn). 
Wetterfahne f weather vane. 
Wetterfiihrung / ventilating system 
(mine). 

Wetterfunkmeldung f weather mes- 
sage, meteorological message (Rad). 
Wetterfunkspruch m See Wetterfunk- 
meldung. 

Wetterkarte f weather map (Met). 
Wetterkunde f meteorology. 
Wetterlage / weather conditions. 
Wetterleuchten n lightning (Met). 
Wettermeldung f weather report 
(Avn); metro message (Arty). 
Wettermessung f meteorological meas- 
urement. 

Wetterpeilzug to meteorological and 
direction-finding platoon. 




Wetterschliissel 



210 Winkel 



Wetterschliissel to weather code. 
Wetterspinne / wind-component indi- 
cator (Gunnery). 

Wettersprengmittel n safety mining 
explosive. 

Wetterstelle / weather station. 
Wettei'stdrung- f meteorological- dis- 
turbance. 

Wettervoraussage / weather forecast. 
Wettervorhersage / See Wettervoraus- 
sage. 

Wetterwarte / weather station. 
Wetterzug to metro platoon (Arty). 
wetzen to sharpen, hone. 

Wezu-Gerat n wind corrector and time 
scale (SR) (Wezu = Wetterzug). 
wichsen to polish (leather, etc.). 
Wickelgamaschen fpl wrapped leg- 
gins, wrap puttees. 

Wicklung / winding, wrapping. 
Widerlager n abutment (Bdg). 
Widerrist to withers (horse). 
Widerstand to resistance (Elec, Tac); 
drag (Avn). 

Widerstandsgruppe / unit assigned to 
one sector of main line of resistance 
(Tac). 

Widerstandskessel to pocket of resis- 
tance. 

Widerstandslinie f line of resistance. 
Widerstandslinie der Vorposten out- 
post line of resistance (Tac). 
Widerstandsmesser to ohmmeter. 
Widerstandsmoment n section modu- 
lus (Engr). 

Widerstandsnest n island of resistance, 
pocket of resistance. 
Widerstandsstellung / delaying posi- 
tion. 

Widerstandstruppe / delaying unit 
(Tac). 

Widerstandszentrum n center of re- 
sistance (Tac). 

widerstehen to withstand, resist, 
wiederherstellen to repair, restore, 
reconstruct. 

Wiederherstellung / reconstruction, 
repair, restoration, 
wiederholen to repeat. 
Wiederholungsunterricht to refresher 
instruction. 

wieder richten to re-lay (Gunnery). 
Wiederspannabzug m double action 
(SA). 

Wiege / cradle (G). 
wiegen to weigh. 



Wiegengleitbahn / cradle guide rails 

(G). 

Wiegentrager m cradle frame (G). 
Wiegentrog to cradle trough ( G). 
Wiegenzurrung / cradle lock ( G). 
Wiese und Weide grassland. 

Wimpel to pennant. 

Windabtrift / wind drift, 
windabwarts downwind, leeward. 
Windanker to downstream anchor 
cable (Pon Bdg). 

Windankerleine / downstream anchor 
cable (Pon Bdg). 

Windankerlinie / downstream line of 
anchors (Pon Bdg). 

Windankertau n downstream anchor 
cable (Pon Bdg). 

Windanzeiger m wind indicator. 
Winddruck m wind pressure. 

Winde f winch. 

Windenkasten m winch box. 
Windewagen m winch truck. 
Windfahne / wind vane. 
Windfahnenkorn n wind vane front 
sight (Ap MG). 

Windfliigel m fan (MT); arming 
vane (bomb). 

Windjacke f double-breasted field 
jacket. 

Windkanal m wind tunnel (Avn). 
Windkegel to wind cone. 

Windmesser to See WindmeBgerat. 
WindmeBgerat n anemometer. 
Windmessung / wind test (Met). 
Windmiihle / windmill. 

Windpfeil to wind arrow (Met). 
Windrichtungsanzeiger to wind-direc- 
tion indicator (Avn). 

Windsack to wind cone, windsock, 
windschief twisted, warped, 
windschiefer Flug crabbing ( Avn). 
Windschliissel to key to weather code 
numbers and symbols (Met). 
Windschutz m windbreak. 
Windschutzscheibe / windshield, 
windseitig windward. 

Windstarke / wind velocity (Met). 
WindstoB to squall, gust, bump. 
Windung f twist (Ord). 

Windverband to lateral bracing (Bdg). 
Windverhaltnisse npl wind factors 
(Ballistics). 

windwarts upwind, windward. 
Windziffer / wind reference number 

( Gunnery). 

Winkel m angle; V-formation, wedge 
formation ( Avn) ; chevron. 




Winkelauswanderung 211 Wolkenscheinwerfer 



Winkelauswanderung / angular move- 
ment, angular travel. 

Winkelbeschleunigung / angular ac- 
celeration. 

Winkel der Schraglage angle of bank, 
angle of roll (Avn). 

Winkelfernrohr n elbow telescope. 

Winkelgeschwindigkeit f angular 

speed, angular velocity, angular 
travel. 

Winkelgruppe f firing angles, 
untere Winkelgruppe low firing angles 
(0° to 45°). 

obere Winkelgruppe high firing 

angles (45° to 90°). 

Winkelhebel m angle cam (MG lock). 

Winkelkopf to head of static rod 
(river-width measuring Inst). 

Winkellasche / butt strap (made of 
angle iron). 

WinkelmaB n angular measurement; 
phase constant (Rad). 

Winkelmesser m gunner’s quadrant; 
clinometer (Surv, Arty); goniometer 
(Surv); protractor. 

Winkelmesserebene / quadrant plate 

(G). 

Winkelmeligerat n protractor. 

Winkelmessung / goniometry (Surv). 

Winkelspiegel to periscope, protec- 
toscope (Tk). 

Winkeltrommel / cross staff (Surv 
Inst for laying out right angles). 

Winker to flagman; signaler using a 
signal disk; signal arm or light indi- 
cating direction of turn (MT). 

Winkerflagge f See Winkflagge. 

Winkerkelle f See Winkerstab. 

Winkerstab to signaling disk. 

Winkflagge / semaphore flag, control 
flag, signal flag. 

Winkspruch to semaphore message, 
message transmitted by signaling 
disk or hand signals. 

Winkverbindung / visual communica- 
tion by flag or hand signals. 

Winkzeichen n hand signal, flag signal. 

Winterausriistung / winter equipment. 

Winterbeweglichkeit / mobility in 
winter. 

Winterkettenglied n oversize track 
shoe for operations in deep snow 
(MT, Tk). 

Winterkrieg m winter warfare. 

Winterlost n 50-50 mixture of lewisite 
and mustard (CWS). 

Wintermedaille des Ostkrieges Eastern 



Campaign Winter Medal (decora- 
tion). 

Wirbel to vortex, eddy, whirl; whirl- 
pool; drum roll; spine. 

Wirbelbildung / formation of eddies 

(Ballistics) . 

Wirbelkammer f turbulence chamber 
(Diesel engine). 

Wirbelsaule / spinal column. 

Wirbelstrom to eddy current (Elec). 

Wirbelsturm to cyclone, tornado. 

wirksam effective. 

wirksame SchuBweite effective range. 

wirksame Steigung effective pitch 
( propeller). 

Wirkungsbereich m effective range 
(Ord); field of fire (Ord); radius of 
action (Ap). 

Wirkungsdauer / persistence (of a 
Cml agent). 

Wirkungsfeuer n fire for effect (Arty). 

Wirkungshalbmesser to radius of rup- 
ture (demolitions). 

Wirkungskreis to circle of rupture 
(demolitions) . 

WirkungsschieBen n fire for effect 
(Gunnery). 

Wirtschaft / economy; tavern. 

wirtschaftlich economical. 

Wirtschaftskrieg to economic warfare. 

Wirtshaus n tavern, inn. 

Wischer to wiper; sponge; cleaning- 
patch; windshield wiper. 

Wischstock TO cleaning rod (G). 

Wischstrick to pull-through rope (for 
pulling brush or sponge through G 
barrel). 

Witterung f atmospheric conditions, 
weather. 

Witterungseinfliisse mpl exterior bal- 
listic factors, weather factors. 

W-Motor m three-bank upright en- 
gine. 

WohnungsgeldzuschuB to commuta- 
tion of quarters, rental allowance. 

Wohnviertel n residential quarter. 

Woilach to saddle blanket. 

Wolbung f droop; camber. 

Wolfram n tungsten. 

Wolfsgrube / obstacle pit (Ft). 

Wolke / cloud. 

Wolkendecke / cloud cover. 

Wolkenfeld n cloud bank. 

Wolkenhohe / ceiling (Met). 

wolkenlos clear (Met). 

Wolkenscheinwerfer to ceiling light 
(Met). 




Wolkensegeln 212 Zahnkranzlenkung 



Wolkensegeln n cloud soaring ( glider). 
Wolkenspiegel m nephoscope (Met). 
Wolkenuntergrenze / base of cloud, 
wolkig broken (Met). 

Wolldecke / wool blanket. 

Wolle / wool. 

Wolokusche / boat-type runner 
(placed under gun wheels for opera- 
tions in deep snow). 

Wortlaut m text, wording. 

Wriggeln n sculling. 

Wucht / kinetic energy; striking 
power, force of impact. 

Wulstband n rim band (MT). 
Wulstfelge f clincher rim (MT). 
Wundbrand m gangrene. 

Wunde f wound. 

Wundstarrkrampf m lockjaw, tetanus. 
Wundverband m dressing, bandage. 
Wurf m cast, throw; bomb release. 
“Wurf!” “Bombs away!” 

Wurfarten fpl types of release (bomb- 
ing). 

Wurfbahn f bomb trajectory. 



Wurf el m cube; capsule, pellet. 

Wurfgerat n projector, 
schweres Wurfgerat chemical rocket 
projector. 

Wurfgranate / mortar shell. 

Wurfgranatziinder m mortar-shell 
fuze. 

Wurfkorper m special projectile for 
signal pistols. 

Wurfparabel / bomb trajectory. 

Wurfrahmen m framework-type pro- 
jector for high-explosive or incendi- 
ary rockets. 

WurftaubenschieBstand m skeet range. 

Wurfweite / mortar range; throwing 
range (hand grenades); bombing 
range. 

Wiirgebohrung f tapered bore, choke 
(barrel) (Ord). 

Wiirgezange / cap crimper (Engr). 

Wiirgung / crimp (Am ). 

Wurzel f root. 

Wiiste / desert. 



X 



X-Tag m M-day, mobilization day. | X-Uhr / H-hour, zero hour. 



Y 



ifperit n mustard gas. 



z 



zah tough, tenacious; viscous; stub- 
born. 

Zahl f number. 

Zahlenwert m numerical value. 

Zahlmeister m paymaster official 
(Wehrmachtbeamter, generally rank- 
ing as 2nd Lt, responsible for pay 
and allowances, ration, messing, cloth- 
ing accounts and company finances). 

Zahlmeisterei / office and function of 
the Zahlmeister. 

Zahn m tooth. 



I Zahnarzt m dentist. See also Sani- 
tatsoffizier(Z). 

Zahnbehandlung f dental treatment. 

Zahnbogen m elevating arc, elevating 
rack (G). 

Zahnbogenrichtmaschine / arc-type 
elevating mechanism (G). 

Zahnkette f driving chain (MT). 

Zahnkranz m traversing rack (Tk 
turret, AA gun). 

Zahnkranzlenkung f worm and sector 
steering system (MT). 




Zahnrad 



213 Zermiirbungsstrateg'ie 



Zahnrad n gear, gear wheel; pinion. 
Zahnradgetriebe n gear transmission 
(MT). 

Zahnradpumpe / gear pump (Mtr). 
Zahnstange / rack (Tech). 
Zahnstangenlenkung / pinion and sec- 
tor steering system (MT). 
Zahntechniker m dental technician. 
Zange / pliers, tongs. 

Zangenangriff m pincer attack, double 
envelopment (Tac). 

Zangenbewegung / pincer movement. 
Zapfen m pin; journal; trunnion; 

pivot; plug; tap; spigot; tenon. 
Zapfendiise / pintle nozzle, pin nozzle 
(Mtr). 

Zapfenkreuz n cross (of a universal 
joint). 

Zapfenlager n pillow block, bushing. 
Zapfenstreich m taps. 

Zapfstelle / standpipe. 

Zaum to bridle. 

Zaun to fence. 

Zehe / toe. 

Zeichen n sign; signal; call; military 
symbol. 

Zeichenhrett n drawing hoard. 
Zeichenerklarung / legend, key to 
map signs. 

Zeichengerat n plotting instrument, 
drawing instrument. 

Zeichenpapier n drawing paper. 
Zeichenverbindung / visual communi- 
cation. 

zeichnen to draw, sketch. 

Zeichnung / drawing, blueprint, plan. 
Zeigefinger m forefinger. 

Zeiger to indicator, pointer; hand, 
needle ( on Inst dial). 
Zeigerzieleinrichtung / follow-the- 
pointer sight mechanism (G). 
Zeitabstand to headway, time interval. 
Zeitbombe / time bomb. 

Zeiteinteilung f timetable (Tac). 
Zeitgruppe / time heading (on Rad 
messages). 

ZeitmaB n cadence (marching). 
Zeitschnur / safety fuze, blasting fuze. 
Zeittafel f timetable, schedule. 
Zeitunterschied m time difference 
(SR); time interval (AAA). 
Zeitunterschiedverfahren n time-dif- 
ference method (SR). 

Zeitzeichen n time signal. 

Zeitzunder m time fuze (Am). 
ZeitziinderschuB to time fire (Gun- 
nery). 



Zeitziindschnur / safety fuze, blast- 
ing fuze. 

Zelle / cell, cellule. 

Zellon n cellulose acetate. 

Zellophan n cellophane. 
Zellophaniiberzug to cellophane cover. 
Zellstoff to cellulose. 

Zelluloidtafel / celluloid disk; pro- 
tractor; templet. 

Zellwolle / cellulose fiber. 

Zelt n tent. 

Zeltausriistung / tent equipment. 
Zeltbahn / shelter half. 

Zeltbau to tent pitching. 

Zeltlager n tent camp. 

Zeltleine / guy rope ( tent). 

Zeltpflock m tent pin, guy pin, guy- 
line stake. 

Zeltstock to tent pole. 

Zementfliese f concrete paving block. 
Zensor to censor. 

Zensur f censorship. 

Zentralbatterie / common battery 
(T V ). 

Zentrale f central (Tp); central sta- 
tion (Arty). 

zentrale Projektion gnomonic projec- 
tion. 

Zentralrichtgerat n director (AAA). 
Zentralschmierung f central lubrica- 
tion (MT). 

Zentrierwulst w bourrelet (Am). 
Zentrum n center; bull’s eye. 
zerbrechen to crack, break into pieces, 
zerdriicken crush, crumple, squash, 
squeeze. 

zerfallen disintegrate. 

Zerfallgurt to disintegrating belt 
(MG). 

ZerknallstoB m blast, concussion, 
zerlegen disassemble, dismantle, strip; 

decentralize, disperse; disintegrate. 
Zerlegerziinder to self -destroying fuze 
(AA Am). 

zerlegte Formen broken outlines 

(Cam). 

Zerlegung / dispersal, decentraliza- 
tion; disintegration; dismantling, 
stripping. 

zermalmen crush, crunch, smash, dash 
to pieces. 

zermiirben wear down. 

Zermiirbung/ attrition. 
Zermiirbungskrieg to war of attrition. 
Zermiirbungsstrategie f strategy of 
attrition. 




Zerschellerschicht 



214 Zielkelle 



Zerschellerschiclit f burster course, 
bursting layer, detonating slab (Ft). 

Zerschneideziinder m See Zug- und 
Zerschneideziinder, 

zerspalten to split up. 

zersplittern to shatter; to split up, 
dissipate (forces, etc.). 

zersprengen to crack, burst into pieces, 
shatter; to blow up; to rout. 

zerspringen to explode, burst. 

Zerstauber m atomizer, spray. 

Zerstauberduse f spray nozzle; Die- 
sel fuel injector. 

Zerstaubergerat n chemical spray 
apparatus; sprayer-type decontami- 
nating apparatus. 

Zerstorangriff m hit-and-run raid 
(Avn). 

zerstdren destroy, demolish. 

Zerstorer m destroyer (Nav); twin- 
engine fighter, long-range fighter 
(Ap). 

Zerstorerflugzeug n twin-engine 
fighter airplane. 

Zerstorergeschwader n twin-engine 
fighter wing. 

Zerstorerschule / twin-engine fighter 
pilot school. 

Zerstorung / destruction, demolition. 

Zerstorungsarbeiten fpl demolitions. 

Zerstorungsfeuer n destruction fire 
(Arty). 

Zettel to card, tag, ticket, slip. 

Zeug n ordnance supplies; gear, equip- 
ment. 

Zeugamt n ordnance office. 

Zeughaus n arsenal. 

Zeugnis n certificate. 

Zickzackscheibe / zigzag target (Tng). 

Ziegelei / brickyard. 

ziehen to draw, pull, drag, tow; to 
pull up ( Ap) ; to be draf ty. 

Ziehziinder to pull firing device (land 
mine). 

Ziel n target, objective, goal, 
ins Ziel gehen to hold into the target, 
das Ziel aufsitzen lassen to hold at 
bottom edge of target, 
das Ziel verschwinden lassen to hold 
at upper edge of target. 

Zielabschnitt m sector of fire, target 
sector. 

Zielachse / sighting axis ( plane table 
alidade). 

Zielanflug to approach flight, approach 
run (Avn). 

Zielansprache / target designation. 



Zielaufklarung f artillery target recon- 
naissance. 

Zielaufnahme mit Langbasisanlage 
horizontal base method. 

Zielausbildung / training in aiming, 
training in laying. 

Zielbild n target image (telescopic 
sight). 

Zielbreite / target length (moving 
targets). 

“Ziel dreht!” “Target changing 
course!” (A A predictor). 

Zieldreieck n shot group, aiming 
group (sighting and aiming exer- 
cise). 

Zieleinrichtung / sighting mechanism 
( Ord). 

zielen to aim, sight. 

Zielentfernung / range to target 
(Gunnery). 

Zielerkundung / target reconnaissance. 

Zielfehler m aiming error. 

Zielfernrohr n telescopic sight, direct 
sighting telescope. 

Zielfernrohrtrager m telescopic sight 
mount. 

Zielfeststellung / locating of target 
(Gunnery). 

Zielflache f objective plane (Gun- 
nery); target area (bombing). 

Zielflug to homing ( Air Navigation). 

Zielgelande n target area. 

zielgenau accurate, precise. 

Zielgerat n sight, sighting mecha- 
nism (Ord); bomb sight. 

Zielgeschwindigkeit / speed of target. 

Zielgevierttafel f target-designation 
grid (Arty Surv). 

Zielhohe / height of target, altitude 
of target. 

Zielhohenwinkel m angle of site ( Gun- 
nery); angular height of target 
(AAA). 

Zielhohenwinkel zum AbschuBpunkt 
angular height of target at present 
position (AAA). 

Zielhohenwinkel zum MeBpunkt angu- 
lar height of target at instant of 
range determination (AAA). 

Zielhohenwinkel zum Treffpunkt angu- 
lar height of target at future posi- 
tion (AAA). 

Zielhohenwinkel zum Wechselpunkt 
angular height of target at midpoint 
(AAA). 

Zielkelle / See Zielloffel. 




Zielkontrollspiegel 215 Zufuhrstrafte 



Zielkontrollspiegel m aim-checking 
device. 

Zielkreis m target area (bombing). 

Ziellandung / spot landing (Avn). 

Ziellineal n orienting straightedge 
(MG aiming circle). 

Ziellinie f line of sight. 

Ziellinienpriifer m bore sight (Ord). 

Zielloffel m aiming disk, sighting disk, 
marking disk. 

Zielmarke f lead mark (telescopic 
sight). 

Zielmunition / subcaliber ammunition. 

Zielpunkt m target point, objective 
point. 

Zielpunktkarte / battle map or firing 
chart showing location of probable 
targets. 

Zielpuppe / dummy. 

Zielraum m target area, sector of fire. 

Zielrechenmaschine / predictor, pre- 
diction mechanism (AA); ballistic 
director (Arty). 

Zielrichtung / direction of the target. 

Zielscheibe / practice target. 

Zielschiene / sighting bar. 

Zielschiff n target ship. 

Zielschwarze n bull’s-eye. 

Zielseitenwinkel m azimuth of target. 

Zielseitenwinkel zum AbschuBpunkt 
azimuth of target at present position 
(AAA). 

Zielseitenwinkel zum Treffpunkt azi- 
muth of target at future position 
(AAA). 

Zielsetzung / designation of objective. 

Zielsicherheit / accuracy of fire, marks- 
manship. 

Zielspinne / range-deflection fan ( Gun- 
nery). 

Zielstachel w pointed-post reticle 
( telescopic sight). 

Zieltafel f data sheet (Gunnery). 

Zielteil m target sector. 

Ziel- und AnschlagsUbungen fpl aim- 
ing drill. 

Zielunterlagen fpl information of ob- 
jectives, target data. 

Zielvorrichtung / aiming mechanism. 

Zielwaagerechte f horizontal through 
base of target (Arty). 

Zielwechsel m change of target, en- 
gaging of successive targets. 

Zielweg m course of target (AAA). 

Zielwurf m precision bombing. 

Zielzuweisung / allocation of targets. 

Ziffer / cipher, figure, numeral. 



Zifferblatt n dial (on Inst). 

ziffern to cipher, encipher, encrypt. 

Zimiperantenne / indoor antenna. 

Zimmermann m carpenter. 

ZimmerschieBgerat n field artillery 
trainer. 

Zinkbecher m zinc container (dry cell). 

Zinknebel m HC mixture, HC smoke 
mixture (CWS). 

Zinn n tin. 

Zirkel m compasses, dividers. 

Zirruswolke / cirrus cloud (Met). 

Zisternenfahrzeug n vehicle fitted with 
chemical spray apparatus. 

Zisternenflugzeug n airplane fitted 
with chemical-spray apparatus. 

Zivil n civilian clothing. 

Zivilbevolkerung / civilian population. 

Zivilgericht n civil court. 

Zivilinternierter m civilian internee. 

Zivilist m civilian. 

Zivilkleidung f civilian clothing. 

Zivilluftfahrt f civil aviation, com- 
mercial aviation. 

Zivilperson f civilian. 

Zivilvergehen n civil offense. 

Zoll m inch (2.5U cm); duty, tariff, 
toll. 

Zollhaus n custom house. 

ZoIIschranke f tollgate. 

Zonenzeit f standard time. 

Zubehor n accessories. 

Zubehorteil m part, accessory. 

Zubehortornister m accessories case 
(portable Rad). 

Zubringer m follower (SA). 

Zubringerfeder / follower spring 
(SA). . 

Zubringerhebel m belt-feed lever 
(MG). 

Zucht f discipline. 

Zuchthaus n penitentiary. 

Zuchthausstrafe / sentence of con- 
finement to a penitentiary. 

ZufahrtstraBe f access road, approach 
road. 

zufalliger Fehler nonsystematic 

error (Arty); accidental error 
(Mech, Optics). 

Zufallstreffer m accidental hit. 

Zufuhr f supply, bringing up of sup- 
plies. 

Zufiihrer m belt feed (MG); feed 
mechanism (automatic iveapon). 

ZufuhrstraBe / line or road of com- 
munication, line or road of supply. 




Zufiihrung 216 Zunderkappe 



Zufiihrung / feed (MG); lead-in 
(Rad). 

Zufiihrungsdraht to lead-in (Rad). 
Zufiihrungsgehause n feed box (AA 
gun). 

Zufiihrungsweg m route for bringing 
up supplies, etc. 

Zug to platoon; groove (rifling); 

train (RR); pull; tension; draft. 
Zugang to access, approach; increase, 
addition. 

Zugangsweg m access road, approach 
road. 

Zugbewachung f train guard. 
Zugbreitkeil m platoon in inverted- 
wedge formation. 

Zugbriicke / drawbridge. 

Zugdampfer to baffle ( engine muffler). 
Zugdruckziinder m pull-pressure ig- 
niter (mine). 

ZUgel m bridle; rein, 
zugelassen authorized, permitted; 
admitted. 

Ziigelring m bit ring (harness). 
zugeteilt attached; allotted. 

Zugfahre / rope ferry (Engr). 
Zugfeder f safety spring (MG). 
Zugfederhaken m safety-spring catch 
(MG). 

Zugfederschraube / See Zugfeder- 
spannschraube. 

Zugfederspannschraube / safety- 
spring tension screw (MG). 
Zugfestigkeit / tensile strength. 
Zugfiihrer to platoon leader. 
Zuggrenze / platoon boundary. 
Zuggurt m tension chord (truss). 
Zughaken m pintle (Trac); single- 
tree attachment hook (limber). 
Zugkeil m platoon in wedge forma- 
tion. 

Zugkolonne / column of platoons. 
Zugkraft / tractive power; tension 
force; drawbar pull (prime mover). 
Zugkraftwagen m prime mover, half- 
track carrier and prime mover. 
Zugleistung / tractive power; draw- 
bar pull (Trac); draft efficiency (of 
animals). 

Zugmaschine / prime mover (MT). 
Zugose / drag washer (wheel); 

lunette (limber, trailer). 

Zugramme / drop-hammer-type pile 
driver. 

Zugriemen m brake cable; trace 
( harness ) . 

Zugschraube / tractor propeller ( Ap). 



Zugschrauber m tractor airplane. 
Zugspannung / tensile stress. , 
Zugstange / brake rod ( vehicle 
brake); pintle drawbar (MT, Trac); 
drawbar (trailer). 

Zugstreife / train patrol. 

Zugtau n tow rope. 

Zugtrupp to platoon headquarters 
personnel, platoon command group 
personnel. 

Zug- und Zerschneideziinder m pull 
and cut igniter, tension release igniter 
(LM). 

Zugverkehr to railroad traffic. 
Zugwache / train guard. 

Zugziinder to pull igniter (LM). 
Zuladung / useful load (Ap). 

Zulage / additional pay or allow- 
ance; addition; appendix, 
zulassig permissible; admissible. 
Zulassung / registration certificate 
(MT); registration and airworthi- 
ness certificate (Avn); admission; 
permission. 

Zulegeplatte f attachable base plate 
(mine-surveying set). 
zulegen to add to. 

Zuleitung / lead-in (Rad). 
Zuleitungskabel n lead-in cord (sig- 
nal lamp). 

Zunahme / increase, gain, addition. 
Ziindachse / operating-piston sleeve 
(blasting machine). 

Zundapparat to magneto; igniter; 

exploder', blasting machine. 
Ziindbolzen to concussion plunger, 
percussion plunger, plunger (powder - 
train time faze). 

Ziindeinstellung / timing (ignition). 
ziinden ignite, detonate; fire (a dem- 
olition charge). 

Ziinder to fuze (Am); igniter (land 
mine). 

den Ziinder einstellen set the fuze. 
Ziinderdeckel to false ogive (Am). 
Ziinderdraht to firing wire, lead wire 

( demolitions). 

Ziindereinstellung f fuze setting. 
Ziindereinteilung f fuze scale. 
Ziindergehause n fuze body (Am); 
fuze cover (bomb). 

Zunderhalter to shell (of blasting 

cap). 

Ziinderhiilse / hood ( of f uze ). 
Zunderkappe f closing cap (time 
fuze); head (point-detonating fuze); 
upper cap (clockwork fuze). 




Ziinderkorper 217 Zusammenarbeit 



ZUnderkorper m body (fuze). 
ZUnderlaufzeit f time of functioning 
(fuze), fuze range. 
Ziinderstellmaschine / automatic fuze 
setter (AA gun). 

Ziinderstellschliissel m manual fuze 
setter. 

Ziinderstellsitz m fuze-setter support 
(A A gun). 

Ziinderstellung / fuze setting ( Gun- 
nery). 

Ziinderteller m body (powder-train 
time fuze). 

ziindfertig armed, fuzed, ready for 
firing. 

Ziindfolge / firing order (of engine 
cylinders). 

Ziindfunke m ignition spark (Mtr). 
Ziindgerat n demolition equipment. 
Ziindglocke / inside bottom of cart- 
ridge case (SA Am). 

Ziindhebel in spark control (Ap). 
Ziindholz n match. 

Ziindhiitchen n primer (SA Am); 
percussion primer (fuze); percussion 
cap, propellent primer (Am). 
Ziindhiitchenausfall m blown primer. 
ZundhUtchenhiilse / primer cup ( Am). 
Zundkabel n spark plug cable (Mtr). 
Ziindkanal m vent hole (obturator) ; 
primer vent (cartridge) ; flash hole 
(fuze); cap hole (blasting cart- 
ridge). 

Ziindkapsel / detonator. 

Ziindkerze / spark plug. 

Ziindladung / primer, primer charge, 
igniting charge. 

Ziindladungskapsel / detonator cas- 
ing (fuze). 

Ziindladungskorper m detonator 
charge (fuze). 

Zundlage f ignition system (Mtr). 
Zundlichtmaschine / generator (MT). 
Ziindloch n vent, flash vent. 
ZUndmagnet m magneto. 

Ziindmittel n detonation agent, pri- 
mer, igniter, igniting mixture. 
Ziihdnadel / firing pin (fuze). 
Zundpatrone f ignition cartridge 
(Am). 

Zundpunkt to flash point. 
ZUndpunktverstellung f timing (en- 
gine ignition). 

Ziindsatz m powder train, primer 
(Am, demolitions) ; igniter train (py- 
rotechnic Sig); detonating composi- 
tion. 



Ziindschalter m ignition switch (Ap, 
MT). 

Ziindschliissel m ignition key (MT). 
Ziindschnur / safety fuze. 
Ziindschnuranziinder to fuze lighter. 
Ziindschraube / threaded primer 

(Am). 

Ziindschraubengehause n case 
( threaded percussion primer). 
Ziindspule / ignition coil (Mtr). 
Ziindstift m insulated electrode 
(spark plug). 

Zundstrahl m igniting flash, priming 
flash (Am). 

Ziindstrom m ignition current (Mtr). 
Ziindiibertragung f induced detona- 
tion ( demolitions). 

Ziindung f firing, detonation (Am, 
demolitions) ; ignition (Mtr). 
“Ziindung eingestellt!” “Contact!” 
( Avn). 

Ziindverstellung f spark control, 
spark adjustment (Mtr). 
Ziindverteiler m distributor (Mtr). 
Ziindvorrichtung / firing device 
(LM); ignition system (Mtr). 
Ziindwilligkeit / ignition quality 

(Diesel fuel). 

Ziindzeitpunkt m instant of firing 

( engine ignition). 

zunehmender Drall increasing twist 
(Ord). 

Zungenschiene f point of switch rail 
(RR). 

Zungenstuhl m knee (RR switch). 
Zurrbolzen m locking pin (G). 
Zurrbriicke f cradle lock frame (G). 
Zurrgriff m cradle lock handle (G). 
Zurrhaken in locking hook ( G car- 
riage). 

Zurrhebel m lock lever. 

Zurrlager n lock support (cradle 

lock). 

Zurrstange f lock rod. 

Zurrstellung / locked position (Ord). 
Zurrstiick n back plate latch lock 

(MG). 

Zurrung/ locking mechanism (G, Tk, 
MG); anchorage; lashing; holdfast. 
Zuriickstellung / deferment. 
Zuriickstellungsantrag m request for 

deferment. 

zuriickweichen give ground, give way. 
zuriickziehen, sich fall back, retire, 

withdraw. 

Zusammenarbeit f cooperation, mu- 
tual support. 




Zwischenwelle 



Zusammenballung 218 



Zusammenballung / concentration 
(Tac). 

Zusammenfassung / concentration 
(Arty); abridgment, summary. 
zusammengefaStes Feuer concen- 
trated fire (Arty); collective fire 
(SA). 

zusammenlaufen converge, 
zusammensetzen assemble; compile; 
compound; collect, bring together; 
fit together. 

Zusammensetzung f composition. 
ZusammenstoB m collision; clash. 
Zusammenwirken n synchronization; 

coordination; liaison; cooperation, 
zusammenziehen tighten, draw to- 
gether, contract. 

Zusatz to addition; supplement; 
appendix. 

Zusatzfallschirm to parachute lobe. 
Zusatzfliigel to auxiliary airfoil, slat 
(Ap). 

Zusatzgetriebe n auxiliary trans- 
mission (MT). 

Zustand to state, condition, situation, 
zustandig competent; authorized. 
Zustellung / delivery, 
zuteilen allot, attach. 

Zutritt m entrance; admittance, 
zuverlassig reliable, 
zuwiderhandeln act in opposition, act 
against, counteract; break, violate (a 
regulation, etc.). 

zuziehen tighten, draw together. 
Zwangsauslosung / static line device 
(Prcht). 

Zweiachser m two-axle vehicle, four- 
wheel vehicle. 

zweiadrig two-stranded (Elec). 
zweiaugig binocular adj. 

Zweibein n bipod (MG). 

Zweidecker to biplane. 
Zweielektrodenrohre f diode tube 
(Rad). 

Zweierzelt n two-man shelter tent. 
Zweifliigel-Luftschraube f two-blade 
propeller (Ap). 

Zweiglager n branch depot; branch 
camp (PW). 

zweigleisig double-tracked (RR). 
Zweiglinie / junction line (RR). 
Zweigpark to branch depot. 
Zweigstelle f branch, branch office, 
substation. 

zweimotorig twin-engine. 
Zwei-Ohr-Verfahren n binaural 

method (sound locating) ■ 



Zweipolrohre / diode tube (Rad). 

Zweipunktverfahren n two-point re- 
section (Sun 0. 

Zweischwimmer-Seeflugzeug n twin- 
float seaplane. 

Zweisitzer to two-place airplane ; two- 
seater (vehicle). 

Zweitaktmotor to two-cycle engine. 

Zweisternmotor to double-row radial 

engine. 

Zweistieler m double-bay biplane. 

zweistufig two-stage (Elec, Rad). 

Zweitaktsystem n two-cycle prin- 
ciple. 

Zweiwegeatmung f two-way respira- 
tion (gas mask). 

Zwickzange f cutter, cutting pliers. 

Zwillingslafette f twin mount (Ord). 

Zwillingslaufe mpl twin barrels (MG). 

Zwillingsmachinengewehr n twin- 
barreled machine gun. 

Zwillings-MG.-Drehturm to revolving 
turret with twin-barreled machine 
gun (Ap). 

Zwillingswaffe / twin-barreled wea- 
pon. 

zwingen compel, force. 

Zwischenbahnhof to intermediate 
station (RR). 

Zwischenentfernung / intermediate 
range (Gunnery). 

Zwischenfeld n ground between de- 
laying positions, area between suc- 
cessive positions, intermediate area. 

Zwischenfrequenz / intermediate fre- 
quency (Rad). 

Zwischenfrequenzempfanger to super- 
heterodyne receiver. 

Zwischengeblase n auxiliary stage 
supercharger, turbosupercharger. 

Zwischengetriebe n auxiliary trans- 
mission (MT). 

Zwischenlandung f intermediate land- 
ing. 

Zwischenlandungsplatz to intermedi- 
ate landing field. 

Zwischenraum w interval (from left 
to right). 

Zwischenstecker m adapter plug 

(Elec). 

Zwischenstelle f linking station; re- 
lay station (Sig Com). 

Zwischenstellung / intermediate po- 
sition. 

Zwischenstiick n adapter. 

Zwischenwelle / intermediate shaft, 
propeller shaft. 




Zwischenziel 



219 ZZ-Verfahren 



Zwischenziel n intermediate objec- 
tive; reference point (Arty, R fire). 

Zwitterfahrzeug n half-track vehicle. 

zwo two (used in voice transmission 
to avoid confusion with drei, three). 

Zyanwasserstoffsaure f hydrocyanic 
acid, prussic acid (CWS). 

Zylinderblock m cylinder block (Mtr). 

Zylinderinhalt m total volume of 
cylinder (Mtr). 

Zylinderkopf m cylinder head (Mtr). 



Zylinderlaufbiichse / cylinder liner 

(Mtr). 

Zylinderschleifen n cylinder grinding 

(Mtr). 

ZylinderverschluB m bolt mechanism 

(R). 

Zylinderwand / cylinder wall (Mtr). 
ZZ-Verfahren n method of radio ap- 
proach landing (the main let-down 
signal is ZZ with last letter of air- 
port station signal in between). 




PART II 



ENGLISH— GERMAN 



abandon 

abandon V Taumen (a locality); ver- 
lassen . ( a position , etc.); zuriicklas- 
sen (equipment, wounded, etc.). 
abatage Stellung auf Fufitellern 
(G). 

abatis Baumsperre f. 

“A” battery Heizbatterie / (Rad). 
abbreviation Abkiirzung /. 
authorized abbreviation amtlich 
festgelegte Abkiirzung. 
able-bodied wehrfahig, tauglieh, 

wehrtauglieh (fit for Mil service). 
Abney level Spiegelneigungsmesser 
m (Surv). 

about face Kehrtwendung /. 

“About, face!” “Ganze Abteilung, 
Kehrt!” 

abrasive Schleifmittel n. 
abreast nebeneinander, Seite an 

Seite, in Linie. 
abscissa Abszisse /. 
abscissa for maximum ordinate Gip- 
felentfernung f (Ballistics). 
absence without leave unerlaubte 
Entfernung, eigenmachtige Entfer- 
nung. 

absent abwesend. 

absent without leave abwesend ohne 
Urlaub. 

absolute altitude Flughohe f, Flug- 
hohe iiber dem Erdboden (Avn). 
absolute ceiling Gipfelhohe f (Avn). 
absolute deviation GeschoBabwei- 
chung / (Arty). 

absolute quarantine Isolierung f 
(Med). 

absorbent cotton Watte /. 
abutment Widerlager n, Brucken- 
widerlager n, Endauflager n (Bdg); 
Kampfer m (of an arch). 
abutment beam Stofibalken m (Bdg). 
abutment section Pioniertrupp 

beauftragt mit Errichtung der 
Briickenendwidei’lager (Engr). - 



accordion action 



accelerate beschleunigen. 
accelerating pump Beschleunigungs- 
■ pumpe f. 

acceleration Beschleunigung f. 
acceleration downward Fallbe- 

schleunigung f (of projectile) . 
accelerator Spannstiick n (MG); 

Gashebel m, Beschleuniger m (Mtr). 
accelerometer Beschleunigungsmesser 
m (Ap). 

acceptance test Abnahmepriifung /. 
accessories Ausriistung f, Zubehor 
n, Zubehorteile mpl. 
accessories case Zubehortornister m 
(portable Rad). 

accessory Ausriistungsstiick n, Zu- 
behor n (part); Komplize m, Mit- 
schuldiger m (Law). 
accessory defense Hindernis n, 

Sperre /. 

accelerator pedal GasfuGtritt m, 

Gasfufihebel m. 
access road Zufahrtstrafie /. 
accident Unfall m. 
accidental cover natiirliche Deckung. 
accidental error zufalliger Fehler. 
accidental hit Zufallstreffer m. 
accompanying artillery Begleitartil- 
lerie f. 

accompanying battery Begleitbat- 
terie f. 

accompanying lire Begleitfeuer n. 
accompanying gun Begleitgeschiitz n. 
accompanying tank Begleitpanzer to, 
Begleitpanzerkampfwagen to. 
accomplice Mitschuldiger to, Kom- 
plize m (Law). 

accomplish erledigen, erfiillen, voll- 

enden. 

accomplishment Erledigung / (com- 
pletion); Leistung / (feat). 
accordion action wechselnder Fahr- 
zeugabstand, AufschlieGen und Ab- 
hangen (MT). 



A 




accordion effect 



221 



adjustable wrench 



accordion effect See accordion action, i 
accountability Buchungspflicht /, j 
Verantwortlichkeit /. 
accountable zur Buchung verpflich- 
tet. 

accountable officer Verwaltungs- 
offizier to. 

accouterments Ausriistungsstiicke 
npl. 

accredited aviation school behordlich 
anerkannte Fliegerschule. 
accredited correspondent Kriegs- 
berichter w. 

accrued leave zustehender Gesamtur- 
laub. 

accumulated leave akkumulierter 
Urlaub. 

accuracy Genauigkeit /. 
accuracy life Lebensdauer / (G). 
accuracy of fire Zielsicherheit /, 
Treffahigkeit /, Treffgenauigkeit f, 
Treffsicherheit f. 

accuracy of fit Paflgenauigkeit /. 
accuracy of practice Treffgenauig- 
keit /. 

accurate genau, zielgenau. 
ace Fliegerheld to, erfolgreicher 
Jagdflieger. 
acetone Azeton w. 
acetylene Azetylen n. 
acetylene torch See oxyacetylene 
torch. 

a-c generator Wechselstromerzeuger 

to . 

acid Saure /. 

acknowledge Bitte Quittung, Bitte 
Bestatigung (Rad procedure) . 
acknowledgment of receipt Emp- 
fangsbestatigung / (Rad, Tg , Tp). 
acoustic correction Ausschalten des 
Schallverzuges (sound locator). 
acoustic corrector Verzugsrechner to 
(sound locator). 

acoustic orientation akustische Or- 
tung (sound locator). 
act v wirken, handeln. 
acting stellvertretend. 
action Gefecht n, Gefechtshand- 
lung /, Kampftatigkeit / (Tac) ; Ar- 
beitsspiel n (Mech). 

“In action!” “Licht auf!” (AA SL). 
“Action front!” “Zum Feuern nach 
vorwarts, protzt ab!” 

“Action left!” “Zum Feuern nach 
links, protzt ab!” 

“Action rear!” “Zum Feuern nach 
riickwarts, protzt ab !” 



“Action right!” “Zum Feuern nach 
reehts, protzt ab!” 

action station Gefechtsstation / 

(Nav); Gefechtsstellung f. 
activate wehrbar machen, aufstel- 
len (a unit); scharf machen (a 

mine). 

activated mine scharfe Panzermine. 
activation Wehrbarmachung /; Auf- 
stellung f (of a unit). 
active air defense Luftabwehr /, ak- 
tive Luftabwehr. 
active defense Abwehr /. 
active duty aktiver Dienst. 
active list Liste der aktiven Offiziere 
und Mannschaften. 
active service aktiver Wehrdienst. 
act of sabotage Sabotageakt m. 
actual range tatsachliehe Schufiweite 
(Arty). 

acute angle spitzer Winkel. 
adamsite Adamsit m, Diphenylamin- 
chlorarsin n. 

adaptable anwendbar, pafilich. 
adapter Lafettenaufsatzstuck n 

(MG) ; Mundlocheinschraubvorrich- 
tung /, PaBstiick n (Ord); Zwi- 
schenstuck n (Mech). 
adapter opening Mundloch n (Am). 
adapter plug Mundlochschraube / 
(AM); Zwischenstecker m (Elec). 
adapter thread Mundlochgewinde n 
(Am). 

add zusammenzahlen, addieren 

(Math); hinzufugen, beifiigen. 
adding machine Rechengerat n. 
adhesive paste Kleister m. 
adhesive pitch Kabelwachs n (Engr, 
Tp). 

adhesive tape Klebestreifen m 

(Tech); Leukoplast n (court plas- 
ter); Isolierband n (friction tape). 
adjacent angrenzend, Nachbar — , 
Neben J — . 

adjacent unit Nachbar to (Tac). 
adjust einschiefien ( G fire); justie- 
ren (bore-sight alinement) ; einstel- 
len, verstellen (Tech). 
adjustable verstellbar, regulierbar, 
verschiebbar, einstellbar. 
adjustable holder Einstellhiilse / 
(panoramic telescope). 
adjustable marker Einstellmarke /. 
adjustable-pitch propeller einstell- 
bare Luftschraube. 
adjustable wrench verstellbarer 

Schraubenschliissel. 




adjusted elevation 222 advance the attack 



adjusted elevation Erhohungseinstel- 
lung /. 

adjusted range Hohenrichtung / 

(Arty). 

adjusting nut * Stofielschraube / (on 
valve-lifter). 

adjusting point Einschiefipunkt m 
(Arty). 

adjusting ring Stellring to, Einstell- 
ring m (fuze). 

adjusting screw Verstellschraube f. 
adjustment Einstellung f, Eichung 
/, Verstellung f; Berichtigung / 
( correction) . 

adjustment drum Beriehtigungs- 
walze / (range finder). 
adjustment fire Richtungsschiefien n, 
Einschiefien n. 

adjustment nut Einstellmutter /. 
adjustment of fire Einsehieflen n. 
adjustment shots Richtungsschiisse 
mpl (for direction). 
adjustment target Einschieflziel n, 
Lufteinschieflziel n (high burst). 
adjutant Adjutant to. 
adjutant general Generaladjutant to. 
The Adjutant General Der Chef 
des Heeresverwaltungsamts (USA). 
Adjutant General Board Die Ab- 
teilungsleiter des Heeresverwal- 
tungsamts (USA). 

Adjutant General’s Department 

Heeresverwaltungsamt n (USA). 
adjutant’s office Schreibstube f. 
administration Verwaltung /, Ver- 
waltungswesen n. 

administration building Verwal- 

tungsgebaude n. 

administrative inspector Verwal- 
tungsinspektor to. 

administrative map Verwaltungs- 
iibersichtskarte f. 

administrative march Reisemarsch 
to, Etappenmarsch to. 
administrative order besondere 

Anordnung. 

administrative plan Verwaltungs- 
ordnung f. 

administrative services Verwal- 

tungsdienste mpl. 

administrative unit Verwaltungs- 
truppenteil m. 

administrative vehicle Heeresfahr- 
zeug n. 

admiral Generaladmiral m (Nav). 
advance n Vormarsch m, Vorgehen 

71 . 



advance v vorriicken, vorgehen, vor- 
dringen, vormarschieren, sich vor- 
wartsbewegen. 

advance base Ausgabestelle im 

Operationsgebiet. 

advance by bounds sprungweises 

Vorgehen. 

advance by echelon staffelweises 

Vorgehen. 

advance by rushes See advance by 
bounds. 

advance command post vorgeschobe- 
ner Gefechtsstand, vorderer Ge- 
fechtsstand. 

advanced airfield Feldflugplatz m. 
advanced detachment Vorausab- 

teilung /. 

advance depot Umschlagstelle f. . . 
advanced specialized training mili- 
tarische Sonderausbildung. 
advanced training Weiterbildung f, 
Fortbildung f. 

advance element Spitzengruppe f 

(Tac). 

advance guard Vorhut f. 
advance guard action Vorhutgefecht 

n. 

advance guard cavalry detachment 

Reiterspitze f. 

advance guard commander Vorhut- 

fiihrer m. 

advance guard company Voraus- 
kompanie /. 

advance guard engagement Vorhut- 
gefecht n. 

advance guard point Spitze /. 
advance guard reserve Haupttrupp 
m (in Adv Gd of large unit). 
advance guard support Vortrupp m 
(in Adv Gd of large unit); Haupt- 
trupp m (in Adv Gd of smaller unit). 
advance in phases abschnittweises 
Vorgehen. 

advance landing field Feldflugplatz 
to, Gefechtslandeplatz to. 
advance message center Meldekopf, 

TO. 

advance of forcing cone Laderaum- 
verlangerung f (G). 
advance party Spitzenkompanie / (ir 
Adv Gd of large unit); Vortrupp to 
(in Adv Gd of smaller unit). 
advance position vorgeschobene 

Stellung. 

advance post vorgeschobener Posten. 
advance the attack sich an den 

Feind heranarbeiten. 




“Advance to be recognized!” 223 aiming point 



“Advance to be recognized!” “Kom- 
men Sie naher! Wer sind Sie?” 
adviser Berater to. 
adze Querbeil n, Queraxt /. 
aerial See antenna, 
aerial acrobatics Kunstflug to. 
aerial barrage Luftsperre 
aerial barrage equipment Luftsperr- 
mittel n. 

aerial camera Luftbildkammer /. 
aerial combat exercise Luftkampf- 
iibung f. 

aerial delivery container Abwurf- 
kiste f. 

aerial gas spray Giftregen m. 
aerial gunner Fliegerschutze to, 

Bordschutze to, Feuerschiitze to. 
aerial gunnery Schiefien aus der 
Luft. 

aerial hand camera Fliegerhand- 
kammer /. 

aerial mapping camera Reihenkam- 
mer /, Reihenbildner to, Reihenbild- 
kammer /. 

aerial mine Minenbombe /, Luft- 
mine f. 

aerial mosaic Reihenbild «, Luft- 
bildkarte /. 

aerial objective Flugziel n. 
aerial observation Luftbeobachtung /. 
aerial observer Beobachter to, Beob- 
achtungsflieger to. 
aerial photograph Luftbild n. 
aerial photographer Bildflieger w. 
aerial photographic crew Flugzeug- 
bildpersonal n. 

aerial photograph interpretation 
Luftbildauswertung /. 
aerial photography Luftbildwesen n, 
Luftphotographie /. 
aerial photomapping camera Reihen- 
meBkammer /. 

aerial review Luftparade /. 
aerial sound ranging Horchortung 
von Flugzielen (AAA). 
aerial spraying Abregnen n (CWS). 
aerial target Flugziel n. 
aerial torpedo Lufttorpedo n, Flug- 
zeugtorpedo n. 

aerial warfare Luftkrieg to. 
aerobatics See aerial acrobatics, 
aerocartograph Aerokartograph to. 
aerodynamic force Luftkraft /. 
aerodynamics Aerodynamik /. 
aeroembolism Hohenkrankheit /. 
aerograph See aerometeorograph. 



aerographer Meteorologe im Unter- 
offiziersrang (Nav). 
aerologist Meteorologe im Offiziers- 
rang (Nav). 

aerometeorograph Meteorograph to 

(Met). 

aerometer Diehtemesser w, Dichtig- 
keitsmesser to: 

aeronautical chart Fliegerkarte /. 
aeronautical mile Flugmeile / 

(1853.25 meters). 

aeronautics Luftfahrt /, Luftfahr- 
wesen n, Flugwissenschaft /. 
aerosled Motorschlitten to. 
aerostat Aerostat to. 
affidavit beglaubigte Bescheinigung, 
eidliche Erklarung. 
age Alter n. 

age-in-grade Rangdienstalter to. 
age limit Dienstaltersgrenze /. 
agent Verbindungsmann to, Ver- 
trauensmann to. 

agent officer Verbindungsoffizier to. 
aggressive angriffsfreudig, angriffs- 
lustig. 

aggressiveness Einsatzbereitschaft f. 
aggressor Angreifer to. 
agonic line Agone /. 
aide See aide-de-camp, 
aide-de-camp Adjutant to. 
aid man Sanitater to. 
aid station Truppenverbandplatz to 
(Med). 

aiguillette Fangschnur f. 
aileron Querruder n. 
aileron horn Querruderhebel to. 
aim v zielen, richten, anlegen. 
aim-checking device Zielkontroll- 
spiegel to. 

aiming circle Richtkx-eis to. 
aiming-circle station Richtstelle /. 
aiming device Zielspiegel to. 
aiming disk Zielloffel to. 
aiming drill Ziel- und Anschlags- 
libungen fpl. 

aiming error Zielfehler to. 
aiming exercise Richtiibung /. 
aiming group Zieldreieck n (aiming 

triangle). 

aiming light Richtlampe /. 
aiming mechanism Richtgerat n, 
Zieleinrichtung /, Zielvorrichtung /. 
aiming order Richtkommando n, 
Richtbefehl to. 

aiming point Richtpunkt to, Halte- 
punkt to, Anlegepunkt to, Zielpunkt 

TO. 




aiming-point azimuth 224 aircraft warning officer 



aiming-point, azimuth reading Richt- 
punktzahl f. 

aiming-point and deflection method 
Riehtpunktverfahren n. 
aiming point offset Beobachtungs- 
winkel to. 

aiming post Richtlatte /, E-Latte /. 
aiming post light Richtlampe /. 
aiming practice Richtiibung f. 
aiming silhouette Gefechtsscheibe / 
(target). 

aiming stake Richtlatte /, E-Latte /. 
aiming target Richtscheibe f. 
air n Luft 
air v liiften. 

“Air!” “Hoch!” (firing). 
air-adjustment jet Korrekturluft- 
diise / (Mtr). 

air adviser Fliegerverbindungs- 

otfizier to. 

air-air Flugzeug zu Flugzeug (Sig 
Com). 

air alert Jagdpatrouille in Kampf- 
bereitschaft (Avn) ; Fliegeralarm m 
(AWS). 

air ambulance Sanitatsflugzeug n. 
air area Luftraum m. ' 
air attack Luftangriff m. 
air base Luftstiitzpunkt m, Flug- 
stiitzpunkt m (Tac); Fliegerhorst 
to, Horst w (Adrm in Z of I). 
air base airdrome Fliegerhorst to, 
Horst w (Z of I). 

air base commander Fliegerhorst- 
kommandant to, Horstkommandant 

TO. 

air base service area Bodenanlage 
der Luftwaffe. 

air base troops Bodenpersonal n. 
air battle Luftschlacht /. 
airborne auf dem Luftwege befdr- 
dert. 

airborne infantry Luftinfanterie /. 
airborne troops Luftlande- und Fall- 
schirmtruppen fpl. 

air brake Luftdruckbremse f 

(Mech); Landeklappe / (Ap). 
air burst Luftsprengpunkt to, hoher 
Sprengpunkt, Sprengpunkt to 
(Arty). 

air-burst pattern Lufttreffbild n 

(Arty). 

air-burst registration fire Schiefien 
mit hohen Sprengpunkten. 
air chamber Luftbehalter to 

( counterrecoil mechanism, vehicle 
brake). 



air combat Luftgefecht n, Luft- 

kampf to. 

air command communication Funk- 
verbindung von Flugzeug zu Flug- 
zeug. 

air command headquarters Luft- 
waffengruppenkommando n. 
air compressor Drucklufterzeuger to, 
Luftverdichter to, Luftpresser to. 
air conditioning plant Klimaanlage /. 
air-cooled luftgekiihlt, mit Luft- 
kiihlung. 

air-cooled engine luftgekiihlter 

Motor, Motor mit Luftkiihlung. 
air-cooled weapon luftgekiihlte 

Waffe. 

Air Corps See Army Air Forces, 
aircraft Luftfahrzeug n. 
aircraft ammunition Flugzeugmuni- 
tion f, Bordmunition /. 
aircraft armament Bordwaffen fpl. 
aircraft automatic gun See aircraft 
cannon. 

aircraft camera Luftbildkammer /, 
Luftbildgerat n, Fliegerkammer /. 
aircraft cannon Flugzeugkanone /. 
aircraft carrier Flugzeugtrager to. 
aircraft engine Flugmotor to. 
aircraft equipment Bordgerate npl. 
aircraft factory Flugzeugwerk n, 
Flugzeugfabrik /. 

aircraft gun sights Fliegervisierein- 
richtung f. 

aircraft industry Luftfahrzeugin- 
dustrie f. 

aircraft instruments Bordgerate npl. 
aircraft landing flare Bordlande- 
fackel /. 

aircraft log Flugbuch n, Flugtage- 
buch n. 

aircraft machine gun Bord-Maschi- 
nengewehr n. 

aircraft observer Aufklarungsflieger 
to, Beobachter to. 

aircraft parachute flare Fallschirm- 
leuchtbombe /, Leuchtbombe f. 
aircraft signal Leuchtpatrone /, 
Signalpatrone f (ground-air Com). 
aircraft signal pistol Fliegerleucht- 
pistole /. 

aircraft tender Flugzeugmutterschiff 
n, Stiitzpunktschiff n. 
aircraft warning Fliegerwarnung f. 
aircraft warning company Flugmel- 
dekompanie /. 

aircraft warning officer Flugmelde- 

offizier to. 




aircraft warning service 



225 



airport 



aircraft warning service Flugmelde- 
dienst to. 

air crew Bordbesatzung /, Bord- 
mannschaft /, fliegende Besatzung, 
Flugzeugbesatzung /. 
air current Luftstrom m. 
air defense Luftverteidigung f; 

Luftabwehr / (active); Luftschutz 
to (passive). 

air defense area Flugabwehrgebiet n. 
air defense region Flugabwehrbezirkjra. 
air density Luftdichte /. 
air depot Nachschubstelle der Luft- 
waffe. 

airdrome Flugplatz to. 
airdrome boundary Flughafengrenze 
/, Platzgrenze /. 

airdrome construction detachment 
Flughafenbautrupp to. 
airdrome light Platzfeuer n. 
airdrome lighting Flugplatzbefeue- 
rung /. 

airdrome traffic Flugbetrieb to. 
airfield See airdrome, 
air fight See air combat, 
air filter Luftfilter to, Luftreiniger 
m (Mtr). 

airflow^ Fahr(t)wind to, Geblase- 
wind to (Avn). 
airfoil Tragflache / ( Ap). 
airfoil section Flugelprofil n, Trag- 
fliigelprofil n. 

air force Luftflotte / (tactical and 
territorial unit). 

air force commander Flottenchef to, 
Luftflottenchef to, Fliegerffihrer to. 
air forces Fliegerkrafte fpl, Luft- 
streitkrafte fpl. 

Air Forces See Army Air Forces. 

Air Forces Headquarters Luftwaf- 
fenkommando n. 
airframe Flugzeuggerippe n. 
air friction Luftreibung f (Ballis- 
tics). 

air-ground Bord zu Boden (Sig 
Com). 

air-ground communication Nach- 
richtenverbindung Boden-Bord. 
air-ground liaison code Funkver- 
kehrsabkiirzungen fpl. 
air-ground net Funknetz fiir den 

Verkehr Boden-Bord. 
air guard Luftspaher to. 
air-intake duct Ansaugleitung / 

. .. 

air-intake horn Ansaugkrummer m 

( carburetor). 



air jet Luftdiise / (Mtr). 

air landing troops Luftlandetruppen 

fpl- 

airline Fluglinie /, Flugstrecke /. 
air lock Gasschleuse / (CWS). 
air. mechanic Flugzeugmechaniker 

to, Bordmonteur m. 
air mile Luftmeile / (1,853.25 meters 
or 6,080 feet). 

air navigation Flugzeugortung /, 
Luftnavigation /. 

air navigation map Flugstrecken- 
karte f. 

air objective Luftangriffsziel n. 
air observation Luftbeobachtung /. 
air observer Beobachter to (Avn); 

Luftspaher to (AWS). 
air’ obstacle Luftsperre / (Avn). 
air offensive Luftoffensive /. 
air officer Fliegerverbindungsoffizier 

TO. 

airplane Flugzeug n; Flieger to (as 
seen from ground). 
airplane ambulance Sanitatsflugzeug 
n. 

airplane armament Flugzeugbewaff- 
nung f, Bordwaffen fpl. 
airplane chemical spray apparatus 
Luftstromgerat n, Zerstaubungsge- 
rat n. 

airplane construction Flugzeugbau 

TO. 

airplane controls Flugzeugsteuerung 
/• 

airplane direction finding Flugzeug- 
ortung f. 

airplane engine Flugzeugmotor to. 
airplane flare Fallschirmleucht- 

bombe f. 

airplane mechanic Flugzeugwart to, 
Bordwart to, Bordmonteur to, Flug- 
zeugmechaniker TO. 

airplane model Flugzeugbaumuster 
n. 

airplane passenger Fluggast to. 
airplane production Flugzeugbau to, 
Flugzeugproduktion /. 
airplane signal Fliegerverstandi- 

gungszeichen n. 

airplane-speed slide rule Flugzeug- 

geschwindigkeitslineal n (AAA). 
airplane spotter Luftspaher to, Flug- 
meldeposten to. 

airplane towing Flugzeugschlepp to. 
air pocket Luftloch n. 
airport Flughafen to. 




air power 226 allotment of equipment 



air power Luftmaeht f, Luftgeltung 
/• 

air pressure Luftdruck m. 
air raid Luftangriff to. 
air raid alarm Fliegeralarm to, Luft- 
alarm m. 

air raid drill Luftschutziibung f 

(civilian defense). 

air raid shelter Luftschutzkeller m, 
Luftschutzraum to. 
air raid siren Fliegersirene /, Luft- 
schutzsirene f. 

air raid warden Luftschutzwart to. 
air raid warning district Luftwarn- 
bezirk to. 

air reconnaissance Luftaufklarung f. 
air reconnaissance area Luftauf- 
klarungsraum to. 

air resistance Luftwiderstand m 

(Ballistics, Avn). 

air scoop Luftsackmaul n (captive 
Bln). 

air scout Luftspaher to. 
air sentinel See air scout. 

Air Service Command Luftgau to. 

airship Luftsehiff n. 

airspace- Luftraum to (Avn, etc.); 

leerer Raum (Am). 
airspace reservation Luftsperrgebiet 
n (Avn). 

air speed Eigengeschwindigkeit f, 
Geschwindigkeit zur Luft (Ap). 
air speed indicator Fahrtmesser m 
(Ap). 

Air Staff Fuhrungsstab der Luft- 
waffe (USA). 

air starter Prefiluftanlasser m 

(Mtr). 

airstream Fahrwind m (Avn). 
air superiority Luftiiberlegenheit /. 
air support Fliegerunterstiitzung /. 
Air Support Command Schlachtflie- 
gerverband m. 

air support party Luftnachrichten- 
verbindungsoffiziere mpl. 
air target Flugziel n. 
air task force fliegerischer Verband, 
Fliegerverband to. 
airtight luftdicht. 

air-traffic safety control Flugsiche- 
rung f. 

air transport Transportflugzeug n. 
air transportation Lufttransport to. 
Air Transport Command Lufttrans- 
portkommando n (USA). See also 
Ferry Command. 

air umpire Schiedsrichter to (Avn). 



air warfare Luftkriegfuhrung f. 
air warning net Flugmeldenetz n. 
airway Flugweg to, Flugstrecke /. 
airway beacon Flugstreckenfeuer n, 
Streckenfeuer to. 

airway obstruction Luftfahrthinder- 

nis n. 

airway traffic control area Flug- 
sicherungsbereich m. 
airworthiness Lufttiichtigkeit f 

(Ap). 

airworthy fiugklar, flugtiichtig. 
alarm Alarm to. 
alarm station Alarmplatz to. 
alcohol Alkohol in, Weingeist m. 
alert n Startbereitschaft f (Avn); 

Bereitschaft f, Alarmbereitschaft /. 
alert v alarmieren, in Bereitschaft 
stellen. 

alert hut Bereitschaftsbaracke / 
(Avn). 

alert station Jagdpatrouille f, 

Bereitschaftsstellung / (Avn). 
alidade Kippregel / (Surv). 
alidade ruler Diopterlineal n (aim- 
ing circle). 

alignment See alinement. 
alinement Nachstellung des Rad- 
stands (of vehicle wheels); Ausrich- 
ten n, Richtung f (of sights). 
alinement stake Richtstange f (Bdg, 
Engr). , 

aliquot part charge aus zwei glei- 
chen Teilladungen bestehende Treib- 
ladung (Am). 

aliquot propelling charge See ali- 
quot part charge. 

alkali cartridge Alkalipatrone / (in 
oxygen breathing apparatus) . 
all-around defense Igelverteidigung f. 
all-around traverse Seitenrichtfeld 
von 360°; mit Sockellafette. 
all clear Beendigung der Luftgefahr. 
“All clear!” “Alarm aus!” 
all clear signal Entwarnung /. 
all-metal airplane Ganzmetallflug- 
zeug to. 

allocation Zuteilung f (of men, sup- 
plies, etc.) ; Zuweisung f, Anweisung 
/ (of funds). 

allocation of targets Zielzuweisung 

f. 

allot anweisen. 

allotment Anweisung f. 

allotment of equipment Geriitaus- 

stattung /. 




allowance 



allowance See authorized basic al- 
lowance. 

allow for beriicksichtigen. 
alloy Legierung /. 
allways fuze empftridlicher Kopf- 
ziinder (Am). 

all-wheel drive Raderantrieb m, All- 
radantrieb in (MT). 

-all-wing airplane Nurflfigelflugzeug 
n. ' 

ally Bundesgenosse in, Verbfin- 
dete(r) to. 

alphabet code flag Signalflagge /, 
internationale Signalflagge (Nav). 
alpine cap Bergmiitze f (Clo). 
alternate v wechseln, abweehseln. 
alternate airport Ausweiehhaten in. 
alternate emplacement Wechselstel- 
lung f (G, MG). 

alternate firing position See alter- 
nate emplacement. 

alternate routing Ausweichvermitt- 
lung / (emergency Tp Com). 
alternate target Ausweichziel n 

(bombing). 

alternate traversing fire Breiten- 
feuer n (Arty). 

alternate two-way radiophone com- 
munication Funkwechselsprechen n. 
alternate two-way radio traffic Funk- 

wechselverkebr m. 

alternating current Wechselstrom m; 

Drehstrom m (three-phase). 
alternating-current generator Wech- 
selstromerzeuger m. 
alternation Wechsel m (Elec). 
alternator See alternating-current 
generator. 

altimeter Hohenmesser m; Hohen- 
entfernungsmesser to, Hohenmesser 
m, EntfernungsmeBgerat n (AA 
height finder). 
altitude Hohe /. 

altitude bracket Hohenschicht f 
(Avn, Met). 

altitude-correction ruler Erdkrum- 
mungslineal n. 

altitude indication Hohenangabe f. 
altitude lead Hohenvorhalt in 

(AAA). 

altitude of flight Flughohe f. 
altitude of target Mefihohe / (in- 
stant of range determination); Ziel- 
hohe / ( present position) ; Treffhohe 
/ (future position). 
altitude reading Hohenangabe f. 
aluminum Aluminium n. 



227 ammunition distributing- 

aluminum alloy Aluminiumlegierung 
/- 

amatol Amatol n (Am). 

ambient noise storende Nebenge- 

- rausche. 

ambulance Krankenkraftwagen to; 
Sanitatsfahrzeug n (any Med ve- 
hicle). 

g ambulance battalion Krankentrans- 

portabteilung f. 

i- ambulance loading post Wagenhalte- 

platz to. 

P, ambulance station TCrankentrans- 

portstclle f. 

ambulant marschfahiger Verwunde- 
ter. 

t. ambush n Hinterhalt to, Lauerstel- 
I- lung f. 

ambush v aus dem Hinterhalt fiber- 
fallen. 

American Red Cross Amerikanisches 
Rotes Kreuz. 

ammeter Amperemeter n, Strom- 
n messer in. 

ammonal Ammonpulver n, Ammonal 
i- n (Am). 

ammonia Ammoniak n; Salmiakgeist 
to (spirits of ammonia), 
i. ammonium nitrate explosive Am- 
monsalpeter-Sprengmittel n. 
ammonium picrate Ammoniumpikrat 
; n (Am). 

ammunition Munition f. See also 
i- munitions. 

ammunition bearer Munitionsschutze 

TO. 

t ammunition belt Gurt to, Patronen- 
gurt m. 

i- ammunition box Munitionskasten in. 

r ammunition branch depot Munitions- 

1 zweiglager n. 

ammunition carrier Munitionsfahr- 
zeug n; Munitionswagen to. Muni- 
f tionskarren to (HDr), Gefechtskar- 

ren to (includes weapons); Muni- 
i- tionsschfitze w, Munitionstrager to 

(bearer). 

ammunition chest Protzkasten m (on 

n limber). 

ammunition clip Ladestreifen w. 
ammunition company Munitions- 
i- nachschub-Kompanie f. 

1- ammunition depot Munitionslager n. 

e ammunition detail Munitionstrupp to. 

ammunition distributing point Mum- 
tionsausgabestelle /, Munitionsver- 
teilungsstelJe f. 




ammunition drum 



228 



angle of clearance 



ammunition drum Munitionstrom- 
mel /. 

ammunition dump Munitionslager n. 
ammunition lot number laufende 
Nummer der Munitionslieferung. 
ammunition niche Munitionsnische / 
(Ft). 

ammunition pit Munitionsioch n. 
ammunition pocket Pat'ronentasche / 
(Clo). 

ammunition point Munitionsausgabe- 
stelle /. 

ammunition requirements Schiefibe- 
darf to. 

ammunition section Munitionsstaffel 
/ (firing Btry). 

ammunition shelter Munitionsnische 
f (Ft). 

ammunition shortage Munitionsman- 
gel to. 

ammunition sponson Munitionskam- 
mer / (Tk). 

ammunition stock Munitionsbestand 

to . 

ammunition supply Munitionsnach- 
schub m, Munitionsausstattung f, 
Munitionsbestand m. 
ammunition supply point Munitions- 
umschlagstelle f. 

ammunition supply service Muni- 
tionswesen n. 

ammunition trailer Munitionswagen 

to . 

ammunition train Munitionszug m 
(RR); Munitionskolonne /. 
ammunition transloading point Mu- 
nitionsumschlagstelle /. 
ammunition truck GeschoG-Zubringe- 
wagen to, Geschofiwagen to. 
ammunition wagon Munitionswagen 

TO. 

amnesty allgemeine Begnadigung, 
Amnestie f. 

amount Betrag to, Bestand to; 
Menge / ( quantity) ; Summe / 

( sum). 

amperage Amperezahl /. 
ampere Ampere n. 
amphibian airplane Wasserlandflug- 
zeug n, Amphibienflugzeug n. 
amphibian tank Schwimmpanzer- 
kampfwagen w, Amphibienkampf- 
wagen to. 

amphibian tractor • See tracked land- 
ing vehicle. 

amphibian truck Schwimm-Last- 
kraftwagen to; Schwimmwagen to. 



amplification Verstarkung / (Rad). 
amplifier Lautverstarker to (vol- 
ume); Kraftverstarker to (power). 
amplifier tube Verstarkerrohre / 

(Rad). 

amplitude of oscillations Schwin- 
gungs'.veite / (Rad). 
amputate amputieren, abnehmen. 
anabatic wind Aufwind to, Hang- 
wind to (Met). 

anaglyph Anaglyphe /, Anaglypt n 
(Photo Surv). 
anchor Anker to. 

anchorage Verankerung /, Anker- 
grund to, Ankerplatz w, Ankerstelle 
f (Nav) ; Verankerung /, Zurrung /. 
anchor cable Ankertau n. 
anchored mine Ankermine /. 
anchor hitch Ankerstich to (Engr). 
anchoring Verankerung / (Bdg, 

Nav). 

anchor light Ankerlicht n. 
anchor pin Bremstrager to (of 

brakeshoes). 

anchor plate Ankerplatte f (of clock- 
work fuze) . 

anchor rack stick Ankerrodel to 
(Bdg, Engr). 

anchor stake Ankerpfahl to. 
anemometer Windmesser to, Ane- 
mometer n, WindmeGgeriit n. 
aneroid barometer Dosenbarometer 
n, Federbarometer n, Federluft- 
druckmesser to, Aneroid-Barometer 
n. 

anesthetic Betaubungsmittel n. 
angary Prisenrecht n. 
angle Winkel to, 

angledozer Planier-Raupenschlepper 
w. 

angle of approach Flugwinkel to 
(AAA); Flugwinkel im Abschufi- 
punkt (present position); Flug- 
winkel im Treffpunkt (future posi- 
tion); Anflugwinkel to (Avn); Fahr- 
zeugiiberhang to, Uberhang to (MT). 
angle of attack Anstellwinkel to 

(Avn). 

angle of axle displacement Hubhohe 

/ (MT). 

angle of axle swing Achsenver- 
schrankbarkeit / (MT). 
angle of bank Winkel der Schrag- 

lage (Avn). 

angle of clearance Differenz zwischen 
Abgangswinkel und Deckungswinkel 

(Ballistics) . 




229 



angle of convergence 

angle of convergence Parallaxwinkel 
vi (Optics); Winkel zur Ausschal- 
tung des Stellungsunterschiedes 
(Arty, Surv). 

angle of crab Luvwinkel m (Avn). 
angle of departure Abgangswinkel 
m (Ballistics) . 

angle of depression negativer Gelan- 
dewinkel (Gunnery) ; Tiefenwinkel 
m. (Surv). 

angle of dive Flugneigungswinkel m 
(A A gunnery); Sturzwinkel m 
(Avn). 

angle of elevation Visierwinkel m, 
Aufsatzwinkel m, Erhohungswinkel 
w. 

angle-of -elevation dial Aufsatztrom- 
mel f (G). 

angle-of -elevation mechanism Auf- 
satzwinkeltrieb m (G). 
angle of fall Fallwinkel m (Ballis- 
tics). 

angle-offset method Kreisbogenab- 
steckung von einer Tangente aus 
(Btry Surv). 

angle of glide Gleitwinkel m (Avn). 
angle of impact Aufschlagwinkel m, 
Auftreffwinkel m (Ballistics). 
angle of incidence Einstellwinkel m 
(Ap wing); Erganzungswinkel des 
Aufti-effwinkels (Ballistics); Ein- 
falhvinkel m. 

angle of jump Abgangsfehlerwinkel 
m (Gunnery). 

angle of parallax Parallaxe f, Paral- 
laxwinkel m (Optics). 
angle of pitch Steigungswinkel m, 
Anstellwinkel m (propeller); 
Stampfwinkel m (Ap). 
angle of ricochet Abprallwinkel m. 
angle of roll Winkel der Schrag- 
lage (Avn). 

angle of safety Erhohung einschliell- 
lich der Sicherheitsteilstriche (over- 
head firing). 

angle of shift Seitenabstand vom 
Kichtpunkt (indirect firing). 
angle of site Gelandewinkel m, Ziel- 
hohenwinkel m (Gunnery). 
angle-of-site instrument Gelande- 

winkelmesser m. 

angle-of-site level Gelandewinkelli- 
belle /. 

angel-of-site mechanism Gelande- 

winkelmefivorrichtung f (on tele- 
scopic sight). 



antenna 

angle-of-site micrometer Gelande- 
winkelmesser m (G). 
angle-of-site scale Skalenscheibe f. 
angle-of-site table Libellentafel / 
(Gunnery). 

angle of site to mask Deekungs- 

winkel m (Gunnery). 
angle of slope Boschungswinkel m 
(Top). 

angle of .traverse Schwenkwinkel m, 
SchAvenkungswinkel m, Seitenricht- 
•wiiikel m (Gunnery). 
angle of twist Drallwinkel m (ri- 
fling). 

angle of view Sehwinkel m. 
angle of wing setting Flugeleinstell- 
winkel m (Ap). 

angle of yaw Wendewinkel m, Gier- 
winkel m, Scherwinkel m (Avn). 
angular acceleration Winkelbeschleu- 
. nigung f. 

angular height Hohenwinkel m 
(AAA). 

angular height of target Zielhohen- 
winkel m (AAA); Zielhohenwinkel 
zum Abschufipunkt (present posi- 
tion); Zielhohenwinkel zum Wech- 
selpunkt (midpoint); Zielhohenwin- 
kel zum Treffpunkt (future posi- 
tion). 

angular measurement WinkelmaG n. 
angular movement Winkelauswan- 
derung f ; Winkelgeschwindigkeit / 
(rate). 

angular travel See angular move- 
ment. 

angular velocity Winkelgeschwin- 
digkeit /. 

animal-drawn bespannt. 
ankle FuOknochel m, Knochel m. 
A.N. method of instrument landing 
A.N.-Verfahren n (beam bracketing) 
(Avn). 

anneal ausgluhen. 
annex Anlage 

annihilation fire Vernichtungsfeuer n. 
announcement Ankiindigung /, Be- 
kanntgabe /. 
anode Anode /. 

answering jack Abfrageklinke f 
(Tp). 

answer signal Gegensignal n. 
answer to call-up Anrufantwort f 
(Rad). 

antarctic adj antarktisch, den Siidpol 
betreffend. 

antenna Luftleiter m, Antenne /. 




antenna ammeter 



230 



antitank 



antenna ammeter Antennenstroman- 
zeiger m. 

antenna array Antennengebilde n. 
antenna binding post Antennenan- 
schlufl m. 

antenna capacitance Antennenkapa- 
zitat /. 

antenna circuit Antennenkreis m. 
antenna coupling Antennenkopplung 
/■ 

antenna jack Antennenbuchse f, An- 
tennen-Anschluflbuchse /. 
antenna mast Antennenstab m (port- 
able Rad set); Antennenmast m, 
Funkmast m. 

antenna outfit Antennengerat n. 
antenna reel Antennenhaspel / 

(Ap). 

antenna resistance Antennenwider- 
stand m. 

antenna truck Funkmastkraftwagen 
m. 

antenna tuning coil Antennenspule 
/• 

antenna wire Luftdraht m. 
anthracite coal Steinkohle f. 
antiaircraft artillery Flakartillerie /, 
Flak f. 

antiaircraft artillery battalion Flak- 
abteilung /. 

antiaircraft artillery regiment Flak- 
regiment n. 

antiaircraft automatic weapons Ma- 
schinenflak f. 

antiaircraft barrage Flaksperre f. 
antiaircraft battery Flakbatterie /. 
antiaircraft company Fla-Kompanie 
/• 

antiaircraft cruiser Flakkreuzer m 
(Nav). 

antiaircraft defense Flugabwehr f, 
Flakabwehr /, Fliegerabwehr /, 
Luftverteidigung /. 
antiaircraft director Kommando- 
gerat n, Flakkommandogerat n. 
antiaircraft emplacement Flakstel- 
lung /. 

antiaircraft fire Flakfeuer n, Flak- 
schiefien n. 

antiaircraft fire director Flakkom- 
mandogerat n. 

antiaircraft gun Flugabwehrge- 

schutz n, Flakgeschiitz n, Flugab- 
wehrkanone /, Abwehrgeschiitz n. 
antiaircraft gun crew Flakbedienung 
/• 

antiaircraft lookout Luftspaher m. 



antiaircraft machine gun Flugab- 
wehrmaschinengewehr n, Flakma- 
schinengewehr n, Flamaschinenge- 
wehr n, Fla-MG. n. 
antiaircraft MG unit Fla-Einheit /. 
antiaircraft protection Flakschutz 

m. 

antiaircraft scout Luftspaher m. 
antiaircraft searchlight Flugzeug- 
abwehrscheinwerfer m, Flakschein- 
werfer m. 

antiaircraft security Sicherung 

gegen den Luftgegner (Tac). 
antiaircraft sight Fliegervisier n, 
Flakvisier n. 

antiaircraft weapon Luftabwehr- 
waffe /, Fla-Waffe /. 
anticyclone Antizyklon m, Hoch n 
(Met). 

antidim compound Klarsichtsalbe /, 
Brillenglassalbe /. 

antidim eyeglass Klarscheibe / (gas 

mask). 

antifreeze Gefrierschutz m, Gefrier- 
schutzmittel n (MT). 
antifreeze solution Frostschutzmittel 

n. 

antifriction bearing Walzlager n. 
anti-glare windshield Blendschutz- 
scheibe f. 

anti-icer solution Enteisungsmittel 
n. 

antiknock klopffest (MT). 
antiknock quality Klopffestigkeit f 
(of engine fuel). 

antimechanized defense Panzerab- 
wehr f. 

antimechanized security Sicherung 
gegen Panzer. 

antimechanized warning Panzerwar- 
nung /. » 

antimechanized warning system Pan- 

zerwarndienst m. 

antimechanized weapon Panzerab- 
wehrwaffe /. 

antimony sulfide Schwefelantimon 

n ( Am). 

antipersonnel bomb Splitterbombe /. 
antipersonnel mine S-Mine f, 

Schrapnellmine f, Schiitzenmine f. 
antipersonnel rifle grenade Gewehr- 
sprenggranate /. 

antiseptic faulnisbekampfendes 

Mittel, Antiseptikum n. 
antisubmarine net Fangnetz n. 
antitank Pak-, Panzerabwehr-, Pan- 
zerjager-. See also tank destroyer. 




area 



antitank artillery 231 



antitank artillery Pak f. 
antitank battalion Panzer jagerab- 

teilung /, Panzerabwehrabteilung /. 
antitank bomb Panzerbombe /. 
antitank company Panzerabwehr- 

kompanie /, Panzer jagerkompanie /. 
antitank defense Panzerabwehr /. 
antitank ditch Panzerfahrzeuggraben 

m, Panzergraben m, Panzersperr- 
graben m, Tankgraben m. 

antitank gun Pak /, Pak-Geschiitz n, 
Panzerabwehrgeschiitz n, Panzerab- 
wehrkanone /, Panzer jagerkanone /, 
Panzer j agergesehiitz n. 
antitank gun emplacement Pakstel- 
lung /. 

antitank hedgehog Igel to. 
antitank lookout Panzerwarnposten 

TO. 

antitank mine Panzerabwehrmine f, 
Panzermine /. 

antitank obstacle Panzersperre /, 
Panzerhindernis n. 

antitank platoon Panzerabwebrzug 
to, Pak-Zug w, Panzerjagerzug m. 
antitank regiment • Panzerabwehr- 
regiment n, Panzerjagerregiment n. 
antitank rifle Panzerabwehrgewehr 

n, Tankbiichse /, Panzerbiichse /. 
antitank rifle grenade panzerbrechen- 

de Gewehrgranate. 

antitank rifle grenadier Gewehr- 

Panzergranatenschutze to (USA). 
antitank rocket Panzerabwehrrakete 

f- 

antitank rocket launcher Raketen- 

Panzerbiichse /. 

antitank squad Pak-Halbzug to. 
antitank tetrahedron Igel m. 
antitank wall Panzersperrmauer /. 
antitank weapon Panzerabwehrwaf- 
ief. 

anvil Ambofi m ( Am, blacksmith’s). 
aparejo mexikanischer Packsattel. 
aperiodic compass aperiodischer 

KompaC. 

aperture OfTnung f (opening); Loch 
n (hole); Spalt w, Schlitz to (slit); 
Scharte / (port or peephole, Ft, Tk, 
etc.). 

apparatus Gerat n, Apparat w. 
appeal Berufung / (Law); drin- 
gende Bitte (earnest request); Auf- 
ruf to (public appeal). 
appendix Fiillansatz to (Bln); Blind- 
darm to (anatomy) ; Anhang m (in 
a manual, etc.). 



application Bewerbung /, Gesuch n 
(request); Umschlag to (Med). 
appoint bestallen, ernennen. 
appointing authority Gerichtsherr w 
(Law). 

appointment Dienststellung /; 

Ernennung f-(to brevet rank). 
approach n Annaherung /, Herange- 
hen an den Peind (Tac); Anmarsch- 
weg to (road) ; Anflug to (bombing) ; 
Einflug w (of a target) (AWS). 
approach v anfliegen ( Avn) ; sich 
nahern. 

approach angle Anflugwinkel m 

(Avn); Fahrzeugiiberhang m, Uber- 
hang w (MT). 

approach embankment Briicken- 
damm to (Bdg). 

approaching course Anflugkurs to 
( Avn ) . 

approaching target kommendes Ziel. 
approach march Anmarsch m, Anna- 
herungsmarsch to (Tac). 
approach route Anmarschweg m. 
approach trench Laufgraben m. 
approach zone Anflugsektor m 

(Adrm). 

appropriation Bewilligung f (of 

funds, etc.). 

approximate v sich nahern, nahe- 
bringen, schatzen. 

approximate adj ungefahr, anna- 
hernd, grob. 

approximate adjustment fire grobes 
EinschieBen (Arty). 
apron Hallenvorplatz m, Vorfeld n 
(Adrm); Tarnnetz n (of G emplace- 
ment); Seitenverankerung / (of dou- 
ble-apron fence). 
apron shield Unterschild to (G). 
aptitude test Eignungspriifung /. 
aquadag Aquadag m (lubricant). 
arc Kreisbogen m (of a circle); 
Bogen m. 

arch Briickenbogen m (Bdg). 
arched bridge Bogenbriicke /. 
arc lamp Bogenlampe f (SL). 
arctic adj arktisch; den Nordpol 
betreffend. 

arctic circle nordlicher Polarkreis. 
arctic zone Nordpolgebiet n. 
arc-type elevating mechanism Zahn- 
bogenrichtmaschine f (G). 
arc welding LichtbogenschweiBung /. 
area Raum to, Gebiet n, Flache /, 
Flacheninhalt in. 




area bombing 232 armored regiment 



area bombing Bombenabwurf auf 
Flachenziel. 

area contamination Gelandevergif- 
tung / (CWS). 

area fire Flachenschieflen n, Fla- 
chenfeuer n (Arty). 
area sketch GrundriBskizze /. 
area target Flachenziel n (Gun- 
nery). 

arm n Arm m (Anatomy) ; Wafte f 
(weapon) ; Waffengattung / (branch 
of the Army). 

arm v bewaffnen, bestiieken (provide 
armament) ; scharf machen, entsi- 
chern (Am, mine); scharf stellen 
(bomb). 

armament Rfistung /; Bewaffnung f, 
Bestiickung f. 

armament error Waffenstreuung /. 
armament officer Waffenoffizier m. 
armament plant Riistungswerk n. 
arm and hand signal Armzeichen n. 
armature Anker m. 
armature shaft Ankerwelle / (Elec); 

Ankerachse / ( field Tp). 
armature short Lamellenschlufl m. 
armature turn Leiterschleife f. 
armature winding Ankerwicklung f. 
armband Armbinde f. 
armed bewaflfnet; scharf gemacht, 
scharf gestellt (Am). 
armed-defense system Wehrorgani- 
sation f. 

Armed Forces Wehrmacht f. 
armed merchantman bewaffnetes 

Handelsschiff. 

armed reconnaissance bewaffnete 
Aufklarung. 

armes blanches blanke Waffen, 

Handwaffen fpl. 

arming device Fliehbacke / { centri- 
fugal type device in fuze). 
arming pin Sicherungsvorstecker m 
(fuze). 

arming vane Entsicherungsflugel m, 
Windflugel m (bomb). 
arming wire Entsicherungsdraht m 
(bomb). 

armistice Waffenstillstand m. 
armistice terms Waffenstillstands- 
bedingungen fpl. 

armor Panzer m, Panzerung / (Tk, 
etc.); Bewehrung f (Tp cable). 
armor belt Panzergiirtel m. 
armored gepanzert, Panzer — . 
armored artillery Panzerartillerie /. 
armored attack Panzerangriff m. 



armored battalion Panzerbataillon n, 
Panzerabteilung /. 

armored cable armiertes Kabel, Pan- 
zerkabel n. 

armored car Panzerwagen m, Pan- 
zerkraftwagen to. 

armored cargo carrier Panzertrans- 
portwagen m (MT). 
armored combat Panzerkampf w, 

Panzergefecht n. 

armored combat vehicle gepanzertes 
Gefechtsfahrzeug, mechanisiertes 
Fahrzeug. 

Armored Command Panzertruppe f, 
Panzerwaffe f. 

armored corps Panzerkorps n. 
armored division Panzerdivision /. 
armored engagement Panzergefecht 
n. 

armored engineer Panzerpionier to. 
armored engineer battalion Panzer- 
Pionier-Bataillon n. 

Armored Force Panzerwaffe f, Pan- 
zertruppe f. 

armored force officer Panzeroffizier 

m. 

armored forces Panzertruppen fpl, 
Panzerkrafte fpl. 

armored formation Panzerverband 
w, Panzerformation f. 
armored infantry battalion Panzer- 
grenadier-Bataillon n. 
armored infantry regiment Panzer- 
grenadier-Regiment n, Panzer-In- 
fanterieregiment n. 
armored personnel carrier Panzer- 
transportwagen m, Schiitzenpanzer 
w, Schutzenpanzerwagen to, Grena- 
dier-Panzerwagen m (MT). 
armored platoon Panzerkraftwagen- 

zug TO. 

armored point Panzerspitze / (Adv 
Gd). 

armored radio car Panzerfunkwagen 

m. 

armored radio truck Panzerfunk- 
wagen TO. 

armored reconnaissance battalion 
Panzeraufklarungsabteilung f. 
armored reconnaissance car Panzer- 

spahwagen to. 

armored reconnaissance company 
Panzerspahkompanie /. 
armored reconnaissance vehicle Pan- 
zerspahfabrzeug n. 
armored regiment Panzerregiment n. 




armored rifleman 



233 



Army of the United States 



armored rifleman Panzergrenadier 

m. 

Armored School Panzertruppen- 

schule /. 

armored scout car Panzerspahwagen 

to . 

armored signal battalion Panzer- 
nachrichtenabteilung /. 
armored skirting Laufwerkpanze- 

rung / (Tk). 

armored support Panzerunterstiit- 
zung / (Tac). 

armored train Eisenbahnpanzerzug 
to, Panzerzug to (RR). 
armored troops Panzertruppen fpl, 
Kraftfahrkampftruppen fpl. 
armored turret Panzerturm m; 

Panzerdrehturm m ( revolving ) ; 
Panzer-Verschwindeturm m (disap- 
pearing). 

armored-unit commander Panzer- 
fiihrer m. 

armored vehicle Panzerfahrzeug n, 
Panzerkraftfahrzeug n. 
armored warfare Panzerkriegfiih- 
rung /, Panzerkrieg to. 
armorer Waffenwart to. 
armorer-artificer Waffenmeister- 
unteroffizier m (NCO). 
armor-piercing panzerbrechend, pan- 
zerdurchschlagend (Am). 
armor-piercing ammunition Panzer- 
munition /. 

armor-piercing bomb Panzerbombe f. 
armor-piercing bullet Stahlkernge- 
schofi n, Spitzgeschofi mit Stahlkern, 
Panzersprenggeschofi n. 
armor-piercing cap Panzerkopf to. 
armor-piercing grenade Panzergra- 
nate f (R). 

armor-piercing projectile Stahlkern- 
geschofi n, Spitzgeschofi mit Stahl- 
kern, Panzersprenggeschofi n, Pan- 
zergeschofi n. 

armor-piercing rifle grenade Ge- 
wehr-Panzergranate f. 
armor-piercing shell Panzerspreng- 
granate /, Panzergranate / (Am). 
armor-piercing shot Stahlkernge- 
schofi n, Spitzgeschofi mit Stahl- 
kern, Panzersprenggeschofi n. 
armor plate Panzerplatte /, Panzer- 
blech n. 

armor-plate shield Panzerschild to 
(G). 

armor-protected panzergeschiitzt. 



armor protection Panzerschutz m 

(Ft, Tk). 

armor thickness Panzerstarke / 

(Tk). 

armory Exerzierhaus n, Waffen- 

meisterei /. 

arms Waffen fpl (weapons) ; Waffen- 
gattungen fpl (branches of the 
Army). 

arms depot Arsenal n, Waffenlager 
n. 

arm signal Armzeichen n. 
arms rack Gewehrstiitze /. 
army Armee f (a tactical unit); 

Heer n (the Army). 
army air defense Heeresluftabwehr 
/• 

Army Air Forces Heeresflieger- 
truppe /, Heeresluftwaffe f (USA). 
Army Air Forces Weather Service 
Wetterdienst der Luftwaffe, 
army ammunition depot Armee- 
munitionslager n, Iieeresmunitions- 
lager n. 

army area Armeegebiet n. 

Army Command Heeresleitung /. 
army corps Armeekorps n. 
army depot Heergeratepark w. 

Army Directory Kriegsrangliste /. 
army dog Heereshund to. 
army engineer Pionier to. 
army field order Armeebefehl to. 
Army Ground Forces Heer n. 
army headquarters Armeeoberkom- 
mando n. 

Army High Command Oberkom- 
mando des Heeres (Ger). 
army hospital Heereslazarett n. 
army mail clerk Feldpostbeamter m 
(USA: enlisted man; Ger : civilian 
official). 

army medical battalion Armeesani- 
tatsabteilung /. 

Army Medical School Militararzt- 

liche Akademie. 

army newspaper Frontzeitung / (T 
of Opns). 

army nurse Pflegeschwester /, Hee- 
reskrankenschwester f. 

Army Nurse Corps Heeres-Kranken- 
schwesternkorps n (USA). 
army of occupation Besatzungsheer 
n, Besatzungsarmee /. 

Army of the United States Das Heer 
der Vereinigten Staaten. Compare 
United States Army. 




Army Ordnance Department 234 artillery park 



Army Ordnance Department Heeres- 
waffenamt n. 

army post Standort to, Heeres- 

standort to. 

army post administration Heeres- 
standortverwaltung f. 
army postal service Feldpostwesen 
n, Feldpost /. 

army post office Feldpostarnt n. 
army quartermaster Hoherer Kom- 
. mandeur der Armeenaehschubtrup- 
pen (USA). 

army ration depot Heeresverpfle- 
gungslager n, Armeeverpflegungs- 
lager n. 

Army Register Rangliste des Heeres. 
army remount depot Armeepferde- 
park to. 

army saddle Armeesattel w. 
army serial number Wehrnummer /. 
army service area Versorgungsraum 
w. 

Army Service Forces Heeresversor- 
gungs- u n d Nachschubdienste 
mpl (USA). 

army signal unit Armeenachrichten- 
abteilung f. 

army supply Heeresversorgung /. 
army supply train Armeenachschub- 
kolonne /. 

army surgeon Armeearzt to. 
army surgical hospital Armeefeld- 
lazarett n. 

army troops Armeetruppen fpl. 
army veterinary hospital Armee- 
pferdelazarett n. 

Army War College Kriegsakademie /. 
arrest n Festnahme /, Arrest to, 
Verhaftung /. 

arrest v festnehmen, verhaften, in 
Haft nehmen; anhalten, aufhalten, 
abbremsen, hemmen (stop). 
arresting gear Abbremsvorrichtung 
/ (Ap). 

arrest in quarters Stubenarrest to. 
arrival Ankunft /. 
arrival time Eintreffzeit /, Ankunft- 
zeit /. 

arrive ankommen, eintreffen. 
arsenal Zeughaus n, Zeugamt n. 
arsine Arsin n (CWS). 
artery Arterie /. 

article of clothing Bekleidungsstiick 

n. 

Articles of War Kriegsartikel mpl. 
artificer Feuerwerker to (NCO). 



artificial antenna kiinstliche Antenne 

(Rad). 

artificial horizon Horizont to, kiinst- 
licher Horizont, Fliegerhorizont to 
(Ap). 

artificial leather Kunstleder n. 
artificial respiration kiinstliche At- 
mung, 

artificial scent Rieehspur /, kiinst- 
liche Spur. 

artificial ventilation kiinstliche Liif- 
tung. 

artillery Artillerie /. 
heavy artillery schwerste Artillerie. 
medium artillery schwere Artillerie. 
light artillery leichte Artillerie. 
artillery ammunition Artillerie- 

munition /. 

artillery barrage Artilleriesperr- 
feuer n. 

artillery battalion Artillerieabtei- 
lung f. 

artillery commander Artilleriefiihrer 
to (corps and Div). 
artillery duel Artillerieduell n. 
artillery fire Artilleriebeschufi w, 
Artilleriefeuer w. 

artillery fire-control instruments 

Artillerie-Beobachtungs- und Ver- 
messungsgerat n. 

artillery group Artilleriegruppe /. 
artillery intelligence center Artil- 
lerienachrichtenstelle f. 
artillery intelligence section Artil- 
lerienachrichtentrupp to. 
artillery liaison command post Artil- 
lerieverbindungskommando n. 
artillery liaison officer Artillerie- 
verbindungsoffizier to. 
artilleryman Artillerist to. 
artillery mechanic Artilleriemechani- 
ker to. 

artillery mil Strich to. 
artillery mission Artillerieflug w 
(Avn). 

artillery observation airplane Artil- 
leriebeobachtungsflugzeug n. 
artillery observation post Artillerie- 
beobachtungsstelle /. 
artillery observer Artilleriebeobach- 
ter to. 

artillery officer Hoherer Artillerie- 
kommandeur (army and higher 
Hq). 

artillery order ArtiReriebefehl to. 
artillery park Artilleriepark to. 




artillery preparation 235 As you were! 



artillery preparation Artillerievor- 
bereitung /. 

artillery prime mover Artillerie- 
zugmaschine f. 

artillery protection Feuerschutz to. 
artillery reconnaissance artilleri- 
stische Aufklarung. 
artillery reconnaissance aviation Ar- 
tillerieflieger vvpl. 

artillery reconnaissance detail Artil- 
leriespahtrupp to. 

artillery reference points artilleri- 
stische Punkte mpl. 
artillery regiment Artillerieregi- 
ment n. 

artillery support Artillerieunter- 
stiitzung /. 

artillery survey section Artillerie- 
vermessungstrupp to. 
artillery target reconnaissance Ziel- 
aufklarung f. 

artillery train Artilleriestaffel /. 
art of leadership Fiihrungskunst /. 
art of war Kriegskunst /. 
asbestos Asbest to, Steinflachs to. 
ascending air current Aufwind to 
(Met). 

ascending branch aufsteigender Ast 
(of trajectory). 

ascending gust Steigbo / (Met). 
ashore am Ufer, an der Kiiste 
(being ashore)'; ans Land, ans Ufer 
(going ashore). 

aspect ratio Langenverhaltnis n, 
Seitenverhaltnis n, Fliigelstreckung 
/ (Ap). 

asphalt Asphalt to. 
asphyxiate ersticken. 
aspirin Aspirin n. 
assault n Sturmangriff to, Sturm to, 
VorstoB to, VorstoBen n, Ersturmung 
f (Tac). 

assault v ersttirmen, stiirmen (Tac). 
to take by assault im Sturm neh- 
men. 

assault battalion Sturmbataillon n. 
assault boat Sturmboot n. 
assault detachment Stofitrupp to. 
assault fire SchieBen wahrend der 

Bewegung (automatic weapons); 
Einbruchsfeuer n (Tac). 
assault fire position Anschlag zum 
SchieBen wahrend der Bewegung. 
assault gap Sturmgasse / ( through 
obstacles) . 

assault gun Sturmgeschiitz n ( self- 
propelled). 



assault-gun car Kraftwagenkanonen- 
wagen to, Kanonenwagen to. 
assault howitzer Sturmhaubitze / 

(self-propelled). 

assault position Ausgangslage f, 

Sturmausgangsstellung /. 
assault trench Angriffsgraben to. 
assemble (sich) versammeln (to 
gather); montieren (an Ap, Tk, 
etc.) ; zusammensetzen (a weapon). 
assembly Bereitstellung /, Ver- 

sammlung f (Tac); Montage / 
(Tech). 

assembly area Bereitstellungsraum 
to (Tac). 

assembly formation Versammlungs- 
form /. 

assembly of troops Truppenbereit- 
stellung /. 

assembly order Bereitstellungsbe- 
fehl to. 

assembly plant Montagewerk n. 
assembly point Sammelpunkt to, 
Sammelplatz to, Sammelstelle /, 
Sammelort to, Bereitstellungsplatz 

TO. 

assembly shop Montagehalle f. 
assign eingliedern (to a unit) ; zu- 
weisen (a task, etc.). See also attach, 
assigned frequencies Verfiigungs- 
frequenzen fpl (Rad). 
assignment Eingliederung f, Auf- 
trag to, Aufgabe /. 
assignment of missions Auftragser- 
teilung /. 

assistant Gehilfe to, Heifer to, 

Assistent m. 

Assistant Chief of Staff Abteilungs- 
chef im Generalstab. 
assistant chief of staff Fuhrerge- 
hilfe to. 

assistant director Oberschiedsrichter 
to, Leitungsoffizier to (maneuvers). 
assistant driver Begleiter to, Kraft- 
wagenliegleitei to, Beifahrer to 
(MT). 

assistant gunner Ladeschiitze to 
(Tk); Ladekanonier to (Arty); Ge- 
hilfe des Richtschiitzen (MG squad). 
Assistant Secretary of War Abtei- 
lungsleiter im Kriegsministerium 
(USA). 

asymptote correction chart Hyper- 

belplan to (sound ranging). 

“As you were!” “Kommando 

zuriick!” (to revoke a command); 

\ “Weitermachen!” (carry on). 




“At ease!” 



236 



automatic feed mechanism 



“At ease!” “Riihrt Euch!” (silence 
7iot required). 
athletics Athletik f. 

Atlantic Charter Atlantik-Charta /. 
Atlantic Wall Atlantikwall m ( Ger 
Ft). 

atlas grid Kartengitternetz n 

( aerial Photo). 

atmosphere Luftmeer n (air) ; At- 
mosphare / (unit of pressure) . 
atmospheric layer Luftschicht f 
(Met). 

atmospheric pressure Luftdruck to 
(Met). 

atmospherics Gewitterstorung / 
(Rad). 

attach zuteilen (to a unit ) ; be- 

festigen (fasten). See also assign, 
attache Attache m. 
attached zugeteilt (to a unit); be- 
festigt (fastened). 
attack n Ahgriff to. 
attack v angreifen. 
attack airplane Kampfflugzeug n. 
attacker Angreifer to. 
attack formation Angriffsform /. 
attack from march formation An- 
griff aus der Bewegung. 
attack from the rear Riickenangriff 
to. 

attack frontage Angriffsbreite f. 
attack group Angriffsgruppe f. 
attacking flank AngrifTsfliigel to. 
attack of organized positions Angriff 
auf Stellungen. 

attack on the flank v aus der Flanke 
nehmen. 

attack order Angriffsbefehl m, Be- 
fehl zum Angriff. 
attack sector Angriffsstreifen to. 
attack troops Stofitruppen fpl, An- 
griffstruppen fpl, Sturmtruppen fpl. 
attack wave Angriffswelle f, Sturm- 
welle / (Tac). 
attempt n Versuch to. 
attention Grundstellung f. 
“Attention!” “Achtung!” (on ap- 
proach of an officer); “Abteilung, 
Stillgestanden !” (for formations) ; 
“Stillgesessen !” (mounted drill). 
attitude Fluglage /, Flugzustand m 
(Avn). 

attrition Abnutzung f, Ermattung f, 
Zermiirbung f. 
audible horbar. 
audio frequency Tonfrequenz f. 



audio-frequency amplifier Nieder- 
frequenzverstarker m. 
audio-frequency range Tonfrequenz- 

bereich m. 

audit n Rechnungspriifung /, Buch- 
priifung /. 

audit v Rechnungen priifen, buch- 
priifen. 

auger Lochbohrer m, Holzbohrer to. 
authentication Beglaubigung f, 

Bescheinigung /. 

authority Befehlsbefugnis / (Mil); 

Behorde f, Instanz / (Law). - 
authorization Berechtigung /, 

Genehmigung /. 

a uthorize genehmigen ( approve ) ; 

bevollmachtigen ( empower ) . 
authorized behordlich zugelassen 
(officially permitted); dienstlich 
(regulation); genehmigt (approv- 
ed); bevollmachtigt (empowered) ; 
Soli-, Plan- (in tables of basic al- 
lowances or organization). 
authorized abbreviation amtlich 

festgelegte Abkiirzung. 
authorized basic allowance Sollbe- 

stand to. 

authorized strength Sollstarke /. 

Compare Iststarke. 
autofrcttage Kaltrecken n, Auto- 
frettage / (Ord). 

autogiro Tragschrauber m, Auto- 
giro TO. 

autoloader Selbstlader to (Small 
Arms). 

automatic n Selbstladepistole /. 
automatically operated selbsttatig. 
automatic anchor Minenanker mit 
Tiefensteller (Nav). 
automatic antiaircraft gun Flug- 
abwehrmaschinenkanone /, Fla-Ma- 
schinenkanone /. 

automatic antiaircraft weapons 
Flugabwehrmaschinenwaffen fpl. 
automatic breech mechanism selbst- 
tatiger VerschluC. 

automatic cannon Maschinenkanone 

f (Ap). 

automatic circuit breaker Selbst- 

unterbrecher m (Elec). 
automatic control Selbststeuerung /, 
Regler to. 

automatic direction finder selbst- 

weisendes Peilgerat (Ap). 
automatic feed mechanism Zufiihrer 

to (automatic weapon). 




automatic fire 



237 



axis of advance 



automatic fire Dauerfeuer n (MG, 

R). 

automatic fuze setter Ziinderstell- 
maschine / (AA gun). 
automatic gun Maschinenkanone /, 
Salvengeschiitz n. 

automatic pilot automatische Kurs- 
steuerung, automatischer Pilot, 
Selbststeuergerat n (Ap). 
automatic pistol Selbstladepistole /. 
automatic-pitch propeller vollauto- 
matische Verstell-Luftschraube. 
automatic rifle Masehinenkarabiner 
to, automatisches Gewehr. 
automatic supply planmafiiger Nach- 
schub. 

automatic volume control Schwund- 
ausgleich to. 

automatic weapon Maschinenwaffe /, 
Schnellfeuerwaffe / (Small Arms). 
automobile Kraftwagen m. 
automobile engine Wagenmotor to. 
automobile express highway Auto- 
bahn /. 

automobile flag Kraftwagenflagge /. 
automobile jack Wagenheber to. 
auto-tow take-off Autoschleppstart 
to (glider). 

autotransformer Spartransformator 
to (Rad, Elec). 

autotransformer circuit Sparschal- 
tung f (Elec). 
autumn Herbst to. 
auxiliary Hilfs-, Behelfs-. See also 
woman auxiliary, 
auxiliary air Nebenluft / (Mtr). 
auxiliary airfoil Zusatzfliigel m, 
Hilfsfliigel to (Ap). 
auxiliary arm Hilfswaffe /. 
auxiliary cruiser Hilfskreuzer w. 
auxiliary engine Hilfsmotor m. 
auxiliary equipment Hilfsgerat n. 
auxiliary gear Gelandegang to 

(MT). 

auxiliary ground target Erdver- 

gleichsziel n (Gunnery). 
auxiliary ignition lead Reserveziin- 
dung f (Blasting ) . 

auxiliary landing field Hilfslande- 
platz to. 

auxiliary scale Hilfsmaflstab to 

(Inst). 

auxiliary stage supercharger Zwi- 
schengeblase n (Ap 'engine). 
auxiliary target Vergleichsziel n, 
Hilfsziel n; Luftvergleichsziel n 
(high burst). 



auxiliary track Hilfskette / (MT). 
auxiliary transmission Gruppenge- 
. triebe n, Zwischengetriebe n, Zusatz- 
getriebe n (MT). 

auxiliary troops Hilfstruppen fpl. 
auxiliary vessel Hilfsschiff n. 
auxiliary wing Hilfsfliigel m (Ap). 
available verfugbar, zur Venven- 
dung. 

available for commitment einsatz- 
fahig. 

AVC See automatic volume control, 
average n Durchschnitt to. 
average v den Durchschnitt berech- 
nen (Math); im Durchschnitt ma- 
chen (in marching, etc). 
average adj durchschnittlich, 

Durchschnitts-. 

average error mittlerer Fehler, 

durchschnittlicher Fehler. 
average performance Durchschnitts- 
leistung f. 

aviation Flugwesen n, Luftfalirt f, 
Fliegerei f; Flieger mpl (collective 
term for any number of airplanes) . 
aviation badge Fliegerabzeichen n. 
aviation cadet Fahnrich der Flieger 
(USA). 

aviation engineers Luftwaffenbau- 
truppe f. 

aviation fuel Fliegerkraftstoff m. 
aviation gasoline Fliegerbenzin n. 
aviation medicine Luftfahrtmedizin f. 
aviation pay Luftdienstzulage f, 
Fliegerzulage f. 

aviation support Fliegerhilfe f, Flie- 
gerunterstutzung f, Schlachtflieger- 
unterstiitzung / (Tac). 
aviation weather service Flugwet- 
terdienst to. 

aviation weather station Flugwetter- 
warte f. 

aviator Flieger to. 
aviator’s helmet Fliegerhaube /. 
award Auszeichnung f ( citation) ; 
Orden m, Ehrenzeichen n ( decora- 
tion) ; Ehrensold to (payment). 
ax Axt f, Beil n. 

axial observation Beobachtung aus 
der Schufllinie (Arty). 
axial road direkte Zufuhrstrafie, di- 
rekte Anmarschstrafle. 
axial spotting Beobachtung in der 
Schufirichtung (Arty). 
axis Achse f, Hauptlinie f. 

Axis forces Achsenstreitkrafte fpl. 
axis of advance Vormarschlinie /. 




axis of an aircraft 238 bacteriological examination 



axis of an aircraft Flugzeugachse /. 
axis of communication Verbindungs- 
achse f. 

axis of signal communication Nach- 
richtenachse /. 

axis of supply Nachschublinie f. 
axis of supply and evacuation Haupt- 
nachschublinie f. 
axis of the bore Seelenachse f. 
axis of trunnions Schildzapfenachse 
/ (G). 

axle Radachse f, Achse /. 
axle bearing Achslager n. 
axle displacement Kletterfiihigkeit / 
(MT). 

axle drive Achsantrieb m (MT). 
axle load Achsdruck m (MT). 
axle nut Achsmutter /. 
axle pivot pin Langszapfen m (split- 
trail carriage). 

axle seats Achssitze mpl (for gun- 
ners, G). 

axle spring Achsfeder / (G). 
azimuth Seite f, Seitenriehtung f, 
Richtung f (Gunnery) ; Azimut m, 
Scheitelkreis m, Scheitelbogen m 
(Surv); KompaCzahl /, Nadelzahl 
/ (compass) ; Kurs m (Nav). 
azimuthal projection Azimutalpro- 
jektion /. 

azimuth and elevation indicator Sei- 
ten- und Hohenempf anger m (AA). 



azimuth change Teilringanderung / 

(telescopic sight). 

azimuth circle Mefikreis m (BC tel- 
escope), Richtkreis m (Surv). 

azimuth controller Seitenrichtmann 
m (AAA). 

azimuth difference Parallaxe f, Pa- 
rallaxenwinkel m (Optics). 

azimuth indicator Seitenempfanger 
m (AA gun). 

azimuth instrument Peilapparat m, 
Peilgerat n, Peilscheibe f, Luftziel- 
apparat m; Theodolit m (Surv). 

azimuth knob Triebscheibe zur Sei- 
tenrichtung (Ord). 

azimuth micrometer Teilring m (tel- 
escopic sight). 

azimuth of target Kurswinkel m, 
Zielseitenwinkel in der Horizontal- 
ebene (AAA); Zielseitenwinkel zum 
Abschulipunkt ( present position) ; 
Zielseitenwinkel zum Treffpunkt (fu- 
ture position). 

azimuth reading Teilringzahl f, Na- 
delzahl / (magnetic); Richtpunkt- 
zahl f (aiming point). 

azimuth scale Teilring m (panoramic 
sight); Seitenteilring m (AA gun). 

azimuth setter Seitenrichtkanonier 
m. 

azimuth tracking telescope Seiten- 
richtfernrohr n (height finder). 



B 



bachelor officers’ quarters Offizier- 
ledigenheim n. 
back Riicken m. 

back azimuth der um 180 ° vermehrte 
(oder verminderte) Richtungswinkel 
(Surv). 

back azimuth method Messen der 
riickwartigen Verlangerung (Surv); 
“Durchschlagen” n (of a surveyor’s 
transit). 

back bearing Wegflugpeilung f (Air 
Navigation). 
backbone Ruckgrat n. 
backfire Fehlziindung / (Mtr). 
backing light Rtickfahrlaterne / 
(MT). 

backlash Spiel n, Spielraum m, toter 
Gang. 



back-pack parachute Riickenfall- 
schirm m. 

back pad Kammkissen n (harness). 
back-pad strap Kammkissengurt m 

(harness). 

back plate Verschlufileiste / (MG); 

Schlofiplatte / ( G). 
back plate hinge pin VerschluBlei- 

stenachse / (MG). 

back plate latch lock Zurrsttiek n 
(MG). 

back rest Riickenlehne / (Ap, MT); 

Riickenring m (AAMG). 
backsight Riickblick m (Surv). 
back step Schritt zuriick. 
bacteriological examination bakteri- 
ologische Untersuchung, 




bacteriological warfare 239 bank 



bacteriological warfare Bakterien- 
krieg in. 

bacteriologist Bakteriologe m. 
badge Abzeichen n. 
bad weather Un wetter n. 
baffle Truhe /, Lautsprechertruhe / 
(Rad) ; Schlingerwand / (Ap tank); 
Zugdampfer m ( engine muffler) ; 
Prallwand /, Leitwand /. 
bag Sack m, Beutel m, Tasehe /. 
baggage Gepack n. 
baggage car Gepackwagen m (RR). 
baggage train Gepacktrofi m. 
bail out abspringen, aussteigen 

(Avn); aussehopfen (a boat). 
bakery Backerei f. 
bakery company Backereikompanie /. 
balance n Gewichtsverteilung /, 
Gleicbgewicht n (equilibrium) ; 
Waage / (hist). 
balance v ausgleichen. 
balanced profile ausgeglichenes 

Profil. 

balanced rudder ausgeglichenes Sei- 
tenruder, entlastetes Seitenruder 
(Ap).' 

balanced stock vorschriftsmaBige Be- 
stande. 

balanced surface ausgeglichene 

Tragfiache (Ap). 

balance tab Ausgleichflache /, 

Trimmruder n (Ap). 
bale n Ballen m. 
bale v in Ballen verpacken. 
baling machine Ballenpresse f. 
balk Langstrager m, Tragbalken m 
(Bdg); Seherbalken m (Ron). 
ball ammunition scharfe Munition, 
ball-and-socket joint Kugelgelenk n. 
ballast Ballast m. 
ball bearing Kugellager n. 
ball cartridge scharfe Patrone. 
ball filler Kugelfiillung / (shrapnel). 
ballistic ballistisch. 
ballistic coefficient ballistischer Bei- 
wert, Querschnittbelastung f. 
ballistic correction Ausschalten der 
besonderen und Witterungseinflusse. 
ballistic curve Flugbahn /, Geschofi- 
bahn /, ballistische Kurve. 
ballistic density ballistisches Luft- 
gewicht. 

ballistic director Feuerteitgerat n, 
Kommandogerat n, Zielrechenma- 
schine / (Gunnery). 
ballistic efficiency ballistische Lei- 
stungsfiihigkeit (Am). 



ballistics Schiefilehre /, Ballistik f. 
ballistic table Schufitafel /. 
ballistic wave Kopfwelle /. 
ballistic wind ballistischer Wind, 
ballistite Ballistit n (Am). 
ball mount Kugellafette /, Kugel- 
blende / (Tk). 
ballonet Luftsack m (Bln). 
ballonet balloon Prallhaltevorrich- 

tung /. 

ballonet valve Luftsackventil n. 

balloon Ballon m. 
balloon barrage Ballonsperre /. 
balloon basket Ballonkorb m. 
balloon chief Ballontruppfiihrer m. 
balloon cover Ballonhulle /. 
balloon crew Ballonmannschaft f. 
balloon envelope Ballonhulle /. 
balloon fabric Ballonstoff m. 
balloon interval Ballonabstand m. 
balloon net Ballonnetz n. 
balloon observation Ballonbeobach- 
tung /. 

balloon observer Ballonbeobachter 

m. 

balloon pilot Ballonfuhrer m. 
balloon position Verankerungsstelle 
f (captive Bln). 

balloon site Ballonaufstiegplatz m. 
balloon squad Ballontrupp m. 
balloon tire Ballonreifen m. 
ball projectile Vollgeschofi n. 
ball socket Kugelpfanne f (Mort). 
ball turret Bodenkanzel f. 
ball turret gunner Bodensehiitze m. 
band Musikkorps n; Frequenzband 
n (Rad) ; Band n, Binde / (Clo, etc.). 
bandage n Verband m, Binde /, Ban- 
dage /. 

bandage v verbinden. 
band brake Bandbremse / (MT). 
bandmaster Musikmeister m ( Ger : 
2nd Lt). 

band of fire Feuerstrahl m (MG). 
bandoleer Patronengurt m. 
band saw Bandsage /. 
bandsman Spielmann m (pi: Spiel- 
leute). 

bandspread Bandspreizung f (Rad). 
band switch Grobstufenschalter m 

(Rad). 

band width Bandbreite f (Rad). 
bangalore torpedo in Rohr gefullte 
Reihenladung. 

bank n Schraglage f (Ap) ; Ufer n 

(river). 




bank 



240 



bank v sich in die Kurve legen 
(Avn). 

bank-and-turn indicator Kreiselnei- 
gungsmesser m, Wendezeiger m 
(Ap). 

banner Banner n. 
baptism of fire Feuertaufe /. 
bar Rangabzeichen n, Ordenssehnal- 
le /, Ordensspange / (insigne or 
decoration); Stab m, Stange / 
(Tech); Sandbank /, Barre / (riv- 
ers, etc.). 

barbed wire Stacheldraht to. 
barbed-wire concertina S.-Rolle /, 
Stacheldrahtrolle /. 
barbed-wire entanglement Stachel- 
drahtverhau to, Stacheldrahthinder- 
nis n. 

barbette Geschiitzbank /, Barbette 
/• 

barbette carriage Barbettelafette / 

(G). 

bare wire blanker Draht (Tp). 
barge Prahm to. 
barn Scheune f. 
barogram Barogramm n. 
barograph Barograph to. 
barometer Barometer n, Luftdruck- 
messer m; Federbarometer n, Feder- 
luftdruckmesser to (aneroid). 
barometric pressure Auflenluftdruck 
m (Avn); Luftdruck m (Met). 
barracks Kaserne f. 
barrack (s) bag Bekleidungssack m, 
Waschesack to. 

barrage Spen-e f; Feuersperre f, 
Sperrfeuer n (Arty). 
barrage balloon Sperrballon m. 
barrage chart Sperrfeuerskizze /. 
barrage fire Sperrfeuer n. 
barrage kite Sperrdrache m. 
barrel Rohr n (G); Lauf m (SA); 
Mittelhand / (horse); Fafi n, Tonne 
f (container). See also tube, 
barrel bracket Rohrhalter m ( G). 
barrel burst Rohrzerspringer m. 
barrel erosion Ausbrennung f, Rohr- 
abnutzung /. 

barrel extension Rohransatz m, 

Rohransatzstiick n. 
barrel float Tonnenflofi n. 
barrel guide Rohrklaue / (G). 
barrel length Rohrlange f, Seelen- 
lange / (Ord). 

barrel-locking ring Laufsitzring m 
(MG). 



base machine gun 

barrel-locking stud Gewehrkupp- 
lungsstiiek n (MG). * 

barrel raft Tonnenfahre /. 
barrel recoil Rohrriicklauf m (G). 
barrel reflector Rohrwandbeobach- 
tungsgerat n (G) ; Laufseelenpriifer 
m (R). 

barrel roll Rolle f, tjberschlag • fiber 
den Fliigel (Avn). 
barricade Barrikade /. 
barrier Hindernis n, Sperre f (Ft); 

Sperriegel m (Tac). 
barrier detachment Sperrtrupp m, 
Sperrverband m. 
barrier light Sperrlicht n. 
barrier line StraCensperrung f 

(MP). 

barrier zone Sperrzone f. 
bascule bridge Klappbriieke f. 
base Bettung / (fixed gun); Boden 
m, Geschofiboden m (Am); Stiitz- 
punkt m (Tac); VisierfuC m (of 
rear sight); Hiilsenboden m (of 
cartridge case); Wolkenuntergrenze 
f (of cloud). 

base angle Grundrichtungswinkel m 
(Gunnery) ; Winkel zwischen Grund- 
richtungslinie und Orientierungs- 
linie (Surv). 

base bushing Grundbuchse f (of 
counterrecoil mechanism). 
base charge Bodenkammerladung / 
(Am), 

base cover AbschluCplattchen n 
( Am). 

base deflection die vom Grundge- 
scbutz aus gemessene Seitenande- 
rung {Gunnery). 

base delay-action fuze Bodenab- 
standszijnder m (Am). 
base depot riickwartiges Nach- 

schublager. 

base detonating fuze Bodenziinder m. 
base end station Stand einer Lang- 
basisanlage (CA); Mefistand to 
(AAA). 

base fuze Bodenziinder to (Am). 
base hospital Kriegslazarett n. 
base line Grundricbtungslinie / 

(Gunnery) ; Standlinie f (Surv). 
base-line arm Basislineal n (plot- 

ting protractor). 

base-line direction Grundrichtung f 

(Gunnery). 

base machine gun Grundmaschinen- 
gewehr ri, Leit-Maschinengewehr v. 




base of operations 241 battle line 



base of operations Operationsbasis 
/ (Tac). 

base of the trajectory Miindungs- 
waagerechte f. 

base pay Grundgehalt n, Lohnung /. 
base piece Grundgeschiitz n (Arty). 
base plate Bodenplatte f (Mort) ; 

Grundplatte f (Tech). 
base point Grundrichtungspunkt m 
( Gunnery) . 

base ring Fundamentring to (Ord). 
base section hinterer Abschnitt des 
riickwartigen Gebiets. 
base services Bodendienst to (Avn). 
base stake Richtlatte f (Surv). 
basic allowance Sollbestand m. 
basic data SchuBwerte m pi, SchuB- 
elemente npl, Sehieflunterlagen fpl, 
SchieBgrundlagen fpl. 
basic load Tagesrate / (Am); stan- 
dige Belastung, bleibende Belastung 
(Avn). 

basic tactical unit taktische Einheit; 

Feuereinheit der Artillerie (Arty). 
basic training Grundausbildung /. 
basic training course Schiefivor- 
schule / (Arty). 

basic unit See basic tactical unit, 
basket Korb w. 
bastion Bastion /. 
baton Marschallstab to; Tambour- 
stock to, Bataillo'nstambourstock to;- 
battalion Bataillon n, Abteilung f. 
battalion aid station Bataillonsver- 
bandplatz w. 

battalion combat train Gefechtstrofl 
eines Bataillons. 

battalion commander Abteilungskom- 
mandeur to, Bataillonsfuhrer to, 
Bataillonskommandeur to. 
battalion command post Abteilungs- 
gefechtsstand to, Bataillonsgefechts- 
stand to. 

battalion communication section 
Bataillonsnachrichtenstaffel /, Ab- 
teilungsnachrichtenstaffel f. 
battalion headquarters Bataillons- 
stab to, Abteilungsstab to. 
battalion sector Bataillonsabschnitt 

TO. 

battalion train BataillonstroB w, 

Bataillonskolonne /. 
batter Boschungsanlage / (Ft). 
battered round verbeulte Patrone 

(Am). 

battery Batterie / (Arty, Elec); 



Element n ( cell) ; Sammlerbatterie /, 
Sammler to (storage). 
battery box Batteriekasten to, Samm- 
lerkasten w (Elec). 
battery charger Lademaschine /. 
battery-charging unit Lademaschi- 
nensatz to. 

battery chart SchieBliste f. 
battery commander Batterieehef to, 
Batteriefiihrer w. 
battery commander’s telescope 
Scherenfernrohr n. 
battery cover Sammlerhaube 

Zellendeckel to (Elec). 
battery detail See battery head- 

quarters detail. 

battery emplacement book SchieB- 

kladde f. 

battery executive Batterieoffizier to. 
battery front Batteriefront /. 
battery headquarters detail Batterie- 
trupp to. 

battery ignition Batterieziindung / 

(Mtr). 

battery-location plot Batteriebild n 
(sound ranging). 

battery manning table Batterietafel 

f. 

battery position Geschutzstellung /, 
Batteriestand to, Batteriestellung f 
(Arty). 

battery survey chart Stellungsmefi- 
blatt 7i. 

battery-target line Linie Grundge- 
schiitz-Ziel. 

battery tester Elementpriifer m 
(Elec). 

battle Schlacht /, Kampf to, Ge- 
fecht n. 

battle casualty Ausfall to, Gefechts- 
ausfall to. 

battle casualty report Verlustmel- 
dung /. 

battle chart Einschiefiplan to (Arty). 
battle clasp Erinnerungsspange /. 
battle command Kampffiihrung /. 
battle cruiser Schlachtkreuzer m. 
battle fatigue Kriegsneurose f. 
battlefield Schlachtfeld n, Kampf- 

feld n. 

battle flag Sturmfahne f. 

battle fleet Schlachtflotte /. 

battle honor Kriegsband n, Fahnen- 

band n. 

battle injury Kampfwunde f. 
battle line Schlachtlinie f, Kampf- 

linie f. 




battle map 

battle map Gefechtskarte /. 
battle of attrition Abnutzungs- 

kampf m. 

battle of encirclement Einkreisungs- 
schlacht /. 

battle of extermination Vernich- 

tungskampf m. 

battle performance Kampileistung /. 
battle position Hauptkampffeld n, 
Kampfstellung /. 

battle reconnaissance Gefechtsauf- 
klarung /. 

battle reserves Reserve /. 
battle service practice Schulgefechts- 
schiefien n (Arty). 
battleship Schlachtschiff n. 
battle sight Standvisier n (R); 

Fliegervisier n (MG). 
battle star Erinnerungsstern m. 
battle terrain Kampfgelande n. 
battle zone Kampfzone /. 
bay Feld n, Gerippeabteil n, Zelle f 
(Ap); Strecke f, Briickenstrecke /, 
Briickenglied n (Bdg); Bucht / (sea 
inlet). 

bayonet Seitengewehr n, Bajonett 

n. 

bayonet charge Bajonettangriff m. 
bayonet fighting Bajonettfechten n. 
bayonet grip Seitengewehrgriff m, 
Bayonettgriff m. 
bayonet guard Parierstange /. 
bayonet joint Bajonettkupplung / 
(Mech). 

bayonet lock Seitengewehrverschlufl 
m (R). 

bayonet practice Ubung im Bajonett- 
fechten. 

bayonet scabbard Seitengewehrta- 

sche /. 

bayonet stud Seitengewehrhalter m 
(R). 

bayonet thrust BajonettstoB m. 
“bazooka” “Ofenrohr” n. See al»o 
antitank rocket launcher. 

“B” battery Anodenbatterie / (Rad). 
BC telescope Scherenfernrohr n. 
beach Strand m. 

beach defense Strandsperre f, 

Strandverteidigung /. 
beachhead Landekopf m. 
beaching gear Schwimmerwagen m, 
Schlepp wagen m (seaplane). 
beaching party Landungsabteilung /. 
beacon Bake f, Feuer n; Funkbake /, 
Funkfeuer n (Rad). 
beacon light Leuchtfeuer n (Avn). 



belt-feed guide 

beacon lighting Nachtbefeuerung / 

(Avn). 

bead sight Perlkorn n (R). 
beam Balken m, Trager m (Engr); 
Strahl m (ray); Peilstrahl m 
(Rad); Lichtkegel m, Lichtstrahl m 
(SL). 

bearing Peilung /, Peilrichtung /, 
Peillinie / (Navigation) ; Lager n 
(Mech). 

bearing line Peillinie / (Air Naviga- 
tion) . 

bearing metal Lagermetall n. 
bearing plate Peilscheibe /, Peilauf- 
satz m, Kursscheibe / (Air Naviga- 
tion). 

bearing station Peilort m, Peilstelle 
/ (Air Navigation). 
bearing surface Laufflache f (Mech) ; 
Aufiageflache / (Engr); Tragerand 
m (hoof). 

beaten track Trampelweg m. 
beaten zone bestrichener Raum 
( firing). 

beat frequency Schwebungsfrequenz 
/ (Rad). 

Beaufort scale Beaufortskala / 

(Met). 

beaver dam Biberwehr n (Engr). 
bed Bett n. 
bedbug Wanze /. 

bedding Bettzeug n (for Pers); 

Streu / (for animals). 
bedding roll Bettzeugrolle /. 
bed sheets Bettbezug m. 
beef Rindfleisch n, Ochsenfleisch n. 
beef stew Gulasch n. 
beer Bier n. 

Behm sound-ranging altimeter 

Behmlot n (Avn). 

belligerent n kriegfiihrende Macht. 
belligerent adj. kriegfiihrend. 
belly Bauch m; Unterseite / (Tk). 
belly landing Bauchlandung / (Avn). 
belly tank Abwurfbehalter m (Ap). 
belly turret Bodenkanzel f (Ap). 
belt Gurt m (MG); Streifen m 

(Top); Giirtel m, Koppel n (Clo). 
belt buckel KoppelschloB n. 
belt conveyor Gurtforderer m. 
belt drive Riemenantrieb m. 
belted ammunition gegurtete Muni- 
tion (MG). 

belt-fed mit Gurtzufuhrung (MG). 
belt feed Gurtladung f, Zufiihrer m, 
Gurtzufiihrer in (MG). 
belt-feed guide Gurthebel m (MG). 



242 




belt-feed lever 



243 



belt-feed lever Zubringerhebel to, 
Patronentragerhebel m (MG). 
belt-feed pawl Gurtschieber m (MG). 
belt-filling machine See belt-loading 
machine. 

belt-loaded mit Gurtzufiihrung 

(MG). 

belt-loading machine Gurtfiiller to. 
belt road Querverbindungsstrafie /. 
bench Bank f ; Werkbank / (Tech). 
bench mark Nivellementspunkt to. 
bend Strafienbiegung f (road). 
bending machine Biegemaschine /. 
bends Hohenkrankheit f (aeroem- 
bolism); Caisson-Krankheit / (cais- 
son disease). 

beneficiary Nutzniefier m, Emp- 
fangsberechtigter to. 
bent Joch n, Bock to (Bdg). 
benzol Benzol n. 

benzyl bromide Benzylbromid n, T- 
Stoff to (CWS). 
berm Berme f (Ft). 
berth Bett n (Nav, RR); Liegeplatz 
to (of a ship). 
besiege belagern. 

Bessel method Riickwartsein- 

schneiden n (Surv). 
betray verraten. 
bevel Schrage f. 

bevel drive pinion Antriebskegelrad 
n (differential gear) (MT). 
bevel gear Kegelrad n, Kegelzahn- 
rad n. 

bevel-gear rear-axle drive Kegelrad- 
Hinteracbsantrieb to. 
beverage Getrank n. 
bias Gittervorspannung f (Rad) ; 
schrager Schnitt (slant cut); Vor- 
eingenommenheit / (prejudice). 
bible » Bibel f. 

bicarbonate of soda doppelkohlen- 
saures Natrium. 

Bickford fuze Bickford-Leitfeuer n 
(Engr). 

bicycle Fahrrad n, Rad n. 

Big Dipper Grofier Bar. 
bilateral observation Beobachten mit 
zwei Beobachtungsstellen (Arty). 

„ bill Rechnung /. 

billet dispensary Ortskrankenstube / 

(Med). 

billet hospital Ortskrankenlazarett n 
(Med). 

billeting Unterbringung /. 
billeting area Unterkunftsbezirk on. 
billeting detail See billeting party. 



blackout light 

billeting equipment Unterkunfts- 

gerat n. 

billeting officer Quartiermacher to. 
billeting party Quartiermachertrupp 

to . 

billets Unterbringung /, Ortsunter- 
kunft /, Ortsbiwak n. 
bill of lading Frachtbrief w, Ver- 
ladungsschein to. 
bill of particulars Tatbericht m. 
binaural balance Mitteneindruck m 
(Sound Locating). 

binaural method Zwei-Ohr-Verfah- 
ren n, Binauralverfahren n (Sound 
Locating) . 

binaural trainer Horcherpriif- und 
tjbungsgerat n. 

binder Einbanddeckel fiir lose Blat- 
ter (loose-leaf cover). 
binder ring Dichtring m (gas mask). 
binding post Anschlufiklemme /, 
Polklemme f (Elec). 
binocular adj binokular, zweiaugig 
( Optics). 

binocular n Glas n, Fernglas n, 
Doppelglas n. 
biplane Doppeldecker to. 
bipod Zweibein n, Gabelstiitze f 
(MG). 

birth certificate Geburtsurkunde f. 
birthmark Muttermal n. 
biscuit Keks m-n, Biskuit m-n. 
bit Gebifi n, Trense f, Kandare / 
(curb bit, harness); Bohrer m, 
Schneide / ( carpenter’s drill). 
bite Stich m (of insect); BiG m (of 
animal). 

biting angle kleinster Panzerdurch- 
schlagswinkel (Am). 
bit ring Ziigelring to (harness). 
bitumen Bitumen n. 
bivouac Biwak n, Feldlager n. 
bivouac commander Biwakskomman- 1 
dant m ( ranking officer at a biv- 
ouac). 

bivouac security officer Offizier vom 
Biwakdienst. 

bivouac site Biwakplatz to. 
black schwarz. 

blackboard scbwarze Tafel, schwar- 
zes Brett. 

blackjack Totschlager to. 
blackout n Verdunkelung f. 
black-out V schwarz vor den Augen 
werden (Avn); verdunkeln (lights). 
blackout light Tarnscheinwerfer to 
(MT). 




blackout measures 



244 



blue 



blackout measures Verdunkelungs- 
maflnahmen fpl (AA defense). 
black powder Schwa rzpulver n, 

Nafibrandpulver n. 
blacksmith Schmied to. See also 
horseshoer. 

blade Blatt n, Fliigel to ( propeller) ; 

Klinge f (of knife, etc.). 
blade angle Steigungswinkel to, 
Anstellwinkel to (propeller). 
blank Platzpatrone (Am); Vor- 
druck m, Formular n (printed 
form). 

blank ammunition Platzpatronen 

fpl • 

blank cartridge Platzpatrone f, 

Manoverkartusehe /. 
blanket n Decke /, Marschdecke f; 
Wolldecke / (woolen); Woilach to 
(saddle); kunstlicher Nebel, Nebel- 
decke / (CWS). 

blanket v verschleiern, vernebeln, 
einnebeln, abschirmen. 
blanket door Gasschutzvorhang m. 
blanketing smoke Nebelwand f, 
Nebelschleier m (CWS). 
blanket roll Bettzeugrolle /'. 
blank fire powder Nitrozellulose- 
pulver n (Small Arms). 
blank form Formular n. 
blank shell blindgeladene Granate 
(Am). 

blast n Luftdruck m, Detonations- 
druck m, Luftstofi m, Zerknallstofi m. 
(pressure) ; Sprengung /, Explosion 
f (explosion). 
blast v sprengen. 

blast effect Luftdruckwirkung /, 
Luftstofi m. 

blast furnace Hochofen m. 
blasting Sprengen n. 
blasting cap Sprengkapsel f. 
blasting cartridge Sprengpatrone f, 
Bohrpatrone f. 

blasting charge Sprengladung f; 
Bohrladung / (borehole); Schnell- 
ladung / ( emergency). 
blasting-charge box Ladungskasten 
to. 

blasting-charge can Ladungsbiichse 

/- 

blasting-charge container Ladungs- 
gefafl n. 

blasting fuze Zeitziindschnur f, Zeit- 
schnur / (Engr). 

blasting machine Gluhzundapparat 
m (Engr). 



blasting oil Sprengol n (nitro- 

glycerin). 

blasting pit Sprenggrube / (Engr). 
blasting powder Sprengpulver n 
(black powder). 
bleach Bleichmittel n. 
bleaching powder Chlorkalk m. 
bleed bluten; entluften (recoil 

mechanism). 
blend anpassen (Cam). 
blimp unstarres KleinluftschifF. 
blind v blind machen, blenden. 
blind adj blind. 

blind flying See instrument flying, 
blinker Blinklampe /. See also 

signal lamp. 

blinker light Blinkfeuer n, Takt- 
feuer n. 

blinker signal Blinkzeichen n. 
blister Torpedowulst m (Nan) ; MG.- 
Warze / (Ap) ; Blase / (Med). 
blister agent atzender Kampfstoff 

(CWS). 

blister gas Hautgift n, atzender 

Kampfstoff (CWS). 
block Sperre / (Ft); Block m, 
Klotz m (Engr); Kettenglied n 
(Tk, Trac); Haltezeichen n (RR 
block signal); Bremsklotz in 
(wheel); Sprengkorper in (explos- 
ive). 

blockade Blockade f, Sperre f. 
block and tackle Flaschenzug to. 
“blockbuster” schwere Sprengbombe. 
blockhouse Blockhaus n (Ft). 
blocking Sperrung / (by means of 
obstacles). 

block warden Blockwart m (Civ 
Defense). 
blood Blut n. 

blood donor Blutspender m. 
blood group See blood type, 
blood plasma Blutplasma n. 
blood-poisoning Blutvergiftung f. 
blood type Blutgruppe /. 
blouse See service coat, 
blowback Biickschlag in (Ord). 
blowback-operated weapon Gas- 

drucklader to. 

blower Geblase n (Ap engine). 
blown primer Zundhiitchenausfall 

m. 

blowtorch Lotlampe /. 

blow up sprengen (blast); aufblasen 

(inflate). 

bludgeon Kniippel to. 

) blue blau. 




blueprint 



245 bomber squadron 



blueprint Blaupause f. 
bluff Felsenklippe /, Klippe / (Top). 
board n Brett n (wood); AusschuB 
m (committee). 

board v einsteigen (a vehicle); 
bekostigen, verkostigen ( to supply 
meals); in Kost sein (to receive 
meals). 

board of officers Ehrenrat m; Offi- 
zierausschuB m. 
boardwalk Bretterbahn f. 
boat Boot n, Kahn m. 
boat crew Fahrtrupp m (Engr). 
boat ferry Kahnfahre / (Engr). 
boat hook Bootshaken m. 



boatswain Bootsmann m (Nav). 
boat-tail Verjiingung naeh hinten 
(Am). 

bobbing target Klappscheibe /, Ver- 
schwindscheibe / (practice firing). 
body Korper m; Walze / (Am); 
Ziinderkorper m, Ziindergehause n 
(fuze); Ziinderteller m ( powder - 
train time fuze); Aufbau m (MT); 
Fernrohrkorper m (binocular) ; Ge- 
schoBhiille / (projectile); Gasmas- 
kenkdrper m (gas mask). 
body armor Panzerweste f (Avn). 
bodyguard Leibgarde /, Leibwache /. 
Bofors gun Bofors-Maschinenkanone 

f. 

bog Sumpf m, Moor n, Morast m. 
bog down versacken. 
bogie Rollenwagen m (Tk); Rollbock 
m (Arty). 

bogie trailer Rollbock m ( Arty). 
bogie wheel Laufrad n, Laufrolle / 
(Tk). 

boil v kochen. 
boiler Kessel m. 
bolo philippinisches Hackmesser. 
bolt VerschluB to, Kammer / (R, 
pistol); VerschluBzylinder m (Small 
Arms); Bolzen m (Mech). 
bolt assembly SchloB n (MG, R). 
bolt base Schlofifufi m (MG). 
bolt catch Kammerfang m (MG). 
bolt-catch piece Kammerfangstiick n 
(pistol). 

bolt handle Kammerstengel to (R) ; 
Kammergriff to, SchloBhebel to 
(MG). 

bolt housing Schlofigehause n (MG). 
bolt knob Kammerknopf to (R). 
bolt lock Rasthebel to (MG). 
bolt lug Kammerwarze / (R). 



bolt mechanism ZylinderversehluB m, 
SchloB n (R). 

bolt sleeve SchloBchen n (R). 
bolt slide Kammerbahn / (R). 
bolt support Schlofihalter to (MG). 
bolt thread Bolzengewinde (MT). 
bomb n Bombe f, Fliegerbombe f. 
bomb v bombardieren, bomben. 
bombard bombardieren, bomben. 
bombardier Bombenschutze m. 
bombardier’s compartment Bomben- 
schtitzenstand to (Ap). 
bombardment Bombardierung /, 

Kanonade / (Arty); Bombenan- 
griff to (Avn). 

bombardment airplane Bomber m, 
Bombenfiugzeug n, Kampfflugzeug n, 
Kampfmaschine f. 

bombardment aviation Kampfflie- 
gerei f ; Bombenflieger mpl, Kampf- 
flieger mpl. 

bombardment formation Kampf- 
fiiegerverband to (Avn). 
bombardment group Kampfgruppe /, 
Kampffliegergruppe f (Avn). 
bombardment school Kampfschule f 
(Avn). 

bombardment squadron Kampfstaf- 
fel f, Kampffliegerstaffel f (Avn). 
bombardment wing Kampfgeschwa- 
der n, Luftkampfgeschwader n 
(Avn). 

bomb bay Bombenkammer f, Bom- 
benmagazin n (Ap). 
bomb-bay doors Bombenklappe / 
(Ap). 

bomb case Bombenhiille /. 
bomb control Bombenabzughebel to 
(Ap). 

bomb control mechanism Bombenab- 
wurfvorrichtung /, Bombenauslo- 
sungsvorrichtung f (Ap). 
bomb crater Bombenloch n. 
bomb disposal officer Bombenraum- 
offizier m. 

bomb disposal unit Bombenraum- 
trupp to, Sprengkommando n. 
bomber Bomber to, Bombenfiugzeug 
n, Kampfflugzeug n. 
bomber command Kampfflieger- 

kommando n (USA). 
bomber-fighter See fighter-bomber, 
bomber formation Kampfverband w 
(Avn). 

bomber pilot Kampfflieger to. 
bomber squadron Kampfstaffel /. 




bomber wing' 

bomber wing Kampfgeschwader n, 
Bombengesehwader n. 
bomb fuze Bombenziinder m. 
bomb hit Bombeneinschlag to, 

Bombentreffer to. 

bomb hoist Bombeneinhangevor- 

riehtung /. 

bomb hide Bombenloch n. 
bombing Bomben n, Bombenwurf to, 
Bombardierung /. 

bombing altitude Angriffshohe f, 
Abwurfhohe f. 

bombing approach Anflug to. 
bombing attack Bombenangriff to. 
bombing formation Kampfverband 
in (Avn). 

bombing raid Bombenangriff to* 
bomb load Bombenlast /. 
bomb nose Bombenkopf to. 
bombproof bombensicher, bomben- 
fest. 

bombproof shelter bombensichere 
Deckung. 

bomb rack Schacht to, Bomben- 

schacht w, Abwurf schacht m ( Ap ). 
bomb rack control Bombenabzughe- 
bel to (Ap). 

bomb release Wurf to, Abwurf w, 
Bombenwurf to, Bombenauslosung /. 
bomb release altitude Abwurfhohe /. 
bomb release controls Bombenab- 
wurfgerat n. 

bomb release handle Bombenhebel w. 
bomb release line Ausloselinie f. 
bomb release mechanism Bomben- 
abwurfvorrichtung /, Bombenaus- 
losungsvorrichtung f. 
bomb release point Auslosepunkt m. 
bomb-resistant bombensicher, bom- 
benfest. 

“Bombs away!” “Wurf!” 
bomb shackle Tragvorrichtung / 

(Ap). 

bomb sight Zielgerat n, Abwurf- 
zielgerat n, Bombenzielgerat n, Bom- 
benzielvorrichtung /, Bombenzielap- 
parat m, Bombenvisier n, Bomben- 
richtgerat n. 

bomb target area Bombenwurfplatz 

m. 

bomb trailer Bomben-Zubringe- 

wagen m. 

bomb train Bombenreihe /. 
bomb trajectory Fallbahn /, Wurf- 
bahn /, Wurfparabel /, Bombenflug- 
bahn /, Bombenfallkurve /, Bom- 
benabwurfkurve /. 



bounding mine 

bone Knochen m; Grate f (of fish). 
bonus Handgeld n. 
booby trap Sprengfalle /, Schreck- 
ladung f, Schreckmine f. 
boom Ladebaum m (of a crane); 
schwimmende Balkensperre (water 
obstacle). 

boom defense vessel Sperrwachboot 

n. 

boost aufladen, verstarken. 
booster Schlagladung / (fuze). 
booster charge Beiladung f, An- 
feuerungssatz m (Am). 
boot , Stiefel to (Clo) ; Tasche /, 
Schuh to (holster). 
border Grenze f. 
border area Grenzgebiet n. 
border incident Grenzzwischenfall w. 
bore n Rohrseele /, Seele f ( Ord) ; 
Rohrinneres n (G); Laufinneres n 
(Small Arms); Bohrung f (Mech). 
bore v bohren. 

bore brush Reinigungsbiirste / 

( Ord). 

bore gage Mefipatrone / (Small 
Arms); Kaliberzylinder to, Kaliber- 
ring to. 

borehole Minenrohr n, Bohrloch n. 
borehole blasting charge Bohrladung 
/• 

bore-safe and detonator-safe fuze 
rohrsicherer Ziinder mit Sprengkap- 
selsicherung (Am). 
bore-safe fuze rohrsicherer Ziinder. 
bore sight Ziellinienprufer to, Ju- 
stiergerat n ( Ord). 
bore-sight adjustment Justieren n 
(G). 

boric acid Borsaure f. 
borrow pit Erdgrube /. 
bottleneck Flaschenhals to (figura- 
tively and literally); Engpafl to 
(Top). 

bottom chord Untergurt to (truss). 
bottom gun carriage Unterlafette /. 
boulder Felsblock to, groBer Stein, 
“bouncing baby” See bounding mine, 
bound Sprung to (jump). 
boundary Grenze /, Abschnittsgrenze 
/, Nahtstelle / (between units), 
Trennungslinie /. 

boundary layer Grenzschicht / 

(fluid mechanics). 

boundary light Umrandungsfeuer n, 
Randfeuer n (Adrm). 
bounding mine S-Mine f, Schrapnell- 

mine /. 



246 




bounds 



247 break down 

bounds Einzelspriinge mpl (method j brake equalization Bremsausgleich 
of advancing). m (MT). 



by bounds sprungweise. 
bourrelet Zentrierwulst m; Fuh- 
rungswulst m (rear). 
bow Bug m (Ap, Nav, Tk). 
bow compartment Vorderkaffe / 
( Pon). 

bowden control cable Bowdenzug m. 
bow gun Buggeschiitz n, Bugfeuer- 
geschiitz n (Tk). 

bow gunner Bugschivtze to (Ap, Tk). 
bow-on Stirnansieht /. 
bow-on silhouette StirnschattenriB 

m (practice target). 
bow wave Kopfwelle / (Ballistics). 
box Kasten to, Schachtel f. 
box barrage Feuerabriegelung f. 
box car gedeckter Giiterwagen (RR). 
box girder Kastentrager m. 
box in Feuerabriegelung schieflen. 
box level Dosenlibelle /. 
box magazine Kastenmagazin n. 
box-trail gun carriage Kastenlafette 
/■ 

brace n Strebe f (structures) ; Bohr- 
winde f (a tool). 
brace v abspreizen, absteifen. 
braced verspannt. 
bracing Auskreuzung f, Verspan- 
nung /, Verstrebung /. 
bracket n Gabelung /, Eingabelung 
/ (Arty). 

bracket v gabeln, eingabeln (Arty). 
bracket adjustment Gabelbilden n. 
bracket fire GabelschieBen n. 
bracketing Gabelbildung /, Einga- 
beln n. 

bracketing correction GabelschieBen n. 
bracketing elevation Erhohung zum 
Gabelbilden. 

bracketing method Gabelbilden n. 
bracketing salvo gabelbildende Salve, 
bracket seat Schildlager n (G). 
braid Borte /, Tresse / (Clo). 
brake n Bremse f (MT, Ord). 
brake v abbremsen. 
brake arm Bremsarm to (gun- 

carriage wheel brake). 
brake band Bremsband n (MT). 
brake bushing Bremsbuchse / ("re- 
coif mechanism). 
brake cable Zugriemen m. 
brake cylinder Bremszylinder m 

(MT). 

brake drum Bremstrommel f, Brems- 
scheibe f. 



brake fluid Bremsfliissigkeit f. 
brake horsepower Bremsleistung /, 
Nutzleistung /. 

brake lever Bremshebel m (G, MT). 
brake lining Bremsbelag m. 
brake pedal Fufibremshebel in, 

BremsfuBhebel m, Bremstritt m, 
Bremspedal n (MT). 
brake release spring Bremsfeder / 
(MT). 

brake rod Bremsgestange n (MT). 
brakeshoe Bremsklaue / (gun-car- 
riage wheel); Bremsbacke f, Brems- 
klotz m. 

braking effect Bremswirkung /. 
branch Waffengattung / (of the 
Army) ; Ast to, Zweig to (of a tree) ; 
Filiale f, Zweigstelle f (of a bank, 
business); Nebenstelle f (of a post 
office); Abteilung f (Adm). 
branch depot Zweigpark to, Zweig- 
lager n. 

branch of the service Dienstzweig in, 
Waffengattung /, Truppengattung /. 
brand Marke /, Sorte / (of com- 
mercial product). 
brass Messing n. 
brassard Armbinde f. 
brass knuckles Schlagring w. 
breach n Bresche /, Sturmlucke f, 
Einbruchstelle f. 

breach v einbrechen (a line); eine 
Bresche schieflen (a wall, etc.). 
breaching charge Sprengladung f. 
breaching line Trennschnitt to 

( demolitions). 

breaching point Sprengstelle / 

( demolitions). 

breach of discipline Disziplinarverge- 
hen n, Ubertretung f, Vergehen n, 
Verfehlung f. 
bread Brot n. 

break n Bruch to; Trennung / (Rad 

procedure). 

break v brechen; degradieren, herab- 
setzen ( demote). 
breakage Bruch to. 
break camp das Lager abbrechen. 
breakdown Zusammenbruch to (col- 
lapse ) ; Panne / (of vehicle) ; Be- 
triebsstorung / (Tp, Com, etc.); 
Gliederung f (analysis). 
break down eine Panne erleiden 

(MT); zusamnienbrechen (physical 




break in 248 brigadier general 



collapse); zerlegen, zergliedern ( an- 
alyze, decompose). 

break in einfahren (a vehicle); ein- 
arbeiten (Pers); zureiten, abrichten 
(a horse). 

break-in procedure Dazwischen- 

sprechen n (Rad). 
break loose losbrechen. 
break off combat das Gefecht ab- 
brechen. 

break ranks wegtreten. 
break-through Durchbruch m (Tac). 
break up absehlagen, abweisen (an 
atta.ck); auseinandertreiben (a 
crowd); zerschlagen, zersplittern 
(into pieces); aufklaren (of clouds, 
weather). 

breakwater Wellenbreeher m. 
breast harness Sielengeschirr n. 
breastplate Brustblatt n (harness). ' 
breastplate harness Vorderzeug n. 
breast strap Halskoppel / (harness). 
breastwork Brustwehr /. 
breather Entliiftungsstutzen m 

(Mtr). 

breech Bodenstiick n (G). 
breechblock Verschluflblock m 

(screw-type breech); VerschluBkeil 
m (wedge-type breech); VerschluB- 
stiick n, Kartuschestiick n, Lade- 
klappe /, Stoflboden to (Ord). 
breechblock carrier Verschlufitrager 
m (G). 

breechblock wedge VerschluBkeil m 
(G). 

breech bore gage Kaliberzylinder m, 
Kaliberring m. 

breech cover VerschluOiiberzug m 
(G). 

breeches Reithosen fpl. 
breeching Umgang m, Hinterzeug n 
(harness). 

breechlock VerschluB m, Geschiitz- 
verschluB m (Ord). 
breech mechanism VerschluB m, 
Verschluflsystem n, Geschiitzver- 
schluB m, Ladevorrichtung / (Ord). 
breech piece Laufmundstiiek n (R). 
breech recess Patroneneinlage / 
(R); Keilloch n (G). 
breech ring VerschluBring m, Ver- 
schraubungsstiick n (G). 
breech wedge VerschluBkeil m. 

Bren gun Bren-Maschinengewehr n. 
brevet rank Rang eines charakteri- 
sierten oder ernannten Offiziers. 



brevity code Funkverkehrsabkiirzun- 
gen fpl (Rad). 

bribe v bestechen; schmieren 

(slang). 

bribery Bestechung /. 
brickyard Ziegelei /. 
bridge n Briicke f; FloBbriicke / 
(floating); Schnellbriicke / (hasty). 
bridge v eine Briicke schlagen, eine 
Briicke bauen. 

bridge bay Briickenstrecke f. 
bridge capacity Verkehrslast f. 
bridge center line Briickenachse /, 
Briickenlinie /. 

bridge commander Briickenkomman- 
dant m. 

bridge construction Briickenschlag 
m, Briickenbau m. 

bridge-construction party Briicken- 
trupp m. 

bridge diagram Briickenskizze f. 
bridge equipage See bridge equip- 
ment. 

bridge equipment Briickengerat n, 
Kriegsbriickengerat n, Briickenbau- 
gerat n, Ubergangsgerat n. 
bridge foundation Briickenunterbau 

m. 

bridgehead Briickenkopf m, Briicken- 
kopfsteilung / (Tac). 
bridgehead line Briickenkopflinie /. 
bridge railing Briickengelander n. 
bridge roadway Briickenbahn f. 
bridge site Briickenstelle f. 
bridge span Briickenstiitzweite f. 
bridge structure Briickenbau m. 
bridge superstructure Briickeniiber- 
bau to. 

bridge traffic control post Ablauf- 
posten to. 

bridge train Briickenkolonne / 

(Engr). 

bridge trestle Briickenbock to. 
bridle Zaumzeug n (harness). 
brief v den Flug besprechen (Avn). 
briefing Flugbesprechung /, Einsatz- 
besprechung f; Befehlsausgabe / 
(issuance of orders). 
brigade Brigade /. 
brigade commander Brigadefiihrer 
w, Brigadekommandeur to. 
brigade headquarters Brigadekom- 
mando n. 

brigadier general Generaimajor to; 
Generalmajor der Flieger (Luft- 
waffe); Generalarzt m (Med); Ge- 
neralveterinar to (Vet). 




bright light 249 burst 



bright light Fernlicht n (on auto 
headlight). 

bring down abschiefien ( an Ap). 
brisance Brisanz /. 
broadcast n Rundfunk m. 
broadcast v rundfunken. 
broadcasting Rundfunk m. 
broadcasting station Rundfunksen- 
der m. 

broadside Breitseite / (Nav). 
broken wolkig, fast bedeckt (Met). 
broken outlines zerlegte Formen 
(Cam). 

broken stone Steinsehlag m. 
bromacetone Bromazeton n, B-Stoff 
m (CWS). 

brombenzylcyanide Brombenzylzya- 
nid n, T-Stoff m (CWS). 
bronchitis Luftrohrenkatarrh m, 

Bronchialkatarrh m. 
bronze Bronze f. 

brow band Stirnriemen m (harness). 
Browning automatic rifle Browning- 
Selbstladegewehr n. 

Browning machine gun Browning- 
Maschinengewehr n. 
brush Biirste /, Pinsel m; Anstrich- 
pinsel m (paint) ; Gebiisch n (under- 
growth) ; Strauch m (brushwood); 
Scharmutzel n (skirmish). 
brush hurdle Hurde f. 
brush road Strauchdamm m. 
brushwood Dickicbt n (thicket); 
Strauch m (broken branches, bushes, 
etc.). 

brushwork Flechtwerk n, Strauch- 

werk n, Strauchpackung /. 
brushwork revetment Spreutlage f. 
bucket Kiibel m, Eimer m. 
buckle n KoppelschloB n. 
buckle v knicken. 

buckling Knicken n (march column). 
“buddy” “Rumpel” m. 
budget Etat m. 
budget item Etatposten m. 
buffer Auffangvorrichtung des Ruck- 
stoBes, Puffer m (Ord). 
buffer spring Riicklauffeder f (MG). 
buffing Polieren n. 
buggy whip antenna Stabantenne f. 
bugle Horn n, Trompete /. 
bugle call Trompetensignal n, Horn- 
signal n. 

bugler Hornist m, Trompeter m. 

building Gebaude n. 

built-up area bebautes Gelande. 



built-up barrel Ringrohr n, Mantel- 

ringrohr n (G). 

bulb Gliahbirne f, Birne f (Elec); 

Ballen m (horse). 
bulk container PackgefaB n. 
bulkhead Spant m, Rumpfspant rn, 
Schott n ( Ap). 

bulk reduction point Eisenbahntank- 
stelle f (RR). 

bulldozer Planier-Raupenschlepper 
m, mechanischer Pflugbagger. 
bullet Geschofi n, Kugel f. 
bullet drop Geschofifall m (Ballis- 
tics). 

bulletin Ankiindigung f, Bekannt- 
maehung f (notice); Nachrichten- 
blatt n (publication). 
bulletin board Anschlagtafel /. 
bulletproof kugelsicher, kugelfest, 
schuflfest, schuBsicher. 
bulletproof glass schuBsicheres Glas, 
beschuBsicheres Glas, Panzerglas n. 
bullet-resisting inner tube schuBsi- 
cherer Schlauch (MT). 
bullet tube Geschofikanal m ( grenade 
launcher). 

bullet wound SchuBwunde f, SchuB- 
verletzung /. 

bull’s eye Spiegel m, Zentrum n, 
Zielschwarze n, “Das Schwarze.” 
bump WindstoB m (Avn); Hdcker 

m, Rast f (road). 

bumper Stofifanger m StoBstange / 
(MT). 

buna tire Bunareifen m (MT). 
bungee mechanische Hilfsvorrich- 
tung (Ap). 
bunk Koje f. 
bunker Bunker m. 
bunting Fahnentuch n, Flaggentuch 
n; Flaggenschmuck m. 
buoy Boje /, Tonne /. 
buoyancy Auftrieb m, Hubkraft f 
(Avn); Schwimmkraft / (Nav). 
bureau Amt n, Bureau n, Buro n. 
burial Begrabnis n, Beerdigung /, 
Bestattung /. 

burial detail Bestattungskommando 

n. 

burlap Sackleinen n. 
burn n Brandwunde f. 
burn v brennen, verbrennen. 
burning rate Brenngeschwindigkeit 

f ( cord fuze). 

burning time Leuchtdauer f (Sig). 
burst n StoB m, FeuerstoB m (MG). 
burst v bersten, zerspringen, platzen. 




250 



caisson 



burst center 

burst center mittlerer Sprengpunkt. 
burst effect Zerknallstofl m, Spreng- 
wirkung / (Am). 
burster Sprengladung f (Am). 
burster course Zerschellerschieht / 
(Ft). 

burster tube Kammerhiilsenrohr n, 
Sprengladungsrohre / (Am). 
bursting charge Sprengladung /, 
Sprengstoffgehalt m, Sprengsatz m 
(Am). 

burst interval Aufschlagweite / 
( Gunnery). 

burst of fire Feuerstofi m (MG). 
burst wave Verdichtungswelle f 
(Sound Ranging). 

bury begraben, beerdigen; vergra- 
ben, verbergen (to hide). 
bus Kraftomnibus m. 
bush fighting Buschgefecht n, Wald- 
gefecht n. 

bushing Buchsring m (G); Futter- 
stiick n (breechblock) ; Lager schale 
/, Buchse /, Futter n (Tech). 
busy besetzt (Tp). 
busy signal Besetztzeichen n, Be- 
setztschauzeichen n (Tp). 



butcher Fleischer m, Metzger m, 
Schlachter to. 

butchery platoon Schlachtereizug m 

(QMC). 

butt Kolben to (MG, R); Kugelfang 
to (target range). 

butt assembly Bodenstiick n (MG). 
butter Butter /. 
buttock GesaBbacke /. 
button Knopf m. 
butt plate Kolbenkappe / (R). 
butt strap Lasche / (Engr). 
butt stroke Kolbenhieb to. 
butt swivel Klammer f (R). 
butt-swivel plate Klammerfufi to 
(R). 

buzzer Wecker to, Summer m (Tp). 
buzzer button Summerknopf to (Tp). 
buzzer set Summerzusatz to (Tp). 
buzzer signal Summeranruf to (Tp). 
bypass n Gberstromkanal to (Mtr); 

Ausweichstelle / (road). 
by-pass v aussparen (Tac). 

“By the left flank, march!” “Links, 
um!” 

“By the right flank, march!” “Kechts, 
um!” 



cab Fahrerhaus n (of truck). 
cabane Spannturm to, Rahmenspann- 
turm m (Ap). 
cabbage Ifraut n. ' 
cabin Kabine f (Ap, Nav); Hiitte / 
(hut). 

cabinet Truhe f, Gehause n (Rad). 
cable Seil n, Tau n (Nav, etc.); 
Kabel n (Elec, Tp); Drahtzug to 
(flexible steel, A;)); Drahtseil n 
(wire). See also wire, 
cable armor Bewehrung /. 
cable block Drahtseilhindernis n 
( obstacle). 

cable brake Seilbremse /. 
cable drum Seilrolle /, Seiltrommel 
/• 

cable ferry Seilfahre /. 
cablegram Kabeldepesche f. 
cable knife Kabelmesser n. 
cable lead-in point Kabelauffuhrungs- 
punkt m (Elec, Tp). 
cable line Kabelleitung / (Tp). 



G 

cable ship Kabelschiff n. 
cable sleeve Kabelverbinder to (Tp). 
cable splice Kabelverbindung / (Tp). 
cable-testing instrument Kabelmefi- 
gerat n (Tp). 

cable trench Kabelgraben to (Tp). 
cable wax Kabelwachs n (Engr, Tp). 
cable winch Seilwinde /. 
cadence Gleichschritt m, Zeitmafl n 
(Marching). 

cadet Kadett to; Fahnenjunker to, 
Fahnenjunker-Gefreiter to (junior 
cadet); Fahnenjunker-Unteroffizier 
w ( cadet Sgt). 

cadre Cadre m, Kader w, Stamm- 
truppe /. 

cadreman Soldat einer Stammann- 

schaft. 

cadre personnel Stammannschaft /. 
caduceus Askulapstab m ( insigne) . 
caisson Hinterwagen to, Munitions- 
wagen m (Arty); Senkkasten to 
(Engr). 




caisson section leader 



251 



cannonade 



caisson section leader Wagenzug- 
ftihrer to (Arty). 
calcium bleach Chlorkalk to. 
calcium chloride Chlorkalk in. 
calculate rechnen, berechnen, aus- 
rechnen. 

calculation Berechnung /. 
calculator Rechenmaschine /, Rechen- 
gerat n. 

calculus Infinitesimalrechnung /. 
calf Wade f (of leg). 
caliber Rohrweite /, Kaliber n, Waf- 
fenkaliber n (Ord). 
calibrate eichen. 
calibrated geeicht. 
calibration Hohenrichtverbesserung 
nach Einschiefigeschiitz (Gunnery) ; 
Eichung / (Tech); Funkbeschickung 
f (Rad compass). 

calibration adjustment Frequenz- 
korrektur f (Rad). 

calibration correction Aussehalten 
der Grundstufe (Gunnery). 
calibration firing Vergleiehssehiefien 
n (Arty). 

calipers Greifzirkel m. 
calk dichten. 

call n Ruf m, Zeichen n, Signal n, 
Anruf m, Gesprachsverbindung / 
(Sig C) ; Ferngesprach n, Gesprach 
n, Spruch m (Tp). 
call v rufen; anrufen (Tp). 
called station Gegenstelle / (Rad, 
Tp). 

calling key Flackertaste f (Tp). 
call letters Buchstaben des Rufzei- 
chens (Rad). 

call sign Rufzeichen n (Rad). 
call signal Rufzeichen n (Rad, Tp); 

Anruf zeichen n (Tp). 
call the roll Namen aufrufen. 
call the shot das Abkommen melden. 
call to quarters Locken n. 
call to the colors See induction, 
call-up Anruf m (Rad). 
call up aufrufen, anrufen. 
calm adj still, ruhig, windstill (Met). 
cam Daumen m, Nocken to (Tech); 
Drucknase / (trigger); Lenkschrau- 
be / (steering column, MT). 
cam and lever steering system 
Sehraubenganglenkung /, Spindel- 
lenkung / (MT). 

camber Radsturz m (MT); Wolbung 
/, Kriimmung f. 
camera Kammer /. 
camera gun Lichtbild-MG. n (Avn). 



cameraman Photograph m. 
camera spotting Artillerie-Bildbeob- 

achtung /. 

camouflage n Tarnung /, Tarnen n. 
camouflage v tarnen. 
camouflage discipline Tarndisziplin 
/• 

camouflage jacket Tarnjacke /. 
camouflage material Tarnmittel n. 
camouflage net Maske /, Flieger- 
maske /, Tarnnetz n. 
camouflage paint Tarnungsfarbe /, 
Tarnanstrich to. 

camouflage troops Tarnungstruppe 
/• 

camouflet Quetschladung /, Quetsch- 
mine /. 

camp n Lager n, Lagerplatz to, La- 
gerort to, Truppenlager n; Gefange- 
nenlager n (PW). 
camp v das Lager aufschlagen. 
campaign Feldzug to. 
campaign medal Kriegsdenkmiinze 
/, Erinnerungsmedaille /. 
camp hospital See station hospital, 
camp kitchen Lagerkiiche f. 
cam plate Kurvenscheibe / (Ord). 
camp site Lagerstelle /. 
camshaft Nockenwelle /, Steuerwelle 
f, Daumenwelle /. 

can Biichse /, Blechbiichse /, Dose /. 
canal Kanal m. 

canard airplane Ente /, Entenflug- 
zeug n. 

cancel ausstreichen, durchstreichen 
(cross out); aufheben, absagen, an- 
nullieren (annul); widerrufen (re- 
voke). 

cancellation Streichung / ( crossing 
out); Aufhebung f, Annullierung / 
(annulment). 
candle Kerze /. 

canister Kartatsche f ( separate-load- 
ing Am) ; Filterbiichse / (gas mask). 
canister filter Biichsenfilter in (gas 
mask ) . 

canned food Biichsenkonserven fpl. 
canned meat Fleischkonserve /, 

Buchsenfleisch n. 

canned ration Biichsenkonserven fpl. 
cannelure Rille / (Am). 
cannibalization Wiederinstandset- 

zung unter Verwendung von Teilen 
beschadigten Kriegsgerats ( Ord). 
cannon Kanone /. 

cannonade Bombardierung /, Kano- 
nade f. 




cannoneer 



252 



carburetor 



cannoneer Schiitze m, Kanonier m. 
cannon salute Kanonensalut m. 
cannon transport wagon Rohrwagen 
m. 

canopy Baldachin m (Ap); Stoff- 

bahn f (Prcht). 

cant n schiefer Radstand, Verkan- 
tung / (Arty). 
cant v verkanten (G, R). 
canteen Feldflasche f (water con- 

tainer); Kantine f, Kamaradschafts- 
heim n (place). 

canteen cover Feldflaschenhiille /. 
canteen cup Trinkbecher m, Beeher 
m. 

cantilever freitragend. 
cantilever beam Kragtrager m. 

cantilever bridge Kragtragerbriicke 
/, Auslegerbriicke /. 
cantilever wing freitragender Flu- 
gel. 

cantle Hinterzwiesel m (saddle). 
cantonment Barackenlager n. 
cantonment area Unterkunftsraum 
m. 

cantonment building Militarbaracke 
f, Baracke f. 
canvas Segeltuch n. 
cap Haube /, Kappe /, Kopf m 
(Am) ; Miitze / (Clo) ; Geschollkappe 
/ (projectile) ; Sprengkapsel / 
(blasting). 

capacitance Kapazitat f (Elec). 
capacitor Kondensator m (Rad). 
capacity Leistung f, Leistungsfahig- 
keit / (performance) ; Vermijgen n 
(capability) ; Fahigkeit / (ability); 
Eigenschaft f (function); Verkehrs- 
last / (Bdg); Fassungsvermogen n 
( volume). 

cap crimper Wiirgezange f. 
cape Umhang m (cloak); Kap n 
(point of land). 

cap hole Ziindkanal m (blasting car- 
tridge). 

capillary tube Haarrohre f. 
capital Haupstadt f (of a country) ; 

grofier Buchstabe (letter). 
capital offense Kapitalverbrechen n. 
capital ship Groflkampfschiff n. 
capitulate sich ergeben, kapitulieren. 
capitulation Ubergabe f, Kapitula- 
tion f. 

capsize kentern, umkippen. 
capstan Gangspill m, Ankerwinde / 
(Nav) ; Erdwinde / (Engr). 
captain Hauptmann m (plural: 



Hauptleute) ; Rittmeister m (Cav, 
H Arty); Stabsarzt m (Med); Stabs- 
veterinar m (Vet) ; Kapitan zur See 

(Nav). 

captive balloon Fesselballon m. 
capture n Einnahme f (of a local- 
ity) ; Gefangennahme f (of a per- 
son). 

capture v fangen, gefangennehmen 
(a person); erbeuten (materiel); 
aufbringen (a ship); einnehmen (a 
locality). 

captured gun Beutegeschiitz n. 
captured materiel erbeutetes 
Kriegsgerat. 

captured officer kriegsgefangener Of- 
fizier. 

car Wagen m (MT, RR). 
carbine Karabiner m. 
carbine scabbard carrier Karabiner- 
tragevorrichtung f. 
carbolic acid Karbolsaure f. 
carbon Kohle f, Kohlenstoff m; Ol- 
kohle f (Mtr). 

carbon block Kohleklotz m (micro- 
phone). 

carbon brush Kohle /, Kohlebiirste f 
(Elec). 

carbon. copy Durchschlag m (typed); 

Durchschrift / (written). 
carbon-copy pad Durchschreibeblock 

in- 

carbon dioxide Kohlensaure f. 
carbon electrode Kohlenelektrode /. 
carbon filler Kohlenstofftrager m (in 
liquid-oxygen blasting charges). 
carbon lightning arrester Kohleblitz- 
ableiter m. 

carbon microphone Kohlenmikrophon 

n. 

carbon monoxide Kohlenoxyd n. 
carbon paper Kohlepapier n. 
carbon residue Verbrennungsriick- 
stand m (Mtr). 

carbon rod Kohle /, Kohlestab m 

(Elec). 

carbon tetrachloride Tetrachlorkoh- 

lenstoff m. 

carbonylchloride Chlorkohlenoxyd n, 
Phosgen n (CWS). 

carbon-zinc battery Kohle-Zink- 

sammler w. 

carbon-zinc cell Kohle-Zink-Element 

n (Elec). 

carburetion Vergaseranordnung f, 
Gemischbildung im Vergaser (Mtr). 
carburetor Vergaser m. 




carburetor engine 253 casualty agent 



carburetor engine Vergasermotor m. 
carcass Kadaver to, Leiche f. 
card Karte f, Schein to, Zettel to. 
cardboard Pappe /, Pappdeckel to, 
Karton m. 
card file Kartei /. 
cardinal point Himmelsrichtung /. 
care Pflege f (of wounded, equip- 
ment, etc.); Verwundetenbetreuung 
f (of casualties) ; Fiirsorge / (wel- 
fare); Vorsicht f (caution). 
cargo Last f, Ladung f (load); 
Fracht / (freight); Schiffsladung f 
(Nav). 

cargo carrier Lastkraftwagen m, 
Transportwagen m (MT). 
cargo-carrying glider Lastensegler 
m, Lastensegelflugzeug n. 
cargo parachute Lastfallschirm m. 
cargo tonnage Ladefahigkeit / 

(capacity) ; Ladegewicht n (weight). 
cargo-transport plane Frachtflug- 
zeug n. 

cargo truck Lastkraftwagen m. 
carload Wagenladung /. 
carpenter Zimmermann m. 
carriage Lafette f, Lafettierung / 
(G). 

carrier Beforderungsmittel n, Fahr- 
zeug n (vehicle); Trager m (Pers); 
Flugzeugtrager m (Nav); Tragbeu- 
tel m, Biichse f, Tasche f (con- 
tainer). 

carrier current Tragerstrom m (Tp). 
carrier pigeon Brieftaube f, Heeres- 
brieftaube f. 

carrier wave Tragerwelle / (Rad). 
carry tragen; halten (AA SL). 
carrying capacity Tragfahigkeit f. 
carrying pad Tragepolster n (MG). 
carrying strap Tragband n (gas 
mask). 

carry light fiihrender Scheinwerfer 

(AAA). 

carry out ausfiihren, durchfiihren. 
cartel ship Austauschschiff n. 
cartographer Kartenzeichner m, Ta- 
bellenzeichner to. 

cartographical sketching Anferti- 
gung von Grundrifiskizzen. 
cartridge Patrone / (Am); Kar- 
tusche / (semifixed and fixed Am); 
scharfe Patrone (ball); Anlafipa- 
trone / (for cartridge starter). 
cartridge bag Kartuschbeutel to. 
cartridge belt Patronengurt m 
(MG). 



cartridge case Hiilse f, Patronen- 
hiilse f, Geschofihiilse / (Am); Kair- 
tusche f, Kartuschhiilse / (semifixed 
and fixed Am). 

cartridge chamber Patronenlager n 

(R). 

cartridge clip Patronenstreifen m, 
Ladestreifen to (Am). 
cartridge feed Patronenzufiihrung / 
(Small Arms). 

cartridge starter Anlafipistole / 
(Mtr). 

cartridge-type ground signal Leucht- 
patrone f. 

cartwheel Wagenrad n. 
case Gehause n, Hiilse f, Biichse / 
(Tech); Kiste /, Fasten to (box); 
Futteral n, Tasche f; Kartusche / 
( semifixed and fixed Am) ; Ziind- 
schraubengehause n (threaded per- 
cussion primer) (Am); Fall to (in- 
stance); Schurholzrahmen to (gal- 
lery case); Patronenhiilse / (car- 
tridge); Bombenhiille / (bomb). 
casein glue Kaseinleim m. 
casemate Kasemate / (Ft, Nav). 
casemate gun mount Kasematten- 
lafette f. 

case I pointing direktes Richten 
( Gunnery) . 

case II pointing Richten mit direkter 
Seitenrichtung und indirekter Ho- 
henrichtung (Gunnery). 
case III pointing indirektes Richten 
( Gunnery). 

case IV pointing Richten mit vorge- 
schobener Beobachtungsstelle ( Gun- 
nery). 

cash Bargeld n. 

cashier v aus dem Heere ausstofien. 
casing Deckplatte / (MG telescopic 
sight); Laufdecke f, Decke f, Man- 
tel w (tire); Gehause n, Hiille f, 
Hiilse f, Schalung /. 
castellated nut Kronenmutter /. 
caster Nachlauf to, Vorlauf to 
(MT); Schwenkrolle f (roller). 
casting Gufi to, Giefien n (action); 

Abgufi to (thing cast). 
cast iron Gufleisen n. 
cast-metal case GuBgehause n. 
cast-steel GuBstahl to. 
casuals zur Verwendung stehendes 
Militarpersonal. 

casualty Verlust to, Ausfall to. 
casualty agent Kampfstoff to 

(CWS). 




casualty day 254 center of the front 



casualty day tagliche Verlustrate. 
casualty list Verlustliste /. 
casualty report Verlustmeldung /. 
catalog Katalog TO. 
catapult n Katapult m, Startkatapult 
to, Schleuder f, Flugzeugsehleuder / 
(Avn). 

catapult v katapultieren (an Ap). 
catapult airplane Katapultflugzeug 
n. 

catapult take-off Sehleuderstart to 
(Avn). 

catch n Falle / (MG) ; Kammerfang 
m (MG bolt catch); Sperrnase / 
(fuze); Sperrklinke / (pawl). 
catch v fangen, einfangen, auffari- 
gen; ergreifen (seize); sich zuzie- 
hen, anstecken (a disease). 
catch pivot Fallenachse f (MG). 
caterpillar band Radgiirtel to (G). 
caterpillar drive Raupenantrieb to, 
Gleiskettenantrieb w (MT). 
caterpillar prime mover Gleisketten- 
schlepper to, Gleiskettenzugmaschine 
/• 

caterpillar track Raupe /, Raupen- 
kette /, Gleiskette f (MT, Tk). 
caterpillar tractor Gleiskettenschlep- 
per to, Gleiskettenzugmaschine /, 
Raupenschlepper m. 
cathode Kathode /. 
cathode-ray tube Kathodenstrahl- 
rohre /, Elektronenstrahlrohre /, 
Braunsche Rdhre. 
cattle Vieh n. 

catwalk Lattenrost to, Holzrost m. 
cause v verursachen, veranlassen, 
bewirken. 

causeway StraQendamm m. 
caustic n Atzmittel n. 
caustic soda kaustisches Natron, 
Atznatron n. , 

caution Vorsicht /, Achtung /. 
cavalry Kavallerie f, Reiterei / 
(H Cav); motorisierte Kavallerie 
(Mecz). 

cavalry brigade Reiterbrigade f, 
Kavalleriebrigade /. 
cavalry corps Kavalleriekorps n. 
cavalry division Kavalleriedivision /. 
cavalryman Kavallerist m, Reiter m. 
cavalry patrol Reiterspahtrupp m. 
cavalry pioneer Kavalleriepionier m. 
cavalry reconnaissance detachment 
Reiteraufklarungsabteilung f. 
cavalry regiment Reiterregiment n, 
Kavallerieregiment n. 



Cavalry School Kavallerieschule f, 
Reitschule f. 

cavalry troop Reiterschwadron /. 

cave Hohle /. 

cave in einstiirzen. 

cave shelter minierter Unterstand 

(Ft). 

cavesson Reithalfter / (harness). 
cavity Loch n, Vertiefung f, Hohle f. 
cease aufhoren, einstellen. 

“Cease firing!” “Feuerpause!” 
ceiling Wolkenhohe / (Met); Gip- 
felhohe f (Ap) ; Decke f (of a room). 
ceiling light Wolkenscheinwerfer m 
(Met). 

ceiling ventilator Deckenventilator 

to (MT). 

celestial navigation astronomische 
Navigation. 

celestial sphere Himmelskugel f 

(Navigation, Sivnv). 
cell Zelle f , Fliigelzelle f (Ap); Gas- 
zelle f (Airship); Element n (Elec). 
cell container Elementbecher m 

(Elec). 

cellophane Zellophan n. 
cellophane cover Zellophaniiberzug 

w (CWS). 

cellular-type radiator Elerhentekiih- 
ler to (MT). 

cellule Zelle f, Fliigelzelle / (Ap); 

Gaszelle / (Airship). 
celluloid Zelluloid n. 
celluloid templet Zelluloidtafel f. 
cellulose Zellulose f. 
cellulose acetate Zellon n. 
cellulose fiber Zellwolle /. 
cement Mortel m, Zement in. 
cemetery Friedhof to. 
censor Zensor to. 
censorship Zensur /. 
center Mitte f, Mittelpunkt in, Zen- 
trum n. 

center balk Mittelbalken to (Bdg). 
center line Briickenlinie f (Bdg). 
center of burst mittlerer Spreng- 
punkt. 

center of dispersion See center of 
impact. 

center of impact mittlerer Treff- 
punkt. 

center of lift Auftriebsmittelpunkt 
to. (Aerodynamics). 
center of resistance Widerstands- 

zentrum n (Tae). 

center of the front Frontmitte / 

(Tac). 




255 



charge 



center point of target 

center point of target Zielpunkt in. 
center punch Korner to. 
centigrade Celsius, 
central Vermittlung /, Vermittlungs- 
stelle / (Tp). 

central control zentrale Feuerleitung 
(Arty). 

Central European time mitteleuropii- 
ische Zeit (15° E standard merid- 
ian). 

central station Zentrale f (sound 
ranging). 

central tube Kammerhiilse / ■( shrap- 
nel). 

centrifugal action Fliehkraftan- 

trieb m (fuze). 

centrifugal arming device Fliehbacke 
/ (fuze). 

centrifugal bolt Fliehbolzen m 

(fuze). 

centrifugal casting Schleudergufi m 

(foundry). 

centrifugal compressor Turbokom- 

pressor m, Kreiselkompressor m. 
centrifugal force Fliehkraft /, 

Zentrifugalkraft f. 

centrifugal fuze Fliehkraftziinder m. 
centrifugal governor Fliehkraft- 

regler m (Mtr). 

Centrifugal pump Kreiselpumpe /, 
Zentrifugalpumpe /, Schleuder- 
pumpe /. 

centripetal force Zentripetalkraft /. 
ceremonial detachment Ehrenwache /. 
ceremony Zeremoniell n, Feierlich- 
keit /, besondere Veranstaltung; 
Trauerfeier f (Mil funeral). 
certificate Bescheinigung /, Zeugnis 
n, Schein to. 

certificate of discharge Entlassungs- 
schein m. 

certificate of identification Personal- 
ausweis to. 

certificate of rejection Ausmuste- 
rungsschein to. 

certificate of service Dienstbescheini- 
gung /. 

certified beglaubigt (documents). 
certify bescheinigen, bezeugen, be- 
glaubigen. 

cessation Einstellung /. 

cetane rating Cetenzahl f (Diesel 

fuel) . 

chain Kette f; Gleitschutzkette / 
(skid); MeBkette / (Surv). 
chaining Messen mit MeBkette 

(Surv). 



chain link Kettenglied n. 
chain of command Befehlsweg in, 
Befehlsverhaltnisse npl. 
chain of evacuation Verwundeten- 
abschublinie f. 

challenge Anruf m, Einspruch to, 
Herausfordei'ung /. 
chamber Kartuschraum m (G); 

Patronenlager n (R); Kammer f, 
Raum to. 

change v andern, sich andern, 

umandern; verandern (to alter); 
wechseln (money); tauschen (to 
exchange) ; sich umziehen (clothes); 
umsteigen (trains). 
change lever Umschalthebel to 

(automatic R). 

change of course Kurswechsel in 

(Avn). 

change of height Hohenanderung / 
(AA predictor). 

change of personnel Personalver- 
anderung f. 

change of position Stellungswechsel 
to (Tac). 

change of station Platzwechsel to. 
change-over switch Umschalter to 

(Elec). 

change step den Schritt wechseln, 
den Tritt wechseln. 
channel Dienstweg to (Adm); Fre- 
quenzbereich to (Rad); Verbindungs- 
weg to (Com). 

through channels auf dem Dienst- 
weg. 

channel marker Bake / (Nav). 
channel of communication Verbin- 

dungsweg to (Tp, Rad). 
chapel Kapelle /. 

chaplain Wehrmachtgeistlicher in, 
Feldgeistlicher to. 

character Buchstabe to, Schriftzei- 
chen n (letter); Charakter m (of a 
person). 

characteristic curve Rohrenkennlinie 
f (Rad tube). 

characteristic impedance Wellen- 

widerstand to (Elec, Rad). 
charcoal Holzkohle f. 
charcoal layer Kohleschicht / ( gas 
mask ) . 

charge n Ladung / (Am, blasting, 
Elec); Attacke f, Angriff to ( Cav) ; 
Betrauung f (trust); Anklage / 
(accusation) ; Gebuhr / (rate). 
charge v anstiirmen (Inf); attackie- 
ren (Cav); laden (Am, Elec); ver- 




charge-placing pole 256 chest 



langen, anfordern (money); be- 
schuldigen (accuse). 
charge-placing pole Sprengstange f. 
charging unit Lademaschinensatz to, 
Aggregat n (Elec). 
charging voltage Ladespannung / 
(battery charger). 

chart n Plan in, Tabelle /, Ubersicht 
f; Karte / (map). 

chartroom Feuerleitstelle / (Arty); 

Kartenraum in (Nav). 
chase n langes Feld (G). 
chassis Fahrwerk n, Fahrgestell n 
(MT); Apparatur / (Rad). 
chassis clearance Bauchfreiheit / 
(MT). 

chassis frame Fahrwerkrahmen m 
(MT). 

chassis panel Montageplatte / (Rad). 
chauffeur Kraftfahrer to (MT). 
check n Scheck to (banking) ; Kon- 
trolle f (supervision); Zeichen n 
(mark). 

check v hemmen, verhindern ( to 
hinder); prtifen, naehprufen, iiber- 
priifen (to test, to verify); iiber- 
wachen, kontrollieren (to supervise). 
check list Kontrolliste f. 
check point Anhaltspunkt to, Bezugs- 
punkt m. 

check valve Reglerventil n. 
cheek Backe /, Wange /. 
cheekbone Jochleiste f (horse). 
cheek strap Backenstuck n (har- 
ness). 

cheese Kase w. 
chemical agent Kampfstoff m. 
chemical-agent detector kit Gasan- 
zeiger to. 

chemical barrier Kampfstoft'sperre /, 
Kampfstoffriegel to (CWS). 
chemical battalion Werferabteilung 
/ (Ger). 

chemical bomb Kampfstoff bombe f, 

Fliegergasbombe / (Avn). 
chemical candle Giftrauchkerze /, 
Giftnebelkerze f (CWS). 
chemical cylinder Gasflasche /, Gas- 
behalter m; Nebelabblasgerat n 
(smoke). 

chemical decontamination See de- 
contamination. 

chemical decontamination company 
Entgiftungskompanie f. 
chemical defense Gasschutz m. 
chemical defense school Heeresgas- 
schutzschule /. 



chemical fumes Kampfstoffschwaden 

mpl (CWS). 

chemical hand grenade Gashand- 

granate /. 

chemical land mine • chemische Erd- 
mine, Gas-Erdmine /. 
chemical layer Mundschicht f (gas 

mask). 

chemical mine chemische Erdmine, 
Gas-Erdmine /. 

chemical mortar Gashandwerfer to, 
Gasmorser m. 

chemical munitions Gasmunition /, 
chemische Kampfmittel. 
chemical officer Gasoffizier to. 
chemical projectile GasgeschoB n. 
chemical projector Werfer m, Nebel- 
werfer to, Gaswerfer to (CWS). 
chemical-projector fire Gaswerfen n. 
chemical regiment Nebelwerfer- 

regiment n, Werferregiment n 
( Ger). 

chemical security Gasschutz to. 
chemical shell Gasgranate f; Gas- 
brisanzgranate f (HE). 
chemical-shell fire Kampfstoffbe- 
schufi to (CWS); GelbkreuzbeschuB 
to (vesicant filler, CWS). 
chemical spray apparatus Kampf- 
stoffzerstauber m; Luftstromgerat n, 
Zerstaubungsgerat n (Ap). 
chemical spraying Verspriihen von 
Kampfstoffen (CWS). 
chemical tank Nebelgerat n (for air 
Cml spraying). 

chemical troops chemische Truppen, 
Gastruppen fpl, Nebeltruppen fpl. 
chemical warfare chemischer Krieg; 

Gaskampf to, Gaskrieg to." 
chemical warfare agent chemischer 
Kampfstoff. 

Chemical Warfare Board Gastech- 
nischer ForschungsausschuB (USA). 
chemical warfare depot Gasschutz- 

park to. 

chemical warfare material Gas- 

kampfmittel npl, Gaskampfgerat n. 
chemical warfare officer Gasoffizier 

TO. 

Chemical Warfare School Gaskriegs- 

schule / (USA). 

Chemical Warfare Service chemi- 
scher Kriegsdienst (USA). 
chemist Chemiker w. 
chess Bruckenbelag to (Bdg). 
chest Brust / (anatomy) ; Kiste /, 
Kasten to (box). 




257 



chest pack parachute 



cipher key 



chest pack parachute Brustfall- 
schirm to. 

cheval-de-frise spanischer Reiter 

(Ft). 

chevron Uniformwinkel to. 
chewing gum Kaugummi to. 
chicken wire Maschendraht w. 
chief Chef to. 

chief engineer Leitender Ingenieur, 
Chefingenieur m, Oberingenieur m. 
chief nurse Obersehwester /. 
chief of ammunition Munitionsunter- 
offizier m (Arty). 

Chief of Chaplains Feldbischof to. 
Chief of Chemical Warfare Service 
Chef des chemisehen Kriegsdienstes 
(USA). 

chief of civil affairs section Chef der 
Zivilverwaltung (at army Hq). 

Chief of Coast Artillery Chef der 
Kustenartillerie ( USA ) . 
chief of corps supply services 
Korpsnachschubfiihrer to (Ger). 
chief of division supply services 
Divisionsnachschubfiihrer m (Ger). 
Chief of Engineers Inspekteur der 
Pioniere. 

Chief, of Naval Operations Chef des 
Admiralstabs (USA). 

Chief of Ordnance Chef des Heeres- 
Waffenamtes. 

chief of staff Stabschef to, General- 
stabschef to. 

Chief of Staff Chef des General- 
stabes. 

chief of supply services Nachschub- 
fiihrer to. 

Chief of the Air Staff Chef des 

Fiihrungsstabes der Luftwaffe 
(USA). 

Chief of the Veterinary Service 
Chefveterinar w. 

chief of transportation Chef des 
Transportwesens (Tac, RR). 
chief petty officer Portepeeunter- 
offizier to (Nav). 

Chief Signal Officer Inspekteur der 
N achrichtentnrppen. 

Chief Surgeon Armeearzt to. 
chief transportation officer bevoll- 
machtigter Transportoffizier. 
chilled casting Kokillengufi to. 
chimney Schornstein to. 
chin Kinn n. 
chinaware Porzellan n. 
chin groove Kinnkettengrube / 

(horse). 



chin strap Sturmriemen to, Kinnrie- 
men m (headgear) ; Kinnstofiel to 
(harness). 

chin support Kinnstiitze / (gas 

mask). 

chisel MeiBel to. 

chloracetophenone Chlorazetophenon 

n (CWS). 

chloracetophenone solution ' Chlor- 
azetophenon - Chlorpikrin - Losung /, 
Tranenstoff to (CWS). 
chloramine-T Chloramin n (CWS). 
chlorate explosive Chlorat-Spreng- 
mittel n. 

chloride of lime Chlorkalk to. 
chlorination Chlorbeimischung f, 
Chlorzusetzung /. 

chlorine Chlor n, Chlorgas n (CWS). 
chlorpicrin Chlorpikrin n (CWS). 
chlorsulfonic acid Chlorsulfonsaure f 
(CWS). 

chock Bremsklotz to. 

chocolate Schokolade f. 

choke n Starterklappe / (Mtr); 

Wtirgebohrung / (barrel) (Ord). 
choke v ersticken (suffocate) ; er- 
wiirgen (strangle). 
choke coil Drosselspule f (Elec). 
choke valve Luftklappenventil n 
( carburetor). 
cholera Cholera f. 
chord Gurt to (truss); Sehne / 
( Geometry). 

Christie tank Christie-Panzerkraft- 
wagen to. 

chromium Chrom n. 
chromium-plated verchromt. 
chronograph Chronograph to, Regi- 
sti'ier-Chronograph to. 
chronology of battle Gefechtszeitan- 
gabe /. 

chronometer Chronometer n. 
chuck Futter n (of lathe, etc.). 
church Kirehe /. 
cigarette Zigarette /. 
cigarette lighter Feuerzeug 11. 
cincha Untergurt to (saddle). 
cipher n Schliissel to, Chiffre /. 
cipher v schliisseln, chiffrieren, zif- 
fern. 

cipher device Chiffriermaschine /, 
Schliisselmaschine /. 
cipher disk Verschliisselungs- 

scheibe f. 

cipher key Geheimwort n, Sehliissel- 

wort n. 




258 



cipher text 

cipher text Geheimtext m, Sehliissel- 
text to. 

circle n Kreis to. 
circle v Runde(n) fliegen (Avn). 
circle of rupture Wirkungskreis m 
(blasting). 

circling target kreisendes Ziel 

(AAA). 

circuit Stromkreis to, Leitungsnetz n, 
Schaltung f (Elec). 
circuit arrangement Leitergebilde n 
(Elec). 

circuit breaker Stromunterbrecher m, 
Spannungssicherung / (Elec). 
circuit diagram Schaltplan to, 

Schaltungsschema n; Leitungsskizze 
/, Schaltskizze f (Tp). 
circuit tester Leitungspriifer m 

(Elec). 

circular n Rundschreiben n, Umlauf 
m. 

circular course Kreisflug w (Avn). 
circular track Kranz w, Drehkranz 
m (MG mount). 

circular track mount Lafettenkranz 
m (Ap, Tk). 

circulation Umlauf m (of money, 
fluids); Kreislauf m (of blood); 
Auflage f (of a newspaper); Ver- 
breitung f (of news). 
circulation map Wegekarte f. 
circumference Umkreis m. 
circumstance Sachlage /, Zustand m. 
circumstantial evidence Indizienbe- 
weis m. 

cirrocumulus Zirrokumulus m. 
cirrostratus Zirrostratus m. 
cirrus cloud Cirruswolke f, Zirrus- 
wolke f, Pederwolke /. 
citation Auszeichnung f, ehrenvolle 
Erwahnung. 

citizen Staatsbiirger m, Burger in- 
citizenship Staatsangehdrigkeit /. 
city Stadt f. 

civil staatlich, Staats- (pertaining to 
government); hoflich, anstandig 
(polite). 

civil affairs section Zivilverwaltung 
f (Mil Govt). 

civil airway Luftverkehrslinie /. 
civil aviation Zivilluftfahrt f. 
civil communication lines Fostlei- 
tungen fpl. 

civil court Zivilgericht n. 
civilian n Zivilist to, Zivilperson f. 
civilian clothes Zivil n, Zivilkleidung 
/, burgerliche Kleidung. 



clean-up party 

civilian defense ziviler Luftschutz. 
civilian internee Zivilinternierter m. 
civilian population Zivilbevolke- 

rung /. 

civil offense Zivilvergehen n, nicht- 
militarisches Vergehen. 
civil service Staatsdienst rn. 
civil war Biirgerkrieg m. 
claim n Anspruch m, Anrecht n. 
clamp n Klammer f (Tech); Klemm- 
zange f (blasting-cap fuze). 
clamping collar Schelle f (Mort). 
clamping lever Klemmhebel m, Be- 
grenzungshebel m (MG). 
clamping mechanism Festklemmvor- 
richtung / (MG tripod). 
clamping plate Klemmplatte f (G 
barrel guide). 

clamping ring Klemmring to 

(grenade launcher). 
clamping screw Klemmschraube f 
(aiming circle). 

clarity of sound Klangreinheit f 

(Rad). 

clash Zusammenstofi m (Tac). 
clasp Spange f (decoration). 
class Klasse f; Jahrgang to (age 
class). 

classification Einteilung f, Gliede- 
rung /. 

classification of artillery fire Feuer- 
formen der Artillerie. 
classification of chemical agents 
Kampfstoffgruppen fpl. 
classification of equipment Stoffglie- 
derung /. 

classification of machine-gun fire Feu- 
erformen des Maschinengewehrs. 
classification track Richtungsgleis n, 
Abstellgleis n (RR). 
classified military information gehei- 
me Gegenstande. 

class of equipment Geratklasse /. 
claw hatchet Klauenbeil n. 
clay pit Lehmgrube /. 
clean v reinigen, saubern, putzen. 
cleaning and preserving material 
Reinigungsgerat n. 
cleaning brush Reinigungsbiirste / 
(G). 

cleaning patch Reinigungsdocht to 
(R). 

cleaning rag Reinigungslappen m , 
Putzlappen to. 

cleaning rod Stock to, Gewehrstcck 
to (R ) ; Wischstock to (G). 

[ clean-up party Sauberungstrupp to. 




clean out 



259 



close-reconnaissance 



clean out saubern (Tac). 
clear v raumen, saubern. 
clear adj. wolkenlos (Met); frei (of 
obstructions). 

in clear im Klartext (Com). 
clearance Spielraum m (Mech) ; Si- 
cherheitsmafi n (Gunnery) ; Entlas- 
tung / (of responsibility) ; Freigabe 
/ (permit); Bauchfreiheit / (chas- 
sis). 

clearance of masks Ubersehieflen von 
Deckungen (Gunnery). 
clearance of the enemy Feindfrei- 
heit f. 

clearance space Geschoflanlage / 

(R). 

cleared for action gefechtsklar 

(Nav). 

cleared zone Rollfeld n (Adrm). 
clear ice glasartige Vereisung. 

clearing Waldblofle ' /, Waldlichtung 
/ (forest or wood). 

•clearing signal Schlufizeichen n 
(Tp). 

clearing station Hauptverbandplatz 
m (Med). 

clearing unit Krankentragertrupp 
rn (Med). 

clear up saubern (Tac). 
cleat Greifer m (MT). 
clergyman Geistlicher m, Pfarrer m; 
Pastor m (Protestant) ; Priester m 
(Catholic) ; Rabbiner m (Jewish). 
clerical aptitude test Schreibereig- 
nungspriifung /. 

clerk Schreiber m, Schriftfiihrer m, 
Gefechtsschreiber m. 
clevis Schakel m. 
click n Rast f (Mech). 
cliff Klippe f, Kliff n. 
climate Klima n. 
climatic klimatisch. 
climb n Steigflug m, Steigen n 
(Avn). 

climb v steigen, besteigen, klettern. 
climb-and-dive indicator Statoskop n 
(Ap). 

climbers Steigeisen npl (for Tp line- 
man). 

climbing ability Steigvermogen n 

(Ap). 

climbing iron Klettereisen n, Klet- 
tersporn m. 

climbing take-off Kavalierstart m 

(Avn). 

climbing turn gezogene Kurve 

(Avn). 



clincher rim Wulstfelge / (MT). 
clinical record Krankenblatt n. 
clinometer Gefallemesser m, Neigungs- 
messer m (Arty, Surv); Gelande- 
winkelmesser m (for angle of site, 
Arty); Richtbogen m (G). 
clip n Patronenrahmen m, Ladestrei- 
fen m (R, AA gun); Klammer / 
(paper clip). 

clip-fed rifle Mehrlader m. 
clip loading machine Ladestreifen- 
f tiller m. 

clock Uhr f (timepiece) ; Borduhr / 
(Ap); Melderose / (AWS). 
clock method Melderoseverfahren n 
( Gunnery, A IPS ) . 

clockwise im Sinne des Uhrzeigers, 
im Uhrzeigersinn, rechtsgangig, 
rechtslaufend. 

clockwork action Uhrwerkantrieb m 

(fuze). 

clockwork fuze Uhrwerkzunder m. 
close v schliefien, zuschlieBen, zu- 
machen (a door, etc.); abschliefien 
(an account); beenden (conclude). 
close billets Ortsbiwak n. 
close column aufgeschlossene 

Marschfolge. 

close combat Nahkampf m. 
close-combat range Nahkampfweite /. 
close-combat weapon Nahkampf- 
walfe f. 

closed airdrome Flugplatz auBer 
Betrieb. 

close defense Nahabwehr f, Nahver- 
teidigung f. 

closed traverse gescblossener Zug, 
Polygonzug m (Surv). 
closed weather ungiinstiges Flieger- 
■wetter (Avn). 

close-in security Nahsicherung /. 
close order geschlossene Ordnung. 
close-order drill Exerzieren in der 
geschlossenen Ordnung. 
close range Nahkampfweite /; 
nachste Entfernung (up to 100 
meters); nahe Entfernung (up to 
400 meters). 

close-range fighting Nahkampf m. 
close-range weapon Nahkampf- 

waffe f. 

close reconnaissance Nahaufklii- 
rung /. 

close-reconnaissance airplane Nah- 
aufklarungsflugzeug n, Nahauf- 
klarer m, Naherkunder m. 




260 



close support 

close support Nahunterstiitzung f 
(Tao). 

close terrain bewachsenes Gelande. 
closing cap Ziinderkappe /, Ver- 
schlufischraube / (fuze). 
closing spring cylinder Kraftspei- 
cher in (AA gun). 
cloth filter Tucheinsatz to (MT). 
cloth garnish bunte Lappen (Cam). 
clothing Bekleidung /. 
clothing account Bekleidungsnach- 
weis to. 

clothing allowance verabfolgte Klei- 
dungsstiicke. 

clothing slip Bekleidungsschein to. 
cloud Wolke /. 

cloud attack BlasangrifF m (CWS). 
cloud bank Wolkenfeld n. 
cloud cover Wolkendecke f. 
cloud formation Wolkenform /. 
cloud gas attack BlasangrifF in. 
cloud particle Staubchen n (CWS). 
cloud soaring Wolkensegeln n (gli- 
der). 

clove hitch Mastwurf m. 
club -Kniippel in (iveapon). 
cluster Sternbiindel n (Sig); Biindel 
n (Bombing). 

cluster adapter Bombenbiindel- 

trager in. 

clutch Kupplung / (MT). 
throw in the clutch einkuppeln. 
throw out the clutch auskuppeln. 
clutch cone Kupplungskegel m. 
clutch housing Kupplungsgehause n. 
clutch lever Kupplungshebel m. 
clutch pedal Kupplungsfuflhebel in, 
Kupplungspedal n, Kupplungstritt 
in. 

clutch plate Kupplungsscheibe /. 
clutch shaft Kupplungswelle f. 
clutch spring Kupplungsfeder f. 

CN Chlorazetophenon n (CWS). 
CNB Tranengasstoff in. 

CN candle Universalkerze CN / 

(CWS, USA). 

CN capsule Reizwiirfel in (CWS). 
CN generator Riechtopf to (CWS). 
CNS Chlorazetophenon-Chlorpikrin- 
Losung / ('CTFS.K 
CN solution Tranengasstoff to. 
coal Kohle f. 
coarse file Grobfeile f. 
coarse setting Grobeinstellung /. 
coarse sight Vollkorn n, voiles 
Korn (R). 
coast Kiiste f. 



code sign 

coastal area Kiistengebiet n. 

Coast Artillery Corps Kustenartille- 
riekorps n (USA). 
coastal force Kiistenverband to. 
coastal reconnaissance airplane Kiis- 
tenaufklarer to. 

coastal squadron Kiistenstaffel f 

(Avn). 

coastal waters Kiistengewasser npl. 
coastal zone Kiistenvorfeld n. 
coast artillery Kiistenartillerie f. 
coast artillery district Kiistenartil- 
leriebezirk to (USA). 

Coast Artillery School Kiistenartille- 
rieschule / (USA). 
coast battery Kiistenbatterie / (CA). 
coast defense Kiistenverteidigung f, 
Kiistenwehr f, Kiistenwacht /. 
Coast Guard Kiistenwache /, Kiisten- 
wachkorps n (USA). 
coast guard station Kiistenstation /. 
coast reconnaissance Kiistenaufkla- 
rung f. 

coat Jacke f, Rock to ( of a suit); 
Mantel to, Uberzieher to (overcoat) ; 
Schicht f (of paint, grease, etc.). 
See also service coat, 
coaxial gleichachsig, mit gemein- 
schaftlicher Achse, Doppel-. 
coaxial counterrotating propellers 
Doppelpropeller in (Ap). 
cobalt Kobalt to. 
cock v spannen (Small Arms). 
cocking bolt Spannriegel in (breech- 
block). 

cocking cam Spannstollen to (breech- 
block). 

cocking lever Spannhebel to (G, 
MG). 

cocking piece Schlagbolzenmutter / 

(R). 

cocking slide Spannschieber in 

(MG). 

cockpit Kabine f, Kanzel f, Fiihrer- 
raum to, Fiihrersitz to, Fiihrerstand 
to (Ap). 

code Schliissel to, Geheimschrift /. 
code book Schliisselheft 11. 
code call Deckanruf to (Tp). 
code chart Signaltafel /. 
code group Funkabkiirzung f, Kurz- 
signal n, Schliisselgruppe /. 
code name Deckname m. 
code panel Signaltuch n, Signal- 
streifen to, Tuchzeichen n (Avn). 
code section Schliisseltrupp to. 
code sign Deckzeichen n. 




code word 



261 



combat air reconnaissance 



code word Deckwort n. 
coding Verschliisselung f, Schliis- 
seln n. 

coefficient Beiwert in. 
coefficient of form Formwert to 
(Ballistics). 
coffee Kaffee in. 
coffin Sarg in. 
coil Spule / (Elec, Rad). 
coil spring Schraubenfeder / (MT). 
coil unit Spulensatz in (Rad). 
coincidence range finder Halbbildent- 
fernungsmesser in, Schnittbildent- 
fernungsmesser m, Koinzidenzent- 
fernungsmesser to. 
cold Erkaltung f, Schnupfen m 
(Med). 

cold chisel Kaltmeifiel to. 
cold front Kaltluftfront /, Ein- 
bruchsfront / (Met). 
cold-resistant kaltebestandig. 
cold working Kaltrecken n (Ord). 
collapsible boat Faltboot n. 
collar Kragen m (Clo). 
collar patch Patte /, Kragenpatte f, 
Kragenspiegel w. 

collation of information Nachrich- 

tenbearbeitung f. 

collecting depot Sammelplatz in 
(Salvage). 

collecting point Krankensammei- 
punkt to (Med). 

collecting station Verwundetensam- 
melstelle / (Med); Leichtverwunde- 
tensammelplatz to (for walking 
wounded). 

collecting unit Bergekommando n, 
Sammelkommando n (Salvage). 
collective call sign Sammelrufzeichen 
n (Rad). 

collective fire vereinigtes Feuer, zu- 
sammengefalites Feuer. 
collective protection Sammelschutz 
to (CWS). 

collector ring Kollektor in, Schleif- 
ring to. (Elec). 

collimate berichtigen (Surv); justie- 
ren (G). 

collimating mark Kollimationslinie /. 
collimating sight Richtglas n. 
collimation Kollimation / (G) ; Be- 
richtigung / (Surv). 
collimator Kollimator m, Spalt- 
rohr n. 

collision ZusammenstoB to. 
collision course Zielanflugkurs to 
(Avn). 



colonel Oberst m; Oberst der Flieger 
(AAF); Oberstarzt m (Med); 
Oberstveterinar m (Vet). 
color Farbe /. 

color bearer Fahnentrager m. 
color blind farbenblind. 
colored cloth bunte Lappen (Cam). 
color guard Fahnenkompanie. /, 

Fahnentrupp to, Fahnenwache /. 
colorless farblos. 
colors Fahne /. 
color salute Senken der Fahne. 
color sentinel Fahnenposten to, 

Fahnenwache /. 

color vision Farbentiichtigkeit /. 
column Kolonne / (Tac); Reihe / 
(Inf drill, Cav); Pfeiler m, Saule / 
(Engr). 

column commander Kolonnenchef m 
(MT). 

“Column half left, march!” “Halb- 
links schwenkt, marsch!” 

“Column half right, march!” “Halb- 
rechts schwenkt, marsch!” 

“Column left, march!” “Links 

schwenkt, marsch!” (followed by 
“Augen gerade, aus!”). 
column of companies Kompanieko- 
lonne f. 

column of files Kolonne zu Einem.. 

[ column of fours Kolonne zu Vieren. 

| column of groups Gruppenkolonne f. 
column of platoons Zugkolor.ne f. 
column of refugees Fliichtlingsko- 
lonne f. 

column of threes Marschordnung f 
(Inf drill); Kolonne zu Dreien 
(march Clin). See also “Fall in!” 
column of troopers Reihe /, Reiter- 
reihe f (Cav). 

column of twos Doppelreihe / (Inf 
drill); Kolonne zu Zweien (march 
Clm). See also “Fall in!” 

“Column right, march!” “Rechts 
schwenkt, marsch!” (folloived by 
“Augen gerade, aus!”). 
column traffic Kolonnenverkehr to. 
comb Kamm to. 

combat Kampf to, Kampfhandlung 
f, Gefecht n; Luftkampf m (Avn). 
combat activity Kampftatigkeit /, 
Gefechtstatigkeit /. 
combat airplane Kriegsflugzeug n, 
Frontflugzeug n. 

combat air reconnaissance Gefechts- 

| luftaufklarung /. 




combatant 



combatant Frontkampfer m, Front- 
soldat m. 

combat area Kampfraum in. 
combat at defiles Gefecht um Engen. 
combat aviation Kampf- und Jagd- 
flieger mpl. 

combat car Kampfwagen m, Kampf- 
fahrzeug n, Panzerwagen to. 
combat command Kampfgruppe f 
(Armd Comd). 

combat conditions Kampfbedingun- 
gen fpl. 

combat crew fliegendes Personal 
(Ap). 

combat exercise Kampfiibung /. 
combat echelon Kampfstaffel f. 
combat element Kampftruppe /, 
kampfende Truppe, Frontverband m. 
combat engineer regiment Sturm- 
pionier-Regiment n. 
combat engineers Sturmpioniere mpl. 
combat firing Gefechtsschieflen n. 
combat formation Gefechtsform /, 
Gefechtsformation f. 
combat from fortified positions Stei- 
lungskampf m. 

combat frontage Gefechtsbreite f. 
combat in snow Gefecht bei tiefem 
Schnee. 

combat intelligence Ergebnisse der 
Gef echtsauf kl arung. 
combat in towns Ortskampf m. 
combat in woods Waldgefecht n. 
combat liaison Gefechtsanschlufl m. 
combat message Gefechtsmeldung f; 

Kampfnachricht f (Rad). 
combat mission Gefechtsauftvag m, 
Kampfauftrag m (Tac); Feindflug 
m (Avn). 

combat operation Kampfhandlung / 
(Tac). 

combat order Gefechtsbefehl to, Ope- 
rationsbefehl to (Tac). 
combat outpost Gefechtsvorposten to. 
combat patrol Gefechtsspahtrupp m, 
Stofitrupp m. 

combat performance Kampflei- 

stung f. 

combat practice Gefechtsexerzieren 
n, Gefechtsausbildung /, Gefechts- 
iibung /, Gefechtsdrill to. 
combat practice firing gefechtsma- 
fiiges SchieBen; GefechtsschieBen n 
( advanced) ; Schulgefechtsschieflen 
n (eleme?itary). 

combat preparation Bereitstellung / 
(Tac). 



262 combined observation 

combat reconnaissance Gefechtsauf- 

klarung f. 

combat report Gefechtsbericht to. 
i. combat sector Gefechtsstreifen to, 

Gefechtsabschnitt to, Kampf- 
abschnitt in. 

combat situation Gefechtslage /. 
combat station Gefechtsstand to 

/ (Ap). 

combat team Kampfgruppe /, 

Kampfgemeinschaft f. 
combat train Gefechtstrofi to. 

^ combat-train echelon Gefechts- 

staffel /. 

combat troops Kampftruppen fpl, 
Gefechtstruppen fpl, Frontverbande 

> mpl. 

combat unit Kampfeinheit /, 

Gefechtseinheit /, Gefechtsgruppe /, 
, Kampfgruppe /. 

combat unit loading gefechtsmafiiges 
Verladen. 

> combat vehicle Kampffahrzeug n, 

Gefechtsfahrzeug n. 
combat zone Gefechtsgebiet n. 
combination Vereinigung /, Zusam- 
menschlufi m (group); Verbindung / 
1 (of group, Crnls, etc.); Kombination 

f (Math). 

combination fuze Dreifachztinder m 
(superquick, delay and time); Mehr- 
fachziinder in, Doppelztinder to. 
combination tool Mehrfachwerk- 
zeug n. 

combination wheel-track car Rader- 
Raupen-Wagen to. 

,! combination wheel-track drive Rader- 
Gleiskettenantrieb m (MT). 
f combination wheel-track vehicle 

Hilfskettenfahrzeug n, Rader-Rau- 
pen-Fahrzeug n (MT). 
combine v kombinieren, (sicb) ver- 
einigen, zusammensetzen, verbinden 
(forces, etc.); kombinieren (Math). 
combined arms Verband to, Kampf- 
verband w, gemischter Verband, 
verbundene Waffen (Tac). 
j combined-arms armored force Pan- 
zerverband w. 

combined-arms force gemischter 
Verband. 

t combined-arms unit Verband aller 
l Waffen, gemischter Verband, Trup- 
penverband to. 

r combined force Kampfgruppe /. 

| combined observation Artilleriebeob- 




combined operations 

achtung mit seitlicher Beobach- 
tungsstelle. 

combined operations Operationen der 
verbundenen Waffen. 
combustible composition Anfeuerung 
/ (Sig cartridge). 
combustion Verbrennung /. 
combustion chamber Verbrennungs- 
raum in (Mtr); Laderaum m 
(G). 

“come in” signal Einflugzeichen n 
(Inst landing). 
coming flight Anflug m. 
command Befehl in, Kommando n 
(order) (Tac); Fiihrung f (leader- 
ship); Kommandobehorde / (agen- 
cy); Befehlsgewalt / (authority). 
command airplane Fiihrerma- 

schine /. 

Command and General Staff School 
Fiihrer- und Fiihrergehilfen-Sehule 
/ (USA). 

commandant Kdmmandeur in (Mil 
school). 

command car Befehlswagen to, Kom- 
mandowagen in. 

command channel Befehlsweg to. 
commandeer requirieren, beitreiben. 
command element Stab to, Fiih- 
rungsstab to, Truppenfiihrer mpl. 
commander Truppenfiihrer in, Be- 
fehlshaber to, - Kommandeur in (bat- 
talion and higher units); Komman- 
dant to (Ap, Tk) ; Fregattenkapitan 
to (Nav). 

commander-in-chief Oberbefehls- 

haber to, Oberkommandierender to. 
Commander-in-Chief Oberster Be- 

fehlshaber. 

Commander-in-Chief of the Armed 
Forces Oberster Befehlshaber der 
Wehrmacht. 

commander of a unit Einheitsfuh- 
rer w. 

commander of communications zone 
Kommandant des riickwartigen Ar- 
meegebiets. 

commander of the guard Wachvor- 
gesetzter to, Wachhabender w. 
commander of troops Truppenbe- 
fehlshaber in. 

commander’s armored truck Panzer- 
befehlswagen to (Armd Comd). 
commander’s car Befehlswagen to. 
commanding officer Fiihrer to, Vor- 
gesetzter in, Befehlshaber in, Trup- 
penfuhrer to. 



commentary 

commander’s tank Kommandeur- 

panzer m. 

command group Fiihrerstab m, Be- 
fehlsgruppe /; 

command headquarters Dienst- 

stelle f. 

commanding general Oberbefehlsha- 
ber to, Kommandierender General, 
commanding ground beherrschendes 
Gelande (Tac). 

commanding height beherrschende 
Hohe (Top). 

commanding position Hohenstel- 
lung /. 

command liaison Zusammenwirken 
mit benachbarten Kommandostellen. 
command net Befehlsnetz n. 
Commando Stofitrupp in, Commando 
n (British). 

command of execution Operations- 
befehl in (Tac); Ausfiihrungskom- 
mando n (drill). 

command pilot Flugzeugfiihrer mit 
liber 10 Dienstjahren. 
command post Gefechtsstand in, Be- 
fehlsstelle f, Kommandostelle /. 
command-post exercise Rahmenii- 
bung / (staff training). 
command-post flag Kommandoflagge 
/ (battalion or higher unit). 
command-post shelter Befehls- 

stand to. 

command set Funkanlage fur Ver- 
kehr von Bord zu Bord, Kommando- 
gerat n (Ap, Rad). 
command tank Befehlspanzer in, 

Kommandopanzer in. 
command telephone central Fiih- 
rungsvermittlung f. 
command truck Befehlswagen in, 

Kommandowagen in (MT). 
“Commence firing!” “Feuer frei!” 
commencement of firing Feuer- 
offnung /. 

commencement of hostilities Aus- 
bruch der Feindseligkeiten. 
commendation Anerkennungs- 

schreiben n. 

comment n Erklarung /, Deutung /, 
Auslegung / (interpretation) ; Be- 
merkung / (remark); Anmerkung / 
(note). 

comment v Erklhrungen geben (in- 
terpret) ; Bemerkungen machen (re- 
mark); mit Anmerkungen versehen 
( annotate) . 

commentary Stellungnahme / (Tac). 



263 




commercial 



264 



commercial handelsiiblich (vehicles, 
etc.); kaufmannisch, kommerziell. 
commercial airplane ' Verkehrs- 
flugzeug n. 

commercial aviation Zivilluftfahrt f, 
Verkehrsfliegerei /. 
commercial loading Verladen mit 
bestmoglicher Raumausnutzung. 
commercial motor truck handelsiibli- 
cher Lastkraftwagen. 
commercial vehicle Nutzfahrzeug n. 
commissary Verpflegungsamt n. 
commissary officer Verpflegungsof- 
fizier to. 

commission n Patent n, Offiziers- 
patent n (written order); Offiziers- 
rang m (rank and authority). 
commission v das Patent verleiben 
(as an 'officer); in Dienst stellen (a 
vessel). 

commissioned officer patentierter 
Offizier, Offizier m. 

commit einsetzen, ansetzen (Tac); 

begehen (a crime). 
commitment Einsatz m (Tac). 
commitment of armored units Pan- 

zereinsatz m. 

commitment of major forces Grofl- 
einsatz m, Masseneinsatz m (Tac). 
commitment order Einsatzbefehl m. 
commodore Konteradmiral m (Nav). 
common battery Zentralbatterie / 

(Tp). 

common battery system Zentralbat- 
teriesystem n (Tp). 
communicable disease ansteckende 
Krankheit. 

communicating file Anschlufimann m, 
Verbindungsleute mpl. 
communicating trench See communi- 
cation trench. 

communication Mitteilung /, Nach- 
richt f; Verbindung /. 
communication battalion Nachrich- 
tenabteilung /. 

communication chief Nachrichtenun- 
teroffizier m. 

communication detail Nachriehten- 
trupp m. 

communication facilities Nachrich- 
tenanlagen fpl. 

communication lines Verbindungs- 

linien fpl. 

communication net Nachrichten- 

netz n. 

communication officer Nachrichten- 
offizier m. 



“Company, halt!” 

communication platoon Nachrich- 

tenzug m. 

communication repair truck Naeh- 
richtenwerkstattkraftwagen m. 
communication route Verbindungs- 

strafie /. 

communications Nachrichtenmittel 
npl, Nachrichtenverbindung /, Nach- 
richtenwege mpl. 

communication section Nachrichten- 
staffel f. 

communication station Fernmeldean- 
lage / (Rad, Tg, Tp). 
communications zone riickwartiges 
Armeegebiet, riickwartiges Gebiet, 
Etappe f. 

communications zone depot riick- 
wartiges Nachschublager. 
communication transmission Nach- 
richteniibermittlung /. 
communication trench Verbin- 

dungsgraben m. 

communication truck Nachrich- 

tenwagen m. 

communication unit Truppennach- 
richtenverband m. 

communique Kriegsbericht m; 

Heeresbericht m (official, Army). 
community Gemeinde / (religious, 
territorial) ; Gemeinschaft / (social, 
political). 

commutation of quarters Woh- 
nungsgeldzuschufi in. 
commutation of rations Verpfle- 
gungszuschufi m. 

commutation value Vergiitungs- 
wert m. 

commutator Kollektor m (Elec). 
compact adj dicht, fest, kompakt; 

kurz, gedrangt (figurative). 
company Kompanie /. 
company aid man Sanitatsunteroffi- 
zier m, Sanitater m. 
company area Kompanierevier n, 
Kompaniebezirk m. 
company boundary Kompanie- 

grenze /. 

company clerk Kompanieschreiber in. 
company commander Kompaniechef 
m, Kompaniefuhrer to. 
company command post Kompa- 
niegefechtsstand to. 
company fund Kompaniegelder npl. 
company grade Kompanie- 

offiziersrang to. 

“Company, halt!” “Abteilung, halt!” 




company headquarters 265 computation 



company headquarters Kompanie- 
fiihrung /. 

company headquarters personnel 
Kompanietrupp to. 

company litter bearer Kompanie- 
krankentrager to. 

company order Kompaniebefehl m. 
company orderly room Schreib- 
stube /. 

company street Lagerstrafie /. 
company transport Kompanie- 

fahrzeuge npl. 

company wedge formation Kompa- 
niekeil to. 

compartment Kabine f (Ap). 
compartment of terrain Gelande- 
abschnitt m. 

compass Bussole /, Kompafi to 
(magnetic) ; Zirkel m (drawing). 
compass azimuth Kompafikurs- 

winkel m. 

compass azimuth ring Bussolen- 
ring to. 

compass hearing Kompafipeilung f, 
KompaOzahl /. 

compass bowl Kompafikessel m 

(Ap). 

compass card Kompafirose /, Schei- 
benrose /. 

compass case Bussolengehause n. 
compass compensation Kompafi- 
ausgleichung /. 

compass course Kompafikurs to 

(Avn). 

compass declination Mifiweisung, 
Kompafimiflweisung /, Deklination f. 
compass error Deviation /, KompaB- 
ablenkung f. 

compass heading Kompafikurs m. 
compass north magnetische Nord- 
richtung, Kompafi nord m. 
compass rose KompaBrose /. 
compass traverse Bussolenzug m 

(Arty, Surv). 
compel zwingen, notigen. 
compensate ausschalten (for error, 
etc.) ( Gunnery). 

compensating jet Ausgleichdiise f. 
compensation Entschadigung f (re- 
imbursement); Ersatz m ( damages) ; 
Vergiitung f (award). 
compensator Ausgleicher m, Kom- 
pensator m (Ord, Mech). 
compilation Sammlung f, Kompila- 
tion /. 

complaint Beschwerde /, Klage f, 
Klageschrift / (Law). 



complement Bemannung f, Besat- 
zung f, Starke f. 

complete adj vollzahlig, vollstandig; 
vollkommen (perfect); ganz 
(whole); vollendet (finished). 
complete cleaning Hauptreinigung f 

(R)- 

complete order Gesamtbefebl m 
(Tac). 

complete round vollstandiger Schufi, 
kompietter Schufi (Am). 
completion Erledigung /. 
component n Bestandteil m, Einzel- 
teil w, Komponente f. 
component adj einen Teil ausma- 
chend, Teil-. 

composite connection Doppelbe- 

triebsschaltung f (Tp). 
composite construction Gemiseht- 

bauweise /. 

compound n Einzaunung / (PW); 

Verbindung / (Cml). 
compound-wound motor Verbund- 
maschine f. 

compressed air Druckluft f, Prefi- 
luft /. 

compressed-air cleaner Blaspistole / 
(MT). 

compressed-air cylinder Prefiluftzy- 
linder m. 

compressed-air equilibrator Luft- 
ausgleicher m (G). 
compressed-air flask Prefiluft- 

flasche f. 

compressed-air starter Prefiluftan- 
lasser m (Mtr). 

compressed-air tank Luftbehalter to. 
compression Yerdichtung f, Ver- 
dichten n (Mtr). 

compression-and-rebound range Ver- 
schrankbarkeit der Achsen ( of 
spring suspension) (MT). 
compression chamber Kompressions- 
raum to (Mtr). 

compression chord Druckgurt m 
(Bdg). 

compression cylinder Verdrangungs- 
zylinder m ( counterrecoil mechan- 
ism). 

compression ratio Verdichtungsver- 
haltnis n (Mtr). 

compression stroke Verdichtungs- 

hub to (Mtr). 

compressor Drucklufterzeuger to. 
compulsory zwingend, verbindlich, 
Zwangs-, Pflicht-. 
computation Berechnung /. 




cone clutch 



266 



compute 

compute bereehnen; schatzen (esti- 
mate). 

computed charge Planladung / 

(Engr). 

computer Dreieckreehner m (cir- 
cular slide rale, Air Navigation) ; 
Rechner m (Pers); Reehengerat n, 
Rechenmaschine f (Inst). 
computing instrument Reehengerat n. 
computing slide rule Auswertelineal 
n (flash ranging). 

computing station Auswertestelle / 

(sound ranging). 

concave hohl. ausgehohlt, konkav. 
concave slope hohle Bosehung, kon- 
kave Bosehung, konkave Gelande- 
neigung (Top). 

conceal tarnen (Cam); verbergen 
(an object or person); verhehlen, 
verheimlichen (a fact). 
concealed verdeckt, verschleiert. 
concealed machine gun Schweige- 
MG. n. 

concealed position verdeckte Stellung. 
concealment Deckung f, Verdeckung 
/, Verschleierung f (Tac). 
concentrate v massieren. 
concentrated attack geballter An- 
griff, massierter Angriff. 
concentrated charge geballte Ladung 
(Engr). 

concentrated fire zusammengefaGtes 
Feuer. 

concentration Zusammenballung f, 
Zusammenfassung /, Ansammlung / 
(Tac); Dichte /, Gehalt in, Kampf- 
stofFgehalt m, Anreicherung /, Luft- 
anreicherung / (CWS); Feuerschlag 
to, Feueriiberfall to (Arty). 
concentration area Aufmarschgebiet 
n (Tac). 

concentration camp Konzentrations- 
lager n. 

concentration fire See concentrated 
fire. 

concentration march Aufmarsch m. 
concentration of fire Feuervereini- 
gung / (Arty). 

concentration of troops Truppenan- 
sammlung f. 

concentration ring Korbring m 

(Bln). 

concentric konzentrisch. 
concertina Drahtrolle f; Stachel- 
drahtrolle f, S.-Rolle / (barbed 
wire); Klaviersaitendrahtrolle /, K.- 
Rolle / (plain wire). 



conclusion Folge f, Folgerung /, 
Schlufi in (deduction, inference); 
Beschlufi to, Entscheidung f (deci- 
sion); Abschlufi in (of a treaty). 
concrete Beton to (Engr). 
concrete bridge Betonbriicke f. 
concrete bunker Betonbunker in. 
concrete dugout Betonunterstand in. 
concrete emplacement Bunker to, 
Bunkerstand m. 

concrete mixer Betonmischma- 

schine f. 

concrete obstacle Betonsperre f. 
concrete paving block Zementfliese /. 
concrete pillbox Betonbunker to. 
concrete shelter Bunker to, Betonun- 
terstand to. 

concrete turret Betonturm m (Ft). 
concur iibereinstimmen. 
concurrent gleichzeitig (at same 
time ) ; iibereinstimmend ( corres- 
ponding); zustimmend (Law). 
concussion LuftstoG to; Erschiit- 
terung /. 

concussion of the brain Gehirn- 

erschtitterung f. 

concussion plunger Ziindbolzen in 
(power-train time fuze) (Am). 
condemn verurteilen (to sentence); 
tadeln, mifibilligen ( disapprove) ; 
beschlagnahmen (Law). 
condenser Kondensator w (Rad). 
condenser microphone Kondensator- 
mikrophon n. 

condenser plates Belegungen fpl 
(Rad). 

condition Zustand w, Beschaffenheit 
/ (state) ; Bedingung / (stipulation). 
condom Vorbeugungsmittel n, 

Schutzmittel n, Selbstschutzmittel n. 
conduct n Benehmen n, Betragen n 
(behavior) ; Fiihrung f, Leitung / 
(direction, management) . 
conductivity Leitfahigkeit f (Elec). 
conduct of battle Kampffiihrung /. 
conduction capacitance Leitungska- 
pazitat / (Elec). 

conduct of field operations Truppen- 

fiihrung /. 

conduct of fire Feuerregelung f. 
conductor Leiter to (Elec); Schaff- 
ner to (RR). 

conduit Schacht to, DurchlaG to. 
cone Kegel to; Garbe f (Ballistics) ; 

Lautsprechertrichter in (Rad). 
cone clutch Kegelkupplung f, Konus- 
kupplung / (MT). 




cone of dispersion 267 construct 

cone of dispersion Garbe /, Feuer- I connecting plug Anschlufistecker m 



garbe /, Schufigarbe /, Streukegel to. 
cone of fire See cone of dispersion, 
cone of light Lichtkegel m. 
cone speaker Trichterlautsprecher 
to (Rad). 

conference Besprechung /, Fiihrer- 
besprechung f. 

conference call Sammelgespraeh n 
(Tp). 

confidence Zuversicht / (reasonable 
certainty) ; Vertrauen n (trust). 
confidential vertraulich, geheim. 
confidential document Kommando- 
sache f. 

configuration of terrain Gelande- 
gestaltung f, Bodengestaltung /. 
confine begrenzen, einschranken 
(restrict) ; einsperren, einsehliefien 
(imprison). 

confinement Arrest to, Arreststrafe 
/, Haft /, Beschrankung f. 
confirm bestatigen. 
confirmatory order Befehlsbestati- 
gung f. 

confiscation Beschlagnahme /. 
confuse verwirren, aus der Fas- 
sung bringen, bestiirzt machen (be- 
wilder); verwirren, durcheinander- 
bringen (create disorder). 
confusion Verwirrung f, Unordnung 
/, Durcheinander n (disorder) ; Ver- 
legenheit / (embarrassment, per- 
plexity). 

congestion Verkehrsstockung f 

(traffic); Anhaufung /, Uberfiil- 
lung f. 

Congressional Medal of Honor 
Ehrenmedaille f (USA). 
conical peak Kegel to (Top). 
conical roller bearing Kegelrollen- 
lager n. 

conic projection Kegelprojektion /. 
connect vermitteln (Tp); verbinden, 
anschliefien (Tech). 
connecting cord Verbindungsschnur 

/ (Tp). 

connecting elements Verbindungs- 

organe npl (march column)-. 
connecting file Anschlufimann to, 
Verbindungsleute mpl. 
connecting group Verbindungs- 

trupp m. ■ 

connecting jack . Vermittlungs- 

klinke f (Tp). 

connecting piece AnschluBstiick n 
(gas mask). 



(Elec). 

connecting point AnschluBpunkt to 
(in axes of Sig Com) (Tp). 
connecting rod Kurbelstange /, Pleu- 

elstange f. 

connecting sleeve Kabelverbinder to 
(Tp). 

connecting thread Anschlufigewinde 
n (Mech). 

connecting trench Verbindungs- 

graben to. 

connecting wire Drahtverbindung /, 
Anschlufischnur f (Elec). 
connection Vermittlung /, Ge- 

sprachsverbindung / (Tp); Schal- 
tung / (Elec). 

connector Kettenkurbel / (MG); 

Triebzahn to (caterpillar track). 
conquer erobern (territory or lo- 
cality); besiegen (the enemy). 
conquest Eroberung /. 
conscientious objector Kriegsdienst- 
verweigerer to. 
conscript v ausheben. 
conscription Aushebung /. 
consent v genehmigen (approve); 

beistimmen, einwilligen (agree to). 
consider bedenken, erwagen 

(ponder); in Betracht ziehen, be- 
riicksichtigen ( take into account) ; 
schatzen, halten fiir, ansehen fur 
( to regard) . 

consideration Betrachtung f, Erwa- 
gnng f; Bedeutung /, Wichtigkeit f 
(importance) ; Riicksicht / (thought- 
fulness). 

consolidate vereinigen, zusammen- 
bringen; ausbauen (a position). 
consolidation of position Einrichtcn 
einer Stellung. 
conspiracy Verschworung f. 
conspire sich verschworen. 
constant n Konstante / (Math). 
constant adj bestandig, unverandert, 
unveranderlich ( unchangeable) ; 
fortwahrend (continuous) ; konstant, 
gleichbleibend (Math). 
constant-mesh transmission Aphon- 
getriebe n (MT). 

constellation Sternbild n, Konstella- 

tion f. 

constitute aufstellen (a unit). 
construct (er)bauen (build); er- 
richten (erect); konstruieren, ent- 
werfen (geometry). 




construction 



268 



construction iau m, Ausbau to, 
Bauausf iihrung /, Fertigung /. 
construction battalion Baubataillon n. 
construction company Baukompanie 
/ (Mil). 

construction detail Bautrupp m. 
construction float Einbaufahre f. 
construction troops Bautruppen fpl. 
construction zone Baubezirk to. 
contact Beriihrung f, Fiihlung /, 
Verbindung ./, AnschluB to (Tac); 
Kontaktstiick n (Elec). 

“Contact!” “Ein!”, “Ziindung einge- 
stellt!” (A,vn). 

contact fire StoBziindung f, Beruh- 
rungsziindung f (Nav). 
contact flight Sichtnavigation / (Air 
Navigation). 

contact light Landebahnfeuer n 

(Adrm). 

contact mine Kontaktmine /, StoB- 
mine f, Stofikappenmine / (Nav). 
contact mission Fuhlunghalten n 
(Avn). 

contact party Werkstatt-Trupp r.t. 
contact patrol Verbindungspatrouil- 
le / (Tac); Infanterieflug m (Avn). 
contact piece Druckstiick n (R trig- 
ger); Kontaktstiick n (Elec). 
contact point SchlieBstelle / (Elec). 
contact print Abzu.g m (Photo). 
contact surface Auflageflache f. 
contact with the enemy Feindbe- 
riihrung /. 

contagious disease ansteckende 

Krankheit. 

contain fesseln, festhalten, binden, 
hinhalten (Tac). 

container Topf m (hand grenade); 
Behalter m (gasoline tank, etc.); 
Blechkanister m (metal container 
for gasoline, water, etc.); Fafl n, 
Tonne f, (barrel or drum). 
containing attack Fesselungsvor- 

stoB TO. 

contaminate vergif ten ( CWS) . 
contaminated area Gassperre f, 

Kampfstoffsperre /, vergiftetes Ge- 
lande (CWS). 

contamination Vergiftung / ( CWS). 
contempt Verachtung f; MiBachtung 
f (of court). 

contest v streitig machen. 
contiguous Nachbar-. 
contingent n Kontingent n ( quota of 
Iroops, etc.). 

contingent adj abhangig, bedingt. 



control car 

continuance Aussetzung /, Aufschub 
to (Law). 

continuous fire Dauerfeuer n (MG, 
AAA). 

continuous interference Dauersto- 

rung / (Rad). 

continuous note Dauerton to (Rad). 
continuous radio alert Funkdauerbe- 

reitschaft f. 

contour n Hohenlinie f, Hohen- 

schichtlinie f (Top). 
contour interval senkrechter Abstand 
der Schichtlinien (Top). 
contour line Hohenlinie f, Hohen- 

schichtlinie /, Schichtlinie / (Top). 
contour map Hohenlinienkarte /. 
contraband of war Bannware f, 

Konterbande f, Kriegskonterbande /. 
contract n Vertrag to. 
contract v einen Vertrag abschlieBen 
(business) ; anstecken (a disease); 
(sich) zusammenziehen, einschrump- 
fen, eingehen (shrink). 
contracting powers Vertragsstaaten 
vipl (treaties, etc.). 
contracting officer zu Vertrags- 

abschliissen bevollmachtigter Offizier. 
contracting parties vertragschlieBen- 
de Teile (Law). 

contractor V ertragsschlieBende ( r ) 

to, Kontrahent m; Bauunternehmer 
to (builder); Lieferant to (supplier). 
contract surgeon Vertragsarzt to. 
contradiction Widerspruch to. 
contrast Gegensatz to, Kontrast to. 
control n Kontrolle f, Oberaufsicht f, 
Leitung f; Kontroll-; Leit-. 
control v beaufsichtigen, iiberwa- 
■chen, kontrollieren ; nachpriifen 
(checkup) ; (be)herrschen (govern); 
sich beherrschen (restrain oneself). 
control airport Flughafen mit Flug- 
sicherungsanlagen. 

control aneroid barometrische Reg- 
lerdose ( Ap engine). 
control board Schalttafel f (Elec). 
control box Kupplungskasten to 

( AA director). 

control buoy Minenmarkierboje / 

(Nav). 

control cabin Fiihrerraum to, Fiihrer- 
kanzel /, Fiihrerstand f (Ap). 
control cable Bowdenzug to (in flex- 
ible steel conduit). 

control car Fuhrergondel / ( air- 
ship). 




control center 



269 



cooling liquid 



control center Luftsehutzwarnzcn- 
trale f (AWS). 

control column Steuersaule f (Ap). 
control device Bedienungseinrich- 
tung /. 

control flag Winkflagge f, Winker- 
flagge /. 
control grid 

tube). 

control grip 
controllable 



Steuergitter n (Rad 



Drehgriff m (Mtcl). 
kontrollierbar ( capable 
of supervision); steuerbar (Tech); 
verstellbar (Ap propeller). 
controllable-pitch propeller Verstell- 
schraube /, Verstell-Luftschraube /, 
Dreiblattverstellschraube / (three- 
blade) (Ap). 

controlled mine Grundmine /, Beob- 
achtungsmine f (Nav). 
controlled mosaic Bildplan m (aerial 
Photo). 

controlled tower Sprungturm m, 

Fallschirm-Absprungturm m (Prcht 
Tng). 

controller Bediener m (AA search- 
light). 

controlling Steuern n. 
control officer Marschfiihrer ni 

(march column). 

control of the air Luftherrschaft f. 
control panel Schalttafel / (Elec). 
control point Orientierungspunkt m, 
Festpunkt m (Surv); Verkehrspo- 
sten m, Marschkontrollstelle / ( traf- 
fic) ; Auskunftstelle /, Meldestelle / 
(Sig C). 

control rod Verstellwelle / (Ap). 
controls Flugzeugsteuerung /, Steue- 
rung /, Steuerorgane npl (Ap). 
control servo Hilfsvorrichtung /, 
Servomotor m, Trimmklappe f (Ap). 
control shaft Steuerwelle / (Ap). 



control station Scheinwerfer- 

richtungsweiser m (AA SL); Leit- 
funkstelle /, Hauptfunkstelle / 
(Rad). 

control-station traffic Leitverkehr m 
(Rad). 

control stick Knuppel m, Steuer- 
kniippel m (Ap). 

control surface Steuerflache / (Ap). 
control system Steuerung f (Ap). 
control tower Abfertigungsgebaude 
n, Aufsichtsturm m, Befehlsgebaude 
n, Befehlsstelle f (Adrm). 
control wheel Steuerrad n (Ap). 



control zone Flugplatzzone / 

( Adrm). 

contusion Quetschung f, Quetsch- 
wunde / (Med). 

convalescence Genesung f, Konva- 
leszenz f. 

convalescent n Rekonvaleszent m. 
convalescent camp Genesungsanstalt 
/, Genesungsheim n. 
convalescent hospital Leichtkran- 
kenkriegslazarett n. 
convection Strahlung f, Konvektion 

f. 

conventional sign Kartenzeichen n, 
Kartensignatur /, Signatur/ (Top). 
converge zusammenlaufen, konver- 
gieren. 

convergence Zusammenlaufen n, Zu- 
sammenstrahlen n. 

convergent zusammenlaufend, kon- 
vergierend. 

converging attack konzentrischer 
AngrifT (Tac). 

converging fire konzentrisches Feuer 
(Arty). 

conversion Umrechnung / (Math). 
conversion table Umrechnungstabel- 
le /, Umrechnungstafel /. 
convert v umrechnen (Math); 

umandern, umwandeln (change); 
bekehren (to a party, religion). 
converter Umformer m (Elec); 
Chiffriermaschine f, Schliisselma- 
schine f (cipher device). 
converter unit Umformersatz m 
(Elec). 

convertible umrechenbar (Math); 
vertauschbar, umwechselbar, um- 
wandelbar. 

convex konvex, gewolbt. 
convex slope gewolbte Boschung 
(Top). 

convoy Begleitzug m, Geleitzug m. 
convoy commander Kraftfahrzeug- 
kolonnenftihrer m (MT). 
convoy guard Geleitschutz m (Nav). 
cook n Feldkochunteroffizier m 

(NCO). 

cooking pit Kochloch n. 
cool v kiihlen, abkiihlen. 
cool adj kfihl, frisch; ruhig (calm). 
coolant Kiihlmittel n (Mtr). 
cooling fin Kiihlrippe f, Lamelle / 
(Mtr). 

cooling liquid Kuhlflussigkeit / 

(Mtr). 




cooling system 270 corridor 



cooling system Kiihlung /, Kiihlan- 
lage / (Mtr). 

cooperate mitwirken, zusammenar- 
beiten; beitragen (contribute to); 
unterstiitzen ( sup-port ) . 
cooperation Mitwirkung /, Zusam- 
menarbeit /; Unterstiitzung / (sup- 
port). 

cooperative adj mitwirkend; behilf- 
lich. 

coordinate n Koordinafe f. 
coordinate v beiordnen, koordinie- 
ren, zum Zusammenwirken 'bringen. 
coordinate cards Koordinatenschie- 
ber mpl (Surv). 

coordinated attack planmaBiger An- 
griff, einheitlich angesetzter Angriff 
(Tac). 

coordinate map grid Gitternetz n. 
coordinate scale Planzeiger m 

(Arty, Surv). 

coordinate system Koordinaten- 

system n. 

coordination Zusammenwirken n. 
co-pilot zweiter Flugzeugfiihrer. 
copper Kupfer n. 

copper cup kupfernes Hiitchen (car- 
tridge). 

copper shell Kupferkapsel / (deto- 
nator cap). 

copper wire Kupferdraht m. 
copy n Abschrift f, Kopie f; Durch- 
schlag m (carbon copy); Exemplar 
n, Abdruck m (of a book); Manu- 
skript n (for printer); Nummer / 
(of a neivspaper) ; Naehahmung / 
(imitation) . 

cord Seil n, Strick m (rope); Schnur 
/ (twine); Klafter f (of wood). 
cord fuze Leitfeuer n (Engr). 
cord-fuze detonation Leitfeuerziin- 
dung f (Engr). 

cord-fuze detonator Leitfeuerziind- 
mittel n (Engr). 
cordite Kordit n (explosive). 
cord lashing Schniirbund to (Engr). 
cordon. Giirtel to (Tac). 
cord powder Stabchenpulver n (Am). 
corduroy road Kntippelweg m, Kniip- 
peldamm in, Schwellenbahn f. 
core of bullet GeschoBkern m. 
cork Kork to (substance) ; Kork(en) 
to, Pfropfen w, Stopsel w (stopper). 
corkscrew Korkenzieher m. 
coronet Hufkrone / (of hoof). 
corporal Obergefreiter w. 



corporal of the guard Auffiihren- 

der to. 

corps Korps n. 
corps area Korpsbezirk in. 
corps artillery Korpsartillerie /. 
corps artillery commander Artille- 

riekommandeur to. 

corps cavalry regiment Korps-Ka- 
vallerieregiment n. 
corps combat order Korpsbefehl to. 
corps communication battalion Korps- 
nachrichtenabteilung /. 
corpse Leiche /. 

corps engineer Kommabdeur der 

Pioniere. 

corps headquarters Generalkomman- 
do n, Korpskommando n. 

Corps of Chaplains Wehrmachtseel- 
sorgedienst m. 

Corps of Engineers Pionierkorps n, 
Pioniertruppe f. 

corps quartermaster Kommandeur 

der Korpsnachschubtruppen (USA). 
corps supply column Korpsnach- 
schubkolonne /. 

corps troops Korpstruppen fpl. 
corrected azimuth berichtigte Teil- 
ringeinstellung (Gunnery). 
corrected deflection berichtigte Sei- 
tenrichtung (Gunnery). 
corrected elevation Aufsatzerhohung 
/ (Gunnery). 

corrected range Aufsatzentfernung / 
(Gunnery). 

correction Berichtigung f, Verbesse- 
rung / (Gunnery); Irrung f (Rad 
procedure) . 

correction angle Verbesserungs- 

winkel to (Gunnery). 
correction factor Verbesserungswert 
to (Ballistics). 

corrector Brennlangenschieber to 
(fuze). 

corrector pointer Schlusselschieber m 
(hand fuze setter). 
correlation Wechselbeziehung /, 

Korrelation f. 

correspondence Schriftverkehr to. 
correspondence course Fernkurs to. 
correspondent Kriegsberichter to (in 
Ger propaganda Co); Berichter to, 
Berichterstatter m, Korrespondent 
TO. _ _ 

corresponding range tiberschieB- 
grenze /. 

corridor Gelandestreifen to. 




corroboration 



271 



coverage 



corroboration Bekraftigung f, Besta- 
tigung /. 

corrugated paper Wellpappe /. 

cosecant Kosekante f. 

cosine Kosinus m. 

cost n Preis m, Kosten pi. 

cot Peldbett n, Pritsche /. 

cotangent Kotangens to (function); 

Kotangente / (line). 
cotter pin Splint to. 
cotton Baumwolle f; Watte f (Med). 
cotton linters Baumwollabfall w. 
cotton waste Putzwolle / (for clean- 
ing). 

counsel Anwalt in, Rechtsbeistand in 
(Law); Rat m (advice). 
count n Graf m (title); Zahl / 
(number). 

count v zahlen (enumerate) ; rech- 
nen (compute). 

counteract zuwiderhandeln, entge- 
genwirken; verhindern (prevent); 
vereiteln (nullify). 
counterapproach trench Gegenlauf- 
graben m. 

counterattack Gegenangriff m (Tac). 
counterbalance Massenausgleich in 
(Ap); Gegengewicht n (Meek). 
counterbattery fire Artilleriebe- 
kampfung f. 

counterclockwise im Gegensinn zum 
Uhrzeiger, im Gegenzeigersinn, 
linksgangig, linkslaufend. 
counterespionage Spionageabwehr f, 
Gegenspionage /. 

counterfire Erwiderungsfeuer n, Ge- 
genfeuer n, Feuerkampf in. 
counterintelligence A'owehrdienst in. 
countermand Geg'enbefehl geben. 
countermarch Gegenmarsch in. 
countermeasure Gegenmallnahme f. 
countermine Gegenmine /, Gegen- 
stollen m. 

counteroffensive Gegenoffensive /. 
counterorder Gegenbefehl in. 
counterpoise Gegengewicht n (Rad, 
Mech) ; Beschwerungssttick n, Be- 
schwerungsrohr n (G). 
counterpreparation Gegenvorberei- 
tungsfeuer n. 

counterpropaganda Gegenpropagan- 
da f. 

counter recoil Vorlauf to, Vorlauf- 

bewegung f. 

counterrecoil mechanism Vorholeein- 
richtung /, Vorholer m (G). • 



counterrecoil piston rod Vorlauf- 

hemmstange / (G). 
counterreconnaissance Gegenauf- 
klarung /. 

counterreconnaissance screen Gegen- 
aufklarungsstreifen in. 
counterrotating propellers gegen- 
laufige Luftschrauben (Ap). 
countershaft Vorgelege Welle / 

(MT). 

countersign Erkennungswoi't n, Gc- 
genlosung f. 

counterslope Gegenboschung f, Ge- 
genhang to. 

counterthrust Gegenstofi in (Tac). 
counterweight Beschwerungssttick n, 
Beschwerungsrohr n (G); Massen- 
ausgleich to (Ap); Gegengewicht 
11 (Mech). 

“Count off!” “Abzahlen!” 
country Land n; Gelande n (ter- 
rain); Gegend f (region). 
country of origin Heimatstaat to. 
couple v aufprotzen (Arty). 
coupling Kopplung / (Mech, Rad); 
Kupplung / (Mech); Anschlufi m 
(Ord). 

courier Kurier in. 
courier mail Kurierpost /. 
course Kurs m (Nav, Avn); Flug- 
weg m, Flugrichtung f (Avn); Lehr- 
gang to (instruction). 
course determination Flugwegbestim- 
mung / (Air Navigation). 
course light Streckenfeuer n, 

Flugstreckenfeuer n. 
course of target Zielweg to ( AA 
gunnery). 

court Gericht n. See also military 
court. 

courtesy Hoflichkeit f, hdfliche For- 
men. See also military courtesy, 
court-martial Kriegsgericht n. 
court-martial proceedings Kriegsge- 
richtsverfahren n. 
court plaster Leukoplast n. 
cover n Schutz in; Decke f ; Deckel 
m; tjberzug in; Deckung /, Ein- 
deckung / (Ft); Aufnahme / (for 
withdrawal in delaying action, Tac) ; 
Hiilsenbriieke f (R receiver). 
cover v durch Feuer decken, decken, 
schiitzen. 

coverage Bedeckung / (Met); 

Feuerschutz m, Feuerunterstiitzung 
/ (Tac); Gelandeausschnitt to 
(aerial Photo). 




covering 272 cross 



covering Tarndecke / (Cam); 

Aufienhaut /, Bespannung / (Ap); 
Verschalung /. 

covering fire Feuerschutz in. 
covering forcS Deckungstruppe f; 
Aufnahme f (reserve force covering 
withdrawal from action). 
covering party Deckungstrupp in. 
covering position vorgesehobene 

Stellung (in defense); Aufnahrne- 
stellung / ( covering withdrawal from 
QrCtiOTh ) . 

“Cover off!” “Vordermann!”; “Auf 
Vordermann gehen!” (behind file 
leaders when in platoon front). 
cover off auf Vordermann gehen, auf 
Vordermann stehen, Vordermann 
nehmen. 

cover plate Abdeckplatte f (G). 
cover-plate latch Deckelriegel m 

(MG). 

cover-plate lock Deckelsperre / 

(MG). 

cover position gedeckte Stellung. 
cover trench Deckungsgraben m. 
cowardice Feigheit /. 
cowl flaps Luftabflufiklappen fpl 
(Ap). 

cowling Haube f, Verkleidung / 
(Ap). 

crab Luvwinkel m (Avn). 
crabbing windschiefer Flug ( Avn). 
crack n Rifi m, Sprung m, Spalt m 
(split); Krach in, Knall m (sound). 
crack v zerspalten, zersprengen, zer- 
brechen. 

crack-up Bruch m (Avn). 
cradle Wiege /, Rohrwiege / (G); 
Gewehrtrager m (on MG sleigh, 
mount or tripod). 

cradle frame Wiegentrager m (G). 
cradle guide rails Wiegenglsitbahn / 
(G). 

cradle lock Wiegenzurrung / (G). 
craft Wasserfahrzeug n (stream 
crossing). 

crane Kran in (Engr). 
crank n Kurbel /. 
crank v andrehen, ankurbeln, an- 
werfen. 

crank arm Kurbelarm to (crank 
shaft). 

crankcase Kurbelgehause n (Mtr). 
crank handle Andrehkurbel / (MT). 
crank mechanism Kurbeltrieb in 
(Mech). 

crankpin Kurbelzapfen m (Mtr). 



crankshaft Kurbelwelle / (Mtr). 
crankshaft assembly Kurbeltrieb- 

werk n (Mtr). 

crankshaft throw Kropfung der 
Kurbelwelle (Mtr). 
crank starter Handanlasser m 

(Mtr). 

crankwheel .Kurbelrad n (G). 
crankwheel operation exercise Kur- 
beliibung / (gun laying). 
crash n Bruch m (Avn). 
crash boat Fliegerrettungsboot n. 
crash helmet Schutzmiitze / ( Amid 
Comd); Sturzhelm m. 
crash landing Bruchlandung / 

( Avn). 

crash padding Schutzpolsterung /. 
crater Trichter m, Sprengtrichter m. 
crater charge Trichterladung / 

(Engr). 

crawl v robben (on land); kraulen 

(swimming). 

crawl forward sich vorrobben. 
crawl trench Kriechgraben m. 
credit n Kredit m, Guthaben n (fi- 
nancial); Anerkennung / (acknoiv- 
Icdgment). 
creep kriechen. 

creeping barrage Feuerwalze f. 
cremation Einascherung f. 
creosote Kreosot n. 
cresol soap solution Kresolseifen- 
losung /, Kresohvasser n. 
crest Kamm m, Kammlinie f (Top); 
Gewehrauflage f, Brustwehrkrone f 
(trench); Krone f. 

crew Besatzung f, Mannschaft / 
(Ap, Tk); Bedienung f (G, SL). 
crib Stapel to (Bdg). 
crime Verbrechen n. 
criminal Verbrecher in. 
crimp Wiirgung f (Am). 
crimper Wiirgezange /. 
critical item Sparstoff in. 
critical point Gefahrpunkt in, kri- 
tischer Punkt (Tac); Wechselpunkt 
w (Top). 

critical speed kritische Geschwindig- 
keit; DurehsackgescLwindigkeit / 
(Avn); kritische Drehzahl (Mech). 
critical zone Planfeuerwiirfel m 
( AA filing). 

critique Schluflbesprechung f. 
cross n Kreuz n; Zapfenkreuz n 
(universal joint) (MT), 
cress v iiberqueren (a river, etc.); 
iiberschreiten (a bridge, road, etc.). 




crossbar 



273 



curfew 



crossbar Traverse f ( split-trail car- 
riage); Querverbindung / (log sled). 
crossbelt Schulterriemen to (Clo). 
cross bracing Auskreuzung / (Ap); 

Querverstrebung / (Bdg). 
cross-country querfeldein; gelande- 
gangig; Uberland-, Gelande-. 
cross-country driving Gelande- 

fahren n. 

cross-country flight tJberlandflug to. 
cross-country mobility Gelandegan- 
gigkeit f. 

cross-country vehicle Gelandefahr- 
zeug n (MT). 

crosscut saw Hirnsage /, Quersage /. 
cross-examination Kreuzverhor n. 
cross-examine einem Kreuzverhor 
unterwerfen. 

cross fire n Kreuzfeuer n. 
cross-fire v Feuer kreuzen (firing). 
cross hairs Fadenkreuz n (Optics). 
cross hole screw Kreuzlochschrau- 
be /. 

crossing tibergang to. 
crossing of ditches Grabendurch- 
fahrt / (MT). 

crossing of rivers Uberwinden von 
Fliissen. 

crossing point tjbersetzstelle /. 
crossing station tlbergangsbahnhof 
to, Kreuzungsbahnhof to (RR). 
crossing target querfahrendes Ziel. 
cross level n Querlibelle /, Verkan- 
tungslibelle / ( Optics, Surv, Arty) ; 
Radstandlibelle / (G). 
cross-level v die Libelle einspielen. 
cross-level drive Verkantungstrieb 
to (Optics, Ord). 

cross leveling Libelleneinstellung f 
(firing). 

cross-leveling mechanism Radstand- 
trieb to ( G sight). 

cross lines Kreuzleinen fpl (of har- 
ness). 

crosspiece Ducht / (boat). 
cross pipe fitting Kreuzmuffe /. 
crossroads Wegekreuzung /, Stra- 
lienkreuzung /. 

cross section Profil n, Querschnitt to. 
cross wind seitlicher Schiebewind 
(Avn). 

cross-wind landing Landung mit 
Seitenwind. 

cross-wind takeoff Start mit Seiten- 
wind. 

cross wires Fadenkreuz n (Optics). 
crouching fox hole Hockloch n. 



croup Kruppe / (horse). 
crowbar Brechstange f, Hebebaum 

TO. 

crown of roadbed Bahnkrone/ (RR). 
crownpiece Kopfstiick n (harness). 
crucible steel Tiegelguflstahl to. 
crude oil Rohol n. 
cruise v fahren (vehicle or ship); 

kreuzen (ship); fliegen (Ap). 
cruiser Kreuzer to. 
cruising power rating Reisedauer- 
leistung f. 

cruising radius Fahrbereich to (MT, 

Th). 

cruising speed Reisegeschwindigkeit 
f (Ap); Marschgeschwindigkeit / 
(MT). 

crush (zer)quetschen, zerdriicken, 
zermalmen. 

cryptanalysis Entzifferung f, Ge- 
heimschriftanalyse f. 
cryptogram Kryptogramm n. 
cryptograph See cryptogram, 
cryptography Geheimschrift /. 
crystal Kristall to. 
crystal control Quarzsteuerung f 
(Rad). 

crystal-controlled transmitter quarz- 
gesteuerter Sender (Rad). 
crystal detector Kristalldetektor vi 
(Rad). 

cube n Wiirfel m, Kubus m; Kubik- 
zahl /, dritte Potenz (Math). 
cubed zur dritten Potenz erhoben. 
cubic centimeter Kubikzentimeter n. 
cultivated fields bebaute Felder, 
culvert DurchlaB m. 
cumulus cloud Haufenwolke f, Ku- 
muluswolke f. 

cup Trinkbecher to (drinking) ; 

Schmierbiichse / (grease); Hiitchen 
n (cartridge). 

cup anemometer Schalenkreuzwind- 
messer to (Met). 

cupola Kuppel f, Beobachtungskup- 
pel f, Turmkuppel /, Reobachtungs- 
tiirmchen n, Turmaufsatz to (Tk). 
cupola mount Kuppellafette / (Ap). 
curb bit Kanaare / (harness) . 
curb chain Kinnkette / (harness). 
curbing Rodelung / (Bdg). 
curb lashing Rodeln n (Bdg). 
curb rail Rodelbalken to (Bdg). 
curb rein Kandarenziigel m (har- 
ness). 

cure v heilen. 

curfew Ausgehverbot n (Mil Govt). 




currency 



274 



daily ration 



currency Wahrung f; Geld n ( money). 
current n Strom m, Stromung /. 
current capacity Stromaufnahme / 
(Rad). 

current consumer Stromverbraucher 
in (Elec). 

current flow Stromflufi m (Elec). 
current generator unit Stromaggre- 
gat n (Elec). 

current intensity Stromstarke / 

(Elec.) 

current-measuring instrument Strom- 
mefigerat n (Elec). 
current supplies laufender Nach- 
schub. 

current supply Stromzufuhr /, 

Stromvorrat m (Elec). 
current surge StromstoB m (Elec). 
currycomb Striegel m. 
curtain door Gasschutzvorhang m. 
curtain of antiaircraft fire Flak- 
sperre f, Sperrfeuerwand /. 
curtain of Are Feuerwand /, Feuer- 
vorhang m. 

curvature Kriimmung f, Biegung /. 
curve n Straflenbiegung / (road); 

Kriimmung /, Kurve /, Bogen m. 
curved-chord truss Parabel-Fach- 
werktrager vi (Engr). 
curved spur track Gleiskurve /, 
Klaue f (RR gun). 
curve of the trajectory Gestalt der 
Flugbahn. 

curvilinear flight Kurvenflug in. 
cushion tire Pneumassivreifen m, 
Hochelastikreifen m (MT). 
custodian Urkundenbewahrer m (of 
documents) . 

custody Haft /, Gewahrsam in; Auf- 
sicht /, Hut /, Verwahrung / (care); 
Schutz m (protection). 
custom Gebrauch m. 
custom house Zollhaus n. 
customs of the service Truppen- 
brauch in. 

customs of war Kriegsbrauch m, 
Kriegsgebrauch m. 

cut n Durchstich m, Einschnitt m 
(Engr, RR); Schnitt m (injury or 
wound) ; Hieb m (slash). 



cut v schneiden, abschneiden (wire, 
etc.); hauen, abhauen (trees, etc.). 
cut a fuze Ziinder einstellen. 
cut-and-cover shelter Unterschlupf in. 
cut film Schnittfilm in. 
cut off trennen (Elec, Tp). 
cut-off frequency Grenzfrequenz / 
(Rad). 

cutout Auspuffklappe / (Mtr). 
cutter See cutting pliers, 
cutting pliers Zwickzange f (Engr). 
cw tonlos (marking on Rad set). 
cw transmission Telegraphiesen- 
dung / (Rad). 

cvanogen bromide Bromzyan n, Ce- 
Stoff m (CWS). 

cyanogen chloride Chlorzyan n, Cy- 
anogenchlorid n (CWS). 
cycle Pei’iode f, Hertz n (Elec); 

Kreisprozefi m (Mtr); Kreislauf in. 
cyclic change mechanism Vorrich- 
tung zur Verlangsamung der Schufi- 
folge (automatic R). 
cyclic rate Schufifolge f. 
cyclic rate mechanism See cyclic 
change mechanism, 
cyclogiro Radfliigelflugzeug n (Avn). 
cyclone Zyklon m, Tief n (low); 
Orkan m, Taifun in ( tropical) f Wir- 
belsturm m, Tornado m, Trombe f 
( tornado). 

cylinder Zylinder in. 
cylinder block Motorblock m, Zylin- 
derblock in (Mtr). 

cylinder grinding Zylinderschleifen 
n (Mtr). 

cylinder head Zylinderkopf m (Mtr). 
cylinder liner Zylinderlaufbiichse / 

(Mtr). 

cylinder wall Zylinderwand / (Mtr). 
cylindrical zylindrisch, walzenformig. 
cylindrical cam Lenkschraube / 

(steering column, MT). 
cylindrical grid Zylinderelektrode / 
(Rad tube). 

cylindrical mount Walzenblende / 

(Tk gun). 



D 

dagger Dolch m. daily ration Tagesverpflegung /. 

daily automatic supply Tagesversor- daily ration strength return Starke- 
gung /. nachweis fur die Tagesverpflegung. 




daily sick report 275 debouch 



daily sick report Krankenmeldung /. 
daily stock record Bestandsnach- 
weisung /. 

daily strength report Iststarke- 
nachweisung /. 

daily telegram tagliche Starke- und 
Bedarfsmeldung. 

daily train tagliche Nachschubko- 
lonne (MT). 

dam Damm to, Stauanlage f; Tal- 
sperre f (across a valley); Buhne f 
( diversion). 

damage n Beschadigung /, Scha- 
den m. 

damage v beschadigen. 
damage control Schadenbekamp- 
fung f. 

damming Anstauung / (Engr). 
damped oscillations gedampfte 

Schwingungen (Rad). 
damped waves' gedampfte Wellen 
(Rad). 

damping Dampfung / (Elec, Rad). 
damping device Dampfungsvorrich- 
tung f. 

danger Gefahr f. 
danger area Schuflbereich w. 
danger flag Warnflagge /. 
danger of icing Vereisungsgefahr / 
(Avn). 

danger of interception Abhorgefahr 

/ (Tv). 

dangerous gefahrlich. 
danger signal Warnsignal n. 
danger space Visierbereich m (MG 

firing). 

darkness Dunkelheit f, Finsternis /. 
darkroom Dunkelkammer f. 
dash n Strich m (Tg). 
dashboard Instrumentenbrett n. 
data Grundlagen fpl, Unterlagen fpl, 
Angaben fpl, Daten npl. 
data board Schreibbrett n (Arty). 
data card Merkzettel to. 
data computer Kommandogerat n. 
data receiver Empfanger m (data 
transmission system). 
data transmission system tjbertra- 
gungsgerat n (AAA). 
data transmitter Geber m (data 
transmission system). 
date Datum n. 

datum Unterlage /, Angabe f, 
Datum n. 

datum level Bezugsebene / (Saw). 
datum line Bezugslinie / (Sarv). 



datum plane Bezugsebene /, Bezugs- 
flache f (Surv). 

datum point Bezugspunkt to (Stirv). 
davit Davit to, Schw.enkdavit m 

(Nav). 

daybook Kriegstagebuch n. 
daybreak Tagesanbruch m. 
daylight attack Tagesangriff m, 

TagesvorstoB m. 
day march Tagmarsch to. 
day of fire Munition fur einen Tag. 
day of supply Tagesverbrauch m, 

Vorratsbestand fur einen Tag. 
day’s destination Tagesziel n. 
day’s march Tagesmarsch to. 
day’s objective Tagesziel n. 
dazzle-painted bunt bemalt (Cam). 
dazzle painting Buntfarbenanstrich 
to (Cam). 

DB boat Hilfsfahrzeug zum Legen 
von Grundminen (Nav). 
d-c generator Gleichstromerzeuger to. 
dead tot. 

dead abatis schwere Baumsperre. 
dead area toter Schufiraum. 
dead center Totpunkt w (Mtr). 
dead-end road Sackgasse f; Holzweg 
to (in a forest). 

dead-end station Kopfbahnhof m 
(RR). 

dead-end street Sackgasse f. 
dead file erledigte Akten. 
deadline Termin to. 
deadman eingebetteter waagerecht 
liegender Verankerungspfahl 
(Engr). 

dead reckoning Koppeln n (Avn). 
dead reckoning navigation Koppel- 
navigation f (Avn). 
dead reckoning position Koppelort 
to (Air Navigation). 
dead space toter Schufiraum, toter 
Trichter, gedeckter Raum, toter 
Winkel (Gunnery). 
dead-stick landing Landung mit 

abgestelltem Motor (Avn). 
dead time Kommando- und Lade- 
verzugszeit f (Gunnery). 
death Tod to. 

death sentence Todesurteil n. 
debarkation Ausbooten n, Ausboo- 

tung /. 

debarkation officer Landungsoffi- 

zier to. 

debouch aus einer Enge heraustreten 
(from a defile); aus dem Wald- 
gelande heraustreten (from a wood). 




debris 



276 



def ensi ve-off ensive 



debris Triimmer pi. 
debt Schuld /. 

deceive tausehen, vortauschen. 
deception Tauschung /. 
deceptive irrefiihrend, Tauschungs-, 
Schein-. 

deceptive smoke screen Scheinverneb- 
lung f. 

decibel Phon 'n, Dezibel n. 
decipher entschliisseln, entziffern, 
dechiffrieren. 

decision EntschluG to (Tac). 
decisive ausschlaggebend, entsehei- 
dend. 

decisive action Entseheidungsgefecht 
n (Tac). 

decisive battle Entscheidungskampf 
to (Tac). 

deck Deck n (Tk, Nav) ; Oberseite f. 
declaration of war Kriegserkla- 
rung f. 

declinate OrtsmiGweisung bestimmen 
( compass). 

declination MiGweisung /, Kompafi- 
miGweisung f (compass). 
declination constant MiGweisung /, 
OrtsmiGweisung f. 

declinator Richtkreis-Bussole f, Bus- 
sole f (aiming circle). 
decode entschliisseln. 
decontaminate entgiften (CWS). 
decontaminating agent Entgiftungs- 
mittel n, Entgiftungsstolf to. 
decontaminating apparatus Entgif- 
tungsgerat n; Zerstaubergerat n 
(spray). 

decontaminating-powder sprayer 
Pulverzerstauber m ( C1FSJ. 
decontaminating sprayer Flus- 

sigkeitszerstauber fiir Entgiftung. 
decontamination Entgiftung /'. 
decontamination agent Entgiftungs- 
stoff .to (CWS). 

decontamination battalion Entgif- 

tungsabteilung /. 

decontamination cart fahrbare Ent- 
giftungstrommel. 

decontamination drum Entgiftungs- 
trommel f. 

decontamination point Entgiftungs- 

platz to (CWS). 

decontamination service Entgif- 

tungsdienst m. 

decontamination squad Entgiftungs- 
trupp to. 

decontamination troops Entgiftungs- 
truppen /pi. 



decopper entkupfern. 
decoppering agent Entkupferungs- 

mittel n. 

decoration Auszeichnung /, Ehren- 

zeichen n. 

decoy n Lockmittel n, Falle /. 
decoy v heranlocken. 
decryptograph entziffern, entschliis- 
seln, dechiffrieren. 
deduct abziehen, subtrahieren. 
deep-sea diver Torpedotaucher to. 
deep thrust tiefer Vorstofi (Tac). 
defeat n Niederlage f. 
defeat v schlagen, besiegen. 
defecate den Darm entleeren; schei- 
Ben (vulgar). 

defect Fehler to; Materialfehler to 
(structural) ; Konstruktionsfehler to 
(design); Sehfehler to (vision). 
defective fehlerhaft. 
defense Verteidigung /, Abwehr / 
( as distinguished from Schutz, pro- 
tection, Tac). 

defense area Verteidigungsraum to. 
Defense Command Landesverteidi- 
gungsbezirk to (USA). 
defense in depth nach Tiefe geglie- 
derte Verteidigung. 
defense plan Verteidigungsplan to. 
defense system Wehrorganisation / 
(total armed defense system of a 
country) ; Landesverteidigungsor- 
ganisation / (home defense); Be- 
festigungsanlagen fpl (Ft). 
defensive n Defensive f, Verteidi- 
gung / (Tac). 

defensive adj defensiv, in der Ver- 
teidigung. 

defensive area Verteidigungsraum to. 
defensive arm Abwehrwaffe /. 
defensive battle Abwehrschlacht f. 
defensive coastal area Kiistenver- 
teidigungsabschnitt m. 
defensive combat Abwehrkampf to, 
Abwehrgefecht n (Tac). 
defensive fire Abwehrfeuer n, Not- 
feuer n (Arty, MG). 
defensive front Abwehrfront /. 
defensive installations Verteidigungs- 
anlagen fpl. 

defensive line Verteidigungslinie f. 
defensively abwehrweise. 
defensive measure Abwehrmafinah- 

me /. 

defensive-offensive offensive Ver- 
teidigung. 




defensive operations 277 demolition bomb 



defensive operations Verteidigungs- 
operationen fpl. 

defensive position Verteidigungs- 
stellung /. 

defensive preparation Abwehrvor- 
bereitung /. 

defensive sector Verteidigungsab- 
schnitt to. 

defensive weapon Abwehrwaffe /. 
defensive zone Abwehrzone f, Ver- 
teidigungszone /. 
defer zuriickstellen. 
deferment Zuriickstellung f. 
defilade Gelandeschutz m. 
defiladed area gedeckter Raum. 
defile Enge f, Engpafi m (Tac). 
defile between lakes Seenenge /. 
definition Linsenscharfe f (of a 
lens); Definition f, Begriffsbestim- 
mung f (of a word). 
deflagration Verbrennung /, Defla- 
gration / (powder). 
deflection Seitenabweichung f (Gun- 
nery); Ablenkung f; Strahlungs- 
ablenkung/fo/ Rad waves); Durch- 
biegung f (of a beam or girder) . 
deflection angle Seitenwinkel m 
(Gunnery). 

deflection board Seitenrichtschieber 
to (CA). 

deflection change Seitenanderung / 
(Gunnery). 

deflection correction Seitenanderung 
/, Seitenverbesserung / (Gunnery). 
deflection difference Feuervereini- 
gungswinkel m (Btry firing). 
deflection dispersion Breitenstreuung 
f (Ballistics). 

deflection reading Festlegezahl f 

( Gunnery). 

deflection scale Seitenrichtteilung /. 
deflector box Hiilsenkasten to (AA 
gun). 

degassing Entgasung f, Entgasen n. 
de-gaussing Entmagnetisierung / 
(Nav). 

degreasing Entfettung / (MT). 
degree Grad to (of circle, tempera- 
ture); Stufe / (stage or step); 
Grad to, Mali n (extent). 
dehydrated meat Dorrfleisch n. 
dehydrated vegetables Dorrgemiise 
n. 

de-icer Enteiser m, Enteisungsgerat 
n, Vereisungsschutzgerat n (Ap). 
de-icing system Enteisungsanlage f. 
delay v hinhalten (Tac). 



delay n V erzogerung f, Verzug w; 
Aufschub to. 

delayed-action bomb Bombe mit 
Verzugszeit. 

delayed-action fuze Aufscblagzun- 
der mit Verzogex'ung, Verzogerungs- 
ztinder to. 

delayed-action mine Verzogerungs- 
mine f (Engr). 

delayed jump Absprung mit verzo- 
gerter Offnung (Prcht). 
delay fuze Aufschlagzunder mit 
V erzogerung, V erzogerungsziinder 

m. 

delaying action hinlialtendes Gefecht 
(Tac). 

delaying position Widerstandsstel- 
lung im hinhaltenden Gefecht, Auf- 
nahmestellung f (Tac). 
delaying unit Widerstandsgruppe / 
(Tac). 

delay pellet Verzogerungssatz to. 
delay powder train Verzogerungs- 
satz to (fuze). 

delegation of authority Ubertragung 
einer Amtsgewalt. 

deliberate field fortification plan- 
mafiige Feldbefestigung. 
deliver liefern, abliefern. 
delivery Auslieferung f. 
delivery container Abwurfkiste f 
(airborne operations). 
delivery roadway Ladestrafie / (RR 
freight station). 

delivery unit Fallschirmlast /, Ver- 
sorgungsbehalter m (airborne sup- 
ply). 

delouse entlausen. 
deiousing Entlausung /. 
de'ousing station Entlausungssta- 
tion /. 

delta connection Dreieckschaltung 
f (Elec). 

demarcation Abgrenzung f. 
demilitarize militarisch raumen, ent- 
militarisieren. 

demobilization Demobilmachung f. 
demobilize demobilmachen. 
demolish sprengen (blow up); nie- 
derreifien, abreifien, abbrechen (tear 
down); zerstoren, vernichten (to 
ruin). 

demolition Sprengung /, Zerstdrung 
/, Demolierung /. 

demolition block Sprengbiichse / 

(Engr). 

demolition bomb Sprengbombe /. 




demolition chamber 



278 desiccated cell 



demolition chamber Minenkammer 
f (Bdg, mine); Sprengstelle / 
(Bdg). 

demolition detail Sprengtrupp m. 
demolition equipment Sprenggerat 
n, Ziindgerat n (Engr). 
demolition installation Minenanlage 
/• 

demolition mission Sprengauftrag 
in. 

demolition order Sprengbefehl in, 
Sprengauftrag m. 

demolition party Sprengkommando 
n. 

demolition plan Sprengplan m 
(Engr). 

demolition service Sprengdienst m. 
demolition squad Sprengtrupp m. 
demonstration Tausehungsmanbver 
n, Scheingefecht n, Scheinangriff in 
(Tac); Vorfiihrung f. 
demonstration chart Unterrichtsta- 
fel / (Tng). 

demonstration flight Schauflug in 
(Avn). 

demonstration material Anschau- 
ungsmittel npl (Tng aids). 
demoralize demoralisieren, entmuti- 
gen. 

demotion Degradation /, Dienstgrad- 
herabsetzung /. 
denim Drillich m, Drilch m. 
densimeter Dichtemesser in, Dichtig- 
keitsmesser m. 
density Dichte f. 
density of fire Feuerdichte f. 
density of fragments Splitterdichte 
f (Arty). 

density of gas coverage Belegungs- 
starke / (CIVS). 

density of loading Ladedichte / 

(Am). 

Dental Corps zahnarztliches Korps 
(USA). 

dental officer Sanitatsoffizier (Z) m. 
dental surgeon Kriegszahnarzt m. 
dental technician Zahntechniker in. 
dental treatment Zahnbehandlung f. 
dentist Zahnarzt m. 
depart abriicken, abmarschieren, 
aufbrechen. 

departing flight Abflug to (AA). 
department Abteilung / (branch, 
section); Verwaltungsbereich m 
(sphere); Behorde / ( Adm. ); Mini- 
sterium n (of government) . 



departure Abfahrt /, Ausriicken n, 
Abriicken n. 

departure point Aufbruchsort in. 
departure time Aufbruchszeit /. 
dependency benefits Familienunter- 
halt m. 

dependent Unterhaltsberechtigter to. 
deploy entwickeln, ausschwarmen. 
deployed riflemen Schiitzen in Ent- 
wicklung. 

deployment Entwicklung / (Tac). 
deployment for action Gefechtsent- 
wicklung / (Tac). 

deport verschicken, verbannen, de- 
portieren; abschieben (aliens). 
depot Lager n, Park in (Mil) ; Bahn- 
hof to (RR station); Zweiglager n 
(branch depot). 

depot quartermaster Lagermeister 
to ( Ger : civilian official). 
depress senken (G). 
depression Mulde / (Top); Tief n 

(Met). 

depression angle Senkungswinkel to 
(G). 

depression position finder Azimut- 

entfernungsmesser in. 
depth Tiefe / (Tac). 
in depth tiefgegliedert, treffen- 

weise. ■ 

depth bomb Wasserbombe f, Unter- 
wasserbombe /. 

depth of penetration Eindringtiefe 
f, Eindringungstiefe / (Tac). 
depth of profile Profiltiefe / (Ap 

wing). 

depth of wing profile Flugeltiefe / 
(Ap). 

deputy Stellvertreter in. 

Deputy Chief of Staff Stellvertre- 
tender Chef des Generalstabes. 
descending air current Abwind in 
(Met). 

descending branch of trajectory ab- 

steigender Ast (Ballistics). 
description Beschreibung f, Schilde- 
rung /, Darstellung /. 
desert n Wiiste /. 
desert v desertieren, fahnenfliichtig- 
werden, Fahnenflucht begehen. 
desert area Wiistenzone f. 
deserter Fahnenfliichtiger m, Deser- 
teur to; Uberlaufer to (to the en- 
emy). 

desertion Fahnenflucht f, Desertion 
/• 

desiccated cell Fiillelement n (Elec). 




design 279 develop 

design n Ausfiihrung f (Mech). I detention Haft f (arrest) ; Einbehal- 



designated target Punktziel n 

(Arty). 

designation of objective Zielset- 
zung f. 

designer Konstrukteur m (Mech). 
design load Normalbelastung / 

(Mech). 

desired frequency Nutzfrequenz / 
(Rad). 

desk Schreibtisch m. 
destination Ziel n. 
destroy zerstoren, vernicliten. 
destroyer Zerstorer to, Torpedoboot- 
zerstorer in (Nav). 
destroyer escort Korvette { (Nav). 
destruction Vernichtung /, Zersto- 
rung /. 

destruction fire Niederkampfen n 
(Arty). 

detach abkommandieren, ausschei- 
den, absondern. 

detached duty See detached service, 
detached post Vorpostenverband m. 
detached service Kommando n. 
on detached service abkomman- 
diert. 

detached unit Kommando n. 
detachment Trupp m, Abteilung /. 
detachment commander Truppfiihrer 
vi. 

detail n Trupp to, Kommando n, Ab- 
teilung f (Pers); Dienst m (duty). 
detail v kommandieren. 
detailed report Tatbericht in, Tat- 
sachenbericht to. 

“Detail, halt!” “Abteilung, halt!” 
(given on right foot). 
detain aufhalten (to delay); abhal- 
ten, verhindern (withhold) ; in Haft 
behalten, festhalten (under arrest). 
detaining authority nehmestaatliche 
Behorde (PW). 

detaining power Nehmestaat to 

(PW). 

detect auffangen (Rad); entdecken 
(discover) ; aufdecken (an action); 
ertappen (to catch). 
detector Audion n, Detektor to 
(Rad). 

detector crayon Gasspurkreide / 

(CWS). 

detector kit Spurgerat n, Gasanzei- 
ger to ( C i-k S ) . 

detector paint Gasspurfarbe / 

(CWS). 

detent East f (Mech). 



tung f (of pay, etc.). 
detention of pay Besoldungseinbehal- 

tung /. 

detention room Haftlokal n. 
detention ward Arrestraum im La- 

zarett. 

deteriorating supplies begrenzt la- 
gerungsfahige Vorrate. 
determinate error regelmafiiger Feh- 
ler, systematischer Fehler. 
determination of altitude Hohen- 

bestimmung f (Avn). 
determination of course Flugweg- 

bestimmung / (Air Navigation). 
determination of direction Rich- 

tungsbestimmung / (Avn, Rad). 
determination of fix Kreuzpeilung f 
(Air Navigation). 

determination of position Orts- 

bestimmung f (Avn). 
determine a fix anschneiden (Air 

Navigation). 

detonate detonieren, sprengen, ziin- 
den (Engr.) 

detonating agent Ziindmittel n 

(Engr). 

detonating charge Aufladung / 
(blasting cap). 

detonating cord Knallziindschnur /. 
detonating explosive Brisanzspreng- 
Stoff TO. 

detonating fuze Sprengziinder in. 
detonating net Knallehnetz n. 
detonating slab Zerschellerschicht / 
(Ft). 

detonation Klopfen n (Mtr); Ziin- 
den n, Ztindung f (blasting) ; Deto- 
nation f. 

detonation wave Verdichtungswelle 
f (Ballistics). 

detonator Sprengkapsel f (Am). 
detonator-safe fuze Ziinder mit 
Sprengkapselsicherung (Am). 
detour n Umweg m. 
detour v umgehen. 
detraining of troops . Truppenaus- 
ladung f. 

detraining point Ausladebahnhof vi. 
detrucking area Ausladegebiet n. 
detrucking point Ausladeplatz w, 
Ausladestelle f. 

devastate verwusten, verheeren. 
devastation Verwustung f, Verhee- 
rung f. 

develop entfalten (Tac); entwickeln 

(Photo). 




dimethylsulfate 



developed armament 2S0 

developed armament probable error 
Treffwahrscheinlichkeit der Waffe. 
development Entfaltung f (Tac). 
development from march column t 

Entfaltung aus dem Marsch (Tac). t 

development order Befehl zur Ent- 
faltung (Tac). i 

deviate abweichen, abkommen. I 

deviation Geschofiabweichung / (Gun- 
nery); Fehlweisung f (Rad); Ver- 1 
setzung / ( Avn) ; Kompaillenkung f, 
Deviation /. 1 

deviation curve Funkbeschickungs- 
kurve /, Peilberichtigungskurve / 
(Rad). 1 

device Vorrichtung / (Mech, Engr); 1 
Abzeichen n (insigne). 1 

dew Tau m. 

dew point Taupunkt m. c 

diagonal n Schraglinie f. c 

diagonal adj schrag, querlaufend. 
diagonal strut Strebe f (Ap). c 

diagram Plan m, Schema n, Figur /; 

Abbildung / (illustration). t 

dial n Zifferblatt n (on Inst); Num- 
mernscheibe /, Wahlerscheibe f(Tp); ( 
Gangrolle / (pivoted dial of speed- c 
ometer). 

dial v einstellen, wahlen (Tp). < 

dial box Nummemscheibenkastchen n 
(field Tp). ( 

dial hum Amtszeichen n, Freizeichen 
n, Summton m (Tp). 
dialing central Wahlamt n (Tp). c 
dial plate Skalenscheibe / (Rad). 
dial system Wahlerbetrieb in (Tp). c 
diameter Durchmesser in. 
diameter of projectile Geschofldurch- c 
messer m (Ballistics). ^ 

diamond formation Rautenformation 

diaphragm Schallblech n (Tp); c 
Membran / (microphone) ; Stofi- 
boden in, Stofischeibe / (shrapnel) ; c 
Blende f (Photo). ^ 

diaphragm gas mask Membran- 
maske /. c 

diaphragm pump Membranpumpe / 
(Mtr). c 

diarrhea Durchfall m, Diarrhoe /. 
diary Tagebuch n. <j 

diatomite layer Diatomitschicht / 
(gas filter, CWS). c 

dichloramine-T Dichloramin n c 

(CWS). c 

die n Gewindebacken fpl (for cut- c 



ting threads); Stanze f, Gesenke n 
(for stamping or punching). 
stock and die Schneidkluppe /. 
die v sterben. 

die down ausschwingen (Elec oscilla- 
tions). 

dielectric Dielektrikum n (Rad). 
Diesel-electric drive dieselelektri- 
scher Antrieb. 

Diesel engine Dieselmotor in, Die- 
selmascbine f, Schwerolmotor m. 
Diesel fuel DieselkraftstofF in, 

Gasol n, Schwerol n, Schwerkraft- 
stoff in. 

Diesel motor See Diesel engine. 
Diesel tractor Dieselschlepper m 
Diesel truck Diesel-Lastwagen in 

(MT). 

dietitian Diatschwester f. 
difference Unterschied m; Differenz 
/ (Math). 

difference chart graphische Schufi- 
tafel. 

difference in altitude Hohenunter- 
schied m. 

differential Differential n (MT). 
differential calculus Differential- 
rechnung /. 

differential case Hinterachsenge- 

hause n (MT). 

differential effects Werte zum Aus- 
schalten der Witterungseinfliisse 
(Gunnery). 

differential gear Ausgleichgetriebe 
n (MT). 

differential lock Ausgleichsperre / 
(MT). 

difficult terrain schwieriges Ge- 

lande. 

difficulty. Schwierigkeit f; Verlegen- 
heit f (trouble); Gelandeschwie- 
rigkeit f (of terrain). 
diffuser plate Ladeleitrad n (Ap 

engine). 

dig v graben; ausgraben (excavate). 
dig in schanzen, einschanzen, sich 
eingraben. 

diglycolnitrate flaked powder Digly- 
kolnitrat-Blattchenpulver n. 
dihedral V-Form /, V-Stellung /, 
Schrankung / (Ap). 
dihedral angle V-Formwinkel in 
(Ap). 

dike Deich m. 
dim v abblenden (a light). 
dimension AusmaB n. 
dimethylsulfate D-Stoff m (CWS). 




281 



director’s aide 



dim headlights 

dim headlights v abblenden (MT). 
dim light n Abblendelicht n (head- 
light, MT). 

dim-out n Halbverdunkelung / (Air 
. Defense). 

dim out v abblenden (Air Defense). 
diode Diode / (Bad). 
diode tube Zweielektrodenrohre /, 
Zweipolrohre / (Rad). 
diopter hair Diopterfaden m ( Optics). 
diopter slit Dioptersehlitz m (Op- 
tics). 

dip n Inklinationswinkel m (com- 
pass); Kimmtiefe / (Avn). 
dip v dippen, senken. 
diphenylaminechlorarsine Adamsit m, 
Diphenylaminehlorarsin n (CWS). 
diphenylchlorarsine Diphenylchlor- 
arsin n, Chlorarsinkampfstoff m 
(CWS). 

diphenylcyanarsine Cyan-Chlorarsin- 
kampfstoff m (CWS). 
diphosgene Chlorameisensaurechlor- 
methylester m, Perchlorameisen- 
sauremethylester m, Perstoff m, K- 
Stoff m (CWS). 
dipole antenna Dipolantenne /. 
direct-climbing target Flugziel im 
Steigflug (AA gunnery). 
direct current Gleichstrom m. 
direct-current ammeter Gleichstrom- 
mefigerat n. 

direct-current generator Gleich- 

stromerzeuger m. 

direct-current meter Gleichstrom- 

mefigerat n. 

direct-current motor Gleichstrom- 
elektromotor m. 

directed net Nachrichtennetz mit 
Leitfunkstelle (Rad). 
direct fire direktes Feuer. 
direct-fire range Visierschufiweite f. 
direct-fire shot VisierschuB m. 
direct-fire sight Notvisier n, Flak- 
visier n. 

direct hit Volltreffer m; Artillerie- 
volltreffer m (Arty). 
directing gun Grundgeschiitz n. 
directing point Nullpunkt m (CA). 
directing staff Leitungsstab m 

(maneuvers) . 

direction Seite /, Seitenrichtung /, 
Richtung / (Gunnery). 
directional antenna Richtantenne / 
(Rad). 

directional effect Richtwirkung / 

(Rad). 



directional gyro Kurskreisel m. 
directional loop antenna Peilrahmen 

m (Rad). 

directional position Antennenstel- 

lung f (of antenna). 
directional receiving antenna Richt- 
empfangsantenne / (Rad). 
directional stability Richtungsstabili- 
tat f, Kursstabilitat / (Ap). 
directional traverse Fluchtlinie / 

(Surv). 

direction board Richtungsanzeiger m 
(AAA). 

direction dispersion Breitenstreuung 
f (Ballistics). 

direction finder Peilfunkempfanger 
m, Richtempfanger m, Peilempfan- 
ger m, Bordpeiler m, Funkpeiler m 
(Air Navigation). 

direction-finder equipment Peilgerat 
n (Rad, Avn). 

direction-finder signal Peilzeichen n 
(Avn). 

direction-finder station Richtemp- 
fangsanlage f, Peilanlage f, Peil- 
stelle/ (Air Navigation) ; Bodenpeil- 
stelle / (surface). 

direction finding Reilen n, Peilung / 
(Avn); Funkpeilung / (Rad). 
direction-finding equipment Richt- 
gerat n (Rad). 

direction-finding set Richtempfanger 
m, Peilempf anger m (Rad). 
direction of air flow Anstromrich- 
tung f, Anblasrichtung f (in a wind 
tunnel, Avn). 

direction of approach Anflugrich- 
tung / (Avn). 

direction of attack Angriffsrichtung 

f. 

direction of flight Flugrichtung / 
(Avn). 

direction of the target Zielrichtung 

f. 

directive Weisung /, Anweisung /, 
Verfiigung f. 

direct laying direktes Richten (Gun- 
nery). 

director Leitender m, oberster 

Schiedsrichter m (maneuvers) ; 
Kommandogerat n (Arty); Zentral- 
richtgerat n (AAA). 
director headquarters tibungsleitung 
f (maneuvers). 

director’s aide Leitungsgehilfe m 

( maneuvers ). 




direct plate voltage 282 disintegrate 



direct plate voltage Anodengleieh- 
spannung f (Rad). 
direct pointing direktes Richten 
( Gunnery). 

direct pressure Nachdrangen n (in 
pursuit, Tac). 

direct pressure detachment Verfol- 
gungsabteilung f (in pursuit, Tac). 
direct-reading compass Nahkompafi 

TO. 

directrix Nullstrahl des Sehuflfeldes 
( Gunnery). 

direct-sighting telescope Zielfern- 
rohr n. 

direct support unmittelbare Unter- 
stii&ung (Arty, Tac); taktische Un- 
terstiitzung (Avn, Tac). 
direct vision slit Panzerscharte /' 
(Tk). 

direct vision slot Sehschlitz to (Tk). 
dirigible Lenkluftscbiff n. 
dirt Schmutz to, Dreck m; Erde / 
( earth). 

dirt road unbefestigte Strafle, un- 
gepflasterte Strafle. 
disability Kriegsbeschadigung / 

(war injury); Dienstunfahigkeit f 
(unfitness for service). 
disability pension Versehrtengeld n. 
disabled kriegsbeschadigt (injured 
in war); dienstunfahig, untauglieh 
(unfit for service). 
disadvantage Nachteil to. 
disappearing armored turret Panzer- 
Verschwindeturm m (Ft). 
disappearing carriage Verschwind- 
lafette f (G). 

disappearing target Verschwind- 
scheibe f. 

disappearing turret Verschwinde- 
turm to (Ft). 

disapproval Miflbilligung /. 
disapprove mifibilligen, tadeln; ver- 
werfen, zuriickweisen (reject). 
disarm entscharfenj unscharf ma- 
chen (Am); entwafFnen, abriisten. 
disarmament Abriistung /. 
disassemble auseinandernehmen, 
zerlegen. 

disband entlassen, auflosen. 
disbursement Auszahlung /. 
disbursing agent Zahlmeister w 
( Ger : civilian official). 
disbursing officer Oberfeldzahlmeister 
m (Ger: civilian official). 



discharge n Entlassung / (from serv- 
ice) ; Entladung / (Am, Elec, etc.). 
discharge v entlassen, verabschieden 
(dismiss); abfeuern, losschieflen 
(shoot); entladen (a gun, Elec); 
abladen, ausladen (supplies); 16 - 
schen (ship’s cargo). 
discharge certificate Entlassungs- 
schein w, Entlassungspapier n. 
discharge surge Entladungsstofi in 
(Elec). 

discharge without honor Dienstent- 
lassung f. 

disciplinary action Disziplinarver- 
fahren n. 

disciplinary barracks Militargefang- 
nis n, Wehrmachtgefangnis n, mi- 
litarische Strafanstalt. 
disciplinary exercises charakterschu- - 
lendes Exerzieren. 

discipline n Disziplin /, Mannes- 
zucht /; Zucht /. 
disconnect ausschalten, trennen. 
disconnect drop Schlufiklappe / (Tp 
switchboard) . 

disconnect from binding post ab- 
klemmen (Elec). 

discrepancy Fehlbestand to (in 
supplies, etc.); Widerspruch to (con- 
tradiction); Unregelmafligkeit / (ir- 
regularity); Vorschriftswidrigkeit / 
(infraction of regulations). 
discretion Ermessen n. 
disease Krankheit f. 
disembark ausschiffen. 
disembarkation Ausschiffung f. 
disengage from the enemy sich vom 
Feinde loslosen. 

disengagement Absetzen n, Absetz- 
bewegung /, Loslosung f (Tac). 
disengage the clutch auskuppeln 
(MT). 

dishonorable discharge Wehrunwiir- 
digkeitserklarung f. 
disinfect entseuchen (Med). 
disinfectant Desinfektionsmittel n. 
disinfecting agent Entseuchungsmit- 
tel n. 

disinfecting chamber Desinfektions- 
kammer /, Entseuchungsschrank to 
(Med). 

disinfection Entseuchen n. 
disinfestor Entlausungsgerat n, 

Entlausungsapparat to. 
disintegrate auflosen, zerteilen, zer- 
fallen, zerlegen. 




disintegrating belt 283 distribution 



disintegrating belt Zerfallgurt rn 
(MG). 

disk Scheibe f, Lamelle / (Mech) ; 

Schallplatte f (phonograph). 
disk spider Radkorper m (wheel). 
dismantle abbauen, ausbauen; ab- 
briicken (a bridge). 
dismantling Abbau m. 
dismiss abtreten lassen, wegtreten 
lassen. 

dismissal Dienstentlassung /. 
“Dismissed!” “Weggetreten!” (to a 
formation) ; “Abtreten!”, “Treten 
Sie ab!” (formal style, to an individ- 
ual) ; “Sie konnen gehen” (informal, 
to an individual) . 

dismount absitzen; ausbauen (Ord). 
dismounted abgesessen, zu Full 
(Pers). 

dismounted defilade mannshohe 

Deckung. 

dismounted drill Exerzieren zu Fufi. 
dismounting Absitzen n (Pers). 
disobedience Ungehorsam m. 
disobey nicht gehorchen, den Ge- 
horsam verweigern (a superior); 
verletzen, nicht befolgen, mifiachten 
(orders). 

disorder Unordnung f, Verwirrung 
/ (confusion) ; Aufruhr m (rioting); 
Storung / (Med). 

disorganized in Unordnung gebracht, 
in Verwirrung gebracht; zerriittet 
(ruined); aufgeldst (disbanded, dis- 
persed). 

dispatch n Meldung f, Mitteilung f, 
Nachricht /. 

dispatch v aussenden, entsenden, 
schicken. 

dispatch case Meldetasche f. 
dispensary Krankenrevier n. 
dispensary case Revierkranker in. 
dispersal Zerlegung / (Tac). 
dispersal area Abstellplatz m 

(A drm). 

dispersal landing field Ausweich- 
flugplatz m. 

dispersed formation in depth Flie- 
germarschtiefe / (AA security). 
dispersed formation in width Flie- 
germarschbreite / (AA security). 
dispersion Auseinanderziehen n 
(Tac); Streuung / (Ballistics). 
dispersion diagram prozentmafiiges 
Streuungsbild. 

dispersion error Streuung /. 



dispersion ladder prozentmafiiges 
Streuungsbild. 

dispersion pattern Bodentreffbild n 

(Ballistics). 

dispersion zone Streuungsflache / 

(Ballistics). 
displaced versetzt. 
displacement Verschiebung / (troops, 
etc.) ; Verdrangung f ; Seitenabstand 
m (Arty); Hubraum m (pis- 
ton). 

displacement volume Hubvolumen n, 
Hubraum m (Mtr). 
display board Anschlagbrett n, 

schwarzes Brett. 

disposition Aufstellung f (Tac); 

Verfiigung f (availability). 
disposition in depth treffenweise 
Aufstellung (Tac). 
disposition in width fliigelweise Auf- 
stellung (Tac). 

disposition of outposts Vorposten- 
aufstellung /. 

disposition of troops Truppeneintei- 
lung f (Tac). 

disrespect unehrerbietiges Verhalten. 
disrupt unterbrechen, sprengen (en- 
emy communications, etc.). 
dissemination of information Ver- 
breitung von Nachrichten. 
distance Abstand m (Tac, close or- 
der drill); Tiefenabstand m (Tac); 
Entfernung f. 

distance between march units 

Marschabstand m. 
distant control Fernsteuerung f. 
distant reconnaissance Fernaufkla- 
rung /. 

Distinguished Flying Cross Flieger- 
verdienstkreuz n (USA). 
distinguished marksman Scharf- 
schiitze m. 

Distinguished Service Cross Kriegs- 
verdienstkreuz n (USA). 
Distinguished Service Medal Ver- 
dienstmedaille f (USA). 
distortion Verzerrung f (Rad). 
distress landing Notlandung /. 
distress signal Notsignal n. 
distribute verteilen; ausgeben (is- 
sue). 

distributed fire Breitenfeuer n (R, 
MG). 

distributing point Ausgabestelle /, 
Verteilungsstelle f. 
distribution Verteilung f, Gliederung 
f, Aufstellung f. 




distribution box 



284 



dock installations 



distribution box Verteiler to, Ver- 
teilerkasten m ( data transmission 
system) (Elec, Nav). 
distribution box boat Hilfsfahrzeug 
zum Legen von Grundminen 
(Nav). 

distribution in depth Tiefengliede- 
rung /. 

distribution in width Breitengliede- 
rung /. 

distribution of artillery for attack 
Artillerieaufmarsch m. 
distribution of forces Kraftevertei- 
lung / (Tac). 

distribution of rations Portionenaus- 
gabe /. 

distributor Verteiler m, Zundver- 
teiler in (Mtr). 

distributor arm Verteilerlauf stuck n, 
Verteilerfinger m (Mtr). 
distributor cock Brandhahn in (Ap 
fire extinguisher). 

distributor head Batterieziindver- 
teilerkopf m (Mtr). 
distributor plate Verteilerscheibe / 
(Mtr). 

distributor rotor Verteilerlaufstiick 
n (Mtr). 

district Bezirk m, Distrikt to. 
district warning center Luftschutz- 
warnstelle / (Civ defense). 
disturbance Storung f; Aufregung f, 
Unruhe f (confusion); Aufruhr / 
(rioting). 

ditch Graben to; Entwasserungs- 
graben m (drainage) ; Strafiengra- 
ben to (road); Panzergraben m 
(AT). 

ditching Notwassern n, Notwasse- 
rung / (Avn). 

ditch profile Grabenprofil n (Engr). 
dive n Sturzflug to (Avn). 
dive v stiirzen, einen Sturzflug 

machen (Avn). 

dive-bomb v sturzbomben (Avn). 
dive bomber Sturzkampfflugzeug n, 
Stuka n. 

dive bomber pilot Sturzkampfflieger 
to, Stukafiieger to. 

dive bomber wing Sturzkampf- 

geschwader n (Avn). 
dive bombing Sturzbomben n. 
dive-bombing attack Sturzangriff m, 
Stukaangriff to. 

dive-bombing sight Sturzvisier n 
(Avn). 



diver Schiffstaucher to, Taucher to 
(Nav). See also deep-sea diver, 
diverge auseinandergehen. 
divergence difference Feuervertei- 
lungswinkel to (Btry firing). 
diversion Ablenkung f (of enemy 
forces); Ablenkungsangriff to (feint 
attack). 

diversion dam Buhne / (Engr). 
divert ablenken; ableiten (a stream , 
etc). 

dive siren Sturzsirene / (dive 

bomber). 

divide v teilen, absondern, trennen. 
dividers Stechzirkel m. 
diving angle Sturzwinkel to (Avn). 
diving apparatus Tauchgerat n 

(Nav). 

diving brake Stukabremse /, Sturz- 
flugbremse / (Ap). 
diving qualities Sturzflugeigen- 

schaften fpl (Ap). 

diving speed Sturzgeschwindigkeit / 
(Ap). 

division Division / (Mil). 
division antitank battalion Divisions- 
panzerabwehrabteilung /. 
division artillery Divisionsartillerie f. 
division artillery commander Artil- 
leriefiihrer to; Artilleriekomman- 
deur to (when GHQ artillery is at- 
tached). 

division commander Divisionskom- 
mandeur to. 

division command post Divisions- 
gefechtsstand w. 

division engineer Pionierfuhrer bei 
der Division. 

division headquarters Divisionsstab 

TO. 

division order Divisionsbefehl to. 
division signal battalion Divisions- 
nachrichtenabteilung f. 
division supply column Divisions- 
nachschubkolonne f. 
division surgeon Divisionsarzt to, 
Divisionschefarzt to. 
division surgical hospital Divisions- 
feldlazarett n. 

division trains Troll der Division, 
division trunk line Divisionsstamm- 
leitung /. 

DM Adamsit to (CWS). 

DM irritant gas candle Giftnebel- 
kerze DM f (USA). 
dock n Dock n. 

dock installations Dockanlagen fpl. 




dockyard 

dockyard Werft /. 
doctor Arzt to. 
document Akt to, Akte / (plural-. 
Akten); Urkunde / (permanent rec- 
ord). 

documentary data schriftliche Un- 
terlagen. 

documentary evidence Urkunden- 
beweis to; urkundliches Beweistuck 
( document) . 

dog Hund to; Mitnehmer to (lathe) ; 
Klaue f (clutch); Sanitatshund to 
(first-aid). 

dog dutch Klauenkupplung / (MT). 
dog clutch member Schaltklaue f 
(constant-mesh transmission, MT). 
dogfight Kurvenkampf to (Avn). 
dog handler Hundefiihrer to. 
dog-handler party Hundefiihrerrotte 
/ { for messenger dogs). 

“dog tag” Erkennungsmarke /. 
dome light Deckenlicht n (MT). 
door Tiir f; Luke / (Ap, Tk). 
dope Klebelack to, Spannlack to (for 
Ap fabric) ; Betriebsstoffzusatzmittel 
n (for Avn gasoline). 
dose Portion / (Med). 
dot Punkt w (Tg). 
dots and dashes ' Punkte und Striche. 
double action revolver Revolver mit 
W iederspannabzug. 
double anchor hitch doppelter Anker- 
stich (cow hitch, Engr). 
double-apron entanglement Draht- 
zaun to, Stacheldrahtzaun to, Flan- 
dernzaun to (Ft). 

double banking Benutzung beider 
Fahrbahnen in gleicher Richtung. 
double-barreled machine gun Zwil- 
lingsmaschinengewehr n. 
double base powder nitroglyzerin- 
haltiges Nitrozellulosepulver (Am). 
double-bay biplane Zweistieler to. 
' double envelopment Doppelumfas- 
sung f, Zangenangriff to (Tac). 
double file Doppelreihe /. 
double rank Linie zu 2 Gliedern. 
double-ring snaffle bit Doppelring- 
trensengebifi n (harness). 
double-row radial engine Doppel- 
sternmotor m, Zweisternmotor to. 
double sentry Doppelposten w. 
double slide Doppelschieber to 

(plotting protractor). 
double tent Doppelzelt n. 
double time Laufschritt to, Sturm- 
schritt to (march). 



dredge 

“Double time, march!” “Im Lauf- 
schritt, Marsch! Marsch!” 
double-tracked zweigleisig (RR). 
doubletree Ortscheit n (limber). 

, double V-type engine Fachermotor to. 
doubtful fraglich (Arty Obsn). 
dough Teig w. 
doughboy Landser to. 
down v zum Absturz bringen, 
herunterholen, abschiefien (an Ap). 
downdraft Fallbo f (Met). 
downdraft carburetor Fallstrom- 
vergaser to (Mtr). 
downhill abwarts, bergab. 
downstream unterstrom (place); 

stromabwarts (action). 
downstream anchor Windanker to 
(Ron Bdg). 

downstream anchor cable Wind- 
ankertau n, Windanker leine / (Pon 
Bdg). 

downwind adv leewarts, windab- 
•warts. 

draft Aushebung f (conscription); 
Pferdezug to, Zugkraft f (horse); 
Tiefgang to (Nav). 
draftee Ausgehobener to. 
draft efficiency Zugleistung / 

(horse). 

drafting equipment Zeichengerat n; 
Reilizeug n (set) l 

draftsman Konstruktionszeichner to. 
drag Widerstand w, Luftwiderstand 
to (Avn). 

“dragon’s teeth” Hockerhindernisse 
npl (AT obstacle). 
drag washer Zugose f (wheel). 
drain n tilablab to (Mtr). 
drain v abwassern (water). 
drainage Abwassern n (Ft). 
drainage ditch Entwasserungs- 

graben m. 

drainage pit Sickerseliacht to (Ft). 
drain plug Leerschraube /. 
drape n Tarnnetz n ( Cam). 
draw v ziehen (pull); zeichnen 
( sketch). 

drawbar Zugstange / (MT); Protz- 

arm m (limber). 

drawing board Reifibrett n, Zeichen- 

brett n. 

drawbridge Klappbrucke f. 
drawing instrument Zeichengerat n; 

Reifizeug n (a set). 
drawing paper Zeichenpapier n. 
drawknife - Schalmesser n. 
dredge n Bagger to (Engr). 



285 




dress 



286 dry cell 



dress v ausrichten ( close order 
drill); Toppflaggen setzen (Nav); 
verbinden ( a wound) ; sich an ziehen 
(put on Clo). 

dressing Verband m (Med). 
dressing bag Verbandtasche / 

(Med). 

dressing equipment Verbandmittel 
npl (Med). 

dressing station Verbandplatz to, 

Truppenverbandplatz to (Med). 
“Dress left, dress!” “Nach links, 
Richt Eueh!” 

dress parade Ehrenparade /. 

“Dress right, dress!” “Richt Euch!” 
dress uniform Ausgehanzug m; 
Paradeanzug m (for ceremonies) ; 
Gesellschaftsanzug rn (for social 
occasions). 

drift n Durchschlag m (pin); Ver- 
setzung /, Abdrift f (Avn, Nav); 
Drallabweichung /, Seitenabwei- 
chung / (Ballistics). 
drift angle Luvwinkel m, Abtrift- 
winkel to (Avn). 

drift correction Seitenverschiebung 
/ (Gunnery). 

drift meter Abdriftvisier n, Abdrift- 
messer m (Ap)-. 
drift sand Triebsand in. 
driftwood Treibholz n. 
drill n Exerzieren n, Ausbildung f; 

' Bohrer m (Mecli). 
drill v exerzieren (practice) ; bohren 
(Mech). 

drill ammunition Exerziermunition 
/• 

drill bomb Exerzierbombe f. 
drill formation Exerzierordnung /, 
Exerzierform /. 
drill ground Exerzierplatz in. 
drill regulations Exerzierordnung /, 
Exerziervorschrift /. 
drinking cup Trinkbecher m. 
drinking water Trinkwasser n. , 
drive n Antrieb in (Mech). 
drive v fahren (a vehicle); ein- 
sohlagen (a nail). 

drive gear Antriebszahnrad n (gear- 
shift transmission, MT). 
driver Fahrer in, Kraftfahrer in 
(MT); Fahrer in (Tk). 
driver’s cab Fahrerhaus n (Trk). 
driver’s permit Fiihrerschein in, 
Wehrmachtfiihrersehein in (MT). 
drive shaft Antriebswelle /. 
drive wheel Antriebsrad n (MT). 



driving axle Treibachse f, Antriebs- 
achse / (MT). 

driving chain Zahnkette f (MT). 
driving range Fahrbereich in 
(MT). 

driving sprocket Triebrad n (Tk). 
drizzle n Nieseln n, Spruhregen to 
(Met). 

droop n Wolbung /, Durchhangen n, 
Verbiegen n (Mech). 
drop n Klappe f, Fallklappe f, 
Weckerfallklappe f (Tp); Fall m 
(action); Fallhohe / (distance); 
Tropfen m (of water, etc.). 
drop v absaclcen (Avn); fallen las- 
sen (an object);, fallen, abnehmen 
(temperature, etc.). 
drop-base rim Tiefbettfelge / (MT). 
drop-block type breechblock Fall- 
blockverschlufi in (G). 
drop cover Klappblende f (Ft). 
drophammer Rammbar m (of pile- 
driver); Fallhammer in (Tech). 
droplet Tropfchen n (CWS, Met). 
drop message Abwurfmeldung /. 
drop-message bag Meldeabwurf- 
hiille f. 

dropping angle Bombenabwurf- 

winkel to (bombing). 
dropping ground Meldeabwurfstelle 
/• 

drop point Abwurfstelle / (airborne 
supply). 

drop tank Abwurfbehalter m (Ap). 
drop-type switchboard Klappen- 
schranlc m. 

drug n Arznei f, Droge /; Rausch- 
gift n (narcotic). 

drum n Trommel f (Am, music, 
etc.); Olfafi n ( container ). 
drum feed Trommelmagazinzufiih- 
rung / (MG). 

drum fire Trommelfeuer n. 
drum index Trommelzeiger in (sight 
mount, panoramic sight). 
drum magazine Trommelmagazin n 
(MG). 

drum major Bataillonshornist to, 
Tambourmajor in. 
drummer Trommler to. 
drum-type smoke container Nebel- 

trommel / (CWS). 

drunk betrunken; besoffen (slang). 
dry-bulb thermometer trockenes 
Thermometer (Met). 
dry cell Troekenelement n (Elec). 




287 



E-boat 



dry cell rectifier 



dry cell rectifier Trockengleichrich- 
ter (Rad). 

dry dock Trockendock n. 
dry-sump lubrication Trockensumpf- 
schmierung / (Mtr). 
dual controls Doppeisteuerung /, 
dual-purpose gun Einheitsgeschiitz n. 
dual tires Doppelbereifung / (MT). 
dubbin Lederfett n. 
duckboard Lattenrost m, Holzrost m; 
Bretterbahn / ( trench) ; Spurtafel f 
(Bdg). 

dud Blindganger in, Bodenkrepierer 
m (Arty). 

duffle bag Bekleidungssack m. 
dugout Unterschlupf m (Ft). 
dumdum bullet Dumdum-Gescholl n. 
dummy Puppe f, Zielpuppe /, Stroh- 
puppe / (bayonet Tng); Attrappe / 
(of a Tk, vehicle, etc.). 
dummy airfield Scheinplatz in. 
dummy airport Scheinflughafen m. 
dummy ammunition Exerziermuni- 
tion / (drill); Verpaekungsge- 
schosse npl (for vehicle-loading 
practice). 

dummy cartridge Exerzierpatrone / 
(MG, R). 

dummy installation Scheinanlage / 
(Cam, Ft). 

dummy mine Scheinmine f. 
dummy obstacle Scheinsperre / (Ft). 
dummy position Scheinanlage /, 
Scheinstellung /. 

dummy projectile ExerziergeschoU n. 
dummy site Scheinstellung f. 
dummy trench Scheingraben in (Ft). 
dummy works Scheinanlagen fpl. 
dump n Lager n, Sammelstelle f. 
dump v Ballast abwerfen (Avn). 



eagle Adler in. 
ear Ohr n; Ose / (Mech). 
ear cup Hormuschei / (sound lo- 
cator). 

eardrum Trommelfell n. 
earpiece Hormuschei / (Rad, Tp). 
ear-plug Ohrenverschlufiwatte /, 
Ohrenwatte / (cotton). 
earth Erde f. 

earth-bleach mixture Chlorkalk- 

Sand-Gemisch n (CWS). 



dump car Kipplore f (field RR). 
dumping mechanism Kippvorrich- 
tung / (dump Trk). 
dump truck Kippwagen m. 
dunnage Unterlegbohlen fpl. 
dunnite Dunnit n (Am). 
duplex operation Gegensprechen n 
(Rad). 

duplicate n Duplikat n, Kopie f. 
duplicate v eine Kopie machen, 
vervielfaltigen. 

duplicate adj zweit-, zweifach-, dop- 
pelt. 

in duplicate in zweifacher Aus- 
fiihrung. 

duralumin Duralumin n (Ap). 
duration Dauer /. 
dust Staub m. 

dust filtering Entstaubung / (MT). 
dust particle Staubchen n (CWS). 
dust respirator Staubschutzmaske f. 
duty Dienst m (service); Pflicht f 
(obligation) ; Steuer f (tax). 
on duty im Dienst, diensttuend. 
duty officer Offizier vom Dienst. 
duty roster Diensteinteilung f, 

Dienstplan m, Kommandierrolle f. 
duty station Dienststelle /, Posten, 
m. 

duty with troops Truppendienst m, 
Dienst bei der Truppe. 
dynamic speaker elektrodynamischer 
Lautsprecher (Rad). 
dynamite Dynamit n. 
dynamo Dynamomaschine f, Strom- 
erzeuger m. 

dynamotor Einankerumformer m 
(Elec, Rad). 

dysentery Ruhr f, Dysenterie /. 



E 

earth inductor compass Erdinduk- 
tionskompafi m. 

earthwork Erdwerk n, Gchanze / 

(Ft). 

east Osten in, Ost in. 
easterlies Ostwinde mpl (Met). 
Eastern European time osteuropa- 
ische Zeit (30° E standard mer- 
idian). 

E-boat Schnellboot n, Motorschnell- 
boot n, Motortorpedoboot n (Ger). 




ebonite 

ebonite Hartgummi m-n. 
eccentric sleeve Exzenterhtilse / 
(aiming circle). 
echelon Staffel f (Tac). 
echelonment Staffelung f. 
echo depth sounder Behmlot n, 
Echolot n (Nav). 

economic warfare Wirtschaftskrieg 
m. 

economy of force Kraftersparnis f, 
Kraftebemessung /. 
economy of manpower Krafteer- 
sparnis /. 

E. C. powder Nitrozellulosepulver n. 
ecrasite Ekrasit n (explosive). 

E.C. smokeless powder See E.C. 
powder. 

ED Athyldichlorarsin n, Athylarsin- 
dichlorid n (CWS). 
edge Schneide f (of a bayonet, etc.) ; 

Kante /, Rand m (Meek, Top). 
edge of land Fiihrungskante / (G 
barrel). 

edge of slope Boschungskante / 
(Top). 

edge of woods Waldrand m. 
edible efibar. 

Edison storage battery Edisonsamm- 
ler m. 

eduction tube Auslaflrohr n (Cml 
cylinder). 

effective wirksam, tatsachlich. 
effective beaten zone bestricbener 
Raum der Kerngarbe (MG). 
effective fire Wirkungsfeuer n, Wir- 
kungsschiefien n (Gunnery). 
effective output Nutzleistung / 

(Mech). 

effective part of cone Kerngarbe / 
(Ballistics) ; MG.- Kerngarbe / (MG 
fire). 

effective pattern See effective beaten 
zone. 

effective pitch Fortschritt m, Fort- 
schrittsteigung /, wirksame Stei- 
gung (propeller). 

effective range wirksame Schufiweite, 
Wirkungsbereich m (Ord). 
effective resistance Nutzwiderstand 
m (Elec). 

effective strength Iststarke f, Ist- 
stand w. 

effective wind Durchschnittswind m 
(Ballistics). 

effect of fire Feuerwirkung, /, 

SchuBwirkung / (Arty). 
effect of projectile GeschoBwirkung /. 



288 electrode 

effect of ricochet burst Splitterwir- 
kung des Abprallers. 
effect of shell burst Splitterwir- 
kung der Granate. 

efficiency Wirkungsgrad m (Tech); 
Leistungsfahigkeit / (of perform- 
ance); Wirtschaftlichkeit / (econ- 
omy). 

egg Ei n (plural: Eierj. 
eight-man tent Achterzelt n. 
eight-speed transmission Achtgang- 
getriebe n (MT). 

eighty-five percent zone bestrichener 
Raum der Kerngarbe (MG). 
ejector Auswerfer m (Ord). 
ejector mechanism Auswerfervor- 
richtung / (Ord). 
elastic n Gummiband n. 
elastic adj spannkraftig, federnd, 
elastisch. 

elasticity Spannkraft /, Federkraft 
f, Elastizitat /. 

elasticity correction Ausschalten der 
Temperatureinflusse (Gunnery). 
elasticity effect Temperatureinflusse 
mpl (Ballistics). 
elbow Ellbogen m. 
elbow pipe Kriimmer m. 
elbow rest Armauflage f (trench). 
elbow telescope Winkelfernrohr n. 
electric elektrisch. 
electrical detonation elektrische 
Ziindung (Engr). 

electrical engineer Elektrotechniker 
m. 

electrically-charged obstacle Stark- 
stromsperre f, elektrisches Hinder- 
nis (Ft). 

electric circuit Stromkreis m. 
electric detonator Gliihzundstiick n. 
electrician Elektromechaniker m. 
electrician’s knife Kabelmesser n. 
electric igniter Gliihziinder m (blast- 
ing cap); Gliihzundstiick n (Engr). 
electric meter Elektrizitatszahler m. 
electric motor Elektromotor m. 
electric primer elektrische Ziind- 
schraube ( G). 

electric wiring Leitungsmaterial n 
(equipment); Leitungsnetz n (in- 
stalled). 

electrified obstacle Starkstrom- 

sperre f. 

electrode Elektrode f (in a spark 
plug, the grounded electrode; the 
insulated electrode is called Ziind- 
stift,). 




electromagnet 289 embargo 



electromagnet Elektromagnet to. 
electromagnetism Elektromagnetis- 
mus to. 

electron Elektron n. 
electron bomb Elektronbrandbombe 
/• 

electron-ray tube magisches Auge 
(Rad). 

electrostatic induction Influenz / 

(Elec). 

element Element n (Elec); Einheit 
f, Truppenteil n (Tac). 
elementary marksmanship training 
Schiefivorschule /. 

elephant halbtonnenformiges Well- 
blech (Ft, USA). 

elephant steel shelter Wellbleeh- 

Hiitte / (USA). 

elevate nach der Hohe riehten, 
heben (G). 

elevating and traversing mechanism 
Richtmaschine f (G). 
elevating arc Zahnbogen m (G). 
elevating arm Richthebel to (MG). 
elevating-arm shaft Richthebelwelle 
/ (MG). 

elevating-gear housing Richtgehause 
. n (MG). 

elevating-gear lever Hohenhebel to 
(MG). 

elevating handwheel Handrad zur 
Hohenrichtung, Hohenrichtrad n 
(G). 

elevating knob Triebscheibe zur 
Hohenrichtung (Optics, Ord). 
elevating link Richtgelenk n (MG). 
elevating mechanism Hdhenrichttrieb 
m, Hohenrichtwerk n, Hohenricht- 
maschine / (G, MG); Schrauben- 
spindelrichtmaschine / ( elevating- 

screw type) (G). 

elevating rack Zahnbogen m (G). 
elevating sector Hohengradbogen m 
(G). 

elevating shaft Hohenrichtwelle / 
(G). 

elevating stop Hohenbegrenzer m 
(MG). 

elevating worm Kippsehnecke f ( aim- 
ing circle, BC telescope); Hohen- 
trieb m (sighting mechanism). 
elevation Erhohung /' (Ballistics, G, 
MG); Rohrerhohung / (G); Hohe f, 
Richthohe / (Gunnery) ; Hohe /, 
Bodenerhebung / (Top) ; Hohenricht- 
feld n (total movement in elevation) 
(G). 



elevation above sea level Hohe liber 
dem Meeresspiegel. 
elevation angle Visierwinkel m, Auf- 
satzwinkel m, Erhohungswinkel 
m. 

elevation circle Teilkreis des 

Hohenrichttriebs (G). 
elevation controller Hohenrichtmann 
m (AAA). 

elevation difference Hohenunter- 

schied m. 

elevation graduations Aufsatzeintei- 
lung / (sight mount). 
elevation indicator Hohenempfanger 
m (AA gun). 

elevation level Hohenlibelle / (MG 

sight). 

elevation mechanism Hohenricht- 

trieb m, Hohenrichtwerk n(G, MG) ; 
Aufsatztrieb m ( G). 
elevation micrometer Teilscheibe / 
(panoramic telescope). 
elevation plotting board Hohenmefi- 
plan m (Gunnery). 
elevation quadrant Winkelmesser m, 
Libellenquadrant m. 
elevation scale Erhohungsskala f, 

Hohenteilung f (G, MG). 
elevation screw ■ Hohenrichtschraube 
/ (prismatic sight). 
elevation setter Hohenrichtkanonier 
m. 

elevation setting Erhohungseinstel- 
lung f (Gunnery). 

elevation table Schuiitafel zum 

Bestimmen der Erhohung. 
elevation tracking telescope Hohen- 
richtfernrohr n (height finder). 
elevator Hohenruder n, Hohen- 
steuer n (Ap); Aufzug m (for per- 
sonnel and freight); Fahrstuhl m 
(for personnel only). 
elevator assembly Hohenleitwerk n 
(Ap). 

elevator control Hohensteuerung / 
(Ap). 

elevator control lever Steuerhebel 
m, Hohenruderhebel m (Ap). 
eliminate ausschalten (errors, etc.); 
ausscheiden (impurities); ausmer- 
zen (eradicate) ; ausstofien (expel); 
streichen (cross out); eliminieren 
(Math). 

elite troops Eerntruppen fpl. 
embankment Bahndamm m (RR); 

Dammkorper m (dam). 
embargo Embargo n, Handelssperre 




embark 



290 end ramp 

f (on commerce); Transportsperre ] emigrant Emigrant m, Auswanderer 



f, Transportverbot n (on truck, RR 
and ship movements). 
embark einschiffen (Pers); ver- 
laden (equipment, etc.). 
embarkation Einschiffen n, Ein- 
schiffung / (Pers); Verladung f 
(equipment, etc.). 
embassy Botschaft f. 
emblem Wahrzeichen n, Sinnbild n. 
Emblem n; Abzeichen n (insigne). 
embrasure Schiellscharte / (Ft). 
emergency Not f, Notfall m, Ernst- 
fall m. 

emergency antenna Behelfsantenne /. 
emergency blasting charge Sehnell- 
ladung / (Engr). 

emergency brake Notbremse f, 

Handbremse /. 

emergency bridge Behelfsbriicke f. 
emergency call Notruf m (Tp). 
emergency ceiling Gipfelhohe mit 
einem stehenden Motor (Ap). 
emergency construction material Be- 
helfsmaterial n (Engr). 
emergency flotation gear Schwimm- 
werk fiir Landflugzeuge (Avn). 
emergency gas protection Behelfs- 
gasschutz m. , 

emergency illumination Notbeleuch- 
tung /. 

emergency landing Notlandung f 
(on land), Notwasserung f ■ (on 
water). 

make an emergency landing not- 
landen. 

emergency landing field, Notlande- 
hafen m, Notlandungsplatz m, Not- 
landeplatz m. 

emergency landing flare Notlande- 
fackel / (Avn). 

emergency line Notleitung f (Tp). 
emergency medical tag Begleitzett'el 
m. 

emergency pneumatic boat Behelfs- 
flofisack m. 

emergency ration eiserne Portion, 
emergency release Blindabwurf m 
(bombing). 

emergency release handle Notzug 
m (Ap). 

emergency salvo release Notwurf m, 
Notabwurf m (bombing). 
emery cloth Schmirgelleinwand f. 
emery paper Schmirgelpapier n. 
emery wheel Schmirgelscheibe f, 
Schmirgelrad n. 



m. 

empennage Leitwerk n (Ap). 
empire Reich n; Kaiserreich n 

(country ruled by an emperor). 
emplace in Feuerstellung bringen. 
emplacement Stellung / (Tac); Nest 
n (Ft); Feuerstellung / (Mort, AT 
gun, etc.). 

emplacing Instellungbringen n 

(Arty). 

employment Einsatz m, Verwendung 
/ (Tac). 

employment of armored units Pan- 
zerverwendung /. 

employment of chemical agents 
Kampfstoffverwendung f. 
employment of major forces Massen- 
einsatz m (Tac). 

employment of prisoners of war 
Kriegsgefangeneneinsatz to. 
employment reconnaissance Einsatz- 
Aufklarung f. 

empower ermachtigen, bevoll- 

machtigen. 

empties Leergut n (Am); Leer- 

material n (RR). 
empty weight Leergewicht n. 
encampment Feldlager n. 
encipher chiffrieren, verschlusseln, 
ziffern. 

encipherment Verschliis§elung /, 
Chiffrierung f. 
encircle einkesseln (Tac). 
encircled area Kessel to (Tac). 
encirclement Einkreisung f, Ein- 
kesselung f, Umklammerung f 
(Tac). 

encircling maneuver Einkreisungs- 
manover n; liberholende Verfolgung 
(in pursuit). 

enclosure Einzaunung f, Umzau- 

nung /. 

encode schliisseln. verschlusseln. 
encoding Schliisseln n (Rad, Tg). 
encoding and decoding chart Schliis- 
selunterlage /. 

encoding section Schliisseltrupp to. 
encounter n Treffen n, Begegnung f, 
Zusammenstofl m. 
encrypt See encipher, 
endanger gefahrden, in Gefahr 
bringen. 

end cap Mantelkopf m (MG jacket). 
end dam Stoflbohle / (Bdg). 
end plate Endscheibe / (Ap wing). 
end ramp Kopframpe / (RR). 




end station 



291 



end station MeGstand in (Gunnery). 
endurance Flugdauer /, Flugzeit / 
(Avn); Ausdauer / (Pers). 
enemy Feind to. 

enemy action Feindeinwirkung / 
(Tac). 

enemy activity Feindtatigkeit /. 
enemy alien feindlicher Auslander. 
enemy fire Feindfeuer n, Feind- 
beschuG m. 

enemy forces Feindkrafte fpl, Feind- 
streitkrafte fpl. 

enemy movement Feindbewegung f. 
enemy observation Feindsicht f, 
Feindeinsicht f. 

enemy pressure Feinddruck m. 
enemy resistance Feindwiderstand 
to. 

enemy terrain Feindgelande n. 
enemy territory Feindesland n. 
enemy zone Feindraum m. 
energy Energie /, Kraft /. 

Enfield rifle Enfield-Gewehr n. 
enfilade v der Lange nach beschieGen. 
enfilade fire Seitenfeuer n, flankie- 
rendes Feuer, bestreichendes Feuer, 
Langsbestreichung /, Langsfeuer n. 
engage in ein Gefecht verwiekeln 
(Tac); einkuppeln (the clutch) 
(MT). 

engagement Gefecht n, Gefechts- 
handlung /, Kampfhandlung f 
(Tac). 

engaging of successive targets Ziel- 
wechsel m. 

engine Motor m, Maschine / (MT); 

Lokomotive / ( RR ) . 
engine brake Motorbremse f (MT). 
engine compartment Motorenraum 
to (Tk). 

engine cowling Motorhaube /, Motor- 
verkleidung /, Haubenverkleidung / 
(Ap). 

engineer Pionier m (Army); In- 
genieur m (Nav) (also civilian of- 
ficial in Ger Army). 

Engineer Amphibian Command Pio- 
nier-Landungstruppen fpl (USA). 
engineer assault platoon Piorier- 
sturmzug to. 

engineer combat equipment Pionier- 
Kampfmittel npl. 

engineer commander Pionierfiihrer m. 
Engineer Corps Pionierkorps n, Pio- 
niertruppe /. 

engineer depot Pionierpark to. 



entraining of troops 

engineer dump Pionierzwischen- 

park to. 

engineer equipment Pioniergerat n. 
engineer explosives Pionierspreng- 
mittel npl. 

engineer headquarters Pionierstab to. 
engineer officer Pionieroffizier to. 
engineer reconnaissance Pionierauf- 
klarung /. 

Engineer School Pionierschule f. 
engineer soldier Pionier m. 
engineer’s scale Reduktionsmafl- 
stab to. 

engineer tool Pionierwerkzeug n. 
engineer troops Pioniere mpl, Pio- 
niertruppen fpl. 

engineer vehicle Pionierfahrzeug n. 
engine failure Motorpanne /. 
engine house Lokomotivschuppen m 
(RR). 

engine preheater Vorwarmer m. 
engine repair Motoren-Instandset- 
zung /. 

engine rpm Motordrehzahl /. 
engine torque Motordrehmoment n. 
engine trouble Motorstorung f. 
engine yard Lokomotivbahnhof to 
(RR). 

enlarge vergrofiern. 
enlargement VergroBerung f. 
enlarging projector Vergrofierungs- 
apparat w. 

enlist sich freiwillig melden. 
enlisted cadre Rahmenheer n, 

Stammtruppen fpl. 
enlisted man Soldat to, Mann to; 

Fliegersoldat to (Luftwaffe). 
enlisted men See enlisted personnel, 
enlisted personnel Unteroffizieri und 
Mannschaften. 

enlisted specialists TJnteroffiziere 
und Mannschaften der Sonderlauf- 
bahnen. 

enlistment Eintreten als Freiwilli- 
ger. 

enroll sich freiwillig melden. 

en route unterwegs. 

ensign Leutnant zur See (Nav); 

Kriegsflagge / ( flag) . 
entanglement Verhau to, Drahtver- 
hau to. 

entertainment Unterhaltung /. 
entrain verladen (RR). 
entraining officer Verladeoffizier m 

(RR). 

entraining of troops Truppeneinla- 

dung /. 




entraining point 292 evacuation of prisoners 



entraining point Verladeplatz m 
(RR). 

entraining table Fahrtliste /, Ver- 
ladeplan m (RR). 

entrance Eingang m, Eintritt in, 
Zutritt m. 

entrance hatch Einsteigluke f (Tk). 
entrench schanzen, einschanzen, sich 
eingraben. 

entrenching tools Schanzzeug n. 
entrenchment Nest n, Verschanzung 
/ (Ft). 

entruck verladen (MT). 
entrucking point Verladeplatz m 

(MT). 

entrucking table Verladeplan m 

(MT). 

envelop umfassen (Tae). 
envelope Ballonhiille f (Bln); Glas- 
gefafl n (Rad tube); Umschlag m 
(for a letter). 

enveloping attack uinfassender 

Angriff. 

envelopment Umfassung /, Umklam- 
merung / (Tac). 
epaulet Epaulette /. 
epi Gleiskurve /, Klaue / (for RR 
gun). 

epidemic n Seuche f, Epidemie /. 
episcope Episkop n. 
equal area projection flachentreue 
Projektion (mapping). 
equal section charge aus zwei glei- 
chen Teilladungen bestehende Treib- 
ladung (Am). 

equation Gleichung / (Math). 
equator Aquator m. 
equilibrator Ausgleicher m (G). 
equilibrator anchor Ausgleicherarm 
m (G). 

equip ausstatten. 
equipage Ausriistungsstiicke npl. 
equipment Gerat n, Ausriistung /. 
equipment car Geratewageri m. 
equipment on hand Istbestand m. 
equipment truck Geratekraftwagen 
m. 

equipment wagon Geratewagen m. 
equivalent circuit Ersatzschaltschema 
n (Elec). 

eraser Radiergummi m. 
erect v errichten, bauen. 
erect adj aufrecht. 
erect truss Hangewerk n (Bdg). 
erosion Abnutzung /, Ausbrennung 
/ ( Ord). 



erosion of the bore Rohrabnutzung f, 
Ausbrennung / (Ord). 
error Fehler m. 

escape n Entweichen n (Tac); 
Flucht f. 

escape v entlaufen, entweichen. 
escape hatch Bodenluke / (Ap, Tk); 

Falltur f (Ap). 
escarpment Boschung f. 
escort n Geleit n, Geleitmannschaft 
f, Bedeckung f, Bedeckungsmann- 
sehaft f; Begleitschutz m (Avn). 
escort airplane Sicherungsflugzeug n. 
escort of honor Ehrengeleit n. 
escort party Begleitkonimando n. 
escort vessel Begleitschiff n, Geleit- 
schiff n. 

escutcheon Abzeichen /, Hoheitsab- 
zeichen n. 

espionage Spionage /, Ausspahung /. 
esprit de corps Korpsgeist m. 
essential items wehrwichtige Giiter. 
establishment Heereseinrichtung /, 
Heeresanstalt / (organization or in- 
stitution). 

establishment of communication Ver- 
bindungsaufnahme /. 
establishment of contact Fiihlung- 
nahme / (Tac). 

establishment of liaison Verbindungs- 
aufnahme /. 

estimate n Schatzung /, Beurtei- 
lung f. 

estimate v schatzen, beurteilen. 
estimate of terrain Gelandebeurtei- 
lung f. 

estimate of the situation Beurtei- 
lung der Lage, Lagebeurteilung / 
(Tac). 

estimation Schatzung / (Gunnery) . 
ether Ather m. 

ethyldichlorarsine Athydichlorarsin 
n, Athylarsindichlorid n (CWS). 
ethyliodoacetate Jodessigester m 
(CWS). 

evacuate abbefordern (PW, wound- 
ed, etc.); abtransportieren, abschie- 
ben (supplies, equipment, etc.). 
evacuating officer Abschuboffizier m. 
evacuation Abschub m, Abtransport 
m, Abbeforderung /. 
evacuation hospital Kriegslazarett n. 
evacuation hospital battalion Kriegs- 
lazarettabteilung f. 
evacuation of prisoners Gefangenen- 
abschub m. 




evacuation of the sick 293 explosive D 



evacuation of the sick Krankenab- 
transport to. 

evacuation of wounded Abschub von 
Verwundeten, Verwundetenabschub 
to, Verwundetenabtransport m. 
evacue(e) Evakuierter m, Abge- 
schobener to. 
evade ausweichen. 
evading movement Ausweichbewe- 
gung f. 

evaluation Auswertung /, Beurtei- 
lung /. 

evaluation of information Nachrieh- 
tenbeurteilung /. 

evaluation of terrain Gelandebeur- 
teilung f. 

evidence Beweismaterial n (Law). 
evolution Formveranderung / (Tac). 
examine priifen, untersuchen; ver- 
nehmen, verhoren, ausfragen (ques- 
tion). 

excavator Baggerwerk n, Bagger to 
(Engr). 

excess stock Mehrbestand in. 
exchange n Austausch to, Tausch to; 
Amt n, Telephonamt n (Tp); Wech- 
sel m (currency); Wechselkurs m 
(rate); Marketenderei / ( PX ) ■ 
exchange of prisoners Gefangenen- 
austausch to. 

exchange ship AustauschschifF n. 
excitation current Erregerstrom to 
(Elec). 

excitation winding Erregerwicklung 
/ (Elec). 

excite erregen (Elec). 
exciter Erreger w (Rad). 
excrement Kot to, Stuhl m. 
excused from duty vom Dienst ent- 
schuldigt. 

execute durchfiihren, ausfuhren, 
vollstrecken (carry out); hinrichten 
(put to death). 

execution Durchfuhrung f, Ausfiih- 
rung / (carrying out); Hinrichtung 
/ (putting to death). 
executive Batterieoffizier m (firing 
Btry). 

executive officer Adjutant m. 
executive order Notverordnung f. 
exempt adj befreit, verschont, frei; 

zuriickgestellt (deferred). 
exercise n tlbung / (drill, Tng man- 
euver); Leibesiibung / (physical). 
exhaust n Auspuff m (Mtr). 
exhaust v erschopfen (tire out, use 
up); aufbrauchen (use up). 



exhaust^ duct Auspuffleitung f, Aus- 
puffkanal m (Mtr). 
exhaust gases Abgase npl. 
exhaust manifold Auspuffkriimmer m. 
exhaust port Auslafiventilkammer f. 
exhaust stroke Auspuffhub m, Aus- 
puff takt m. 

exhaust turbine Abgasturbine / 

(Ap). 

exhaust valve Auslafiventil n. 
exile n Verbannung f, Exil n; Ver- 
bannte(r) m (person). 
exile v verbannen. 
exonerate freisprechen, entlasten. 
expedient Behelf m, Aushilfe / 
(aid); List / (clever act). 
expeditionary force Expeditions- 
armee f. 

expendable verbrauchbar, verzehr- 
bar. 

expendable supplies Mittel npl, Ver- 
brauchsstoffe mpl, Verbrauchsgiiter 
npl. 

expenditure of ammunition Muni- 

tionsverbrauch m. 

experiment n Versuch m, Experi- 
ment n. 

experiment v Versuche anstellen, ex- 
perimentieren. 

experimental airplane Versuchsflug- 
zeug n. 

expert n Fachmann m, Sachver- 

standiger m. 

expert adj ausgezeichnet (excel- 
lent); qualifiziert (qualified). 
expiration Ablauf m, Beendigung f 
(termination) ; Verfall to (lapse). 
explode bersten, krepieren, ex- 

plodieren. 

exploder Gliihzundapparat to (Engr). 
exploit n Heldentat f. 
exploit v ausnutzen (Tac). 
exploitation Ausnutzung / (Tac). 

explosion Explosion /. 
explosive Sprengstoff to (generic 

term); Sprengmittel n (in prepared 
form). 

explosive block Sprengkorper to; 

Sprengbiichse f (in container). 
explosive bomb Sprengbombe f. 
explosive bullet Sprenggescho.fi n 

(projectile) ; Sprengpatrone / (cart- 
ridge). 

explosive charge Sprengladung f 

(Engr.) 

explosive D Ammoniumpikrat n. 




294 



explosive filler 



failure 



explosive filler 
(Am). 

explosive force 
explosive rivet 
explosive train 



Sprengstoffiillung / 



Sprengkraft / (Am). 
Sprengniete /. 
Ziindsatz m. 
exposed ofFen, ungeschiitzt, un- 
angelehnt (Tac). 

exposed flank unangelehnte Flanke, 
ungeschiitzte Flanke. 
exposed position offene Stellung 
(Tac). 

exposed wing offener Flugel (Tac). 
exposure Aussetzung f (to danger, 
cold, disease) ; Belichtung f (Photo) ; 
Enthiillung f (revelation). 
exposure time Belichtungszeit /' 
(Photo). 

express highway Autobahn f. 



extend auseinanderziehen (Tac); 

ausfahren (Ap landing gear). 
extendable mount Klappla fette f 
(Ap MG). 



extended formation geoffnete Flug- 
ordnung (Avn). 

extended order geoffnete Ordnung 
(Tac); geoffnete Linie (in width). 

extension arm Klapparm rn (AA 
sight). 

extension in depth Tiefenausdeh- 
nung f (Tac). 

extension in width Breitenausdeh- 
nung / (Tac). 

extensive smoke screen Grofiver- 
nebelung f. 

exterior balk Ortbalken m (floating 
Bdg). 



exterior ballistic factors Witte- 
rungseinfliisse nipl. 
exterior ballistics auBere Ballistik, 
auflere Sehiefilehre. 
exterior guard AuBenwache /. 
exterior stringer Ortbalken ni 

(fixed Bdg). 

exterminate ausrotten, vertilgen, 
vernichten. 

external contracting brake AuBen- 
backenbremse f (MT). 
external suspension AuBenaufhan- 
gung f (of bombs). 
extinguish loschen. 
extinguisher Feuerloscher m. 
extinguisher fluid Loschflussigkeit f. 
extract v ausziehen. 
extraction of root Radizierung / 
(Math). 

extractor Auszieher m (Ord). 
extract order Einzelbefehl m. 
extra duty Strafdienst m. 
extreme range HochstschuBweite / 
(Ord). 

eye Auge n. 

eyeguard Augenmuschel f. 
eyepiece Einblick m , Okular n (Op- 
tics); Augenfenster n (gas mask). 
eyepiece frame Augenring m (gas 
mask). 

eyepiece lens Einblicklinse /. 
eyepiece mount Einblickstutzen m. 
eyepiece tube Einblickrohr n. 
eyesight Sehkraft /, Sehvermogen 
n, Sehscharfe f. 

“Eyes, left!” “Die Augen, links!” 
“Eyes, right!” “Augen, rechts!” 



F 



fabric Stoff m. 

fabric covering Bespannung / (Ap). 
face n Gesicht n. 

face form Maskenspanner m (to 
prevent gas-mask distortion). 
facepiece Maskenkorper m (gas 
mask). 

facing Wendung / (drill). 
facing distance Wendungsabstand m. 
facsimile equipment Bildtelegraphie- 
Gerat n (Tg); Bildfunkgerat n 
(Rad). 

fact Tatsache /. 



factor Faktor m, Koeffizient m; Wert 

m (value). 

factor of safety Sicherheitskoeffi- 
zient m (Mech). 
factory Fabrik /. 
fade schwinden, abnehmen (Rad). 
fading Fading n, Sehwund m (Rad). 
fading effect Schwundwirkung / 
(Rad). 

fail miBlingen, scheitern, fehl- 

schlagen, versagen. 

failure Miflerfolg m, MiBlingen n; 
Betriebsstorung / (Elec, Tp) ; Panne 




Fairey gun mount 295 Ferry Command 



/ (Mtr); Unterlassung f, Versaum- 
nis n (neglect). 

Fairey gun mount Fairey-Sonder- 
lafette f (Ap). 

fairing Verkleidung /, Profilierung f 
(Ap). 

fake gas “Scheing'as” n, “Schwindel- 
gas” n (CWS). ■ 

fall n Herbst m (season); Fall in 
( drop ) . 

fall v fallen; sinken (of prices, 

temperature, etc.). 

fall back ausweichen, sich absetzen, 
sich zuruckziehen, zuriickgehen. 
fall in antreten. 

“Fall in!” “Antreten!” (not at at- 
tention); “Angetreten !” (at atten- 
tion); “In Marschordnung, angetre- 
ten!” (in column of threes); “In 
Doppelreihe, angetreten!” (in col- 
umn of twos); “In Linie, angetre- 
ten!” (in three ranks); “In Linie zu 
zwei Gliedern, angetreten!” (in two 
ranks); “In Linie zu einem Glied, 
angetreten!” (in one rank); “In 
Reihe, angetreten!” (in single file). 
fall off sich seitlich abrutschen las- 
sen, sich iiber den Fliigel abrutschen 
lassen (Avn). 

fall out wegtreten (drill). 

“Fall out!” “Weggetreten!” (dis- 
missed) ; “Heraustreten !” (to men 
in barracks). 

false attack Scheinangriff in. 
false ogive Ziinderdeckel m (Am). 
family allowance Familienunterhalt 
m. 

famine Hungersnot f, Nahrungs- 
mangel w. 

fan n Windfliigel in (MT). 
fan-marker beacon Kreisfunkfeuer 
n (Rad). 

fanning out seitliches Einschwenken 
(Tac). 

fan out seitlich einschwenken (Tac). 
fan-type engine Fachermotor in. 
far fern, weit, entfernt. 
farad Farad n (Elec). 
fare Fahrpreis m (RR, etc.). 
fascine Faschine f, Reisigbiindel n. 
fascine revetment Strauchwerkbe- 
kleidung /, Strauchbrindelbekleidung 
f; Senkfaschine / (sunken). 
fascine road Strauchdamm to, Fa- 
schinenbahn f; Faschinendamm to 
(raised), 

fasten verbinden (tie); leimen 



(glue); verkitten, ankleben (with 
adhesives) ; anstecken (hitch). 
fathom Faden to (Nav). 
fathometer Behmlot n, Echolot n 
(Nav). 

fatigue Arbeitsdienst m (duty); 
Mtidigkeit f, Ermiidung f (exhaus- 
tion). 

fatigue detail Arbeitskommando n. 
fatigue duty Arbeitsdienst to (Mil). 
fatigue strength Dauerfestigkeit / 
(Engr). 

fatigue uniform Arbeitsanzug in, 
Drillichanzug in. 

feathered position Segelstellung / 
(propeller). 

feces Kot to, Stuhl in. 
feed n Speisung / (Elec, MT); Frit- 
ter n (for horses). 
feed v abfiittern (horses, etc.); zu 
essen geben (Pers). 
feedback Riickkopplung / (Rad). 
feed bag Freflbeutel to. 
feed belt Patronengurt in, Gurt in 
(MG). 

feed box Zufuhrungsgehause n (AA 
gun). 

feeder current Speisestrom w (Elec). 
feed funnel Patronenschacht in (Ap 
MG). 

feeding Verpflegung f (Pers); Fut- 
tern n (horses, etc.); Zufrihrung / 
( Am). 

feeding device Ladevorrichtung f 
(Small Arms) ; Mehrladevorrichtung 
/ (magazine) (R). 
feed mechanism Zufiihrer w (Ord). 
feint n Tauschungsmanover n, 

Scheinangriff in, Scheingefecht it 
(Tac). 

feint v vortauschen. 

felloe Felge /. 

felt Filz in. 

felt boot Filzstiefel in. 

felt hat Filzhut in. 

fence Zaun to. 

fender Abweiser to (G); Kotfliigel 
to (MT). 

ferro-concrete See reinforced con- 
crete. 

ferrule Beschlag to. 

ferry n Fahre /, Ubersetzfahre f. 

ferry v uberfirhren (Avn). 

ferryboat Fahre f. 

ferry cable Fahrseil n (Engr). 

Ferry Command Abholkommando n. 




296 



field trunk cable 



ferry embarkation point 

ilberfuhrungskommando re, Liefer- 
kommando n (USA). 
ferry embarkation point Fahrstelle 
/• 

ferry for vehicles Wagenfahre /. 
ferrying flight fjberfiihrungsflug to. 
ferrying operations Fahrbetrieb m. 
ferrying point Ubersetzstelle /. 
ferrying service Lieferdienst to 

(Avn). 

ferrying site Fahrstelle /. 
fetlock Kote f (horse). 
fever Fieber re. 
fiber Faser /. 
field Feld re. 

field airdrome Feldflugplatz in, Feld- 
flughafen to. 

field army Feldarmee f. 

Field Artillery Artillerie f. 
field artillery intelligence Nach- 
richtensammeln fiber den Gegner 
(Arty). 

Field Artillery School Artillerie- 
schule /. 

field artillery survey Vermessung 
von Feuerstellungen (Arty). 
field artillery trainer Zimmerschiefi- 
gerat re. 

field bag Brotbeutel to. 
field bakery Feldbackerei /. 
field cap Feldmfitze /. 
field cell Feldelement n (Tp). 
field development Verbesserung auf 
Grund von Kampferfahrungen. 
field duty Dienst bei der Truppe, 
Felddienst to. 

field emplacement Feuerstellung /. 
field equipment Feldgerat re. 
field exercise Gelandeiibung /, Feld- 
dienstfibung /. 

field firing Gefechtsschiefien re (R). 
field firing range Gefechtsschiefi- 
stand m (R). 
field forces Feldheer n. 
field fortification Feldbefestigung f, 
befestigte Feldstellung. 
fieldglass Glas n, Fernglas n, Dop- 
pelglas n. 

field grade Stabsoffiziersrang m. 
field gun Feldkanone /, Feldge- 

schiitz n. 

field hospital Hauptverbandplatz m. 
field jacket Windjacke / (Clo). 
field kit Wasche, Putz- und Nahzeug. 
field kitchen Feldkuche /. 
field laboratory Feldlaboratorium n. 



chemische und hygienische Unter- 
suchungsstelle (Med). 
field magazine Munitionslager in 

Geschiitznahe, Munitionsnische f. 
field magnet Feldmagnet m. 
field maneuvers Truppeniibungen 
fpl. 

field manual Druckvorschrift f. 

Field Marshal Feldmarschall m, 

Generalfeldmarschall m (Ger). 
field medical record Krankenblatt n. 
field mess Feldverpflegung /. 
field message book Meldeblock m. 
field officer Stabsoffizier to. 
field of fire Schufifeld n, Wirkungs- 
bereich in. 

field of view Blickfeld n, Sehfeld n, 
Gesichtsfeld n (Optics). 
field order Sattelbefehl to. 
field pack Tornister to. 
field piece Feldkanone f, Feldge- 
schiitz n ( G). 

field position Feldstellung f. 
field radio See field radio set. 
field radio section Kleinfunktrupp to. 
field radio set Feldfunksprechgerat n. 
field radio truck Kleinfunkkraft- 
wagen w. 

field railroad Feldbahn /. 
field range Feldkochherd to (field 
kitchen). 

field ration Feldportion f, Feldration 
/• 

field safe Kriegskasse f. 

Field Service Regulations Feld- 
dienstordnung f, Druckvorschriften 
fiir Fiihrung und Gefecht der ver- 
bundenen Waffen. 
field shop Feldwerkstatt /. 
field strip v Waffengruppen aus- 
einandernehnien. 
field target Gefechtsscheibe /. 
field target firing Gefechtsschiefien n 

(R). 

field telegraph tragbarer Telegraph, 
field telephone Feldfernsprecher in. 
field telephone line Feldlinie /, Feld- 
•kabelleitung f; Felddauerlinie f 

(permanent). 

field-telephone operator Feldfern- 
sprecher TO. 

field testing box Feldpriifschrank in 

(Tp). 

field testing set Feldmefikastchen n. 
field training Gelandeausbildung /. 
field trunk cable Feldfernkabel re 

(Tp). 




field uniform 



297 



final assembly area 



field uniform Feldanzug to. 
field wagon Feldwagen m. 
field well Feldbrunnen m. 
field wire Feldkabel n (Tp). 
field-wire laying Feldkabelbau m 
(Tp). 

field-wire line Feldkabelleitung f 

(Tp). 

field-wire strand Feldkabelader / 
(Tp). 

fifth column Fiinfte Kolonne. 
fifth-wheel steering Drehschemellen- 
kung /. 

fifty percent zone Streifen der 50 j 

%igen oder mittleren Streuung. 
fight v kampfen, fechten. 
fighter See fighter airplane, 
fighter airdrome Jagerplatz m. 
fighter airplane Jager to, Jagdflug- 
zeug n; Zerstorer m (long range). 
fighter aviation Jagdflieger mpl. 
fighter-bomber Jagdbomber m, Jabo 
m. 

fighter command Kommando der 

Jagdflieger (USA). 
fighter defense Jagdabwehr / (Avn). 
fighter escort Jagerschutz m, Jagd- 
schutz to, Begleitschutz m (Avn). 
fighter formation Jagdverband m 
(Avn). 

fighter group Jagdgruppe / (Avn). 
fighter pilot Jagdflieger to (Avn). 
fighter school Jagdfliegerschule / 

(Avn). 

fighter screen Jagdsperre f (Avn). 
fighter squadron Jagdstaffel / 

(Avn). 

fighter wing Jagdgesch wader n 

(Avn). 

fighting compartment Kampfabteil 
m (Tk). 

fighting control Flugftihrung und 

Feuerleitung (bombardment forma- 
tion). 

fighting power Kampfkraft f. 
fighting qualities Kampfwert m (of 
a unit). 

fighting spirit Kampfgeist m. 
filament Gliihfaden to (Elec). 
filament battery Heizsammler to, 
Heizbatterie / (Rad). 
filament circuit Heizkreis to (Rad). 
filament current Heizstrom to (Rad). 
file Reihe f (formation); Feile f 
(Tech); Kartothek f (card file) . 
in file treffenweise, in Reihe. 
file closer SchlieBender m. 



file leader Anfuhrer m. 
filing cabinet Aktenschrank m. 
filing card Karteikarte f. 
fill n Darnm to, Aufschuttung / 
(Engr, Top). 
fill v fiillen. 

filler Fiillung f; Sprengstoffiillung 

/ (explosive) , 

filler cap Fiillschraube f (MG). 
filler charge Sprengfiillung / (Am), 
filler cover VerschluOkappe f (MG). 
filling Fiillung f (Am, CWS). 
filling plug Fiillzapfen m. 
filling station Tankstelle / (MT). 
film Film to. 

film-pack adapter Filmkassette / 
(Photo). 

film strip Filmstreifen to. 
filter n Filter m; Weiche / (Rad); 
Sieb n (Mtr, Rad); Kraftstoffreini- 
ger to (Mtr). 
filter v filtern, filtrieren. 
filter area von einem Flugwachkom- 
mando iiberwachtes Gebiet (AWS). 
filter board Kartentisch des Flug- 
meldedienstes. 

filter center Flugwachkommando n 
(AWS). 

filter circuit Sperrkreis m (Rad). 
filter container Filtergehause n (gas 
mask). 

filter element Filtereinsatz to, Atem- 
einsatz to (gas mask). 
filter-element container Einsatztopf 
to (gas mask). 

filter funnel Siebtrichter to (MT). 
filtering Sammeln, Auswerten und 
Weitergeben der eingehenden Flug- 
meldungen (AWS). 
filter officer leitender Offizier beim 
Flugwachkommando. 
filter replacement Filterwechsel w 

(gas mask). 

fin Fliigel to (Mort shell, R gren- 
ade, bomb); Stabilisierungsflugel to, 
Steuerfliigel to (bomb); Flosse f, 
Seitenflosse / (Ap); Kuhlrippe / 
(cooling fin of engine); Steuerflache 
/ (stabilizing fin of Mort shell). 
final amplifier Hauptsender m, Lei- 
stungsstufe f (of a Rad transmit- 
ter). 

final assembly Bereitstellung / 

(Tac); Fertigmontage /, Endmon- 
tage / (Tech). 

final assembly area Bereitstellungs- 

raum m. 




final objective 



298 



fire position 



final objective Endziel n. 
final protective line letzte Wider- 
standslinie (Tac). 

final stage of amplification Lei- 

stungsstufe / (Rad transmitter) . 
finance n Kassenwesen n. 

Finance Department Kassenabtei- 
lung /. 

finance officer Offizier der Kas- 

senabteilung-. 

finder telescope Sucherfernrohr n 

(height finder). 

findings Untersuehungsergebnis n, 
BeschluB m (Law). 
fine n Geldstrafe / (Laiv). ■ 
fine grain Feinkorn n (Photo). 
fine setting Feineinstellung / (op- 
tical Inst). 

fine' sight Feinkorn n (R aiming). 
fine tuning Feineinstellung / (Rad). 
finger Finjjr m. 

fingernail Nagel m, Fingernagel to. 
fingerprint n Fingerabdruck m. 
fingerprint v Fingerabdriicke ma- 

chen, daktyloskopieren. 
fin shaft Fliigelschaft f (Mort shell). 
fin surface Rippenflache / (air- 

cooled engine). 

fire n Schieflen n, Feuer n, BeschuB 
m. 

fire v schieflen, feuern, abfeuern ; ab- 
driicken (press the trigger). 

“Fire!” “Feuer frei!” (R); “Feuer!” 
(Arty). 

fire adjustment EinschieBen n, Ein- 
richten n, Richt- oder Ziinderein- 
stellung beim EinschieBen. 
fire against personnel Schieflen ge- 
gen lebende Ziele ( Gunnery). 
fire and maneuver See fire and move- 
ment. 

fire and movement Feuer und Be- 
wegung (Tac). 

firearm Feuerwaffe /, Schufiwaffe f. 
fire barrage Sperrfeuer n. 
fire bay Feuerstellung / (trench). 
firebreak Schneise /, Waldschneise 
/• 

fire by a battalion Abteilungsschie- 
Ben n ( Arty ) . 

fire by command for range Schieflen 
mit Entfernungskommandos. 
fire by piece at command geschiitz- 
weises Feuer (Arty). 
fire call Feuersignal n. 
fire command Feuerbefehl to. 
fire control Feuerregelung / (Arty). 



fire-control aid SchieBbehelf m ( Gun- 
nery). 

fire-control car Geratewagen m 

(RR). 

fire-control code Zeichen fiir die 

Feuerleitung (Arty). 
fire-control equipment Feuerleit- 

gerat n (Arty). 

fire-control grid GitterschieBplan m 

(Gunnery). 

fire-control instruments Beobach- 
tungs- und Vermessungsgerat n 
(Arty). 

fire-control map Schieflplan m, 

Feuerleitungsplan m (Gunnery). 
fire-control net Feuerleitungsnetz 
n (Arty). 

firecracker Knallkorper to, Kanonen- 
schlag m (simulated fire). 
fire crest Brustwehrkrone / ( trench) ; 

Gewehrauflage / (Ft). 
fire curtain Feuervorhang m, Feuer- 
wand /, Feuerschutz to. 
fire department Feuerwehr f. 
fire detector selbsttatiger Feuermel- 
der (Tk). 

fire direction Feuerleitung f. 
fire-direction center Feuerleitungs- 
stelle /, Leitstand to (Arty). 
fire-direction net Feuerleitungsnetz 
' n (Arty). 

fire director Kommandogerat n, 
Flakkommandogerat n ( AAA). 
fire-director data Kommandowerte 
mpl (AAA). 

fire discipline Feuerzucht / (Arty). 
fire distribution Feuerverteilung / 
(Arty, MG). 

fire duel Feuergefecht n, Feuer- 

kanapf to. 

fire effect Feuerwirkung /. 
lire engine Feuerspritze f. 
fire extinguisher Feuerloscher to. 
fire fight Feuergefecht n, Feuer- 

kampf to. 

fire for destruction Zerstorungsfeuer 
n, Vernichtungsfeuer n (Arty). 
fire for effect Wirkungsschieflen n 

( Gunnery ) . 

fire lane SehuBschneise /. 
fire marshal Brandmeister to. 
fire mission Schieflauftrag to, Feuer- 
auftrag to (Arty). 
fire order Feuerbefehl to. 
fire plan Feuerplan m (Tac) ; Feuer- 
loschordnung / (firefighting). 
fire position Feuerstellung /. 




firepower 299 fishtai! wind 



firepower Feuerkraft f. 
fire preparation Feuervorbereitung / 
(Tao). 

fire prevention Brandschutz m. 
fireproof feuerfest, feuersieher. 
fire raft Brander m. 
fire sector Beobaehtungs- und Wir- 
kungsstreifen m, Zielraum in, Ziel- 
abschnitt m (Small Arms). 
fire step Schiitzenauftritt m (Ft). 
fire superiority Feueriiberlegenheit f. 
fire support Feuerunterstiitzung f. 
fire trench Schiitzengraben m (Ft). 
fire unit Feuereinheit f (Arty). 
firewall Brandschott n, Brandspant 
m (Ap). 

firing Schiefien n, Feuern n, Abfea- 
ern n; Ziinden n, Ziindung f (a 
blasting charge); ErdzielbesehuB m 
(at ground targets); Flugzielbe- 
schufl m (at aerial targets). 
firing angle Richtungswinkel m. 
firing azimuth Seitenrichtung /. 
firing base Lafettenstiitze /. 
firing battery Gefechtsbatterie f. 
firing bay Feuerstellung / (trench). 
firing chart Batterieplan m, Plan- 

pause f (Arty). 

firing circuit Abfeuerungsverbindung 
/ (Tk MG or G). 

firing command Feuerkommando n 
(Arty). 

firing correction Schufiverbesserung 
/ (Gunnery). 

firing data Schiefigrundlagen fpl, 

SchuBwerte mpl, Schufielemente npl 
(Gunnery). 

firing device Zundvorrichtung / 

(mines). 

firing elevation Rohrerhohung /. 
firing interval Zeitabstand m, Pause 
/• 

bring jack Geschiitzwinde f. 
firing lever Abzugsstiick n, Abfeue- 
rungshebel m, Abzugshebel m (G). 
firing line Feuerlinie /;• Feuerkette 
/ (Pers). 

firing mechanism Abzugsvorrichtung 
f, Abfeuerungsvorrichtung /. 
firing order Ziindfolge f (of engine 
cylinders) . 

firing party fur die Ehrensalven 
bestimmte Abteilung (at graveside _ 
service ) . 

firing pin Nadel /, Ziindnadel f 

(fuze); Schlagbolzen m (Ord). 



firing-pin spring Schlagbolzenfeder 
/ (pistol, fuze). 

firing-pin support Nadelatiick n 

(fuze). 

firing-pin trip Spannfalle / (breech- 
block). 

firing-port shutter Schartenblende f. 
firing position Feuerstellung / 

(place); Anschlagsart / (standing, 
kneeling, etc.). 

in firing position feuerbereit, in 

Feuerstellung. 

firing practice SehieBubung /. 
firing procedure SchieBverfabi-en n. 
firing range Schufiweite / (dis- 

tance); Schieflstarid m (place). 
firing regulations SchieBvorschrift /. 
firing spur Stichgleis n (RR Arty). 
firing squad ErschieBungskommando 
n (at an execution). 
firing stand SchieBgestell n (MG). 
firing step See fire step, 
firing table Schufitafel f; Artil- 
lerierecbenschieber m (graphical). 
firing-table elevation schufitafelma- 
. Bige Erhohung (Gunnery). 
firing-table range schuBtafelmaBige 
Schufiweite (Gunnery). 
firing technique SchieBteehnik /. 
firing wire Zunderdraht m, Spreng- 
kabel n (blasting). 

first aid erste Hilfe, erster Wundver- 
band. 

first-aid dog Sanitatshund m. 
first-aid kit. Verbandzeug n. 
first-aid packet Verbandpackchen v. 
first-aitl pouch Notverbandtasche /. 
first-aid supplies Verbandzeug n. 
first lieutenant Oberleutnant m ; 

Oberleutnant der Flieger (Luft- 
waffe); Oberarzt m (Med); Ober- 
veterinar m (Vet). 
first name Rufname m. 
first officer Erster Offizier (Nav). 
first sergeant Hauptfeldwebel m; 

Hauptwachtmeister m (Arty, Cav). 
first sergeant’s call Versammlung 
der Hauptfeldwebel zur Befehlsaus- 
gabe. 

fiscal year Haushaltsjahr n. 
fish n Fisch in. 
fish net Fischnetz n (Cam). 
fishtail Abbremsen des Flugzeuges 
bei der Landung durch dauerndes 
Bewegen des Seitenruders (Am). 
fishtail wind standig weehselnder 

Wind. 




fist 



300 



flash message 



fist Faust /. 

fit v passen; montieren (assemble). 
fit for duty dienstfahig. 
fitting Verpassung f, Verpassen n 
(of uniforms, etc.); Zubehcirteil to, 
Armatur f, Pafistiick n (Tech). 
fix n Koppelort m (Air Navigation). 
fix v fesseln (Tac). 

“Fix bayonets!” “Seitengewehr, 

pflanzt auf!” 

fixed ortsfest, standig (Arty, Ft). 
fixed ammunition Einheitsmunition 
/, Patronenmunition f. 
fixed antenna Festantenne /. 
fixed antiaircraft artillery ortsfeste 
Flak. 

fixed bayonet aufgepflanztes Seiten- 
gewehr. 

fixed bridge Briicke mit festen Stiit- 
zen. 

fixed emplacement fest eingebaute 
Geschiitzstellung, ortsfeste G.eschutz- 
stellung. 

fixed fire Punktfeuer n (MG). 
fixed gun starre Kanone (Ap). 
fixed gun mount starre Lafette. 
fixed hospital feste Krankenunter- 
kunft. 

fixed liner festes Seelenrohr (G). 
fixed machine gun starres Maschi- 
nengewehr. 

fixed objective festes Ziel. 
fixed obstacle fest eingebautes Hin- 
dernis. 

fixed-pitch propeller Luftschraube 
mit gleichbleibender Steigung. 
fixed pivot Drehpunkt m; Fliigel- 
mann am Drehpunkt (drill). 
fixed round ein Schulj Patronenmu- 
nition. 

fixed seacoast artillery ortsfeste 
Kiistenartillerie. 
fixed target festes Ziel. 
flag Flagge f, Fahne /. 
flagman Winker to. 
flag officer Flaggoffizier to (Nav). 
flag of protection Lazarettflagge /. 
flag of truce Parlamentarflagge /, 
weifie Flagge. 

bearer of a flag of truce Unter- 
handler to, Parlamentar to. 
flagpole Fahnenschaft to, Fahnen- 
stange f; Fahnenmast to (fixed). 
flag semaphore Nachrichteniibermitt- 
lung durch Winkflaggen. 
flagship Flaggschiff n. 
flag signal Flaggensignal n. 



flag target Schleppziel n, Schlepp- 
scheibe /, Luftsack to (AAA). 
flake powder Blattchenpulver n, 

Plattenpulver n (Am). 
flaksuit Panzerweste / (Avn). 
flame Flamme /. 

flame dampener exhaust stack Flam- 
menverzehrer to (Ap). 
flame-thrower Flammenwerfer to; 
Nahwerfer m (short-range) ; Weit- 
werfer to (long-range). 
flame-throwing tank Flammenwer- 
ferpanzerwagen to (Ger). 
flange Flansch to. 
flank n Flanke f, Breitseite / (Tac) ; 
Fiihrungsflache f (G tube); Weiche 
f, Flanke / (of horse). 
flank v flankieren, umgehen. 
flank attack Flankenangriff to. 
flank guard Seitendeckung / (Tac). 
flanking lire Flankenfeuer n, fian- 
kierendes Feuer. 

flanking march Flankenmarsch to. 
flank man Fliigelmann to (drill). 
flank observation Beobachtung von 
seitlicher Beobachtungsstelle (Arty). 
flank patrol Spahtrupp zur Flanken- 
sicherung. 

flank protection Flankenschutz to. 
flank protective fire Artilleriefeuer 
zur Flankensicherung. 
flank security Flankensicherung f, 
Seitendeckung / (Tac). 
flank spotting Beobachtung von seit- 
licher Beobachtungsstelle (Arty). 
flap Klappe f (Ap, Clo); Tornister- 
klappe f (pack). 

flare Fackel f, Leuchtkugel f (Sig). 
flareback Vorbeischlagen der Pul- 
vergase ( G). 

flare composition Leuchtsatz to. 
flare path Leuchtpfad to (Avn). 
flash Miindungsfeuer n, Aufblitzen n 
(G); Ziindstrahl to (Am); Blitz- 
strahl to (lightning). 
flash defilade Sichtdeckung / (Arty). 
flash fuze elektrischer Gliihzunder 
(CWS). 

flash hider Feuerdampfer to, Flam- 
mendampfer to, Miindungsfeuer- 
dampfer to ( Ord). 
flash hole Ziindkanal to (faze). 
flashing light Blinkfeuer n (Avn). 
flashlight Taschenlampe /. 
flashlight battery Taschenlampen- 
batterie /. 

flash message dringende Meldung. 




301 



float chamber 



flash point 

flash point Zundpunkt to (fuels). 
flash ranging Lichtmessen n. 
flash-ranging adjustment Einsehie- 
fien der eigenen Artillerie durch die 
LichtmeBbatterie (Arty). 
flash-ranging, battery Lichtmefibat- 
terie f. 

flash-ranging location See flash 
ranging. 

flash-ranging section Liehtmefltrupp 
to (Arty). 

flash-ranging station Lichtmeflstelle 
/, Meflstelle /. 

flash-ranging system Lichtmefisys- 
tem n. 

flash reconnaissance Gefechtsauf- 
klarung durch Lichtmeflbatterie Oder 
vom Flugzeug aus. 

flash-reducing wad Kai'tuschvorlage 
f (Am). 

flash signal Blinkzeichen n. 
flash tube Kammerhiilse / (shrap- 
nel). 

flash-tube charge Kammerhiilsenla- 
dung / (shrapnel). ■ 
flat-base rim Flachbettfelge f (MT). 
flat butt strap Flachlasche /. 
flatcar Plattformwagen m (RR). 
flat coil spring Bandfeder / (fuze). 
flat feet Plattfiifie mpl. 
flat fire See flat-trajectory fire, 
flat-jawed pliers Flachzange /. 
flatness of trajectory Rasanz der 
Flugbahn. 

flat spin Flachtrudeln n, Tellertru- 
deln n (Avn). 

flatten out abfangen (Avn). 
flat-top Maske f, Tarndecke / 

(Cam). See also aircraft carrier, 
flat trajectory gestreckte Flugbahn, 
gestreckte Geschofibahn (Ballistics) . 
flat-trajectory fire Flachfeuer n. 
flat-trajectory gun Flachfeuerge- 

schiitz n, Flachbahngeschiitz n. 
flat-trajectory weapon Flachbahn- 
waffe f, Flachfeuerwaffe f. 
fleet Flotte / (Nav). 
fleeting target Augenblicksziel n. 
flexible schwenkbar (Ap MG); bieg- 
sam (Tech). 

flexible axle Schwingachse f (MT). 
flexible ball mount Kugelblende / 

(Tk gun). 

flexible disk Hardyscheibe / (MT). 
flexible-disk joint Trockengelenk n 
(MT). 

flexible drive shaft Gelenkwelle /. 



flexible gun bewegliches Geschiitz. 
flexible machine gun bewegliches 

Maschinengewehr. 

flexible shaft Schwinge / (follow-the- 
pointer mechanism) ; biegsame Welle 
(Tech). 

flexible steel cable Drahtzug m 
(Ap). 

flexure Durchbiegen n (Mech). 
flick Erfassung des Zieles, kurzdau- 
erndes Halten eines erfaGten Zieles 
(AA searchlight). 
flier Flieger in. 

flight Kette f (Avn unit) ; Flug in. 
flight commander Kettenfiihrer to 

( Avn). 

flight control Flugzeugsteuerung f 
(Ap); Bewegungskontrolle / (by 
operations office). 

flight deck Flugdeck n, Landedeck n 
(aircraft carrier). 

flight diagram Auftragskarte / 

(aerial Photo). 

flight echelon fliegendes Personal, 
flight engineer Bordwart to, Bordme- 
chaniker to, Bordmonteur m (Avn). 
flight formation Flugform /. 
flight indicator Neigungsmesser w, 
Gyrorektor to (Ap). 
flight instructor Fluglehrer to. 
flight line Fluglinie f, Flugstrecke /. 
flight log Flugbuch n, Flugtagebueh 
n. 

flight maneuver Flugfigur /. 
flight map Fliegerkarte /. 
flight officer Feldwebelleutnant der 
Flieger (USA). 

flight pay Luftdienstzulage /, Flie- 
gerzulage /. 

flight performance Flugleistung f. 
flight personnel fliegendes Personal, 
flight position Flugrichtung /, Flug- 
lage f. 

flight ration Bordverpflegung /. 
flight report Flugmeldung /. 
flight route Flugstrecke /. 
flight surgeon Sanitatsoffizier bei 
fliegenden Verbanden, Fliegerarzt to. 
flinching Mucken n (Small Arms 
firing). 

float Schwimmer to (Ap, carbu- 

retor, gage, etc.); Flofi n (Engr); 
FuBplatte f, FuGteller to ( A A gun) ; 
Schwanzblech n (G trail). 
float chamber Schwimmergehause n 
( carburetor) . 




float column 



302 



food 



float column Tellersaule f (AA gun 
outrigger). 

float gear Schwimmwerk n, Schwim- 
merwerk n, Schwimmergestell n 
(seaplane). 

floating bridge Briicke mit sehwim- 
menden Stiitzen, FloGbriicke /. 
floating dock Schwimmdock n. 
floating mine Treibmine /. 
float needle Schwimmernadel f ( car- 
buretor). 

floatplane Schwimmerflugzeug n. 
float plate Ansteckblech n (G trail 
spade); Fuflplatte f, FuOteller m 
(AA gun). 

floats Schwimmwerk n (Ap). 
flock Reiterrudel n (Cav). 
flood n tjberflutung f, Uberschwem- 
mung /. 

flood v iiberfluten, iiberschwenimen ; 

anstauen (dam up). 
flooded area Anstauung / (Engr). 
flooding Anstauung f, tjberflutung f 
(Engr). 

floodlight Flutlicht n. 
floor Boden to, Fufiboden m (build- 
ings ) ; Fahrbahn /, Briickenbahn / 
(Bdg); Stock to (story). 
floor beam Fahrbahntrager to 

(Bdg). 

floor board Bodenbrett n (MT). 
floor plate Bodenstiick n (MG). 
floor-plate lock ' Bodenstiicksperre / 
(MG). 

flotation gear Schwimmwerk n (Ap). 
flotation stability Schwimmstabilitat 
f (seaplane) . 
flour Mehl n. 

fluid drive Flussigkeitsgetriebe n 

(MT). 

fluid equalizer Fliissigkeitsausglei- 
cher m ( recoil mechanism ) ■ 
fluke Ankerflunken to (of an an- 
chor). 

fluorescent tube Leuchtrohre /. 
flush riveting Versenknietung f. 
flutter n Ruttelerscheinungen fpl 
(Ap). 

fly v fliegen. 

fly a sortie Einsatz fliegen (Avn). 
flying boat Flugboot n; Fernaufkla- 
rungsflugboot n (long-range recon- 
naissance). 

flying bridge See flying ferry, 
flying cadet Fahnrich der Flieger 
(USA). 

flying distance Flugweite /. 



flying ferry Gierfahre mit nur an 
einem Ufer verankertem Fahrseil 

(Engr). 

flying field Flugplatz in. 

Flying Fortress Fliegende Festung. 
flying in formation Verbandsflug w 

(Avn). 

flying officer Fliegeroffizier in. 
flying pay Fliegerzulage /, Luft- 
dienstzulage /. 

flying school Fliegerschule /. 
flying suit Fliegerschutzanzug m; 
Pelzkombination f (fur-lined cover- 
all). 

flying time Flugzeit / (Avn). 
fly on instruments blindfliegen. 
flyweight Fliehgewicht n (engine 
governor). 

flywheel Schwungrad n, Sehwung- 
masse /, Schwungscheibe / (Mtr). 
FM Titantetrachlorid n (CWS). 

FM grenade Nebelhandgranate mit 
Titantetrachlorid-Fullung (CWS). 
FM smoke Titantetrachlorid-Nebel 
to (CWS). 

focal center Flugmeldekommando n 
(AWS). 

focal distance Brennweite / ( Op- 
tics). 

focal length See focal distance, 
focal plane Brennebene / (Optics). 
focus n Brennpunkt m (Optics). 
focusing scale Sehscharfeneinteilung 
/ ( Optics). 
fog Nebel in. 

fog area Nebelgebiet n (Met). 
folding wings beiklappbare Tragflii- 
gel, Schwenkfliigel mpl, Klappfliigel 
mpl (Ap). 

follower Zubringer in (Small Arms). 
follower spring Zubringerfeder / 
(Small Arms). 

follower-spring stud Federkopf in 
(self-loading pistol). 
follow-the-pointer drive Folgezeiger- 
antrieb to (AAA). 

follow-the-pointer indicator Folge- 

zeiger to. 

follow-the-pointer sight mechanism 
Zeigerzi'eleinrichtung f (G). 
follow-the-pointer system Folgezei- 
gereinrichtung /. 

follow up v nachdrangen (Tac); an- 
fragen nach (inquire). 
food Lebensmittel npl, Nahrungs- 
mittel npl ( any means of nutrition ) ; 
Essen n, Kost f, Verpflegung / 




food ration card 



303 



formation 



(meals in general); Efiwaren fpl 
(food products) . 

food ration card Lebensmittelkarte /. 
foot Fufi m. 

footbridge Steg m, Beselersteg m; 
Schnellsteg to (hasty); Flofisacksteg 
to (of pneumatic boats); Ufer- 
sehnellsteg to (single span). 
foot-firing mechanism Abzugsvor- 
richtung mit Fufihebel (AA gun). 
footgear Schuhzeug n. 
footpath Fufiweg to. 
foot plate FuBplatte /', Fuflteller m 
(AA gun). 

footrest Fufistiitze / (AA gun). 
foot shifter FuBsehaltung / (MT). 
footsore fuBkrank. 
foot starter FuBschalter m (MT). 
foot switch FuBschalter to (Elec). 
foot troops Fufitruppen fpl. 
forage n Futter n. 
forage v furagieren, verpflegen, Fut- 
ter und Nahrungsmittel besehaffen. 
forage ration Futterration /. 
foragers Reiter in geoffneter Linie 
(Cav). 

force n Kraft / ( power) ; Krafte / pi 
(Pers); Kampfeinheit f (unit); 
Kraftegruppe / (group) ; Verband to 
(formation). 

in force mit starken Kraften, mit 
Einsatz aller Krafte (Tac). 
force v erkampfen, erzwingen, iiber- 
winden (Tac). 

forced-circulation cooling Pumpen- 

kiihlung /, Wasserpumpenkiihlung / 
(Mtr). 

forced crossing tiberschreiten des 
Flusses unter Kampf (Tac). 
forced landing- Notlandung / (Avn); 
' Truppenlandung unter Feuer (Tac). 
make a forced landing notlanden 

(Avn). 

forced march Dauermarsch to, Ge- 
waltmarsch m. 

forcing cone tlbergangskegel to (G). 
ford n Furt /. 
ford v durchwaten. 
fordable durchwatbar. 
fording ability Watfahigkeit / 

(MT). 

fore-and-aft inclinometer Langsnei- 
gungsmesser to (Ap). 
forearm Schaft to ( automatic R) ; 

Vorarm m (horse). 
forecast See weather forecast, 
forefinger Zeigefinger to. 



foreground Vorfeld n (Tac). 
forehead Stirn /. 

forehead strap Stirnband n (gas 
■mask). 

foreign auslandisch, fremd, -auswftr- 
tig. 

foreign country Ausland n, fremdes 
Land. 

foreigner Auslander m, Fremde(r) 

TO. 

foreign port Auslandshafen in, aus- 
landischer Hafen. 

foreign service Dienst aufierhalb der 
Landesgrenze. 

forequarters Vorhand f (horse). 
foresight Vorsicht / (Surv). 
forest Wald to. 

forestalling Unterbindung / (Tac). 
forest clearing WaldbloBe /, Wald- 
lichtung f. 

forest road Waldweg to; Wald- 
schneise f, Schneise / ( along a fire- 
break). 

forfeiture Verlust des Wehrsoldes. 
forfeiture of pay Verwirkung des 
Wehrsoldes. 
forge n Schmiede /. 
forged iron Schmiedeeisen n. 
fork Yerlegung des mittleren Treff- 
punktes um die Halfte des TrefTbil- 
des (Gunnery) ; Wegegabel / (road); 
Gabel f (utensil). 

form Schalung f (concrete construc- 
tion) ; Vordruck to, Formular n 
(printed form); Gestalt / (shape). 
formation Form /, Formation f, Glie- 
derung / (drill, Tac); Verband m 
(Avn); Flugform f (flight forma- 
tion). 

formation flying Verband(s)flug m, 
Fliegen im Verbande. 
formation in depth Tiefengliederung 
f (Tac). 

formation in width Breitengliede- 
rung f (Tac). 

formation of airplanes Fliegerforma- 
tion f, Fliegerverband to. 
formation of bombardment airplanes 
Kampfverband to. 

formation of dive bombers Sturz- 
kampfverband to, Stukaverband to. 
formation of eddies Wirbelbildung / 

(Ballistics). 

formation of pursuit airplanes Jagd- 
verband to (Avn). , 

formation of reconnaissance airplanes 
Aufklarungsverband to. 




formation 



304 freight station 



formation of torpedo bombers Tor- 
pedoflugzeugverband to. 
formation release Verbandswurf to, 
Verbandsabwurf to (Bombing). 
formula Formel /. 
formulation of decisions EntschluG- 
fassung /. 

fort Werk n, Festung /. 
fortification Befestigung /. 
fortified defense system Befestigungs- 
anlage /. 

fortified line Stiitzpunktlinie /. 
fortified locality Stiitzpunkt to 

(Tac). 

fortified position befestigte Stellung. 
fortress Festung /. 
fortress artillery Festungsartillerie /. 
fortunes of war Wechselfiille des Ge- 
fechts (Tac). 

forward v befordern (supplies, etc.); 

nachsenden (a letter). 
forward area Kampfgebiet n, Kampf- 
raum to. 

forward echelon I. Staffel (Hq). 
forward gunner’s compartment Bug- 
kanzel f (Ap). 

forwarding point Weiterleitungs- 
stelle /. 

“Forward, march!” “Im Gleichschritt, 
Marsch!” 

forward observation post vorgescho- 
bene Beobachtungsstelle (Tac). 
forward observer vorgeschobener Be- 
obachter (Arty). 

forward PW camp Frontstalag n. 
forward slope Vorderhang m (Top). 
forward slope position Vorderhang- 
stellung f (Tac). 

forward speed Vorwartsgang to 

(MT). 

forward velocity Vorwartsgeschwin- 
digkeit / (Bombing). 
fougasse Flattermine /, Fugasse f. 
fouling Ruckstande im Laufinnern 
(Ord). 

fouling shot erster Schufi zum Ent- 
olen des Laufinnern. 
foundation Bettung f (G emplace- 
ment); Unterbau to (Engr). 
foundry GieOerei /. 
fountain pen Fullfeder f. 
four-cycle engine Viertaktmotor m. 
four-man tent Viererzelt n. 
fourragere Fangschnur f; Schutzen- 
schnur / (marksmanship). 
four-way pipe joint Kreuzmuffe /. 
four-wheel vehicle Zweiachser to. 



foxhole Schiitzenloch n; Hockloch n 
(crouching); Schiitzenloch fur ste- 
henden Anschlag (standing). 
fraction Bruch to (Math). 
fractional charge Teilladung / 

(Am). 

fracture Knochenbruch to (Med). 
fracture of the skull Sehadelbruch 

TO. 

fragment Bruchstiick n. Splitter to, 
Sprengstiick n. 

fragmentary order Einzelbefehl to, 
besondere Anordnung (Tac). 
fragmentation Splitterwirkung f 
( Am). 

fragmentation bomb Splitterbombe /. 
fragmentation effect Splitterwirkung 
/• 

fragmentation hand grenade Eier- 
handgranate / (egg-shaped). 
fragmentation shell Splittergranate 

f. 

frame n Rahmen to; Fahrwerkrah- 
men to (MT); Protzgestell n (lim- 
ber) ; Tragegestell n (pack saddle). 
frame rib Trageschiene f (pack 
saddle). 

frame-type gun carriage Rahmen- 
lafette /.' 

frangible grenade Brandflasche /. 
fraudulent enlistment freiwilliges 
Eintreten mit falschen Angaben 
oder Verschweigen wich tiger Tatbe- 
stande. 

fraudulent induction Diensteintritt 
mit falschen Angaben oder Ver- 
schweigen wichtiger Tatbestande. 
free air thermometer Aufienluft- 
Thermometer n (Ap). 
free balloon Freiballon to. 
freeboard Freibord to. 
freedom Freiheit f. 
free-space radiation Raumstrahlung 
f (Rad). 

free travel toter Gang (clutch 

pedal). 

freewheeling Freilauf to (MT). 
freeze frieren; erfrieren (to death); 

sich festfressen (piston, etc.). 
freeze in position regungslos erstar- 
ren. 

freight Fracht /. 
freight car Giiterwagen to (RR). 
freighter Frachter to, Frachtdamp- 
fer to (Nav). 

freight station Giiterbahnhof to 

(RR). 




freight train 305 fuel gage 



freight train Guterzug to (RR). 
frequency Schwingungszahl /, Fre- 
quenz f (Elec, Rad). 
frequency band Frequenzband n. 
frequency-control element Steuer- 
sender to, Steuerstufe / (Rad trans- 
mitter). 

■frequency designation Frequenzan- 
gabe f (Rad). 

frequency meter Wellenmesser m, 
Frequenzmesser m (Elec, Rad). 
frequency modulation Frequenzmodu- 
lation / (Rad). 

frequency selection Grobeinstellung 
f (Rad). 

frequency spectrum Wellenspektrum 
n (Rad). 

friction Reibung /. 
frictional resistance Reibungswider- 
stand m. 

friction igniter Abreiflziinder m, 
Ziindschnuranzunder m. 
friction primer Reibziindschraube /. 
friction surface Laufflache f (Meek). 
friction tape Isolierstreifen to, Iso- i 
lierband n. 

friendly troops eigene Truppen. 
frog Strahl m (hoof); Weichensttick 
n (RR switch). 

front Front / (Met, Mil); Bug m, 
Stirnseite f (Tk). 

frontage Ausdehnung f, Breite /, 
Gefechtsbreite / (Tac). 
frontage in attack Angriffsbreite f. 
frontal area Stirnflache f (Mech). 
frontal attack frontaler Angriff, 

FrontalangrifF to, Stirnangriff m. 
frontal fire Frontalfeuer n. 
frontal security Sicherung nach 

vorne (Tac). 

frontal soaring Frontensegeln n, Ge- 
witterflug m (glider). 
front arch Vorderzwiesel m (pack- 
saddle frame). 

front armor Bugpanzer m (Tk). 
front axle Vorderachse / (MT). 
front-axle drive Vorderachsantrieb 
to (MT). 

front cinch Bauchgurt m (pack 

saddle). 

front gunner Bugschutze to (Tk). 
frontier Grenze /. 
frontier area Grenzgebiet n. 
frontier district Grenzbezirk w. 
frontier force Grenzschutz to (Tac). 
frontier guard Grenzwache /, Grenz- 
wacht /. 



frontier protection Grenzschutz m 

(Tac). 

frontier station Grenzbahnhof to 
(RR). 

front line Frontlinie /, vorderste 
Kampflinie (Tac). 
front outrigger Vorderholm to (AA 

gun mount). 

front ring sight Kreiskorn n (MG). 
front ring sight base KreiskornfuB 
to (MG). 

front ring sight frame Kreiskornrah- 
men to (MG). 

front ring sight support . Kreiskorn- 
halter to (MG)., 

front roller Kletterwalze /, Abfang- 
walze f (MT). 

front sector Frontabschnitt m. 
front sight Korn n (Small Arms); 

Nebenstachel to (AT gun). 
front-sight base KornfuB to (R). 
front-sight cover Kornschoner 

to (R). 

front-sight holder Kornhalter to (R). 
front-sight stud Kornwarze / (R). 
front- wheel drive Frontantrieb to, 
Vorderradantrieb to (MT). 
frost Reif to, Rauhr